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LUC DEVROYE


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Runic World Tamgaci [Osman Nuri Alkan]

Gumushane, Turkey, and Gothenburg, Sweden-based designer of fonts developed based on old European runic inscriptions, old Asian runic inscriptions, old Hungarian runic inscriptions, runic inscriptions found in Africa, and italic inscriptions such as Etruscan and Iberian. Typefaces from 2022: Ongunkan All Runic Unicode A (a major font that covers Latin, Old Hungarian, Old Turkic, Old Italic, runic, Tifinagh, Lycian, Lydian, Carian, Phoenician, Cypriot, Ogham, Old South Arabian, Old North Arabian, Old Persian, and Ugaritic), Ongunkan Phrygian, Ongunkan Armanen Runes (a series of 18 runes, closely based on the historical Younger Futhark, introduced by Austrian mysticist and Germanic revivalist Guido von List in his Das Geheimnis der Runen, published as a periodical article in 1906, and as a standalone publication in 1908), Ongunkan Danish Futhark (he explains: Prior to 500 AD the 24-rune Elder Futhark was used in Denmark. From 500 AD to 800 AD there were many transitional futharks, reflecting a change from the 24-rune Futhark to the 16-rune Futharks. By the end of this period, the 24-rune Futhark went completely out of use and the 16-rune Futharks had prevailed.), Ongunkan Gothenburg Futhark Swe (based on the 26-letter Bohuslän runes, which are used in the west coast area), Ongunkan Latin Space, Ongunkan Latin Techno, Ongunkan Norwegian Futhark (he explains: The oldest runes discovered in Norway date from 400 AD. They were based upon the 24-rune Elder Futhark of Germanic origin. Two of the runes in the Elder Futhark, Pertra and Eoh, have never been found in any Norwegian rune text. From 550 AD to 700 AD there was a transition period between the older 24-rune Futhark and the newer 16-rune Futharks. By the end of this period, the 24-rune Futhark went completely out of use and the 16-rune Futharks had prevailed. About 900 AD, the Shorttwiggs-runes were introduced from Sweden. Shortly thereafter, from 1000 AD, Futharks with more than 16 runes became more prevalent, as these were more consistent with the Latin alphabet. These types of runes were used in Norway up to 1800 AD), Ongunkan Anglo Saxon Spirit, Ongunkan Younger Futhark One, Ongunkan Younger Futhark (he explains: The Younger Futhark, also called Scandinavian runes, is a runic alphabet and a reduced form of the Elder Futhark, with only 16 characters, in use from about the 9th century, after a transitional period during the 7th and 8th centuries. The reduction, somewhat paradoxically, happened at the same time as phonetic changes that led to a greater number of different phonemes in the spoken language, when Proto-Norse evolved into Old Norse. Also, the writing custom avoided carving the same rune consecutively for the same sound, so the spoken distinction between long and short vowels was lost in writing. Thus, the language included distinct sounds and minimal pairs that were written the same. The Younger Futhark is divided into long-branch (Danish) and short-twig (Swedish and Norwegian) runes; in the 10th century, it was further expanded by the "Hälsinge Runes" or staveless runes. The lifetime of the Younger Futhark corresponds roughly to the Viking Age. Their use declined after the Christianization of Scandinavia; most writing in Scandinavia from the 12th century was in the Latin alphabet, but the runic scripts survived in marginal use in the form of the medieval runes (in use ca. 1100-1500) and the Latinised Dalecarlian runes (ca. 1500-1910)), Ongunkan Fantastic Latin, Ongunkan Modern Latin, Ongunkan Sweden Futhark, Ongunkan Sweden Dalecarlian Run (a late version of the runic script that was in use in the Swedish province of Dalarna until the 20th century), Ongunkan Sweden Dalecarlian Run, Ongunkan Old Turkic Yenisei (based on the Yenisei inscriptions, which consist of a total of 158 Turkish inscriptions, kurgans (graves) and rock stones that have been found along the Yenisei river, which passes through the Khakasya, Tuva and Altai autonomous republics in Russia. The inscriptions were written with Turkish stamps, also known as the Orkhon Alphabet), Ongunkan Old Turkic Arrival (based on an alien language in the science fiction movie called Arrival), Ongunkan Old Turkic Predator (old Turksih runic; based on alien script from the Fantastic Predator movie), Ongunkan Runic Predator (runic; based on alien script from the Fantastic Predator movie), Ongunkan Runic, Ongunkan Greek Script, Ongunkan Karamanli Turkic Scrip (based on the Greek alphabet used by the Karamanli Turks (who are Orthodox Christians) and adapted to Turkish), Ongunkan Kensington Runestone (a rune-covered slab of brownstone that was claimed to have been discovered in central Minnesota in the United States in 1898; probably a hoax perpetrated by its discoverer, Olof Öhman), Ongunkan Old Hungarian Runic (used in parts of Transylvania until the 1850s; banned by Istvan, the first Christian king of the Hungarians (Szekel)), Ongunkan Rosetta Stone (ancient Greek as seen on Egypt's rosetta stone), Ongunkan Tifinagh Berber.

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file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan All Runic Unicode A 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan All Runic Unicode A 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan All Runic Unicode A 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan All Runic Unicode A 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan All Runic Unicode A 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan All Runic Unicode A 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan All Runic Unicode A 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan All Runic Unicode A 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan All Runic Unicode A 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan All Runic Unicode A 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan All Runic Unicode A 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan All Runic Unicode A 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan All Runic Unicode A 2022 3


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan All Runic Unicode A 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Phrygian 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Armanen Runes 2022 1


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Armanen Runes 2022 2


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Armanen Runes 2022 3


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Armanen Runes 2022 4


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Armanen Runes 2022 5


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Armanen Runes 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Latin Space 2022 1


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Latin Space 2022 3


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Latin Space 2022 5


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Latin Space 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Latin Techno 2022 5


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Latin Techno 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Danish Futhark 2022 3


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Danish Futhark 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Gothenburg Futhark Swe 2022 3


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Gothenburg Futhark Sweden 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Norwegian Futhark 2022 2


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Norwegian Futhark 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Younger Futhark 2022 5


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Younger Futhark One 2022 1


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Younger Futhark One 2022 3


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Younger Futhark One 2022 5


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Younger Futhark One 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Fantastic Latin 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Anglo Saxon Spirit 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgacı Ongunkan Anglo Saxon Spirit 2022 5


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Modern Latin 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Sweden Futhark 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgacı Ongunkan Modern Latin 2022 1


file name: Runic World Tamgacı Ongunkan Modern Latin 2022 3


file name: Runic World Tamgacı Ongunkan Modern Latin 2022 4


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Sweden Dalecarlian Run 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Karamanli Turkic Scrip 2022 5


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Karamanli Turkic Scrip 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Old Turkic Yenisei 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Kensington Runestone 2022 5


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Kensington Runestone 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Old Hungarian Runic 2022 2


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Old Hungarian Runic 2022 4


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Old Hungarian Runic 2022 5


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Old Hungarian Runic 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Rosetta Stone 2022 3


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Rosetta Stone 2022 4


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Rosetta Stone 2022 5


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Rosetta Stone 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Tifinagh Berber 2022 2


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Tifinagh Berber 2022 5


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Tifinagh Berber 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Greek Script 2022 1


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Greek Script 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Runic 2022 2


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Runic 2022 3


file name: Runic World Tamgaci Ongunkan Runic 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgacı Ongunkan Old Turkic Arrival 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgacı Ongunkan Old Turkic Predetor 2022


file name: Runic World Tamgacı Ongunkan Runic Predator 2022







Luc Devroye ⦿ School of Computer Science ⦿ McGill University Montreal, Canada H3A 2K6 ⦿ lucdevroye@gmail.com ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org/fonts.html