TYPE DESIGN INFORMATION PAGE last updated on Thu Oct 23 22:41:36 EDT 2014

SEARCH THIS SITE:
IMAGE SEARCH:


Oldrich Menhart



Written by Luc Devroye
McGill University
Montreal, Canada
lucdevroye@gmail.com
http://luc.devroye.org
Up to main font page
Up to main font index page





Czech type designer (b. Prague 1897, d. Prague 1962) who was mainly active at Grafotechna, a state foundry in Prague. Menhart was also an author who wrote about type and its history. After the World War II, he helped the communist party to promote itself. He was the author of fonts celebrating the victory of communism in hand-written manifests. Menhart considered himself foremost as a craftsman, and derived typefaces from calligraphic origins. Author of Nauka o pismu (1954) and Tvorba typografickeho pisma (1957). PDF file of Nauka o Pismu.

Veronika Burian on Menhart. FontShop link. Klingspor PDF. Oldrich Menhart's typefaces include

  • Manuskript Antikva (1944-1950, Grafotechna), Manuskript Kursiva (1951, Grafotechna). An angular and slightly irregular face with a handwritten feel. Burian places Manuscript Antikva in 1943 and Kursiva in 1946. Digitizations of Manuskript: the five-weight family by Franko Luin (1991) at Omnibus, Menhart Manuscript by Alex V. White, Manuskript Antiqua (URW++, by Ralph M. Unger), and ITC Oldrichium by George Thompson from No Bodoni Typography.
  • Menhart Antiqua and Menhart Kursiva, 1930. Menhart Antiqua was first published by the Bauersche Giesserei in 1932. We also find versions of this garalde set in 1936-1938 at Monotype. See also Grafotechna. Paul Hunt's Junius (2006) is a revival/adaptation of Menhart Antiqua. See also the beautiful revival Menhart Antiqua (2008, Albert Creus).
  • Menhart Roman (1933) and Menhart Italic (1933), published by Lanston Monotype in 1934-1935, and by Bauersche Giesserei in 1939. Bill Horton recreated Menhart-Italic and Menhart-Regular. Alexander W. White revived Menhart Italika [his revivals of Preissig Antikva, Preissig Italika, Menhart Italika and Menhart Manuscript won him awards at the TDC2 2001 competition].
  • Menhart Latein.
  • Parlament (1950, Czech Government Printing Office). Calligraphic type with lots of individuality and irregularity, first planned to be used for printing the Czech Constitution.
  • Standard Antikva and Kursiva (1959). See also at Grafotechna in 1966.
  • Victory Roman, Medium and Italic, 1942-1943. Published in 1947 at Intertype. An angular text face.
  • Triga Antikva, Kursiva and Medium (1951, published in 1954 at Sluzba Tos, Prgaue). Calligraphic text type.
  • Ceska Unciala (1944), published in 1949 at Grafotechna. An angular pseudo-Gaelic uncial. Ralph Unger's FontForum Unciala (2005, URW++) is a revival.
  • Figural Romana or Antikva (1940, published in 1949 at Grafotechna), Figural Kursiva or Italika (1948; published in 1949-1950, Grafotechna), Figural Romana (1940). Rather angular lower case letters with several slopes. Michael Gills, under the art direction of Colin Brignall, did Figural (1992) and Prague for Letraset without Grafotechna's permission, and ITC is still selling those fonts now as ITC Figural and ITC Prague. Monotype and Linotype also offer Figural. Figural and Figural Italic were also revived in 2006 by Ari Rafaeli.
  • Grazdanka (1953, Grafotechna), Grazdanka Kursiva (1954, Grafotechna). Manuscript Grazhdanka (cyrillic) was revived in 2006 by Ari Rafaeli.
  • Hollar (1939, at Jaroslav Picku, Prague).
  • Monument (1950-1952, Grafotechna). An almost pen-drawn all-caps outline face. Digital version by Ralph M. Unger called Monument (2010, Profonts). Dieter Steffmann has a free revival of Monument in 2002.
  • Vajgar (1961, Tiskarna Straz)

View the typefaces related to Oldrich Menhart. See also here.

EXTERNAL LINKS
Oldrich Menhart
 [Designer info]
MyFonts search
Monotype search
Google search

INTERNAL LINKS
Type designers ⦿ Type designers ⦿ Type design in Czechia ⦿ Celtic/Gaelic fonts ⦿ Uncial typefaces ⦿ Books on type design ⦿








file name: Oldrich Menhart Figural 1940 1949


file name: Menhart Latein


file name: Oldrich Menhart Menhart Roman Monotype 1936


file name: Oldrich Menhart Menhart Roman Italic Monotype 1934 1936


file name: Oldrich Menhart Menhart Antiqua 1931


file name: Oldrich Menhart Menhart Antiqua 1930


file name: Oldrich Menhart Menhart Kursiva 1931


file name: Oldrich Menhart Nauka O Pismu Cover 1954


file name: Oldrich Menhart Poster 1946 in A B C Of Lettering And Printing Types by Erik Lindegren Museum Books New York 1964


file name: Oldrich Menhart Monument 1950


file name: Ralph Unger Monument 2010b after Oldrich Menhart


file name: Ralph Unger Monument 2010c after Oldrich Menhart


file name: Ralph Unger Monument 2010d after Oldrich Menhart


file name: Oldrich Menhart Ceska Unciala 1948


file name: Oldrich Menhart Codex Antiqua 1930


file name: Oldrich Menhart Ex Libris 1930


file name: Oldrich Menhart Hollar 1939


file name: Oldrich Menhart Manuscript Antikva 1943


file name: Oldrich Menhart Manuscript Antikva 1943b


file name: Oldrich Menhart Manuscript Antikva 1943c


file name: Oldrich Menhart Manuscript Kursiva 1946


file name: Oldrich Menhart Manuscript Kursiva 1946b


file name: Oldrich Menhart Parlament 50


file name: Oldrich Menhart Pen Ink 1954


file name: Oldrich Menhart Pen Nibs 1954


file name: Oldrich Menhart Pic


file name: Oldrich Menhart Standard 1959


file name: Oldrich Menhart Tvorba Typografickeh O Pisma, Cover 1957


file name: Oldrich Menhart Vajgar 1961



Luc Devroye ⦿ School of Computer Science ⦿ McGill University Montreal, Canada H3A 2K6 ⦿ lucdevroye@gmail.com ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org/fonts.html