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LUC DEVROYE


ABOUT







Johann Michael Fleischmann

Or Fleischman, with one "n". A German punchcutter (b. Nuremberg, 1701, d. Amsterdam, 1768) who lived in Amsterdam, and practiced his art at Enschedé in Haarlem, from 1743-1768. Enschedé's 1768 specimen book, Proef van Letteren shows most of his typefaces, starting as early as 1734. All his surviving punches and matrices are now in the possession of the Enschedés. His work influenced even Bodoni. His foremost typeface is the 8-point roman from 1739. That typeface has seen many metal versions, and even more digitizations. Among the metal re-cuts, one was due to Georg Belwe. There is a Fleischmann typeface at L. Wagner (1927), and a version at Typoart. Berry, Johnson and Jaspert write: His roman types are rather condensed and of a large x-height. His design is approaching the modern; the stress in some letters is vertical and the serifs are nearer the horizontal. In the upper case the long arms of the E and the squareness of the M are to be noted. In the lower case the g is conspicuous with bulbous ear and rounded link The italic rather less steeply inclined than the old face italics but still somewhat irregular The figures are still old face. Among the digitizations, we have:

  • At the Dutch Type Library, DTL Fleischmann (1992, Erhard Kaiser).
  • Fleischmann BT Pro (2002, Charles Gibbons). Heralded by the typophiles as outperforming the DTL Fleischmann.
  • While studying at KABK in 2012, Hrvoje Zivcic did a revival of Fleischmann's 8-point roman from 1739 entitled Slagerij.
  • A liberal revival called Gilly was developed by Porter Gillespie in 2015 at Type@Paris.

Fleischmann created blackletter typefaces such as Holländische Gotisch (1739-1760, digitally revived by Gerhard Helzel; Manfred Klein and Petra Heidorn made the free revival also called Holland-Gotisch, in 2005 and mention that their source was "Nederduits"; see the Fleischmann Flamande), Mediaan Duyts (1744) and Fleischmann Gotisch (ca. 1750, digitally revived by Ingo Preuss in 2004 as Fleischmann Gotisch PT, by SoftMaker in 2016 as Fleischmann Gotisch Pro, and by Alter Littera in 2012 as Nederduits).

Fleischmann was also renowned for his work on music typography. He worked for the publisher Johann Gottlob Immanuel Breitkopf, who was interested in improving the typography of musical notation. Fleischmann created a complex music notation font that proved unsuccessful in the marketplace, but was subsequently used to create many designs including the decorative edging on the first Dutch banknote called the roodborstje (robin).

EXTERNAL LINKS
Johann Michael Fleischmann
 [Designer info]
Klingspor Museum page
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INTERNAL LINKS
Type designers ⦿ Type designers ⦿ Dutch type design ⦿ Blackletter fonts ⦿ German type scene ⦿ Modern style [Bodoni, Didot, Walbaum, Thorowgood, Computer Modern, etc.] ⦿ Music fonts ⦿








file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Augustyn Duits No1 1744


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Augustyn Romein 1738


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Brevier Curcyf 1735


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Brevier Romein 1735


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Collonel Romein 1735


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Descendiaan Curcyf Eerste Schrift 1734


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Descendiaan Curcyf Tweede Schrift 1753


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Descendiaan Duits No1 1743


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Descendiaan Grieksch 1742


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Descendiaan Romein Eerste Schrift 1734


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Descendiaan Romein Tweede Schrift 1739


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Dessendiaan Romein Curcyf 1734


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Galjart Curcyf 1763


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Galjart Curcyf No2 Bourgeois Cursiv 1735


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Galjart Romein No1 1745


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Galjart Romein No2 1740


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Garmond Romein No1 1736


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Garmond Romein Op Descendiaan 1736


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Garmont Duits 1741


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Groote Brevier Romein 1740


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Hoogduits Cicero Fractur 1744


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Kleine Garmond Romein No2 1763


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Laatste Descendiaan Romein Derde Schrift 1761


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Mediaan Romein 1736


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Muziek


file name: J M Fleischman Parelmuziek 1758


file name: J M Fleischman Musiknoten Enschede Harlem 1768


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Text Curcyf Tertia Cursiv 1739


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Text Muzyk Psalm Nooten 1746


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 J M Fleischman Text Romein Op Paragon 1739


file name: Johan Enschede Proef Van Letteren 1768 Joan Michael Fleischman Galjart Curcyf No2 Bourgeois Cursiv 1701 1768


file name: J M Fleischmann Hollaendische Gotisch 1739 1760 Flinsch


file name: Johann Michael Fleischmann Hollaendische Gotisch Groote Canon Duyts 1748


file name: Petra Heidorn Manfred Klein Holland Gotisch


file name: Petra Heidorn Manfred Klein Holland Gotisch 2005 after Johann Fleischmann Nederduits 1750


file name: Petra Heidorn Manfred Klein Holland Gotisch 2005 after Johann Fleischmann Nederduits 1750b


file name: Ingo Preuss Fleischmann Gotich P T 2004 after Johann Michael Fleischmann


file name: Ingo Preuss Fleischmann Gotich P T 2004 after Johann Michael Fleischmann


file name: Soft Maker Fleischmann Gotisch Pro 2016 196897


file name: Soft Maker Fleischmann Gotisch Pro 2016 196899


file name: Soft Maker Fleischmann Gotisch Pro 2016


file name: L Wagner Fleischmann 1927


file name: L Wagner Fleischmann 1927


file name: Hrvoje Zivcic Slagerij 2012


file name: Hrvoje Zivcic Slagerij 2012


file name: Erhard Kaiser D T L Fleischmann


file name: Gerhard Helzel Hollandische Gotisch after J M Fleischmann 1739 1760


file name: Alter Littera nederduits 2012


file name: Charles Gibbons Fleischman B T Pro 2002


file name: Charles Gibbons Fleischman B T Pro Italic 2002


file name: Charles Gibbons Fleischmann B T Pro 2002


file name: Charles Gibbons Fleischman B T Pro Bold 2002


file name: Charles Gibbons Fleischman B T Pro Bold 2002b


file name: fleischmann flamande


file name: imrereiner/imrereiner fleischmann1


file name: imrereiner/imrereiner fleischmann music


file name: Johann Michael Fleischman portrait by Cornelis van Noorde 1769.







Luc Devroye ⦿ School of Computer Science ⦿ McGill University Montreal, Canada H3A 2K6 ⦿ lucdevroye@gmail.com ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org/fonts.html