TYPE DESIGN INFORMATION PAGE last updated on Thu Jan 14 12:23:24 EST 2021

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LUC DEVROYE


ABOUT







Johann Michael Fleischmann

A German punchcutter (b. Nuremberg, 1701 or 1707, d. Amsterdam, 1768) who lived in Amsterdam, and practiced his art at Enschedé in Haarlem, from 1743-1768. All his surviving punches and matrices are now in the possession of the Enschedés. His work influenced even Bodoni. His foremost typeface is the 8-point roman from 1739. That typeface has seen many metal versions, and even more digitizations. Among the metal re-cuts, one was due to Georg Belwe. There is a Fleischmann typeface at L. wagner (1927), and a version at Typoart. Berry, Johnson and Jaspert write: His roman types are rather condensed and of a large x-height. His design is approaching the modern ; the stress in some letters is vertical and the serifs are nearer the horizontal . In the upper case the long arms of the E and the squareness of the M are to be noted . In the lower case the g is conspicuous with bulbous ear and rounded link The italic rather less steeply inclined than the old face italics but still somewhat irregular The figures are still old face. Among the digitizations, we have:

  • At the Dutch Type Library, DTL Fleischmann (1992, Erhard Kaiser).
  • Fleischmann BT Pro (2002, Charles Gibbons). Heralded by the typophiles as outperforming the DTL Fleischmann.
  • While studying at KABK in 2012, Hrvoje Zivcic did a revival of Fleischmann's 8-point roman from 1739 entitled Slagerij.
  • A liberal revival called Gilly was developed by Porter Gillespie in 2015 at Type@Paris.

Fleischmann created blackletter typefaces such as Holländische Gotisch (1739-1760, digitally revived by Gerhard Helzel; Manfred Klein and Petra Heidorn made the free revival also called Holland-Gotisch, in 2005 and mention that their source was "Nederduits"; see the Fleischmann Flamande), Mediaan Duyts (1744) and Fleischmann Gotisch (ca. 1750, digitally revived by Ingo Preuss in 2004 as Fleischmann Gotisch PT, by SoftMaker in 2016 as Fleischmann Gotisch Pro, and by Alter Littera in 2012 as Nederduits).

Fleischmann was also renowned for his work on music typography. He worked for the publisher Johann Gottlob Immanuel Breitkopf, who was interested in improving the typography of musical notation. Fleischmann created a complex music notation font that proved unsuccessful in the marketplace, but was subsequently used to create many designs including the decorative edging on the first Dutch banknote called the roodborstje (robin).

EXTERNAL LINKS
Johann Michael Fleischmann
 [Designer info]
Klingspor Museum page
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INTERNAL LINKS
Type designers ⦿ Type designers ⦿ Dutch type design ⦿ Blackletter fonts ⦿ German type scene ⦿ Modern style [Bodoni, Didot, Walbaum, Thorowgood, Computer Modern, etc.] ⦿ Music fonts ⦿








file name: J M Fleischmann Hollaendische Gotisch 1739 1760 Flinsch


file name: Johann Michael Fleischmann Hollaendische Gotisch Groote Canon Duyts 1748


file name: Petra Heidorn Manfred Klein Holland Gotisch


file name: Petra Heidorn Manfred Klein Holland Gotisch 2005 after Johann Fleischmann Nederduits 1750


file name: Petra Heidorn Manfred Klein Holland Gotisch 2005 after Johann Fleischmann Nederduits 1750b


file name: Ingo Preuss Fleischmann Gotich P T 2004 after Johann Michael Fleischmann


file name: Ingo Preuss Fleischmann Gotich P T 2004 after Johann Michael Fleischmann


file name: Soft Maker Fleischmann Gotisch Pro 2016 196897


file name: Soft Maker Fleischmann Gotisch Pro 2016 196899


file name: Soft Maker Fleischmann Gotisch Pro 2016


file name: L Wagner Fleischmann 1927


file name: L Wagner Fleischmann 1927


file name: J M Fleischman Musiknoten Enschede Harlem 1768


file name: Hrvoje Zivcic Slagerij 2012


file name: Hrvoje Zivcic Slagerij 2012


file name: Erhard Kaiser D T L Fleischmann


file name: Gerhard Helzel Hollandische Gotisch after J M Fleischmann 1739 1760


file name: Alter Littera nederduits 2012


file name: Charles Gibbons Fleischman B T Pro 2002


file name: Charles Gibbons Fleischman B T Pro Italic 2002


file name: Charles Gibbons Fleischmann B T Pro 2002


file name: Charles Gibbons Fleischman B T Pro Bold 2002


file name: Charles Gibbons Fleischman B T Pro Bold 2002b


file name: fleischmann flamande


file name: imrereiner/imrereiner fleischmann1


file name: imrereiner/imrereiner fleischmann music







Luc Devroye ⦿ School of Computer Science ⦿ McGill University Montreal, Canada H3A 2K6 ⦿ lucdevroye@gmail.com ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org/fonts.html