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Hermann Zapf



Written by Luc Devroye
McGill University
Montreal, Canada
lucdevroye@gmail.com
http://luc.devroye.org
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The prolific master designer (born in Nuremberg, 1918, lives in Darmstadt), who made many Antiqua faces and Grotesk faces at URW++ (such as URW Grotesk) and is best known for Palatino, Optima, Melior, Zapf Dingbats, and ITC Zapf Chancery. From 1990 dates URW Palladio Regular. And look at the gorgeous calligraphic font Zapfino (Linotype, 1999, winner of the 1999 Type Directors Club award), released on the occasion of his 80th birthday. Linotype write-up. Zapf lives in Darmstadt, Germany. Pictures of his 80th birthday party at Linotype. Winner of the Gutenberg Prize in 1974.

Author of Manuale Typographicum (1954), of which only 1000 copies were printed. Author of Typografische Variationen (1963, Stempel), of which only 500 copies were printed.

Zapf's drawing of a blackletter alphabet in Feder und Stichel (1949, Trajanus Presse, Frankfurt) and Feder und Stichel (1952). Zapf's design of a postage stamp depicting Ottmar Mergenthaler in 1954.

List of his typefaces:

  • Alahram Arabisch.
  • Arno (Hallmark).
  • Aldus Buchschrift (Linotype, 1954): Italic, Roman. Digital version by Adobe.
  • Alkor Notebook.
  • Attika Greek.
  • Artemis Greek.
  • Aurelia (1985, Hell).
  • AT&T Garamond.
  • Book (ITC New York). Samples: Book Demi, Book Demi Italic, Book Heavy, Book Heavy Italic, Book Medium Italic. The Zapf Book, Chancery and International fonts are under the name Zabriskie on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD, 2002.
  • Brush Borders.
  • Comenius Antiqua (1976, Berthold; see C792 Roman on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD, 2002).
  • Crown Roman (Hallmark).
  • Chancery (officially called ITC Zapf Chancery): Bold, Demi, Italic, Light, Liht Italic, Mediu Italic, Roman.
  • Civilité (Duensing). Mac McGrew on the Zapf Civilité: Zapf Civilite is perhaps the latest face to be cut as metal type, having been announced in January 1985, although the designer, Hermann Zapf, had made sketches for such a face as early as 1940, with further sketches in 1971. But matrices were not cut until 1983 and 1984. The cutting was done by Paul Hayden Duensing in Kalamazoo, Michigan. The first Civilité typeface was cut by Robert Granjon in 1557, based on a popular French handwriting style of the time. Other interpretations have been made from time to time, notably the Civilité (q.v.) designed by Morris Benton in 1922 for ATF. The new Zapf design has the same general character but with a more informal and contemporary feeling. A smooth flow between weights of strokes replaces the stark contrast of thick-and-thin in older interpretations. There are several ligatures, and alternate versions of a number of characters, including several terminals. Only the 24-point Didot size is cut or planned.
  • Charlemagne (Hallmark).
  • Digiset Vario (1982, Hell): a signage face.
  • Edison (Hell), Edison cyrillic. Scans: Bold Condensed, Book, Semibold Italic, Semibold, Book Italic.
  • Euler (American Mathematical Society). Zapf was also consultant for Don Knuth on his Computer Modern fonts. In 1983, they produced the more calligraphic set now called AMS Euler (+Fraktur, Math Symbols, +script). Taco Hoekwater, Hans Hagen, and Khaled Hosny set out to create an OpenType MATH-enabled font Neo-Euler (2009-2010), by combining the existing Euler math fonts with new glyphs from Hermann Zapf (designed in the period 2005-2008). The result is here.
  • Firenze (Hallmark).
  • Festliche Ziffern (transl: party numbers).
  • Frederika Greek.
  • Gilgenart Fraktur (1938, D. Stempel).
  • Heraklit Greek.
  • Hunt Roman (1961-1962, Pittsburgh). A display face exclusively designed for the Hunt Botanical Library (Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation since 1971), situated on campus of Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, to accompany their text face Spectrum. Review by Ferdinand Ulrich.
  • International (ITC, 1977). Samples: Demi, Demi Italic, Heavy, Heavy Italic, Light, Light Italic, Medium, Medium Italic.
  • Janson (Linotype).
  • Jeannette Script (Hallmark).
  • Kompakt (1954, D. Stempel).
  • Kalenderzeichen (transl: calendar symbols).
  • Kuenstler Linien (transl: artistic lines).
  • Linotype Mergenthaler.
  • Melior (1952, D. Stempel; see Melmac on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD, 2002). Samples: Bold, Bold Italic, Italic, Roman.
  • Michelangelo (1950, D. Stempel, a roman caps face; a digital version exists at Berthold and at The Font Company).
  • Marconi (1975-1976, Hell; now also available at Elsner&Flake and Linotype; according to Gerard Unger, this was the first digital type ever designed---the original 1973 design was intended for Hell's Digiset system; Marconi is a highly readable text face).
  • Medici Script (1971).
  • Musica (Musiknoten, transl: music symbols; C.E. Roder, Leipzig).
  • Magnus Sans-serif (Linotype, 1960).
  • Missouri (Hallmark).
  • Novalis.
  • Noris Script (1976; a digital version exists at Linotype).
  • Optima (1955-1958, D. Stempel--Optima was originally called Neu Antiqua), Optima Greek, Optima Nova (2003, with Akira Kobayashi at Linotype, a new version of Optima that includes 40 weights, half of them italic). Samples: Poster by Latice Washington, Optima, Demibold Italic, Black, Bold, Bold Italic, Demibold, Extra Black, Italic, Medium, Medium Italic, Regular, Italic. Digital clones: Zapf Humanist 601 by Bitstream, O801 Flare on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD (2002), Opus by Softmaker, Columbia Serial by Softmaker, Mg Open Cosmetica, Ottawa by Corel, October by Scangraphic, CG Omega by Agfa compugraphic, Chelmsford by URW, Classico by URW and Optus by URW.
  • Orion (1974).
  • Palatino (1948, D. Stempel; the original font can still be found as Palazzo on Softmaker's XXL CD, 2002), Palatino Nova (2005, Linotype), Palatino Sans (2006, Linotype, with Akira Kobayashi), Palatino Greek, Palatino Cyrillic. In 2013, Linotype released Palatino eText which has a larger x-height and wider spacing. Palatino samples: black, black italic, bold, bold italic, italic, medium, roman, light, light italic. Poster by M. Tuna Kahya (2012). Poster by Elena Shkarupa. Poster by Wayne YMH (2012).
  • Phidias Greek.
  • Primavera Schmuck.
  • Pan Nigerian.
  • Quartz (Zerox Corporation Rochester, NY).
  • Renaissance Antiqua (1985, Scangraphic). Samples: Regular, Bold, Book, Light Italic, Swashed Book Italic, Swash Italic.
  • Saphir (1953, D. Stempel, see now at Linotype).
  • Sistina (1951, D. Stempel).
  • Sequoya (Cherokee redesign).
  • Scriptura, Stratford (Hallmark).
  • Sequoya (for the Cherokee Indians), ca. 1970. This was cut by Walter Hamady and is a Walbaum derivative.
  • Linotype Trajanus Cyrillic (1957).
  • Textura (Hallmark).
  • URW Grotesk (1985), URW Antiqua. The URW Grotesk family today contains 59 styles.
  • Uncial (Hallmark Kansas City).
  • Virtuosa Script (1952, D. Stempel: Zapf's first script face; revived in 2009 as Virtuosa Classic in cooperation with Akira Kobayashi).
  • Venture Script (Linotype, 1966; FontShop says 1969).
  • Winchester (Hallmark).
  • World Book Modern.
  • ITC Zapf Dingbats [see this poster by Jessica Rauch], Zapf Essentials (2002, 372 characters in six fonts: Communication, Arrows (One and Two), Markers, Ornaments, Office, based on drawings of Zapf in 1977 for Zapf Dingbats).
  • Zapfino (Linotype Library GmBH 1998): a set of digital calligraphic fonts. Zapfino Four, Zapfino Three, Zapfino Two, Zapfino One, ligatures, Zapfino Ornaments (with plenty of fists). Poster by Nayla Masood (2013).

Pictures of Hermann Zapf: with Lefty, with Rick Cusick, in 2003, with Frank Jonen, with Jill Bell, with Linnea Lundquist and Marsha Brady , with Rick Cusick, with Rick Cusick, with Stauffacher, a toast, with Werner Schneider and Henk Gianotten, with Chris Steinhour, at his 60th birthday party.

Linotype link.

EXTERNAL LINKS
Hermann Zapf
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INTERNAL LINKS
Type designers ⦿ Type designers ⦿ Calligraphic typefaces ⦿ Dingbats (original) ⦿ Blackletter fonts ⦿ Books on type design ⦿ Type scene in New York ⦿ Brush script typefaces ⦿ German type scene ⦿ Typefaces and type design for Arabic ⦿ Greek/Coptic ⦿ Music fonts ⦿ Fists, pointing hands ⦿ Mathematics fonts ⦿ Cyrillic type design ⦿ Signage typefaces ⦿ Civilité ⦿ Modern style [Bodoni, Didot, Walbaum, Thorowgood, Computer Modern, etc.] ⦿ Native-American fonts ⦿ Typefaces with arrows ⦿ Chancery hand, cancellaresca ⦿ Textura ⦿ Typefaces inspired by the Trajan column in Rome ⦿ Carolingian typefaces ⦿ Uncial typefaces ⦿ Garalde or Garamond typefaces ⦿








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Luc Devroye ⦿ School of Computer Science ⦿ McGill University Montreal, Canada H3A 2K6 ⦿ lucdevroye@gmail.com ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org/fonts.html