TYPE DESIGN INFORMATION PAGE last updated on Sun Jul 3 13:13:23 EDT 2022

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LUC DEVROYE


ABOUT







Claude Garamond

One of the fathers of typography.

  • 1480: Born in Paris.
  • 1510: trains as a punch cutter with Simon de Colines in Paris.
  • 1520: trains with Geoffroy Tory.
  • 1530: Garamond's first type is used in an edition of the book "Paraphrasis in Elegantiarum Libros Laurentii Vallae" by Erasmus. It is based on Aldus Manutius' type De Aetna, cut in 1455.
  • 1540: King Francis I commissions Garamond to cut a Greek type. Garamond's ensuing Grec du Roi is used by Robert Estienne in three sizes exclusively for the printing of Greek books.
  • 1545 onwards: Garamond also works as a publisher, first with Pierre Gaultier and later with Jean Barbe. The first book he published is "Pia et Religiosa Meditatio" by David Chambellan. The books are set using typefaces designed by Garamond.
  • 1561: Dies in Paris.
  • After Garamond's death, Christophe Plantin from Antwerp, the Le Bé type foundry and the Frankfurt foundry Egenolff-Bermer acquire a large proportion of Garamond's original punches and matrices.
  • Garamond (or: Garamont) typefaces used nowadays should in many cases be attributed to Jean Jannon (1580-1635).
111 Garamond typefaces are sold by Linotype alone, including the Stempel, Adobe, EF, #3, IC and BE families. Shown is Garamond BE Bold OsF, 1975, by Guenther Gerhard Lange. Other implementations include Garamont Amsterdam by Scangraphic, and the URW Garamond family (1983).

Klingspor link. FontShop link. Linotype link. Bio by Nicholas Fabian.

Portrait. Another portrait.

EXTERNAL LINKS
Claude Garamond
 [Designer info]
Klingspor Museum page
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INTERNAL LINKS
Type designers ⦿ Type designers ⦿ History of type ⦿ Type design in France ⦿ Garalde or Garamond typefaces ⦿








file name: Claude Garamond 1544


file name: Claude Garamond Portrait


file name: Claude Garamond Cursive 1540


file name: Claude Garamond 1480 1561


file name: Garamond


file name: Garamond


file name: Garamond


file name: U R W Thomas Maitland Cleland Morris Fuller Benton Amsterdamer Garamont 1917


file name: U R W Thomas Maitland Cleland Morris Fuller Benton Amsterdamer Garamont 1917b


file name: Scangraphic Garamont Amsterdam E F 2004


file name: Scangraphic Garamont Amsterdam S H 2004


file name: Scangraphic Garamont Amsterdam S H Catalog 2004


file name: Claude Garamond Abstract Portrait by Thorbjorn Kongshavn 2017







Luc Devroye ⦿ School of Computer Science ⦿ McGill University Montreal, Canada H3A 2K6 ⦿ lucdevroye@gmail.com ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org/fonts.html