TYPE DESIGN INFORMATION PAGE last updated on Fri May 20 19:37:30 EDT 2022

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LUC DEVROYE


ABOUT







Edward Johnston

Born in Uruguay in 1872, he died in the UK in 1944. A medical doctor, he taught all his life at the Central School of Arts and Crafts in London and at the Royal College of Art in London. From 1910 until 1930, he designed fonts for the Cranach-Presse in Weimar, which was owned by Count Harry Kessler.

In 1916, he made a typeface for the London Underground (helped by Eric Gill). Johnston's London Transport type was reworked by Colin Banks in his New Johnston (1979), and again in 2016 by Malou Verlomme at Monotype, on commission for Transport For London (TfL), as Johnston100. Edward Johnston's fonts show a strong influence by Eric Gill.

Hamlet-Type (1912-27, designed for a Shakespeare edition, Cranach Press, 1929) was also called Kessler-Blackletter. It was designed by Edward Johnston and cut in three sizes (10, 12 and 18 pt) by Edward Prince for William Shakespeare's Hamlet (published by Harry Kessler's Cranach Press in Weimar in 1929). The type is based on the Durandus for the lowercases, and Sweynheim & Pannartz's Subiaco type for the capitals. For a digital revival, see Hamlet Tertia 18 and Hamlet Cicero 12 by Alexis Faudot and Rafael Ribas which was developed at a workshop in Weimar in 2018. Hamlet was revived by Manfred Klein and Petra Heidorn as HamletOrNot.

Johnston designed Imprint-Antiqua with Gerard Meynell and J. H. Mason in 1913. It includes Imprint Shadow. Digital descendants exist at Monotype [Imprint MT], URW [Imprint URW, preferred over the MT version by some of my correspondents], SoftMaker [I771], and Bitstream [Dutch 766<].

Johnston Sans Serif was done in 1916.

A version of the London Underground typeface (1997, by Richard Kegler) was digitized by P22. In 2007, Paul D. Hunt extended that typeface to a 21-style multilingual collection called P22 Underground Pro. At ITC, Dave Farey and Richard Dawson recreated a Johnston sans serif family with 3 weights, aptly called ITC Johnston. Nick Curtis created Underground NF in 1999. Jordan Davies called his revivals London Medium (2017) and London Heavy (2017). Many other designers aped Johnston's Underground as well. In 2012, Greg Fleming published Railway Sans as a free open source font at OFL. It is based upon Johnston's original drawings and work started by Justin Howes just before his death. In 2021, P22 added italics to P22 Underground Pro and now covers Latin, Cyrillic and Greek---help with this newest version came from Housestyle Graphics (Dave Farey; for the italics), James Todd, and Patrick Griffin (final mastering).

Edward Johnston is a book published by Priscilla Johnston (London, 1959). Author of Writing&illuminating,&lettering (1917, J. Hogg, London; original done in 1906). Writing Illuminating Lettering at Amazon.

Scans of some lettering by him: illuminations (1917), modernized half uncial (1906), Calligraphy by Johnston. Digital fonts based on alphabets from the 1906 book include Edward's Uncial 1904 (2011, David Kettlewell).

Links: Linotype, FontShop.

EXTERNAL LINKS
Edward Johnston
 [Designer info]
Klingspor Museum page
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INTERNAL LINKS
Type designers ⦿ Type designers ⦿ Uruguayan type design ⦿ Books on type design ⦿ Arts and Crafts Movement ⦿ Type design in the United Kingdom ⦿ Uncial typefaces ⦿ Eric Gill and his typefaces ⦿








file name: I T C I T C Johnston 2011


file name: P22 P22 London Underground 2011


file name: P22 P22 Underground Basic 2011


file name: P22 P22 Underground Pro 2011


file name: P22 P22 Underground Pro 2021


file name: P22 P22 Underground Pro 2021


file name: P22 P22 Underground Pro 2021


file name: P22 P22 Underground Pro 2021


file name: P22 P22 Underground Pro 2021


file name: P22 P22 Underground Pro 2021


file name: P22 P22 Underground Pro 2021


file name: P22 P22 Underground Pro 2021


file name: P22 P22 Underground Pro 2021


file name: P22 P22 Underground Pro 2021


file name: Richard Kegler P22 Underground


file name: Edward Johnston London Underground 1916b


file name: Edward Johnston London Underground 1916c


file name: Edward Johnston Underground 1916 poster by Emily Lopes Pedro Philipe 2020


file name: David Kettlewell Edwards Uncial1904 2011


file name: Jordan Davies London Heavy 2017 228793


file name: Jordan Davies London Heavy 2017


file name: Edward Johnston Modernized half uncial 1906


file name: Edward Johnston Calligraphy


file name: Edward Johnston Calligraphy


file name: Alexis Faudot Rafael Ribas Hamlet 2019


file name: Alexis Faudot Rafael Ribas Hamlet 2019


file name: Alexis Faudot Rafael Ribas Hamlet 2019


file name: Alexis Faudot Rafael Ribas Hamlet 2019


file name: Alexis Faudot Rafael Ribas Hamlet Cicero12 2019


file name: Alexis Faudot Rafael Ribas Hamlet Cicero12 2019


file name: Alexis Faudot Rafael Ribas Hamlet Cicero12 2019


file name: Alexis Faudot Rafael Ribas Hamlet Tertia18 2019


file name: Gerard Meynell John Henry Mason F. Ernest Jackson Edward Johnston Imprint 1913


file name: Gerard Meynell John Henry Mason F. Ernest Jackson Edward Johnston Imprint Bold 1913


file name: Gerard Meynell John Henry Mason F. Ernest Jackson Edward Johnston Imprint Shadow 1913


file name: Monotype Imaging Imprint 2011


file name: U R W Imprint U R W 2011


file name: Imprint U R W


file name: Monotype Imaging Imprint 2011c


file name: Bitstream Dutch766 basedon Imprint


file name: Gerard Meynell John Henry Mason F. Ernest Jackson Edward Johnston Imprint M T 1913


file name: Edward Johnston Ditchling ca1920


file name: Edward Johnston Railway Type Design 1914


file name: Greg Fleming Railway Sans 2012


file name: Greg Fleming Railway Sans 2012d


file name: Greg Fleming Railway Sans 2012e


file name: Edward Johnston London Underground 1916 1919







Luc Devroye ⦿ School of Computer Science ⦿ McGill University Montreal, Canada H3A 2K6 ⦿ lucdevroye@gmail.com ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org/fonts.html