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TypeManufactur (was: GST Georg Salden Typedesign)

[Georg Salden]

Written by Luc Devroye
McGill University
Montreal, Canada
lucdevroye@gmail.com
http://luc.devroye.org
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Born in Essen, Germany, in 1930, Georg Salden is the nephew of Helmut Salden (1910-1996), a book and font designer in the Netherlands and a resistance fighter against Hitler.

From 1950-1954, Georg studied advertising design at the Folkwang School in Essen (1950-1954). Later, he taught typography for five years at Folkwang. Until 1971, he was a freelance graphic designer specializing in typography and calligraphy.

In 1966, he received an award in the international VGC competition in New York for the headline typeface York. He completed three fat weights of York (VGC) and four heavy weightys of Angular (VGC) before 1973.

At Berthold AG in Berlin, he completed the phototypes Transit in 1969 and Daphne in 1970.

From 1971 onwards, he cooperated with six German and 24 international foundries, producing about ten fonts per year, under the name GST (Georg Salden Types) and later Context-GmbH. For example, he did 35 fonts for Fototransit. Between 1972 and 1984, he created these typefaces: Aster 4.2, Polo (7 styles), Bilbao, Caslon (4 styles), Basta (5 styles), Stresemann (8 styles), Parabella, Mäander, Brasil (8 styles), Magnet, Hansa, Bonjour, Tandem, Futuranea (a rounded set of 18 styles; royalties for the name were paid to Bauersche Giesserei), Congress (6 styles), Ready, Salut, Loreley (4 styles), Loretta (4 styles), Gordon (7 styles), Volante, Tap (3 styles), Sketchy (4 styles), Gallopp, 1 Videon, Deutschkurrent, Corvey (2 styles), Klicker and Dalli (2 styles).

In 1977, he converted some of his headline faces into text fonts for the Diatronic, spending a lot of time on the kerning tables.

Before 1988, he drew Basta, Polo, Tap, Turbo, Gordon, Brasil, and Dalli. These were digitized by hand between 1989 and 1992 on the Ikarus system. The families were also expanded. For example, just for Polo, we have these styles: 11, 22, 66, 77, G, Fino, schmal, eng, extracondensed, kyrillisch and griechisch, with old style and lining figures in both Mac PostScript and PC truetype formats. New typefaces in this productive period include Carree, Axiom, Votum, Zitat, Rolls, Essenz, Planet, Trigon, and Deutschkurrent. Videon got four new heavy weights, and Daphne was redesigned for use as a text typeface.

In 2003, he set up Typemanufactur which he managed until 2008 with Daniel Resing and Tanja Link. Typemanufactur sold the GST typeface library. In 2009, Ludwig Uebele took over this company by himself. He takes care of the web presence, the font licensing, web font production, opentype production and all managerial aspects. After the end of all contracts with VGC, Berthold AG and GST/Context GmbH, all rights of the font collection belong to Georg himself.

Nowadays, he is critical of the lack of quality in recently designed typefaces. In FontBlog, we find a discussion of the Polo vs. Meta controversy, in German, with a reply by Erik Spiekermann who says that his FF Meta was influenced by many types, not just Polo, but also Syntax, News Gothic and Akzidenz Grotesk. The success of Polo reaches beyond FF Meta. For example, Walter Brendel's Glasgow Serial is also based on Polo. Typophile discussion.

Also noteworthy is Georg's success in the removal of Revis (2011, Coen Hofmann, URW) from the URW library as it was judged too close to Daphne.

Scans and technical discussions of some of his typefaces:

In 1993, Benjamin Kempas made a 12-minute documentary ion Georg Salden's life and work entitled Der Schriftgelehrte.

Behance link. Fontshop link. Klingspor link. Bio. Wikipedia link. What A Character is a web site dedicated to Salden's fonts.

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INTERNAL LINKS
Type designers ⦿ Type designers ⦿ Commercial fonts (small outfits) ⦿ German type scene ⦿ Photo and film type era ⦿ Brush script typefaces ⦿ Cyrillic type design ⦿ Typewriter fonts ⦿ Modern style [Bodoni, Didot, Walbaum, Thorowgood, Computer Modern, etc.] ⦿ School fonts ⦿ Caslon ⦿








file name: Juergen Siebert Polo vs Meta


file name: Polo Meta Comparison


file name: U R W Revis 2011


file name: Georg Salden Deutsch Kurrent 1983


file name: Georg Salden Rolls


file name: Georg Salden Rolls


file name: Georg Salden Rolls


file name: Georg Salden Rolls


file name: Georg Salden Rolls


file name: Georg Salden York 1966


file name: Georg Salden Daphne


file name: Georg Salden Daphne


file name: Georg Salden Ludwig Type Daphne Script 2013


file name: Georg Salden Ludwig Type Daphne Script 2013b


file name: Georg Salden Ludwig Type Daphne Script 2013c


file name: Georg Salden Essenz


file name: Georg Salden Essenz


file name: Georg Salden Videon 2012


file name: Georg Salden Videon


file name: Georg Salden Tap


file name: Georg Salden Tap


file name: Georg Salden Tap


file name: Georg Salden Turbo


file name: Georg Salden Turbo


file name: Georg Salden Votum


file name: Georg Salden Votum


file name: Georg Salden Zitat


file name: Georg Salden Zitat


file name: Georg Salden Zitat


file name: Georg Salden Axiom


file name: Georg Salden Axiom


file name: Georg Salden Basta


file name: Georg Salden Basta


file name: Georg Salden Brasil


file name: Georg Salden Brasil


file name: Georg Salden Brasil


file name: Georg Salden Carree


file name: Georg Salden Carree


file name: Georg Salden Carree


file name: Georg Salden Dalli


file name: Georg Salden Dalli


file name: Georg Salden Gordon


file name: Georg Salden Gordon


file name: Georg Salden Pic


file name: Georg Salden Planet


file name: Georg Salden Planet


file name: Georg Salden Planet


file name: Georg Salden Polo 1972


file name: Georg Salden Polo 1972b


file name: Georg Salden Polo 1972c


file name: Georg Salden Polo Eng 1972


file name: Georg Salden Polo Eng 1972b


file name: Georg Salden Polo Condensed 1972


file name: Georg Salden Polo Kyrillisch 1972


file name: Softmaker Glasgow Serial 2010


file name: Softmaker Glasgow Serial Heavy 2010


file name: Georg Salden Pic



Luc Devroye ⦿ School of Computer Science ⦿ McGill University Montreal, Canada H3A 2K6 ⦿ lucdevroye@gmail.com ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org/fonts.html