German printer (b. Mainz, d. 1477, Rome), who left Mainz with Arnold Pannartz to establish Italy's first printing press, in the monastery of St. Scholastica at Subiaco. There, they published three books, Cicero's De Oratore, the Opera of Lactantius, and St. Augustine's De Civitate Dei. In 1467, they set up a press in the De Massimi palace in Rome, from where they published 50 more books. Sweynheym is also spelled Sweynheim in some publications.
Nicholas Fabian on Pannartz. Catholic Encyclopedia. Literature: Burger: The Printers and Publishers of the XV Century (London, 1902); Fumagalli: Dictionnaire géogrique d'Italie pour servir à l'histoire de l'imprimerie dans ce pays (Florence, 1905); Löffler: Sweinheim und Pannartz in Zeitschrift für Bücherfreunde, IX (Bielefeld, 1905), and Die ersten deutschen Drucker in Italien in Historisch-politische Blätter, CXLIII (Munich, 1909).
Revivals of their typefaces, blends between humanist and blackletter, include:
- The Subiaco font done by Ashendene Press in 1902. The Subiaco type is now owned by Cambridge University Press. Its punches were cut by E.P. Prince.
- Nephi Mediaeval (1983). A metal type by Jim Rimmer for private use. McGrew gives the date 1986. Rimmer writes: It was inspired by the Subiaco type of the Ashendene Press and by its inspiration, the type of Sweynheym and Pannartz. My design breaks away from those types slightly in form and is softer in general feeling. In time I will cut other sizes.
- Linotype Conrad (1999, Akira Kobayashi). Not a revival at all, but rather an interpretation and modernization.
- The scanfont 1467 Pannartz Latin by Gilles Le Corré in 2009.
- Pannartz Book (2009, Tomi Haaparanta, Suomi).
- SweynheymPannartz (2010, Shane Brandes).
- Benedictine (Anthony Elder, 2014-2015). In the Type@Cooper Extended Program in 2014-2015, Brooklyn, NY-based Anthony Elder designed Benedictine, which is inspired by the first printed books in Italy by Konrad Sweynheym and Arnold Pannartz in the XVth century. Behance link.
- A couple of free fonts by Alexis Faudot and Rafael Ribas that were developed during a 2018 workshop at Biblioteca Statale del Monumento Nazionale di Santa Scolastica, Subiaco. The first one, Sweynheim & Pannartz Subiaco 120R, is a proto-roman first used in Subiaco by Konrad Sweynheim and Arnold Pannartz for an edition of Donatus in 1465 (no longer preserved) and used until 1467 in four editions in total. The secon one, Sweynheim & Pannartz 115R, is a proto-roman first used in Rome by Konrad Sweynheim & Arnold Pannartz for Cicero's Epistolae ad familiares in 1467 and used until 1476.
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