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LUC DEVROYE


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Sebastian Popp

Danish type foundry in Copenhagen active there from 1738-1814. It had matrices from the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. Its most celebrated owner was Johann Gottfried Pöetzsch. The timeline:

  • 1738: German typefounder Dietrich Christian Hesse (Haarburg, now part of Hamburg) acquires a type foundry in Lüneburg, assisted by the Danish Crown. This type foundry was sold by the widow of typefounder Nikolaus Heinrich Küster in 1738. Note: N.H. Küster came from a family originally called Köster. His type foundry, according to Axel-Nilsson, seems to have come from the business run by typefounder Christian Morgenstern in Lüneburg during the latter half of the 17th century.
  • 1738-1746: Hesse operates the type foundry in Copenhagen until a new monarch is selected in Denmark. Hesse lost a struggle for exclusive printing privileges, which in 1747 went to Ernst Heinrich Berling. The matrices which Hesse had bought with money from the Crown were transfrerred to Berling, who retained the typefounding privileges until his death in 1750.
  • 1750-1754: Hesse died in this period. His former foreman Wahl, who had left him to work for Berling, married his widow and became manager of Berling's type foundry. By marriage, he also got Hesse's type foundry.
  • 1753: Berling's executors fire Wahl for two-timing them. He is replaced by Johann Gottfried Pöetzsch, a typefounder from Stötteritz near Leipzig.
  • 1755: Pöetzsch takes over the printing privileges in Denmark.
  • 1755-1783: Pöetzsch successfully operates his type foundry until his death in 1783. His market includes all Scandinavian countries. It is likely, according to Axel-Nilsson, that he Pöetzsch also acquired the stock of Wahl when Wahl's type foundry shut down.
  • 1783. Elisabeth Krey, Pöetzsch's widow, carries on the business, assisted by the foreman, Andreas Mørch (1753-1825), who is known to have cut several romans and italics.
  • 1784: Elisabeth Krey dies. Mørch takes over the foundry.
  • 1784-1814: Mørch runs the business but gets into financial trouble. He sells to Sebastian Popp, but remains in charge as Popp's employee until the foundry is sold in 1814 to J.P. Lindh.
  • Johan Perh Lindh (Stockholm) acquires Sebastian Popp's foundry in 1814.

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Luc Devroye ⦿ School of Computer Science ⦿ McGill University Montreal, Canada H3A 2K6 ⦿ lucdevroye@gmail.com ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org/fonts.html