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LUC DEVROYE


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Ferdinand Theinhardt Schriftgiesserei Berlin [Ferdinand Theinhardt]

Berlin-based foundry from the 19th century, whose typefaces included Aldeutsch (aka Psalterium, or as Mainzer Gotisch, 1851). Ferdinand Theinhardt (b. Halle, 1820, d. Berlin, 1909) ran it.

Around 1880, he published four weights of a Royal Grotesk (in 4 styles) for the Prussian Academy of Sciences in Berlin (Königlich-Preußischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin; see, e.g., here or here; here is a sample of his 1895 Breite Grotesk). In 1885 he sold his own type foundry---Ferd. Theinhardt Schriftgiesserei Berlin---to Brothers Mosig and Oskar Mommen. In 1908, Berthold AG bought that foundry, and published the Royal fonts under the new name Akzidenz Grotesk. Theinhardt's Royal Grotesk became internationally known as Berthold's Akzidenz Grotesk, which some call the godmother of all modern grotesque typefaces. [Note: Akzidenz Grotesk is often given the 1898 date.]

Theinhardt was also known as a specialist in cutting hieroglyphs. Author with R. Lepsius of Liste de Hieroglyphischen Typen aus der Schriftgiesserei F. Theinhardt (1875, G. Vogt, Buchdrückerei der Königl. Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin). It lists hieroglyphic symbols available from Theinhardt's foundry.

Royal Grotesk was digitally released by Berthold Types (an American company with no legal connection with the original H. Berthold) in 2009.

Typedia link from which I quote: Akzidenz (sic) Grotesk was released by Berthold in Berlin in 1898, according to their own literature. It was obviously based on typefaces already offered by other foundries, some of which were later taken over by Berthold. One of the contemporaries of AG was Royal Grotesk from Theinhardt. In Berthold's specimen booklet no. 429, which was most likely released in 1954, Akzidenz Grotesk Mager (light) was still referred to as Royal Grotesk, in brackets. Berthold acquired a typeface in 1908, (when they bought Ferd.Theinhardt) which they released as Akzidenz Grotesk Halbfett (medium). They kept adding weights, some of them from other typefaces, acquired from other foundries. Every foundry had a version of that type of face, more often than not available in a few sizes only. The original series remained quite divers, individual weights showing not much resemblance but in name. It was mainly a marketing and naming success. That only changed when they cut Series 57, and then Series 58, named for the years of release. These had some sizes (but not all) recut under the direction of Günter Gerhard Lange, who was their (freelance) artistic director at the time. GG Lange always claimed that Berthold had taken some AG weights and sizes from Popplbaum in Vienna, and that is supposed to account for the release date of 1896 or 1898. Popplbaum was not bought by Berthold until 1926. Berthold did take different fonts from all the foundries they bought (and obviously also made deal without buying a foundry) and rename them until they got a family together which still showed the original influences, sometimes even from size to size. The deals between foundries (by 1924 Berthold had bought 17 foundries, in Prague, Riga, Stuttgart, Leipzig, Moscow and St. Petersburg) have never been fully researched, and neither has the complete history of Akzidenz Grotesk been written yet.

Digitizations include AltDeutsch by Gerhard Helzel. The Theinhardt family (2010, Francois Rappo, Optimo) is named after Theinhardt.

Klingspor link.

Credit for some images below: Danielle West.

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INTERNAL LINKS
Foundries of the 19th century ⦿ Type designers ⦿ Type designers ⦿ Hieroglyphic fonts ⦿ Blackletter fonts ⦿ German type scene ⦿ Akzidenz Grotesk ⦿








file name: Ferdinand Theinhardt Akzidenz Grotesk 1898


file name: H Berthold Akzidenz Grotesk 1896 Poster by Danielle West 2014


file name: H Berthold Akzidenz Grotesk 1896 Poster by Danielle West 2014b


file name: Berthold Akzidenz Grotesk Poster by Andrea Canelo 2016


file name: H Berthold Akzidenz Grotesk 1896 Poster by Tony Pham 2017


file name: H Berthold Akzidenz Grotesk 1896 Poster by Tony Pham 2017b


file name: Optimo Theinhardt Specimen


file name: R Lepsius F Theinhardt Hieroglyphs 1875


file name: Francois Rappo Theinhardt 2010


file name: Francois Rappo Theinhardt 2009


file name: Francois Rappo Theinhardt 2009b


file name: Francois Rappo Theinhardt 2009c


file name: Francois Rappo Theinhardt 2009d


file name: Francois Rappo Theinhardt 2009e


file name: Francois Rappo Theinhardt 2009f


file name: Francois Rappo Theinhardt 2009g


file name: Francois Rappo Theinhardt 2009h


file name: Francois Rappo Theinhardt 2009i


file name: Theinhardt Breite Grotesk


file name: Theinhardt Breite Grotesk1895


file name: Bauersche Giesserei Breite Grotesk Specimen 1909


file name: Gerhard Helzel Alt Deutsch after Ferd Theinhard 1851


file name: Ferd Theinhardt Altdeutsch also Psalterium also Mainzer Gotisch







Luc Devroye ⦿ School of Computer Science ⦿ McGill University Montreal, Canada H3A 2K6 ⦿ lucdevroye@gmail.com ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org/fonts.html