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LUC DEVROYE


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Russian foundries, ca. 1870

This list is extracted from the (German) text of Die Industrie Russlands in ihrer bisherigen Entwicklung und in ihrem gegenwärtigem Zustande mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der allgemeinen russischen Manufactur-Ausstellung im Jahre 1870 Industrielles Handbuch für das Gesammtgebiet des russischen Reiches, Band 1-2 (1872-1873, Friedrich Matthaï, Gera: Griesbach). The Finance Ministry reports ten foundries in 1870. A lot of type was imported from foundries like F. Flinsch (Frankfurt). The leading foundry in Russia was Osip Lehmann (founded in St. Petersburg in 1854). Also in St. Petersburg, one of the main printers there, Moritz Wolf, has started a foundry as well. There are other small foundries associated with the Academy of Sciences, with the Senate, with the Ministry of War, with the Office of the Emperor, and with the Interior Ministry, for example. Other small foundries include W. Besobrasow&Cie in St. Petersburg, and Iwan Glasunow (I presume also in that city). In Moscow can one find the oldest foundry in Russia (for Slavonic scripts), which is associated with the Sinodal printing company. Smaller foundries in Moscow include those of Ries and of Tschuksin. Mr. Steffenhagen runs a small foundry in Mietau. As Russia also comprised Poland then, we learn that Warsaw had three foundries, of which that of S. Orgelbrand (founded in 1836) was the largest and most impoortant. The other two were run by W. Schreiber and P. Swichotzki, respectively. Finally, the Alexander University in Helsingfors also had its own foundry, founded in 1842 and run by H. Hanemann.

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Type design in Russia ⦿ Cyrillic type design ⦿ Foundries of the 19th century ⦿ The Polish type scene ⦿













Luc Devroye ⦿ School of Computer Science ⦿ McGill University Montreal, Canada H3A 2K6 ⦿ lucdevroye@gmail.com ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org/fonts.html