Frenchman who has a wonderful historic overview of the calligraphic styles. Here are his categories:
Additional scans of his work: The letter G | Happy 2005 | Abcdefg | Fine chancery alphabet | Lettres cadeaux | Starting alphabet for the lettres cadeaux | Trial 1 | Trial 2 | Trial 3.
- Renaissance, starting with Gutenberg, and the re-use of Greek and Roman architecture and lettering. It has the chancery hand (or italic) and the humanist (or antiqua). But also in this category are the ronde (upright curvacious scripts), the Flemish cursive (stunning calligraphy) and the fine or modern chancery.
- Gothic, or medieval, alphabets: Primitive gothic (S, T, U, V), textura (P, Q, R), cursive gothic (D, E, F, G, H), bastarda (A, B, C), rotunda (M, N, O), and Fraktur (I, J, K, L). Chazal adds to these six groups the Lombardian (lettre tourneure: A, B, C, D, E, F, G), the tourneure gestuelle (modern hand-printed version of the Lombardian: A, B, C), and the lettres cadeaux (overly ornamental caps).
- Anglaises: voluptuous and difficult calligraphy.
- Gestuelles in modern calligraphy: the cola pen, the tire-ligne, the flat nib, and the pointed nib.
Calligraphic typefaces ⦿
Type design in France ⦿
Lombardic types ⦿
Chancery hand, cancellaresca ⦿
Bastarda / Bâtarde / Schwabacher ⦿
Rotunda / Rundgotisch ⦿
Ronde (Rondo, Rundschrift): Upright scripts ⦿