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LUC DEVROYE


ABOUT







Guillaume Le Bé

Born in Troyes in 1526, Guillaume Le Bé was a bookseller, engraver and typefounder, who studied under Claude Garamont. He set up his own foundry in 1545 and ran it until his death. In 1561, he became Garamont's successor---he took over Garamont's foundry that year. He was mainly known for his Hebrew fonts, but was also priased for a roman double canon. He died in Paris in 1598. The foundry started by Le Bé kept going until well into the nineteenth century through various successions. Since Robert Estienne's foundry ceased in 1545, Marius Audin speculates, but cannot prove, that Guillaume Le Bé got his start in 1545 by taking over Estienne's foundry.

The time line of the foundry:

  • 1545-1598: Guillaume Le Bé starts and expands the foundry.
  • 1598-1636: Guillaume II Le Bé (d. 1636), son of Guillaume Le Bé, runs the business.
  • 1636-1685: Guillaume III Le Bé (d. 1685, Paris), son of Guillaume II Le Bé, runs the business.
  • 1685-1707: Veuve Guillaume III Le Bé (d. 1707), runs the businees, according to Marius Audin. According to Renouard, it was in fact Veuve Guillaume II Le Bé who succeded her son, and who left the managerial task to the foundry of Claude Faure.
  • 1707-1730: The Le Bé sisters. The four daughters of Guillaume III Le Bé ran the shop under the directorship of Jean Claude Fournier le père.
  • 1730-1783: Jean Pierre Fornier heads the foundry. Born in 1706 in Paris, he was also called Fournier the elder (in French, l'aîné, or oldest son), son of Jean Claude. Upon his death in Mongé in 1783, he lkeaves the foundry to his three daughters.
  • 1783-1818: The Fournier sisters are in charge: Elisabeth Françoise, Marie, and Adelaîde.
  • 1818-1835: It is unclear what happened in 1818. I quote Audin, who notes that the foundry of Léger occupies the shop at 28, place de l'Estrapade in Paris, which is precisely where the Fournier sisters had their foundry. He thinks that Léger bought the Fournier foundry. The Léger foundry existed until 1835.

Images of Guillaume Le Bé's work: Large Hebrew, Gros Canon Gras.

Digitizations of his work include Guillaume (2015) by George Tulloch. Guillaume's roman is based on Le Bé's double canon while the italic is based on Claude Garamond and the numerals are taken from a set cut by Le Bé's pupil Jacques de Sanlecque the elder.

Klingspor link.

EXTERNAL LINKS
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INTERNAL LINKS
Guillaume Le Bé
Type design in France ⦿ Foundries of the 18th century ⦿ Foundries of the 19th century ⦿ Type designers ⦿ Type designers ⦿ Fournier ⦿ Hebrew font links ⦿








file name: George Tulloch Guillaume 2015 190541


file name: George Tulloch Guillaume 2015 190546


file name: George Tulloch Guillaume 2015


file name: George Tulloch Guillaume 2015


file name: George Tulloch Guillaume 2015c


file name: George Tulloch Guillaume 2015d


file name: George Tulloch Guillaume Regular 2015b


file name: George Tulloch Guillaume Regular 2015g


file name: George Tulloch Guillaume Regular 2015j


file name: George Tulloch Guillaume Regular 2015k


file name: Guillaume Le Be Large Hebrew


file name: Guillaume Le Be Gros Canon Gras







Luc Devroye ⦿ School of Computer Science ⦿ McGill University Montreal, Canada H3A 2K6 ⦿ lucdevroye@gmail.com ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org/fonts.html