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LUC DEVROYE


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Erich Heckel

Erich Heckel (b. 1883, Döbeln, d. 1970, Radolfzell) was a German painter and printmaker, and a founding member of the Die Brücke group which as active from 1905 until 1913. Heckel and the three other founding members of Die Brücke (i.e., Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Karl Schmidt-Rotluff and Fritz Bley) admired the work of Edvard Munch, and aimed to make a "bridge" (Brücke) between traditional neo-romantic German painting and modern expressionist painting. Primitive, esp. African, art was also an inspiration to the members of the Die Brücke.

In 1937 the Nazi Party declared Heckel's work degenerate. It forbade him to show his work in public, and more than 700 items of his art were confiscated from German museums. By 1944 all of his woodcut blocks and print plates had been destroyed. After World War II, Heckel lived at Gaienhofen near Lake Constanz, and taught at the Karlsruhe Academy until 1955. He continued painting until his death at Radolfzell in 1970.

Heckel's woodcuts and lettering inspired a few typefaces, most notably:

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German type scene ⦿ Typefaces related to German expressionism ⦿ Wood Type ⦿ Die Brücke ⦿








file name: Erich Heckel 1883 1970 Portrait Of A Man


file name: David Kerkhoff Heckel 2013


file name: David Kerkhoff Heckel 2013b


file name: David Kerkhoff Heckel 2013c


file name: David Kerkhoff Die Bruecke 2013


file name: David Kerkhoff Die Bruecke 2013b


file name: David Kerkhoff Die Bruecke 2013c


file name: Richard Kegler P22 Woodcut 1996


file name: Richard Kegler P22 Woodcut Extras 1996


file name: Richard Kegler P22 Woodcut Extras 1996b


file name: Richard Kegler P22 Woodcut Sans 1996


file name: Erich Heckel Geschwister 1913


file name: Erich Heckel Irrer Soldat 1916


file name: Erich Heckel Portrait Of Ernst Ludwig Kirchner


file name: Erich Heckel Zirkusreiter 1908


file name: Erich Heckel Zwei Am Meer 1920


file name: Erich Heckel Pic







Luc Devroye ⦿ School of Computer Science ⦿ McGill University Montreal, Canada H3A 2K6 ⦿ lucdevroye@gmail.com ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org/fonts.html