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LUC DEVROYE


ABOUT







Die Brücke

Die Brücke (The Bridge) was a group of German expressionist artists formed at the Königliche Technische Hochschule in Dresden in 1905, after which the Brücke Museum in Berlin was named. Founded by the Jugendstil architecture students Fritz Bleyl (1880-1966), Erich Heckel (1883-1970), Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1880-1938) and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (1884-1976), it later included members such as Emil Nolde (1867-1956), Max Pechstein (1881-1955) and Otto Mueller (1874-1930). It influenced the evolution of modern art and expressionism.

Their drawings and paintings were often crude, even primitive. There was no hint of abstractness. Frequent use was made of woodblock printing. Robert Atkins in 1992 writes: The Die Brücke artists' emotionally agitated paintings of city streets and sexually charged events transpiring in country settings make their French counterparts, the Fauves, seem tame by comparison. Kirchner's home in particular became a venue which overthrew social conventions to allow casual love-making and frequent nudity. Group life-drawing sessions took place using models from the social circle, rather than professionals, and choosing quarter-hour poses to encourage spontaneity. The group disbanded ca. 1915.

Several typefaces were inspired by the primitive lettering used in the manifesto and on paintings by type designers such as Richard Kegler (P22) and David Kerkhoff.

EXTERNAL LINKS
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INTERNAL LINKS
German type scene ⦿ Typefaces related to German expressionism ⦿ Art Nouveau typefaces ⦿ Die Brücke ⦿








file name: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner 2010


file name: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Berlin Street 1913


file name: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Die Bruecke Manifesto 1906


file name: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Im Cafegarten 1914


file name: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner La Toilette 1912


file name: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Nollendorfplatz 1912


file name: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Portrait Of Dr Ludwig Binswanger


file name: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Portrait Oskar Schlemmer 1934


file name: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Practising Dancer


file name: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Selbstbildnis Als Soldat 1915


file name: Emil Nolde Der Tod Als Tanzerin 1918


file name: Fritz Bleyl Die Brucke Poster 1906


file name: Karl Schmidt Rottluff Pic


file name: Otto Mueller Jahresmappe 1912


file name: David Kerkhoff Die Bruecke 2013


file name: David Kerkhoff Die Bruecke 2013b


file name: David Kerkhoff Die Bruecke 2013c







Luc Devroye ⦿ School of Computer Science ⦿ McGill University Montreal, Canada H3A 2K6 ⦿ lucdevroye@gmail.com ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org/fonts.html