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LUC DEVROYE


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ULC's Type Glossary

From U&LC, vol. 11, No. 4, in 1984:

  • ARM: a horizontal stroke that is free on one end.
  • ASCENDER: the part of the lowercase letters b,df,h,k,I and t that extends above the height of the lowercase x.
  • BAR: the horizontal stroke in the A,H,e,t, and similar letters. BOWL—a curved stroke which makes an enclosed space within a character. The bump on a P is a bowl.
  • COUNTER: the fully or partially enclosed space within a character.
  • DESCENDER: the part of the letters g,j,p,q,y, and sometimes J, that extends below the baseline.
  • EAR: the small stroke projecting from the top of the lowercase g.
  • HAIRLINE: a thin stroke usually common to serif typestyles.
  • LINK: the stroke connecting the top and bottom of a lowercase g.
  • LOOP: the lower portion of the lowercase g.
  • SERIF: a line crossing the main strokes of a character. There are many varieties.
  • SHOULDER: the curved stroke of the h,m, and n.
  • SPINE: the main curved stroke of a lowercase or capital S.
  • SPUR: a small projection off a main stroke; found on many capital G's.
  • STEM: a straight vertical stroke, or main straight diagonal stroke in a letter which has no vertical strokes.
  • STRESS: the direction of thickening in a curved stroke
  • STROKE: a straight or curved line.
  • SWASH: a fancy flourish replacing a terminal or serif.
  • TAIL: the descender of Q or short diagonal stroke of the R.
  • TERMINAL: the end of a stroke not terminated with a serif.
  • X-HEIGHT: the height of the lowercase letters excluding ascenders and descenders.

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Luc Devroye ⦿ School of Computer Science ⦿ McGill University Montreal, Canada H3A 2K6 ⦿ lucdevroye@gmail.com ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org/fonts.html