ULC's Type Glossary
From U&LC, vol. 11, No. 4, in 1984:
- ARM: a horizontal stroke that is free on one end.
- ASCENDER: the part of the lowercase letters b,df,h,k,I and t that extends above the height of the lowercase x.
- BAR: the horizontal stroke in the A,H,e,t, and similar letters. BOWL—a curved stroke which makes an enclosed space within a character. The bump on a P is a bowl.
- COUNTER: the fully or partially enclosed space within a character.
- DESCENDER: the part of the letters g,j,p,q,y, and sometimes J, that extends below the baseline.
- EAR: the small stroke projecting from the top of the lowercase g.
- HAIRLINE: a thin stroke usually common to serif typestyles.
- LINK: the stroke connecting the top and bottom of a lowercase g.
- LOOP: the lower portion of the lowercase g.
- SERIF: a line crossing the main strokes of a character. There are many varieties.
- SHOULDER: the curved stroke of the h,m, and n.
- SPINE: the main curved stroke of a lowercase or capital S.
- SPUR: a small projection off a main stroke; found on many capital G's.
- STEM: a straight vertical stroke, or main straight diagonal stroke in a letter which has no vertical strokes.
- STRESS: the direction of thickening in a curved stroke
- STROKE: a straight or curved line.
- SWASH: a fancy flourish replacing a terminal or serif.
- TAIL: the descender of Q or short diagonal stroke of the R.
- TERMINAL: the end of a stroke not terminated with a serif.
- X-HEIGHT: the height of the lowercase letters excluding ascenders and descenders.
Type glossaries ⦿