TYPE DESIGN INFORMATION PAGE last updated on Sat Mar 28 23:20:15 EDT 2020
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Typefaces and type design for Kurdish
The Arabic script is used for the following languages: Arabic, Farsi (the official language of Iran), Jawi (the Arabic alphabet for Malay used until the 17th century), Kurdish, Pashto (the official language of Afghanistan), Sindhi (an Indo-Aryan language with about 9 million speakers in the south-eastern province of Sind in Pakistan and in India) and Urdu (the official language of Pakistan); it can also be used for Punjabi (which is spoken in Pakistan and the Indian state of Panjab, but only in Pakistan is it written using Arabic script). It is cursive, caseless, and written right-to-left. [Google] [More] ⦿
Designer of a family of Kurdish typefaces called K Dylan. These include K-Dylan-Apo, KDylanArdalanWeb, KDylanBabanWeb, KDylanBotanWeb, KDylanKurdiWeb, KDylanMukrianWeb, and KDylanSoranWeb. Full fonts for 100USD from KurdSoft. Download here. [Google] [More] ⦿
Ernst Tremel s based in Muenster, Germany. He designed a Devanagari font called ShiDeva that includes a "volt" table and many ligatures. His pages also cover Tamil, and one can download the ETTamilNew font. He also has a Kurdish font, as well as maps about the Kurds and about Indian languages. About the Kurdish font, he writes: Kurdish AllAlphabets contains 694 glyphs and 529 standard kern pairs: Latin, Cyrillic and Arabic script. There are OpenType tables for Arabic and embedded bitmaps included.
He joined the Open Font Library movement. He offers Ahuramazda there, which is an alphabet for the Avestan language: Avestan was an Iranian language in which the earliest Zoroastrian hymns were orally transmitted since 1500 BCE. Due to lingusitic change, fluency in Avestan as spoken a thousand years earlier was deteorating, and hence the need to write the language became increasingly apparent. By the 3rd century CE an alphabet was created to write down the ancient Avestan language.
Hasan Abu Afash
Irbil, Iraq-based designer of the monoline Kurdish font Qshtoka (2014). Free download. Earlier he made a series of 32 Arabic / Kurdish typefaces called Kazhin 1 through Kazhin 32 (2014). Free download. See also here.
Arabic typography web site and font foundry established in 2007 by Hasan Abu Afash, an Arab designer living in Gaza/Palestine. Typefaces: HS Dream (2019), HS Gold (2018), HS Almisk, HS Almisk Serif (2018: modern kufi style), HS Aleman (2018: a kufi /naskh hybrid), HS Alnasma (2017), HS Alhoson (2017), HS Alwajd (2016), HS Almajd (2016), HS Rahaf (2015, covering Pashtu, Persian, Urdu, Kurdish Sorani, Kurdish Kirmanji, and Arabic), HS Alnada (2015, kufi), HS Headline (a fat calligraphic didone display typeface by Gunnlaugur Briem (Latin) and Hasan Abu Afash (Arabic, based on the simple lines of Naskh calligraphy), HS Ali (2015; designed using equal amounts of anger and sorrow, Hasan writes: HS Ali was designed in memoriam of my brother---Ali Abu Afash who was martyred during the last aggression on Gaza in summer 2014), HS Alhuda (2014, Kufi font), HS Almaha (2014: this font combines the features of linear Naskh and modern Kufi), HS Almidad (2014), HS Ishraq (2013), HS Alkitab (2013), HS Albadr (2013), HS Almohandis (2007-2011, Arabic display face), HS Alhandasi (2007 and 2011), Hasan AlQuds family (2004, a display typeface done with Mamoun Sakkal), Hasan Hiba, Hasan Enas (Arabic text typeface), Hasan Elham (2006, a modern Kufi art deco face), Hasan Ghada (2007-2008, based on modern Kufi calligraphy--first known in 2002 as KactTitle), Hasan Manal (2008, Kufi style), Hasan Aya (2007, Kufi style famaily based on Corel's 1992 typeface Bedrock), Kouffi Fatemic, Safwat, HS Amal. In 2008, Hasan Hiba and Hasan Noor (a classic squarish Kufi face) were upgraded to the DecoType font format for use in WinSoft Tasmeem which is now bundled with InDesign CS4---thanks to a cooperation with Mirjam Somers. Still with Somers, he upgraded the Basim Marah display typeface (2008) for Tasmeem. Basim Marah was drawn by Basim Salem Al Mahdi from Iraq and then digitized by Hasan himself. The same year, Hasan developed an OpenType project for Alinma TheSans fonts which are based on TheMix Arabic (designed by Luc(as) de Groot and Mouneer ElShaarani for Al Inma Bank, Saudi Arabia). Later he developed the OpenType features for Jumeirah Arabic which was designed by Pascal Zoghbi (29letters) and Huda AbiFares (Khatt) for Jumeirah International, UAE. He developed the OpenType layout features needed for the Arabic script system in the Seria Arabic fonts family which was designed by Pascal Zoghbi for FontShop International, as well as the Chams fonts family which was designed by Al Mohtaraf Assaudi for the redesign of the Shams Newspaper in Saudi Arabia and the Arajhi fonts for Alrajhi Bank. Since 2002 Hasan has worked and collaborated with Mamoun Sakkal in several projects, such as the Burj Dubai Shilia project, Sakkal Baseet and the Microsoft project which included the updating of the OpenType instructions for fonts such as Tahoma, Microsoft Sans Serif (1997), Arial, Times New Roman, Segoe, Courier, Time New Roman, Ms Uighur and Majalla UI. In 2009-2010, he cooperated with Parachute to make DIN Text Arabic.
Creators of Kurdish Web (1998), a font for Kurdish. Also, free ParsNegarII fonts for all platforms, and in Persian, Arabic and Urdu flavors. ISC stands for International Systems Consultancy. Web fonts subpage. [Google] [More] ⦿
The free XW Zar fonts collection of Opentype Arabic fonts made in 2007 by Irmug.org covers Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Dari, Pashto, Uzbek, Kurdish, old (Ottoman) and new Turkish (Roman) languages with Open Type and Apple Advanced Typography technology support. These include XBKayhan-Bold, XBKayhan-BoldItalic, XBKayhan-Italic, XBKayhan, XBKayhanNavaar, XBKayhanPook, XBKayhanSayeh, XBKhoramshahr-Bold, XBKhoramshahr-BoldItalic, XBKhoramshahr-Italic, XBKhoramshahr-Oblique, XBKhoramshahr-ObliqueBold, XBKhoramshahr, XBNiloofar-Bold, XBNiloofar-BoldItalic, XBNiloofar-Italic, XBNiloofar, XBRiyaz-Bold, XBRiyaz-BoldItalic, XBRiyaz-Italic, XBRiyaz, XBRoya-Bold, XBRoya-BoldItalic, XBRoya-Italic, XBRoya, XBShafigh-Bold, XBShafigh-BoldItalic, XBShafigh-Italic, XBShafigh, XBShafighKurd-Bold, XBShafighKurd-BoldItalic, XBShafighKurd-Italic, XBShafighKurd, XBShafighUzbek-Bold, XBShafighUzbek-BoldItalic, XBShafighUzbek-Italic, XBShafighUzbek, XBShiraz-Bold, XBShiraz-BoldItalic, XBShiraz-Italic, XBShiraz, XBSols-Bold, XBSols-BoldItalic, XBSols-Italic, XBSols, XBTabriz-Bold, XBTabriz-BoldItalic, XBTabriz-Italic, XBTabriz, XBTitre-Italic, XBTitre, XBTitreShadow-Italic, XBTitreShadow, XBYagut-Bold, XBYagut-BoldItalic, XBYagut-Italic, XBYagut, XBYas-Bold, XBYas-BoldItalic, XBYas-Italic, XBYas, XBZar-Bold, XBZar-BoldItalic, XBZar-Italic, XBZar-Oblique, XBZar-ObliqueBold, XBZar, XMTraffic-Bold, XMTraffic-BoldItalic, XMTraffic-Italic, XMTraffic, XMVahid-Bold, XMVahid-BoldItalic, XMVahid-Italic, XMVahid, XMYermook-Bold, XMYermook-BoldItalic, XMYermook-Italic, XMYermook, XPVosta-Bold, XPVosta-BoldItalic, XPVosta-Italic, XPVosta, XPZiba-Bold, XPZiba-BoldItalic, XPZiba-Italic, XPZiba.
Later, an X Series 2 was published under the name XB Zar. These free fonts were specially designed with the web in mind. The collection includes XBKayhan-Bold, XBKayhan-BoldItalic, XBKayhan-Italic, XBKayhan, XBKayhanNavaar, XBKayhanPook, XBKayhanSayeh, XBKhoramshahr-Bold, XBKhoramshahr-BoldItalic, XBKhoramshahr-Italic, XBKhoramshahr-Oblique, XBKhoramshahr-ObliqueBold, XBKhoramshahr, XBNiloofar-Bold, XBNiloofar-BoldItalic, XBNiloofar-Italic, XBNiloofar, XBRiyaz-Bold, XBRiyaz-BoldItalic, XBRiyaz-Italic, XBRiyaz, XBRoya-Bold, XBRoya-BoldItalic, XBRoya-Italic, XBRoya, XBShafigh-Bold, XBShafigh-BoldItalic, XBShafigh-Italic, XBShafigh, XBShafighKurd-Bold, XBShafighKurd-BoldItalic, XBShafighKurd-Italic, XBShafighKurd, XBShafighUzbek-Bold, XBShafighUzbek-BoldItalic, XBShafighUzbek-Italic, XBShafighUzbek, XBShiraz-Bold, XBShiraz-BoldItalic, XBShiraz-Italic, XBShiraz, XBSols-Bold, XBSols-BoldItalic, XBSols-Italic, XBSols, XBTabriz-Bold, XBTabriz-BoldItalic, XBTabriz-Italic, XBTabriz, XBTitre-Italic, XBTitre, XBTitreShadow-Italic, XBTitreShadow, XBYagut-Bold, XBYagut-BoldItalic, XBYagut-Italic, XBYagut, XBYas-Bold, XBYas-BoldItalic, XBYas-Italic, XBYas, XBZar-Bold, XBZar-BoldItalic, XBZar-Italic, XBZar-Oblique, XBZar-ObliqueBold, XBZar, XMTraffic-Bold, XMTraffic-BoldItalic, XMTraffic-Italic, XMTraffic, XMVahid-Bold, XMVahid-BoldItalic, XMVahid-Italic, XMVahid, XMYermook-Bold, XMYermook-BoldItalic, XMYermook-Italic, XMYermook, XPVosta-Bold, XPVosta-BoldItalic, XPVosta-Italic, XPVosta, XPZiba-Bold, XPZiba-BoldItalic, XPZiba-Italic, XPZiba.
Used to have 112 Kurdish truetype fonts. Still has these fonts: Zanest-_-Zakho, Zanest-_-Dyar-Bakr, Zanest-_-Ghlbish, Zanest-_-Govar, Zanest-_-nzarky, Zanest-_-Dohuk-Sahifa, Zanest-_-Dewany-Mzakhrif, Zanest-_-Hawlear, Zanest-_-Sarsink, Zanest-_-Hawlear2, Zanest-_-Hrory-Holl, Zanest-_-Maten, Zanest-_-Roqaa-normal, Zanest-_-Saidava, Zanest-_-Spna. [Google] [More] ⦿
Free Kurdish fonts from 2002 by Kurdit Group: Unikurd-Digital, Unikurd-Ezmer, zkurd-aras, Unikurd-Goran, Unikurd-Goran, Unikurd-Nali, Unikurd-Naske, Unikurd-Qandil, Unikurd-Hiwa, Unikurd-Roonak, Unikurd-Chimen, Unikurd-Hejar, Unikurd-Kamran, Unikurd-Magroon, Unikurd-Midya, Unikurd-penos, Unikurd-Sirwan, Unikurd-Tishk, Unikurd-Kale, Unikurd-Hana, Unikurd-Hemen, Unikurd-Jino, Unikurd-Kawe, Unikurd-Koch, Unikurd-Mestan, Unikurd-Peshiw, Unikurd-Rawanduz, Unikurd-Reyhan, Unikurd-Siber, Unikurd-Seyran, Unikurd-Tewar, Unikurd-Xezal, Unikurd-Yadgar, Unikurd-Shilan, Unikurd-Xani, Unikurd-Xatoon, Zkurd-Siamend, zkurd-Wllat, zkurd-ali.M. [Google] [More] ⦿
Large Unicode fonts
Alan Wood lists and discusses the main free Unicode fonts. As of 2010, these include:
Arabic typefaces in the Linotype library: AlHarf AlJadid (a black titling font by Ismet Chanbour, 1985), Hassan (H. Sidahmed, 1993), Hisham (Ahmed Maged, 1993), Karim (Tim Holloway, 1994, in a generic Naskh style), Qalmi (a Nastaaliq font with horizontal stress), Lotus (Linotype staff, 1978; classic Ottoman Naskh book style font with extra glyphs for Kurdish, Farsi and Jawi), Maged (Linotype staff, 1956, 1987), Mariam (a modern headline font by Ismet Chanbour, 1992), Mofid Mahdi (Mofid Mahdi, 1985), Nazanin (Linotype staff, 1978; this was first called Haghighi), Qadi (Linotype staff, 1985, under the direction of Walter Tracy), Yakout (Linotype staff, 1911), Ahmed (simplified face, early 80s), Ahmed Outline, Amer (originally designed for dry transfer and licensed from Lettera Arabica; redrawn by Adrian Williams and then digitized; published in 1992), Badr (traditional Naskh style, early 70s), Jalal (1977), Kufi (Georges Dib, 1987), Kufi Outline (Linotype staff), Mitra (partially based on the Persian Naskh style, 70s). LinotypePideNashi is an Arabic simulation font. [Google] [More] ⦿
Arabic type foundry and design studio in Sulaymaniyah, Iraq. In 2016, they created the font families Nizar Art, Niar web serveroff, Nizar BBC Kurdish, nizar Flat, and Nizar Alhurra. Behance link. [Google] [More] ⦿
Dead link. Commercial pack of 16 Kurdish fonts: Abadan, Alborz, Anzali, Astara, Esfahan, Gorgan, Khorasan, Pasargard, Perspolis, Ramsar, Shiraz, Sistan, Tabriz, Tehran, Urmiye and Zabol. [Google] [More] ⦿
An interesting outfit. Listed as being from Pirmam (or Permam) in Kurdistan, and from FLK, they "made" some Latin fonts by renaming them. I provide a "translation list" below. List: the Arabic script fonts QHS-Arabic-lettersB, QHS-Arabic-letters_A,, and the Latin fonts QHS Arabic lettersB (Bookman Old Style Regular), QHS Arabic letters_A (Bookman Old Style Regular), QHS Arial Narrow (Arial Narrow Regular), QHS Avista One (TrafficITC-Normal), QHS Avista two (URW:AlgerianBasD:1994), QHS Bihzany One (ITC Pioneer, Decorated 081), QHS Bihzany Two (Snell Bold, English 401), QHS Bookman Old Style (Bookman Old Style Regular), QHS Lalish One (Amelia, Computer 651), QHS Lalish Three (Bertram LET Plain), QHS Lalish two (ITC Bauhaus Bold, Geometric 752), QHS Lucida Handwriting (Lucida Handwriting Italic), QHS Nadejda (Wedding Text, Blackletter 681), QHS Times (Monotype: Times New Roman Regular), QHS Zeradesht One (QuicksilverITC-Normal), QHS Zeradesht One (URW:BuxomD:1994), QHS Zeradesht Three (Hazel LET Plain), QHS Zeradesht Two (URW:CroissantD). [Google] [More] ⦿
Designer of the Arabic and Kurdish fonts AF_DeyarBaker-KurdishMNB, AF_Diwany-Kurdish-MNB, AF_Diwany-MNB, AF_Dohuk-Kurdish-MNB, AF_Dohuk-MNB, AF_Halabja-KurdishMNB, AF_Hijaz-Normal, AF_Jeddah-Normal-Traditional, AF_Jizan-Normal-Traditional, AF_Najed-Kurdi, AF_Najed-Normal-Traditional, Kurdi-_shiva-Kure, Zanest-_Arabic-Dyar-Bakr, AF_Nakesh-KurdishMNB, AF_Quseem-Normal-Traditional, AF_Riyadh-Normal-Traditional, AF_Tabook-Normal-Traditional, AF_Tholoth-Normal-Traditional, AF_Unizah-Normal-Traditional, AF_Halabja-KurdihsMNB, Zanest-_-Ghlbish, AF_Unziq-KurdishMNB, from 1993 until 1997. [Google] [More] ⦿
Arabic font foundry based in Ramallah, Palestine, and run by Zakariya Saleh, a graduate of Palestine Polytechnic University. They made Osama (2013), Exo Sans (2013, a free Latin sans typeface---not to be condfused with Gama's Exo font), Asmaa (2013, Latin and Arabic), Ourtilane (2013), Oday (2013), AraSym Ramadan (2010, a family) which can be downloaded here.
In 2013, he extrapolated the Sony Walkman logo into his Sony Walkman organic font. He also made the Arabic typefaces Bon Font, Saramah, Aqeeq, Graphici, Asri, Ink Drip, Arabic Script, Ink Stream, Alqusair, and Diana Extra, and the octagonal Latin / Arabic typeface Shohadaa.
Typefaces from 2014: Ara Hala Bo She'sha, Ara Hamah 1964 B Bold, Ara Hamah 1964 R Light, Ara Hamah 1982, Ara Hamah AlFidaa, Ara Hamah AlHorra, Ara Hamah AlThawra, Ara Hamah Alislam, Ara Hamah Homs, Ara Hamah Kilania, Ara Hamah Sahet AlAssi, Ara Hamah Zanki, Ara Hamah City, Assaf, Haneen (signage script), Sally (with Sally Alzaza), Bondoq, Amal (art deco for Latin and Arabic), Lamis, Hilary, Saba, Mary (piano key typeface), Nisreen, Hajar, Kufi, Muslimah (free), Ahrar, Ghang Tachkili and Djadli Tachkili (designed by Jadli Zein Alabedeen (Algeria) and programmed by Zakaria Saleh), Al Hadari, El Maidan, Israr Syria, Etab AmMoniee, Hala, Hamah, Al Bayan, Assaf, Baghdad.
Typefaces from 2015: Handmade (custom Latin/Arabic font for a Palestinian store), K24 (a corporate font for Kurdistan 24 channel), Hattan (Latin and Arabic), Nicole, Natalie, MasterFont, Naskh, Moscow (constructivist Arabic typeface).
Typefaces from 2016: Joory, Twitter Headline Type, TV Sans, Corporative Sans (Latin and Arabic), Eliyaa Pro, Yasmin, Feather, Bein Sports Network typeface.
Typefaces from 2017: Halimah.
Typefaces from 2018: Media Pro, Maghfira.