TYPE DESIGN INFORMATION PAGE last updated on Tue Jun 18 22:15:45 EDT 2013
Ariel Laurencio Tacoronte
At the University of Sofia (Bulgaria), several font zip files containing the Mongolian fonts CMsHuree, CMsUlaanbaatar and CMsUrga, and the Mongolian font family TimesNewRomanMon. See also here. [Google] [More] ⦿
Andrew West's great intro page to the 'Phags-pa script, a Brahmic script based on Tibetan that was used for writing Mongolian, Chinese and other languages during the Mongolian Yuan dynasty (1271-1368). Although it is no longer used for Mongolian and Chinese, it is still used to a limited extent as a decorative script for writing Tibetan. Unlike other Brahmic scripts, 'Phags-pa was written vertically from left to right after the manner of the Uighur-derived Mongolian script. The script is named after its creator, the Tibetan lama known by the title 'Phags-pa Lama "Reverend Lama" (1239-1280). Font subpage with samples of BabelStone Phags-pa Book, BabelStone Phags-pa Tibetan A, BabelStone Phags-pa Tibetan B, BabelStone Phags-pa Seal. These fonts were made in 2006 by Andrew West. In 2007, he added the free Zhnag Zhung Opentype fonts for Zhang Zhung scripts: sPungs-chen, sPung-chung and Bru-sha, sMar-chen and sMar-chung. The Zhang Zhung culture was an ancient culture that flourished in the western and northern parts of Tibet before the introduction of Buddhism into the country during the 7th century. The extinct Zhang Zhung language is a distinct language related to but separate from Old Tibetan. [Google] [More] ⦿
CMs (Classical Mongolian script)
Designer of these Mongolian-Cyrillic fonts in 1993: DTAdverGothicBold, DTAntiqua, DTAntiquaBold, DTAntiquaItalic, DTBaltic, DTBalticBold, DTBalticItalic, DTFreeset, DTFreesetBold, DTFuturaEugeniaBold, DTFuturis, DTFuturisBold, DTInform, DTJournalSans, DTJournalSansBold, DTJournalSansBoldItalic, DTJournalSansItalic, DTSchoolbook, DTSchoolbookBold, DTSchoolbookBoldItalic, DTSchoolbookItalic, DTTimesType, DTTimesTypeBold, DTTimesTypeBoldItalic, DTTimesTypeItalic, DTZhikharevItalic. These can be found here. [Google] [More] ⦿
An old list from 2000 taken from a defunct site calle Monkhtor had these Mongol/Cyrillic truetype fonts: AcadHoCTT (SoftCom Co), Arial family, CourierNew family (Free Programmers Software), CrrCTT (SoftCom Co), DTAntiqua family, DTFuturaEugeniaBold, DTFuturis, DTInform, DTJournalSans family, ChOpus (Tilde), DTTimesType family, DTZhikharevItalic, ChancellerieModerneDemo, InformCTT (SoftCom Co), NewtonCTT (SoftCom Co), PragmaticaCTT (SoftCom Co), Map-Symbols, Symusic (music font by Autodesk). The "DT" fonts all by D. Tamir, 1993. [Google] [More] ⦿
Spanish language site for various non-Latin language fonts. A sampling: Afus Deg Wfus 2 (for Berber), AlKatib1 (2001, an Arabic face by Naseem Amjad), Albanian, Alice_0 (Lao face by by Ngakham Southichack), LAOMAY_5 CHAREUNSILP (Lao face by by Soupasith Bouahom), Arial AMU (1999, Armenian face by Ruben Tarumian), BaltFrutigerLight, BaltHelveticaMedium, BaltNewCenturySchoolbookMedium, BaltOptimaMedium, BaltTiffanyMedium, BaltUniversityMedium, CarloAtor (1997, Arabic family by Timm Erickson, Summer Institute of Linguistics), Caligraf-W, Ciula (1996, a Romanian face by Paul Hodor), Cursiv (Romanian), AnlongvillKhek, GabrialAtor (another Arab family by Timm Erickson), Gin, Greek (1993, by Peter J. Gentry&Andrew M. Fountain), HandSign (1993, Sam Wang), HFMassisShantNUnicode (1990-1994, an Armenian unicode face by BYTEC Computers and Massis Graphics), HONGKAD (1994, a family by Dr. Hongkad Souvannavong), IsmarBold, IsmarLight, Lakshmi, X000000A (1994, a lao face by Sith Bouahom), LAOMAY_2-CHAREUNSILP, Alice3Medium, Alice0Medium, Langagedessignes (1998, by Philippe and François Blondel), NorKirk (1997, a great Armenian face by Ruben Tarumian), NovaTempo (for Esperanto), Pazmaveb (for Armenian), ILPRumanianB100 (1996, by Charles J. Coker), Saysettha-Lao, Saysettha-LaoBold, SenzorgaAnhok, Timok, Tribuno, Turn-W, TimesUnicode, ArialAMU, PoliceTypeAPI (for Armenian), Cieszyn-Regular, PoojaNormal, Shibolet (1995, Hebrew), Shree-Ass-0552 (2000, by Modular InfoTech), Tudor-Semi-Lite, Webdunia, TimesNRCzech, TNRLiboriusVII (2001, a fully accented Times face by Libor Sztemon), GreatMoravia (2001 Libor Sztemon, Czechia), Johaansi-ye-Peyravi (2001, a full accent blackletter face by Libor Sztemon, Czechia), TimesNREuskaraEuransiEsperanto (2001, Libor Sztemon). [Google] [More] ⦿
Belgian type designer (b. Brussels, 1974) who lives in Kessel-Lo. For his M.A. in Reading in 2004, he designed Lungta (2004), an unbelievably gracious bicephalic typeface with Latin text serif and Tibetan components. He says that the design was influenced by Dwiggins. At ATypI 2006 in Lisbon, he spoke about Tibetan letterforms. In 2009, he obtained his doctoral degree from Reading on a topic entitled Tibetan Typeforms: from their inception in 1738 up to the present day. He currently teaches at St Lucas Art School in Brussels and at Reading. His typefaces besides Lungta: Wiels (2008, a sans face designed for the Centre of Contemporary Art in Brussels, Belgium), Construct (an experimental geometric typeface in which the initial lowercase letters were extended with a horizontal headline as in Devanagari: graduation project at St Lukas College of Art and Design, Brussels), and Elegant Contemporary (2009, a 4-style grotesque done for an arts center in Nottingham, inspired by Hans Möhring's Elegant Grotesk, 1928). Speaker at ATypI 2010 in Dublin: The Javanese typefaces of Johannes Enschedé en Zonen and Lettergieterij Amsterdam voorheen N. Tetterode. Speaker at ATypI 2011 in Reykjavik on The Mongolian script. [Google] [More] ⦿
Koshin Suzuki's free fonts for Tibetan (part of his SuzTib package) and Sanskrit, Pali and Tibetan (his SuzBud package), as well as his free font A1Suzuki for Sanskrit, Pali, Tibetan, English, French, German, Pin-in and Mongolian. The list: A1Suzuki, KanbunU (1999), SuzBudCU, SuzBudRU, SuzBudW, SuzEurU, SuzTibA, SuzTibAD, SuzTibAU, SuzTibB, SuzTibBD, SuzTibBU, SuzTibBY, SuzTibC, SuzTibN, SuzTibR, SuzTibRD, SuzTibRU, SuzTibRY, SuzTibY, A1Ghos (2000), SuzBudC, SuzBudR, SuzEur. All were made by Suzuki in 1999-2000. Download here. [Google] [More] ⦿
General links on typography and fonts, compiled by Denis Roegel (with earlier contributions by Karl Tombre who is no longer involved). Very, very useful. This page contains, among other things:
Lengua Mongola (was: Vocabulario Mongol)
Ariel Laurencio's great Mongol language page. He has some links to other Mongol language pages. His page also has the Cyrillic Mongol font Ch Opus (1992, Andrejs Grinbergs, Tilde Ltd) and the Mongol transliteration font Galig (1990, by Akira Kamimura). [Google] [More] ⦿
The list of new fonts in Windows 7 in 2009:
OOliver Corff's page contains software (mainly for IBM compatibles), fonts (for X Window systems and Linux), documentation in the form of preformatted manpages for the software as well as a description of the Mongolian transliteration underlying the MLS (Mongolian Language Support) system. [Google] [More] ⦿
I quote from the wiki page on Mongolian script. Hudum Mongolian script (in comparison with Todo Mongolian script), was the first of many writing systems created for the Mongolian language and the most successful until the introduction of Cyrillic to Mongolia in 1946. With minor modification, the classic vertical script is used in Inner Mongolia to this day to write both Mongolian and the Evenki language.
The Mongolian vertical script was developed as an adaption of the Uyghur script to write the Mongolian language. It was introduced by the Uyghur scribe Tatar-Tonga, who had been captured by the Mongols during a war against the Naimans around 1204. There were no substantive changes to the Uyghur form for the first few centuries. Mongolian sources often distinguish the early forms by using the term Uyghurjin script. Western sources tend to use this term as a synonym for all variations of the Mongolian script.
Eventually, minor concessions were made to the differences between the Uyghur and Mongol languages: In the 17th and 18th centuries, smoother and more angular versions of tsadi became associated with [...] and [...] respectively, and in the 19th century, the Manchu hooked yodh was adopted for initial [...]. Zain was dropped as it was redundant for [...]. Various schools of orthography, some using diacritics, were developed to avoid ambiguity.
Mongolian is written vertically. The Uyghur script and its descendants-Mongolian, Oirat Clear, Manchu, and Buryat-are the only vertical scripts written from left to right. This developed because the Uyghurs rotated their Sogdian-derived script, originally written right to left, 90 degrees counterclockwise to emulate Chinese writing, but without changing the relative orientation of the letters. [Google] [More] ⦿
Mongolian truetype font archive which has CMsHuree, CMsHureedp, CMsUlaanbaatar, CMsUlaanbaatardp, CMsUrga, CMsUrgadp, all made by Peter Cheung (aka dEgi) in 1998. It also has Tuva Mongol Uni (2003, Mikiya Nishimura, SHAGAA). Alternate URL. [Google] [More] ⦿
Oliver Corff's Latex and metafont software for Mongolian and Manju. The page is now co-managed by Dorjpalam Dorj. Corff is at the Freie Universität Berlin. Type 1 fonts have been added in 2001: TeX-bcghsb, TeX-bcghsm, TeX-bcghwb, TeX-bcghwm, TeX-bcgvsb, TeX-bcgvsm, TeX-bcgvwb, TeX-bcgvwm, TeX-bicighb, TeX-bicighm, TeX-bicigvb, TeX-bicigvm, TeX-bthhsb, TeX-bthhsm, TeX-bthhwb, TeX-bthhwm, TeX-bthvsb, TeX-bthvsm, TeX-bthvwb, TeX-bthvwm, TeX-bxghsb, TeX-bxghsm, TeX-bxghwb, TeX-bxghwm, TeX-bxgvsb, TeX-bxgvsm, TeX-bxgvwb, TeX-bxgvwm, TeX-kmbx10, TeX-kmr10, TeX-kmss10. [Google] [More] ⦿
Commercial Khmer font producer. Salika Ltd is located in Tokyo. Their Khmer fonts are named Khm-1 through Khm-4. They also have fonts for Bengali, Burmese, Chinese, Latin, Hindi, Japanese, Korean, Mongolian, Nepali, Cyrillic, Tamil, Thai and Vietnamese. [Google] [More] ⦿
Mongol truetype fonts (Cyrillic, by SoftCom, 1995): AcadHoCTT-regular, CrrCTT-Regular, CrrCTT-Bold, InformCTT-Regular, NewtonCTT-Regular, NewtonCTT-Italic, NewtonCTT-Bold, NewtonCTT-BoldItalic. Plus the Cyrillic Mongol font tuva-mongol-uni (2003) by Mikiya Nishimura (Shagaa). This is a renamed copy of NewtonCTT (1994, SoftComn). At the site, other fonts such as New-Times-New-Roman and New-Arial by SHAGAA (2005). [Google] [More] ⦿
I quote: "The Sogdian language belongs to the eastern group of the middle iranian languages, along with Sacian, or Saka (spoken in Khotan, China), Bactrian (spoken in present-day Afghanistan) and Chorasmian (spoken in present-day Northern Uzbekistan). It was originally spoken in Sogdiana, a historical region situated around Samarkand. Other languages of this group are Avestan in the old times and Pashto and Ossetian in the modern times. In the first millennium A.D. it has served as a lingua franca of Central Asia, and it was used both as a means of oral communication and for written purposes, in fact since the beginning of the XX century many excavations have brought to light numberless documents composed in this language, that testify its outmost importance and diffusion in that area. It was a literary language for Buddhism in Central Asia, but also for Nestorian Christianism and Manichaeism. This language has not died out after its decadence, but it has evolved into the Yaghnobi language, spoken in Tajikistan by a few thousand people, and it has been replaced as a cultural language by Persian, a western iranian language." See also here. [Google] [More] ⦿
Introduced at the time of Genghis Khan, the Mongolian script was widely used until 1942, when Stalin proclaimed that Asian nations including Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Mongolia must all use Cyrillic instead of their native script. Within 40 years, traditional script was abandoned and forgotten as new generations began learning only Cyrillic. By 1990, a mere 10 per cent of Mongols, mostly the elderly, could read and write in old script. After the fall of the Soviet Empire in 1990, the country returned to its old script. [Google] [More] ⦿
Tools for Mongolian-Cyrillic Characters
Mongolian-Cyrillic software and fonts. Page run by Akira Kamimura, who made these fonts in 1999: Galig, TimesMon-Bold, TimesMon, TimesMonBoldItalic, TimesMonItalic. Included are faces by ParaGraph, Monotype, Tilde, D. Tamir and a few others. A partial list: ArialNarrow-Bold, ArialNarrow-BoldItalic, ArialNarrow-Italic, ArialNarrow, ChBernhard, ChCenturion, ChCenturionBold, ChCenturionItalic, ChCompact, ChCompactBold, ChCompactBoldItalic, ChCompactItalic, ChEurope, ChEuropeBold, ChEuropeBoldItalic, ChEuropeDemi, ChEuropeDemiItalic, ChEuropeExt, ChEuropeExtBold, ChEuropeExtBoldItalic, ChEuropeExtItalic, ChEuropeItalic, ChForeigner, ChForeignerBold, ChForeignerBoldItalic, ChForeignerItalic, ChForeignerLight, ChForeignerLightItalic, ChForeignerULB, ChForeignerULBItalic, ChGothic, ChNewton, ChNewtonBold, ChNewtonBoldItalic, ChNewtonItalic, ChOpus, ChOpusBold, ChOpusBoldItalic, ChOpusItalic, ChPaladin, ChPragmatica, ChPragmaticaBold, ChPragmaticaBoldItalic, ChPragmaticaItalic, ChReverence, CourierNew, CourierNewPS-BoldItalicMT, CourierNewPS-BoldMT, CourierNewPS-ItalicMT, CourierNewPSMT, CrrCTT-Bold, CrrCTT-Regular, DTAdverGothicBold, DTAntiqua, DTAntiquaBold, DTAntiquaItalic, DTBaltic, DTBalticBold, DTBalticItalic, DTFreeset, DTFreesetBold, DTFuturaEugeniaBold, DTFuturis, DTFuturisBold, DTInform, DTJournalSans, DTJournalSansBold, DTJournalSansBoldItalic, DTJournalSansItalic, DTSchoolbook, DTSchoolbookBold, DTSchoolbookBoldItalic, DTSchoolbookItalic, DTTimesType, DTTimesTypeBold, DTTimesTypeBoldItalic, DTTimesTypeItalic, DTZhikharevItalic, Galig, InformCTT-Regular, NewtonCTT-Bold, NewtonCTT-BoldItalic, NewtonCTT-Italic, NewtonCTT-Regular, PragmaticaCTT, PragmaticaCTTBold, PragmaticaCTTBoldItalic, PragmaticaCTTItalic, TimesMon-Bold, TimesMon, TimesMonBoldItalic, TimesMonItalic, TimesNewRomanPS-BoldItalicMT, TimesNewRomanPS-BoldMT, TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT, TimesNewRomanPSMT. Subpage with the fonts. [Google] [More] ⦿
Toshi Omagari is a Japanese type designer who studied typography and type design at Musashino Art University in Tokyo. After graduating in 2008, Toshi taught graphic design in Fukuoka. He joined the University of Reading in the summer of 2010 and graduated in 2011. His graduation face Marco (2011), named after Marco Polo, covers Latin, Mongolian, Greek, and Cyrillic, and has sans and serif versions. It is a true superfamily, with wide utility and superb legibility. His chancery hand typeface Tangerine (2010) is part of the Google font directory (for free web fonts). At ATypI 2011 in Reykjavik, he spoke about Mongolian scripts.
Commercial Windows XP packages sold with foreign language fonts in TrueType and PostScript, called GlobalSuite, GlobalWriter and GlobalOffice. Includes most foreign languages. For example, in the Cyrillic sphere, they have Bulgarian, Byelorussian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, Ukrainian plus over 50 additional Cyrillic languages such as Azeri, Kazakh, Kirghiz, Moldavian, Mongolian, Tadzhik, Tatar, Turkmen and Uzbek. And for North Indian, they have Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Marathi, Nepali, Punjabi, and Sanskrit. [Google] [More] ⦿