TYPE DESIGN INFORMATION PAGE last updated on Mon Nov 21 15:22:45 EST 2022
FONT RECOGNITION VIA FONT MOOSE
The association of Assyro-Chaldeans in France offers an archive of Assyrian fonts, including CarloAtor (1997, Timm Erickson, Summer Institute of Linguistics), GabrialAtor (1997, Timm Erickson, Summer Institute of Linguistics), Issa-&GilianaClassic (1997), Nisibus (1998, a font modified by Tony Khoshaba), SPEdessa (1998, based on Leiden Peshitta, Estrangela). [Google] [More] ⦿
Iraq-based type designer whose typefaces are hosted on our site. All his fonts are free for personal use. For non-personal use, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org. The list of his typefaces:
Alan M. Stanier from Essex University (UK) has created the following metafonts: ams1, cherokee, cypriote, dancers (the "Dancing Men" code of Conan Doyle), estrangelo (ancient Syriac language), georgian, goblin, iching, itgeorgian, ogham (found on ancient Irish and pictish carvings), osmanian (twentieth-century font used in Somalia), roughogham, shavian, southarabian (for various languages circa 1500BC), ugaritic (ancient cuneiform alphabet). More direct access. [Google] [More] ⦿
Juan-José Marcos García (b. Salamanca, Spain, 1963) is a professor of classics at the University of Plasencia in Spain. He has developed one of the most complete Unicode fonts named ALPHABETUM Unicode for linguistics and classical languages (classical&medieval Latin, ancient Greek, Etruscan, Oscan, Umbrian, Faliscan, Messapic, Picene, Iberic, Celtiberic, Gothic, Runic, Modern Greek, Cyrillic, Devanagari-based languages, Old&Middle English, Hebrew, Sanskrit, IPA, Ogham, Ugaritic, Old Persian, Old Church Slavonic, Brahmi, Glagolitic, Ogham, ancient Greek Avestan, Kharoshti, Old Norse, Old Icelandic, Old Danish and Old Nordic in general, Bengali, Hindi, Marathi, Phoenician, Cypriot, Linear B with plans for Glagolitic). This font has over 5000 glyphs, and contains most characters that concern classicists (rare symbols, signs for metrics, epigraphical symbols, "Saxon" typeface for Old English, etcetera). A demo font can be downloaded [see also Lucius Hartmann's place]. His Greek font Grammata (2002) is now called Ellenike.
He also created a package of fonts for Latin paleography (medieval handwriting on parchments): Capitalis Elegans, Capitalis Rustica, Capitalis Monumentalis, Antiqua Cursiva Romana, Nova Cursiva Romana (2014), Uncialis, Semiuncialis, Beneventana Minuscula, Visigothica Minuscula, Luxoviensis Minuscula, Insularis Minuscula, Insularis Majuscula, Carolingia Minuscula, Gothica Textura Quadrata, Gothica Textura Prescissa, Gothica Rotunda, Gothica Bastarda, Gothica Cursiva, Bastarda Anglicana (2014) and Humanistica Antiqua. PDF entitled Fonts For Latin Palaeography (2008-2014), in which Marcos gives an enjoyable historic overview.
Cyrillic OCS (2012) is a pair of Latin fonts that emulate Old Church Slavonic (old Cyrillic).
In 2013, he created Cuneus, a cuneiform simulation typeface.
Paleographic fonts for Greek (2014) has ten fonts designed by Marcos: Angular Uncial, Biblical Uncial, Coptic Uncial, Papyrus Uncial, Round Uncial, Slavonic Uncial, Sloping Uncial, Minuscule IX, Minuscule XI and Minuscule XV. These fonts are representative of the main styles of Greek handwriting used during the Classical World and Middle Ages on papyrus and parchments. There is also a short manual of Greek Paleography (71 pages) which explains the development of Greek handwriting from the fourth century B.C. to the invention of printing with movable type in the middle of the fifteenth A.D. He wrote a text book entitled History of Greek Typography: From the Invention of Printing to the Digital Age (in Spanish). See also here and here. [Google] [More] ⦿
Anton van de Repe
The was a commercial site located in West Clinton, Utah, that was run by Scott T. Smith from Clinton, Utah. It had Mayan, hieroglyphs, cuneiform, Syriac, Etruscan, old Greek, old Hebrew and archeological fonts as well as Native American dingbats. [Google] [More] ⦿
Peter R. Wilson's metafont code (2000-2005) for many archaic languages: Proto-Semitic (16bc), Phoenician (10bc), Greek (6bc), Greek (4bc), Etruscan (8bc), Futharc (Anglo-Saxon, 6ad), Hieroglyphics (30bc: the hieroglf provides a Metafont version of about 80 Egyptian hieroglyphs from Serge Rosmorduc's comprehensive hieroglyph package, see here for a type 1 version called Archaic-Poor-Mans-Hieroglyphs (2005)), Cypriot (9bc). Peter also developed metafont fonts for bookhands. The Archaic ollection contains fonts to represent Aramaic, Cypriot, Etruscan, Greek of the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, Egyptian hieroglyphics, Linear A, Linear B, Nabatean old Persian, the Phaistos disc, Phoenician, proto-Semitic, runic, South Arabian Ugaritic and Viking scripts. The bundle also includes a small font for use in phonetic transcription of the archaic writings. The bundle's own directory includes a font installation map file for the whole collection. The authors are Peter R. Wilson, Uwe Zimmermann and Apostolos Syropoulos. See here for the type 1 fonts Archaic-OandS (2005) and Archaic-OandS-Italic (2005). Here we find type 1 versions called Square-Capitals (2005) and Square-Capitals-Bold (2005). He also made the type 1 typefaces Archaic-Etruscan (2005), Archaic-Runic (2005) and Archaic-ProtoSemitic (2005). Further packages of type 1 and metafont fonts: Archaic-Aramaic (2005), South Arabian (2005, for the South Arabian script, in use for about 1000 years from roughly 600 BC; based on a metafont by Alan Stanier), Archaic-Linear-B (2005: a syllabary used in the Bronze Age (15bc) for writing Mycenaean Greek), Archaic-Nabatean (2005: the Nabatean script used in the Middle East between the fourth centuries BC and AD), Archaic-Old-Persian (2005: the Old Persian Cuneiform script in use between about 500 to 350 BC.), Archaic-Ugaritic-Cuneiform (2005: the Ugaritic Cuniform script in use about 1300 BC), Archaic-Cypriot (1999-2005). [Google] [More] ⦿
Archaica is the foundry for the fonts created in 2005 by David Yoon for ancient languages. Yoon was born in Kalamazoo, MI in 1964, and resides in Woodside, NY. Archaica Nabataean50 (2005) provides a typical set of characters for the ancient Nabataean language, used in what is now Jordan and adjoining regions during the period of the Roman Empire, based on lapidary letter-forms of the first century of the present era. Archaica Aramaic-450 (2005) covers the ancient Imperial Aramaic language, which was used in the Persian Empire during the sixth to fourth centuries BC. [Google] [MyFonts] [More] ⦿
Graphic designer in Nijmegen, The Netherlands. In 2011, he made the squarish typeface Mandaicana, about which he writes: Mandaicana is one of the few Mandaic type[faces] which exist in the world. Mandaic, the most Southeastern Aramaic dialect spoken in antiquity in Babylonia (Mesene, Characene, Khuzistan), reflects similarities to Jewish Babylonian Aramaic, both belonging to the Eastern Middle Aramaic branch. Although most scholars located the origin of the baptizing community in the East Jordan regions (Mark Lidzbarski, Rudolf Macuch, Kurt Rudolph) the Mandaeans are considered to spent a large part of their still controversial and mysterious history alongside the big rivers (Euphrates, Tigris, Karunriver) in the southern borderland between present-day Iraq and Iran. This was followed by Ardwan Malka and Englaiscana (2011).
In 2018, he designed Ardwan Lidzbarski, which is based on the Mandaic handwriting of German scientist Mark Lidzbarski.
Ardwan Manuscript (2019) is a cursive font based on Mandaic manuscripts.
In 2021, he published Ardwan Drower, a mandaic font based on Ethel Stefana Drower's handwriting and philosophy. Lady Drower was a British cultural anthropologist who studied the Middle East and its cultures. She was regarded as the main specialist in Mandaeism and authored the book The Mandaeans of Iraq and Iran. [Google] [More] ⦿
ARP's free text utilities (MS-DOS) and TTF-fonts
PC-Mac compatible true type fonts primarily intended for the transliteration of Akkadian and Sumerian cuneiform texts. Bendt Alster's page. The fonts made by him from Monotype fonts include the BaBo family (BookmanOldStyle), the BaCesPsB family (CenturySchoolbook), the BaTak family (TimesAkkad), BaGarUni (Garamond Unicode). His BATimesAkkad (2000) is also here. [Google] [More] ⦿
Beth Mardutho: Meltho Fonts
Free Syriac fonts. And the page with the best links for Syriac fonts, by far! Included are the new Meltho fonts, being developed by the Syriac Computing Institute. Run by George Kiraz, Director of Beth Mardutho. George Kiraz, Christine Kiraz, and Paul Nelson created East Syriac Adiabene and Estrangelo Nisibin in 2001 as part of the Beth Mardutho fonts. See also here. [Google] [More] ⦿
Site with fonts representing all Indic scripts (all made by C-DAC, Pune): AS-TTDurga-Normal, BN-TTDurga-Normal, DV1-TTYogesh-Normal, DV-TTYogesh-Normal, GJ-TTAvantika-Normal, KN-TTUma-Normal, ML-TTKarthika-Normal, OR-TTSarala-Normal, PN-TTAmar-Normal, TL-TTHemalatha-Normal, TM-TTValluvar-Normal. [Google] [More] ⦿
CDAC is Pune's Center for Development of Advanced Computing. They sell typefaces for all Indic languages. They introduced the Indian Script FOnt Code (ISFOC) standards to enable composing Indian language text. Scripts covered include Devnagari (Hindi, Marathi), Gujarati, Punjabi, Kannada, Bengali, Assamese, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Oriya, Sanskrit, Diacritic Roman, Sinhalese, Bhutanese, Nepali, Tibetan. Useful type catalogs in PDF for Devnagari (Hindi, Marathi), Gujarati, Punjabi, Kannada, Bengali, Assamese, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Oriya, Sanskrit, Diacritic Roman, Sinhalese, Bhutanese, Nepali, Tibetan, PersoArabic (Urdu Open Type, Kashmiri Open Type, Sindhi Open Type, Nashir True Type fonts). Type subpages with catalogs. The Indian Script FOnt Code (ISFOC) standards were invented by CDAC for their software products, Most of their fonts follow this standard. Scans from 1996: Swastik, Zodiac signs, National heroes, Dashavtar. [Google] [More] ⦿
D. Paul Alecsandri
Emerald City Fontworks
Run by Steven Lundeen from Seattle, ECF does customized handwriting / signature / company logo fonts, for 39 dollars per font. Shareware and freeware fonts, such as Augie, Codex, Decadence, Intimacy, Intimacy Deux, JD (1997, handwriting font), Movieola, Spanky's Bungalow (1997), Syriac, the beautiful handwriting typeface TallPaul (1997), Teen Spirit, Curtain Call, Stillframes, Birds A, Webster. ECF also makes your handwriting into a font. They offer some clipart fonts of the first quality. There are three mollusk fonts, three musical instrument fonts, three insect fonts, three reptile fonts and four mythology fonts, for example! Some of the clipart fonts are free. Handwriting fonts like j.d., Augie, Skeetch and TallPaul are well worth a try. Display freeware fonts include Crowns and Coronets (dingbats), Decadence, Intimacy, Codex and the Spanky family. Many fonts have both T1 and TT versions for both Mac and Windows. The shareware fonts are of the display type, like Moonpie, Puzzleface, Thump, Sputnyk, KingsCourt, Festus, Daddio, Chester Shag, King's Court, the Pookie family, and a knot font.
Every Witch Way
D. Paul Alecsandri designed the runic fonts Futharc (2001), NewSymbolFont (2000) and Samaritan (2001). We also find the rather complete Unicode truetype font Roman-Unicode (2001), which cover all European, Arabic, Hebrew, Greek, Cyrillic, Thai and Indic languages, and provide kana as well (but not kanji). All parts of unicode covered. See also here.
Samaritan (2001) deals with a pre-Samaritan or pre-Babylonian Hebrew.
Originally designed for linguistics, the free typeface Chrysanthi Unicode (2001) contains all Unicode Latin characters (including Basic Latin, Latin 1 Supplement, Latin Extended A&B, IPA, and Latin Extended Additional) as well as Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew, and everal others.
Spanish language site for various non-Latin language fonts. A sampling: Afus Deg Wfus 2 (for Berber), AlKatib1 (2001, an Arabic typeface by Naseem Amjad), Albanian, Alice_0 (Lao typeface by by Ngakham Southichack), LAOMAY_5 CHAREUNSILP (Lao typeface by by Soupasith Bouahom), Arial AMU (1999, Armenian typeface by Ruben Tarumian), BaltFrutigerLight, BaltHelveticaMedium, BaltNewCenturySchoolbookMedium, BaltOptimaMedium, BaltTiffanyMedium, BaltUniversityMedium, CarloAtor (1997, Arabic family by Timm Erickson, Summer Institute of Linguistics), Caligraf-W, Ciula (1996, a Romanian typeface by Paul Hodor), Cursiv (Romanian), AnlongvillKhek, GabrialAtor (another Arab family by Timm Erickson), Gin, Greek (1993, by Peter J. Gentry&Andrew M. Fountain), HandSign (1993, Sam Wang), HFMassisShantNUnicode (1990-1994, an Armenian unicode typeface by BYTEC Computers and Massis Graphics), HONGKAD (1994, a family by Dr. Hongkad Souvannavong), IsmarBold, IsmarLight, Lakshmi, X000000A (1994, a lao typeface by Sith Bouahom), LAOMAY_2-CHAREUNSILP, Alice3Medium, Alice0Medium, Langagedessignes (1998, by Philippe and François Blondel), NorKirk (1997, a great Armenian typeface by Ruben Tarumian), NovaTempo (for Esperanto), Pazmaveb (for Armenian), ILPRumanianB100 (1996, by Charles J. Coker), Saysettha-Lao, Saysettha-LaoBold, SenzorgaAnhok, Timok, Tribuno, Turn-W, TimesUnicode, ArialAMU, PoliceTypeAPI (for Armenian), Cieszyn-Regular, PoojaNormal, Shibolet (1995, Hebrew), Shree-Ass-0552 (2000, by Modular InfoTech), Tudor-Semi-Lite, Webdunia, TimesNRCzech, TNRLiboriusVII (2001, a fully accented Times typeface by Libor Sztemon), GreatMoravia (2001 Libor Sztemon, Czechia), Johaansi-ye-Peyravi (2001, a full accent blackletter typeface by Libor Sztemon, Czechia), TimesNREuskaraEuransiEsperanto (2001, Libor Sztemon). [Google] [More] ⦿
Gary S. Dykes made 21 free public domain truetype fonts for Roman, Greek, Hebrew, Syriac (2002), Coptic, Ugaritic, Sabaean, Aramaic, including a beautiful Greek Minuscule font: Aram44, BLDGrk.ttf (2000), Coptic44 (2000, for all Sahidic and Bohairic typography), DISP_44 (2002), G100XTRA (2002), Greek44 (1997-2002), GARYS (2002, a blackletter font), GoudyHundred (2001, based on Stephen Moye's version of Goudy's Bertham), Goudy_B (2002), Goudy_IT_BD (2002), Goudy_It (2000), Greek44s (2002, has some Byzantine glyphs), HEB44a (2003), HEB44b, HEB44c, HEB44d, MINU44a (2003), MINU44b (2003), My_XTRA (2002), SABAEN44 (2002), Syriac44 (2001, for Estrangelo), Ugar_44 (2001). Some of the fonts are under the label "Fraktur Fonts". [Google] [More] ⦿
Designer with Paul Nelson of the Syriac font EstrangeloEdessa (2000, Syriac Computing Institute). This font was used in the Unicode charts. available for free from Beth Mardutha The Syriac Institute. It is also bundled with various operating systems. Not unexpectedly, Ascender charges 49 dollars for this font. [Google] [More] ⦿
GNU Freefont (or: Free UCS Outline Fonts)
The GNU Freefont is continuously being updated to become a large useful Unicode monster. GNU FreeFont is a free family of scalable outline fonts, suitable for general use on computers and for desktop publishing. It is Unicode-encoded for compatability with all modern operating systems. There are serif, Sans and Mono subfamilies. Also called the "Free UCS Outline Fonts", this project is part of the larger Free Software Foundation. The original head honcho was Primoz Peterlin, the coordinator at the Institute of Biophysics of the University of Ljubljana, Slovenia. In 2008, Steve White (aka Stevan White) took over.
This site has a number of free truetype fonts, such as SILDoulos PigLatinDemo (2000, Summer Institute of Linguistics), NeoAssyrianRAI (2001, a Sumero-Akkadian Cuneiform font by Karljuergen G. Feuerherm), DoulosSIL (2002, a big Unicode-compliant font), PadaukSuper (2003, Burmese font), Code2000 (2003, James Kass's huge unicode font; the version here is called Code2000 Tamil Graphite) Koli Nko Manden (1999, by the Fakoli Corporation for the West African language N'Ko). [Google] [More] ⦿
Creators of Kurdish Web (1998), a font for Kurdish. Also, free ParsNegarII fonts for all platforms, and in Persian, Arabic and Urdu flavors. ISC stands for International Systems Consultancy. Web fonts subpage. [Google] [More] ⦿
J. F. Coakley is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations, and on the staff of Houghton Library, at Harvard University. His private press, the Jericho Press, occasionally makes use of Syriac and other exotic types. In 2006, he wrote The Typography of Syriac: a Historical Catalogue of Printing Types, 1537-1958 (Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE). Oak Knoll writes: Syriac, a dialect of the ancient Aramaic language, has a remarkable Christian literature spanning a thousand years from the fourth to the thirteenth century, including important versions of the Bible. It remains the liturgical language of several churches in the Middle East, India, and the West, and 'Modern Syriac' is a vernacular still in use today. It is no wonder that this language has a long and rich printing history. The challenge of conveying the beautiful cursive Syriac script, in one or another of its three varieties, was taken up by many well-known type-designers in the letterpress era, from Robert Granjon in the sixteenth century to the Monotype and Linotype corporations in the twentieth, as well as by many lesser-known ones. This study records and abundantly illustrates no fewer than 129 different Syriac types, using archival documents, type-specimens, and the often scattered evidence of the print itself. The Typography of Syriac will be of interest not only to scholars of Middle Eastern languages and scripts but also to all historians of type and printing. [Google] [More] ⦿
Berlin and Frankfurt-based company which published these fonts for ancient Middle Eastern scripts between 1990 and 2001: TitusAncientNeareastNormal, TitusArabic-Farsi, TitusArmenianNormal, TitusAsomtavruliMrglovani, TitusAsomtavruliMrglovani, TitusAsomtavruliNuskhuri, TitusBaltic, TitusBibleGothic, TitusBuzuku, TitusChristianEastNormal, TitusCyrillicNormal, TitusECLINGMxedruli-Normal, TitusECLINGTranscription-Bold, TitusECLINGTranscription-Italic, TitusECLINGTranscription, TitusEastEuropeanNormal, TitusGreekNormal, TitusGreekReverseNormal, TitusHebrew-Normal, TitusHebrewNormal, TitusIndoIranianNormal, TitusIndologyNormal, TitusKroatianGlagolicaNormal, TitusManichean, TitusMiddleIranian-Normal, TitusMxedruliNormal, TitusNearEastNormal, TitusNuskhaKhutsuri, TitusOghamNormal, TitusOldGeorgian, TitusOldPersianNormal, TitusOldPersianNormal, TitusOscanInscriptionsNormal, TitusRoundGlagolicaNormal, TitusRunicNormal, TitusSlavonicNormal, TitusSogdianIntNormal, TitusSyriacEstrangelo, TitusSyriacNestorian, TitusSyriacNestorianNormal, TitusSyriacSerto, TitusSyriacSertoNormal, TitusTaanaNormal, TitusUmbrianInscriptionsNormal, TitusWesternNormal. Downloadable here. [Google] [More] ⦿
Designer in Lannion, France, of Sertofont, a metafont for Syriac created in 2001, and improved in steps until 2013. Serto is a form of the syllabic alphabet used for Aramaic (a Western semitic language) which has been spoken in the Near East since at least 1100 BC. More precisely, Sertois used for Syriac which is the variant of Aramaic spoken since the second century AD. [Google] [More] ⦿
Alternate URL. Archive: Altrussisch, Altrussisch-Bold, Altrussisch-BoldItalic, Altrussisch-Italic, Web-Hebrew-AD, BSTGreek, BSTHebrew, Coptic-Normal, Web-Hebrew-Monospace, Cyrillic, Cyrillic-Bold-Italic, Cyrillic-Bold, Cyrillic-Normal-Italic, DSS-Scribal-Normal, Elephantine-Aramaic, Etruscan-Epigraphic-Normal, Netextmo, Netextpro, Greek, Hebrew, IluInternet, Koine-Medium, l562-Minuscule-Normal, Lachish-Bold, Latin-Uncial-Normal, Linear-B, Nippur-Sans-Regular, Macedonian-Ancient, Meroitic---Demotic, Meroitic---Hieroglyphics, Nabataean-Aramaic, Nahkt, Paleo-Hebrew-NormalA, Phoinike, Qumran, RD-Akkadian1, RK-Ugaritic-Transscript, Rashi, SPAchmim, SPAtlantis, SPDamascus, SPEdessa, SPEzra, SPIonic, SPTiberian, Schwaben-Alt-Bold, Sinaiticus-Greek-Uncial, Sorawin-Plain, Ugarit. [Google] [More] ⦿
Juan-José Marcos García
Karel Piska works at the Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences, Prague, and specializes in Neo-Assyrian Cuneiform fonts covering also Akkasdian, Ugaritic and Old persian. There, he designed these fonts from 1999-2003 (free downloads): NAOldPersianAcadBFType1, NAOldPersianAcademicType1, NAOldPersianClassicType1, NAUgariticAcadBFType1, NAUgariticAcademicType1, NAUgariticClassicType1, NeoAssyrianAcadBFType1a, NeoAssyrianAcadBFType1b, NeoAssyrianAcadBFType1c, NeoAssyrianAcademicType1a, NeoAssyrianAcademicType1b, NeoAssyrianAcademicType1c, NeoAssyrianClassicType1a, NeoAssyrianClassicType1b, NeoAssyrianClassicType1c. Free metafonts of his include Syllabary A No. 56A (additional cuneiform signs), The page also has a rare metafont triple called "cunmfa", "cunmfb" and "cummfc" by Jo Grant (1992). He wrote "Fonts for Neo-Assysian Cuneiform," Proceedings of the EuroTeX Conference, Heidelberg, Germany, September 20-24, 1999, Günter Partosch andi Gerhard Wilhelms eds, Giessen, Augsburg, 1999, pp. 142-154. At TUG 2005 he spoke on the conversion of Metafont fonts to outline fonts using Metapost. After theoretical conversion, the FontForge font editor is used for removing overlap, simplification, rounding to integer, autohinting, generating outline fonts, and necessary manual modifications. [Google] [More] ⦿
Designer of the remarkable free display typeface Alanesiana (2017)C: Alanesiana is a font created in accordance with the idea to read the text in a slightly insecure form, and supports exactly 5650 characters. Each character has its own character, looks different from the rest, but all are made in a similar style and have a similar thickness, so the text still looks consistent, making it perfect for longer texts as opposed to many other decorative fonts that tire the reader. What is important Alanesiana supports not only Latin alphabet but also Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Armenian, Georgian and phonetic and mathematical symbols as well as some emoticons and other symbols, alphabets such as Coptic. [Google] [More] ⦿
General links on typography and fonts, compiled by Denis Roegel (with earlier contributions by Karl Tombre who is no longer involved). Very, very useful. This page contains, among other things:
Québec City-based creator (b. 1952) of the octagonal font Vegesignes (2009, FontStruct). This font also appeared in 2010 at Open Font Library. It consists of almost 7,615 glyphs.As of 2014, 188 languages care covered, inclufing Afrikaans, Arabic, Archaic Greek Letters, Armenian, Baltic, Basic Cyrillic, Basic Greek, Basic Latin, Bengali, Catalan, Central European, Cherokee, Devanagari, Dutch, Euro, Farsi, Georgian, Gujarati, Hanunó'o, Hebrew, Igbo Onwu, IPA, Kannada, Kazakh, Lao, Malayalam, Myanmar, New Tai Lue, N'Ko, Ogham, Oriya, Pashto, Pinyin, Polytonic Greek, Romanian, Runic, Sindhi, Syriac, Tai Le, Tai Tham (Lanna), Telugu, Thaana, Thai, Tibetan, Turkish, Uighur, Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics, Urdu, Vietnamese, Western European.
The 22-letter Mandaic alphabet is thought to have evolved from either a cursive form of Aramaic (as did Syriac) or from the Parthian chancery script. Wikipedia puts that date as some time between the second and seventh century AD, while others point out that coins with Mandaic letters go back to the second or first century BC. Mandaic was developed by members of the Mandaean faith of southern Mesopotamia to write the Mandaic language for liturgical purposes. It is written from right to left in horizontal lines, and is cursive in nature. [Google] [More] ⦿
Company in Pune, which made these freely available Tamil Opentype fonts in 2003: SUNDARAM_0806, SHREE_TAM_OTF_0807, SUNDARAM_0808, SUNDARAM_0810, SUNDARAM_0812, SUNDARAM_0819, SUNDARAM_0820, SUNDARAM_0821, SUNDARAM_0823, SUNDARAM_0824, SUNDARAM_0827, SUNDARAM_0830, SUNDARAM_0831, SUNDARAM_1341, SUNDARAM_1342, SUNDARAM_1351, SUNDARAM_1352, SUNDARAM_2852, SUNDARAM_2865, SUNDARAM_3811. Type catalog with over 2,700 fonts for Devanagari, Gujarati, Punjabi, Bengali, Assamese, Oriya, Tamil, Kannada, Telugu and Malayalam.
Monotype sells fonts for the following languages: Amharic, Aksara Kaganga, Arabic, Armenian, Balinese, Burmese, Cambodian, Chinese, Coptic, Devanagari (Hindi/Marathi/Nepali), Farsi, Georgian, Glagolitic, Gujerathi, Gurmukhi (Punjabi), Hebrew, Japanese, Javanese, Jawi, Kannada, Korean, Laotian, Lontarak, Malayalam, Old Bulgarian, Oriya, Pushto, Sindhi, Sinhalese, Surat Pustaha, Syriac, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Urdu, Vietnamese. [Google] [More] ⦿
Music of the Ancient Near East
Richard Dumbrill's page. Find a free font Akkadian-1, and a commercial family, RD-Akkadian (cuneiform signs). Plus RD-Times Scholar (commercial). Furthermore, custom font design for Syriac, Ugaritic, Hittite cuneiforms, South Arabian, Phoenician. [Google] [More] ⦿
Great links page maintained by Reinhard G. Lehmann (Lecturer for Classical Hebrew and Old Aramaic, Johannes-Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz) with links related to Hebrew, old Aramaic, Greek, Coptic, old Syrian, Ugaritic and Phoenician. [Google] [More] ⦿
A large free font family released under the Apache license at Google Web Fonts, and developed by Monotype's Steve Matteson and a team of type designers. Designed between 2012 and 2016, this typeface covers over 800 languages and 100 writing scripts. URL with details. Noto stands for no tofu, i.e., no white boxes that represent unknown characters. The fonts are property of Monotype, with the exception of Noto Khmer and Noto Lao, which belong to Danh Hong.
Noto Sans and Noto Serif cover Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Asturian, Avaric, Aymara, Azerbaijani-AZERBAIJAN, Bashkir, Bambara, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Bislama, Bini, Breton, Bosnian, Buriat, Catalan, Chechen, Chamorro, Mari (Russia), Corsican, Czech, Church Slavic, Chuvash, Welsh, Danish, German, Modern Greek (1453-), English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Finnish, Fijian, Faroese, French, Fulah, Friulian, Western Frisian, Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Manx, Hausa, Hawaiian, Hiri Motu, Croatian, Hungarian, Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association), Igbo, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiaq, Ido, Icelandic, Italian, Kara-Kalpak, Kikuyu, Kazakh, Kalaallisut, Kurdish-ARMENIA, Kumyk, Komi, Cornish, Kirghiz, Latin, Luxembourgish, Lezghian, Lingala, Lithuanian, Latvian, Malagasy, Marshallese, Maori, Macedonian, mo, Maltese, Norwegian Bokmål, Low German, Dutch, Norwegian Nynorsk, Norwegian, South Ndebele, Pedi, Nyanja, Occitan (post 1500), Oromo, Ossetian, Polish, Portuguese, Romansh, Romanian, Russian, Yakut, Scots, Northern Sami, Selkup, sh, Shuswap, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Southern Sami, Lule Sami, Inari Sami, Skolt Sami, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Swati, Southern Sotho, Swedish, Swahili (macrolanguage), Tajik, Turkmen, Tagalog, Tswana, Tonga (Tonga Islands), Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Tuvinian, Ukrainian, Uzbek, Venda, Vietnamese, Volapük, Votic, Walloon, wen, Wolof, Xhosa, Yapese, Yoruba, Zulu, Akan, Aragonese, ber-dz, Crimean Tatar, Kashubian, Ewe, Fanti, Filipino, Upper Sorbian, Haitian, Herero, Javanese, Kabyle, Kuanyama, Kanuri, Kurdish-TURKEY, Kwambi, Ganda, Limburgan, Mongolian-MONGOLIA, Malay (macrolanguage), Nauru, Ndonga, Navajo, pap-an, Papiamento-ARUBA, Quechua, Rundi, Kinyarwanda, Sardinian, Sango, Shona, Sundanese, Tahitian, Zhuang.
Non-Latin scrips include Noto Armenian, Noto Georgian, Noto Carian, Noto Greek, Noto Devanagari, Noto Ethiopic, Noto Glagolitic, Noto Hebrew, Noto Sans Imperial Aramaic, Noto Sans Lisu, Noto Sans Lycian, Noto Sans Lydian, Noto Sans Old South Arabian, Noto Sans Osmanya, Noto Sans Phoenician, Noto Sans Shavian, Noto Sans Tamil, Noto Sans Thai, Noto Serif Thai, Noto Sans Kannada, Noto Sana Telugu, Noto Sans Malayalam, Noto Sans Cherokee, Noto Sans Orya (for Odia), Noto Sans Bengali.
At CTAN, one can find Noto with full TeX support.
At Open Font Library, one can download Noto Nastaliq Urdu (2014), which covers Arabic, Farsi, Pashto and Urdu.
The fonts, as of October 2016: Noto Sans, Noto Serif, Noto Color Emoji, Noto Emoji, Noto Kufi Arabic, Noto Mono, Noto Naskh Arabic, Noto Nastaliq Urdu, Noto Sans Armenian, Noto Sans Avestan, Noto Sans Balinese, Noto Sans Bamum, Noto Sans Batak, Noto Sans Bengali, Noto Sans Brahmi, Noto Sans Buginese, Noto Sans Buhid, Noto Sans CJK JP, Noto Sans CJK KR, Noto Sans CJK SC, Noto Sans CJK TC, Noto Sans Canadian Aboriginal, Noto Sans Carian, Noto Sans Cham, Noto Sans Cherokee, Noto Sans Coptic, Noto Sans Cuneiform, Noto Sans Cypriot, Noto Sans Deseret, Noto Sans Devanagari, Noto Sans Egyptian Hieroglyphs, Noto Sans Ethiopic, Noto Sans Georgian, Noto Sans Glagolitic, Noto Sans Gothic, Noto Sans Gujarati, Noto Sans Gurmukhi, Noto Sans Hanunoo, Noto Sans Hebrew, Noto Sans HK, Noto Sans Imperial Aramaic, Noto Sans Inscriptional Pahlavi, Noto Sans Inscriptional Parthian, Noto Sans Javanese, Noto Sans Kaithi, Noto Sans Kannada, Noto Sans Kayah Li, Noto Sans Kharoshthi, Noto Sans Khmer, Noto Sans Lao, Noto Sans Lepcha, Noto Sans Limbu, Noto Sans Linear B, Noto Sans Lisu, Noto Sans Lycian, Noto Sans Lydian, Noto Sans Malayalam, Noto Sans Mandaic, Noto Sans Meetei Mayek, Noto Sans Mongolian, Noto Sans Myanmar, Noto Sans NKo, Noto Sans New Tai Lue, Noto Sans Ogham, Noto Sans Ol Chiki, Noto Sans Old Italic, Noto Sans Old Persian, Noto Sans Old South Arabian, Noto Sans Old Turkic, Noto Sans Oriya, Noto Sans Osmanya, Noto Sans Phags Pa, Noto Sans Phoenician, Noto Sans Rejang, Noto Sans Runic, Noto Sans Samaritan, Noto Sans Saurashtra, Noto Sans Shavian, Noto Sans Sinhala, Noto Sans Sundanese, Noto Sans Syloti Nagri, Noto Sans Symbols, Noto Sans Syriac Eastern, Noto Sans Syriac Estrangela, Noto Sans Syriac Western, Noto Sans Tagalog, Noto Sans Tagbanwa, Noto Sans Tai Le, Noto Sans Tai Tham, Noto Sans Tai Viet, Noto Sans Tamil, Noto Sans Telugu, Noto Sans Thaana, Noto Sans Thai, Noto Sans Tibetan, Noto Sans Tifinagh, Noto Sans Ugaritic, Noto Sans Vai, Noto Sans Yi, Noto Serif Armenian, Noto Serif Bengali, Noto Serif Devanagari, Noto Serif Georgian, Noto Serif Gujarati, Noto Serif Kannada, Noto Serif Khmer, Noto Serif Lao, Noto Serif Malayalam, Noto Serif Tamil, Noto Serif Telugu, Noto Serif Thai. Late additions include Noto Sans and Serif for Chinese, Japanese and Korean, developed at Adobe.
In 2015, Adam Twardoch placed the Noto fonts on Github under the name Toto Fonts. A question of licenses.
Paleofonts V. 2
Vasil Gligorov from Skopje, Macedonia, has a 16MB file with almost 300 truetype fonts that represent 30 ancient scripts: Luwian, Ugaritic, Aramaic, Runic, Syriac, Glagolitic, OCS Cyrillic, Persian Cuneiform, Egyptian Hieroglyphs, Demotic, Linear A (Complex signs), Linear B, Proto-Greek, Ancient and Medieval Greek, Ancient and Medieval Latin, Gothic, Etruscan, Oscan, Phoenician, Galilean, Celto-Iberian, Coptic, Meroitic, Cypriot, Vina, Ancient Hebrew, Samaritan, Sanskrit, Ugaritic, Manichean, Ogham, Umbrian, Asomtavruli Mrglovani, Siloam type-Inscription. Alternate URL. [Google] [More] ⦿
From Encyclopaedia Britannica: Semitic script used in Palmyra, a city on the trade routes between Syria and Mesopotamia, from the 3rd to the 2nd century BC until shortly after the conquest of the city by the Romans in AD 272. Developed from the Aramaic alphabet, Palmyric had 22 letters and was written from right to left. It occurred in two forms: a rounded, cursive form derived from Aramaic about 250 BC and a decorative monumental form. [Google] [More] ⦿
Developer at Microsoft who specializes in Arabic and other complex scripts. Designer with George Kiraz of the Syriac font EstrangeloEdessa (2000, Syriac Computing Institute). This font was used in the Unicode charts. Winner with Mamoun Sakkal and John Hudson at the TDC2 2003 competition for Arabictype. See also here.
Peter R. Wilson
From Encyclopaedia Britannica: Writing system that developed out of the North Semitic alphabet and was spread over the Mediterranean area by Phoenician traders. It is the probable ancestor of the Greek alphabet and, hence, of all Western alphabets. The earliest Phoenician inscription that has survived is the Ahiram epitaph at Byblos in Phoenicia dates from the 11th century BC. [Google] [More] ⦿
Richard J. Dumbrill
Marib Outline&Marib Solid are Mac fonts for writing Sabean, a Southern Semitic monumental alphabetic script with inscriptions dating back to the first millenium b.c., to the famous kingdom of "Queen of Saba". [Google] [More] ⦿
Article by Yannis Haralambous on his Sabra package for using Syriac in TeX. The package covers Serto (or: Jacobite; the Peshito variant, however, is not covered), Estrangelo (but Melchitic and Mandean, variants, are not covered) and East Syriac (or: Nestorian). It also offers Garshuni (Syriac writing of Arabic). Ligatures and stretching connections (keshideh) are automatically performed. The fonts are in METAFONT format. [Google] [More] ⦿
The Scholars Press Fonts are public domain fonts that are designed to work on both Windows computers and Macs. Fonts for Hebrew, Greek, Syriac, Coptic, and Semitic-language transliteration. (Mac and Windows): SPEzra (fixed width Hebrew/Aramaic, 1998) and SPTiberian (Hebrew/Aramaic), SPIonic (Greek, see also here), SPEdessa (Syriac), SPDoric (1999, uncial Greek), SPAchmim (Coptic), SPDamascus (Hebrew, 1998), SPCaesarea (dingbats, 1998), and SPAtlantis (transliteration). All fonts by Jimmy Adair. He states: "Patrick Durusau, formerly my colleague in crime at Scholars Press and now with the Society of Biblical Literature, was instrumental in the design and disseminatation of the SP fonts." FTP access. Truetype archive. See also here. fontspace link. [Google] [More] ⦿
I quote: "The Sogdian language belongs to the eastern group of the middle iranian languages, along with Sacian, or Saka (spoken in Khotan, China), Bactrian (spoken in present-day Afghanistan) and Chorasmian (spoken in present-day Northern Uzbekistan). It was originally spoken in Sogdiana, a historical region situated around Samarkand. Other languages of this group are Avestan in the old times and Pashto and Ossetian in the modern times. In the first millennium A.D. it has served as a lingua franca of Central Asia, and it was used both as a means of oral communication and for written purposes, in fact since the beginning of the XX century many excavations have brought to light numberless documents composed in this language, that testify its outmost importance and diffusion in that area. It was a literary language for Buddhism in Central Asia, but also for Nestorian Christianism and Manichaeism. This language has not died out after its decadence, but it has evolved into the Yaghnobi language, spoken in Tajikistan by a few thousand people, and it has been replaced as a cultural language by Persian, a western iranian language." See also here. [Google] [More] ⦿
In the late 1990s, SSi used to sell foreign fonts for Arabic, Urdu, Greek, Hebrew, Armenian, Baltic, Burmese, Cherokee, Cyrillic, Cree, Simplified Chinese, Ethiopian, Inuktitut, Gaelic, IPA, Japanese, Korean, Laotian, Mayan. Farsi, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Syriac, South Arabian, Tamil, Thai, Tibetan, Turkish, Ugaritic, and Vietnamese. Plus musical dingbats. Of course, they did not make a single of these fonts themselves. [Google] [More] ⦿
Steven J. Lundeen
SyrCOM aims at promoting Syriac culture by contributing to the academic field of Syriac studies using computer technology. Their free opentype fonts are here. The font designers at The Syriac Institute / Beth Mardutho are:
Syriac EB Barsoum Fonts
From Beirut, Elia Barsoum developed Syriac TTF fonts for Windows (Latin and Arabic versions). Names of the fonts: EB SERTO, EB ESTRANGELO, EB MADENHAIA, EB MERABAH (old Assyrian/Hebrew). He also made some utilities and DLLs to assist the user to write from right to left on the Western edition of Windows which usually writes from left to right. Elia holds a masters degree in operations research from Twente Universiteit in the Netherlands. Currently, he works as a GIS expert and application developer in Beirut for Khatib&Alami, an engineering company. [Google] [More] ⦿
Syriac (Modern Assyrian) Alphabets
Tony Khoshaba and Isa Benyamin (an Assyrian caligraphist) developed a complete set of Eastern Syriac (meta)fonts at the Syriac Computing Institute. The truetype font Ishtar2 (1998) is a modification of an earlier Assyrian font, Nisibus. See also here. See also here. [Google] [More] ⦿
Finnish designer of the bitmap font Sshlinedraw (Tero Kivinen and SSH Communications Security Oy, linedrawing characters for VT100 terminal, 1997). He also discussed the Microsoft truetype collection, EstrangeloEdessa (by Paul Nelson and George Kiraz, 2000, Syriac Computing Institute), ITC Franklin Gothic, Gautami (Microsoft, 2001), Latha (Microsoft, 2001), LucidaSansUnicode, MV Boli (Agfa-Monotype, 2001), Mangal (Microsoft, 2001), PalatinoLinotype (1998, a Unicode font), Raavi (Microsoft, 2001), Shruti (Microsoft, 2001), Sylfaen (Microsoft, 1999). All of these fonts are basically Unicode for all European languages, Cyrillic, Armenian, Hebrew, Arabic, basic mathematics, and Greek. But the site disappeared. [Google] [More] ⦿
Free TrueType fonts of old Christian times, Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew, Christian Oriental, East European, and ancient languages. The TITUS project is run by Jost Gippert in Frankfurt. They intend to develop a special unicode font. TITUS Ogham is an Ogham font. [Google] [More] ⦿
Transkription semitischer Texte
Ulrich Seeger from Karlsruhe explains about the transcription from/to Hebrew. His nice page (in German) includes free Mac type 1 fonts such as HaifaTimes, GalilTimes, Beyrut, Hatra (a rare script). Plus the Galil family by Ulrich Seeger (1998) for Windows. Also, assur (for Akkadian), Bock and Nebe (for Aramaic), Sima (for South-Arabian), Abbas (for Persian). All these are adaptiations of Times for easy transcriptions. [Google] [More] ⦿
From Essex University, Alan M. Stanier's metafont for Ugaritic, a cuneiform alphabet (as opposed to the syllabic cuneiform of Akkadian or Hittite), as found on tablets dated from the Late Bronze Age (ca 1400 - 1200 BC) in Northern Syria and Palestine, notably in the archives at Ugarit. [Google] [More] ⦿
Contributor to the GNU Freefont project. He made a Braille unicode font that could be merged with the UCS fonts to fill the 2800-28FF range completely. (uniform scaling is possible to adapt it to any cell size). He also contributed a free Syriac font, whose glyphs (about half of them) are borrowed from the free Carlo Ator font. Vyacheslav also filled in a few missing spots in the U+2000-U+27FF area, e.g., the box drawing section, sets of subscript and superscript digits and capital Roman numbers. The ranges: Syriac (U+0700-U+074A), Box Drawing (U+2500-U+257F), Braille (U+2800-U+28FF). [Google] [More] ⦿
Commercial outfit with language kits (including fonts) for these languages: Burmese, Cherokee, Inuktitut, Kannada, Lepcha, Limbu, Lontara, Malayalam, Sinhala, Telugu, Tibetan, Bassa, Cambodian, Ethiopic, Laotian, Saurashtra, Sylheti, Tai Le, Tamil, Assyrian (Syriac), Burmese, Georgian, Khmer. [Google] [More] ⦿
Free font depository with many BDF bitmap files. In addition, Adobe's Utopia, Bitstream's Charter, the Lucida fonts, and IBM Courier. Also, GohaTibebZemen (for Ethiopic) and several Syriac fonts from the Syriac Computing Institute. Japanese mirror. [Google] [More] ⦿