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LUC DEVROYE


ABOUT







Sjoerd Hendrik de Roos

Dutch typographer and type designer, b. Drachten, 1877, d. Haarlem, 1962. He worked at Tetterode from 1907-1941. Catalog of some of his digitized typefaces. Designer of various typefaces:

  • The uncial-like typeface Libra Uncial (1938, a pseudo-Gaelic font) at Tetterode in Amsterdam. Libra is now carried in digital form by Mecanorma and Bitstream.
  • Nobel, a redesign of Berthold Grotesk. FB Nobel (1993, Tobias Frere-Jones at the Font Bureau) is a powerful 18-style sans family based on de Roos's Nobel. It ranges from Extra Light to Very Black, and includes a condensed sextet. See also DTL Nobel (Dutch Type Library) by Fred Smeijers and Andrea Fuchs (a German student at the Arnhe academy supervised by her teacher, Fred Smeijers).
  • De Roos made Dutch (or Hollandse) Mediaeval (1912), an old style typeface with little contrast, arched slabs and serifs, and an atrocious lower case g, but that has many conservative workhorse qualities. Dutch (or Hollandse) Mediaeval was revived by Hans van Maanen in 2007 as Dutch Mediaeval, and by Hans van Maanen and Patrick Griffin in 2013 as Dutch Mediaeval Book ST. For other digitizations, see De Roos Mediaeval NF (2014, Nick Curtis) and Hoboken Serial (2010, SoftMaker).
  • He designed the calligraphic typeface Meidoorn (1928) for De Heuvelpers (his own private press), which was active from 1926-1935. The Meidoorn materials (matrices, punches) are now in the hands of G. J. Randoe (Keizersgracht 89, 1015 Amsterdam). Laure Afchain was doing a revival of Meidoorn in 2008 as a student at KABK, Den Haag. And Joe Chang, still at KABK, did a revival of it in 2012 in van der Laan's class.
  • Egmont (1933) is a serifed typeface done at Lettergieterij Amsterdam. Mac McGraw writes: Egmont is a modern interpretation of classic letter forms, designed by S. H. DeRoos for Amsterdam Typefoundry in the 1930s, and subsequently cut by Intertype. It is an elegant face, with long ascenders which have double serifs. There are three weights in roman and italic, all with three styles of figures as shown in the bold specimen. Italic swash letters are made for all three weights. Egmont Decorative Initials were added by George F. Trenholm in 1936; they are sometimes called Egmont Medium Italic, from which they are derived. Compare Bernhard Modern. A digital family was designed by Dennis Ortiz-Lopez in 2005 called OT Egmont. Castcraft's free font family OPTI-Eisen is also noteworthy. Open Egmont Kapitalen (2013) is a free openface designed by John Wollring based upon de Roos's known Egmont Inline (or Egmont Versalien) shown in a Lettergieterij Amsterdam specimen book of 1935. Jay Rutherford digitized Egmont Inline in 1988, but did not publish it. In 2016, Alice Retunsky designed the revival Dutch Plus, and added cyrillics.
  • Erasmus (1992, A. Pat Hickson, ITF) is based on a design of de Roos, ca. 1923.
  • Card Pro (2006, URW, Ralph M. Unger) is based on Ella Cursief (1916, Lettergieterij Amsterdam). For another digital version of Ella Cursief, see Rozy Cursive (2016, Leon Hulst).
  • Circulaire (2009, Hans Van Maanen, Canada Type) is based on a set of initial caps designed by Sjoerd Hendrik de Roos in 1926.
  • His last typeface was De Roos Romein (and Cursief) about which Canada Type, which produced a magnificent 10-style digital revival, expansion and interpretation in 2009 simply called Roos, in a cooperative effort between Hans van Maanen and Patrick Griffin, writes: It was designed and produced during the years of the second World War, and unveiled in the summer of 1947 to celebrate De Roos's 70th birthday. In 1948, the first fonts produced were used for a special edition of the Dutch Constitution on which Juliana took the oath during her inauguration as the Queen of the Netherlands. To this day this typeface is widely regarded as De Roos's best design, with one of the most beautiful italics ever drawn. In contrast with all his previous roman typefaces, which were based on the Jenson model, De Roos's last type recalls the letter forms of the Renaissance, specifically those of Claude Garamont from around 1530, but with a much refined and elegant treatment, with stems sloping towards the ascending, slightly cupped serifs, a tall and distinguished lowercase, and an economic width that really shines in the spectacular italic, which harmonizes extremely well with its roman partner. Mac McGrew: De Roos is a handsome contemporary roman type designed by S. H. DeRoos in Amsterdam, Holland. Originally imported from a Dutch typefoundry, with additional weights and inline initials, this roman and italic were also cut by ATF about 1952, and by Intertype in 1954. A 1953 piece of ATF literature notes, "Cast at Elizabeth on Amsterdam line." Scans below are from the book First specimen book of De Roos Roman&Italic (Typefoundry Amsterdam).
  • Savoy (ca. 1936) was the third art deco display typeface drawn under de Roos's superviosn, after the earlier pair, Bristol and Carlton (1929), which were drawn by Dick Dooijes also under de Roos's supervision.
  • Zilvertype (1914-1916, with Jean-François van Royen). This was revived by Hans van Maanen as Zilvertype (2012-2014, Hans Van Maanen, Canada Type): Right on the heels of the tremendous popularity wave that made Hollandse Mediaeval the most used Dutch typeface during the Great War years, Sjoerd H. de Roos was asked to design a 15 point type for De Zilverdistel, Jean-François van Royen's publishing company. So between 1914 and 1916, de Roos and van Royen collaborated on the typeface eventually known as Zilvertype, and which both parties viewed as an improved version of Hollandse Mediaeveal. Like Hollandse Mediaeval, Zilvertype was based on the Jenson model, but it is simpler, with more traditional metrics, and lighter and more classic in colour.
  • Nieuw Javaansch No. 1 (1909). A Javanese script done by Sjoerd de Roos at Lettergieterij Amsterdam. Revived in 2012 at the KABK by Troy Leinster under the same name.

Klingspor link. FontShop link.

EXTERNAL LINKS
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INTERNAL LINKS
Type designers ⦿ Type designers ⦿ Dutch type design ⦿ Celtic/Gaelic fonts ⦿ Calligraphic typefaces ⦿ Ornamental caps typefaces ⦿ Uncial typefaces ⦿ Garalde or Garamond typefaces ⦿ Nick Curtis ⦿








file name: Hans Van Maanen Circulaire 2009 after Sjoerd Hendrik De Roos


file name: Bitstream Libra after Sjoerd Hendrik De Roos 1938


file name: Mecanorma Libra


file name: Sjoerd H De Roos D T L Nobel


file name: Canada Type Roos 2009


file name: Canada Type Roos 2009b


file name: Canada Type Roos 2009c


file name: Canada Type Roos 2009f


file name: Hans Van Maanen Zilvertype Pro 2012


file name: Hans Van Maanen Zilvertype Pro 2012b


file name: Hans Van Maanen Zilvertype Initials 2014


file name: Hans Van Maanen Zilvertype Pro 2014


file name: Hans Van Maanen Zilvertype Pro 2014c


file name: Hans Van Maanen Zilvertype Pro 2014e


file name: Hans Van Maanen Zilvertype Pro 2014f


file name: Hans Van Maanen Zilvertype Pro 2014g


file name: Lettergieterij Amsterdam Libra 1939


file name: Ralph M Unger Card Pro 2006 after Sjoerd Hendrik De Roos Ella Cursief 1916


file name: Leon Hulst Rozy Cursive 2016 based on Sjoerd Hendrik De Roos Ella Cursief 1915


file name: Leon Hulst Rozy Cursive 2016 based on Sjoerd Hendrik De Roos Ella Cursief 1915b


file name: Leon Hulst Rozy Cursive 2016 based on Sjoerd Hendrik De Roos Ella Cursief 1915c


file name: Leon Hulst Rozy Cursive 2016 based on Sjoerd Hendrik De Roos Ella Cursief 1915d


file name: Tobias Frere Jones Nobel Black 1993 after Sjoerd Hendrik De Roos


file name: Tobias Frere Jones Nobel Book 1993 after Sjoerd Hendrik De Roos


file name: Tobias Frere Jones Nobel Cond Bold 1993 after Sjoerd Hendrik De Roos


file name: Tobias Frere Jones Nobel Cond Book 1993 after Sjoerd Hendrik De Roos


file name: Tobias Frere Jones Nobel Extra Light 1993 after Sjoerd Hendrik De Roos


file name: Sjoerd Hendrikde Roos First Specimen Of Egmont Lettergieterij Amsterdam 1933


file name: Dennis Ortiz Lopez O T Egmont Light 2005 after Sjoerd Hendrik De Roos 1930s


file name: Dennis Ortiz Lopez O T Egmont Medium 2005 after Sjoerd Hendrik De Roos 1930s


file name: Castcraft O P T I Eisen


file name: John Wollring Open Egmont Kapitalen 2013 after Sjoerd Hendrik De Roos 1935


file name: Jay Rutherford Egmont Inline 1988


file name: Soft Maker Hoboken Serial Medium 2010


file name: Hans Van Maanen Patrick Griffin Dutch Mediaeval Book S T 2013


file name: Hans Van Maanen Patrick Griffin Dutch Mediaeval Book S T 2013b


file name: Hans Van Maanen Dutch Mediaeval Bold 2007 after Sjoerd Hendrik De Roos Hollandse Mediaeval 1912


file name: Nick Curtis De Roos Mediaeval N F 2014 after Sjoerd De Roos


file name: Nick Curtis De Roos Mediaeval N F 2014 after Sjoerd De Roos


file name: Joe Chang Meidoorn 2012


file name: Joe Chang Meidoorn 2012b


file name: Joe Chang Meidoorn 2012c


file name: De Roos Romein Cursief 1947


file name: De Roos Romein Cursief 1947b


file name: De Roos Romein Cursief 1947d


file name: De Roos Romein Cursief 1947e


file name: De Roos Romein Cursief 1947f


file name: De Roos Romein Cursief 1947g


file name: Sjoerd H De Roos Pic







Luc Devroye ⦿ School of Computer Science ⦿ McGill University Montreal, Canada H3A 2K6 ⦿ lucdevroye@gmail.com ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org ⦿ http://luc.devroye.org/fonts.html