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Educational and reference site run by Ben Archer, a designer, educator and type enthusiast located in England (who was in Auckland, New Zealand, before that). Glossary. Timeline. Type categories. Paul Shaw's list of the 100 most significant typefaces of all times were recategorized by Archer:
- Religious/Devotional: Gutenbergs B-42 type, Gebetbuch type, Wolfgang Hoppyl's Textura, Breitkopf Fraktur, Ehrhard Ratdolt's Rotunda, Hammer Uncial, Zapf Chancery, Peter Jessenschrift, Cancellaresca Bastarda, Poetica.
- Book Publishing&General Purpose Text Setting: Nicolas Jenson's roman, Francesco Griffo's italic, Claude Garamond's roman, Firmin Didot's roman, Cheltenham family, Aldus Manutius' roman, William Caslon's roman, Pierre-Simon Fournier's italic, Ludovico Arrighi da Vicenza's italic, Johann Michael Fleischmann's roman, ATF Garamond, Giambattista Bodoni's roman, Nicolas Kis' roman, Minion multiple master, Unger Fraktur, John Baskerville's roman, Lucida, Optima, Bauer Bodoni, Adobe Garamond, Scotch Roman, Romanée, ITC Stone family, Trinité, ITC Garamond, Sabon, ITC Novarese, Bitstream Charter, Joanna, Marconi, PMN Caecilia, Souvenir, Apollo, Melior, ITC Flora, Digi-Grotesk Series S.
- Business/Corporate: Akzidenz Grotesk, Helvetica, Univers, Syntax, Courier, Meta, Rotis, Thesis, Antique Olive.
- Newspaper Publishing: Times Roman, Bell, Clarendon, Century Old Style, Ionic, Imprint.
- Advertising and Display: Futura, Robert Thorne's fat typeface roman, Vincent Figgins' antique roman (Egyptian), Memphis, Fette Fraktur, Avant-Garde Gothic, Deutschschrift, Peignot, Erbar, Stadia/Insignia, Penumbra, Compacta, Bodoni 26, WTC Our Bodoni.
- Prestige and Private Press: Romain du Roi, Golden Type, Johnston's Railway Sans, Doves Type, Walker.
- Signage: William Caslon IV's sans serif, Trajan.
- Historical Script: Snell Roundhand, Robert Granjon's civilité, Excelsior Script.
- Experimental/expressive: Mistral, Beowolf, Dead History, Behrensschrift, Eckmannschrift, Neuland, Element, Remedy, Template Gothic.
- Onscreen/multimedia: Chicago, Oakland, OCR-A, Base Nine and Base Twelve, Evans and Epps Alphabet.
- Telephone Directory publishing: Bell Gothic.
Link to Archer Design Work. [Google]
A disagreeably facetious type glossary
Type glossary by Microsoft. [Google]
Adobe: French glossary
French type glossary by Adobe. [Google]
Adobe's type glossary. [Google]
All Good Things Typography
Dead link. Archive (FontPool), history of type, type classification (by Matthias Neuber and Morton K. Pedersen), page layout guide, type choice guide, logo type guide, mixing type guide, Windows software guide, Mac type software guide, glossary. By Kevin Woodward. [Google]
FAQ kept by James Goffin. Font links. Alternate URL. Type glossary. [Google]
Anatomy of a typeface
Russian type glossary and links. [Google]
Andrew S. Fuller
[Foam Train Font Foundry]
Russian calligraphic blog. Russian type and calligraphy glossary and links. [Google]
Cont Ed Typography
Educational pages on typography and type design. Some links. Run by Stan Schwartz. [Google]
Site about typography. Despite the slow loading, worthwhile information on type, including a glossary and a type history timeline. Incredible-flashy design, yet the authors forgot to mention their own names. [Google]
Type glossary (in German). [Google]
Dr. Roland Unger
Dr. Roland Unger's German language glossary. HTML help. [Google]
[Typography Deconstructed (TypeDecon)]
German author of Typographie-Lexikon (2005, in German). [Google]
[Miriam van der Have]
From Nijmegen, The Netherlands, Miriam van der Have's Dutch site offers a general introduction to fonts and font terminology. An impressive glossary. [Google]
German type glossary. [Google]
Foam Train Font Foundry
[Andrew S. Fuller]
Free truetype fonts (PC, Mac) by Andrew Fuller from Portland, OR (was: Lincoln, NE), at his Foam Train Font Foundry: MMMCarbony, Buddy, Derez, Derez Hitek, Deltoid, Gloopy, Hobbit Tattoo-Brush, Hobbit Tattoo-Sloppy, Reeeally Quik Hand, RoundyButt, Unserif, DryToastCaps, Iron Filings, Eeewww Messy Boy, Thirty Months of Victory (2002, handwriting), LeakyPen (2002), Early Western Greek, Samaritan 300BC (2002), Face Eater, Fingerpaint Sans, Ingloriouser (grunge), Rat Brain, Tory Gothic Caps, Lumpin, Wendus, and InsideOut Cow.
Commercial fonts include Blackburn Hand, Salted Slug, Satavahana 200AD (2003), Face Eater, Fingerpaint Sans, Gloopy, MMM Carbony, Rat Brain, Reeeeally Quik Hand.
This site has a great glossary as well as subpages on type history, classification, and anatomy.
Dafont link. Old URL. [Google]
Ian Obermuller's introduction to typefaces, with a visual glossary, and wonderfully instructive pages on type classification and type recognition. Ian is a 2010 graduate of the Seattle Central Creative Academy. [Google]
Typeface anatomy and glossary by FontShop. [Google]
German language type glossary. [Google]
Glossar für Typografie und Layout
German glossary/lexicon for typography and layout, edited by Renate Bradatsch (in German). [Google]
Glossary of Typesetting Terms
Glossary of Typesetting Terms (1994, University of Chicago Press) was written by Richard Eckersley, Charles M. Ellertson, Richard A.ngstadt and Richard Hendel. Downloads: i, ii, iii. [Google]
Hungarian type glossary.
Type glossary, in Hungarian. [Google]
Jacci Howard Bear
Typeface anatomy site by Jacci Howard Bear. [Google]
Jacci Howard Bear
Designer living and working in Dallas, TX. He created some nice posters to explain the anatomy of type in 2011. He also made the paper fold typeface Bender (2011). Behance link. [Google]
Independent part-time type designer, ex-type teacher at the International Design Academy in Montreal, and presently working at an ad agency in France. Type glossary in French. [Google]
John M. Fiscella
[Production First Software]
London-based graphic and web designer, who created the outline typeface Limitations Digitized (2010) and Allen Key (2010, rough handprinting). Type anatomy poster. [Google]
Kai F. Oetzbach
[Typo Knowledge Base (tkb)]
[All Good Things Typography]
Font news in English, Spanish and Galego. Lots of updates! Goodies on type classification, font search, a type glossary, font identification, type articles, and related information. [Google]
Lexique sur la lettre et la calligraphie
Christophe Badani's French glossary on calligraphy. [Google]
German designer, b. 1965. Currently, he teaches typography at the University of Lapland in Rovaniemi, Finland, but maintains a home in Wuppertal, Germany. His typefaces:
In October 2007, he organized a Type Workshop in Rovaniemi. At that workshop, his students made a number of typefaces: Väinö Klemola, Siru Lämsä, Mika Junna, Merja Lahti, Lena Raeuchle, Kalle-Pekka Alare, Jussi-Pekka Koivisto, Heidi Ettanen, Hanna Piekkola, Hanna Kauppinen, Esa-Pekka Niemi, Elisa Niemelä, Elina Virtanen, Emile Uggla, Antti Huhtala. This was followed by similar workshops in 2008 and 2009. Type glossary.
- The dingbat typefaces LL Sami Signs (2016) and LL Hullu Poro (2016).
- LL Mystic (2016). A pixel or embroidery typeface.
- LL DCL (2016). A dot matrix typeface.
- LL Disco (2016).
- LL Colon (2016).
- LL Mountain (2015). Mountain scene dingbats.
- LL Calligraphy (2014).
- LL Paladin (2014). Medieval calligraphic typeface.
- LL Liberte (2013). a rough stencil typeface based on railway stencils seen in Arles, France.
- LL Lisa (2013). A Cyrillic sans.
- LL Faces (2013).
- LL Rounded (2012).
- LL Charlotte
- LLChina (2009): a grunge stencil face.
- LLTippa (2009): old typewriter.
- LL Pochoir (2007, grunge).
- The dingbats font LL Hulu Poro (verrucktes Renntier) presented at FUSE95.
- LL Faktotum (1995, grunge). Download here.
- LL Humboldt (2012). A grungy signposting or poster face.
- LL Record (2002-2006): music dingbats.
- LL Medien (2004): extra-wide rounded techno face.
- Free typefaces: LL Nitro (2002, grunge), LL Futur (2013), LL Pearl (2013), LL Pixel, LL Pikseli (2009, dotted face, done with Rovaniemen Yliopisto), LL Rubber Grotesque (grunge, letterpress simulation, and/or rubber stamp font originally done in 1997), LL Regular (grunge), LL Cooper (2009, sketched typeface based on Cooper Black) and LL Alarm (roughened stencil face). LL Rubber Grotesque has been used in the Harry Potter films since 2005: see here.
- The typefaces for the interior of Smart cars (Smart Roadster) and the exterior of the Smart 4-4 and 4-2 (see here).
- LL Textur (2014, a calligraphically constructed Textura face).
- LL Xmas (2012, stitching font) and LL Dot (2012, dot matrix face).
http://www.dafont.com/markus-schroppel.d1142">Dafont link. Old download link. Abstract Fonts link. Klingspor link. [Google]
Melbourne Museum of Printing
Has a nice glossary of typography and printing. [Google]
[The Evolution of Type]
German type glossary. [Google]
Type pages by Michael Nicklas (in German). It has a German glossary. [Google]
Microsoft Type Glossary
Type glossary at Microsoft. [Google]
Miriam van der Have
ParaType news, in Russian. De-Fis is ParaType's e-zine. Russian type glossary. [Google]
Philip Shaw's illustrated type glossary. [Google]
Presses Universitaires de France (PUF)
Small type glossary in French. Link died. [Google]
Production First Software
[John M. Fiscella]
Production First Software offers original, revival and historic designs and specializing in non-latin scripts including Armenian, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Thai, mathematical symbols and pi characters. It is run by John M. Fiscella in San Francisco since 1990, with most typefaces created immediately after that. John M. Fiscella designed the fonts for symbols and many of the alphabetic scripts for the unicode charts and all typefaces complky with unicode standards. Type glossary. List of typefaces: BernalPF, Blck2LineGothicPF Logo, Blck3LineGothicPF Logo, Blck4LineGothicPF Logo, CourPF, CourPF Bold, CourPF BoldOblique, CourPF Oblique, EdwardianMansePFTitling, EriePF, EuroPF-Bold, EuroPF-BoldOblique, FiftiesPopPF, GrandVictorianPFTitling, HlvPF Bold, HlvPF BoldOblique, HlvPF Medium, HlvPF Oblique, ItalianatePF, ItalianateMulticolor1PF, ItalianateMulticolor2PF, ItalianateMulticolor3PF, ItalianateSansPF, LafayettePF, LosPFBold, MisionPFAntique, MisionPFBold, MisionPFBook, MisionPFBookMetal, MisionPFLight, MisionPFTitling, PalouPFTitling, PiazzaPFScript, RadioPF, RadioCityPF, SymbolPF Bold, SymbolPF BoldItalic, SymbolPF Italic, TexMexPF, TmsPF Bold, TmsPF BoldItalic, TmsPF Cursive, TmsPF Italic, TmsPF Rom +, TmsMathPF Cursive, TmsHebWidePF Rom, UnvPF Bold, UnvPF BoldOblique, UnvPF Oblique, UnvPF Medium, UviewPF Bold, UviewPF BoldOblique, UviewPF Oblique, UviewPF Medium, ZenonPFTitling. [Google]
Fantastic glossary of type terms. Very complete. In German. See also here. [Google]
Newport, Wales-based graphic designer and photographer. She created a nice set of graphics that explain the various typographic terms. [Google]
Schrift und Typografie
German typography glossary by Wolf Lumb. [Google]
German page about typography. Has some history, and a glossary. Link died. [Google]
Wonderful German site concerned with typography. Plus a German glossary. Small free font archive. Type in use on posters, such as this beautiful 1964 poster by Lou Dorfsman (1918-2008). [Google]
Icelandic art director, designer and typographer Sigurður Ármannsson graduated from The School of Arts and Crafts [now Icelandic Academy of the Arts]. He teaches there part-time. He also studied at the Rijksakademie van Beeldende Kunsten in Amsterdam.
Creator of the structured sans family Guinevere Pro (2011, Canada Type).
His font anatomy wallpaper is a visual glossary of the parts of typefaces.
Klingspor link. Home page at font.is. Blog. [Google]
Author of Type: The Secret History of Letters (2004, I.B. Taurus, London, UK). See also Google books. Cover of that book. Anatomy of type drawing from that book. [Google]
Author of Von der Schrift und den Schriftarten (Reinhard Welz Vermittler Verlag, Mannheim). These have a history of type and lettering, instructions on lettering (e.g., stroke guide for Antiqua Majuskeln, Lombardische Versalien, and Gotische Majuskeln), some type specimen (mainly German, from the early part of the 20th century), some alphabets, drawn by her, information on the German school scripts, and a German type and lettering glossary: i, ii, iii, iv. It was probably published between 1956 and 1959.
In 2010-2012, Dick Pape created a number of (mostly caps-only) typefaces based on that book. These include SSWAntiquaPionsel, SSWAntiquaVersalien (a caps set based on Ludovico Vicentino, 1523), SSWCelticAntiquaOutline, SSWFederAntiqua, SSWHollowScript, SSWHolz (Lombardic caps), SSWJensonsAntiqua, SSWLeopoldAntiqua, SSWLombardischeVersalien, SSWMannheimOrnament, SSWPlakatschrift (a useful outline alphabet), SSWRoundPrinting, SSWRusticAlphabet, SSWRusticScript, SSWSchablonenschrift (Bauhaus-style stencil face), SSWUrbanAntiqua-Versal, SSWWoodcuts.
Download Pape's fonts here. [Google]
[Cont Ed Typography]
The Evolution of Type
History of type. Type glossary. Links. Site maintained by Michael Brandt and Oriana Anholt of mediumbold. Old URL.
Micael Brandt is also the author of The Evolution of Type. [Google]
The Typographic Archives
Also called Graphion's Online Type Museum, or earlier, Graphion, a site by Michael sanbon that disappeared in 1999. Subsections: [Google]
The Typographic Desk Reference (Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, DE, 2009) is Theodore Rosendorf's useful reference guide of typographic terms and type classification. There is a foreword by Ellen Lupton. The Second Edition is coauthored wit Erik Spiekermann. [Google]
[Jacci Howard Bear]
Jacci Howard Bear's Desktop Publishing Glossary. [Google]
German language type site. Has a glossatry, type classification information, type measurement information, type history, type design information, the works. Link died. [Google]
Lothar Südkamp's page on type (in German). There are about 80 brief bios of type designers, as well as a German type lexicon, and some notes on the history of type. [Google]
Typeforum's German language glossary. [Google]
Fantastic German collection of web pages with a glossary of sorts. More an encyclopedia of typography, really. By Karen Wegehenkel, Technical University of Dresden. Has a good bibliography of type books as well. Link died. [Google]
German language typography site. Has a glossary, type history, HTML tips, and useful type information. By Götz Morgenschweis. [Google]
Typo Knowledge Base (tkb)
[Kai F. Oetzbach]
A type portal managed by teachers and students at the Fachhochschule Aachen, Germany, in German. The page contains the basic rules of legibility and good typography. There is a historic timeline, a list of famous type designers, a list of famous typefaces, a timeline of the great typefaces, anatomy of a letter (glossary), lecture notes, and font downloads of fonts that were developed in the courses of K.F. Oetzbach. The latter include Fegron (Marcel Feiter) and Unperfekt, Semiperfekt and Sansperfekt (Niels Vollrath). Finally, there are many useful book reviews. The site was started by K. F. Oetzbach, André Berkmüler, Natascha Dell and Simon (Burschi) Becker. There are about 25 people participating in the growth of this type portal. K.F. Oetzbach is the codesigner in 2005-2006 with Natascha Dell at Fontfarm of several fonts. [Google]
Dutch type site and blog, with a glossary, and explanations of the main styles of typefaces. It is run by Milena Spaan, Sandra Kassenaar and Maurits de Bruijn. The former two are students, and the latter is a teacher at the Hogeschool voor de Kunsten Arnhem. [Google]
A German typography site with pages on classification, news, designers, a type glossary, and tutorials. Run by Ralf Hermann. [Google]
Øyvin Rannem's Norwegian type portal. Has a good lexicon (in Norwegian). [Google]
Typography Deconstructed (TypeDecon)
A site to help educate those interested in typography and the anatomy of type. Has a nice visual type glossary. [Google]
Wolfgang Beinert's German page on various point systems. There is also a fantastic German glossary. Check also the gorgeous designs in Atelier Beinert in München. [Google]
Karen Wegehenkel's type glossary, in German. Disappeared. [Google]
German type wiki. Has a German glossary. [Google]
[Schrift und Typografie]