TYPE DESIGN INFORMATION PAGE last updated on Thu Nov 23 13:04:10 EST 2023
FONT RECOGNITION VIA FONT MOOSE
Alan M. Stanier from Essex University (UK) has created the following metafonts: ams1, cherokee, cypriote, dancers (the "Dancing Men" code of Conan Doyle), estrangelo (ancient Syriac language), georgian, goblin, iching, itgeorgian, ogham (found on ancient Irish and pictish carvings), osmanian (twentieth-century font used in Somalia), roughogham, shavian, southarabian (for various languages circa 1500BC), ugaritic (ancient cuneiform alphabet). More direct access. [Google] [More] ⦿
Alan M. Stanier
Juan-José Marcos García (b. Salamanca, Spain, 1963) is a professor of classics at the University of Plasencia in Spain. He has developed one of the most complete Unicode fonts named ALPHABETUM Unicode for linguistics and classical languages (classical&medieval Latin, ancient Greek, Etruscan, Oscan, Umbrian, Faliscan, Messapic, Picene, Iberic, Celtiberic, Gothic, Runic, Modern Greek, Cyrillic, Devanagari-based languages, Old&Middle English, Hebrew, Sanskrit, IPA, Ogham, Ugaritic, Old Persian, Old Church Slavonic, Brahmi, Glagolitic, Ogham, ancient Greek Avestan, Kharoshti, Old Norse, Old Icelandic, Old Danish and Old Nordic in general, Bengali, Hindi, Marathi, Phoenician, Cypriot, Linear B with plans for Glagolitic). This font has over 5000 glyphs, and contains most characters that concern classicists (rare symbols, signs for metrics, epigraphical symbols, "Saxon" typeface for Old English, etcetera). A demo font can be downloaded [see also Lucius Hartmann's place]. His Greek font Grammata (2002) is now called Ellenike.
He also created a package of fonts for Latin paleography (medieval handwriting on parchments): Capitalis Elegans, Capitalis Rustica, Capitalis Monumentalis, Antiqua Cursiva Romana, Nova Cursiva Romana (2014), Uncialis, Semiuncialis, Beneventana Minuscula, Visigothica Minuscula, Luxoviensis Minuscula, Insularis Minuscula, Insularis Majuscula, Carolingia Minuscula, Gothica Textura Quadrata, Gothica Textura Prescissa, Gothica Rotunda, Gothica Bastarda, Gothica Cursiva, Bastarda Anglicana (2014) and Humanistica Antiqua. PDF entitled Fonts For Latin Palaeography (2008-2014), in which Marcos gives an enjoyable historic overview.
Cyrillic OCS (2012) is a pair of Latin fonts that emulate Old Church Slavonic (old Cyrillic).
In 2013, he created Cuneus, a cuneiform simulation typeface.
Paleographic fonts for Greek (2014) has ten fonts designed by Marcos: Angular Uncial, Biblical Uncial, Coptic Uncial, Papyrus Uncial, Round Uncial, Slavonic Uncial, Sloping Uncial, Minuscule IX, Minuscule XI and Minuscule XV. These fonts are representative of the main styles of Greek handwriting used during the Classical World and Middle Ages on papyrus and parchments. There is also a short manual of Greek Paleography (71 pages) which explains the development of Greek handwriting from the fourth century B.C. to the invention of printing with movable type in the middle of the fifteenth A.D. He wrote a text book entitled History of Greek Typography: From the Invention of Printing to the Digital Age (in Spanish). See also here and here. [Google] [More] ⦿
UK-based Andrew West's great intro page to the 'Phags-pa script, a Brahmic script based on Tibetan that was used for writing Mongolian, Chinese and other languages during the Mongolian Yuan dynasty (1271-1368). Although it is no longer used for Mongolian and Chinese, it is still used to a limited extent as a decorative script for writing Tibetan. Unlike other Brahmic scripts, 'Phags-pa was written vertically from left to right after the manner of the Uighur-derived Mongolian script. The script is named after its creator, the Tibetan lama known by the title 'Phags-pa Lama "Reverend Lama" (1239-1280). Font subpage with samples of BabelStone Phags-pa Book, BabelStone Phags-pa Tibetan A, BabelStone Phags-pa Tibetan B, BabelStone Phags-pa Seal. These fonts were made in 2006 by Andrew West. In 2007, he added the free Zhang Zhung Opentype fonts for Zhang Zhung scripts: sPungs-chen, sPung-chung and Bru-sha, sMar-chen and sMar-chung. The Zhang Zhung culture was an ancient culture that flourished in the western and northern parts of Tibet before the introduction of Buddhism into the country during the 7th century. The extinct Zhang Zhung language is a distinct language related to but separate from Old Tibetan.
Andrew West's free font BabelStone Modern was designed between 2008 and 2013. This font has almost 2000 glyphs and covers, e.g., Latin, Cyrillic, Ogham, and Braille, and has hundreds of symbols, including a large set of arrows, mathematical symbls, domino tiles, and dingbats.
BabelStone Han (2017) is a Unicode Han font in Song/Ming style with G-source glyphs used in Mainland China. The font is derived from Arphic's AR PL Mingti2L Big5 and AR PL SungtiL GB fonts, converted to Unicode mappings, and expanded to cover a wide range of traditional and simplified characters in the CJK, CJK-A, CJK-B, CJK-C, CJK-D, CJK-E, and CJK-F blocks, as well as a large number of currently unencoded characters in the Private Use Area. A few glyphs for non-CJK symbol characters are derived from images uploaded to Wikimedia Commons by Christopher J. Fynn. The number of glyphs is closeto 40,000. [Google] [More] ⦿
Curtis Clark of the Biological Sciences Department at California State Polytechnic University in Pomona, CA, designed these fonts between 1992 and 1998: Linear B, Piecharts, Female and Male Symbols (1996), Moon Phases, Celtic Ogham, Elder Futhark, Beth-Luis-Rearn, Beth-Luis-Nion and Woolbats (occult dings, astrological symbols). Free downloads. His site is also called Mockingbird Font Works.
The DejaVu fonts form an open source font family based on the Bitstream Vera Fonts. Free download. Its purpose is to provide a wider range of characters (see Current status page for more information) while maintaining the original look and feel through the process of collaborative development. Included are DejaVuSans-Bold, DejaVuSans-BoldOblique, DejaVuSans-Oblique, DejaVuSans, DejaVuSansCondensed-Bold, DejaVuSansCondensed-BoldOblique, DejaVuSansCondensed-Oblique, DejaVuSansCondensed, DejaVuSansMono-Bold, DejaVuSansMono-BoldOb, DejaVuSansMono-Oblique, DejaVuSansMono-Roman, DejaVuSerif-Bold, DejaVuSerif-BoldOblique, DejaVuSerif-Oblique, DejaVuSerif-Roman, DejaVuSerifCondensed-Bold, DejaVuSerifCondensed-BoldOblique, DejaVuSerifCondensed-Oblique, DejaVuSerifCondensed.
Authors and contributors comprise Adrian Schroeter, Ben Laenen, Dafydd Harries, Danilo Segan (Cyrillic), David Jez, David Lawrence Ramsey, Denis Jacquerye, Dwayne Bailey, James Cloos, James Crippen, Keenan Pepper, Mashrab Kuvatov, Misu Moldovan (Romanian), Ognyan Kulev, Ondrej Koala Vacha, Peter Cernák, Sander Vesik, Stepán Roh (project manager; Polish), Tavmjong Bah, Valentin Stoykov, and Vasek Stodulka. The idea is to eventually cover most of unicode. Currently, this is covered: Latin (+supplement, extended A and part of extended B), IPA, Greek, Coptic, Cyrillic, Georgian, Armenian, Hebrew, N'ko, Tifinagh, Lao, Canadian aboriginal syllabics, Ogham, Arabic, math symbols, arrows, Braille, chess, and many dingbats.
Evertype (was: Everson Typography)
Elsewhere, one can find rare Everson creations such as Musgrave (1994).
MyFonts sells these typefaces:
His bio, in his own words: Michael Everson, based in Westport, Co. Mayo, is an expert in the writing systems of the world. He is active in supporting minority-language communities, especially in the fields of character standardization and internationalization. He is one of the co-authors of the Unicode Standard, and is a Contributing Editor and Irish National Representative to ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG2, the committee responsible for the development and maintenance of the Universal Character Set. He is a linguist, typesetter, and font designer who has contributed to the encoding in of many scripts and characters. In 2005 and 2006 his work to encode the Balinese and N'Ko scripts was supported by UNESCO's Initiative B@bel programme. Michael received the Unicode "Bulldog" Award in 2000 for his technical contributions to the development and promotion of the Unicode Standard. Active in the area of practical implementations, Michael has created locale and language information for many languages, from support for Irish and the other Celtic langauges to the minority languages of Finland. In 2003 he was commissioned by the United Nations Development Programme to prepare a report on the computer locale requirements for Afghanistan, which was endorsed by the Ministry of Communications of the Afghan Transitional Islamic Administration. He prepared a number of fonts and keyboard layouts for Mac OS X 10.3 (Panther). Michael moved to Tucson, Arizona at the age of 12. He studied German, Spanish, and French for his B.A. at the University of Arizona (1985), and the History of Religions and Indo-European Linguistics for his M.A. at the University of California, Los Angeles (1988). He moved to Ireland in 1989, and was a Fulbright Scholar in the Faculty of Celtic Studies, University College Dublin (1991). In 2010, he made Timenhor, a Latin-script font whose glyphs are based on the uncial letterforms of Coptic manuscripts. Speaker at ATypI 2010 in Dublin. Speaker at ATypI 2011 in Reykjavik.
Free truetype fonts: Tai Le Valentinum (for the Tai Le script used in China, Burma and Laos), Valentine Arabic, the faux pixel font Sounds of Apathy, and the unicode faux pixel font Fixedsys Excelsior 2.0 (2007). The latter covers Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew, Armenian, Tamil, Hylian, N'Ko, Ethiopic, blackletter, Dehong Dai, Pahawh Hmong, Thaan, Arabic, Thai, Ogham, runic, and IPA. All fonts made by Darien Valentine in 2004. See also here. [Google] [More] ⦿
Juan-José Marcos García
Québec City-based creator (b. 1952) of the octagonal font Vegesignes (2009, FontStruct). This font also appeared in 2010 at Open Font Library. It consists of almost 7,615 glyphs.As of 2014, 188 languages care covered, inclufing Afrikaans, Arabic, Archaic Greek Letters, Armenian, Baltic, Basic Cyrillic, Basic Greek, Basic Latin, Bengali, Catalan, Central European, Cherokee, Devanagari, Dutch, Euro, Farsi, Georgian, Gujarati, Hanun├│'o, Hebrew, Igbo Onwu, IPA, Kannada, Kazakh, Lao, Malayalam, Myanmar, New Tai Lue, N'Ko, Ogham, Oriya, Pashto, Pinyin, Polytonic Greek, Romanian, Runic, Sindhi, Syriac, Tai Le, Tai Tham (Lanna), Telugu, Thaana, Thai, Tibetan, Turkish, Uighur, Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics, Urdu, Vietnamese, Western European.
Ogham was a script devised by a Celtic grammarian from southern Ireland. The Old Irish of his day had no phoneme /p/, a fact which helps date the invention of the script to ca. the 4th century A.D. It was divided into four aicmí 'groups' of five letters each: b, l, f, s, n; h, d, t, c, q; m, g, ng, z, r; and a, o, u, e, i. Later, when diphthongs had developed and borrowings had reintroduced the /p/ phoneme into the language, five more signs, called forfede, were added to write eo, oi, ui, io/p, and Š. Most of the Ogham inscriptions have been found in Ireland, though some bilingual inscriptions with Latin have been found in Wales; a few too are found in Cornwall and Scotland, and on the Isle of Man. The Picts, the non-Celtic indigenous inhabitants of Britain, took up the use of Ogham script as well; unfortunately we do not understand their language. Oghams were in use until the medieval period; the 14th century Book of Ballymote, for which this font has been named, gave the earliest transliteration key. [Google] [More] ⦿
From Essex University, Alan M. Stanier's metafont for Ogham, an alphabet found on a number of Irish and Pictish carvings dated from the 4th century AD. The characters touch or cross the edges of the stone. [Google] [More] ⦿
Osman Nuri Alkan
Runic World Tamgaci
Gumushane, Turkey, and Gothenburg, Sweden-based designer of fonts developed based on old European runic inscriptions, old Asian runic inscriptions, old Hungarian runic inscriptions, runic inscriptions found in Africa, and italic inscriptions such as Etruscan and Iberian. Typefaces from 2022: Ongunkan All Runic Unicode A (a major font that covers Latin, Old Hungarian, Old Turkic, Old Italic, runic, Tifinagh, Lycian, Lydian, Carian, Phoenician, Cypriot, Ogham, Old South Arabian, Old North Arabian, Old Persian, and Ugaritic), Ongunkan Phrygian, Ongunkan Armanen Runes (a series of 18 runes, closely based on the historical Younger Futhark, introduced by Austrian mysticist and Germanic revivalist Guido von List in his Das Geheimnis der Runen, published as a periodical article in 1906, and as a standalone publication in 1908), Ongunkan Danish Futhark (he explains: Prior to 500 AD the 24-rune Elder Futhark was used in Denmark. From 500 AD to 800 AD there were many transitional futharks, reflecting a change from the 24-rune Futhark to the 16-rune Futharks. By the end of this period, the 24-rune Futhark went completely out of use and the 16-rune Futharks had prevailed.), Ongunkan Gothenburg Futhark Swe (based on the 26-letter Bohuslän runes, which are used in the west coast area), Ongunkan Latin Space, Ongunkan Latin Techno, Ongunkan Norwegian Futhark (he explains: The oldest runes discovered in Norway date from 400 AD. They were based upon the 24-rune Elder Futhark of Germanic origin. Two of the runes in the Elder Futhark, Pertra and Eoh, have never been found in any Norwegian rune text. From 550 AD to 700 AD there was a transition period between the older 24-rune Futhark and the newer 16-rune Futharks. By the end of this period, the 24-rune Futhark went completely out of use and the 16-rune Futharks had prevailed. About 900 AD, the Shorttwiggs-runes were introduced from Sweden. Shortly thereafter, from 1000 AD, Futharks with more than 16 runes became more prevalent, as these were more consistent with the Latin alphabet. These types of runes were used in Norway up to 1800 AD), Ongunkan Anglo Saxon Spirit, Ongunkan Younger Futhark One, Ongunkan Younger Futhark (he explains: The Younger Futhark, also called Scandinavian runes, is a runic alphabet and a reduced form of the Elder Futhark, with only 16 characters, in use from about the 9th century, after a transitional period during the 7th and 8th centuries. The reduction, somewhat paradoxically, happened at the same time as phonetic changes that led to a greater number of different phonemes in the spoken language, when Proto-Norse evolved into Old Norse. Also, the writing custom avoided carving the same rune consecutively for the same sound, so the spoken distinction between long and short vowels was lost in writing. Thus, the language included distinct sounds and minimal pairs that were written the same. The Younger Futhark is divided into long-branch (Danish) and short-twig (Swedish and Norwegian) runes; in the 10th century, it was further expanded by the "Hälsinge Runes" or staveless runes. The lifetime of the Younger Futhark corresponds roughly to the Viking Age. Their use declined after the Christianization of Scandinavia; most writing in Scandinavia from the 12th century was in the Latin alphabet, but the runic scripts survived in marginal use in the form of the medieval runes (in use ca. 1100-1500) and the Latinised Dalecarlian runes (ca. 1500-1910)), Ongunkan Fantastic Latin, Ongunkan Modern Latin, Ongunkan Sweden Futhark, Ongunkan Sweden Dalecarlian Run (a late version of the runic script that was in use in the Swedish province of Dalarna until the 20th century), Ongunkan Sweden Dalecarlian Run, Ongunkan Old Turkic Yenisei (based on the Yenisei inscriptions, which consist of a total of 158 Turkish inscriptions, kurgans (graves) and rock stones that have been found along the Yenisei river, which passes through the Khakasya, Tuva and Altai autonomous republics in Russia. The inscriptions were written with Turkish stamps, also known as the Orkhon Alphabet), Ongunkan Old Turkic Arrival (based on an alien language in the science fiction movie called Arrival), Ongunkan Old Turkic Predator (old Turksih runic; based on alien script from the Fantastic Predator movie), Ongunkan Runic Predator (runic; based on alien script from the Fantastic Predator movie), Ongunkan Runic, Ongunkan Greek Script, Ongunkan Karamanli Turkic Scrip (based on the Greek alphabet used by the Karamanli Turks (who are Orthodox Christians) and adapted to Turkish), Ongunkan Kensington Runestone (a rune-covered slab of brownstone that was claimed to have been discovered in central Minnesota in the United States in 1898; probably a hoax perpetrated by its discoverer, Olof Öhman), Ongunkan Old Hungarian Runic (used in parts of Transylvania until the 1850s; banned by Istvan, the first Christian king of the Hungarians (Szekel)), Ongunkan Rosetta Stone (ancient Greek as seen on Egypt's rosetta stone), Ongunkan Tifinagh Berber. [Google] [MyFonts] [More] ⦿
Free TrueType fonts of old Christian times, Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew, Christian Oriental, East European, and ancient languages. The TITUS project is run by Jost Gippert in Frankfurt. They intend to develop a special unicode font. TITUS Ogham is an Ogham font. [Google] [More] ⦿
Bristol, UK-based Tim Brayshaw's creations (free): Block Titling (very original!), Bodoni Mutant, Candle (fresh and artsy outline font), Grunge, MixAndMatch, Ogimus (Ogham style--not finished), Staidier not Stadia. His LinkedScript is not at the site. Books about fonts.
Tamagotchi, or Umbreon 126, made several fonts with the aid of FontStruct in 2012 and 2013. These include pixel typefaces (FS Rebellion, FS Rept, FS Comic Mono, FS Flower Shop, FS 126 Serif), but also truly large workhorse typefaces. For example, FS 126 Sans (a pixel sans face) has 4871 characters and covers Nko, Lisu, Armenian, Tai Le, Ogham, Thaana, Georgian, Coptic, Kayah Li, Tifinagh, Samaritan, and Lao. The 3114 glyph pixel typeface FS Semioriginal covers Hiragana, Katakana, Arabic, Armenian, Hebrew, Bopomofo, Georgian, Greek, and Cyrillic. The 2000+ glyph pixel typeface FS Unoriginal covers Hiragana, Katakana, Arabic, Armenian, Hebrew, Bopomofo and Tifinagh. Other typefaces include FS Fat Piano, FS Typ Stencil (piano key face), FS Frakletter (blackletter) and FS Stupid Me (white on black typeface). [Google] [More] ⦿
Programmer and gamer based in Aiken, SC. Designer of the commercial font package Arcane Alphabets and the free font Instahex. These typefaces go back to ca. 1997, but updates have been made until 2019. . Purchase fonts here: