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Ogham fonts



[Ogham script, 3th to 6th centuries]

Luc Devroye
McGill University
Montreal, Canada
lucdevroye@gmail.com
http://luc.devroye.org
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Alan M. Stanier

Alan M. Stanier from Essex University (UK) has created the following metafonts: ams1, cherokee, cypriote, dancers (the "Dancing Men" code of Conan Doyle), estrangelo (ancient Syriac language), georgian, goblin, iching, itgeorgian, ogham (found on ancient Irish and pictish carvings), osmanian (twentieth-century font used in Somalia), roughogham, shavian, southarabian (for various languages circa 1500BC), ugaritic (ancient cuneiform alphabet). More direct access. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Alan M. Stanier
[Ogham]

[More]  ⦿

Alphabetum
[Juan-José Marcos García]

Juan-José Marcos García (b. Salamanca, Spain, 1963) is a professor of classics at the University of Plasencia in Spain. He has developed one of the most complete Unicode fonts named ALPHABETUM Unicode for linguistics and classical languages (classical&medieval Latin, ancient Greek, Etruscan, Oscan, Umbrian, Faliscan, Messapic, Picene, Iberic, Celtiberic, Gothic, Runic, Modern Greek, Cyrillic, Devanagari-based languages, Old&Middle English, Hebrew, Sanskrit, IPA, Ogham, Ugaritic, Old Persian, Old Church Slavonic, Brahmi, Glagolitic, Ogham, ancient Greek Avestan, Kharoshti, Old Norse, Old Icelandic, Old Danish and Old Nordic in general, Bengali, Hindi, Marathi, Phoenician, Cypriot, Linear B with plans for Glagolitic). This font has over 5000 glyphs, and contains most characters that concern classicists (rare symbols, signs for metrics, epigraphical symbols, "Saxon" typeface for Old English, etcetera). A demo font can be downloaded [see also Lucius Hartmann's place]. His Greek font Grammata (2002) is now called Ellenike.

He also created a package of fonts for Latin paleography (medieval handwriting on parchments): Capitalis Elegans, Capitalis Rustica, Capitalis Monumentalis, Antiqua Cursiva Romana, Nova Cursiva Romana *2014), Uncialis, Semiuncialis, Beneventana Minuscula, Visigothica Minuscula, Luxoviensis Minuscula, Insularis Minuscula, Insularis Majuscula, Carolingia Minuscula, Gothica Textura Quadrata, Gothica Textura Prescissa, Gothica Rotunda, Gothica Bastarda, Gothica Cursiva, Bastarda Anglicana (2014) and Humanistica Antiqua. PDF entitled Fonts For Latin Palaeography (2008-2014), in which Marcos gives an enjoyable historic overview.

Alphabetum is not Marcos's only excursion into type design. In 2011, he created two simulation fonts called Sefarad and Al Andalus which imitate Hebrew and Arabic calligraphy, respectively.

Cyrillic OCS (2012) is a pair of Latin fonts that emulate Old Church Slavonic (old Cyrillic).

In 2013, he created Cuneus, a cuneiform simulation typeface.

Paleographic fonts for Greek (2014) has ten fonts designed by Marcos: Angular Uncial, Biblical Uncial, Coptic Uncial, Papyrus Uncial, Round Uncial, Slavonic Uncial, Sloping Uncial, Minuscule IX, Minuscule XI and Minuscule XV. These fonts are representative of the main styles of Greek handwriting used during the Classical World and Middle Ages on papyrus and parchments. There is also a short manual of Greek Paleography (71 pages) which explains the development of Greek handwriting from the fourth century B.C. to the invention of printing with movable type in the middle of the fifteenth A.D. He wrote a text book entitled History of Greek Typography: From the Invention of Printing to the Digital Age (in Spanish). See also here and here. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Carolyn Horn

Carolyn Horn (aka Andy Schaeff) posted her own fonts on abf on November 4, 2002: a1_bln_ogham, a1koelbren, a1_runes, A&ModernCarolynian. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Curtis Clark

Curtis Clark of the Biological Sciences Department at California State Polytechnic University in Pomona, CA, designed these fonts between 1992 and 1998: Linear B, Piecharts, Female and Male Symbols (1996), Moon Phases, Celtic Ogham, Elder Futhark, Beth-Luis-Rearn, Beth-Luis-Nion and Woolbats (occult dings, astrological symbols). Free downloads. His site is also called Mockingbird Font Works.

Dafont link. Fontspace link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Darien Valentine
[Fixedsys]

[More]  ⦿

DejaVu Fonts
[Stepan Roh]

The DejaVu fonts form an open source font family based on the Bitstream Vera Fonts. Free download. Its purpose is to provide a wider range of characters (see Current status page for more information) while maintaining the original look and feel through the process of collaborative development. Included are DejaVuSans-Bold, DejaVuSans-BoldOblique, DejaVuSans-Oblique, DejaVuSans, DejaVuSansCondensed-Bold, DejaVuSansCondensed-BoldOblique, DejaVuSansCondensed-Oblique, DejaVuSansCondensed, DejaVuSansMono-Bold, DejaVuSansMono-BoldOb, DejaVuSansMono-Oblique, DejaVuSansMono-Roman, DejaVuSerif-Bold, DejaVuSerif-BoldOblique, DejaVuSerif-Oblique, DejaVuSerif-Roman, DejaVuSerifCondensed-Bold, DejaVuSerifCondensed-BoldOblique, DejaVuSerifCondensed-Oblique, DejaVuSerifCondensed.

Authors and contributors comprise Adrian Schroeter, Ben Laenen, Dafydd Harries, Danilo Segan (Cyrillic), David Jez, David Lawrence Ramsey, Denis Jacquerye, Dwayne Bailey, James Cloos, James Crippen, Keenan Pepper, Mashrab Kuvatov, Misu Moldovan (Romanian), Ognyan Kulev, Ondrej Koala Vacha, Peter Cernák, Sander Vesik, Stepán Roh (project manager; Polish), Tavmjong Bah, Valentin Stoykov, and Vasek Stodulka. The idea is to eventually cover most of unicode. Currently, this is covered: Latin (+supplement, extended A and part of extended B), IPA, Greek, Coptic, Cyrillic, Georgian, Armenian, Hebrew, N'ko, Tifinagh, Lao, Canadian aboriginal syllabics, Ogham, Arabic, math symbols, arrows, Braille, chess, and many dingbats.

Alternate download site. Wiki page with download information.

Fontspace link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

EversonMono for MacOs

Free Mac fonts in the EversonMono series for CSX, Celtic, Croatian, Cyrillic, Esperanto, Gaelic, Georgian, Greek, Icelandic, Inuktitut, Ogham, Romanian, Sami, and Turkish. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Evertype (was: Everson Typography)
[Michael Everson]

Michael Everson's (b. Norristown, PA, 1963) brilliant pages on Celtic and other languages and on font standards, featuring the following sub-pages:

  • CeltScript describes Michael's contributions to unicode in general and to Celtic typography in particular. He created (commercial) Celtic fonts such as Gaillimh (1989, bitmap font), Ceanannas (1993), Doire (1993, a monowidth font based on the face used on the old Royal Gaelic manual typewriter. Doire Royal (1999) is a rough version of this font), Duibhlinn (1993, after Monotype Series 24), Everson Mono Gaelic (1995, hybrid sans), Acaill (1997, based on the Watts type, an early 19th century transitional angular form of Gaelic type; it was renamed and further developed into a unicode-compliant typeface called Dumha Goirt in 2011), Corcaigh (1997), Teamhair (1993, a monowidth font based on the face used on the old Sears Tower Gaelic manual typewriter; the rough version is Teamhair Tower, 1999), Darmhagh Underwood (1993, a "rough" monowidth font based on the face used on the old Underwood manual typewriter), and Loch Garman (1999, after Baoithin, Colm Ó Lochlainn). He is working on Cluain (Gaelic modern grotesque), Cois Life (his take on the hybrid Queen Elizabeth type), Darmhagh (Underwood), Doolish (Gaelic modern round, after Biggs), Lóbháin (after Louvain), Páras (after the Paris type).
  • Everson Mono is a huge free monospaced font family started in 1994, but still being adjusted in 2010. As Michael puts it, Everson Mono is a simple, elegant, monowidth font. I designed it primarily to make glyphs available in support of all the non-Han characters in the Basic Multilingual Plane of ISO/IEC 10646-1 (BMP = Unicode, if you prefer), though I hope that users may find it a pleasant alternative to Courier and Monaco for general purposes, e-mail, and so forth. I have found it quite legible at sizes as small as 4 points. It is lighter and a bit looser than Courier.
  • Ogham fonts created by Michael Everson (and free for download): Beith-Luis-Nion, Pollach, Maigh Nuad, Craobh Ruadh, Everson Mono Ogham, Cog, Crosta. Mac and PC. This page also has TITUS Ogham by Jost Gippert, and Ragnarok Ogham by David F. Nalle from Scriptorium.
  • Inuktitut fonts designed by Everson include Allatuq (1998, hand-printed glyphs), Everson Mono Inuktitut, Jiniiva Maanaku, Naamajuttaaqqauq, Sikaagu.
  • The Sutton signwriting fingerspelling fonts created by Everson are free.
  • List of language lists.
  • Fonts for the Sami language of the Barents region.
  • Gaelic Typefaces: History and Classification.
  • Armenian encoding on the web.

Elsewhere, one can find rare Everson creations such as Musgrave (1994). MyFonts.com sells Corcaigh, Doire, Darmhagh and Loch Garman. About Loch Garman: Loch Garman is based on Baoithmn, designed by Viktor Hammer and Colm Ó Lochlainn; Baoithmn was based on Hammerschrift, which was related to Hammer's American Uncial -- though Loch Garman is more authentic Gaelic font than American Uncial. He continues: American Uncial sucks. It is inauthentic and it's not even attractive. It has a "dot" on the i (which it shouldn't) which makes it look like an í (which it doubly shouldn't). Hammer Uncial isn't much better. In my own view, the only one of Hammer's Uncials that I have seen that was any good was Pindar, and then only in its reworking as Baoithín (with Colm ÓÓ Lochlainn).

His bio, in his own words: Michael Everson, based in Westport, Co. Mayo, is an expert in the writing systems of the world. He is active in supporting minority-language communities, especially in the fields of character standardization and internationalization. He is one of the co-authors of the Unicode Standard, and is a Contributing Editor and Irish National Representative to ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG2, the committee responsible for the development and maintenance of the Universal Character Set. He is a linguist, typesetter, and font designer who has contributed to the encoding in of many scripts and characters. In 2005 and 2006 his work to encode the Balinese and N'Ko scripts was supported by UNESCO's Initiative B@bel programme. Michael received the Unicode "Bulldog" Award in 2000 for his technical contributions to the development and promotion of the Unicode Standard. Active in the area of practical implementations, Michael has created locale and language information for many languages, from support for Irish and the other Celtic langauges to the minority languages of Finland. In 2003 he was commissioned by the United Nations Development Programme to prepare a report on the computer locale requirements for Afghanistan, which was endorsed by the Ministry of Communications of the Afghan Transitional Islamic Administration. He prepared a number of fonts and keyboard layouts for Mac OS X 10.3 (Panther). Michael moved to Tucson, Arizona at the age of 12. He studied German, Spanish, and French for his B.A. at the University of Arizona (1985), and the History of Religions and Indo-European Linguistics for his M.A. at the University of California, Los Angeles (1988). He moved to Ireland in 1989, and was a Fulbright Scholar in the Faculty of Celtic Studies, University College Dublin (1991). In 2010, he made Timenhor, a Latin-script font whose glyphs are based on the uncial letterforms of Coptic manuscripts. Speaker at ATypI 2010 in Dublin. Speaker at ATypI 2011 in Reykjavik.

Dafont link. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Fixedsys
[Darien Valentine]

Free truetype fonts: Tai Le Valentinum (for the Tai Le script used in China, Burma and Laos), Valentine Arabic, the faux pixel font Sounds of Apathy, and the unicode faux pixel font Fixedsys Excelsior 2.0 (2007). The latter covers Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew, Armenian, Tamil, Hylian, N'Ko, Ethiopic, blackletter, Dehong Dai, Pahawh Hmong, Thaan, Arabic, Thai, Ogham, runic, and IPA. All fonts made by Darien Valentine in 2004. See also here. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Fonts in Cyberspace

List of useful links and free fonts for Ogham, Celtic, Cuneiforem, hieroglyphs, Cyrillic, and languages in general at SIL, the Summer Institute of Linguistics. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Juan-José Marcos García
[Alphabetum]

[More]  ⦿

Laser Gaelic

Commercial fonts for Gaelic: GaillimhLS, GaelicLS. At the same site of Linguist's Software, we also find the Ogham font BallymoteLS. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Laval Chabon

Québec City-based creator (b. 1952) of the octagonal font Vegesignes (2009, FontStruct). This font also appeared in 2010 at Open Font Library. It consists of almost 7,615 glyphs.As of 2014, 188 languages care covered, inclufing Afrikaans, Arabic, Archaic Greek Letters, Armenian, Baltic, Basic Cyrillic, Basic Greek, Basic Latin, Bengali, Catalan, Central European, Cherokee, Devanagari, Dutch, Euro, Farsi, Georgian, Gujarati, Hanun├│'o, Hebrew, Igbo Onwu, IPA, Kannada, Kazakh, Lao, Malayalam, Myanmar, New Tai Lue, N'Ko, Ogham, Oriya, Pashto, Pinyin, Polytonic Greek, Romanian, Runic, Sindhi, Syriac, Tai Le, Tai Tham (Lanna), Telugu, Thaana, Thai, Tibetan, Turkish, Uighur, Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics, Urdu, Vietnamese, Western European.

Dafont link. Fontspace link. Aka Leaurend-Lavie-Hyppere (Laval) Chabon and as Joseph Rosaire Laval Frandey Leaurend Lavie Hyper Chabom. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Michael Everson
[Evertype (was: Everson Typography)]

[MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Ogham
[Alan M. Stanier]

From Essex University, Alan M. Stanier's metafont for Ogham, an alphabet found on a number of Irish and Pictish carvings dated from the 4th century AD. The characters touch or cross the edges of the stone. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Ogham

Ogham is a 3rd to 6th century Irish script. Explanations and links by Lawrence Lo. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Ogham

Ogham was a script devised by a Celtic grammarian from southern Ireland. The Old Irish of his day had no phoneme /p/, a fact which helps date the invention of the script to ca. the 4th century A.D. It was divided into four aicmí 'groups' of five letters each: b, l, f, s, n; h, d, t, c, q; m, g, ng, z, r; and a, o, u, e, i. Later, when diphthongs had developed and borrowings had reintroduced the /p/ phoneme into the language, five more signs, called forfede, were added to write eo, oi, ui, io/p, and Š. Most of the Ogham inscriptions have been found in Ireland, though some bilingual inscriptions with Latin have been found in Wales; a few too are found in Cornwall and Scotland, and on the Isle of Man. The Picts, the non-Celtic indigenous inhabitants of Britain, took up the use of Ogham script as well; unfortunately we do not understand their language. Oghams were in use until the medieval period; the 14th century Book of Ballymote, for which this font has been named, gave the earliest transliteration key. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Stepan Roh
[DejaVu Fonts]

[More]  ⦿

The British Druid Order

The history of the Ogham alphabet. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Tim Brayshaw
[twisty.com]

[More]  ⦿

TITUS Instrumenta

Free TrueType fonts of old Christian times, Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew, Christian Oriental, East European, and ancient languages. The TITUS project is run by Jost Gippert in Frankfurt. They intend to develop a special unicode font. TITUS Ogham is an Ogham font. [Google] [More]  ⦿

twisty.com
[Tim Brayshaw]

Bristol, UK-based Tim Brayshaw's creations (free): Block Titling (very original!), Bodoni Mutant, Candle (fresh and artsy outline font), Grunge, MixAndMatch, Ogimus (Ogham style--not finished), Staidier not Stadia. His LinkedScript is not at the site. Books about fonts.

Dafont link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Umbreon 126

Tamagotchi, or Umbreon 126, made several fonts with the aid of FontStruct in 2012 and 2013. These include pixel faces (FS Rebellion, FS Rept, FS Comic Mono, FS Flower Shop, FS 126 Serif), but also truly large workhorse typefaces. For example, FS 126 Sans (a pixel sans face) has 4871 characters and covers Nko, Lisu, Armenian, Tai Le, Ogham, Thaana, Georgian, Coptic, Kayah Li, Tifinagh, Samaritan, and Lao. The 3114 glyph pixel face FS Semioriginal covers Hiragana, Katakana, Arabic, Armenian, Hebrew, Bopomofo, Georgian, Greek, and Cyrillic. The 2000+ glyph pixel face FS Unoriginal covers Hiragana, Katakana, Arabic, Armenian, Hebrew, Bopomofo and Tifinagh. Other typefaces include FS Fat Piano, FS Typ Stencil (piano key face), FS Frakletter (blackletter) and FS Stupid Me (white on black typeface). [Google] [More]  ⦿

VADA Software Talen I-L

Free fonts for Ibo, Inuit, Japanese, Kannada, Telugu, Malayalam, Kanuri, Khmer, Kikongo, Kikuyu, Kinya Rwardan, Hangul, Kpelle, Krio, Kru, Laotian, Latvian, Luba, Luo, Maltese, Oriya, Kannada, Malayalam, Sanskrit, Pali, Punjabi, Marathi, Telugu, Hindi, African languages such as Mandinka, Mende, More, Ngala. Plus Navajo, Oromo, Ogham, Phoenician. [Google] [More]  ⦿

VADA Software Talen M-Q

[More]  ⦿