TYPE DESIGN INFORMATION PAGE last updated on Tue Dec 10 13:10:29 EST 2013
Type design in Pakistan
Aamir Wali obtained his BS degree in Computer Sciences from National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Lahore, in 2002 and MS in Computer Science from the same university 2004. He is a lecturer and faculty member in Center for Research in Urdu Language Processing at National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan. Since then he has been doing R&D in script processing of Urdu. His has incorporated OpenType GSUB Table 8 into Linux's rendering engine Pango and has worked on OpenType fonts for Urdu such as Nafees Nastaliq, Nafees Naskh and Nafees Pakistani Naskh. At Typotechnica 2005 he spoke on "Contextual Substitution in Nafees Nastaliq Script". [Google] [More] ⦿
Pakistani calligrapher who developed the calligraphic Arabic script Noori Nastaliq for Monotype in the 1970s. He has been awarded with TAMGHA-I-IMTIAZ by government of Pakistan in 1982. Mirza Jamil is the owner of the Noori Nastaliq typeface. Agfa Monotype Corporation holds copyright to the Noori Nastaliq digital font data. Finally, Noori Nastaliq is a trademark of The Monotype Corporation. [Google] [More] ⦿
Amjad Hussain Alvi
Syed Hyder, one of the founders of the School of Computer Science at McGill University, Olivier Maquelin and Amar Goudjil (photo, with Syed Hyder), developed high-quality nonlinear context-sensitive Arabic fonts. One of the greatest hackers anywhere, Olivier wrote an in-house TrueType to PostScript converter in C in two afternoons. Paola Maleh and Laleh Tajrobekhar helped out with the programming. Laleh's brother in Iran, one of the leading calligraphers there, provided the team with wonderful Nastalique glyphs. Syed Hyder died in Pakistan on Easter Sunday, 2006. [Google] [More] ⦿
Syed Hyder, one of the founders of the School of Computer Science at McGill University, Olivier Maquelin and Amar Goudjil, developed high-quality nonlinear context-sensitive Arabic fonts. One of the greatest hackers anywhere, Olivier wrote an in-house TrueType to PostScript converter in C in two afternoons (without hinting of course). Syed Hyder died in Pakistan on Easter Sunday, 2006. [Google] [More] ⦿
The Arabic script is used for the following languages: Arabic, Farsi (the official language of Iran), Jawi (the Arabic alphabet for Malay used until the 17th century), Kurdish, Pashto (the official language of Afghanistan), Sindhi (an Indo-Aryan language with about 9 million speakers in the south-eastern province of Sind in Pakistan and in India) and Urdu (the official language of Pakistan); it can also be used for Punjabi (which is spoken in Pakistan and the Indian state of Panjab, but only in Pakistan is it written using Arabic script). It is cursive, caseless, and written right-to-left. [Google] [More] ⦿
Pakistan-based creator of the primitive hand-drawn typefaces Bolden (2013), Thunderstorm (2013), Kachoo (2013), Boldilocks (2013), Slimmer (2013), Gloomy (2013), Typewriter (2013), Capitals (2013), Hearts (2013), Crazy Writing (2013) and A (2013). Her name is Anna. [Google] [More] ⦿
Creator of the blood paint face Arslan's Blood (2009), the old typewriter face Typewriter From 286 (2009), and the grungy Grunge Zinda Bad (2009) and I Love Grunge (2009). Arslan is from Faisalabad, Pakistan and was born in 1988. [Google] [More] ⦿
Ashfaq A. Niazi
CRULP: Center for Research in Urdu Language Processing
Free Arabic fonts available here:
Ibrahim Jamali, an electronic techician from Pakistan, started his own typefoundry, Jamali Foundry, in Saudi Arabia in 2012. In 2012, he created the zany Latin display face Aliya. [Google] [MyFonts] [More] ⦿
Kamal Mansour used to run Kappa Type in Palo Alto, CA. and was involved in software, fonts and keyboards for some languages. Thereafter, he joined Monotype in 1996 where he is now involved in OpenType implementations for various scripts including Latin, Arabic, and Hebrew. At Monotype, his responsibilities includes growing the library of non-Latin scripts, investigating potential products, in-house consulting, as well as assisting customers with font specifications.
He spoke at ATypI 2005 in Helsinki on Nastaliq style through open type, about which he writes: Designed by Pakistani calligrapher Mirza Jamil, Noori Nastaliq is a calligraphic Arabic-script typeface originally devised for use on a Monotype imagesetter in the 1970s. Once this proprietary equipment became obsolete, Noori Nastaliq could not be readily implemented for many years with the digital technology at the time. With the advent and maturation of OpenType technology, Noori Nastaliq is once again alive. In spite of the many graphic complexities of Nastaliq style such as its oblique alignment to the baseline and its cursive connections, OpenType proved sufficient for the task. Speaker at TypeCon 2012 in Milwaukee. [Google] [More] ⦿
King Fahd Glorious Quran Printing Complex
Ashfaq A. Niazi is a designer in Lahore, Pakistan, who graduated from Govt Islamia College in Lahore. Since 2008, he is associated with the King Fahd Glorious Quran Printing Complex in Saudi Arabia, which in 2009 released the free Arabic language font Uthman Taha's Naskh (2008, +Bold). Earlier fonts by King Fahd Complex include QCF P001 and QCF BSML, which are here. He also made the free symbols face KFGQPC Arabic Symbols 01 (2010). In 2008, Peter Bilak, Eike Dingler, Ondrej Jób, and Ashfaq Niazi created the 21-style family History at Typotheque: Based on a skeleton of Roman inscriptional capitals, History includes 21 layers inspired by the evolution of typography. These 21 independent typefaces share widths and other metric information so that they can be recombined. Thus History has the potential to generate thousands of different unique styles. History 1, e.g., is a hairline sans; History 2 is Peignotian; History 14 is a multiline face; History 15 is a stapler face, and so forth.
He writes: My objective is to work on Quranic Fonts, with Latest Digital Technology, and enhance them for the maximum visibility. My aim is to produce High Quality Mushaf & Naskh fonts, with the best possible placement of Tashkeel (Diacritics). I've developed, Indo-Pak Quranic Calligraphy System (QCS), Full Quran, having more than 15000 Ligatures, now used widely in Pakistan, for the printing of Quran. Now this complete package is free for everyone.
TrueType and Type 1 fonts for Macintosh computers. Four fonts, 100 USD. "Sindhi is spoken in Pakistan, where it is written in the Arabic script with the addition of several letters to accommodate special sounds. Sindhi is also one of the constitutional languages of India." [Google] [More] ⦿
Lateef Sagar Shaikh
Graphic designer and photographer in Karachi, Pakistan. She created the QAT Latin script typeface in 2011, which has several Arabic traits. She says: Qat is a display typeface that has been designed as my graphic design thesis. The purpose is to create awareness among Pakistani graphic designers to embrace their cultural identity by using typefaces that are more representative of us and our culture. This typeface encourages them to promote Pakistan's own typographic movement that is unique and one of a kind. It is available for sale at the Typerighter Foundry. [Google] [More] ⦿
Mirjam Somers was educated at St Joost Art Academy in Breda, The Netherlands, where her teachers included calligraphers Chris Brand and Jan van den Bouwhuysen. After two years she continued at the Gerrit Rietveld Academy in Amsterdam and graduated there in 1974 in Architectural Design. Having worked as a carpenter and free-lance typographer, she encountered Arabic script in 1982 when together with Thomas Milo she designed and produced the Arabic Letter Box, a wooden prototype of a computer program and an educational tool at once. With Tom she reduced the traditional Arabic Ruqah script to 70 penstrokes and defined a mechanism to generate all Arabic letter combinations by the smart font algorithm. The combination of the font-in-the-box and the out-of-the-box font inspired Peter Somers to write the smart font program code. Peter, Mirjam and Thomas incorporated Decotype [Designers of Computer-aided Typography] in 1985. Mirjam played a major role in designing the Naskh typeface (1993-2004), and created the Emiri (2004, a revival) and DecoType Nastaliq (2008-2010, an original analysis) typefaces. Her latest designs are a second Ruq`ah (2011) and an Eastern Nastaleeq (2012).
DecoType Nastaliq (2009) won an award in the non-Latin category at TDC2 2010. The award blurb reads: DecoType Nastaliq is the latest fruit of more than 25 years of analyzing Arabic scripts in their pure, pre-typographic form. Like its close relative ruq?ah, nastaliq retains the original two-dimensional aspect of Arabic script. To capture this for use in an essentially Latin-based technical environment is a great challenge. The final glyph set consists of a minimal set of functional shapes, with which for all Arabic-scripted languages all imaginable combinations with any diacritic attachment can be generated. This is possible solely with the use of ACE, the Arabic Calligraphic Engine, a radical departure from conventional thinking in Gutenberg-style movable type. ACE was developed by the DecoType team, Thomas Milo, Peter Somers and Mirjam Somers, initially for the ruqah script, later it was expanded for a very broad analysis of the naskh script. Today ACE drives any Arabic typeface and is the core engine of WinSoft's Tasmeem enhancement of Adobe InDesign Middle Eastern version. The seminal role of ACE for the development of smart font technology, including OpenType, was recently acknowledged with the Dr Peter Karow Award.
At ATypI 2011 in Reykjavik, she spoke on the slanted Arabic typefaces with cascading connections: It was exactly this challenge that brought DecoType into the typography scene in 1985 with the very first Ruqah computer typography. In 2011, a completely new Ruqah design takes its place. In addition to that, the award-winning DecoType Nastaliq typeface in Persian style is very well received as the top typeface in WinSoft Tasmeem. A second nastaliq, this time in Pakistani style is under construction. Speaker at ATypI 2013 in Amsterdam: Technology designed for Arabic.
Pak Nastaleeq is an OpenType Unicode Nastaleeq Font created and developed by Center of Excellence for Urdu Informatics by Mohsin Shafeeque Hijazee in 2005. Alternate URL. Hijazee is a team member in the Font Department of the Center of Excellence for Urdu Informatics, a project of the Government of Pakistan. He also made Indus Naskh (2007). [Google] [More] ⦿
Lahore, Pakistan-based type designer who made a Naskh font, Musa Albazi Naskh (2009).
He also created Adobe Naskh.
His main Arabic typeface to date is Zuhair Albazi Naskh, an advanced OpenType Arabic typeface, which is based on the Ottoman manuscript. He writes: This unique typeface contains an unmatched range of features known from the Arabic script. It is not merely a font but an ultimate typesetting and design tool for the Arabic script in classic Naskh style, with letters variants and calligraphic styles, specifically developed to take advantage of the extensive functionality for Naskh Arabic typography. The typeface allowd many controls such as shape alternates, space adjustments, mark placements, and swashes. Two very special features: Calligraphic Naskh kashida (Tatweel) upto three levels of elongations, so the Kashida distribution and frequence can be precisely controlled to create Arabic calligraphic documents without a calligrapher; thousands of kerning pairs for the fine adjustment of letters specially after Raa, Zaa, Waw and before Kaaf. [Google] [More] ⦿
Pakistan Data Management Services
Karachi-based company. In 2007, they published a beautiful font specially designed for the Quran. Their announcement: akistan Data Management Services is pleased to announce the release of an OpenType Font for writing Holy Quran text based on Unicode standard. The font features high quality glyphs and has support for all aeraabs/mark placements at proper places. All waqfs (special symbols) used for identifying different pauses in reading are also provided. PDMS Saleem Quran Font provides advanced Arabic typography - close to calligraphy while retaining the beauty and legibility of Quran Majeed Arabic text. This font is developed according to rules used in Quranic calligraphy in Pakistan, following the style of Yameen Dehlvi, who is one of the finest Quran calligraphers of Pakistan. Guidance and calligraphy of basic glyphs for the font has been provided by Mr. Mohammed Saleem. He is a student of Mohammed Iqbal Saeed (founder of Dar-ul-Tehreer Academy), Yameen Dehlvi and Shafiq-uz-Zaman. Mohammed Saleem is inspired by work of Shafiq-uz-Zaman (master calligrapher for Masjid Nabbawi) and frequently consults him for guidance. Another Arabic font family, PDMS Jauhar, is a 1700-ligature Nastalkiq script type family costing 250 dollars. [Google] [More] ⦿
PakType - Pakistani Typography
Pakistani Typography or PakType is an open source project run by a group of volunteer designers and font developers for making Unicode based open source OpenType fonts supporting Arabic Script under the terms of the GNU GPL was published by the FSF. The project leader is Lateef Sagar. Free fonts include PakType Naqsh (2004: Glyphs designed by Umar Rashid and Lateef Sagar Shaikh. OTF made by Lateef Sagar Shaikh) and PakType Tehreer (2005: Glyphs designed by Mohammad Hanif. OTF made by Lateef Sagar Shaikh). [Google] [More] ⦿
Lahore, Pakistan-based creator (b. 1989) of Gutsy (2012, a four-style techno typeface family).
Urdu Nastaliq Unicode
Urdu Nastaliq Unicode is a Windows True-Type Urdu font which uses Unicode Arabic coding. It was developed by Shehzad Ali and unicoded by Tabish Qureshi (Department of Physics, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi). Here we find more Urdu fonts: AlKatib1 (1998, Naseem Amjad Ali Khan), Umair I (1997, Umair Khan, Urdu Web, based on Neda Reyanah's Persian Font), Urdu Khat-e-Naqsh (1998, AHS), Urdu (1995, Tooraj Enayati and 1997, Adil Rehan, Karachi), Urdu Khat-e-Naqsh (Nastalique) (1999, Shehzad Ashiq Ali). [Google] [More] ⦿
Urdu word processing site by Shehzad Ashiq Ali of Ashiq Enterprises in Lahore, Pakistan. Has the fonts UrduNaqsh (truetype, Nastalique and ordinary version, made in 1999). PC, Mac and UNIX versions of these fonts, all created by Shehzad himself. [Google] [More] ⦿