TYPE DESIGN INFORMATION PAGE last updated on Sat Jun 22 21:26:14 EDT 2024






Metafont links

[Ralph Steadman's chef cartoon from 2003 ]


A Handy Little Font

A metafont with a series of "pointing hand" dingbats in various orientations, including pointing left and right, and "reverse video" versions in the same directions. Design work was originally by Georgia K.M. Tobin, and the final version assembled by Norman E. Powroz. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Aarno Hohti

[More]  ⦿

Achim Blumensath

Designer of MnSymbols, a free math symbol font (in metafont format) designed to be used in conjunction with Adobe Minion. Since 2005 also available in type 1 format: MnSymbol-Bold10, MnSymbol-Bold12, MnSymbol-Bold5, MnSymbol-Bold6, MnSymbol-Bold7, MnSymbol-Bold8, MnSymbol-Bold9, MnSymbol10, MnSymbol12, MnSymbol5, MnSymbol6, MnSymbol7, MnSymbol8, MnSymbol9. [Google] [More]  ⦿

AFM parser

Written in PERL. Dead link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[John Heise]

John Heise's page on Akkadian. He created the cfi family of cuneiform metafonts, with signs given in New Assyrian notation. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Alan Hoenig

The Computer Duerer fonts are a metafont family developed by Alan Hoenig (John Jay College, City University of New York). This is a set of roman capitals introduced in a TUGboat article in 1990, entitled A Constructed Dürer Alphabet. Alan extended Duerer's design to generate related fonts in a bold, sans serif, typewriter-like, slanted, and casual style.

Hoenig also developed Makor, a Hebrew TeX. The fonts in that package include OmegaSerifHebrew (like David), Ezra, Rashi and Hadassah. Another URL. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Alan Jeffrey

[More]  ⦿

Alan Jeffrey

[More]  ⦿

Alan M. Stanier

Alan M. Stanier from Essex University (UK) has created the following metafonts: ams1, cherokee, cypriote, dancers (the "Dancing Men" code of Conan Doyle), estrangelo (ancient Syriac language), georgian, goblin, iching, itgeorgian, ogham (found on ancient Irish and pictish carvings), osmanian (twentieth-century font used in Somalia), roughogham, shavian, southarabian (for various languages circa 1500BC), ugaritic (ancient cuneiform alphabet). More direct access. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Alan M. Stanier

[More]  ⦿

Alan M. Stanier

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Alan M. Stanier

[More]  ⦿

Alan M. Stanier
[Cypriote metafont]

[More]  ⦿

Alan M. Stanier
[Cherokee metafont]

[More]  ⦿

Alexey Kryukov

Russian developer of these free font families, quite exquisite and complete:

  • Old Standard TT (2006-2010): a high quality didone 2-style family, suitable for classical, biblical and medieval studies as well as for general-purpose typesetting in languages which use Greek or Cyrillic script, as well as Latin. Many math symbols are included. Old Standard is part of the Google open font directory of free web fonts, and was adapted for TeX use. He writes: Old Standard is supposed to reproduce the actual printing style of the early 20th century, reviving a specific type of Modern (classicist) style of serif typefaces, very commonly used in various editions of the late 19th and early 20th century, but almost completely abandoned later. It supports typesetting of Old and Middle English, Old Icelandic, Cyrillic (with historical characters, extensions for Old Slavonic and localised forms), Gothic transliterations, critical editions of Classical Greek and Latin, and many more. People have also started using it for mathematical typesetting.
  • Tempora LGC Unicode: Kryukov writes Tempora LGC Unicode was my first attempt to create a multilingual font supporting Latin, Greek (including polytonic characters) and Cyrillic scripts. This family is based on two well-known free typefaces similar to Adobe Times: Nimbus Roman No 9 L by URW (russified by Valek Filippov), and the Omega Serif family, developed by Yannis Charalambous. However, all basic components of the font, and especially its Greek and Cyrillic parts, have suffered serious modifications, so that currently Tempora LGC Unicode represents an independent typeface, quite different from its predecessors. Free download site. Many updates were made to the font package, with copyright notices to Michael Sharpe (2015), Alexey Kryukov (2005), URW++ Design & Development (1999), Valek Filippov (2001), Dmitry 40in (2001), The Omega Project (1996), and the Free Software Foundation (2002, 2003).
  • Theano Classical fonts: Theano Didot (2008) is a classicist face, with both its Roman and Greek parts implemented in Didot style. Theano Modern has Greek letters designed in the Porsonic style. It is based on Figgins Pica No. 3 / Small Pica No. 2, one of the most successful Porsonic Greek typefaces. Theano Old Style is a modernized "Old Style" Greek font with a large number of historic ligatures and alternate forms, modelled after some early 19th century types designed by Figgins' type foundry. It is accompanied by a Latin typeface based on some "Old Style" Roman fonts of the late 19th and early 20th century. Pick up Theano Modern C (2012) at Open Font Library, and Theano Didot at CTAN.
  • CM-LGC (2003): The CM-LGC package contains Type 1 fonts converted from METAFONT sources of the Computer Modern font families. The following encodings are supported: T1, T2A (Cyrillic), LGR (Greek) and TS1. This package includes also Unicode virtual fonts for use with Omega/Lambda. CM-LGC is the first Type 1 font package for LaTeX which supports all European scripts (LGC means Latin, Greek and Cyrillic). Alexej Kryukov used Textrace to create CM-LGC.

He contributed to the GNU Freefont project via FreeSerif Cyrillic, and some of the Greek symbols. He also provided valuable direction about Cyrillic and Greek typesetting.

Kernest link. Fontspace link. Another URL. Google Plus link. Abstract Fonts link. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Alexis Reigel

[More]  ⦿

[Carl-Gustav Werner]

Carl-Gustav Werner is a mathematician at Sweden's Lunds Universitet. He created metafont code for runes (2001-2014) of all kinds, including Scandinavian, Continental, Gothic, Anglo-Frisian, Normal, Short-Twig, Staveless, and Medieval. He explains: Several fonts exists for typesetting runes, for a list, see here. Most of them are rather limited. [...] I try to cover most varieties that ever existed. Since I prefer LaTeX for document writing, I have created the font with Metafont and set up a package for easy use in LaTeX. CTAN download site. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Amarjit Singh
[Gurmukhi metafont]

[More]  ⦿

American Mathematical Society
[Tom Kacvinsky]

The AMS in Providence, RI, offered the Computer Modern and AMS fonts in type 1 and metafont formats. Free, and for mathematical symbols, the best anywhere. The contact until 2004 was Tom Kacvinsky. Tom hasn't worked at the AMS since 2004. The AMS and CM fonts are copyrighted by the AMS now and are part of the TeX Live distribution. AMS Fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Amine Anane
[Digital Khatt]

[More]  ⦿

AMS fonts

AMS Euler (a calligraphic font, designed by Herman Zapf), AMS Cyrillic, AMS Computer Modern, AMS extra math symbols (msam, msbm). In metafont and type 1 formats. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Andreas Egler

[More]  ⦿

Andreas Scherer

Curves in metapost. By Andreas Scherer. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Anshuman Pandey

Anshuman Pandey (University of Washington, Seattle) made a Bengali METAFONT. He also created wnri, a METAFONT set of fonts for Old English, Indic languages in transcription, and American Indian languages. The Washington Romanized (WNRI) Indic package enables texts encoded in the 8-bit Classical Sanskrit/Classical Sanskrit eXtended (CS/CSX) encoding to be typeset in \TeX{} without modification of the input scheme. Pandey also developed a LaTeX package for Gurmukhi/Punjabi, which uses a metafont he generated (with permission) from Hardip Singh Pannu's Punjabi truetype font.

Frans Velthuis (Groningen University) developed a Devanagari Metafont in 1991, which is on the CTAN archive. Later, Anshuman Pandey took over the maintenance of font. Primoz Peterlin made type 1 outlines based on this. These outline renderings (Type 1) were automatically converted from METAFONT by Peter Szabo's TeXtrace, and subsequently edited using George Williams' PfaEdit PostScript font editor by Anshuman Pandey (University of Washington). In 2003-2004, additional updates in the set of 22 Metafont files are due to Kevin Carmody, who presently maintains the package. The font names: TeX-dvng10, TeX-dvng9, TeX-dvng8. These were later changed to VelthuisDevanagari8-Regular, VelthuisDevanagari9-Regular and VelthuisDevanagari10-Regular. This font was used in the GNU freefont project for the Devanagari range (U+0900-U+097F). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Anthony Phan

From the University of Poitiers, France, Anthony Phan's math symbol package (in metafont) is called mathabx (2002). It extends the Computer Modern mathematical symbol set. Other series by him, all in metafont: Mbb (2000, blackboard outline), Mcalligra (2001), Mxy (2002), Mgrey (2000). In 2011, type 1 outlines were made by Kohsaku Hotta. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Antonis Tsolomitis

[More]  ⦿

[Aarno Hohti]

Aarno Hohti's free metafont for APL. Plus many files for TEX users who want to set APL code nicely. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Klaus Lagally]

If you use LaTeX and want the top of the line in Arabic fonts (and free too!), get the metafont that comes with ArabTex: From the University of Stuttgart, Professor Klaus Lagally's ArabTeX is a LaTeX extension for high-quality Arabic writing. It is free. Lagally is also responsible for the xnsh package for ArabTeX. CTAN archive. He published ArabTEX - Typesetting Arabic with Vowels and Ligatures, EuroTEX'92 (Prague), 1992. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Peter R. Wilson]

Peter R. Wilson's metafont code (2000-2005) for many archaic languages: Proto-Semitic (16bc), Phoenician (10bc), Greek (6bc), Greek (4bc), Etruscan (8bc), Futharc (Anglo-Saxon, 6ad), Hieroglyphics (30bc: the hieroglf provides a Metafont version of about 80 Egyptian hieroglyphs from Serge Rosmorduc's comprehensive hieroglyph package, see here for a type 1 version called Archaic-Poor-Mans-Hieroglyphs (2005)), Cypriot (9bc). Peter also developed metafont fonts for bookhands. The Archaic ollection contains fonts to represent Aramaic, Cypriot, Etruscan, Greek of the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, Egyptian hieroglyphics, Linear A, Linear B, Nabatean old Persian, the Phaistos disc, Phoenician, proto-Semitic, runic, South Arabian Ugaritic and Viking scripts. The bundle also includes a small font for use in phonetic transcription of the archaic writings. The bundle's own directory includes a font installation map file for the whole collection. The authors are Peter R. Wilson, Uwe Zimmermann and Apostolos Syropoulos. See here for the type 1 fonts Archaic-OandS (2005) and Archaic-OandS-Italic (2005). Here we find type 1 versions called Square-Capitals (2005) and Square-Capitals-Bold (2005). He also made the type 1 typefaces Archaic-Etruscan (2005), Archaic-Runic (2005) and Archaic-ProtoSemitic (2005). Further packages of type 1 and metafont fonts: Archaic-Aramaic (2005), South Arabian (2005, for the South Arabian script, in use for about 1000 years from roughly 600 BC; based on a metafont by Alan Stanier), Archaic-Linear-B (2005: a syllabary used in the Bronze Age (15bc) for writing Mycenaean Greek), Archaic-Nabatean (2005: the Nabatean script used in the Middle East between the fourth centuries BC and AD), Archaic-Old-Persian (2005: the Old Persian Cuneiform script in use between about 500 to 350 BC.), Archaic-Ugaritic-Cuneiform (2005: the Ugaritic Cuniform script in use about 1300 BC), Archaic-Cypriot (1999-2005). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Archives of MetaFont--MetaPost list

Gutenberg archives on metapost and metafont. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Ariel Barton

Author of various TeX / metafnt / TeX font packages. These include knitting: a package written to make it possible to write cable and lace charts for knitting patterns using plain TeX or LaTeX. It provides type 1 and metafont fonts of appropriate symbols and macros for their use. The font family KnittingSymbols (2010) contains ten fonts by Ariel Barton.

In 2013, she published sansmathfonts, motivated by Ariel as follows: The Computer Modern font family has a sans serif typeface. However, compared to the serif typeface, it is incomplete: there are no sans serif small caps or math fonts. Furthermore, the bold slanted font is not available as an outline font. This leads to highly unsatisfactory typography of documents that use sans serif for the body text. The sansmathfonts package provides these missing" fonts. Most of the usefulness of the package is in the fonts; sansmathfonts.sty is a small package providing LATEX support. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Armenian metafont
[Serguei Dachian]

Free package developed by Serguei Dachian in metafont. He writes: These fonts were converted from the TrueType font family "ArTarumianTimes" made by Ruben Hakobian (Tarumian). We would like to thank him for giving us the permission to use his fonts. Other fonts (ars series) were developed based on Raffi Kojian's Sassoun family (1994). [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Muhammad Masroor Ali]

Muhammad Masroor Ali's Bengali metafont. [Google] [More]  ⦿

ascii metafont
[R.W.D. Nickalls]

Metafont created by R. Ramasubramanian, R. W. D. Nickalls and M. A. Reed, and based on IBM's Courier. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Peter Schmitt]

Peter Schmitt (Institut für Mathematik, Universität Wien) is the designer of the metafont AstroSym between 1992 and 2002. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Avinash Chopde

[More]  ⦿

BaKoMa TeX

Free software by Basyl K. Malyshev: BaKoMa TeX is a complete TeX system for Microsoft Windows 95/98/NT/2000. It supports type 1, type 3, truetype, OpenType, and TeX PK formats, and enables PostScript in TeX. The system includes about *1500* typefaces in PostScript Type 1 and Type 3 font format including the following fonts: CM (including LaTeX and Logo fonts + vf for T1 with CX, AMS Fonts (Euler, Math Symbols), EC/TC, LH (T2A), Concrete (Math, ECC), Malvern, CMCyr + vf for T2A/LCY, Scripting fonts, CMPica, Punk, Stmaryrd, Wasy, Rsfs, YHMath, BlackBoard (bbm, doublestroke), Lams, Astro Symbols (cmastro, astrosym, moonphase), Barcodes (barcodes, wlean, wlc*), Logical (loggates, milstd), timing, MusiXTeX, Chess/CChess, Go, Backgammon, Dingbats/NiceFrame. PDF output supported. Direct access to the fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Palash Baran Pal]

Bangtex is a package for typesetting documents in Bangla and Assamese using the Tex/Latex systems, developed by Calcutta-based Palash Baran Pal, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Calcutta. It includes a metafont family. See also here. Designer of the free Unicode-based Bengali font Akaash (2003), which can be found here and here. The latter font is part of a free Bengali font effort by the FreeFonts Project. Akaash is co-produced by Sayamindu Dasgupta. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Bashkirian letters on top of the wncyr (Cyrillic metafont from Washington University), developed by Joerg Knappen. These letters are also sufficent for the writing of mongolian in Cyrillic. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Basil Solomykov

Developer of the free metafont-format didone Latin / Cyrillic typeface Obyknovennaya Novaya (2011, in English: ordinary new face). This typeface was widely used in the USSR for scientific and technical publications, as well as textbooks. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Karel Horak]

The dingbat metafont BBDing (1999) was originally published by Karel Horak and later modified by Peter Møller Neergaard. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Gilles F. Robert]

bbm is a serifed blackboard bold math symbol (meta)font by Gilles F. Robert from Ecole Normale Supérieure in Lyon. See also here. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Alan Jeffrey]

bbold is a blackboard bold math symbol font written in metafont by Alan Jeffrey in 1994, and later converted into a type 1 font. This CTAN page can be used for downloads. Type 1 versions are here, courtesy of Berthold K. P. Horn and Khaled Hosny (2007-2010).

Done for Y&Y, the weight of the original bbold font was a good match to Computer Modern, with upper and lower case Latin and Greek letters as well as punctuation and a number of symbols. The font was the property of Y&Y, and, after their dissolution, the copyright was gifted to TUG in 2007. Michael Sharpe's package bboldx (2021) extends the original by adding a couple of glyphs and adding two new weights. Where the original stem widths were 40 units, the additions have stem widths of 56 units and 90 units respectively. [Google] [More]  ⦿


BDFCHESS is a package of additional macros to CHESS.STY 1.2, writen by Piet Tutelaers, for correspondence chess players. To be used with Piet Tutelaers' metafont chess fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Bert Bos

Bert Bos studied Mathematics in Groningen (1982-1987), and wrote a thesis about Graphic User Interfaces (1987-1993). He worked on an Internet browser and the surrounding infrastructure for the Faculty of Arts in Groningen and is now working for The World Wide Web Consortium on style sheets and math. He lives in Sophia Antipolis near Nice in France.

Author of Cascading Style Sheets---designing for the Web (3rd ed.) (2005, Hakon Wium Lie & Bert Bos).

He also created a free transitional family in metafont and opentype for use with TeX, Gladiator and Gladiator Sans (1991).

Klingspor link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Berthold Crysmann
[Palatino TIPA]

[More]  ⦿

Berthold Ludewig

German teacher and typographer who created the calligraphic metafont Suetterlin, which can be found here. This font can be used for writing in the so-called Schwell style. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Keno Wehr]

The free Beuron package maintained by Keno Wehr (University of Oldenburg, Germany) provides the typeface used in the works of the Beuron art school for use with TeX and LaTeX. It is a monumental script consisting of capital letters only. The fonts are provided as Metafont sources and in the Type 1 format. This package was launched in 2016, and includes suitable font selection commands for use with LaTeX.

Wehr explains Beuronese art: Beuronese art was a reform movement of Christian art, established by Peter Lenz (1832-1928) and Jakob Wueger (1829-1892), who were friends from their studies in Munich, during their stay in Rome in the 1860s. On the one hand, it arose from the art of the Nazarene movement, but on the other hand, it turned away from the naturalism of the Romantic period and strove for a more geometrically stylized depiction of Christian themes. An important impact on this had the examination of ancient Egyptian art, which becomes noticable especially by a far-reaching renunciation of spatial depth in depiction. Lenz and Wueger entered the Benedictine abbey of Beuron (near Sigmaringen in Southern Germany) in 1872 and 1870 respectively, where they worked as Pater Desiderius and Pater Gabriel. Beuronese art was essentially carried by the circle of their pupils from the monastery in the following decades up to the 1930s. The Beuronese artists were not only commissioned to paint and furnish the monastery of Beuron itself, reestablished in 1863, but also quite a lot of other churches and monasteries in several countries of Europe. The Beuron art school reached its summit about 1900, when it received attention by the world of art beyond the religious milieu through the participation in various exhibitions. Due to the Second World War and church renovations in the following period many works of Beuronese art were partially or totally destroyed. Today remaining works can be seen for instance in Beuron (Chapel of St Maurus1 and Archabbey of St Martin), Ruedesheim am Rhein (Abbey of St Hildegard), Prague (churches of the former abbeys of Emaus and St Gabriel), but also in America in Conception/Missouri (Basilica of the Immaculate Conception). The murals painted by the artists of the Beuron school were provided with monumental inscriptions, taken from the Holy Bible or the prayer tradition of the Church, which support the didactic character of the paintings. For these paintings a script with some striking features was used, recurring in the most murals and also craft objects of the school with only minor variations. Unfortunately the art-historic literature dealing with Beuronese art says absolutely nothing about this script, although it constitutes obviously an integral part of that art. So the origin of the script is a matter of conjecture. Possibly it is in influenced by the inscriptions of early Christian basilicas in Italy. The Beuron typeface is recommended for headings and ornaments in prayer books, hymnals and the like.

References: Hubert Krins: Die Kunst der Beuroner Schule. Wie ein Lichtblick vom Himmel, Beuron: Beuroner Kunstverlag, 1998. Harald Siebenmorgen: Die Anfaenge der Beuroner Kunstschule. Peter Lenz und Jakob Wueger 1850-1875. Ein Beitrag zur Genese der Formabstraktion in der Moderne, Sigmaringen: Thorbecke, 1983. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Blackboard Bold

Math symbol metafont. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Blackboard Bold

For blackboard bold (or "doublestroke") mathematical symbols in TEX, you have six options:

  • Use a type 1 font, and select from the thousands of great fonts. I personally use GoudyHandtooledBT (Bitstream).
  • Use the metafont doublestroke by Olaf Kummer.
  • Use the metafont bbm by Gilles F. Robert.
  • Use the metafont bbold by Alan Jeffrey.
  • Use the metafont amsyb by the AMS.
  • Make your own metafont or type 1 font.
[Google] [More]  ⦿


A free blackletter metafont dating from 1991. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Douglas Crockford]

Charles K. Bliss was a Jewish refugee who spent much of World War II in Shanghai. While in China, he attempted to learn to read Chinese. Frustrated by the complexity of language, he designed a 20th Century ideographic language that could be read and written by people of all languages. It was 1942. Bliss was a chemist by training, so he based his design on a small set of ideographs (idea symbols) that could be combined to express complicated ideas, much as atoms could be combined to create complex molecules. This language would use images and icons instead of words. The language is called Blissym (Blissymbolics). Blissym has been proven in work with handicapped children in Canada and other countries. This has been documented in a film from National Film Board of Canada and Film Australia called Mr. Symbol Man. Blissym is a visual language. It cannot be spoken except by first translating to another language. The truetype and metafonts at this site are free. Douglas Crockford made a symbol family called Blissymbols in 2003, in both metafont and truetype versions. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Peter R. Wilson]

Renton, WA-based Peter R. Wilson's metafont code (2000-2003) for the "bookhands" series of fonts. It was his intention to provide the main examples of manuscript hands from the first century until the invention of printing. Included are the following:

[Google] [More]  ⦿

Boris Veytsman

Creator of the GillCM family in 2010: Unslanted italic Computer Modern fonts based on Eric Gill's ideas. He also created JAMTimes, expanded Times Roman as used in Journal d'Analyse Mathematique. He also made mdputu (2010), a package of virtual fonts with italics, upright digits, and punctuation for use with Adobe Utopia in mathematical texts. In 2011, he published pcarl, a TeX support package for Adobe Cason Open Face.

In 2016, Sergei V. Znamenskii and Boris Veytsman, now with the Mathematics Department, Princeton University, published the cmtiup package. The cmtiup package can replace the cmti package in the Computer Modern fonts since it simplifies typesetting of mathematical texts. In 2016, the Computer Modern text italic (cmti) fonts were modified by unslanting all punctuation and digits and embedding the corresponding italic corrections into the kerning. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Boris Veytsman

[More]  ⦿

Braille metafont

Braille metafont. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Brian Hamilton Kelly

Designer of a metafont family of Greek fonts based on Knuth's Greek characters in the CM fonts. Kelly's fonts come in roman, bold, italic, and typewritter typefaces, but they lack accents and breathing marks, so they are not suitable for use with ancient Greek text. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Byzantine Music Fonts
[Ioannis A. Vamvakas]

The Byzantine Music Fonts (2005) were designed by Ioannis A. Vamvakas. Aesthetic help came from Panagiotis Kotopoulis. The metafont contains the Jesus Christ symbol, Greek Capital Letters, and music symbols. Byzantine music is the official ecclesiastical music used by the Greek Orthodox Church. Alternate URL. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Calligraphic metafont

Calligraphic metafont. No further information. [Google] [More]  ⦿


calsymbols is a metafont for astronomical symbols, made by Lars Alexandersson, based on work by Eric A. Slutz. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Capital Baseball
[Phons Bloemen]

Baseball capitals: free metafont "capbas" (Capital Baseball) by Phons Bloemen from the Eindhoven University of Technology. Now included in the package are also 7-segment, 14-segment, Simple, matrix fonts like Flyspec and Neckerspoel. Lots of interesting tools as well. Magnificent package, really. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Carl-Gustav Werner

[More]  ⦿

cb fonts
[Claudio Beccari]

From 1997 until 1999, Turin-based Claudio Beccari created his cb fonts (metafont) for Greek by adapting Silvio Levy's Greek fonts. The cb-fonts are now the official fonts for the Greek option of the BABEL package. They are very complete and highly recommended. Type 1 versions here. In 2004, he added the CB Coptic family (metafont), which was based on files created in 1995 by Serge Rosmorduc. The type 1 fonts were made by using TeXtrace and pfaedit by Apostolos Syropoulos. The fonts: glic0700, glic0800, glic1000, glic1200, glic1382, glic1659, glic1991, glic2389, glic2866, glic3440, glic4128, glii0700, glii0800, glii1000, glii1200, glii1382, glii1659, glii1991, glii2389, glii2866, glii3440, glii4128, glin0700, glin0800, glin1000, glin1200, glin1382, glin1659, glin1991, glin2389, glin2866, glin3440, glin4128, glio0700, glio0800, glio1000, glio1200, glio1382, glio1659, glio1991, glio2389, glio2866, glio3440, glio4128, gliu0700, gliu0800, gliu1000, gliu1200, gliu1382, gliu1659, gliu1991, gliu2389, gliu2866, gliu3440, gliu4128, gljc0700, gljc0800, gljc1000, gljc1200, gljc1382, gljc1659, gljc1991, gljc2389, gljc2866, gljc3440, gljc4128, gljn0700, gljn0800, gljn1000, gljn1200, gljn1382, gljn1659, gljn1991, gljn2389, gljn2866, gljn3440, gljn4128, gljo0700, gljo0800, gljo1000, gljo1200, gljo1382, gljo1659, gljo1991, gljo2389, gljo2866, gljo3440, gljo4128, glmc0700, glmc0800, glmc1000, glmc1200, glmc1382, glmc1659, glmc1991, glmc2389, glmc2866, glmc3440, glmc4128, glmi0700, glmi0800, glmi1000, glmi1200, glmi1382, glmi1659, glmi1991, glmi2389, glmi2866, glmi3440, glmi4128, glmn0700, glmn0800, glmn1000, glmn1200, glmn1382, glmn1659, glmn1991, glmn2389, glmn2866, glmn3440, glmn4128, glmo0700, glmo0800, glmo1000, glmo1200, glmo1382, glmo1659, glmo1991, glmo2389, glmo2866, glmo3440, glmo4128, glmu0700, glmu0800, glmu1000, glmu1200, glmu1382, glmu1659, glmu1991, glmu2389, glmu2866, glmu3440, glmu4128, gltc0700, gltc0800, gltc1000, gltc1200, gltc1382, gltc1659, gltc1991, gltc2389, gltc2866, gltc3440, gltc4128, gltn0700, gltn0800, gltn1000, gltn1200, gltn1382, gltn1659, gltn1991, gltn2389, gltn2866, gltn3440, gltn4128, glto0700, glto0800, glto1000, glto1200, glto1382, glto1659, glto1991, glto2389, glto2866, glto3440, glto4128, glwc0700, glwc0800, glwc1000, glwc1200, glwc1382, glwc1659, glwc1991, glwc2389, glwc2866, glwc3440, glwc4128, glwi0700, glwi0800, glwi1000, glwi1200, glwi1382, glwi1659, glwi1991, glwi2389, glwi2866, glwi3440, glwi4128, glwn0700, glwn0800, glwn1000, glwn1200, glwn1382, glwn1659, glwn1991, glwn2389, glwn2866, glwn3440, glwn4128, glwo0700, glwo0800, glwo1000, glwo1200, glwo1382, glwo1659, glwo1991, glwo2389, glwo2866, glwo3440, glwo4128, glwu0700, glwu0800, glwu1000, glwu1200, glwu1382, glwu1659, glwu1991, glwu2389, glwu2866, glwu3440, glwu4128, glxc0700, glxc0800, glxc1000, glxc1200, glxc1382, glxc1659, glxc1991, glxc2389, glxc2866, glxc3440, glxc4128, glxi0700, glxi0800, glxi1000, glxi1200, glxi1382, glxi1659, glxi1991, glxi2389, glxi2866, glxi3440, glxi4128, glxn0700, glxn0800, glxn1000, glxn1200, glxn1382, glxn1659, glxn1991, glxn2389, glxn2866, glxn3440, glxn4128, glxo0700, glxo0800, glxo1000, glxo1200, glxo1382, glxo1659, glxo1991, glxo2389, glxo2866, glxo3440, glxo4128, glxu0700, glxu0800, glxu1000, glxu1200, glxu1382, glxu1659, glxu1991, glxu2389, glxu2866, glxu3440, glxu4128, gmmn0500, gmmn0600, gmmn0700, gmmn0800, gmmn0900, gmmn1000, gmmn1095, gmmn1200, gmmn1440, gmmn1728, gmmn2074, gmmn2488, gmmn2986, gmmn3583, gmmo0500, gmmo0600, gmmo0700, gmmo0800, gmmo0900, gmmo1000, gmmo1095, gmmo1200, gmmo1440, gmmo1728, gmmo2074, gmmo2488, gmmo2986, gmmo3583, gmtr0500, gmtr0600, gmtr0700, gmtr0800, gmtr0900, gmtr1000, gmtr1095, gmtr1200, gmtr1440, gmtr1728, gmtr2074, gmtr2488, gmtr2986, gmtr3583, gmxn0500, gmxn0600, gmxn0700, gmxn0800, gmxn0900, gmxn1000, gmxn1095, gmxn1200, gmxn1440, gmxn1728, gmxn2074, gmxn2488, gmxn2986, gmxn3583, gmxo0500, gmxo0600, gmxo0700, gmxo0800, gmxo0900, gmxo1000, gmxo1095, gmxo1200, gmxo1440, gmxo1728, gmxo2074, gmxo2488, gmxo2986, gmxo3583, gomc0500, gomc0600, gomc0700, gomc0800, gomc0900, gomc1000, gomc1095, gomc1200, gomc1440, gomc1728, gomc2074, gomc2488, gomc2986, gomc3583, gomi0500, gomi0600, gomi0700, gomi0800, gomi0900, gomi1000, gomi1095, gomi1200, gomi1440, gomi1728, gomi2074, gomi2488, gomi2986, gomi3583, gomn0500, gomn0600, gomn0700, gomn0800, gomn0900, gomn1000, gomn1095, gomn1200, gomn1440, gomn1728, gomn2074, gomn2488, gomn2986, gomn3583, gomo0500, gomo0600, gomo0700, gomo0800, gomo0900, gomo1000, gomo1095, gomo1200, gomo1440, gomo1728, gomo2074, gomo2488, gomo2986, gomo3583, gomu0500, gomu0600, gomu0700, gomu0800, gomu0900, gomu1000, gomu1095, gomu1200, gomu1440, gomu1728, gomu2074, gomu2488, gomu2986, gomu3583, goxc0500, goxc0600, goxc0700, goxc0800, goxc0900, goxc1000, goxc1095, goxc1200, goxc1440, goxc1728, goxc2074, goxc2488, goxc2986, goxc3583, goxi0500, goxi0600, goxi0700, goxi0800, goxi0900, goxi1000, goxi1095, goxi1200, goxi1440, goxi1728, goxi2074, goxi2488, goxi2986, goxi3583, goxn0500, goxn0600, goxn0700, goxn0800, goxn0900, goxn1000, goxn1095, goxn1200, goxn1440, goxn1728, goxn2074, goxn2488, goxn2986, goxn3583, goxo0500, goxo0600, goxo0700, goxo0800, goxo0900, goxo1000, goxo1095, goxo1200, goxo1440, goxo1728, goxo2074, goxo2488, goxo2986, goxo3583, goxu0500, goxu0600, goxu0700, goxu0800, goxu0900, goxu1000, goxu1095, goxu1200, goxu1440, goxu1728, goxu2074, goxu2488, goxu2986, goxu3583, grbl0500, grbl0600, grbl0700, grbl0800, grbl0900, grbl1000, grbl1095, grbl1200, grbl1440, grbl1728, grbl2074, grbl2488, grbl2986, grbl3583, grmc0500, grmc0600, grmc0700, grmc0800, grmc0900, grmc1000, grmc1095, grmc1200, grmc1440, grmc1728, grmc2074, grmc2488, grmc2986, grmc3583, grmi0500, grmi0600, grmi0700, grmi0800, grmi0900, grmi1000, grmi1095, grmi1200, grmi1440, grmi1728, grmi2074, grmi2488, grmi2986, grmi3583, grml0500, grml0600, grml0700, grml0800, grml0900, grml1000, grml1095, grml1200, grml1440, grml1728, grml2074, grml2488, grml2986, grml3583, grmn0500, grmn0600, grmn0700, grmn0800, grmn0900, grmn1000, grmn1095, grmn1200, grmn1440, grmn1728, grmn2074, grmn2488, grmn2986, grmn3583, grmo0500, grmo0600, grmo0700, grmo0800, grmo0900, grmo1000, grmo1095, grmo1200, grmo1440, grmo1728, grmo2074, grmo2488, grmo2986, grmo3583, grmu0500, grmu0600, grmu0700, grmu0800, grmu0900, grmu1000, grmu1095, grmu1200, grmu1440, grmu1728, grmu2074, grmu2488, grmu2986, grmu3583, grxc0500, grxc0600, grxc0700, grxc0800, grxc0900, grxc1000, grxc1095, grxc1200, grxc1440, grxc1728, grxc2074, grxc2488, grxc2986, grxc3583, grxi0500, grxi0600, grxi0700, grxi0800, grxi0900, grxi1000, grxi1095, grxi1200, grxi1440, grxi1728, grxi2074, grxi2488, grxi2986, grxi3583, grxl0500, grxl0600, grxl0700, grxl0800, grxl0900, grxl1000, grxl1095, grxl1200, grxl1440, grxl1728, grxl2074, grxl2488, grxl2986, grxl3583, grxn0500, grxn0600, grxn0700, grxn0800, grxn0900, grxn1000, grxn1095, grxn1200, grxn1440, grxn1728, grxn2074, grxn2488, grxn2986, grxn3583, grxo0500, grxo0600, grxo0700, grxo0800, grxo0900, grxo1000, grxo1095, grxo1200, grxo1440, grxo1728, grxo2074, grxo2488, grxo2986, grxo3583, grxu0500, grxu0600, grxu0700, grxu0800, grxu0900, grxu1000, grxu1095, grxu1200, grxu1440, grxu1728, grxu2074, grxu2488, grxu2986, grxu3583, gsma0500, gsma0600, gsma0700, gsma0800, gsma0900, gsma1000, gsma1095, gsma1200, gsma1440, gsma1728, gsma2074, gsma2488, gsma2986, gsma3583, gsmc0500, gsmc0600, gsmc0700, gsmc0800, gsmc0900, gsmc1000, gsmc1095, gsmc1200, gsmc1440, gsmc1728, gsmc2074, gsmc2488, gsmc2986, gsmc3583, gsme0500, gsme0600, gsme0700, gsme0800, gsme0900, gsme1000, gsme1095, gsme1200, gsme1440, gsme1728, gsme2074, gsme2488, gsme2986, gsme3583, gsmi0500, gsmi0600, gsmi0700, gsmi0800, gsmi0900, gsmi1000, gsmi1095, gsmi1200, gsmi1440, gsmi1728, gsmi2074, gsmi2488, gsmi2986, gsmi3583, gsmn0500, gsmn0600, gsmn0700, gsmn0800, gsmn0900, gsmn1000, gsmn1095, gsmn1200, gsmn1440, gsmn1728, gsmn2074, gsmn2488, gsmn2986, gsmn3583, gsmo0500, gsmo0600, gsmo0700, gsmo0800, gsmo0900, gsmo1000, gsmo1095, gsmo1200, gsmo1440, gsmo1728, gsmo2074, gsmo2488, gsmo2986, gsmo3583, gsmu0500, gsmu0600, gsmu0700, gsmu0800, gsmu0900, gsmu1000, gsmu1095, gsmu1200, gsmu1440, gsmu1728, gsmu2074, gsmu2488, gsmu2986, gsmu3583, gsxa0500, gsxa0600, gsxa0700, gsxa0800, gsxa0900, gsxa1000, gsxa1095, gsxa1200, gsxa1440, gsxa1728, gsxa2074, gsxa2488, gsxa2986, gsxa3583, gsxc0500, gsxc0600, gsxc0700, gsxc0800, gsxc0900, gsxc1000, gsxc1095, gsxc1200, gsxc1440, gsxc1728, gsxc2074, gsxc2488, gsxc2986, gsxc3583, gsxe0500, gsxe0600, gsxe0700, gsxe0800, gsxe0900, gsxe1000, gsxe1095, gsxe1200, gsxe1440, gsxe1728, gsxe2074, gsxe2488, gsxe2986, gsxe3583, gsxi0500, gsxi0600, gsxi0700, gsxi0800, gsxi0900, gsxi1000, gsxi1095, gsxi1200, gsxi1440, gsxi1728, gsxi2074, gsxi2488, gsxi2986, gsxi3583, gsxn0500, gsxn0600, gsxn0700, gsxn0800, gsxn0900, gsxn1000, gsxn1095, gsxn1200, gsxn1440, gsxn1728, gsxn2074, gsxn2488, gsxn2986, gsxn3583, gsxo0500, gsxo0600, gsxo0700, gsxo0800, gsxo0900, gsxo1000, gsxo1095, gsxo1200, gsxo1440, gsxo1728, gsxo2074, gsxo2488, gsxo2986, gsxo3583, gsxu0500, gsxu0600, gsxu0700, gsxu0800, gsxu0900, gsxu1000, gsxu1095, gsxu1200, gsxu1440, gsxu1728, gsxu2074, gsxu2488, gsxu2986, gsxu3583, gttc0500, gttc0600, gttc0700, gttc0800, gttc0900, gttc1000, gttc1095, gttc1200, gttc1440, gttc1728, gttc2074, gttc2488, gttc2986, gttc3583, gtti0500, gtti0600, gtti0700, gtti0800, gtti0900, gtti1000, gtti1095, gtti1200, gtti1440, gtti1728, gtti2074, gtti2488, gtti2986, gtti3583, gttn0500, gttn0600, gttn0700, gttn0800, gttn0900, gttn1000, gttn1095, gttn1200, gttn1440, gttn1728, gttn2074, gttn2488, gttn2986, gttn3583, gtto0500, gtto0600, gtto0700, gtto0800, gtto0900, gtto1000, gtto1095, gtto1200, gtto1440, gtto1728, gtto2074, gtto2488, gtto2986, gtto3583, gttu0500, gttu0600, gttu0700, gttu0800, gttu0900, gttu1000, gttu1095, gttu1200, gttu1440, gttu1728, gttu2074, gttu2488, gttu2986, gttu3583. [Google] [More]  ⦿

cb Greek fonts

cb Greek metafont package by Apostolos Syropoulos. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Charles Wikner
[Sanskrit metafonts]

[More]  ⦿

Cherokee metafont
[Alan M. Stanier]

Alan M Stanier's metafont for Cherokee based on the Cherokee script was designed in 1821 by Segwoya. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Chess metafonts
[Piet Tutelaers]

Chess package for TEX with metafonts by Piet Tutelaers. See also here. Developed by Piet Tutelaers at Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, The Netherlands. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Chinese chess font
[Jacques Richer]

Chinese chess metafont by Jacques Richer. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Chinese parametric typefaces

At ATypI 2018 in Antwerp, Xuan Zhang, Huaijing Leng and Shensheng Wen propose a parametric type design model for the Chinese script. The abstract of their talk: The Chinese script, as an ideographic writing system, is used by a large proportion of the world's population. Over the centuries, its large character set has been the biggest issue facing type makers. In this presentation, different historical methods of production of Chinese type will be covered. ATypI Antwerp is the right moment to introduce the latest progress on a parameterized design model for Chinese. Various methods of Chinese type casting have been attempted. This talk will therefore consist of three main parts: 1) Designing with Components: the Six Writing theory of Chinese classification illustrates the simple logic behind the complicated shapes of Chinese characters, which gives out the possibility of speeding up the type casting process, either in physical form or in digital type; 2) Designing with Handwriting: Research on handwriting recognition and auto-generation will be mentioned, though it is not a main workflow; 3) Designing with a Parametric Model (Prototype): Inspired by MetaFont, but developed into a practical production stage with detailed control methods for the Chinese character skeleton, strokes, and structural-adjustment algorithm. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Chinese TEX package. Includes free TrueType fonts fxntufs, fxntukai, fxntuli, and utilities such as ttf2pk and ttf2tfm. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Christian Holm

Designer of the metafont Universal in 1998. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Claudio Beccari
[cb fonts]

[More]  ⦿

Claudio Beccari

[More]  ⦿

cmbright: Computer Modern Bright
[Walter Schmidt]

Family of sans serif metafonts based on Donald Knuth's CM font. It is lighter and less obtrusive than CMSS. Together with CM Bright there comes a family of typewriter fonts, CM Typwewriter Light, which look better in combination with CM Bright than the CMTT fonts would do. The whole package is by Walter Schmidt. A commercial-quality type 1 version of these fonts is available from Micropress. Free versions are available, in the cm-super font bundle (the T1 and TS1 encoded part of the set), and in hfbright (the OT1 encoded part, and the maths fonts). Development spanned 1996-2004. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Nana Glonti]

Cyrillic (meta)fonts created by Nana Glonti and Alexander Samarin at the Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino, USSR. In 1993 Basil K. Malyshev from IHEP released Type 1 outlines of these fonts under the title Paradissa font collection. You can download these computer-modern-fonts-with-cyrillic-extensions here. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Based on the Cyrillic (meta)fonts created by Nana Glonti and Alexander Samarin at the Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino, USSR. cmcyralt is Russian fonts in alternative encoding: the first half of code table (0-127) coincides with standard ASCII, and Cyrillic characters are located in second part of the table (128-255). Developed by Alexander Harin. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Computer Modern metafont with Old English letters. By Julian Bradfield. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Don Hosek]

Don Hosek's metafont family developed in 1988 to create a typeface with roughly the same proportions as the Xerox Pica typeface. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

[Sergei V. Znamenskii]

Sergei V. Znamenskii's modification of the cmti and cmsl fonts, called cmtiup and cmslup, respectively: he made the italics stand up! Metafont code only. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Boris Veytsman]

The cmtiup package can replace the cmti package in the Computer Modern fonts since it simplifies typesetting of mathematical texts. In 2016, the Computer Modern text italic (cmti) fonts were modified by unslanting all punctuation and digits and embedding the corresponding italic corrections into the kerning. The authors are Sergei V. Znamenskii and Boris Veytsman (Mathematics Department, Princeton University). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Computer Concrete (Polish)

B. Jackowski's Polish versions of Computer Concrete (metafont, TFM, PL files). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Computer Modern font consortium

The Computer Modern fonts and the AMS fonts have been made available in "PS" Type 1 format by a Consortium including: AMS, BSR, Y&Y, Elsevier, IBM, SIAM, and Springer. The CM font part of this distribution can be found on the AMS site and also on CTAN. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Computer Modern fonts
[Donald E. Knuth]

Donald Knuth's Computer Modern family was developed by Stanford's most famous computer science professor, Don Knuth, in the 1970s and 1980s, with the help of Hermann Zapf and a group of people at Stanford University. It was a monstrous achievement, that started first with the development of the Metafont graphic description language for glyphs. The 72 original fonts are free. They are described by a set of 36 parameters. Each glyph is a carefully crafted computer program written in Metafont. It stands today as the prime example of parametric font design. Many individual fonts were designed using Metafont, but not one came has come close in scope and achievement to the Computer Modern collection.

The Computer Modern fonts, and their derivatives, are the main fonts used by the scientific community thanks to the TeX typesetting system. Derivatives include Lucida (by Knuth's colleague at Stanford, Charles Bigelow). Lucida is used by Scientific American. The commercial MathTime font family originally developed for the American Mathematical Society (AMS) by Michael Spivak, and then extended by Y&Y, and the AMS, includes a large set of mathematical characters.

Included in the CTAN subdirectories, where one can download the fonts and the sources, are now three sets of type 1 PostScript fonts, Basil K. Malyshev's BaKoMa fonts, the American Mathematical Society (or Bluesky) versions, and the Paradissa font collection for Computer Modern, Euler and Computer Modern Cyrillic, also by Basil K. Malyshev. There are also PostScript type 3 versions of the Computer Modern fonts. Doug Henderson made some outline fonts (in metafont). Concrete is a metafont family designed for Knuth's Concrete Mathematics book by Knuth himself between 1987 and 1999. In the three decades that followed the development in the late seventies, only rarely have glyphs been corrected or altered---one such instance was an error in cmmib5.

Truetype version of the fonts are here.

Download Computer Moder Unicode (or CM Unicode) either in PostScript or OTF formats. This family is called CMU (2007) and font names are standardized as CMU Serif, CMU Typewriter Text Regular, CMU Bright Bold Extended, and so forth. This set was created by Alexey V. Panov. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Computer Modern PostScript Fonts from Blue Sky Research

CTAN mirror of PostScript versions of Knuth's Computer Modern PostScript Fonts, previously distributed by Blue Sky Research and Y&Y Inc are now freely available for general use. This has been accomplished through the cooperation of a consortium of scientific publishers with Blue Sky Research and Y&Y. Members of this consortium include: Elsevier Science, IBM Corporation, Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM), Springer-Verlag, and the American Mathematical Society (AMS). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Computer Modern TT fonts

TrueType versions of the Computer Modern fonts. Check also here. Contains the monospaced typewriter type cmtt. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Computer Sanskrit

Bitstream Charter fonts with added Computer Sanskrit encoding. PostScript and TrueType. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Concrete Math fonts
[Ulrik Vieth]

Ulrik Vieth (University of Duesseldorf, Germany) designed an alternative for Computer Modern. Concrete by itself may be used as a complete replacement for Computer Modern. Since Concrete is considerably darker than Computer Modern, this may be of particular interest for use in low-resolution printing or in applications such as posters or transparencies. Personally, I find this collection wonderful. Alternate early URL.

Ulrik Vieth created the Concrete Math fonts to match the Concrete text fonts; the only early free versions are implemented in METAFONT. The ccfonts package by Walter Schmidt changes the text font to Concrete and changes the math font to the Concrete Math fonts if eulervm is not loaded. Note that Concrete Text has no bold, but the Computer Modern Bold does just fine for that. However, in 2022, Daniel Flipo developed a free OpenType font based on Vieth's Metafont, also called Concrete Math. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Concrete (metafont)
[Donald E. Knuth]

Metafont family designed for Donald Knuth's Concrete Mathematics book by Donald Knuth himself between 1987 and 1999. It looks a little like a cross between American Typewriter and Computer Modern Roman. There are Roman and Italic typefaces. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Coptic metafonts

Coptic metafonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Costas Mylonas

Constantine Mylonas, of Athens, Greece, was an emeritus professor of engineering, who taught at Brown University from 1953 until 1981. During World War II he served in the Greek army until the Nazi occupation of Greece, then escaped to Egypt and served in the Free Greek Navy in Alexandria. He received his PhD from University College, London, and went to Brown in 1953. He conducted research into the strengths of materials. He was a champion marksman with pistols and represented Greece in the 1947 World Shooting Championship in Stockholm. He was also a member of the 1948 Greek Olympic team.

In 1991-1992, Costas Mylonas and Ron Whitney (of the AMS) co-designed a set of Greek fonts called Euclid, which they describe in their article Complete Greek with Adjunct Fonts (TUGBoat, vol. 13, pp. 39-50, 1992). This Times-Elsevier Greek font family was developed using MetaFont and was never released to the public. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Ulrich Mueller]

Ulrich Mueller (Fachbereich Chemie, Universitaet Marburg) developed symbols for use in crystallography. His metafont called Cryst was made in 1999. [Google] [More]  ⦿


The Comprehensive TeX Archive Network is the authoritative collection of materials related to the TeX typesetting system and Metafont. It has announcements, an archive, and a convenient download site. There are many subpages on fonts for TEX, including most metafonts ever created, as well as some type 1 and truetype font collections. See also here.

Until 2013, it was mainly hosted by Jim Hefferon at St. Michael's College. In 2013, the new official North American redistribution site is at the University of Utah, thanks to Nelson Beebe and Pieter Bowman. Recommended file transfers, in decreasing order of efficiency: rsync, ftp and http. Generic redirector to balance traffic.

Practical download site. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Cuong Nguyen

[More]  ⦿

Curtis Bright

Canadian mathematician and computer scientist from the University of Waterloo who is currently a visiting postdoctoral fellow of Carleton University. Author in 2011 of Computer Modern Metafont to PostScript Type 3 Converter. He converted Knuth's 75 Computer Modern fonts with this short program, and explains: This is a collection of Knuth's Computer Modern fonts in PostScript Type 3 format. They are non-outline, non-bitmap versions which have been generated by a script which runs MetaPost on the original Metafont sources. Using the script, any CM family can be converted at any optical size, which might be useful if no Type 1 version is available and you require vector fonts, not bitmap fonts. Since they were not generated by approximating a Bézier curve to the font's contours, these can be considered the "most accurate" representations of Knuth's original design. On the other hand, they have no hinting and will not look good on-screen, except when viewed at high resolution. Also, using them with TeX requires compilation to DVI first, since pdfTeX does not seem to natively support PostScript Type 3 fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Cypriote metafont
[Alan M. Stanier]

From Essex University, Alan M. Stanier's metafont for Cypriot. [Google] [More]  ⦿


FTP source of code for using Cyrillic-T1 fonts in Latex, by Daniel Taupin. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Alan M. Stanier]

From Essex University, Alan M. Stanier's metafont for stick figures dancing. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Daniel Benjamin Miller

[More]  ⦿

Daniel H. Luecking

[More]  ⦿

Daniel H. Luecking

A researcher in the Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Arkansas, who specializes in metafont. He made the travel dingbat typeface "nkarta15", a correction and extension of the free metafont "karta" which in turn is of unknown origin. He also made a metapost file out of it. Download these fonts here. I took the liberty of making a tfm file with tfmpktest.pl, and from the tfm abd mf files, with the help of mftrace and t1utils, I made afm and pfb files: nkarta15 (type 1) (2008). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Daniel S. Smith
[Tengwar (English)]

[More]  ⦿

Daniel Taupin

Daniel Taupin (1936-2003) held a degree of the ESPCI school and was a doctor in physics. He was a researcher in a solid-state physics lab at Orsay University (Physique des Solides, University Paris-Sud). Obituary. Another obituary with details of his mountain climbing career and death in the mountains. He published ttfmf2t1, a free C program, to clean up the output of Oleg Motygin's ttf2mf program that converts ttf files installed (!!) in Windows to metafont format. Metafont sources for Garamond, Times, Arial, Book Antiqua and Bookman Oldstyle are also at this site. He also codeveloped OpusTeX and Musixtex (for music notation) with Andreas Egler and Ross Mitchell. He published Les polices TTF converties en Metafont and MusiXTeX: L'écriture de la musique polyphonique ou instrumentale avec TEX. Designer of the metafont fraktur font families CM Fraktur and DM Fraktur. CM Fraktur, or cmfrak, is based on Yannis Haralambous' font yfrak (1990). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Darko Zubrinic

Darko Zubrinic from the Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing Av. Vukovar 39, Zagreb, Croatia, has created a set of TeX and METAFONT files called Croatian Glagolitic (1995-1996). It contains 367 symbols covering Croatian Glagolitic (round, angular, Baska Tablet, quickscript, about 60 ligatures, Baromic broken ligatures, calligraphic letters), Croatian Cyrillic, Stechak ornaments, and Croatian wattle patterns. See also here. The fonts are described in his paper "Croatian fonts", TUGboat, Vol. 17, 1996. This page also has links to other Glagolitic fonts. Old URL. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Dave Kruger

hge is an Old English font derived from the Hershey fonts by Dave Kruger in 1991. Metafont format. [Google] [More]  ⦿

David Wright
[Tex Font Guide]

[More]  ⦿

dco fonts

Sebastian Marius Kirsch made a set of font metric files and virtual fonts for using the dc fonts with oldstyle numerals. This font family is called dco fonts. It can only be used together with the standard dc fonts v1.3. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Denis Roegel
[LaTex Navigator]

[More]  ⦿

Denis Roegel
[LaTeX Navigator]

[More]  ⦿

Denis Roegel

Designer of the metafont GenealogySymbols (1996). See also here. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Devanagari fonts

Collection of Devanagari BDF files for X-Windows, by Sandeep. Plus a few Devanagari truetype fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Dexter Sinister

Designer of a metafont in 2010, called Meta-the-difference-between-the-two-Font. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Thomas A. Heim]

In 1998, Thomas A. Heim (University of Basel, Switzerland) created a metafont called Dice with dice in 2d. There is an accompanying Postscript package as well. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Digital Khatt
[Amine Anane]

Amine Anane obtained his PhD in 2012 from the University of Montreal. In 2017, he developed a Metafont / Metapost font with variable widths for the justification of Arabic texts, and in particular the Quran. He started the Digital Khatt project amd wrote: DigitalKhatt is an advanced Arabic typesetter based on a Metafont-designed parametric font that can generate a glyph with a given width during layout and justification while respecting the curvilinear nature of Arabic letters. The typesetter extends the OpenType layout engine to support the varying width and shape of the glyphs. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Dimitri Vulis
[Dimitri Vulis's barcode font]

[More]  ⦿

Dimitri Vulis's barcode font
[Dimitri Vulis]

A free 3 of 9 barcode metafont designed by Dimitri Vulis in 1987. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Don Hosek

[MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Don Knuth

[More]  ⦿

Donald E. Knuth
[Concrete (metafont)]

[MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Donald E. Knuth
[Computer Modern fonts]

[MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Donald E. Knuth

Professor of computer science at Stanford University, who by himself changed the world of mathematical and scientific typesetting when he developed TeX in the 1980s. That system needed fonts, so he developed a program called Metafont that permits a simple software description of a glyph. And with Metafont, and the help of Hermann Zapf, he created the Computer Modern type family. This is a tour de force, because each letter in the 72 original fonts has only one descriptive program that contains several parameters. Different parameter settings yield the typefaces, from italic to roman and bold, from 5pt to 10pt and 17pt optical settings, and from sans to serif and typewriter. Since a few years ago, he is Professor Emeritus of The Art of Computer Programming at Stanford University.

In 1983, Hermann Zapf and Donald Knuth headed a project to develop a font set called Euler. One implementation of that is AMS Euler Text.

Author in 1998 of Digital Typography (CSLI Publications). His METAFONT Book is free.

In 2013, he received the Peter Karow Award in typography. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Donald Knuth's FTP site

In Stanford. Has the Computer Modern metafont family and the AMS fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Donald P. Goodman III

Donald P. Goodman III is a practicing attorney in the Commonwealth of Virginia, a graduate of the William and Mary School of Law and of Christendom College with a degree in history and a minor in classical languages. He has contributed several TeX packages for setting religious texts such as catechis (for catechisms) and liturg (for Catholic liturgical texts). In that context, he has designed the DRM font package in 2014.

The DRM (Don's Revised Modern) family of fonts are in Metafont format (for use with TeX). It has many optical sizes and comes in roman, italic and small caps styles. In addition, it has many ornaments, and symbols. Although written in Metafont, the author also provides a set of 103 (!!!) Opentype fonts. The opticals include 5pt (pearl), 7pt (minion), 8pt (brevier), 9pt (bourgeois), 10pt (long primer), 12pt (pica), 14pt (english), 16pt (great primer), 20pt (paragon) and 24pt (double pica). The table below gives a fuller optical size naming picture and its relationship with traditional American and British ways of listing type sizes. There are also Greek fonts. At the publication date, September 2014, the author was still working on the kerning---expect an improved package soon. The DRM fonts are wedge-serifed, and incorporate an odd mix of style elements---some terminals are didone, but other elements are more transitional or Caslonesque. Free download of the 6MB package.

Designer of Dozenal (2008), a metafont package for typesetting documents in base twelve. It includes a macro by David Kastrup for converting positive whole numbers to dozenal from decimal (base ten). It also includes a few other macros, redefines all the standard counters to produce dozenal output, and provides Metafont characters, in Roman, italic, slanted, and boldface versions of each, for ten and eleven (the Pitman characters preferred by the Dozenal Society of Great Britain). These characters were designed to blend well with the Computer Modern fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Olaf Kummer]

"doublestroke" is Olaf Kummer's blackboard bold math symbol font in metafont format. Olaf Kummer is at the University of Hamburg. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Doug Henderson
[Metafont dingbats]

[More]  ⦿

Douglas Crockford

[More]  ⦿

Douglas Henke

[More]  ⦿

Dror Bar-Natan

[More]  ⦿

Dror Bar-Natan
[Xfig flag library]

[More]  ⦿

Dror Bar-Natan

Designer of a mathematical symbol metafont called dbnsymb. Bar-Natan is Professor at the Department of Mathematics at the University of Toronto, and has included a Canadian flag symbol as well. He also has a free script that one can use to make xfig drawings into a metafont. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Dutch ligatures

Zip file with German and Dutch ligatures such as fb, fk, ffb, ffk, fj, ffj, and so forth. Expert page by Gert-Jan C. Lokhorst. For the Computer Modern family. [Google] [More]  ⦿


dvi to pdf filter by Mark A. Wicks (Kettering University). [Google] [More]  ⦿

EC fonts
[Jörg Knappen]

Jörg Knappen writes: there are now the stable ec fonts Version 1.0 available from the CTAN archives in directory tex-archive/fonts/jknappen/ec. The ec fonts support the complete LaTeX T1 encoding, as defined at the 1990 TUG conference hold at Cork/Ireland. They are intended to be as stable as the cm fonts are, i.e., there shall be no more changes to the tfm files. The ec fonts also contain a Text Companion Symbol font, called tc, featuring many usefull characters needed in typesetting, for example oldstyle digits, currency symbols (including the newly created Euro symbol), the permille sign, copyright, trade mark and servicemark as well as a copyleft sign, and many others. The upcoming release of LaTeX2e will support the ec fonts. The dc fonts, which were termed as preliminary versions, will dissappear from the archives soon. It is suggested, that you replace them entirely by the ec fonts. Let me thank to all the people who have contributed to the success of the ec font project. They are too numerous to mention all of them, but some of them should have a place here: Donald E. Knuth and Richard Southall for designing and coding the cm fonts, which are the base of the ec fonts; Barbara Beeton, Michael Ferguson, and Jan-Michael Rynning for pushing the project into existence; Norbert Schwarz for the first two releases of the dc fonts; Yannis Haralambous for numerous contributions to the METAFONT code; Boguslaw Jackowski and Marek Rycko for designing and programming the Polish letters; Andreas Schwab for finding and fixing some very bad bugs; Daniel Taupin and Denis Roegel for fine-tuning of the accented letters needed in french. The remaining errors and bugs in the distribution are all mine, no one of the persons credited above and the other unnamed contributors should be blamed for them. [Google] [More]  ⦿

eco fonts v1.2

This is a set of font metric files and virtual fonts for using the ec fonts with oldstyle numerals in TeX. This metafont family is called eco fonts. It can only be used together with the standard ec fonts. Developed by Sebastian Marius Kirsch. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Hieroglyphic metafont and related files. Alternate URL. Yet another URL. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Emma Pease
[Phonetic metafonts]

[More]  ⦿

Emmanuel Beffara

Located at the University of Paris, Emmanuel Beffara designed the French Cursive font (2004), a cursive hand-writing font family in the style of the French academic running-hand. It comes in Metafont format. Experimental type 1 versions are available too: TeX-fcbx10, TeX-fcc10, TeX-fcf10, TeX-fcr10. See also here (last updated in 2004). He also created CMLL (2006, type 1), a set of symbols used in Linear Logic, designed for use with standard Computer Modern fonts.

University link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Michael Urban]

Metafont by Michael Urban. [Google] [More]  ⦿


On-line metafont parameter tester. By Anthony Bassett [Google] [More]  ⦿

Euro Symbol Package for LaTeX by Henrik Theiling
[Henrik Theiling]

Henrik Theilling's Euro symbol package in metafont, created according to the precise specifications. See also here. Version 1.3 and up contain PostScript fonts as well: TeX-feybl10, TeX-feybo10, TeX-feybr10, TeX-feyml10, TeX-feymo10, TeX-feymr10. The type 1 fonts were created by Thomas Schröder. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Harold W. de Wijn]

Euro and CE symbol fonts made by Harold W. de Wijn in metafont format in 1998 (version 3.0 from 2002). de Wijn is a physics professor at Utrecht University, The Netherlands. [Google] [More]  ⦿

European Computer Modern fonts (EC fonts)

Joerg Knappen and Norbert Schwarz developed this metafont family. [Google] [More]  ⦿

European Concrete family
[Walter Schmidt]

ECC: metafont family developed by Walter Schmidt from Erlangen. European Concrete is an implementation of Donald Knuth's Concrete fonts, providing T1 text fonts and TS1 text companion fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Existential Type
[Geoff Washburn]

Geoff Washburn's typographic blog written from the point of view of a computer scientist. It was active from 2006 until 2010. In one experiment, he finds that the output of a font designed using Metatype1 (where a type 1 font is directly generated) is nearly indistinguishable from that of a font designed using Metafont, where a type 1 font is generated using mftrace. [Google] [More]  ⦿

fc fonts for African languages
[Jörg Knappen]

Jörg Knappen's fc fonts for African languages. In metafont. The following languages are supported: Akan, Bamileke, Basa (Kru), Bemba, Ciokwe, Dinka, Dholuo (Luo), Efik, Ewe-Fon, Fulani (Fulful), G\~a, Gbaya, Hausa, Igbo, Kanuri, Kikuyu, Kikongo, Kpelle, Krio, Luba, Mandekan (Bambara), Mende, More, Ngala, Nyanja, Oromo, Rundi, Kinya Rwanda, Sango, Serer, Shona, Somali, Songhai, Sotho (two different writing systems), Suaheli, Tiv, Yao, Yoruba, Xhosa and Zulu. Plus Maltese and Sami. Jörg Knappen works at the University of Mainz in Germany. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Filenames for TEX fonts

File names for PostScript fonts in TEX. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Font utilities

Directory with most known font utilities related to metafont and either truetype or type 1. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Font ZOO

Commercial type 1 and type 3 fonts, converted from metafont by Basil K. Malyshev. The package includes Blackboard (BBM, doublestroke), Calligraphic Fonts (Calligra, Script, Vacal, La, twcal, suetterlin), Math Fonts (StMaryrd, Wasy, YHMath, RSFS), Astro Symbols (cmastro, astrosym, moonphase), Barcodes (barcodes, wlean, wlc*), Logical diagrams fonts (loggates, milstd), CMPica, Punk, CBGreek, Concrete fonts in ATM Compatible Type 1 font format (The Concrete Roman fonts were designed by D. Knuth), Concrete Math fonts designed by Ulrik Vieth, European Concrete fonts designed by Walter Schmidt, Malvern fonts in ATM Compatible Type 1 font format. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Michal Kvasnihka's Czech site with Czech versions of the Computer Modern fonts, CS Concrete, and a handwriting font called Slabikar. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Fonts in Cyberspace -- Tibetan

Pick up Sirlin (3 Tibetan metafonts), STEDT (Mac font), Tibkey, U-Chan, and Tibetan Modern A (Windows). [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Alan Jeffrey]

Alan Jeffrey's LaTeX program for printing a font sample. [Google] [More]  ⦿


From the Faculty of Informatics, Masaryk University, Brno, Czechia, Jan Pazdziora's PERL module for extracting information from TFM files. Free. GitHub link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Formatting Font Formats

A research article published in 1993 by Luc Devroye at EuroTeX. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Fraktur fonts by Yannis Haralambous

Metafont code by Yannis Haralambous for various Fraktur and Gothic fonts: yfrak, yswab, yinit and ygoth. Type 1 versions generated by Torsten Bronger. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Frank Hassel

Designer of the metafont chess font Chess. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Frans Velthuis

Frans Velthuis (Groningen University) developed a Devanagari Metafont in 1991, which is available from the CTAN archive. Later, Anshuman Pandey from Washington University in Seattle, took over the maintenance of font.

Primoz Peterlin made type 1 outlines based on this. These outline renderings (Type 1) were automatically converted from METAFONT by Peter Szabo's TeXtrace, and subsequently edited using George Williams' PfaEdit PostScript font editor by Anshuman Pandey (University of Washington). In 2003-2004, additional updates in the set of 22 Metafont files are due to Kevin Carmody, who presently maintains the package. The font names: TeX-dvng10, TeX-dvng9, TeX-dvng8. These were later changed to VelthuisDevanagari8-Regular, VelthuisDevanagari9-Regular and VelthuisDevanagari10-Regular. This font was used in the GNU freefont project for the Devanagari range (U+0900-U+097F).

Karel Piska's type 1 fonts in the Indic1 package include these Devanagari typefaces based on Velthuis's Metafont sources from 1991-2005: Velthuis-dvng10, Velthuis-dvng8, Velthuis-dvng9, Velthuis-dvngb10, Velthuis-dvngb8, Velthuis-dvngb9, Velthuis-dvngbi10, Velthuis-dvngbi8, Velthuis-dvngbi9, Velthuis-dvngi10, Velthuis-dvngi8, Velthuis-dvngi9, Velthuis-dvpn10, Velthuis-dvpn8, Velthuis-dvpn9, VelthuisBombay-dvnb10, VelthuisBombay-dvnb8, VelthuisBombay-dvnb9, VelthuisBombay-dvnbb10, VelthuisBombay-dvnbb8, VelthuisBombay-dvnbb9, VelthuisBombay-dvnbbi10, VelthuisBombay-dvnbbi8, VelthuisBombay-dvnbbi9, VelthuisBombay-dvnbi10, VelthuisBombay-dvnbi8, VelthuisBombay-dvnbi9, VelthuisBombay-dvpb10, VelthuisBombay-dvpb8, VelthuisBombay-dvpb9, VelthuisCalcutta-dvnc10, VelthuisCalcutta-dvnc8, VelthuisCalcutta-dvnc9, VelthuisCalcutta-dvncb10, VelthuisCalcutta-dvncb8, VelthuisCalcutta-dvncb9, VelthuisCalcutta-dvncbi10, VelthuisCalcutta-dvncbi8, VelthuisCalcutta-dvncbi9, VelthuisCalcutta-dvnci10, VelthuisCalcutta-dvnci8, VelthuisCalcutta-dvnci9, VelthuisCalcutta-dvpc10, VelthuisCalcutta-dvpc8, VelthuisCalcutta-dvpc9, VelthuisNepali-dvnn10, VelthuisNepali-dvnn8, VelthuisNepali-dvnn9, VelthuisNepali-dvnnb10, VelthuisNepali-dvnnb8, VelthuisNepali-dvnnb9, VelthuisNepali-dvnnbi10, VelthuisNepali-dvnnbi8, VelthuisNepali-dvnnbi9, VelthuisNepali-dvnni10, VelthuisNepali-dvnni8, VelthuisNepali-dvnni9, VelthuisNepali-dvpnn10, VelthuisNepali-dvpnn8, VelthuisNepali-dvpnn9.

A complete package for Velthuis Devanagari (Hindi) with both fonts and TeX support is at CTAN. It is maintained by Anshuman Pandey. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Mark Leisher]

Freeware pixel font editor for Mac OS X by Mark Leisher. It works natively with BDF fonts, but can import

  • Metafont PK/GF fonts.
  • Han Bitmap Font format (HBF) fonts.
  • Linux console (PSF, CP, and EGA/VGA) fonts.
  • Sun VF fonts.
  • OpenType (OTF & TTF) fonts (using Google] [More]  ⦿


Daniel Taupin from the Laboratoire de Physique des Solides, F-91405 Orsay, France, offers open source code for creating PK, GF and TFM files from TTF files. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Geoff Richards

Designer with metafont of various symmetric dingbats. Postscript source codes also available. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Geoff Washburn
[Existential Type]

[More]  ⦿

Georgia K.M. Tobin

[More]  ⦿

Gerhard A. Bachmaier
[Oesterreichische Schulschrift]

[More]  ⦿

Gilles F. Robert

[More]  ⦿

Glonti fonts

The Glonti font package consists of virtual fonts that are composed from CM and CMCYR fonts. The package is intended primarily for plain TeX based formats that use Knuths original font selection, font naming, and font coding schemes. Use them with cyrplain format found in T2 package. Developed in 2001-2002 by Iliya Peregoudov. [Google] [More]  ⦿

GNU font utilities

Description of many type 1 and metafont font manipulation tools, by Karl Berry and Kathryn A. Hargreaves. [Google] [More]  ⦿

gothic mf
[Yannis Haralambous]

Gothic and ornamental initial (meta)fonts by Yannis Haralambous: yfrak, ygoth, yinit (1994-2019: German decorative capitals), yswab, sueterlin. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Graham Williams
[The TeX Catalogue Online]

[More]  ⦿

Greek (Babel)

Greek fonts in one zip file. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Greek (Haralambous)

Yannis Haralambous's Greek metafont package. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Greek (Silvio Levy)
[Silvio Levy]

Silvio Levy's Greek metafont package based on Computer Modern. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Greek Uncial fonts

Greek uncial metafont. [Google] [More]  ⦿


greektex by Yiannis N. Moschovakis (Dept of Mathematics, UCLA) and George Spiliotis is also based on Silvio Levy's Greek metafonts and Donald Knuth's Computer Modern. [Google] [More]  ⦿

GreeKTeX Ver 3.1

K. J. Dryllerakis's GreeKTeX package including several Greek metafonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Markus Triska]

Markus Triska's logo of "Der Gruene Punkt" ("The Green Point"), made in metafont in 2001. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Guilhem Greco
[Herofonts (was: Hypefonts)]

[More]  ⦿

Gurmukhi metafont
[Amarjit Singh]

Gurmukhi for TeX software, including metafont sources. All developed by Amarjit Singh in 1995. [Google] [More]  ⦿


GUST is the Polish TEX Users Group. This document describes, in Polish, the many directories and files here. Notable are the type 1 fonts Antykwa Torunska and seria PL by J.M. Nowacki, Quasi-Palladio IV'98 and QuasiTimes IV'98 by B. Jackowski. There are also many metafonts. Was maintained by Polish TeX expert Staszek Wawrykiewicz (d. 2018). [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Georgia K.M. Tobin]

Hands is a dingbat font in metafont format designed by Georgia K.M. Tobin and Norman E. Powroz. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Hanna Kolodziejska

Designer of the metafont Go (1991), for the game of Go. See also the Metafont package Igo, with alterations in 2003 by Étienne Dupuis. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Hans Hagen

Puzzles and geometrical constructions in metapost. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Hans Hagen

[More]  ⦿

Han-Wen Nienhuys

[More]  ⦿

Harald Harders

[More]  ⦿

Harold W. de Wijn

[More]  ⦿

Hebrew metafonts

CTAN archives have Hebrew metafonts for DeadSea, OldJaffa, Jerusalem, and TelAviv fonts. Also, Redis (by Jacques J. Goldberg of the Technion, Haifa), hclassic, hcaption (by Joel M. Hoffman), ShalomScript10, ShalomStick10, ShalomOldStyle10 (all shalom fonts by by Jonathan Brecher), Carmel (crml10, by Samy Zafrany of the Technion, Haifa), and three Frank Ruehl fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿


A Hebrew LaTeX package. It contains the following fonts:

  • Jerusalem, TelAviv, OldJaffa, DeadSea: metafont and PostScript.
  • Frank_Ruehl (Regular, Bold, Slanted): in metafont.
  • Redis metafont family created by Prof. Jacques J. Goldberg of the Technion, Haifa.
  • hclassic and hcaption, created by Joel M. Hoffman.
  • ShalomScript10, ShalomStick10, ShalomOldStyle10, created By Jonathan Brecher.
  • crml10, crmlsl10 (Carmel and Carmel Slanted), both bold titling fonts created by Dr. Samy Zafrany of the Technion, Haifa.
[Google] [More]  ⦿

Henrik Christian Grove

[More]  ⦿

Henrik Theiling
[Euro Symbol Package for LaTeX by Henrik Theiling]

[More]  ⦿

Herofonts (was: Hypefonts)
[Guilhem Greco]

Herofonts (was: Hypefonts) offers commercial fonts with free demos. This company in San Francisco was set up in 2013 by Guilhem Greco (France). The typefaces from 2013 include Strong Glasgow (arts and crafts typeface), Deadmobil (a grungy version of the Mobil logo font), Midnight Moon, Google Spies, Tarantino (grungy wood type), Bronx Bystreets (grunge), Hidden Archives, Stallions, Hidden Archives (grunge), Broken Detroit (grunge), Motor (2013, a lovely scratchy grunge face), New Motor (2013), Twisted Stallions (scratchy typeface), Stallions, Dust Overhaul and Grunge Overlords.

Typefaces from 2014: Primetime, Polar Vortex (grungy, 3d, beveled), Crushed, Flexsteel (techno), Diamond Dust (an eroded script), Delicacy, Primetime (sans).

Typefaces from 2015: Above (thin sans), Quartzo, Stargazer, Neoteric (geometric sans).

Typefaces from 2017: Meteora (a slab serif originally coded in Metafont), Blackthorns (squarish sans), Crystal Symphony (calligraphic).

Typefaces from 2018: Mirfak, Maybe One Day, Youth Touch (script), Nightmare Pills (grunge).

Typefaces from 2019: Moonglade (a sharp monoline sans), Dreamwood, Deadmobil (grungy), Miralight (script).

Dafont link. Fontspace link. Creative Market link. Behance link. Creative Market link for Herofonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Hershey fonts

Metafont versions of the Hershey font family. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Harald Harders]

In 2002, Harald Harders used mftrace to turn Walter Schmidt's cmbright from Metafont into PostScript. The font names and the file names begin with 'hf' for 'harders font'. This has been done for not getting mixed up with the commercial cmbright fonts by MicroPress. "hfbright" are the type 1 versions of the OT1-encoded and maths parts of the Computer Modern Bright fonts. The list: HFBR10, HFBR17, HFBR8, HFBR9, HFBRAS10, HFBRAS8, HFBRAS9, HFBRBS10, HFBRBS8, HFBRBS9, HFBRBX10, HFBRMB10, HFBRMI10, HFBRMI8, HFBRMI9, HFBRSL10, HFBRSL17, HFBRSL8, HFBRSL9, HFBRSY10, HFBRSY8, HFBRSY9, HFSLTL10, HFTL10. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Hong Feng

Researcher from CTUG, China. At TUG 2005 he explains howwavelets can be used in conjunction with Metafont/Metapost to design Chinese fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Huaijing Leng

Huaijing Leng is Type Engineer for Hanyi Fonts. He is the manager of the Technology department of Hanyi Fonts and is also the main developer of Hanyi's in-house type editor and font management tools.

At ATypI 2018 in Antwerp, Xuan Zhang, Huaijing Leng and Shensheng Wen propose a parametric type design model for the Chinese script. The abstract of their talk: The Chinese script, as an ideographic writing system, is used by a large proportion of the world's population. Over the centuries, its large character set has been the biggest issue facing type makers. In this presentation, different historical methods of production of Chinese type will be covered. ATypI Antwerp is the right moment to introduce the latest progress on a parameterized design model for Chinese. Various methods of Chinese type casting have been attempted. This talk will therefore consist of three main parts: 1) Designing with Components: the Six Writing theory of Chinese classification illustrates the simple logic behind the complicated shapes of Chinese characters, which gives out the possibility of speeding up the type casting process, either in physical form or in digital type; 2) Designing with Handwriting: Research on handwriting recognition and auto-generation will be mentioned, though it is not a main workflow; 3) Designing with a Parametric Model (Prototype): Inspired by MetaFont, but developed into a practical production stage with detailed control methods for the Chinese character skeleton, strokes, and structural-adjustment algorithm. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Pierre MacKay]

Pierre A. MacKay (Dept of Classics, University of Washington) has a Greek Latex package, which has metafonts that extend the Greek metafonts by Silvio Levy. It features the necessary breathing marks and accents for use with ancient Greek text. It also includes the digamma character and the numerals qoppa and sampi (the numerals appear in lowercase type only). Ibycus4 is a Greek typeface, based on Silvio Levy's realization of a classic Didot cut of Greek type from around 1800. Since 2004, this package includes type 1 fonts as well. The project is supported by Walter Schmidt and Harald Harders (who did some metafont to type 1 conversions). [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Joergen Pind]

Joergen Pind's metafont sources for Icelandic. Plus files to use in TeX. From the Institute of Lexicography, University of Iceland, Reykjavik. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Wlodek Bzyl]

The i-ching package by Wlodek Bzyl contains I-Ching-Regular in type 1 format and various macros and TEX files. Author of The Tao of Fonts (TUGBoat, vol. 23, pp. 27-40, 2002, in which he explains about font design using Metafont and MetaPost. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Ingo Klöckl]

Metafont dingbats by Ingo Klöckl (1999-2000). It has clocks, weather symbols, dice, prisoner counts, ski slope signs, mountaineering symbols, map symbols, geometric symbols. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Karel Piska]

All the fonts below were converted from Metafont into type 1 by Karel Piska in 2005-2006 using his own tools, METAPOST, FontForge and t1utils. Karel Piska is with the Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences, Prague.

  • Tibetan: Corff-ctib (originally by Sam Sirlin (1996) and Oliver Corff et al (1999-2002)).
  • Sinhala: Haralambous-sinbxa10, Haralambous-sinbxb10, Haralambous-sinbxc10, Haralambous-sinha10, Haralambous-sinhb10, Haralambous-sinhc10, all originally by Yannis Haralambous (1994) for The Wellcome Trust, London.
  • Malayalam: Hellingman-mm10, Hellingman-mm12, Hellingman-mm17, Hellingman-mm6, Hellingman-mm8, Hellingman-mmb10, Hellingman-mmb12, Hellingman-mmb17, Hellingman-mmc10, Hellingman-mmc12, Hellingman-mmc17, Hellingman-mmcb10, Hellingman-mmcb12, Hellingman-mmcb17, Hellingman-mmcsl10, Hellingman-mmcsl12, Hellingman-mmsl10, Hellingman-mmsl12, all originally by Jeroen Hellingman (1993-1998).
  • Kannada: Kannada-kan10, Kannada-kan10b, Kannada-kan10s, Kannada-kan11, Kannada-kan11b, Kannada-kan11s, Kannada-kan12, Kannada-kan12b, Kannada-kan12s, all by G.S. Jagadeesh & Venkatesh Gopinath (1991-1998).
  • Bengali: PalashPal-bang10, PalashPal-bangsl10, PalashPal-bangwd10, all by Palash Baran Pal (2001-2002).
  • Punjabi/Gurmukhi: Punjabi-pun10, by Hardip Singh Pannu (1991). Also Singh-grmk10, Singh-grmk12, Singh-grmk8, Singh-grmk9 by Amarjit Singh (1995).
  • Tamil: Ridgeway-wntml10 by Hal Schiffman, Vasu Renganathan and Thomas Ridgeway (1988-1991).
  • Telugu: Telugu-tel10, Telugu-tel100, Telugu-tel10b, Telugu-tel10s, Telugu-tel11, Telugu-tel11b, Telugu-tel11s, Telugu-tel12, Telugu-tel12b, Telugu-tel12s, Telugu-tel18 by Lakshmankumar Mukkavilli (1991-1997).
  • Hindi (Devanagari): Velthuis-dvng10, Velthuis-dvng8, Velthuis-dvng9, Velthuis-dvngb10, Velthuis-dvngb8, Velthuis-dvngb9, Velthuis-dvngbi10, Velthuis-dvngbi8, Velthuis-dvngbi9, Velthuis-dvngi10, Velthuis-dvngi8, Velthuis-dvngi9, Velthuis-dvpn10, Velthuis-dvpn8, Velthuis-dvpn9, VelthuisBombay-dvnb10, VelthuisBombay-dvnb8, VelthuisBombay-dvnb9, VelthuisBombay-dvnbb10, VelthuisBombay-dvnbb8, VelthuisBombay-dvnbb9, VelthuisBombay-dvnbbi10, VelthuisBombay-dvnbbi8, VelthuisBombay-dvnbbi9, VelthuisBombay-dvnbi10, VelthuisBombay-dvnbi8, VelthuisBombay-dvnbi9, VelthuisBombay-dvpb10, VelthuisBombay-dvpb8, VelthuisBombay-dvpb9, VelthuisCalcutta-dvnc10, VelthuisCalcutta-dvnc8, VelthuisCalcutta-dvnc9, VelthuisCalcutta-dvncb10, VelthuisCalcutta-dvncb8, VelthuisCalcutta-dvncb9, VelthuisCalcutta-dvncbi10, VelthuisCalcutta-dvncbi8, VelthuisCalcutta-dvncbi9, VelthuisCalcutta-dvnci10, VelthuisCalcutta-dvnci8, VelthuisCalcutta-dvnci9, VelthuisCalcutta-dvpc10, VelthuisCalcutta-dvpc8, VelthuisCalcutta-dvpc9, VelthuisNepali-dvnn10, VelthuisNepali-dvnn8, VelthuisNepali-dvnn9, VelthuisNepali-dvnnb10, VelthuisNepali-dvnnb8, VelthuisNepali-dvnnb9, VelthuisNepali-dvnnbi10, VelthuisNepali-dvnnbi8, VelthuisNepali-dvnnbi9, VelthuisNepali-dvnni10, VelthuisNepali-dvnni8, VelthuisNepali-dvnni9, VelthuisNepali-dvpnn10, VelthuisNepali-dvpnn8, VelthuisNepali-dvpnn9, all by Frans J. Velthuis et al (1991-2005) from the University of Groningen.
  • Sanskrit: Wikner-skt10, Wikner-skt8, Wikner-skt9, Wikner-sktb10, Wikner-sktbs10, Wikner-sktf10, Wikner-sktfs10, Wikner-skts10, all by Charles Wikner (1996-2002).
Alternate URL. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Ingo Klöckl

[More]  ⦿

Ioannis A. Vamvakas
[Byzantine Music Fonts]

[More]  ⦿

[Avinash Chopde]

itrans is Avinash Chopde's freeware Indian Language Transliteration package. It includes a lot of free fonts: the Devnac PostScript Type III Font, the ItxGuj PostScript Type 1 and TrueType Gujarati (Donated by Shrikrishna Patil to ITRANS), the ItxBeng PostScript Type 1 and TrueType Bengali (Donated by Shrikrishna Patil to ITRANS), the Bengali - bwti metafont package, by Abhijit Das, Romanized Sanskrit (CSUtopia, type 1), the Washington Indic Roman TrueType fonts, the Washington Tamil metafont, the Kannada metafont, Xdvng (from the jtrans package, TrueType and type 1), Pun (a PostScript punjabi font), Frans Velthuis's Devnag Metafont, for Devanagari v1.6 (1998). Alternate site. At one point in the early 1990s, Chopde was assiociated with Avid Technology, Inc., Tewksbury, Mass. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Ivan A. Derzhanski

Ivan A. Derzhanski works at the Institute for Mathematics and Computer Science of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences in Sofia. His fonts include

  • CASYL: CASYLTEX (Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics TeX) enables you to typeset Cree/Inuktitut text. The package by Ivan A. Derzhanski was developed in 1999 and is based on James Evans' syllabic script.
  • eiad (IAD's Computer Modern Irish Family of Founts): a metafont family for Gaelic, dated 1993. It was modelled on Irish Texts Society "An Irish Corpus Astronomiae".
[Google] [More]  ⦿

[Don Knuth]

Jablantile (2009) is a small Metafont font created by Don Knuth to implement the modular tiles described by Slavik Jablan, a mathematics profeesor at Matematicki Institut SANU, Belgrade. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Jacques J. Goldberg

Professor at the Technion (Haifa) who made the metafont family Redis. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Jacques Richer
[Chinese chess font]

[More]  ⦿

James K. Tauber

[More]  ⦿

Jan Holfert

[More]  ⦿

Janusz Marian Nowacki
[PL fonts]

[More]  ⦿

Jean-Michel Sarlat

Geometrical constructions and metapost. In French, by Jean-Michel Sarlat. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Jeremy Gibbons
[St Mary's road symbol font]

[More]  ⦿

Jeroen Hellingman

Dutch creator of an Oriya metafont (1996-1998). From the same source, Malayalam PostScript and TrueType fonts, and Tamazight (Berber) PostScript and TrueType fonts. He also created Malayalam metafonts in 1994 (and subsequently Malayalam PostScript and TrueType fonts), a Unicode Shapes font (TeX, PostScript, TrueType), and Tamazight (Berber) PostScript and TrueType fonts. Home page. Metafonts can be found here and here. His Malayalam fonts were created as uniform stroke only, while Oriya metafonts exist in both uniform and modulated stroke. Jeroen says: It is my intention to release the fonts under GPL, but not all copies around have this notice on them. The GNU Freefont project included his fonts for the ranges of Oriya (U+0B00-U+0B7F) and Malayalam (U+0D00-U+0D7F). Subsequently, the GNU Freefont project dropped all contributions and support for Oriya. [Google] [More]  ⦿

J.J. Green

Creator of the metafont fge (2007), which has special symbols so that one can properly typeset Frege's Grundgesetze der Arithmetik. Green states: This package contains several characters derived largely from the Computer Modern fonts, (c) D.E. Knuth. The spritus lenis accent is a simplified version of that in the Ibycus font by Pierre A. MacKay. CTAN link. Download here. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Jobst-Hartmut Lueddecke
[Metafont Quellen]

[More]  ⦿

Joel M. Hoffman

Creator of the metafonts hclassic and hcaption. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Joergen Pind

[More]  ⦿

Johan Winge

As a Swedish student at Uppsala University, based in Knutby, Johan Winge created the Tengwar Annatar family (2004) using metafont and pfaedit (now called FontForge), SV Basic Manual (2004, sans serif monospaced pair of typefaces), and Tengwar Naive (1997-2004).

In 2013, he went commercial, and started the Johan Winge type foundry out of Uppsala. His commercial typefaces include the round monospaced techno retro-futuristic typeface Cubiculum (2013) about which he says: Cubiculum is a clean revival of a kind of font that was widely available for different electronic typewriters in the 80s and early 90s. Typically, each manufacturer had their own slightly different design, and also their own name for this font: commonly known as Cubic, it was also marketed as Techno, Report, Block, and Quadro.

Dafont link. Another URL. Old Uppsala University link. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Johannes Heinecke

Designer in Lannion, France, of Sertofont, a metafont for Syriac created in 2001, and improved in steps until 2013. Serto is a form of the syllabic alphabet used for Aramaic (a Western semitic language) which has been spoken in the Near East since at least 1100 BC. More precisely, Sertois used for Syriac which is the variant of Aramaic spoken since the second century AD. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Johannes Heuer

Designer of the orthographic/calligraphic font La. [Google] [More]  ⦿

John Heise

[More]  ⦿

John Hobby

[More]  ⦿

John Hobby's MetaPost language

Also, the mauals of metapost, "A MetaFont like system with PostScript output" (article by John Hobby), A user's manual, and "Drawing graphs with MetaPost (John Hobby)". TUG link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Jonathan Brecher

In 1990, Jonathan Brecher (Lexington, MA) made the freeware metafonts ShalomOldStyle, ShalomScript and ShalomStick, available at GIMP ort here in type 1 format. They are also on various archives in truetype format. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Joseph Moulton Jaquinta Grant

Designer (b. Fort Lauderdale, FL, 1965) of a few metafonts such as old uncial and cirth (Tolkien runes), to be found here, and Celtic Knotwork Font. Designer of the metafont Cun (runes, cuneiform). Now software engineer for IBM/Lotus in Ireland. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Jörg Knappen

Prolific German metatype designer, who works at the University of Mainz in Germany. He is responsible for the massive European Computer Modern fonts (EC fonts), and the fc fonts for African languages (metafont only). He also designed a Bashkirian metafont. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Jörg Knappen
[fc fonts for African languages]

[More]  ⦿

Jörg Knappen
[EC fonts]

[More]  ⦿

Julian Bradfield
[Tengwar and Cirth]

[More]  ⦿

Julian Gilbey
[Shuffle symbol]

[More]  ⦿

K. J. Dryllerakis
[KD Greek fonts]

[More]  ⦿


KALE: KAnnada Lipi Enthusiasists (sic). This group is interested in TEX implementations for Kannada. [Google] [More]  ⦿


"KALE (KAnnada Lipi Enthusiasists) is a group of Kannada Font Enthusiasists, whose principal aim at this point of time is to realize a Kannada TeX so as to be able to typeset documents written in Kannada." KanTex was developed by G. S. Jagadeesh and Venkatesh P. Gopinath, an EECS professor at Berkeley. It comes with a Metafont family. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Karel Horak

[More]  ⦿

Karel Piska

[More]  ⦿

Karel Piska

Karel Piska works at the Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences, Prague, and specializes in Neo-Assyrian Cuneiform fonts covering also Akkasdian, Ugaritic and Old persian. There, he designed these fonts from 1999-2003 (free downloads): NAOldPersianAcadBFType1, NAOldPersianAcademicType1, NAOldPersianClassicType1, NAUgariticAcadBFType1, NAUgariticAcademicType1, NAUgariticClassicType1, NeoAssyrianAcadBFType1a, NeoAssyrianAcadBFType1b, NeoAssyrianAcadBFType1c, NeoAssyrianAcademicType1a, NeoAssyrianAcademicType1b, NeoAssyrianAcademicType1c, NeoAssyrianClassicType1a, NeoAssyrianClassicType1b, NeoAssyrianClassicType1c. Free metafonts of his include Syllabary A No. 56A (additional cuneiform signs), The page also has a rare metafont triple called "cunmfa", "cunmfb" and "cummfc" by Jo Grant (1992). He wrote "Fonts for Neo-Assysian Cuneiform," Proceedings of the EuroTeX Conference, Heidelberg, Germany, September 20-24, 1999, Günter Partosch andi Gerhard Wilhelms eds, Giessen, Augsburg, 1999, pp. 142-154. At TUG 2005 he spoke on the conversion of Metafont fonts to outline fonts using Metapost. After theoretical conversion, the FontForge font editor is used for removing overlap, simplification, rounding to integer, autohinting, generating outline fonts, and necessary manual modifications. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Karl Günter Wünsch

[More]  ⦿


Travel dingbats in metafont format. No info on the author. [Google] [More]  ⦿

KD Greek fonts
[K. J. Dryllerakis]

The KD Greek metafont family was developed by Sylvio Levi and Yiannis Haralambous and adapted later by K. J. Dryllerakis (Imperial College London). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Keno Wehr

[More]  ⦿

[Antonis Tsolomitis]

Mathematics and Greek font family developed between 2002 and 2019 by Antonis Tsolomitis from the Department of Mathematics at the University of the Aegean. It includes metafont, type 1 and opentype. Each of the fonts in the Kerkis family---an extension of the Bookman Oldstyle family---covers Latin and Greek. See also here. CTAN download link.

The Kerkis font family (Antonis Tsolimitis, TUGbaot, vol. 23, pp. 296-301, 2002) describes the genesis of Kerkis. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Kevin Carmody

The outline renderings (PostScript Type 1) of Frans Velthuis' Devanagari fonts (originally, dated 1990-1991) for TeX were created by Primoz Peterlin. The original METAFONT sources were automatically converted to PFB using Peter Szabo's TeXtrace, and subsequently edited using George Williams' PfaEdit PostScript font editor by Anshuman Pandey (University of Washington). In 2003-2004, additional updates in the set of 22 Metafont files are due to Kevin Carmody (email: i@kevincarmody.com), who presently maintains the package. The font names: TeX-dvng10, TeX-dvng9, TeX-dvng8. These were later changed to VelthuisDevanagari8-Regular, VelthuisDevanagari9-Regular and VelthuisDevanagari10-Regular. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Rick van Rein]

Rick van Rein developed a metafont for barcodes for Dutch postal codes (KIX barcode fonts: KIX stands for KlantIndeX). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Klaus Lagally

[More]  ⦿

[Karl Günter Wünsch]

Metafont for Klingon, by Khoros sutai-Makpai, aka Karl Günter Wünsch. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Knuth's Digital Typography page

Mirror in UK. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Knuth's TEX and metafont programs

From CTAN site in Germany. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Lakshmankumar Mukkavilli

[More]  ⦿

Lars Engebretsen

Lars explains about his AE (almost European) fonts: "This is a set of virtual fonts building, from the standard CM fonts, a set of almost T1 encoded fonts." [Google] [More]  ⦿

Lateinische Ausgangsschrift

A German school font in use since 1953. The metafont la package simulates it.

A slightly simplified form used in Hannover since 1973 is Vereinfachte Ausgangsschrift. [Google] [More]  ⦿

LaTex Navigator
[Denis Roegel]

Denis Roegel's grand site about fonts and LaTex. This will take months to fully explore and absorb. If you visit only one TEX site in your life, this must be the one. Alternate URL. [Google] [More]  ⦿

LaTeX Navigator
[Denis Roegel]

General links on typography and fonts, compiled by Denis Roegel (with earlier contributions by Karl Tombre who is no longer involved). Very, very useful. This page contains, among other things:

  • METAFONT for Beginners (Geoffrey Tobin)
  • The METAFONT book (TeX source) (Donald E. Knuth)
  • How to Create Your Own Symbols in METAFONT and for use in LaTeX Documents (Richard Lin)
  • Milieu -- METAFONT and Linux: A Personal Computing Milieu (Thomas Dunbar)
  • Simple drawings with METAFONT (Zdenek Wagner)
  • Some METAFONT Techniques (article from TUGboat, 10 pages) (Yannis Haralambous)
  • List of all available Metafont fonts
  • Liam Quin's Metafont Guide (last version)
  • MetaFog: Converting METAFONT Shapes to Contours (Richard J. Kinch)
  • METAFONT source
  • Design of a new font family (slides) (Gerd Neugebauer) (1996)
  • PERL Module for reading .tfm files (Jan Pazdziora) (1997)
  • fig2mf (UNIX manual) (Anthony Starks)
  • bm2font (Friedhelm Sowa)
  • Essay on math symbols by Paul Taylor
  • drgen genealogical symbol font by Denis Roegel, 1996
  • Chess fonts
  • The Marvosym Font Package (Martin Vogels)
  • Eurosymbol, another font for the euro symbol
  • Lots of stuff on virtual fonts
  • P. Damian Cugley's Malvern (Greek) font
  • Yannis Haralambous's Omega project
  • DC and EC fonts by Joerg Knappen
  • Technical notes on Postscript fonts, and Postscript fonts in TEX
  • Computer Modern type 1 fonts
  • Articles on computer typography by Sebastian Rahtz, Aarno Hohti&Okko Kanerva, Richard J. Kinch, Basil K. Malyshev, Hirotsugu Kakugawa, Karl Berry, Victor Eijkhout, Vincent Zoonekynd, Tom Scavo, David Wright, Erik-Jan Vens, and Nelson H. F. Beebe.
  • Articles on mathematical symbol fonts
  • Links to essential pages for Cyrillic, Japanese, Berber, Khmer, Chinese, Korean, Greek, Indic, Syriac, Hebrew, Hieroglyphic, Tibetan, Mongolian, African fc
At FontStruct, he created Sixer (a pixel face) and Smallish (bold unicase). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Laurie Field

In 2001, Laurie Field developed a Greek metafont, LFB as a companion for Computer Modern. SShe says: This is a Greek font I wrote in METAFONT several years ago after being inspired by the Bodoni typefaces I had seen in the old books in my school library. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Mark E. Shoulson]

Lerfu is Mark E. Shoulson's foundry located in Highland Park, NJ. Creator of a variety of fonts:

  • The Visible Speech Fonts in metafont and truetype cover a phonetic alphabet invented by Alexander Melville Bell (his son was Alexander Graham Bell). Bell was a teacher of the deaf (as was the younger Bell), and this alphabet was intended as an aid to teaching the deaf how to pronounce words. An example is VS MetaPlain PUA.
  • Marin, MarinCaps, MarinCapsItalic, MarinItalic: four free extensive phonetic truetype fonts made in 2004. They also cover Cyrillic, Greek and Hebrew.
  • Okuda: A metafont for "Okuda" orthography of pIqaD (Klingon language). This font was later modified by Olaf Kummer.
  • Gill Hebrew (2004, based on Gill Sans) and Shen (2004), both sold via Shoulson's foundry at MyFonts, called Lerfu.
  • Itonai (2005), a Hebrew version of Times New Roman, also sold via Lerfu.
[Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

[Olga Lapko]

Package written in Metafont by Vladimir Volovich, Alexander Berdnikov, Andrey Khodulev and Olga Lapko. Based on Computer Modern and a few other metafont sources, this package covers Cyrillic. As part of Bakoma TeX, the metafont set was converted to type 1 by Basil K. Malyshev using mf2ps. That package now contains 304 type 1 fonts in T2A TeX encoding. The fonts are available in Adobe Type 1 format, in the CM-Super family of fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Liam Quin's Metafont Guide

Lists all sources for metafont code for most languages in the world. Liam Quin works for SoftQuad Inc in Toronto. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Liam Quin's Metafont Guide (Dutch mirror)

Lists all sources for metafont code for most languages in the world. Liam Quin works for SoftQuad Inc in Toronto. Site at the University of Utrechts's CS Department. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Liam Quin's Metafont Guide (mirror)

Lists all sources for metafont code for most languages in the world. Liam Quin works for SoftQuad Inc in Toronto. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Bitmap to PostScript or Metafont filter for X-windows and UNIX set-ups. Free, but a fair amount of programming savvy is needed. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Linear Logic Fonts

Patrick Lincoln's page has metafont code for the par symbol. Web page gone. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Linus Romer

Swiss creator (aka Fuex) of the free calligraphic font Miama (2009, Open Font Library), based upon the handwriting of his (then, girlfriend) wife. Romer is interested in Latex and mathematical typesetting and designed Miama in the spirit of Zapfino and Scriptina. An updated version, Miama Nueva (for Latin and Cyrillic), was developed in 2014, and published by Open Font Lirary. CTAN link.

In 2014-2017, he released the free Metafont (and also, Opentype and truetype) typeface, Fetamont. This 436-font parametric typeface extends Knuth's roundish elliptical logo font for Metafont. It includes a true "randomize" feature. Additional CTAN link.

In 2017, he developed the free slab serif Funtauna, again basing his glyphs on Metafont.

In 2018, he developed the text typeface Elemaints for Latin and Greek in Metafont.

Abstract Fonts link. Dafont link. Open Font Library link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Claudio Beccari]

A collection of free metafont and type 1 fonts made in 2008 by Turn-based Claudio Beccari designer for mathematical slide presentations. These are genealogically related to Knuth's Computer Modern fonts. The fonts: lcmbsy8, lcmex8, lcmmi8, lcmmib8, lcmsy8, leclb8, lecli8, leclo8, leclq8, llasy8, llasyb8, llcmss8, llcmssb8, llcmssi8, llcmsso8, lmsam8, lmsbm8, ltclb8, ltcli8, ltclo8, ltclq8. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Dror Bar-Natan]

Makefont is a free Perl script by Dror Bar-Natan (University of Toronto) for making figures drawn by xfig (a free Unix utility) into a metafont. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[P. Damian Cugley]

A sans-serif (meta)font by P. Damian Cugley at Oxford, 1991-1994. This family contains a sans-serif Greek alphabet, using conventions based on Levy's original Greek fonts and Dryllerakis' GreekTeX. Type 1 and truetype versions at uncifonts. In 2002, Tobias Benjamin Köhler created truetype fonts for Malvern. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Mark E. Shoulson

[MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Mark Leisher

[More]  ⦿

Markus Triska

[More]  ⦿

Math Font Group

Study and discussion group started members such as Barbara Beeton, Thierry Bouche, David Carlisle, Matthias Clasen, Michael Downes, AMS, Robin Fairbairns, Berthold Horn, Alan Jeffrey, Jörg Knappen, Frank Mittelbach, Chris Rowley, Ulrik Vieth, and Justin Ziegler. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Matthew Skala

British Columbia and/or Winnipeg-based computer scientist who obtained his PhD from Waterloo. Currently, he is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Manitoba, in the Computational Geometry Laboratory of the Department of Computer Science. He developed these fonts:

  • Two free OCR fonts in truetype and type 1 formats: ocra10 (2006), ocrb10 (2006). Matthew points out that these fonts were generated from an existing metafont bitmap via mftrace.
  • In 2010, he adapted Anthony I.P. Owen's StarFont (for astrological symbols) and placed type 1 versions together with the originals on CTAN.
  • The free symbol font Genjimon (2010) in metafont and truetype.
  • Tsukarimashou (2011) is a free metafont for Latin and kana, with an accompanying Opentype. A kanji extension is planned. This probably is the first metafont for Japanese. Styles include Kaku, Maru, Anbiruteki, Tenshi no kami, Bokukko, Mincho.
[Google] [More]  ⦿

[James K. Tauber]

A simple mono-width sans serif font family for Greek developed by James K. Tauber. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Shengjun Pan]

MEPer is a free java program for editing MetaPost source files and previewing the output images. It works in both Linux and Windows, provided that the following programs are installed: the latest Sun JSE, MetaPost, and either ImageMagick or Ghostscript. It was written in 2009 by Shengjun Pan from the University of California at San Diego. CTAN link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Alexis Reigel]

Alexis Reigel (b. 1980) is a co-founder and developer of Metaflop. He is a software developer and has his main focus on web applications, and contributes in his spare time to several free and open source projects and organizes the Pantalks at Colab Zurich.A the other cofounder is graphic designer and Metafont specialist Marco Müller (b. 1979). Simon Egli and Linus Romer are participants in the free software project.

The Metaflop site offers the source code of Metaflop (2012-2016) and several of their Metafonts. They created three metafonts, Fetamont (MF Fetamont (2014) by Linus Romer is an extended version of Knuth's rounded elliptical logo font), Bespoke (sans) and Adjuster (octagonal, techno), both with about fifteen parameters. Visitors can adjust the parameters to generate Opentype fonts that can be downloaded. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Richard Kinch's utility that converts overlapping Metafont shapes to Type 1 outlines. It is an option to the retail TrueTeX package. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Nelson Beebe]

Nelson Beebe's web page on Metafont. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Metafont at CTAN archives

PS, metafont and PK images of several Hangul typefaces. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Metafont: Creating typeface families

Metafont software guide. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Metafont dingbats
[Doug Henderson]

Dingbat characters in metafont format by Doug Henderson. A second dingbat metafont (ark10) is due to Scott Kim, Arthur M. Keller and N.N. Billawala. Scott Pakin wrote the LATEX interface. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Metafont Galerie

Marcus J. Ertl's metafont gallery. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Metafont mailing list

If you want to join, just mail listserv@ens.fr with empty subject field, the message being the single line: sub METAFONT firstname lastname. Contribute article via metafont@ens.fr. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Metafont Quellen
[Jobst-Hartmut Lueddecke]

Jobst-Hartmut Lueddecke's page has metafont sources for Suetterlin (by B. Ludewig), old Irish Uncial (by Jo Jaquinta), Italic (Cancellaresca corsiva) of Ludovico degli Arrighi, called Vicentino (Italy, early 16. century) by Willibald Kraml, yfrak, yinit, ygoth, yswab and cmfrak, Fraktur fonts by Yannis Haralambous. Also, the rune fonts bard (Celtic Bard Runes by Jobst-Hartmut Lueddecke), futhark (by Micaela Pantke and Sigrid Juckel), srune (by Jobst-Hartmut Lueddecke), the fantasy fonts cirth (dwarven runes created by J.R.R.Tolkien, by Jo Jaquinta), engwar (by Michael Urban), goblin (by Alan M. Stanier), tengwar (elven runes created by J.R.R.Tolkien, by Michael Urban), Jörg Knappen's EC fonts, hksym (a dingbat font by Hartmut Kennhöfer and Jobst-Hartmut Lueddecke), moonphases (dingbats by Stanislav Brabec, and wasy (dingbats by Roland Waldi). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Metafontized fonts

Daniel Taupin (Université Paris-Sud) used Olyg Motygin's ttf2mf program, and lots of manual adjustments and additions to generate metafont versions of the usual Times, Arial, Arial Narrow, Book Antiqua, Bookman Old Style, Courier, Garamond, Helvetica and Times New Roman fonts, starting from truetype fonts. FTP site. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Hans Hagen's Metafun Manual. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Web-based GUI for creating UFO and Metafont fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[John Hobby]

Metapost is John Hobby's metafont-like language for generating PostScript, based on Don Knuth's Metafont. Could be useful for defining the shapes of characters. [Google] [More]  ⦿

MetaPost: Creating technical illustrations

MetaPost software guide. [Google] [More]  ⦿


From its developer, Serge Vakulenko: "Metatype is a set of utilities and scripts for creating TrueType fonts using Metafont language. It also includes two font families, named TeX and TeX Math, based on the D. Knuth's Computer Modern fonts, but extended with Greek, Cyrillic and other characters. Metatype and TeX fonts can be used under the GPL license." The TeX family consists of TeXBold, TeXBoldItalic, TeXItalic, TeXMono, TeXMonoItalic, TeXMath, TeXMathBold, TeXMathBoldItalic, TeXMathItalic, TeXNarrow, TeX, TeXSans, TeXSansBold, TeXSansBoldItalic, TeXSansItalic, TeXWide. It comes in TTF and BDF formats. Free software in pre-alpha development, for Windows and X11/UNIX/Linux. The code is in C and Python. [Google] [More]  ⦿


MetyaType1 is a free tool for creating Type 1 fonts using MetaPost. By the "JNS team" in Poland, which includes Boguslaw Jackowski. It requires a metapost description of the font to start with. Alternate URL. PDF file with a research paper on the subject. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Metafont to EPS filter written by B. Jackowski, P. Pianowski, M. Ry\'cko. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Pascal program by Shimon Yanai (IBM Science and Technology Center, Technion City) and Daniel M. Berry (Computer Science, Technion, Haifa) dating from 1993 for converting a metafont into a type 1 font. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Scott Pakin's free program for converting metafont files to type 1 fonts. From the author: mf2pt1 facilitates producing PostScript Type 1 fonts from a Metafont source file. It is not, as the name may imply, an automatic converter of arbitrary Metafont fonts to Type 1 format. mf2pt1 imposes a number of restrictions on the Metafont input. If these restrictions are met, mf2pt1 will produce valid Type 1 output. (Actually, it produces "disassembled" Type 1; the t1asm program from the t1utils suite will convert this to a true Type 1 font.) [Google] [More]  ⦿


Apostolos Syropoulos's Perl script that generates a PostScript Type 3 font that corresponds to a METAFONT font description. In order to achieve its goal the program utilizes another program: mfplain (METAPOST with the mfplain base preloaded). The author acknowledges the help of John Hobby (the creator of METAPOST) and Yotam Medini. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Directory with many papers and info on Metafont. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Daniel H. Luecking]

A free program with macros to help draw metafont figures. Its history: MFpic was initiated by Tom Leathrum in 1992. At some point in version 0.2.x most of the development passed to Geoffrey Tobin. In 1996, when the (unreleased) version was at 0.2.14, Dan Luecking began trying to transform mfpic's Metafont code into MetaPost code, and then folding MetaPost support into mfpic.tex. With Geoffrey Tobin's help, and that of a small group of mfpic aficionados on the Net, Luecking published mfpic v. 0.5. Dan Luecking is at the Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Arkansas. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Han-Wen Nienhuys]

mftrace is a small Python program that lets you trace a metafont into a PFA or PFB font (A PostScript Type1 Scalable Font) or TTF (TrueType) font. It is licensed under the GNU GPL. All done by Han-Wen Nienhuys. Requires autotrace and pfaedit (now FontForge). Similar to metatype, which only makes truetype though. Credit: Gf2pbm, the utility to convert a MetaFont GF file to a PBM file was based on Paul Vojta's Xdvi. Manual by Julian Gilbey. The comparison with similar programs goes like this (I quote):

  • Why use mftrace over textrace? Textrace and mftrace are functionally similar. However, mftrace is quicker, more cleanly written and can be installed using standard methods. Additionally, textrace requires perl, ghostscript and dvips.
  • How about MetaFog? MetaFog operates directly on the curves that generate the bitmap font, its outlines will probably be smaller and better. However, MetaFog is a proprietary product: its source code is not available, and it will only run on a limited number of platforms.
  • How about MetaType1? MetaType1 is an approach that puts severe constraints on what may be done in a font program. It does not work for fonts containing overlaps and shaped pens.
  • How about FontForge itself? FontForge is an interactive editor, but it can be scripted. Since it supports bitmap tracing and TeX bitmap fonts, it is possible to duplicate the functionality of mftrace. However, out of the box, FontForge does not recognize TeX encodings. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Bernard Desgraupes' free metafont utilities for the Mac. These include metapostMode and metafontMode for use with the Alpha text editor on the Mac. Compatible with Tom Kiffe's CMacTex, and Andrew Trevorrow's OzMetafont. He is also the author of "Metafont - guide pratique", Editions: Vuibert, Paris, 1999. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Micaela Stayka Pantke

Designer of the metafont Futhorc (runes). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Michael Ummels

Michael Ummels at RWTH in Aachen, Germany, created the TeX font package ccicons, which offers authors who want to publish their documents under a Creative Commons license an easy way to include the relevant icons in their documents. It includes a free type 1 font, CC Icons (2009-2017), where CC stands for Creative Commons. CTAN link to CCIcons.

In 2011, he created the mathematical font FD Symbol in Metafont and Type 1, to accompany Fedra in mathematical texts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Michael Urban

[More]  ⦿

[Rick Simpson]

Metafont by Rick Simpson containing special characters for use in logic diagrams. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Czech site with several free fonts developed in a mathematically precise manner:

  • A Unicode-compliant serifed typeface Mides (2004), which has well over a thousand glyphs and fills most of the early part of the Unicode table.
  • Tapir (2004; a sans family with simple geometric shapes and lines of constant thickness comes in metafont and type 1).
  • Faldix.
  • Fixka (handprinting style glyphs), FixkaBold, FixkaBoldItalic, FixkaItalic.
  • TriGande (a sans family), TriGandeB lunet, TriGandeBlunetBold, TriGandeBlunetBoldItalic, TriGandeBlunetItalic, TriGandeBold, TriGandeBoldItalic, TriGandeItalic.
  • Zabyris, ZabyrisBold.
  • Bobdel.
  • Boisik (2008) is a 20-font Baskerville-inspired metafont family with math symbols and full Czech accents. It has an Opentype version as well.
Most typefaces come in type 1 and metafont versions. Metafont-only typefaces include Bobdel, Midings and Mishapes. Alternate URL for Tapir. I can't figure out who designed these typefaces. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Mojikyo English Page

The Mojikyo Institute is in Yokohama, Japan. Its goal is to produce free universal tools for Japanese, Chinese and Korean word processing and typesetting. Several tens of complete fonts are already finished, in all possible font formats (truetype, type 1, metafont).

Mojikyo is the newest kind of software for Chinese Character word-processing. More than 80,000 character fonts have been built in Mojikyo. So, everyone in the world can use any font of Mojikyo, free of charge. Moreover, if you want to use Chinese Character which cannot be found in Mojikyo Internet fonts, you can ask us to make new character provided that you inform us the source(s) of the character. We make them, and put them on our Home Page free of charge for public use.

Truetype fonts for Chinese and Japanese characters: The Mojikyo fonts are Japanese Shift-JIS-encoded fonts for the 48,902 Chinese characters in the Morohashi dictionary, along with tens of thousands of additional characters. Each character is assigned a six-digit Mojikyo number. The Morohashi characters are contained in fonts M101-109. Fonts M110 and above contain characters not in Morohashi. These include, for example, oracle-bone characters [M117-118], Siddham [M119-121], and Tangut [M202-203].

Mojikyo Windows truetype fonts. TEX-specific download page. University of Virginia link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Oliver Corff]

Oliver Corff's Latex and metafont software for Mongolian and Manju. The page is now co-managed by Dorjpalam Dorj. Corff is at the Freie Universität Berlin. Type 1 fonts have been added in 2001: TeX-bcghsb, TeX-bcghsm, TeX-bcghwb, TeX-bcghwm, TeX-bcgvsb, TeX-bcgvsm, TeX-bcgvwb, TeX-bcgvwm, TeX-bicighb, TeX-bicighm, TeX-bicigvb, TeX-bicigvm, TeX-bthhsb, TeX-bthhsm, TeX-bthhwb, TeX-bthhwm, TeX-bthvsb, TeX-bthvsm, TeX-bthvwb, TeX-bthvwm, TeX-bxghsb, TeX-bxghsm, TeX-bxghwb, TeX-bxghwm, TeX-bxgvsb, TeX-bxgvsm, TeX-bxgvwb, TeX-bxgvwm, TeX-kmbx10, TeX-kmr10, TeX-kmss10. [Google] [More]  ⦿

moonphase metafont
[Stanislav Brabec]

Moonphases in metafont format, by Stanislav Brabec from Czechia. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Udo Heyl's metafont package for Morse (1998). [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Daniel Benjamin Miller]

The Computer Modern fonts are available in Type 1 format, but these renditions are somewhat thin and spindly, and produce much lighter results than the originals. It is alternatively possible to use METAFONT bitmaps, but this has its disadvantages in comparison with vector fonts. These fonts are conversions to Type 3 fonts, done entirely in METAPOST; they are vector fonts which are a direct conversion from the original METAFONT files, so they are the design most authentic to the originals. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Mr. Komomo

Designer of the metafonts Hand Arrow Mark and Return Mark. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Math symbol font in type 1 format, generated from old metafont code. By Berthold K.P. Horn. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Muhammad Masroor Ali

[More]  ⦿

[Takanori Uchiyama]

Music macros and fonts for use in TeX. These fonts were originally created in Metafont format, as a successor of the Musictex package. All the work was done by Daniel Taupin. The Musixtex package is due to Dr. Daniel Taupin (who died in a climbing accident in 2003), Ross Mitchell and Andreas Egler. The 71 type 1 fonts were generated and hand-tuned by Takanori Uchiyama: TeXMUSIX11-Regular, TeXMUSIX13-Regular, TeXMUSIX16-Regular, TeXMUSIX20-Regular, TeXMUSIX24-Regular, TeXMUSIX29-Regular, TeXMUSIXSPS-Regular, TeXMUSIXSPX-Regular, TeXXGREG11-Regular, TeXXGREG13-Regular, TeXXGREG16-Regular, TeXXGREG20-Regular, TeXXGREG24-Regular, TeXXGREG29-Regular, TeXXSLD11-Regular, TeXXSLD11D-Regular, TeXXSLD13-Regular, TeXXSLD13D-Regular, TeXXSLD16-Regular, TeXXSLD16D-Regular, TeXXSLD20-Regular, TeXXSLD20D-Regular, TeXXSLD24-Regular, TeXXSLD24D-Regular, TeXXSLD29-Regular, TeXXSLD29D-Regular, TeXXSLDD20-Regular, TeXXSLDU20-Regular, TeXXSLHD11-Regular, TeXXSLHD11D-Regular, TeXXSLHD13-Regular, TeXXSLHD13D-Regular, TeXXSLHD16-Regular, TeXXSLHD16D-Regular, TeXXSLHD20-Regular, TeXXSLHD20D-Regular, TeXXSLHD24-Regular, TeXXSLHD24D-Regular, TeXXSLHD29-Regular, TeXXSLHD29D-Regular, TeXXSLHU11-Regular, TeXXSLHU11D-Regular, TeXXSLHU13-Regular, TeXXSLHU13D-Regular, TeXXSLHU16-Regular, TeXXSLHU16D-Regular, TeXXSLHU20-Regular, TeXXSLHU20D-Regular, TeXXSLHU24-Regular, TeXXSLHU24D-Regular, TeXXSLHU29-Regular, TeXXSLHU29D-Regular, TeXXSLHZ20-Regular, TeXXSLHZ20D-Regular, TeXXSLU11-Regular, TeXXSLU11D-Regular, TeXXSLU13-Regular, TeXXSLU13D-Regular, TeXXSLU16-Regular, TeXXSLU16D-Regular, TeXXSLU20-Regular, TeXXSLU20D-Regular, TeXXSLU24-Regular, TeXXSLU24D-Regular, TeXXSLU29-Regular, TeXXSLU29D-Regular, TeXXSLUD20-Regular, TeXXSLUP20-Regular, TeXXSLZ20-Regular, TeXXSLZ20D-Regular, TeXXTIE20-Regular.

As of 2015, Musixtex credits these designers for creation and/or maintenance: Daniel Taupin, Ross Mitchell, Andreas Egler, Oliver Vogel, Don Simons, Andre van Ryckeghem, Cornelius Noack, Hiroaki Morimoto and Bob Tennent. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Mxedruli, Xucuri - The Georgian Alphabets

Metafont code by Berlin-based Johannes Heinecke (Lannion, France) for Georgian. It nowhas type 1 fonts as well. This is a short documentation of the two alphabets used by Georgian and some of its neighbouring languages from the Kartvelian language family. The first alphabet is called Mxedruli. Some letters used by Old Georgian or other languages such as Ossetian are also included. The second alphabet is called Xucuri. Whereas Mxedruli does differentiate majuscules and minuscules, Xucuri distinguishes between majuscules (also called Mrg(v)lovani) and minuscules (K. utxovani). However, in opposition to the Roman, Greek and Cyrillic alphabets in a text either majuscules or minuscules are used. They cannot be combined. Xucuri is now restricted to religious use.

CTAN mirror. Another CTAN link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

N. N. Billawala

[More]  ⦿

Nana Glonti

[More]  ⦿

Nelson Beebe

[More]  ⦿

Nelson Beebe

Nelson Beebe's "Notes on fonts". Useful starting page of links. Has subpages on font names, Unicode, fonts in TEX. [Google] [More]  ⦿


A musical notation metafont for transcribing Hildegard von Bingen's music. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Nguyen-Dai Quy

[More]  ⦿

Norbert Schwarz
[OCR-B: Norbert Schwarz]

[More]  ⦿

Norman E. Powroz

Codesigner with Georgia K.M. Tobin of the metafont Hands. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Norman Gray

Astronomer and physicist at the University of Glasgow. Designer in 1991-2017 of the font Feyn (metafont), which can be used to produce relatively simple Feynman diagrams within equations in a LaTeX document. He writes: The other Feynman diagram package which exists is Thorsten Ohl's feynmf/feynmp package. That works by creating Metafont or MetaPost figures using a preprocessor. It's more general than this package, but is at its best when creating relatively large diagrams, for figures. In contrast, the present system consists of a carefully-designed font with which you can write simple diagrams, within equations or within text, in a size matching the surrounding text size. [Google] [More]  ⦿

OCR-A: Richard Wales
[Richard B. Wales]

Metafont definition for the OCR-A Optical Character Recognition Font. By Richard B. Wales from UCLA's Computer Science Department. [Google] [More]  ⦿

OCR-A: Tor Lillqvist
[Tor Lillqvist]

OCR-A was coded in METAFONT84 by Tor Lillqvist, VTT/ATK (Technical Research Centre of Finland, Computing Services). [Google] [More]  ⦿

OCR-B: Norbert Schwarz
[Norbert Schwarz]

OCR-B was developed by Adrian Frutiger. Norbert Schwarz (Rechenzentrum, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum) developed this metafont package. In 2010, Zdenek Wagner created type 1 and Opentype versions of this font, as OCR B Outline. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Oesterreichische Schulschrift
[Gerhard A. Bachmaier]

Oesterreichische Schulschrift: Austrian School Writing Letters developed in 1995 by Gerhard A. Bachmaier. In metafont format. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Alan M. Stanier]

From Essex University, Alan M. Stanier's metafont for Ogham, an alphabet found on a number of Irish and Pictish carvings dated from the 4th century AD. The characters touch or cross the edges of the stone. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Olaf Kummer

[More]  ⦿

Oleg Motygin
[Russian Izhitsa]

[More]  ⦿

Olga Lapko

[More]  ⦿

Oliver Corff

[More]  ⦿

[Andreas Egler]

TeX software for setting Gregorian chant music, developed by Andreas Egler, Daniel Taupin and Ross Mitchell. FTP download. Some macros of OpusTeX are due to Youping Huang. Stanislav Kneifl also joined the project. OpusTeX is a set of TeX macros to typeset polyphonic, orchestral or choral music. It is mainly intended to be used to type wide scores. There is a big metafont family called Opus. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Norbert Preining's Otibet package for using Tibetan with Haralambous' Omega package in TeX. The font Tibetan used in it is based on Sirlin's fonts gtib and gtibsp. It is given in metafont format. [Google] [More]  ⦿

P. Damian Cugley

[More]  ⦿

[Peter R. Wilson]

Peter R. Wilson's metafont code (1999) for Pacioli. The pacioli package provides fonts designed by Fra Luca de Pacioli in 1497. The font is uppercase letters together with punctuation and some analphabetics; no lowercase or digits. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Palash Baran Pal

[More]  ⦿

Palatino TIPA
[Berthold Crysmann]

Berthold Crysmann's modification of the TIPA font for making a Palatino-look set of phonetic characters. In metafont and type 1. He also has similar sources for BIPA (TIPA in CM-Bright), and CIPA (TIPA in Knuth's Concrete). Finally, he also provides TIPA in type 1 format. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[N. N. Billawala]

Pandora metafont family written by N. N. Billawala. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Douglas Henke]

pbm2pfnt is a program that converts a group of PBM (portable bitmap) images to a font file suitable for use with PilRC. This allows developers to create custom fonts for use within their Palm device applications. Included with pbm2pfnt is a utility script called mkpfnt which creates fonts using the MetaFont font compiler and extracts selected bitmaps from those fonts. Together with pbm2pfnt, mkpfnt allow you to use MetaFont to create fonts for use with your Palm device. By Douglas Henke. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Peter Backes

In 2005, Peter Backes created a simple sans serif Metatype typeface called Oceania. In 1993, Phil Cordingly from ABC Network in Australia created some letters for the logo of the TV series Ocean Girl. Phil Watts (Jonathan M. Shiff Productions) then added some letters for Orca City and Ocean Odyssey. But the full font in Metatype was designed by Peter Backes in 2005, who made the source code freely available. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Peter Breitenlohner

[More]  ⦿

Peter R. Wilson

[More]  ⦿

Peter R. Wilson

[More]  ⦿

Peter R. Wilson

[More]  ⦿

Peter R. Wilson

[More]  ⦿

Peter Schmitt

[More]  ⦿

Peter Vanroose

Peter Vanroose (University of Leuven, Belgium) made a metafont program that produces simulated handwriting. The font is called "Script" (1992). We also learn that he made the copperplate calligraphic typeface Calligra15 (1992, metafont), with modifications by S. Dachian in 1999. In 2011, this font was released in type 1 format at CTAN. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Peter Willadt

Peter Willadt's free barcode fonts in metafont format, covering Code 128, EAN, Codabar, Interleaved 2 of 5, Code 39, Code 93, Code 11. Written in 1999. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Type 1 (pfb) to metafont conversion. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Phonetic metafonts
[Emma Pease]

Phonetic metafont collection by Emma Pease, based on Computer Modern. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Phons Bloemen
[Capital Baseball]

[More]  ⦿

Pierre A. MacKay

Pierre A. MacKay presents some Turkish metafonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Pierre MacKay

[More]  ⦿

Piet Tutelaers
[Chess metafonts]

[More]  ⦿


Free GNU license open source code (in Python) for transforming a pk font (bitmap font created for use in TeX from a metafont description) or metafont font into a type 1 font. The competition: textrace, MetaFog (proprietary, not open source code), and MetaType1 (too simplistic). By Han-Wen Nienhuys aka Jan Nieuwenhuizen. [Google] [More]  ⦿

PL fonts
[Janusz Marian Nowacki]

The PL fonts are a set of Polish extensions of the Computer Modern fonts. The type 1 and metafont code is in the public domain. Created by Janusz M. Nowacki, the 77 fonts are PLCaps10-Regular, PLDunhill10-Regular, PLFibonacci8-Regular, PLFunny10-Italic, PLFunny10-Regular, PLInch-Regular, PLMathExtension10-Regular, PLMathExtension9-Regular, PLMathItalic10-BoldItalic, PLMathItalic10-Italic, PLMathItalic12-Italic, PLMathItalic5-Italic, PLMathItalic6-Italic, PLMathItalic7-Italic, PLMathItalic8-Italic, PLMathItalic9-Italic, PLMathSymbols10-BoldItalic, PLMathSymbols10-Italic, PLMathSymbols5-Italic, PLMathSymbols6-Italic, PLMathSymbols7-Italic, PLMathSymbols8-Italic, PLMathSymbols9-Italic, PLRoman10-Bold, PLRoman10-BoldItalic, PLRoman10-Italic, PLRoman10-Regular, PLRoman12-Bold, PLRoman12-Italic, PLRoman12-Regular, PLRoman17-Regular, PLRoman5-Bold, PLRoman5-Regular, PLRoman6-Bold, PLRoman6-Regular, PLRoman7-Bold, PLRoman7-Italic, PLRoman7-Regular, PLRoman8-Bold, PLRoman8-Italic, PLRoman8-Regular, PLRoman9-Bold, PLRoman9-Italic, PLRoman9-Regular, PLRomanDemi10-Regular, PLSans10-Bold, PLSans10-BoldItalic, PLSans10-Italic, PLSans10-Regular, PLSans12-Italic, PLSans12-Regular, PLSans17-Italic, PLSans17-Regular, PLSans8-Italic, PLSans8-Regular, PLSans9-Italic, PLSans9-Regular, PLSansDemiCond10-Regular, PLSansQuotation8-Italic, PLSansQuotation8-Regular, PLSlanted10-BoldItalic, PLSlanted10-Italic, PLSlanted12-Italic, PLSlanted8-Italic, PLSlanted9-Italic, PLTeXExtended10-Regular, PLTeXExtended8-Regular, PLTeXExtended9-Regular, PLTypewriter10-Italic, PLTypewriter10-Regular, PLTypewriter12-Regular, PLTypewriter8-Regular, PLTypewriter9-Regular, PLTypewriterCaps10-Regular, PLTypewriterSlanted10-Italic, PLTypewriterVarWd10-Regular, PLUnslanted10-Regular. The fonts were originally created by Janusz M. Nowacki in 1997 and released during the meeting of the Polish TeX Users Group (GUST) in Bachotek. Several minor bugs were removed during a few years of using the fonts. Total re-arrangement of the collection and adaptation to the Windows environment took place out in 2000 and was carried out by the JNS TEAM (Boguslaw Jackowski, Janusz M. Nowacki and Piotr Strzelczyk). [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Hans Hagen]

Based in Hasselt, The Netherlands, this is an advanced document engineering company, dealing with metapost, PDF, postscript, TEX, metafont, and professional typesetting in general. Led by Hans Hagen and Ton Otten. Publishers of PDFTEX. ConText is TEX macro package. METAFUN is a manual related to Metapost. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Peter Breitenlohner]

Technical University of Eindhoven source for converting PostScript fonts to PK (bitmap) files, useful with TEX. It started out with Piet Tutelaers from 1992-1994. In 1998, Sebastian Rahtz took over the package. In 2008, Peter Breitenlohner (Germany) started managing it. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Publications GUTenberg

The Cahiers GUTenberg and La Lettre GUTenberg are French publications dealing with all typographical matters. They are situated on the threshold between good typographical practice and the development of related software. Archives GUTenberg. Run from IRISA in Rennes. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Rafael de Azevedo

Designer of the parametric typeface Nu Alfabet (2017). He writes: This is a family of fonts that clone Wim Crouwel's New Alphabet parametric typesetting system. It is the culmination of an exercise for learning how to use Python and the Glyphs font editor API. The family consists of several variations in the glyphs proportions automatically generated from a high level description of the design in Python code (or a metafont) in the broad sense that Donald Knuth defined in the Metafontbook, that is, a schematic description of the shapes in a family of related fonts.

Each font has in its name a sequence of five parameters that describe its proportions, in order according to the manner in which Crouwel conceived the system variations:

  • the number of vertical units (odd progression, defines glyph width)
  • the number of UPMs per vertical unit (that is, the unit width)
  • the number of horizontal units (odd progression; defines glyph height; at least x-height + 4)
  • the number of UPMs per horizontal unit (that is, the unit height)
  • the number of horizontal units that comprise the x-height (odd progression)
[Google] [More]  ⦿

Rainer Dörntge

Designer of the magic dingbat font "Magic", in metafont format. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Ralph Smith
[RSFS - Ralph Smith's Formal Script Symbol Fonts]

[More]  ⦿

Recycling logo

Recycling logo in metafont, by Ian Green. [Google] [More]  ⦿

REDIS Hebrew font

From the Department of Physics at the Technion, Jacques Goldberg's REDIS Hebrew (meta)font. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Rei Fukui

[More]  ⦿

Richard B. Wales
[OCR-A: Richard Wales]

[More]  ⦿

Richard Southall

British font software specialist and type designer, 1937-2015, who was universally liked for his modesty even though he knew more than most about the theoretical and technical aspects of type design in the twentieth century. A graduate in natural sciences from Cambridge (1960), he joined Crosfield Electronics Ltd in London, where he was responsible for producing photomatrices for the Photon-Lumitype direct-photography photocomposing machines sold by Crosfield in Europe. From 1974 to 1983 he was a lecturer in the Department of Typography and Graphic Communication at the University of Reading. Between then and the end of the decade he worked in California and France, at Stanford University (where he worked with Don Knuth from 1983-1986 on the Metafont project), Xerox Palo Alto Research Center and the Université Louis-Pasteur in Strasbourg. Since then he has been a consultant type designer with the American Mathematical Society, BT, the Civil Aviation Authority, National Air Traffic Services and US West Dex (now Qwest Dex).

Author of Printer's Type in the Twentieth Century Manufacturing and Design Methods (British Library Publishing, 2005; Sumner Stone's review of this book).

He wrote many type-technical articles such as Designing a new typeface with METAFONT (Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 236, pp. 161-179, 1986), Shape and appearance in typeface design (in J H Miller (ed) Protext III: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Text Processing Systems, 1986), Interfaces between the designer and the document (in J. André, R. Furuta and V. Quint (eds) Structured Documents, 1989), Problems of font quality assessment (with Debra Adams: in Jacques André and Roger D. Hersch (eds) Raster Imaging and Digital Typography, 1989), Presentation rules and rules of composition in the formatting of complex text (in Rosemary Sassoon's Computers and Typography, 1993), Character description techniques in type manufacture (in Rosemary Sassoon's Computers and Typography, 1993), Character generator systems for broadcast television (in Information Design Journal 2:1 (1981), Metafont in the Rockies: the Colorado typemaking project (in Roger D Hersch et al (eds) in Electronic Publishing, Artistic Imaging, and Digital typography, 1998), and Prototyping Telephone-directory Pages with TEX (in: Cahiers GUTenberg 28-29, pp. 283-294).

With Ladislas Mandel, he designed the telephone directory typeface Colorado in 1998 for US West. It is one of the few examples of a practical application of a typeface coded in Metafont.

Obituary by Gerry Leonidas. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Rick Simpson

[More]  ⦿

Rick van Rein

[More]  ⦿

Roberto Alvarez Zavala

Designer of a (partial) metafont for Nahuatl (2021). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Roland Waldi
[Waldis Symbol fonts (wasy)]

[More]  ⦿

Ron Whitney

Managing director of TUG (for the TeX community) and active in the use of TeX by the AMS (American Mathematical Society). In 1991-1992, Costas Mylonas and Ron Whitney co-designed a set of Greek fonts called Euclid, which they describe in their article Complete Greek with Adjunct Fonts (TUGBoat, vol. 13, pp. 39-50, 1992). This Times-Elsevier Greek font family was developed using MetaFont and was never released to the public. [Google] [More]  ⦿

RSFS - Ralph Smith's Formal Script Symbol Fonts
[Ralph Smith]

In 1999, UCSD's Ralph Smith developed METAFONT sources for fonts of uppercase script letters for use as symbols in scientific and mathematical typesetting. His glyphs are based on the so-called Spencerian or Copperplate hand lettering which prevailed in the eighteenth century. Type 1 sources now available as well. A follow-up package with integration into TeX was developed by Michael Sharpe in 2021, simply caleed rsfso. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Russian Izhitsa
[Oleg Motygin]

Russian Izhitsa is a metafont developed by Oleg Motygin. [Google] [More]  ⦿

R.W.D. Nickalls
[ascii metafont]

[More]  ⦿


Article by Yannis Haralambous on his Sabra package for using Syriac in TeX. The package covers Serto (or: Jacobite; the Peshito variant, however, is not covered), Estrangelo (but Melchitic and Mandean, variants, are not covered) and East Syriac (or: Nestorian). It also offers Garshuni (Syriac writing of Arabic). Ligatures and stretching connections (keshideh) are automatically performed. The fonts are in METAFONT format. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Sam Sirlin's Tibet Page

Sam Sirlin is the author of textib, a Tibetan package for TEX. He also converted Don Stilwell's Gaka font into a metafont. He created gtib, another Tibetan font. On this page, you'll also find Leonardo Gribaudo's BOD, another Tibetan font. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Samy Zafrany

Professor at the Technion (Haifa) who made the metafonts crml10 and crmlsl10 (Carmel and Carmel Slanted), both bold titling fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Sanskrit metafonts
[Charles Wikner]

Sanskrit metafont by Charles Wikner. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Sauter fonts

John Sauter has prepared alternate parameter files that make it possible to generate the Computer Modern fonts at any point size. This seems to work well from 4 to 40 point sizes. The files were maintained almost from the beginning by Jörg Knappen, but will be maintained from January 1999 on by Jeroen Nijhof. Current version is 2.4. [Google] [More]  ⦿


New font-creation system based on Knuth's metafont, but different. Creates font in a generic format from which PostScript, TrueType and screen fonts are easily derived. By Dae-In Seo, and announced in August 98 in the Metafont mailing list. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Vit Zyka]

Semaphor metafont by Vit Zyka from Czechia (1998). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Serge Rosmorduc

French creator of a hieroglyphic and a Coptic metafont. He also developed the free Open Source hieroglyphic editor JSesh. JSesh is a word processor for ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic texts. Designer of Egypto Serif, a rather complete font based on DejaVu. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Sergei V. Znamenskii

Znamenskii who suggests replacing cmti by cmtiup in which italic corrections are placed in the kerning. Similar replacement of cmsl by cmslup was suggested. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Sergei V. Znamenskii

[More]  ⦿

Serguei Dachian

Developer in 1999 of an Armenian font package for TEX and Armenian metafonts. Co-developers: A. Dalalyan and V. Hakobian. The "artmr" metafont family was converted from the TrueType font family "ArTarumianTimes" made by Ruben Hakobian. The sans serif "arssr" metafont family was converted from the PostScript font "Sassoun", which was originally created and released as "Sassoun" (1994) by Raffi Kojian. Yet another source. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Serguei Dachian
[Armenian metafont]

[More]  ⦿


Free Go software for printing go games in TEX. Includes Go metafonts developed by Daniel Bump and Reid Augustin. [Google] [More]  ⦿


From Essex University, Alan M. Stanier's metafont for Shavian. From Alan's readme: "The Shavian "Proposed British Alphabet" was devised by Kingsley Reed and was the winning entry in a competition financed by a trust set up under George Bernard Shaw's will. The aim was to find an alphabet able to write English without indicating single sounds by groups of letters or by diacritical marks." [Google] [More]  ⦿

Shengjun Pan

[More]  ⦿

Shensheng Wen

Shensheng Wen is Vice-President & CTO of Hanyi Fonts. He has been a determined explorer of type design for more than 30 years. Wen is an expert in Chinese type design and production with the parametric method, and is the creator of more than 30 Chinese typefaces.

At ATypI 2018 in Antwerp, Xuan Zhang, Huaijing Leng and Shensheng Wen propose a parametric type design model for the Chinese script. The abstract of their talk: The Chinese script, as an ideographic writing system, is used by a large proportion of the world's population. Over the centuries, its large character set has been the biggest issue facing type makers. In this presentation, different historical methods of production of Chinese type will be covered. ATypI Antwerp is the right moment to introduce the latest progress on a parameterized design model for Chinese. Various methods of Chinese type casting have been attempted. This talk will therefore consist of three main parts: 1) Designing with Components: the Six Writing theory of Chinese classification illustrates the simple logic behind the complicated shapes of Chinese characters, which gives out the possibility of speeding up the type casting process, either in physical form or in digital type; 2) Designing with Handwriting: Research on handwriting recognition and auto-generation will be mentioned, though it is not a main workflow; 3) Designing with a Parametric Model (Prototype): Inspired by MetaFont, but developed into a practical production stage with detailed control methods for the Chinese character skeleton, strokes, and structural-adjustment algorithm. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Shuffle symbol
[Julian Gilbey]

Julian Gilbey created the shuffle product symbol in metafont in 2008, in the same format as the CM symbols. It is based on the cmsy font. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Silvio Levy
[Greek (Silvio Levy)]

[More]  ⦿

Sinhala TeX

Sinhala TeX is a package of Metafont fonts and a preprocessor suitable for writing Sinhala script using TeX or LaTeX. This package was originally developed by Yannis Haralambous, with funding from the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, 183 Euston Road, London NW1 2BE, England. It was later modified by Vasantha Saparamadu at Macquarie University in Sydney to add support for the "samanala" transliteration scheme developed by Prasad Dharmasena. See also here and here. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Torben Hoffmann]

Metafont chess fonts called skak. Part of the skak package developed by Dane Torben Hoffmann in 2000. See also here. In 2002, several symbols were added by Dirk Baechle. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Henrik Christian Grove]

From Denmark, Henrik Christian Grove's metafont for a skull-and-crossbones symbol. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Alan M. Stanier]

From Essex University, Alan M. Stanier's metafont for South Arabian. "% This font was used for several languages in Southern Arabia in the second millenium BC." It was made into a type 1 font in 2005 by Peter Wilson. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Soyombo (Mongolian)

Oliver Corff's Soyombo for Latex and an intro to the Soyombo script used in parts of Mongolia. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Spalek's metapost tutorial

Robert Spalek's Czech tutorial on metapost. [Google] [More]  ⦿

St Mary's road symbol font
[Jeremy Gibbons]

Road symbols in metafont and type 1, by Alan Jeffrey and kiwi Jeremy Gibbons. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Stanislav Brabec
[moonphase metafont]

[More]  ⦿

Stayka dey Avemta

Designer of the metafont Futhark. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Stephan Weinhold

[More]  ⦿

Syriac (Modern Assyrian) Alphabets
[Tony Khoshaba]

Tony Khoshaba and Isa Benyamin (an Assyrian caligraphist) developed a complete set of Eastern Syriac (meta)fonts at the Syriac Computing Institute. The truetype font Ishtar2 (1998) is a modification of an earlier Assyrian font, Nisibus. See also here. See also here. [Google] [More]  ⦿

T. Govindaraj

The Palladam Tamil font was designed in 1989-1990 by T. Govindaraj who works or worked at Georgia Tech in Atlanta. Alternate URL. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Taco Hoekwater

Free type 1 fonts, created from metafont source code by Taco Hoekwater, using Hobby's metapost to get .eps files, and then Kinch's metafog to get .pfb files. Hinted and touched up manually with FontLab v3.0c. Included are: rsfs{5,7,10}, wasy{5,7,10,b10}, stmary{5,6,7,8,9,10}, xipa{10}, logo{8,9,10,bf10,sl10}. Go to ps-type1/hoekwater of the respective metafont font directories. Check also here or here. Taco also created arrow10, a font that contains about all the arrows and harpoons that Unicode, MathML, the STIX group and Taco Hoekwater could come up with. (Quote from Taco himself.) [Google] [More]  ⦿

Takanori Uchiyama

[More]  ⦿

Taro Terashita

Designer at Ehime University in Japan who created an extension of Computer Modern in 2010 to cover the long s that was in use in old Latin texts. The font family is called Old Latin. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Taupin's conversions

Using Oleg Motygin's ttf2mf, Daniel Taupin created metafont versions for Times, Arial, Arial Narrow, Book Antiqua, Bookman Old Style, Courier, Garamond, Helvetica and Times New Roman. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Nguyen-Dai Quy]

Nguyen-Dai Quy's family of Vietnamese metafonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Lakshmankumar Mukkavilli]

Lakshmankumar Mukkavilli and Lakshmi Mukkavilli present Telugu TeX, complete with a set of metafonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Tengwar and Cirth
[Julian Bradfield]

Metafonts developed by Julian Bradfield. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Tengwar (English)
[Daniel S. Smith]

Daniel S. Smith's page on Tengwar fonts. Has free fonts for Mac and PC. Metafont examples by Julian Bradfield and Michael Urban. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Tetsuo Iwakuma

Postscript and metafont font archive. [Google] [More]  ⦿


TeX and METAFONT FAQ at the University of Utah. [Google] [More]  ⦿

TeX archive

List of fonts (metafont and other) in the Comprehensive TeX Archive Network (CTAN). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Tex Font Guide
[David Wright]

TEX and LATEX font guide by David Wright (University of Zürich). [Google] [More]  ⦿

TEX fonts

31 sets of Hangul fonts for TeX. A mirror. [Google] [More]  ⦿

TeX GF format

Specs. [Google] [More]  ⦿

TeX--Metafont PK bitmap font format

Specs. [Google] [More]  ⦿


"TeXtrace is a collection of scripts for UNIX that convert any TeX font into a Type1 .pfb outline font immediately suitable for use with dvips, pdftex, acroread (and any many other programs). The main advantage of using Type1 fonts with TeX is that Acroread renders TeX's bitmap fonts ugly on screen, but it renders outline fonts beautifully and fast. " Free software written by Péter Szabó. [Google] [More]  ⦿


TeX font metrics file format specs. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Yotam Medini]

TFM/PK font viewer by Yotam Medini. It uses (needs) Tcl/Tk. In addition to that it browses TeX's fonts. Current version 0.72. [Google] [More]  ⦿


A free perl utility by Dominique Larchey, Denis Roegel and Christian Rossi at LORIA in Nancy, France, that can be used to generate a TFM file from a metafont file (note: this is useful when one likes toi use mftrace). It can also be used to check PK and TFM files. [Google] [More]  ⦿

The European Computer Modern Fonts

Jörg Knappen's page on the European Computer Modern fonts. "The following languages are supported by the Cork encoding: Afrikaans, Albanian, Breton, Croat, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, French, Frisian, Gaelic, Galician, German, Greenlandic, Hungarian, Icelandic, Irish (modern orthography), Italian, Letzeburgish, Lusatian (Sorbian), Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Rhaetian (Rumantsch), Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish." [Google] [More]  ⦿

The TeX Catalogue Online
[Graham Williams]

Description of most TeX packages by ozzie Graham Williams. Unbelievably useful! Tons of links. The link file alone is 747K, jam-packed with information. Master list of links related to TeX, metafont, fonts for TeX, and utilities for TeX. [Google] [More]  ⦿

The TEX Online Catalog

Graham Williams' useful catalog of CTAN fonts for TEX and LATEX. [Google] [More]  ⦿

The ze fonts

The zd fonts by Constantin Kahn are virtual T1 encoded Computer Modern fonts based on (OT1) Computer Modern, Times, and Helvetica fonts, intended to simulate dc fonts. Robert Fuster has adapted the Kahn's package to ec fonts. The resulting virtual fonts are named according to the ec fonts names, changing ec by ze. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Thomas A. Heim

[More]  ⦿

Thomas Ridgeway

Thomas Ridgeway (d. 2005) held a Ph.D. in Asian linguistics. He was Director of the Humanities and Arts Computing Center, University of Washington, Seattle WA, where he worked until around 2002. He is the author of

  • Poorman: Free fonts (metafont/bitmap/pk) for Chinese and Japanese, developed in 1990. As Ridgeway explained: pmC and pmJ are less than ideal implementations of Chinese and Japanese for TeX. Less than ideal because they use fonts based on 24x24 dot-matrix fonts, and don't do vertical format typesetting and so forth.
  • IPBS or Indo-Persian BitStream Charter: a free font family in truetype with these fonts: IPbschtrBoldItalic, IPbschtrBold, IPbschtrItalic, IPbschtrNormal. The fonts were modified by Richard J. Cohen, from "HACC Indic" by Thomas Ridgeway (1993), which is based on Charter, a font in the public domain. Richard Cohen is with the South Asia Regional Studies Department, University of Pennsylvania.
  • WNTamil: a Tamil metafont created by Ridgeway in 1990. Hal Schiffman writes: I worked together with Tom Ridgeway to design this font, at my instigation, since I needed it for my dictionary, and he knew METAFONT. (He did not know Tamil, although he did know Hindi.) We spent many Friday mornings designing the glyphs. He would write the code and run the program, and I would then critique it, and then we would run it again until we had an acceptable glyph. But I realize he thought of himself as the sole developer, which is why he registered it in his name. Afterwards we tweaked some of the glyphs, and Vasu Renganathan worked on later versions, too, so the authors of this font should be listed as myself, Ridgeway, and Vasu Renganathan. Anshuman Pandey from the University of Washington took over the maintenance of font. Fonts can be found at CTAN and cover Tamil (U+0B80-U+0BFF). This set was used in the GNU Freefont project.
  • A phonetic typeface was designed by Thomas Ridgeway for a large subrange of American Indian languages. The first active projects using this were in Salish and Navajo. In the case of Salish, Tom's font was based on a Lushootseed alphabetic script was developed by Thomas Hess.
[Google] [More]  ⦿


Tibetan metafonts, and help files for the use of Tibetan in TeX and LaTeX. The metafont is by Sam Sirlin. Other pieces of code, including LaTeX Tibetan, are by Jeff Sparkes (Computer Science, Memorial University of Newfoundland). Dead link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Rei Fukui]

Rei Fukui's IPA metafonts and type 1 fonts. Rei Fukui is at the Graduate School of Humanities and Sociology of the University of Tokyo. CTAN link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Tolkien Fonts

Tolkien fonts for integration with TeX. The authors explain: Here are a number of freely available fonts for writing with the scripts invented by J.R.R. Tolkien. This package makes it vastly easier to use those fonts with pdfTeX and pdfLaTeX. The fonts themselves are not part of the package. Specifically, this package provides support for writing English, Quenya, and Sindarin with tengwar and cirth/angerthas. It also provides support for writing Dwarvish with cirth, Quenya with sarati and valmaric letters, and English with Anglo-Saxon runes, as used in The Hobbit. It supports the use of the fonts Tengwar Annatar, Cirth Erebor, Sarati Eldamar, Valmaric Eldamar, and can be easily edited to support Tengwar Eldamar, Tengwar Parmaite, Tengwar Noldor, Tengwar Quenya, and Tengwar Sindarin. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Tom Kacvinsky
[American Mathematical Society]

[More]  ⦿

Tommy Ekola

Designer of Cmarrows (1998), a metapost format set of arrows. Tommy was (is?) at the Department of Mathematics of the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Tony Khoshaba
[Syriac (Modern Assyrian) Alphabets]

[More]  ⦿

Tor Lillqvist
[OCR-A: Tor Lillqvist]

[More]  ⦿

Torben Hoffmann

[More]  ⦿

Torsten Bronger

Torsten Bronger converted the metafont Fraktur fonts of Yannis Haralambous (yfrak, yswab, yinit and ygoth) to type 1. Type 1 versions generated by Torsten Bronger. See also here. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Peter R. Wilson]

Peter R. Wilson's metafont code (1999) for Trajan. "The trajan package provides fonts based on the capitals carved on the Trajan column in Rome in 114 AD. Many typographers think these rank first among the Roman's artistic legacy." In 2005, type 1 versions were created as well: Trajan-Roman, Trajan-Slanted. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Jan Holfert]

trsym is a metafont font developed by Jan Holfert in 2000. This font contains symbols used for transformations (e.g. Laplace transformation). There are horizontal and vertical symbols both for transformation and inverse transformation. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Based on Knuth's Computer Modern, TSIPA is a phonetic metafont made by Hajime Kobayashi, Rei Fukui, and Shun Shirakawai in 1992, improving the older WSUIPA phonetic font. However, it too has now been superseded by TIPA, a 256-position font. [Google] [More]  ⦿


A Windows program by Konstantin Vasil'ev, which converts Windows True Type fonts to TEX PK fonts. Free demo. [Google] [More]  ⦿


A Windows program by Oleg V. Motygin, which is intended to convert Windows True Type fonts to MetaFont format. Source freely available on request. Technical note: TTF2MF obtains information on True Type fonts by using Windows GDI functions (GetGlyphOutLine etc.). That is why the program works with installed fonts instead of .ttf files. Alternate site. Still another site. A clean-up program by Daniel Taupin, called ttfmf2t1.c, may be applied to the output. See also here. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Thomas Weinmann's connected handwriting font in metafont format. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Typesetting Khmer

Article by Yannis Haralambous on typesetting Khmer in TeX. It talks about the script, an encoding table, a METAFONT (developed by him), and the typesetting problems. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Useful French typography mailing list started by Jacques André, Thierry Bouche, Alain Hurtig and Olivier Randier. Managed by Jacques André from the University of Rennes. Complete archive of this mailing list. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Ugaritic (metafont)

From Essex University, Alan M. Stanier's metafont for Ugaritic, a cuneiform alphabet (as opposed to the syllabic cuneiform of Akkadian or Hittite), as found on tablets dated from the Late Bronze Age (ca 1400 - 1200 BC) in Northern Syria and Palestine, notably in the archives at Ugarit. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Ulrich Goldschmitt

[More]  ⦿

Ulrich Mueller

[More]  ⦿

Ulrik Vieth
[Concrete Math fonts]

[More]  ⦿

[Ulrich Goldschmitt]

Extra mathematical symbols to complement cmsy. In metafont. By Ulrich Goldschmitt. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Un système TeX Berbère

Article by Yannis Haralambous on typesetting Berber in TeX. It includes some description of METAFONT fonts made by him: tifi, tifis, tifisb, tifib. [Google] [More]  ⦿

University of Washington

Huge metafont families for Old English (called wngb, or Washington Gerald Barnett), Washington Romanized Indic (called wnri), and Washington Puget Salish (called wnps, or Lushootseed, for American Indian languages). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Urs Oswald
[Urs Oswald: Bezier Curves]

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Urs Oswald: Bezier Curves
[Urs Oswald]

URS Oswald explains Bezier curves in a simple and authoritative manner. Includes material on MetaPost. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Uwe Zimmermann

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Verbindungen zur Aussenwelt

Very useful links for math, typography, TEX and metafont. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Vít Zýka

Prague-based researcher and TeX specialist who obtained a PhD in computer vision from the Czech Technical University in Prague in 2003. Designer of free semaphore fonts in OpenType and Type 1 formats, January 2008. The Semaphor font family contains 5 shapes (regular, bold, slanted, bold slanted, and mono) in 3 variants (differ by a pillar shape). They were obtained by rewriting the original Metafont sources he made in 1998 to Metatype1, and utilizing FontForge: Semafor-Bold, Semafor-Bold-Slant, Semafor-NoPillar-Bold, Semafor-NoPillar-Bold-Slant, Semafor-NoPillar, Semafor-NoPillar-Slant, Semafor-NoPillar-Mono, Semafor-PesonPillar-Bold, Semafor-PersonPillar-Bold-Slant, Semafor-PersonPillar, Semafor-PersonPillar-Slant, Semafor-PersonPillar-Mono, Semafor-Regular, Semafor-Slant, Semafor-Mono. He also made a softball metafont. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Vicentino fonts
[Willibald Kraml]

Metafont fonts developed by Willibald Kraml in Vienna in 1992. There are three script fonts. A cursive shape, which is a slanted shape written with a wide-nibbed pen. A twist shape: a slanted shape with constant width. And a modern script shape: an upright shape with a forward sloping stress axis. They would mainly be suitable for display text. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Uwe Zimmermann]

Uwe Zimmermann designed the metafont Viking (2003). He explains: "The package VIKING contains the two 16 letter runic alphabets as used by the vikings in Scandinavia. It is based on the archaic font series by Peter Wilson and uses the same, simple installation and interface routines." [Google] [More]  ⦿

Vincent Zoonekynd

List of available metafonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Vit Zyka

[More]  ⦿

[Cuong Nguyen]

vncmr is a Vietnamese extension of the Computer Modern Roman font family. v1.0 was by Cuong Nguyen (1991). v2.0 and up are by By Werner Lemberg. [Google] [More]  ⦿


VNR provides Vietnamese Fonts for TeX. The fonts are in Metafont and type 1 format. The VNR package is originally written by Han The Thanh and currently maintained by Ky Anh. See also here. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Volker Kunert

Designer of the metafont DM. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Waldis Symbol fonts (wasy)
[Roland Waldi]

Extra mathematical symbols to complement the math symbol fonts. Has astronomy and physics symbols, for example. In metafont. PostScript versions also available. The wasy font series was developed by Roland Waldi in 1990-1992. The wasy package on CTAN is maintained by Michael Sharpe (2019--2020). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Walter Entenmann

Creator of a free metafont set called Schulschriften (2012). These are historical German school fonts. This package comes with TeX and Latex tools and pre-coded lined pages. There are many fonts, upright and tilted, categorized as follows:

  • SU (font wesu), for Sütterlinschrift. The Prussian Ministry of Education asked Ludwig Sütterlin (1865-1917) in 1911 to develop a school font that would replace the obsolete Kurrentschrift (Kanzleischrift). This script was used in Prussia from 1915 onwards, and in all of Germany from 1935 on. It was banned by the Schrifterlass decree of 1941.
  • DN (font wedn), for Deutsche Normalschrift. Promoted in Germany in 1941 when blackletter was banned by the German government. It was in use in German schools until 1953.
  • LA (font wela), for Lateinische Ausgangsschrift. A new script introduced in German schools in 1953.
  • SAS (font wesas), for Schulausgangsschrift. Introduced in the DDR [i.e., the old East Germany] in 1968, and still in use today in ex-East Germany.
  • VA (font weva), for Vereinfachte Ausgangsschrift. Introduced in the BDR [i.e., West Germany] in 1972, based on Lateinischen Ausgangsschrift, but simpler.

Author of Schulschriften---von Sütterlin bis heute. Die TEXnische Komödie, vol. 24 (2012) 4, 12--41. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Walter Schmidt

Erlangen, Germany-based metafont and TeX specialist who has designed numerous font packages and developed many others. His work is always free and he has provided the TeX community invaluable typeface support. A list of his work:

  • Based on Euler and CM, he also developed the Euler math fonts (2001). Also called Euler-VM.
  • mathpple defines the type 1 font family "Palatino" (ppl) as the default roman font and use the "mathpple" fonts for typesetting math with LaTeX.
  • ECC, or European Concrete Computer Modern: a metafont implementation of Donald Knuth's Concrete fonts, providing T1 text fonts and TS1 text companion fonts.
  • Codeveloper with Malte Rosenau of the Bera fonts, based on Bitstream's vera family.
  • Extensions of some of the free URW fonts. For example, Walter Schmidt extended URW Palladio L in his FPL Neu package. He has also worked on URW Letter Gothic and URW Garamond No. 3.
  • Creator of cmbright, a family of sans serif metafonts based on Donald Knuth's CM font. It is lighter and less obtrusive than CMSS. Together with CM Bright there comes a family of typewriter fonts, CM Typwewriter Light, which look better in combination with CM Bright than the CMTT fonts would do.
  • Designer of the free font Augie, a type1 font simulating informal American style handwriting (2000), based on an earlier font called Augie by Steven J. Lundeen (1997).
[Google] [More]  ⦿

Walter Schmidt
[European Concrete family]

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Walter Schmidt
[cmbright: Computer Modern Bright]

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Web2c programs

Programs that convert between files needed for TEX typesetting: GF, PK, GF, TFM, PL, VF, VPL, AFM. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Willibald Kraml
[Vicentino fonts]

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Wlodek Bzyl

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Wolfgang Leister

Dr. Wolfgang Leister, formerly from the Institut für Betriebs und Dialogsysteme at the Universität Kärlsruhe in Germany, and now a Senior Research Scientist, Norwegian Computing Center, made a Braille metafont. [Google] [More]  ⦿


IPA metafonts from Washington State University. [Google] [More]  ⦿


XBfe (X Bitmap Font Editor) allows you to hand-edit a bitmap font--both the shapes (i.e., the pixels) and the metric information (set widths, side bearings, and kerning tables). The input is both a bitmap (GF or PK) font and a corresponding TFM file. Part of the GNU font utilities package. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Xfig flag library
[Dror Bar-Natan]

Xfig descriptions of the world's flags, free to download. All flags were created by Brian Smith, except those of Austria, Belgium, Catalan, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britian, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Sweden and Switzerland (which were created by Roland Rosenfeld), and those of Slovenia and Russia (by Roman Maurer). Note: these flags can be made into metafont by a script provided by Dror Bar-Natan. [Google] [More]  ⦿

XmBDFEditor (v3.8)

Edits BDF fonts on X-Windows (simple ASCII representation of bitmap fonts) and can import Linux console fonts, Sun VF fonts, X bitmap, Linux console fonts (PSF, CP, FNT), metafont PK/GF, Windows FON/FNT fonts, TrueType fonts, and HBF (Han bitmap fonts. It exports PSF fonts if necessary. Developed and freely made available by Mark Leisher, Computing Research Lab, New Mexico State University, Box 30001, Dept. 3CRL, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA. FTP access. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Stephan Weinhold]

A set of free metafonts by Stephan Weinhold made in 2006 for Chinese chess. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Xuan Zhang

Xuan Zhang is a type designer at Hanyi Fonts. He is a graduate in graphic design from the Rochester Institute of Technology. Zhang joined Hanyi Fonts in 2014, and so far has taken charge of non-Chinese design and has customized type projects for Hanyi.

At ATypI 2018 in Antwerp, Xuan Zhang, Huaijing Leng and Shensheng Wen propose a parametric type design model for the Chinese script. The abstract of their talk: The Chinese script, as an ideographic writing system, is used by a large proportion of the world's population. Over the centuries, its large character set has been the biggest issue facing type makers. In this presentation, different historical methods of production of Chinese type will be covered. ATypI Antwerp is the right moment to introduce the latest progress on a parameterized design model for Chinese. Various methods of Chinese type casting have been attempted. This talk will therefore consist of three main parts: 1) Designing with Components: the Six Writing theory of Chinese classification illustrates the simple logic behind the complicated shapes of Chinese characters, which gives out the possibility of speeding up the type casting process, either in physical form or in digital type; 2) Designing with Handwriting: Research on handwriting recognition and auto-generation will be mentioned, though it is not a main workflow; 3) Designing with a Parametric Model (Prototype): Inspired by MetaFont, but developed into a practical production stage with detailed control methods for the Chinese character skeleton, strokes, and structural-adjustment algorithm.

Speaker at ATypI 2019 in Tokyo. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Yannis Haralambous
[gothic mf]

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Yannis Haralambous

Metafont/TEX font and font software developer, specializing in non-Latin fonts and their integration in TEX. Ran Atelier Fluxus Virus in Lille, France. Codeveloper of the Omega typesetting system which includes the Omega Font Family (type 1). Since 2001, professor of Computer Science at the École Nationale Supérieure des Telecommunications de Bretagne in Brest. He is the author of the 1000+-page text Fontes et codages (O'Reilly, 2004), which was translated by P. Scott Horne with the English title Fonts & encodings. From Unicode to Advanced Typography and Everything in Between (2007, O'Reilly). See also here. Also author of Keeping Greek Typography Alive, an article presented at the 1st International Conference on Typography and Visual Communication held in Thessaloniki in June 2002.

Yannis Haralambous and John Plaice are the authors of Omega typesetting system, which is an extension of TeX. Its first release, aims primarily at improving TeX's multilingual abilities. In Omega all characters and pointers into data-structures are 16-bit wide, instead of 8-bit, thereby eliminating many of the trivial limitations of TeX. Omega also allows multiple input and output character sets, and uses programmable filters to translate from one encoding to another, to perform contextual analysis, etc. Internally, Omega uses the universal 16-bit Unicode standard character set, based on ISO-10646. These improvements not only make it a lot easier for TeX users to cope with multiple or complex languages, like Arabic, Indic, Khmer, Chinese, Japanese or Korean, in one document, but will also form the basis for future developments in other areas, such as native color support and hypertext features. ... Fonts for UT1 (omlgc family) and UT2 (omah family) are under development: these fonts are in PostScript format and visually close to Times and Helvetica font families.

Author of From Unicode to Typography, a Case Study the Greek Script, an informatice article written in 1999.

Active participant in the GNU Freefont project. With John Plaice, he contributed to these Unicode ranges:

  • Latin Extended-B (U+0180-U+024F)
  • IPA Extensions (U+0250-U+02AF)
  • Greek (U+0370-U+03FF)
  • Armenian (U+0530-U+058F)
  • Hebrew (U+0590-U+05FF)
  • Arabic (U+0600-U+06FF)
  • Currency Symbols (U+20A0-U+20CF)
  • Arabic Presentation Forms-A (U+FB50-U+FDFF)
  • Arabic Presentation Forms-B (U+FE70-U+FEFF)
He also added glyphs for Sinhala (U+0D80-U+0DFF). In 1999, Yannis Haralambous and Virach Sornlertlamvanich made a set of glyphs covering the Thai national standard Nf3, in both upright and slanted shape. Range: Thai (U+0E00-U+0E7F). These too are in the GNU Freefont family. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Yaw-Jen Lin

Yaw-Jen Lin (Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan) and Tzao-Lin Lee made these truetype versions of the Computer Modern family in the 1990s: CM_Dunhill-Regular, CM_Fibonacci-Regular, CM_Funny-Italic, CM_Funny-Regular, CM_Math-Extension, CM_Math-Italic, CM_Math-ItalicBold, CM_MathSymbol-Bold, CM_MathSymbol-Regular, CM_Roman-Bold, CM_Roman-BoldSlantedExt, CM_Roman-Regular, CM_Roman-Slanted, CM_RomanCaps-Regular, CM_RomanExt-Bold, CM_SansSerif-BoldExt, CM_SansSerif-Regular, CM_SansSerif-Slanted, CM_SansSerifCondensed-DemiBold, CM_SansSerifQuotation-Italic, CM_SansSerifQuotation-Regular, CM_SlantedTypewriter-Regular, CM_TeX_Extanded-Regular, CM_Text-BoldItalicExt, CM_Text-Italic, CM_Typewriter-Italic, CM_Typewriter-Regular, CM_TypewriterCaps-Regular, CM_Unslanted-Italic, CM_VariableWidthTypewriter-Regular. Lin reports that he has written a free utility for converting metafont fonts into truetype fonts, but I could not locate that software anywhere.

Earlier, ca. 1993, he made eight Chinese fonts in the so-called NTU series. These fonts can be downloaded here. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Yi (Oliver Corff)

Oliver Corff (Ulaanbaatar, 1997) developed TEX code for using Yi (or Lolo, a language spoken in southwestern China). Included are metafont sources of 1165 characters provided in two typefaces, regular and boldface. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Yiannis N. Moschovakis on Greek TEX

Article on a package by UCLA's Moschovakis for mixed English/Greek text in TEX. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Yotam Medini

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Zdenek Wagner

Czech TeX and font software expert, whose place on the web is called IceBear Soft. He created makebarcode, a free package done in 2008 for the TeX community. It contains TeX macros for printing various 2/5 bar codes and Code 39 bar codes. The macros do not use fonts but create the bar codes directly by vrules. It is therefore possible to vary width to height ratio, ratio of thin and thick bars. The package is convenient for printing ITF bar codes as well as bar codes for identification labels for HP storage media. In 2010, he published OCR-B Outline. These are type1 and OpenType versions of an earlier Metafont by Norbert Schwarz (Ruhr Universitaet Bochum, Bochum, Germany). [Google] [More]  ⦿