TYPE DESIGN INFORMATION PAGE last updated on Tue Aug 19 23:14:25 EDT 2014

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Type in Scotland





[Two Scotch typefaces, Scotch Modern (2008, Nick Shinn) and Miller (1997, Font Bureau: Matthew Carter, Tobias Frere-Jones, Cyrus Highsmith)]

Luc Devroye
McGill University
Montreal, Canada
lucdevroye@gmail.com
http://luc.devroye.org
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Alan Brown

Alan Brown (Scotland, b. 1983) runs Alan Brown Design. He designed the free font Velocity in 2007. Stereofunk (2011) is a techno face. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Alan Parley

Edinburgh, Scotland-based designer of the freeware fonts Milk (2002), Jobby (2002, grunge), Matchbox (2002), Dirty Fox (2012, nice grungy caps), Laundry Day (2011), Gorestep (2011, dripping paint font), Stylo (2011), Cable Guy (2011), Bodypump (2002), Aztec Hipster (2012, Mexican simulation typeface), Afro House (2012, tribal), Mashed (2012: a grungy stencil take on the Mash logo), Original Junglist (2012: white on black poster face), Tower Blocks (2013), and AP Digibats (2002). Many of these fonts have no punctuation.

Dafont link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Alex Burrowes

During his studies at Clyde College (Cardonald) in Glasgow, Scotland, Alex Burrowes created an untitled blackletter typeface (2014). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Alex Hunter

Born in Scotland, Alex Hunter grew up in the USA and is now based in Charlotte, NC. She created great lettering for her poster Ask Me To Stay (2013). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Alexander Kay

Type designer and punchcutter, b. Edinburgh, Scotland, 1827, d. Philadelphia, 1905. Born Alexander Thompson MacKaye, he apprenticed with a bookbinding tools manufacturer, and went to London in 1850, where he worked for punch-cutting expert John Skirving. He cut typefaces for English typefounders such as Henry Caslon, Vincent Figgins, and the Stephenson Blake company. After that, he joined L. Johnson&Co. in Philadelphia in 1854, where he changed his surname from MacKaye to Kay. He stayed with L. Johnson&Co (later Binny&Ronaldson, then MacKellar, Smith&Jordan) for 40 years, until he lost much of his sight to cataract. His most famous are Binny Old Style and Ronaldson Old Style (1884, MacKellar, Smith&Jordan). The latter family was digitized by Canada Type as Ronaldson Regular (2008) and by Lars Törnqvist as Fitzronald (2013). The former was digitized by Monotype as Binny Old Style MT. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Alexander Marshall

Scottish type designer, b. 1935. He studied architecture and graphic design in London and founded Marshall Arts. In 1980, he moved to Santa Barbara, CA. Creator of Ingram BT (2004, Bitstream), a face with Arts and Crafts features. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Alexander Phemister

Punchcutter. From MyFonts: Scottish punchcutter (b. Edinburgh, 1829, d. 1894) active in the revival of oldstyle designs at Miller&Richard in the 1850s. He went to America in 1861, working at the Bruce typefoundry for two years, and then for the Dickinson foundry. In 1872 this foundry was ravaged by fire; Phemister was made a partner by its founder Samuel Nelson Dickinson and worked there until retirement in 1891. MyFonts missed the boat on this one! Phemister was the first man to design the famous Bookman. His typefaces include these:

  • Bookman. McGrew states: Bookman Old Style has become a lastingly popular "workhorse" design for plain, easy-to-read text, and to some extent for display as well. It is derived from an oldstyle antique face designed by A. C. Phemister about 1860 for the Scottish foundry of Miller&Richard, by thickening the strokes of an oldstyle series. From there on, his design was copied and refined over and over again, starting with the Bruce Type Foundry (Antique No. 310), MacKellar (Oldstyle Antique), Keystone (Oldstyle Antique), Hansen (Stratford Old Style). His design of Bookman was refined at Kinsley/ATF in 1934-1936 by Chauncey H. Griffith. The Bookman story does not end there, but at least, Phemister started it! Numerous implementations of Bookman exist, such as the free URW Bookman L family, and the free extension of the latter family in the TeX-Gyre project, called Bonum (2007).
  • Franklin Old Style. McGrew writes: Franklin Old Style was intended to be a modernization of Caslon, cut in 1863 by Alexander Phemister, once of Edinburgh, later of Boston, for Phelps, Dalton&Company. Being more regularized, it has lost the individuality and most of the charm of Caslon, but is a clear, legible face that has had considerable popularity. It was one of the early faces cut by Linotype for book work; the italic has an extreme slant for a slug-machine face, but composes remarkably well. Compare Binny, Clearcut Oldstyle.

Some images below by Alex Delgado. FontShop link. Klingspor link.

View and compare Bookman-style commercial typefaces. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Alexander Wilson

Scottish typefounder, b. St. Andrews, 1714, d. Edinburgh, 1784. Educated in London, he started the Wilson foundry in 1742 at St. Andrew's in a partnership with John Baine, and set up shop in Glasgow in 1744, where he began work with Glasgow University Printers, Robert and Andrew Foulis. William Miller (who later started Miller&Richard), Richard Austin and Johann Christian Bauer all worked for Wilson. Wilson's first known specimen sheet was issued in 1772. However, William Rind seems to be using these types as early as February, 1770 in his Virginia Gazette. The business was left to his son Andrew and later to his grandson Alexander. Under Alexander's tenure, it went bankrupt in 1845.

Several specimen books exist, including A specimen of printing types by Alexander Wilson&Sons, dated 1783. Life and Letters of Alexander Wilson (by Alexander Wilson) was reprinted in 1983 by Diane Publishing Company, and is freely viewable at Google.

Wikipedia link.

They are credited with the first British modern face, Scotch Roman, whch became very popular in the United States. Mac McGrew: Scotch Roman is derived from a face cut and cast by the Scotch foundry of Alexander Wilson&Son at Glasgow before 1833, when it was considered a novelty letter. The modern adaptation of the face was first made in 1903 by the foundry of A. D. Farmer&Sons, later part of ATF. It is a modern face, but less mechanical than Bodoni, and has long been popular. Capitals, though, appear heavier than lowercase letters and tend to make a spotty page. Hansen's National Roman is virtually the same face, with the added feature of an alternate r with raised arm in the manner of Cheltenham Oldstyle. When Monotype copied Scotch Roman in 1908, display sizes were cut to match the foundry face, but in keyboard sizes, necessarily modified to fit mechanical requirements, the caps were lightened and the entire face was somewhat regularized. Scotch Open Shaded Italic, a partial set of swash initials, was designed by Sol Hess in 1924. Similar swash letters, but not shaded, were also drawn by Hess and made by Monotype for regular Scotch Roman Italic. Linotype had adapted Scotch Roman to its system in 1903, retaining the heavier capitals, but in 1931, by special permission of Lanston Monotype, brought out Scotch No.2 to match the Monotype version. Compare Atlantic, Bell, Caledonia, Original Old Style. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Ana Starhan

Brazilian graphic design graduate from IADE, Portugal (in 2011), who is now located in Glasgow. Creator of Pinho (2010), a modular face made from nuts. She also made Hardcopy (2012, for the Hardcopy magazine). As an example of her typography in branding and logos, check out the work she did for Galeria Barbara Longhi in Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Dafont link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Andrea Leksen
[Leksen Design]

[MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Andrew McCluskey

Independent game developer Andrew McCluskey (Nalgames, Dundee, Scotland, b. 1991) designed the free LED-inspired Kinglify (2011), Digital Display (2012), and Princelify (2011). Manly Man (2011), Metal Arhyrthmetic (2011) and Ace Futurism (2011) are semi-octagonal. Consider Me Vexed (2011) and Pixel Flag (2011) are pixel faces.

In 2012, he made She Curls in the Mist, Xero's Karma, Pastcorps (army stencil), Gnome Splinters, Fought Knight, Vermin Vibes (futuristic), Vermin Vibes 1989 (pixel face), Vermin Vibes 2, Vermin Vibes 3 (2014), Vermin Vibes Diet, Vermin Vibes Redux, Dubbing Star (futuristic), Sorrier Statements, Particulator (an octagonal paper fold typeface), Coder's Crux (a pixel face created for programmers, FontStruct), Triggering Fanfares (octagonal), Alt West, Notalot25 (pixel face), Notalot35 (pixel face), Lord Juusai (inspired by the logo for Lord Tensai from WWE), Zephyr Jubilee (an alien language simulation typeface), Bevel Fifteen, Xero's Theorem (sci-fi), Dubbing Step and Here Be Dubstep (FontStruct), Italic Bricks, Gang Wolfik (angular, +Blade), Ruaturecu, Quous Inno, Electramaniacal, Xodohtro-Nu (a black octagonal typeface), Distortion of the Brain, Berate the elementary (techno face), Not sure if weird or just regular, Opulent Fiend, Rawhide Raw 2012 (techno, inspired by the WWE Raw logo of 2012), Particulator II (octagonal), The Missing Link (trekkie), Thunderstrukk, Understrukk, Ganf Wolfik Blade (a pointy Blade style font).

Typefaces made in 2013: Call of Ops Duty, Spinebiting, Laceration, Casual Hardcore, Zany Races, Vermin Vibes 2 Nightclub, Exoskeleton, Perspire, Piston Pressure (sans), Particulator III, Liberty City Ransom (grunge), Zdyk Leo, Variety Killer (grunge), Savantism, Vermin Vision, Zdyk Sagittarius (a circle-based experimental font), Milestone One (a gaspipe sans), Comfortably Fucked, Noasarck (+Sporadico, +Quattro), Future Time Splitters, Heart Breaking Bad, Jan Hand, Erhank, Exoskeleton, The Rave Is In Your Pants, Minecraft Evenings (inspired by the Minecraft logo), FoughtKnight Victory (a video game font), Piescese, Comic Spans, Cauterise, Dead Font Walking (rough-edged poster font), Cutthroat Clawmarks, Eride (grunge), Effervescent Superbeings, Front Page News, Kill The Noise (brush script), Distort You A Lesson (grungy), Vermin Vibes 2 Black, Vermin Vibes 2 White, Vermin Vibes 2 Soft, Dubstep Cadence, Relapse Into Madness, Kings of Kings Lynn (dadaist), Smorgasbord, Scream When You'Re Ready, I Phone You Phone, Respire, Perspire, Vermin Vibes Slant, Vermin Vibes Dystopia, Sharp, Cursivertex, Rick Lobster (stencil face), Cursivertex, Vermin Vibes Dystopia (cyberpunk), Wabbit Sans, Calligraphy Aquiver, Agra Axera (knife-edged sci-fi face), The Keepsake Days, See You At The Movies, Xero's Proof, Vermin Vibes Out Of Ink (textured), Melancholic Roadeo, Wickermanor (a stiletto typeface), Lord Juusai Rises, Vermin Vibes Ex, Vermin Vibes Roundhouse, Just in the Firestorm, Stuntcroft (modular), Ghetto Magnetic (grunge), QA Reports (fat finger typeface), Y-Andermo (stiletto style), Dragon Slapper.

Typefaces from 2014: NAL Hand, Fingbanger, Dont Waste That Napkin (squarish font), Bold Testament, Cisgender, NonchalantLove, Grelsey Kammar (sic), Valiant (stencil), Anger Management, Italipixel, Ultramarine, Nero (sci-fi font), Bamboozler, Seriffic, High Jinks, Iregula (sic), LNR Phonetic Alphabet, Primary School, Playtime (3d face), Electromagnetic Lungs, Node to Nowhere, Alienated (trekkie font), Questrian, Scars, Da Se Nei (art deco), Dance Floor (dot matrix face), Edge Cutting, Lord Juusai reigns, Superpower Synonym (fat brush), Fought Knight Die (techno), The Thrill of the Kill, Lay of the Land, Deavantgar (art deco), Confidel, Fight Night, Comeback of the Damned, Vermin Vibes Corrupto, Chandstate, Scars, Bustin Jieber (pixel typeface), A Dash of Salt, Come Rain or Fall, Xsotik, Sanseriffic (avant-garde sans), Cassius Garrod, Effortless Tattoo, Coder's Crux 2, Radaro, Overdrive Sunset (brush face), Dead CRT, Fatality's Edge, Tolerant, Coder's Crux 2 (dot matrix), Consider Me Vexed (pixel face), Diamante, Pixel Flag, Aardvark CWM Type, Enter The Grid, Vermin Vibes 2 EDM XTC, Byron, See You at the Movies 2, And Then It Ends, God Hates Westboro, Writing Without Ink, Zdyk Aquarius, Curvert, Superdie, Rocky Road, Animal Silence (constructivist), Gnaw Hard, 19th Century Renegade, Trip Trap, Freudian Slit, Digital Dismay (LED face), Zdyk Pisces (circle-based typeface), Zdyk Scorpio, Guilty Treasure (techno), Wolfganger (inspired by Wolfgang Gartner), Xero's Retreat, Sitdown (octagonal), Stencylette, No More Justice (blackletter), Masterblast (sci-fi), Kesha (sci-fi), Primal Dream, Grandma's Television, Keyboard Warrior, Foughtknight, Blissful Thinking.

Dafont link. Most of his faces were made using FontStruct, where he is known as NAL or Notalot. Fontspace link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Andrew Talbot

Andrew Talbot is a designer and programmer from Helensburgh, Scotland, who is studying towards a BA(Hons) in Graphic Design at the Arts University College at Bournemouth (2012). Behance link.

In 2010, he created the Swastika Grid Font. ISOG (2010) is a futuristic techno font. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Andy Benedek
[Font Factory]

[MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

ANFS Foundry
[Freddy Taylor]

UK-based ANFS foundry groups the following designers: Freddy Taylor (b. London, a graduate of the Edinburgh College of Art, art director at KesselsKramer), Noah Collin, Shaun Dowling. Their typefaces: Monomodern, Das Neue, Biblo, Basic, Drop, Lucid, Plotter, Forms.

In 2014, Freddy Taylor contributed the free font London Citype to Citype.

Typecache link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Archibald Binny

Archibald Binny (ca. 1762-1838) was a punchcutter from Edinburgh who emigrated to Philadelphia in 1795, where he met James Ronaldson, a businessman also from Edinburgh. In 1796, they started Binny&Ronaldson, the first real American typefoundry. In 1809 and 1812, they published America's first specimen books. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Ben Greenock

Glasgow-based graphic designer. He made the refined and architecturally-inspired font called Glasgow Art School (2010). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Ben Morris

Scottish illustrator (b. Nottingham) who designed Animals (2004), a dingbat font available from Union Fonts. Ben Morris began his career as a graphic designer at two of Scotland's best known design agencies, Tayburn and Teviot. In 1993 he became a freelance illustrator and has subsequently contributed to many periodicals, such as Radio Times, Which? Magazine, Daily Express and Time Magazine. He lives in Edinburgh. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Bindustries Heavy Metal
[Brian McFeely]

Brian McFeely (Bindustries Heavy Metal) is a designer at Fontmonster who is based in Edinburgh. He made Aulden Times, Trident, Rustic Laminate, Unconform and Unconform Round (in which some letters are stenciled).

Dafont link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Binny&Ronaldson
[James Ronaldson]

In 1796, Archibald Binny (ca. 1762-1838) and James Ronaldson (1769-1841 or 1842) (some say 1768-1842) started the first permanent American type foundry in Philadelphia in 1796, called Binny&Ronaldson. James, a business man from Edinburgh was the financial fhalf of the pair. In 1809 and 1812, they published America's first specimen book. The only complete copy of this book is at the Rare Book and Manuscript Library of Columbia University, and is entitled "A Specimen of Metal Ornaments" (Philadelphia, Fry and Kammerer, 1809). MyFonts page.

MyFonts sells Isabella, a font by ATF/Kingsley that can be traced back to Binny&Ronaldson. It also offers Really Big Shoe NF (Nick Curtis, 2009), which is based on Ronaldson's Oxford. Dick Pape published the free fonts Binny & Ronaldson English Two Line Orn (2010), Binny & Ronaldson Great Primer Two Pica (2010), and Binny & Ronaldson Primer Two Line Orn (2010).

James Ronaldson published Specimen of Printing Type, from the Letter Foundry of James Ronaldson, Successor to Binny&Ronaldson; Cedar, Between Ninth and Tenth Streets, Philadelphia (Philadelphia: J. Ronaldson, 1822). Acquired by Johnson&Smith in 1833, it became L. Johnson&Co. in 1843, and finally MacKellar, Smiths&Jordan in 1867. The latter company was the largest typefounder in America when in 1892 it was amalgamated with many others into ATF. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Bradley Smith

Graduate of the City Of Glasgow College and Glasgow Caledonian University. Creator of an unnamed sans typeface in 2013. Behance link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Brian McFeely
[Bindustries Heavy Metal]

[More]  ⦿

Browsers and fonts

Alan J. Flavell (Glasgow University) discusses the interface between fonts and browsers. A list of Unicode-compliant fonts is given. There is also information on monospaced fonts. Regarding Webdings, he explains that the font is not Unicode-compliant and thus is inappropriate for web use, as HTML looks for unicode mappings. In other words, the name Webdings is inappropriate. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Bruce Type Foundry
[George Bruce]

Founded in New York in 1813, and acquired by ATF in 1901, this foundry made fonts such as Bruce Old Style (now Bitstream), Madisonian (now available from Présence Typo), and Old Style 7 (Linotype, Adobe). Also called D.&G. Bruce, George Bruce, George Bruce&Co., George Bruce's Son, George Bruce's Son&Co., and V.B. Munson. They published a 592-page specimen book in 1901: Bruce Type Foundry: Our Handy Book of Types, Borders, Brass Rule and Cuts, Printing Machinery&General Supplies.. In 1869, George Bruce (b. 1791, Edinburgh, Scotland; d. 1866, New York) published An abridged specimen book Bruce's New York Type-Foundry (1869), now available as a free Google book. Page with specimen of Great Primer Ornamented No. 5, Meridian Black Open (blackletter), Canon Teutonic Ornamented, Small Pica No. 2, Double Pica Graphotype, all taken from An Abridged Specimen of Printing Types Made at Bruce's New-York Type-Foundry (1868) and stolen from Luc Devroye's web site. Fists by the Bruce Foundry.

Bruce Ornamented No. 6 was digitized by Iza W from Intellecta Design in 2006 as GeodecBruceOrnamented. (2008, FontMesa) is a family of Western style faces based on a Bruce type family from 1865. FontMesa also made Belgian (2008) based on a Bruce Type Foundry design from the 1860s. Bruce 532 Blackletter (2011, Paulo W, Intellecta Design) is an excessively ornamental blackletter face. Michael Hagemann's slab serif family Gold (2011) is based on Bruce's Gold Rush (1865) after removing the shadows. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Charles Rennie Mackintosh

Lettering artist and architect in Glasgow (b. Glasgow, 1868, d. London, 1928). He was a designer in the Arts and Crafts movement and also the main exponent of Art Nouveau in the United Kingdom. Typefaces based on his lettering include ITC Rennie Mackintosh (by Phill Grimshaw), ITC Rennie Mackintosh Ornaments (also by Phill Grimshaw), and Willow (by Tony Forster). Check the Glasgow School of Art, ITC and U&LC.

The CRMFontCo headed by George R. Grant specialises in typefaces based upon the letterforms of Mackintosh. They published multiple styles of these fonts: Rennie Mackintosh (1993, the original by George R. Grant), Rennie Mackintosh Glasgow (2007, with lowercase letters added), and Rennie Mackintosh Artlover (1995: art deco dingbats by George Grant and Joanna McKnight). Later additions include The Classic Charles Rennie Mackintosh Font, The Charles Rennie Mackintosh Artlover Font, The Charles Rennie Mackintosh Stems Font, The Charles Rennie Mackintosh Glasgow Font, The Charles Rennie Mackintosh Renaissance Font, The Charles Rennie Mackintosh Hillhouse Font, The Charles Rennie Mackintosh Moonlight Font, The Charles Rennie Mackintosh Scotland St. Font, and The Charles Rennie Mackintosh Venezia Font<.

a href="RyanIrven--CharlesRennieMackintoshPoster-2010.jpg">Poster by Ryan Irven (2010). See also the free font Nouveau (1992) by Alan Cairns. CRM company link.

View Charles Rennie Mackintosh's typefaces. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

CRMFontCo
[George R. Grant]

The Charles Rennie Mackintosh Font Company is located in Glasgow, Scotland. It specialises in typefaces based upon the letterforms of Scotland's artist, architect and designer, Charles Rennie Mackintosh. In 1993, designer George R. Grant (b. Scotland, 1957) had the idea to create the Charles Rennie Mackintosh font, which became an interantional hit. George employed the talents of Glasgow designer Joanna McKnight to help with the artwork for the CRM Artlover font (art deco dingbats), which was launched in 1995. Rennie Mackintosh Glasgow (2006) is like the original font, but includes four styles and lowercase letters as well. See also Rennie Mackintosh Renaissance (2006). Additions in 2009 include Rennie Mackintosh Allan Glens, Rennie Mackintosh Stems, Rennie Mackintosh Hillhouse, Rennie Mackintosh Moonlight, Rennie Mackintosh Scotland St, Rennie Mackintosh Stems and Rennie Mackintosh Venezia. CRM American Horror was launched in 2011---it was Spider Man 2, which was emulated by the branding of the the new Fox TV series American Horror Story.

Klingspor link.

View the typefaces designed by CRM Font Co. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Darrell Flood

Dundee, Scotland-based designer of the squarish or pixelish typefaces DigitalDotRoadsign (2014), ElectricButterflies (2014), Mad-Midnight-Marker (2014), Robotastic-Regular (2014), Super Skinny Pixel Bricks (2014), Dupstep Dungeons (2014), Electrobyte (2014), Terrablox (2013), Technomicon (2013), Thinman, Bit Chips and Dubsteptrix in 2013. These were mostly made with the help of FontStruct. Brush faces include Scribble Scrawl (2014).

In 2014, he made GoGo Poster Punch (heavy sans caps), Sophisticated Slims, Happy Potatoes and Freaky Paper Cutouts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Darren O'Driscoll

Graduate of the National College of Art and Design in Dublin. In 2013, he obtained an MDes from the Glasgow School of Art, specializing in animation. Now based in London, he designed Newer Alphabet (2013), which was inspired by Wim Crouwel's unicase proposal New Alphabet (1967). [Google] [More]  ⦿

David Bruce

Born in Edinburgh, Scotland, David Bruce was the brother of George Bruce. Together, they ran the Bruce Type Foundry in New York from 1818 onwards. George gave his attention to the enlargement and development of the type-founding business, while David concentrated on stereotyping, a process he was the first to introduce in North America. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

David Crow

Scottish designer (b. Galashiels, Scotland, 1962) who studied graphic design in Manchester and moved to London where he worked for eight years. He headed the Graphic Arts Department at Liverpool School of Art and Design. A professor now, he is head of the School of Design at Manchester Metropolitan University. Designer in the FUSE 16 collection (1997) of Mega and in the FUSE 8 collection of Creation 6, mechanical-looking dingbats. Designer of the Alphapeg family (2001) and Dialogue (1999, a Hebrew simulation font done with Yaki Moicho). Designer of FF Beadmap (2002, with Ian Wright).

FontShop link. Klingspor link. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

David Kettlewell
[New Renaissance Fonts (was: New Fontografia, or: David's Fontografia 2006)]

[MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

David Laidlaw

Edinburgh, Scotland-based graphic designer, illustrator, writer, artist and photographer. Designer of the avant garde typeface famly Sketchbook Bold (2014). Behance link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Derek Green
[Gawr Juhs]

[More]  ⦿

Destrukt Studio

Studio in Glasgow, Scotland. Designers of the tweetware vintage advertizing font Kraftig (2013).

Behance link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Donna M. Stewart
[Kajika]

[More]  ⦿

Duncan Glen

Author of Printing Type Designs - A New History from Gutenberg to 2000 (Akros Publications, Fife, Scotland, 2000). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Effek-Tive
[Greig Anderson]

Effektive (Greig Anderson) practices graphic design and communication in the UK. Among its many creations are some experimental typefaces such as Circul8 (2009) and Pixel8 (2009). Behance link. Originally from Aberdeen, Scotland, Greig graduated with a BA (Hons) Graphic Design degree in 2004 and previously spent 4 years working withinn the Scottish/UK design industry at multi disciplinary agency Curious (Previously CuriousOranj) based in Glasgow. Greig spent the academic year 2008-2009 in Sydney. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Eleanor Ridsdale

London-based graphic designer who graduated from Glasgow School of Art and the Royal College of Art. Creator of the inline caps face Betsy Works (2011). Behance link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Elph

Edinburgh, Scotland-based designer of Elph Chubba (2005, fat comic book face). Dafont link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Fatfonts
[Uta Hinrichs]

FatFonts is a graphical technique conceived and developed in 2012 by Miguel Nacenta (a lecturer in human-computer interaction at the School of Computer Science, University of St Andrews, Scotland), Uta Hinrichs (originally from Lübeck in Germany, she is currently a PhD candidate at the University of Calgary in Canada), and Sheelagh Carpendale (a computer science professor at the University of Calgary).

Numerals in vector fonts developed by the team have a thickness that is proportional to their value. Numerals can also be nested. The (free) fonts were converted to opentype by Richard Wheeler (a PhD student at The Sir William Dunn School of Pathology of Oxford). Uta Hinrichs designed Gracilia, Cubica, and Rotunda. She codesigned Miguta with Miguel Nacenta. Finally, Richard Wheeler himself created the LED face 7Segments. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Feòrag NìcBhrìde
[Feorag's Place]

[More]  ⦿

Feorag's Place
[Feòrag NìcBhrìde]

Nice designs by Feòrag NìcBhrìde from Edinburgh, Scotland. Her Mac TrueType and PostScript fonts are mostly reproductions of historic type. Styl, Styl Round, Astradyne and DaySquareCut are futurist in inspiration. Chapbook and Chapbook Italic are based on 17th century type and Vespasian is taken from a late 7th century manuscript. Symbats and Orkney Runes are of particular interest to occultists. Flgheadh, my first shareware font, makes the creation of knotwork rows as easy as typing three characters which happen to be next to one another on the keyboard. Viking Runes from the Orkney Isles, Taisean (2010, angular uncial), Accelerando (2009, nice simple techno face), Day Square Cut (1997; based on lettering designed by Lewis Day, some time around 1900), Cianán (Mac type 1 font based on an old Irish manuscript, 1998), Astradyne (based on the font used on Ultravox's Vienna LP from 1980), Symbats (1997-2008, a Pagan dingbats font), Innsmouth Plain (2011, hand-printed), Skelett (2011, blackletter), Maeshowe (2014, Futhark runes), Orkahaug (2014, a grungy version of Maeshowe), Lindberg (2014, a beer bottle font), Lindberg Caffeine (2014), Springmarch (2014). Dafont link. Older URL for her free stuff. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Font Factory
[Andy Benedek]

Andy Benedek's (b. Manchester, UK, 1945) Cotswolds-based outfit for "custom fonts and lettering of distinction", founded by him in 1988. Andy (András) made corporate faces for Umbro, QZERO, Bowater, Lloyds Bank, Royal Free Hospital, Liptons teas, Gordons gin, Marlboro cigarettes, as well as faces for magazines (Royal Academy of Arts, Elle, Blueprint) and for newspapers (The Scotsman). All this was done under the label of The Font Factory. With Michael Johnson and Mike Pratley, he created a font for BT Cellnet. A braille typeface has been developed to aid the production of signage for the blind. In 2001, he co-founded Fine Fonts with Michael Harvey. CV. Typefaces:

  • Aesop (2000, with Michael Harvey): developed from book jacket lettering drawn by Michael Harvey for an edition of Aesops Fables.
  • Balthasar (2002, with Michael Harvey): a serifed stencil font.
  • Braff (2002, with Michael Harvey, for Monotype Imaging): an outline face.
  • Fine Gothic (2002, a blackletter typeface codesigned with Michael Harvey): a blackletter family with a Basque A.
  • Marceta (2003, with Michael Harvey): an eighth-century uncial.
  • Mentor (2004, with Michael Harvey, for Monotype Imaging): a Times-Roman style family.
  • Mentor Sans (2004, with Michael Harvey, for Monotype Imaging): a sans family.
  • Songlines (2001, with Michael Harvey): based upon a pen-drawn script drawn by Michael Harvey to illustrate a poem by Johannes Thurman.
  • Tisdall Script (2002, with Michael Harvey): based upon the brush-drawn script lettering of Hans Tisdall, who was the designer of many distinctive lettered book jackets for Jonathan Cape in the 1950s.

FontShop link.

View Andy Benedek's typefaces. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Francesca Quaranta

Glasgow-based graphic designer. Creator of the flared lapidary typeface Orsini (2013). She writes: Orsini is an inscriptional font, designed for titling and advertising. The goal of this project was to create a peculiar typeface capable to give a strong personality to words and sentences. Orsini features, as large apertures, high contrast and particular terminals, were designed in order to stress the unmistakable character of this font. Orsini was inspired by an inscription placed on the facade of the Basilica di Santa Maria Sopra Minerva in Rome. These letteres have nothing to do with Roman capital letters as those on the Trajan Column. The inscription was engraved in 1453 to mention Conte Orsini's aid to the construction and many imperfections reveal an untrained hand. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Freddy Taylor
[ANFS Foundry]

[More]  ⦿

Gallusness
[Scott MacMichael]

Gallusness (Alloa, Scotland) is run by Scott MacMichael. He designed Scotoilets (Scottish toilet icons) in 2012, and Candybet in 2014. Behance link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Gary Ferguson

Illustrator and web designer in Falkirk, Scotland, who made the great ultra-fat experimental face Flabby (2010) and the experimental geometric typeface Geograde (2013).

Behance link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Gawr Juhs
[Derek Green]

Derek Green (Gawr Juhs, Edinburgh, Scotland) specializes in visual communication and branding. He offers some free fonts. In 2012, he made Embra, Rave87, Portabello (counterless), and Constellation (a dot matrix font).

In 2013, he made Char, Impression and Gioma (a free Latin / Greek prismatic typeface created for a woman in southern Crete).

Behance link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Geoff Gunning

Aka Bud White. Dundee, Scotland-based creator of Winger (2013), Quird (2013), Knat (2013), Chinger (2013), Chum (2013), Plantor (poster face), Ohdoad (2013, an organic sans), Chunq Dipped (2013, blood drip font), Bacon Bad (2013, multilined wavy typeface), Hinge (2013, a thin sans face), Bumple (2013, FontStruct font), Waponi (2013, a military stencil face), Eeroom (2013, hand-printed), Platly (2013), the fun informal straight-edged typeface Bassist (2013), the ink spill typeface Oops (2013), the free brushy signage font Scribbage (2013), the hand-printed Order Up (2013), the tall Kinkich (2013, FontStruct), the paper cut face Chunq (2013), and the shaky typeface Landslide.

Typefaces from 2014: Baddit (bilined), Cobac (shadow face). [Google] [More]  ⦿

George Bruce

Type-founder (b. Edinburgh, Scotland, 1781, d. New York City, 1866). He and his brother David emigrated to the United States, where they started the Bruce Type Foundry in New York City in 1813. David was precoccupied with a new printing process, stereotyping, while George was the type-founder who created many beautiful and refined designs. Together, they invented a useful type-casting machine. In 1865, George Bruce published An abridged specimen of fonts of type. In 1848, they published Specimens of printing types / cast by Geo. Bruce&Co. Samples of typefaces: Bruce Script and Bruce Copperplate Script (1842 and 1858), Bruce Copperplate Script No. 2003 (1857), Bruce Italian Swash Script No. 2007 (1858), Victoria Textura (1865).

Quoting From Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James Grant Wilson and John Fiske. 6 vols. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889.:

Bruce, George, type-founder (proprietor of the Bruce foundry), born in Edinburgh, Scotland, 5 July, 1781: died in New York City, 6 July, 1866. He immigrated to the United States, where his brother David had preceded him in July, 1795, and at first attempted to learn the bookbinder's trade, but, his master being tyrannical and exacting, he left him, and by his brother's persuasion apprenticed himself to Thomas Dobson, printer in Philadelphia. In 1798 the destruction of Dobson's office by fire, and the prevalence of yellow fever, led the brothers to leave the city. George had yellow fever at Amboy, but recovered through his brother's care. The two went to Albany and obtained employment there, but after a few months returned to New York. In 1803 young Bruce was foreman and a contributor to the Daily Advertiser, and in November of that year printer and publisher of the paper for the proprietor. In 1806 the two brothers opened a book printing office at the corner of Pearl street and Coffeehouse slip. The same year they brought out an edition of Lavoisier's Chemistry, doing all the work with their own hands. Their industry and personal attention to business soon brought them abundant employment, and in 1809, removing to Sloat lane, near Hanover square, they had nine presses in operation, and published occasionally on their own account. In 1812 David went to England, and brought back with him the secret of stereotyping. The brothers attempted to introduce the process, but encountered many difficulties, which it required all their ingenuity to surmount. The type of that day was cast with so low a beveled shoulder that it was not suitable for stereotyping, as it interfered with the molding and weakened the plate. They found it necessary, therefore, to cast their own type. They invented a planing-machine for smoothing the backs of the plates and reducing them to a uniform thickness, and the mahogany shifting-blocks to bring the plates to the same height as type. Their first stereotype works were school editions of the New Testament in bourgeois, and the Bible in nonpareil (1814 and 1815). They subsequently stereotyped the earlier issues of the American Bible society, and a series of Latin classics. In 1816 they sold out the printing business, and bought a building in Eldridge street for their foundry. Here, and subsequently in 1818, when they erected the foundry still occupied by their successors in Chambers Street, George gave his attention to the enlargement and development of the type-founding business, while David confined his labors to stereotyping. In 1822 David's health failed, and the partnership was dissolved. George soon relinquished stereotyping, and gave his whole attention to type-founding, and introduced valuable improvements into the business, cutting his own punches, making constantly new and tasteful designs, and graduating the size of the body of the type so as to give it a proper relative proportion to the size of the letter. In connection with his nephew, David Bruce, Jr., he invented the only typecasting machine That has stood the test of experience, and is now in general use. His scripts became famous among printers as early as 1832, and retained their pre-eminence for a generation. The last set of punches he cut was for a great primer script. He was at the time in his seventy-eighth year, but for beauty of design and neatness of finish, the type in question has rarely been excelled. Mr. Bruce was a man of large benevolence, of unflinching integrity, and great decision of character. He was president for many years of the Mechanics' Institute, and of the type-founders' association, and an active member of and contributor to, the historical society, St. Andrew's society, the typographical society, and the general society of mechanics and tradesmen. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

George Bruce
[Bruce Type Foundry]

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George R. Grant
[CRMFontCo]

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Grant Coghill

Designer of free grunge, signpainting or comic book style faces: Grantcookyfont, Granterodedfont, Grantmessyfont, Grantscrapfont, grant_solidsober. All fonts were made in 2008. Grant is from Tongue in the north of Scotland, but moved to Innsbruck, Austria. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Green Flame Type

Graphic design studio in Glasgow. They made the arc-of-circle face Green Flame Type (2010). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Greig Anderson
[Effek-Tive]

[More]  ⦿

Henry Taylor Wyse

Scottish author of Modern type display and the use of type ornament (1911, Edinburgh), a book which can be found in full on the web. See also here. PDF of that book, and the text file. Most of the specimens discussed in the text are from H.W. Caslon Typefounders, Stephenson Blake, Charles Reed and Miller & Richard. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Henry Taylor Wyse on Scottish printers

Henry Taylor Wyse writes in 1911 in Modern type display and the use of type ornament: Scottish printers received their supplies of type in the early days of printing from Holland. The first Scottish type-founder was Alex. Wilson, a native of St Andrews, who migrated to London in 1737 as an assistant apothecary. Accompanied by a friend, he was conducted over a type foundry there, and, thinking he could improve upon the current methods of type-founding, he started, along with a Mr Baine, a type foundry in his native town in 1742. The business prospered to such an extent, that the foundry was soon removed to Camlachie, a small village near Glasgow. While in Glasgow, Wilson formed many friendships with the professors of the University there, and also with Robert and Andrew Foulis, the University printers. He is probably best known by the magnificent founts of Greek letters which he cut, and which were used for the splendid edition of the Greek classics issued by the University. In 1834 the Glasgow Type Foundry, as it was called, was transferred to London. In 1845 the firm became bankrupt, and most of the punches and matrices were bought by the Caslons. William Miller, a foreman in the Glasgow Foundry, started business in Edinburgh in 1809 as Wm. Miller & Co. In 1822 the title of the firm was changed to William Miller. In 1832 Mr Richard was admitted as a partner, the firm again becoming Wm. Miller & Co. In 1838 it was styled Miller and Richard. To this firm belongs the credit of being the first British Foundry to successfully introduce machines for casting type. William Miller died in 1843. Mr Richard and his son carried on the business till 1868 when Mr Richard, senior, retired, the conduct of the business devolving upon Mr J. M. Richard and Mr W. M. Richard, whose sons are the present proprietors. Messrs Miller & Richard are now the only type-founders in Scotland. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Henry Taylor Wyse: The early British typefounders

Henry Taylor Wyse writes in 1911 in Modern type display and the use of type ornament:

GUTENBERG, the inventor of printing, as well as his immediate successors, cut their own punches, made their own matrices, and cast their own type. In the early part of the sixteenth century } however, as the number of printers increased, type-founding as a regular business began to be developed, and periodical markets for the sale of type were held throughout Europe. In England the pioneers of printing, Caxton, Wynkn de Worde, and Pynson, were founders as well as printers, casting type however mostly for their own use. One of the most noted of these founder-printers was John Day, who began business in 1546. He cut founts of Roman, Saxon, and Italic letters, and was the first English founder-printer who cut Roman and Italic letters which would range as one fount. After Day's death, English printers had to depend upon Dutch matrices from which to receive their supplies of type. The year 1585 witnessed a revival of the Oxford University Foundry and Press under Joseph Barnes. During the next century it received two important gifts. Dr John Fell, its Chancellor, in 1677 presented it with a complete foundry, consisting of over seventy sets of punches and matrices for Roman, Italic, Oriental, Saxon, and black letter founts, as well as all the necessary utensils and apparatus requisite for a complete printing office. In the same year Francis Juvinus presented similar gifts to the University.

In the middle of the seventeenth century type-founding and printing began to be carried on as separate businesses in England. Joseph Moxon (1659-1683), Robert and Sylvester Andrews (1683-1733), and Thomas and John James (1710-1782) all figure as early English type-founders. Joseph Moxon combined the business of type-founder and printer with that of hydrographer to the King. In 1669 he printed what is supposed to have been the first type-founders' specimen issued in England. Moxon was suc- ceeded by Robert Andrews and his son Sylvester, who had established a type-foundry in Oxford. This was purchased in 1733 and removed to London by Thomas James, who had been an apprentice to Robert Andrews, but had left his service before 1710, being joined by his son John at a later date. It does not appear that they cut any punches for themselves ; they depended upon Holland for their supply of matrices. By 1758 James' Foundry had absorbed no fewer than nine of the old English foundries. Varying fortunes of the Caslon firm form an interesting chapter in the history of type-founding in England. William Caslon I. (1692-1766) may be said to have been the first English type-founder who whole-heartedly devoted himself to the cutting of punches and the casting of type. Originally an engraver of gun barrels, he attracted the attention of Mr Watts, an eminent printer of his day. This printer, struck by the neatness and taste displayed by Caslon in his engraving, and being in need of a new fount of type, enquired whether he thought he could cut letters for him. After one day's consideration, he replied that he thought he could, and straightway began to cut a series of punches for the type which is now known as Caslon Old Face. It is inter- esting to know that Benjamin Franklin, who later became the well-known American printer, ambassador, and statesman, was at this time a journeyman printer in the service of Mr Watts. The efforts of Caslon gave such satis- faction the type he had produced was so much better than that in common use that the Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge, being in need of a new Arabic fount, commissioned him to cut it for them. In the same year (1720) he cut a Pica Roman and Italic fount. His next perform- ance was a Pica Coptic fount for Dr Wilkins' edition of the Pentateuch. These successful founts soon made him famous, and by 1730 he had eclipsed most of his competitors, and secured the exclusive custom of the King's printer. About 1733 he cut a black letter fount, and in 1734 issued his first specimen from Chiswell Street, and it contained no fewer than thirty-eight founts, all of which, with the exception of three, were from his own hand. These thirty-five founts represented the untiring industry of fourteen years. The production of this specimen placed Caslon at the head of his profession, and his type was regarded as the standard. It was illustrated in the second edition of Ephraim Chambers's Cyclopaedia in 1738. In 1739 Caslon purchased half of Robert Mitchell's matrices, the other half being bought by John James. In 1742 Caslon assumed his eldest son, Wm. Caslon II., as a partner, and in the specimen of the same year the firm appears as Wm. Caslon & Son. Caslon II. was as expert as his father at punch-cutting, and the following notice appears in " Ames' Typographical Antiquities," published in 1749: "The art seems to be carried to its greatest perfection by William Caslon and his son, who, besides the type of all manner of living languages now by him, has offered to perform the same for the dead, that can be recovered, to the satisfaction of any gentleman desirous of the same." The "Universal Magazine" of June 1750 contains an article on letter-founding, accompanied by a picture of the interior of Caslon's Foundry. The print includes representations of four casters at work, one rubber (Joseph Jackson), and one dresser (Thomas Cottrell). Punch-cutting and justifying was carried on in secret by the Caslons themselves, but Jackson and Cottrell found means to observe them at work, and learned for themselves the manual part of the "art and mystery." In the year 1757 a movement for higher wages was made by the men in Caslon's employment. The increase of wages was granted, but Jackson and Cottrell, the ringleaders, were dismissed. In the specimen of 1764 eighty-two different founts were illustrated, more than twice as many as had been shown in the specimen of 1734. Most of the new founts had been cut by Caslon II. Caslon I. was in many ways a cultured man, being extremely fond of music. He was married three times. His first family consisted of one daughter and two sons William, who succeeded him, and Thomas, who became an eminent bookseller. Caslon I. died at Bethnal Green on January 23, 1766, aged seventy-four. In 1766 Caslon II., who had succeeded to the business on the death of his father, issued a specimen on the title-page of which the original name of Wm. Caslon appears. Caslon II. died in 1778, aged fifty-eight, leaving the business to his son William (Caslon III.). In 1792 Caslon III. disposed of his interest in Chiswell Street to his mother and sister-in-law. Mrs Caslon senior died in 1795, and as her will was the object of some litigation, the estate was thrown into Chancery, and the foundry put up to auction. It was bought by Mrs Henry Caslon for 520, whereas seven years previously one-third share of the concern had been sold for 3000. In buying the foundry, Mrs Henry Caslon determined to revive the business, and for this purpose secured the services of Mr John Isaac Drury, who cut new Canon, Pica, and Double Pica founts. At the same time, Mr Nathaniel Catherwood, a distant relative, was introduced as a partner. By 1808 the foundry had regained its former position. Both Mrs Henry Caslon and Mr Catherwood died in 1809. In 1802 the firm appeared as Caslon & Catherwood, but in 1809 it was styled Wm. Caslon & Son once more. From 1814 to 1821 the partnership included John James Catherwood, brother of a former partner. From 1830 to 1834 it was styled Caslon & Livermore, then in 1839, Caslon Son and Livermore ; in 1846 Caslon & Son ; and in 1850, H. W. Caslon & Co., Ltd. the name by which it is now so widely known.

When, in 1757, Wm. Caslon I. summarily dismissed his two workmen, Joseph Jackson and Thomas Cottrell, he little thought that his action would lead to the starting of two new businesses, which would develop into rivals of his own and his successors. Thos. Cottrell started as a type-founder in 1757, and had associated with him for some time, Joseph Jackson, his unfortunate coadjutor. Cottrell's business eventually developed into that of Sir Charles Reed & Sons, while Jackson's foundry, established in 1763, at length became that of Stephenson, Blake & Co., both firms being joined under the same management in 1906. The story of the ups and downs of these firms would be too lengthy for narration in such a work as this, but it may be interesting to relate that the foundries, or at least the punches and matrices of about a dozen concerns were absorbed by Thos. Cottrell's successors. These belonged to Joseph Moxon, 1659-1683 ; R. & S. Andrews, 1683-1733 ; Thomas & John James, 1710-1782 ; Fry and Pine, 1764-1776 ; Joseph Fry & Co., 1776-1782 ; Edmund Fry & Co., 1782-1794 ; Edmund Fry and Isaac Steele, 1794-1799 ; Fry, Steele & Co., 1799-1808 ; and Edmund Fry & Son, 1816-1829, at which date William Thorowgood, who was the then living successor of Thos. Cottrell, took over the business of Edmund Fry & Son, then known as the Polyglot Letter Foundry. In 1838 the style of the firm was Thorowgood & Besley ; in 1849, Besley & Co. ; in 1861, Reed & Fox; and in 1877, Sir Charles Reed & Sons.

The foundry started by Joseph Jackson in 1763 was put up to auction after his death in 1792, and was acquired by Caslon III., who had left the Chiswell Street firm. In 1807 it belonged to Wm. Caslon, Junior, son of Caslon III. In 1819, Wm. Caslon, Junior, disposed of the foundry to Blake, Garnett & Co., who had become partners for the purpose of acquiring it, and the entire stock was removed to Sheffield. In 1830 the firm was known as Blake & Stephenson, while in 1841, it went under the style of Stephenson, Blake & Co., the name which, in association with Sir Charles Reed & Son, it now bears.

An obituary notice of Thomas Cottrell, written by his friend Nicols, throws a curious light upon the usages of the time, and is as follows : " Mr Cottrell died, I am sorry to add not in affluent circumstances, though to his profession of a letter founder, were superadded that of a doctor for the toothache, which he cured by burning the ear ! " It is interesting to notice that many of the early type-founders forsook other occupations to follow that of punch-cutting. Joseph Moxon was a hydrographer ; Caslon I. was an engraver of gun barrels ; Alex. Wilson of St Andrews, the first Scotch type-founder, and Joseph and Edmund Fry were all doctors, while John Baskerville of Birmingham was successively a footman, a writing master, a printer, and finally a type-founder. Baskerville seems to have been in many ways a remarkable man. He spent six years of effort and over 600 in improving the typography of his own day. He made everything required for his business, punches, matrices, type, ink, and even printing presses. His type was of beautiful and elegant form ; and the issue in 1757 of the first book printed with it (Virgil) was hailed with delight by the entire literary world. This was not sufficient, however, to compensate him for the years of labour he had spent on his founts. The printers of his own day preferred the bold Caslon Old Face, which had taken them by storm. He spared no effort to bring his founts into the market, but without success. His entire stock of type-punches and matrices were eventually purchased by Beaumarchais for the " Societe Litteraire Typographique " for 3,700, and transferred to France. [Google] [More]  ⦿

I.P.A. fonts

Jumplist for IPA fonts at the International Phonetic Association site. Pages run by Michael K. C. MacMahon, Phonetics Laboratory, Department of English Language, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Jack Thompson

During his studies in Glasgow, Scotland, Jack Thompson created the display typeface Astraco (2014). [Google] [More]  ⦿

James Bonaventure Hepburn

Scottish scholar (1573-1620) who in 1616 in Roma published The Virga Aurea---Seventy-two magical and other related alphabets. The Virga Aurea was published as a large engraving. The engraving consists of a listing in four columns of the 72 alphabets, which include various Latin and Greek alphabets, as well as Hebrew, Arabic, Etruscan, Assyrian, Armenian, Gothic, Scythian, Scottish, Hibernian, Coptic and Chaldaic. [Google] [More]  ⦿

James Cromar Watt

Scottish architect, 1862-1940. He was part of the Arts and Crafts movement. Examples of his alphabets include Modern Roman Capitals. [Google] [More]  ⦿

James Devlin

Scottish designer who created some free fonts in the mid 1990s. He used to run a site called Floor 13. [Google] [More]  ⦿

James McNaught

Edinburgh, UK-based designer of the alchemic typeface Evolution (2013). It was an experiment for his thesis: Based on Paul Renner's Futura (1928), it begins as archetypal Roman letterforms and gradually disintegrates into abstraction and illegibility. The aim was to represent how current typographers have taken what we recognise through association & cultural agreement to be our alphabet and modified it through ornamentation, subtraction or deviation to unreadable extents. This typeface, in its journey from perfect alphanumeric characters to illegible symbols, brings the notation of language to paradoxically its most abstract and most core forms: coded visual marks, decrypted into linguistic and semantic meaning. [Google] [More]  ⦿

James Ronaldson
[Binny&Ronaldson]

[MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

James W. Mills

Glasgow-based graphic designer. Home page. He created a pixacao-inspired typeface in 2011. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Jamie McLennan

Aberdeenshire, Scotland-based designer of the modular logotype City Diner (2014). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Jamie Shirra

During his graphic design studies in Glasgow, Jamie Shirra created the outlined square-shaped typeface Block Dot (2013). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Jason Aitcheson

Jason Aitcheson (b. Glasgow) grew up in Glasgow. He graduated from Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art and Design. He started an apprenticeship at The Northern Block in 2013. In 2014, The Northern Block published his first typeface, Rein Grotesk (a grotesk with elliptical curvature). His second typeface there was Aina Mono (2014, advertized as free, but I could not find any way to download it).

Behance link. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Jenny Proudfoot

Creator of some great typographic posters such as a series called Inky Bottles (2014) done for Hot Rum Cow magazine. Jenny works in Edinburgh, Scotland. Behance link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Jessie Marion King

Scottish book designer, talented illustrator, and artist in abroad sense (b. New Kilpatrick, Dunbartonshire, 1875-d. Kirkcudbright, 1949). In Kirkcudbright, Scotland, she founded Green Gate Close, a center for women artists. Often, her illustrations included hand lettering. A children's book Art Nouveau style illustration from 1898 gave Richard Every the inspiration to make ITC Greengate from 1996 until its release in 2002. She left behind a collection of beautiful illustrations and floral borders. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Jim Richardson
[SUMO Design (or: Hello Fonts)]

[More]  ⦿

Joanna R. McKnight

Born in Scotland in 1975, Joanna helped George R. Grant with the artwork of the Rennie Mackintosh Artlover font (1995, CRMFontCo). [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Joe Farquharson
[Stimuli Typo.Graphics]

[More]  ⦿

Johanna Basford

Calling herself an ink evangelist, Johanna Basford (Aberdeen, UK) created exquisite ornamental capis typefaces called Alphabots (2012) and Alphabotanics (2012). She graduated in 2005 from Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art and Design in Dundee.

Behance link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

John Baine

Scottish type founder from Edinburgh who was active during the second half of the 17th century. He started out in St. Andrews in 1742 in partnership with Alexander Wilson when thwey co-founded the Wilson Foundry there, but moved in 1744 to Glasgow and in 1749 to London (when his partnership with Wilson ended) and in 1768 to Edinburgh. In 1787, he published "A Specimen of Printing Types, By John Baine&Grandson in Co", and emigrated to Philadelphia, where he set up a foundry. The elder Baine died in 1790, and his grandson continued until 1799, when he sold the equipment to Binny&Ronaldson for $300. [Google] [More]  ⦿

John Paterson

Dundee, Scotland-based designer of Alphabots (2014). Behance link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Kajika
[Donna M. Stewart]

Japanese art site run by Donna M. Stewart ("Kajika") (b. 1985), who lives in Scotland. Alternate URL. She created Urbain and his pigs organ (2005, comic book script) and Perry's Magic Hat (2005). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Kathryn Flint

Scottish illustrator who lives in London. She made Flint's Pictorial Alphabet (2011), an all-caps ornamental alphabet that consists of fantastic creatures and pieces of morphine dreams. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Kerr Vernon

You've got to like the poster by Glasgow-based Kerr Vernon entitled Everything's Fine (2010). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Leksen Design
[Andrea Leksen]

Andrea Leksen (Leksen Design, Seattle, WA) has a Master of Design degree from Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art & Design, Dundee, Scotland, and a BA in Music Arts Administration from Whitworth University, Spokane, WA. She has been a freelance designer since 2003. She teaches at Seattle Pacific University. Her typefaces include:

  • Bemis (2013). Based on the engraved type on the historical Bemis building in Seattle, this is a typeface with a large x-height.
  • Cristoforo Italic (2013). Done with Thomas Phinney, this is a Victorian H.P. Lovecraft typeface. In 2012, Thomas had started work on Cristoforo, a revival of Hermann Ihlenburg's Victorian typeface Columbus (1890, ATF) and its accompanying American Italic, also by Ihlenburg. Kickstarter project. Phinney notes that it is known as the typeface of Call of Cthulhu, the H.P. Lovecraft roleplaying game, and as the original logo for Cracker Jack.
[Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Levi Bunyan

Designer from Aberdeen, Scotland, whose studio is called Aekido.

He created Relic (2011, an abstract geometric caps face), UniStenc (2011, stencil face), Wonderland (a simplistic sans headline face), Body (2011, monoline geometric face with some stenciled letters), and Diamond Sans (2011, caps only).

In 2012, he designed Blackjack Gothic, and Body Shop (a thin stencil face for The Body Shop).

In 2013, he published Oznacheniya (inspired by Bulgarian signage), Pipeline (a gaspipe caps only typeface), Modular, and Black Grape (a monospaced sans typeface).

Behance link. Cargo Collective link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Liam Rutherford

Scottish digital artist who designed the handwriting font Loveable Scruff (2007, Papertank). Devian tart link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Lucie Will

Lucie Will (Edinburgh, Scotland) created the typeface Three Shapes (2013) using just three geometric shapes, a triangle, a rectangle, and a circle. The result is remarkably classy, and shows, once again that imposing design limitations ahead of a task often leads to pleasing results. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Marcus Kelman

Scottish graphic designer who is based in Edinburgh.

Creator of Symmetrical Typeface (2012), a free hairline gemetric sans that has the feature that each glyph is the same if flipped horizontally. He also made the hairline octagonal typeface Mono (2012), a monowidth, monospaced font in which each glyph of the same width and height.

Behance link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Michael Woodcock

Michael Woodcock (Edinburgh, Scotland) designed the display typeface family Cube Age in 2014. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Michal Grazewicz

During his graphic design studies in Edinburgh, Scotland, Michal Grazewicz designed the vertical stencil face 1210 (2007). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Mikey Lland

Graphic designer in Glasgow, who created the rounded geometric sans typeface Leaf (2013).

Behance link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Miller&Richard
[William Miller]

Founded by William Miller in Edinburgh in 1809. The company became Miller&Richard in 1838, and closed in 1952, when the designs became the property of Stephenson Blake. They are best known for innovative type design, including hits such as the Miller&Richard Oldstyle (and its boldface, nowadays called Old Style or Century Oldstyle), and Antique Old Style, or Bookman. Specimen book from 1884. In 1974, Bloomfield Books (Owston Ferry Lincs) published a facsimile of Miller&Richards Typefounders Catalogue for 1873. Scans: Cuban, Grange, Ludgate, Teutonic, Tudor Black.

From the 1912 catalog: Grotesque No4, Grotesque No4 Italic, Grotesque No7, Grotesque No7.

Scans: Grotesque Capiutals, Old Style Antique No. 7, Old Style Italic, Sans Serif No. 7.

Nick Curtis offers a few digitizations: his Millrich Moravian NF (2010) revives Bohemian (1918, a jugendstil face). Millrich Reading NF (2010, Victorian) revives a 1918 Miller&Richard face (by the same name, I presume). Habana Sweets NF (2012) is a Victorian typeface modeled on Cuban (1873).

Canada Type too started digitizing some families: King Tut (2011, Kevin Allan King) is a restoration and expansion of the original Egyptian Expanded (1850). [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Monotype Bell

Monotype's hot metal Bell series from 1931 is based on original types made by the punchcutter Richard Austin for the foundry of John Bell in the 1780s. The different sizes of Monotype's series were not all based on the same model. Type historian James Mosley writes on Typophile in 2009 about this transitional typeface family:

For the metal type they called Bell, Monotype were working from types that had been newly cast by Stephenson Blake from original matrices that were made from punches cut by Richard Austin for the foundry of John Bell in the 1780s. They were used by the University Press at Cambridge in 1930 to print Stanley Morison's monograph on John Bell. Their text size seems to be based on the original English (about 14 point) type, which they scaled down to make the smaller sizes. For the 8 point the descenders were greatly reduced, but the design does not seem to have been radically redrawn. For 18 point and above (the metal type was cut in sizes up to 36 point) Monotype's model was a larger type, the Great Primer cut by Austin. This has greater contrast in the capitals and a flat footed letter a.

There is also a digital version by URW. Mosley comments: [...] URW's model seems to have been Monotype's smaller sizes, whereas for their own digital Bell Monotype appears to have used a single model, their 18-point cut for metal. The metal type of 1931 had been excellently made, since by then Monotype were past masters in adapting historical models to the demands of machine setting. Their Caslon of 1915 was a good example of this, in which every single size was as near as possible a facsimile of the metal types (in which all the sizes were different) cast by the Caslon foundry. Their Series 146 of 1921, called Old Roman and later known by the US name Scotch Roman, was a similar near-facsimile, size by size, of the revived early-19th-century type (possibly also the work of Richard Austin) of the Edinburgh foundry Miller & Richard. These types have to be called near-facsimiles since some characters needed to be slightly redrawn to fit the 18-unit system on which the Monotype line justification system depended, which sometimes meant stretching or compressing them slightly---a compromise that was rarely mentioned at the time. [Google] [More]  ⦿

MyFonts: Scotch typefaces

MyFonts selection for the keyword Scotch. See also here, here and here. [Google] [More]  ⦿

New Renaissance Fonts (was: New Fontografia, or: David's Fontografia 2006)
[David Kettlewell]

David Kettlewell (b. Edinburgh, Scotland, 1946), who has been professor at Tartu university in Estonia, and now works from his forest farmhouse in Bollstabruk, Northern Sweden, explains how fonts work and how to work with Fontographer and other programs. Kettlewell also runs Fontografia, a medieval and calligraphic type site featuring subpages on Ludovico Vicentino [degli Arrighi], Giovambattista Palatino, and Giovanniantonio Tagliente. He also tells us why Fontlab is so much better than Fontographer when developing fonts from scans.

David Kettlewell is a harper, renaissance musicologist and conductor who illuminate his work with text and type. His own work through New Renaissance Fonts is mostly with medieval and renaissance scripts, calligraphic alphabets and ornamental capitals. Direct acess. MyFonts link for New Renaissance. Klingspor link.

Free fonts: AliceScrolltipRoman, AndersFancyCapitals, AndersPlainCapitals, BickhamSwashCaps, Cartouches, CelticNoadProtoype, Chiswickblack, DagmarIlluCaps, Davies-RomantiqueCaps, DaviesIlluminatedcapitals, DaviesRoundhand, DaviesSapphire, DeBeauChesneRoman, FantasiaCaps, GothicCaps, KarinsFreeLombardyCaps (2006, with Karin Skoglund), KingRichard2Caps, Kurbits3, Lettreornee, LubnaCaps, NesbittDecoratedCaps-Medium, RicksClassicItalic, RicksDecoratedUncial-Medium, RicksFolkloreRoman, RicksRelaxedHand-Italic, Samuel, SevilliaDancingText, Sevilliastandingtext, Sevilliatiles, ShawDecoratedInitials1, ShawDecoratedInitials4-Medium, Taliente-IlluCaps, WestminsterMemorialBrasses-Medium.

Other fonts (some no longer available or shown): Soest St. Mary (2006, decorative capitals from embroidery work in a German church), Kurbits, Samuel, Celtic Noad, Dagmar IlluCaps, Lettre ornée, Phalesiodecor (medieval caps, 1998), American Uncial (adaptation of a URW font), FinalRomanfat or FatRoman50 (adaptation of an RWE font), Marshall (made from an 1822 parchment).

Some fonts are developed in conjunction with Richard Bradley. Others involved more loosely include Adam Twardoch, Karin Skoglund, Dagmar Varaksits and Anders Rosen.

MyFonts offers fonts like Chiswick Illuminated Caps (2009, Lombardic), Alice Scrolltip (2006), Albrecht Fraktur (2011), Edward's Uncial 1904 (2011, after an alphabet drawn by Edward Johnston), Davids Roundhand, Karins Lombardy Caps, Sevillia (2006, with Richard Bradley), and Soest St Mary.

View the New Renaissance Fonts library. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Norman Gray

Astronomer and physicist at the University of Glasgow. Designer in 1991-2001 of the font Feyn (metafont), which can be used to produce relatively simple Feynman diagrams within equations in a LaTeX document. He writes: The other Feynman diagram package which exists is Thorsten Ohl's feynmf/feynmp package. That works by creating Metafont or MetaPost figures using a preprocessor. It's more general than this package, but is at its best when creating relatively large diagrams, for figures. In contrast, the present system consists of a carefully-designed font with which you can write simple diagrams, within equations or within text, in a size matching the surrounding text size. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Orlando Lloyd

Designer in Edinburgh, Scotland. Creator in 2013 of Halfcut (a contemporary geometric sans-serif) and Republicca (a sturdy bold slab serif based on traditional Central European broadsheet newspaper typefaces). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Paul Mullen

Designer in Aberdeen, Scotland, where he runs Akira Studios. Behance link.

Creator of Helwell (2012, a slab face that marries Helvetica with Rockwell), Just Another Tag (2012, graffiti face), and Boxing Wizards (2012, a display sans). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Paul Reid
[Tracer Tong (was: WhoAmI Type&Design)]

[More]  ⦿

Pete Rossi

Pete was born just outside Glasgow, Scotland in 1981. He graduated from the Glasgow School of Art in 2006. He has created various logotypes and came up with a multilined design proposal called London '12.

Behance link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Rachel E. Millar

During her graphic design studies Edinburgh College of Art, Rachel Millar created the experimental typefaces Shatter (2012) and Fracture (2013: a bone fracture or glaz krak typeface). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Rebecca Westwood

Graphic designer who graduated from the Edinburgh College of Art. She created an organic typeface in 2012. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Richard Every

South African designer of ITC Greengate (2002), an arts and crafts (almost art nouveau) font in the mould of Eaglefeather.

He writes: Jessie Marion King (1875-1949) began her professional career as a book designer and illustrator, but over time her creativity found its outlet in many forms, including posters, jewelry, ceramics, wallpaper, fabrics, murals, interior design and costumes. After eventually settling in Kirkcudbright, Scotland, she founded Green Gate Close, a center for women artists. Although her style is reminiscent of the Art Nouveau artist, Aubrey Beardsley, King's aesthetic was an offshoot of the "Glasgow Style," a Scottish hybrid of the Arts and Crafts movement and Art Nouveau. Often, her illustrations included hand lettering. It was just this kind of lettering that gave Richard Every his inspiration for ITC Greengate. When he saw some children's book illustrations that King created in 1898, he knew on the spot he had to complete the hand lettering as a typographic font.

FontShop link. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Richard T. Austin

London-based punchcutter (1768-1830) who had his own foundry, The Imperial Letter Foundry, in London. Before that, he had worked at John Bell's British Letter Foundry from 1788-1798 (when the foundry closed) as a punchcutter, and at William Miller's foundry in Edinburgh. His typefaces:

  • Tooled Roman (1788).
  • Bell (1788, British Letter Foundry). Originally cut for John Bell John Bell by Richard Austin in 1788. Monotype made a metal version in 1931. Available at Monotype in digital form as BellMT (see Monotype Bell 341). It is also available as B694 Roman and Baltimore on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD (2002). Mac McGrew: Bell as cut by Lanston Monotype in 1940 is a copy of the face of the same name cut in 1930 by English Monotype at the instigation of Stanley Morison, and was originally cut by Richard Austin for the English printer John Bell in 1788. Lanston describes it as a delicate and refined rendering of Scotch Roman, but without the unduly heavy capitals and some other objectionable characteristics of that face. English Monotype says the letters are open and inclined to roundness; they possess a certain crispness reflecting a French copperplate engraved inspiration. The face has been referred to as the first English modern face, with its sharply contrasted shading, vertical stress, and the earliest consistently horizontal top serifs on the lowercase. Bruce Rogers found an unidentified face at Riverside Press in 1900; he called it Brimmer and used it to good effect in book work. The same face was called Mountjoye by D. B. Updike at the Merrymount Press. It was later identified as Bell, and this may have led to its resurrection by English Monotype.

    The French explain Bell as a British face halfway between transitionals (such as Baskerville) and modern faces (such as Bodoni or Didot, the "didones").

  • Fry's Ornamented (1796, British Letter Foundry). Also known as Ornamented No. 2 cut by Austin for Dr. Edmund Fry. Stephenson, Blake&Co. acquired the type in 1905, and in 1948 they issued fonts in 30-pt (the size of the original design), 36-, 48- and 60-pt sizes. A digital version by ARTypes in 2007 is also called Fry's Ornamented (2007). David Rakowski made a digital version called Beffle in 1991.
  • Austin's Pica No. 1 (1819). One of the first modern faces in Britain.
  • Porson (1806, Caslon Foundry). This Greek typeface is based on the handwriting of the English classicist Richard Porson's transcription of the Medea. Richard Austin was commissioned by the Cambridge University Press to cut it, from 1806 onwards. It was cast by Caslon foundry, but it never appeared in their specimens. It was completed and used only after Porson's death in 1808, in the editions of plays of Euripides produced by Cambridge scholars. Bringhurst notes that after its first appearance, it was soon copied by other founders, and was released by Monotype with some corrections in 1912. By the end of the 19th century, together with New Hellenic (by Victor Scholderer), it had become the main Greek type used in Britain.
  • Scotch Roman (1813, William Miller / Miller&Richardson). This didone face was revived in 1907 by Monotype Corporation. It is considered as the first British modern typeface. Also known as Georgian or Brimmer [when Bruce Rogers found the face at the Riverside Press in 1900, he used it for books under the name Brimmer]. D.B. Updike used another font of this type at his Merrymount Press where it was called Mountjoye. Scotch Roman#2 (1920) is a revival by Linotype.
  • Antique (ca. 1827). This was revived in 2007 by HiH as Austin Antique.

FontShop link. Klingspor link. Wikipedia link.

View Richard T. Austin's typefaces. Alexa Stephenson's detailed image of Bell. View Richard Austin's typefaces. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Rishabh Arora

Bindu is a circle-based experimental display font designed during Rishabh Arora's UKIERI student exchange at Adam Smith College in Scotland. He lives in New Delhi. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Rob Johnson

Illustrator in Glasgow. Creator (b. 1981) of the hand-printed outline faces Running on Empty (2010), Twenty Twenty (2009, Fontcapture), and Biscuit Thin (2009, Fontcapture) Located in Glasgow.

Dafont link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Robert Hunter Middleton

American designer (b. Glasgow, 1898, d. Chicago, 1985), who spent his entire life at Ludlow Typograph Company (retiring in 1971) and built an impressive type library, creating over 100 typefaces. He received a doctorate in Fine Arts from Transylvania University. Ludlow hired him in 1923, where he became type director in 1993. He retired from the Ludlow Typograph Company in 1971. At Ludlow, he had to create solid commercial variations of existing typefaces for the Ludlow machine and come up with practical new designs. Bio by Nicholas Fabian. One can also consult the M.A. dissertation of Stephen Glenn Crook at the University of Chicago, entitled "The contribution of R. Runter Middleton to typeface design and printing in America" (1980), which lists his 98 typefaces of his 24 type familes. His oeuvre:

  • Eusebius (1924). This page explains that Ernst Detterer started work for Ludlow on Nicolas Jenson in 1924. Middleton drew Nicolas Jenson Italic at Ludlow in 1929, followed by Bold, Bold Italic, and Roman Open series in later years. In 1937 the family was renamed Eusebius. Nicolas Jenson SG is a revival at Spiece Graphics in 1995 by Jim Spiece.
  • Ludlow Black (1924). Mac McGrew: Ludlow Black was designed by Robert H. Middleton for Ludlow in 1924. It is very similar to Cooper Black, the most apparent differences being the concave serifs and the greater slant of the italic. Also compare Pabst Extra Bold.
  • Cameo (1927, a chiselled font). Mac McGrew: Cameo was designed by R. Hunter Middleton for Ludlow in 1926. It is derived from a heavy version of Caslon, with a thin white line within the left side of each heavy stroke, giving a very pleasing appearance. A 1926 Ludlow ad says of it, "Designed and punches produced in our own plant". Apparently it was the first, or one of the first, so produced. Compare Caslon Shaded, Caslon Openface, Caslon Shadow Title, Gravure, Narciss.
  • Caslon Extra Condensed. See Caslon RR Extra Condensed by Steve Jackaman.
  • Delphian Open Titling (1928).
  • Stellar (1929, a serifless roman done 29 years before Zapf's Optima!). Mac McGrew: Stellar and Stellar Bold were designed by R. Hunter Middleton for Ludlow in 1929 as a less severe alternative to the monotone sans-serifs which were coming into great popularity. There is moderate thick-and-thin contrast, and strokes flare slightly toward the ends, while ascenders and descenders are fairly long; all this gives a feeling of warmth and pleasantness. Cap M is widely splayed, and sloping strokes are cut off at an angle. An alternate A, E, and H in both weights have the crossbar extended beyond the left upright, and there is an alternate U without the extended vertical stroke. Compare Optima, Lydian, Radiant.
  • Garamond (1929-1930, see the Font Bureau revival FB Garamond, and Steve Jackaman's Garamond RR Light).
  • Tempo (1930-42, a sans family) and Tempo Heavy Inline (1935). Mac McGrew: Tempo is Ludlow's answer to the sans serifs which gained popularity in the late 1920s. The entire series was designed by R. Hunter Middleton, director of Ludlow's department of typeface design. The Light, Medium, and Bold weights were introduced in 1930, Heavy and several variations in 1931, and other variations over the next decade or more. They are generally a little different from other sans serifs, and include some innovations not found elsewhere. The most distinctive characteristics are found in the Light Italic and Medium Italic, which have a somewhat more calligraphic feeling and less stiff formality than other such faces, and which also offer alternate cursive capitals, rare in sans serifs. But there are more inconsistencies in Tempo than most other families. For instance, the Light, Medium, Bold, and Heavy Italics are designed with a moderate slope of 10 degrees to fit straight matrices without too much gap between letters; this works well enough in the lighter weights, but produces a loose effect in the more rigid heavier weights. But the two largest sizes of Tempo Bold Italic and some of the other italics are designed to fit italic matrices with a slant of 17 degrees, which is rather excessive for sans serifs, especially the condensed versions, although it is handled well. Variant Oblique characters are available for Medium Italic which get away from the calligraphic feeling; only these and none of the cursive characters are made in (Tempo continues) the largest sizes. Tempo Bold Extended and Black Extended show the influ- ence of other European grotesques, with much greater x-height and some characters unlike those in the normal and condensed widths. There are a number of alternate characters for many of the Tempos. especially in the Medium, Bold, and Heavy weights; their use converts Tempo to an approximation of Kabel or other series. But a few alternates are not enough to create the effect of Futura, apparently demanded by some users, so Tempo Alternate was created in several weights, and introduced about 1960. This is close to Futura, except that the italic has Ludlow's 17-degree slant, much greater than Futura's usual 8 degrees. This family-within-a-family also has some alternate characters in some weights, to further convert the face into an approximation of other European grotesques. Tempo has been quite popular with newspapers, and to a lesser extent for general commercial printing. Compare Futura, Sans Serif, Erbar, etc. Also see Umbra.
  • Karnak (1931-42, a slab serif family). Mac McGrew: Karnak is a family of square-serif types designed by Robert H. Middleton for Ludlow, beginning in 1931, when the light and medium weights were introduced, with other weights and widths announced as late as 1942. Like Stymie, the other extensive American square-serif series, it is derived from Memphis, and all three series are very similar. Most members of the Karnak family are most easily distinguished by the cap G. Karnak italics are also distinguished by a greater slant to fit Ludlow's 17-degree matrices, except 14-point and smaller in Karnak Intermediate Italic and Medium Italic, which are made on straight matrices and slant about 10 degrees. Light and medium weights have several alternate round capitals as shown; the very narrow Karnak Obelisk also has comparable alternate round AEMNW. Compare Cairo, Memphis, Stymie. One magazine article speaks of Karnak Open, but this has not been found in any Ludlow literature.
  • Lafayette (1932).
  • Mayfair Cursive (1932). Revived as Mayfair (2006, Rebecca Alaccari, Canada Type).
  • Umbra (1932). Mac McGrew: Umbra was designed by Robert H. Middleton for Ludlow in 1932. It is essentially a shadow version of Tempo Light, in which the basic letter is "invisible" but there is a strong shadow to the lower right of each stroke. Compare Shadow. Images: URW Umbra.
  • Eden (1934, a squarish didone). See digital revivals by Jason Castle called Eden Light and Eden Bold, 1990, and by Steve Jackaman and Ashley Muir at Red Rooster called Eden Pro (2010).
  • Mandate (1934).
  • Ludlow Bodoni (1936; see Bodoni Black Condensed by Steve Jackaman, and Modern 735 (Bitstream's version of Middleton's Bodoni)). Bodoni Campanile (1930; see Bodoni Campanile, 1999, by Steve Jackaman). Bodoni Modern (1930). See a digital revival called PL Modern Heavy Condensed.
  • Coronet (1937). This is Ribbon 131 in the Bitstream collection and Coronet by Steve Jackaman.
  • Flair (1941).
  • Admiral Script (1953).
  • Condensed Gothic Outline (1953).
  • Cloister Open Face (1920).
  • Florentine Cursive (1956). See Florentine Cursive by Steve Jackaman.
  • Formal Script (1956).
  • Radiant (1938, see EF Radiant at Elsner+Flake, and Radiant RR at the Red Rooster foundry). McGrew: Radiant was designed by Robert H. Middleton for Ludlow, and introduced in 1938, with additional members of the family being added over the following two or three years. It is a precise, thick-and-thin, serifless style, express- ing the modem spirit of the forties while breaking away from the ubiquitous monotone sans-serifs. Radiant Medium is actually about as light as possible to maintain thick-and-thin contrast, but bold and heavy weights offer substantial contrast. All upright versions have as alternates the round forms of AKMNRW, as shown with some of the specimens. Italics have the standard 17-degree slant of Ludlow italic mats, which is rather extreme for serifless faces, except for small sizes of Medium Italic, which are made on straight mats and are redesigned with about 10-degree slope. Like most Ludlow faces, all versions of this face have fractions and percent marks available as extras. Thick-and-thin serifless faces are rare in this country. Compare the older Globe Gothic; also Empire, Stellar, Lydian, Optima, and Czarin, which aren't really in the same category.
  • Record Gothic (1927-61).
  • Samson (1940). Mac McGrew: Samson is a very bold, sturdy face designed by R. Hunter Middleton in 1940 for Ludlow. It is derived from lettering done with a broad pen, and retains much of that feeling. The name was chosen to denote power and strength. It has been popular for newspaper advertising in particular. Compare Lydian, Valiant. An interpolation between a signage face and a poster face, it was revived as Ashkelon NF (2011, Nick Curtis).
  • Square Gothic.
  • Stencil (1937-1938). A Cyrillic was made by Victor Kharyk.
  • Wave (1962), a connected brush script. Digitizations include Coffee Script (2006) and Middleton Brush (2010), both by Patrick Griffin at Canada Type. Mac McGrew: Wave was designed for Ludlow in 1962 by Robert H. Middleton. It is a 1 medium-weight script, not quite joining, with a brush-drawn appearance and thick-and-thin contrast. The apparent angle is quite a bit more than the 17-degree slope of Ludlow matrices, but letters fit together compactly without noticeable looseness, and form smoothly flowing words. Compare Brush. Mandate, Kaufmann Bold.
  • Andromaque.
Among his books:
  • "Making Printer's Typefaces" (1938, The Black Cat press, Chicago, IL). In this book, he shows his own creations for Ludlow matrices, and talks about typography in general.
  • Chicago Letter Founding (1937, The Black Cat Press, Chicago, IL). Middleton calls Chicago the printing center of the nation, and goes on in this small booklet about the lives and contributions of people like Robert Wiebking, Frederic Goudy, Bruce Rogers, Oswald Cooper, and himself.

Linotype link. Drawing.

Pictures: i, ii, iii, iv.

View the typefaces made by Robert Hunter Middleton. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Rona Marin Miller

Half Scottish, half Spanish, Rona Marin Miller studied graphic design at Universidad de Salamanca and at Aberdeen College. She created a light movement alphabet called Rona's Font (2011). Behance link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Ruari McLean

Scottish typographer and scholar, b. near Newton Stewart, Galloway, 1917, d. 2006. Author of "Jan Tschichold: Typographer" (1975). He wrote the classic "The Thames&Hudson Manual of Typography," originally published in 1980. He also wrote "True to Type: A Typographical Autobiography," published by Oak Knoll Press in the United States and Werner Shaw in the UK. McLean was raised in Oxford and spent most of his life in London. Obituary. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Ryan Smith
[Superposition Kitty]

[More]  ⦿

Scotch Roman

Wikipedia: Scotch Roman refers to a class of typefaces popular in the early nineteenth century, particularly in the United States and to a lesser extent the United Kingdom. These typefaces were modeled on an original 1839 design by Samuel Nelson Dickinson, founder of the Dickinson Type Foundry in Boston, who had the design cut by Richard Austin, and cast by Alexander Wilson and Son in Glasgow, Scotland. This is wrong, because Richard Miller died in 1830. The William Miller foundry's Scotch Roman is from 1813.

The Scotch Roman faces are in the modern (didone) style, with long ascenders and an elegant aura that make them agreeable to the eye. Present day typefaces in the shadow of Scotch Roman include Caledonia, Georgia (Matthew Carter), and Escrow (Font Bureau).

Mac McGrew: Scotch Roman is derived from a face cut and cast by the Scotch foundry of Alexander Wilson&Son at Glasgow before 1833, when it was considered a novelty letter. The modern adaptation of the face was first made in 1903 by the foundry of A. D. Farmer&Sons, later part of ATF. It is a modern face, but less mechanical than Bodoni, and has long been popular. Capitals, though, appear heavier than lowercase letters and tend to make a spotty page. Hansen's National Roman is virtually the same face, with the added feature of an alternate r with raised arm in the manner of Cheltenham Oldstyle. When Monotype copied Scotch Roman in 1908, display sizes were cut to match the foundry face, but in keyboard sizes, necessarily modified to fit mechanical requirements, the caps were lightened and the entire face was somewhat regularized. Scotch Open Shaded Italic, a partial set of swash initials, was designed by Sol Hess in 1924. Similar swash letters, but not shaded, were also drawn by Hess and made by Monotype for regular Scotch Roman Italic. Linotype had adapted Scotch Roman to its system in 1903, retaining the heavier capitals, but in 1931, by special permission of Lanston Monotype, brought out Scotch No.2 to match the Monotype version. Compare Atlantic, Bell, Caledonia, Original Old Style. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Scott MacMichael
[Gallusness]

[More]  ⦿

Shirley-Anne Murdoch

Edinburgh, Scotland-based creator of a typographic poster called The Boy Who Wanted To Play The Violin (2013). She explains: Commissioned by Craigmillar Communiversity in conjunction with newly established Small + Crummy Press to work with illustrator Andrew Crummy to develop a special edition book. The launch of this publication was planned to coincide with the opening of the 'Arts: The Catalyst (for social change)' exhibition at Edinburgh's City Art Centre. The book's first edition sold out on the night! [Google] [More]  ⦿

Simon Graham

Designer who made Genome (2001) at Fontmonster (a site that expired). Born in Scotland in 1973, he studied in Glasgow and Edinburgh focusing on type design and experimental typography. After graduating with a degree in Visual Communication he briefly taught font design and development at Edinburgh College of Art. Now working as a freelancer out of Denmark, his clients include Deaconn Clothing, Edinburgh International Film Festival, Icon and Sony. He designed Don't Listen (2005), an anti-Bush anti-war font which won an award at the 2005 FUSE type competition. Aka A-Bombe. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Steven Bonner

Graphic designer in Stirling, Scotland. He created some fonts and designed some letters for GQ Magazine in 2011. He also made the modular face Build (2011).

In 2012, he created the stencil face Muirside, and published a modular compose-as-you-go blackletter type system called Granimator or Blackpack.

Together with Gary Greenall (XLN Telecom), he created the headline sans typeface Langdon (2013). iHe has produced a few interesting type posters.

Behance link. HypeForType link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Stimuli Typo.Graphics
[Joe Farquharson]

Joe Farquharson's upstart foundry in Edinburgh, Scotland. Fonts: Temp.Measure, Creamdealer, Lazy Bastard Alert, Full Frontal. Here, we find mention of freeware Mac fonts, Dotrimental, Kelman, Magnitude (soon to be a commercial font), PointsevenFive, but only Dotrimental can be downloaded now. He also made the pixel font LesserMagnitude (2002). Working on the display face Magnitude (2007). [Google] [More]  ⦿

SUMO Design (or: Hello Fonts)
[Jim Richardson]

Jim Richardson studied graphic design in Dundee, Scotland. In 1999, he started fontmonster.org (Fontmonster [dead link!] offered fonts such as Armadillo, Torn, Ringpull (handwriting), Akei (LCD font), Bad Lobster and VELCRO). SUMO Design was founded in 2000 in Newcastle, UK. In 2003, he set up Hello Fonts as an outlet for his own fonts such as Golden Bus Co, Chello, Hello Sans and Cassidy. In 2003, he started Union Fonts, and he is working on new typefaces such as Richmond Sans (2003), the hip and cheerful Chello (2004), Cassidy (2004, an ultra thin techno font), Zonso (2004), and Golden Bus Co (2003). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Superposition Kitty
[Ryan Smith]

Superposition Kitty are Ryan&Jen Smith (no relation) who practice graphic design in Dundee, Scotland. Ryan Smith made Pixl (2009, a pixel family) and Segmental (2010, an LED font). Free demo at Dafont. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Terry Smith

Graphic design student at Edinburgh's Telford College. Creator of the geometric counterless face Typecast (2011). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Textism: Miller

A robust text face designed in 1997 at Font Bureau by Matthew Carter, Tobias frere-Jones and Cyrus Highsmith. Recommended for newsprint.

Textism wrote: Matthew Carter's Miller is a very successful modern interpretation of the bulky, utilitarian style known traditionally as Scotch Roman. It's well-equipped, featuring requisite parts such as small caps, and is available in a svelte display weight. Miller stands up very well to unpredictable printing situations such as laser printing and newsprint. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Tne Other Anonymous

Pittsburgh-based creator (b. 1980) of the dingbat fonts Fnord-Hodge and Fnord-Podge (2006). On another site, he claims to be born in 1973 and to live in Fife, Scotland. Home page. Names used include Toa, Synaptyx and Nurbldoff. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Tony Blow
[Typescape]

[More]  ⦿

Tracer Tong (was: WhoAmI Type&Design)
[Paul Reid]

Beautiful original fonts (freeware, shareware) by Glasgow-based Paul Reid, aka Tracer Tong. A partial list: Vannoidyk (2012, techno), Xiaxide (2012, circuit simulation typeface), Cursed Law (2012, grunge), Pixcel (2012), Ablattive (2012), Scratch To Reveal (2011), Techno Hideo (2011), High Score Hero (2011, horizontally striped glyphs), Hunter Squared (2011, a sci-fi face based on the movie The Predators), Nioc tresni (2011, dot matrix face), Lightman (2011, texture/[ixel family), Coalition (2010, a charcoal face), OhMyGod, Stars&Moons, Arrgh, Blokk, BulletHolz, DriftTypeSolid, DriftType, Emoticons, Encounter, FilmStrip, LiandriBETA, MatrixSchedule, OhMyGodStarsMoons, PixelBlock, Serifsy, TroubledGenius, WhereCracksAppear, ZX Font Pack (pixel faces), Dyers Eve, DecayedOptical, DirtyHead, DumbAss, Fade2Back, GameLogos (2003), HobbesFriend, InvisibleKiller, Obliquo, OhMyGodStars, Stryx, VenetiaMonitor, Gothikka, MedicationNeeded, Recognition, RecognitionNekkid, SeeTheBeast, Shredded, SirClive, Sucaba, WhatPossUse, ZX81, ZXSpectrum, Rekkoy (font with embedded Morse code), Staley (Alice in Chains), Abstrakt (nice!), Pliskin Snake Eyes (2006, a John Carpenter movie credit font), Top Billing (2006), Unrealised (2008), Steel Tongs (2006, an adaptation of Larabie's Steelfish), Playstation Buttons, Dirtyhead, Dumbass, Fenix Blackleter Caps (2011), Fade2Back, Gothikka, HobbesFriend, Invisible Killer (1997), Luggerbug, (the Gallahad inspired font) Mordred, Recognition (a barcode type font), See the Beast (crosshaired letters), ZX-Spectrum Keyboard, Steeltongs, Stigmata (this will be a classic display font!), DropCaps, Springfield Mugshots (dingbats), Intergalactic Megastar (2007, based on Digital Strip by Blambot), Jacinto Sans (2009, grungy face based on the titles for Gears of War), Universal-Accreditation (2006, condensed sans).

At Dafont, we find these fonts: BulletHolz, Coalition, DriftType-Solid, DriftType, DropCapsSans, DropCapsSerif, DumbAss, Dymeda, Gothikka, InvisibleKiller, JacintoSans, LiandriBETA, LuggerBug, MedicationNeeded, Obliquo, OhMyGodStars, PhatBoySlim-Bold, PhatBoySlim-BoldItalic, PhatBoySlim-Italic, PhatBoySlim, PhatboySlim Rough, Phatboy Slim College, PlaystationButtons, SeeTheBeast, Serifsy, Shredded, SpringfieldMugShots, Spyh, Sucaba, TroubledGenius, UniversalAccreditation-Italic, UniversalAccreditation, Unrealised, VenetiaMonitor, ZX81, ZXSpectrum.

Links: Typoasis site. Mirror site. Alternate page. Dafont link. Dafont link #2. Fontspace link. Klingspor link. Abstract Fonts link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Typescape
[Tony Blow]

From Edinburgh, Scotland, Typescape is Tony Blow's Glasgow-based outfit, where he sells his fonts: Poetic, Matter, Pinched Fat and Invasive. He also runs Pointsize Online, a design outfit in Glasgow, where you can find his logofonts and commercial work. At fontmonster, he created the free fonts Pinched Fat, Poetic, Jotter, Invasive. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Uta Hinrichs
[Fatfonts]

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W. Turner Berry

W. Turner Berry and A.F. Johnson published "Catalogue of Specimens of Printing Types by English and Scottish Printers and Founders 1665-1830", New York: 1983. [Google] [More]  ⦿

William Miller

Scottish typefounder. He first worked at Alexander Wilson's foundry in Glasgow. Later he started his own foundry in Edinburgh in 1809. In 1838, his son-in-law Walter Richard joined him. The foundry then became Miller&Richard. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

William Miller
[Miller&Richard]

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