TYPE DESIGN INFORMATION PAGE last updated on Wed May 4 08:45:13 EDT 2016
FONT RECOGNITION VIA FONT MOOSE
The Serbian type scene
Bata Barata (or: Brandbusters)
Belgrade-based creator of these typefaces in 2012: Hokus Pokus (hand-printed), Airport Arrival, Trotoar (grunge).
Danilo Segan added Cyrillic glyphs to Bitstream's Vera sans family, and created the Bepa family. Alternate URL. Apparently, they are now outdated, having been replaced by the DejaVu Sans and Serif families. He maintains the Cyrillic glyph set in DejaVu. The URW-CYR family contains cleaned-up and fixed Serbian glyphs---these are now outdated, since Valek Filipov has merged (and first improved) them back into upstream URW-CYR fonts available here. Danilo Segan also created Nova and Nova Light (2003-2004), an art deco Cyrillic unicase family. [Google] [More] ⦿
Designer at the Serbian studio TajFazon, located in Belgrade. He works with stunning colors and has made some display fonts, often in the fat counterless artsy style. These include AeroFrog (2010), Strawberry (2009), Letvica (2010), and DontGetCut (2009). Behance link. [Google] [More] ⦿
Brett T. Johnson
Belgrade, Serbia-based designer (b. 1986) of Pinon (2016, a nice 6-style hand-crafted poster typeface family), Loosey Sans (2016, free), Carson (2016, a rounded sans typeface family), and Cogswell Condensed (2016). Creative Market link. Dafont link. [Google] [More] ⦿
The DejaVu fonts form an open source font family based on the Bitstream Vera Fonts. Free download. Its purpose is to provide a wider range of characters (see Current status page for more information) while maintaining the original look and feel through the process of collaborative development. Included are DejaVuSans-Bold, DejaVuSans-BoldOblique, DejaVuSans-Oblique, DejaVuSans, DejaVuSansCondensed-Bold, DejaVuSansCondensed-BoldOblique, DejaVuSansCondensed-Oblique, DejaVuSansCondensed, DejaVuSansMono-Bold, DejaVuSansMono-BoldOb, DejaVuSansMono-Oblique, DejaVuSansMono-Roman, DejaVuSerif-Bold, DejaVuSerif-BoldOblique, DejaVuSerif-Oblique, DejaVuSerif-Roman, DejaVuSerifCondensed-Bold, DejaVuSerifCondensed-BoldOblique, DejaVuSerifCondensed-Oblique, DejaVuSerifCondensed.
Authors and contributors comprise Adrian Schroeter, Ben Laenen, Dafydd Harries, Danilo Segan (Cyrillic), David Jez, David Lawrence Ramsey, Denis Jacquerye, Dwayne Bailey, James Cloos, James Crippen, Keenan Pepper, Mashrab Kuvatov, Misu Moldovan (Romanian), Ognyan Kulev, Ondrej Koala Vacha, Peter Cernák, Sander Vesik, Stepán Roh (project manager; Polish), Tavmjong Bah, Valentin Stoykov, and Vasek Stodulka. The idea is to eventually cover most of unicode. Currently, this is covered: Latin (+supplement, extended A and part of extended B), IPA, Greek, Coptic, Cyrillic, Georgian, Armenian, Hebrew, N'ko, Tifinagh, Lao, Canadian aboriginal syllabics, Ogham, Arabic, math symbols, arrows, Braille, chess, and many dingbats.
Cyrillic fonts by the Dino Art Corporation, dating from 1993, include Cirilica60, Cirilica80, AmericanUncialCirilica, ArabiaCirilica, AardvarkCirilicaBold, AardvarkCirilica, ArialCirilicaBold, ArialCirilicaItalic, Arial-Cirilica, ArialCirilicaBoldItalic, AristonCirilicaBoldItalic, AtletaCirilica, BahamasCirilica, BangkokCirilicaBold, BangkokCirilica, BedrockCirilica, BekerCirilicaBold, BodoniCirilicaBold, BodoniCirilicaItalic, BodoniCirilica, BodoniRomanCirilica, BodoniCirilicaBoldItalic, BookCirilicaBold, BookCirilicaItalic, BookCirilica, BookCirilicaBoldItalic, BremenCirilica, BroadwayCirilica, BrushScriptCirilica, CaligraphCirilica, CenturyCirilicaItalic, CenturyCirilica, CzarCirilicaBold, CzarCirilicaItalic, CzarCirilica, CzarCirilicaBoldItalic, GoliatCirilicaBold, Goliat-Cirilica, HelveticaCirilicaBold, HelveticaCirilicaItalic, HelveticaCirilica, HelveticaCirilicaBoldItalic, HippoCirilicaBold, Madrone-Cirilica, MemorandumCirilica, Miroslavljeva-Cirilica, MurmanskCirilica, OdessaScriptCirilica, RenfrewCirilica, SouthernCirilicaItalic, Southern-Cirilica, TimesCirilicaBold, TimesCirilicaItalic, Times-Cirilica, TimesRomanCirilicaItalic, TimesRomanCirilica, TimesRomanCirilicaBoldItalic, TimesCirilicaBoldItalic, UnicornCirilica. They can be downloaded at the site of the Serbian Orthodox Church. Some are also here. [Google] [More] ⦿
Dragan Pesic's foundry, Pesic, is located in Kraljevo, Serbia. Dragan created the grungy typeface Missing Stone (2013) and the lava lamp typeface Owl (2013). These typefaces, like nearly all his typefaces, cover both Latin and Cyrillic.
Design studio in Nis, Serbia. Their Latin / Cyrillic typeface Minaid (2014) is advertized as a strong masculine typeface suitable for sports and logo design. I think that it is quite appropriate for the signage in gulags. Partin (2014, FontStruct) is a free basketball typeface. Constantine (2014) is a roman caps typeface for Latin and Cyrillic. Constantine Bold and Outline (2014) are free.
During his graphic design studies in Belgrade, Dusan Todorovic created two great display typefaces, Future (2013) and Bugi (2013). Bugi is a white-on-black poster font that adds pizzazz to a page. [Google] [More] ⦿
Foundry in Serbia, est. 2011 by Dusko Joksimovic. Fontex created Brillian (2011), a large Latin/Cyrillic semi-connected script family, characterized by two gigantic b counters. Boos (2012) is a casual typeface family. AJSHA (2012) is an oriental simulation face, inspired by Japanese swords, or katana.
Hana is a graphic designer from Belgrade. She made a nice typographic poster called Neandertal (2010). I guess that this goes with her simplistic and almost constructivist squarish typeface Neandertal (2009). She also created Kuka (2010), a simple display sans with both Latin and Cyrillic alphabets. [Google] [More] ⦿
Hieromonk Makarije (Serbia, d. after 1528 in the Hilandar monastery) is the founder of Serbian and Romanian printing. In 1494, he printed the first book in the Serbian language and the first book in the territory of Walachia. [Google] [More] ⦿
Graphic designer from Belgrade, Serbia, who now works at Rainy Dot in Berlin. He created the free rounded layered vector format typeface Zujal (2013). In 2015, he created the rounded monoline sans typeface Postcard. In 2016, he designed Prota Basic (a rounded sans). Creative Market link. behance link. [Google] [More] ⦿
Jablantile (2009) is a small Metafont font created by Don Knuth to implement the modular tiles described by Slavik Jablan, a mathematics profeesor at Matematicki Institut SANU, Belgrade. [Google] [More] ⦿
Serbian type designer (b. 1979, Belgrade) who created these flowing free Cyrillic / Latin calligraphic typefaces in 2010: Lovely Audrey BG, Lovely Grace BG, Lovely Sofia BG. ITC Aram is also due to her. She graduated in 2003 from the Faculty of Applied Arts in Belgrade, the Department of Applied Graphics, majoring in Type and Book Design. She is an assistant professor in type design and calligraphy.
Belgrade, Serbia-based designer of the square-shaped experimental typeface Lena's Font (2013) and the colorful geometric solid typeface Geometry (2015). Jelena can best be described as a minimalist artist and illustrator. Behance link. [Google] [More] ⦿
Great calligrapher and type designer, born in Suvi Do, Yugoslavia, in 1954. He obtained his master's degree in calligraphy and lettering at the Academy of Applied Arts in Belgrade. In 1985, he received the Charles Peignot Award from the Typographique Internationale for excellence in calligraphy and type design. He taught typography at Belgrade University of Arts until 1992. Since 1992, he is based in hamburg, Germany, where He teaches type design and calligraphy at the Fachhochschule Hamburg. His typefaces:
At ATypI 2004 in Prague, he spoke about typefaces for Latin and Cyrillic.
KODEKS is the German slavistics server run by Professor Sebastian Kempgen from the University of Bamberg. Kempgen's fonts include Eckige Glagolica and Runde Glagolica, both for Glagolitic. He also made a mediaeval Cyrillic face, Preslav. He also created Kliment (2005; old church slavonic, covering all of these: Altkirchenslawisch, Altrussisch, Altbulgarisch, Altserbisch, Old Russian, Old Bulgarian, OCS, Old Serbian), which can be downloaded here and here. Kiril, RomanCyrillicStd (2003) and CampusRomanStd (2008) are free fonts designed for slavic language specialists. The latter two fonts are quite complete and unicode-compliant since 2007. The BukyVede font (2008) is the typeface used by the journal "Polata knigopisnaja" (Mario Capaldo and William R. Veder, eds.), published by William R. Veder&Michael Bakker, Slavisch Seminarium, Amsterdam. It is based on CyrillicaOhrid and GlagolicaBulgarian (with additions from Rumen Lazov), and adapted to Unicode 5.1, and enhanced by William R. Veder, Chicago. Final touches, additional characters and font generation by Sebastian Kempgen, Method Std is the Unicode 5.1 version of the Method font series originally created by the author, Sebastian Kempgen, in the 1980's. The blueprint for this font is the classic printing type devised by slavists and used in learned editions of Old Church Slavonic texts.
Kostic Type Foundry
The Kostic Type Foundry (est. 2010) is located in Belgrade, Serbia. It is a small private foundry, run by Zoran Kostic and his son and Nikola. Zoran (b. Belgrade, 1947) graduated from the Faculty of Geodesy of Belgrade University and completed post graduate studies of photogrammetry at ITC Enshede, The Netherlands. He started out as a programmer for geodesy and photogrammetry, and then opened a DTP studio in Yugoslavia in 1987. In 1987, out of necessity, he designed a PostScript Cyrillic font in type 3.
He cyrillicized many Latin typefaces: AvangardaCyr (Avantgarde), DINGraverCyr (DINEngshrift), ErazmoCyr (Eras), FuturCyr (Futura), FuturCyrCond (Futura Condensed), GilesCyr (GillSans), HelvetiaCyr (Helvetica), HelvetiaCyrCond (Helvetica Condensed), LitografCyr (Lithos), LubalinCyr (LubalinGraf), MasinaCyr (Industria).
He also made these original typefaces: DesignerRound (Cyrillic and Roman), Resavac, KosticSans (Cyrillic and Roman), KosticSerif (Cyrillic and Roman), Sketch (Cyrillic and Roman), Oktoih. Oktoih is one of the few fonts that reproduce the earlist Slavonic printings.
Designs at Linotype: Linotype SimpleSquare (Cyrillic and Roman) and Linotype DesignerSquare (Cyrillic and Roman), as well as Lapidary Capitals (2005, roman capitals), WhySquare (2004) and JustSquare (2004). The Square series, 56 weights in all, were designed during the Serbian war in 1999. So was the monoline geometric sans family Designer RD (1999).
In cooperation with the Belgrade typographer Djordje Zivkovic who designed them, he made FlahScript, Garamond, LepiScript, Manasija, Naisus, Ravanica, Traian.
Finally, he published "HilandarskiUstav", which was reconstructed on the basis of handwriting gospels "Cetvorojevandjelje of Patriarh Sava IV", found at the Monastery Chilandarios, Mount Athos, in the 14 century. It is a font with 4.356 glyphs and symbols. Old URL.
He made the Old Slavic scripts Monah (6.400 characters), Glagoljica and Gradjanica.
He codesigned the Old Slavonic simulation face Taurunum with Nikola Kostic in 2011. Batke (2011) is a rounded sans family. Kostic Serif (2012) is a classical transitional family codesigned by Nikola and Zoran.
Lene Arensdorff is a graphic designer in Copenhagen, Denmark. For a project in Kenn Munk's class at The School of Visual Communication, she designed the didone-influenced display typeface Ten Moge (2015). In 2013, she created Haute Serif. Behance link. [Google] [More] ⦿
Yugoslav (Serb) TrueType fonts (free): TimesCiril, Miroslav, YU-Helvetica, YU-Helvetica-Bold, YU-Helvetica-Bold-Italic, YU-Helvetica-Italic, HelveticaCiril, HelveticaCirilBold, HelveticaCirilBoldItalic, HelveticaCirilItalic, TimesCirilBold, TimesCirilBoldItalic, TimesCirilItalic, YuTimes, YuTimesBold, YuTimesBoldItalic, YuTimesItalic. [Google] [More] ⦿
Serbian designer of these vector format typefaces in 2015: Alphabet Buttons Type Machine, Alphabet Vector Neon Color, English Cream Alphabet, Flat Icons Alphabet, Alphabet Chalk Vector, Vector Alphabet Set White Shadow. Typefaces from 2016: Neon (ornamental caps), Love Letter, Love Alphabet (Valentine's Day vector fonts with superimposed hearts). [Google] [More] ⦿
Marianna Orsho (or Marijana Orsolic) is an Australian / Serbian graphic and type designer, b. 1987. Classically trained as a graphic artist, she completed her Masters Degree in Type Design and 2D Animation at the University of Arts in Belgrade. During TypeClinic 5 in 2012 in Trenta, Slovenia, she created the multiple master humanist sans typeface family Nioki and Nioki Italic, both for Latin and Cyrillic. Free download. Other typefaces by her include Albi (2010) and Eta (2011).
Now located in Sydney, Australia, she created Kamilitza (2014, a layered, condensed, all-caps cross stitch display typeface; free demo) and Globster (2014, a Treefrog-style typeface for Latin and Cyrillic).
Yugoslav site with ArialNarrow-Bold, ArialNarrow-BoldItalic, ArialNarrow-Italic, ArialNarrow, Birch, HelveticaCyr, HelveticaCyrBold, HelveticaCyrBoldItalic, HelveticaCyrItalic, HelveticaLat, HelveticaLatBold, HelveticaLatBoldItalic, HelveticaLatItalic, TimesCyr, TimesCyrBold, TimesCyrBoldItalic, TimesCyrItalic, TimesLat, TimesLatBold, TimesLatBoldItalic, TimesLatItalic. [Google] [More] ⦿
Freelance designer in Belgrade, Serbia, who is working on a connected script typeface called Katalea (2014). Earlier, she created a beautiful revival typeface for old Cyrillic, as well as the italic Latin/Cyrillic typeface Madina (2014), and the cursive Cyrillic typeface Slatkovac (2014). [Google] [More] ⦿
Croatian calligrapher and type designer, based in Belgrade, Serbia. Graduate of the Faculty of Applied Arts in Belgrade. During TypeClinic 5 in 2012 in Trenta, Slovenia, she created Prouge, which is described as a soft didone that is best for titling, but can be successfully used also in smaller sizes down to 12 pt.
Creator of the Cyrillic typeface Vuk (2012), which is named after and based on the handwriting of Vuk Stefanovic Karadzic, a Serbian philologist and linguist who was the major reformer of the Serbian language. In 2015, Vedran Erakovic and Marija Rnjak finally published Vuk. Thanks to some OpenType features, this typeface does a good job at emulating real handwriting.
Graphic designer in Belgrade, Serbia. Behance link. Creator of a 3d font experiment for Latin and Cyrillic called Font In Space (2012).
Tough-looking graphic designer from Belgrade. In 2010, he created the equally macho copperplate typefaces PastCoast and Type No 6. He used a grid design when he made the Globe Ship typeface in 2012 for Latin and Cyrillic. Type No2 (2014) was inspired by art nouveau. Type No 3 (2014) is an elegant inline typeface. Tye No 12 (2014) is a spurred Tuscan typeface.
Currently living in Montreal, Slobodan Miladinov is the Serbian-born designer of the calligraphic ITC Freemouse (1998), the refreshing dingbat font ITC Beorama (1998), Screaming Bull (1999), Triple Owl (1999), the nonchalant ITC Coconino (1998), the pixelish Oneight (1997), the Japanese calligraphy inspired Goosefont (1997), the experimental type Xoao (2001), and the scribbly Hojla-ho (1999).
Digital photographer in Novi Sad, Serbia, b. 1983. He made LIFAD font Serbia (2010, squarish), LIFAD square Serbia (2010, pixelish), Ich Tu Dir Weh Serbia (2010, pixel face) and Volkerball Serbia (2010, constrctivist). [Google] [More] ⦿
Graphic designer from Kragujevac, Serbia, b. 1988. She created the free fonts Mareke (2015, script), Wuggle (2015, hand-crafted poster font), Omen (2011, a severe thunder-like face), and Miodrag (2011, a handwriting face). Milena Sans (2012) is a Latin / Cyrillic display family. Retronica (2015) is a cursive script typeface. Mandarina is a hand-crafted blackboard bold typeface. Dervish (2015) is a shaded squarish 3d typeface. Tallball (2015) is a powerful informal geometric typeface.
Typefaces from 2016: Mustachelle (hand-crafted blackboard bold typeface), Norweg (a rune simulation font).
Graphic designer in Belgrade, b. 1989, Kotor, Montenegro. In 2011, she made an ornamental caps typeface called Maritime.
Belgrade, Serbia-based designer of the geometric sans typeface Sans Nova (2015), which covers Latin and Cyrillic and is remarkably uniform across both scripts. This typeface was finished during her art studies. [Google] [More] ⦿
Serbian book illustrator, graphic arts teacher and phototype, woodtype and linocut letter type designer, b. Despotovo, 1931, d. Belgrade, 1999. His sons Rastko and Vukan write about both aspects of his life. His CV: he graduated in 1954 from the Academy of Applied Arts, Belgrade and took his Masters Degree in 1959, under Professor Mihailo S. Petrov. He was professor at the Faculty of Applied Arts, University of Arts, Belgrade from 1964 until 1997. He was Head of the Graphic Department from 1974 to 1975. His publications include Graphic identification 1961-1981 (SKZ, Belgrade, 1982), Graphic communications 1954-1984 (Vajat, Belgrade, 1986), Heraldry 1 (University of Arts, Belgrade, 1983) and Coat-of-Arms of Belgrade, Heraldry 2 (Cicero, Belgrade, 1991). Most of Ćirić's types were for Cyrillic, while some have Latin alphabets as well. Many would be classified today as poster types, type to accompany illustrations. The list of his typefaces:
Serbian Cyrillic and Latin font archive: CirilicaBodoni, Cir_Bodoni-Normal, CistanTimes, CirilicaTimesBoldItalic, CirilicaTimesBold, CirilicaTimesItalic, CirilicaTMBPN, CirilicaTMIPN, CirilicaTMRPN, CirilicaTimes, CYDutchB, CYDutchI, CYDutchR, CYUniversityR, MiroslavljevaCirilica, Mirosavljevo-Normal, Mirosavljevo-No, Miroslav, MiroslavCirilica, MiroslavNewCirilica, MiroslavNewCirilicaItalic, CourierYU, CourierYUBold, CourierYUBold-Italic, CourierYUItalic, HelvCiril, HelvCirilBold, HelvCirilItalic, Miroslav, TimesYU, TimesYUBold, TimesCiril. The ones with YU in the name are generally from MiMac, Belgrade, 1992. See also here for some of their fonts. [Google] [More] ⦿
Milos Mitrovic (Mindburger Studio, est. 2015, Nis, Serbia, but now located in Bergen, Norway) created the 1920s style sans family Bambino (2014), which was influenced by Futura. In 2015, he published Bambino New.
Typefaces from 2016: Noir (based on early 20th century geometric sans models; in 12 styles, for Latin, Greek and Cyrillic).
Graphic designer in Belgrade, b. 1979, who created some typographic posters, including Frida in Belgrade (2012).
Graphic designer and typographer in Belgrade and Brussels. She created some counterless experimental typefaces in 2009 such as FullMetalTypo. The experimental (2d and 3d) typeface CF followed in 2010. [Google] [More] ⦿
Graphic design graduate from the Faculty of Applied Arts (Belgrade), 2003. Graphic and type designer who lives in Belgrade. Together with his father, type designer Zoran Kostic, he runs Kostic Type Foundry (est. 2010). His first commercial font there is the Old Slavonic simulation face Taurunum (2011). He also made the Battlefin text family (2011), the organic Pagewalker (2011), and the slab family Battleslab (2011).
Typefaces from 2012: Kostic Serif (2012) is a classical transitional family codesigned by Nikola and Zoran. Argumentum is a balanced and stylish display face. Breakers is a sans typeface family that covers all weights, from Thin to Ultra. Its companion is Breakers Slab.
Typefaces from 2013: Bicyclette (a wonderful sans family, from Thin to Black, with small x-heigt, wide spacing, and gentle understated rounding).
Typefaces from 2014: Taurunum Ferrum (an octagonal iron and steel style typeface), Chiavettieri (a robust text typeface that won an award at Modern Cyrillic 2014), Briller (a gorgeous extra-wide display sans typeface in six weights).
Typefaces from 2016: Mongoose (a great condensed sans serif made for posters, headlines and logotypes).
Serbian designer who made the nice calligraphic font ITC Rastko, and the semi-calligraphic ITC Hedera (2001). In 2006, she made ITC Anima, a gorgeous bouncy type family with angled weight stress, and angled, even calligraphic, crossbars and serifs. She also created ITC Aspera, which was awarded at the TDC2 2001 type competition. In 2004, she added the serif and sans serif family ITC Resavska about which she writes: Resava is the old name of an early 15th century Manasija monastery. There was a manuscript workshop at the monastery where, for many years, Resava script served as the model for scribes. Download Resavska here and Resavska Sans here. Visit her fantastic Black Cat Gallery while you are at it. [Google] [More] ⦿
Novi Sad, Serbia-based designer (b. 1985) of the fat hand-drawn typeface Oneer (2014). Typefaces made in 2016: School Stop (a wonderful variable width and interlocking poster typeface), the free oriental brush script font Bold Brush or Blow Brush (according to the designer it was influenced by the hip hop culture).
Lazar Dimitrijevic, who set up the foundry Posterizer KG, was born in 1981 in Bajina Basta, Serbia, and lives in Kragujevac, Serbia. He obtained a Master of Graphic Design from the Department of Graphic Design, FILUM Kragujevac, Serbia. Presently, he is art director at Design Studio BOX.
His first font, Art Decor (2009), is a brush typeface in the style of Treefrog. Koma Latin (2009) is a roughly outlined script face. Bajka (2010) is a wonderfully entertaining Baskerville family (Latin, Cyrillic, dingbats, ornamental caps) made for children's fairy tale books. Scarface (2010) is a sublime scratchy hand ideal for torture movies. Kaligraf Latin (2010) is a rough-edged calligraphic face.
In 2012, he published Collage BB (hand-drawn didone), the heavy Egyptian typeface Posterizer KG at DizajnDesign. This font was created for Celebration of 5 years anniversary of Design Studio Box from the city of Kragujevac (KG), the industrial city of Serbia. Posterizer KG (+Rounded) contains all the Latin and Cyrillic glyphs. Posterizer KG Inline and Posterizer KG Rough (a letterpress emulation version) were added in 2013. Posterizer KG Sketch followed in 2015.
Still in 2012, he designed the ink splatter typeface Oops, and the calligraphic typefaces Cal Humanistic Cursive (a renaming of Cal Humanist Corsiva, posibly under pressure from Monotype), Cal Humanist Minuscule and Cal Humanist Corsiva.
He also creates stunning calligraphic works.
Typefaces from 2013: Posterizer KG Sketch, Cal Expressive, Cal Bakerly (calligraphic script in the style of Arthur Baker), Cal Cursive Roman, Cal Rustic Black, Cal Neuland Bold (after the German expressionist typeface Neuland by Rudolf Koch), Cal Gothic Bastard, Cal Gothic Fraktur, Cal Fraktur Modern, Cal Rotunda, Cal Gothic Textura, Cal Carolingian Minuscule, Cal Carolingian Gothic, Cal Insular Minuscule, Cal Insular Majuscule, Cal Beneventan Minuscule.
Typefaces from 2014: Cal Neuland Shadow, Mozzart Sketch (a decorative hand-sketched version of Mozzart Sans, a slightly rounded, neo-Grotesque corporate font, that was originally created for the Belgrade-based company Mozzart DDO; followed in 2015 by Mozzart Rough).
Typefaces from 2016: Omorika (a rustic hand-crafted sketched serif typeface).
Links for Greek, Georgian and Greek polytonic fonts. They offer 60 Latinica fonts (Direct access) and 60 Cirilica fonts by Dino Art Corporation (1993) (Direct access). The font names: Cirilica60, Cirilica80, AmerigoYU, AmericanTypewriterBoldYU, AmericanTypewriterYU, AmericanUncialCirilica, ArabiaCirilica, AardvarkCirilicaBold, AardvarkCirilica, ArialCirilicaBold, ArialCirilicaItalic, Arial-Cirilica, ArialCirilicaBoldItalic, AristonCirilicaBoldItalic, AtletaCirilica, AvantGardeBoldYU, AvantGardeYU, AvantGardeBoldYU, AvantGardeLightYU, BahamasYU, BahamasCirilica, BahamasBoldYU, BahamasHeavyYU, BahamasLightYU, BangkokYU, BangkokBoldYU, BangkokCirilicaBold, BangkokCirilica, BarnumYU, BedrockCirilica, BekerCirilicaBold, BlippoBoldYU, BodnoffYU, BodoniYU, BodoniBoldYU, BodoniBoldItalicYU, BodoniItalicYU, BodoniCirilicaBold, BodoniCirilicaItalic, BodoniCirilica, BodoniRomanCirilica, BodoniCirilicaBoldItalic, BookCirilicaBold, BookCirilicaItalic, BookmanYU, BookmanBoldYU, BookmanBoldItalicYU, BookmanItalicYU, BookCirilica, BookCirilicaBoldItalic, BremenCirilica, BroadwayBoldYU, BroadwayCirilica, BrooklynBoldYU, BrooklynBoldItalicYU, BrooklynItalicYU, BrooklynYU, BrunswikBoldYU, BrunswikBoldItalicYU, BrunswikItalicYU, BrunswikYU, BrushScriptCirilica, CalligraphYU, CalligraphBoldYU, CalligraphBoldItalicYU, CalligraphItalicYU, CaligraphCirilica, CasablancaBoldYU, CasablancaBoldItalicYU, CasablancaItalicYU, CasablancaYU, CasperOpenFaceYU, CenturionOldBoldYU, CenturionOldYU, CenturionOldItalicYU, CenturyCirilicaItalic, CenturyCirilica, CharterYU, CharterBoldYU, CharterBoldItalicYU, CharterItalicYU, CheltenhamYU, CheltenhamBoldYU, CheltenhamBoldItalicYU, CheltenhamItalicYU, ChinaYU, ClarendonYU, ClarendonBoldYU, CloisterYU, CzarCirilicaBold, CzarCirilicaItalic, CzarCirilica, CzarCirilicaBoldItalic, GoliatCirilicaBold, Goliat-Cirilica, HelveticaCirilicaBold, HelveticaCirilicaItalic, HelveticaCirilica, HelveticaCirilicaBoldItalic, HippoCirilicaBold, Hippo-CirilicaOutline, Madrone-Cirilica, MemorandumCirilica, Miroslavljeva-Cirilica, MurmanskCirilica, OdessaScriptCirilica, RenfrewCirilica, SouthernCirilicaItalic, Southern-Cirilica, TimesCirilicaBold, TimesCirilicaItalic, Times-Cirilica, TimesRomanCirilicaItalic, TimesRomanCirilica, TimesRomanCirilicaBoldItalic, TimesCirilicaBoldItalic, UnicornCirilica. [Google] [More] ⦿
SIAS (or: Signographical Institute Andreas Stötzner)
Andreas Stötzner (b. 1965, Leipzig) is a type designer who lives in Pegau, Saxony. Graduate from the Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst Leipzig and the Royal College of Art in London (1994). Since then, free-lance. Started making typefaces in 1997. He edits the sign and symbol magazine Signa. He spoke at Typo Berlin 2004 and at ATypI 2005 in Helsinki where his talk was entitled On the edges of the alphabet. Coauthor with Tilo Richter of Signographie : Entwurf einer Lehre des graphischen Zeichens. He set up SIAS in 2006-2007 and started selling fonts through MyFonts.
He created Andron Scriptor (2004, free), with original ideas for Greek and Cyrillic alphabets. The Andron project intends to extend this Venetian text typeface in many directions: right now, it covers Latin, Greek, Coptic, Gothic, runes, Cyrillic, Etruscan and Irish scripts, musical symbols, astronomical and meteorological symbols, and many dingbats. The Andron MC Corpus series (2012) contains Uncial, Mediaeval and Capital styles. He also created Andron 1 Monetary (2014), Andron 1 Alchemical and Andron 2 ABC (2014, for children's literature).
On or before 2006, he created a few typefaces for Elsner & Flake. These include EF Beautilities, EF Ornamental Rules, EF Squares, EF Topographicals, EF Typoflorals, EF Typographicals, EF Typomix, EF Typosigns, EF Typospecs, EF Typostuff.
Fonts from 2007-2010: Gramma (2007, three dingbats with basic geometric forms), Andron Corpus Publix (2007, dingbats including one called Transport), SIAS Freefont (2007, more dingbats), SIAS Lineaturen (2007, geometric dingbats) SIAS Symbols (2009), Andron Freefont (2009, text font), Andron 1 Latin Corpus (2009), Andron 1 Greek Corpus (2009), Andron Kyrillisch (2009, consisting of Andron 1 CYR, Andron 2 CYR and Andron 2 SRB where SRB stands for Serbian), Andron 2 English Corpus (2010, blackletter-inspired alphabet), Andron 2 Deutsch Corpus (2010), Andron Ornamente (2012), Reinstaedt (2009, blackletter family), Crisis (2009, economic sans).
Lapidaria (2010) is an elegant art deco sans family that includes an uncial style and covers Greek. Hibernica (2010) is a Celtic variant of Lapidaria. Symbojet Bold (2010) is a combination of a Latin and Greek sans typeface with 400 pictograms.
Rosenbaum (2012) is a festive blackletter face, obtained by mixing in didone elements.
In 2013, he published Arthur Cabinet, a six-style inline art deco caps collection of typefaces, with accompanying Arthur Ornaments and Arthur Sans. Meanwhile, Andron Mega grew to 14,700 unicode glyphs in 2013.
Typefaces from 2014: Behrens Ornaments (art nouveau ornaments based on Behrens Schuck by Peter Behrens, 1914), Fehlian (an open capitals typeface family with Plain, Gravur and Precious styles), Happy Maggie (a hand-drawn script based on Maggie's sketches when she was 13 years old), Abendschroth (for lullabies, girl's literature, murder poems, short stories and Christmas gift booksAlbyona English No. 1 (as Andreas writes, suitable for children's books, fantasy literature, crime novels, natural food packaging and poison labeling, for infancy memories, vanitas kitsch items, dungeon museum bar menu cards, introductions to herbalism and witchcraft manuals), Lindau (a Venetian Jensonian typeface with considerable flaring in the ascenders), Grund (based on the 1924 art deco signage in Leipzig's Untergrundmesshalle Markt whose architect was Otto Droge), Leipziger Ornamente (based on variopus buildings in Gohlis, Leipzig, dating from the 1920s-1950s), Kaukasia Albanisch (ancient writing system of the Caucasus region, allegedly created by Mesrop who also invented the Armenian alphabet).
Commissioned fonts include Runes (commission by Ludwig Maximilian University Munich), Lapidaria Menotec, Old Albanian, Dania (a special notation for Danish dialectology. Font extension of Latin Modern Italic (Open source), commissioned by the Arnamagnanean Institute, Copenhagen Universit).
Simeon out West Foundry
Brett T. Johnson's outfit in Englewood, CO, sells fonts based on ideas from Byzantine, Ge'ez and old slavonic scripts, to name a few. Brett Johnson was born in Loveland, CO, in 1972. The creations: Simeon's Handwritten Blackletter (2008), Pseudo-Hellenic (2008, a Greek and Latin didone pair), Tiblisi (2008, a Georgian simulation face), Pentopolis (2008, based on an ancient Coptic script), Svati Sava (2008, a Serb-look font), Muscovite Manuscript (2005), Pravoslavnie (2005), Alexandria (2005), Alaskaya (2006), Svati Nikolai (2005), Thebes (2005), Suzdal (2005), Kniga Molitva (2005), Vladimir (2005), Scetis (2005), Adis Ababa (2008). Colonial Press (+Italic) (2008) is based on work by William Caslon I (1692-1766). Klingspor link. [Google] [MyFonts] [More] ⦿
Novi Sad, Serbia-based freelance graphic and brand designer. Behance link. Creator of the artsy display typefaces Clutchee (2009) and Clutches (2009). He cofounded Just.Dot, a creative studio in Serbia, with his friend Zeljko Gudelj in 2008. His own site, where one can freely download Clutchee. Klingspor link. Font Squirrel link. [Google] [More] ⦿
Graphic designer from Zurich who works in the fields of illustration, lettering and fine arts. He studied architecture at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (German: Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule or ETH) in Zurich during three years. He also studied law at the University of Zurich, graduating as a Master of Law, specializing in intellectual property rights.
Yugoslav painter and designer (b. 1959) who created the artsy fonts Eclektic (1998), Petra, Noise (1999) and Strings (1999). He graduated from the Faculty of Applied Arts in Belgrade in 1982 and 1985 and lives in Belgrade. [Google] [More] ⦿
About 60 Yugoslav/Serbian fonts, some Latin, and some Cyrillic. Direct access. Included: CSwiss, CirilicaBodoni, Cir_tms-Normal, CistanTimes, CirilicaTMBPN, CirilicaTimes, CTimes, CYBlippoR, CYDutchR, CYUniversityR, Mirosavljevo-Normal, Miroslav, CourierYU, HelvCiril, Miroslav, TimesYU, TimesCiril, YUArnoldBckln, YUBitsAmerigoR, YUBaskervilB, Helvetica, MiroslavljevaCirilica, MiroslavCirilica, MiroslavNewCirilica. Many of the fonts are copyright MiMac, Belgrade. [Google] [More] ⦿
Graphic designer in Belgrade, Serbia, who obtained a Masters degree in graphic design from the Faculty of Applied Arts in Belgrade. In 2015, he created a custom typeface for the Belgrade Week Of Art 2015. Behance link. [Google] [More] ⦿
Serbian designer of the calligraphic Cyrillic/Church Slavonic script Miroslavs gospel, which is based on calligraphic characters from the 12th century. NeoplantaBG (2009) is a didone face for Latin and Cyrillic. See also here for a free download. [Google] [More] ⦿
Graphic designer and digital artist (b. 1987) from Nis and Belgrade, Serbia, who created some experimental fonts in 2009. These include a Cyrillic face, Creative Type (2010-2011, technical drawing typeface family) and Cutting Edge. In 2015, she made the hipster typeface Eliot Type. Aka Egotreep. Dafont link. Behance link. [Google] [More] ⦿
Born in Serbia in 1988, "Theyann PentaGram" made the free blackletter typefaces PentaGram's Gothika (2005) and PentaGram's Callygraphy (2013), the text typeface PentaGram's Ghost Whisperers (2013---inside the font we find a copyright string that points to Requienm Text by Hoefler and Frere-Jones---ahem, clearing my throat), the medieval typeface Malefissent (2013), the grungy typeface Pentagram's Stregherria (2013), and the medieval script typeface PentaGram's Aurra (2013). Further typefaces from 2013 include PentaGram's Neffylim [which, oddly, is copyright of Coppelia], and PentaGram's Crafth [this one is the copyright of Traci "Ulario" Vermeesch-Vezina, 2012].
In 2014, he made Pentagramn's Salemica (or: Salem by Theyann).
Belgrade and now Cologne, Germany-based illustrator and graphic designer. In 2011, Tihana created Fama and Kronopio (art deco; Latin and Cyrillic). In 2014, she designed the Comic Sans-styled typeface Zora. [Google] [More] ⦿
Belgrade, Serbia-based creator of the flared Latin / Cyrillic display typeface Klinopis (2013). She also made an unnamed rubber-band-inspired experimental typeface in 2013. Tea Regular (2013) is an elliptical sans. [Google] [More] ⦿
Cyrillic type design workshop held during the summer of 2012 in Trsic, Serbia. The orgnizer was Ivana Cirovic, and the mentor was Vedran Erakovic. Guest lecturers included Jana Orsolic and Borut Vild. The eight participants were all former students of the Faculty of Applied Arts in Belgrade: Ilija Lazarevic, Ivana Cirovic, Marija Rnjak, Marijana Orsolic, Nikola Stojanovic, Sanja Grbic, Tamara Pesic, Tanja Stevanovic. [Google] [More] ⦿
Type and letter design site run by Olivera Stojadinović, Jana Orsolic (was: Nikolic) and Olivera Batajic Sretenovic from Serbia. Types shown there:
Tour de Force
Slobodan Jelesijevic (b. 1951) is a Serbian type designer, born and based in Gornji Milanovac, Serbia. He graduated with a degree in graphic communication and lettering from the Faculty of Applied Arts, University of Arts, Belgrade. He is a typeface and graphic designer and illustrator, and teaches graphic communication at the Faculty of Art in Nis, Serbia. In 2009, he created ITC Nova Lineta (chiseled look font) and ITC Pino (a bouncy light-hearted typeface designed for a children's magazine). Also in 2009, he and Dusan Jelesijevic founded Tour de Force, where one can buy Belco (2009, sans and slab serif by Slobodan Jelesijevic; now also at T26), Punkerro Crust (2009, delicious scratchy type by Dusan Jelesijevic), Qiltray (2009, handwriting for long texts), Horrorama (rough brush signpainting face), Oblik and Oblik Serif (2009, by Slobodan), Demis (2010, a decorative typeface by Slobodan), Oblik Classic (2010, by Slobodan--an organic sans family), Oblik Bold, Rough the Type (2009, hand-printed), Trubadur (2010, triangularly serifed typeface by Slobodan), and Znak Symbols (2009).
Typefaces from 2015: Jeles (a rounded didone typeface family with large x-height).
History student in Skopje (b. 1977) who compiled a collection of freeware Glagolitic and OCS (Old Church Slavonic) Cyrillic truetype fonts. As he puts it, this collection is suitable for publishing students and scholars of linguistics in general and for Slavicist and other interested in the paleographical characteristic of these two ancient scripts used by Slavs, as well as their medieval literature: Chronicals, Gospels and their segments, as well as prayer books, hymns, sermons and epigraphic inscriptions. Most of these are by Vladislav Dorosh (Calmius Software): Evangelie-Ucs, Feofan-Ucs, Indycton-ieUcs, IndyctonUcs, Irmologion-Caps-Ucs-SpacedOut, Irmologion-Caps-Ucs, Irmologion-Caps-ieUcs-SpacedOut, Irmologion-Caps-ieUcs, Irmologion-Caps-kUcs-SpacedOut, Irmologion-Caps-kUcs, Irmologion-Ucs-SpacedOut, Irmologion-Ucs, Irmologion-ieUcs-SpacedOut, Irmologion-ieUcs, Irmologion-kUcs-SpacedOut, Irmologion-kUcs, Orthodox.tt-Ucs8-Caps-SpacedOut, Orthodox.tt-Ucs8-Caps-tight, Orthodox.tt-Ucs8-Caps, Orthodox.tt-Ucs8-Drop-Caps, Orthodox.tt-Ucs8-SpacedOut, Orthodox.tt-Ucs8-tight, Orthodox.tt-Ucs8, Pochaevsk-Caps-Ucs-SpacedOut, Pochaevsk-Caps-Ucs, Pochaevsk-Caps-ieUcs-SpacedOut, Pochaevsk-Caps-ieUcs, Pochaevsk-Caps-kUcs-SpacedOut, Pochaevsk-Caps-kUcs, Pochaevsk-Ucs-SpacedOut, Pochaevsk-Ucs, Pochaevsk-ieUcs-SpacedOut, Pochaevsk-ieUcs, Pochaevsk-kUcs-SpacedOut, Pochaevsk-kUcs, Psaltyr-Ucs-SpacedOut, Psaltyr-Ucs, Psaltyr-ieUcs-SpacedOut, Psaltyr-ieUcs, Psaltyr-kUcs-SpacedOut, Psaltyr-kUcs, Slavjanic-Ucs-SpacedOut, Slavjanic-Ucs, Slavjanic-ieUcs-SpacedOut, Slavjanic-ieUcs, Slavjanic-kUcs-SpacedOut, Slavjanic-kUcs, StaroUspenskaya-Caps-Ucs-SpacedOut, StaroUspenskaya-Caps-Ucs, StaroUspenskaya-Caps-ieUcs-SpacedOut, StaroUspenskaya-Caps-ieUcs, StaroUspenskaya-Caps-kUcs-SpacedOut, StaroUspenskaya-Caps-kUcs, StaroUspenskaya-Ucs-SpacedOut, StaroUspenskaya-Ucs, StaroUspenskaya-ieUcs-SpacedOut, StaroUspenskaya-ieUcs, StaroUspenskaya-kUcs-SpacedOut, StaroUspenskaya-kUcs, Triodion-Caps-Ucs-SpacedOut, Triodion-Caps-Ucs, Triodion-Caps-ieUcs-SpacedOut, Triodion-Caps-ieUcs, Triodion-Caps-kUcs-SpacedOut, Triodion-Caps-kUcs, Triodion-Ucs-SpacedOut, Triodion-Ucs, Triodion-ieUcs-SpacedOut, Triodion-ieUcs, Triodion-kUcs-SpacedOut, Triodion-kUcs, VertogradUcs, Zlatoust-Ucs-SpacedOut, Zlatoust-Ucs, Zlatoust-ieUcs-SpacedOut, Zlatoust-ieUcs, Zlatoust-kUcs-SpacedOut, Zlatoust-kUcs. Other fonts: Dilyana, Evangelje-Plain, GlagoljicaOBLStaroHrvatskoPismo, GlagoljicaUGLStaroHrvatskoPismo, KirillicaWincyr, Lavra-Plain, Lazov, LazovBold, MPH2BDamase, Novgorod-Plain, OldChurchSlavonicCyr, OldChurchSlavonicGla, Orthodox.tt-eRoos-SpacedOut, Orthodox.tt-eRoos, SBibSlav. Also, publisher of Arben Golja 2 (2007, see also here), a compilation of 1000 freeware Serbian decorative Cyrillic fonts. Macedonia (2007) is a collection of freeware Greek historical fonts, including Linear B. Includes the exact paleographical forms of characters used in Mycenae and classical Ancient Greece. [Google] [More] ⦿
Serbian designer who lives in Belgrade. He was born in 1980 in Split, Croatia. In 2009, he obtained a Masters in Applied Graphics from the University of Arts, Belgrade. He works as an Art editor in the Serbian daily newspaper Politika, and also collaborates with FontShop.
His typefaces include Skockana (2003), Slovit (2003, an interpretation of the Cyrillic version of the Renaissance cursive), Narator (2003). Koledar (2004), Cyrillic versions of Champion and Magna (2008), Orden (2010), and Adamant BG (2009, a sturdy Cyrillic family). Besides Adamant Sans BG, he designed PF Adamant Pro (2010, Parachute: +Cyrillic). Still in 2010, PF Adamant Pro was awarded Third Prize in the Granshan 2010 competition for Cyrillic text typefaces. PF Adamant Sans Pro followed in 2015, after winning an award at Granshan 2014.
In 2015, Vedran Erakovic and Marija Rnjak codesigned the handwriting font Vuk, which is named after and based on the handwriting of Vuk Stefanovic Karadzic, a Serbian philologist and linguist who was the major reformer of the Serbian language. Thanks to some OpenType features, this typeface does a good job at emulating real handwriting.
Graduate from Polytechnics University in Zagreb, and student at the New York Online School for Design. Behance link. He created the fat counterless typeface Geometry Circle (2010). MyFonts link. Vjeko Sumic Design Studio, located in Serbia. [Google] [MyFonts] [More] ⦿
Type designer at Cannibal Fonts since 1999, where he made the hand-printed Latin / Greek fonts Semplice Pro CF, Nervoso CF (a Treefrog-style script), Vivace CF, and Allegro CF. Vladimir was born in Novisad, Yugoslavia, in 1962, studied in Belgrade, and has been living in Greece since 1991. Klingspor link. [Google] [More] ⦿
Illustrator, cartoonist and comic book author, who, during her studies in Belgrade, designed the calligraphic old church Slavonic / Latin typeface Sokolar (2013). This delicate and readable typeface was her Master's graduation project. [Google] [More] ⦿
Serbian font archive: ArialCirilicaBold, Bodoni-CirilBold, Franklin-GothicCirilHeavy, Garamond-Ciril, Helvetica-CirilNarrowBold, Helvetica-CirilNarrowBoldItalic, CBlippoItalic, CFuturNormal, Cir_Bodoni-Normal, CYRevueR, CyrillicTimes, CYSwissR, CYSwissB, CirTimesBld, CirTimes, Futura_Cyrillic_Black-Normal, MetodaCiril, MiroslavljevoY, Miroslavljevo, Mirosavljevo-Normal, MiroslavCirLight, OldSerbianDM, Studenica-Regular, YUAachenB, YUArnoldBckln, YUBitsAmerigoR, YUBaskervilB, YUBaskervilBI, YUBaskervilI, YUBaskervilR, YUBitsCharterI, YUBitsCharterK, YUBitsCharterKHollow, YUBitsCharterKI, YUBitsCharterR, YUBitsCooperK, YUBitsCooperKHollow, YUBenguiatB, YUBenguiatR, YUBlippoKHollow, YUBodoniB, YUBodoniBI, YUBodoniO, YUBodoniOI, YUBrushScriptI, YUBroadwayR, YUBroadwayRHollow, YUCheltenhamB, YUCheltenhamBI, YUCheltenhamI, YUCheltenhamR, YUClarendonB, YUClarendonR, YUCloisterK, YUCaslonOpnFcR, YUCoronetB, CourierPSMT, CourierPS-BoldMT, CourierPS-BoldItalicMT, CourierPS-ItalicMT, YUCenSchbookB, YUCenSchbookBI, YUCenSchbookI, YUCenSchbookR, YUDomCasualR, YUDutchBIHHollow, YUDutchB, YUDutchBHollow, YUDutchBI, YUDutchI, YUDutchR, YUErasB, YUErasK, YUErasKHollow, YUErasR, YUExoticBHollow, YUFrankGotB, YUFrankGotBI, YUFrankGotI, YUFrankGotR, YUFrizQuadrataB, YUFrizQuadrataR, YUFuturaB, YUFuturaCondM, YUFuturaExtraK, YUFuturaExtraKHollow, YUFuturaH, YUFuturaHI, YUFuturaLI, YUFuturaOI, YUGoudyB, YUGoudyI, YUGoudyR, YUGoudyExtraB, YUHoboR, YUITCAvantGGBHollow, YUITCBookmanD, YUITCBookmanDI, YUITCBookmanL, YUITCBookmanLI, YUITCGarCondO, YUITCGarCondOI, YUITCGaramondB, YUITCGaramondBI, YUITCGaramondO, YUITCGaramondOI, YUITCKorExtraB, YUITCKorExtraBI, YUITCKorI, YUITCKorR, YUITCZChancMI, YUKaufmannB, YUKaufmannR, YULetterGot12B, YULetterGot12BI, YULetterGot12I, YULetterGot12R, YuLHelvetica, YuLHelveticaBold, YULinoscriptR, YUMermaidR, YUMistralR, YUOptimaB, YUOptimaBHollow, YUOptimaBI, YUOptimaI, YUOptimaR, YUOratorR, YUPostAntiquaB, YUPostAntiquaR, YUParisianR, YUParkAvenueR, YUPicaR, YUPresntScrptR, YUPTBarnumR, YURevueR, YURevueRHollow, YUScriptR, YUSlateExtraB, YUSlateExtraBHollow, YUSlateMI, YUSouvenirB, YUSouvenirBI, YUSouvenirI, YUSouvenirR, YUSwissCompR, YUSwissCompRHollow, YuTimes.Italic, Helvetica, YuHelvetica, YURevueR, YUTimesNewRoman, YUTimesNewRomanBold, TimesYU, TimesYU, TimesYUBold, TimesYUBold-Italic, TimesYUItalic, YuTimes, YuTimes.Bold, YuTimes.BoldItalic, YuTimes.Italic, AmericanUncialCirilica, Arial-Cirilica, ArialCirilicaBold, ArialCirilicaBoldItalic, ArialCirilicaItalic, AristonCirilicaBoldItalic, AtletaCirilica, BahamasCirilica, BedrockCirilica, MemorandumCirilica, POLITIKANormal, Studenica-Regular, YUBlippoK, YUExoticB, YUExoticD, YUFuturaK, YUFuturaL, YUFuturaM, YUFuturaO, YUHandelGotR, YUITCAvantGGB, YUITCAvantGGD, YUITCAvantGGM, YUITCAvantGGO, YUITCBoltB, YUSlateB, YUSlateM, YUSwissECompR, YUSwissB, YUSwissBI, YUSwissI, YUSwissK, YuTimes, YuTimes.Bold. Many of the ones with YU in the name are from MiMac, Belgrade. [Google] [More] ⦿