TYPE DESIGN INFORMATION PAGE last updated on Sat Apr 10 17:45:39 EDT 2021







[Headline set in Vizille, which was created in 1998 by Thierry Gouttenège]


9term terminal emulator

Software for multi-language terminal emulation, by Matty Farrow. Free. Has some Unicode bitmap fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Adobe glyph list

Glyph names and their unicode values. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Adobe on Unicode

Adobe's notes on Unicode. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Adobe: Unicode and glyph names

Glyph names for the font programmers. [Google] [More]  ⦿


AGL / AGLFN (Adobe Glyph List / For New Fonts) simply provides mappings from glyph names to Unicode scalar values. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Akira Uchida

Akira Uchida (Hitachi, Ltd. and TypeBank Co, Ltd) developed a very useful free full Latin/Kanji/unicode "didone style" font called XANO-mincho-U32 (2003). Opentype included. A thing of beauty. Direct download. He also made another full (free) didone-style unicode font, Kandata (2004). Here you can download his Tsuitiku-Kana family from 2004 until 2005. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Al Webster

Designer of the Cherokee glyphs used in the Unicode chart. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Alan Wood
[Large Unicode fonts]

[More]  ⦿

Alan Wood's Unicode Resources

Great Unicode jump page. Has a page showing all fonts that support the various Unicode ranges. Check, for example, his Shavian Unicode sub-page. Unicode font utilities. Some font downloads, including the Unicode font MPH Damase (2005, Mark Williamson). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Alec McAllister
[University of Leeds]

[More]  ⦿

Alexander Lange

Karlsruhe-based software developer. Creator of the large (and free) Unicode font Quivira (2005). It covers mathematics, chess, astrological symbols, arrows, fists, Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew, Armenian, Georgian, Tifinagh, Coptic, emoticons, Vai, and Braille, to name just a few ranges. Alexander graduated in computer science at the Hochschule Mannheim University of Applied Sciences (degree: Diplom-Informatiker (UAS)). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Alexey Kryukov

Russian developer of these free font families, quite exquisite and complete:

  • Old Standard TT (2008-2010): a high quality didone 2-style family, suitable for classical, biblical and medieval studies as well as for general-purpose typesetting in languages which use Greek or Cyrillic script, as well as Latin. Many math symbols are included. Old Standard is part of the Google open font directory of free web fonts, and was adapted for TeX use. He writes: Old Standard is supposed to reproduce the actual printing style of the early 20th century, reviving a specific type of Modern (classicist) style of serif typefaces, very commonly used in various editions of the late 19th and early 20th century, but almost completely abandoned later. It supports typesetting of Old and Middle English, Old Icelandic, Cyrillic (with historical characters, extensions for Old Slavonic and localised forms), Gothic transliterations, critical editions of Classical Greek and Latin, and many more. People have also started using it for mathematical typesetting.
  • Tempora LGC Unicode: Kryukov writes Tempora LGC Unicode was my first attempt to create a multilingual font supporting Latin, Greek (including polytonic characters) and Cyrillic scripts. This family is based on two well-known free typefaces similar to Adobe Times: Nimbus Roman No 9 L by URW (russified by Valek Filippov), and the Omega Serif family, developed by Yannis Charalambous. However, all basic components of the font, and especially its Greek and Cyrillic parts, have suffered serious modifications, so that currently Tempora LGC Unicode represents an independent typeface, quite different from its predecessors. Free download site. Many updates were made to the font package, with copyright notices to Michael Sharpe (2015), Alexey Kryukov (2005), URW++ Design & Development (1999), Valek Filippov (2001), Dmitry 40in (2001), The Omega Project (1996), and the Free Software Foundation (2002, 2003).
  • Theano Classical fonts: Theano Didot (2008) is a classicist face, with both its Roman and Greek parts implemented in Didot style. Theano Modern has Greek letters designed in the Porsonic style. It is based on Figgins Pica No. 3 / Small Pica No. 2, one of the most successful Porsonic Greek typefaces. Theano Old Style is a modernized "Old Style" Greek font with a large number of historic ligatures and alternate forms, modelled after some early 19th century types designed by Figgins' type foundry. It is accompanied by a Latin typeface based on some "Old Style" Roman fonts of the late 19th and early 20th century. Pick up Theano Modern C (2012) at Open Font Library, and Theano Didot at CTAN.
  • CM-LGC (2003): The CM-LGC package contains Type 1 fonts converted from METAFONT sources of the Computer Modern font families. The following encodings are supported: T1, T2A (Cyrillic), LGR (Greek) and TS1. This package includes also Unicode virtual fonts for use with Omega/Lambda. CM-LGC is the first Type 1 font package for LaTeX which supports all European scripts (LGC means Latin, Greek and Cyrillic). Alexej Kryukov used Textrace to create CM-LGC.

He contributed to the GNU Freefont project via FreeSerif Cyrillic, and some of the Greek symbols. He also provided valuable direction about Cyrillic and Greek typesetting.

Kernest link. Fontspace link. Another URL. Google Plus link. Abstract Fonts link. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

[Juan-José Marcos García]

Juan-José Marcos García (b. Salamanca, Spain, 1963) is a professor of classics at the University of Plasencia in Spain. He has developed one of the most complete Unicode fonts named ALPHABETUM Unicode for linguistics and classical languages (classical&medieval Latin, ancient Greek, Etruscan, Oscan, Umbrian, Faliscan, Messapic, Picene, Iberic, Celtiberic, Gothic, Runic, Modern Greek, Cyrillic, Devanagari-based languages, Old&Middle English, Hebrew, Sanskrit, IPA, Ogham, Ugaritic, Old Persian, Old Church Slavonic, Brahmi, Glagolitic, Ogham, ancient Greek Avestan, Kharoshti, Old Norse, Old Icelandic, Old Danish and Old Nordic in general, Bengali, Hindi, Marathi, Phoenician, Cypriot, Linear B with plans for Glagolitic). This font has over 5000 glyphs, and contains most characters that concern classicists (rare symbols, signs for metrics, epigraphical symbols, "Saxon" typeface for Old English, etcetera). A demo font can be downloaded [see also Lucius Hartmann's place]. His Greek font Grammata (2002) is now called Ellenike.

He also created a package of fonts for Latin paleography (medieval handwriting on parchments): Capitalis Elegans, Capitalis Rustica, Capitalis Monumentalis, Antiqua Cursiva Romana, Nova Cursiva Romana (2014), Uncialis, Semiuncialis, Beneventana Minuscula, Visigothica Minuscula, Luxoviensis Minuscula, Insularis Minuscula, Insularis Majuscula, Carolingia Minuscula, Gothica Textura Quadrata, Gothica Textura Prescissa, Gothica Rotunda, Gothica Bastarda, Gothica Cursiva, Bastarda Anglicana (2014) and Humanistica Antiqua. PDF entitled Fonts For Latin Palaeography (2008-2014), in which Marcos gives an enjoyable historic overview.

Alphabetum is not Marcos's only excursion into type design. In 2011, he created two simulation fonts called Sefarad and Al Andalus which imitate Hebrew and Arabic calligraphy, respectively.

Cyrillic OCS (2012) is a pair of Latin fonts that emulate Old Church Slavonic (old Cyrillic).

In 2013, he created Cuneus, a cuneiform simulation typeface.

Paleographic fonts for Greek (2014) has ten fonts designed by Marcos: Angular Uncial, Biblical Uncial, Coptic Uncial, Papyrus Uncial, Round Uncial, Slavonic Uncial, Sloping Uncial, Minuscule IX, Minuscule XI and Minuscule XV. These fonts are representative of the main styles of Greek handwriting used during the Classical World and Middle Ages on papyrus and parchments. There is also a short manual of Greek Paleography (71 pages) which explains the development of Greek handwriting from the fourth century B.C. to the invention of printing with movable type in the middle of the fifteenth A.D. He wrote a text book entitled History of Greek Typography: From the Invention of Printing to the Digital Age (in Spanish). See also here and here. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Altgriechische Zeichensätze
[Lucius Hartmann]

Lucius Hartmann (Hinwil, Switzerland) at the University of Zürich lists the main fonts that are useful to classicists and users of old Greek. Downloadable fonts include Aisa Unicode (by Hildegund Mueller&Stefan Hagel, 1997-1998). Hartmann himself created Sappho (2002) and Alkaios (2005). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Amadeus Information Systems
[Phil Chastney]

Amadeus Information Systems Limited / Phil Chastney are the designers of SImPL (1999-2001) and Sixpack Medium (2009), great Courier-like monospace fonts with many diacritics and symbols, filling many of the Unicode pages. The designer is Phil Chastney, who writes One of the design aims of the font was to provide a complete set of all known APL symbols, plus sufficient characters to allow prompts, comments, etc., to be expressed in every European language known to be in current use. Basically, that means the Latin, Greek and Cyrillic alphabets, plus accented and variant letter forms as required for other European languages using these alphabets.. Incidentally, Armenian and Cyrillic are also covered, and the number of mathematical symbols is staggering. [Google] [More]  ⦿

American Philological Association
[Donald Mastronarde]

Association which published a free Greek Opentype font, KadmosU (2005). New Athena Unicode (2004-2010) is also free: New Athena Unicode is a freeware multilingual font distributed by the American Philological Association. It follows the latest version (5.1) of the Unicode standard and includes characters for English and Western European languages, polytonic Greek, Coptic, Old Italic, and Demotic Egyptian transliteration (and Arabic transliteration), as well as metrical symbols and other characters used by classical scholars. New Athena Unicode is a "smart font" that includes OpenType ligatures allowing the display of composed characters not recognized by Unicode but needed by scholars. I am not sure that I am right, but the Greekkeys pafge makes me believe that Donald Mastronarde (a Professor a UC Berkeley) of the American Philological Association is responsible for the creation and upkeep of New Athena Unicode. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Andreas Stötzner
[SIAS (or: Signographical Institute Andreas Stötzner)]

[MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Andrey V. Panov
[CM Unicode]

[More]  ⦿

Andrey V. Panov
[Computer Modern Unicode fonts]

[More]  ⦿

Apostolos Syropoulos
[Asana Math]

[More]  ⦿

Apostrophic Laboratory
[Fredrick M. Nader]

One of the most dynamic foundries from 2000 until 2003. The "Lab" was run by Apostrophe (Fredrick Nader) and was based in Toronto. The name Apostrophe comes from a Frank Zappa song. It has produced well over 1000 original free fonts, in all formats (type 1, truetype, and opentype, PC and Mac), and nearly all fonts have full character sets. Many have character sets for extended European languages and Cyrillic as well. It was for a few years the only active producer of multiple master fonts. Download site at Typoasis. Original URL, now being reworked. Highlights:

  • Miltown (from the Matrix movie).
  • Fluoxetine (old typewriter).
  • Desyrel (handwriting, Dana Rice).
  • PicaHole-1890Morse font.
  • Ritalin has almost 500 glyphs, and is a family designed for Latin, Greek, Turkish, eastern European, Cyrillic and Baltic.
  • The 3-axis multiple master ImpossibleMM (of Mission Impossible fame).
  • Carbolith Trips (letters from cuneiforms).
  • Diehl Deco (revival of 1940 lettering by Wooster Bard Field; with Marley Diehl).
  • Textan (with Rich Parks or Richard D. Parker; inspired by the Chinese Tangram).
  • Poultrygeist (horror comic font).
  • Hard Talk (an R-rated font by Slovenian Marjan Bozic).
  • Independant (with Phynette; a faithful revival of a 1930s font by Collette and Dufour for Maison Plantin in Belgium---a fantastic Art Deco font family).
  • Metrolox ("Enemy of the State" font, with Karen Clemens; a Unicode font with 567 glyphs for over 20 Latin-based languages and some math symbols).
  • Komikaze, Komikazba, Komikahuna and Komikazoom (comic book fonts: 1280 glyphs for Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, Baltic, Turkish, East-European, with dingbats and Braille).
  • Republika (a 300-font techno family; read about it here).
  • ChizzlerMM (3-axis multiple master, a reworked version of Graham Meade's Chizzler).
  • Street (a 87-font family by Graham Meade).
  • Amerika (fantastic Armenian-look font series, with support for Greek, Cyrillic/Russian, Baltic, Turkish and Central European).
  • The dingbats Eyecicles and Texticles, both with Graham Meade.
  • Insula (2001, a Celtic/uncial font with Cybapee).
  • Komika (2001, 50 comic book fonts designed with Vigilante). A spoof on Comic Sans, this family includes Komika Hand and Komika Text.
  • Labrit (a great Fraktur font, with Graham Meade).
  • Frigate (a Roman-kana font by Melinda Windsor).
  • Scriptina (an unbelievable calligraphic font by Apostrophe, 2000-2001). In 2010, CheapProFonts published an extension, Scriptina Pro.
  • Freebooter Script (an equally unbelievable calligraphic font by Graham Meade, 2001).
  • Choda (a display font like none you have seen before; Apostrophe and Meade, 2001).
  • Endor (with Meade, a Gothic font; 2001).
The list of designers and their fonts:
  • Apostrophe [dead link]: Day Roman (2002, the first digitization of Fr. Guyot's "Two Line Double Pica Roman", designed in the early 1600s), Bombardier (2002), Propaganda (2002), PropagandaCyrillic (2002), PropagandaGreek (2002), Contra (2003), Ergonome (2002), Ergonomix (2002, techno dingbats), Alfabetix (2002), SoMM (2002, a multiple master font), Templo (2001, a pixelish font), Zoloft, Miltown, Witches Brew, Celexa, Labrat, Effexor, Fluoxetine, Tralfamadore, Halcion, RxMM, Paxil, Valium, Fight This, Ritalin, Xanax, Maskalin, PicaHole, ImposMM, MiltownII, Carbolith, Komikaze, Komikazoom, Komikahuna, Diogenes, Komikazba, MistressScript, Sledge, Mary Jane, Republika, StarBat, Merkin, Erectlorite, Halter, Estrogen, Steinem (based on Dalton Maag's British Steel typeface), Lab Mix, Mary Jane II, Amerika, Masque, Konfuciuz, Mastodon, Broad, Amerika Sans, Scriptina, Karnivore, Cholo, Sedillo and Reprobate (all three based on Mike Sedillo's handwriting, 2001), Templo (screen font family, 2001).
  • Marjan Bozic and Apostrophe: Hard Talk.
  • Karen Clemens and Apostrophe [dead link]: Wellbutrin, Metrolox, Jagz.
  • CybaPee and Apostrophe [dead link]: Cyclin, Lady Ice, Insula.
  • CybaPee [dead link], Graham Meade and Apostrophe: Yellowswamp, Lady Ice revisited.
  • Steve Deffeyes: Loopy.
  • Marley Diehl and Apostrophe: Diehl Deco.
  • Fleisch and Apostrophe: Colwell, Hadley.
  • Steve Graham: Hypnosis.
  • Frank Guillemette and Apostrophe: Ankora.
  • Jeri Ingalls and Apostrophe: Paxil.
  • Neumat Ick and Apostrophe: Icklips, Powderfinger.
  • Keya Kirkpatrick: Extasy
  • Keya Kirkpatrick and Apostrophe: Kimono.
  • Jeff Lan: Healthy Alternative, Haven Code.
  • Su Lucas and Apostrophe: Barbarello.
  • Brigido Maderal and Apostrophe: Lab Bats.
  • Graham Meade: Quastic Kaps (8-weight family, 2003), Quixotte (2002), Mechanihan (2002), Kameleon (2002), Lady Ice Extra (2002), Gizmo (2002), Zillah Modern (2002), Wazoo (2002), JamesEightEleven (2002), Equine (2001), Street Corner (2001), Freebooter Script, Street (31 font sans and slab serif), Bipolar Control, Lane, Street, Street Slab, 2nd Street, Kronika, Thong, Whackadoo Upper, Charrington, Lady Copra, Zebra, Extra Meade Pack, Control Freak, Dekon, Asenine, Heidorn Hill (a Fraktur font), Castorgate, Troglodyte.
  • Graham Meade and Apostrophe: Moondog (2001), Choda, Futurex, Duralith, Epyval, BooterMM, Pamelor, Sabril, Erinal, Karisma, Whackadoo, Bicicles, Drummon, Primary Elector, Youthanasia, Grunja, Prussian Brew, ChizMM, Luciferus, Labtop, Gilgongo, Labrit, Kandide, Brassiere (which became the commercial typeface Ipscus in 2009), Eskargot, Endor, Labag.
  • Graham Meade and Rich Parks: Luteous, Luteous II.
  • Link Olsson and Apostrophe: Librium, Severina, Poultrygeist, Extrano, Komikandy.
  • Rich Parks and Apostrophe: Textan, Glaukous, Textan Round, TexSquareMM, TexRoundMM.
  • Alejandro Paul and Apostrophe: Fontcop, Usenet, Cayetano, Elektora.
  • Evelyne Pichler: Sindrome.
  • Evelyne Pichler and Apostrophe: 1910 Vienna.
  • Phynette and Apostrophe: Independant.
  • Peter Ramsey and Apostrophe: Distro, Futurex Distro (2001).
  • Dana Rice and Apostrophe: Desyrel, Lilly.
  • Wayne Sharpe: Ovulution I and II.
  • Jessica Slater: Wiggles.
  • Jessica Slater and Apostrophe: McKloud.
  • Derek Vogelpohl: Phosphorus, Florence sans, Plasmatica, Covington, Avondale, Phosphorus II.
  • Melinda Windsor: Plastic, Frigate.
  • Robby Woodard: Ashby (2001).
  • WolfBainX and Apostrophe: Tribal, Komika.
  • Yol: Traceroute.
Font Squirrel link. Dafont link. Abstract Fonts link. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Apple Color Emoji

A list of over 700 symbols that are widespread in mobile phone networks, and a proposal for their inclusion in Unicode. Dedicated site with Emoji Free.

Si Daniels (Microsoft) analyzes the publication of the Apple Emoji font in 2011: Apple Color Emoji represents a significant milestone in both the history of type technology and character standardization. Of course color fonts are nothing new, with overprinting techniques in use from the earliest days of movable metal type. In digital typography layering has long been used to achieve multicolor results and color bitmap fonts have been around a while. However, Mac OS X Lion and the inclusion of the Apple Color Emoji font represent the first time a modern operating system has included both support and a showcase color font. Although the technology is basic, with color bitmaps included at two sizes in a proprietary sbix table, in years to come, as color fonts gain traction, we'll look back to 2011 as the year it all began. Of even more significance is the fact that the glyphs included in the font are Unicode encoded. In an effort initiated by Google and with significant help from Apple and Microsoft, 722 Emoji symbols were included in the recently published Unicode 6.0 standard, putting Emoji on par with the Latin alphabet and other writing systems encoded in Unicode. This means messages and documents containing Emoji are fully searchable and indexable, and Unicode Emoji fonts are included with Windows Phone 7.5 and the Windows 8 Developer Preview. The encoding effort was not without controversy, but effectively legitimizes nontraditional forms of written expression, and opens the door for the encoding of other symbols, including those found in popular symbol encoded fonts like Wingdings and Webdings. As to the design itself, it's more than adequate, the symbols are friendly and legible, but in reality the design isn't all that important. Of all the fonts issued in 2011 this is the one we'll all come back to in ten or twenty years as clearly being of the most historical significance. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Arial is one of the most widely used designs of the digital era. Designed in 1982 by Robin Nicholas and Patricia Saunders for use in an early IBM laser printer, Arial has become a standard font in many font libraries. The design itself was based on Monotype Grotesque (and not Helvetica as many believe). The digital versions of Arial are sold by Ascender, Microsoft and Monotype.

[Google] [More]  ⦿

Arial Unicode MS

Microsoft link for licensing. The font Arial Unicode MS is a full Unicode font, containing all of the approximately 40,000 alphabetical characters, ideographic characters, and symbols defined in the Unicode 2.1 standard. Arial was designed by Robin Nicholas and Patricia Saunders in 1982 for Agfa Monotype and was released as TrueType font in 1990. From 1993 to 1999, it was extended as Arial Unicode MS (with its first release as a TrueType font in 1998) by the following members of Monotype Typography's Monotype Type Drawing Office, under contract to Microsoft: Brian Allen, Evert Bloemsma, Jelle Bosma, Joshua Hadley, Wallace Ho, Kamal Mansour, Steve Matteson, and Thomas Rickner.

There is no italic version---only a regular and bold exist. Arial Unicode MS is normally distributed with Microsoft Office, but it is also bundled with Mac OS X v10.5 and later. It may also be purchased separately (as Arial Unicode) from Ascender Corporation (now absorbed by Monotype), who licenses the font from Microsoft.

Regarding the difference with ordinary Arial, we read this technical explanation on Wikipedia: When rendered with the same engine and without making adjustments for the different font metrics, the glyphs that appear in both Arial and Arial Unicode MS appear to be slightly wider, and thus rounder, in Arial Unicode MS. Horizontal text may also appear to have more inter-line spacing in Arial Unicode MS. This is due to larger bounding boxes (Arial Unicode MS needs more room for some of its extended glyphs) and the limitations of renderers, not changes in the glyph shapes. The lack of kerning pairs in Arial Unicode MS may also affect inter-glyph spacing in some renderers (for example the Adobe Flash Player). Arial Unicode MS also includes Hebrew glyphs different from the Hebrew glyphs found in Arial. They are based on the shapes of the Hebrew glyphs in Tahoma, but are adjusted to the weight, proportions and style of Arial. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Asana Math
[Apostolos Syropoulos]

The free math symbol Opentype font Asana Math (2007-2019) contains all of the Unicode mathematical symbols. It was made by Apostolos Syropoulos from Xanthi, Greece. It includes all Unicode math symbols. It also has an Opentype math table. Some glyphs were borrowed from Young Ryu's pxfonts (2000)

See also here and here. [Google] [More]  ⦿

ASCII encoding

A few words on ISO-646 (US-ASCII and its national variants) and the development towards ISO-10646 (Unicode), by Roman Czyborra. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Bitstream Cyberbit

From Bitstream's web page: "Bitstream Cyberbit is our award-winning international font. Based on one of our most popular and readable type designs (Dutch 801 BT [note: Bitstream's version of Times and Times New Roman]), it includes all the typographic characters for most of the world's major languages. Cyberbit is now available! The product release includes the roman weight of Dutch 801 BT, a "serif" font. (A serif font has small finishing strokes at the end of the main stems, arms, and tails of characters, while a sanserif font does not.) The font is in TrueType format for Windows 95 and Windows NT. Future releases will provide support for "sanserif" typefaces, other platforms, other font formats, and even more languages. Bitstream Cyberbit is a work in progress. Bitstream is now distributing the roman weight of Cyberbit, free of charge, over the Internet! Remember, this release is in TrueType format for Windows 95 and Windows NT". --- Well, Bitstream no longer offers the font. It is still out there however. Try here, here, here, or here. Has these unicode ranges: Basic Latin, Latin-1 Supplement, Latin Extended-A, Latin Extended-B, Spacing Modifier Letters, Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew Extended (A and B blocks combined), Thai, Latin Extended Additional, General Punctuation, Currency Symbols, Letterlike Symbols, Number Forms, Arrows, Mathematical Operators, Miscellaneous Technical, Box Drawing, Block Elements, Geometric Shapes, Miscellaneous Dingbats, Alphabetic Presentation Forms, Combining Diacritical Marks, Enclosed Alphanumerics, Arabic, Arabic Presentation Forms-A and -B, CJK (Chinese, Japanese, Korean) Symbols and Punctuation, Hiragana, Katakana, Bopomofo, Hangul Compatibility Jamo, Enclosed CJK Letters and Months, CJK Compatibility, Hangul, CJK Unified Ideographs, CJK Compatibility Ideographs, CJK Compatibility Forms, Small Form Variants, and Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Biznet Poland

BIZNET Central European (ISO 8859-2) X Window Fonts : 395 fonts that comply with ISO 8859-2 for X Windows. For 10 zlotys, you get the fonts on diskette, and for 70 zlotys on a CD. Downloads over the net are free. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[John Hudson]

E.J.Brill is an academic publisher in Leiden, The Netherlands. In 1989, DecoType produced the first ever computer-typeset Persian and English dictionary for them. In 2009, Brill has resumed its 325 year old tradition of Arabo-Dutch typography by adapting Tasmeem for its Arabic texts. In 2008, Brill commissioned John Hudson to make a text face. Hudson's PDF explains how Brill had been working mostly with Baskerville, so the new Brill typeface is also transitional, but narrower, resulting in savings of paper. Greek and Cyrillic are covered by Brill as well.

In 2012, Brill was made available for free download for non-commercial use. While Brill is an original design by John Hudson, the blackletter range of characters was made by Karsten Lücke. Gerry Leonidas and Maxim Zhukov were consulted for Greek and Cyrillic, respectively. The fonts follow Unicode and contain nearly all symbols people in the humanities may ever need. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Browsers and fonts

Alan J. Flavell (Glasgow University) discusses the interface between fonts and browsers. A list of Unicode-compliant fonts is given. There is also information on monospaced fonts. Regarding Webdings, he explains that the font is not Unicode-compliant and thus is inappropriate for web use, as HTML looks for unicode mappings. In other words, the name Webdings is inappropriate. [Google] [More]  ⦿

CAI's Software Page

Yidao Cai's free software. Most interesting is CNPRINT: "CNPRINT is a utility to print Chinese/Japanese/Korean (CJK) text (or convert to PostScript) under DOS, VMS and UNIX systems. It works just as a print command on your system. Currently GB, Hz, zW, BIG5, CNS, JIS, EUC, Shift-JIS, KSC, UTF8, UTF7 and UTF16 formats are supported. With its full Unicode support, it should be able to print other language (e.g. Thai, Vietnames, Arabic as well)." Also, MSHei and MSSong truetype fonts for Chinese, Korean and Japanese, developed by Stone Corporation, Zhuhai, China. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Lucida Sans Unicode font. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Character design standards

Microsoft's page on character design standards. Subpages on Uppercase, Lowercase, Figures, Spaces, Diacritics, Punctuation, Monetary symbols, Math symbols, Symbols. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Character Set Inspector

Unicode Character Database for JavaScript. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Character sets, codepages, Unicode

Microsoft explains the relationship between character sets, code pages and Unicode. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Character Table

Great page showing character layouts for many (all?) encodings. A must. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Charlie Ruland

Page with links to full Unicode fonts, managed by Charlie Ruland. There is a section on "full" Latin, Greek plus Cyrillic fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Christoph Singer
[Multilingual Unicode TrueType Fonts on the Internet]

[More]  ⦿

Christoph Singer

Web page on the russification of Windows and related Slavic language font links. Christoph Singer who used to be based in Tübingen, Germany, created these (free) fonts: an old Russian lettering font Old Cyrillic, Metropol 95, Kirillica Nova Unicode (1998), Kirillica Wincyr (Old Church Slavonic), as well as the old Cyrillic fonts XSerif Trediakovskij, Xserif Old Russian, and XSerif Unicode. Singer's page on Unicode-compliant fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Chung-Deh Tien

American designer in Jackson Heights, NY (b. 1965), associated with the Cherokee Nation. He created the graffiti font Chase Zen Jackulator (2015), Chase Zen Jingletruck Karachi (2015), the tattoo font Chase Zen Holy Monkey (2015), the art nouveau typeface Chase Zen Paris (2014), Chase Zen Sprawl (2014), Chase Zen Blight (2014), Chase Zen Punjabi (2014), Chase Zen Basmati (2014), and Chase Zen Bangladesh (2014).

Designer in 2011-2012 of the following free Latin / Cherokee fonts: Nikwasi, Tsiquilisda, Danisvdanvsgv, Alewisdodi, Gola Unole, Nvdaasdawadidohi, Atuyasdodi, Tsi yu gunsini (a copperplate design for Unicode Cherokee, named after a Cherokee chief called Dragging Canoe), Wilma Mankiller Old (2012, also for Cherokee), Gadaquali (flared face), Gageda (Cherokee font).

Further typefaces: Grendel (2011), the tattoo fonts Maelstrom (2011) and Reign Sample (2010), the mechanical typeface Dans Hardware (2010), the graffiti typeface Stone Angel (2010), the Western typeface Mary's Cherry&Co (2010), the squarish typeface Dashboard Jesus (2010), the fat wood style typeface John Brown (2010), Dantone (2010), the fat roundish typeface Creamy (2010), Thermobaric (2011, Star trek face).

Chung-deh Tien created a few Cherokee fonts including Nikwasi San (2012), Sequoya Bold (2012), Oconosota (2012), Kanagota (2012), and Tsalagi Ameliga (2010).

Dafont link. Flickr link. Fontspace link. Another Fontspace link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

ClearlyU BDF font

Mark Leisher's creation: "ClearlyU is a set of BDF (bitmap) 12 point, 100 dpi fonts that provides glyphs that can be used for Unicode text. The font contains over 4000 glyphs, including numerous additional glyphs for alternate forms and ligatures. The ClearlyU typeface was originally inspired by Donald Knuth's Computer Modern typeface, but has been slowly evolving into something else." Supported are: Navajo, Armenian, Cyrillic, Georgian, Greek and Coptic, Hebrew, Lao, Thai. [Google] [More]  ⦿

CM Unicode
[Andrey V. Panov]

Free font package from 2009 by Andrey Panov, specially adapted for TeX. CM Unicode (or: Computer Modern Unicode) is an OpenType and Type 1 unicode version of Knuth's Computer Modern font family. The OIpenType fonts include CMUBright-Bold, CMUSerif-BoldItalic, CMUSerif-BoldSlanted, CMUBright-Oblique, CMUBright-Roman, CMUBright-SemiBoldOblique, CMUBright-SemiBold, CMUTypewriter-Light, CMUTypewriter-LightOblique, CMUSerif-Bold, CMUBright-BoldOblique, CMUClassicalSerif-Italic, CMUTypewriter-Italic, CMUConcrete-BoldItalic, CMUConcrete-Bold, CMUConcrete-Roman, CMUConcrete-Italic, CMUSerif-BoldNonextended, CMUSerif-Roman, CMUSansSerif-Oblique, CMUSerif-RomanSlanted, CMUSansSerif-BoldOblique, CMUSansSerif, CMUSansSerif-DemiCondensed, CMUTypewriter-Oblique, CMUSansSerif-Bold, CMUTypewriter-Bold, CMUSerif-Italic, CMUTypewriter-Regular, CMUTypewriter-BoldItalic, CMUSerif-UprightItalic, CMUTypewriterVariable-Italic, CMUTypewriterVariable.

Alternate download site. Google Plus link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Code pages, Roman Czyborra

Info on coding, code pages, by Roman Czyborra. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Computer Modern Unicode fonts
[Andrey V. Panov]

Andrey V. Panov developed the Computer Modern Unicode fonts in 2003-2007 by conversions from metafont sources using textrace and fontforge (former pfaedit). He wanted to create free good quality fonts for use in X applications that support many languages. Currently the fonts contain glyphs from Latin1 (Metafont ec, tc), Cyrillic (la, rx) and Greek (cbgreek) code sets. There are 33 fonts in the family: CMUClassicalSerif-Italic, CMUSansSerif-Bold, CMUSansSerif-BoldOblique, CMUSansSerif-Demi-Condensed, CMUSansSerif-Oblique, CMUSansSerif, CMUSerif-Bold-Nonextended, CMUSerif-Bold-Slanted, CMUSerif-Bold, CMUSerif-BoldItalic, CMUSerif-Italic, CMUSerif-Roman-Slanted, CMUSerif-Roman, CMUSerif-Unslanted-Italic, CMUTypewriter-Bold, CMUTypewriter-BoldItalic, CMUTypewriter-Italic, CMUTypewriter-Oblique, CMUTypewriter-Regular, CMUTypewriterVariable-Italic, CMUTypewriterVariable. The fonts come in type 1, OpenType and SFD, the universal spline format used by FontForge. The CMU Bright subfamily was added some time later in 2007.

Istok Web (2011) was published at the Google Font Directory.

In 2008, he made Heuristica (or Evristika), a serif family that extends Adobe's Utopia (for Latin, Greek and Cyrillic). Heuristica was improved in 2014 by Andreas Nolda as Utopia Nova. Open Font Library link for Heuristica. Download site for Heuristica.

Free download. Direct download.

Alternate URL. Kernest link. Klingspor link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Cora Chang

Designer of the Braille symbols for the Unicode charts. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Chinese font archive in Hong-Kong. Alternate URL. Included are BitstreamCyberCJK-Roman (1990-1998), a nearly full Unicode font, the NTU family (which comprises NTU_FS_M, NTU_KAI, NTU_LI_M, NTU_MB, NTU_MM, NTU_MR, NTU_TW), Siddam, TSC-FMing-S-TT, TSC-JSong-S-TT (both from Twinbridge Software), CWTEX-BB, CWTEX-F, CWTEX-K, CWTEX-M, CWTEX-R (all by Tsong-Min Wu, Tsong-Huey Wu and Wang Ming-Ter, 1999-2002), and the wcl family. In the Unicode subpage, we find the HZK series. Alternate URL. Another URL. [Google] [More]  ⦿

D. Paul Alecsandri
[Every Witch Way]

[More]  ⦿

Daisuke Suzuki
[VL Gothic]

[More]  ⦿

Darien Valentine

[More]  ⦿

Darren Rigby
[Darren Rigby]

Refreshing fonts created by Canadian Darren Rigby using High-Logic. The fonts come in truetype format (in 2000): Bayern (fraktur font), Beltane (2002), Brasspounder (2004), Con Jitters (2002, handwriting), Enigmatic, EnigmaticUnicodeRegular, Fitzgerald, GangueOuais (2002), HindsightUnicode (2001, with all European languages, Cyrillic, Armenian, and IPA), HindsightSmallCaps, HindsightRegular, HindsightMonospaceRegular, IntruderAlert, QuicktypeRegular, ThinDime, TorturerUpright, SilverDollar, DontWalkRun, History-Repeating (1999-2000), HistoryHappens, HistoryRepeatingH, HistoryHappens, HistoryRepeatingV, Lemon, Norse-Code (runes), OneEighty, TorturerBound, TorturerCrushed, Daybreaker, Yerevan, Seebreaze, Jareth, Tin Birdhouse, Tin Doghouse, Three-Sixty, Three-Sixty Condensed, Levity (2001, Western font), Gravity, River Avenue, Water Street, Warer Street Detour (unicase), Meridiana, Torquemada, Torquemada Starved, Torquemada Starved Unicode, Radian (2002), All Hooked Up (2002), Brasspounder (2004), Quilljoy (2004). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Darren Rigby
[Darren Rigby]

[More]  ⦿

David J. Perry
[Fonts for Scholars]

[More]  ⦿

Decode Unicode

A project of Johannes Bergerhausen at the University of Applied Sciences in Mainz, Germany. In 2005, the database of glyphs was opened for submission of material via the internet. They hope to make a gigantic database of all the world's characters. [Google] [More]  ⦿

DejaVu Fonts
[Stepan Roh]

The DejaVu fonts form an open source font family based on the Bitstream Vera Fonts. Free download. Its purpose is to provide a wider range of characters (see Current status page for more information) while maintaining the original look and feel through the process of collaborative development. Included are DejaVuSans-Bold, DejaVuSans-BoldOblique, DejaVuSans-Oblique, DejaVuSans, DejaVuSansCondensed-Bold, DejaVuSansCondensed-BoldOblique, DejaVuSansCondensed-Oblique, DejaVuSansCondensed, DejaVuSansMono-Bold, DejaVuSansMono-BoldOb, DejaVuSansMono-Oblique, DejaVuSansMono-Roman, DejaVuSerif-Bold, DejaVuSerif-BoldOblique, DejaVuSerif-Oblique, DejaVuSerif-Roman, DejaVuSerifCondensed-Bold, DejaVuSerifCondensed-BoldOblique, DejaVuSerifCondensed-Oblique, DejaVuSerifCondensed.

Authors and contributors comprise Adrian Schroeter, Ben Laenen, Dafydd Harries, Danilo Segan (Cyrillic), David Jez, David Lawrence Ramsey, Denis Jacquerye, Dwayne Bailey, James Cloos, James Crippen, Keenan Pepper, Mashrab Kuvatov, Misu Moldovan (Romanian), Ognyan Kulev, Ondrej Koala Vacha, Peter Cernák, Sander Vesik, Stepán Roh (project manager; Polish), Tavmjong Bah, Valentin Stoykov, and Vasek Stodulka. The idea is to eventually cover most of unicode. Currently, this is covered: Latin (+supplement, extended A and part of extended B), IPA, Greek, Coptic, Cyrillic, Georgian, Armenian, Hebrew, N'ko, Tifinagh, Lao, Canadian aboriginal syllabics, Ogham, Arabic, math symbols, arrows, Braille, chess, and many dingbats.

Alternate download site. Wiki page with download information.

Fontspace link. Open Font Library link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Delphi Unicode Center

Site run by Mike Lischke. Unicode20 is his free Delphi-based Windows program with a Unicode Regular Expression search engine and a Unicode Tuned Boyer-Moore search engine. UnicodeView is another free program that shows all true type fonts on a Windows system and allows to browse through all codepoints (characters). [Google] [More]  ⦿

Desktop Starship

Sci-fi font archive. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Microsoft's page on diacritics--their alignment and width rules, and definitions in Unicode. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Didier Mas

Didier Mas designed the Sword Kanji font (2002), a Japanese font based on the Jim's Kanji font by Jim Kurrasch. Basically, Mas placed all the glyphs in one unicode-compatible font. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Donald Mastronarde
[American Philological Association]

[More]  ⦿

ECMA - Standardizing Information and Communication Systems

Standard ECMA-144: 8-Bit Single-Byte Coded Character Sets - Latin Alphabet No. 6. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Ecritures du monde
[Michel Bottin]

Michel Bottin's pages (in French) on the world's writing systems. He spends some time on the major Unicode fonts, Bitstream Cyberbit (downloadable), Titus Unicode (by Jost Gippert), Code 2000 (by James Kass), and Ballymon RO (by M. Ronald Ogawa). There are also pages on Unicode and standardization. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Ed Trager

[More]  ⦿

Emir Yasin Sari

Turkish designer of the old Turkic script typefaces Kylych (2014) and Orkun. Both are free. His user name is Bitigchi. He also lists the Unicode fonts that support old Turkic scripts:

  • Orkun (Emir Y. Sary / Erk Yurtsever). He writes: A font for Old Turkic script. Maintained OTF version of the original Orkun Font by Erk Yurtsever (1999) with updated glyphs for the Unicode Old Turkic code block, design and kerning improvements.
  • Kylych (Emir Y. Sary)
  • Orkun Fırça (Goekbey Uluch; / Emir Y. Sary)
  • Türik Bitig (Türik Bitig website---design by Gulzada Serzhan and adaptation by Emir Y. Sary)
  • Babelstone Irk Bitig
  • Quivira (2005, Alexander Lange)
  • Everson Mono (shareware by Michael Everson)
  • Noto Old Turkic.
[Google] [More]  ⦿

Ethan Lamoreaux

Ethan Lamoreaux's page on the Shavian alphabet contains two Shavian fonts he made in 2003: esl_gothic_shavian (the Shavian characters are encoded where the Latin characters would normally go) and esl_gothic_unicode (the Shavian characters are located at both the Private Use area, starting at U+E700, and also in the Shavian area in plane 1 (surrogates) starting at U+10450). Fontspace link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Ethiopic Unicode Fonts

List of Ethiopic Unicode fonts, compiled by David McCreedy. [Google] [More]  ⦿


etl-unicode is a Unicode BDF font prepared by Primoz Peterlin. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Evertype (was: Everson Typography)
[Michael Everson]

Michael Everson's (b. Norristown, PA, 1963) brilliant pages on Celtic and other languages and on font standards, featuring the following sub-pages:

  • CeltScript describes Michael's contributions to unicode in general and to Celtic typography in particular. He created (commercial) Celtic fonts such as Gaillimh (1989, bitmap font), Ceanannas (1993), Duibhlinn (1993, after Monotype Series 24), Everson Mono Gaelic (1995, hybrid sans), Acaill (1997, based on the Watts type, an early 19th century transitional angular form of Gaelic type; it was renamed and further developed into a unicode-compliant typeface called Dumha Goirt in 2011), Corcaigh (1997), Darmhagh Underwood (1993, a "rough" monowidth font based on the typeface used on the old Underwood manual typewriter), and Loch Garman (1999, after Baoithin, Colm Ó Lochlainn). He is working on Cluain (Gaelic modern grotesque), Cois Life (his take on the hybrid Queen Elizabeth type), Darmhagh (Underwood), Doolish (Gaelic modern round, after Biggs), Lóbháin (after Louvain), Páras (after the Paris type).
  • Everson Mono is a huge free monospaced font family started in 1994, but still being adjusted in 2010. As Michael puts it, Everson Mono is a simple, elegant, monowidth font. I designed it primarily to make glyphs available in support of all the non-Han characters in the Basic Multilingual Plane of ISO/IEC 10646-1 (BMP = Unicode, if you prefer), though I hope that users may find it a pleasant alternative to Courier and Monaco for general purposes, e-mail, and so forth. I have found it quite legible at sizes as small as 4 points. It is lighter and a bit looser than Courier.
  • Ogham fonts created by Michael Everson (and free for download): Beith-Luis-Nion, Pollach, Maigh Nuad, Craobh Ruadh, Everson Mono Ogham, Cog, Crosta. Mac and PC. This page also has TITUS Ogham by Jost Gippert, and Ragnarok Ogham by David F. Nalle from Scriptorium.
  • Inuktitut fonts designed by Everson include Allatuq (1998, hand-printed glyphs), Everson Mono Inuktitut, Jiniiva Maanaku, Naamajuttaaqqauq, Sikaagu.
  • The Sutton signwriting fingerspelling fonts created by Everson are free.
  • List of language lists.
  • Fonts for the Sami language of the Barents region.
  • Gaelic Typefaces: History and Classification.
  • Armenian encoding on the web.

Elsewhere, one can find rare Everson creations such as Musgrave (1994).

MyFonts sells these typefaces:

  • Allatuq.
  • Ceanannas.
  • Duibhlinn.
  • Timenhor.
  • Loch Garman. Everson: : Loch Garman is based on Baoithmn, designed by Viktor Hammer and Colm Ó Lochlainn; Baoithmn was based on Hammerschrift, which was related to Hammer's American Uncial -- though Loch Garman is more authentic Gaelic font than American Uncial. He continues: American Uncial sucks. It is inauthentic and it's not even attractive. It has a "dot" on the i (which it shouldn't) which makes it look like an í (which it doubly shouldn't). Hammer Uncial isn't much better. In my own view, the only one of Hammer's Uncials that I have seen that was any good was Pindar, and then only in its reworking as Baoithín (with Colm ÓÓ Lochlainn).
  • Teamhair (1993). A monowidth font based on the typeface used on the old Sears Tower Gaelic manual typewriter.
  • Teamhair Tower (1999). The rough version of Teamhair.
  • Dumha Goirt.
  • Corcaigh.
  • Doire (1993). A monowidth font based on the typeface used on the old Royal Gaelic manual typewriter.
  • Doire Royal (1999). A rough version of Doire.
  • Darmhagh Underwood.

His bio, in his own words: Michael Everson, based in Westport, Co. Mayo, is an expert in the writing systems of the world. He is active in supporting minority-language communities, especially in the fields of character standardization and internationalization. He is one of the co-authors of the Unicode Standard, and is a Contributing Editor and Irish National Representative to ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG2, the committee responsible for the development and maintenance of the Universal Character Set. He is a linguist, typesetter, and font designer who has contributed to the encoding in of many scripts and characters. In 2005 and 2006 his work to encode the Balinese and N'Ko scripts was supported by UNESCO's Initiative B@bel programme. Michael received the Unicode "Bulldog" Award in 2000 for his technical contributions to the development and promotion of the Unicode Standard. Active in the area of practical implementations, Michael has created locale and language information for many languages, from support for Irish and the other Celtic langauges to the minority languages of Finland. In 2003 he was commissioned by the United Nations Development Programme to prepare a report on the computer locale requirements for Afghanistan, which was endorsed by the Ministry of Communications of the Afghan Transitional Islamic Administration. He prepared a number of fonts and keyboard layouts for Mac OS X 10.3 (Panther). Michael moved to Tucson, Arizona at the age of 12. He studied German, Spanish, and French for his B.A. at the University of Arizona (1985), and the History of Religions and Indo-European Linguistics for his M.A. at the University of California, Los Angeles (1988). He moved to Ireland in 1989, and was a Fulbright Scholar in the Faculty of Celtic Studies, University College Dublin (1991). In 2010, he made Timenhor, a Latin-script font whose glyphs are based on the uncial letterforms of Coptic manuscripts. Speaker at ATypI 2010 in Dublin. Speaker at ATypI 2011 in Reykjavik.

Dafont link. View Michel Everson's commercial typefaces. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Every Witch Way
[D. Paul Alecsandri]

D. Paul Alecsandri designed the runic fonts Futharc (2001), NewSymbolFont (2000) and Samaritan (2001). We also find the rather complete Unicode truetype font Roman-Unicode (2001), which cover all European, Arabic, Hebrew, Greek, Cyrillic, Thai and Indic languages, and provide kana as well (but not kanji). All parts of unicode covered. See also here.

Samaritan (2001) deals with a pre-Samaritan or pre-Babylonian Hebrew.

Originally designed for linguistics, the free typeface Chrysanthi Unicode (2001) contains all Unicode Latin characters (including Basic Latin, Latin 1 Supplement, Latin Extended A&B, IPA, and Latin Extended Additional) as well as Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew, and everal others.

Fontspace link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Extending Cyrillic

Article by Adobe's Thomas Phinney on how to tackle extensions of Cyrillic in future Adobe releases (in line with the Unicode specs), in the hope of covering these languages as well (population numbers in parentheses): Abaza (45K), Adyghian (300K), Avar (600K), Buryat (440K), Chechen (1M), Dungan (50K), Ingush (230K), Kabardian (650K), Kalmyk (160K), Kara-Kalpak (200K), Kazakh (8M), Kyrgyz (1.5M), Lakh (145K), Lezgi (400K), Mongolian (5M), Tabasaran (100K), Tajik (4.4M), Tatar (7M), Turkmen (6.4M), Tuvan (200K), Uzbek (16.5M). [Google] [More]  ⦿

FAQ and Resources on Khmer in Unicode

Khmer Unicode page with lots of good information, compiled by Sue and Maurice Bauhahn. [Google] [More]  ⦿


FBAUL stands for Faculdade de Belas-Artes Universidade de Lisboa. Located in Lisbon, it offers arts, design and communication degrees, and has a good typographic component in its curriculum. It hosted ATypI 2006. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Fett's Place

Small Startrek archive. [Google] [More]  ⦿

[Darien Valentine]

Free truetype fonts: Tai Le Valentinum (for the Tai Le script used in China, Burma and Laos), Valentine Arabic, the faux pixel font Sounds of Apathy, and the unicode faux pixel font Fixedsys Excelsior 2.0 (2007). The latter covers Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew, Armenian, Tamil, Hylian, N'Ko, Ethiopic, blackletter, Dehong Dai, Pahawh Hmong, Thaan, Arabic, Thai, Ogham, runic, and IPA. All fonts made by Darien Valentine in 2004. See also here. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Fonts for Scholars
[David J. Perry]

Cardo is a Unicode font under development by David J. Perry from Rye, New York. Covering European languages, as well as Hebrew, Greek/Coptic and Greek Extended, it is free for non-commercial use. He writes: "This font is my version of a typeface cut for the Renaissance printer Aldus Manutius and first used to print Pietro Bembo's book De Aetna. This font has been revived in modern times under several names (Bembo, Aetna, Aldine 401). I chose it mainly because it is a classic book face, suitable for scholarship, and also because it is easier to get various diacritics sized and positioned for legibility with this design than with some others. I added a set of Greek characters designed to harmonize well on the page with the Roman letters as well as many other characters useful to classicists and medievalists."

Fontspace link. Klingspor link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

Fredrick M. Nader
[Apostrophic Laboratory]

[MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

Free X11 6x13 ISO 10646-1 font

"My project of extending the xterm default font "6x13" or "fixed" to the around 2500 character subset of Unicode and ISO 10646-1 that can adequately be represented in such a small cell size is now pretty much completed." By Markus G. Kuhn, Computer Laboratory, University of Cambridge, UK. [Google] [More]  ⦿

GB 2312 and GB 18030

The GB 2312-1980 character set standard represents Simplified Chinese characters. GB is short for Guojia Biaozhun, Chinese for national standard. GB 2312-1980 contains 7,445 characters, including 6,763 Hanzi and 682 Latin, symbol and punctuation characters. As additional extensions were added and the Unicode Standard expanded, GB character sets were updated accordingly. The most recent, GB 18030-2000, was introduced in to the Unicode Standard in 2000. It contains room for 1.6 million characters, can include one, two or four byte characters, and includes support for Mongolian, Tibetan, Yi, and Uyghur, as well as all previously supported Chinese scripts. The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) government requires that all language-related products introduced into the Chinese marketplace must be able to function using all the characters in GB 18030. [Google] [More]  ⦿

George Douros
[Unicode Fonts for Ancient Scripts]

[More]  ⦿

George Williams

George Williams's site (now defunct) site was a discovery! George Williams (b. 1959) wrote spline-generating code and then went on to produce several fonts with his software between 1987 and 1998:

  • Art nouveau style: Carmen, Ambrosia (1989), Fantaisie Artistique, Baldur, Monopol, Parisian, Peignot, Bocklin, Edda.
  • Lombardic: Lombardic.
  • Victorian: Caprice, Ringlet.
  • Uncial: Uncial Animals, Roman Uncial Modern.
  • Ornamental caps: Versal, Decorative, Square Caps, Extravagant Capitals, Floral Caps, Morris, Andrade.
  • Display typefaces: Crystal, Flash, Cupola, Santa Barbara Streets (2013-2014; after the street signs in Santa Barbara, CA).
  • Blackletter: Rotunda (1998), Bastarda, Textura Modern, Fractur (a remake of Wittenbach).
  • Art deco: Piccadilly, Mirage (1999, prismatic).
  • Calligraphic: Humanistic.
  • Text: Caslon.
  • Slab: Monospace.
  • Sans: Caliban.
  • Bamboo Gothic (2007).
  • TIS620-2529 (a Thai font).

George Williams writes: I have been slowly working to provide free unicode postscript fonts for the three major groupings of styles used by European (Latin, Greek and Cyrillic anyway) type designs: serif, sans-serif and typewriter (or Times, Helvetica and Courier). Monospace is my approximation to Courier. Close examination will reveal that it is a bad copy of courier. Caslon Roman (1992-2001) is a serif font (designed by William Caslon in 1734), it's not a bad copy of Times, it's a bad copy of something else. Caliban is a bad copy of Helvetica. If Microsoft can call their version of Helvetica Arial, then Caliban seems appropriate for mine. Yet another URL.

George Williams is best known as the inventor and creator of FontForge, the biggest and best free font editor today. It made him the darling of the Open Software community. Interview with OSP.

Fontspace link. Dafont link. Abstract Fonts link. [Google] [More]  ⦿


Generate list of glyphnames from unicode names. [Google] [More]  ⦿

GNU Freefont (or: Free UCS Outline Fonts)
[Steve White]

The GNU Freefont is continuously being updated to become a large useful Unicode monster. GNU FreeFont is a free family of scalable outline fonts, suitable for general use on computers and for desktop publishing. It is Unicode-encoded for compatability with all modern operating systems. There are serif, Sans and Mono subfamilies. Also called the "Free UCS Outline Fonts", this project is part of the larger Free Software Foundation. The original head honcho was Primoz Peterlin, the coordinator at the Institute of Biophysics of the University of Ljubljana, Slovenia. In 2008, Steve White (aka Stevan White) took over.

  • URW++ Design&Development GmbH. URW++ donated a set of 35 core PostScript Type 1 fonts to the Ghostscript project.
    • Basic Latin (U+0041-U+007A)
    • Latin-1 Supplement (U+00C0-U+00FF)
    • Latin Extended-A (U+0100-U+017F)
    • Spacing Modifier Letters (U+02B0-U+02FF)
    • Mathematical Operators (U+2200-U+22FF)
    • Block Elements (U+2580-U+259F)
    • Dingbats (U+2700-U+27BF)
  • Yannis Haralambous and John Plaice. Yannis Haralambous and John Plaice are the authors of Omega typesetting system, which is an extension of TeX. Its first release, aims primarily at improving TeX's multilingual abilities. In Omega all characters and pointers into data-structures are 16-bit wide, instead of 8-bit, thereby eliminating many of the trivial limitations of TeX. Omega also allows multiple input and output character sets, and uses programmable filters to translate from one encoding to another, to perform contextual analysis, etc. Internally, Omega uses the universal 16-bit Unicode standard character set, based on ISO-10646. These improvements not only make it a lot easier for TeX users to cope with multiple or complex languages, like Arabic, Indic, Khmer, Chinese, Japanese or Korean, in one document, but will also form the basis for future developments in other areas, such as native color support and hypertext features. ... Fonts for UT1 (omlgc family) and UT2 (omah family) are under development: these fonts are in PostScript format and visually close to Times and Helvetica font families.
    • Latin Extended-B (U+0180-U+024F)
    • IPA Extensions (U+0250-U+02AF)
    • Greek (U+0370-U+03FF)
    • Armenian (U+0530-U+058F)
    • Hebrew (U+0590-U+05FF)
    • Arabic (U+0600-U+06FF)
    • Currency Symbols (U+20A0-U+20CF)
    • Arabic Presentation Forms-A (U+FB50-U+FDFF)
    • Arabic Presentation Forms-B (U+FE70-U+FEFF)
  • Yannis Haralambous and Wellcome Institute. In 1994, The Wellcome Library The Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine 183 Euston Road, London NW1 2BE, England, commissioned Mr. Haralambous to produce a Sinhalese font for them. We have received 03/09 official notice from Robert Kiley, Head of e-Strategy for the Wellcome Library, that Yannis' font could be included in GNU FreeFont under its GNU license: Sinhala (U+0D80-U+0DFF).
  • Young U. Ryu at the University of Texas at Dallas is the author of Txfonts, a set of mathematical symbols designed to accompany text typeset in Times or its variants. In the documentation, Young adresses the design of mathematical symbols: "The Adobe Times fonts are thicker than the CM fonts. Designing math fonts for Times based on the rule thickness of Times =,, +, /, <, etc. would result in too thick math symbols, in my opinion. In the TX fonts, these glyphs are thinner than those of original Times fonts. That is, the rule thickness of these glyphs is around 85% of that of the Times fonts, but still thicker than that of the CM fonts." Ranges: Arrows (U+2190-U+21FF), Mathematical Symbols (U+2200-U+22FF).
  • Valek Filippov added Cyrillic glyphs and composite Latin Extended A to the whole set of the abovementioned URW set of 35 PostScript core fonts, Ranges: Latin Extended-A (U+0100-U+017F), Cyrillic (U+0400-U+04FF).
  • Wadalab Kanji Comittee. Between April 1990 and March 1992, Wadalab Kanji Comittee put together a series of scalable font files with Japanese scripts, in four forms: Sai Micho, Chu Mincho, Cho Kaku and Saimaru. The font files were written in custom file format, while tools for conversion into Metafont and PostScript Type 1 were also supplied. The Wadalab Kanji Comittee has later been dismissed, and the resulting files can be now found on the FTP server of the Depertment of Mathematical Engineering and Information Physics, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tokyo: Hiragana (U+3040-U+309F), Katakana (U+30A0-U+30FF). Note that some time around 2009, the hiragana and katakana ranges were deleted.
  • Angelo Haritsis has compiled a set of Greek type 1 fonts. The glyphs from this source has been used to compose Greek glyphs in FreeSans and FreeMono. Greek (U+0370-U+03FF).
  • Yannis Haralambous and Virach Sornlertlamvanich. In 1999, Yannis Haralambous and Virach Sornlertlamvanich made a set of glyphs covering the Thai national standard Nf3, in both upright and slanted shape. Range: Thai (U+0E00-U+0E7F).
  • Shaheed Haque has developed a basic set of basic Bengali glyphs (without ligatures), using ISO10646 encoding. Range: Bengali (U+0980-U+09FF).
  • Sam Stepanyan created a set of Armenian sans serif glyphs visually compatible with Helvetica or Arial. Range: Armenian (U+0530-U+058F).
  • Mohamed Ishan has started a Thaana Unicode Project. Range: Thaana (U+0780-U+07BF).
  • Sushant Kumar Dash has created a font in his mother tongue, Oriya: Oriya (U+0B00-U+0B7F). But Freefont has dropped Oriya because of the absence of font features neccessary for display of text in Oriya.
  • Harsh Kumar has started BharatBhasha for these ranges:
    • Devanagari (U+0900-U+097F)
    • Bengali (U+0980-U+09FF)
    • Gurmukhi (U+0A00-U+0A7F)
    • Gujarati (U+0A80-U+0AFF)
  • Prasad A. Chodavarapu created Tikkana, a Telugu font family: Telugu (U+0C00-U+0C7F). It was originally included in GNU Freefont, but supoort for Telugu was later dropped altogether from the GNU Freefont project.
  • Frans Velthuis and Anshuman Pandey. In 1991, Frans Velthuis from the Groningen University, The Netherlands, released a Devanagari font as Metafont source, available under the terms of GNU GPL. Later, Anshuman Pandey from Washington University in Seattle, took over the maintenance of font. Fonts can be found on CTAN. This font was converted the font to Type 1 format using Peter Szabo's TeXtrace and removed some redundant control points with PfaEdit. Range: Devanagari (U+0900-U+097F).
  • Hardip Singh Pannu. In 1991, Hardip Singh Pannu has created a free Gurmukhi TrueType font, available as regular, bold, oblique and bold oblique form. Range: Gurmukhi (U+0A00-U+0A7F).
  • Jeroen Hellingman (The Netherlands) created a set of Malayalam metafonts in 1994, and a set of Oriya metafonts in 1996. Malayalam fonts were created as uniform stroke only, while Oriya metafonts exist in both uniform and modulated stroke. From private communication: "It is my intention to release the fonts under GPL, but not all copies around have this notice on them." Metafonts can be found here and here. Ranges: Oriya (U+0B00-U+0B7F), Malayalam (U+0D00-U+0D7F). Oriya was subsequently dropped from the Freefont project.
  • Thomas Ridgeway, then at the Humanities And Arts Computing Center, Washington University, Seattle, USA, (now defunct), created a Tamil metafont in 1990. Anshuman Pandey from the same university took over the maintenance of font. Fonts can be found at CTAN and cover Tamil (U+0B80-U+0BFF).
  • Berhanu Beyene, Prof. Dr. Manfred Kudlek, Olaf Kummer, and Jochen Metzinger from the Theoretical Foundations of Computer Science, University of Hamburg, prepared a set of Ethiopic metafonts. They also maintain the home page on the Ethiopic font project. Someone converted the fonts to Type 1 format using TeXtrace, and removed some redundant control points with PfaEdit. Range: Ethiopic (U+1200-U+137F).
  • Maxim Iorsh. In 2002, Maxim Iorsh started the Culmus project, aiming at providing Hebrew-speaking Linux and Unix community with a basic collection of Hebrew fonts for X Windows. The fonts are visually compatible with URW++ Century Schoolbook L, URW++ Nimbus Sans L and URW++ Nimbus Mono L families, respectively. Range: Hebrew (U+0590-U+05FF).
  • Vyacheslav Dikonov made a Braille unicode font that could be merged with the UCS fonts to fill the 2800-28FF range completely (uniform scaling is possible to adapt it to any cell size). He also contributed a free Syriac font, whose glyphs (about half of them) are borrowed from the free Carlo Ator font. Vyacheslav also filled in a few missing spots in the U+2000-U+27FF area, e.g., the box drawing section, sets of subscript and superscript digits and capital Roman numbers. Ranges: Syriac (U+0700-U+074A), Box Drawing (U+2500-U+257F), Braille (U+2800-U+28FF).
  • Panayotis Katsaloulis helped fixing Greek accents in the Greek Extended area: (U+1F00-U+1FFF).
  • M.S. Sridhar. M/S Cyberscape Multimedia Limited, Mumbai, developers of Akruti Software for Indian Languages (http://www.akruti.com/), have released a set of TTF fonts for nine Indian scripts (Devanagari, Gujarati, Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam, Kannada, Bengali, Oriya, and Gurumukhi) under the GNU General Public License (GPL). You can download the fonts from the Free Software Foundation of India WWW site. Their original contributions to Freefont were
    • Devanagari (U+0900-U+097F)
    • Bengali (U+0980-U+09FF)
    • Gurmukhi (U+0A00-U+0A7F)
    • Gujarati (U+0A80-U+0AFF)
    • Oriya (U+0B00-U+0B7F)
    • Tamil (U+0B80-U+0BFF)
    • Telugu (U+0C00-U+0C7F)
    • Kannada (U+0C80-U+0CFF)
    • Malayalam (U+0D00-U+0D7F)
    Oriya, Kannada and Telugu were dropped from the GNU Freefont project.
  • DMS Electronics, The Sri Lanka Tipitaka Project, and Noah Levitt. Noah Levitt found out that the Sinhalese fonts available on the site metta.lk are released under GNU GPL. These glyphs were later replaced by those from the LKLUG font. Finally the range was completely replaced by glyphs from the sinh TeX font, with much help and advice from Harshula Jayasuriya. Range: Sinhala (U+0D80-U+0DFF).
  • Daniel Shurovich Chirkov. Dan Chirkov updated the FreeSerif font with the missing Cyrillic glyphs needed for conformance to Unicode 3.2. The effort is part of the Slavjanskij package for Mac OS X. range: Cyrillic (U+0400-U+04FF).
  • Abbas Izad. Responsible for Arabic (U+0600-U+06FF), Arabic Presentation Forms-A, (U+FB50-U+FDFF), Arabic Presentation Forms-B (U+FE70-U+FEFF).
  • Denis Jacquerye added new glyphs and corrected existing ones in the Latin Extended-B (U+0180-U+024F) and IPA Extensions (U+0250-U+02AF) ranges.
  • K.H. Hussain and R. Chitrajan. Rachana in Malayalam means to write, to create. Rachana Akshara Vedi, a team of socially committed information technology professionals and philologists, has applied developments in computer technology and desktop publishing to resurrect the Malayalam language from the disorder, fragmentation and degeneration it had suffered since the attempt to adapt the Malayalam script for using with a regular mechanical typewriter, which took place in 1967-69. K.H. Hussein at the Kerala Forest Research Institute has released "Rachana Normal" fonts with approximately 900 glyphs required to typeset traditional Malayalam. R. Chitrajan apparently encoded the glyphs in the OpenType table. In 2008, the Malayalam ranges in FreeSerif were updated under the advise and supervision of Hiran Venugopalan of Swathanthra Malayalam Computing, to reflect the revised edition Rachana_04. Range: Malayalam (U+0D00-U+0D7F).
  • Solaiman Karim filled in Bengali (U+0980-U+09FF). Solaiman Karim has developed several OpenType Bangla fonts and released them under GNU GPL.
  • Sonali Sonania and Monika Shah covered Devanagari (U+0900-U+097F) and Gujarati (U+0A80-U+0AFF). Glyphs were drawn by Cyberscape Multimedia Ltd., #101, Mahalakshmi Mansion 21st Main 22nd "A" Cross Banashankari 2nd stage Banglore 560070, India. Converted to OTF by IndicTrans Team, Powai, Mumbai, lead by Prof. Jitendra Shah. Maintained by Monika Shah and Sonali Sonania of janabhaaratii Team, C-DAC, Mumbai. This font is released under GPL by Dr. Alka Irani and Prof Jitendra Shah, janabhaaratii Team, C-DAC, Mumabi. janabhaaratii is localisation project at C-DAC Mumbai (formerly National Centre for Software Technology); funded by TDIL, Govt. of India.
  • Pravin Satpute, Bageshri Salvi, Rahul Bhalerao and Sandeep Shedmake added these Indic language cranges:
    • Devanagari (U+0900-U+097F)
    • Gujarati (U+0A80-U+0AFF)
    • Oriya (U+0B00-U+0B7F)
    • Malayalam (U+0D00-U+0D7F)
    • Tamil (U+0B80-U+0BFF)
    In December 2005 the team at www.gnowledge.org released a set of two Unicode pan-Indic fonts: "Samyak" and "Samyak Sans". "Samyak" font belongs to serif style and is an original work of the team; "Samyak Sans" font belongs to sans serif style and is actually a compilation of already released Indic fonts (Gargi, Padma, Mukti, Utkal, Akruti and ThendralUni). Both fonts are based on Unicode standard. You can download the font files separately. Note that Oriya was dropped from the Freefont project.
  • Kulbir Singh Thind added Gurmukhi (U+0A00-U+0A7F). Dr. Kulbir Singh Thind designed a set of Gurmukhi Unicode fonts, AnmolUni and AnmolUni-Bold, which are available under the terms of GNU license from the Punjabu Computing Resource Center.
  • Gia Shervashidze added Georgian (U+10A0-U+10FF). Starting in mid-1990s, Gia Shervashidze designed many Unicode-compliant Georgian fonts: Times New Roman Georgian, Arial Georgian, Courier New Georgian.
  • Daniel Johnson. Created by hand a Cherokee range specially for FreeFont to be "in line with the classic Cherokee typefaces used in 19th century printing", but also to fit well with ranges previously in FreeFont. Then he made Unified Canadian Syllabics in Sans, and a Cherokee and Kayah Li in Mono! And never to be outdone by himself, then did UCAS Extended and Osmanya.... What next?
    • Armenian (serif) (U+0530-U+058F)
    • Cherokee (U+13A0-U+13FF)
    • Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics (U+1400-U+167F)
    • UCAS Extended (U+18B0-U+18F5)
    • Kayah Li (U+A900-U+A92F)
    • Tifinagh (U+2D30-U+2D7F)
    • Vai (U+A500-U+A62B)
    • Latin Extended-D (Mayanist letters) (U+A720-U+A7FF)
    • Osmanya (U+10480-U+104a7)
  • George Douros, the creator of several fonts focusing on ancient scripts and symbols. Many of the glyphs are created by making outlines from scanned images of ancient sources.
    • Aegean: Phoenecian (U+10900-U+1091F).
    • Analecta: Gothic (U+10330-U+1034F)
    • Musical: Byzantine (U+1D000-U+1D0FF)&Western (U+1D100-U+1D1DF)
    • Unicode: many miscellaneous symbols, miscellaneous technical, supplemental symbols, and mathematical alphanumeric symbols (U+1D400-U+1D7FF), Mah Jong (U+1F000-U+1F02B), and the outline of the domino (U+1F030-U+1F093).
  • Steve White filled in a lot of missing characters, got some font features working, left fingerprints almost everywhere, and is responsible for these blocks: Glagolitic (U+2C00-U+2C5F), Coptic (U+2C80-U+2CFF).
  • Pavel Skrylev is responsible for Cyrillic Extended-A (U+2DEO-U+2DFF) as well as many of the additions to Cyrillic Extended-B (U+A640-U+A65F).
  • Mark Williamson made the MPH 2 Damase font, from which these ranges were taken:
    • Hanunóo (U+1720-U+173F)
    • Buginese (U+1A00-U+1A1F)
    • Tai Le (U+1950-U+197F)
    • Ugaritic (U+10380-U+1039F)
    • Old Persian (U+103A0-U+103DF)
  • Primoz Peterlin filled in missing glyphs here and there (e.g., Latin Extended-B and IPA Extensions ranges in the FreeMono family), and created the following UCS blocks:
    • Latin Extended-B (U+0180-U+024F)
    • IPA Extensions (U+0250-U+02AF)
    • Arrows (U+2190-U+21FF)
    • Box Drawing (U+2500-U+257F)
    • Block Elements (U+2580-U+259F)
    • Geometrical Shapes (U+25A0-U+25FF)
  • Jacob Poon submitted a very thorough survey of glyph problems and other suggestions.
  • Alexey Kryukov made the TemporaLCGUni fonts, based on the URW++ fonts, from which at one point FreeSerif Cyrillic, and some of the Greek, was drawn. He also provided valuable direction about Cyrillic and Greek typesetting.
  • The Sinhala font project has taken the glyphs from Yannis Haralambous' Sinhala font, to produce a Unicode TrueType font, LKLUG. These glyphs were for a while included in FreeFont: Sinhala (U+0D80-U+0DFF).

    Fontspace link. Crosswire link for Free Monospaced, Free Serif and Free Sans. Download link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

  • GNU Unifont
    [Roman Czyborra]

    Proposal for a GNU Unicode font, by Roman Czyborra. Plus bitmap and unicode related software such as bdf2hex, gif2bdf, hex2bdf, hexdraw, padcell and unifont.hex:

    • hexdraw: perl script for drawing a hexadecimla font format suggested by Czyborra.
    • hex2bdf: Hex to BDF filter (in perl).

    In 2018, GNU Unifont was made available as a free and open-source bitmap font by Roman Czyborra and Paul Hardy at Open Font Library. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    GNU Unifont (or: Unifoundry)
    [Paul Hardy]

    David Starner maintained GNU unifont, but this job is now in the hands of Paul Hardy. See also here. This pixel font comes in its own unique format and also in truetype, with converters to bdf and pcf. It covers every prinable unicode character. Alternate URL. Yet another URL. Paul Hardy writes about this full Unicode font: Initially I just posted my additions to Roman Czyborra's original unifont.hex file. Then in mid-January 2008, his website went down. So here's the whole font. Roman Czyborra has encouraged me to continue with my additions. Luis González Miranda wrote a cool combination of scripts to convert the GNU Unifont from .hex format into FontForge .sfd format, then to have FontForge convert this to a TrueType outline font (see the Unicode Utilities web page on this site for more information). Pixels are drawn as outlined squares, so they scale to all point sizes. This works well with GNOME; I haven't tried it with any other Unix windowing environment. I've removed the OpenType SBIT font link from this page because the outline font is much more flexible. The biggest improvement to the GNU Unifont was the addition of over 20,000 new CJK glyphs from version 1.1 of Qianqian Fang's Unibit font. The Unibit font began as a combination of the original GNU Unifont and a basic CJK bitmap font placed in the public domain by the People's Republic of China. It adopted the GNU Unifont's scheme of 8x16 and 16x16 glyphs. Qianqian Fang and many others then added about 10,000 more glyphs. Qianqian states in the Unibit distribution: "The entire CJK Unified Ideographics (U4E00-U9FA5) and CJK Unified Ideographics Extension A(U3400-U4DB5) blocks were replaced by high-quality glyphs from China National Standard GB19966-2005 (public domain)."

    In 2018, GNU Unifont was made available as a free and open-source bitmap font by Roman Czyborra and Paul Hardy at Open Font Library. [Google] [More]  ⦿


    Great page that permits Unicode character description and search. A great tool. Browse by character, script, and so forth. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Graphic Description Language (GDL)

    Developed at the Summer Institute of Linguistics, this language is designed to provide Windows applications with advanced features for the use of all languages (but especially those not supported because of economic infeasiblity). It is the missing link between a font and an application and has more flexibility than OpenType. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Graphite Fonts

    This site has a number of free truetype fonts, such as SILDoulos PigLatinDemo (2000, Summer Institute of Linguistics), NeoAssyrianRAI (2001, a Sumero-Akkadian Cuneiform font by Karljuergen G. Feuerherm), DoulosSIL (2002, a big Unicode-compliant font), PadaukSuper (2003, Burmese font), Code2000 (2003, James Kass's huge unicode font; the version here is called Code2000 Tamil Graphite) Koli Nko Manden (1999, by the Fakoli Corporation for the West African language N'Ko). [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Greek Font Archive: unicode Fonts

    Peter Gainsford's table of Greek unicode fonts, with links, licensing info, and personal remarks and comparisons. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Greek unicode

    Greek UNICODE compliant (8859-7) Helvetica and Courier fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Griechische Schrift

    Nice page (in German) about the use and installation of Greek fonts for PC, Mac and UNIX. Focus on Greek Unicode compliant fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Hebrew Multimode Font

    Fourmilab's Hebrew Multimode font in truetype : free, it attempts to correctly display Hebrew documents in three of the most widely-encountered encodings. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Herman Miller

    Herman Miller made several typefaces for Kolagian languages (runes): Kisuna, MizarianUni, OlaeUni, ZireenUni, CispaNormal, OlaetyanNormal, Thryomanes, Zirinka (font used for Zireen languages including Zírí:nká and Zharranh), Lhoerr (font used for Jarrda and Jaghri), Pintek (Braille-type font), Velika, Minza, Lindiga, Teamouse VS, Tirelat (2001), Ludireo, Tilya, Czirehlat.

    TIPANormal, ThrIPANormal and ThrSAMPANormal are fonts designed for phonetics. Livagian (2003) has a reasonable character set. TeamouseLX, TeamouseVS, TeamouseVS (all 2001) are Miller's versions of Times Roman.

    He also made the unicode font Thryomanes (fully accented Times, with Greek, Latin, Celtic/uncial and Cyrillic).

    FTP source. Direct link. Older alternate URL. Fontspace link. Dafont link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Hiran Venugopalan

    Engineering student (Bachelor of Technology degree from Vidya Academy of Science and Technology, University of Calicut) and free software advocate who has had a hand in setting up PLUS, FSUGTSR, GNU Labs, FCI, moving republic and Swathanthra Malayalam Computing. Creator of the free handwriting font Rufscript (2007), entirely made with open source tools: GIMP, Inkscape, Font Forge, and GEdit. The letters are based on the hand of Lithu K. Kumar. Kernest links: Lithu K Kumar, Hiran Venugopalan. He is working on Dyuthi, an ornamental Malayalam Unicode font, and on Perizia, a non-symmetric ornamental typographic Unicode font. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Indrek Hein
    [Letter Database]

    [More]  ⦿

    Inuktitut Encoding Test Site

    Inuktitut standards and codes by Michael Everson. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    IPA in Unicode

    Professor John C. Wells (Department of Phonetics and Linguistics, University College London) tells about displaying Unicode phonetic symbols. Fonts with these capabilities include

    • Arial Unicode MS
    • Code 2000
    • Lucida Sans Unicode
    • MS Mincho
    The first three of these fonts are freely downloadable from the site. There is plenty of other information too, including the unicode tables for phonetic symbols. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    ISO 10646 fixed font

    Bitmap (screen) font being developed by Cambridge's Markus Kuhn. Here is what he writes: "The ISO 10646 fixed font is now almost ready; it has already around 1000 characters at the moment, covering all of WGL4, all block graphics, all of ISO 8859 except Arabic/Thai/Celtic, and much more. I'll add a few less frequently required European characters over the weekend (e.g., for Irish Celtic, Skolt Sami, Romania, etc.) in order to fullfill the character set requirements of the European Commission, and we have to do a bit of quality assurance work, but basically it is ready." [Google] [More]  ⦿

    ISO 8859-1

    Coding that supports the following languages: Afrikaans, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Faeroese, Finnish, French, German, Galician, Irish, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish and Swedish. See also here, here, here, here, here, here, here, and here. More specifically, other ISO-8859 groups are as follows:

    • 8859-1 Europe, Latin America
    • 8859-2 Eastern Europe
    • 8859-3 SE Europe
    • 8859-4 Scandinavia (mostly covered by 8859-1 also)
    • 8859-5 Cyrillic
    • 8859-6 Arabic
    • 8859-7 Greek
    • 8859-8 Hebrew
    • 8859-9 Latin5, same as 8859-1 except for Turkish instead of Icelandic
    • 8859-10 Latin6, for Eskimo/Scandinavian languages
    [Google] [More]  ⦿

    ISO 8859-2 resources

    ISO 8859-2 character set is a part of ISO 8859 series of 8-bit character sets for writing in Western alphabetic languages (i.e. Latin, Cyrillic, Arabic, Hebrew and Greek). Primoz Peterlin provides many links to font resources for this set of characters. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    ISO--IEC 8859-10:1998 to Unicode

    Ken Whistler lists the official Unicode version with on each line, the ISO/IEC 8859-10 code (in hex as 0xXX), the Unicode (in hex as 0xXXXX), and the Unicode name. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    J. Victor Gaultney

    Type designer (b. Minneapolis, MN, 1962) at SIL International, UK since 1991, and an ex-M.A. student in type design at the University of Reading. He has worked on non-Latin typefaces, as well as his own extended Latin design, Gentium (2002). [Download from places such as OFL and FreeBSD]. Gentium Plus supports a wide range of Latin, Greek and Cyrillic characters. It was developed between 2003 and 2014 by J. Victor Gaultney (main designer), Annie Olsen, Iska Routamaa, an Becca Hirsbrunner.

    Papers by him include Multitudinous Alphabets: The design of extended Latin typefaces (2001), The influence of pen-based letterforms on Devanagari typefaces (2001), Balancing Typeface Legibility and Economy, Gentium---A Typeface for The Nations, Problems of Diacritic Design, and "Problems of diacritic design for Latin script text typefaces" (2002). The last one is a must-read.

    Projects in which he is the main or only designer include SIL Dai Banna Fonts, SIL Tai Dam Fonts, SIL Greek Font System, SIL IPA Fonts, and SIL Encore Fonts. At ATypI 2004 in Prague, he spoke about the technical problems with East European type. In 2008, he published Gentium Basic and Gentium Book Basic, each in four weights, but essentially limited to Latin, and added them to the Google Font Directory link.

    At ATypI 2010 in Dublin, he spoke about sculptural letterer Arnold Flaten (1900-1976). Speaker at ATypI 2011 in Reykjavik. Speaker at ATypI 2013 in Amsterdam: Open and collaborative font design in a web fonts world. Speaker at ATypI 2017 Montreal.

    Kernest link. Klingspor link. Google Plus link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    James Kass

    Ripon, CA-based designer of Code2000, Code2001 and Code2002, free Unicode fonts. The shareware font Code2000 has 36000 glyphs, including Japanese and all European languages. He has free downloadable Unicode charts, info on Unicode in Netscape/HTML, the freeware Ol Cemet' (or JKSantal) font. His free Code2001 includes Old Persian Cuneiform, Deseret, Tengwar, Cirth, Old Italic, Gothic, Aegean Numbers, Cypriot Syllabary, Pollard Script, and Ugaritic. James Kass is located in Lake Isabella, CA. Discussion by the typophiles (with complaints about the wide spacing, the letters g, 2, J, and other typographic matters). The font is the default at the JSTOR site.

    Fontspace link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Japanese Unicode Fonts

    Japanese Unicode font page by David McCreedy. Has tens of downloads as well. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Java archive

    Archive at a mysterious site: CourierThai, CourierThai-Bold, CourierThai-Bold-Italic, CourierThai-Italic, Lucida-Bright-Demibold, Lucida-Bright-Demibold-Italic, Lucida-Bright-Italic, Lucida-Bright-Regular, Lucida-Sans-Demibold, Lucida-Sans-Demibold-Oblique, Lucida-Sans-Oblique, Lucida-Sans-Typewriter-Regular, Lucida-Sans-Typewriter-Bold, Lucida-Sans-Typewriter-Bold-Oblique, Lucida-Sans-Typewriter-Oblique, Lucida-Sans-Regular, Monotype-Sans-Duospace-WT-J, Thonburi, Thonburi-Bold, Thonburi-Bold-Italic, Thonburi-Italic, Times-New-Roman-WT-J. These are mostly for Thai, but the Monotype-Sans and Times-Roman fonts are substantial 30-megabyte monsters that cover most of the world's scripts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Johannes Bergerhausen

    Johannes Bergerhausen (b. 1965, Bonn, Germany), studied Visual Communication at the University of Applied Sciences in Düsseldorf. From 1993 to 2000, he lived and worked in Paris. First he collaborated with the Founders of Grapus, Gérard Paris-Clavel and Pierre Bernard, then he founded his own office. He returned to Germany in 2000, where he is Professor of Typography at the University of Applied Sciences in Mainz (since 2002). In 2003, together with Paris-Clavel, he published the font "LeBuro" at ACME Fonts, London. At ATypI 2004 in Prague, he spoke about Decoding Unicode. He describes his Unicode character collection project at Typotechnica 2005.

    In 2012, he was awarded with the Designpreis in Gold of the Federal Republic of Germany. He is currently working on a digital cuneiform font.

    Author, with Siri Poarangan, of decodeunicode: Die Schriftzeichen der Welt (2011, Verlag Hermann Schmidt Mainz). This text shows all 109.242 typographic symbols in the Unicode standard at the time of its publication. Speaker at ATypI 2018 in Antwerp, during which (jointly with Morgane Pierson) he published a silkscreen poster with 292 glyphs, representing all 292 known writing systems of the world, together with their names, regions, and timeframes. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    John Hudson

    [More]  ⦿

    John Hudson
    [Society of Biblical Literature]

    [More]  ⦿

    John Jenkins

    Organizer of the font collection for the Unicode charts. He contributed the fonts for KangXi and the CJK radicals. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    John M. Fiscella
    [Production First Software]

    [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

    Jonathan Rosenne

    Jonathan's Hebrew page about Hebrew standards and ISO 8859-8. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Jost Gippert
    [TITUS Unicode Greek]

    [More]  ⦿

    Juan-José Marcos García

    [More]  ⦿

    Jukka Korpela
    [Tutorial on character codes]

    [More]  ⦿


    Kalinga and Kalinga Bold are the default Odia / Oriya fonts in Microsoft's Vista. According to Migrating to Unicode from Legacy Systems (Nisam Ali), these are some of the highest quality Unicode Odia fonts available in 2015. [Google] [More]  ⦿


    FTP Truetype font archive for Windows. Access via http. Contains several Unicode fonts such as Arial Black, Georgia, and Vera Humana. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Kirillica Nova Unicode

    At Christoph Singer's page, we find his old Cyrillic typeface Kirillica Nova Unicode (1999). [Google] [More]  ⦿

    KI's Atelier Moonglow

    Japanese foundry, est. 2003, which made the (incomplete) kana/Latin display font Doraemoji, the Hankyu Station font, 55font*, DOUTOR (stencil), The-Font-of-DRUAGA-, guruhude (curly kana), HABBO, KAIJI-no-"ZAWA", Laundry, PSX! (2003, futuristic design), Quintetto, UNAO-JAPON-PRO (handwritten kanji face), UNAO-JAPON, UO-FONT, womusubikun, Strawberry (2004), Goonies (2004), Siusendo (2004, handwritten kanji face), Hentaikana (2004), Osushi (2004, sushi ding font), Strawberry, Ozen (2004, sushi ding font). Alternate URL. Font names: 70:nine-round, Akou-47, 70:ARAHABIKA, 70:BIKKORO, 70:D-FONT, DORAEMOJI, 70:DOTTY-SQUARE, 70:DOUToU, 70:The-Font-of-DRUAGA, 70:GOOONIES, GuruguruFudemoji, 70:HABOBO, 70:Hankyu-Station, HenTaiKana, 70:O-DE-N, 70:O-SU-SHI, 70:PSPS, 70:Quintetto, 70:reclining-chair, Siusen-Do-Font, Siusen-Do-Font, 70:SPOOK, 70:-STRAWBERRY-, 70:Sakura-Valuation-Stamp, 70:Syouwa-Nostalgie, 70:TIROLING, 70:TOYBOX, UNAO-JAPON-pro--new--, UNAO-JAPON-PRO, UNAO-JAPON, 70:UO-FONT, 70:womusubikun, 70:Wonta, 70:ZAWA-ZAWA, 70:Laundry, 70:Mushroom-Land, 70:M*O*O*N*G*L*O*W (moon phases). [Google] [More]  ⦿

    [Sebastian Kempgen]

    KODEKS is the German slavistics server run by Professor Sebastian Kempgen from the University of Bamberg. Kempgen's fonts include

    • Eckige Glagolica and Runde Glagolica, both for Glagolitic.
    • The mediaeval Cyrillic face Preslav.
    • Kliment (2005). For old church slavonic, covering all of these: Altkirchenslawisch, Altrussisch, Altbulgarisch, Altserbisch, Old Russian, Old Bulgarian, OCS, Old Serbian). It can be downloaded here and here.
    • Kiril, RomanCyrillicStd (2003) and CampusRomanStd (2008) are free fonts designed for slavic language specialists. The latter two fonts are quite complete and unicode-compliant since 2007. RomanCyrillic Std has more than 4,400 characters as of 2020, and supports Unicode 12 (2019) and 13 (2020). It covers monotonic and polytonic Greek, Cyrillic with all historic variants, Soviet additions to the Cyrillic Alphabet (Kazakh, etc.), IPA phonetic characters and much more.
    • The BukyVede font (2008), which is used by the journal "Polata knigopisnaja" (Mario Capaldo and William R. Veder, eds.), published by William R. Veder&Michael Bakker, Slavisch Seminarium, Amsterdam. It is based on CyrillicaOhrid and GlagolicaBulgarian (with additions from Rumen Lazov), and adapted to Unicode 5.1, and enhanced by William R. Veder, Chicago. Final touches, additional characters and font generation by Sebastian Kempgen.
    • Method Std is the Unicode 5.1 version of the Method font series originally created by the author, Sebastian Kempgen, in the 1980's. The blueprint for this font is the classic printing type devised by slavists and used in learned editions of Old Church Slavonic texts.
    • Via MacCampus, which he seems to run, he published Breitkopf Fraktur (2008, with Sascha Selke) and Trubetzkoy (2005, a serif typeface for phonetics).

    FontShop link. [Google] [More]  ⦿


    Another great 400+ Russian TrueType archive. All fonts here are Unicode! [Google] [More]  ⦿

    LangBox International Arabic Support for UNIX

    Arabic support for UNIX (commercial product), including some font solutions. Code set and font set include the following: Codeset ISO 8859-6, ASMO 449 plus, ASMO 708, Fontset iso-8859-6-8, Fontset iso-8859-6-16. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Languages and Standardizations in Asian Countries

    A list of languages and standardizations for Asia. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Languages, fonts and encodings

    Great page by Konstantin Kazarnovsky on encodings and code pages for many languages, especially Cyrillic. Lots of details on Truetype. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Large Unicode fonts
    [Alan Wood]

    Alan Wood lists and discusses the main free Unicode fonts. As of 2010, these include:

    • AbRomanSerif (3805 glyphs, Language Geek).
    • Alphabetum (5444 glyphs, by Juan José Marcos). For classical and mediaeval Latin, classical Greek, Coptic, Old and Middle English, and Sanskrit, but also includes characters for most Latin-based European languages and Esperanto.
    • Andika Basic (838 glyphs, SIL).
    • Andron Scriptor Web (1600 glyphs, Medieval Unicode Fiont Initiative).
    • Arev Sans (2851 glyphs, arev Fonts): based on Bitstream Vera Sans.
    • Arial (3381 glyphs, Microsoft).
    • Arial Unicode MS (50377 glyphs, Microsoft). Supplied with Microsoft Office 2002 (XP) and Microsoft Office 2003.
    • Berling Antiqua (842 glyphs).
    • Caslon (3551 glyphs, George Williams).
    • Charis SIL (4661 glyphs, SIL).
    • Chrysanthi Unicode (4383 glyphs) .
    • CN-Arial (3069 glyphs, Chan-Nguyen).
    • CN-Times (2866 glyphs, Chan-Nguyen).
    • Code2000 (63546 glyphs, James Kass).
    • Courier New (3151 glyphs). Supplied with Microsoft Windows Vista.
    • DejaVu Sans (5466 glyphs). Based on Bitstream Vera Sans.
    • DejaVu Sans Condensed (5466 glyphs).
    • DejaVu Sans Mono (3169 glyphs). Based on Bitstream Vera Sans Mono.
    • DejaVu Serif (3064 glyphs). Based on Bitstream Vera Serif.
    • DejaVu Serif Condensed (3064 glyphs).
    • Dialekt Uni (1400 glyphs). Mainly for phoentics.
    • Doulos SIL (4661 glyphs, SIL).
    • e-PhonTranslit UNI (684 glyphs). Supplied withthe Indolipi package.
    • EversonMono (6396 glyphs, Michael Everson).
    • Fixedsys Excelsior 3.01 (5993 glyphs).
    • Free Idg Serif (6256 glyphs).
    • Free Monospaced (2560 glyphs).
    • Free Sans (3999 glyphs).
    • Free Serif (7971 glyphs).
    • Frutiger Linotype (840 glyphs, Linotype). Supplied with Microsoft Reader.
    • Gandhari Unicode (2265 glyphs, Andrew Glass). Designed for romanisation of Sanskrit and Gandhari.
    • Garava (1319 glyphs, Michael Best).
    • Gentium (1699 glyphs, Victor Gaultney, SIL).
    • GentiumAlt (1699 glyphs, Victor Gaultney, SIL).
    • Hindsight Unicode (2894 glyphs, Darren Rigby).
    • jGaramond (1849 glyphs).
    • Junicode (3096 glyphs, Peter S. Baker). Intended for mediaevalists.
    • Kliment Std (2849 glyphs, Kodeks).
    • Kurdish AllAlphabets (694 glyphs, Ernst Tremel). Intended for Kurdish.
    • LeedsUni (2976 glyphs, Alec McAllister).
    • Legendum (1151 glyphs).
    • Linux Biolinum O (2418 glyphs, Libertine Open Fonts Project).
    • Linux Libertine O (2432 glyphs, Libertine Open Fonts Project).
    • Lucida Bright (1402 glyphs). Supplied with Java Runtime 1.4.2.
    • Lucida Grande (2826 glyphs). Supplied with Apple - Safari 3 Public Beta.
    • Lucida Sans (Java) (2929 glyphs). Supplied with Java Runtime 1.4.2.
    • Lucida Sans (Star Office) (2094 glyphs). Supplied with Sun’s StarOffice 5.2 for Windows.
    • Lucida Sans Typewriter (Java) (1376 glyphs). Supplied with Java Runtime 1.4.2.
    • Lucida Sans Typewriter (Star Office) (1142 glyphs). Supplied with Sun's StarOffice 5.2 for Windows.
    • Lucida Sans Unicode (1779 glyphs). Supplied with Microsoft Windows Vista
    • Marin (3566 glyphs).
    • MD King KhammuRabi (1296 glyphs, Michael Davodian). Mainly for Assyrian, Aramaic, Caldean, Soryoyo, Ashoraya.
    • Microsoft Sans Serif (1997) (3053 glyphs, Microsoft). Supplied with Windows Vista. Version 1.41 (2301 characters, 2257 glyphs) was supplied with Windows XP SP2. Version 1.02 (1090 glyphs) was supplied with Microsoft Windows 2000 and Windows XP.
    • Minion Pro (1663 glyphs, Adobe). Supplied with Adobe Reader 7.
    • Monospace (2862 glyphs, George Williams).
    • MPH 2B Damase (2895 glyphs, Mark Williamson).
    • MS Reference Sans Serif (1193 glyphs). Supplied with Microsoft Encarta.
    • MS Reference Serif (1135 glyphs). Supplied with Microsoft Encarta.
    • Myriad Pro (834 glyphs, Adobe). Supplied with Adobe Reader 7.
    • Quivira (7742 glyphs, Alexander Lange).
    • Reader Sans (1291 glyphs).
    • RomanCyrillic Std (3450 glyphs, Kodeks). Also known as CampusRoman Std.
    • Roman Unicode (3923 glyphs).
    • Rupakara (394 glyphs, Michael Everson).
    • Summersby (1010 glyphs).
    • Tahoma (3301 glyphs, Microsoft). Supplied with Microsoft Windows Vista.
    • Thryomanes (1472 glyphs, Herman Miller). Mainly for old Greek.
    • Times New Roman (3380 glyphs). Supplied with Microsoft Windows Vista. Version 2.82 (1170 characters) was supplied with Windows 2000 and Windows XP.
    • TITUS Cyberbit Basic (10044 glyphs).
    • Verajja (1264 glyphs, Michael Best).
    • Verdana (911 glyphs, Microsoft). Supplied with Microsoft Windows Vista. Version 2.35 (680 characters) was supplied with Windows 2000 and Windows XP.
    Suppliers of commercial Unicode fonts: [Google] [More]  ⦿

    [Michael Everson]

    The Last Resort font is a collection of glyphs to represent types of Unicode characters. These glyphs are designed to allow users to recognize that an encoded value is one of the following: a specific type of Unicode character; in the Private Use Area (no private agreement exists); unassigned (reserved for future assignment); one of the illegal character codes. Apple's LastResort font was first included in Mac OS 8.5 in 1998, for the benefit of applications using Apple Type Services for Unicode Imaging (ATSUI). It is also used in Mac OS X. In 2001, for the second release of OS X, the Last Resort font design was revised to include the border text and was re-digitized, and extended in 2002 by Michael Everson of Evertype, who continues to update it with each new release of Unicode. Apple has now made the Last Resort font available for free download from the Unicode website. Wiki entry. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Lateef Sagar Shaikh

    Naqsh is a free OpenType font by Lateef Sagar Shaikh with tons of diacritics for a handwritten Mistral-like character set, as well as a full Arabic character set with appropriate opentype tables for the Nastalique way of writing context-sensitive Arabic. The Latin part was designed by Umar Rashid. The font is compliant with many Unicode tables. See also here and here. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Letter Database
    [Indrek Hein]

    Indrek Hein's online character database, based in Estonia. Invaluable data base of all unicode letters, with pictures! (Only the Asian languages are missing, but it is complete for all East-European languages, for example.) [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Libertine Open Fonts Project
    [Philipp H. Poll]

    Now, here is a project with a name I like! This project by Philipp H. Poll has been started in order to create fonts that can be released under the GNU Public License. As of early 2005, we have the following Times New Roman lookalikes: LLibertineCaps, LinLibertine, LinLibertine-Italic, LinLibertineBd. Libertine Grotesque is next on the list of things to do. The fonts came in truetype and fontforge (SFD) text formats, but have now been extended to include opentype and type 1 as well. Linux Libertine covers a big range of Unicode, including all characters in MES-1 (Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Breton, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Esperanto, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, Frensh, Frisian, Galician, German, Greenlandic, Hungarian, Icelandic, Irish Gaelic (new orthography), Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Luxemburgish, Maltese, Manx Gaelic, Moldavian (with restrictions), Northern Sámi, Norwegian, Occitan, Polish, Portuguese, Rhaeto-Romanic, Romanian (with restrictions), Scottish Gaelic, Slovak, Slovenian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Welsh (with restrictions)), IPA, Greek, Cyrillic, math symbols, and a host of other symbol and language sets. TeX archive. The typophiles are not impressed. Charles Ellertson writes: The bowl of the "a" doesn't fit other letters, the top and terminal of the "f" doesn't know where it is going, the descender of the "y" doesn't balance quite right, and the serif on the upper arm of the "z" (which probably reminded the original poster of Caslon) seems out of place. I get the impression, again from the small sample, that the font doesn't quite know whether it is supposed to be slightly condensed or slightly expanded.

    In 2007, the following weights are available: Normal, Kursiv, Fett, Fett Kursiv, Kapitaelchen, Unterstrichen, Grotesk. As a measure of the success of the font, we find that is now used on the logo of Wikipedia.

    As a companion font, they offer Linux Biolinum (2010): The Biolinum is an organic sans-serif and could be also described as organogrotesque (non-linear sans serif). It is still in a beta stage. Biolinum is meant for emphasizing titles but could be used also for short passages of text. For longer texts a serif font such as the Libertine should be used in favour of readability The Biolinum has the same vertical metrics and visual weight as the Libertine, so that it fits perfectly to the Libertine and can be also used for emphasizing within the body text. In 2017, Biolilbert was born out of Biolinum. Biolilbert's name is a portmanteau from Biolinum and Hilbert.

    In 2012, Bob Tennent created type 1 versions of Biolinum and Libertine.

    In 2016, LibertineGC was published by Michael Sharpe at CTAN, adding LaTeX support files for Greek (essentially complete LGR, supporting monotonic, polytonic and ancient features) and Cyrillic.

    Another effort at corrections was undertaken by Khaled Hosny in 2016 in his Libertinus family. The Libertinus font family is a fork of Linux Libertine and Linux Biolinum with many bug fixes and improvements. Also included are Libertinus Math, Libertinus Serif (from Lunux Libertine), Libertinus Sans (forked from Linux Biolinum) and Libertinus Mono (from Linux Libertine Mono). Github link. CTAN link for Libertinus, maintained by Herbert Voss.

    Dafont link. Fontspace link. CTAN link for Libertineotf. CTAN link for Libertine download. Klingspor link. Klingspor link. CTAN link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Local Font List

    An automated web-based tool for the display of the fonts on your local system. Font support for Unicode characters with a list of the most common fonts that have Unicode support. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Lucius Hartmann
    [Altgriechische Zeichensätze]

    [More]  ⦿

    Mac OS text encoding

    Character encodings for Mac OS systems for most foreign languages. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Macintosh Esperanto Code Table

    Mac Esperanto code table by Michael Everson. [Google] [More]  ⦿


    Free Greek fonts in the Polytonistis software pack. Windows. Alternate URL for MgAntique, MgAvantG, MgBodoni, MgFuture, MgOldTimes. There are also sets of unicode fonts for Greek (single accent and multiaccent/polytonic), Latin, Turkish, and West and East European languages. This site carries these free Magenta Latin/Greek fonts, made in 2004: MgOpenCanonica-Bold, MgOpenCanonica-BoldItalic, MgOpenCanonica-Italic, MgOpenCanonica, MgOpenCosmetica-Bold, MgOpenCosmetica-BoldOblique, MgOpenCosmetica-Oblique, MgOpenCosmetica, MgOpenModata-Bold, MgOpenModata-BoldOblique, MgOpenModata-Oblique, MgOpenModata, MgOpenModerna-Bold, MgOpenModerna-BoldOblique, MgOpenModerna-Oblique, MgOpenModerna. The latter fonts were implemented/digitized by Alexias Zavras and Konstantinos Margarites. They can be modified and used for further development, in the style of the Bitstream Vera fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Manicule in Unicode

    Manicules (pointing fingers, aka fists) have six positions in the Unicode table:

    • Black left pointing index: U+261A
    • Black right pointing index: U+261B
    • White left pointing index: U+261C
    • White up pointing index: U+261D
    • White right pointing index: U+261E
    • White down pointing index: U+261F
    [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Manual.su's Project

    A hub for free Unicode fonts for most languages. The page has ads, but also a nice collection of typefaces. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Mark Leisher
    [Unicode BDF fonts]

    [More]  ⦿

    Mark Williamson

    Designer of a public domain Unicode font in 2005 called MPH 2B Damase. It can be found here. Created by Mark Williamson, it covers Armenian, Cherokee, Coptic (Bohairic subset), Cypriot Syllabary, Cyrillic (Russian and other Slavic languages), Deseret, Georgian (Asomtavruli and Nuskhuri but no Mkhedruli), Glagolitic, Gothic, Greek (including Coptic characters), Hebrew, Latin, Limbu, Linear B (partial coverage of ideograms and syllabary), Old Italic, Old Persian cuneiform, Osmanya, Phoenician, Shavian, Syloti Nagri (no conjuncts), Tai Le (no combining tone marks), Thaana, Tifinagh, Ugaritic, Vietnamese. See also here. The font is used by the popular Debian Linux software. Mark Williamson also designed a free fonts for Osmanya, Ugaritic and Shavian called Andagii (2003). His Penuturesu covers Linear B.

    Mark contributed to the GNU Freefont project, which used these ranges:

    • Hanunó?o (U+1720-U+173F)
    • Buginese (U+1A00-U+1A1F)
    • Tai Le (U+1950-U+197F)
    • Ugaritic (U+10380-U+1039F)
    • Old Persian (U+103A0-U+103DF)

    Dafont link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Markus Kuhn
    [UTF-8 for UNIX]

    [More]  ⦿

    Matt Neuburg
    [Unicode and Mac OS X]

    [More]  ⦿

    Michael Everson

    [More]  ⦿

    Michael Everson
    [Evertype (was: Everson Typography)]

    [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

    Michel Bottin
    [Ecritures du monde]

    [More]  ⦿

    Mihail Bayaryn

    Minsk, Belarus-based designer in 2005 of the Hindi fonts Chandas and Uttara. Latin and Cyrillic glyphs were added from DejaVu font and modified according to GPL by Dharmo Raksati Raksitah. I quote: The font contains 4347 glyphs: 325 half-forms, 960 half-forms context-variations, 2743 ligature-signs. It is designed especially for Vedic and Classical Sanskrit but can also be used for Hindi, Nepali and other modern Indian languages. The font includes Vedic accents and many additional signs and provides maximal support for Devanagari script. In version 1.1 were added Latin and Cyrillic characters and corresponding Open Type tables for Sanskrit transliteration. Chandas font represents Southern (most commonly used today) style of Devanagari script. And Uttara font represents Northern style of Devanagari Script. These styles are sometimes also called Bombay (Southern, contemporary) and Calcutta (Northern, old) pen families accordingly. Uttara is today the only Devanagari OTF font which supports Northern variations in simple glyphs and in ligatures.

    He also created the free Devanagari Unicode opentype font Siddhanta. Siddhanta font home page. The font can be used for Sanskrit, Vedic, Hindi, Nepali and other languages which use the Devanagari script. Siddhanta supports many ligature variations and script variations---Calcutta, Bombay and Nepali styles.

    Google Plus link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Misc-Fixed ISO 10646-1 Outline Font Project
    [Ulf Jordan]

    Ulf Jordan's project "is aimed at producing a free software outline version of the classic bitmapped misc-fixed terminal fonts, with the same coverage as Markus G. Kuhn's extended ISO 10646-1 version of the screen fonts." Jordan is a student at Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden. For now, the fonts (Misc-Fixed) are in PostScript only. GNU licensing. [Google] [More]  ⦿


    Czech site with several free fonts developed in a mathematically precise manner:

    • A Unicode-compliant serifed typeface Mides (2004), which has well over a thousand glyphs and fills most of the early part of the Unicode table.
    • Tapir (2004; a sans family with simple geometric shapes and lines of constant thickness comes in metafont and type 1).
    • Faldix.
    • Fixka (handprinting style glyphs), FixkaBold, FixkaBoldItalic, FixkaItalic.
    • TriGande (a sans family), TriGandeB lunet, TriGandeBlunetBold, TriGandeBlunetBoldItalic, TriGandeBlunetItalic, TriGandeBold, TriGandeBoldItalic, TriGandeItalic.
    • Zabyris, ZabyrisBold.
    • Bobdel.
    • Boisik (2008) is a 20-font Baskerville-inspired metafont family with math symbols and full Czech accents. It has an Opentype version as well.
    Most typefaces come in type 1 and metafont versions. Metafont-only typefaces include Bobdel, Midings and Mishapes. Alternate URL for Tapir. I can't figure out who designed these typefaces. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Mitiya Masuda
    [Systema 81]

    [More]  ⦿

    Mitiya Masuda

    Japanese designer of the quite interesting Konatu family (Konatu, Konatu Tohaba): Latin, Cyrillic, dingbats, kanji, kana, the works. Konatu seems most appropriate for setting programs and lettering architectural drawings. A later update of this is called Systema 21. [Google] [More]  ⦿


    Free Courier-like set of type 1 typefaces by George Williams that cover Latin, Cyrillic and Greek. Unicode and ISO-8859 versions. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Multilingual Unicode TrueType Fonts on the Internet
    [Christoph Singer]

    Free Unicode fonts and font links compiled by Christoph Singer. Special attention is paid to East European and Cyrillic fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Myanmar NLP

    Burmese foundry, active from 2005 until 2009. Myanmar Natural Language Processing (NLP) Research Center is a non-profit organization (NPO) as well as a non-government organization (NGO), mostly supported by Myanmar Computer Federation. It was formed with the aim solely for the development of IT in Myanmar Their fonts include Myanmar 1 and 3 Unicode. Fontspace link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Nelson Beebe

    Nelson Beebe's "Notes on fonts". Useful starting page of links. Has subpages on font names, Unicode, fonts in TEX. [Google] [More]  ⦿


    Nepali is written in the Devanagari (or 'Nagari' script), which is also used for Hindi, Marathi and Sanskrit. Nepali Devanagari has 11 vowels and 33 consonants and is largely phonetic, which means that the pronunciation closely resembles the writing system. Unicode is an international organization that provides a standard encoding for all of the world's major languages. Nepali is included in the Unicode standard, under Devanagari. This PDF file shows the code chart for Devanagari from the Unicode website. Unicode Nepali Font Guide. [Google] [More]  ⦿


    The LucidaSans at this site is a Unicode font covering all European languages, plus dingbats, Arabic, Cyrillic and Hebrew. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    New math symbols for Unicode

    Recent additions to Unicode include a number of math symbols. These were the result of efforts by STIX, a consortium of scientific and technical publishers. The STIX rep is Barbara Beeton (from the American Mathematical Society) who writes: " The STIX work will ultimately result in creation of type 1 math symbol fonts, to be freely available. This is also being coordinated with the work on mathml. Actually, this reference comprises pretty much all of unicode, excluding the bulk of the cjk characters. Unicode version 3.2, which is in its final cleanup at this very moment, will contain even more than what's in the referenced document, but the charts are still only available for "private" review." [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Nick Nicholas

    Nick Nicholas (University of Melbourne) discusses script mixing. For example, the Wakhi from Central Asia use a mixed script of Latin, Cyrillic, and Greek letters. Among many examples, he points out that certain Greek dialects use a Latin letters to represent sounds not present in standard Greek. He also has a page on Greek Unicode issues. That page includes everything you want to know about Greek accents and Greek coding. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Nisam Ali

    In 2015, Nisam Ali wrote Migrating to Unicode from Legacy Systems on the topic of Unicode fonts for Odia / Oriya. [Google] [More]  ⦿


    JavaScript-compatible Unicode data generator. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    O. Dag

    [More]  ⦿

    On-line Unicode Maps

    View several unicode ranges on-line at Sharmahd Computing. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Open Printing Project

    Free fonts by the Information-technology Promotion Agency at this Japanese site: IPAGothic, IPAMincho, IPAPGothic, IPAPMincho, IPAUIGothic. These 2003 fonts all cover kanji, hiragana, katakana, as well as Latin, Greek and Cyrillic, and are Unicode compliant. A nice alternative for the proprietary MS Mincho and MS Gothic. See also here. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    OpenType and Unicode

    Ulrich Stiehl's authoritative in-depth discussion (in PDF file format) of how word processors cope with OpenType and Unicode (most don't, or are abysmal). Adobe InDesign appears unscathed, while most Windows apps fail the test. [Personal note: Ulrich did not include a comparison with TeX/UNIX, a combination that has easily handled all the OpenType features since the early 80s.] [Google] [More]  ⦿

    [O. Dag]

    Russian site with the Unicode fonts Palatino Linotype, Arial Unicode MS, Lucida Sans Unicode, XSerif Unicode, Bitstream Cyberbit, Code 2000. It also has the Microsoft core fonts, as well as the Cyrillic fonts Yu C Izhitsa (1990-1992, ParaGraph), VictorianCyr (1994, URW), Glagoljica Obl, and Glagoljica UGL. Alternate URL. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Osaka Arisaka Tarisaka Unicode

    A number of free Japanese unicode-compliant fonts based on the Japanese font Osaka. Arisaka stands for Arial+Osaka, and Tarisaka for Tahoma + Osaka. There are also fonts for Trebuchet + Osaka and Verdana + Osaka. Font names in 2008: ARISAKA-fix, ARISAKA, ARISAKA_AA, Arisaka-Unicode-MS---AA, Arisaka-Unicode-MS---P, Arisaka-Unicode-MS, Osaka-Unicode-MS---AA, Osaka-Unicode-MS---P, Osaka-Unicode-MS, Tarisaka-Unicode-MS---AA, Tarisaka-Unicode-MS---P, Tarisaka-Unicode-MS, Tarisaka, Trebuchet-Osaka--Provisional-, Trebuchet-P-Osaka--Provisional-, Verdana-Osaka--Provisional-, Verdana-P-Osaka--Provisional-, Osaka-Mobile. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Palatino Unicode Greek

    Cornell's Jeffrey Rusten discusses the commercial unicode polytonic Greek font Palatino Unicode Greek, developed by Michael Duggan (Roman), Geraldine Wade (Italic), Sue Lightfoot (Bold), Ian Patterson (Bold Italic). It is based on the work of Hermann Zapf, who designed Palatino for Linotype in the 50s. Palatino Unicode Greek is included in Windows 2000. [Google] [More]  ⦿


    "The goal of the Pango project is to provide an open-source framework for the layout and rendering of internationalized text. Pango is an offshoot of the GTK+ and GNOME projects, and the initial focus is operation in those environments, however there is nothing fundamentally GTK+ or GNOME specific about Pango. Pango uses Unicode for all of its encoding, and will eventually support output in all the worlds major languages. " For X/UNIX. It uses freetype and will allow all font types when finished. Free open source software, of course. [Google] [More]  ⦿


    The main digital type foundry in Russia. ParaType was established as a font department of ParaGraph International in 1989 in Moscow, Russia. At that time in the Soviet Union, all typeface development was concentrated in a state research institute, Polygraphmash. It had the most complete collection of Cyrillic typefaces, which included revivals of Cyrillic typefaces developed by the Berthold and Lehmann type foundries established at the end of 19th century in St. Petersburg, and artwork from Vadim Lazurski, Galina Bannikova, Nikolay Kudryashov and other masters of type and graphic design of Soviet time. ParaType became the first privately-owned type foundry in many years. A license agreement with Polygraphmash allows ParaType to manufacture and distribute their typefaces. Most of Polygraphmash staff designers soon moved to ParaType. In the beginning of 1998, ParaType was separated from the parent company and inherited typefaces and font software from ParaGraph. The company was directed by Emil Yakupov until February 2014. After Yakupov's death, Irina Petrova took over the reins.

    Products include FastFont, a simple TrueType builder, ParaNoise, a builder for PostScript fonts with random contours, FontLab, a universal font editor and ScanFont, a font editor with scanning module. Random, customized fonts. Multilingual fonts including, Latin, Cyrillic, Arabic, Greek, Georgian and Hebrew fonts for Macintosh and Windows.

    Catalog. Designers. Alternate URL.

    Famous typefaces by Paratype include Academy, Pragmatica, Newton, Courier, Futura, Petersburg, Jakob, Kuenstler 480, ITC Studio Script, ITC Zapf Chancery, Amore CTT (2004, Fridman), Karolla, Inform, Hafiz (Arabic), Kolheti (Georgian), Benzion (Hebrew).

    The PT Sans (Open Font Library link), PT Serif and PT Mono families (2009-2012) are free. PT stands for Public Type. Another download site. PT Sans, for example, consists of PTSans-Bold, PTSans-BoldItalic, PTSans-Caption, PTSans-CaptionBold, PTSans-Italic, PTSans-Narrow, PTSans-NarrowBold, PTSans-Regular.

    Other free ParaType fonts include Courier Cyrillic, Pushkin (2005, handwriting font), and a complete font set for Cyrillic.

    Type designers include Vladimir Yefimov, Tagir Safayev, Lyubov Kuznetsova, Manvel Schmavonyan and Alexander Tarbeev. They give this description of the 370+ library: The Russian constructivist and avant garde movements of the early 20th century inspired many ParaType typefaces, including Rodchenko, Quadrat Grotesk, Ariergard, Unovis, Tauern, Dublon and Stroganov. The ParaType library also includes many excellent book and newspaper typefaces such as Octava, Lazurski, Bannikova, Neva or Petersburg. On the other hand, if you need a pretty typeface to knock your clients dead, meet the ParaType girls: Tatiana, Betina, Hortensia, Irina, Liana, Nataliscript, Nina, Olga and Vesna (also check Zhikharev who is not a girl but still very pretty). ParaType also excels in adding Cyrillic characters to existing Latin typefaces -- if your company is ever going to do business with Eastern Europe, you should make them part of your corporate identity! ParaType created CE and Cyrillic versions of popular typefaces licensed from other foundries, including Bell Gothic, Caslon, English 157, Futura, Original Garamond, Gothic 725, Humanist 531, Kis, Raleigh, and Zapf Elliptical 711.

    Finally, ParaType offers a handwriting font service out of its office in Saratoga, CA: 120 dollars a shot.

    View the ParaType typeface library. Another view of the ParaType typeface collection. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

    Patrick Andries

    Quebec-based computer scientist who has been involved in the multilingual and Unicode world. He was one of the authors of a proposal adding Tifinagh to Unicode. He is currently working with people in France and Niger on the development of OpenType fonts to support Tuareg. He is also involved in other African scripts such as Moroccan and Sahelian Arabic and a recent script from the Congo (Mandombe). [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Paul Hardy
    [GNU Unifont (or: Unifoundry)]

    [More]  ⦿

    Paul Jones

    FontStructor who made these techno typefaces in 2010: UniCandiru2, DC2 Ghoti (Shavian alphabet), BloxFont 26 (an emulation of Bradbury Thompson's Alphabet 26 unicase font), BF26 Hollow, Heptadiox, Grdman2, AurabeshX, InterlacX (DC Comics' Interlac Alphabet), Milborough Gothic, Phonotypy2, Canidruita, UnigrafM, UnifonDC2, Alpha26, CandiruExtended, ShavianDC2, SimlishDC (artificial language face), Bloxfontexp, Phonotypy, Bloxfont Normal, Unicandiru (unicase), CompacCandiru, KozmikAycee (a Unicode font with 1724 glyphs!), Kamenwriter, DCTelStar (over 100 glyphs). The Phonotypty family is an interpretation of Issac Pitman's Phonotypy (for phonetic writing). Ancient DC2 (2011) is based on the Ancients alphabet from Stargate SG-1. Aka Dreaded Candiru2. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Peter Baker's old English page at the University of Virginia
    [Peter S. Baker]

    Peter S. Baker, an English professor at the University of Virginia, offers free TrueType and PostScript fonts. these include:

    • Anglo-Saxon Caps.
    • Beowulf-1 (1995, a pseudo-Gaelic face; BeowulfOT dates from 2018).
    • Bury Caps (2014, free at OFL). This decorative typeface was inspired by the display capitals in the 12th-century Bury Bible.
    • The elegant Carolingian typeface Eadui (2010), a reproduction of English Caroline Minuscule as written by Eadui Basan, a scribe at eleventh-century Christ Church, Canterbury.
    • Elstob (2018-2019). A variable font for for medievalists. He writes: The Elstob font, named for Elizabeth Elstob (1683-1756), a celebrated early scholar of Old English language and literature, is based on the Double Pica commissioned by Bishop John Fell (1625-1686) for the use of the Oxford University Press. Wherever possible, it is modeled on a specimen book printed in 1925 with type cast in the 1890s from the seventeenth-century matrices; digital images from the 1693 and 1706 Fell specimen books served as backup, and also an early eighteenth-century folio in which a lengthy dedication was printed in Fell's Double Pica. The type doesn't have a great reputation: the typographer Stanley Morison thought it amateurish in comparison with the excellent Fell English. However, its angular character (especially its flat or flattish serifs with minimal or no brackets) makes it well suited to adaptation as a variable font.
    • Interlace Set (2015). A dingbat font for making Hiberno-Saxon interlace patterns.
    • The important and well-designed Junius family (1996, modern hybrid Gaelic). This led to Junicode, the working name of a Unicode font for medievalists. The fonts in the latter project are Junicode-Bold, JunicodeItalic, Junicode (2002), and are by Peter S. Baker and Briery Creek Software. André G. Isaak writes: Junicode isn't the only free font for mediaevalists out there, but it's certainly one of the two most well-designed ones (the other being Andron Scriptor). I used to teach courses on the history of English and I used Junius (the predecessor of Junicode) for many of my handouts because I preferred it to all of the commercial fonts which I had looked at. In 2020, Junicode was rebuilt into JuniusX or Junicode New.

    Alternate URL. Dafont link. Open Font Library link, where he is known as psb6m. Fontspace link. Link to his foundry, Thornbec Staefwyrhtan. Github link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Peter S. Baker
    [Peter Baker's old English page at the University of Virginia]

    [More]  ⦿

    Peter Specht

    Designer who created the pixel grid typeface z001-rom (2008), Katerina (2010, almost LED face), Kinryu (2010), Kinryu No. 14 (2009), z001-rom_v10.4, Normal (2009, pixel face), Elektrogothic (2008, futuristic), Laurier Test (2009, serifed), Laurier No. 7 (2009, an extensive Unicode typeface that covers Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, most Indic languages, Thai, Hebrew, Lao, Tibetan, runic, Khmer, and mathematical, chess and other symbols), Kinryu No. 8 Regular (2009, an extension of Laurier towards Japanese), Clucky Duck (2008, rounded), and the double-scratch handwriting typeface Wild Freak (2008). [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Phil Chastney
    [Amadeus Information Systems]

    [More]  ⦿

    Philipp H. Poll
    [Libertine Open Fonts Project]

    [More]  ⦿

    Primoz Peterlin

    Slovenian font and font software specialist, who works at the Institute of Biophysics of the University of Ljubljana, Slovenia. Early on, he created type 1 outlines for the Devanagari fonts of Frans Velthuis, which dated back to ca. 1990. But his main project was the Free UCS Outline Fonts project, which was part of the Free Software Foundation. It morphed into the GNU Freefont project that set out to provide three monster fonts, FreeMono, FreeSerif and FreeSans, to cover many Unicode blocks. Primoz himself filled in missing glyphs here and there (e.g., Latin Extended-B and IPA Extensions ranges in the FreeMono family), and created the following UCS blocks:

    • Latin Extended-B (U+0180-U+024F)
    • IPA Extensions (U+0250-U+02AF)
    • Arrows (U+2190-U+21FF)
    • Box Drawing (U+2500-U+257F)
    • Block Elements (U+2580-U+259F)
    • Geometrical Shapes (U+25A0-U+25FF)
    In 2008, he ceded the command of that project to steve White. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Production First Software
    [John M. Fiscella]

    Production First Software offers edriginal, revival and historic designs and specializing in non-latin scripts including Armenian, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Thai, mathematical symbols and pi characters. It is run by John M. Fiscella in San Francisco since 1990, with most typefaces created immediately after that. John M. Fiscella designed the fonts for symbols and many of the alphabetic scripts for the unicode charts and all typefaces complky with unicode standards.

    List of typefaces: BernalPF, Blck2LineGothicPF Logo, Blck3LineGothicPF Logo, Blck4LineGothicPF Logo, CourPF, CourPF Bold, CourPF BoldOblique, CourPF Oblique, EdwardianMansePFTitling, EriePF, EuroPF-Bold, EuroPF-BoldOblique, FiftiesPopPF, GrandVictorianPFTitling, HlvPF Bold, HlvPF BoldOblique, HlvPF Medium, HlvPF Oblique, ItalianatePF, ItalianateMulticolor1PF, ItalianateMulticolor2PF, ItalianateMulticolor3PF, ItalianateSansPF, LafayettePF, LosPFBold, MisionPFAntique, MisionPFBold, MisionPFBook, MisionPFBookMetal, MisionPFLight, MisionPFTitling, PalouPFTitling, PiazzaPFScript, RadioPF, RadioCityPF, SymbolPF Bold, SymbolPF BoldItalic, SymbolPF Italic, TexMexPF, TmsPF Bold, TmsPF BoldItalic, TmsPF Cursive, TmsPF Italic, TmsPF Rom +, TmsMathPF Cursive, TmsHebWidePF Rom, UnvPF Bold, UnvPF BoldOblique, UnvPF Oblique, UnvPF Medium, UviewPF Bold, UviewPF BoldOblique, UviewPF Oblique, UviewPF Medium, ZenonPFTitling. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

    Qianqian Fang
    [Wen Quan Yi]

    [More]  ⦿

    Qianqian Fang
    [WenQuanYi Zen Hei]

    [More]  ⦿


    Quentin is based in Bordeaux, France. He developed Unipasta, a Unicode browser. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Rainer Saitel

    Site about Unicode fonts on Atari systems. But in fact, it has links for all major Unicode fonts for all systems! [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Rodney J. Decker

    Galilee is a Greek sans serif font by Rodney J. Decker (professor at Baptist Bible Seminary in Clarks Summit, PA). He writes: "My goal is a screen-optimized font for use in a web browser. The optimized (i.e., manually hinted, including delta hinting) is nearly finished, and then I will convert it to a full Unicode font, hopefully within the next year. There is also a related page with Unicode info regarding polytonic Greek here". He created Galilee Unicode Gk font (2003-2004), a sans serif font that is designed to complement Trebuchet. See also here. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Roman Czyborra
    [GNU Unifont]

    [More]  ⦿

    Ross Mills
    [STIX Fonts]

    [More]  ⦿

    Russell Cottrell

    Russell Cottrell made the Unicode Greek font Aristarcoj (2002). He also has a Unicode Greek link archive that points to Cardo (David J. Perry), GentiumAlt (Victor Gaultney), Palatino Linotype, Asia Unicode, TITUS Cyberbit, Athena, Arev Sans (Tavmjong Bah), Attika U, Kadmos U and Bosporus U (by the American Philological Association), DejaVu Serif, Dioxipe, CMU Serif, Caslon (George Williams) and Porson (Richard G. Spaulding). [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Russian Unicode Fonts

    A directory with many Cyrillic Unicode-compatible truetype fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Schluss Snörkel

    Proposed in die deutsche Schrift in 1990 as an end-of-paragraph/section/proof symbol. It never caught on with the standardization community. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Script Encoding Initiative

    The Script Encoding Initiative was set up at the Department of Linguistics of the University of California at Berkeley to fund proposals for those scripts currently missing in Unicode (and its ISO counterpart, 10646), the universal character encoding standard. It was officially established in April 2002. The contact person is Deborah Anderson, who has written extensively on the project. See for example this article, an English translation of the German article that appeared in Signa, vol. 6. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Sean Redmond

    Greek Font to Unicode Converter. Find also Athena Roman, a Unicode-compliant font by Cornell's Jeffrey Rusten (for the American Philological Association). Alternate URL for that font. This font was withdrawn by Rusten, but this site still carries it. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Sebastian Kempgen

    [More]  ⦿

    Sebastien Bruggeman

    Dutch author of Hello Chinese (Acco). He has a sub-page on Chinese fonts, and lots of links related to Chinese input, and unicode fonts for Chinese. [Google] [More]  ⦿


    A free Unicode Ethiopic font called Jiret. More Ethiopic fonts, all by EthiO Systems Company (1994-1995). [Google] [More]  ⦿


    A useful on-line tool for recognizing symbols. It returns unicode characters in decreasing order of likelihood. Great tool! [Google] [More]  ⦿


    Draw something in a box, and this site will give you the nearest unicode symbols that match it. Japanese, Korean and chinese will soon also be supported. [Google] [More]  ⦿


    Check the Shavian Unicode chart. [Google] [More]  ⦿


    Implementation of the latest unicode bidirectional algorithm. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    SIAS (or: Signographical Institute Andreas Stötzner)
    [Andreas Stötzner]

    Andreas Stötzner (b. 1965, Leipzig) is a type designer who lives in Pegau, Saxony. Graduate from the Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst Leipzig and the Royal College of Art in London (1994). Since then, free-lance. Started making typefaces in 1997. He edits the sign and symbol magazine Signa. He spoke at Typo Berlin 2004 and at ATypI 2005 in Helsinki where his talk was entitled On the edges of the alphabet. Coauthor with Tilo Richter of Signographie : Entwurf einer Lehre des graphischen Zeichens. He set up SIAS in 2006-2007 and started selling fonts through MyFonts.

    He created Andron Scriptor (2004, free), with original ideas for Greek and Cyrillic alphabets. The Andron project intends to extend this Venetian text typeface in many directions: right now, it covers Latin, Greek, Coptic, Gothic, runes, Cyrillic, Etruscan and Irish scripts, musical symbols, astronomical and meteorological symbols, and many dingbats. The Andron MC Corpus series (2012) contains Uncial, Mediaeval and Capital styles. He also created Andron 1 Monetary (2014), Andron 1 Alchemical and Andron 2 ABC (2014, for children's literature).

    On or before 2006, he created a few typefaces for Elsner & Flake. These include EF Beautilities, EF Ornamental Rules, EF Squares, EF Topographicals, EF Typoflorals, EF Typographicals, EF Typomix, EF Typosigns, EF Typospecs, EF Typostuff.

    Fonts from 2007-2010: Gramma (2007, three dingbats with basic geometric forms), Andron Corpus Publix (2007, dingbats including one called Transport), SIAS Freefont (2007, more dingbats), SIAS Lineaturen (2007, geometric dingbats) SIAS Symbols (2009), Andron Freefont (2009, text font), Andron 1 Latin Corpus (2009), Andron 1 Greek Corpus (2009), Andron Kyrillisch (2009, consisting of Andron 1 CYR, Andron 2 CYR and Andron 2 SRB where SRB stands for Serbian), Andron 2 English Corpus (2010, blackletter-inspired alphabet), Andron 2 Deutsch Corpus (2010), Andron Ornamente (2012), Reinstaedt (2009, blackletter family), Crisis (2009, economic sans).

    Lapidaria (2010) is an elegant art deco sans family that includes an uncial style and covers Greek. Hibernica (2010) is a Celtic variant of Lapidaria. Symbojet Bold (2010) is a combination of a Latin and Greek sans typeface with 400 pictograms.

    Rosenbaum (2012) is a festive blackletter face, obtained by mixing in didone elements.

    In 2013, he published Arthur Cabinet, a six-style inline art deco caps collection of typefaces, with accompanying Arthur Ornaments and Arthur Sans. Meanwhile, Andron Mega grew to 14,700 unicode glyphs in 2013.

    Typefaces from 2014: Behrens Ornaments (art nouveau ornaments based on Behrens Schuck by Peter Behrens, 1914), Fehlian (an open capitals typeface family with Plain, Gravur and Precious styles), Happy Maggie (a hand-drawn script based on Maggie's sketches when she was 13 years old), Abendschroth (for lullabies, girl's literature, murder poems, short stories and Christmas gift books), Abendschroth Scriptive, Albyona English No. 1 (as Andreas writes, suitable for children's books, fantasy literature, crime novels, natural food packaging and poison labeling, for infancy memories, vanitas kitsch items, dungeon museum bar menu cards, introductions to herbalism and witchcraft manuals), Lindau (a Venetian Jensonian typeface with considerable flaring in the ascenders), Grund (based on the 1924 art deco signage in Leipzig's Untergrundmesshalle Markt whose architect was Otto Droge), Leipziger Ornamente (based on variopus buildings in Gohlis, Leipzig, dating from the 1920s-1950s), Kaukasia Albanisch (ancient writing system of the Caucasus region, allegedly created by Mesrop Mashtots who also invented the Armenian alphabet in 405).

    Commissioned fonts include Runes (commission by Ludwig Maximilian University Munich), Lapidaria Menotec, Old Albanian, Dania (a special notation for Danish dialectology. Font extension of Latin Modern Italic (Open source), commissioned by the Arnamagnanean Institute, Copenhagen Universit).

    Typefaces from 2015: Andron 2 EIR Corpus (uncial, Gaeli), Artemis Sans (Greek version of Arthur Sans), Ardagh (a Gaelic / Irish version of Arthur Sans). Don Sans (a sturdy sans).

    Typefaces from 2016: Popelka (an uncial fairy tale font modeled after the opening sequence of the 1973 movie Drei Haselnüsse für Aschenbrödel).

    MyFonts. Behance link. Abstract Fonts link. Klingspor link.

    Showcase of Andreas Stötzner's typefaces at MyFonts. View the SIAS typeface library. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

    SIL International (or: Summer Institute of Linguistics)

    Located in Dallas, TX, est. 1934. Founded over 70 years ago, SIL International is a faith-based organization that studies, documents, and assists in developing the world's lesser-known languages. SIL's staff shares a Christian commitment to service, academic excellence, and professional engagement through literacy, linguistics, translation, and other academic disciplines. SIL makes its services available to all without regard to religious belief, political ideology, gender, race, or ethnic background. Wikipedia writes: The organization's focus on language description, language development and Bible translation, and the missionary activities carried out by many of its field workers have been criticized by linguists and anthropologists who argue that SIL aims to change indigenous cultures, which exacerbates the problems that cause language endangerment and language death.

    Fonts in Cyberspace is an archive of many multilingual fonts. SIL Fonts, free to all, and professionally put together include the following:

    • Charis SIL Font: A serif, proportionally-spaced font optimized for readability in long printed documents. Charis SIL download.
    • Doulos SIL Font: A Unicode font with a comprehensive set of characters needed for almost any Roman- or Cyrillic-based writing system (including IPA), whether for phonetic or orthographic needs.
    • Gentium: Supports a wide range of Latin-based alphabets and includes glyphs that correspond to all the Latin ranges of Unicode. Gentium Plus supports a wide range of Latin, Greek and Cyrillic characters. It was developed between 2003 and 2014 by J. Victor Gaultney (main designer), Annie Olsen, Iska Routamaa, and Becca Hirsbrunner. CTAN download link. Microsite. Open Font Library link.
    • Lateef: An extended Arabic script font for OpenType and AAT systems. See also here.
    • Nastaliq Navees: Font package for Nastaliq style of calligraphy
    • Scheherazade: An extended Arabic script font for OpenType and AAT systems. Contributors include Jonathan Kew and Bob Hallissy.
    • SIL Apparatus Fonts: Symbols used for Biblical text apparatus
    • SIL Dai Banna Fonts: Xishuangbanna Dai (New Tai Lue) fonts for Windows and Macintosh
    • SIL Encore Fonts: Library of phonetic characters and linguistic symbols. This package includes SIL Doulos (similar to Times), SIL Sophia (similar to Univers), SIL Manuscript (monospace, like Prestige), and SIL Charis (enlarged x-height). Included is Sophia Nubian (2008), which is based on an old Nubian text.
    • SIL Encore IPA Fonts: Phonetic fonts
    • SIL Font Cache Extender: This Macintosh extension increases the MacOS font cache size. It is useful when working with large fonts, such as SIL Greek, SIL Hebrew, or any GX font.
    • SIL Greek Font System (Galatia): Greek font package for Windows and Macintosh. See also here.
    • SIL Greek Unicode Font (Galatia SIL): Greek Unicode OpenType fonts
    • SIL Hebrew Font System (Ezra): Hebrew font package for Windows and Macintosh
    • SIL Hebrew Unicode Font (Ezra SIL): Hebrew Unicode OpenType fonts for Windows
    • SIL Tai Dam Fonts: Tai Dam fonts for Windows and Macintosh
    • Tai Heritage Pro (1995-2017), designed to reflect the traditional hand-written style of the Tai Viet script. Developed by Faah Baccam, Walt Agee, Victor Gaultney, Annie Olsen and Eric Hays.
    • SIL Unicode IPA Font beta: Released as Doulos SIL with a more extensive character inventory.
    • SIL Vai Fonts: The SIL Vai Fonts are regular and bold versions of the African Vai script used in Liberia
    • . In 2009, Benjamin Yang (SIL) published the free Vai Slant Unicode.
    • SIL Xishuang Banna Fonts: Xishuangbanna Dai (New Tai Lue) fonts for Windows and Macintosh
    • SIL Yi Font: Unicode-based Yi font for Windows
    • Unicode BMP Fallback SIL font (2008). Intended for debugging, this font contains a glyph for every character in the Basic Multilingual plane (including Private Use Area) of Unicode 5.1, each glyph consisting of a box enclosing the four hex digits identifying the Unicode scalar value.

    Fontspace link. Dafont link. Wikipedia page. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    SIL Reprise

    Reprise is a utility to convert legacy-encoded fonts (e.g., SIL Encore fonts) into Unicode fonts so they can be used in Unicode-based applications. The goal is to produce a Unicode font that renders your Unicode data exactly as the legacy font renders your legacy data. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Slovo (German)

    Links to and help for Slavic and Cyrillic languages. In German. Slovo Russian page. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Slovo: Multilingual Unicode truetype fonts

    Web page with plenty of unicode compatible truetype fonts, collected by Christoph Singer. Included are Andale Mono, Arial, Athena Roman, Bitstream Cyberbit, Book Antiqua, Bookman Old Style, Century Gothic, Code 2000, Comic SansMS, Courier New, Garamond, Georgia, Haettenschweiler, Impact, Lucida Sans Unicode, Metropol 95, Monotype Corsiva, Tahoma, Times New Roman, Vera Humana 95, Verdana, XSerif Unicode. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Society of Biblical Literature
    [John Hudson]

    Tiro (John Hudson) is publishing Unicode-compliant typefaces called SBL Hebrew (2003), SBL Greek (2003) and SBL Latin (2003, not sure of the last name though). For now, these typefaces are commercial, but SBL (the Society for Biblical Literature) states: "SBL and the font foundation will lobby Microsoft to distribute the font with its future releases of Windows." Early 2004, the Hebrew face went public (free). [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Stepan Roh
    [DejaVu Fonts]

    [More]  ⦿

    Steve Matteson

    Rochester Institute of Technology's School of Printing graduate who lived in California and in Holland, MI, and now resides in Louisville, Colorado. He was a disciple of Chuck Bigelow and Kris Holmes. MyFonts page on him. In 1990, he started work at Monotype in Palo Alto to create the Windows truetype core fonts Arial, Times New Roman and Courier New. He stayed with Monotype and then Agfa/Monotype until 2003 (when he was probably fired, but that is only an unreliable guess), directing type development from the design office in Palo Alto, CA. Bio at Agfa/Monotype. He has directed branding projects such as Agilent Technology's corporate sans serif and Microsoft's corporate font family 'Segoe'. At the same time, he was involved in producing bitmaps and outline fonts for cell phones and TV set top environments. He has worked extensively designing Greek, Cyrllic, Thai, Hebrew and Arabic alphabets to satisfy the requirements of customers such as IBM, Microsoft, Nokia, Sun and Sybase. In 2004, he co-founded Ascender Corporation in Northbrook, IL, where he remained Type Design Director until Ascender was bought by Monotype, where he now heads the type design team (12 people in all, as of 2013).

    CBC interview in 2012. Fontspace link. FontShop link. At ATypI 2011 in Reykjavik, he spoke on typefaces for Android OS.

    His typefaces:

    • Amanda.
    • Andale Mono (Monotype), Andale Mono (Ascender). This is a monospace sans-serif typeface designed for terminal emulation and software development environments. It was originally created by Monotype. Andalé Mono was first distributed as an Internet Explorer 4.0 add-on under the name Monotype.com. In version 1.25 of the font, it was renamed to Andale Mono, distributed with Internet Explorer 5. It is often used by programmers, and is bundled with Mac OS X.
    • Andy (Monotype), his first face, a design based on a friend's lefty handwriting. Published at Agfa's Creative Alliance.
    • Arimo (2010). A free sans family at Google Web Fonts that is metrically compatible with Arial. TeX support and further downloads on CTAN.
    • Ascender Sans Mono (2004-2008, Ascender). Metrically compatible with Courier New. Ascender Serif (2005, 4 styles) is metrically compatible with Times New Roman.
    • Ascender Uni Duo is a fixed-width comprehensive Unicode-compatible font available with support for the Unicode Standard. Ascender Uni Duo is a 39MB TrueType font with approximately 53,000 glyphs. The Latin and related glyphs (designed by Steve Matteson) are Sans Serif, with Gothic ideographs drawn in Japanese style, and complementary styles for other scripts. There are also versions of Ascender Uni that provide localized support for Korean, Simplified Chinese and Traditional Chinese. OpenType layout support is included for Arabic (initial, medial, final, isolate, and required ligature forms, as well as basic mark positioning), and vertical writing for CJK locales (consisting mostly of Latin, symbol, punctuation, and kana glyph variants). Character Set: Latin-1, WGL Pan-European (Eastern Europe, Cyrillic, Greek and Turkish), Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Thai, Vietnamese, Hebrew, Arabic. Ashley Crawford.
    • Ascender Sans (Ascender).
    • Ascender Serif (Ascender).
    • Ayita (2006, Ascender), a decorative sans family co-designed with Jim Ford.
    • Bertham Pro (2009, Ascender). Four styles including Open, after Goudy's Bertham.
    • Blueprint (1993).
    • Binner Gothic (Monotype).
    • Blueprint (Monotype).
    • Cambria (Ascender).
    • Carnero (2019, Monotype). Steve describes this sans family as a feisty hybrid of precise geometry and calligraphic flair.
    • Chicory (2006, Ascender). A calligraphic script face.
    • (2010). A free family at Google Code that is metrically compatible with Courier New. See also OFL.
    • Creepy (Ascender Corporation): a Halloween font designed with Carl Crossgrove.
    • Curlz (1995, Monotype). Done with Carl Crossgrove, based on wrought iron on chairs.
    • Dempster (2016, with Jim Ford at Ascender). The original iangular industrial design, by Jim Ford, goes back to 2010.
    • Droid Sans Mono Pro (Ascender), Droid Sans Pro (Ascender), Droid Serif Pro (Ascender). and Droid Sans Mono: a font family designed in 2006-2007 by Steve Matteson at Ascender for Google's Android project, mobile phone software for handsets. Free download at CTAN.
    • Dujour (2005, Ascender): an art deco revival of the 1930's typeface Independant by Joan Collette and Jos Dufour for Plantin. Compare with the free Independant by Apostrophic Labs.
    • Endurance Pro (2009, Ascender): neo-grotesque sans. Endurance Pro Cond (Ascender).
    • Facade (Monotype).
    • Fineprint (Monotype). A design loosely based on his own penmanship ("on a good day"). Another Creative Alliance face.
    • Friar Pro (2009, Ascender): Friar Pro is a revival of Frederic W. Goudy's "Friar" typeface. Goudy described this typeface design as a 'typographic solecism' as it combines a lowercase of half-uncial forms from the 4th through 7th centuries with an uppercase of square capitals from the 4th century. Friar was originally designed in 1937 and used to print a Christmas keepsake produced by Goudy and printer Howard Coggeshall. The fire that burned Goudy's studio in 1939 destroyed the drawings and matrices before many metal fonts were cast. Of all that was lost in the fire, Goudy once said he missed Friar the most.
    • Futura NowGeorgia Pro (Ascender).
    • Gill Floriated Caps.
    • Goudy Fleurons (2010, Ascender).
    • Goudy Modern MT (Monotype).
    • Goudy Ornate (2002). Unsure if Matteson made this or Carl Crossgrove.
    • Kennerley. Based on Goudy's Kennerley family.
    • Kidprint (Monotype).
    • Kootenay (2006, Ascender), a sans family.
    • LeBeau (Ascender): a signage font.
    • Liberation Mono, Sans and Serif (2007-2009, Ascender). A set of free open source fonts done for Red Hat Inc.
    • Lindsey Pro (2006, Ascender): a cursive script based on his niece's hand.
    • Louisville Script (2008, Ascender): ordinary handwriting.
    • Massif (2006-2011, Monotype). Odd name, since Jean Joveneaux made a font called Massif in 1957. How can Monotype get away with a trademark for this is beyond me.
    • Mayberry (2008, Ascender): a 14-font sans family with extremely large x-height and strange proportions. Mayberry semibold is free. Mayberry Pro (Ascender).
    • McZee, a Microsoft symbols font.
    • Miramonte Pro (2006, Ascender). A geometric-meets-humanist sans after the typeface Marsuv Grotesk by Stanislav Marso at Grafotechna, 1960.
    • Open Sans (2010, Ascender). A free family by Steve Matteson. See also at Google Fonts. In 2021, he added the rounded companion, Open Sans Soft (20 styles).
    • Overpass and Overpass Mono (2011-2019), designed by Delve Withrington, Dave Bailey, and Thomas Jockin. A free open source sans font. The design of Overpass is an interpretation of the well-known Highway Gothic letterforms from the Standard Alphabets for Traffic Control Devices published by the U.S. Federal Highway Administration in 1948. It was created for Red Hat Inc. Dedicated web page. Link at Delve Fonts.
    • Newstyle. Based on Goudy's 1921 typeface, Newstyle. See also Newstyle (2018, Steve Matteson).
    • Pericles Pro (2005, Ascender): an Ascender typeface based on the work of Robert Foster who created the original for American Type Founders in 1934), a 433-glyph OpenType font for Greek simulation or stone cut looks.
    • Pescadero Pro (2005, Ascender),
    • Pescadero Pro: a serif face.
    • Rockwell Team (Ascender): an athletic lettering face.
    • Rebus Script (2009, Ascender): done with Terry Weinzierl.
    • Scooter Script (2009, Ascender): comic book style face.
    • Segoe Chess (Ascender), Segoe Mono (Ascender), Segoe TV (1997-2004, Ascender: done for MSNTV).
    • Tinos (2010). A free serif family at Google Fonts that is metrically compatible with Times New Roman. Download at CTAN, where one also finds TeX support maintained by Bob Tennent. Nerd Fonts patch.
    • Tipperary eText (2012-2013), Monotype.
    • Titanium Motors (2012, Monotype), Titanium (2006, Ascender): techno typefaces.
    • Truesdell (1994, Monotype): a revival and extension of the "lost" Goudy types cut in 1931. Also at Creative Alliance. Also includes Truesdell Sorts.
    • Tucker Script (2009, Ascender): ordinary handwriting face.
    • Twentieth Century Poster (2002), an art deco display font straight from the late 1920s.
    • VAG Rounded Next (2018, Monotype). Developed under the direction of Steve Matteson, this revival of the 1979 classic corporate font of Volkswagen AG has new weights and adds support for Greek and Cyrillic. The MyFonts site co-lists Tom Grace as designer.
    • Verdorgia (2010): an ugly duckling.

    Klingspor link. Fontspace link. View Steve Matteson's typefaces. [Google] [MyFonts] [More]  ⦿

    Steve White
    [GNU Freefont (or: Free UCS Outline Fonts)]

    [More]  ⦿

    STIX Fonts
    [Ross Mills]

    Non-profit free font project, which started in 2001. The (free) fonts were released in May 2010. The designer is Ross Mills, Tiro Typeworks Ltd, with portions copyright of MicroPress Inc., and with final additions and corrections provided by Coen Hoffman, Elsevier (retired). From the web page: The mission of the Scientific and Technical Information Exchange (STIX) font creation project is the preparation of a comprehensive set of fonts that serve the scientific and engineering community in the process from manuscript creation through final publication, both in electronic and print formats. Toward this purpose, the STIX fonts will be made available, under royalty-free license, to anyone, including publishers, software developers, scientists, students, and the general public.

    The project is supported by six publishers, the American Chemical Society (ACS), the American Institute of Physics (AIP), the American Mathematical Society (AMS), the American Physical Society (APS), Elsevier Science, and the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE).

    The fonts are unicode-compatible. They are designed to be useful for mathematical documents in XML pages on all browsers. They say that they have awarded the font development contract to a respected font development company. Press release. Chairman: T.C. Ingoldsby, American Institute of Physics, Melville, NY. AMS page on STIX. CTAN page on Stix.

    In 2016, STIX Two, a major update, became available at CTAN. The letterspacing and kerning of the text fonts have been significantly improved. True small capital variants (Latin, Cyrillic, and Greek), accessible via the OpenType font feature smcp, have been added for all text fonts. Text (lowercase or oldstyle) numerals, available via the font features pnum and onum, have been added, in addition to natural-spacing figures. Alphabetic superscripts and numeric sub- and superscripts, accessible via the subs and sups font features, have been added. Fractions are available via the frac feature, as well as numerators (numr) and denominators (dnom). The STIX Two fonts consist of one Math font, two variable text fonts (STIXTwoTextVF-Roman and STIXTwoTextVF-Italic), and eight static text fonts (Regular, Italic, Medium, Medium Italic, SemiBold, SemiBold Italic, Bold, and Bold Italic) derived from the variable fonts.

    Truetype versions of the family (2007) by Oleguer Huguet Ibars: STIXGeneral-Bold, STIXGeneral-BoldItalic, STIXGeneral-Italic, STIXGeneral, STIXIntegralsDisplay-Bold, STIXIntegralsDisplay, STIXIntegralsSmall-Bold, STIXIntegralsSmall, STIXIntegralsUp-Bold, STIXIntegralsUp, STIXIntegralsUpDisplay-Bold, STIXIntegralsUpDisplay, STIXIntegralsUpSmall-Bold, STIXIntegralsUpSmall, STIXNonUnicode-Bold, STIXNonUnicode-BoldItalic, STIXNonUnicode-Italic, STIXNonUnicode, STIXSize1Symbols-Bold, STIXSize1Symbols, STIXSize2Symbols-Bold, STIXSize2Symbols, STIXSize3Symbols-Bold, STIXSize3Symbols, STIXSize4Symbols-Bold, STIXSize4Symbols, STIXSize5Symbols, STIXVariants-Bold, STIXVariants.

    OpenType versions at the official site: STIXGeneral-Regular, STIXGeneral-Bold, STIXGeneral-BoldItalic, STIXGeneral-Italic, STIXIntegralsD-Bold, STIXIntegralsD-Regular, STIXIntegralsSm-Bold, STIXIntegralsSm-Regular, STIXIntegralsUp-Bold, STIXIntegralsUpD-Bold, STIXIntegralsUpD-Regular, STIXIntegralsUp-Regular, STIXIntegralsUpSm-Bold, STIXIntegralsUpSm-Regular, STIXNonUnicode-Regular, STIXNonUnicode-Bold, STIXNonUnicode-BoldItalic, STIXNonUnicode-Italic, STIXSizeFiveSym-Regular, STIXSizeFourSym-Bold, STIXSizeFourSym-Regular, STIXSizeOneSym-Bold, STIXSizeOneSym-Regular, STIXSizeThreeSym-Bold, STIXSizeThreeSym-Regular, STIXSizeTwoSym-Bold, STIXSizeTwoSym-Regular, STIXVariants-Regular, STIXVariants-Bold. Not all unicode ranges are covered, but math symbols, Greek and Cyrillic are. There are also monospace, blackletter, calligraphic scipt, informal script, and sans styles. But small caps are still missing. The general look is that of a Times font. The fact that any publisher can use these fonts free of charge (after signing a license though) is positive. The main negative is that the style chosen is slightly boring, but that is not unexpected for scientific publications.

    In 2018, Paul Hanslow, Ross Mills and John Hudson co-designed the free STIX Two family, which is based on Times Roman.

    At this CTAN site, one can download the entire STIX collection. Designer URL: MicroPress Inc. STIX Two (type 1) at the CTAN site. STIX Two (OpenType) at the CTAN site.

    Also worth pointing out is the free 163-font collection Schticks (2017) by Adam Twardoch, which is based on STIX Two. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Studio 2G

    Shino made several Japanese kanji handwriting fonts, including Moon-font-PRO, Moonfont, S2G-love, S2Gmemo, Sea-font-pro, Sea-font, moon-font-PRO, moon-font, nagurigaki-P, nagurigaki, seafont, uni-font-PRO, uni-font. The uni-font series is quite remarkable as it covers most of the Unicode spectrum (besides Japanese, also Cyrillic, Greek, many dingbats, astrological symbols, chess symbols, the works). Alternate URL. Alternate URL. [Google] [More]  ⦿


    Sun-ExtA and Sun-ExtB are two full free Unicode fonts, covering everything under the sun. Inside, we find information that these fonts were made by Beijing ZhongYi Electronics Co. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Sushant Kumar Dash

    A free truetype font for Oriya, Maan-NormalOdiaAkhayara, was created by Sushant in 1998. He is trying to create a UNICODE Oriya font as well. His font was originally included in the GNU Freefont project (range Oriya (U+0B00-U+0B7F)), but GNU Freefont has dropped Oriya because of the absence of font features neccessary for display of text in Oriya. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Systema 81
    [Mitiya Masuda]

    Systema 21 is a free Unicode sans font for European languages, Japanese, Armenian and Cyrillic, made on the basis of Konatu by Mitiya Musuda for the M+ Project. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    T. Fujiwara

    This site has free full-Unicode (including Chinese/Japanese) fonts by T. Fujiwara: Mincho2000, Mincho2000P. It also has BitstreamCyberbit-Roman, a full unicode font. Later additions: Mincho2004, Mincho2004P. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    TAG Publication

    A full Unicode font: gunsuhche. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Tetsurou Tanaka
    [Wada Laboratory, University of Tokyo]

    [More]  ⦿

    THDL: Unicode Diacritic Fonts

    The Tibetan and Himalayan Digital Library is an international community using Web-based technologies to integrate diverse knowledge about Tibet and the Himalayas for free access from around the world. Transliteration of many Asian languages requires the use of special diacritic marks above or below the standard letters of the Roman alphabet. Tibetan religious texts often include substantial portions of transliterated Sanskrit, which when represented in Romanized transliteration require such diacritic marks. These can be displayed through a widening range of diacritic fonts. Until recently, diacritic fonts were encoded in ASCII and required multiple font files or code pages to render the full range of diacritics. The advent of Unicode has, on the other hand, provided a way for all the necessary diacritic characters to be contained in a single font, while Unicodes increasing usage is evidence of its enduring viability. This page presents several fonts that are useful in this respect: Arial Unicode MS, Code 2000, Courier Extended, Courier Ind Uni, Gandhari Unicode, Gentium, Helvetical Ind Uni, JGaramond, NCS Ind Uni, Palatino Ind Uni, Palatino Linotype, SImPL, Tahoma, Times Extended Roman, Times Ind Uni, Thryomanes, Titus Cyberbit, URW Palladio HOT, VU Times, Gentium, Lucida Grande. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    The Alphabets of Europe

    Michael Everson's maginificent discussion of all European alphabets and the Unicode issues related to them. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    The Ethiopic Unicode Resource Page

    Everything about Unicode-compliant fonts for Ethiopic scripts. The fonts listed and recommended are:

    [Google] [More]  ⦿

    THE GREEK PACK CP-1253 for Windows

    Match Software's (Michel Bujardet's) 30USD pack of a Unicode-compliant modern Greek font, as well as an ancient Greek font. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    The Internationalization&Unicode Conference 30

    IUC is the main conference for software and web internationalization. IUC 30 was held in Washington, DC, from November 15-17, 2006. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    The Symbols Collection

    A listing of symbols available in Arial. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    The Uniqoder Website

    "UNIQODER is a freeware add-on to Microsoft Word for Windows 97-2000 which enables you to enter Unicode characters quickly and easily." Commercial product. Great links on Unicode. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Thesaurus Linguae Graecae

    List of all Unicode fonts that support polytonic Greek. Greek font software. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Thomas Milo and Unicode

    Thomas Milo of Decotype presented this paper on Unicode in Arabic at the 20th International Unicode Conference Washington (2002). He sstates: "In terms of encoding, Arabic is no different from any other alphabetic script, but care has to be taken to leave its graphical structure intact. The Unicode stndard is conceived for encoding raw text, not as a glyph list. Particularly attempts to fix the repertoire of Arabic letter alternations is a gross simplification and poses a long term threat to authentic reproduction of Arabic in the IT industry. Graphic representation of text remains outside the competence of Unicode proper. The purpose of Unicode is to enable cultural diversity without imposing irrelevant constraints." [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Thomas T. Pedersen
    [Transliteration of Non-Roman Alphabets]

    [More]  ⦿

    TITUS Instrumenta

    Free TrueType fonts of old Christian times, Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew, Christian Oriental, East European, and ancient languages. The TITUS project is run by Jost Gippert in Frankfurt. They intend to develop a special unicode font. TITUS Ogham is an Ogham font. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Titus Unicode Cyberbit Fonts

    Free Unicode font developed by Bitstream. TITUS stands for Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien. The TITUS project pages are maintained by Jost Gippert (University of Frankfurt), Javier Martinez and Agnes Korn from 1996-2003. We read: This font includes, among others, a (nearly) full set of Korean, Japanese, and Chinese (Han) characters. Be careful: The font has a size of about 13 MB/ [Google] [More]  ⦿

    TITUS Unicode Greek
    [Jost Gippert]

    Jost Gippert (University of Frankfurt) discusses UNICODE for Greek. Also available is his TITUS Cyberbit Unicode compliant font that includes all languages except Korean, Japanese and Chinese. TITUS Cyberbit Basic, version 4.0 has 9866 characters from a large number of Unicode code charts; the extended version (TITUS Cyberbit Unicode, not available for download), version 4.0, has 36161 Unicode characters. TITUS Cyberbit is based on Bitstream's Cyberbit. He also made a True Type font with indo-iranic diacritics (see here). [Google] [More]  ⦿

    tlhIngan Qummem

    Klingon language font archive. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Transliteration of Non-Roman Alphabets
    [Thomas T. Pedersen]

    From Copenhagen and Estonia, Thomas T. Pedersen's page on non-Roman alphabets. He specializes in all kinds of Cyrillic alphabets, such as Abaza, Abkhaz, Adyghe, Altay, Arabic, Armenian, Avar, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Belarusian (Belorussian), Bulgarian, Buryat, Chechen, Chukchi, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dargwa (Dargin), Dungan, Erzya Mordvin (Mordva), Eskimo - Yupik, Even, Evenki, Gagauz, Georgian, Greek, Hindi, Marathi, Nepali, Ingush, Kabardian, Kalmyk, Karachay-Balkar, Karakalpak, Kazakh, Khakass, Khanty, Kirghiz, Komi (Komi Zyryan), Komi-Permyak, Koryak, Kumyk, Lakh, Lezgian (Lezgin), Macedonian, Mansi, Mari: Hill Mari, Meadow Mari, Moksha Mordvin (Mordva), Moldovan (Moldavian), Nanai, Nenets, Nivkh, Nogay (Noghay), Ossetian (Ossetic), Ottoman Turkish, Russian, Rusyn (Lemko&Vojvodinian), Selkup, Serbian, Tabasaran, Tajik, Talysh, Tatar, Turkmen, Tuvinian, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Uzbek, Yakut, Yiddish. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Tutorial on character codes
    [Jukka Korpela]

    Jukka Korpela's great tutorial on character codes. Latin1 subpage. Jukka Korpela wrote Unicode Explained (O'Reilly). [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Typographie für Webautoren

    A fantastic tutorial on typography for HTML and web pages (in German). It deals with selections of quotes and apostrophes in many languages, the minus sign, the hyphen and dash, spaceds, the colon, the dieresis, numbers, and scientific and financial units. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    [Yuhta Nakajima]

    UCD is a Unicode Character Database for JavaScript. Provided by Tokyo-based Yuhta Nakajima in 2013. [Google] [More]  ⦿


    Unicode Character Database for JavaScript. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Ulf Jordan
    [Misc-Fixed ISO 10646-1 Outline Font Project]

    [More]  ⦿

    Unicode 2.1

    Unicode jump page. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Unicode Afrique

    Unicode issues for African languages. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Unicode and Glyph Names

    Adobe's pages on Unicode and glyph naming. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Unicode and Mac OS X
    [Matt Neuburg]

    Entertaining article written in 2002 by by Matt Neuburg. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Unicode and Tamil

    R. Padmakumar's page deals with Unicode sorting and other Unicode issues for Tamil. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Unicode BDF fonts
    [Mark Leisher]

    Mark Leisher at the Computing Research Lab of New Mexico State University has developed a set of (free) proportional, 12pt, 100dpi BDF (bitmap) fonts primarily for use with dense technical papers on the Web and with X11. The fonts contain about 4050 glyphs so far, including approximately 450 for coverage of the contextual forms needed for the Unicode Arabic blocks, U+0600-U+06FF. Finished are a Devanagari Unicode BDF font, and an Arabic Unicode BDF font. Quite a bit of Unicode is supported, except for the following major blocks: 1. The Hangul block. 2. The Han block (Hanja, Hanzi, Kanji, Chu Han). 3. The Indic scripts. 4. The Tibetan script. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Unicode chart for Arabic

    [More]  ⦿

    Unicode charts

    Useful Unicode charts for all scripts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Unicode et ISO 10646 en français

    Great pages on Unicode by Patrick Andries. In French. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Unicode Font Guide For Free--Libre Open Source Operating Systems

    A guide to Unicode-based fonts and script projects that are ideal for free/libre/open source (FLOSS) operating systems like Linux and FreeBSD. Maintained by Ed Trager, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Under Pan-Unicode fonts, he lists in 2005:

    • Bitstream Cyberbit: "a must-have professionally-designed font which provides excellent coverage of many major scripts, including Latin, extended Latin, Greek, Russian, Hebrew, Arabic, Thai, Japanese (Hiragana, Katakana, and Kanji), Korean, and Chinese Hanzi (ideographs). Among TrueType fonts with extensive Unicode coverage, this is almost certainly the best that can be downloaded for free."
    • Code 2000: "an experimental shareware font with over 34,000 glyphs designed by James Kass to cover all of the non-Han sections of the Unicode Basic Multilingual Plane (BMP). Kass also has designed a beta test font called Code 2001 which covers some sections of Unicode Plane 1, including Old Persian Cuneiform, Deseret, Tengwar, Cirth, Old Italic, Gothic, Aegean Numbers, Cypriot Syllabary, Pollard Script, and Ugaritic."
    • Everson Mono Unicode by Michael Everson: "covers many of the non-Han script blocks in Unicode and ISO/IEC 10646-1, including Latin, extended Latin, Cyrillic, Greek, Armenian, Georgian, and even Cherokee and the Unified Canadian Syllabics."
    [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Unicode fonts

    These Monotype fonts have Unicode tables for Latin, Cyrillic, Greek, East-European, Hebrew and Arabic: ArialMT, Arial-BoldMT, Tahoma, Tahoma-Bold, TimesNewRomanPSMT, TimesNewRomanPS-BoldMT, TimesNewRomanPS-BoldItalicMT, TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT, Times-Roman. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Unicode Fonts for Ancient Scripts
    [George Douros]

    This is a fantastic source of free high-quality fonts for scripts of the greater Aegean vicinity, Egyptian Hieroglyphs, Meroitic, Sumero-Akkadian Cuneiform, Musical Symbols and all Symbol Blocks in the Unicode Standard. George Douros is their Greek font designer. His free fonts come with this exemplary footnote: In lieu of a licence: Fonts in this site are offered free for any use; they may be opened, edited, modified, regenerated, posted, packaged and redistributed. Many of his fonts contributed to important section in the GNU Freefont project. Here is the list:

    • Abidos (2018). An attempt to catalogue about 8000 Egyptian hieroglyps. His Nilus font (2018) catalogues the Gardiner hieroglyphs.
    • Aegean (2007-2012). Covers Basic Latin, Greek and Coptic, Greek Extended, some Punctuation and other Symbols, Linear B Syllabary, Linear B Ideograms, Aegean Numbers, Ancient Greek Numbers, Ancient Symbols, Phaistos Disc, Lycian, Carian, Old Italic, Ugaritic, Old Persian, Cypriot Syllabary, Phoenician, Lydian, Archaic Greek Musical Notation. Other things in it: Linear A, Cretan Hieroglyphs, Cypro-Minoan, Ancient Greek Alphabets, Phrygian, Old Italic Alphabets (Cumaean, Archaic Etruscan, Neo Etruscan, Ancient Latin, Lugano, Faliscan, Marsiliana, Messapic, Middle Adriatic South Picene, North Picene, Oscan, Umbrian), the Arkalochori Axe and Anatolian Hieroglyphs.
    • Aegyptus (2007-2020) and Gardiner. Over 7000 hieroglyphs. In addition, we have Basic Latin, Greek and Coptic, Egyptian Transliteration characters, some punctuation and other symbols.
    • Akkadian (2007). Basic Latin, Greek and Coptic, some Punctuation and other Symbols, Ugaritic, Cuneiform, Cuneiform Numbers and Punctuation.
    • Alexander (2007, text typeface built around the Greek letters originally designed by Alexander Wilson in 1744; compare with Wilson Greek (1996, Matthew Carter) and Junicode (2006, Peter S. Baker)). The Latin and Cyrillic parts are based on Garamond.
    • Alfios. Lowercase upright Greek were designed in 1805 by Firmin Didot (1764-1836) and cut by Walfard and Vibert. The typeface, together with a complete printing house, was donated in 1821 to the new Greek state by Didot's son, Ambroise Firmin Didot (1790-1876). Lowercase italic Greek were designed in 1802 by Richard Porson (1757-1808) and cut by Richard Austin. They were first used by Cambridge University Press in 1810. Capitals, Latin and Cyrillic, as well as the complete bold weights, have been designed in an attempt to create a well-balanced font. The font covers the Windows Glyph List, Greek Extended, various typographic extras and some Open Type features (Numerators, Denominators, Fractions, Old Style Figures, Historical Forms, Stylistic Alternates, Ligatures); it is available in regular, italic, bold and bold italic.
    • Anaktoria. Douros: Grecs du roi was designed by Claude Garamond (1480-1561) between 1541 and 1544, commissioned by king Francis I of France, for the exclusive use by the Imprimerie Nationale in Paris. Greek in Akaktoria is based on a modern version of Grecs du roi prepared by Mindaugas Strockis in 2001. Lowercase Latin stems from the titles in the 1623 First Folio Edition of Shakespeare. Scott Mann & Peter Guither prepared a modern version for The Illinois Shakespeare Festival in 1995. Cyrillic has been designed to match the above Greek and Latin.
    • Analecta (2007, Byzantine style). An ecclesiastic scripts font, in Byzantine uncial style, covering Basic Latin, Greek and Coptic, some Punctuation and other Symbols, Coptic, typographica varia, Specials, Gothic and Deseret.
    • Anatolian
    • Aroania: In 1927, Victor Julius Scholderer (1880-1971), on behalf of the Society for the Promotion of Greek Studies, got involved in choosing and consulting the design and production of a Greek type called New Hellenic cut by the Lanston Monotype Corporation. He chose the revival of a round, and almost monoline type which had first appeared in 1492 in the edition of Macrobius, ascribable to the printing shop of Giovanni Rosso (Joannes Rubeus) in Venice. Aroania is a modern recast of Victor Scholderer's New Hellenic font, on the basis of Verdana.
    • Asea (2020, Latin-Greek-Cyrillic). A modern font based on Firmin Didot's Greek type.
    • Assyrian.
    • Atavyros. Douros writes: Robert Granjon (1513-1589) produced his Parangonne Greque typeface (garmond size) at the instigation of Christophe Plantin as a counterpart to Garamond's Grec du roi, in Antwerp Holland, between 1560--1565. It was used in Plantin's multilingual Bible of 1572. Versions of Granjon's type were used for the 1692 edition of Diogenes Laertius and for the Greek-Dutch edition of the New Testament in 1698, both published by Henric Wetstenium in Amsterdam. A digital revival was prepared by Ralph P. Hancock for his Vusillus font in 1999. Latin and Cyrillic are based on a Goudy typeface.
    • Avdira. Douros: Upright is based on the lowercase Greek letters in the typeface used by Demetrios Damilas for the edition of Isocrates, published in Milan in 1493. A digital revival was prepared by Ralph P. Hancock for his Milan (Mediolanum) font in 2000. Italic Greek were designed in 1802 by Richard Porson (1757-1808) and cut by Richard Austin. They were first used by Cambridge University Press in 1810.
    • Maya. Maya covers the glyphs in J. Eric S. Thompson's A Catalog of Maya Hieroglyphs (1962, University of Oklahoma Press).
    • MusicalSymbols (2007) or Musica (2013). Basic Latin, Greek and Coptic, some Punctuation and other Symbols, Byzantine Musical Symbols, (Western) Musical Symbols, Archaic Greek Musical Notation. There is also the Greek musical notation font EE Music (2018) for Hellenic ecclesiastic music.
    • UnicodeSymbols (2007, in the Computer Modern style) and UniDings (2013). It has every imaginable symbol: Basic Latin, Latin-1 Supplement, Latin Extended-A, IPA Extensions, Greek, Cyrillic, Cyrillic Supplementary, General Punctuation, Superscripts and Subscripts, Combining Diacritical Marks for Symbols, Letterlike Symbols, Number Forms, Arrows, Mathematical Operators, Miscellaneous Technical, Control Pictures, Optical Character Recognition, Box Drawing, Block Elements, Geometric Shapes, Miscellaneous Symbols, Dingbats, Miscellaneous Mathematical Symbols-A, Supplemental Arrows-A, Supplemental Arrows-B, Miscellaneous Mathematical Symbols-B, Supplemental Mathematical Operators, Miscellaneous Symbols and Arrows, CJK Symbols and Punctuation, Yijing Hexagram Symbols, Vertical Forms, Combining Half Marks, CJK Compatibility Forms, Specials, Tai Xuan Jing Symbols, Counting Rod Numerals, Mathematical Alphanumeric Symbols, Mahjong Tile Symbols, Domino Tile Symbols.
    • Symbola (2013) is an unbelievably rich font. It contains Basic Latin, IPA Extensions, Spacing Modifier Letters, Combining Diacritical Marks, Greek and Coptic, Cyrillic, Cyrillic Supplement, General Punctuation, Superscripts and Subscripts, Currency Symbols, Combining Diacritical Marks for Symbols, Letterlike Symbols, Number Forms, Arrows, Mathematical Operators, Miscellaneous Technical, Control Pictures, Optical Character Recognition, Box Drawing, Block Elements, Geometric Shapes, Miscellaneous Symbols, Dingbats, Miscellaneous Mathematical Symbols-A, Supplemental Arrows-A, Braille Patterns, Supplemental Arrows-B, Miscellaneous Mathematical Symbols-B, Supplemental Mathematical Operators, Miscellaneous Symbols and Arrows, Supplemental Punctuation, Yijing Hexagram Symbols, Combining Half Marks, Specials, Byzantine Musical Symbols, Musical Symbols, Ancient Greek Musical Notation, Tai Xuan Jing Symbols, Counting Rod Numerals, Mathematical Alphanumeric Symbols, Mahjong Tiles, Domino Tiles, Playing Cards, Miscellaneous Symbols And Pictographs, Emoticons, Ornamental Dingbats, Transport And Map Symbols, Alchemical Symbols, Geometric Shapes Extended, Supplemental Arrows, and Symbols of occasional mathematical interest. It is one of a hanful fonts that dares to have a glyph that shows the middle finger. Github link for free download. see also Symbola Goomoji (2013).
    • Unidings. Various glyphs and icons.

    Since George permits redistribution, I am offering his work for download here. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Unicode fonts under X11

    Markus Kuhn's links page for Unicode on X11. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Unicode fonts Viet Pali Sanskrit

    Links to free Uncode fonts for Vietnamese. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    UNICODE for music

    The UNICODE positions 1D100 through 1D1FF reserved for music symbols. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Unicode Greek

    Cornell University's Jeffrey Rusten's discussion of UNICODE for Greek. A list of links for Unicode ancient Greek fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Unicode icons

    A discussion on the use of icons in text in html pages, making use of Unicode-compliant fonts. Some browser comparosons are included. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Unicode Information

    [More]  ⦿

    Unicode ISO 8859

    Description of character sets.

    • 8859-1 Europe, Latin America (Afrikaans, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Faeroese, Finnish, French, German, Galician, Irish, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish and Swedish.)
    • 8859-2 Eastern Europe
    • 8859-3 SE Europe
    • 8859-4 Scandinavia (mostly covered by 8859-1 also)
    • 8859-5 Cyrillic
    • 8859-6 Arabic
    • 8859-7 Greek
    • 8859-8 Hebrew
    • 8859-9 Latin5, same as 8859-1 except for Turkish instead of Icelandic
    • 8859-10 Latin6, for Eskimo/Scandinavian languages
    [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Unicode test

    A unicode test. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Unicode test pages

    Alan Flavell's Unicode test pages. A great resource for font developers. Flavell works at Glasgow University. Unicode tables, fully listed. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Unicode Typefaces: Comparison

    A comparison of these Unicode typefaces: Arial, Arial Unicode MS, Bitstream Cyberbit, Cardo, Caslon Roman, Code2000, Charis SIL, Chrysanthi Unicode, ClearlyU, DejaVu Sans, Doulos SIL, Everson Mono, FreeSerif, Gentium Regular, GNU Unifont, Junicode, Linux Libertine, Lucida Grande, Lucida Sans Unicode, Microsoft Sans Serif (1997), New Gulim, Tahoma, Times New Roman, TITUS Cyberbit Basic, WenQuanYi Bitmap Song, WenQuanYi Zen Hei, Y.OzFontN. The champions: Number of characters (63,446)---GNU Unifont, number of glyphs (131,980)---WenQuanYi Bitmap Song, kerning pairs (2,857)---Gentium Regular, most ranges filled----Everson Mono, followed by Code 2000 and Bitstream Cyberbit. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Unicode-fonts with Cyrillic letters

    Esa Anttikoski's list of Unicode-fonts with Cyrillic letters:

    [Google] [More]  ⦿


    Provides fast access to unicode character properties. [Google] [More]  ⦿


    Browse all of the unicodes. [Google] [More]  ⦿


    Emoji data extracted from Unicode Technical Report #51 v1.0 – v5.0. [Google] [More]  ⦿


    Unicode Character Database for JavaScript. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    [Ed Trager]

    A selective guide to Unicode-based fonts and script projects that are ideal for free/libre/open source (FLOSS) operating systems like GNU/Linux and FreeBSD. News about open source font projects. Managed by Ed Trager, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Not updated since 2007. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    University of Leeds
    [Alec McAllister]

    Alec McAllister's fonts in the "Leeds" family are free for non-commercial use. These include LeedsTranslit (for foreign languages), LeedsTime (Latin, Pinyin and Medieval). McAllister works at the University of Leeds Information Systems Services. Leeds Uni (2009) has 2975 characters from a large number of Unicode code charts, and was designed from scratch in the style of Times Roman. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    U.S. Metric Association

    Don Hillger's page for the USMA (US Metric association). Has links on typographical units, for example. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Using and Managing Fonts in Mac OS X

    PDF file by Apple on fonts and Unicode in Mac OS X. Mac OS X accepts these formats (without having to install ATM Lite):

    • Mac PostScript Type 1. Two files are needed per font, one for screen and one for print.
    • Multiple Master.
    • Mac TrueType.
    • Windows TrueType: yes, the run=of-the-mill TTF files work! [Note: the difference between Mac and Windows TrueType is very minimal, a few bits at worst.]
    • OpenType: these have .otf extensions. These work only if the application understands them.
    • System fonts (dfonts): specially packaged truetype fonts (usually with the .dfont extension) introduced by Mac OS X.
    [Google] [More]  ⦿

    UTF-8 for UNIX
    [Markus Kuhn]

    [More]  ⦿

    UTF-8 spec

    [More]  ⦿

    Vietnamese Chu Nom unicode standards

    Look for the Nom Proper Table, TCVN 5773:1993 and the Han Nom Table, TCVN 6056:1995. See also here. In the last few years some errors were corrected, the earlier standards were made obsolete and a newer set of unicode standards has been published, VHN 1:1998 and VHN 2:1998. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    VL Gothic
    [Daisuke Suzuki]

    The free sans typefaces VL Gothic (2006) and VL PGothic (2006) can be found here. They cover Latin, Greek, Cyrillic and Japanese. These fonts originated from Wada Laboratory, University of Tokyo (1990-2003). Then they were manged in 2003-2004 by /efont/. In 2005-2007, M+ Font Project continued. From 2006 until 2007, the copyright rests with Project Vine and Daisuke Suzuki. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Vladimir Levantovsky

    Vladimir Levantovsky is a senior technology strategist at Monotype Imaging Inc. and currently serves as a chair of the W3C WebFonts Working Group and a chair of the ISO SC29/WG11 ad-hoc group on font format representation. Born in Ukraine, Vlad moved to the USA in 1995. He has been involved in the work of various industry consortiums and standards organizations since 2002, and is passionate about advancing typographic capabilities on CE and mobile devices and on the Web. He has been an active contributor to the development of various technology platforms, including hardware-accelerated vector graphics (OpenVG), Java ME profiles for mobile devices (JSR-271 and JSR-287), DVB Multimedia Home Platform, OMA Rich Media Environment and core font technology standardization at ISO/IEC.

    Speaker at ATypI 2012 in Hong Kong: Evaluating fonts legibility in automotive environment. Excerpts of the abstract: Can typeface design make a difference in minimizing glance times [in vehicles] while maximizing the time that drivers' eyes stay on the road? Monotype Imaging has partnered with the MIT AgeLab to study the impact of typeface design on driver demand. He goes on: Data from two separate experiments, each involving over 40 participants ranging from 36 to 74 years of age was collected in a real-time driving simulation in which participants were asked to respond to a series of address, restaurant identification and content search menus that were implemented using two different typeface designs. The results were collected and analyzed using eye tracking equipment and video recordings. Among participants, a Square Grotesque typeface resulted in a noticeable increase in visual demand as compared to the Humanist typeface. Total glance time and number of glances required to complete a response showed consistent results. He also spoke at ATypI 2015 in Sao Paulo. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Wada Laboratory, University of Tokyo
    [Tetsurou Tanaka]

    From the Information Processing Lab at the University of Tokyo. The Wadalab family is a collection of free type 1 Kanji fonts originally developed by Tetsurou Tanaka of the Department of Engineering, University of Tokyo in the early 80s. They eventually developed two fantastic Unicode truetype fonts for Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, Kana and Kanji, Sazanami-Mincho and Sazanami-Gothic. Download them for free here and here. These fonts have copyright Electronic Font Open Laboratory (/efont/) 2003-2004 jointly with Wada Laboratory, University of Tokyo 1990-2003. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Wazu Japan's Gallery of Unicode Fonts

    David McCreedy's list of Japanese Unicode fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Wazu Japan's Gallery of Unicode Fonts

    Great page documenting Unicode fonts with hundreds of downloads. From 2004 until 2006, it was called David McCreedy's Gallery of Unicode Fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Wen Quan Yi
    [Qianqian Fang]

    WenQuanYi Zen Hei is a huge unicode-compatible Chinese/Korean/Japanese/Latin (CJK) truetype font, available for free under the GNU license. From the web page: The WenQuanYi Zen Hei font is a Chinese (or CJK) outline font with Hei Ti style (a sans-serif style) Hanzi glyphs. This font is developed for general purpose use of Chinese for formating, printing and on-screen display. The non-Hanzi glyphs, including Latin, extended Latin, kana etc were merged from cmunss.ttf from the CM-Unicode project, and mplus-1p-medium.ttf from the M+ project. The embedded WenQuanYi bitmap song fonts were developed by WenQuanYi contributors and Qianqian Fang based on the bitmap fonts by firefly.
    WenQuanYi Zen Hei contains arguably the largest number of Chinese Hanzi glyphs of all known open-source outline Chinese fonts: it has 20194 Hanzi glyphs covering 97% of the Unicode CJK Unified Ideographics. This font provides full coverage to the required code points for zh_cn, zh_sg, zh_tw, zh_hk and zh_mo locales. The total vector glyphs in this font is over 35000 including Latin characters, Japanese kanas, hanguls and symbols from many other languages.

    • Qianqian Fang: Developer for online and off-line stroke decomposition software, server-side scripts and database, software for vector glyph generation, font creation and version control, all the spline Hanzi glyphs, document and tutorial contributors and release manager. Incredibly, Qianqian Fang holds a Ph.D. in biomedical engineering from Dartmouth (2004) and is now a full-time biomedical imaging researcher at the Massachusetts General Hospital.
    • Ailantian: key developer for vector Chinese glyphs stroke decomposition.
    • Haitao Han, "twang467", and Qing Lei: key developers for vector Chinese glyphs stroke decomposition.
    Links: Chinese version, English version, Sourceforge project, Development site, User forum, Screenshot gallery, Firefly bitmap font, Qianqian Fang homepage, Chinese National Standard. Incredibly, Qianqian Fang holds a Ph.D. in biomedical engineering from Dartmouth (2004) and is now a full-time biomedical imaging researcher at the Massachusetts General Hospital.

    Zen Hei download link. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    WenQuanYi Zen Hei
    [Qianqian Fang]

    WenQuanYi Zen Hei is a huge unicode-compatible Chinese/Korean/Japanese/Latin (CJK) truetype font, available for free under the Gnu license. From the web page: The WenQuanYi Zen Hei font is a Chinese (or CJK) outline font with Hei Ti style (a sans-serif style) Hanzi glyphs. This font is developed for general purpose use of Chinese for formating, printing and on-screen display. The non-Hanzi glyphs, including Latin, extended Latin, kana etc were merged from cmunss.ttf from the CM-Unicode project, and mplus-1p-medium.ttf from the M+ project. The embedded WenQuanYi bitmap song fonts were developed by WenQuanYi contributors and Qianqian Fang based on the bitmap fonts by firefly.
    WenQuanYi Zen Hei contains arguably the largest number of Chinese Hanzi glyphs of all known open-source outline Chinese fonts: it has 20194 Hanzi glyphs covering 97% of the Unicode CJK Unified Ideographics. This font provides full coverage to the required code points for zh_cn, zh_sg, zh_tw, zh_hk and zh_mo locales. The total vector glyphs in this font is over 35000 including Latin characters, Japanese kanas, hanguls and symbols from many other languages.

    • Qianqian Fang: Developer for online and off-line stroke decomposition software, server-side scripts and database, software for vector glyph generation, font creation and version control, all the spline Hanzi glyphs, document and tutorial contributors and release manager. Incredibly, Qianqian Fang holds a Ph.D. in biomedical engineering from Dartmouth (2004) and is now a full-time biomedical imaging researcher at the Massachusetts General Hospital.
    • Ailantian: key developer for vector Chinese glyphs stroke decomposition.
    • Haitao Han, "twang467", and Qing Lei: key developers for vector Chinese glyphs stroke decomposition.
    Links: Chinese version, English version, Sourceforge project, Development site, User forum, Screenshot gallery, Firefly bitmap font, Qianqian Fang homepage, Chinese National Standard. Incredibly, Qianqian Fang holds a Ph.D. in biomedical engineering from Dartmouth (2004) and is now a full-time biomedical imaging researcher at the Massachusetts General Hospital. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    WGL Assistant v1.1

    Written by Radoslaw Przybyl, who was assisted by Adam Twardoch, WGL Assistant is a shareware multilingual font manager for Windows. A beta version of this software by Adam Twardoch is freely available." WGL Assistant allows convenient use of the multilingual (Unicode/WGL4) TrueType and OpenType fonts in all MS Windows applications. " [Google] [More]  ⦿

    WGL4.0 character set

    Nice listing of unicode ranges for the WGL4.0 character set. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Wiki freefont

    Very useful link site for good quality free fonts for Unicode, and in particular for CJK (Chinese/Japanese/Korean) fonts. [Google] [More]  ⦿


    Monotype's UNICODE-compatible font collection for all of the world's languages. [Google] [More]  ⦿


    Gaspar Sinai's free X11 Unicode editor. Download here. [Google] [More]  ⦿

    Yuhta Nakajima

    [More]  ⦿

    Zheng Long

    Designer with Hua Weicang of the CJK Extension A part of the font used for the Unicode charts. [Google] [More]  ⦿