TYPE DESIGN INFORMATION PAGE last updated on Sat Apr 10 17:45:39 EDT 2021
FONT RECOGNITION VIA FONT MOOSE
Akira Uchida (Hitachi, Ltd. and TypeBank Co, Ltd) developed a very useful free full Latin/Kanji/unicode "didone style" font called XANO-mincho-U32 (2003). Opentype included. A thing of beauty. Direct download. He also made another full (free) didone-style unicode font, Kandata (2004). Here you can download his Tsuitiku-Kana family from 2004 until 2005. [Google] [More] ⦿
Great Unicode jump page. Has a page showing all fonts that support the various Unicode ranges. Check, for example, his Shavian Unicode sub-page. Unicode font utilities. Some font downloads, including the Unicode font MPH Damase (2005, Mark Williamson). [Google] [More] ⦿
Karlsruhe-based software developer. Creator of the large (and free) Unicode font Quivira (2005). It covers mathematics, chess, astrological symbols, arrows, fists, Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew, Armenian, Georgian, Tifinagh, Coptic, emoticons, Vai, and Braille, to name just a few ranges. Alexander graduated in computer science at the Hochschule Mannheim University of Applied Sciences (degree: Diplom-Informatiker (UAS)). [Google] [More] ⦿
He contributed to the GNU Freefont project via FreeSerif Cyrillic, and some of the Greek symbols. He also provided valuable direction about Cyrillic and Greek typesetting.
Juan-José Marcos García (b. Salamanca, Spain, 1963) is a professor of classics at the University of Plasencia in Spain. He has developed one of the most complete Unicode fonts named ALPHABETUM Unicode for linguistics and classical languages (classical&medieval Latin, ancient Greek, Etruscan, Oscan, Umbrian, Faliscan, Messapic, Picene, Iberic, Celtiberic, Gothic, Runic, Modern Greek, Cyrillic, Devanagari-based languages, Old&Middle English, Hebrew, Sanskrit, IPA, Ogham, Ugaritic, Old Persian, Old Church Slavonic, Brahmi, Glagolitic, Ogham, ancient Greek Avestan, Kharoshti, Old Norse, Old Icelandic, Old Danish and Old Nordic in general, Bengali, Hindi, Marathi, Phoenician, Cypriot, Linear B with plans for Glagolitic). This font has over 5000 glyphs, and contains most characters that concern classicists (rare symbols, signs for metrics, epigraphical symbols, "Saxon" typeface for Old English, etcetera). A demo font can be downloaded [see also Lucius Hartmann's place]. His Greek font Grammata (2002) is now called Ellenike.
He also created a package of fonts for Latin paleography (medieval handwriting on parchments): Capitalis Elegans, Capitalis Rustica, Capitalis Monumentalis, Antiqua Cursiva Romana, Nova Cursiva Romana (2014), Uncialis, Semiuncialis, Beneventana Minuscula, Visigothica Minuscula, Luxoviensis Minuscula, Insularis Minuscula, Insularis Majuscula, Carolingia Minuscula, Gothica Textura Quadrata, Gothica Textura Prescissa, Gothica Rotunda, Gothica Bastarda, Gothica Cursiva, Bastarda Anglicana (2014) and Humanistica Antiqua. PDF entitled Fonts For Latin Palaeography (2008-2014), in which Marcos gives an enjoyable historic overview.
Cyrillic OCS (2012) is a pair of Latin fonts that emulate Old Church Slavonic (old Cyrillic).
In 2013, he created Cuneus, a cuneiform simulation typeface.
Paleographic fonts for Greek (2014) has ten fonts designed by Marcos: Angular Uncial, Biblical Uncial, Coptic Uncial, Papyrus Uncial, Round Uncial, Slavonic Uncial, Sloping Uncial, Minuscule IX, Minuscule XI and Minuscule XV. These fonts are representative of the main styles of Greek handwriting used during the Classical World and Middle Ages on papyrus and parchments. There is also a short manual of Greek Paleography (71 pages) which explains the development of Greek handwriting from the fourth century B.C. to the invention of printing with movable type in the middle of the fifteenth A.D. He wrote a text book entitled History of Greek Typography: From the Invention of Printing to the Digital Age (in Spanish). See also here and here. [Google] [More] ⦿
Lucius Hartmann (Hinwil, Switzerland) at the University of Zürich lists the main fonts that are useful to classicists and users of old Greek. Downloadable fonts include Aisa Unicode (by Hildegund Mueller&Stefan Hagel, 1997-1998). Hartmann himself created Sappho (2002) and Alkaios (2005). [Google] [More] ⦿
Amadeus Information Systems
Amadeus Information Systems Limited / Phil Chastney are the designers of SImPL (1999-2001) and Sixpack Medium (2009), great Courier-like monospace fonts with many diacritics and symbols, filling many of the Unicode pages. The designer is Phil Chastney, who writes One of the design aims of the font was to provide a complete set of all known APL symbols, plus sufficient characters to allow prompts, comments, etc., to be expressed in every European language known to be in current use. Basically, that means the Latin, Greek and Cyrillic alphabets, plus accented and variant letter forms as required for other European languages using these alphabets.. Incidentally, Armenian and Cyrillic are also covered, and the number of mathematical symbols is staggering. [Google] [More] ⦿
American Philological Association
Association which published a free Greek Opentype font, KadmosU (2005). New Athena Unicode (2004-2010) is also free: New Athena Unicode is a freeware multilingual font distributed by the American Philological Association. It follows the latest version (5.1) of the Unicode standard and includes characters for English and Western European languages, polytonic Greek, Coptic, Old Italic, and Demotic Egyptian transliteration (and Arabic transliteration), as well as metrical symbols and other characters used by classical scholars. New Athena Unicode is a "smart font" that includes OpenType ligatures allowing the display of composed characters not recognized by Unicode but needed by scholars. I am not sure that I am right, but the Greekkeys pafge makes me believe that Donald Mastronarde (a Professor a UC Berkeley) of the American Philological Association is responsible for the creation and upkeep of New Athena Unicode. [Google] [More] ⦿
Andrey V. Panov
Andrey V. Panov
One of the most dynamic foundries from 2000 until 2003. The "Lab" was run by Apostrophe (Fredrick Nader) and was based in Toronto. The name Apostrophe comes from a Frank Zappa song. It has produced well over 1000 original free fonts, in all formats (type 1, truetype, and opentype, PC and Mac), and nearly all fonts have full character sets. Many have character sets for extended European languages and Cyrillic as well. It was for a few years the only active producer of multiple master fonts. Download site at Typoasis. Original URL, now being reworked. Highlights:
A list of over 700 symbols that are widespread in mobile phone networks, and a proposal for their inclusion in Unicode. Dedicated site with Emoji Free.
Si Daniels (Microsoft) analyzes the publication of the Apple Emoji font in 2011: Apple Color Emoji represents a significant milestone in both the history of type technology and character standardization. Of course color fonts are nothing new, with overprinting techniques in use from the earliest days of movable metal type. In digital typography layering has long been used to achieve multicolor results and color bitmap fonts have been around a while. However, Mac OS X Lion and the inclusion of the Apple Color Emoji font represent the first time a modern operating system has included both support and a showcase color font. Although the technology is basic, with color bitmaps included at two sizes in a proprietary sbix table, in years to come, as color fonts gain traction, we'll look back to 2011 as the year it all began. Of even more significance is the fact that the glyphs included in the font are Unicode encoded. In an effort initiated by Google and with significant help from Apple and Microsoft, 722 Emoji symbols were included in the recently published Unicode 6.0 standard, putting Emoji on par with the Latin alphabet and other writing systems encoded in Unicode. This means messages and documents containing Emoji are fully searchable and indexable, and Unicode Emoji fonts are included with Windows Phone 7.5 and the Windows 8 Developer Preview. The encoding effort was not without controversy, but effectively legitimizes nontraditional forms of written expression, and opens the door for the encoding of other symbols, including those found in popular symbol encoded fonts like Wingdings and Webdings. As to the design itself, it's more than adequate, the symbols are friendly and legible, but in reality the design isn't all that important. Of all the fonts issued in 2011 this is the one we'll all come back to in ten or twenty years as clearly being of the most historical significance. [Google] [More] ⦿
Arial is one of the most widely used designs of the digital era. Designed in 1982 by Robin Nicholas and Patricia Saunders for use in an early IBM laser printer, Arial has become a standard font in many font libraries. The design itself was based on Monotype Grotesque (and not Helvetica as many believe). The digital versions of Arial are sold by Ascender, Microsoft and Monotype.
Microsoft link for licensing. The font Arial Unicode MS is a full Unicode font, containing all of the approximately 40,000 alphabetical characters, ideographic characters, and symbols defined in the Unicode 2.1 standard. Arial was designed by Robin Nicholas and Patricia Saunders in 1982 for Agfa Monotype and was released as TrueType font in 1990. From 1993 to 1999, it was extended as Arial Unicode MS (with its first release as a TrueType font in 1998) by the following members of Monotype Typography's Monotype Type Drawing Office, under contract to Microsoft: Brian Allen, Evert Bloemsma, Jelle Bosma, Joshua Hadley, Wallace Ho, Kamal Mansour, Steve Matteson, and Thomas Rickner.
There is no italic version---only a regular and bold exist. Arial Unicode MS is normally distributed with Microsoft Office, but it is also bundled with Mac OS X v10.5 and later. It may also be purchased separately (as Arial Unicode) from Ascender Corporation (now absorbed by Monotype), who licenses the font from Microsoft.
Regarding the difference with ordinary Arial, we read this technical explanation on Wikipedia: When rendered with the same engine and without making adjustments for the different font metrics, the glyphs that appear in both Arial and Arial Unicode MS appear to be slightly wider, and thus rounder, in Arial Unicode MS. Horizontal text may also appear to have more inter-line spacing in Arial Unicode MS. This is due to larger bounding boxes (Arial Unicode MS needs more room for some of its extended glyphs) and the limitations of renderers, not changes in the glyph shapes. The lack of kerning pairs in Arial Unicode MS may also affect inter-glyph spacing in some renderers (for example the Adobe Flash Player). Arial Unicode MS also includes Hebrew glyphs different from the Hebrew glyphs found in Arial. They are based on the shapes of the Hebrew glyphs in Tahoma, but are adjusted to the weight, proportions and style of Arial. [Google] [More] ⦿
The free math symbol Opentype font Asana Math (2007-2019) contains all of the Unicode mathematical symbols. It was made by Apostolos Syropoulos from Xanthi, Greece. It includes all Unicode math symbols. It also has an Opentype math table. Some glyphs were borrowed from Young Ryu's pxfonts (2000)
From Bitstream's web page: "Bitstream Cyberbit is our award-winning international font. Based on one of our most popular and readable type designs (Dutch 801 BT [note: Bitstream's version of Times and Times New Roman]), it includes all the typographic characters for most of the world's major languages. Cyberbit is now available! The product release includes the roman weight of Dutch 801 BT, a "serif" font. (A serif font has small finishing strokes at the end of the main stems, arms, and tails of characters, while a sanserif font does not.) The font is in TrueType format for Windows 95 and Windows NT. Future releases will provide support for "sanserif" typefaces, other platforms, other font formats, and even more languages. Bitstream Cyberbit is a work in progress. Bitstream is now distributing the roman weight of Cyberbit, free of charge, over the Internet! Remember, this release is in TrueType format for Windows 95 and Windows NT". --- Well, Bitstream no longer offers the font. It is still out there however. Try here, here, here, or here. Has these unicode ranges: Basic Latin, Latin-1 Supplement, Latin Extended-A, Latin Extended-B, Spacing Modifier Letters, Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew Extended (A and B blocks combined), Thai, Latin Extended Additional, General Punctuation, Currency Symbols, Letterlike Symbols, Number Forms, Arrows, Mathematical Operators, Miscellaneous Technical, Box Drawing, Block Elements, Geometric Shapes, Miscellaneous Dingbats, Alphabetic Presentation Forms, Combining Diacritical Marks, Enclosed Alphanumerics, Arabic, Arabic Presentation Forms-A and -B, CJK (Chinese, Japanese, Korean) Symbols and Punctuation, Hiragana, Katakana, Bopomofo, Hangul Compatibility Jamo, Enclosed CJK Letters and Months, CJK Compatibility, Hangul, CJK Unified Ideographs, CJK Compatibility Ideographs, CJK Compatibility Forms, Small Form Variants, and Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms. [Google] [More] ⦿
BIZNET Central European (ISO 8859-2) X Window Fonts : 395 fonts that comply with ISO 8859-2 for X Windows. For 10 zlotys, you get the fonts on diskette, and for 70 zlotys on a CD. Downloads over the net are free. [Google] [More] ⦿
E.J.Brill is an academic publisher in Leiden, The Netherlands. In 1989, DecoType produced the first ever computer-typeset Persian and English dictionary for them. In 2009, Brill has resumed its 325 year old tradition of Arabo-Dutch typography by adapting Tasmeem for its Arabic texts. In 2008, Brill commissioned John Hudson to make a text face. Hudson's PDF explains how Brill had been working mostly with Baskerville, so the new Brill typeface is also transitional, but narrower, resulting in savings of paper. Greek and Cyrillic are covered by Brill as well.
In 2012, Brill was made available for free download for non-commercial use. While Brill is an original design by John Hudson, the blackletter range of characters was made by Karsten Lücke. Gerry Leonidas and Maxim Zhukov were consulted for Greek and Cyrillic, respectively. The fonts follow Unicode and contain nearly all symbols people in the humanities may ever need. [Google] [More] ⦿
Alan J. Flavell (Glasgow University) discusses the interface between fonts and browsers. A list of Unicode-compliant fonts is given. There is also information on monospaced fonts. Regarding Webdings, he explains that the font is not Unicode-compliant and thus is inappropriate for web use, as HTML looks for unicode mappings. In other words, the name Webdings is inappropriate. [Google] [More] ⦿
Yidao Cai's free software. Most interesting is CNPRINT: "CNPRINT is a utility to print Chinese/Japanese/Korean (CJK) text (or convert to PostScript) under DOS, VMS and UNIX systems. It works just as a print command on your system. Currently GB, Hz, zW, BIG5, CNS, JIS, EUC, Shift-JIS, KSC, UTF8, UTF7 and UTF16 formats are supported. With its full Unicode support, it should be able to print other language (e.g. Thai, Vietnames, Arabic as well)." Also, MSHei and MSSong truetype fonts for Chinese, Korean and Japanese, developed by Stone Corporation, Zhuhai, China. [Google] [More] ⦿
Web page on the russification of Windows and related Slavic language font links. Christoph Singer who used to be based in Tübingen, Germany, created these (free) fonts: an old Russian lettering font Old Cyrillic, Metropol 95, Kirillica Nova Unicode (1998), Kirillica Wincyr (Old Church Slavonic), as well as the old Cyrillic fonts XSerif Trediakovskij, Xserif Old Russian, and XSerif Unicode. Singer's page on Unicode-compliant fonts. [Google] [More] ⦿
American designer in Jackson Heights, NY (b. 1965), associated with the Cherokee Nation. He created the graffiti font Chase Zen Jackulator (2015), Chase Zen Jingletruck Karachi (2015), the tattoo font Chase Zen Holy Monkey (2015), the art nouveau typeface Chase Zen Paris (2014), Chase Zen Sprawl (2014), Chase Zen Blight (2014), Chase Zen Punjabi (2014), Chase Zen Basmati (2014), and Chase Zen Bangladesh (2014).
Designer in 2011-2012 of the following free Latin / Cherokee fonts: Nikwasi, Tsiquilisda, Danisvdanvsgv, Alewisdodi, Gola Unole, Nvdaasdawadidohi, Atuyasdodi, Tsi yu gunsini (a copperplate design for Unicode Cherokee, named after a Cherokee chief called Dragging Canoe), Wilma Mankiller Old (2012, also for Cherokee), Gadaquali (flared face), Gageda (Cherokee font).
Further typefaces: Grendel (2011), the tattoo fonts Maelstrom (2011) and Reign Sample (2010), the mechanical typeface Dans Hardware (2010), the graffiti typeface Stone Angel (2010), the Western typeface Mary's Cherry&Co (2010), the squarish typeface Dashboard Jesus (2010), the fat wood style typeface John Brown (2010), Dantone (2010), the fat roundish typeface Creamy (2010), Thermobaric (2011, Star trek face).
Mark Leisher's creation: "ClearlyU is a set of BDF (bitmap) 12 point, 100 dpi fonts that provides glyphs that can be used for Unicode text. The font contains over 4000 glyphs, including numerous additional glyphs for alternate forms and ligatures. The ClearlyU typeface was originally inspired by Donald Knuth's Computer Modern typeface, but has been slowly evolving into something else." Supported are: Navajo, Armenian, Cyrillic, Georgian, Greek and Coptic, Hebrew, Lao, Thai. [Google] [More] ⦿
Free font package from 2009 by Andrey Panov, specially adapted for TeX. CM Unicode (or: Computer Modern Unicode) is an OpenType and Type 1 unicode version of Knuth's Computer Modern font family. The OIpenType fonts include CMUBright-Bold, CMUSerif-BoldItalic, CMUSerif-BoldSlanted, CMUBright-Oblique, CMUBright-Roman, CMUBright-SemiBoldOblique, CMUBright-SemiBold, CMUTypewriter-Light, CMUTypewriter-LightOblique, CMUSerif-Bold, CMUBright-BoldOblique, CMUClassicalSerif-Italic, CMUTypewriter-Italic, CMUConcrete-BoldItalic, CMUConcrete-Bold, CMUConcrete-Roman, CMUConcrete-Italic, CMUSerif-BoldNonextended, CMUSerif-Roman, CMUSansSerif-Oblique, CMUSerif-RomanSlanted, CMUSansSerif-BoldOblique, CMUSansSerif, CMUSansSerif-DemiCondensed, CMUTypewriter-Oblique, CMUSansSerif-Bold, CMUTypewriter-Bold, CMUSerif-Italic, CMUTypewriter-Regular, CMUTypewriter-BoldItalic, CMUSerif-UprightItalic, CMUTypewriterVariable-Italic, CMUTypewriterVariable.
Computer Modern Unicode fonts
Andrey V. Panov developed the Computer Modern Unicode fonts in 2003-2007 by conversions from metafont sources using textrace and fontforge (former pfaedit). He wanted to create free good quality fonts for use in X applications that support many languages. Currently the fonts contain glyphs from Latin1 (Metafont ec, tc), Cyrillic (la, rx) and Greek (cbgreek) code sets. There are 33 fonts in the family: CMUClassicalSerif-Italic, CMUSansSerif-Bold, CMUSansSerif-BoldOblique, CMUSansSerif-Demi-Condensed, CMUSansSerif-Oblique, CMUSansSerif, CMUSerif-Bold-Nonextended, CMUSerif-Bold-Slanted, CMUSerif-Bold, CMUSerif-BoldItalic, CMUSerif-Italic, CMUSerif-Roman-Slanted, CMUSerif-Roman, CMUSerif-Unslanted-Italic, CMUTypewriter-Bold, CMUTypewriter-BoldItalic, CMUTypewriter-Italic, CMUTypewriter-Oblique, CMUTypewriter-Regular, CMUTypewriterVariable-Italic, CMUTypewriterVariable. The fonts come in type 1, OpenType and SFD, the universal spline format used by FontForge. The CMU Bright subfamily was added some time later in 2007.
In 2008, he made Heuristica (or Evristika), a serif family that extends Adobe's Utopia (for Latin, Greek and Cyrillic). Heuristica was improved in 2014 by Andreas Nolda as Utopia Nova. Open Font Library link for Heuristica. Download site for Heuristica.
Chinese font archive in Hong-Kong. Alternate URL. Included are BitstreamCyberCJK-Roman (1990-1998), a nearly full Unicode font, the NTU family (which comprises NTU_FS_M, NTU_KAI, NTU_LI_M, NTU_MB, NTU_MM, NTU_MR, NTU_TW), Siddam, TSC-FMing-S-TT, TSC-JSong-S-TT (both from Twinbridge Software), CWTEX-BB, CWTEX-F, CWTEX-K, CWTEX-M, CWTEX-R (all by Tsong-Min Wu, Tsong-Huey Wu and Wang Ming-Ter, 1999-2002), and the wcl family. In the Unicode subpage, we find the HZK series. Alternate URL. Another URL. [Google] [More] ⦿
D. Paul Alecsandri
Refreshing fonts created by Canadian Darren Rigby using High-Logic. The fonts come in truetype format (in 2000): Bayern (fraktur font), Beltane (2002), Brasspounder (2004), Con Jitters (2002, handwriting), Enigmatic, EnigmaticUnicodeRegular, Fitzgerald, GangueOuais (2002), HindsightUnicode (2001, with all European languages, Cyrillic, Armenian, and IPA), HindsightSmallCaps, HindsightRegular, HindsightMonospaceRegular, IntruderAlert, QuicktypeRegular, ThinDime, TorturerUpright, SilverDollar, DontWalkRun, History-Repeating (1999-2000), HistoryHappens, HistoryRepeatingH, HistoryHappens, HistoryRepeatingV, Lemon, Norse-Code (runes), OneEighty, TorturerBound, TorturerCrushed, Daybreaker, Yerevan, Seebreaze, Jareth, Tin Birdhouse, Tin Doghouse, Three-Sixty, Three-Sixty Condensed, Levity (2001, Western font), Gravity, River Avenue, Water Street, Warer Street Detour (unicase), Meridiana, Torquemada, Torquemada Starved, Torquemada Starved Unicode, Radian (2002), All Hooked Up (2002), Brasspounder (2004), Quilljoy (2004). [Google] [More] ⦿
David J. Perry
A project of Johannes Bergerhausen at the University of Applied Sciences in Mainz, Germany. In 2005, the database of glyphs was opened for submission of material via the internet. They hope to make a gigantic database of all the world's characters. [Google] [More] ⦿
The DejaVu fonts form an open source font family based on the Bitstream Vera Fonts. Free download. Its purpose is to provide a wider range of characters (see Current status page for more information) while maintaining the original look and feel through the process of collaborative development. Included are DejaVuSans-Bold, DejaVuSans-BoldOblique, DejaVuSans-Oblique, DejaVuSans, DejaVuSansCondensed-Bold, DejaVuSansCondensed-BoldOblique, DejaVuSansCondensed-Oblique, DejaVuSansCondensed, DejaVuSansMono-Bold, DejaVuSansMono-BoldOb, DejaVuSansMono-Oblique, DejaVuSansMono-Roman, DejaVuSerif-Bold, DejaVuSerif-BoldOblique, DejaVuSerif-Oblique, DejaVuSerif-Roman, DejaVuSerifCondensed-Bold, DejaVuSerifCondensed-BoldOblique, DejaVuSerifCondensed-Oblique, DejaVuSerifCondensed.
Authors and contributors comprise Adrian Schroeter, Ben Laenen, Dafydd Harries, Danilo Segan (Cyrillic), David Jez, David Lawrence Ramsey, Denis Jacquerye, Dwayne Bailey, James Cloos, James Crippen, Keenan Pepper, Mashrab Kuvatov, Misu Moldovan (Romanian), Ognyan Kulev, Ondrej Koala Vacha, Peter Cernák, Sander Vesik, Stepán Roh (project manager; Polish), Tavmjong Bah, Valentin Stoykov, and Vasek Stodulka. The idea is to eventually cover most of unicode. Currently, this is covered: Latin (+supplement, extended A and part of extended B), IPA, Greek, Coptic, Cyrillic, Georgian, Armenian, Hebrew, N'ko, Tifinagh, Lao, Canadian aboriginal syllabics, Ogham, Arabic, math symbols, arrows, Braille, chess, and many dingbats.
Site run by Mike Lischke. Unicode20 is his free Delphi-based Windows program with a Unicode Regular Expression search engine and a Unicode Tuned Boyer-Moore search engine. UnicodeView is another free program that shows all true type fonts on a Windows system and allows to browse through all codepoints (characters). [Google] [More] ⦿
Ecritures du monde
Michel Bottin's pages (in French) on the world's writing systems. He spends some time on the major Unicode fonts, Bitstream Cyberbit (downloadable), Titus Unicode (by Jost Gippert), Code 2000 (by James Kass), and Ballymon RO (by M. Ronald Ogawa). There are also pages on Unicode and standardization. [Google] [More] ⦿
Turkish designer of the old Turkic script typefaces Kylych (2014) and Orkun. Both are free. His user name is Bitigchi. He also lists the Unicode fonts that support old Turkic scripts:
Ethan Lamoreaux's page on the Shavian alphabet contains two Shavian fonts he made in 2003: esl_gothic_shavian (the Shavian characters are encoded where the Latin characters would normally go) and esl_gothic_unicode (the Shavian characters are located at both the Private Use area, starting at U+E700, and also in the Shavian area in plane 1 (surrogates) starting at U+10450). Fontspace link. [Google] [More] ⦿
Evertype (was: Everson Typography)
Elsewhere, one can find rare Everson creations such as Musgrave (1994).
MyFonts sells these typefaces:
His bio, in his own words: Michael Everson, based in Westport, Co. Mayo, is an expert in the writing systems of the world. He is active in supporting minority-language communities, especially in the fields of character standardization and internationalization. He is one of the co-authors of the Unicode Standard, and is a Contributing Editor and Irish National Representative to ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG2, the committee responsible for the development and maintenance of the Universal Character Set. He is a linguist, typesetter, and font designer who has contributed to the encoding in of many scripts and characters. In 2005 and 2006 his work to encode the Balinese and N'Ko scripts was supported by UNESCO's Initiative B@bel programme. Michael received the Unicode "Bulldog" Award in 2000 for his technical contributions to the development and promotion of the Unicode Standard. Active in the area of practical implementations, Michael has created locale and language information for many languages, from support for Irish and the other Celtic langauges to the minority languages of Finland. In 2003 he was commissioned by the United Nations Development Programme to prepare a report on the computer locale requirements for Afghanistan, which was endorsed by the Ministry of Communications of the Afghan Transitional Islamic Administration. He prepared a number of fonts and keyboard layouts for Mac OS X 10.3 (Panther). Michael moved to Tucson, Arizona at the age of 12. He studied German, Spanish, and French for his B.A. at the University of Arizona (1985), and the History of Religions and Indo-European Linguistics for his M.A. at the University of California, Los Angeles (1988). He moved to Ireland in 1989, and was a Fulbright Scholar in the Faculty of Celtic Studies, University College Dublin (1991). In 2010, he made Timenhor, a Latin-script font whose glyphs are based on the uncial letterforms of Coptic manuscripts. Speaker at ATypI 2010 in Dublin. Speaker at ATypI 2011 in Reykjavik.
Every Witch Way
D. Paul Alecsandri designed the runic fonts Futharc (2001), NewSymbolFont (2000) and Samaritan (2001). We also find the rather complete Unicode truetype font Roman-Unicode (2001), which cover all European, Arabic, Hebrew, Greek, Cyrillic, Thai and Indic languages, and provide kana as well (but not kanji). All parts of unicode covered. See also here.
Samaritan (2001) deals with a pre-Samaritan or pre-Babylonian Hebrew.
Originally designed for linguistics, the free typeface Chrysanthi Unicode (2001) contains all Unicode Latin characters (including Basic Latin, Latin 1 Supplement, Latin Extended A&B, IPA, and Latin Extended Additional) as well as Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew, and everal others.
Article by Adobe's Thomas Phinney on how to tackle extensions of Cyrillic in future Adobe releases (in line with the Unicode specs), in the hope of covering these languages as well (population numbers in parentheses): Abaza (45K), Adyghian (300K), Avar (600K), Buryat (440K), Chechen (1M), Dungan (50K), Ingush (230K), Kabardian (650K), Kalmyk (160K), Kara-Kalpak (200K), Kazakh (8M), Kyrgyz (1.5M), Lakh (145K), Lezgi (400K), Mongolian (5M), Tabasaran (100K), Tajik (4.4M), Tatar (7M), Turkmen (6.4M), Tuvan (200K), Uzbek (16.5M). [Google] [More] ⦿
FBAUL stands for Faculdade de Belas-Artes Universidade de Lisboa. Located in Lisbon, it offers arts, design and communication degrees, and has a good typographic component in its curriculum. It hosted ATypI 2006. [Google] [More] ⦿
Free truetype fonts: Tai Le Valentinum (for the Tai Le script used in China, Burma and Laos), Valentine Arabic, the faux pixel font Sounds of Apathy, and the unicode faux pixel font Fixedsys Excelsior 2.0 (2007). The latter covers Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew, Armenian, Tamil, Hylian, N'Ko, Ethiopic, blackletter, Dehong Dai, Pahawh Hmong, Thaan, Arabic, Thai, Ogham, runic, and IPA. All fonts made by Darien Valentine in 2004. See also here. [Google] [More] ⦿
Fonts for Scholars
Cardo is a Unicode font under development by David J. Perry from Rye, New York. Covering European languages, as well as Hebrew, Greek/Coptic and Greek Extended, it is free for non-commercial use. He writes: "This font is my version of a typeface cut for the Renaissance printer Aldus Manutius and first used to print Pietro Bembo's book De Aetna. This font has been revived in modern times under several names (Bembo, Aetna, Aldine 401). I chose it mainly because it is a classic book face, suitable for scholarship, and also because it is easier to get various diacritics sized and positioned for legibility with this design than with some others. I added a set of Greek characters designed to harmonize well on the page with the Roman letters as well as many other characters useful to classicists and medievalists."
Fredrick M. Nader
"My project of extending the xterm default font "6x13" or "fixed" to the around 2500 character subset of Unicode and ISO 10646-1 that can adequately be represented in such a small cell size is now pretty much completed." By Markus G. Kuhn, Computer Laboratory, University of Cambridge, UK. [Google] [More] ⦿
The GB 2312-1980 character set standard represents Simplified Chinese characters. GB is short for Guojia Biaozhun, Chinese for national standard. GB 2312-1980 contains 7,445 characters, including 6,763 Hanzi and 682 Latin, symbol and punctuation characters. As additional extensions were added and the Unicode Standard expanded, GB character sets were updated accordingly. The most recent, GB 18030-2000, was introduced in to the Unicode Standard in 2000. It contains room for 1.6 million characters, can include one, two or four byte characters, and includes support for Mongolian, Tibetan, Yi, and Uyghur, as well as all previously supported Chinese scripts. The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) government requires that all language-related products introduced into the Chinese marketplace must be able to function using all the characters in GB 18030. [Google] [More] ⦿
George Williams's site (now defunct) site was a discovery! George Williams (b. 1959) wrote spline-generating code and then went on to produce several fonts with his software between 1987 and 1998:
George Williams writes: I have been slowly working to provide free unicode postscript fonts for the three major groupings of styles used by European (Latin, Greek and Cyrillic anyway) type designs: serif, sans-serif and typewriter (or Times, Helvetica and Courier). Monospace is my approximation to Courier. Close examination will reveal that it is a bad copy of courier. Caslon Roman (1992-2001) is a serif font (designed by William Caslon in 1734), it's not a bad copy of Times, it's a bad copy of something else. Caliban is a bad copy of Helvetica. If Microsoft can call their version of Helvetica Arial, then Caliban seems appropriate for mine. Yet another URL.
George Williams is best known as the inventor and creator of FontForge, the biggest and best free font editor today. It made him the darling of the Open Software community. Interview with OSP.
GNU Freefont (or: Free UCS Outline Fonts)
The GNU Freefont is continuously being updated to become a large useful Unicode monster. GNU FreeFont is a free family of scalable outline fonts, suitable for general use on computers and for desktop publishing. It is Unicode-encoded for compatability with all modern operating systems. There are serif, Sans and Mono subfamilies. Also called the "Free UCS Outline Fonts", this project is part of the larger Free Software Foundation. The original head honcho was Primoz Peterlin, the coordinator at the Institute of Biophysics of the University of Ljubljana, Slovenia. In 2008, Steve White (aka Stevan White) took over.
Proposal for a GNU Unicode font, by Roman Czyborra. Plus bitmap and unicode related software such as bdf2hex, gif2bdf, hex2bdf, hexdraw, padcell and unifont.hex:
GNU Unifont (or: Unifoundry)
David Starner maintained GNU unifont, but this job is now in the hands of Paul Hardy. See also here. This pixel font comes in its own unique format and also in truetype, with converters to bdf and pcf. It covers every prinable unicode character. Alternate URL. Yet another URL. Paul Hardy writes about this full Unicode font: Initially I just posted my additions to Roman Czyborra's original unifont.hex file. Then in mid-January 2008, his website went down. So here's the whole font. Roman Czyborra has encouraged me to continue with my additions. Luis González Miranda wrote a cool combination of scripts to convert the GNU Unifont from .hex format into FontForge .sfd format, then to have FontForge convert this to a TrueType outline font (see the Unicode Utilities web page on this site for more information). Pixels are drawn as outlined squares, so they scale to all point sizes. This works well with GNOME; I haven't tried it with any other Unix windowing environment. I've removed the OpenType SBIT font link from this page because the outline font is much more flexible. The biggest improvement to the GNU Unifont was the addition of over 20,000 new CJK glyphs from version 1.1 of Qianqian Fang's Unibit font. The Unibit font began as a combination of the original GNU Unifont and a basic CJK bitmap font placed in the public domain by the People's Republic of China. It adopted the GNU Unifont's scheme of 8x16 and 16x16 glyphs. Qianqian Fang and many others then added about 10,000 more glyphs. Qianqian states in the Unibit distribution: "The entire CJK Unified Ideographics (U4E00-U9FA5) and CJK Unified Ideographics Extension A(U3400-U4DB5) blocks were replaced by high-quality glyphs from China National Standard GB19966-2005 (public domain)."
Developed at the Summer Institute of Linguistics, this language is designed to provide Windows applications with advanced features for the use of all languages (but especially those not supported because of economic infeasiblity). It is the missing link between a font and an application and has more flexibility than OpenType. [Google] [More] ⦿
This site has a number of free truetype fonts, such as SILDoulos PigLatinDemo (2000, Summer Institute of Linguistics), NeoAssyrianRAI (2001, a Sumero-Akkadian Cuneiform font by Karljuergen G. Feuerherm), DoulosSIL (2002, a big Unicode-compliant font), PadaukSuper (2003, Burmese font), Code2000 (2003, James Kass's huge unicode font; the version here is called Code2000 Tamil Graphite) Koli Nko Manden (1999, by the Fakoli Corporation for the West African language N'Ko). [Google] [More] ⦿
Herman Miller made several typefaces for Kolagian languages (runes): Kisuna, MizarianUni, OlaeUni, ZireenUni, CispaNormal, OlaetyanNormal, Thryomanes, Zirinka (font used for Zireen languages including Zírí:nká and Zharranh), Lhoerr (font used for Jarrda and Jaghri), Pintek (Braille-type font), Velika, Minza, Lindiga, Teamouse VS, Tirelat (2001), Ludireo, Tilya, Czirehlat.
TIPANormal, ThrIPANormal and ThrSAMPANormal are fonts designed for phonetics. Livagian (2003) has a reasonable character set. TeamouseLX, TeamouseVS, TeamouseVS (all 2001) are Miller's versions of Times Roman.
Engineering student (Bachelor of Technology degree from Vidya Academy of Science and Technology, University of Calicut) and free software advocate who has had a hand in setting up PLUS, FSUGTSR, GNU Labs, FCI, moving republic and Swathanthra Malayalam Computing. Creator of the free handwriting font Rufscript (2007), entirely made with open source tools: GIMP, Inkscape, Font Forge, and GEdit. The letters are based on the hand of Lithu K. Kumar. Kernest links: Lithu K Kumar, Hiran Venugopalan. He is working on Dyuthi, an ornamental Malayalam Unicode font, and on Perizia, a non-symmetric ornamental typographic Unicode font. [Google] [More] ⦿
Professor John C. Wells (Department of Phonetics and Linguistics, University College London) tells about displaying Unicode phonetic symbols. Fonts with these capabilities include
Bitmap (screen) font being developed by Cambridge's Markus Kuhn. Here is what he writes: "The ISO 10646 fixed font is now almost ready; it has already around 1000 characters at the moment, covering all of WGL4, all block graphics, all of ISO 8859 except Arabic/Thai/Celtic, and much more. I'll add a few less frequently required European characters over the weekend (e.g., for Irish Celtic, Skolt Sami, Romania, etc.) in order to fullfill the character set requirements of the European Commission, and we have to do a bit of quality assurance work, but basically it is ready." [Google] [More] ⦿
Coding that supports the following languages: Afrikaans, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Faeroese, Finnish, French, German, Galician, Irish, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish and Swedish. See also here, here, here, here, here, here, here, and here. More specifically, other ISO-8859 groups are as follows:
ISO 8859-2 character set is a part of ISO 8859 series of 8-bit character sets for writing in Western alphabetic languages (i.e. Latin, Cyrillic, Arabic, Hebrew and Greek). Primoz Peterlin provides many links to font resources for this set of characters. [Google] [More] ⦿
Type designer (b. Minneapolis, MN, 1962) at SIL International, UK since 1991, and an ex-M.A. student in type design at the University of Reading. He has worked on non-Latin typefaces, as well as his own extended Latin design, Gentium (2002). [Download from places such as OFL and FreeBSD]. Gentium Plus supports a wide range of Latin, Greek and Cyrillic characters. It was developed between 2003 and 2014 by J. Victor Gaultney (main designer), Annie Olsen, Iska Routamaa, an Becca Hirsbrunner.
Papers by him include Multitudinous Alphabets: The design of extended Latin typefaces (2001), The influence of pen-based letterforms on Devanagari typefaces (2001), Balancing Typeface Legibility and Economy, Gentium---A Typeface for The Nations, Problems of Diacritic Design, and "Problems of diacritic design for Latin script text typefaces" (2002). The last one is a must-read.
Projects in which he is the main or only designer include SIL Dai Banna Fonts, SIL Tai Dam Fonts, SIL Greek Font System, SIL IPA Fonts, and SIL Encore Fonts. At ATypI 2004 in Prague, he spoke about the technical problems with East European type. In 2008, he published Gentium Basic and Gentium Book Basic, each in four weights, but essentially limited to Latin, and added them to the Google Font Directory link.
At ATypI 2010 in Dublin, he spoke about sculptural letterer Arnold Flaten (1900-1976). Speaker at ATypI 2011 in Reykjavik. Speaker at ATypI 2013 in Amsterdam: Open and collaborative font design in a web fonts world. Speaker at ATypI 2017 Montreal.
Ripon, CA-based designer of Code2000, Code2001 and Code2002, free Unicode fonts. The shareware font Code2000 has 36000 glyphs, including Japanese and all European languages. He has free downloadable Unicode charts, info on Unicode in Netscape/HTML, the freeware Ol Cemet' (or JKSantal) font. His free Code2001 includes Old Persian Cuneiform, Deseret, Tengwar, Cirth, Old Italic, Gothic, Aegean Numbers, Cypriot Syllabary, Pollard Script, and Ugaritic. James Kass is located in Lake Isabella, CA. Discussion by the typophiles (with complaints about the wide spacing, the letters g, 2, J, and other typographic matters). The font is the default at the JSTOR site.
Archive at a mysterious site: CourierThai, CourierThai-Bold, CourierThai-Bold-Italic, CourierThai-Italic, Lucida-Bright-Demibold, Lucida-Bright-Demibold-Italic, Lucida-Bright-Italic, Lucida-Bright-Regular, Lucida-Sans-Demibold, Lucida-Sans-Demibold-Oblique, Lucida-Sans-Oblique, Lucida-Sans-Typewriter-Regular, Lucida-Sans-Typewriter-Bold, Lucida-Sans-Typewriter-Bold-Oblique, Lucida-Sans-Typewriter-Oblique, Lucida-Sans-Regular, Monotype-Sans-Duospace-WT-J, Thonburi, Thonburi-Bold, Thonburi-Bold-Italic, Thonburi-Italic, Times-New-Roman-WT-J. These are mostly for Thai, but the Monotype-Sans and Times-Roman fonts are substantial 30-megabyte monsters that cover most of the world's scripts. [Google] [More] ⦿
Johannes Bergerhausen (b. 1965, Bonn, Germany), studied Visual Communication at the University of Applied Sciences in Düsseldorf. From 1993 to 2000, he lived and worked in Paris. First he collaborated with the Founders of Grapus, Gérard Paris-Clavel and Pierre Bernard, then he founded his own office. He returned to Germany in 2000, where he is Professor of Typography at the University of Applied Sciences in Mainz (since 2002). In 2003, together with Paris-Clavel, he published the font "LeBuro" at ACME Fonts, London. At ATypI 2004 in Prague, he spoke about Decoding Unicode. He describes his Unicode character collection project at Typotechnica 2005.
In 2012, he was awarded with the Designpreis in Gold of the Federal Republic of Germany. He is currently working on a digital cuneiform font.
Author, with Siri Poarangan, of decodeunicode: Die Schriftzeichen der Welt (2011, Verlag Hermann Schmidt Mainz). This text shows all 109.242 typographic symbols in the Unicode standard at the time of its publication. Speaker at ATypI 2018 in Antwerp, during which (jointly with Morgane Pierson) he published a silkscreen poster with 292 glyphs, representing all 292 known writing systems of the world, together with their names, regions, and timeframes. [Google] [More] ⦿
John M. Fiscella
Juan-José Marcos García
Kalinga and Kalinga Bold are the default Odia / Oriya fonts in Microsoft's Vista. According to Migrating to Unicode from Legacy Systems (Nisam Ali), these are some of the highest quality Unicode Odia fonts available in 2015. [Google] [More] ⦿
Japanese foundry, est. 2003, which made the (incomplete) kana/Latin display font Doraemoji, the Hankyu Station font, 55font*, DOUTOR (stencil), The-Font-of-DRUAGA-, guruhude (curly kana), HABBO, KAIJI-no-"ZAWA", Laundry, PSX! (2003, futuristic design), Quintetto, UNAO-JAPON-PRO (handwritten kanji face), UNAO-JAPON, UO-FONT, womusubikun, Strawberry (2004), Goonies (2004), Siusendo (2004, handwritten kanji face), Hentaikana (2004), Osushi (2004, sushi ding font), Strawberry, Ozen (2004, sushi ding font). Alternate URL. Font names: 70:nine-round, Akou-47, 70:ARAHABIKA, 70:BIKKORO, 70:D-FONT, DORAEMOJI, 70:DOTTY-SQUARE, 70:DOUToU, 70:The-Font-of-DRUAGA, 70:GOOONIES, GuruguruFudemoji, 70:HABOBO, 70:Hankyu-Station, HenTaiKana, 70:O-DE-N, 70:O-SU-SHI, 70:PSPS, 70:Quintetto, 70:reclining-chair, Siusen-Do-Font, Siusen-Do-Font, 70:SPOOK, 70:-STRAWBERRY-, 70:Sakura-Valuation-Stamp, 70:Syouwa-Nostalgie, 70:TIROLING, 70:TOYBOX, UNAO-JAPON-pro--new--, UNAO-JAPON-PRO, UNAO-JAPON, 70:UO-FONT, 70:womusubikun, 70:Wonta, 70:ZAWA-ZAWA, 70:Laundry, 70:Mushroom-Land, 70:M*O*O*N*G*L*O*W (moon phases). [Google] [More] ⦿
KODEKS is the German slavistics server run by Professor Sebastian Kempgen from the University of Bamberg. Kempgen's fonts include
Arabic support for UNIX (commercial product), including some font solutions. Code set and font set include the following: Codeset ISO 8859-6, ASMO 449 plus, ASMO 708, Fontset iso-8859-6-8, Fontset iso-8859-6-16. [Google] [More] ⦿
Large Unicode fonts
Alan Wood lists and discusses the main free Unicode fonts. As of 2010, these include:
The Last Resort font is a collection of glyphs to represent types of Unicode characters. These glyphs are designed to allow users to recognize that an encoded value is one of the following: a specific type of Unicode character; in the Private Use Area (no private agreement exists); unassigned (reserved for future assignment); one of the illegal character codes. Apple's LastResort font was first included in Mac OS 8.5 in 1998, for the benefit of applications using Apple Type Services for Unicode Imaging (ATSUI). It is also used in Mac OS X. In 2001, for the second release of OS X, the Last Resort font design was revised to include the border text and was re-digitized, and extended in 2002 by Michael Everson of Evertype, who continues to update it with each new release of Unicode. Apple has now made the Last Resort font available for free download from the Unicode website. Wiki entry. [Google] [More] ⦿
Naqsh is a free OpenType font by Lateef Sagar Shaikh with tons of diacritics for a handwritten Mistral-like character set, as well as a full Arabic character set with appropriate opentype tables for the Nastalique way of writing context-sensitive Arabic. The Latin part was designed by Umar Rashid. The font is compliant with many Unicode tables. See also here and here. [Google] [More] ⦿
Indrek Hein's online character database, based in Estonia. Invaluable data base of all unicode letters, with pictures! (Only the Asian languages are missing, but it is complete for all East-European languages, for example.) [Google] [More] ⦿
Libertine Open Fonts Project
Now, here is a project with a name I like! This project by Philipp H. Poll has been started in order to create fonts that can be released under the GNU Public License. As of early 2005, we have the following Times New Roman lookalikes: LLibertineCaps, LinLibertine, LinLibertine-Italic, LinLibertineBd. Libertine Grotesque is next on the list of things to do. The fonts came in truetype and fontforge (SFD) text formats, but have now been extended to include opentype and type 1 as well. Linux Libertine covers a big range of Unicode, including all characters in MES-1 (Afrikaans, Albanian, Basque, Breton, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Esperanto, Estonian, Faroese, Finnish, Frensh, Frisian, Galician, German, Greenlandic, Hungarian, Icelandic, Irish Gaelic (new orthography), Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Luxemburgish, Maltese, Manx Gaelic, Moldavian (with restrictions), Northern Sámi, Norwegian, Occitan, Polish, Portuguese, Rhaeto-Romanic, Romanian (with restrictions), Scottish Gaelic, Slovak, Slovenian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Welsh (with restrictions)), IPA, Greek, Cyrillic, math symbols, and a host of other symbol and language sets. TeX archive. The typophiles are not impressed. Charles Ellertson writes: The bowl of the "a" doesn't fit other letters, the top and terminal of the "f" doesn't know where it is going, the descender of the "y" doesn't balance quite right, and the serif on the upper arm of the "z" (which probably reminded the original poster of Caslon) seems out of place. I get the impression, again from the small sample, that the font doesn't quite know whether it is supposed to be slightly condensed or slightly expanded.
In 2007, the following weights are available: Normal, Kursiv, Fett, Fett Kursiv, Kapitaelchen, Unterstrichen, Grotesk. As a measure of the success of the font, we find that is now used on the logo of Wikipedia.
As a companion font, they offer Linux Biolinum (2010): The Biolinum is an organic sans-serif and could be also described as organogrotesque (non-linear sans serif). It is still in a beta stage. Biolinum is meant for emphasizing titles but could be used also for short passages of text. For longer texts a serif font such as the Libertine should be used in favour of readability The Biolinum has the same vertical metrics and visual weight as the Libertine, so that it fits perfectly to the Libertine and can be also used for emphasizing within the body text. In 2017, Biolilbert was born out of Biolinum. Biolilbert's name is a portmanteau from Biolinum and Hilbert.
In 2016, LibertineGC was published by Michael Sharpe at CTAN, adding LaTeX support files for Greek (essentially complete LGR, supporting monotonic, polytonic and ancient features) and Cyrillic.
Another effort at corrections was undertaken by Khaled Hosny in 2016 in his Libertinus family. The Libertinus font family is a fork of Linux Libertine and Linux Biolinum with many bug fixes and improvements. Also included are Libertinus Math, Libertinus Serif (from Lunux Libertine), Libertinus Sans (forked from Linux Biolinum) and Libertinus Mono (from Linux Libertine Mono). Github link. CTAN link for Libertinus, maintained by Herbert Voss.
Free Greek fonts in the Polytonistis software pack. Windows. Alternate URL for MgAntique, MgAvantG, MgBodoni, MgFuture, MgOldTimes. There are also sets of unicode fonts for Greek (single accent and multiaccent/polytonic), Latin, Turkish, and West and East European languages. This site carries these free Magenta Latin/Greek fonts, made in 2004: MgOpenCanonica-Bold, MgOpenCanonica-BoldItalic, MgOpenCanonica-Italic, MgOpenCanonica, MgOpenCosmetica-Bold, MgOpenCosmetica-BoldOblique, MgOpenCosmetica-Oblique, MgOpenCosmetica, MgOpenModata-Bold, MgOpenModata-BoldOblique, MgOpenModata-Oblique, MgOpenModata, MgOpenModerna-Bold, MgOpenModerna-BoldOblique, MgOpenModerna-Oblique, MgOpenModerna. The latter fonts were implemented/digitized by Alexias Zavras and Konstantinos Margarites. They can be modified and used for further development, in the style of the Bitstream Vera fonts. [Google] [More] ⦿
Manicules (pointing fingers, aka fists) have six positions in the Unicode table:
Designer of a public domain Unicode font in 2005 called MPH 2B Damase. It can be found here. Created by Mark Williamson, it covers Armenian, Cherokee, Coptic (Bohairic subset), Cypriot Syllabary, Cyrillic (Russian and other Slavic languages), Deseret, Georgian (Asomtavruli and Nuskhuri but no Mkhedruli), Glagolitic, Gothic, Greek (including Coptic characters), Hebrew, Latin, Limbu, Linear B (partial coverage of ideograms and syllabary), Old Italic, Old Persian cuneiform, Osmanya, Phoenician, Shavian, Syloti Nagri (no conjuncts), Tai Le (no combining tone marks), Thaana, Tifinagh, Ugaritic, Vietnamese. See also here. The font is used by the popular Debian Linux software. Mark Williamson also designed a free fonts for Osmanya, Ugaritic and Shavian called Andagii (2003). His Penuturesu covers Linear B.
Mark contributed to the GNU Freefont project, which used these ranges:
Minsk, Belarus-based designer in 2005 of the Hindi fonts Chandas and Uttara. Latin and Cyrillic glyphs were added from DejaVu font and modified according to GPL by Dharmo Raksati Raksitah. I quote: The font contains 4347 glyphs: 325 half-forms, 960 half-forms context-variations, 2743 ligature-signs. It is designed especially for Vedic and Classical Sanskrit but can also be used for Hindi, Nepali and other modern Indian languages. The font includes Vedic accents and many additional signs and provides maximal support for Devanagari script. In version 1.1 were added Latin and Cyrillic characters and corresponding Open Type tables for Sanskrit transliteration. Chandas font represents Southern (most commonly used today) style of Devanagari script. And Uttara font represents Northern style of Devanagari Script. These styles are sometimes also called Bombay (Southern, contemporary) and Calcutta (Northern, old) pen families accordingly. Uttara is today the only Devanagari OTF font which supports Northern variations in simple glyphs and in ligatures.
He also created the free Devanagari Unicode opentype font Siddhanta. Siddhanta font home page. The font can be used for Sanskrit, Vedic, Hindi, Nepali and other languages which use the Devanagari script. Siddhanta supports many ligature variations and script variations---Calcutta, Bombay and Nepali styles.
Misc-Fixed ISO 10646-1 Outline Font Project
Ulf Jordan's project "is aimed at producing a free software outline version of the classic bitmapped misc-fixed terminal fonts, with the same coverage as Markus G. Kuhn's extended ISO 10646-1 version of the screen fonts." Jordan is a student at Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden. For now, the fonts (Misc-Fixed) are in PostScript only. GNU licensing. [Google] [More] ⦿
Czech site with several free fonts developed in a mathematically precise manner:
Japanese designer of the quite interesting Konatu family (Konatu, Konatu Tohaba): Latin, Cyrillic, dingbats, kanji, kana, the works. Konatu seems most appropriate for setting programs and lettering architectural drawings. A later update of this is called Systema 21. [Google] [More] ⦿
Multilingual Unicode TrueType Fonts on the Internet
Burmese foundry, active from 2005 until 2009. Myanmar Natural Language Processing (NLP) Research Center is a non-profit organization (NPO) as well as a non-government organization (NGO), mostly supported by Myanmar Computer Federation. It was formed with the aim solely for the development of IT in Myanmar Their fonts include Myanmar 1 and 3 Unicode. Fontspace link. [Google] [More] ⦿
Nepali is written in the Devanagari (or 'Nagari' script), which is also used for Hindi, Marathi and Sanskrit. Nepali Devanagari has 11 vowels and 33 consonants and is largely phonetic, which means that the pronunciation closely resembles the writing system. Unicode is an international organization that provides a standard encoding for all of the world's major languages. Nepali is included in the Unicode standard, under Devanagari. This PDF file shows the code chart for Devanagari from the Unicode website. Unicode Nepali Font Guide. [Google] [More] ⦿
Recent additions to Unicode include a number of math symbols. These were the result of efforts by STIX, a consortium of scientific and technical publishers. The STIX rep is Barbara Beeton (from the American Mathematical Society) who writes: " The STIX work will ultimately result in creation of type 1 math symbol fonts, to be freely available. This is also being coordinated with the work on mathml. Actually, this reference comprises pretty much all of unicode, excluding the bulk of the cjk characters. Unicode version 3.2, which is in its final cleanup at this very moment, will contain even more than what's in the referenced document, but the charts are still only available for "private" review." [Google] [More] ⦿
Nick Nicholas (University of Melbourne) discusses script mixing. For example, the Wakhi from Central Asia use a mixed script of Latin, Cyrillic, and Greek letters. Among many examples, he points out that certain Greek dialects use a Latin letters to represent sounds not present in standard Greek. He also has a page on Greek Unicode issues. That page includes everything you want to know about Greek accents and Greek coding. [Google] [More] ⦿
Free fonts by the Information-technology Promotion Agency at this Japanese site: IPAGothic, IPAMincho, IPAPGothic, IPAPMincho, IPAUIGothic. These 2003 fonts all cover kanji, hiragana, katakana, as well as Latin, Greek and Cyrillic, and are Unicode compliant. A nice alternative for the proprietary MS Mincho and MS Gothic. See also here. [Google] [More] ⦿
Ulrich Stiehl's authoritative in-depth discussion (in PDF file format) of how word processors cope with OpenType and Unicode (most don't, or are abysmal). Adobe InDesign appears unscathed, while most Windows apps fail the test. [Personal note: Ulrich did not include a comparison with TeX/UNIX, a combination that has easily handled all the OpenType features since the early 80s.] [Google] [More] ⦿
Russian site with the Unicode fonts Palatino Linotype, Arial Unicode MS, Lucida Sans Unicode, XSerif Unicode, Bitstream Cyberbit, Code 2000. It also has the Microsoft core fonts, as well as the Cyrillic fonts Yu C Izhitsa (1990-1992, ParaGraph), VictorianCyr (1994, URW), Glagoljica Obl, and Glagoljica UGL. Alternate URL. [Google] [More] ⦿
A number of free Japanese unicode-compliant fonts based on the Japanese font Osaka. Arisaka stands for Arial+Osaka, and Tarisaka for Tahoma + Osaka. There are also fonts for Trebuchet + Osaka and Verdana + Osaka. Font names in 2008: ARISAKA-fix, ARISAKA, ARISAKA_AA, Arisaka-Unicode-MS---AA, Arisaka-Unicode-MS---P, Arisaka-Unicode-MS, Osaka-Unicode-MS---AA, Osaka-Unicode-MS---P, Osaka-Unicode-MS, Tarisaka-Unicode-MS---AA, Tarisaka-Unicode-MS---P, Tarisaka-Unicode-MS, Tarisaka, Trebuchet-Osaka--Provisional-, Trebuchet-P-Osaka--Provisional-, Verdana-Osaka--Provisional-, Verdana-P-Osaka--Provisional-, Osaka-Mobile. [Google] [More] ⦿
Cornell's Jeffrey Rusten discusses the commercial unicode polytonic Greek font Palatino Unicode Greek, developed by Michael Duggan (Roman), Geraldine Wade (Italic), Sue Lightfoot (Bold), Ian Patterson (Bold Italic). It is based on the work of Hermann Zapf, who designed Palatino for Linotype in the 50s. Palatino Unicode Greek is included in Windows 2000. [Google] [More] ⦿
"The goal of the Pango project is to provide an open-source framework for the layout and rendering of internationalized text. Pango is an offshoot of the GTK+ and GNOME projects, and the initial focus is operation in those environments, however there is nothing fundamentally GTK+ or GNOME specific about Pango. Pango uses Unicode for all of its encoding, and will eventually support output in all the worlds major languages. " For X/UNIX. It uses freetype and will allow all font types when finished. Free open source software, of course. [Google] [More] ⦿
The main digital type foundry in Russia. ParaType was established as a font department of ParaGraph International in 1989 in Moscow, Russia. At that time in the Soviet Union, all typeface development was concentrated in a state research institute, Polygraphmash. It had the most complete collection of Cyrillic typefaces, which included revivals of Cyrillic typefaces developed by the Berthold and Lehmann type foundries established at the end of 19th century in St. Petersburg, and artwork from Vadim Lazurski, Galina Bannikova, Nikolay Kudryashov and other masters of type and graphic design of Soviet time. ParaType became the first privately-owned type foundry in many years. A license agreement with Polygraphmash allows ParaType to manufacture and distribute their typefaces. Most of Polygraphmash staff designers soon moved to ParaType. In the beginning of 1998, ParaType was separated from the parent company and inherited typefaces and font software from ParaGraph. The company was directed by Emil Yakupov until February 2014. After Yakupov's death, Irina Petrova took over the reins.
Products include FastFont, a simple TrueType builder, ParaNoise, a builder for PostScript fonts with random contours, FontLab, a universal font editor and ScanFont, a font editor with scanning module. Random, customized fonts. Multilingual fonts including, Latin, Cyrillic, Arabic, Greek, Georgian and Hebrew fonts for Macintosh and Windows.
Famous typefaces by Paratype include Academy, Pragmatica, Newton, Courier, Futura, Petersburg, Jakob, Kuenstler 480, ITC Studio Script, ITC Zapf Chancery, Amore CTT (2004, Fridman), Karolla, Inform, Hafiz (Arabic), Kolheti (Georgian), Benzion (Hebrew).
The PT Sans (Open Font Library link), PT Serif and PT Mono families (2009-2012) are free. PT stands for Public Type. Another download site. PT Sans, for example, consists of PTSans-Bold, PTSans-BoldItalic, PTSans-Caption, PTSans-CaptionBold, PTSans-Italic, PTSans-Narrow, PTSans-NarrowBold, PTSans-Regular.
Type designers include Vladimir Yefimov, Tagir Safayev, Lyubov Kuznetsova, Manvel Schmavonyan and Alexander Tarbeev. They give this description of the 370+ library: The Russian constructivist and avant garde movements of the early 20th century inspired many ParaType typefaces, including Rodchenko, Quadrat Grotesk, Ariergard, Unovis, Tauern, Dublon and Stroganov. The ParaType library also includes many excellent book and newspaper typefaces such as Octava, Lazurski, Bannikova, Neva or Petersburg. On the other hand, if you need a pretty typeface to knock your clients dead, meet the ParaType girls: Tatiana, Betina, Hortensia, Irina, Liana, Nataliscript, Nina, Olga and Vesna (also check Zhikharev who is not a girl but still very pretty). ParaType also excels in adding Cyrillic characters to existing Latin typefaces -- if your company is ever going to do business with Eastern Europe, you should make them part of your corporate identity! ParaType created CE and Cyrillic versions of popular typefaces licensed from other foundries, including Bell Gothic, Caslon, English 157, Futura, Original Garamond, Gothic 725, Humanist 531, Kis, Raleigh, and Zapf Elliptical 711.
Finally, ParaType offers a handwriting font service out of its office in Saratoga, CA: 120 dollars a shot.
Quebec-based computer scientist who has been involved in the multilingual and Unicode world. He was one of the authors of a proposal adding Tifinagh to Unicode. He is currently working with people in France and Niger on the development of OpenType fonts to support Tuareg. He is also involved in other African scripts such as Moroccan and Sahelian Arabic and a recent script from the Congo (Mandombe). [Google] [More] ⦿
FontStructor who made these techno typefaces in 2010: UniCandiru2, DC2 Ghoti (Shavian alphabet), BloxFont 26 (an emulation of Bradbury Thompson's Alphabet 26 unicase font), BF26 Hollow, Heptadiox, Grdman2, AurabeshX, InterlacX (DC Comics' Interlac Alphabet), Milborough Gothic, Phonotypy2, Canidruita, UnigrafM, UnifonDC2, Alpha26, CandiruExtended, ShavianDC2, SimlishDC (artificial language face), Bloxfontexp, Phonotypy, Bloxfont Normal, Unicandiru (unicase), CompacCandiru, KozmikAycee (a Unicode font with 1724 glyphs!), Kamenwriter, DCTelStar (over 100 glyphs). The Phonotypty family is an interpretation of Issac Pitman's Phonotypy (for phonetic writing). Ancient DC2 (2011) is based on the Ancients alphabet from Stargate SG-1. Aka Dreaded Candiru2. [Google] [More] ⦿
Peter Baker's old English page at the University of Virginia
Peter S. Baker, an English professor at the University of Virginia, offers free TrueType and PostScript fonts. these include:
Peter S. Baker
Designer who created the pixel grid typeface z001-rom (2008), Katerina (2010, almost LED face), Kinryu (2010), Kinryu No. 14 (2009), z001-rom_v10.4, Normal (2009, pixel face), Elektrogothic (2008, futuristic), Laurier Test (2009, serifed), Laurier No. 7 (2009, an extensive Unicode typeface that covers Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, most Indic languages, Thai, Hebrew, Lao, Tibetan, runic, Khmer, and mathematical, chess and other symbols), Kinryu No. 8 Regular (2009, an extension of Laurier towards Japanese), Clucky Duck (2008, rounded), and the double-scratch handwriting typeface Wild Freak (2008). [Google] [More] ⦿
Philipp H. Poll
Slovenian font and font software specialist, who works at the Institute of Biophysics of the University of Ljubljana, Slovenia. Early on, he created type 1 outlines for the Devanagari fonts of Frans Velthuis, which dated back to ca. 1990. But his main project was the Free UCS Outline Fonts project, which was part of the Free Software Foundation. It morphed into the GNU Freefont project that set out to provide three monster fonts, FreeMono, FreeSerif and FreeSans, to cover many Unicode blocks. Primoz himself filled in missing glyphs here and there (e.g., Latin Extended-B and IPA Extensions ranges in the FreeMono family), and created the following UCS blocks:
Production First Software
Production First Software offers edriginal, revival and historic designs and specializing in non-latin scripts including Armenian, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Thai, mathematical symbols and pi characters. It is run by John M. Fiscella in San Francisco since 1990, with most typefaces created immediately after that. John M. Fiscella designed the fonts for symbols and many of the alphabetic scripts for the unicode charts and all typefaces complky with unicode standards.
List of typefaces: BernalPF, Blck2LineGothicPF Logo, Blck3LineGothicPF Logo, Blck4LineGothicPF Logo, CourPF, CourPF Bold, CourPF BoldOblique, CourPF Oblique, EdwardianMansePFTitling, EriePF, EuroPF-Bold, EuroPF-BoldOblique, FiftiesPopPF, GrandVictorianPFTitling, HlvPF Bold, HlvPF BoldOblique, HlvPF Medium, HlvPF Oblique, ItalianatePF, ItalianateMulticolor1PF, ItalianateMulticolor2PF, ItalianateMulticolor3PF, ItalianateSansPF, LafayettePF, LosPFBold, MisionPFAntique, MisionPFBold, MisionPFBook, MisionPFBookMetal, MisionPFLight, MisionPFTitling, PalouPFTitling, PiazzaPFScript, RadioPF, RadioCityPF, SymbolPF Bold, SymbolPF BoldItalic, SymbolPF Italic, TexMexPF, TmsPF Bold, TmsPF BoldItalic, TmsPF Cursive, TmsPF Italic, TmsPF Rom +, TmsMathPF Cursive, TmsHebWidePF Rom, UnvPF Bold, UnvPF BoldOblique, UnvPF Oblique, UnvPF Medium, UviewPF Bold, UviewPF BoldOblique, UviewPF Oblique, UviewPF Medium, ZenonPFTitling. [Google] [MyFonts] [More] ⦿
Galilee is a Greek sans serif font by Rodney J. Decker (professor at Baptist Bible Seminary in Clarks Summit, PA). He writes: "My goal is a screen-optimized font for use in a web browser. The optimized (i.e., manually hinted, including delta hinting) is nearly finished, and then I will convert it to a full Unicode font, hopefully within the next year. There is also a related page with Unicode info regarding polytonic Greek here". He created Galilee Unicode Gk font (2003-2004), a sans serif font that is designed to complement Trebuchet. See also here. [Google] [More] ⦿
Russell Cottrell made the Unicode Greek font Aristarcoj (2002). He also has a Unicode Greek link archive that points to Cardo (David J. Perry), GentiumAlt (Victor Gaultney), Palatino Linotype, Asia Unicode, TITUS Cyberbit, Athena, Arev Sans (Tavmjong Bah), Attika U, Kadmos U and Bosporus U (by the American Philological Association), DejaVu Serif, Dioxipe, CMU Serif, Caslon (George Williams) and Porson (Richard G. Spaulding). [Google] [More] ⦿
The Script Encoding Initiative was set up at the Department of Linguistics of the University of California at Berkeley to fund proposals for those scripts currently missing in Unicode (and its ISO counterpart, 10646), the universal character encoding standard. It was officially established in April 2002. The contact person is Deborah Anderson, who has written extensively on the project. See for example this article, an English translation of the German article that appeared in Signa, vol. 6. [Google] [More] ⦿
Greek Font to Unicode Converter. Find also Athena Roman, a Unicode-compliant font by Cornell's Jeffrey Rusten (for the American Philological Association). Alternate URL for that font. This font was withdrawn by Rusten, but this site still carries it. [Google] [More] ⦿
SIAS (or: Signographical Institute Andreas Stötzner)
Andreas Stötzner (b. 1965, Leipzig) is a type designer who lives in Pegau, Saxony. Graduate from the Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst Leipzig and the Royal College of Art in London (1994). Since then, free-lance. Started making typefaces in 1997. He edits the sign and symbol magazine Signa. He spoke at Typo Berlin 2004 and at ATypI 2005 in Helsinki where his talk was entitled On the edges of the alphabet. Coauthor with Tilo Richter of Signographie : Entwurf einer Lehre des graphischen Zeichens. He set up SIAS in 2006-2007 and started selling fonts through MyFonts.
He created Andron Scriptor (2004, free), with original ideas for Greek and Cyrillic alphabets. The Andron project intends to extend this Venetian text typeface in many directions: right now, it covers Latin, Greek, Coptic, Gothic, runes, Cyrillic, Etruscan and Irish scripts, musical symbols, astronomical and meteorological symbols, and many dingbats. The Andron MC Corpus series (2012) contains Uncial, Mediaeval and Capital styles. He also created Andron 1 Monetary (2014), Andron 1 Alchemical and Andron 2 ABC (2014, for children's literature).
On or before 2006, he created a few typefaces for Elsner & Flake. These include EF Beautilities, EF Ornamental Rules, EF Squares, EF Topographicals, EF Typoflorals, EF Typographicals, EF Typomix, EF Typosigns, EF Typospecs, EF Typostuff.
Fonts from 2007-2010: Gramma (2007, three dingbats with basic geometric forms), Andron Corpus Publix (2007, dingbats including one called Transport), SIAS Freefont (2007, more dingbats), SIAS Lineaturen (2007, geometric dingbats) SIAS Symbols (2009), Andron Freefont (2009, text font), Andron 1 Latin Corpus (2009), Andron 1 Greek Corpus (2009), Andron Kyrillisch (2009, consisting of Andron 1 CYR, Andron 2 CYR and Andron 2 SRB where SRB stands for Serbian), Andron 2 English Corpus (2010, blackletter-inspired alphabet), Andron 2 Deutsch Corpus (2010), Andron Ornamente (2012), Reinstaedt (2009, blackletter family), Crisis (2009, economic sans).
Lapidaria (2010) is an elegant art deco sans family that includes an uncial style and covers Greek. Hibernica (2010) is a Celtic variant of Lapidaria. Symbojet Bold (2010) is a combination of a Latin and Greek sans typeface with 400 pictograms.
Rosenbaum (2012) is a festive blackletter face, obtained by mixing in didone elements.
In 2013, he published Arthur Cabinet, a six-style inline art deco caps collection of typefaces, with accompanying Arthur Ornaments and Arthur Sans. Meanwhile, Andron Mega grew to 14,700 unicode glyphs in 2013.
Typefaces from 2014: Behrens Ornaments (art nouveau ornaments based on Behrens Schuck by Peter Behrens, 1914), Fehlian (an open capitals typeface family with Plain, Gravur and Precious styles), Happy Maggie (a hand-drawn script based on Maggie's sketches when she was 13 years old), Abendschroth (for lullabies, girl's literature, murder poems, short stories and Christmas gift books), Abendschroth Scriptive, Albyona English No. 1 (as Andreas writes, suitable for children's books, fantasy literature, crime novels, natural food packaging and poison labeling, for infancy memories, vanitas kitsch items, dungeon museum bar menu cards, introductions to herbalism and witchcraft manuals), Lindau (a Venetian Jensonian typeface with considerable flaring in the ascenders), Grund (based on the 1924 art deco signage in Leipzig's Untergrundmesshalle Markt whose architect was Otto Droge), Leipziger Ornamente (based on variopus buildings in Gohlis, Leipzig, dating from the 1920s-1950s), Kaukasia Albanisch (ancient writing system of the Caucasus region, allegedly created by Mesrop Mashtots who also invented the Armenian alphabet in 405).
Commissioned fonts include Runes (commission by Ludwig Maximilian University Munich), Lapidaria Menotec, Old Albanian, Dania (a special notation for Danish dialectology. Font extension of Latin Modern Italic (Open source), commissioned by the Arnamagnanean Institute, Copenhagen Universit).
Typefaces from 2016: Popelka (an uncial fairy tale font modeled after the opening sequence of the 1973 movie Drei Haselnüsse für Aschenbrödel).
Located in Dallas, TX, est. 1934. Founded over 70 years ago, SIL International is a faith-based organization that studies, documents, and assists in developing the world's lesser-known languages. SIL's staff shares a Christian commitment to service, academic excellence, and professional engagement through literacy, linguistics, translation, and other academic disciplines. SIL makes its services available to all without regard to religious belief, political ideology, gender, race, or ethnic background. Wikipedia writes: The organization's focus on language description, language development and Bible translation, and the missionary activities carried out by many of its field workers have been criticized by linguists and anthropologists who argue that SIL aims to change indigenous cultures, which exacerbates the problems that cause language endangerment and language death.
Reprise is a utility to convert legacy-encoded fonts (e.g., SIL Encore fonts) into Unicode fonts so they can be used in Unicode-based applications. The goal is to produce a Unicode font that renders your Unicode data exactly as the legacy font renders your legacy data. [Google] [More] ⦿
Web page with plenty of unicode compatible truetype fonts, collected by Christoph Singer. Included are Andale Mono, Arial, Athena Roman, Bitstream Cyberbit, Book Antiqua, Bookman Old Style, Century Gothic, Code 2000, Comic SansMS, Courier New, Garamond, Georgia, Haettenschweiler, Impact, Lucida Sans Unicode, Metropol 95, Monotype Corsiva, Tahoma, Times New Roman, Vera Humana 95, Verdana, XSerif Unicode. [Google] [More] ⦿
Society of Biblical Literature
Tiro (John Hudson) is publishing Unicode-compliant typefaces called SBL Hebrew (2003), SBL Greek (2003) and SBL Latin (2003, not sure of the last name though). For now, these typefaces are commercial, but SBL (the Society for Biblical Literature) states: "SBL and the font foundation will lobby Microsoft to distribute the font with its future releases of Windows." Early 2004, the Hebrew face went public (free). [Google] [More] ⦿
Rochester Institute of Technology's School of Printing graduate who lived in California and in Holland, MI, and now resides in Louisville, Colorado. He was a disciple of Chuck Bigelow and Kris Holmes. MyFonts page on him. In 1990, he started work at Monotype in Palo Alto to create the Windows truetype core fonts Arial, Times New Roman and Courier New. He stayed with Monotype and then Agfa/Monotype until 2003 (when he was probably fired, but that is only an unreliable guess), directing type development from the design office in Palo Alto, CA. Bio at Agfa/Monotype. He has directed branding projects such as Agilent Technology's corporate sans serif and Microsoft's corporate font family 'Segoe'. At the same time, he was involved in producing bitmaps and outline fonts for cell phones and TV set top environments. He has worked extensively designing Greek, Cyrllic, Thai, Hebrew and Arabic alphabets to satisfy the requirements of customers such as IBM, Microsoft, Nokia, Sun and Sybase. In 2004, he co-founded Ascender Corporation in Northbrook, IL, where he remained Type Design Director until Ascender was bought by Monotype, where he now heads the type design team (12 people in all, as of 2013).
Non-profit free font project, which started in 2001. The (free) fonts were released in May 2010. The designer is Ross Mills, Tiro Typeworks Ltd, with portions copyright of MicroPress Inc., and with final additions and corrections provided by Coen Hoffman, Elsevier (retired). From the web page: The mission of the Scientific and Technical Information Exchange (STIX) font creation project is the preparation of a comprehensive set of fonts that serve the scientific and engineering community in the process from manuscript creation through final publication, both in electronic and print formats. Toward this purpose, the STIX fonts will be made available, under royalty-free license, to anyone, including publishers, software developers, scientists, students, and the general public.
The project is supported by six publishers, the American Chemical Society (ACS), the American Institute of Physics (AIP), the American Mathematical Society (AMS), the American Physical Society (APS), Elsevier Science, and the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE).
The fonts are unicode-compatible. They are designed to be useful for mathematical documents in XML pages on all browsers. They say that they have awarded the font development contract to a respected font development company. Press release. Chairman: T.C. Ingoldsby, American Institute of Physics, Melville, NY. AMS page on STIX. CTAN page on Stix.
In 2016, STIX Two, a major update, became available at CTAN. The letterspacing and kerning of the text fonts have been significantly improved. True small capital variants (Latin, Cyrillic, and Greek), accessible via the OpenType font feature smcp, have been added for all text fonts. Text (lowercase or oldstyle) numerals, available via the font features pnum and onum, have been added, in addition to natural-spacing figures. Alphabetic superscripts and numeric sub- and superscripts, accessible via the subs and sups font features, have been added. Fractions are available via the frac feature, as well as numerators (numr) and denominators (dnom). The STIX Two fonts consist of one Math font, two variable text fonts (STIXTwoTextVF-Roman and STIXTwoTextVF-Italic), and eight static text fonts (Regular, Italic, Medium, Medium Italic, SemiBold, SemiBold Italic, Bold, and Bold Italic) derived from the variable fonts.
Truetype versions of the family (2007) by Oleguer Huguet Ibars: STIXGeneral-Bold, STIXGeneral-BoldItalic, STIXGeneral-Italic, STIXGeneral, STIXIntegralsDisplay-Bold, STIXIntegralsDisplay, STIXIntegralsSmall-Bold, STIXIntegralsSmall, STIXIntegralsUp-Bold, STIXIntegralsUp, STIXIntegralsUpDisplay-Bold, STIXIntegralsUpDisplay, STIXIntegralsUpSmall-Bold, STIXIntegralsUpSmall, STIXNonUnicode-Bold, STIXNonUnicode-BoldItalic, STIXNonUnicode-Italic, STIXNonUnicode, STIXSize1Symbols-Bold, STIXSize1Symbols, STIXSize2Symbols-Bold, STIXSize2Symbols, STIXSize3Symbols-Bold, STIXSize3Symbols, STIXSize4Symbols-Bold, STIXSize4Symbols, STIXSize5Symbols, STIXVariants-Bold, STIXVariants.
OpenType versions at the official site: STIXGeneral-Regular, STIXGeneral-Bold, STIXGeneral-BoldItalic, STIXGeneral-Italic, STIXIntegralsD-Bold, STIXIntegralsD-Regular, STIXIntegralsSm-Bold, STIXIntegralsSm-Regular, STIXIntegralsUp-Bold, STIXIntegralsUpD-Bold, STIXIntegralsUpD-Regular, STIXIntegralsUp-Regular, STIXIntegralsUpSm-Bold, STIXIntegralsUpSm-Regular, STIXNonUnicode-Regular, STIXNonUnicode-Bold, STIXNonUnicode-BoldItalic, STIXNonUnicode-Italic, STIXSizeFiveSym-Regular, STIXSizeFourSym-Bold, STIXSizeFourSym-Regular, STIXSizeOneSym-Bold, STIXSizeOneSym-Regular, STIXSizeThreeSym-Bold, STIXSizeThreeSym-Regular, STIXSizeTwoSym-Bold, STIXSizeTwoSym-Regular, STIXVariants-Regular, STIXVariants-Bold. Not all unicode ranges are covered, but math symbols, Greek and Cyrillic are. There are also monospace, blackletter, calligraphic scipt, informal script, and sans styles. But small caps are still missing. The general look is that of a Times font. The fact that any publisher can use these fonts free of charge (after signing a license though) is positive. The main negative is that the style chosen is slightly boring, but that is not unexpected for scientific publications.
In 2018, Paul Hanslow, Ross Mills and John Hudson co-designed the free STIX Two family, which is based on Times Roman.
Shino made several Japanese kanji handwriting fonts, including Moon-font-PRO, Moonfont, S2G-love, S2Gmemo, Sea-font-pro, Sea-font, moon-font-PRO, moon-font, nagurigaki-P, nagurigaki, seafont, uni-font-PRO, uni-font. The uni-font series is quite remarkable as it covers most of the Unicode spectrum (besides Japanese, also Cyrillic, Greek, many dingbats, astrological symbols, chess symbols, the works). Alternate URL. Alternate URL. [Google] [More] ⦿
A free truetype font for Oriya, Maan-NormalOdiaAkhayara, was created by Sushant in 1998. He is trying to create a UNICODE Oriya font as well. His font was originally included in the GNU Freefont project (range Oriya (U+0B00-U+0B7F)), but GNU Freefont has dropped Oriya because of the absence of font features neccessary for display of text in Oriya. [Google] [More] ⦿
This site has free full-Unicode (including Chinese/Japanese) fonts by T. Fujiwara: Mincho2000, Mincho2000P. It also has BitstreamCyberbit-Roman, a full unicode font. Later additions: Mincho2004, Mincho2004P. [Google] [More] ⦿
The Tibetan and Himalayan Digital Library is an international community using Web-based technologies to integrate diverse knowledge about Tibet and the Himalayas for free access from around the world. Transliteration of many Asian languages requires the use of special diacritic marks above or below the standard letters of the Roman alphabet. Tibetan religious texts often include substantial portions of transliterated Sanskrit, which when represented in Romanized transliteration require such diacritic marks. These can be displayed through a widening range of diacritic fonts. Until recently, diacritic fonts were encoded in ASCII and required multiple font files or code pages to render the full range of diacritics. The advent of Unicode has, on the other hand, provided a way for all the necessary diacritic characters to be contained in a single font, while Unicodes increasing usage is evidence of its enduring viability. This page presents several fonts that are useful in this respect: Arial Unicode MS, Code 2000, Courier Extended, Courier Ind Uni, Gandhari Unicode, Gentium, Helvetical Ind Uni, JGaramond, NCS Ind Uni, Palatino Ind Uni, Palatino Linotype, SImPL, Tahoma, Times Extended Roman, Times Ind Uni, Thryomanes, Titus Cyberbit, URW Palladio HOT, VU Times, Gentium, Lucida Grande. [Google] [More] ⦿
Everything about Unicode-compliant fonts for Ethiopic scripts. The fonts listed and recommended are:
Thomas Milo of Decotype presented this paper on Unicode in Arabic at the 20th International Unicode Conference Washington (2002). He sstates: "In terms of encoding, Arabic is no different from any other alphabetic script, but care has to be taken to leave its graphical structure intact. The Unicode stndard is conceived for encoding raw text, not as a glyph list. Particularly attempts to fix the repertoire of Arabic letter alternations is a gross simplification and poses a long term threat to authentic reproduction of Arabic in the IT industry. Graphic representation of text remains outside the competence of Unicode proper. The purpose of Unicode is to enable cultural diversity without imposing irrelevant constraints." [Google] [More] ⦿
Thomas T. Pedersen
Free TrueType fonts of old Christian times, Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew, Christian Oriental, East European, and ancient languages. The TITUS project is run by Jost Gippert in Frankfurt. They intend to develop a special unicode font. TITUS Ogham is an Ogham font. [Google] [More] ⦿
Free Unicode font developed by Bitstream. TITUS stands for Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien. The TITUS project pages are maintained by Jost Gippert (University of Frankfurt), Javier Martinez and Agnes Korn from 1996-2003. We read: This font includes, among others, a (nearly) full set of Korean, Japanese, and Chinese (Han) characters. Be careful: The font has a size of about 13 MB/ [Google] [More] ⦿
TITUS Unicode Greek
Jost Gippert (University of Frankfurt) discusses UNICODE for Greek. Also available is his TITUS Cyberbit Unicode compliant font that includes all languages except Korean, Japanese and Chinese. TITUS Cyberbit Basic, version 4.0 has 9866 characters from a large number of Unicode code charts; the extended version (TITUS Cyberbit Unicode, not available for download), version 4.0, has 36161 Unicode characters. TITUS Cyberbit is based on Bitstream's Cyberbit. He also made a True Type font with indo-iranic diacritics (see here). [Google] [More] ⦿
Transliteration of Non-Roman Alphabets
From Copenhagen and Estonia, Thomas T. Pedersen's page on non-Roman alphabets. He specializes in all kinds of Cyrillic alphabets, such as Abaza, Abkhaz, Adyghe, Altay, Arabic, Armenian, Avar, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Belarusian (Belorussian), Bulgarian, Buryat, Chechen, Chukchi, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dargwa (Dargin), Dungan, Erzya Mordvin (Mordva), Eskimo - Yupik, Even, Evenki, Gagauz, Georgian, Greek, Hindi, Marathi, Nepali, Ingush, Kabardian, Kalmyk, Karachay-Balkar, Karakalpak, Kazakh, Khakass, Khanty, Kirghiz, Komi (Komi Zyryan), Komi-Permyak, Koryak, Kumyk, Lakh, Lezgian (Lezgin), Macedonian, Mansi, Mari: Hill Mari, Meadow Mari, Moksha Mordvin (Mordva), Moldovan (Moldavian), Nanai, Nenets, Nivkh, Nogay (Noghay), Ossetian (Ossetic), Ottoman Turkish, Russian, Rusyn (Lemko&Vojvodinian), Selkup, Serbian, Tabasaran, Tajik, Talysh, Tatar, Turkmen, Tuvinian, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Uzbek, Yakut, Yiddish. [Google] [More] ⦿
Tutorial on character codes
A fantastic tutorial on typography for HTML and web pages (in German). It deals with selections of quotes and apostrophes in many languages, the minus sign, the hyphen and dash, spaceds, the colon, the dieresis, numbers, and scientific and financial units. [Google] [More] ⦿
Unicode and Mac OS X
Unicode BDF fonts
Mark Leisher at the Computing Research Lab of New Mexico State University has developed a set of (free) proportional, 12pt, 100dpi BDF (bitmap) fonts primarily for use with dense technical papers on the Web and with X11. The fonts contain about 4050 glyphs so far, including approximately 450 for coverage of the contextual forms needed for the Unicode Arabic blocks, U+0600-U+06FF. Finished are a Devanagari Unicode BDF font, and an Arabic Unicode BDF font. Quite a bit of Unicode is supported, except for the following major blocks: 1. The Hangul block. 2. The Han block (Hanja, Hanzi, Kanji, Chu Han). 3. The Indic scripts. 4. The Tibetan script. [Google] [More] ⦿
A guide to Unicode-based fonts and script projects that are ideal for free/libre/open source (FLOSS) operating systems like Linux and FreeBSD. Maintained by Ed Trager, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Under Pan-Unicode fonts, he lists in 2005:
These Monotype fonts have Unicode tables for Latin, Cyrillic, Greek, East-European, Hebrew and Arabic: ArialMT, Arial-BoldMT, Tahoma, Tahoma-Bold, TimesNewRomanPSMT, TimesNewRomanPS-BoldMT, TimesNewRomanPS-BoldItalicMT, TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT, Times-Roman. [Google] [More] ⦿
Unicode Fonts for Ancient Scripts
This is a fantastic source of free high-quality fonts for scripts of the greater Aegean vicinity, Egyptian Hieroglyphs, Meroitic, Sumero-Akkadian Cuneiform, Musical Symbols and all Symbol Blocks in the Unicode Standard. George Douros is their Greek font designer. His free fonts come with this exemplary footnote: In lieu of a licence: Fonts in this site are offered free for any use; they may be opened, edited, modified, regenerated, posted, packaged and redistributed. Many of his fonts contributed to important section in the GNU Freefont project. Here is the list:
Description of character sets.
A comparison of these Unicode typefaces: Arial, Arial Unicode MS, Bitstream Cyberbit, Cardo, Caslon Roman, Code2000, Charis SIL, Chrysanthi Unicode, ClearlyU, DejaVu Sans, Doulos SIL, Everson Mono, FreeSerif, Gentium Regular, GNU Unifont, Junicode, Linux Libertine, Lucida Grande, Lucida Sans Unicode, Microsoft Sans Serif (1997), New Gulim, Tahoma, Times New Roman, TITUS Cyberbit Basic, WenQuanYi Bitmap Song, WenQuanYi Zen Hei, Y.OzFontN. The champions: Number of characters (63,446)---GNU Unifont, number of glyphs (131,980)---WenQuanYi Bitmap Song, kerning pairs (2,857)---Gentium Regular, most ranges filled----Everson Mono, followed by Code 2000 and Bitstream Cyberbit. [Google] [More] ⦿
Esa Anttikoski's list of Unicode-fonts with Cyrillic letters:
A selective guide to Unicode-based fonts and script projects that are ideal for free/libre/open source (FLOSS) operating systems like GNU/Linux and FreeBSD. News about open source font projects. Managed by Ed Trager, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Not updated since 2007. [Google] [More] ⦿
University of Leeds
Alec McAllister's fonts in the "Leeds" family are free for non-commercial use. These include LeedsTranslit (for foreign languages), LeedsTime (Latin, Pinyin and Medieval). McAllister works at the University of Leeds Information Systems Services. Leeds Uni (2009) has 2975 characters from a large number of Unicode code charts, and was designed from scratch in the style of Times Roman. [Google] [More] ⦿
PDF file by Apple on fonts and Unicode in Mac OS X. Mac OS X accepts these formats (without having to install ATM Lite):
UTF-8 for UNIX
Look for the Nom Proper Table, TCVN 5773:1993 and the Han Nom Table, TCVN 6056:1995. See also here. In the last few years some errors were corrected, the earlier standards were made obsolete and a newer set of unicode standards has been published, VHN 1:1998 and VHN 2:1998. [Google] [More] ⦿
The free sans typefaces VL Gothic (2006) and VL PGothic (2006) can be found here. They cover Latin, Greek, Cyrillic and Japanese. These fonts originated from Wada Laboratory, University of Tokyo (1990-2003). Then they were manged in 2003-2004 by /efont/. In 2005-2007, M+ Font Project continued. From 2006 until 2007, the copyright rests with Project Vine and Daisuke Suzuki. [Google] [More] ⦿
Vladimir Levantovsky is a senior technology strategist at Monotype Imaging Inc. and currently serves as a chair of the W3C WebFonts Working Group and a chair of the ISO SC29/WG11 ad-hoc group on font format representation. Born in Ukraine, Vlad moved to the USA in 1995. He has been involved in the work of various industry consortiums and standards organizations since 2002, and is passionate about advancing typographic capabilities on CE and mobile devices and on the Web. He has been an active contributor to the development of various technology platforms, including hardware-accelerated vector graphics (OpenVG), Java ME profiles for mobile devices (JSR-271 and JSR-287), DVB Multimedia Home Platform, OMA Rich Media Environment and core font technology standardization at ISO/IEC.
Speaker at ATypI 2012 in Hong Kong: Evaluating fonts legibility in automotive environment. Excerpts of the abstract: Can typeface design make a difference in minimizing glance times [in vehicles] while maximizing the time that drivers' eyes stay on the road? Monotype Imaging has partnered with the MIT AgeLab to study the impact of typeface design on driver demand. He goes on: Data from two separate experiments, each involving over 40 participants ranging from 36 to 74 years of age was collected in a real-time driving simulation in which participants were asked to respond to a series of address, restaurant identification and content search menus that were implemented using two different typeface designs. The results were collected and analyzed using eye tracking equipment and video recordings. Among participants, a Square Grotesque typeface resulted in a noticeable increase in visual demand as compared to the Humanist typeface. Total glance time and number of glances required to complete a response showed consistent results. He also spoke at ATypI 2015 in Sao Paulo. [Google] [More] ⦿
Wada Laboratory, University of Tokyo
From the Information Processing Lab at the University of Tokyo. The Wadalab family is a collection of free type 1 Kanji fonts originally developed by Tetsurou Tanaka of the Department of Engineering, University of Tokyo in the early 80s. They eventually developed two fantastic Unicode truetype fonts for Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, Kana and Kanji, Sazanami-Mincho and Sazanami-Gothic. Download them for free here and here. These fonts have copyright Electronic Font Open Laboratory (/efont/) 2003-2004 jointly with Wada Laboratory, University of Tokyo 1990-2003. [Google] [More] ⦿
Wen Quan Yi
WenQuanYi Zen Hei is a huge unicode-compatible Chinese/Korean/Japanese/Latin (CJK) truetype font, available for free under the GNU license. From the web page: The WenQuanYi Zen Hei font is a Chinese (or CJK) outline font with Hei Ti style (a sans-serif style) Hanzi glyphs. This font is developed for general purpose use of Chinese for formating, printing and on-screen display. The non-Hanzi glyphs, including Latin, extended Latin, kana etc were merged from cmunss.ttf from the CM-Unicode project, and mplus-1p-medium.ttf from the M+ project. The embedded WenQuanYi bitmap song fonts were developed by WenQuanYi contributors and Qianqian Fang based on the bitmap fonts by firefly.
WenQuanYi Zen Hei
WenQuanYi Zen Hei is a huge unicode-compatible Chinese/Korean/Japanese/Latin (CJK) truetype font, available for free under the Gnu license. From the web page: The WenQuanYi Zen Hei font is a Chinese (or CJK) outline font with Hei Ti style (a sans-serif style) Hanzi glyphs. This font is developed for general purpose use of Chinese for formating, printing and on-screen display. The non-Hanzi glyphs, including Latin, extended Latin, kana etc were merged from cmunss.ttf from the CM-Unicode project, and mplus-1p-medium.ttf from the M+ project. The embedded WenQuanYi bitmap song fonts were developed by WenQuanYi contributors and Qianqian Fang based on the bitmap fonts by firefly.
Written by Radoslaw Przybyl, who was assisted by Adam Twardoch, WGL Assistant is a shareware multilingual font manager for Windows. A beta version of this software by Adam Twardoch is freely available." WGL Assistant allows convenient use of the multilingual (Unicode/WGL4) TrueType and OpenType fonts in all MS Windows applications. " [Google] [More] ⦿