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Educational and reference site run by Ben Archer, a designer, educator and type enthusiast located in England (who was in Auckland, New Zealnd, before that). Glossary. Timeline. Type categories. Paul Shaw's list of the 100 most significant typefaces of all times were recategorized by Archer:
- Religious/Devotional: Gutenbergs B-42 type, Gebetbuch type, Wolfgang Hoppyl's Textura, Breitkopf Fraktur, Ehrhard Ratdolt's Rotunda, Hammer Uncial, Zapf Chancery, Peter Jessenschrift, Cancellaresca Bastarda, Poetica.
- Book Publishing&General Purpose Text Setting: Nicolas Jenson's roman, Francesco Griffo's italic, Claude Garamond's roman, Firmin Didot's roman, Cheltenham family, Aldus Manutius' roman, William Caslon's roman, Pierre-Simon Fournier's italic, Ludovico Arrighi da Vicenza's italic, Johann Michael Fleischmann's roman, ATF Garamond, Giambattista Bodoni's roman, Nicolas Kis' roman, Minion multiple master, Unger Fraktur, John Baskerville's roman, Lucida, Optima, Bauer Bodoni, Adobe Garamond, Scotch Roman, Romanée, ITC Stone family, Trinité, ITC Garamond, Sabon, ITC Novarese, Bitstream Charter, Joanna, Marconi, PMN Caecilia, Souvenir, Apollo, Melior, ITC Flora, Digi-Grotesk Series S.
- Business/Corporate: Akzidenz Grotesk, Helvetica, Univers, Syntax, Courier, Meta, Rotis, Thesis, Antique Olive.
- Newspaper Publishing: Times Roman, Bell, Clarendon, Century Old Style, Ionic, Imprint.
- Advertising and Display: Futura, Robert Thorne's fat face roman, Vincent Figgins' antique roman (Egyptian), Memphis, Fette Fraktur, Avant-Garde Gothic, Deutschschrift, Peignot, Erbar, Stadia/Insignia, Penumbra, Compacta, Bodoni 26, WTC Our Bodoni.
- Prestige and Private Press: Romain du Roi, Golden Type, Johnston's Railway Sans, Doves Type, Walker.
- Signage: William Caslon IV's sans serif, Trajan.
- Historical Script: Snell Roundhand, Robert Granjon's civilité, Excelsior Script.
- Experimental/expressive: Mistral, Beowolf, Dead History, Behrensschrift, Eckmannschrift, Neuland, Element, Remedy, Template Gothic.
- Onscreen/multimedia: Chicago, Oakland, OCR-A, Base Nine and Base Twelve, Evans and Epps Alphabet.
- Telephone Directory publishing: Bell Gothic.
Link to Archer Design Work. [Google]
[Aaron W. Beck Co. (Recordkeeper Software; or Audio-Electric Systems)]
Aaron W. Beck Co. (Recordkeeper Software; or Audio-Electric Systems)
Aaron Beck started making fonts in the 1990s under the labels Recordkeeper Software, Audio Electric Systems, and Aaron W. Beck Co. These include Beckett (textura, 1994), Cupertino (sci-fi face), Graveyard, Headstone, Pirate Bones, StoneCutter, Tombstone and Warlock. Fontspace link for RecordKeeper Software. Fontspace link for Aaron W. Beck Co. Dafont link. [Google]
Graphic designer in Santiago, Chile, who created the textura typeface Espinosa (2013). [Google]
[Juan-José Marcos García]
Juan-José Marcos García (b. Salamanca, Spain, 1963) is a professor of classics at the University of Plasencia in Spain. He has developed one of the most complete Unicode fonts named ALPHABETUM Unicode for linguistics and classical languages (classical&medieval Latin, ancient Greek, Etruscan, Oscan, Umbrian, Faliscan, Messapic, Picene, Iberic, Celtiberic, Gothic, Runic, Modern Greek, Cyrillic, Devanagari-based languages, Old&Middle English, Hebrew, Sanskrit, IPA, Ogham, Ugaritic, Old Persian, Old Church Slavonic, Brahmi, Glagolitic, Ogham, ancient Greek Avestan, Kharoshti, Old Norse, Old Icelandic, Old Danish and Old Nordic in general, Bengali, Hindi, Marathi, Phoenician, Cypriot, Linear B with plans for Glagolitic). This font has over 5000 glyphs, and contains most characters that concern classicists (rare symbols, signs for metrics, epigraphical symbols, "Saxon" typeface for Old English, etcetera). A demo font can be downloaded [see also Lucius Hartmann's place]. His Greek font Grammata (2002) is now called Ellenike.
He also created a package of fonts for Latin paleography (medieval handwriting on parchments): Capitalis Elegans, Capitalis Rustica, Capitalis Monumentalis, Antiqua Cursiva Romana, Nova Cursiva Romana *2014), Uncialis, Semiuncialis, Beneventana Minuscula, Visigothica Minuscula, Luxoviensis Minuscula, Insularis Minuscula, Insularis Majuscula, Carolingia Minuscula, Gothica Textura Quadrata, Gothica Textura Prescissa, Gothica Rotunda, Gothica Bastarda, Gothica Cursiva, Bastarda Anglicana (2014) and Humanistica Antiqua. PDF entitled Fonts For Latin Palaeography (2008-2014), in which Marcos gives an enjoyable historic overview.
Alphabetum is not Marcos's only excursion into type design. In 2011, he created two simulation fonts called Sefarad and Al Andalus which imitate Hebrew and Arabic calligraphy, respectively.
Cyrillic OCS (2012) is a pair of Latin fonts that emulate Old Church Slavonic (old Cyrillic).
In 2013, he created Cuneus, a cuneiform simulation typeface.
Paleographic fonts for Greek (2014) has ten fonts designed by Marcos: Angular Uncial, Biblical Uncial, Coptic Uncial, Papyrus Uncial, Round Uncial, Slavonic Uncial, Sloping Uncial, Minuscule IX, Minuscule XI and Minuscule XV. These fonts are representative of the main styles of Greek handwriting used during the Classical World and Middle Ages on papyrus and parchments. There is also a short manual of Greek Paleography (71 pages) which explains the development of Greek handwriting from the fourth century B.C. to the invention of printing with movable type in the middle of the fifteenth A.D. He wrote a text book entitled History of Greek Typography: From the Invention of Printing to the Digital Age (in Spanish). See also here and here. [Google]
[José Alberto Mauricio]
Spanish foundry, est. ca. 2009, and on the web since 2012. It is located in Madrid. Alter Littera's fonts and web site are designed and managed by José Alberto Mauricio, who holds a doctorate degree in Economics and Business Administration, and is Associate Professor of Econometrics at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid.
Alter Littera produces and markets opentype fonts reviving some of the most beautiful bookhands from medieval Western manuscripts, as well as some of the finest European and North-American typefaces from the mid-fifteenth through the early-twentieth centuries. The "Bookhand", "Oldtype" and "Initials" font collections cover gothic and/or blackletter letter forms.
- Gutenberg (B42-type) A (Johann Gutenberg, Mainz, ca. 1455). Includes the full set of special characters, alternates and ligatures from The 42-line Bible. Under development.
- Gutenberg (B42-type) B (Johann Gutenberg, Mainz, ca. 1455). Includes the full set of special characters, alternates and ligatures from The 42-line Bible. Published as Gutenberg B in 2012, this is a clean, smooth rendition of the B42-type used by Johann Gutenberg in his famous 42-line Bible. The font includes a comprehensive set of special characters, alternates and ligatures, plus Opentype features, that can be used for typesetting (almost) exactly as in Gutenberg's Bible and later incunabula. He says: The main historical sources used during the font design process were high-resolution scans from several printings of Gutenberg's Bible. Other sources were as follows: Kapr, A. (1996), Johann Gutenberg - The Man and his Invention, Aldershot: Scolar Press (ch. 7); De Hamel, C. (2001), The Book - A History of The Bible, London: Phaidon Press (ch. 8); Füssel, S. (2005), Gutenberg and the impact of printing, Burlington: Ashgate (ch. 1); and Man, J. (2009), The Gutenberg Revolution, London: Bantam (ch. 7).
- Gutenberg (B42-type) C (Johann Gutenberg, Mainz, ca. 1455). Includes the full set of special characters, alternates and ligatures from The 42-line Bible. Published in 2012 as Gutenberg C, this is a slightly roughened version of the Oldtype "Gutenberg B" Font, simulating irregularities and ink spreads associated with old metal types, papers and parchments.
- Psalterium (Psalter-type) (Peter Schoeffer, Mainz, 1457). Includes the full set of special characters, alternates and ligatures from The Mainz Psalter (Psalterium Moguntinum). He writes: A clean, smooth adaptation of the magnificent gothic types used by Johann Fust and Peter Schöffer in their famous Mainz Psalter (Psalterium Moguntinum) of 1457, also used in their Canon of the Mass (Canon Missae) of 1458, and in their Benedictine Psalter (Psalterium Benedictinum) of 1459. [Although these works were published after Gutenberg's break with Fust, it is generally agreed that Gutenberg was working along with Fust and Schöffer on the Mainz Psalter while the 42-line Bible was still being printed.] In addition to the usual standard characters for typesetting modern texts, the font includes a comprehensive set of special characters, uncial initials (adapted from both the Mainz Psalter and early sixteenth-century Dutch types by Henric Pieterszoon), alternates and ligatures, plus Opentype features, that can be used for typesetting (almost) exactly as in the Mainz Psalter and later incunabula.
- Oude Hollandse (Henric Pieterszoon "Lettersnijder", Antwerp, 1492). Under development.
- French Textura (Joos Lambrecht, Ghent, 1541). Under development.
- Flamand A (Hendrik van den Keere, Antwerp, 1571). Under development.
- Flamand B (Hendrik van den Keere, Antwerp, 1571). Under development.
- Nederduits (Johann M. Fleischmann, Haarlem, 1733). Under development.
- Psalter Gotisch (Benjamin Krebs Nachfolger, Frankfurt am Main, 1890). Under development.
- Manuskript Gotisch (Bauersche Giesserei, Frankfurt am Main, 1899). Under development.
- Munthe Schrift (Gerhard Munthe, Offenbach am Main, 1904), Under development.
- Deutsche Schrift (Rudolf Koch, Offenbach am Main, 1910). Includes both normal and large, ornamental capitals (two sets), plus several finial characters and ornaments from Koch's original designs. He writes:A comprehensive and faithful rendition of Rudolf Koch's first release, usually referred to as "Fette Deutsche Schrift" or "Koch-Schrift". In addition to the regular character set, the font includes a large number of alternates and ligatures, plus two sets of ornamental initials (Initialen mit Zierstrichen und Punkten zur Koch-Schrift, and Initialen zur halbfetten deutschen Schrift). The main sources used during the font design process were a sample page from Hendlmeier, W. (1994), Kunstwerke der Schrift, Hannover: Bund für Deutsche Schrift und Sprache (p. 164), and several specimen sheets from the Gebrüder Klingspor Type Foundry for Koch's Deutsche Schrift type family.
- Maximilian (Rudolf Koch, Offenbach am Main, 1914). Includes normal, small (Klein), and roman (Antiqua) capitals, plus ornamental capitals and alternates (Zierbuchstaben). Under development.
- Wilhelm Klingspor Schrift (Rudolf Koch, Offenbach am Main, 1925). Includes both normal (wide) and narrow capitals, plus the full set of alternates, ligatures and finial characters from Koch's original designs.
- Caslon Gotisch (D. Stempel A.G., Frankfurt am Main, 1926). Produced in 2012 as Caslon Gotisch, it is a faithful adaptation of the "Caslon-Gotisch" type acquired (among several other types) by D. Stempel A.G. in 1919 from the Leipzig printer Wilhelm E. Drugulin, and further developed by Stempel in later years. Details: In addition to the usual standard characters for typesetting in modern Western languages, the font includes a comprehensive set of special characters, alternates and ligatures, plus Opentype features, that can be used for typesetting as in antique writings and printings. The main sources used during the font design process were as follows: A sample page from Typographische Mitteilungen - XXIII Jahrgang - Heft 2 (1926), and a sample page from Hendlmeier, W. (1994), Kunstwerke der Schrift, Hannover: Bund für Deutsche Schrift und Sprache (p. 37).
- Gótico Cervantes (Fundición Tipográfica Richard Gans, Madrid, 1928). Under development.
- Wallau (Rudolf Koch - Offenbach am Main, 1930). Includes German, Uncial, and Ornamental capitals. Under development.
- Alter Gothic (Alter Littera, Madrid, 2012), or Alter Gothisch. This is Alter Littera's first original design. They write: Two specific sources must be acknowledeged: (1) the "Black" type from William Caslon's A Specimen of Printing Types (1785), and (2) the "Caslon Gotisch" type by D. Stempel A.G. (1926).
- Gothic A. After late Carolingian and early Gothic manuscripts (12th century). Under development.
- Gothic B. After Erhard Ratdolt's Lombardic Capitals (1491). Under development.
- Gothic C. After Henric Pieterszoon's Uncials (1508). A comprehensive set of initials (usually referred to as Uncials, Lombardic Initials, or Lombards) of the Germanic variety, designed after Henric Pieterszoon's Gothise Monnikke Letteren as appearing in Enschedé, J. (1768), Proef van Letteren, Haarlem (p. 120); also mentioned as Great Primer Uncials and 2-line Brevier Uncials in Vervliet, H.D.L. (1968), Sixteenth-Century Printing Types of the Low Countries, Amsterdam: Hertzberger (pp. 54-55, and 212-213).
- ATF Cincinnati, ATF Caxton, ATF Missal. From American Type Founders Company's American Specimen Book of Type Styles (1912). Under development.
- Initials Bergling (2012, Alter Littera) is a comprehensive set of initials (usually referred to as Uncials, Lombardic Initials, or Lombards) of the French variety, adapted from Bergling's book Art Alphabets and Lettering (Second Edition) (1918, Chicago: Blakely-Oswald Printing Company).
- Bergling B. From J.M. Bergling's Art Alphabets and Lettering (1918). Under development.
- Morris. From William Morris's The Kelmscott Chaucer (1896). Under development.
- Initials ATF Cloister (2012). After F.W. Goudy's Cloister Initials (1917).
- Roman Square Capital. From 1st century B.C. onwards. Under development.
- Roman Rustic. 1st to 6th centuries. Under development.
- Uncial. 3rd to 6th centuries. Under development.
- Artificial Uncial. 6th to 10th centuries. Under development.
- Roman Half-Uncial. 3rd to 9th centuries. Under development.
- Insular Majuscule. 6th to 9th centuries. Under development.
- Insular Minuscule. From 6th century onwards. Under development.
- Luxeuil Minuscule. 7th and 8th centuries. Under development.
- Beneventan Minuscule. 8th to 13th centuries. Under development.
- Carolingian Minuscule. 8th to mid-12th centuries. Under development.
- Early Gothic. 11th and 12th centuries. Under development.
- Gothic Textura Quadrata. 13th to 15th centuries. Under development.
- Gothic Textura Prescisus. 13th to 15th centuries. Under development.
- Gothic Rotunda. 12th to 16th centuries. Under development.
- Gothic Littera Bastarda. From 13th century onwards. Under development.
- Fraktur. From 15th century onwards. Under development.
- Humanistic Book Script. From 15th century onwards. Under development.
- Humanistic Cursive. From 15th century onwards. Under development.
- ATF Missal Caxton (2012): A comprehensive set of initials, frames and borders, adapted from American Type Founders (ATF) Company's American Specimen Book of Type Styles, Jersey City, 1912 (pp. 944-5). The font contains over one hundred glyphs, including clean renditions of both Missal Initials and Caxton Initials, plus adaptations of Department Store Initials and French Cast Squares. Caxton Initials were first designed by F. Goudy in 1905. Missal Initials is originally due to Will Bradley in 1904.
- Alter Headletter (2012). An original from Alter Littera in the style of Century Bold Condensed.
- The Oldtype Gutenberg A Font (2012, free) is a free abridged edition of the full-featured Gutenberg B and Gutenberg C fonts.
Andrew H. Leman
[E-phemera (was: HPLHS Prop Fonts, and earlier: Prop Fonts)]
Bastarda -- Schwabacher
Bastarda (Schwabacher in German) dominated printing in Europe in the last part of the 15th and the first part of the 16th centuries. It breaks with the heavy Textura that Gutenberg used in his first books and his bible. All of the Lutherian books were set in Schwabacher, which was nearer to handwriting. It was probably first used by Johannes Bäumler in Augsburg in 1472. In any case, it was in use in Nürnberg in 1485, and showed up in 1490 in Anton Koberger's Schedelsche Weltchronik and in 1498 in Albrecht Dürer's Apokalypse. Examples: a hand-drawn Schwabacher from 1489, a sample by Johann Schoeffer in Mainz, dated 1521, and a fancy title page. In the middle of the 16th century, it was displaced by fraktur as the most-used German typeface. German link. Characterized by the pointed o (both top and bottom), the Asian-looking "g", the Garamond-like "h" and the "A" that thinks it is a "U", it was rejuvenated in the 18th century by German foundries such as Genzsch and Heyse (Alte Schwabacher, 1835, and Neue Schwabacher, 1876) and Klingspor (Offenbacher Schwabacher, 1900), and type designers such as Ehmcke (1916) and Schneidler (1918) who all produced beautiful readable typefaces. There are many digital Schwabacher faces. See, e.g., Alte Schwabacher by Berthold, Alte Schwabacher by URW++, or Adobe's Duc de Berry, Bigelow's Lucida Blackletter, or P22's SchwarzKopfNew and SchwarzKopfOld. [Google]
Bauersche Giesserei blackletter fonts
Andreas Seidel lists the blackletter faces published by the Bauersche Giesserei (and I added a few more):
- Flinsch Privat, 1919
- Renata, 1914
- Bernhard Fraktur, 1913-22
- Frankfurter Fraktur, 1905 / after 1911 renamed to Flinsch Fraktur
- Flinsch Germanisch, 1876
- Zentenar Fraktur, 1937, named after the 100-year anniversary of the Bauer Foundry
- Herkules-Gotisch (1898)
- Hoyer Fraktur, 1935-37
- Weiß Gotisch, 1936, E. R. Weiß
- Weiß Rundgotisch, 1937
- Weiß Fraktur, 1914
- Element, 1933
- Gotika, 1933
- Laudan Kanzlei, 1913
- Manuskript Gotisch (1905-1923; note: I thought the correct date was 1899), made after letters created by Wolfgang Hopyl in 1514.
- Leipziger Fraktur, 1909
- Wieynck Fraktur, 1912, Prof. Heinrich Wieynck
- Gotisch, 1906, Georg Barlösius
- Enge Gotisch (1880). Digital version by Gerhard Helzel done in 2008.
Frankfurt-based foundry started in 1837 by Johann Christian Bauer. At the end of the 19th century, the new owner was Georg Hartmann. On its staff, it had designers such as Konrad F. Bauer [Alpha (1954), Beta (1954), Folio (1956-63), Imprimatur (1952-55), Volta (1956), Verdi (1957), Impressum (1963), all made with Walter Baum], Lucian Bernhard [Bernhard Condensed, 1912], Hugo Steiner-Prag [Batarde, 1916], Julius Diez [vignetten, 1912], Henri Wieynck [Trianon, 1906; Cursive Renaissance, 1912; Wieynck-Kursiv, 1912], Georg Hartmann, Paul Renner [Futura, 1937], Emil Rudolf Weiß [Weiß Fraktur, 1924], Berthold Wolpe [Handwerkerzeichen, 1936; Hyperion, 1950; Rundgotisch, 1938] and F.H. Ernst Scheidler [Legend, 1937]. In its glory period, Bauer's leader was Heinrich Jost (1889-1949), from 1922 until 1948, who with punchcutter Louis Hoell made a beautiful version of Bodoni, now known as Bauer Bodoni. A New York office was set up in 1927, but after the 1960s, the foundry declined and finally closed its doors in 1972. Its typefaces were passed on to its Barcelona branch, Fundición Tipográfica Neufville. See also here. Digitized faces include Futura ND (Paul Renner, redigitized by Marie-Therésè Koreman at Neufville in 1999), Edison Swirl SG (late 1800s, digitized by Spiece Graphics), Gable Antique Condensed SG (late 1800s, digitized by Spiece Graphics), Weiß (Bitstream, based on a family made in 1924-1931 by Emil Rudolf Weiss), Bauer Bodoni (1926, FT Bauer, made by Heinrich Jost and Louis Hoell), Bauer Bodoni (Adobe version), Candida (1936, now digitized at FT Bauer), Charme (1957, now available from FT Bauer), Impressum, Imprimatur, Venus (1907-1927, now at FT Bauer), Venus and Hermes (both available at Linotype; Venus is also at URW), Volta (1955), and Phyllis (1911). Other faces: Bernhard Cursive (1962), Constantia, Hellenic Wide (1962), Lucian (1962), Cantate (1962), Gillies Gothic (1962), Horizon (1962), Folio (1962), Bauer Beton (1962), Bauer Topic (1962), Bauer Classic (1962), Elizabeth (1962), Cartoon (1962), Trafton Script, Astoria, Lilith, Legend (1937), Fortune, Folio Kursiv, Folio Grotesk (1960), Cantate (1958), Papageno (1958), Verdi (1957), Amalthea (1957), Magic (1955), Steile Futura Kursiv (1955), Columna (1955), Maxim (1955), Tivolischmuck (1950), Symphonie (1938, by Imre Reiner, in 1945 called Stradivarius), Weiß Antiqua (1950), Legende (1950), Quick (1950), Ballé Initials (1940), Beton (1940), Corvinus (1934), Bernhard Roman (1930), Hyperion (1956), Volta Kursiv (1955), Rundgotisch (1938), Hoyer Fraktur (1935), Gotika (1934), Jubilaeums-Initialen, Künstler Grotesk, Lichte Futura (1931), Weiß Fraktur (1924), Reklameschrift Herkules, Herkules-Gotisch (1898), Enge Gotisch (ca. 1880: digital version by Gerhard Helzel), Ehmcke Antiqua (1921), Batarde (1916), Wieynck-Kursiv (1912), Zweifarbige Grotesk Kursiv, Cursive Renaissance (1912), Manuskript Gotisch (1899; after Wolfgang Hopyl, 1514), Graziosa (1914 or earlier, script face), Kleukens Antiqua (1910), Barlösius Schrift (1906-1907, H. Barlösius), Trianon (1906), Hohenzollern (1902, + Initialen), Telefunken (1959), Sinfonia (script), Amerikanische Alt-Gotisch (1903, influenced by Henry William Bradley's and Joseph Warren Phinney's 1895 art nouveau face, Bradley). In house samples: AntiquaBrotschriften-IX-Garnitur, Einfache Kanzlei (ca. 1830), Enge halbfette Zeitungsfraktur, Fette Gotisch, Moderne halbfette Fraktur, Gotisch. [Google]
Best fonts of 2005 (Jan-Jun): Typographica
The Golden Globe Awards of type design, nominated by regulars at Stephen Coles' Typographica, a selection from the ground up. I feel these are the true winners---unlike all those awards for which one has to apply, pay a fee and be subject to the scrutiny of a "selection committee". Masterfully brought to you by Stephen Coles---bravo! As Stephen himself notes this year (2005), there are three trends: (1) Gone are the days when large commercial outfits put out the bulk of serious type. Nine of the 14 top selections come from one-man studios. Meanwhile, several of the big boys (ITC, Linotype, Monotype, URW) are absent. (2) Nearly every featured font is available in OpenType, and many exclusively so. (3) Xavier Dupré: the Cambodia-based Frenchman is perhaps todays most productive single source of creative type design, rivaled only by Christian Schwartz. Drumrolls:
Honorable mentions: FF Absara Sans (Xavier Dupré), Amor (František Storm), Arrival (Keith Tam), Avebury Black and Open (Jim Parkinson), Ayres Royal (Gert Wiescher), Bembo Book (Robin Nicholas), Bluemlein Scripts (Alejandro Paul), Botanika (Tomáš Brousil), Cabazon (Jim Parkinson), Chocolate (Angel Koziupa and Alejandro Paul), Crank8 (Greg Lindy & Henk Elenga), Deutsche Bahn [PDF] (Christian Schwartz and Erik Spiekermann), Dynasty (Rian Hughes), Fedra Sans Display (Peter Bilak), Flama (Mário Feliciano), Galicia (Rian Hughes), Gill Sans Pro (Monotype), Groovin' (Jason Walcott), Handsome Pro (Nick Shinn), Happy Hour (Jason Walcott), Incognito (Gábor Kóthay), Kaffeesatz (Jan Gerner), Kingfisher (Jeremy Tankard), Lapture (Tim Ahrens), Mashine (Tim Ahrens), Mercury Display & Text (Jonathan Hoefler & Tobias Frere-Jones), Miserichordia (Rian Hughes), Modesto Text (Jim Parkinson), Morice (Stephen Banham), Nerva (Dino dos Santos), Nicholas (Nick Shinn), Ogravan (Tomáš Brousil), Paperback (John Downer), Propane (David Buck), Radiogram (Rian Hughes), Rough Riders and Redux (Michael Hagemann), Sculptura (Jason Castle), ITC Stone Humanist Sans (Sumner Stone), Soap (Ray Larabie), Sovereign (Nick Cooke), Tamarillo (Jason Walcott), Tourette (Jonathan Barnbrook), Wanderer (Michael Hagemann). [Google]
- Lisboa (Ricardo Santos): Hrant Papazian writes: Lisboa harbors the sagacity to merely vie for — and thereby achieve — a simple Iberian warmth, something especially difficult in a sans. In the severely over-crowded field of humanist sans-serifs, Lisboa distinguishes itself through completeness (including expert characters and two numeral styles) and technical sophistication (as in its trapping), but mostly by providing two subtly varied cuts: one that helps exhibit the design's particular character; and another that eschews detail for maximal clarity in small sizes.
- Freight (Joshua Darden). Dyana Weissman: While we move out of the era of the antiseptic sans-serifs, Freight offers refreshing anomalies that warm up the design.[...] This family is insane. Not only because of the 100 styles, but also because of its charming little quirks.
- Ministry Script (Alejandro Paul). Paul Hunt comments: How do you convey sexiness with type? Use a sultry script face. The only thing more typographically titillating might be a set of canoodling ligatures.
- Garamond Premier Pro (Robert Slimbach).
- Deréon (Jean-François Porchez). Chris Rugen writes: When I see Déreon, I see a Whitman and Dalliance mix (two of my favorites) creating something unique. Like Whitman, Deréon gets its body from the Scotch Didone Caledonia.
- Proxima Nova (Mark Simonson). Kyle Hildebrant: It nestles neatly in a place between the geometric, grotesque, and gothic. Its generous x-height, thoughtfully balanced color, and expert typographic features (small caps, text figures, lining figures, etc.) position it as a prime candidate for extended textual setting.
- Zingha (Xavier Dupré, Font Bureau). Norbert Florendo comments: Reviewing Zingha is as delightful as discovering several long lost cases of unreleased ATF hot metal typefaces.
- Vista Sans (Xavier Dupré). Stephen Coles: With its friendly quirks, Vista Sans is a lot like Tarzana — another Emigre font — but succeeds everywhere Tarzana fails. The more distinctive glyphs feel harmonious with the rest of the font, never jarring. Gentle swashes and a large x-height make for a friendly sans that would work just right in so many settings.
- Cézanne Pro (James Grieshaber).
- FF Maiola (Veronika Burian). Dan Reynolds drools: Just when you thought your collection's text categories were set, Veronika Burian burst the stable doors open, reviving the Czech genre and its warm idiosyncrasies. A “warm” typeface? FF Maiola solves this puzzle using discrete play of irregularity and multiple angles, harkening back to Menhart and Preissig's approaches.
- Maple (Eric Olson). Mark Simonson: Other type designers have mined the 19th century English grotesque, but Eric Olson gives it an energetic crispness which makes earlier attempts seem a bit stuffy. Maple captures the exuberant quirkiness of the grots without slavishly imitating them.
- Garda (Mario Feliciano). William Berkson notes: With great elegance and style—and alternative characters and ligatures—the set offers superb alternatives to Trajan, Optima, and Futura for titling.
- Litteratra (Karsten Lücke). Yippie! Keep it up, Karsten! Joshua Lurie-Terrell: It's a sort of roman amalgam of textura and Schwabacher, channeling the expressionist spirit of Vojtech Preissig. [...] It's an entire historical movement.
- Relato (Eduardo Manso). My compatriot Yves Peters: Emtype Relato combines Dutch purposefulness with Latin sensuality. Its serifs are constructed following a clever principle, and the faces look simply gorgeous.
Blackletter, Fraktur, Rotunda
Manfred's fascination with blackletter and its German roots is apparent from the tens of typefaces he designed that are either revivals of historic typefaces or playful and not so playful extensions. Here we go:
- ArtNouveauDecadente (2007)
- BarlosRandom, BarlosRandomRings
- BarlosiusEdged (2007)
- Bastarda, Bastarda-K, BastardaButtonsBeta, BastardaMajuskel1300 (2005), BastardusSans
- BauernFraktur (2004, after the 1911 original by Bauersche)
- BayreuthFraktur, Bayreuther-BlaXXL (2005, a variation of Schneidler's Bayreuth)
- BigBroken, BigBrokenTwo
- Brahms-Gotisch (2005, with Petra Heidorn: a revival of Heinz Beck's 1937 face at Genzsch&Heyse)
- BrokenAlphabetTradition, BrokenBrainsFrax, BrokenCapsJumperB, BrokenHand, BrokenHand-Bold, BrokenHandLight, BrokenRoman-Bold, BrokenSansCaps, BrokenSansCaps (2007), BrokenSansCapsJumper, BrokentTraditionRound
- Burtine (2003: handwritten freestyle version of Burte Fraktur, 1928), Burte-Fraktur, Burtinomatic, Burtinomatic-DemiBold
- Cantzley Inverse Caps (2007), CantzleyAD1600 (2005)
- Clausewitz-Fraktur (2005)
- Cuxhaven Initials Round (2006), CuxhavenFraktur (2006), CuxhavenInitials (2006), CuxhavenTimes
- DecadentaFrax (2007)
- DolbyFraxCaps (2005)
- DrunkenSailor (2006)
- ElectrUnciale (2005)
- ElephantaBlack (2006)
- FlyingHollander (2005)
- FracturiaSketched, FracturiaSketchedCaps
- FraktKonstruct, FraktSketch, FraktSketchFS, FraktalConPablos, FrakturInRings (2007), FrakturInitials07 (2007), FrakturNitials (2006), FrakturaFonteria, FrakturaFonteriaSlim (2006)
- FraxBricKs, FraxBrix, FraxHandwritten, FraxHandwrittenCaps (2007), FraxHandwrittenXtrem-Medium, FraxInCage, FraxInCageLeftOblique, FraxInCageRightOblique, FraxInitials, FraxxSketchQuill
- GermanFatman (2006)
- GingkoFraktur (2006)
- GoldenSwing, GothicMajuscles
- GotenborgFraktur (2007)
- GotikaButtons (2005, after Imre Reiner's Gotika from 1933)
- GothicLetters (2007)
- Gotic Caps (2006), GoticaBastard, GotischeMajuskel
- GutenbergsGhostypes, GutenbergsTraces
- HamletOrNot, HamletTobeornot
- HansSachsCaps (2007)
- HappyFrax (2006)
- Haunted-Normal, HauntedBricks
- Holland-Gotisch (with Petra Heidorn; a revival of Nederduits by Johann Michael Fleischmann, ca. 1750)
- ImresFraktur, ImresFraxCaps (2007)
- JohannesBricks, JohannesButtons-02, JohannesGDiamonds, JohannesGLastTraces (2007), JohannesTraces
- Jugendstil (2006)
- KaiserRotbartCaps (2007)
- KleinSchwabach (2005)
- KleinsBrokenGotik (2006)
- KlungerCaps (2006)
- LudwigHohlwein (2006)
- LufrakturBricks (2006)
- LutherDuemille, LutherMousedrawn, LutherMousedrawn-Bold
- MK Broken Types (2006)
- MKFraxConstr (2007)
- MKalligFrax, MKalligFrax-MediumItalic
- MKancellerescaCaps (2005)
- MKantzley (2005), MKanzleiCaps-One (2006)
- MoKsford, MoKsfordBold, MoKsfordDemiBold, MoKsfordExtraLight, MoKsfordLight
- MonAmourCaps (2006), MonAmourFraktur-Broken (2006), MonAmourFrakturRegular
- MousefraKtur, MousefraKtur-Bold
- Münchner-Fraktur (2005; a revival of Renaissance Fraktur by Heinz König, 1885, Genzsch&Heyse)
- Neudoerffer, NeudoerfferScribbleQuality
- OKsfordBadFat, OKsfordItalic
- OldTypographicSymphony-Regular, OldTypographicSymphony-Round
- PopFraxFrankfurt (2007), PopFraxFrankfurtCondensed (2007)
- Potsdam (2005, a revival of a 1934 face by Robert Golpon)
- Prothesis-Black, Prothesis-Caribiqu, Prothesis-Caripix
- Schaftstiefel Kaputt (2003)
- SchmaleGotischMK, SchmalfetteGotisch
- SchneidlerSchwabacher, SchneidlerSolitaires, SchneidlerSolitairesRound, SchneidlerSolitairesRound
- Schwabach, SchwabachDuemille, SchwabachScribbels, SchwabachScribbelsSecond
- ScribbledFrakturX-Heavy (2006)
- SmallEdgedFrax (2006)
- Snoutlike (2003)
- SpaceWinningFrax (2007)
- TypoasisBoldGothic (2003)
- Weissgotnitials (2005, based on Weiss's Lichte Initialen, 1935)
- WittewittMajuscles-Flourish, WittewittMajuscles-FlourishBricks
- WrittenFrax (2007)
[Peter R. Wilson]
Renton, WA-based Peter R. Wilson's metafont code (2000-2003) for the "bookhands" series of fonts. It was his intention to provide the main examples of manuscript hands from the first century until the invention of printing. Included are the following: [Google]
Bosil Unique Fonts
American designer Michael Bosen or Michael Bolen (Bosil Unique Fonts) made these fonts in 2003: Mikie's Christmas List (handprinted), Bosil Unique Regular (comic book face), Bosil Marker, BU DeBoned, BU Boned, Uniquely Sprayed (grunge), Slightly Dinged, Bu Handy Dings (hands, including fists), and "the finger"), Bu Marker SC.
In 2012, he added BU Gothic Hybrid (a hybrid of grunge calligraphy and blackletter).
Typefaces from 2013: BU Dingbats Sans Purpose (scanbats), BU Wicked, BU Richard The Second (textura), Bu 1757 Bordelish (frilly ball terminal caps), Bu Darn Cupids Again (Valentine Day's font), BU Penfield Deco (loosely based on a font by Edward Penfield at the turn of the 20th century), BU Bernhard Pen (loosely based on a style by Bernhard Pankok from the turn of the 20th century), BU Scarecrow (gothic font based on the hand of Walter Crane), BU Glenda, BU Oscar Diggs. [Google]
Daniel Quinn's calligraphy shop in Firenze shows nice examples of these hands (names in Italian): Onciale, Maiuscola Insulare, Minuscola Insulare, Carolina, Gotico Antico, Textura Quadrata, Capitali Gotiche, Beneventana, Rotunda, Capitali Rotunda, Bastarda Cancelleresca, Batarde Français, Fraktur Tedesca, Capitali Bastarde, Cadel, Capitali Longobarde, Foundational. [Google]
CAT Design Wolgast
Wolgast-based type designer Peter Wiegel (b. 1955) runs CAT Design Wolgast. Designer of these free fonts:
- In 2014: Incopins Clusters (multilined typeface).
- In 2013: Spartakus (+Round), Cut Me Out (white on black sans), 5by9 (dot matrix face), Tartlers End (high-contrast ball terminal face), Alpha 54 (rounded flared script face), Chunk Five Ex (slab serif; he writes: With permission of Meredith Mandel, the original author of the ASCII-Font Chunk Five, I have extended Chunk Five Ex to a full featured unicode font with all figures used in Latin and Cyrillic writing), Simple Print (simple sans), Fette Bauersche Antiqua (a didone fat face), Manuskript Gothisch (after Manuskript Gotisch (1899, Bauersche), which was modeled after Wolfgang Hopyl's 1514 Textura), Quast (hairy font).
- Still in 2013, he published a number of school scripts, including Neue Rudelskopf, Deutsche Normalschrift, Imrans School, Rastenburg (German school font), and Bienchen.
- In 2012: Hardman (connected fifties script), Immermann (a quaint slab serif), Quast (grunge), Fundamental Brigade (sans family), DiffiKult (a bilined face), Men Nefer (a Memphis lookalike), Fette Unz Fraktur (like Fette Fraktur), Mutter Krause (for the reconstruction of the 1929 silent movie "Mutter Krausens Fahrt ins Glück", where it is used for intertitles, that where missing. The font is redrawn from the original intertitles), Youbilee (a font with laurels).
- In 2010: Alfabilder (dingbats), Gondrin (athletic lettering with a 3d effect), HelvetiaVerbundene (making Helverica into a school script?), Proletarsk (a grotesk face), Vis-à-vis (great idea--a double-storied serif face), ApolloASM (Victorian), BertholdrMainzerFraktur, Doergon-Regular (license plate font), DoergonBackshift, DoergonShift, Eureka (Victorian, ornamental face), GoeschenFraktur (1880-style Fraktur used in Sammlung Göschen books), Makushka, MakushkaKontura, MakushkaQuadriga, MakushkaSecunda, Moderne3DSchwabacher, ModerneGekippteSchwabacher, StrassburgFraktur, TGL0-16 (same as DIN 16), TGL0-17 (same as DIN 17), TGL0-17Alt, Tank (emblems of gas companies), EricaType-Bold, EricaType-BoldItalic, EricaType-Italic, EricaType-Regular (typewriter), ErikaOrmig, Fibel Vienna (2012, a high-legged sans), GreifswalderTengwar-Regular, GreifswalerDeutscheSchrift (German Schreibschrift), Midroba-Regular (a strong mechanical octagonal face), MidrobaSchatten, MMX2010 (futuristic), Präsent60, Rotunda Pommerania (blackletter), TengwarOptime, TengwarOptimeDiagon, cbe-Bold, cbe-BoldItalic, cbe-Italic, cbe.
- In 2009: 18thCenturyInitials, 18thCenturyKurrent-Regular, 18thCenturyKurrentAlternates, German writing from the 18th century), CentreClaws, CentreClawsBeam1, CentreClawsSlant, Cöntgen Kanzley Regular (blackletter), Cöntgen Kanzley Aufrecht (2009), ElficCaslin, H1N1, Loxembourg1910Shadow (an art nouveau-influenced stencil face), Luxembourg1910, VarietScala (an art deco sans family), Varietee, VarieteeArtist, VarieteeCabaret, VarieteeCascadeur, VarieteeCasino, VarieteeCirque, VarieteeColege, VarieteeConferencier, VarieteeFolies, VarieteeIkarier, VarieteeJongleur, VarieteeMirage, VarieteeRevue, VarieteeTheatre, KochFetteDeutscheSchrift (blackletter), MoradoFelt-Regular (upright connected script), MoradoMarker (2009), MoradoNib, PreussischeVI9 (DIN-like family), PreussischeVI9Linie, PreussischeVI9Schatten-Linie, PreussischeVI9Schatten, SchatternvonPreussischeVI9, Stage (art deco), Ring Matrix (dot matrix), Nathan, Amptmann Script (2009, upright connected script), Cat Shop, Blankenburg (blackletter), Murrx (arched face), Schwaben Alt (1988, bastarda), Vrango, 14LED (Regular, Phattt-Heavy, Rised-Black), 24LED (+Bright, +Grid, +Modul), DIN1451fetteBreitschrift1936-Regular, FibelNord (basic sans family with an architectural twist), FibelSued (family), PaneuropaBankette, PaneuropaCrashbarrier-Black, PaneuropaFreeway, PaneuropaHighway, PaneuropaRoad, PaneuropaStreet, PaneuropaWrongWay, Quirkus (family), RingMatrix (dot matrix family), RingMatrix3D, RingMatrixTwo, DiscipuliBritannica (connected script), GruenewaldVA-Regular (connected school script), Rudelskopfdeutsch-Aufrecht, WiegelLatein (connected school script), WiegelLateinMedium (2009), Morado, Moebius Bicolor (art deco), Elbaris (sans), ElbarisOutline, Nomitais (multiline face), RostockKaligraph, Waschkueche, WaschkuecheGrob-Ultra, WiegelKurrent (traditional German school script), WiegelKurrentMedium, XAyax, XAyaxOutline (2009), Kaufhalle (squarish), Quimbie (art deco), CasaSans-Regular, Elb-Tunnel, MeyneTextur (blackletter), Yiggivoo, TGL 31034-1 (futuristic sans), Beroga (a simple organic sans).
- Before 2009: Xayax, PreussischeIV44Ausgabe3 (2006, a severe sans), Utusi Star (1989, very condensed all-caps face), Avocado (2006, script face), CbeNormal (2006, script face), Leipzig Fraktur (+Bold) (2006), Berlin Email (2006, a condensed sans family, followed in 2009 by Berlin Email Serif), MaassslicerItalic (2006, a futuristic face made for Rudolf Maass + Partner GmbH), Powerweld (a gorgeous avant-garde face made for OPTI Pumpen und Technik GmbH), WolgastScript (2005), WolgastTwo (2006, connected script), WolgastTwoBold, ZeichenDreihundert-Regular, ZeichenHundert-Regular, ZeichenVierhundert-Regular, ZeichenZweihundert-Regular (2006, traffic dingbats), Djerba simplified (Arabic font, Computer and Technologie, Hamburg, 1995; it can be downloaded here), Titus FrakturBaltic (1998), TITUS FrakturEast Normal (1998), and TITUS FrakturWest Normal (1998) [which used to be downloadable here; these fonts were retired and the Titus name dropped; most of the glyphs made it to Schwaben Alt].
Dafont link. One more URL. Fontspace link. Yet another URL. Font Squirrel link. Fontsy link.
The list of his truetype and opentype faces as of 2011: 18thCenturyInitials, 18thCenturyKurrentStart, 18thCenturyKurrentText, Alfabilder, AlteDIN1451Mittelschrift, AlteDIN1451Mittelschriftgepraegt, AmptmannScript, ApolloASM, Avocado, Barnroof, BerlinEmail, BerlinEmail2, BerlinEmailBold, BerlinEmailBold, BerlinEmailHeavy, BerlinEmailHeavy, BerlinEmailOutline, BerlinEmailOutline, BerlinEmailSchaddow, BerlinEmailSchaddow, BerlinEmailSemibold-Bold, BerlinEmailSemibold-Bold, BerlinEmailSerif, BerlinEmailSerif, BerlinEmailSerifSemibold, BerlinEmailSerifSemibold, BerlinEmailSerifShadow, BerlinEmailWideSemibold, BerlinEmailWideSemibold, Beroga, Beroga, BerogaFettig-Bold, BerogaFettig-Bold, BertholdMainzerFrakturUNZ1A-Italic, BertholdMainzerFrakturUNZ1A, BertholdrMainzerFraktur, Blankenburg-Regular, BlankenburgUNZ1A-Italic, BlankenburgUNZ1A, CasaSans-Regular, CasaSans, CasaSansFettig-Bold, CatShop, CentreClaws, CentreClawsBeam1, CentreClawsSlant, ChunkFiveEx, CntgenKanzley-Regular, CntgenKanzleyAufrecht, DIN1451fetteBreitschrift1936-Regular, DiscipuliBritannica, DiscipuliBritannicaBold, Doergon-Regular, DoergonBackshift, DoergonShift, DoergonWave-Regular, Elb-Tunnel, Elb-TunnelSchatten, Elbaris, ElbarisOutline, ElficCaslin, EricaType-Bold, EricaType-BoldItalic, EricaType-Italic, EricaType-Regular, ErikaOrmig, Eureka, FibelNord-Bold, FibelNord-BoldItalic, FibelNord-Italic, FibelNord, FibelNordKontur, FibelSued-Bold, FibelSued-BoldItalic, FibelSued-Italic, FibelSued, FibelSuedKontur, GoeschenFraktur, GoeschenFrakturUNZ1A-Italic, GoeschenFrakturUNZ1A, Gondrin, GreifswalderTengwar-Regular, GreifswalerDeutscheSchrift, GruenewaldVA-Regular, GruenewaldVA1.Klasse, GruenewaldVA3.Klasse, H1N1, HelvetiaVerbundene, KochFetteDeutscheSchrift, KochFetteDeutscheSchriftUNZ1A-Italic, KochFetteDeutscheSchriftUNZ1A, LeipzigFrakturBold, LeipzigFrakturHeavy-ExtraBold, LeipzigFrakturLF-Bold, LeipzigFrakturLF-Normal, LeipzigFrakturNormal, LeipzigFrakturUNZ1A-Bold, LeipzigFrakturUNZ1A-BoldItalic, LeipzigFrakturUNZ1A-Italic, LeipzigFrakturUNZ1A, Luxembourg1910, Luxembourg1910Contur, Luxembourg1910Ombre, MMX2010-Regular, Maassslicer3D, Maassslicer3D, MaassslicerItalic, MaassslicerItalic, Makushka, MakushkaKontura, MakushkaQuadriga, MakushkaSecunda, MeyneTextur, MeyneTexturUNZ1A-Italic, MeyneTexturUNZ1A, Midroba-Regular, MidrobaSchatten, Moderne3DSchwabacher, ModerneFetteSchwabacher, ModerneFetteSchwabacherUNZ1A-Italic, ModerneFetteSchwabacherUNZ1A, ModerneGekippteSchwabacher, MoradoFelt-Regular, MoradoMarker, MoradoNib, MoradoSharp-Regular, Murrx, Nathan-CondensedRegular, Nathan-ExpandedRegular, Nathan-Semi-expandedRegular, Nathan, NathanAlternates-CondensedRegular, NathanAlternates-ExpandedRegular, NathanAlternates-Semi-expandedRegular, NathanAlternates, Nomitais, Nomitais, Numikki, Numukki-Italic, Numukki-Italic, Numukki, Powerweld, PreussischeIV44Ausgabe3, PreussischeIV44Ausgabe3, PreussischeVI9, PreussischeVI9Linie, PreussischeVI9Schatten-Linie, PreussischeVI9Schatten, Proletarsk, Prsent60, Quimbie, Quimbie3D, QuimbieShaddow, QuimbieUH, Quirkus-Bold, Quirkus-BoldItalic, Quirkus-Italic, Quirkus, QuirkusOut, QuirkusUpsideDown, RostockKaligraph, RotundaPommerania, RotundaPommeraniaUNZ1A-Italic, RotundaPommeraniaUNZ1A, Rudelskopfdeutsch-Aufrecht, SchatternvonPreussischeVI9, Schulfibel-Nord-Linie-2, SchwabenAlt-Bold, SchwabenAltUNZ1A-Italic, SchwabenAltUNZ1A, Stage, StrassburgFraktur-Regular, TGL0-16, TGL0-17, TGL0-17Alt, TGL31034-1, TGL31034-1, TGL31034-2, TGL31034-2, Tank, TengwarOptime, TengwarOptimeDiagon, TitilliumMaps29L-1wt, TitilliumMaps29L-400wt, TitilliumMaps29L-800wt, TitilliumMaps29L-999wt, TitilliumText22L-1wt, TitilliumText22L-250wt, TitilliumText22L-400wt, TitilliumText22L-600wt, TitilliumText22L-800wt, TitilliumText22L-999wt, TitilliumTitle20, UtusiStar-Bold, UtusiStar, VarietScala, Varietee, VarieteeArtist, VarieteeCabaret, VarieteeCascadeur, VarieteeCasino, VarieteeCirque, VarieteeColege, VarieteeConferencier, VarieteeFolies, VarieteeIkarier, VarieteeJongleur, VarieteeMirage, VarieteeRevue, VarieteeTheatre, Via-A-Vis, Vrng, Waschkueche, Waschkueche, WaschkuecheGrob-Ultra, WaschkuecheGrob-Ultra, WiegelKurrent, WiegelKurrent, WiegelKurrentMedium, WiegelKurrentMedium, WiegelLatein, WiegelLateinMedium, WolgastScript, WolgastScript, WolgastTwo, WolgastTwo, WolgastTwoBold, WolgastTwoBold, XAyax, XAyax, XAyaxOutline, XAyaxOutline, YiggivooUnicode-Italic, YiggivooUnicode-Italic, YiggivooUnicode, YiggivooUnicode, YiggivooUnicode3D-Italic, YiggivooUnicode3D-Italic, YiggivooUnicode3D, YiggivooUnicode3D, ZeichenDreihundert-Regular, ZeichenDreihundertAlt, ZeichenHundert-Regular, ZeichenHundertAlt, ZeichenVierhundert-Regular, ZeichenZweihundert-Regular, ZeichenZweihundertAlt, cbe-Bold, cbe-BoldItalic, cbe-Italic, cbe, kaufhalle, kaufhalle, kaufhalleblech, kaufhalleblech, moebius.
His type 1 fonts as of 2011: Avocado, BerlinEmail, BerlinEmail2, BerlinEmailBold, BerlinEmailHeavy, BerlinEmailOutline, BerlinEmailSchaddow, BerlinEmailSemibold-Bold, BerlinEmailSerif, BerlinEmailSerifSemibold, BerlinEmailSerifShadow, BerlinEmailWideSemibold, Beroga, BerogaFettig-Bold, CasaSans, Elb-Tunnel, Elb-TunnelSchatten, Maassslicer3D, MaassslicerItalic, Numukki-Italic, Numukki, Powerweld, PreussischeIV44Ausgabe3, Quimbie, QuimbieUH, RostockKaligraph, TGL31034-1, TGL31034-2, UtusiStar-Bold, UtusiStar, Waschkueche, WaschkuecheGrob-Ultra, WolgastScript, WolgastTwo, WolgastTwoBold, YiggivooUnicode-Italic, YiggivooUnicode, YiggivooUnicode3D-Italic, YiggivooUnicode3D, cbe-Bold, cbe-BoldItalic, cbe-Italic, cbe, kaufhalle, kaufhalleblech.
A list of typefaces in alphabetical order, with descriptive comments provided by Reynir Heidberg Stefansson from Iceland: 18th Century Kurrent (Kurrent-style handwriting, Wiegel-coded), Alfabilder (Alphabetic picture font for the German alphabet), Amptmann Script (Partly-connected, upright writing, used on Prussian Railways pattern drawings), ApolloASM (Jugendstil, vaguely resembling an ornate Bocklin), Avocado (Handwriting, broad-nib pen-style), Berlin Email (Narrow sans-serif, based on emailled signage; Wiegel-coded), Berlin Email Serif (Narrow serif, based on emailled signage; Wiegel-coded), Beroga (All-minuscule, rounded marker-style sans-serif with ca. 8° slope), Berthold Mainzer Fraktur (Fraktur in Wiegel (Regular only) and UNZ1(A) coding), Blankenburg (Semicondensed Tannenberg in Wiegel (Regular only) and UNZ1(A) coding), Casa Sans (Squarish, broad-nib pen-style block writing), CatShop (Serif, soft of an acid-washed didone), cbe Normal (Sans-serif, narrow, somewhat cuneiform), Centre Claws (Sans-serif, Art Deco display, a bit like Broadway), Cöntgen Kanzlei (Cöntgen Kanzley) (Fraktur-based calligraphy by Heinrich Hugo Cöntgen, Wiegel coding), DiffiKult (Sans-serif, display, no horizontal lines), DIN 1451 fette Breitschrift 1936 (The now-withdrawn Wide version of DIN 1451 traffic font), Discipuli Britannica (UK school handwriting), Doergon (Slab-serif, narrow-ish, all majuscule), Elabris (Elbaris) (Sans-serif, caps/smallcaps, shades of DIN1451 Engschrift), Elb-Tunnel (Sans-serif, based on signage in the old Elbe tunnel in Hamburg), Elbic Caslon (Elfic Caslon, Elfic Caslin) (a Caslon for the Queen Galadriel), Erika Type (Erica Type) (Slab-serif, typewriter, comes from Wiegel's old Erika typewriter), Eureka (Serif, caps/smallcaps, Art Deco/Jugendstil), Fibel Nord (Sans-serif, based on German school primer), Fibel Süd (Fibel Sued) (Sans-serif, based on German school primer), Fibel Vienna (Sans-serif, based on Austrian school primer), Fundamental Brigade (Sans-serif, geometric, some UNZ1 ligatures), Göschen Fraktur (Goeschen Fraktur) (Fraktur with a biblical feel, Wiegel (Rg only) and UNZ1 coding), Gondrini (Gondrin) (Sans-serif, geometric, display, shaded outlines, cookie-cutter), Greifswalder Deutsche Schrift (Handwriting, based on Rudolf Koch's Offenbacher Kurrent, Wiegel coding), Greifswalder Tengwar (Tengwar handwriting in Offenbach style), Gruenewald VA (Latin-style schoolhand, Wiegel coding), H1N1 (Heavy display face made of parallel wavetrains), Hardman (Heavy, wide, squarish logotype with connecting letters), Helvetia Verbundene (Swiss handwriting), Immermann (Display, resembles a seriffed Radio/Rundfunk, UNZ1 coding), Kaufhalle (Display, recreation of HO Kaufhalle logotype), Koch Fette Deutsche Schrift (Very plain fraktur, Wiegel (Rg only) and UNZ1 coding), Leipzig Fraktur (Fraktur for bread text, Wiegel coding), Leipzig Fraktur UNZ1A (Fraktur for bread text), Luxembourg 1910 (Sans-serif, Jugendstil display face from old spice drawers), Maass Slicer (Maassslicer) (Sans-serif, oblique display face, orig. logotype), Makushka (Sort-of an Elabris with minuscules, looks overlayable), Men Nefer (Slab-serif, geometric, UNZ1 coding), Midroba (Spur-serif, display, all-majuscule, heavy, octal), MMX2010 (Sans-serif, display, caps/smallcaps, TV game machine feel), Moderne Schwabacher (Heavily reworked, Wiegel coding), Moderne Fette Schwabacher UNZ1A (Heavily reworked, Wiegel coding), Möbius (moebius) (Sans-serif, display, bicolour (u/c = non-spacing fills, l/c = spacing outlines)), Morado (Connected handwriting with nib or marker pen), Murrx (Heavy display face made from ellipsoids on NE-SW axis), Mutter Krause (Serif, slanting, Jugendstil-feel.), Nathan (Slab-serif, hand-drawn.), Nomatais (Nomitais) (Elabris with multiple levels of outlines), Numukki (Conlang, knotted-line, good for separators and scenebreaks), Powerweld (Sans-serif, Bauhaus style, all-minuscule), Präsent 60 (PI font with various East German logos), Preussische IV 44 (PreussischeIV44Ausgabe3) (Repro of Prussian Railways pattern type IV 44 version 3), Preussische VI 9 (Repro of Prussian Railways pattern type VI 9 version 2), Proletarsk (Sans-serif, monoline, doubled-up questionmark), Quast (Brush type, all-majuscule, very rough outline), Quimbie (Sans-serif, all-majuscule, resembles Amelia), Quirkus (Sans-serif), Ring Matrix (LED matrix with ring LEDs, solid LEDs and ring LEDs with shadow), Rostock Kaligraph (Very round calligraphy, resembles rotunda), Rotunda Pommerania (Rotunda style, Wiegel-code (Regular only) or UNZ1-coded), Rudelskopf deutsch (Sans-serif, based on Kurrent-style letterforms), Schwaben Alt (Schwabacher in Wiegel- (Rg only) or UNZ1-coding.), Stage (Sans-serif, narrow, Art Deco, fleeting taste of Broadway), Strassburg Fraktur (Handwritten fraktur, ornate majuscules, Wiegel-coding), Tank (PI font with (gas/petrol) tank station logos), TengwarOptime (Optima for Tengwar), TGL 0-16/0-17 (East German versions of DIN 16 and DIN 17 blueprint types), TGL 31034-1, TGL 31034-2 (East German versions of DIN 6776 / DIN EN ISO 3098 blueprint types), Utusi Star (Sans-serif, slight resemblance with Rundfunk), Varieté (Sans-serif, all-majuscule or caps/smallcaps), Vis-A-Vis (Serif, all-majuscule, split in middle), Volk Redis (Kurrent handwriting, anno 1930-1941), Vrångö (LED matrix type like Ring Matrix), Waschküche (Serif, resembles Antykwa Torunska), Wiegel Kurrent (Kurrent-style handwriting), Wiegel Latein (Latin-style handwriting), Wolgast Script (Sloppy-looking handwriting with a broad-nib pen), Wolgast Two (Latin/Cyrillic handwriting), XAyax (Serif, Jugendstil, narrow, all-majuscule), Yiggivoo Unicode (Sans-serif, wide, tall x, board game packaging feel), Youbilee (PI font with various jubilee laurels), Verkehrszeichen (Zeichen) (PI fonts with traffic signs (in layers)), Verkehrszeichen alt (Zeichen Alt) (PI fonts with old traffic signs (in layers)).
Abstract Fonts link. Dafont link. Kernest link. Klingspor link. [Google]
[Christian "Cinga" Thalmann]
Catharsis is located in Leiden, The Netherlands. Before that, Christian Thalmann's page Cinga.ch was run out of Switzerland, when he was a student at ETH Zürich. It had free typefaces such as the great Arabic simulation face Catharsis Bedouin (2004) (available here), CatharsisCircular, CatharsisRequiem (a unicase pair), CatharsisRequiemBold, CatharsisCargo, Cirnaja Bookhand and Cirnaja Calligraphy (made for his artificial language, Obrenje), Catharsis Macchiato (2005), CatharsisEspresso (2005).
As Catharsis, the commercial foundry, he published Octant in 2013: Octant is an original steampunk display typeface drawing inspiration from Victorian-age steel and brass engineering, as well as from blackletter typography. Gryffensee (2013, in styles called Eins, Zwei and Drei) is designed to be the Futura of blackletter, combining the time-honored gravity and relentlessness of the Gothic script with the clean, contemporary freshness of the geometric sans. It also covers Cyrillic.
Backstein (2013), baked brick, took its inspiration from the broken antiqua lettering in Berlin's old subway stations.
Volantene Script (2013) is a (free) uncial display typeface inspired by the penmanship of Lady Talisa Maegyr-Stark as seen on HBO's Game of Thrones. Numina (2013, Glamour and Glory substyles) is an extensive condensed fashion-oriented typeface family related to Skyline and Corvinus.
Maestrale (2013) adds calligraphic and flamboyant extenders to a decorative text face for a dramatic effect. Choose between Maestrale Manual (swashy) and Manuale Text.
Blumenkind (2013) is inspired by an instance of metal-strip lettering found on the Bürgermeister Kornmesser Siedlung residential building complex in Berlin from the 1960s.
Brillinace (2013) is a glamorous contemporary display blackletter combining the rich tapestry of Textura with a hint of the airy lightness of Spencerian script. Let's say that it is a light-hearted Textura.
1001 fonts link. Yet another URL. Fontspace link. Behance link. Klingspor link. Dafont link. [Google]
American designer at FontStruct in 2008 of Lucid (monospaced 5x7 LCD font for Latin, Cyrillic, Greek and katakana: white on black), Absinthe (pixel face), Faith (condensed, unicase), Neuerburg (blackletter influences: from the logo for "Haus Neuerburg Zigaretten" designed by Prof. O.H.W. Hadank, 1925), Conform (pixel face), Minim (Textura blackletter). [Google]
Christian "Cinga" Thalmann
Christoffel van Dijck
Dutch type cutter, 1601-1669, who had a type foundry in Amsterdam. DTL Elzevir is based upon his work. Rudi Geeraerts explains a bit about present day types based on Van Dijck's work. I cite him, interspersed with my own comments:
FontShop link. [Google]
- Monotype Van Dijck is based on a typeface used in 1671 in Herscheppinge (Joost van den Vondel) printed by Daniel Bakkamude. Jan van Krimpen was consultant to Monotype on that project. Most graphic designers were a bit disappointed because it looks skinny when used in normal text sizes. The digital version is due to Robin Nicholas.
- Monotype Van Dijck was remade by G.G. Lange (1993, Berthold) and is of better quality according to many, including, e.g., Jan Middendorp in Dutch Type.
- DTL Elzevir is based on a study of several cuttings from Christoffel Van Dijck. DTL states that it is mainly based on the Augustijn Romeyn a cut found on a 1682 type specimen issued by Daniel Elseviers widow (hence the name DTL Elzevir) showing some typefaces from Van Dijck and others. So the DTL Elzevir is not a remake of the Monotype Van Dijck.
- Gerard Unger's Hollander (1983) is based on a study of the typography used in 17th century books using typefaces cut by van Dijck and possible Dirck Voskens. The Hollander is also the base of the well-known Swift. So Unger's Hollander is not a remake of the Monotype Van Dijck.
- OurType's Custodia, designed by Fred Smeijers, is a single-weight roman, with italic and matching small caps, with a seventeenth-century flavour. It was made in 2002 for use in the publications of the Custodia Foundation. Custodia 17 is the first typeface to join the OurType Classics collection. By seventeenth century flavoured we mean the flavour shared by a range of 17th century punch cutters, like Christoffel van Dijck, Dirck Voskens, Johan Michael Smit and Jean Baptiste van Wolschaten. References to and specimens of their typefaces can be found in several archives. One of them is the Plantin-Moretus Museum in Antwerp. The OT Custodia is neither a Van Dijck revival nor a Monotype Van Dijck remake.
- Dutch Textura (1681), in versions called Augusteyn Duyts and Mediaen Duyts.
French type designer (b. 1948) who was born in the South of France. He studied typography, calligraphy and painting at the School of Fine Arts in Toulouse. He received the Prix Charles Peignot in 1982. In 1992, the President of France invited him to design the inscriptions for the royal tombs in the Basilique Saint Denis in Paris. He published Calligraphie (Imprimerie Nationale, 1993). Author of Calligraphy (Wommelgem, Belgium, 1996) and Histoire de la calligraphie française (Albin Michel, 2006; examples here). In 2009, with the help of Atelier des Signes, he created a typeface for the signage at Chateau de Fontainebleau. Additional URL. In 2010, Mediavilla cofounded Media type Foundry with Sonia Da Rocha and Joel Vilas Boas in Paris.
- Galba: an elegant roman face, done at Mecanorma in 1987.
- Media Script (Mecanorma, 1985).
- Mediavilla (CCT, 1976).
- Mediavilla Script (Graphitel, 1986).
- Palazzo (Mecanorma, 1984).
- Tory (1991).
Examples of calligraphic alphabets drawn by him and shown in his Histoire de la calligraphie française (2006): Bastarda, Cancellaresca, Carolingian, Cursive gothic 1410, Luxeuil, Roman Capitals, Roman cursive 1st century, Roman cursive 4th century, Rustica 1st century, Textura 14th century, Textura 15th century, , Tourneure 15th century, Uncial 4th century.
Klingspor link. [Google]
Free Fraktur fonts: MA-Bastarda1, MA-BastardAnglicana, MA-FereTextura, MA-GKursiv1, MA-Gotbuch, MA-InsularMinuscule, MA-Minuskel1, MA-Urkunde, all published by Will Software. [Google]
Cornelis Henricszoon Lettersnijder
Son of Henric Pieterszoon Lettersnijder, b. Delft. Dutch letter cutter ("lettersnijder"). He cut a Netherlandisch Bastarda, which he used from 1524 onwards, and a big double pica Textura to continue with the type family popularized by his father. Vervliet in his 1968 book ranks Cornelis a "cut" below his father. [Google]
Brazilian designer (b. 1980, Curitiba) of the gorgeous 19th century-style decorative caps faces Marisco (Deluxe and Filled) (2007, Estudio Crop). He also made Tritura (2009, EstudioCrop: a grunge textura face), and Riff (2009, estudioCrop), a slab serif face. Dado Queiroz graduated in Graphic Design in 2003. Behance link. [Google]
Damià Rotger Miró
Daniel Hernández Sanchez
[Hernández Type (was: Estudio de diseño Calderón)]
David Fleming Nalle
[Scriptorium (Ragnarok Press, Fontcraft)]
Die Entwicklung unserer Schrift
Peter Doerling's visual overview of the styles of writing in Germany, for books, official documents (Urkunden) and in letters. For books, he takes us here:
For official documents:
- 200-300: Roman capitals.
- 300-500: Quadrata.
- 500 on: Uncial.
- 900 on: Karolingian minuscules.
- 1200 on: Gothic minuscules.
- 1400 on: Rotunda.
- 1500 on: Schwabacher.
- 1600 on: Fraktur.
- 1500 on: Humanistic style.
- 1570 on: Antiqua.
- 1900 on: Grotesk, Egyptian. [Note that he omits the modern style.]
- 1960 on: Helvetica. (???)
- 200-300: Roman capitals.
- 400-600: Rustica.
- 500 on: Half Uncial.
- 900 on: Karolingian minuscules.
- 1500 on: Notula.
- 1600 on: Canzlei (Cantzley, Kanzlei).
- 1600 on: Humanistic Canzlei
- 1875: Ronde, Rondo, Rundschrift.
- 1915: Jugendstil.
- 1930: Tannenberg.
- 200-300: Roman capitals.
- 400 on: Young Roman cursive.
- 900 on: Karolingian minuscules.
- 1300 on: Cursive.
- 1600 on: Cancellaresca [refined formal script].
- 1600 on: Kurrente.
- 1600 on: Humanistic cursive.
- 1800 on: deutsche Schreibschrift.
- 1800 on: Lateinische (Latin) Schreibschrift.
- 1930: Tannenberg.
[Dieter Steffmann's Homepage]
Dieter Steffmann's blackletter typefaces
A list of Dieter Steffmann's blackletter typefaces, as compiled by Tim Larson (Christ Trekker)
- Fraktur: Breitkopf Fraktur, Chursaechsische Fraktur, Cimbrian, DS Ballade, DS Luthersche, DS Walbaumfraktur, Durwent, Ehmcke-Fraktur Initialen, Fette deutsche Schrift, Fette Haenel Fraktur, Fraktur Shadowed, Gebetbuch Fraktur, Humboldt Fraktur, Kabinett-Fraktur, Kanzlei, Kleist-Fraktur, Koenig-Type, Moderne Fraktur, Neptun, Paganini, Peter Schlemihl, Plakat-Fraktur, Rediviva, Rothenburg Decorative, Schampel, Schmale Anzeigenschrift, Schmuck Initialen, Theuerdank Fraktur, Typographer Fraktur, Unger-Fraktur Zierbuchstaben, Walbaum Fraktur, Wallau, Washington Text, Wieynk Fraktur, Yonkers, Zentenar Fraktur.
- Rotunda: Typographer Rotunda, Weiss Rundgotisch.
- Schwabacher: Alte Schwabacher, Schwabacher.
- Textura: American Text, Anglican Text, Beckett-Kanzlei, Black Forest, Blackletter Blackwood Castle, Canterbury, Cloister Black, Coelnische Current Fraktur, Colchester, Courtrai, Deutsch-Gotisch, DS Caslon Gotisch, DS Fette Gotisch, DS Weiss-Gotisch, DS Zierschrift, English Towne, Faustus, Fette Trump-Deutsch, Frederick Text, Ganz Grobe Gotisch, Gotenburg, Gothenburg Fraktur, Grusskarten Gotisch, Gutenberg Textura, Hansa Gotisch, Harrowgate, Headline Text, Iglesia, Kaiserzeit Gotisch, Kings Cross, Koenigsberger Gotisch, Liturgisch, Lohengrin, Maximilian, Medici Text, Middle Saxony Text, Old English Five, Old London, Olde English, Pamela, Prince Valiant, Progressive Text, Steelplate Textura, Tannenberg, Thannhaeuser Zier, Typographer Gotisch, Typographer Textur, Victorian Text, Werbedeutsch, Westminster Gotisch.
- Script: DS Admiral.
- Unclassified: Alpine, Aristokrat Zierbuchstaben, Augusta, Belwe, DS FetteThannhaeuser, DS HermannGotisch, DS Wallau, Fraenkisch, Lautenbach, Neugotische Initialen, Typographer Uncialgotisch, Zentenar Zier.
Dieter Steffmann's Homepage
FontShop was the name of Dieter Steffmann's foundry in Kreuztal, Germany (not to be confused with the FontShop foundry and font vendor). He made about 600 self-proclaimed "old-fashioned" fonts, and among these many Fraktur fonts. His site became too expensive to run, and is now hosted by Typoasis. Alternate URL. Current list of fonts. See also here. New stuff. Fontspace link. A nice essay about Fraktur fonts accompanies the fonts. News. As Dieter puts it: I am not a designer but I add missing letters to public domain fonts in order to get a complete character set and I hint the fonts and create new weigths (shadow, inline etc.) His Christbaumkugeln font, and how it was made. The font families:
- Acorn Initialen, Adine Kirnberg, Albert Text, Alpine, Alte Caps, Alte Schwabacher, Ambrosia, American Text, Aneirin, Angel, Anglican Text, Angular, Ann-Stone, Antique No. 14, Arabella, ArabesqueInitialen (2002), Argos George, Aristokrat Zierbuchstaben (2002), Ariston Script, Art Nouveau Initialen, Attic Antique, Augusta.
- Baldur, Ballade Halbfett (2002, a font originally designed by Paul Renner in 1937), Barock Initialen (2002), Becker, Beckett-Kanzlei, Behrens-Schrift (2002), Belshaw, Belwe (Gotisch, Vignetten), Benjamin Franklin Antique, Berlin Squiggle Condensed, Bernhard Schmalfett, Bier und Wein Vignetten (2002, also based on drawings from the Bauersche Giesserei), Billboard, Bizzaro, Black Forest Text, Blackletter ExtraBold, Blackwood Castle, Breitkopf Fraktur, Bretagne Gaelic, Brian James Bold, Bridgnorth, Broadcast Titling, Broadway Poster, Brock Script.
- Cabaret, Campanile, Camp Fire, Canterbury Old English (blackletter), Cardiff, Cardinal Anglican, Carmen, Carrick Caps, Caslon Antique, Caslon Fette Gotisch, Cavalier, Celtic Frames, Celtic Hand, Challenge, Chelsea, Chopin Script (2000, identical to Polonaise), Christbaumkugeln, Chursächsische Fraktur, Cimbrian, Circus Ornate Caps (2001, Western), Cloister Blackletter, Coaster Black, Coelnische Current Fraktur, Colchester Black, College, Courtrai, Coventry Garden, Cruickshank.
- Davy's Dingbats, Debussy, Decorated Roman Initials (2003), Deutsch Gotisch, Deutsche Zierschrift, Devinne Swash, Digits, Direction, Dobkin Script, Domino, Dover, Driftwood Caps, Due Date, Duerer Gotisch, Duo Dunkel (+Licht), Durwent.
- Easter Bunny, Easter Egg, Eckmann-Schrift, Egyptienne Zierversalien (2002), Ehmcke-FrakturInitialen, Ehmcke-Schwabacher Initialen (2002), Eichenlaub Initialen, Eileen Caps, Eisenbahn (2002, based on train vignettes at Bauersche Giesserei), Elzevier Caps, Enge Holzschrift, English Towne, Epoque, Erbar Initialen, Estelle, Evil of Frankenstein, Express.
- Faktos, Fabliaux, Fancy Card Textura, Fat Freddie, Faustus, Fenwick Woodtype, Fette Deutsche Schrift (2002, a revival of a Rudolf Koch font from 1908), Fette Egyptienne, Fette Haenel Fraktur, Fette Trump (2002, original by Prof. Georg Trump, 1936), FetteKanzlei (2002), FetteSteinschrift (2002), Fette Thannhäuser (2001), Firecat, Flaemische Kanzleischrift, Flowers Initials, Forelle, Fraenkisch (2002), Fraktur Schmuck, Fraktur Shadowed, Frederick Text, Futura Script.
- Gabrielle, Gebetbuch Fraktur, Gebetbuch Initialen, Germania (2001, a revival of the 1903 blackletter face by Heinz König called Germania as well), Germania-Versalien, Ganz Grobe Gotisch, Gille Fils Zierinitialen (2002), GingerbreadInitials, Globus, Gloucester Initialen, Gorilla Black, Gotenburg A+B (2002), Gothenburg Fraktur, Gotische Initialen, Gotisch Schmuck (2002, Fraktur), Goudy Initialen, Goudy Medieval, Goudy Twenty, Goudy Thirty, Grange, GrenzschInitials, Grusskarten-Gotisch, Gutenberg Textura.
- Haenel Fraktur Fett, Hansa, Hansa Gotisch, Hansen, Happy Easter, Harrowgate, Hazard Signs, Headline Text, Hercules, Herkules, Hermann-Gotisch (2002; after an original by Herbert Thannhaeuser, 1934), Herold (2002), Hippy Stamp, Hoedown, Holla, Holidayfont, Holtzschue, Honey Script (2006, after a Filmotype original from the 1950s), Horror Dingbats, Houtsneeletter, Humboldt Fraktur (2002-2005; after a font by Hiero Rhode, 1938).
- Iglesia Light, Isadora Original.
- Jan Brady, Journal Dingbats, Jahreskreis (seasonal dingbats, 2002), JSL Blackletter Antique, Jugendstil Ornamente (2002).
- Kabinett Fraktur, Kaiserzeit Gotisch, Kanzlei, Kanzlei Initialen (2002), Kalenderblatt Grotesk, Kashmir, Kinder Vignetten (2002), KingsCross, Kinigstein Caps, Klarissa, Kleist Fraktur + Zierbuchstaben (2002), Koch Antiqua, Koch Antiqua Zierbuchstaben (2002), Koch Initialen, Koenigsberger Gotisch, Koenig-Type (2002; a Jugendstil Fraktur originally designed by Heinz Koenig, 1907-1910), Kohelet, Koloss, Konanur Kaps, Kramer, Krone Bold.
- La Negrita, Lautenbach, Legrand, Lemiesz, Lettres ombrées ornées (2002, based on a face by Schriftgiesserei J. Gillé, 1820), Linolschrift, Lintsec, Liturgisch + Zierbuchstaben (2002), Logger, Lohengrin Fraktur, Long Island Antiqua, Louisianne Black (bold upright connected script), Ludlow Dingbats.
- Mainzer Fette Fraktur, Marker Felt, Marketing Script, Marlboro, Maximilian (2002, Fraktur font and decorated caps based on Rudolf Koch, 1914), Mayflower Antique, Medici, Mediaeval Caps, Menuetto, Messing Lettern, Metropolitain, Middle Saxony Text, Moderne Fraktur, Monats-Vignetten (2002, based on drawings by Franz Franke for Bauersche Giesserei, 1920), Montague, Monument (2002, original by O. Menhart, 1952), Mordred, Morgan Twenty-Nine, Morris Roman Black, Morris Initialen.
- Napoli Initialen, Neptun Gotisch, NeugotischeInitialen, North Face, Nougat ExtraBold, Nouveau Drop Caps, Nubian.
- Olde English, Old English Five, Old Town, Old London.
- Packard Antique, Paganini Text, Pamela, Parsons Heavy, PaulusFranckInitialen (2002), Penelope (2000, Victorian), Peter Schlehmil (2002, based on work by Walter Tiemann, 1918-1921), Peter Schlemihl Fraktur, Picture Alphabet, Pilsen Plakatschrift, Pinewood (2003, like wooden branches), Pinocchio, Plakat-Fraktur, Plakat Antiqua, Plastisch (2002), Plum Script, Pointage, Polonaise (1999), Polo Semi, Powell Antique, Printer's Ornaments One, Prisma (2003, a four-line face inspired by Rudolf Koch's Prisma), Progressive Text, Puritan, Prince Valiant Blackletter.
- Quentin Caps.
- Rediviva, Rediviva Zierbuchstaben (2002), Reeperbahn (aka Rope), Regatta Relief, Reiner Script, Revue Decor, Reynold Art Deco, Rio Grande, Rockmaker, Roland, Rolling No. 1 ExtraBold, Roman Antique, Romantik Initialen, Romantiques (2002), Rondo, RosemaryRoman, Roslyn Contour, Rossano, Rothenburg Fraktur, Royal Initialen, Roycroft Initialen, Rudelsberg (Munich Jugendstil style, based on Otto Eckmann's Eckmann from 1901).
- Saddlebag, Saloon ExtraBold, Saltino, Salto, Sans Plate Caps, San Remo (Paris (art) nouveau style), Savings Bond, Schampel Black, Schmalfette Fraktur, Schluss-Vignetten (2002, also from Bauersche Giesserei), Schmale Anzeigenschrift + Zierbuchstaben (2002), Schwabacher, Sebaldus-Gotisch (2002), Sentinel, Sesame (2000), Shaded (2002, a take on Sans Serif Shaded by Stephenson, Blake & Co. Ltd., Sheffield), Sholom, Showboat Caps, Shrapnel, Siegfried (2001, art nouveau, based on a typeface by Wilhelm Woellmer), Simplex, Sixties, Snowtop Caps, Starburst, Steelplate Textura, Stencil Display, Subway, Supermarkt.
- Tanach (Hebrew), Tannenberg Fette Gotisch, Thannhaeuser Fette Fraktur, Thannhäuser Zier (2002; original by Herbert Thannhauser, 1937/38), Theuerdank Fraktur, Thorne Shaded (2002, a shaded didone based on a Robert Thorne design of 1810), Tierkreiszeichen (2002, Zodiac, based on drawings by Franz Franke for Bauersche Giesserei), Tintoretto (2000), Titania, Titling Roman Antique, Tobago Poster, Tone And Debs, Tonight, Topic, ToskanischeEgyptienneInitialen (2003), Transport Pictorials, Tribeca (2001, after a David Rakowski original), Trocadero Caps, Trucker Style ExtraBlack, Turtles, Typographer Caps, Typographer Fraktur (2002), Typographer Rotunda (2002), Typographer Subway (2011), Typographer Textur (2002, Fraktur), TypographerGotisch (2002, Fraktur), TypographerWoodcutInitials (2002), Typographer's Schmuck-Initialen.
- Uechi Gotisch, Uncialis Deutsche, Unger Fraktur Zierbuchstaben, Unicorn.
- Vadstena Rundgotisch, Varah Caps, Ventura Bold, Verve, VictorianInitials, Victorian Text, Viking, Vivian, Vogeler Initialen (2002), Volute.
- Walbaum Fraktur, Wallau Deutsch, Wallau Rundgotisch, Wallau Uncial and Wallau Zierbuchstaben (2002; originals by Rudolf Koch 1925-1930), Walthari Text, Washington Text, Waterloo Relief, Wave, Weiß Initialen, Weiss Lapidar (2002, revival of a face by Emil Rudolf Weiss), Werbedeutsch (2002, original by Herbert Thannhaeuser, 1934), Westminster Gotisch, Wharmby, White Bold, Wieynk Fraktur (now also in OpenType), Wieynk Vignetten, Will-Harris Caps, Woodcut.
- Yellow Submarine Font, Yonkers, Yorktown.
- Zallman Caps, Zentenar Fraktur, Zentenar Zier (2002; by F.H.E. Schneidler, 1937), Zierinitialen 1 (2002), Zierinitialen Two (2002; based on Deutsche Zierschrift by Rudolf Koch), Ziffern und Pfeile, Zither Script, Zodiac Pictorials.
A set of TeX service files for many of the decorative caps fonts was published by Maurizio Loreti from the University of Padova.
The collection is now also available in OpenType. Fontsquirrel link. Dafont link. Fontspace link. Abstract Fonts link. Home page. [Google]
[Damià Rotger Miró]
Damià Rotger Miró (b. 1981, Ferreries, Menorca) is a type designer, letterer and graphic designer at Dúctil in Palma de Mallorca.
His creations in 2008-2009: Lullius (2009, a blackletter named in honor of Ramon Llull (Palma de Mallorca, 1232-1316)), Dúctil (2009, sans family), Crespell (2008, a soft organic sans), Miona (2008, an award winning and stunning serif), Concu (2007, sans family), Lullius Rotunda (2009).
In 2010, these fonts were added: Cintax (octagonal, modular), Lullius Textura, Lullius Borders, Moll (+Italic).
The sans family Ductil was designed in 2011.
In 2012, we find these new typefaces: Nuada (a chancery script), Lullius Textura Modula.
Other typefaces include FernandezCoca, an informal script named after illustrator Antonio Fernández Coca.
Unostiposduros page. Behance link. [Google]
Dutch Type Library (or: DTL Studio)
[Frank E. Blokland]
The Dutch Type Library was founded in 1990 by Frank Blokland (b. 1959, Leiden). It is based in 's Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands. Fonts include DTLAlbertina (Chris Brand), DTLArgo (Gerard Unger), DTL Caspari (Gerard Daniels), DTL Documenta and DTL Documenta Sans (Frank E. Blokland), DTL Dorian (Elmo van Slingerland), DTL Elzevir (Gerard Daniels), DTL Prokyon and DTL Fleischmann (Erhard Kaiser), DTL Flamande (Matthew Carter, 2004, based on a textura by Hendrik van den Keere), DTL Haarlemmer (Jan van Krimpen, finished by Frank Blokland), DTL Nobel (Sjoerd de Roos 1929; revived in 1993 by Andrea Fuchs and Fred Smeijers), DTL Paradox (Gerard Unger), DTLVandenKeere, DTL Unico (Michael Harvey), DTLRosart (Antoon de Vylder), DTL Sheldon (Jan van Krimpen revival), DTL Romulus (Jan van Krimpen revival), DTL Fell (a revival of lettering by John Fell, 1625-1686).
From their corporate blurb: The Dutch Type Library was commissioned to produce the corporate typeface for the European Union. Further, DTL supplied the company letters to, among others, the New York Stock Exchange, Germany's Phoenix Television Broadcasting Company, Amnesty International USA, Emerson, The Diamond Trading Company, Taylor Nelson Sofres, Finland's most popular newspaper Helsingin Sonamat and banks and museums all over Europe.
Besides fonts, the Dutch Type Library also produces sophisticated software for (OpenType) font production: DTL FontMaster, of which a free Light version is available.
DTL has claimed all rights to the entire Lettergieterij Amsterdam typeface library obtained in some agreement with Tetterode. [This info may be wrong---I have no way to verify this.]
Currently he is finishing a PhD study at Leiden University titled Harmonics, Patterns, and Dynamics in Formal Typographic Representations of the Latin Script. The regularization, standardization, systematization, and unitization of roman and italic type since their Renaissance origins until the Romain du Roi.
Speaker at ATypI 2013 in Amsterdam: The (digitized) calligraphy on HM Queen Beatrix' Abdication Act 2013. [Google]
Creator of New Gothic Textura (2009) and Canevas (2010, stitching font). [Google]
German type foundry in Hamburg established in 1986 by Veronika Elsner and Günther Flake. They offer original fonts as well as improved versions of classical fonts. There are many non-Latin fonts as well. In-house designers include Jessica Hoppe (Carpediem), Verena Gerlach (Aranea), Petra Beisse (PetrasScript), Uwe Melichar, Manuela Frahm (Fritz Dittert), Ralf Borowiak, Lisa von Paczkowski, and Achaz Reuss.
Additions in 2005 include the dingbat faces Beautilities EF Alpha, Ornamental Rules EF, Diavolo Rules EF, Squares EF (Alpha, Beta and Gamma), Topographicals EF Alpha, Typoflorals EF Alpha, Typographicals EF Alpha, Typomix EF Alpha, Typosigns EF Alpha, Typospecs EF Alpha and Beta (which have several fists), Typostuff EF Alpha, Diavolo EF, Schablone EF, Gigant EF, Maloni EF, OCRA EF, EF Unovis (a 16-weight family inspired by Quadrat).
In the hand-printed category, let us mention Filzerhand.
Their blackletter collection includes some bastardas (Alte Schwabacher, Lucida Blackletter), some frakturs (Fraktur, Fette Fraktur EF, Justus Fraktur, NeueLutherscheFraktur, Walbaum-Fraktur), some rotundas (Weiss-Rundgotisch), and some texturas (Gotisch, Old English).
Commissioned fonts include Castrol Sans (2007).
Selected additional typefaces: Gillies Gothic EF (1935, after William S. Gillies), EF Medieva, Bank Sans Caps EF, Metropolitain (1985) (after a 1905 art nouveau face by Fonderie Berthier).
Newest URL (2008). Listing at Fontworks. Future events schedule. New fonts.
List of their fonts.
Catalog of their typefaces [large web page warning]. See also here. [Google]
Emil Rudolf Weiß
German typographer, graphic artist, book artist, painter, type designer, poet and teacher, b. 1875, Lahr, d. 1942, Meersburg. Weiss made Weiss Roman in 1926, now an Adobe typeface. He also created Weiss-Fraktur (1909, commercialized in 1913 by Bauersche Giesserei, and revived in 2004 by Petra Heidorn and Manfred Klein), Weiss-Fraktur Kursiv (1923-1924, Bauer), Weiss Antiqua (1928; this is W 690 Roman at SoftMaker and Weiss Antiqua at URW), Weiss Lapidar mager (1931, revived as Weiss Lapidar in 2002 by Dieter Steffmann), Neue Weiss-Fraktur (1935), Lichte Initialen (1935, revived by Manfred Klein in 2005 as WeissGotnitials), Weiss-Gotisch (1936, a Textura face at Bauer, revived by Petra Heidorn in 2004 under the same name, and by Delbanco as DS-Weiss-Gotisch), Weiss-Kapitale (1931), Weiss-Rundgotisch (1937, Bauer, digitized by Fraktur.de, and in 2009 by Nick Curtis as Garmisch Rund NF), by Elsner and Flake as Weiss Rundgotisch, and by Softmaker as Gothic, and Weiss Rundgotisch Inititalen (1939), all at the Bauersche Giesserei. At Hansestadt Letter Foundry we find Rundgotisch and Uhlen Rundgotisch (1937), the latter becoming a Monotype font in 1938. His Weiß Initials (Series I, II, II Bold, III) from the 1920's have been digitized as Wellsbrook Initials SG (2004, Spiece Graphics), URW Weiss Titling, and Quadrivium NF (Nick Curtis).
In 2011, Geral Cinamon published E.R. Weiss: The Typography of an Artist (Oldham: Incline Press).
Bio at Linotype, and at DdS. Footnote: Many textbooks incorrectly credit Weiss with Memphis (Stempel, 1929)---these include Mac McGrew, Rookledge, and Jaspert&Berry.
View Emil Rudolf Weiss's typefaces. [Google]
English Textura is a blackletter face digitized by Hoefler&Frere-Jones reproduced, with all its idiosyncracies, from Sixteenth Century Printing Types of the Low Countries, by H. D. L. Vervliet and Harry Carter, Menno Herzberger&Co, Amsterdam, 1968. The original was cut by Henric Pieterszoon Lettersnijder, a Dutch letter cutter, some time before 1492, and became a dominant type for Dutch books in the decades to follow. Hoefler mentions that the brass "matrices" from which this type was cast still survive, in the collection of the Enschedé Museum in Haarlem. They may be the oldest set of matrices in the world. [Google]
E-phemera (was: HPLHS Prop Fonts, and earlier: Prop Fonts)
[Andrew H. Leman]
Andrew Leman is a prop designer in Hollywood, CA. The type foundry HPLHS Prop Fonts (was: Ephemera, Prop Fonts) was started by Hollywood's Andrew Leman, and is now located in Pasadena, CA. Some fonts are free, most are commercial.
Dafont link. Klingspor link.
Andrew Leman's fonts:
- Cablegram (2001, old typewriter face, T-26).
- Garamold (2007, 2 styles).
- Journalistic (2007, a blackletter inspired by the nameplate of a New England newspaper from the 1920s).
- Blackburn (2006, distressed).
- RTemporal (2006, blackletter).
- Fonts in the HPLHS series, dated 2002: HeadlineTwoHPLHS, OldStyle1HPLHS, OldstyleItalicHPLHS, OldstyleSmallCapsHPLHS, Rogo, SlabSerifHPLHS, TelegramHPLHS, WW2BlackletterHPLHS, WW2BlackltrAltHPLHS, HPLHS-Lovecraft Cursive and Block (replica of H. P. Lovecraft's own handwriting), HPLHS-Autograph Lanier (replica of the 1875 handwriting of Sidney Lanier, a 19th century American poet), HPLHS-TextSerif (really Linotype Antique No. 1), HPLHS-TypoScript, HPLHS-TextSerif Oblique, HPLHS-Bulfinch, HPLHS-Colwell, HPLHS-Colwell Italic, HPLHS-Cromwell, HPLHS-National Oldstyle (after Goudy's font by that name), HPLHS-Post Monotone, HPLHS-Atlas Italic, HPLHS-Italic, HPLHS-Victoria (from the 1923 ATF book), HPLHS-Manuscript Caps, HPLHS-Tome Pi, HPLHS-TypoGothic, HPLHS-Copperplate Roman, HPLHS-Gothic520, HPLHS-Times Gothic, HPLHS-Persnickety, HPLHS-Roman Engraved, HPLHS-Mercantile, HPLHS-Mercantile Oblique, HPLHS-Mercantile Card, HPLHS-Headline Modified, HPLHS-ExtraExtra, HPLHS-Extra (wood type), HPLHS-Forsythe, HPLHS-MetroThin, HPLHS-MetroLight, HPLHS-MetroMedium, HPLHS-MetroMedium Italic, HPLHS-MetroBlack, HPLHS-Policy Gothic, HPLHS-Black Gothic, HPLHS-Gothic Compressed, HPLHS-Black Condensed, HPLHS-Black Oblique, HPLHS-Electro Gothic, HPLHS-Blackletter (an irregular hand-drawn textura font based on the lettering of French heraldic engraver Charles Demengeot).
- The E-phemera Font Collection, available from MyFonts, which includes these fonts, with a majority being retro or script faces: Policy Gothic (2012, an eroded caps face), Mooseheart (2012), Operapolitan (2012), Fishwrapper (2012), Fred (2007, inspired by a 1930s face by Fred G. Cooper), Schreibweise (2007, a pirate-flavored font inspired by a hand-lettered manuscript dating from 1492), Cablegram-Regular, Golden Ticket-Base, Cablegram-Urgent, Golden Ticket-Fill, Cablegram-Madras, Golden Ticket-Highlight, Cablegram-Ottoman, Julius Klinger (2003, based on 1925 fabric lettering by Julius Klinger), Cablegram-Zagreb, DMV Printer, Landry Gothic, Telegrafo, Toronto Gothic (2003: worn wood type or letterpress emulation, close to Condensed Titling Gothic #11), Vogue (pencil-lettered caps), Penitentiary Gothic (+Fill, +Lolite, +Hilite, +Shadow), Chicago House, Compliments (+Upright), Satisfaction (script based on 1930s cigarette ads), Vandal Broke Extra Juicy, Lanier (2004), Impersonal. The Cablegram and DMV series are typewriter fonts. Heck Italic (2010) is based on captions, labels and legends appearing on 19th-century maps and natural history engravings by Johann Georg Heck. Dai Vernon (2010) is based on the handwriting of card magician Dai Vernon.
View Andrew Leman's typefaces. View the E-phemera typeface collection. [Google]
Brazilian graphic design studio which recently branched out into type design. Located in Batel, Curitiba, it is founded and run by Anderson Maschio (b. 1980, Curitiba). Maschio designed Anark Stencil (2007). MyFonts link. Fonts at MyFonts, all by Dado Queiroz: Tritura (2009, grunge textura typeface by Dado Queiroz), Marisco (2007), Riff (2009, slab serif). [Google]
Brazilian graphic design studio located in Curitiba. MyFonts sells its faces. These include Postuma (2005, a calligraphic face by Beto Janz), Marisco (2007, Dado Queiroz) and Tritura (2009, a textura face by Dado Queiroz). [Google]
Company located in Washington State. Scrapbooking font style company with commercial curly handwriting and doodling fonts by Bannerwoman, Blushbutter, Carrie Stephens, Dianne Rigdon, Meredith Fenwick, Mindy Terasawa, Miss Tiina, Sara Carling, Sausan Designs, Scrappy Cats Designs, and Shabby Princess. Free Fontologie fonts: mtf_sketchie (2007, Miss Tiina), Taylor_Mackenzie (2007, Kristie Matthews), SVD_WilderThings (2007, Stephanie Victoria Designs), SVD JoyFilled (2007, Stephanie Victoria Designs), Doodle Dance (2008), Messy Bessy (2008), Free Refill (2008), Printing Primer (2008), Wiggle Worm (2008), Weathered (2008), Vintage Press (2008), Uptown Girl (2008), Textura (2008), PS I Love You (2008), Howie's Stamps (2008), Giggles and Giggles Small Caps (2008), Empty Wrapper (2008), Dippity Dots (2008), YS Frakleberry (2008), TS Traci (2008), TS Webchyk (2008), TS Wendy (2008), Antique (2008), MF Funkalicious (2008), Hallway Graffiti (2008), Journal Away (2008) and Jacki's Hand (2007, Jacki Steinkamp). All are handprinted. Font making service: 35 dollars for a full font. All fonts sold since November 2007 at The Shabby Shoppe. These include the grunge faces Howie's Stamps, Wiggle Worm, Empty Wrapper and Vintage Press. Another URL. [Google]
Fontscape shows many font examples in each of these blackletter categories:
- Bastarda (in German: Schwabacher): based on cursive writing. It is typified by an 'o' which is pointed at the top and bottom.
- Fraktur, the most common form, with o's that are D-shaped.
- Textura (in German: Gotisch; also: Old English): An angular family of blackletter type, characterised by a hexagonal 'o'.
- Rotunda (in German: Rundgotisch): the Italian version of Textura blackletter type, called Rundgotisch in German, typified by a smooth circular 'o'.
Commercial Textura fonts listed at Fontscape: Wilhelm Klingspor Gotisch, Wedding Text/Linotext (almost identical), Old English/Cloister Black (these two are related), Engravers' Old English, Agincourt, Fette Gothik, Gothique, Gotisch Bold, Goudy Text, Goudy Text Old Style, Notre Dame. [Google]
Frank E. Blokland
[Dutch Type Library (or: DTL Studio)]
Frederic William Goudy
One of the great type designers of the twentieth century, 1865-1947. Born in Bloomington, IL, he made over 125 typefaces. He founded the Village Press with Will H. Ransom at Park Ridge, IL, in 1903. From 1904-1906, it was in Hingham, MA, and from 1906-1913 at 225 Fourth Avenue, New York City, where a fire destroyed everything except the matrices on January 10, 1908. From 1913-1923, it was located in Forest Hill Gardens, Long Island, and from 1923 until his death in 1947 at Deepdene, in Marlborough-on-Hudson. He was an art consultant for Lanston Monotype from 1920-1940.
His life's work and his ideas on typography can be found in his great book, Typologia, Studies in Type Design \& Type Making (1940, University of California Press, Berkeley), but his views are already present in Elements of Lettering (1922, The Village Press, Forest Hill Gardens, New York). His own work is summarized, shown and explained in his last book, A Half-Century of Type Design and Typography 1895-1945, Volume One (1946, The Typophiles, New York).
In 1936, Frederic Goudy received a certificate of excellence that was handlettered in blackletter and immediately stated, Anyone who would letterspace blackletter would steal sheep. He also wrote: All the old fellows stole our best ideas, and Someday I'll design a typeface without a K in it, and then let's see the bastards misspell my name.
His 116 fonts include
- Camelot (1896, Dickinson Type Foundry). He sold another design in 1897 to that foundry, but it was never published. McGrew writes: Camelot or Camelot Oldstyle was the first typeface designed by Frederic W. Goudy. He offered it to Dickinson Type Foundry (part of ATF) in Boston, which accepted it and sent him $10, twice what he had modestly asked for it. This was in 1896; it was apparently cut and released the following year as drawn, without lowercase. In February 1900 a design patent was issued in the names of Goudy and Joseph W. Phinney, and assigned to ATF. Phinney was a well-known designer for Dickinson-ATF, and apparently it was he who added the lowercase alphabet. Its success encouraged Goudy to make a distinguished career of type designing, and this face was included in ATF specimen books as late as 1941. Compare Canterbury.
- De Vinne Roman (1898)
- Copperplate (1901): See Copperplate Gothic Hand (2009, Gerd Wiescher), Copperplate URW, or Copperplate EF (Elsner&Flake).
- Pabst Roman (1902)
- Village (1902): This was digitized by David Berlow (1994, FontBureau) and by Paul D. Hunt (2005).
- Bertham (1936), his 100th typeface, named for his wife, Bertha.
- Copperplate Gothic (ATF, 1905): The Bitstream version was done by Clarence Marder.
- Goudy Old Style (ATF, 1914-1915): A 15% heavier weight was made by Morris Fuller Benton in 1919. Bitstream and URW++ sell that as Goudy Catalogue. See also Goudy Catalogue EF (Elsner&Flake), Bitstream's Goudy Old Style, Scangraphic's Goudy Old Style SB (2004), Infinitype's Goudy Old Style, Bitstream's Venetian 522, and Softmaker's G790.
- ATF Cloister Initials (1917-1918). This was revived digitally by several foundries: Alter Littera did Initials ATF Cloister (2012). Group Type created Cloister Initials (2006).
- Goudy Handtooled (1916): A decorative font. Elsner&Flake have a digital version.
- Goudy Modern (Lanston, 1918): Goudy Modern MT is the Agfa-Monotype version. Adobe's version is confusingly called Monotype Goudy Modern.
- Hadriano (1918): Agfa-Monotype has a digital version, as does Adobe.
- Goudy Heavyface (ATF, 1925-1932): Created as a possible competitor of Cooper Black. Bitstream has a digital version.
- Goudy Newstyle (1921): additional letterforms are provided to distinguish different pronunciations. This legible typeface was cut by Wiebking and recut in 1935. It was sold to Monotype in 1942.
- Italian Oldtyle (+Italic) (ca. 1925): made after Dove, Monotype's president, prompted Goudy to make a Venetian typeface to compete with ATF's Cloister Old Style.
- Venezia Italic (1925), to accompany Venezia. George W. Jones of the English Linotype company had it made by Linotype.
- Aries (1925-1926): a kind of blackletter face in the style of Subiaco done for Spencer Kellogg for his new private press (he never used it).
- Goudy Dutch: based on handwriting on an envelope from Holland. Goudy lost the drawings.
- Companion Old Style and Italic:
- Deepdene (1927). See D690 Roman on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD, 2002. Deepdene became a Berthold font, and at Berthold it was digitized and refreshed by G.G. Lange from 1982-1983. URW also has a Deepdene family. But above all, one could pick up a free two-style revival by Barry Schwartz, Linden Hill (2010, OFL). View various Deepdene implementations.
- Goudy Text (1928). Based on the textura blackletter types of by Johann Gutenberg in the fifteenth century, Goudy Text has a narrow, ordinary lowercase. It can be used in display advertising and on certificates and invitations. Goudy Text is a "blackletter" type first used in 1928 by Goudy in a Christmas card from type cast at his own foundry. Among the digital versions, see LTC Goudy Text (Lanston) and Goudy Text CT (Jason Castle).
- Kaatskill (1929, Lanston Monotype): a beautiful old style figures font originally done for an edition of Rip van Winkle.
- Remington Typewriter (1929)
- Kennerley (1930) (see his book A Novel Type Foundery for specimens). The Berthold foundry, where the types can now be bought in digital form, mentions the dates 1911-1924.
- Ornate Titling (1931). See LTC Goudy Ornate (Lanston) and Goudy Ornate (2002, Ascender).
- Kennerley Bold and Bold Italic, and Kennerley Open Caps, to accompany Kennerley Old Style.
- Goudy Heavy Face (+Italic), made to please Harvey Best, the successor of Dove at Lanston Monotype.
- Marlborough (1930s): a face whose design was sold in 1942 to Monotype, but nothing came of it.
- Tory Text (1935)
- University (of California) Old Style (1938). Also called Californian (1938). A commercial version of this is ITC Berkeley Oldstyle by Tony Stan (1983). Font Bureau published FB Californian (1994, Carol Twombly, David Berlow, Jane Patterson).
- Bulmer (1939)
- Goudy Sans: ITC Goudy Sans (1986), LTC Goudy Sans (2006, Colin Kahn), Goudy Elegant (SoftMaker), Moon Cresta (Ray and Chikako Larabie, 2010) and Goudy Sans EF (now gone?) are digital revivals of Goudy's Goudy Sans family from 1929. GoudySorts MT, an Agfa Monotype font consisting of beautiful ornaments.
- Goudy Thirty. Mac McGrew: When Monotype suggested that Goudy design a type that that company might bring out after his death, to be called Goudy Thirty (from the newspaper term for the end of a story), he thought of a design he had started for a western college. That commission had fallen through, so the design was unfinished. Then, as Goudy relates, "This design struck me as particularly adapted to the purpose. As I worked on it I had determined to make it, as far as I was able, my last word in type design, a type in which would give my imagination full rein, and a type by which as a designer would be willing to stand or fall." Completed in 1942, it was kept under cover by Monotype and not released until 1953-long after his death in 1947. But he designed several types after this one, so it was not the last one from his hands. Goudy Thirty is a fine recreation of a fifteenth-century round gothic, excellent for period pieces. For digital versions, see LTC Goudy Thirty (Lanston, now P22 Lanston) and Goudy Thirty (a free font by Dieter Steffmann).
- Nabisco (1921).
- Garamont (1921).
- Goudy Initials. These are floriated caps.
Several foundries specialize in Goudy's types. These include P22/Lanston, which has an almost complete digital collection, Castle Type, which offers Goudy Trajan (2003), Goudy Text, Goudy Stout and Goudy Lombardy. WTC Goudy digitization around 1s digitized ca. 1986 by WTC.
Links: Bio by Nicolas Fabian. Alternate URL. Andrew R. Boone's article on Goudy in Popular Science, 1942. Goudy's typefaces listed by Paulo W. Obituary, May 13, 1947, New York Times, Time Magazine, November 6. 1933, Amy Duncan's thesis entitled "Howdy Goudy: Frederic W. Goudy and the Private Press in the Midwest" [dead], A 2009 lecture on Goudy by Steve Matteson (TypeCon 2009, Atlanta), Melbert B. Cary Jr. collection of Goudyana. Wikipedia: List of typefaces designed by Frederic Goudy. Linotype link. FontShop link. [Google]
Codesigner with Marcus Sterz at FaceType of a Victorian type family called Ivory (2009). They state that Ivory is inspired by a beautiful typeface used in an illustrated compendium about pomology from 1882. I did not know what Pomology is but the Urban Dictionary defines a pomosexual (for postmodernism sexual) as an individual who challenges assumptions about gender and sexuality. Now, a pomologist is a fruit tree specialist---that's another thing altogether. He created Aeronaut (2009, FaceType), a textura based on Kirchengotische Schrift, a font that can be found in a German font book from 1879 entitled Vorlegeblätter f&uunl;r Firmenschreiber. Weingut Script (+Ornaments, 2011) is a flourished type family. Mr. Moustache (2011) is a neatly hand-trimmed condensed type family, complete with various sets of ornaments and dingbats.
Supernett CN (2013, Facetype) is a huge font family based on hand-drawn version of Helvetica. It has 4700 glyphs and many opentype features.
In 2014, he created the hand-lettered poster series Pinto.
Klingspor link. [Google]
George Williams's site (now defunct) site was a discovery! George Williams (b. 1959) wrote spline-generating code and then went on to produce several fonts with his software between 1987 and 1998:
- Art nouveau style: Carmen, Ambrosia (1989), Fantaisie Artistique, Baldur, Monopol, Parisian, Peignot, Bocklin, Edda.
- Lombardic: Lombardic.
- Victorian: Caprice, Ringlet.
- Uncial: Uncial Animals, Roman Uncial Modern.
- Ornamental caps: Versal, Decorative, Square Caps, Extravagant Capitals, Floral Caps, Morris, Andrade.
- Display faces: Crystal, Flash, Cupola, Santa Barbara Streets (2013-2014; after the street signs in Santa Barbara, CA).
- Blackletter: Rotunda (1998), Bastarda, Textura Modern, Fractur (a remake of Wittenbach).
- Art deco: Piccadilly, Mirage (1999, prismatic).
- Calligraphic: Humanistic.
- Text: Caslon.
- Slab: Monospace.
- Sans: Caliban.
- Bamboo Gothic (2007).
- TIS620-2529 (a Thai font).
George Williams writes: I have been slowly working to provide free unicode postscript fonts for the three major groupings of styles used by European (Latin, Greek and Cyrillic anyway) type designs: serif, sans-serif and typewriter (or Times, Helvetica and Courier). Monospace is my approximation to Courier. Close examination will reveal that it is a bad copy of courier. Caslon Roman (1992-2001) is a serif font (designed by William Caslon in 1734), it's not a bad copy of Times, it's a bad copy of something else. Caliban is a bad copy of Helvetica. If Microsoft can call their version of Helvetica Arial, then Caliban seems appropriate for mine. Alternate URL. Yet another URL.
George Williams is best known as the inventor and creator of FontForge, the bigest and best free font editor today. It made him the darling of the Open Software community. Interview with OSP.
Fontspace link. Dafont link. Abstract Fonts link. [Google]
Diplom Engineer and painter from Hamburg who designed or digitized over 210 Fraktur fonts [see my compilation of his list]. He is heavily involved in the Bund für Deutsche Schrift und Sprache. Helzel is the designer at Delbanco-Frakturschriften of DS-DtWerkschrift (1997), DS-Fruehling (1996), DS-MaximilianGotisch (1994), DS-MaximilianTitel (1994), DS-Post-Fraktur (1997). He has hand-digitized over 200 Fraktur fonts, including
- BreitkopfInitialen (2000). Breitkopf Fraktur was made in the 18th century.
- ElementSchmalfett (1998). Element is a modern Textura by Max Bittrof (1933, Bauersche Giesserei).
- Fichte Fraktur, after M. Tiemann, 1934.
- GotenburgA and GotenburgB (1998-2000). Gotenburg was originally designed by Friedrich Heinrichsen (1935-37, Stempel AG).
- HamburgerDruckschriftFett (1996). Hamburger Druckschrift is due to Friedrich Bauer (1904, Genzsch&Heyse). According to "Blackletter: Type and National Identity", Hamburger Druckschrift "is an accomplished entry in this category of hybrid typefaces made before the 1st World War. They work within the black-letter tradition while borrowing lighter weight, softer curves and more open proportions from roman. Bauer maintained the structure of broken script, but subdued any flourishes. The width of his letters are generally wider than in traditional frakturs and, as in Jugendstil hybrids, some lowercase letterforms are modernized." It has been used as headliner for "Hamburger Nachrichten" which was stopped by the Nazis in 1939. Today's "Hamburger Abendblatt", the daily Hamburg Times, is still using it as headliner.
- Humboldt Fraktur (2000, gross and klein). Humboldt Fraktur was made originally by Hiero Rhode (1938, Stempel AG).
- KochFrakturSchmaleHalbfette (2000). This font is due to Rudolf Koch (1910-1921, Gebr. Klingspor), and was originally named Deutsche Schrift. Digitized in 1998.
- Mainzer Fraktur. After an original in 1901 by Carl Albert Fahrenwaldt.
- Mars Fraktur (1995, free family).
- RatdoltRotunda (1998). Named after Erhard Ratdolt (1443-1528), typesetter. Designed by Wolfgang Hendlmeier in 1989. Available at Delbanco. Tannenber (after E. Meyer, 1934).
- Weber Fraktur.
- WieynckGotischLicht (2001). A font by by Heinrich Wieynck (1926, Schriftguss Dresden), inspired by William Morris' work.
Helzel also offers a free "Frakturconverter" program for Windows which transforms Antiqua fonts into Fraktur fonts.
List of his fonts as of 2009: (Anker-)Schul-Fraktur, Accidenz-Gotisch, Akzidenz-Gotisch, Aldine, Albion-Gotisch, Alt-Fraktur, Alt-Gotisch (Bradley), Alt-Deutsch (after Ferdinand Theinhardt, 1851), Alte Münchner Fraktur (after a 1850 typeface by Gustav Lorenz), Alte deutsche Schreibschrift, Alte Schwabacher, Amts-Fraktur (after Heinrich Wilhelm Hoffmeister), Andreae Fraktur, Andreas-Schrift, Angelsächsisch, Angelsächsisch, Verzierte, Antike Gotisch, Aramäische Quadratschrift, Astra, Bastard, Bernhard-Fraktur, Bismarck-Gotisch, Breite deutsche Anzeigenschrift, Breite Kanzlei, Breitkopf-Fraktur, Britannia (Alt-Gotisch), Büxenstein-Antiqua, Büxenstein-Fraktur (after a house style at D. Stempel, 1912), Canzlei, Caxton, Caxton-Type, Claudius, Courante Gotisch, Danziger Fraktur (after A. W. Kafemann), Derby, Deutsche Reichsschrift (after a 1910 typeface by Wilhelm Woellmer), Deutsche Schrägschrift, Deutsche Schreibschrift (Bismarck-Zeit and Goethe-Zeit: school fonts), Deutsche Schrift, Deutsche Werkschrift, Deutsche Zierschrift, Deutsch-Gotisch, Deutschland, Dresdner Amts-Fraktur, Eckmann-Schrift, Einfache Kanzlei, Elegant, Element, Enge Gotisch (2008, after an 1880 font by Bauersche Giesserei), Enge moderne Kanzlei, Enge König-Type, Enge Kanzlei, Englische Antiqua, Faust-Fraktur, Fette Gotisch, Fette Schwabacher, Fichte-Fraktur, Fractur, Französische Antiqua, Frühling-Fraktur (1997, after Koch's original from 1917), Garamond-Antiqua, Genzsch-Antiqua, Germanen-Fraktur (this is the same as Stempel's Normannia from 1905), Germanisch, Goethe-Fraktur (after Wilheml Woelmmer), Gotenburg, Graeca, Gronau-Gotisch (after Heinrich Ehlert, 1850), Gursch-Fraktur, Gutenberg-Fraktur, Gutenberg-Bibelschrift, Gutenberg-Gotisch, Haenel-Antiqua, Halbfette Aldine, Halbfette Kanzlei, Halbfette Normalfraktur, Halbfette Schwabacher-Flinsch, Halbfette Wallau, Hamburger Druckschrift, Hamburger Fraktur, Hamburger Schwabacher, Hammonia-Gotisch, Hansa-Fraktur, Hansa-Gotisch (after a Genzsch & Heyse original), Hebräisch, Hellenistische Antiqua "Graeca", Hölderlin (after Eugen Weiss, 1927), Holländische Gotisch, Hoyer-Fraktur, Humboldt-Fraktur, Hupp-Fraktur, Ideal-Fraktur, Jean-Paul-Fraktur, Jubiläumsfraktur, Kaiser-Gotisch, Kanzlei, Karl-May-Fehsenfeld-Fraktur, (after a 1870 font used in the Karl-May books) Karl-May-Radebeul (after a 1890 font used in the Karl-May books), Kirchengotisch, Moderne, Kleist-Fraktur, Kleukens-Fraktur, Koch-Antiqua, Koch-Fraktur, König-Fraktur G14, König-Type, Kühne-Gotisch, Kühne-Schrift, Kurante Gotisch, Kurmark, Lichte National, Liebing-Type, Liturgisch (after Otto Hupp, 1906), Logos, Ludlow-Wartburg-Fraktur (after Ludlow, ca. 1920), Magere Wallau, Mainzer Fraktur, Manuskript-Gotisch, Mars-Fraktur, Maximilian-Gotisch, Mediaeval-Gotisch, Leipziger Altfraktur (after a 1912 typeface by Carl Kloberg), Midoline (after Jean Midolle's typeface from 1840 at Julius Klinkhardt), Moderne Kanzlei, Moderne Kirchen-Gotisch (based on an original from ca. 1880), Mönchs-Gotisch, Morris-Gotisch (Uncial-Gotisch, Unzial-Gotisch, after Emil Gursch), Münster-Gotisch, Neu-Gotisch klein, Neudeutsch(-Hupp), Neue (moderne) Fraktur, Neue Schwabacher, Nordisch-Antiqua, Normal-Fraktur (1999, after the font by Gustav Schelter, 1835), Normannia-Fraktur, Nürnberg, Offenbach, Post-Fraktur, Psalter-Gotisch, Ratdolt-Rotunda, Reklame-Fraktur halbfett, Renaissance-Fraktur, Renaissance-Kanzlei, Renata (after a Schwabacher of the Bauersche Giesserei, 1914), Richard-Wagner-Fraktur, Romeo Fraktur (2009, after a Stempel font from 1910), Rundgotisch, Russisch-Römisch, Salzmann-Fraktur, Schmale Accidenz-Gotisch, Schmale Haas-Gotisch, Schmale halbfette Fraktur, Schmale halbfette Gotisch, Schneidler-Schwabacher, Schraffierte Gotisch "Stella", Schreibschrift, Schul-Fraktur, Schwabacher, Schwabacher Mager Gross (after Albert Anklam, 1876), Sonderdruck-Antiqua (2008, after a 1913 face by Deberny and Peignot), Stahl (2007, after a 1937 typeface by Hans Kühne), Stahl Kursiv (2009, after Hans Kühne), Stella, Stempel-Fraktur, Straßburg (a blackletter based on fter H type by H. Berthold, 1926), Tannenberg, Thannhaeuser-Fraktur, Tiemann-Fraktur, Tiemann-Gotisch, Tiemann-Mediaeval, Unger-Fraktur, Verzierte Angelsächsisch, Verzierte Musirte Gotisch, Victoria-Gotisch (Viktoria-Gotisch), Wallau, Wartburg-Fraktur, Weber-Fraktur, Weiß-Fraktur, Werkschrift Germanisch, Wieynck-Gotisch, Wilhelm-Klingspor-Gotisch, Wohe-Kursive (after Wolgang Hendlmeier, 1988), Wohe Textura (2009, after Wolfgang Hendlmeier), Zeitungs-Fraktur, Zeitungs-Schwabacher (halbfette Neue Zeitungs-Schwabacher, to be more precise---based on a 1900 typeface by Pustet), Zentenar-Buchschrift.
Catalog from 1996. Article in 1995 by him on Normal Fraktur. Another catalog, in pieces: I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII. Antiqua catalog. [Google]
Type designer born 1983 in Schramberg, Germany. He studied Kommunikationsdesign at Fachhochschule Mainz from 2007 to 2011.
Creator of Royal Oak Decor (Victorian ornaments), Royal Oak Sans (2009, Edwardian headline sans) and Royal Oak Serif (Western headline face). All were done in 2009 at Die Typonauten and were joint work with Ingo Krepinsky and Stefan Kroemer.
In 2011, he designed the Cooper Black-style face Frido Black at 26 plus zeichen. See also Frido Narrow (2011).
Ingo Krepinsky and Gunnar Link made the fun hand-drawn Western family Oklahoma Pro (2012) in styles called Deputy, Sheriff, Marshal and Scrawls (dingbats), and
In 2012, he published Selva, a modern take on the textura style, at Die Typonauten. Riga (2012) is a lively fat signage typeface.
Typefaces from 2014: Donki (fat signage script).
Typedia page. MyFonts foundry page. Klingspor link. Behance link. [Google]
Type designer (1872-1950) who reconstructed Gutenberg-Textura (1928, Stempel).
In 1916, he published a book on the Frankfurt-based foundry of Benjamin Krebs, Nachfolger, Die Schriftgiesserei Benjamin Krebs Nachf., Frankfurt a.M. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Frankfurter Schriftgiesser-Gewerbes.
Die Hochdeutschen Schriften aus dem 15ten bis zum 19ten Jahrhundert der Schriftgiesserei und Druckerei was published in 1919 at Elsevier. [Google]
Hendrik van den Keere
Born in Gent (now Belgium) around 1540, and aka Henry du Tour, he died in 1580. He delivered letters to Plantin (and exclusively so between 1570 and 1580). Enschedé's specimen book lists his 1575 Civilité as Civilité No. 14.
His lettering was revived in 1994 by the Dutch Type Library as DTL VandenKeere. Myfonts.com writes that Van den Keere's 2-line Double Pica Roman (Gros Canon), cut around 1570 and shown in Plantin's c.1585 folio specimen, is the basis for Fred Smeijers' recent face, Renard.
In Sixteenth-century Printing Types of the Low Countries (H.D.L. Vervliet, Amsterdam, 1968), van den Keere is called the best punchcutter of the Low Countries in the sixteenth century, being the link between the French, who dominated ther 16th century, and the Dutch who led in the 17th century. In 1575, he made a Civilité, the "Van den Keere Civilité" (see here for more on that story). Matthew Carter's DTL Flamande (2004, Dutch Type Library) is based on a Textura by Hendrik van den Keere. [Google]
Henric Pieterszoon Lettersnijder
Aka Henric Pieterszoon. Dutch letter cutter ("lettersnijder"), d. ca. 1511. He made a textura some time before 1492
Sixteenth Century Printing Types of the Low Countries (H.D.L. Vervliet, 1968) mentions that he was from Rotterdam, and cut letters. Occasionally, he printed as well, in Antwerp from 1496-ca. 1500, in Rotterdam from 1504-1509, and in Delft from 1508 until some time after 1511. It is estimated that he cut a third to half of all the type used in the Low Countries at that time. These typefaces, including the Textura, remained popular there from 1492 until about 1550-1560, when they were superseded by the blackletter type of Ameet Tavernier and Hendrik van den Keere. His son was Cornelis Henricszoon Lettersnijder, who also cut type, starting out in Delft.
Digitizations: Oude Hollandse (2012, Alter Littera; after Henric Pieterszoon "Lettersnijder"'s 1492 typeface), Initials Gothic C (2012, Alter Littera, based on a 1508 type by Pieterszoon), English textura. [Google]
The prolific master designer (born in Nuremberg, 1918, lives in Darmstadt), who made many Antiqua faces and Grotesk faces at URW++ (such as URW Grotesk) and is best known for Palatino, Optima, Melior, Zapf Dingbats, and ITC Zapf Chancery. From 1990 dates URW Palladio Regular. And look at the gorgeous calligraphic font Zapfino (Linotype, 1999, winner of the 1999 Type Directors Club award), released on the occasion of his 80th birthday. Linotype write-up. Zapf lives in Darmstadt, Germany. Pictures of his 80th birthday party at Linotype. Winner of the Gutenberg Prize in 1974.
Author of Manuale Typographicum (1954), of which only 1000 copies were printed. Author of Typografische Variationen (1963, Stempel), of which only 500 copies were printed.
Zapf's drawing of a blackletter alphabet in Feder und Stichel (1949, Trajanus Presse, Frankfurt) and Feder und Stichel (1952). Zapf's design of a postage stamp depicting Ottmar Mergenthaler in 1954.
List of his typefaces:
- Alahram Arabisch.
- Arno (Hallmark).
- Aldus Buchschrift (Linotype, 1954): Italic, Roman. Digital version by Adobe.
- Alkor Notebook.
- Attika Greek.
- Artemis Greek.
- Aurelia (1985, Hell).
- AT&T Garamond.
- Book (ITC New York). Samples: Book Demi, Book Demi Italic, Book Heavy, Book Heavy Italic, Book Medium Italic. The Zapf Book, Chancery and International fonts are under the name Zabriskie on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD, 2002.
- Brush Borders.
- Comenius Antiqua (1976, Berthold; see C792 Roman on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD, 2002).
- Crown Roman (Hallmark).
- Chancery (officially called ITC Zapf Chancery): Bold, Demi, Italic, Light, Liht Italic, Mediu Italic, Roman.
- Civilité (Duensing). Mac McGrew on the Zapf Civilité: Zapf Civilite is perhaps the latest face to be cut as metal type, having been announced in January 1985, although the designer, Hermann Zapf, had made sketches for such a face as early as 1940, with further sketches in 1971. But matrices were not cut until 1983 and 1984. The cutting was done by Paul Hayden Duensing in Kalamazoo, Michigan. The first Civilité typeface was cut by Robert Granjon in 1557, based on a popular French handwriting style of the time. Other interpretations have been made from time to time, notably the Civilité (q.v.) designed by Morris Benton in 1922 for ATF. The new Zapf design has the same general character but with a more informal and contemporary feeling. A smooth flow between weights of strokes replaces the stark contrast of thick-and-thin in older interpretations. There are several ligatures, and alternate versions of a number of characters, including several terminals. Only the 24-point Didot size is cut or planned.
- Charlemagne (Hallmark).
- Digiset Vario (1982, Hell): a signage face.
- Edison (Hell), Edison cyrillic. Scans: Bold Condensed, Book, Semibold Italic, Semibold, Book Italic.
- Euler (American Mathematical Society). Zapf was also consultant for Don Knuth on his Computer Modern fonts. In 1983, they produced the more calligraphic set now called AMS Euler (+Fraktur, Math Symbols, +script). Taco Hoekwater, Hans Hagen, and Khaled Hosny set out to create an OpenType MATH-enabled font Neo-Euler (2009-2010), by combining the existing Euler math fonts with new glyphs from Hermann Zapf (designed in the period 2005-2008). The result is here.
- Firenze (Hallmark).
- Festliche Ziffern (transl: party numbers).
- Frederika Greek.
- Gilgenart Fraktur (1938, D. Stempel).
- Heraklit Greek.
- Hunt Roman (1961-1962, Pittsburgh). A display face exclusively designed for the Hunt Botanical Library (Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation since 1971), situated on campus of Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, to accompany their text face Spectrum. Review by Ferdinand Ulrich.
- International (ITC, 1977). Samples: Demi, Demi Italic, Heavy, Heavy Italic, Light, Light Italic, Medium, Medium Italic.
- Janson (Linotype).
- Jeannette Script (Hallmark).
- Kompakt (1954, D. Stempel).
- Kalenderzeichen (transl: calendar symbols).
- Kuenstler Linien (transl: artistic lines).
- Linotype Mergenthaler.
- Melior (1952, D. Stempel; see Melmac on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD, 2002). Samples: Bold, Bold Italic, Italic, Roman.
- Michelangelo (1950, D. Stempel, a roman caps face; a digital version exists at Berthold and at The Font Company).
- Marconi (1975-1976, Hell; now also available at Elsner&Flake and Linotype; according to Gerard Unger, this was the first digital type ever designed---the original 1973 design was intended for Hell's Digiset system; Marconi is a highly readable text face).
- Medici Script (1971).
- Musica (Musiknoten, transl: music symbols; C.E. Roder, Leipzig).
- Magnus Sans-serif (Linotype, 1960).
- Missouri (Hallmark).
- Noris Script (1976; a digital version exists at Linotype).
- Optima (1955-1958, D. Stempel--Optima was originally called Neu Antiqua), Optima Greek, Optima Nova (2003, with Akira Kobayashi at Linotype, a new version of Optima that includes 40 weights, half of them italic). Samples: Poster by Latice Washington, Optima, Demibold Italic, Black, Bold, Bold Italic, Demibold, Extra Black, Italic, Medium, Medium Italic, Regular, Italic. Digital clones: Zapf Humanist 601 by Bitstream, O801 Flare on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD (2002), Opus by Softmaker, Columbia Serial by Softmaker, Mg Open Cosmetica, Ottawa by Corel, October by Scangraphic, CG Omega by Agfa compugraphic, Chelmsford by URW, Classico by URW and Optus by URW.
- Orion (1974).
- Palatino (1948, D. Stempel; the original font can still be found as Palazzo on Softmaker's XXL CD, 2002), Palatino Nova (2005, Linotype), Palatino Sans (2006, Linotype, with Akira Kobayashi), Palatino Greek, Palatino Cyrillic. In 2013, Linotype released Palatino eText which has a larger x-height and wider spacing. Palatino samples: black, black italic, bold, bold italic, italic, medium, roman, light, light italic. Poster by M. Tuna Kahya (2012). Poster by Elena Shkarupa. Poster by Wayne YMH (2012).
- Phidias Greek.
- Primavera Schmuck.
- Pan Nigerian.
- Quartz (Zerox Corporation Rochester, NY).
- Renaissance Antiqua (1985, Scangraphic). Samples: Regular, Bold, Book, Light Italic, Swashed Book Italic, Swash Italic.
- Saphir (1953, D. Stempel, see now at Linotype).
- Sistina (1951, D. Stempel).
- Sequoya (Cherokee redesign).
- Scriptura, Stratford (Hallmark).
- Sequoya (for the Cherokee Indians), ca. 1970. This was cut by Walter Hamady and is a Walbaum derivative.
- Linotype Trajanus Cyrillic (1957).
- Textura (Hallmark).
- URW Grotesk (1985), URW Antiqua. The URW Grotesk family today contains 59 styles.
- Uncial (Hallmark Kansas City).
- Virtuosa Script (1952, D. Stempel: Zapf's first script face; revived in 2009 as Virtuosa Classic in cooperation with Akira Kobayashi).
- Venture Script (Linotype, 1966; FontShop says 1969).
- Winchester (Hallmark).
- World Book Modern.
- ITC Zapf Dingbats [see this poster by Jessica Rauch], Zapf Essentials (2002, 372 characters in six fonts: Communication, Arrows (One and Two), Markers, Ornaments, Office, based on drawings of Zapf in 1977 for Zapf Dingbats).
- Zapfino (Linotype Library GmBH 1998): a set of digital calligraphic fonts. Zapfino Four, Zapfino Three, Zapfino Two, Zapfino One, ligatures, Zapfino Ornaments (with plenty of fists). Poster by Nayla Masood (2013).
Pictures of Hermann Zapf: with Lefty, with Rick Cusick, in 2003, with Frank Jonen, with Jill Bell, with Linnea Lundquist and Marsha Brady , with Rick Cusick, with Rick Cusick, with Stauffacher, a toast, with Werner Schneider and Henk Gianotten, with Chris Steinhour, at his 60th birthday party.
Linotype link. [Google]
Hernández Type (was: Estudio de diseño Calderón)
[Daniel Hernández Sanchez]
Estudio de diseño Calderón in Chile had the work of two Chilean designers:
- Daniel Hernández has some free fonts at Dafont and Font Squirrel. Klingspor link. His award-winning fonts include Stgotic textura (2006), Stgotic Fracktur (pixel blackletter), and the (free) unicase piano key font Pincoya Black (2008), which was based on Spanish Civil War poster, and won an award at Tipos Latinos 2010. He calls his ultra fat Roxy (2009) tipografia desde el culo del mundo.
Behance link. His Flickr page. His lettering.
Hernandez Bold (2010, Sudtipos) has slabs, serifs, and plenty of round curves. It won an award at Tipos Latinos 2012.
Rita (2010, Sudtipos) is an ultra-slab face inspired by the fat wood types. Merced (2011) is a thin monoline sans. Sanchez (2011, Latinotype and YWFT) is a slab serif family with a free weight. In 2013, he published the beautiful sequel, Sanchez Slab, which is patterned after Rockwell.
- Javier Quintana created the smooth and delectable text family Berenjena in 2007. He also made the roundish display face Botota (2007), which is reminiscent of market signage in Santiago.
- Monroe (2010, Sudtipos) is a swashy slab family. See it in action in this I Love New York poster.
- Patagon (2011, Latinotype) is a rounded wood-inspired poster face done with Daniel Hernandez and Luciano Vergara.
- Guadalupe (+Gota, 2011, Latinotype). A hairline didone family with sufficient contrast and frilliness to satisfy the fashion mags.
- Andes (2011, Latinotype). This is a playful slightly swashy sans family. Followed by Andes Italic (2012) and Andes Condensed (2012). See also Andes Rounded (2014).
- Bosque (2012) is a wood style family codesigned with Paula Nazal at Latinotype.
- Magallanes (2012, Daniel Hernandez) is a contemporary neohumanist sans serif typeface family covering Ultra Light to Black. This typeface was followed by the 8-style Magallanes Essential (2012) and by Magallanes Condensed (2013).
- Trend (2013). A layered type system done together with Paula Nazal Selaive. Followed by Trend Hand Made also in 2013.
- With Eli Hernandez, Daniel Hernandez published the unicase typeface family Grota in 2013.
- Roble (2013): A slab serif font family which Daniel places halfway between Andes and Sanchez. It is characterized by its clampy backbitten lower case c.
- Together with Miguel Hernandez at Latinotype in 2014, Daniel Hernandez designed the 1930s sans family Arquitecta, which is promoted as an alternative for Futura, Kabel and Avant Garde. His Newslab (2014) family is a combination of Andes, Sanchez and Roble; the Regular and Italic styles are free.
The foundry became Hernández Type at some point. The fonts there, repeated from the former foundry, include Patagon, Merced, Hernandez Bold, Monroe, Pincoya Black Pro, Rita Bold and Fat, and Pincoya Black Free. [Google]
History of black letter fonts
Birgit Stehno tells the story of black letter fonts. (1) Textura (written face developed in France in the 13th c.). (2) Rotunda, a "soothed" form of Textura, important in Southern Europe in the 15th c. (3) Humanistic Minuscule, written in Italy in the 15th century, and developing into the Antiqua typeface (4) At the end of the 1th century, Bastarda appears (more ornaments and curved strokes): tyhe first printed books use Textura, Rotunda and Bastarda (5) Schwabacher appears around 1481, used in Martin Luther's bible; the umlauts are minuscule e's; until the 19th c. most books in Bavaria are in Schwabacher (5) The German emperor Maximilian (1493-1519) directed that a new typeface based on traditional 'German' fonts had to be created; thus, the Fraktur was designed by the calligrapher Leonhard Wagner; this type was adopted by the Renaissance artist Albrecht Dürer and by the reformation movement, and soon became popular all over Europe. [Google]
Hoefler&Frere-Jones (was: Hoefler Type Foundry)
Born in 1970 in New York, Jonathan Hoefler ran the Hoefler Type Foundry (or: HTF) in New York. It employed Tobias Frere-Jones, Josh Darden, and Jesse Ragan. In 2004, it was renamed Hoefler&Frere-Jones, or HFJ for the cognoscernti. However, a legal problem between Jonathan and Tobias led to a corporate divorce in 2014---the company is renamed again The Hoefler Type Foundry.
HTF carefully designed and complete families include HTF-Didot (in 42 weights/variations), the antiquaa text face HTF Hoefler Text (27 fonts made in 1991-1992, distributed with many Apple products), Hoefler Text Ornaments (distributed with Apple products), Saracen, Ziggurat, Leviathan, Historical-EnglishTextura, Historical-FellType, Historical-GreatPrimerUncials, Historical-StAugustin, HTF Hoefler Titling, Gestalt-HTF, Fetish-HTF (blackletter modernized, 1995), Ehmcke-HTF, Champion-HTF, Acropolis-HTF, Requiem, Knockout, all in the period 1998-2000.
In 2003, they published Retina (which was originally designed for the stock listings in the Wall Street Journal), Gotham, and Shades (in Cyclone, Topaz, Giant and Knox weights). The Geometer Screen Fonts are free Mac fonts.
In 2004, they produced an amazing 58-weight sans serif family, Whitney (by Tobias Frere-Jones), designed for use in infographics. Whitney's sales blurb: While American gothics such as News Gothic (1908) have long been a mainstay of editorial settings, and European humanists such as Frutiger (1975) have excelled in signage applications, Whitney bridges this divide in a single design. Its compact forms and broad x-height use space efficiently, and its ample counters and open shapes make it clear under any circumstances.
Hoefler received Bukvaraz 2001 awards for HTF Guggenheim, HTF Knockout, HTF Mercury (1997, no relationship with Goudy's Mercury of 1936) and HTF Requiem. In the 1996 Morisawa Awards competition, Hoefler received a bronze prize for Ideal Sans (a slightly flared humanist sans family).
In 2011, HFJ writes it up beautifully: Typefaces are born from the struggle between rules and results. Squeezing a square about 1% helps it look more like a square; to appear the same height as a square, a circle must be measurably taller. The two strokes in an X aren't the same thickness, nor are their parallel edges actually parallel; the vertical stems of a lowercase alphabet are thinner than those of its capitals; the ascender on a d isn't the same length as the descender on a p, and so on. For the rational mind, type design can be a maddening game of drawing things differently in order to make them appear the same. Twenty-one years ago, we began tinkering with a sans serif alphabet to see just how far these optical illusions could be pushed. How asymmetrical could a letter O become, before the imbalance was noticeable? Could a serious sans serif, designed with high-minded intentions, be drawn without including a single straight line? This alphabet slowly marinated for a decade and a half, benefitting from periodic additions and improvements, until in 2006, Pentagram's Abbott Miller proposed a project for the Art Institute of Chicago that resonated with these very ideas. As a part of Miller's new identity for the museum, we revisited the design, and renovated it to help it better serve as the cornerstone of a larger family of fonts. Since then we've developed the project continuously, finding new opportunities to further refine its ideas, and extend its usefulness through new weights, new styles, and new features. Today, H&FJ is delighted to introduce Ideal Sans, this new font family in 48 styles. Ideal Sans is a meditation on the handmade, combining different characteristics of many different writing tools and techniques, in order to achieve a warm, organic, and hand-crafted feeling.
At ATypI in 2002, he received the Charles Peignot award. Time.com provides previews of fonts made for Esquire, Lever House, eCompany Now, The Guggenheim Museum, The New York Times, and the Whitney Museum. He has worked on custom fonts for The New York Times Magazine, Times Mirror, Esquire and McGraw-Hill (1995, free download). Hoefler has made many more custom fonts, but he asked me to remove the names of these fonts from my pages.
From 2005-2007, they made the custom font General GG (available for free here, here and here).
In 2006, HFJ published the Numbers family, 15 fonts with nothing but numbers from various sources: Bayside (based on a set of house numbers produced around 1928 by H. W. Knight & Son of Seneca Falls, New York), Claimcheck, Delancey, Depot, Deuce, Dividend, Greenback, Indicia, Premium, Prospekt, Redbird, Revenue, Strasse, Trafalgar, Valuta. They also made a 30-style art deco-inspired geometric sans family called Verlag in 2006 based on six typefaces originally designed for the Guggenheim.
In 2007, HFJ published the "blended Scotch" newspaper serif text family Chronicle. Still in 2007, we find the gorgeous 30-style semi-Bauhaus sans family Verlag about which HFJ writes: From the rationalist geometric designs of the Bauhaus school, such as Futura (1927) and Erbar (1929), Verlag gets its crispness and its meticulous planning. Verlag's fairminded quality is rooted in the newsier sans serifs designed for linecasting machines, such as Ludlow Tempo and Intertype Vogue (both 1930), both staples of the Midwestern newsroom for much of the century. But unlike any of its forbears, Verlag includes a comprehensive and complete range of styles: five weights, each in three different widths, each including the often-neglected companion italic.
In 2008, they released Archer, a humanist slab serif originally designed for Martha Stewart Living. It has a great range of features, including a classy hairline style. However, I see trouble down the road with the name Archer which has been used previously by several other foundries such as SignDNA, Arts&Letters and Silver Graphics. One can say that Archer is just Stymie with some ball terminals. David Earls on Archer: with its judicious yet brave use of ball terminals, and blending geometry with sexy cursive forms, all brought together with the kind of historical and intellectual rigour you fully expect from this particular foundry, Archer succeeds where others falter. Poster featuring Archer by Courtney McNary (2013).
Sentinel (2009) is HFJ's take on a Clarendon. Yet again, I can't understand why they picked a name already taken by many foundries such as Graphx Edge Fonts, alus, Comicraft, Dieter Steffmann, not to speak of a foundry called Sentinel Type. And they repeated that daredevil naming of fonts with Tungsten (2009), which has been around---as a font name---since 2005 at Sparklefonts. Their sales pitch: That rarest of species, Tungsten is a compact and sporty sans serif that's disarming instead of pushy - not just loud, but persuasive. Douglas Wilson compares Tungsten with Alternate Gothic No. 3 (Morris Fuller Benton).
Naming fonts is Hoefler's weakness. In 2010, they again took an existing name, Vitesse, for their newest font family. The typophiles react to the slab family with praise: I think they're chasing Cyrus Highsmith, Dispatch and Christian Schwartz, Popular on this one. Doing a pretty good job of it too! [...] Looks to me like the love-child of Eurostile and City. To continue the trend, they published Forza in 2010, a sans family, not to be confused with the 2007 font Forza by Michel Luther at Die Gestalten--surely, there must be a way to choose original names. St. Augustin Civilité: St. Augustin Civilité is a digitization of Robert Granjon's extraordinary type of 1562, now in the collection of the Enschedé type foundry, Haarlem. This typeface is reproduced in Civilité Types by Harry Carter and H. D. L. Vervliet (Oxford Bibliographical Society, by the Oxford University Press, 1966.) As figures and punctuation were lacking in the original, these have been borrowed from two other Granjon types, the Courante and Bastarde of 1567. (The remainder of the character set has been invented.)
In 2012, they published the wide sans typeface family Idlewild.
HFJ also sells a package of various number fonts. This includes the following: Bayside (after ornamental house numbers), Claimcheck (inspired by ticket stubs), Delancey (from tenement doorways), Depot (modeled on vintage railcars), Deuce (based on playing cards), Dividend (from an antique check writer), Greenback (based on U. S. currency), Indicia (inspired by rubber stamps), Premium (after vintage gas pumps), Prospekt (based on Soviet house numbers), Redbird (inspired by New York subways), Revenue (from cash register receipts), Strasse (after European enamel signs), Trafalgar (inspired by British monuments), Valuta (after Hungarian banknotes).
Typefaces from 2013 include Landmark (Regular, Inline, Shadow and Dimensional), a collection of architectural caps (which started out as a custom typeface for Lever House in New York). [Google]
Spanish art student (in 2013). FontStructor who created these typefaces in 2013: Beauvoir, Lancaster, Figaro, Abel, Cawdor (octagonal), Dilior (a didone), Harmond (blackletter), Antelopes, Godiva (blackletter), Autumn, Sasanida, Help I Need Somebody (circle-based geometric sans), Goodbye Fontstruct, Fairy Tale Vanishing, Slanton, Kyrie, Eat Me, De Stijl, Chiara, Hecate, Stancyl (piano key), Ionica, Winty's Gothica, Vintage America, El Greco, Fairy Tale, Chiara regular, Ozawa, Donibo Display, Decade (blackletter), Donibo, Weirdy Moves (+Party), Bliss (crayon font), Ibsen (a dark copperplate style inspired by an Ikea logo), Avenzo, Avenzo Mad Serif, The Code of Honour (constructivist), Yago, Vienna Cafe Big (art nouveau), Castillian (Textura, +SmallCaps), Lumpy, Origami (3d face), Baldur2 (a lava lamp typeface), Trinity (Victorian), Patterns For Everyone, Evangelion, Scriptura, Maverick, Giralda, Freak Fraktur, Vienna Cafe (art nouveau), Sportiva (Small Caps, Deco1, Deco2 [blackboard bold], Sans, Alternates 1, Alternates 2, Alternates 3, Regular), Carmina, Hieronimus (a pixelish typeface inspired by Bauhaus: +Slab, +Stencil).
Typefaces from 2014: Decan, Thoreau, Blue Requiem, Funky Business, Red Requiem, Ozawa Regular, Dreamcatcher, Drastic, Retropix, Vanity Strong, Dotchild, Reya (blackletter). [Google]
Ingofonts is a foundry in Augsburg started by Ingo Zimmermann (b. 1967) in 1994. It offers Fraktur fonts, handwriting fonts, sans serif fonts, Antiqua fonts and some pixel fonts. Full fonts go for 50 USD a piece and up. Some fonts are free. Many fonts are adaptations or revivals of historically important fonts. Ingo also practices calligraphy, and in particular, calligraphy for wine labels. The list:
Dafont link. Fontsy link. Klingspor link. Dafont link. Abstract Fonts link. [Google]
- Absolut Pro (2008) is a classy sans family that comes in Regular, Licht, Thin and Schmuck.
- Amhara (2009): An experimental font inspired by the Ethiopic writing system. Analogue (2010).
- AnatoleFrance (1997, art deco font): in the style of Georg D. W. Callwey's PlakatschriftCCC, it is in conformity with a script pattern ca. 1920/30, Karl Schäffer.
- August Sans (2013).
- Banknote 1948 (2010).
- Behrens Schrift (2008) is based on Behrens' famous 1902 Jugendstil script.
- Biró Script is a handwriting font (2007-2012, +Biro Script Plus) named after the inventor of the ballpoint pen, Laszlo Joszef Biro, 1899-1985.
- CharpentierBaroqueIF, CharpentierClassicItaliqueIF, CharpentierClassicistiqueIF, CharpentierRenaissanceIF (1996, modeled at first from the Roman Capitalis).
- Chiq (2013).
- Countries of Europe (2008). Outlines of countries.
- De Borstel (2009): brush face.
- De Display (2010). A gridded type system.
- DeFonte (1995): a grungy Helvetica.
- Déformé: grungy Clarendon.
- Deko-Blakk, Deko-Yello (art deco faces from 2007).
- DeKunst (1995, deconstructivist). DeKunst Initialen (2007) is Bauhaus-inspired.
- DePixel (1999: based on Apple's Geneva and Chacago; and Illegible DePixel).
- DeutscheSchriftCallwey (1998): a free handwriting face in the style of the 1800s that was later taught in German schools under the generic name of "Sütterlin type".
- Rudolf Diesel Rudolf Script (2008-2009): Based on the handwriting of the inventor of the Diesel motor, Rudolf Kristian Karl Diesel (1858-1913).
- Die Überschrift (1998): headline sans.
- Faber Eins, Faber Zwei (1996, legible sans family), Faber Drei, Faber Gotic (2002, +Text, +Gothic, +Gotic Capitals), Faber Fraktur (1994), Faber Sans Pro (2011).
- Façacde Pro (2007). An art nouveau brush face found in a 1900 booklet by Karl Otto Maier (a publisher in Ravensburg) entitled Schriften-Sammlung für Techniker Verkleinerte Schriften der wichtigsten Alphabete. Cyrillic version.
- Fixogum (1998, scratchy handwriting).
- Graz2006 (1994, a sans family for the 2006 OlumTypographerpic Games in Graz; later renamed by Linotype to Olympia).
- Guhly (2011). An organic family.
- Gutenberg (1995, a textura).
- Handschrift (2007). Expressionist and rough.
- Hero (angular handwriting).
- Josef (2000), Josefov (2003, slab serif for Josef), JosefPro (2006, a free sans family).
- Klex (1997): calligraphic brush.
- Koch Schrift (1998). A Schwabacher used by the Deutsche Reichsbahn and first developed by Rudolf Koch in 1909, first known as Nedeutsc and later as Koch Schrift.
- LettreCivilitdeGranjon (1997, a reworking of S. Moye's font by that name).
- Maier's No. 8 (2002) and Maier's Neue No. 8 based on forms found in work of Karl O. Maier from before 1914, which already has the geometrical simplicity characteristic of the Weimar period. Examples: Halbfett, Leicht, Pro, Pro, Pro, No8. Maiers No. 21 (2006) is in the same direction. A precursor of the MICR chequebook fonts, and the FontStruct fonts? Examples: No21 Pro, No21 Pro.
- Marleen Script (2011, with over 400 ligatures).
- Menschenalphabet (1997), based on Peter Flötner's alphabet from 1534.
- Novello Pro (2009): The serifed counterpart of his Absolut Pro family.
- OlympiaBuchIF, OlympiaFettIF, OlympiaHalbfettIF, OlympiaLeichtIF, OlympiaSemiSansBuchIF
- Palmona (2008, blackletter).
- Saeculum (1996, cursive connected handwriting).
- Rudolf Diesel (2008-2009): Based on the handwriting of the inventor of the Diesel motor.
- SchwabacherDeutscheReichsbahn (after Koch's first font from 1909).
- Tobyfont (2006) is for children.
- Wendelin (1996, sans family).
- Whole Europe (2008, outlines of countries), now called Countries Of Europe. Pick it up, togeter with many suppoirt files for TeX by Herbert Voss, at CTAN.
[Jack's Scribal and Epigraphic Fonts]
Jack's Scribal and Epigraphic Fonts
Houston's Jack Kilmon designed many archaic and epigraphic TrueType fonts. Free for academics. His site also has an archive of some fonts by Reinhold Kainhofer (RK Ancient Fonts), and some Coptic, Hebrew, Hieroglyphic and Greek fonts. A list of his creations: Early Phoenician (8th century BC), Moabite/Mesha Stele Epigraphic, Lachish Ostraca Cursive Palaeohebrew, Elephantine Papyrus Cursive, Jack's Early Aramaic (10th c. BCE), Nabataean Aramaic, Jack's Samaritan, Jack's Siloam Inscription, Jack's Dead Sea Scroll Scribal (or DSS Scribal) (based on Great Isaiah Scroll), Jack's Habakkuk Scribal (based on Pesher Habakkuk), Jack's Meissner Papyrus Cursive, Dead Sea Scroll Scribal, Latin Epigraphic, Roman Rustica (Capitalis Rustica), Latin bookhand from 1st to 6th century, C. Sinaiticus Uncial Greek, Early Greek Epigraphic, Greek Minuscule with Ligatures, Carolingian Minuscule, Insular Minuscule, early Gothic, Gothic Textura Quadrata, C. Sinaiticus Uncial Greek, Early Greek Epigraphic, Greek Minuscule with Ligatures, Jack's Etruscan. Essay on the history of writing. And an archive of Greek, Coptic, Hebrew and hieroglyphic fonts.
Dafont link. Marc Smith is not kind in his critique of Kilmon, who he calls an amateur (page 65). He deplores (page 69) that most letters, o, b, p and y included, have the same height in Kilmon's work. [Google]
The pater familias of printing, 1394-1468, whose real name was Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden. Spent most of his life in Mainz, where he was also born and where he died. Bitstream write-up. Gutenberg homepage. Image. His Bible Textura (1452-1455). Wood print of Gutenberg by Karl Mahr. Engraved portrait by A. Thevet (1584). [Google]
[Hoefler&Frere-Jones (was: Hoefler Type Foundry)]
One of the first Belgian printers and typefounders, who lived and operated in Gent, Belgium, in the early 16th century. Born in Gent in 1491, he died in Wezel (Wesel) in Germany in 1556 or 1557. Peter Van Lancker describes his contributions. In 1539, he introduced the roman letter form in Gent, and even proposed an upright italic (IT 16 in Vervliet, It57 in Machiels, according to Van Lancker) in the publication Refereynen int Vroede, int Zotte, int Amoureuze. To read about Lambrecht, besides the plentiful of information on Van Lancker's page, one can also consult the thick opus by Dr. Hendrik D.L. Vervliet, Sixtienth-Century Printing Types of the Low Countries, Menno Hertzberger&Co, Amsterdam 1968, who wrote: Son of Jan Lambrecht, he came, it would seem, from a family long established in the town, engravers of seals and of marks for authenticating the renowed Ghentish cloth. Certainly Joos was successor to Vincent Lambrecht who performed this office from 1512 until 1537-1538. During the nearly 20-year period (1536-1553) of his activity at Ghent Joos Lambrecht proved to be a many-sided man typical of the Renaissance, poet, schoolmaster, seal-engraver, printer and punchcutter. As printer he came to be known for the outstanding quality of his presswork, the best of the Netherlands of his century, Plantin was de tweede helft? nvdr), and for his numerous mint-ordinances with woodcuts of coins that were copied until late in the century, by Jan Ewoutszoon of Amsterdam and others. His capacity of punchcutter is quite firmly established by the colophons in his numerous books, where he calls himself "lettersteker, typoglyphus, tailleur de lettres", by entries in the town's taxation, where he is described from 1540 onwards as "letterstekere", by a contract of 7 April 1548 binding Lambrecht to deliver new founts of type to Cornelius Manillus, printer at Ghent. Moreover, it is known that in 1553 Lambrecht sold his printing-office and typefoundry to Pieter van den Kere, the father of Hendrik van den Keere the elder (and great-grandfather of the famous Dutch map engraver Pieter van de Keere, alias Kaerius), that Ameet Tavernier learned punchcutting from him, and that in 1580 Hendrik van den Keere the younger had several sets of matrices that he described as Lambrecht's. Van Lancker discusses several sources and analyzes Lambrecht's oeuvre. Some types by Lambrecht (not all cut by himself though):
- T37, "Lambrecht's Pica Textura" (after 1541). Vervliet is not sure this was done by Lambrecht.
- T48, "Lambrecht's Brevier Textura" (after 1541). Same doubts in Vervliet's mind.
- T25, "English-bodied French Textura" dates 1499-1500. Used by, but not cut by Lambrecht.
- R12, "Lambrecht's 2-line Great Primer Lower-Case" was probably cut by Lambrecht in 1546.
- R23, "Lambrecht's English Roman" (after 1543).
- R25, "Lambrecht's Pica Roman" (after 1536).
- R30, "Lambrecht's Roman Capitals on Bourgeois" (1545).
- IT16, Lambrecht's Bourgeois Italic (after 1536). Vervliet: Lambrecht was the only printer to use this small Italic, which for its time is not without merit, and he did so from the beginning of his career in 1536. In a book of 1538 a set of narrower capitals occurs as well as the original capitals. In his well-known Refereynen of 1539 Lambrecht used this type for the passage in which he expressed his preference for Roman (and Italic) letters and his objection to the Gothic; but for this passage he used it with Gothic capitals and a few variant lower-case sorts. In the inventory of the remaining stock in Van den Keere's typefoundry drawn up by Thomas de Vechter soon after 1581, there is an entry, 'An old Brevier by Joos Lambrecht', probably referring to matrices for this face. One of Lambrecht's italics inspired Laurent Bourcellier in 2009 to create Joos.
Some scans courtesy of Peter Van Lancker who researched Lambrecht's work: Bastaard Mediaan (1548), Grieks Mediaan (1536), Italiek Bourgeois (1536), Italiek Mediaan (1541), Romein Augustijn 91543), Romein Mediaan (1536), Schwabacher Augustijn 91550), Textura Augustijn (1539), Textura Bible (1541), Textura Gros Paragon (1551), Textura Gros Romain (1541), Textura Mediaan (1541), Textura Moyen Canon (1539). [Google]
[Wooden Type Fonts (was: American Wood Type and, Wooden Type)]
José Alberto Mauricio
Juan-José Marcos García
Frenchman who has a wonderful historic overview of the calligraphic styles. Here are his categories:
Additional scans of his work: The letter G | Happy 2005 | Abcdefg | Fine chancery alphabet | Lettres cadeaux | Starting alphabet for the lettres cadeaux | Trial 1 | Trial 2 | Trial 3. [Google]
- Renaissance, starting with Gutenberg, and the re-use of Greek and Roman architecture and lettering. It has the chancery hand (or italic) and the humanist (or antiqua). But also in this category are the ronde (upright curvacious scripts), the Flemish cursive (stunning calligraphy) and the fine or modern chancery.
- Gothic, or medieval, alphabets: Primitive gothic (S, T, U, V), textura (P, Q, R), cursive gothic (D, E, F, G, H), bastarda (A, B, C), rotunda (M, N, O), and Fraktur (I, J, K, L). Chazal adds to these six groups the Lombardian (lettre tourneure: A, B, C, D, E, F, G), the tourneure gestuelle (modern hand-printed version of the Lombardian: A, B, C), and the lettres cadeaux (overly ornamental caps).
- Anglaises: voluptuous and difficult calligraphy.
- Gestuelles in modern calligraphy: the cola pen, the tire-ligne, the flat nib, and the pointed nib.
KLTF stands for Karsten Lücke Type Foundry. It was established in 2005 in Datteln, Germany. Karsten is the talented German designer of the medieval text family Litteratra, which won an award at the TDC2 2001 competition (Type Directors Club). Karsten is from Datteln and studied communications design in Essen, finishing there in 2002. He worked at Steidl Publishers in Goettingen from 2004 to 2005. In 2005, he joined the type coop Village.
Other designs by Karsten include KLTF Tiptoe (2005, a bold and black headline family), and KLTF Grotext (2007, an elliptical family in 7 styles). Great OpenType link and discussion page. [Google]
Swiss calligrapher in Basel who made and sells various medieval and historically important script fonts. These included the paleographic (PAL) series and the KPS series. He lives in Ühlingen--Birkendorf, Germany. His fonts are uniformly of high quality and are usefl for illustrating historical alphabets.
His early commercial collection: KPS Anglaise (calligraphic script), KPS Antiqua (+Kapitälchen), KPS Capitalis (classic Trajan caps), KPS Cicero, KPS Epona (calligraphic), KPS Fein (handprinted), KPS Hand (calligraphic), KPS Horaz (calligraphic), KPS Iris (calligraphic), KPS Petit (calligraphic), KPS Plinius, KPS Spitzfelder, KPS Vitruv (calligraphy), PAL Bastarda, PAL Cancellaresca, PAL Carolina, PAL Gotisch, PAL Humanistica, PAL Lombarden, PAL Quadrata, PAL Rotunda, PAL Rustica, PAL Textura, PAL Uncialis, PAL Uncialis Roemisch, Weissranken Initialen, Ranken Initialen (Celtic capitals).
Since September 2013, all of his fonts are free. They were renamed and have conveniently the date of original creation in the font name. The fonts dated in the 1990s and 2000s are new typefaces or creative revivals by Klaus-Peter. The list of revivals: 0100DeBellisMacedonicis [Pre-uncial letters from the fragment "de bellis macedonicis", ca. 1st century], 0300Petros [Greek hand from the oldest surviving copies of St. Peter's epistles, dated 3th / 4th century], 0362Vitalis [Roman Minuscule Cursive from the so called Vitalis letter, written before 362 on papyrus (Strasburg)], 0480VergiliusRomanus [Capitalis Rustica from the Vergilius Romanus written in Rome, ca. 480], 0500VergiliusSangallensis [Capitalis Quadrata from the Vergil fragments in Stiftsbibliothek St.Gallen], 0512Dioskurides [Greek Uncials from the Vienna Dioskurides (about 512)], 0746Beda [from Beda Venerabilis: Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum, Northumbria, dated 746], 0800Kells [Half Uncials from the Book of Kells], 0800Remedius [So called "Lombardic-Raetic Minuscule" from Codex 348 of the Stiftsbibliothek St. Gallen], 0800 Theophanes [Greek Hand after a 9th century Theophanes manuscript], 0850CarolinaTours [Carolingian Minuscule], 0850Carolinaundulata [Carolingian Minuscule from the Scriptorium of Tours], 0864Folchart [St. Gall Carolingian from the Folachart Psalter], 1012Otto [Late Carolingian Minuscule from the Perikopes of Heinrich II, written at the Reichenau, donated to the dome of Bamberg in 1012], 1258FridericusII [Gothic Rotunda from the falcon book of Emperor Friedrich II, Southern Italy 1258-1266], 1400Wenzel [Bohemian Textura from Vienna], 1450Sebastos [Humanistic Greek hand from Homer, Ilias, Vatican Library], 1455GutenbergB42 [Gothic Textura types from the 42 line Gutenberg Bible], 1458GutenbergB36 [Gothic Textura types from the 36 line Gutenberg Bible], 1470Jenson [an antiqua by Nicolas Jenson], 1475HumanisticaCursiva [Humanistic Cursive of the kind Bartolomeo Sanvito of Padua wrote, after Cod. Pal. Lat. 1508], 1480Humanistica [Humanistic Book Hand from Valerius Maximus: Facta et dicta memorabilia, ca. 1480-1485. The calligraphy is attributed to Antonio Sinibaldi from Florence and the titling capitals to Bartolomeo Sanvito from Padua], 1483Koberger [Incunabula type from the Koberger Bible, printed in Nuremberg in 1483], 1485Grueninger [Incunabula type from the Grueninger Bible, printed in Strasburg in 148], 1493SchedelRotunda [Incunabula type from the Latin edition of Hartmann Schedel's World Chronicles, printed by Koberger at Nuremberg in 1493], 1501Manutius [First printed Italic Antiqua by Aldus Manutius (Venice 1501)], 1513Gebetbuch [Fraktur from Emperor Maximilian's Prayer Book, printed in Augsburg in 1513], 1517Gilgengart [Fraktur type from Emperor Maximilian's 1517 private print "Gilgengart"], 1517Teuerdank [Fraktur type from Emperor Maximilian's "Teuerdank", printed at Augsburg in 1517], 1519NeudoerfferFraktur [Fraktur alphabet from a woodblock model in Johann Neudoerffer the Elder's Calligraphy book "Fundament", Nuremberg 1519], 1739Bickham [Copperplate or running hand after models from "The Universal Penman" by George Bickham, printed in London 1743], 1741Bickham [Bickham's round hand from Universal Penman], 1782Thurneysen [Baroque Antiqua Type of J. Jacques Thourneysen fils, Basel 1782].
Original versions by Schaeffel, with date of design in the font name: 1999Anglaise1, 1999Anglaise2, 1999Cancellaresca, 1999Carolina (Carolingian minuscule), 1999Livius, 1999LiviusBold, 1999LiviusItalic, 1999LiviusSmC, 1999LiviusTitel, 1999Ovidius, 1999Stylus, 1999Textualis, 2000Bastarda, 2000Cicero, 2000Humanistica, 2000Plinius, 2000PliniusItalic, 2000Seneca-Italic, 2000Seneca, 2000TextualisFormata, 2000Uncialis, 2001RotundaFormata, 2002Cato, 2002Horatius, 2002Vitruvius, 2003Epona, 2003Lombarden, 2004CapitalisQuadrata, 2004CapitalisRustica, 2004Iris, 2004UncialisQuadrata, 2004UncialisRomana, 2008-Noeuds-1 [for making Celtic knots], 2008-Noeuds-2, 2008-Noeuds-3, 2009Xenophon, 2010Filigrane, 2010Gouttes, 2010Labyrinthe [squarish], 2010Pointu [a calligraphic blackletter], 2010Vergilius [a great calligraphic face].
Old URL. [Google]
[Miguel Angel Hernández Montoya]
Latinotype was founded in 2007 by Felipe Soto and Miguel Hernández, and is based in Concepción, Chile. Catalog of their typefaces. Miguel Angel Hernández Montoya is the Santiago, Chili-based graphic designer, type designer and illustrator who has a BFA in graphic design from the UBB School of Design. In 2007, he set up Latinotype. Before that, he was involved in many font projects and specialized in pixel fonts. Latinotype now also includes the work of Luciano Vergara and Joaquín Contreras. Fontsquirrel link. Hernández's fonts:
- LlanquihuePIXEL, based on the great font TCL Llanquihue by Francisco Galvez.
- The truly perfect pixel font family Fundamental (2003).
- The pixel font Sligthest.
- The sans family Chile (2004), Chile Sans (2005). Chile Sans won at the Tipos Latinos 2008 competition.
- The highway signage face Optica (2004).
- The fifties diner-style screen font Detroit 45 (2002).
- The bitmap display font Kuppa (2003).
- The church stone engraving simulation face Finaita (2002).
- The Western pixel font Arizona (2003, perfect!).
- The bitmap handwriting font Wolfgang Bold.
- The screen font Screenager (2002).
- The funky bitmap font Groobit.
- Minority (2002, a very small screen font).
- Fundamental (2002, a very original screen font, with ligatures for "rr" and "LL", for example), which was subsequently published at tipografia.cl.
- The ultimate pixel font Miguel's Three Dots (2002).
- The pixel display font Circa (2002).
- The pixel fonts Capitalista, Garadot (2003, a fantastic pixel version of an elegant Garamond) and Harmonica.
- The script pixel fonts Anticrisp (2003) and Essential Bold.
- The gray pixel face Sushi (2004, hiragana, katakana, Latin).
- The serif font Quetzal (2003).
- The bitmap family Sugar (2003).
- The bitmap family Apple (2004, based on Apple's Chicago).
- At Atomic Media, he released Carbona and Carbona Bold in 2002, as well as 12 bitmap fonts in 2003: Maya, Fundamental, Azteca, Tekilla, Aymara, Minority, Quadratis, Carnoa Plain&Bold, Machina Typewriter, Dotic (blackletter), Mezcal, Circa.
- In 2004, he joined Ultra Pixel Fonts, where he made the pixel faces Orbital, Sugar, Odyssey, Solar, Voltage, Jetson.
- At Latinotype, he made Picara Sans (2007, an organic sans), Cadena (2007, a rounded sans which won at Tipos Latinos 2008), Love (2007, ultra fat rounded) and Mote (2007, rounded sans display face).
- Stgotic Textura and Pintana are pixel font award winners at Tipos Latinos 2008.
- Fiancé (2011, Sudtipos) is a fat signage face.
- Patagon (2011, Latinotype) is a rounded wood-inspired poster face done with Daniel Hernandez and Luciano Vergara.
- Selaive (2011, Paula Nazal) is a geometric monoline sans with an extreme hairline weight, Selaive Light.
- Sanchez (2011) is a large slab serif family. The Regular weight is free at Fontsquirrel.
- In 2011, he cofounded Los Andes Type, and published the fat round face Fatta (2011) there.
- Mija (2011). Inspired by vernacular signs.
- The Google Web Font Ceviche One (2011). This is an angular yet curvy extra black expressionist sans serif type.
- Sail (2012). A didone script.
- Sofia (2012). An upright script, free at Fontsquirrel.
- Tikal Sans (2012).
- Lolita (2012, Miguel Hernandez). A playful rounded sans family.
- Chela One (2012). A bold condensed brush script, free at Google Web Fonts.
- Arquitecta (2014, by Daniel Hernandez ad Miguel Hernandez). A 1930s sans with small x-height, great readability and an odd g, promoted as an alternative fo Futura, Kabel or Avant Garde.
View the Latinotype typeface library. View Miguel Hernandez's typefaces. [Google]
Laura worthington of Bonney Lakes, WA, is a letterer, illustrator and graphic designer. Her script typefaces became quite popular in recent years.
In 2009, she created the vampire font Grindel Grove.
In 2010, she set up shop at MyFonts. Catalog. Her typefaces include the vampire face Grindel Grove, the flowing calligraphic face Bianca (2010), the pointy Textura face Sepian, the spurred serif face Yana (2010), Greeting Cards (2010), the antique look calligraphic face Origins (2010, hand-lettered with a crow quill pen), Sheila (2010, a connected calligraphic script), Ladybird (2010, curly script), Tiva (2010, hand-printed and almost connected), Yana (2010; image), and the delicate script faces Regina and Recherché.
In 2011, Laura created Liam (bouncy, curly), Samantha Upright Script (2700 flourished glyphs in the classical ronde upright script style; +Swash), Wallflowers (dingbats), Wallflowers II, Wallflowers III, Alana MF and Alana Ornaments MF (a connected script face), Nelson (2011, a notched eroded family, almost for Mexican simulation), Shelby (2011, a monoline, semi-connected script typeface based on hand lettering created with a Speedball B metal nib), Rosarian (a pointed brush connected script typeface).
Typefaces made in 2012: Buckley, Winter Wallflowers, Hummingbird (a penmanship font), Azalea (+Rough, +Smooth), Honey Bee (an all caps pirate ship font), Funkydori (a fat retro signage script), Gioviale (calligraphic script).
Typefaces from 2013: Al Fresco (a breezy exuberant script loaded with opentype features), Charcuterie (a large set of hand-drawn typefaces for vintage signage), Harlowe (a rough-edged, powerful, and slightly sinful script face---renamed to Harlean after a few days), Mandevilla, Number Five (pure Americana, signage).
Typefaces from 2014: Adorn (a hand-drawn poster font family larger than Charcuterie, it contains subfonts called Pomander, Coronet, Garland,. Bouquet, Solo (monograms), Duo (monograms), Catchwords, Banners, frames, Ornaments, Roman, Condensed Sans, Expanded Sans, Slab Serif, Serif, Copperplate, Engraved), Ganache (packaging and logo script),
Interview by MyFonts in 2010. FontBros link. Klingspor link. Behance link. Fontspring link. Picture.
View Laura Worthington's typefaces. Images of her typefaces. [Google]
Calgary-based designer of Naranja (2005), an experimental typeface built up of quarter circles and L-brackets. Its dingbats are inspired by Clockwork Orange. Faces made with FontStruct in 2008: Robot Builder (Solid, Shaded and Open: squarish faces), Polygonal Lasso (Far West type: 938 glyphs for Latin, Latin Extended A & B, Greek, Cyrillic, and Katakana), Marshmallow Script (based on Einhorn, Eclat, Deftone Stylus, and Magneto, all connected diner scripts), Crazy Eights (deck of cards), Ficus Stencil (+Compressed, +Condensed, +Extended, +Regular, +Zebra, +StencilOpen), Big Fat (+Vibrate, +Solid, +Shaded), Negatron (Regular, Solid and Fill), Tuscan Radar, Nuclear Depot Americum (495 glyphs consisting of stars), Nuclear Depot (Radioum, Neptunium, Plutonium, Uranium: a futuristic family that covers Cyrillic), Am I see are you pee see, eh? (a font that combines MICR with UPC-A). The links: big_fat_shaded, crazy_eights, ficus_stencil_compressed, ficus_stencil_condensed, marshmallow_script, negatron_fill, negatron_regular, negatron_solid, serpent_like_bold, tuscan_radar.
2009 creations: Haemophobe (pixel), Star Wreck, Mouthcaster (a bilined face based on the lettering on the front of the 1978 edition of the Scoutmaster's Handbook), Pasta (white on black), Medical Station Alpha (techno), Disco Stud (Chrome, Solid, Chrome Oblique, Solid Oblique), Affix, Infix (experimental and minimalist), Pinball Blizzard, Tears in Rain (a simplistic textura), Five Minute Hair Colour (slab serif), Seg Sixteen (LED face), Trajedy (pixel), Nobody 8 Italic (pixel), Home Sweet Home (a cross-stitch font), Wotan, Tiki Deaky, Writetyper, Chromatose (shadow family), Chocobot (an octagonal family containing Dark, Stacked (multilined), Milk, White), Big Fat (Shaded, Vibrate, Solid).
2010 creations: Fungal Sharp, Fungal Rounded (described by himself as a unicase stovepipe sans), Elliptical Lasso (Western ornamental caps), Astral Projection (a dot matrix face that updates Astra, a Letraset font designed by François Robert and Natacha Falda in 1973), Brick-block tops (3d effect), Knots, Spacerock (an extensive arc-based geometric family), Telephone (counterless), Pixular, StarWreck the Next Generation, Hockey Club, Brick-Block Tops, Bubblemania, Ziabelle Remix (outline, 3d, shaded), Hextone, Falcone (robotic face), but I didn't Trap the Deputy (Egyptian), Dinosaur Gothic.
Fonts from 2011: Apé'ritif (bilined), Csillagok (a futuristic face based on a hungarian Star Wars poster), Valhalla (faux runic), Birodalom, Haboruja, Piezo, Felix (black art deco face). [Google]
MADtype (est. 1996) is Matt Desmond's place in the type world. He has had a prolific career that started out with shareware fonts while Matt was at the Minneapolis Technical and Community College. His page back then said A haven for quality shareware type for the Mac. Later, Matt started mattdesmond.com, and co-founded the Test Pilot Collective (est. 1998 with Joseph Kral and Mike Cina). Many of his early faces were experimental and/or futuristic. In late 2003, mattdesmond.com disappeared, and MADtype, commercial now, resurfaced at the MyFonts site. Currently, Matt is based in Minnetnka, MN. He has also lived in Atlanta, GA, Fayetteville, GA, Rochester, NY, Redwood City, CA, and San Francisco, CA. His fonts can also be purchased via You Work For Them. He also does commissioned type design. Some fonts are freely available at the Google Font Directory.
Retail types as of 2011:
- Abel (2011, Google Font Directory). Abel Pro was published in 2013.
- Aldrich (2011). A Bank Gothic style face, free at OFL.
- Amber (2000): kitchen tile face.
- American Gothic (1998): squarish.
- Audebaud (2010): a 19-th century style French Clarendon (wood type look). The design was inspired by the work of Constant Audebaud, an engraver of wooden type that was used for posters. Audebaud's work appeared in the 1880s in the Deux-Sèvres département of France.
- Beat (1998): rounded OCR face.
- Brauhaus (2004): Textura face.
- Cagliostro (2011). A free font at Google Web Fonts that is based on the handlettering of Ozwald Cooper.
- Curbdog (1998).
- Desmond Text (1998): a roman that has features of University Roman.
- Distill (2009): a De Stijl font that shouts 1920s.
- Dunelm (1996): emulation of 17th century printing styles.
- Dwiggins Deco (2009): This typeface was originally designed in 1930 by W.A. Dwiggins as the cover for the book "American Alphabets" by Paul Hollister. Only the 26 letters of the alphabet were included on the cover, so the rest of the numbers, punctuation, symbols, and accented characters have been crafted in a matching [art deco] style.
- Findon (2007): stencil.
- Futuristic category: ER9 (1999), KAH (2005, LCD style), Lunarmod (1997), Retron (1997; can be considered as a retro upright connected script as well), Shifty (1998).
- Grunge category: Bulletin (1997), Gothico Antiqua (1999), Rubba (1997), Stomper (1997--a rubber stamp font), Zapatista (1998-2007).
- Handwriting, handprinting category: Casino Hand (2005), Ghouliez (1996), Handegypt (2002---hand-drawn slab serif), Handy Sans (1997, hand-drawn sans), Joppa (1997), Pufficlaude BT (1998).
- Hessian (2009): Tuscan style wood type.
- Hydrochlorica (2004): organic.
- Invoice (1997).
- Ironside Crosses (2004): dingbat face.
- Marble Roman (2004-2009): angular roman all caps type.
- Matterhorn (2013). A 9-style sans family created with Michael Cina for Disney. Not to be confused with the many retail typefaces that are also called Matterhorn, such as Paratype's PT Matterhorn (1993) and Treacyfaces' TF Matterhorn (1990s).
- Pacioli or Luca Pacioli Caps (2007: emulating a mathematically constructed caps font by Pacioli (1509) published in his treatise De divina proportione.
- Pixel category: Basis (1999), Mang (1997).
- Plenti (2004): ultra plump.
- Quantico (2007): octagonal.
- Stencil category: Bandoleer (2009, +Tracer: a couple of stencil fonts with art deco and army influences), Madison (2007, slab serif stencil), Mercado (2005; has a non-stencil Mercado Sans).
- Variable (2004-2010): a sans-serif monoline face that includes ultra thin weights.
- Vexed (2005): sketched face.
- Wolfsburg (2007): blackletter stencil.
- Wooddale (1999): wood type emulation.
Free types as of 2010: Marble Roman, Environ regular, Dorkbutt, Europa, Exsect, Inthacity, Liquidy Bulbous, Lustria (2012, Google Web Fonts), Stomper.
Commissioned types: 77kids (2007, for the children's brand; the sketched faces were done with Justin Thomas Kay), AE Aerie (2005-206, American Eagle Outfitters), AE Newburgh (2005-206, American Eagle Outfitters), AE Summer Fonts (2007, all for American Eagle Outfitters), EEL Futura (2006, for Enjoying Everyday Life), Nike World Cup (2006), Virgin America (2006).
Orphaned types that disappeared or were planned but never executed: BrotherMan, Caprice, Convolve, HipstersDelight, Lugubrious, ModestaSmallCaps, Serifity, Skitzoid, Sliver, ThrowupSolid, Auresh (1998, futuristic; Test Pilot Collective), Kcap6 (1998, with Cina; Test Pilot Collective), Epiphany (1997; Test Pilot Collective), Testacon (with Kral and Cina; Test Pilot Collective), Civicstylecom (1999; Test Pilot Collective), Lutix (1998; Test Pilot Collective), Xerian (1997; Test Pilot Collective), Swoon, Furtive (2004, a sans), the display face Flathead (2004), the blackletter face Bahn (2004), Mesotone BT (2006, Bitstream, a monoline sans), Practical (a monoline connec script, planned in 2007 but not published), Poliphili (planned in 2007, as a revival of an Aldus/Griffo font), Wutupdo (1996, Garage Fonts), GFDesmond (Garage Fonts), Drone, Golden Times (2014, a corporate small caps face for the University of Minnesota), Vapiano (2014: hand-printed typeface for Vapiano International).
View Matt Desmond's typefaces. [Google]
[Blackletter, Fraktur, Rotunda]
MartinPlusFonts is the Berlin-based foundry of Martin Wenzel, a German type designer (b. Berlin, 1969). Graduate of KABK Den Haag in 1998. From 1998-2005, he worked at Buro Petr van Blokland + Claudia Mens. Martin now runs MartinPlus, first in The Hague, The Netherlands, and relocated to Berlin in 2005. He is also affiliated with Kombinat Typefounders. His oeuvre:
- FF Marten (1991).
- FF Rekord (grunge).
- The award-winning sans serif font FF Profile (1999), a flared sans known for its little contrast. This evolved in a semi-handprinted casual teenager, FF Duper (2009).
- At FUSE 6, he created FUSE Schirft, now sometimes called Wenzel Schrift.
- At FUSE 3, he created InTegel (1991), a font like Boris Mahovac's Kalendar.
- FF Primary (1995, chiseled stone look).
- Daela (free, this font evolved into FF Primary).
- MediaPigeons (experimental, free).
- Trinité Sans (based on Bram de Does' Trinité).
- Ode: a restaurant menu family, angular yet rounded.
- Ode (2010): a type family that evolved from Textura into a slightly broken readable set.
- Realist (2011), Realist Narrow and Realist Wide. A sans family that can be bought at Kombinat Typefounders.
Old web site. Fontshop link. Klingspor link.
View Martin Wenzel's typefaces. [Google]
Matthew Carter (born in London in 1937, and son of Harry Carter) is one of today's most influential type designers. He trained as a punchcutter at Enschedé in 1956. In 1963 he was hired by Crosfield, a firm that pioneered the new technology of photo-typesetting, to lead their typographic program. He worked for Mergenthaler Linotype (1965-1981), and co-founded Bitstream Inc. with Mike Parker in 1981, adapting many fonts to digital technology. In January 1992, he founded Carter&Cone with Cherie Cone, and often collaborated with Font Bureau. In 1995, he won the Gold Prize at the annual Tokyo type Directors Club competition for Sophia. In 1997, he received the TDC Medal for significant contributions to the life, art, and craft of typography. In 2010, he received a MacArthur grant. He lives in Cambridge, MA.
John Berry on Carter's art (2002). Apostrophe comments on Berry's article. Interview. His fonts:
- The Microsoft screen fonts Verdana (1996: [image by Offeibea Adu-Darko]), Georgia (1996), Georgia Greek, Georgia Cyrillic, Nina and Tahoma. Georgia (in roman and italic only) is a screen version of Miller, Carter's Scotch design. Nina was designed to address the requirements on smaller screens such as phones, and was used in Windows Mobile smartphones before Microsoft switched to Segoe. The Greek and Cyrillic versions of Nina were developed by François Villebrod. Georgia Pro (2010, Ascender) was developed from Georgia with the help of Steve Matteson. For Verdana Pro (2010, Ascender), Carter was assisted by David Berlow and David Jonathan Ross.
- Apple's Skia (1993), a sans serif designed with David Berlow for Apple's QuickDraw GX technology, now called AAT. [Carter's Skia and Twombly's Lithos are genetically related.]
- Monticello (2003), based on Linotype's Monticello (1950), which in turn goes back to Binny&Ronaldson's Monticello from 1797, a face commissioned by Princeton University Press for the Papers of Thomas Jefferson. It is in the Scotch roman style.
- Miller (1997, Font Bureau), an extremely balanced family co-designed by Carter, Tobias Frere-Jones and Cyrus Highsmith. Carter explains: Miller is a Scotch Roman, a style that had its beginnings in the foundries of Alexander Wilson In Glasgow and William Miller in Edinburgh between about 1810 and 1820. It is considered that the punchcutter Richard Austin was responsible for the types of both Scottish foundries. Miller is a revival of the style, but is not based on any historical model. Now, there is also a 16-weight newspaper version, Miller Daily (2002), and an 8-weight Miller Headline (2002). This was followed by News Miller, a face designed for the Guardian. Note: Georgia (1996) is a screen version of Miller, and Monticello (2002) is a later modification. A comparison of these typefaces.
- Alisal (1995, +Bold).
- ITC Galliard (1978), a recreation of Robert Granjon's garalde letters. Note: Bringhurst recommends a Carter and Cone version of this font, called Galliard CC: it has old style figures and small caps. Further versions include Aldine 701 (Bitstream), Matthew (Softmaker), ITC Galliard Etext (2013, Carl Crossgrove, Linotype), and Gareth (Softmaker).
- The ITC Charter family (1987 for Bitstream and known as Bitstream Charter; licensed to ITC in 1993; see the Elsner&Flake version of ITC Charter). An upgraded commercial version was released by Bitstream in 2004 under the name Charter BT Pro.
- Vincent (1999), a font commissioned for use in Newsweek. It is named after Vincent Figgins, an English foundry owner and punch cutter who lived in the late 18th century.
- Walker (1994), designed for The Walker Art Center.
- Ionic Number One (1999, Carter&Cone).
- Mantinia (1993, Font Bureau), based on inscriptional forms, both painted and engraved, by the Italian renaissance artist Andrea Mantegna.
- Big Caslon (1994, Font Bureau), a display face based on the largest romans from William Caslon's foundry.
- Big Figgins (1992) and Big Figgins Open (1998, based on types shown in the specimens of Vincent Figgins of 1815 and 1817). Big Figgins was called Elephant and Elephant Italic in Microsoft's Truetype Fontpack 2.
- Sammy Roman (1996), loosely based on the 17th century romans of Jean Jannon. A beautiful face designed to accompany kanji and kana faces produced by Dynalab in Taiwan.
- Sophia (1993, Font Bureau), a mix with Greek, uncial and classical Roman influences.
- Shelley Script (1972), a family of formal scripts, split into Andante, Volante and Allegro. It is based on intricate English scripts of the 18th and 19th centuries attributed to George Shelley.
- Cochin (1977, at Linotype). MyFonts writes: In 1913 Georges Peignot produced a typeface based on Nicolas Cochin's eighteenth century engravings. In 1977, Matthew Carter expanded this historic form into a three part series.
- Bell Centennial (Bitstream, 1978), a legible family designed by Matthew Carter as a replacement of Bell Gothic at Mergenthaler. There is also a digital Linotype version.
- Cascade Script (1965-1966, Linotype, now also known as Freehand 471 BT in the Bitstream collection). Paratype's extension of Freehand 471 to Cyrillic is by Oleg Karpinsky (2011).
- New Century Schoolbook was designed from 1979-1981 in the New York Lettering office of Merganthaler Linotype based on Morris Fuller Benton's Century Schoolbook. It was the second face, after New Baskerville, that was digitized and expanded using Ikarus (digital technology). The Bitstream version [Century Schoolbook] is a virtually exact copy, only being moved from a 54 unit to a 2000 or so unit design.
- Auriol (Linotype), an art nouveau family (including Auriol Flowers 1 and 2 and Auriol Vignette Sylvie) based on the lettering of the painter and designer Georges Auriol. MyFonts explains: Auriol and Auriol Flowers were designed by Georges Auriol, born Jean Georges Huyot, in the early 20th century. Auriol was a French graphic artist whose work exemplified the art nouveau style of Paris in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In 1900, Georges Peignot asked Auriol to design fonts for Peignot&Sons. The resulting Auriol font was the basis for the lettering used by Hector Guimard for the entrance signs to the Paris Metro. It was re-released by Deberny&Peignot in 1979 with a new bold face, designed by Matthew Carter. These decorative fonts with a brush stroke look are well-suited to display settings. The Peignot drawing office insisted on a more normal appearance in the boldface, calling it Robur. Matthew Carter has returned to Auriol's original design for the whole series.
- Helvetica Greek (Linotype).
- Helvetica Compressed (Linotype, 1974, with Hans-Jörg Hunziker).
- Wilson Greek (1995), compatible with Miller Text, and based on a type cut by Alexander Wilson for the Glasgow Homer of 1756. See here.
- Olympian (1970, Linotype), designed for newspaper use. This is Dutch 811 in the Bitstream collection. The custom face Milne (Carter&Cone) done for the Philadelphia Inquirer is based on Olympian.
- Gando, a French "ronde" face based on the work of Nicholas Gando (mid 1700s), and designed for photo-typesetting at Mergenthaler by Carter and Hans-Jörg Hunziker in 1970. Very similar to Bitsteam's Typo Upright.
- Fenway (1998-1999, Carter&Cone), commissioned by Sports Illustrated to replace Times Roman.
- Snell Roundhand (1965-1966): a connected cursive script based on the 18th-century round hand scripts from English writing masters such as Charles Snell. Early in the digital era, Matthew published this in the Bitstream collection as Roundhand BT. A Cyrillic version by Isabella Chaeva and Vladimir Yefimov was released by ParaType in 2013.
- Auriga (1970). (Wallis dates this in 1965 at Linotype.)
- CRT Gothic (1974).
- Video (1977).
- V&A Titling (1981).
- Deface (in the FUSE 18 collection).
- Madrid (2001), done for the Spanish newspaper El País.
- Milne, done for the Philadelphia Inquirer (a revised version of Olympian). Not available.
- Durham, a sans serif family for US News&World Report.
- Century 725 (Bitstream, for the Boston Globe: after a design by Heinrich Hoffmeister).
- For Microsoft: Georgia, Verdana, Tahoma, Nina.
- New Baskerville. [Matthew Carter says that this is wrongly attributed to him. It was directed by John Quaranta.]
- Postoni [or Post-Bodoni], for the Washington Post, which is still using it. See here.
- Le Bé, a Hebrew face that was used in the Pennyroyal Caxton Bible.
- Rocky (2008, Font Bureau, with Richard Lipton), for the Herald in Scotland.
- Time Caledonia.
- Wiredbaum, for WIRED.
- Wrigley (for Sports Illustrated).
- Benton Bold Condensed (for Time Magazine).
- Foreman Light (for the Philadelphia Inquirer).
- Newsbaum (for the New York Daily News).
- Carter Latin: Matthew was commissioned in 2003 to create a new design to be cut in wood type by the Hamilton Wood Type&Printing Museum in Two Rivers, WI. He came up with an all-caps, chunky, Latin-serif design.
- Times Cheltenham (2003), which replaces in 2003 a series of headline faces including Latin Extra Condensed, News Gothic, and Bookman Antique.
- The Yale Typeface (2004), inspired by the late fifteenth-century Venetian typeface that first appeared in Pietro Bembo's De Aetna, published by Aldus Manutius. This extensive family is freely available to members of Yale University.
- DTL Flamande (2004, Dutch Type Library), based on a textura by Hendrik van den Keere.
- Meiryo (2004, Microsoft, with Eiichi Kono): this font is part of Microsoft's ClearType project, and includes full Latin and kanji glyph sets. Suntory corporate types (2003-2005), developed with the help of Akira Kobayashi and Linotype from Linotype originals: Suntory Syntax, Suntory Sabon, Suntory Gothic, Suntory Mincho.
- Rocky (2008, Font Bureau): A 40-style high contrast roman family that is difficult to classify (and a bit awkward). Developed with Richard Lipton.
- Carter Sans (2010, ITC), based on epigraphic letters used in inscriptions. Created for the identity of the Art Directors Club 2010 class of its Hall of Fame, one the laureates in the 2010 Hall of Fame. Codesigned by Dan Reynolds, this chiseled typeface is loosely based on Albertus.
- In 1997, he designed Postoni for the The Washington Post's headlines, a sturdy Bodoni.
- MS Sitka (2013). A typeface with six optical sizes that are chosen on the fly if an appropriate application is present. Developed at Microsoft with the help of John Hudson (Tiro Typeworks) and Kevin Larson (who carried out extensive legibility tests). German link. Typophile link.
- Van Lanen Wood Type (Hamilton Wood Type, 2002-2013). Carter started work on the wood type in 2002, but technical accuracy issues postponed the implementation. Digital versions were finally done in 2013 by P22's Hamilton Wood Type.
- Big Moore (2014, Font Bureau): A 1766 specimen by Isaac Moore, former manager of Joseph Fry's foundry in Bristol, England, shows many types inspired by John Baskerville. But a century later, standardization had foisted inept lining figures and shortened descenders upon these designs. Matthew Carter remedies the tragedy with Big Moore. Oldstyle figures, full-length descenders, and historic swashes are restored to this regal serif in two styles.
Speaker at ATypI 2013 in Amsterdam.
Linotype link. FontShop link. Favorite quote: Watching me work is like watching a refrigerator make ice. Another quote: A typeface is a beautiful collection of letters, not a collection of beautiful letters.
View Matthew Carter's typefaces. Matthew Carter's fonts. The typefaces made by Matthew Carter. See also here. Wikipedia page. [Google]
[Nonpareille (or: Chastellun.net)]
[Bosil Unique Fonts]
Miguel Angel Hernández Montoya
Creator at Open Font Library (OFL) of the free blackletter face Deutsche Altdruckschrift (2009) and the large free Textura family Textura Libera (2014). This font is based on Unicode Symbols, which in turn is due to George Doulos under a free software license. [Google]
Monotype blackletter faces
Old metal era blackletter faces at Monotype: Armin-Fraktur (1904), Helen-Fraktur (Robert Haas), Halbfett Kasseler Fraktur, Wittenberger Fraktur (or Mars-Fraktur) (1904), Würzburger Fraktur. Their digital blackletter faces include LucidaBlackLetter, ClementeRotunda, CresciRotunda, Gothique, OldEnglish, Old English Text, Rudolph, Wedding Text, Engravers Old English, Goudy Text.
View Monotype's blackletter typefaces. [Google]
Top-ranked Textura fonts at MyFonts. [Google]
During his studies at Vakalo College of Art & Design in Athens, Greece, Myrto Papadaki created a textura-style blackletter typeface called Ladrian (2013). [Google]
Graphic designer in Buenos Aires. His typefaces, dated 2009, include Tesca (a condensed-modern grotesque typeface. Three styles: Flaca, Normal&Gorda), and Arco (a fat face with some geometrical tweaks grabbing fresh and ideal for fashion editorial headlines). With Rodrigo Fuenzalida, he created the textura typeface Pirata+One (2012, Google Web Fonts).
He is working on Tesca Specimen.
MyFonts link. Behance link. Typedia link. [Google]
Nonpareille (or: Chastellun.net)
Matthieu Cortat was born in Délémont (Switzerland) in 1982. After a degree in graphic design in 2005, at the University of Art&Design Lausanne (Ecal), he obtained a Masters at the Atelier National de Recherche Typographie in Nancy (France). He now works in Lyon, France, where he set up Nonpareille. He lectures at the Printing Museum of Lyon, France
Designer of Bentham (transitional),Bonesana (2009, Gestalten, an elegant text family straight out of the 18th century), Brett (2004, a rounded pixel face), Chastelmail (a modification of ITC Officina), Goupil (2008, by Regis Tosetti), Ecstrat (2009, ornamental 18th century type in the style of Fournier or Rosart), Fairplay (transitional newspaper face), Glovis (2007, a monospaced typewriter typeface with ball terminals; with Régis Tosetti), Hans (a Koch-style blackletter), Liberté, Tartan, Monolith, and Stockmar (2007, Optimo: a 12-style baroque family inspired by by Johann Rudolf Genath II (1679-1740)).
At Nonpareille, he designed Stuart Pro and Stuart Standard in 2008. These almost Venetian low-contrast text type families come in 18 styles each, and have three optical choices for the ranges below 8pt, 8-12 pt and above 12pt.
Ainsifont carries Brett (a computer font), Ecstrat and Glovis.
Typefaces from 2013:
- Louize. This is a contemporary revival of the Augustaux designed by Louis Perrin between 1846 and 1855. It mixes roman square capitals with a set of transitional / old style / incised lower case.
- Chrysaora. An all caps art deco typeface family based on the engraved letters on the Palais de la Porte Dorée in Paris.
- Ebnor. A digital version of the Écriture Bâton Normalisée (standardized sans serif) presented by M. Brun in a self-published booklet of 1959. The shape of letters respects the standard E-04-105 of the French Association for Standardization (AFNOR) which sets norms for industry, engineering and architecture. All letters are monolined and warmly rounded.
- Svafa. This is a rune simulation typeface that revives lettering designed by Eugène Grasset in 1893, on a poster for Richard Wagner's opera, Valkyrie.
- Petit Serif: Petit Serif is a caps face with copperplate endings, described as an interpretation (with Latin, Greek and Cyrillic versions) based on the lettering done at 55 Broadway, S.W.1, London, by Percy J. Delf Smith. It is a sans serif presenting the classic proportions of the Roman Square Capitals, yet it does show tiny serifs due to the use of a brush.
- Mecano Sans and Mecano Serif. A revival of a condensed geometric Nebiolo family.
- Henry. They write: Henry is a personal reinterpretation of the Garamond cut for the Deberny & Peignot type foundry between 1914 and 1926 by Henri Parmentier, under the management of Georges Peignot, who owned the foundry. Their purpose was to recreate the gracefulness of Claude Garamont's type face while allowing for the development of modern paper making, with its wood pulp paper, as opposed to 16th century rag paper. This elegant and smooth text family has its own mind: Henry is based on the text sizes (9 to 14) of the Garamond Peignot. It is a light and fluid Garald, rather skinny and narrow, with a slender grace. There is an art nouveau spirit in its z leaning on the left, its serpentine a and J, the roundish lower bowl of its t, the wide tail of its Q.
- Hans. A dark textura blackletter.
- Battling. This is quite an interesting sans family, in the geometric style of 1930s Europe. The original rough model was a typeface family called Universelles by the Dutreix foundry in Limoges, first produced in the 1930s. The heavier weights are characterized by small cactus spurs.
- Anacharsis. An experimental geometric sans family.
- Basetica Pro (2013). Even though only offered in two styles, the announcement says that Basetica aims to be the Helvetica for 2013.
View Matthieu Cortat's typefaces. View Nonpareille's font library. [Google]
Oldrich Menhart: Classification of blackletter types
Oldrich Menhart compares and classifies various blackletter typefaces in his book Nauka o Pismu (1954). He also compares Quadrata and Rustica in the uncial genre. [Google]
Paul Shaw's choice of 100 best typefaces of all times:
- 1-10: Gutenberg's B-42 type, Nicolas Jenson's roman, Francesco Griffo's italic, Claude Garamond's roman, Firmin Didot's roman, Akzidenz Grotesk, Gebetbuch type, Cheltenham family, Helvetica, Aldus Manutius' roman.
- 11-20: William Caslon IV's sans serif, William Caslon's roman, Pierre-Simon Fournier's italic, Futura, Times Roman, Chicago, Bell, Ludovico Arrighi da Vicenza's italic, Univers, Romain du Roi.
- 21-30: Johann Michael Fleischmann's roman, Clarendon, ATF Garamond, Giambattista Bodoni's roman, Century Roman, Nicolas Kis' roman, Minion multiple master, Unger Fraktur, John Baskerville's roman, Lucida.
- 31-40: Ionic, Golden Type, Robert Thorne's fat face roman, Wolfgang Hopyl's textura, Vincent Figgins' antique roman (Egyptian), Johnston's Railway Sans, Optima, Bauer Bodoni, Adobe Garamond, Breitkopf Fraktur.
- 41-50: Bell Gothic, Courier, Trajan, Mistral, Doves Type, Scotch Roman, Syntax, Snell Roundhand, Memphis, Robert Granjon's civilité.
- 51-60: Fette Fraktur, Ehrhard Ratdolt's rotunda, Romanee, ITC Stone family, Trinité, ITC Garamond, Avant-Garde Gothic, Oakland, Deutschschrift, Hammer Uncial.
- 61-70: Beowolf, Meta, OCR-A, Sabon, ITC Novarese, Zapf Chancery, Rotis, Base Nine and Base Twelve, Peter Jessenschrift, Excelsior Script.
- 71-80: Bitstream Charter, Peignot, Erbar, Cancellaresca Bastarda, Joanna, Dead History, Behrensschrift, Eckmannschrift, Poetica, Marconi.
- 81-90: PMN Caecilia, Stadia, Imprint, Souvenir, Thesis, Apollo, Penumbra, Melior, Neuland, Flora.
- 91-100: Element, Walker, Remedy, Template Gothic, Digi-Grotesk Series S, Compacta, Antique Olive, Bodoni 26, Evans and Epps Alphabet, WTC Our Bodoni.
[Die Entwicklung unserer Schrift]
Peter R. Wilson
FontStructor who admits being influenced by Rudolf Koch and his disciple, Manfred Klein. Creator of Island (2009), The Fall (2009), and Textura Prescisus (2009, blackletter). [Google]
[CAT Design Wolgast]
Lazar Dimitrijevic, who set up the foundry Posterizer KG, was born in 1981 in Bajina Basta, Serbia, and lives in Kragujevac, Serbia. He obtained a Master of Graphic Design from the Department of Graphic Design, FILUM Kragujevac, Serbia. Presently, he is art director at Design Studio BOX.
His first font, Art Decor (2009), is a brush face in the style of Treefrog. Koma Latin (2009) is a roughly outlined script face. Bajka (2010) is a Baskerville family (Latin, Cyrillic, dingbats, ornamental caps) made for children's fairy tale books. Scarface (2010) is a sublime scratchy hand ideal for torture movies. Kaligraf Latin (2010) is a rough-edged calligraphic face.
In 2012, he published Collage BB (hand-drawn didone), the heavy Egyptian typeface Posterizer KG at DizajnDesign. This font was created for Celebration of 5 years anniversary of Design Studio Box from the city of Kragujevac (KG), the industrial city of Serbia. Posterizer KG (+Rounded) contains all the Latin and Cyrillic glyphs. Posterizer KG Inline and Posterizer KG Rough (a letterpress emulation version) were added in 2013.
Still in 2012, he designed the ink splatter typeface Oops, and the calligraphic typefaces Cal Humanistic Cursive (a renaming of Cal Humanist Corsiva, posibly under pressure from Monotype), Cal Humanist Minuscule and Cal Humanist Corsiva.
He also creates stunning calligraphic works.
Cal Roman Capitals (2012) is a Trajan typeface. In the same calligraphic series, we find Cal Rustic Capitals (2012), Cal Square Capitals (2012), and Cal Uncial (2012).
Typefaces from 2013: Posterizer KG Sketch, Cal Expressive, Cal Bakerly (calligraphic script in the style of Arthur Baker), Cal Cursive Roman, Cal Rustic Black, Cal Neuland Bold (after the German expressionist typeface Neuland by Rudolf Koch), Cal Gothic Bastard, Cal Gothic Fraktur, Cal Fraktur Modern, Cal Rotunda, Cal Gothic Textura, Cal Carolingian Minuscule, Cal Carolingian Gothic, Cal Insular Minuscule, Cal Insular Majuscule, Cal Beneventan Minuscule.
Behance link. Klingspor link. Dafont link. [Google]
Fraktur site run by Petra Heidorn and Dieter Steffmann (in German). Books on Fraktur. Tons of history. The fonts:
- Fontsmith et.al.: Crusades Alternate
- Petra Heidorn: Semper Idem (2001)
- James Fordyce: Deutsch Gothic
- Richard Gast: LeeBee Schwarz, Swedie Cruel
- Iconian Fonts: Uberhölme
- Manfred Klein: Broken Brains, Frax Initials, MKaslon Textura, Civilité Edges, Very Broken Frax, Fraxx Sketch Quill (2001, inspired by the work of Imre Reiner), Cowboy Caxton (2001), TShirts for Frax.
- Graham Meade: Heidorn Hill, Labrit
- Darren Rigby: Bayern
- Mickey Rossi: Bongo Fraktur
- Dieter Steffmann: Lautenbach
- Tepid Monkey: Benegraphic
- Derek Vogelpohl: Gothican, Iron Gothic, Ironsides
- Matthew Welch: Fraktur Modern
- Sara: Hilda Sonnenschein (2001)
Oberlin, OH-based foundry of Shane Brandes (b. Lakefield, MN, 1974), who made the historic semi-blackletter revival Augsburger2009 (2009), which was inspired by one of Ernhardt Ratdolt's (1442-1528) many beautiful typefaces. Ratdolt was a printer from Augsburg, hence the name. River Liffey (2009) is based on a typeface used by James Williams an Irish printer active in Dublin during the late 18th century. Rising Sun (2009, blackletter) was inspired by Gering and Remboldt's work during the late 1490s in Paris.
Charlemagne (2010) is an imaginary medieval script. Fleurious (2010) are ornaments. Sweynheym Pannartz (2010) is modeled after an example Conrad Sweynheym and Arnold Pannartz used in their early printing venture in Subiaco, Italy which began around 1465. Ballard (2010) was inspired by a font used by Henrie Ballard, who operated on Fleet Street at the Signe of the Bear in London from ca. 1597-1608. White Now (2010) is a music note font. Enn'agrammaton (2010) is a cryptographic font. Pluton (2010) is a fixed width font with over 1400 glyphs. Old Venexia (2010) simulates an irregular medieval type. Black Tie (2010) is a simple monoline sans family. Azabercna (2010) is based on gothic principles. Alchimistes (2010) is a medieval symbol face, while Florati (2010) provides a set of ornamental caps. Wappenstein (2010) is an angular stone-carved face: The font Wappenstein was inspired by the carving on a memorial stone located in Paderborn, Germany. The stone was a Epitaph of the Brenkener family, and the carver is known as the Meister des Brenkener Familienepitaphs. The carving, dating to 1562, currently is curated by the Erzbischöfliches Diözesanmuseum in the city of Paderborn and was originally in the Brenkener Pfarr Kirche. Boston 1851 (2010) is based on a stereotype used by Wier and White, Printers of Boston, that was created by the New England Stereoype Foundry under the auspices of Hobart and Robbins, also of Boston. Cruxially (2010) is a 500-glyph dingbat font with crosses.
Gaspardo (2011) is an art deco display face. Anguillette (2011) is a quaint grungy face. Ernst (2011) is a very simple but large hand-printed face. The blackletter face Schoeffer (2011) is based on Typ.7:146/148G also known as Gesellschaft für Typenkunde plate no. 258, by Peter the Younger (son of Peter Schoeffer), cut ca. 1509-1520. Printers in Marks is a printer mark dingbat face created in 2011. Cat E Poultry (2011) is a scanbat face of cats. Lucas Brandis (2011) is based on section headings used by printer Lucas Brandis,the first printer to operate in the city of Lübeck around 1473.
Creations in 2012: Vine Street, Nicolaus Kesler (a blackletter type based on one of the typefaces of Basel-based Nicolaus Kessler, 15th century), Modality Antiqua (straight-edged and mechanical), Martin Crantz (2012: Martin Crantz (or sometimes Krantz) of the three, including Ulrich Gering and Michael Friburger, that set up a press at the Sorbonne in 1470 was likely the fellow who had the technical know how how to cast the type itself, hence the name of this new face that is based on his work.). Modality Antiqua and Modality Novus are explorations of the octagonal principle. Zainer is a rough-edges renaissance era typeface named after Augsburg-based printer Günther Zainer who was active from 1468-1478. Swine And Roses is based on a Free Mason script. Ammurapi is a Ugaritic script face.
Typefaces from 2013: Michael Wenssler (an incunabula / blackletter typeface based on Michael wenssler typeface from 1482), Andreae (a Fraktur based on a 16th century font by Hieronymus Andreae, who first worked as woodblock cutter and then became a publisher in the city of Nuremberg until his death in 1565), Dropsomaniacal (Lombardic), Therhoernen (grungy medieval script after a Cologne-based printer Arnold Therhoernen, active from 1470-1483), Rusch (a 1000-glyph revival of a late 15th century antiqua by Adolf Rusch von Ingweiler, who was active in Strasbourg from 1460-1489), Gutknecht (a Schwabacher based on a font used by Jobst Gutknecht, a printer in Nuremburg from 1514-1542). The rough blackletter typeface Kachelofen and Konrad Kachelofen are named after Konrad Kachelhofen, a printer in Leipzig active from 1482 until 1529. Albrecht Pfister (2013) is a textura face based on Biblia Paperum, which was printed by Pfister in Bamberg, ca. 1460. Amerbach 883 (2013) is a rotunda typeface based on a typeface by Basel-based printer and typefounder Johann von Amerbach, who was active from 1477 until 1513.
Typefaces from 2014: Lion of Antwerp (an incunabula typeface: Gerard Leeu met his untimely end in a work-related altercation in 1492. He was a notable printer in both the cities of Gouda and Antwerp. This font face is based on the "Die gesten of gheschienisse van romen" typeface, ca. 1481.)
Creative Market link. Klingspor link. [Google]
Vancouver, Canada-based graphic design student, who created Archura (2004, a blackletter face: the name stands for Arched Textura). [Google]
Graphic and type designer in Caracas, Venezuela, b. 1981, who moved to Buenos Aires. While mainly a type designer, he also practices calligraphy. He created these faces:
- The art deco faces Erre.
- The experimental faces Tructura, Tangram, Sicodelica (multiline), SuperC (2009, tall condensed) and Pixid (2010, pixel face).
- Concrete Stencil (2010). Stencil meets calligraphic script.
- Fux (2010). A rounded monoline sans.
- Aushaus: letters like music notes. This is also called Aubhaus.
- Gerd (2009). An artsy stylish piano key font that used to be free.
- LINE_A and K5 (multiline).
- Cubo (aka Khubo, 2009, Die Gestalten). This 3d geometric family was a grand prize winner in the experimental typeface category at Tipos Latinos 2010.
- Factur (2011) is an angular typeface.
- Isosibilia. A 3d face. This typeface won an award winner in the experimental typeface category at Tipos Latinos 2010.
- The connected upright script face Nedo.
- The grunge face Belt.
- The stencil Bodoni faces Giambo Stencil (2009, Die Gestalten) and Giambattista.
- Titan (2011). A fat rounded poster face, downloadable from Google Web Fonts.
- Fux (2010). A basic monoline sans family.
- Poetsen One (2012) is a rounded signage sans face codesigned with Pablo Impallari.
- With Nicola Massi, he created the textura typeface Pirata+One (2012, Google Web Fonts).
- Hermeneus One (2013) is a slab serif.
- Tweegi (2013) is an elegant super-condensed serif typeface family.
Klingspor link. Abstract Fonts link. Behance link. Kernest link. YWFT link. MyFonts link. Dafont link. [Google]
Graphic designer in Barcelona, who created the angular text typeface Botanica (2014), and the blackletter-inspired Textura Nova (2014, for the modern monk). Behance link. [Google]
Horst Enzensberger's pages on German ways of writing, and type forms. He deals briefly with these type forms: Antiqua; Bastarda; Beneventana; Buchschrift; Capitalis; Fraktur; gotische Minuskel; Halbkursive; Halbunziale; Kalligraphie; Kanzleischrift; karolingische Minuskel; Kurrentschrift; Kursive; Lateinschrift; Ligatur; Nationalschriften; Rotunda; Textura; Unziale; Urkundenschrift. [Google]
Scriptorium (Ragnarok Press, Fontcraft)
[David Fleming Nalle]
Dave Nalle was born in Beirut in 1959, but lives and works in Texas. He is currently in Manor, TX. From his wiki page: Dave Nalle is a political writer, game author and font designer who was active in the early history of the development of the internet. He is Chairman of the Republican Liberty Caucus, a group that promotes libertarianism within the Republican Party and is Senior Politics Editor at Blogcritics online magazine and is the CEO of Scriptorium Fonts. A creative and prolific designer, he has made hundreds of beautiful (often historic) fonts. His outfit, Scriptorium (based near Austin, TX, est. 1989), also does custom font and logo design. At some points, Scriptorium was also known as Ragnarok Press and Fontcraft. It specializes in artsy and ancient faces. Some subset of the fonts is made by Michael Scarpitti. Free font demos.
Images of his best selling fonts. Special subpages:
Some selected fonts: Finchley (psychedelic), Captain Kidd (2012, an original font design based on the title lettering from the classic pirate movie starring Charles Laughton), Aerobrush (2011), Fondry Ornament (2009), Atkinson Egyptian (2008, after the lettering of Frank Atkinson), Verne (2008), Goldwork (almost blackletter), BigBlok (2010), LetterpressGothic (2010), Plymouth (2010, in the style of Cooper Bold), Broadley (2008, an architecturally inspired script based on lettering by British architect and designer C.F.A. Voysey), Locksley (2004, medieval lettering), Tuscarora (curly lettering), Fiorenza (Renaissance calligraphy), Hesperides (old colonial calligraphic script), Angelus (beautifully printed monospaced script), Esperanza (1996, connected medieval handwriting), Ithuriel (2002), Alleghieri (2002), Hamilton (2002), Spiral Initials, Zothique (great font, based on hand lettering from a map of Clark Ashton Smith's fantasy world of Zothique), Reynard (semi-Celtic), Daresiel (elegant script), Caliph (1992, Arabic simulation), Bassackwards, Rosalinde (1999, handwriting), Arakne (2000, connected handwriting), Falconis (by Michael Scarpitti), Asrafel (semi-Celtic), Swithin (2004), Tyrfing (Art Nouveau/Fraktur, 1999), Waldeck (2008, blackletter), Woburn Initials, Stampwork, Draughtwork, Roughwork (a codex font derived from Nalle's own True Golden which is based on a=n earlier typeface by arts and crafts master William Morris), Melusine (gothic calligraphy), Corbei (uncial), Niederwald (hand lettering), Gjallarhorn (great uncial), Gaiseric (early medieval uncial), Taranis (1987, an uncial first drawn as a font for the cover of the old Ysgarth roleplaying system), De Bellis (roman era, by Michael Scarpitti), Engravers Gothic, Monimental Initials, Sanhedrin (Enemy of the State font), Vespasiano (roman capitals, by Michael Scarpitti), Bilitis, Hendrix (2002), Collins OE (old English), Samedi, Praitor, Evadare (1993, based on a character set which was hand calligraphed by Rudolf Koch), Koch Fantasie (1993), Black Cow (1998). Zothique, Ruritania, Mariner (2004, based on hand lettering originally done by Willy Pogany), Trinculo (a swinging cursive font), Texas Star (2002), Octavian (antique demi-serif font), Ruffian (antique type font), Ascelon (thin sans serif font), Munich (title lettering from Munchner Jugend magazine), Necromantic (bizarre bold titling font), Titania (romantic decorative lettering font), Oberon (bold romantic font), Knotwork, Guede (1993), Pullman, Purcell (Victorian circus poster style font), Allegheny, Carmilla, Malagua (1999-2013), Ardenwood, Platthand, Buccaneer, Cochin Archaic (2010), Boswell (1994), Guilford (based on lettering by artist and calligrapher Eric Sloane), Death Ray (2012, constructivist), Alecto (futuristic), Candlemas (2003), Bridgeport (2003, based on lettering by artist and calligrapher Eric Sloane), Medieval Tiles (2003), Linthicum (2003), Draughtwork (2003), Yngling (Fraktur, 2003), Rheingold (elaborate Fraktur: Music Hall Text elsewhere; see also Teuton Text, Cincinnati Type Foundry, 1877), Kidd (2003), Belgravia (2004), Peck Shields (2004), Albrecht Durer Gothic (2004), Orpheus (2004), InduXtrial (2004, a grunge face), Yoshitoshi (2003), Veronique (2004), Veneto (2006), Vidilex (1993, monospaced), Abelarde (2006), John Speed (1993), Furbelow (2006), Estoril (2006), Tangle, Aventine (sans), Texas Star (2002), Groningen (Bauhaus design), Nevins Hand, Scrapple (2011, Victorian, ornamental), Leodegar (2011, based on samples of 7th century Frankish hand lettering), Candlemass (2012).
- Three free fonts: Onuava (a mini-serifed hybrid fixed-width font), Divona (sans), Sirona (based on Lombardic calligraphy).
- Lombardic: Aneirin, Benevento (8th century Lombardic), Cymbeline, Fabliaux, Formidable, Locksley.
- Decorative initials such as the 20th century sign lettering initials set Pencraft Initials (2009), Holly Initials (2010, based on Real PenWork (1880s, Knowles and Maxim), Vyones (2010), Vergennes (2001), Cascade (2009), Bergling (2010; based on initials by John M. Bergling).
- Wild West fonts: Academy, Alcalde, Atkinson Boomtown (2009, after the lettering of Frank Atkinson), Atkinson Eccentric (2009), BigIron, Cibola, Del Norte, Lachesis, Perdido, Plowright, Primer, Riudoso, Niederwald, San Lorenzo (2011, with a Mexican and Tuscan look), Stonehouse, Manquo, Rochambeau, Purcell, Vaquero.
- Arabic simulation fonts: Samaritan is based on the poster lettering of Alphons Mucha from his poster for the play La Samaritan. Serendib and Waziri are based on the hand lettering of René Bull from his edition of the Arabian Nights. Caliph (1993) is derived from Ernst Schneidler's classic Legende font, with variant characters based on his original lettering. Also: Samarkand, Satampra, Jerash, Samarkand, Isfahan.
- Celtic fonts: the fonts include Constance, Durrow (1993, traditional rendering of Insular Minuscule calligraphy), Malvern, Glendower (based on the most common lettering in the Book of Kells), Knotwork (caps based on Celtic knots), Alba Text (modernized text font based on Celtic uncial lettering), Lindisfarne (based on a square uncial style), Stonecross (1997, derived from Celtic cross and gravestone inscriptions), Celtic Spirals (dingbats), Celtic Borders font (lets you combine key strokes to form decorative borders; many frames and borders are original Celtic designs by Arts&Crafts period artists like Evelyn Paul and Louis Rhead), Spiral Initials, Brigida (based on Rudolph Koch's interpretation of a squared uncial), Macteris Uncial, Coverack (heavy non-traditional uncial), Dahaut (modernized uncial), Dunsany, Glendower, Morgow (1999, spiral uncial), Teyrnon (elaborate spurred uncial), Padstow (heavy uncial), Vafthrudnir (2011, uncial), Sualtim and Columba (decorative initials based on characters found in the Book of Kells), Albemarle (2001).
- Oriental simulation fonts: Yoshitoshi (2003, based on the 1900-style writing by Yoshi Toshi.
- Gothic fonts, including Alt Gothic, Koch Gothic, Barnabas (2011), Montgisard (2010, roman capitals with blackletter lower case), Montressor (2010, ornamental blackletter capitals), T4C Beaulieux (1998, a free copy here), Bastarda (2011), Burgundian, Cadeaulx, Collins Old English, Courtrai, Descant, Ereshkigal, Faustus, Franconian (1993, a Schwabacher), Froissart (2000), Ghost Gothic, Katisha, Koch Gothic, Ligeia, Magdeburg, Magdelena, Melusine, Monressor (2010, blackletter caps), Pyle Gothic, Rheingold, Sanctum, Stuttgart Gothic (2010), Textura, Theodoric, Yngling (2002).
- German expressionist: Dromon.
- Renaissance fonts: Monumental Gothic, Caswallon (a Caslon family), humanistic cursive (Palmieri, Castiglione and Hanes Italic), quirky Italian cursives (Fiorenza and Alleghieri), a Roman style hand-lettered font (Rudolfo and Rudolfo Swash), a Trajan-style Roman lettering (Hadrianus), a classic flourished cursive (Trinculo) and a set of floral intials from the Quattrocento (Fraticelli).
- Modern poster fonts: Ascelon, Bilitis, Cosmic Dude, Dromon, Ducatus Rough, Eglantine, Ekberg, Fortinbras, Hamilton, Jambon, Oblivion, Posada (2008, based on the poster lettering of Mexican artist José Guadalupe Posada), Squiffy, Suspicion, Magnin (2003).
- Mapmaker fonts: building elements are available in Basilica; Ortelius is a map dingbat font; Queensland (based on lettering by artist and calligrapher Eric Sloane), is bold, hand-drawn and reminiscent of medieval writing on maps. There are also Brandywine, Daresiel, Hesperides, Longhorne, Windlass (1996), and Cityscape. Orford (2008) is based on samples of hand lettering from a 1693 manuscript collected by Lewis Day in his classic book on historical paleography, Alphabets Old and New.
- Calligraphic fonts: Albemarle (2001), Azariel, Moncrief (2011, based on the calligraphy of J.M. Bergling), Pavane, Rasael (2009), Abdiel (2005), Roncesvalles, Gazardiel (2003, connected script), Spoonbill (2003, arts and crafts), Macteris (Roman uncial font), Antioch Uncial (Roman uncial font), Burgundian (Classic black letter font), Franconian (993, a classic black letter font), Castiglione (Attractive Renaissance lettering), Cicero (Roman Rustica font), Formidable (1993, very bold late medieval / Lombardic style), Collins Old English (Classic Old English style gothic), Corbei Uncial (Roman uncial font), Cymbeline (late medieval lettering), Durrow (Standard insular minuscule uncial font), Theodoric (Classic black letter font), Gazardiel, Ghost Gothic (Unusual gothic font), Glendower (Uncial font based on Book of Kells), Gloriana (Interesting hand lettering style), Folkard (from the hand-lettering of Charles Folkard), Offenbach Chancery, Ranegund Merovingian Courthand, Benevento (8th century Lombardic), Hesperides.
- Art deco faces: Lyceum (2014), Borealis (2009), Criterion (2011), Illuminata, Madding (2009, a bold poster font that grew out of Aventine), Alexandrine (2009), art Deco Stencil (2009, based on samples of Art Deco stencil lettering by Pedro Lemos), Falmouth.
- Art nouveau faces: Acadian, Agravain (2009), Amphitryon (2009), Ariosto, Asphodel, Averoigne, Beaumains (2011, based on J.M. Bergling's lettering), Beauvoir, Belgravia (based on J.M. Bergling), Bernhardt (based upon the lettering of the Czech art-nouveau artist Alphonse Mucha), Bentham, Berenicia, Boetia (2003, based on J.M. Bergling's lettering), Bruges, Bucephalus (1993), Burd Ellen (2009), Butterfield, Curetana, Damariscotta, Elsene (2011, based on lettering by early 20th century illustrator Clara Elsene Peck), Elysian, Exotique, Flaubert, Gaheris, Ganelon, Gehenna, Goodfellow, Harbinger, Jugendstil Kunsthand (2003), Lysander, Maginot, Munich (after the Munchner Jugend magazine), Norumbega, Odeon, Ormandine (2010), Pantagruel, Phaeton, Reggio, Rochmbeau, Rockne (2009), Rudolfo, Setebos, Sprite, Summerisle, Sylphide (2005), Undine, Valentin (2008), Vambrace (2010), Walhal.
- Modern poster fonts: Field Day (2003), Ascelon, Bilitis, Cosmic Dude, Dromon, Ducatus Rough, Eglantine, Ekberg, Fortinbras, Hamilton, Jambon, Oblivion, Squiffy.
- Constructivist fonts: Krasny Mir (2009), Vrubel, Structura (1997).
- Futuristic fonts: Alecto, Angelus, Circuit, Culdrose, Gearhead, Ironclaw, Parika, Sanhedrin, Semiramis (1997), Slither, Structuro, Yazata, Adastra (dings).
- Borders and ornaments. These include New Arets and Crafts Borders (20912, based on The Calendar of Golden Thoughts (Barse and Hopkins Publ, 1911).
- Boneyard fonts: Antrobus (2010), Sepultura (2002), Halloweenies, Dementia, Boneyard, Skull and Bones, Malagua (1999-2013), Paleos (2002, from titling of B movies in the cave girl genre), Carmilla, Abaddon, Black Cow (1998), Valdemar, Cuede, Ligeia, Mayhem, Mephisto, Golgotha, Sanguinary, Ironworks, Moravia, Gehenna, Nosegrind (2005, graffiti), Corpus, Ghostly.
- School fonts: Schoolhand (2010).
- Arts and Crafts movement (late Victorian period, 19th century), based on work and lettering by Walter Crane, William Morris, Charles Rennie Mackintosh and Elbert Hubbard. The Arts&Crafts movement was enormously influential on the works of designers, artists and architects of the 20th century, and inspired the Art Nouveau and Art Deco movements. Fonts include William Morris' Kelmscott (based on Morris' Troy type), and True Golden, fonts from the Glasgow branch of the movement like Chelsea Studio (1997), which is based on Charles Rennie Mackintosh's lettering, fonts from the Roycrofters of New York like Semiramis and Ganelon, fonts based on Walter Crane's work such as Crane Gothic, Pencraft Initials (2009) and Walter Crane, and even fonts from the California Arts&Crafts period of the early 1900s like Coloma. Other typefaces: Jesse M. King, Aylward, Palmyra (based on work by the Roycrofters, a design community founded by Elbert Hubbard), Aylward (2010, Victorian), Hyacinth Initials, Spoonbill, Adresack (1996), Brandywine, Changeling (2009, based on lettering by fairy artist Fanny Railton), Goddard, and Advertising Gothic (2003), Valentin, Gaheris, Agravain (2009). Delaguerra (2001-2009) is based on a lettering style originating in the California Arts&Crafts period commonly associated with Mission Style. It is still in common usage in signage at historical sites in California.
- Victorian: Beaumarchais, Berenicia, Bilibin, Brandywine, Brigidis, Curetana, Durendal, Elphinstone, Flaubert, Folkard, Gjallarhorn, Gloriana, Hermia, Ironclaw, Magnus.
- Typewriter: Fontcraft Courier.
- Anthroposophic: Ekberg (2002, based on a sample of poster lettering by Samuel Welo).
- Medieval fonts of Scriptorium, critiqued by Marc Smith, page 65: Batwynge is based on lettre gffe by Geofroy Tory (1529), and not on an illuminated manuscript of the tenth century as claimed by Scriptorium.
Fonts from 2013: Doge (a Venetian font based on a J.M. Bergling revival), Original Django (after the titling font in Quentin Tarantino's movie Django Unchained).
Fots from 2014: Edifice (based on lettering by J.M. Bergling).
Klingspor link. Abstract Fonts link. Dafont link.
View David Nalle's typefaces. [Google]
Séamas Ó Brógáin
Irish type specialist. He has a page on type measurements, with a proposal for reform. Creator of the (free) traditional minuscule (angular) Celtic font Gadelica (2007). In 2010, he added Germanica (2010), a textura quadrata face based on a model by Fust and Schöffer (ca. 1457). [Google]
The Associazione Culturale Calligrafia e Lettering in Torino, Italy, organizes workshops and courses on a variety of topics, some of which are related to calligraphy and the history of type. For example, from 14-15 March 2009, there was a course on Gothic Textura. [Google]
A gothic letterform that first appeared at the end of the XIIth century. More or less like a heavy form of blackletter, it endured until the XVIth century. Example of German Textura from 1494. Nicolaus Everardi de Middelburgo's example of Rotunda and French Textura (1516). The original form of Textura is called Textura Quadrata. Also called Gothic or Gotisch, Textura spread around Europe from ca. 1140 together with Gothic art and architecture. Textura Quadrata has diamond-shaped heads and feet, whereas Textura Prescisus is castrated (no feet). Around 1400, nearly all books in Europe were in Textura handwriting, and so, Gutenberg's first movable type was also based on this form. But soon afterwards, it was replaced by Schwabacher and Antiqua. Wynken de Worde brought a Textura font of type to England in 1480. Old English types of the 19th Century are sometimes based on typefaces that developed out of his contribution. Textura (gotisch) examples of digital types:
- From Bitstream: Cloister Black, Engravers Old English, Wedding Text.
- From Castle Type: CloisterBlack, GoudyTextOldStyle.
- From Ingrimayne: BeneScriptine.
- From ITC: ITC Agincourt, ITC Old English.
- From Lanston: GoudyText.
- From Omine: GoticaLumina.
- From Parkinson: Amador, Cabazon.
- From Preusstype: SinkwitzGotisch.
- From Aerotype: Octoberfest.
- From Mecanorma: Gothique.
- From Linotype: FetteGotisch, TexturGotisch.
- From URW++: FetteGotisch, OldEnglish.
- From Adobe: GoudyText, LinoText, NotreDame, WilhelmKlingsporGotisch.
Toulouse, France-based freelance designer, who created Izy (2014), Autumn (2014, a textura face) and Gerhard (2014, a take on Bernhard Gothic, 1930). Behance link. [Google]
French freelance graphic and type designer who started his own commercial typefoundry in 2014. Thierry studied in Nantes and studied Typography & Language at ESAD in Amiens, France, in 2013. His typefaces:
- Andersen. His graduation project from Nantes.
- Batutah (2013). A Latin / Arabic bicephalic typeface family for his graduation project at ESAD. "Batutah" refers to the Arab pilgrim Ibn Batutah who traveled from Spain to China in the thirteenth century. This Latin / Arabic typeface is intended primarily for magazines.
- Futago (2013). A fashion mag hiragana and katakana didone. Thierry: Futago is a Japanese typeface of 141 glyphs intended to go with Latin typefaces from Didot family. Its name, which means twin, expresses clearly its objective: to be used in bilingual texts in order to create a graphic unity. This typeface has been selected by the website Typography Served in 2013.
- Wilson (2013). A visit by Laura Mesaguer led Thierry to the development of a 3-style Tuscan stencil typeface called Wilson (2013).
- Dark Times (2013). An extra-light revival of a gothic textura.
- Lewis (2014). A Tuscan stencil typeface.
Behance link. [Google]
[Dieter Steffmann's blackletter typefaces]
FontStructor who made the blackletter face Sutela (2010) which was modeled after the Textura used in Gutenberg's bible. [Google]
Typedia: Typeface classification
The classification from the Typedia community:
- Fraktur: A German form of Blackletter with broken strokes. Classic example: Fraktur.
- Old English: The English blackletter style. Classic example: Cloister Black.
- Rotunda: A Blackletter style featuring wider lowercase with more rounded strokes.
- Schwabacher: A German form of Blackletter with simplified, rounded strokes.
- Textura: A Blackletter style featuring tall, narrow lowercase made mostly of straight strokes.
- Chancery: A script style of calligraphy made with a broad-point pen with slightly sloping, narrow letters that are the basis for italics in serif faces. Capitals may or may not have flourishes. Originated during the Renaissance. Classic example: Zapf Chancery.
- Etruscan: An early Roman form of calligraphy drawn with a flat brush held at a steep angle. Caps only, as lowercase had not been invented yet. Classic example: Adobe Pompeii.
- Uncial: A Celtic style of calligraphic script with forms created by a broad-nibbed pen at an almost horizontal angle, but sometimes more tilted in later variants. Roman lowercase is derived from Uncial forms. There is only one case in pure Uncial designs. Used during the middle ages. Classic example: American Uncial.
- Inscriptional---Roman Inscriptional: Stone-cut serif style from the late Roman Empire. The basis of modern roman capitals. Classic example: Trajan.
- Ornamented, Novelty
- Art Deco: A geometric display typeface style popular in the 1920s and 1930s. Classic example: Broadway.
- Art Nouveau: Display typefaces with a flowing, organic style popular in the early 20th Century. Classic example: Arnold Bocklin.
- Comic Strip Lettering: A style meant to look like the hand-drawn letters associated with comics or cartoons. This style is usually san serif, often having a loose, informal structure and is sometimes based on brush lettering. Classic example: Balloon.
- Dot Matrix: A style whose characters are composed of a pattern of dots used mainly for low-resolution impact printers, or to simulate the look of the output of such printers. Classic example: FF Dot Matrix.
- Futuristic: A style meant to suggest a futuristic theme. Often cold, brutal and geometric with a machine aesthetic and simplified construction. Classic example: Stop.
- Machine Readable: A style designed to be read by machine. These fonts are usually san serif and often feature unusual character shapes to make them more distinguishable from one another. Classic example: OCR-B.
- Pixel: A style whose characters are composed of pixels (usually represented as squares) used mainly for low-resolution computer display. Outline fonts are sometimes made to look like Pixel Fonts. Classic example: Silkscreen.
- Pseudo Foreign Script: A style intended to mimic non-Western letters. For example, a font that looks like Chinese, but is actually composed of Latin characters. Faux Chinese/Arabic/Hebrew. Classic example: Bruce Makita.
- Victorian: A whimsical, eclectic display style popular in the late 19th Century. Classic example: Skjald.
- Sans Serif
- Gothic: A sans serif style with moderate stroke contrast and modern proportions particular to the U.S. Usually features a two-story lowercase g, angled strokes on C and S, and a sloped, non-cursive italic. Classic example: Franklin Gothic.
- Grotesque: A sans serif style with moderate stroke contrast and modern proportions particular to the U.K. Usually features a two-story lowercase g, closed strokes (usually curving in slightly) on C and S, and a sloped, non-cursive italic. Classic example: Bureau Grot.
- Geometric Sans: A sans serif style made with rigidly geometric forms and little to no stroke contrast. Classic example: Futura.
- Grotesk: A sans serif style with low stroke contrast and modern proportions. Usually features a one-story lowercase g, closed or angled strokes on C and S, and a sloped, non-cursive italic. Classic examples: Akzidenz Grotesk, Helvetica.
- Humanist Sans: A sans serif style with proportions modeled on old-style typefaces. Characterized by open strokes on characters like C and S. Italics of this style often are more cursive in appearance, rather than a simple slanted version of the roman. Often has more slightly stroke contrast than other sans serifs. Classic examples: Gill Sans, Frutiger.
- Square Gothic: A sans serif style composed mainly of straight or nearly straight lines and (often) curved corners. Stroke contrast is usually low. Classic example: Bank Gothic.
- Swiss Gothic: A sans serif style with noticeable stroke contrast, straight sides on round characters, modern proportions, and large x-height. Usually features a one-story lowercase g and closed strokes on C and S. Classic example: Jay Gothic.
- Brush Script: Typefaces modeled after lettering made with a brush. Strongly associated with advertising in the mid-20th Century on. Classic example: Brush Script.
- Casual Script: Typefaces based on a style of lettering characterized by informal appearance, somewhat like handwriting, but more refined. Similar to Brush Script or Sans Serif. Classic example: Murray Hill.
- English Roundhand: A connecting-script style of calligraphy made with a flexible tipped pen. The characters are usually steeply sloped and capitals are often very elaborate. Popular in the 18th and 19th Century. Sometimes called Copperplate Script. Classic example: Bickham Script.
- French Roundhand: A connected-script style of calligraphy, sometimes with upright characters, a high stroke contrast and decorative capitals. Used in France in the 17th through 19th Century. Also called Civilité. Classic example: Typo Upright.
- Handwriting: A script style based on ordinary handwriting. Characters may or may not be connected. Classic example: Felt Tip Roman.
- Rationalized Script: A script style with sans serif qualities, low stroke contrast, and a formal appearance. Characters may or may not connect. Associated with 20th Century commercial design. Classic example: Gillies Gothic.
- Grecian: A typically heavy display face with octagonal shapes where curves are normally used. Also known as Chamfered or Beveled. Popular in the 19th Century for wood types. Classic example: Acropolis.
- Latin: A serif style with large triangular or wedge-shaped serifs. Stroke contrast is medium to low. Popular in the 19th Century for wood types. Classic example: Latin.
- Modern: A serif style with high stroke contrast and vertical stress. Classic example: Modern No. 20.
- Didone: A serif style with high stroke contrast and vertical stress. Serifs are usually unbracketed. Classic examples: Bodoni (Italian), Didot (French).
- Scotch Modern: A serif style with medium to high stroke contrast and vertical stress, known for large serifs and tiny aperture. Serifs are usually bracketed. Classic examples: Modern No. 20, Scotch Modern.
- Old Style: A serif typeface with relatively low stroke contrast, angled stress, angled serifs. Classic example: Bembo.
- Antique: A serif style with moderate stroke contrast, bracketed serifs and usually vertical stress. Serifs are angled as in Old Style. Popular in the 19th Century. Classic example: Bookman.
- Dutch Old Style: A serif style with somewhat angled stress, bracketed serifs, and medium to high stroke contrast. Characteristic of Dutch and English types of the 18th Century. Classic examples: Caslon, Plantin, Times Roman.
- French Old Style: A serif style with angled stress on rounds; usually features a small eye on the lowercase e; soft, bracketed serifs and moderate stroke contrast. Classic example: Garamond.
- Spanish Old Style: A serif style with soft, bracketed serifs, medium to high stroke contrast, and often highly angled stress. Classic example: Rongel.
- Venetian Old Style: A serif style with angled stress on rounds; usually a tilted crossbar on the lowercase e; usually has somewhat low stroke contrast. Serifs are sometimes unbracketed. This style is associated with very early printing (Incunabula) in the West. Classic example: Jenson.
- Slab Serif: A serif style with serifs equal to or nearly the same thickness of the main strokes. Main strokes usually have low contrast. Classic example: Rockwell.
- Clarendon: A slab serif style with heavy, bracketed serifs, modern proportions and construction, low stroke contrast. Classic example: Clarendon.
- Egyptian: A serif style with heavy, unbracketed serifs, modern proportions, low stroke contrast. Basic construction is similar to Modern, but with low stroke contrast. Sometimes called Antique. Classic example: Egiziano.
- French Clarendon: A serif style with reverse stress (horizontal strokes thicker than vertical strokes) and slab serifs, sometimes bracketed, usually condensed. Popular in the 19th Century. Classic example: Playbill.
- Geometric Serif: A serif style made with rigidly geometric forms. Usually features slab serifs. Classic example: Stymie.
- Spur Serif: A serif style with very small serifs. Usually similar in design to san serif faces, except for the serifs. Usually very little stroke contrast. Classic example: Copperplate.
- Transitional: A serif style which, historically, bridges the gap between Old Style and Modern. Stroke contrast is stronger than old style, but less than modern. Bracketed serifs. Stress is mainly vertical. Characteristic mainly of English types around 1800. Classic example: Baskerville.
- Scotch Roman: A serif style with medium contrast and vertical stress, medium-sized bracketed serifs. Classic examples: Miller, Caledonia.
- Tuscan: A serif style with splayed or ornate serifs. Classic example: Thunderbird.
Jochen Hasinger (b. 1964, München) lives in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. From 1992-1994, he studied typography with Wolfgang Weingart and André Guertler at the Schule für Gestaltung in Basel, and studied in Stuttgart before that, rom 1985-1988. He became art director at various ad agencies in Frankfurt and Hamburg. He founded Typeimage in 2003. Klingspor link.
Typefaces designed by Jochen Hasinger:
- Covent BT (2003, a display sans family, Bitstream). Covent Nano (2006, a narrow version of Covent).
- TIPS (2004, Linotype). This family consists of six logo and image fonts: BComTIPS, ThisWayTIPS, TravelTIPS, ActiveTIPS, AstroTIPS, CountTIPS. Linotype page where TIPS is discussed: Tips (which stands for Type-Image-Piktogramm-Schrift in German, or type-image-pictogram-font in English) contains six different fonts of pictograms and stylized icons. Tips Active is a font filled with characters reminiscent of Otl Aicher's sports pictograms from the 1972 Olympic Games. Tips Astro contains astrological signs. Tips Bcom depicts icons for use in business communication or web page design. Tips Count is a font featuring numbers inside of various circles. Tips This Way and Tips Travel are both collections of pictograms for use in navigation and other signage systems.
- Sabin (2006).
- Architextura (2001).
- Botta (1989, modern).
- DryGin (1979, headline face).
Typeoff is an Offenbach-based German type collective, est. 2004 by Daniel John Andrew Reynolds (b. 1979, USA), who blogs happily and frequently. Dan grew up in various cities in the USA, received a BFA in graphic design from the Rhode Island School of Design (RISD) in 2002, and moved to Offenbach, Germany, in 2003 to study typography with Professor Fritz Friedl. Dan was an intern at Linotype, and is still affiliated with Linotype. In 2004, he founded Typeoff.de. In 2007 he moved to the University of Reading for graduate studies.
Typefaces created by the collective include Argos, AT Stencil, Disco 3000, Ignaz Text, Ignaz Titling, India Gothic, Janus, Jeans, Pater Noster, Proportia, Sweet Pea, Teppic, Used to Love Her. The designers include the founder Dan Reynolds, and his collaborators David Borchers, Lara Glück, Till Hopstock, and Lukas Schneider.
Dan's own typefaces at TypeOff include Ignaz Text (2004, originally called Ignaz Textura, and based on letters he found on a sepulchral memorial outside of St. Ignaz church in Mainz (Germany)), Ignaz Lombard Caps (2004), Ignaz Titling (2004), Janus (2004, a pixel face), Pater Noster (2004-2009, an uncial), Proportia (2004, a geometric sans), Sweet Pea (2004, an octagonal face), and Used to Love Her (2004, experimental). He is working on a Lombard Capitals face (2004), Teutonia Serif (2005, based on Teutonia, a geometric display face that was cut in Offenbach by the Roos & Junge type foundry in 1902; this squarish family is released under the name Mountain at Volcano Type in 2006) and Farewell Street (2004, sans family). Working on this condensed didone (2007).
In 2007, he worked with Kobayashi at Linotype to produce a revival and extension of a 1930 sans family of Morris Fuller Benton, and named it Morris Sans (+Small Caps), which could be viewed as an organic version of Bank Gothic. Morris Sans was published in 2008 by Linotype.
In 2008, he designed the serif family Martel in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the MA in typeface design at the University of Reading---it covers Latin and Devanagari.
He is working on a Condensed Serif.
Malabar (2008) won an award at TDC2 2009. Malabar also won the German Design Prize in Gold 2010. See the Linotype version Malabar Etext (2013).
Codesigner with Matthew Carter in 2010 of Carter Sans (ITC), a flared typeface.
Type events of 2008 reviewed by Dan. Volcano Type link. Speaker at ATypI 2010 in Dublin and at ATypI 2011 in Reykjavik. Klingspor link. Speaker at ATypI 2013 in Amsterdam. Volcano Type link. [Google]
Manfred Klein's typefaces from 2004: Bauernschrift (the original Bauernschrift, published in 1911 by Bauersche Gießerei, had a Jugendstil form and a classical gothic form), ArthritishSpringtime, Declared, DigitsCarpet, FraktKonstruct, GalleriaGeometricaA, GalleriaGeometricaB, Logotrainer, MKLatin-Bold, MKLatin-BoldOblique, MKLatinLight, MkLatinLight-Oblique, OldiesButGoodies, RomaMonumentalBC, SportSatyre-Medium, Uncitronica-Medium, Nasenbear, CircusEarth, FolksXXHeavy, PoliticiansWorking, AlkoInitialsFramed, AlkoInitials, CutAwayOne, FragmentBO4, FragmentF, LetterSoupMainz, MKaos-Regular, Menschenskinder, RodGauApesInitials, StoneCapsIngrid, TangramBlack, TangramWhiteBlack, TixBats, TypoApish, Ubahn-Light, Ubahn, UltraCondensedSansSerif, WalbaumTorsoThree-Regular, ArrowFaces, Associations, AssociationsBirds, DotCapsMK, FrakturaFonteria, GuernicaMemories, MultiCapsOne, MultiCapsTwo, Schwabach, SketchesOfSpain, DotsCapsTwo, KleerikaleConBlack, ManiaK, MonksWriting, MonospaceTypewriter, PablosChildren, RuebenNosesFour, SometimesSmiley, TherapeuticApplications, TraditionellSans-Bold, TraditionellSans-Normal, VForVictory, EuroGyptians, Fabeltiere04, GiambattistaDueMille-Oblique, GiambattistaDueMille, KlillLightCondensed, PhonebookFont, PreColumbus, StrokeBorn-Bold, StrokeBorn, TracesOfKandinsky, Amputation, EarthquakeTypewriter, HandwrittenSlim, MyPrivateZoo, PotatoMonsters, RoundOpArt, Sansumi-DemiBold, Sansumi-Regular, Sansumi-UltraLight, Santana-Black, Santana-BlackCondensed, Santana-Bold, Santana-RegularCondensed, Santana, SantanaXtraCondensed, WacObats, Warlord, AfterAtomWar, AnAlphaBetIsmXtreme, AnalphabetismBats, Eulenspiegel, FlyingWomen, FraktalConPablos, KleinsTypen, Napoleodoni, BackgroundBricks, Decreations, Faustant, Faustitalic, GeoGraphics, GuantanamoHumanism, LipoDVectorized, MKritzeleien, Napoleodoni-Bold, ReadingRailroad3D, ReadingRailroad, SchoenspergerCaps, StageGlyphs, StageGlyphsTwo, CarneVale, Cock-Bold, Cock-Italic, Cock (high ascender face), FranklySpokenTwo, GenManipulated, GenManipulatedRounded, KarlasAndManfreds, Lipsiantiqua-Regular, PostConstructivism, PostConstructivismInvers, SketchedCassiusBroken, SpaceGarbage, WinterCoat, Artistiques-Bricks, DoubleBrokenTextura, GoetheGothic, GoetheGothicBold, GoetheGothicOblique, PabloSansCaps, PreRomanCaps, RodgauHeads, ScribblesCalligraphique, SomeParts, SomePartsAlphabet, WomanWithDoveTwo, WritersFont, Russian, SpikyBrush, TechnoMK, Bastarda-K, LuFraktorso, OldGreekButtons, SchwabachScribbles, ToscanButtons, TrajanusBricks, Couples, LookForLeonardo, Morphes, NanaBallett, Rocky, BeastlyBats, ChildrenSketchings, CloseUp, IdenOfMarch, OrnaRosettes, StrangePeople, SurReal, TrajanSmallCaps, Aprilapril, Confuseyecons, Cucumbers, DuererUnd, Exhumations, MankBalloons, MankZieglers, OptimusPrinceps, OptimusPrincepsSemiBold (roman Trajan style), SlabRomana-Bold, SlabRomana-BoldOblique, SlabRomana-Oblique, SlabRomana, CapsRandomish, CapsRandomishBricks, CondensansPaneurope-Medium, CondensansPaneurope-MediumOblique, CondensansPaneurope-Oblique, CondensansPaneurope, HansSchoenspergerRandomish, HelloSirPeter, MankSans-Medium, MankSans-MediumOblique, MankSans-Oblique, MankSans, StencilBricksMK, StencilBricksRandom, AfriquArtes, EggsOne, EggsTwo, EggsnPills, FaceToFace, KarlasWelt, LookBrokenTypes, Schablonski-LessFat, Schablonski (stencil), BlaxxOnGrid, DancingVampyrish, EmkaSansCondensed-Bold, EmkaSansCondensed, Othermil, OwlsNOtherWitches, PrisonBricks, Renaiss-Italic, Runners, VignettSketches, AbsoluteImprovisations, Aparta, BlackLiving, Blowing, BullerBuPapercut-BoldOblique, BullerBuPapercut, CryArgentina, EnFace, EyeBeings, KidsPhantasies, Klats, Linearus, LinearusCentSix, Monofred-UltraLight, Pabloesques, Planless-Bold, Planless, ScribbleDichFrei, SilhouettesAnimalish, Spontifex, Spontifex, TokyoFrankfurtRound, XamStern, BlackSplinters, Linolphabet, Tomahawked, Typobricks, AmericanInhabitants, HypocriSymbols, LastWit, MK-Symbols, StrokesFonds, ThinkBats, UseBats, Klimes, MonoSpatial, Architypogra, CaslonDadaesque, Cuneate, CuneateCaps, MauMauKlein, FatGrafCalliKlein, CavePaint, Goblins, NudesSilhous, RainyDay, AidaSerifaShadow, BodonisBulemy, SuperSansCondLight, Adonis-Bold, Batmania, CactusBlossom, CrazyCrazySans, Eyeballs, FacesAndCaps, FigaroFigaro, FraxBricKs, LaughBajazzo, M-sKetches, MKGrotesque, MoreMonK, NextGeneration, Orcas, PragRoman, RomanGridCaps, StrangeCharacters, TypoTracesOne, Typotraces-Cinque, Typotraces-Four, Typotraces-Three, Typotraces-Zwo, UmDieEckePlus, Vampyrish, VespasianCaps, VespasiansFlorials, Wacofaces04, ZagzagHeads, Klexalfabeta, GotischeMajuskel, PompejiPetit, Birrrdds, Spontcomic, SprayersSujets, TypoElements, WacoMusish, BemBolz, BrokenRoman-Bold, MarinumBreezed, SansFat, Africaans, AllHands, AlwaysPeople, BauAHaus-Black, DeconstructaWide-ExpandedUltra, GrafFittyPunk, LeArchitect, MiszellenKOne, MiszellenTwo, OhLauri, Shamanbats, TrajanusBriX-Invers, TrajanusBricks, TrajanusBricksXtra, Wenceslas-Oblique, Wenceslas, Monofred Ultralight Update, GenotypiPrototype, VivaBodoni, WhatsHappened, Cancellereska, JuniusIrish, LombardPlattfuß, SketchesDuererInvers, TornielloInitials, Birds-Relaunch, KoeppHeads, MiszellenThree, ImperiumCond, KleinsWrittenCaps, SigismundoDiFanti, Zwiebelfisch, ChildWritten, KleinKallig, GoGo, FantasyBats, KarlasMiszellen, LosAngelesBold, MiszCinque, MiszellenQuattro, MouseTraps, LittleRock, Dinotiqua-Heavy, MountFirtree, FarmFont, Karlas704, MesoFaunaBats, PhaistosAlphabet, Quicktypes, AbstractBats, AztecBats, BienMaya, ForefathersSketches, HumanDeformations, MiszellenJuly, NativeAmericans, OldEgyptGlyphs, PeoplesParts, RainmansWeatherreport, SheAndHe, MKlimesCondensed, SansBlack, WinterthurCondensed, MonoSerifBased70, Rehacles, RustiCalligraphia, ScrapDealer, Vampyriqua, Zebraesq, FracturiaSketched, FracturiaSketchedCaps, OrnamentInitials, CavePeoplePainting, FontBetaOne, HierobatsSketches, PrehistFantasies, Roundlings, VampyrBats, WacoheadsTwo, Cybatiqua, HassianUncial, PittoresqJugendstil, BonFood, PoeticRound, ReligionSpirituality, Running Gnomes, WesternPastHeroes, WritersReaders, AdAstra, Practiqua, DistroyA, DottyShadow, QuickMary, QuickMax, StrokeyHand, EasterIslandsToday, EthnicReconstructions, MotherAfrica, Scherenschnitt, Napoleon, Newspaper, RoundSlabSerif, DisPropBold, FishHooks, VariationsForImre, GoticaBastarda, ImresFraktur (modeled after a blackletter by Reiner), ToskanaCapsRound, KidsStuff, MKDingBats, Offbeats, PeopleSketches, StrangeTypes, WeatherBats, MoldauQua, Postertypes, ThinManGiambattista, AnimalTypeFaces, DoubleFaces, ItalianEvolution, TodayRunes, BeachBats, MiszellenEight, PrettyPeople, ZeroPoints, Scherenschnitt, ScissorThree, Crosses, MayanMexican, MKarlasBats, LimesCondensed, SkiCargo, MonogramsToolbox, SerifCaps, SpaceDreams, TaxTaxation, ArrowsCompetition, Damaged, TypewriterCondensed, AfricanAngels, AfricanArtifacts, AfricanQueens, CaviarBats, CircusClowns, Hands, HelloDoc, MedicoBats, ModernPeace, SchoolStuff, LatinumTall-X, LucaPacioliCaps, LucaPacioliRough, UnclassicQuill-Condensed, ChildrenBats, Sketched, Egypt, SlimSans, WeekdaysRomanSlant, AbcariFond, Gastronom, HalfEnough-Bold, HelloweeniA, Mkristall, Stoerung, WildQuill, Artests, Burlesque, Exercises, FacesFaces, MenFiftyTwo, MSkizzen, BradbOGilvy, Centuriqua-Ultra, Ogirema, Africain, Angelinos, Assoziazione, BadCircumstances, FacesTypes, Gymnastics, HalloweenTwo, KidsStuffAdded, Proportions, Roaring29, ToyToy, WellnessBoom, WoodcutsOne, WoodcutsTwo, Bamboo, SansBlackSmall, FilledABC, FolksInCubes, SprayersTypes, JoeCaxton04, AfricEggs, BusinessPeople, DueMillePix, EarlyMidage, Musicus, NiceBoys, Sculpturs, SilhouettA, WildAnimalsOne, WoodcutAnimals, RomanSerif, RomanSerifOblique, DiskO-LightInverse, GreeKish, BatsDa, Djungle, E-Motions, EyesTests, HalloweensUfos, OldEgyptOne, OldEgyptTwo, RareClothes, SeeItInMuseum, SFAliens, Shamanish, TrafficVehicles, Users, Sansibar-CXCondensed, KidsFirstABC, KleinsKrempelTypes, QuasimodoCaps, VisitCard, ZigZagThree, QuadrataRomaMediumOblique, Climbers, EmkaBats, Homunculus, ReligiousSymbols, Schoolish, GrotesqueBoldTallX, RightSo, RomanWoodcut, Diogenes, HappyBirdsday, ProthesisBlack, StylosCapitale, Kinderkram, ReallyAnimalishOne, ReallyAnimalsTwo, VoteMe, JoaoCond-Light, JoaoImprovisations, LeiterplattenSans, ProthesisCaribiqu, ArmadaPirata, Bikers, DancingPeople, DeepSwimmers, Engel, MusicMuseal, PiratesOne, PiratesTwo, PiratesThree, PiratesSymbols, PreColumbats, RohrschachEtcetera, SciencesBats, Swimming Beautys, TrialNError, TwelveYearsAfter, WintersAbstract, WoodcutsAgain, YoungScene, UglyQua, SchneidlerSolitaires, Bibelschrift (with Petra Heidorn), CircusAir, FreeLife, Mirodish, Pixelsoup, PrositBats, Sports, Unlucky, WorkingClassHero, XmasOne, Zoobats, GeosansLightOblique, HoffmanFL, HamletOrNot (with Petra Heidorn), AstroCalligraphs, AstroDingbats, AtHome, BiblishPictures, BusyPeople, FamousBuildings, Landscapes, MoreDancing, Neighbours, RomansAntePortas, Seefahrer, Shopping, TheaterSymbols, Callimundial, OgiremaSlab, Delitsch Initialen, HartzVier, Hingehudelt, Hingeschludert-Black, MatisseThree, MrKlein, RemiDur, Burgfest, DelitschInitialen, UncialeOrnamentale, UncialeXpressLight, AbermalsAnimals, Buddhism, BuyMe!, LifeEyecons, LifeIcons, Tourists, Wintersports, FourEarsArrows, MensFriends, MKartoonsHeads, OetzisTimesWillCome, SportsTraining, XmasBatzz, ClassicBats, FramesAnd, HistoricMoments, OldFramesSymbols, PabloInTown, RomanArchitectura, Sleep, VeryBusy, BrokenHand, Burtinomatic (blackletter based on Burte Fraktur), MonumentA, Athena, DisPropSans, Zyprian, MiscellenDec04, MiszellenK, MoreBusy, OldTestament, ScienceFictions, Taucher, XmasOnMoon, Weiß Fraktur (with Petra Heidorn), DeutscherSchmuck (with Petra Heidorn, based on Schmuck für Deutsche Druckschrift by E. Ege, 1922), SchmaleGotischMK (after type by Ernst Schneidler), SchmalfetteGotisch (with Petra Heidorn, again based on Ernst Schneidler), SchneidlerSchwabachInitials, Serpentina, Schooltime, HistoricPeople, WYSIWYG, MK-Signatures, TheManyMKFaces. [Google]
Une petite histoire de la calligraphie
On the history of calligraphy: great French pages. Learn about the differences between Rotunda, Uncial, Textura, Roman, Gothic and Humanist. [Google]
Walden Font sells historical typefaces&clip-art by Oliver Weiss from Winchester, MA. A nice package called Civil War Press can be bought here. Free font Jugend WF (which can also be found here).
They have also a gorgeous collection of eighteen blackletter fonts, called the Gutenberg Press, which includes the great old German script font Kurrent Kupferstich and the charming Zentenar Fraktur and the elegant Peter Schlemihl.
Their pages include a brief history of blackletter, as summarized in the PDF document The Gutenberg Press: Five Centuries of German Fraktur (1997).
Their Renaissance&Handwriting font pack has 9 different handwriting fonts from 1450 to 1700. Minuteman Printshop has colonial fonts.
Blackletter font list: Alte Schwabacher, Breitkopf Fraktur, Coelnisch Current, Fette Haenel Fraktur, Ganz Grobe Gotisch, Grossvater Kurrent, Gutenberg Bibelschrift, Kurrent Kupferstich, Luthersche Fraktur, Maximilian Gotisch, Neue Schwabacher, Peter Schlemihl, Suetterlin, Theuerdank Fraktur, Unger Fraktur, W'bg. Schwabacher, Zentenar Fraktur.
There are also many wood type fonts, such as Sawtooth WF (2002) and Wild West Press (2010). Gnomos is a grungified merovingian typeface [Walden Font claims that it was found in a 16th century house]. Astaroth is claimed to an 8th century face by Walden Font, but its origins are somewhere in the 11th century.
Dafont link. [Google]
Rainer Will Softwareentwicklung (Schöffengrund, Germany) developed many school and cursive writing fonts, ca. 1996-2005. They sell their fonts in 10 to 30-font packages, such as handwriting, Altdeutsche schrift, Barcodes, Schulschriften (school fonts). There are also East-European, Cyrillic, Greek, Thai and IPA fonts. Here, we have demos for various programs, and if you download and unzip them, you will discover these alphading fonts: FT-BruchTon, FT-HochztsGlocken, KD-Kaesweich, HB-Kegel, HB-Kegelhardt, HB-Kegelweich, KD-Pilz, KD-Singvogel, and these dingbat fonts: NW-BioBlatt (leaves, 1998), Pikto5 (1997). The caps font IN-Barock is here. Will Software made hundreds of fonts, including the handwriting fonts Jeff and HW Stone (1998), KL-Antiqua2, Old-London, Fraktur. A fuller list, by type:
- Alte Schriften (blackletter): Black-For, Chevalin, Civotype, Fleisman, Fraktur, German-Script, Germen-Type, Ghiollier, Goethe, Gotik, Gudenberg, Heinrich-Kanzlei, IN-Barock, IN-Barock2, IN-Barock3, IN-Florentine, IN-Fraktur2, IN-Fraktur3, IN-Geometric, IN-Gothic, IN-Gothic1880, IN-Innsbruck, IN-Jugendstil, IN-Jugendstil1920, IN-Jugendstil3, IN-LaRose, IN-OldGothic, IN-Schwabach, IN-Silhouette, IN-Uncial1475, IN-Walbot1, IN-Woodcut, IN-Woodcut2, KL-Antiqua1, KL-Antiqua2, KL-CapitalisQuadrata, KL-Fraktur1, KL-Gotic1, KL-Gotic2, KL-HKursive1, KL-HKursive2, KL-HKursive3, KL-Karolin1, KL-MKursive1, KL-MKursive2, KL-Rotunda1, KL-Rotunda2, KL-Unziale1, KL-Unziale2, Limpach, Luthan, MA-BastardAnglicana, MA-Bastarda1, MA-Bastarda3, MA-Current, MA-FereTextura, MA-GKursiv1, MA-GKursiv2, MA-Gotbuch, MA-Gotic, MA-InsularMinuscule, MA-Kurrent1814, MA-KurrentBarock, MA-Minuskel1, MA-Minuskel2, MA-Schreibschrift1900, MA-Schreibschrift1900Bold, MA-Urkunde, Meriage, Offenbacher, Old-Germen, Old-London, Petjes, Ried, Romand-Genealogie, Schlei, Schwaben, Suetterlin-2, Theudan, Verdn17, Verdn2, Walbot, Zentar-Bold, Zentar.
- Alte Schriften 2 (more blackletter fonts): AD-AlbrechtDuerer, AD-AltSchwaben, AD-Ballo, AD-Barock1720, AD-Blackpool, AD-British, AD-Burgundy, AD-CalligraphicAntiqua, AD-CalligraphicFraktur, AD-CalligraphicTextura, AD-Celtic, AD-CelticCollege, AD-Coburg1, AD-Coburg2, AD-Diagoth, AD-Dublin900, AD-Fraktur2, AD-GothQuad, AD-Gothisch, AD-Gotisch2, AD-Gotisch3, AD-GottfriedLeibniz, AD-Handschrift1, AD-Handschrift2, AD-Handschrift3, AD-Handschrift4, AD-Handschrift5, AD-Handschrift6, AD-Hans, AD-Herefordshire, AD-Hohenstein, AD-Huddersfield, AD-Italia1650, AD-Kaiser, AD-Odin, AD-Offenbach, AD-OldEire, AD-Patron, AD-Ponti, AD-Renaissance, AD-Sachsen, AD-Stebark, AD-Thingvellir, AD-Toulouse, AD-Turin, AD-University, AD-Wallgau, AD-Zierfraktur, Col-Barock, Col-Barock3, Col-Celtic, Col-Florentine, Col-Fraktur3, Col-Geometric, Col-Gothic, Col-Gothic1880, Col-Jugendstil, Col-Jugendstil1920, Col-Jugendstil3, Col-LaRose, Col-OldGothic, Col-Uncial1475, Col-Woodcut, Col-Woodcut2, Suetterlin-2, Suetterlin-4, Suetterlin.
- Familienschriften (fonts for kids, alphadings, dingbats): ArGlas3, ArSchatten7, Calos-Glas1, EffOutline, FT-Amor, FT-BruchGlas, FT-BruchTon, FT-GluecksKaefer, FT-GluecksKlee, FT-GluecksSchwein, FT-HerzanHerz, FT-Herzhardt, FT-Herzkranz, FT-Herzweich, FT-HochztsGlocken, FT-HochztsHerz, FT-Karneval, FT-Klecks, FT-Osterhase, FT-Sektknall, FT-Trommler, FT-WeihnachtsBaum, FT-WeihnachtsMann, Fingprnt-1, HB-Brfmarkclassic, HB-Brfmarkhardt, HB-Dart, HB-Fackel, HB-Fechten, HB-Filmklappe, HB-FrzBlattHardt, HB-Kegel, HB-Kegelhardt, HB-Lorbeerkranz, HB-Palette, JD-Halali, JD-Kerbe, JD-Pille, JD-Popblut, JD-Pseudokinese, JD-Pseudonippon, JD-Pseudoruski, JD-Schachhardt, JD-Timur, JD-Wurm, KD-Blumehardt, KD-Esel, KD-Franja, KD-Handschrift, KD-Kaeshardt, KD-Kaesmaus, KD-Katze, KD-LKW, KD-Lamm, KD-Nacht, KD-Obstigel, KD-Schneemann, KD-Zwerg, Revont-Kraeusel1, Teje.
- Festtagsschriften (holiday-themed fonts): FT-Amor, FT-Babyputte, FT-Babystorch, FT-Bethand, FT-Betkind, FT-BruchGlas, FT-BruchTon, FT-Clownslachen, FT-Cupido, FT-Eihardt, FT-Eikranz, FT-Eiweich, FT-Familienbande, FT-Getreide, FT-GluecksKaefer, FT-GluecksKlee, FT-GluecksSchwein, FT-HerzanHerz, FT-Herzbruch, FT-Herzhardt, FT-Herzkranz, FT-Herzweich, FT-HochztsGlocken, FT-HochztsHardt, FT-HochztsHerz, FT-HochztsJubilaeum, FT-HochztsKranz, FT-HochztsPaar, FT-Hufeisen, FT-Kalenderblatt, FT-Kanzel, FT-Karneval, FT-Kerze, FT-Klecks, FT-Kreuzlamm, FT-Menora, FT-Osterhase, FT-Schule, FT-Sektknall, FT-Spiegelfrau, FT-Spiegelmann, FT-Spukhaus, FT-Torte, FT-Trauerzweig, FT-Trommler, FT-Trompeter, FT-WeihnachtsBaum, FT-WeihnachtsMann, FT-ZuckrtuetHardt, FT-ZuckrtuetWeich, FTH-Fische, FTH-Jungfrau, FTH-Krebs, FTH-Loewe, FTH-Schuetze, FTH-Skorpion, FTH-Steinbock, FTH-Stier, FTH-Waage, FTH-Wassermann, FTH-Widder, FTH-Zwillinge, HB-Fackel, HB-Lorbeerkranz, HW-Handpic, KD-Blumebundt, KD-Lamm, KD-Nacht, KD-Schneemann, SP-Blume, SP-DRHH2, SP-DRHH3, SP-Face, WinterNacht.
- Geheimschriften (codes or secret fonts): SP-DRBYQuadrat, SP-DRHHQuadrat, SR-Abstrakt1, SR-Abstrakt2, SR-Abstrakt3, SR-Abstrakt4, SR-Abstrakt5, SR-Abstrakt6, SR-Astro, SR-Blatt, SR-Braille, SR-Chaos, SR-ChaosBold, SR-ChaosItalic, SR-Finger, SR-Geheim0, SR-Gesicht, SR-Labyrinth, SR-LabyrinthBold, SR-Marine, SR-Morse, SR-Puzzle, SR-Radierer, SR-Rune, SR-Schatten, SR-Schiffe, SR-Schloss, SR-Schmetterling, SR-Skyline, SR-Strichmann, SR-Tiere, SR-Wabe, SR-WabeBold, SR-Wappen.
- Handschriften: A1, A2, A3, Agnieszka, F1, F10, F2, F3, F4, F5, F6, F7, F9, Ghiollier, Goethe, HW-Agilo, HW-Andrew, HW-Brouet, HW-Burg, HW-Clay, HW-Emmi, HW-Feliks, HW-Foster, HW-Guga, HW-Handpic, HW-Harico, HW-Hilly, HW-Jeff, HW-Jesco1, HW-Jesco3, HW-Jesco7, HW-Josh, HW-Marbo, HW-Pablo, HW-Phil, HW-PizPaz, HW-Renate, HW-Sarx, HW-Schneid, HW-Stone, HW-Tolomeo, HW-Tommi, HW-Turandot, HW-Veneto, HW-Vincent, HW-Vogel, HW-Volker, Handwrites-CTrac, KD-Handschrift, KG-Hand, Limpach, Offenbacher, Ried, Rw2, Schlei, Teje, Uggy, Verdn17, Verdn2.
- Handschriften 2: HW-Alec, HW-Allan, HW-Armand, HW-Bjarne, HW-Brian, HW-Carlo, HW-Cathy, HW-Claude, HW-Danielle, HW-Dario, HW-Eleanor, HW-Enrico, HW-Estelle, HW-Fabio, HW-Federico, HW-Giorgio, HW-Giovanna, HW-Giuliano, HW-Hakon, HW-Harald, HW-Jacques, HW-Jaro, HW-Jelena, HW-Juri, HW-Justine, HW-Kuno, HW-Larissa, HW-Laslo, HW-Lennart, HW-Lizzy, HW-Luitpold, HW-Manolo, HW-Marcello, HW-Murielle, HW-Nadine, HW-Paolo, HW-Pascal, HW-Pietro, HW-Roxana, HW-Thery, HW-Valerian, HW-Vittorio, HW-Wally, HW-Wilma.
- Schulschriften (lined fonts, didactic fonts): DR-HH, DR-HH1, DR-HH1Bold, DR-HH2, DR-HH2Bold, DR-HH3, DR-HH3Bold, DR-HH4, DR-HH4Bold, DR-HHBold, DR-HHEl, DR-HHEl1, DR-HHEl1Bold, DR-HHEl2, DR-HHEl2Bold, DR-HHEl2Italic, DR-HHEl3, DR-HHEl3Bold, DR-HHEl3Italic, DR-HHEl4, DR-HHEl4Bold, DR-HHEl4Italic, DR-HHElBold, DR-HHElItalic, DR-HHOL, LA-El, LA-El1, LA-El1Bold, LA-El2, LA-El2Bold, LA-El3, LA-El3Bold, LA-El4, LA-El4Bold, LA-ElBold, LA-ElOL, MA-Schreibschrift1900, Offenbacher, SAS-1, SAS-2, SAS-2Bold, SAS-3, SAS-3Bold, SAS-4, SAS-4Bold, SAS-Bold, SAS-OL, SAS, SP-AnlEssen, SP-AnlHaus, SP-AnlTiere, SP-Anlaut1, SP-Anlaut2, SP-Anlaut8, SP-Anlaut9, SP-Bear, SP-Blume, SP-DRHH1, SP-DRHH2, SP-DRHH3, SP-DRHHKubik, SP-DRHHQuadrat, SP-Dino, SP-Face, SP-VAKubik, SP-VAQuadrat, SPAnlMensch, Suetterlin-2, Suetterlin-4, Suetterlin, VA-Ansi, VA-Pe, VA-Pe1, VA-Pe1Bold, VA-Pe2, VA-Pe2Bold, VA-Pe3, VA-Pe3Bold, VA-Pe4, VA-Pe4Bold, VA-PeA, VA-PeABold, VA-PeBold, VA-PeOL.
München-based German typographer and type designer (b. 1942, Marienbad). A blackletter specialist, Wolfgang Hendlmeier wrote many interesting articles on this topic for die deutsche Schrift, a magazine that he managed in the 1990s. He created these blackletter faces:
PDF catalog of Hendlmeier's typefaces. [Google]
Hopyl (Hoppyl) was a printer in Paris (1489-1523). He made Textura typefaces (some are now called Hopyl Textura) and his work served as inspiration for many. For example, the Bauersche Giesserei published the Manuskript-Gotisch face (Hopyl, 1514) in 1899 (see also Stempel's version), which was digitally revived by Gerhard Helzel and Petra Heidorn (2004). [Google]
Wooden Type Fonts (was: American Wood Type and, Wooden Type)
Wooden Type Fonts (was: American Wood Type) is founded and run by Jordan Davies from South Hero, VT: Historically accurate reproductions of wood type produced in the 19th century in a variety of styles. This is a work of passion and dedication by Jordan Davies. Jordan's other passion is painting. His (digital) wood faces include these original designs: Bevan Condensed, Bevan Medium (based on Melior), Inline Regular, London Light, London Heavy, Neo Geo Block, Quirk, Slab Four Rounded (+Ext), Slab Four Rounded Italic, Slab Four Rounded Revised, Slab Four Rounded Super. MyFonts link. Digital revivals:
- Aetna Bold.
- Antique 6 (based on Stevens, Shanks), Antique Condensed Bold, AntiqueRegular (saloon font), Antique Five, Antique Sans, Antique Shadow, Antique Six, Antique Three, Antique Tuscan 1, Antique 7 (2011), Antique Tuscan 8 (2008), Antique Tuscan Condensed, Antique Tuscan Heavy, Antique Wells Medium (2005), Antique Wells Expanded (2011, based on Wells&Webb), Antique Two (2008), Antique XX (2008).
- Blobbing (2013, a fat finger typeface).
- Cassjor (2011): an angular face.
- Clarendon Condensed, Clarendon Condensed Bold (2007, based on a 1859 design by William Hamilton Page), Clarendon Extended (2005, after W.H. Page), Clarendon Heavy, Clarendon Extra Condensed (2007), Clarendon 618 (2010), Clarendon 617 (2010), Clarendon Semi (2011).
- Concave Tuscan X Condensed.
- Craw Clarendon (2013).
- Doric Condensed, Doric Expanded.
- Egyptian Bold, Egyptian Ornamented (+Bold), Egyptian Regular, Egyptian Slab (2007), Egyptian Two, Egyptian Wide (2006, based on a Miller&Richard original, ca. 1850), Egyptian Bold Expanded (2011), Egyptian Extra Bold Condensed (2011).
- French Antique Condensed.
- Girder Heavy (2008, based on a design of W.H. Page, ca. 1900), Girder Super (2014, a slab serif based on William Hamilton Page)..
- Gothic Bold, Gothic Bold Extended, Gothic Extra Extended, Gothic Extended (2009), Gothic Medium, Gothic Nesbitt (2011), Gothic Special Condensed Bold (2005), Gothic Special Condensed Medium (+Italic, 2013), Gothic Special Normal (+Italic, 2013), Gothic Special Thin, Gothic Tuscan No. 8, Gothic Tuscan No. 8 Pointed, Gothic Tuscan 9, Gothic Tuscan 9 Narrow, Gothic Tuscan Concave, Gothic Tuscan Condensed Medium, Gothic Tuscan Pointed Narrow, Gothic Tuscan Round, Gothic Unique (2007).
- Grecian Bold Condensed, Grecian XX Condensed.
- Grotesque (2010), Grotesque Bold Italic (2013).
- Jensen Old Style.
- Kurilian Regular.
- Lettres Angulaires (2010): based on Textura.
- Number5 Reg (2010). A variation of the William Page 500 font.
- Number 154 (2006, based on a 1887 design by William Hamilton Page), Number 515 Black, Number 514 (2011).
- Peerless (2008). Peerless 131 Bold (2012) is a wedge serif design based on William Hamilton Page.
- Penny (2007, a gorgeous didone headline font based on a 1838 wood type font by George Nesbitt).
- Roman X Condensed (a great didone font), Roman X Expanded, Roman Wells Bold.
- Rubens Regular.
- Skeleton Antique Light.
- Slab Four Rounded (2010, +Bold, +Super).
- Teniers Regular.
- Thorowgood (2010): a relatively low-contrast Clarendon based on a wood specimen sheet. Thorowgood Wide was done in 2013.
- Times Gothic (2009).
- Trenton, Trenton Condensed (2005, based on an 1889 face by James Edward Hamilton), Trenton Ornamented.
- Tuscan Egyptian, Tuscan Italian.
- William Page 500, William Page 506.
- Wood Regular (2005).
Showcase of his most popular fonts at MyFonts. Klingspor link. [Google]