TYPE DESIGN INFORMATION PAGE last updated on Mon Sep 25 21:18:26 EDT 2017
FONT RECOGNITION VIA FONT MOOSE
Frederic William Goudy
Designer for ITF, most of whose fonts were published by Red Rooster. List (all ITF/Red Rooster unless otherwise specified):
A typeface made in 1930 by Frederic Goudy. D.J.R. Bruckner: Goudy could not recall why he started this design or even if all the drawings were finished, but because he had cut all the master patterns he concluded he had done all the other work. It was made for Manuel Rosenberg of Chicago, the publisher of The Advertiser, for his annual Sketch Book. [Google] [More] ⦿
A typeface made in 1917 by Frederic Goudy. D.J.R. Bruckner: Patterns were never cut and the drawings were lost in the 1939 fire. Goudy felt it was just as well they perished, "for I don't think they were any too good." [Google] [More] ⦿
The medal of the AIGA is awarded to individuals in recognition of their exceptional achievements, services or other contributions to the field of graphic design and visual communication. On numerous occasion since its inception in 1920, the medal went to famous typographers or influential type personalities. Included are Daniel Berkeley Updike (1922), Bruce Rogers (1925), Frederic W. Goudy (1927), William A. Dwiggins (1929), Henry Lewis Bullen (1934), Rudolph Ruzicka (1935), Thomas M. Cleland (1940), Stanley Morison (1946), Jan Tschichold (1954), Josef Albers (1964), Paul Rand (1966), Giovanni Mardersteig (1968), Herbert Bayer (1970), Milton Glaser (1972), Herb Lubalin (198), Saul Bass (1981), Massimo Vignelli (1982), Matthew Carter (1995), Zuzana Licko and Rudy VanderLans (1997), Lucian Bernhard (1997), Steven Heller (1999), and P. Scott Makela (2000). [Logo designed by Jimmy La (2010).] [Google] [More] ⦿
Philadelphia-based designer and PostScript font hacker who runs Prescott Design. He created three substantial sans typefaces families with many weights starting from hairline, almost in the fashion mag style: Clemente (2011), Ultima (2011), Passion Sans (2011, a Peignotian family). All free at Dafont.
Additional typefaces: the Bizarre series (decorative caps), Advertisers Gothic PD (2010: a large family based on Robert Wiebking's ugly original from 1917), APT Antique, Crayon PDS (2013, a decorative Victorian family), APT Caslon 76 (1997, based on a Compugraphics original), APT Feinen Inline (1997, after Henry Mikiewicz, 1983), APT Millais (1995, unknown origin), APT New Abel Cursive (1996, a revival of Bernie Abel's Abel Cursive (Compugraphic, 1974)), APT New Artcraft (1996), APT New LSC Book (1996, after a 1970 original by Lubalin Smith Carnese), APT New Classic Rubber Stamp (1996: based on DeVinne by G.F. Schroeder, 1890; F.W. Goudy 1898), APT New Hearst (1995, based on an original from Inland Type Foundry, 1901, which was famously ripped off from Goudy; the Italic was by Carl Schraubstadter, 1904), APT New Ticonderoga (1995-1996), APT New Woolly West (1995), APT Horizon Initials (1995), APT New Gill Floriated (1995), Old Gothic Initials Plain (1995: Lombardic caps), Pfister Bible Gothic APT Cameo (1997, blackletter caps), APT Saint Nick (1995: snow-themed caps).
His 19th century series, all made in 1995 or 1996: APT New Abramesque, APT New Alferata (psychedelic), APT New Armenian, APT New Belmont (Victorian), APT New Brenda, APT New Cabinet, APT New Caprice, APT New Dawson, APT New Euclid, APT New Linden, APT New Madison, APT New Moorish, APT New Mystic, APT New Rollo (Victorian), APT New Slapstick (wooden plank font), APT New Spiral, APT New Stephen Ornate, APT New Teahouse, APT New Viola, APT Novelty Script.
The wood type collection of Alan Prescott:
Aldo de Losa
Born in Dallas in 1923, and retired in Florida, Phil Martin had an exciting life, which started as a bombardier in WWII, and went on as a piano bar singer, publisher, cartoonist, comedian and typographer. He died in October 2005.
Phil established Alphabet Innovations International in 1969 and TypeSpectra in 1974, and designed most of his 400 typefaces (read: film fonts for use in the VGC Photo Typositor) there: Agenda (1976), Americana (1972), Arthur (1970, by Roc Mitchell), Aurora Snug (1969), Avalon (1972), Baskerville (1969), Beacon (1987), Bluejack (1974), Borealis (1970, by Roc Mitchell), Britannic (1973), Bulletin (1971), Celebration (1969, by Roc Mitchell), Century S (1975), Cheltenham (1971), Clearface (1973), Cloister (1975), Corporate (1971, by Roc Mitchell), Corporate Image (1971, by Roc Mitchell), Courier B EF (2004, originally done at Scangraphic), Didoni (1969, a knock-off of Pistilli Roman with swashes added), Dimensia and Dimensia Light (1971, by Roc Mitchell), Dominance (1971), Egyptian (1970), Eightball (1971, some report this incorrectly as a VGC face, which has a different typeface also called Eightball: it was digitized by FontBank as Egbert. Alphabet Innovations' Eightball had other versions called Cueball and Highball, and all three were designed by George Thomas who licensed them to AI), Fat Chance (Rolling Stone) (1971), Fotura Biform (1969), Franklin (1981), Garamond (1975), Globe (1975), Goudy (1969), Harem (1969, aka Margit; digitized and revived in 2006 by Patrick Griffin and Rebecca Alaccari as Johnny), Helserif (1976---I thought this was created by Ed Kelton; anyway, this typeface is just Helvetica with slabs), Helvetica (1969), Introspect (1971), Jolly Roger (1970, digitized in 2003 by Steve Jackaman at Red Rooster; Martin says that Jolly Roger and Introspect are his two most original designs), Journal (1987), Kabell (1971), Kabello (1970), King Arthur [+Light, Outline] with Guinevere Alternates (1971, by Roc Mitchell), Legothic (1973), Martinique (1970), Mountie (1970), News (1975), Palateno (1969), Pandora (1969), Pazazzma (1980), Perpetua (1969), Plantin (1973), Polonaise (1977; digital version by Claude Pelletier in 2010, called Chopin Script), Primus Malleable (1972), Quaff (1977), Quixotic (1970), Report (1971), Romana (1972), Scenario (1974), Sledge Hammer (1971), Son of Windsor (1970), Stanza (1971, by Roc Mitchell; this angular typeface was later published by URW), Stark (1970), Supercooper (1970), Swath (1979), Threadgil (1972), Thrust (1971), Timbre (1970), Times (1970), Times Text (1973), Trump (1973), Tuck Roman (1981), Viant (1977), Vixen (1970), Weiss (1973), Wordsworth (1973).
In 1974, he set up TypeSpectra, and created these type families: Adroit (1981), Albert (1974), Analog (1976), Bagatelle (1979), Cartel (1975), Caslon (1979), Criterion (1982), DeVille (1974), Embargo (1975), Heldustry (1978, designed for the video news at the fledgling ABC-Westinghouse 24-hour cable news network in 1978; incorrectly attributed by many to Martin's ex-employee Ed Kelton: download here), Innsbruck (1975), Limelight (1977), Oliver (1981), Opulent [Light and Bold] (1975, by George Brian, an amployee at Alphabet Innovations), Quint (1984), Sequel (1979), Spectral (1974), Welby (1982).
His fonts can be bought at MyFonts.com and at Precisiontype. He warns visitors not to mess with his intellectual property rights, but I wonder how he can have escaped the ire of Linotype by using the name Helvetica. In any case, the fonts were originally made for use on photo display devices and phototypesetters. Some are now available in digital format.
Near the end of his life, Phil's web presence was called MM2000 (dead link).
Check his comments on his own typefaces. URW sells these typefaces: URW Adroit, URW Agenda, URW Avernus (after Martin's design from 1972), URW Baskerville AI, URW Beacon, URW Bluejack, URW Cartel, URW Cloister, URW Corporate, URW Criterion, URW Didoni, URW Fat Face, URW Globe, URW Goudy AI, URW Heldustry, URW Helserif, URW Introspect, URW Legothic, URW Martin Gothic, URW Martinique, URW Pandora, URW Polonaise, URW Quint, URW Scenario, URW Souvenir Gothic, Souvenir Gothic Antique (the Souvenit Gothic family was designed by George Brian, an employee of Alphabet Innovations at the time: it was AI's first text family), URW Stanza, URW Stark, URW Timbre, URW Viant, URW Wordsworth.
The final message on his last web page, posted posthumously read: MARTIN, PHIL, 82, of Largo, died Tuesday (Oct. 4, 2005) at Largo Medical Center. He was born in Dallas and came here after retiring as a writer, singer-songwriter, commercial artist, and comedian. As a high school student, he worked as an assistant artist on the nationally syndicated Ella Cinders, and at 18 wrote and drew Swing Sisson, the Battling Band Leader, for Feature Comics. He was an Army Air Forces veteran of World War II, where he served as a bombardier in Lintz, Austria. On his 28th mission shelling the yards in Lintz, his B-24 was hit and he was listed as missing in action until the war in Europe ended. He was a comedian on The Early Birds Show on WFAA in Dallas. As a commercial artist, he founded two multinational corporations to market typeface designs and is credited for designing 4 percent of all typefaces now used. He also wrote columns and articles for typographic publications. Locally, he sang original lyrics to old pop standards in area piano bars, and in 1999 produced 59 issues of the Web book Millennium Memorandum, changing the title to MM2000 when he issued the first edition of the new Millennium on Jan. 3, 2000. Survivors include his wife, Ann Jones Martin; and a cousin, Lorrie Hankins, Casper, Wyo. National Cremation Society, Largo.
A typeface made in 1926 by Frederic Goudy. D.J.R. Bruckner: Made for Spencer Kellogg's Aries Press in Eden, New York, and begun in 1925, this face was based on the Subiaco type used by St. John Hornby at the Ashendene Press. It has a very Gothic look and was the parent of the much more successful Franciscan face done years later for Edwin Grabhorn. The Aries Press printed at least one book in this type, and there may be more.
Elk Grove Village, IL-based company established in 2004, which specializes in font development, licensing and IP protection. It rose from the ashes of a major fire at Agfa/Monotype at the end of 2003. Its founders are Steve Matteson (type designer, formerly with Agfa/Monotype), Thomas Rickner (of Microsoft fame, where he hinted many Microsoft families), Ira Mirochnick (founder and President of Monotype Typography Inc in 1989 (where he was until 2000) and a Senior Vice President and director of Agfa Monotype Corporation (2000-2003), a self-proclaimed expert in font licensing issues and IP protection), and Bill Davis (most recently the Vice President of Marketing for Agfa Monotype). Also included in this group are Josh Hadley, Brian Kraimer, Jim Ford (since 2005), and Jeff Finger (as Chief Research Scientist, since 2006). On December 8, 2010, Ascender was acquired by Monotype for 10.2 million dollars.
Their typefaces include Endurance (2004, Steve Matteson, an "industrial strength" Grotesk designed to compete with Helvetica and Arial; it supports Greek, Cyrillic and East European languages).
In April 2005, Ascender announced that it would start selling the Microsoft font collection, which is possibly their most popular collection to date. They also started selling and licensing IBM's Heisei family of Japanese fonts in April 2005: Heisei Kaku Gothic, Heisei Maru Gothic and Heisei Mincho. Ascender's version of the CJK font Heiti is called ASC Heiti. Also in 2005, they started distributing Y&Y's Lucida family.
In October 2005, Ascender announced the development of Convection, a font used for Xbox 360 video games. Their South Asian fonts cover Bengali, Devanagari, Gujarati, Gurmukhi, Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil and Telugu, and include Ascender Uni, Ascender UniDuo and Arial Unicode for general use across all Indic languages, and, in particular, the Microsoft fonts Vrinda (Bengali), Mangal (Devanagari), Shruti (Gujarati), Raavi (Gurmukhi), Tunga (Kannada), Kartika (Malayalam), Latha (Tamil) and Gautami (Telugu). Khmer SBBIC (2011) is a Khmer font at Open Font Library.
It does more type trading and licensing than type creation, although Steve Matteson has contributed fairly well to their new typefaces. Their brand value took a hit when they started selling scrapbook, handwriting and wedding fonts under the name FontMarketplace.com.
Recent contributions: Crestwood (2006, a house face, possibly by Steve Matteson) is an updated version of an elegant semi-formal script typeface originally released by the Ludlow Type Foundry in 1937.
In 2009, they started a subpage called GoudyFonts.Com to sell their Goudy revivals.
In 2010, they announced a new collection of OpenType fonts created specifically for use in Microsoft Office 2010: Comic Sans 2010 (including new italic and bold italic fonts), Trebuchet 2010 (including new black&black italic fonts), Impact 2010, Pokerface 2010, Rebekah 2010 and Rebus Script 2010. Ligatures in Comic Sans?
ATF 1923 Catalog: Goudy Series
Showcasing the best pages from the Goudy Series in the ATF 1923 Catalog. Fonts by Frederic Goudy in this book include Goudy Bold (+Italic), Goudy Catalogue (+Italic), Goudy Cursive, Goudy Handtooled (+Italic), Goudy Italic, Goudy Oldstyle and Goudy Title. [Google] [More] ⦿
A typeface made in 1935 by Frederic Goudy. D.J.R. Bruckner: In A Half-Century of Type Design Goudy said that of designs numbered 87, 88, 95, 96, 98, 99, 102, 103, and 104 in The Record of Goudy Types assembled by him and Earl Emmons "absolutely nothing remains after the fire either in proof or in my recollection." He added that "the designs as we named them were: Goudy Book, Hudson, Textbook Old Style, Hasbrouck, Atlantis, Millvale, Mercury, and sketches for two unnamed." In a footnote he said: "These names sound as though copied from Pullman sleepers!" [Google] [More] ⦿
Inland Type Foundry font made in 1904. With its tall ascenders and small x-height, and irregular edges, it is similar to Pabst Old Style (1902, Goudy). Avil was in the 1911 ATF catalog, but not in the 1923 ATF catalog. People suspect that ATF went with Pabst Old Style, and chose not to continue Avil. For a full specimen, see Sheperd in Dan X. Solo's Rustic and Rough-Hewn Alphabets: 100 Complete Fonts by Dan X. Solo (1991, Dover). [Google] [More] ⦿
A typeface made in 1904 by Frederic Goudy. D.J.R. Bruckner: This face was designed for Joseph Barron's financial newsletter in Boston. American Type Founders had Robert Wiebking in Chicago cut matrices for it. But forty vears later Goudy could not recall "just what sort of letter I did" for Barron. [Google] [More] ⦿
The experts at Typophile compare (ITC) Berkeley Oldstyle and FB Californian in a battle of Venetian typefaces.
The factual history: In 1938, Goudy designed California Oldstyle, his most distinguished type, for University of California Press. In 1958, Lanston issued it as Californian. Carol Twombly digitized the roman 30 years later for California; David Berlow revised it for Font Bureau with italic and small caps; Jane Patterson designed the bold. In 1999, assisted by Richard Lipton&Jill Pichotta, Berlow designed the black and the text and display series. [Google] [More] ⦿
A typeface made in 1936 by Frederic Goudy. D.J.R. Bruckner: In May 1936, Laurence Siegfried, editor of The American Printer, asked Goudy for an article on his one-hundredth typeface. Goudy said that the ninety-eighth and ninety-ninth were not done (his word) at the time, but he set to work on this one, named for his wife Bertha M. who had died the year before, and finished it in sixteen days. He based it on a book set in type derived from one used by Leonard Holle to print the Geographica of Ptolemy at Ulm in 1482. Since the Ashendene Press had been using a tvpe made by Emery Walker based on the Holle types, it can be assumed Goudy referred to that face.
For blackboard bold (or "doublestroke") mathematical symbols in TEX, you have six options:
A typeface made in 1916 by Frederic Goudy. D.J.R. Bruckner: This face was named for Goudy's first press and was designed for American Type Founders. Since A.T.F. never displayed it in specimen books, presumably they found it unacceptable. That is a pity: for its time it is a good face and might have had a good influence.
Mac McGrew: Booklet Old Style was designed by Frederic W. Goudy for ATF in 1916, as one of the types called for by an arrangement to design exclusively for that company. Goudy speaks of it as a letter simple in construction, plain and unobtrusive, and not terribly distinctive. It is named for the first press established by Goudy in Chicago in 1895. It does not seem to appear in any ATF specimens or literature, nor in the list of ATF matrices inventoried in 1930. [Google] [More] ⦿
Brian Schorn was a design student at Cranbrook. For his thesis, he made a font called AddMorph based on drawings of Trajan as found in the book The Alphabet by Frederic Goudy. The digital version of the font was created using proprietary drawings of Adobe Trajan digitized by Carol Twombly. He wanted to publish AddMorph with Emigre, but Adobe, when contacted, denied Emigre the right to use Adobe's digital version of Trajan. To this date AddMorph has not been released. [Google] [More] ⦿
Albert Bruce Rogers was a celebrated American type and book designer (b. 1870, Linnwood, IN, d. 1957, New Fairfield, CT). A graduate from Purdue in 1890, he worked in book design. It was not until 1901 that he cut his first typeface, Montaigne, a Venetian style typeface named for the first book it appeared in, a 1903 limited edition of The Essays of Montaigne. In 1912, Rogers moved to New York City where he worked both as an independent designer and as house designer for the Metropolitan Museum of Art. It was for the Museum's 1915 limited edition of Maurice de Guérin's The Centaur that he designed his most famous type-face, Centaur (1914). Like Montaigne, it was based on the Venetian typefaces of Nicolas Jenson. Wikipedia: Rogers considered this typeface to be a substantial improvement on his early Montaigne, both because his design had matured and because, on the advice of Frederic Goudy, he had employed Robert Wiebking as the punch-cutter, and Rogers used Centaur extensively for the rest of his career. The Centaur was produced by Rogers in Dyke Mill at Carl Rollins' Montague Press and is now one of the most collectible books ever printed.
In subsequent years, he designed books for Mount Vernon Press, and Harvard University Press, and served as typographic advisor at Lanston Monotype. To produce the Oxford Lectern Bible for Oxford University Press, an italic complement to Centaur was needed. Wikipedia: As he did not feel capable of designing the sort of chancery typeface that he thought appropriate, Rogers chose to pair Centaur with Frederic Warde's Arrighi, a pairing retained to this day.
Rogers died in New Fairfield, CT, and donated his books and papers to Purdue University, where they are in the Beinecke Rare Book and manuscript Library.
Cade Type Foundry
Cade Type Foundry is the private foundry of Philip Cade. He cut his first (metal) typeface in 1972. Cade published a Specimen book Type Borders Ornaments and Bras Rule in 1976 (Juniper Press, 24 GinnRoad, Winchester, MA).
A typeface made in 1896 by Frederic Goudy. D.J.R. Bruckner: This is the first tvpe attributed to Goudy based on letters he drew and sent to the Dickinson Tvpe Foundry. He made only the capitals, and the foundry men added a lower case.
McGrew states: Camelot or Camelot Oldstyle was the first typeface designed by Frederic W. Goudy. He offered it to Dickinson Type Foundry (part of ATF) in Boston, which accepted it and sent him $10, twice what he had modestly asked for it. This was in 1896; it was apparently cut and released the following year as drawn, without lowercase. In February 1900 a design patent was issued in the names of Goudy and Joseph W. Phinney, and assigned to ATF. Phinney was a well-known designer for Dickinson-ATF, and apparently it was he who added the lowercase alphabet. Its success encouraged Goudy to make a distinguished career of type designing, and this typeface was included in ATF specimen books as late as 1941. Compare Canterbury.
The Inland Type Foundry in Saint Louis was established in 1892 by the three sons of Carl Schraubstadter (1827-1897), William A. Schraubstadter (1864-1957), Oswald Schraubstadter (1868-1955) and Carl Schraubs Jr. (1862-1947). Carl had run the Central Type Foundry in Saint Louis and sold it to ATF (American Type Founders) in 1892, and the sons reacted by setting up Inland. Until 1911, Inland was one of the most successful foundries in the United States. In 1911 Inland was purchased by ATF and its equipment divided between that foundry and Barnhart Brothers and Spindler (BBS). Carl Junior is credited with a typeface that was later digitized by Dan Solo (Solotype) as Hearst Roman and Hearst Italic. Goudy claimed that these were designs stolen from him. Solo mentions the date 1904. Alan Prescott made New Hearst Roman and Italic in 1995. A further digitization of these types is due to Nick Curtis in 2006: Ragged Write NF, Ragged Write NF Italic. In 1905, Schraubstadter patented a slab serif typeface. [Google] [MyFonts] [More] ⦿
Castcraft [3649 W Chase Ave Skokie, IL 60026], showed off a comprehensive library of fonts, all with extended character sets for multi-language typography. OptiFont is a trademark filed in 1990 by Fredric J. Kreiter of Castcraft. Castcraft sold a CD-ROM Type Library Volume 1 at 200 USD. Its entire font collection was sold for 1000 USD. It also made some custom fonts. Most post-1990 fonts have the prefix OPTI. For example, OPTI-Peking is an oriental simulation font. OPTI-Favrile is a copy of Tom Carnase's Favrile (WTC).
A visitor warned me that there is absolutely zero security when you order from this outfit, so you are warned--this is a dangerous site! It seems that Manny Kreiter (d. 2005) was the last President&CEO, and that his family (Abe, Harry and Ned Kreiter) have been at it since the days of metal type (1936) starting as Type Founders of Chicago. I found this on their pages: Castcraft has licensing [sic] the entire 20,000 TypeFaces from "Type Films of Chicago" and the entire "Solotype Alphabets" collection. Mike Yanega claims that most of their fonts are clearly not original any more than most of Bitstream's are original, and like them they re-name many of their fonts to avoid copyright issues. Their fonts all appear to be a "dead collection" of copies of relatively old designs that have already appeared in many other collections from the likes of WSI and SSi.
In 2010, John Brandt reports: Castcraft, aka Type Founders of Chicago, moved decades ago from Hubbard St in Chicago to a close-in suburb (Skokie? Niles?) and was still operating within the past few years when I happened to drive by. I failed to find any current incarnation, but they used several names even years ago as a prominent pirate. Besides pirated fonts (Typositor to later, generally poor digital), they were a big metal vendor (I have a partial metal set of Helvetica gifted as they left downtown in the 1970s), and also had a guy (whose name escapes me) who did fabulous high-end signage, from sand-blasted glass to the created-on-building inscribed metal logo for a well-known Michigan Ave mall. Longtime owner Manny Kreiter died in 2005, but whether Boomie or any of the others who may still be around kept it going is unknown. Aside from simply having ANY version of their many offerings, most would consider their collection worthless. Anyone who has a digital "OPTIfont" and a font editor can readily view the problems, including usually several times too many Bezier points within any character. I counted 78 control points on a minimal character, for instance, that should have had less than a dozen.
Listing of Castcraft fonts (compiled by myself). The 802 fonts listed here are all dated between 1990 and 1994. I know there are at least 1,000 digital fonts made by them, so my list is incomplete.
This link maintained by alt.binaries.fonts regulars contains most OPTI fonts for free download. It contains in particular some scans of one-line listings (i, ii, iii), and lists of name equivalences (i, ii).
Picture of Ned, Abe, Harry and Manny Kreiter.
Font name equivalences (by Philippededa, 2012). Footnote: Most of the images on this page are borrowed from The OPTI fonts archive, where one can download most of the collection. List of equivalences of Castcraft names. List of Castcraft typefaces as of July 2014. [Google] [More] ⦿
Designs by Jason Castle from San Rafael, CA, who studied psychology at Dominican University of California. He does custom font design and sells commercial typefaces through MyFonts and FontShop. Blog. These include:
A typeface made in 1905 by Frederic Goudy. D.J.R. Bruckner: The great San Francisco printer John Henry Nash was fond of this set of capitals, but Goudy considered it "a rather clumsy form of Lombardic capitals." American Type Founders issued it for many years.
Mac McGrew: Caxton Initials were designed by Frederic W. Goudy in 1905. He says of them, "These are a rather clumsy form of Lombardic capitals. At this time had not given text letters much study and while the forms of these capitals are correct enough, they lack the delicate hairlines which I learned later are an important feature of letters of this kind." The font includes only the 26 letters shown and a small leaf ornament. Compare Lombardic Capitals.
ATF matrix and pattern maker. Born in Germany, he died in 1948. He was involved in the design of Cloister Cursive Handtooled (Cloister Handtooled Italic, 1923), Goudy Handtooled (1923; see Goudy Handtooled BT) and Novel Gothic (1928-1929, a heavy art deco face), all in cooperation with Morris Fuller Benton. He created Quick-Set Roman&Italic in 1918, also at ATF.
Stephen Coles writes: Novel Gothic was frequently used for record covers in the 1960s-1970s particularly John Berg's designs at Columbia Records, such as Miles Davis: Bitches Brew. There are many digital typefaces in this 1920s showcard style (such as Kobalt), and many poor digitizations of Novel Gothic, but no faithful revival currently exists. Telenovela NF is a digital interpretation with an additional highlight effect, while Napoli and Naked Power are attempts to tame Novel Gothic's comical personality into large, straightforward sans families.
San Francisco-based commentator and artist. Writer and director of the video clip Behind the Typeface in which he showcases Cooper Black (1922) and Goudy Heavyface (1925), its Monotype rip-off by Goudy himself. Interview by Karen Huang. [Google] [More] ⦿
A typeface made in 1918 by Frederic Goudy. D.J.R. Bruckner: Goudy allowed that this set of capitals was not, strictly speaking, a typeface. American Type Founders had asked for an alphabet in the style of the large. center capital A in The Alphabet, and Goudy drew an entire set for them. He said he had not intended it to be cut, but A.T.F. made matrices and sold the type for a while.
Digital versions: LTC Goudy Initials (Miranda Roth for Lanston and P22, 2005: based on the original proofs of large sizes of Cloister Initials), Cloister Initials (2006-2007, Group Type), Initials ATF Cloister (Alter Littera, 2012), Goudy Initials (2008: a free font by Dick Pape), PF Goudy Initials (Paratype). [Google] [More] ⦿
A typeface made in 1919 by Frederic Goudy. D.J.R. Bruckner: Even Robert Wiebking, who cut the matrices, thought this type was odd. In 1909 Goudy had seen in the South Kensington Museum in London a page printed bv Palme Isingrin in Basle in 1534 that had a peculiar serif on the lower case d. Goudy assumed the serif had been damaged, but he found it interesting and designed an entire face based on it. It was made for Allen Collier of the Procter and Collier advertising agency in Cincinnati, which represented the Procter and Gamble Company. It is a precursor of Goudy Antique, begun in the same year.
Mac McGrew about Collier Old Style: Collier Old Style was designed by Frederic W. Goudy in 1919 as a private type for Proctor&Collier, a Cincinnati advertising agency, which had its own printing plant. Matrices were engraved by Robert Wiebking. Goudy has remarked that this typeface "seemed to me to give a quality akin to that given by William Morris's Golden type without, however, imitating that famous letter." Fonts were apparently cast for Goudy by ATF, for these matrices were among those given by ATF to the Graphic Arts Division of the Smithsonian Institution in 1970, and used for a special revival casting in 1982 by the Out of Sorts Letter Foundery. [Google] [More] ⦿
A pair of typefaces made in 1927 by Frederic Goudy. D.J.R. Bruckner: The 1927 date is Goudy's. The type w as actually delivered in March 1928. It was drawn at the request of Henry B. Quinan, art director of The Woman's Home Companion magazine. Goudy thought it "one of the most unusual types I have ever made. It incorporates features which deliberately violate tradition as to stress of curve, but which are so handled that attention is not specifically drawn to the innovations introduced." Not many designers now would agree with his notion that it is reticent about its innovations, but it is truly strange.
Mac McGrew: Companion Old Style and Italic were designed by Frederic W. Goudy in 1927 as a private typeface for headings in Woman's Home Companion maga- zine. After Aries, cut only in one size, this was Goudy's first experience in cutting an extensive series of sizes, as well as roman and italic. As he says, he learned the business of typefounding while working on this face. And of the face itself, Goudy says, "I believe that Companion Old Style and its italics show greater consistent original features than any other typeface I have ever made." From types cast in his matrices, Monotype made electro matrices for the typesetters of the magazine. And when that plant was liquidated several years ago, the matrices were acquired by Lester Feller, a private typecaster in Illinois, and a few fonts were cast for other private printers. There are no italic figures, and no plain versions of v or w, which would be necessary for good appearance within words. [Google] [More] ⦿
Cooper Black versus Robur
An excellent piece written by Patrick Griffin in 2010 when he and Kevin King published Robur at Canada Type, in which they explain the chronology of the machine age ad typefaces starting with Peignot. Reproduced here without Patrick's permission.
It shouldn't be a surprise to anyone that these letter shapes are familiar. They have the unmistakable color and weight of Cooper Black, Oswald Cooper's most famous typeface from 1921. What should be a surprise is that these letters are actually from Georges Auriol's Robur Noir (or Robur Black), published in France circa 1909 by the Peignot foundry as a bolder, solid counterpart to its popular Auriol typeface (1901). This typeface precedes Cooper Black by a dozen of years and a whole Great War.
Cooper Black has always been a bit of a strange typographical apparition to anyone who tried to explain its original purpose, instant popularity in the 1920s, and major revival in the late 1960s. BB&S and Oswald Cooper PR aside, it is quite evident that the majority of Cooper Black's forms did not evolve from Cooper Old Style, as its originators claimed. And the claim that it collected various Art Nouveau elements is of course too ambiguous to be questioned. But when compared with Robur Noir, the "elements" in question can hardly be debated.
The chronology of this "machine age" ad typeface in metal is amusing and stands as somewhat of a general index of post-Great War global industrial competition:
So almost a hundred years after its initial fizz, Robur is here in digital form, to reclaim its rightful position as the inspiration for, and the best alternative to, Cooper Black. Given that its forms date back to the turn of the century, a time when foundry output had a closer relationship to calligraphic and humanist craft, its shapes are truer to brush strokes and much more idiosyncratic than Cooper Black in their totality's construct. [Google] [More] ⦿
A typeface made by frederic Goudy in 1903. Mac McGrew: Copperplate Gothic Heavy was designed in 1903 by Frederic W. Goudy, who is much better known for his classic roman typefaces. Other weights and widths were drawn shortly thereafter by Clarence C. Marder of ATF, except the Shaded, designed by Morris F. Benton in 1912. A rather wide, monotone, conventional gothic with the added feature of minute serifs, Copperplate Gothic is imitative of the work of engravers, as suggested by the name. It became ATF's all-time best seller, being used extensively for stationery and form work, especially in the small neighborhood printshops of the letterpress era. It is the typical lining gothic face, featuring four sizes each on 6- and 12-point bodies, and two sizes each of 18- and 24-point in foundry (composing-machine sizes differ somewhat), so that a wide variety of cap-and-small-cap combinations can readily be set. Before Monotype developed its "Plate Gothic arrangement" (see under "Design Limitations" in Introduction) in 1919, permitting the keyboarding of all four sizes of 6- or 12-point at once, that company had made the Copper plate Gothics simply as cap-and-small-cap combinations, typically in 5-, 6-. 8-,10-, and 12-point plus display sizes. Hence most of these gothics have two different series numbers on Monotype, the lower number for display sizes and the obsolete cap-and-small-cap combinations, the other for the four-size combination. Several versions of Steelplate Gothic (q.v.) from BB&S were near duplicates of Copperplate Gothic, although a few characters differed slightly and the extended versions were not quite as wide. Hansen had Engravers Gothic in several versions, differing apparently only in the R as shown in the specimen. Compare Plate Gothic, Whittier; also see Bank Gothic, Blair, Boxhead Gothics. D.J.R. Bruckner lists the date as 1905 and writes: Goudy's recollection was that this hodgepodge was done for American Type Founders. It was made for Marder, Luse and Company and then taken on by ATF and can still be found in old ATF specimen books and their old fonts..
Digital versions: Copperplate Gothic (Linotype), Copperplate Gothic (Adobe), Copperplate Gothic (Bitstream), Copperplate Gothic Hand (Wiescher Design), Opti Copperplate (Castcraft), Copperplate Gothic. [Google] [More] ⦿
An ATF all-caps face made from 1901 until 1904 by Frederic W. Goudy and Clarence C. Marder. Digital descendants include Copperplate Gothic (Bitstream), Griffon (Flat-it), Copperplate Gothic (Linotype), Copperplate Gothic (Adobe), Copperplate Gothic (Tilde), Copperplate Gothic Hand (Wiescher Design), Quimby (Match + Kerosene), Copper Penny (The Fontry), Copperplate Script (CastleType), CopperPot (Corel), Copperplate Gothic (Softmaker), Copperplate 001 (Bitstream), Spartan (Monotype), Copperplate EF (Elsner&Flake), Copperplate (URW++), Copperplate Deco (Gert Wiescher), Copperplate SH (Scangraphic), Copperplate SB (Scangraphic), Copperplate Classic (Gert Wiescher), Biondi (Typodermic). Infinitype has a number of styles called Copperplate Gothic or Copperplate-Cd. American Gothic (URW) is Copperplate Gothic with an added lowercase. [Google] [More] ⦿
Barry Schwartz (b. 1961) is a scientist who lives in St. Paul, MN. He grew up mostly in Kendall Park, NJ, and studied electrical engineering from 1984 until 1990 at Rutgers. He is a fervent and exemplary supporter of the idea of Open Source fonts and software. He runs Crud Factory. His fonts:
Links: Another URL. Dafont link. OFL link. Font Squirrel link. Googlecode link. Devian tart link. The League of Moveable Type. Abstract Fonts link. Kernest link. Klingspor link. Google Plus link. [Google] [More] ⦿
Type designer who was born in London in 1943. Dave Farey runs Housestyle Graphics with Richard Dawson in London. He was well-known for running the successful auctions at many ATypI meetings. His typefaces for various foundries:
Editor of American Proprietary Typefaces (New York: American Printing History Association, 1998). This book has contributions by the following people:
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1898. D.J.R. Bruckner: A book face based on the display type designed by Theodore De Vinne and made on the order of Walter Marder of the Central Type Foundry of St. Louis, Missouri.
This account by Bruckner is wrong, as De Vinne never designed the types named after himself. The most likely creator is Gustav Schroeder. Mac McGrew: In 1898 Frederic W. Goudy was asked to take the famous display type [DeVinne, by Central Type Foundry] and make a book typeface of it. The resulting DeVinne Roman, Goudy's second type design, was cut the following year by the Central branch of ATF. DeVinne Slope, essentially the same design but sloped rather than a true italic, was cut by the foundry about the same time, perhaps from the same patterns as the roman.
Below is a verbatim reproduction of what Mac McGrew writes about the De Vinne types.
De Vinne types were designed and named for Theodore L. De Vinne, one of the most prominent American printers of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. His De Vinne Press pioneered in various methods of producing high-quality books and magazines, and De Vinne himself had considerable influence on typeface design as well as printing methods and other aspects of the business, and was the author of several books on the subject; however, he was not the actual designer of these typefaces.
DeVinne, as produced by Linotype in 1902, is a legible but plain version of modern roman, with long, thin serifs and considerable contrast. It does not appear in the 1907 book, Types of the DeVinnePress, although there are other very similar types. Other typefaces bearing the De Vinne name, described below, are more distinctive and much better known. They might be considered the first large type family, although they developed helter-skelter from several sources rather than being created as a unified family. DeVinne, the display face, is credited with bringing an end to the period of overly ornate and fanciful display typefaces of the nineteenth century, and with restoring the dignity of plain roman types. It is derived from typefaces generally known as Elzevir or French Oldstyle (q.v.). DeVinne says of it, This typeface is the outcome of correspondence (1888-90) between the senior of the De Vinne Press (meaning himself) and Mr. J. A. St. John of the Central Type Foundry of St. Louis, concerning the need of plainer types of display, to replace the profusely ornamented types in fashion, of which the printers of that time had a surfeit. The DeVinne Press suggested a return to the simplicity of the true old-style character, but with the added features of thicker lines and adjusted proportion in shapes of letters. Mr. St. John approved, but insisted on grotesques to some capital letters in the belief that they would meet a general desire for more quaintness. Mr. Werner of the Central Type Foundry was instructed to draw and cut the proposed typeface in all sizes from 6- to 72-point, which task he executed with great ability. The name given to this typeface by Mr. St. John is purely complimentary, for no member of the DeVinne Press has any claim on the style as inventor or designer. Its merits are largely due to Mr. Werner; its few faults of uncouth capitals show a desire to please eccentric tastes and to conform to old usage. The new typeface found welcome here and abroad; no advertising typeface of recent production had a greater sale.
Thus De Vinne himself credits the typeface to Central Type Foundry and its design to Nicholas J. Werner, but Werner says, To correct the general impression that Theodore L. De Vinne was the designer of the typeface named after him, I would state that it was the creation of my partner, Mr. (Gustav) Schroeder. The design was patented under Schroeder's name in 1893. Central was part of the merger that formed American Type Founders Company in 1892, but continued to operate somewhat independently for a few more years. Meanwhile, DeVinne was copied by Dickinson, BB&S, Hansen, and Keystone foundries, and perhaps others-in fact, Keystone advertised that it patented the design in 1893, Connecticut Type Foundry copied it as Saunders, and Linotype as Title No.2. Dickinson called it "a companion series to Howland" (q.v.).
When Monotype developed an attachment in 1903 to cast display sizes, DeVinne was the first type shown in their first announcement. Later ATF specimens showed this typeface and several derivatives as DeVinne No.2, probably because of adjustments to conform with standard alignment. DeVinne Italic and DeVinne Condensed were drawn by Werner and produced by Central in 1892 and copied by some other sources. Howland, shown by Dickinson in 1892, is essentially the same as DeVinne Condensed No.3, later shown by Keystone. ATF introduced DeVinne Extended in 1896, while BB&S showed DeVinne Compressed, Extra Compressed, and Rold in 1898-99. Keystone's DeVinne Title is another version of bold, not as wide as that of BB&S.
In 1898 Frederic W. Goudy was asked to take the famous display type and make a book typeface of it. The resulting DeVinne Roman, Goudy's second type design, was cut the following year by the Central branch of ATF. DeVinne Slope, essentially the same design but sloped rather than a true italic, was cut by the foundry about the same time, perhaps from the same patterns as the roman.
DeVinne Open or Outline and Italic also originated with Central. In the roman and smaller sizes of italic only the heavy strokes are outlined; in larger sizes of italic, certain thin strokes are also outlined. Monotype cut the open typefaces in 1913. DeVinne Shaded is another form of the outline, created by Dickinson in 1893; parts of the outline are much thicker than others. DeVinne Recut and Recut Outline, shown by BB&S, are not true members of this family, but are a revival of Woodward and Woodward Outline, designed by William A. Schraubstadter for Inland Type Foundry in 1894; there were also condensed, extra condensed, and extended versions, all "original" by Inland. DeVinneRecutItalic was a rename of Courts, by Werner about 1900, also from Inland. Compare McNally. [Google] [More] ⦿
A typeface made in 1927 by Frederic Goudy. Mac McGrew on Deepdene: The roman of this series was designed and cut by Frederic W. Goudy in 1927 for his own Village Letter Foundery, and named for his estate at Marlboro-on-Hudson, which in turn was named for the street in Forest Hills, New York, where Goudy worked before moving to Marlboro in 1923. The accompanying italic was designed the following year, with matrices for the first trial size being cut by the designer's wife, Bertha M. Goudy. Of this italic, Goudy says, "I chose more or less to disregard tradition in an attempt to follow a line of my own, and drew each character without reference to any other craftsman's work. I think this italic shows a disciplined freedom which retains the essential quality of legibility." It has been described as having "an acid, typey quality," with interest, color, movement, and quaintness. Like many of Goudy's italics, the inclination is slight. When Monotype obtained rights to reproduce Deepdene, slight adjustments were necessary to adapt it to mechanical requirements in keyboard sizes. Goudy resented not being asked to make these adjustments, as some of them displeased him although they are not apparent to others. Deepdene Medium was designed by Goudy in 1931, and he cut one size. Monotype assigned a number to this face, but no evidence has been found that it was ever cut for that machine. Deepdene Bold and Italic were designed by Goudy in 1932-33 for Monotype, and released in 1934. Goudy says, "The Deepdene Bold Italic drawings gave me more trouble than any italic I had hitherto attempted. I finally scrapped all of my preliminary sketches and began a design that would not be merely a heavier facsimile of the italic Deepdene, since I had come to believe that a bold letter can do little more than approximate in form the roman it is to complement." Compare Californian. Deepdene was recut with the addition of swash letters and redesign of several other characters by Richard Ellis, with Goudy's approval, for a Knopf edition of Arthur Waley's Translations From the Chinese.
He continues: Deepdene Open Text was designed by Frederic W. Goudy in 1931 as a heading type for Edmund G. Gress's book, Fashions in American Typography. for which Goudy had been asked to write an introduction. His Deepdene type was being used for text. Finding that nearly all letters were required for the many headings, Goudy completed the font. All letters are highlighted with a white line in the heavy strokes. The capitals are somewhat similar to Lombardic Caps, while the lowercase is somewhat like Goudy Text Shaded (q. v.). but much less rigid. Later Goudy cut the same typeface with the white line of the lowercase letters filled in, and called it Deepdene Text (1931). Also see Tory Text.
Digital versions: LTC Deepdene (Lanston Type Company), Deepdene BQ (Berthold), D690 (Softmaker), Opti Deligne (Castcraft), Opti Deepdene (Castcraft), Linden Hill (2010, Barry Schwartz: free), URW Deepdene. [Google] [More] ⦿
Design Lab SRL, Milan
Dick Pape: Initials
Dick Pape revived hundreds of initial caps typefaces. Some came from collections. The unclassified ones include these fonts from 2009 (unless date specially mentioned): Antique Alphabet, Avante Light (2010, avant garde caps), Babylon Initials (2009), Bird Drawings Alphabet (2008), Boast Feder Bold (2010, horizontally-striped caps), Boast Plain Bold (2010), BoldCameo (2009), Clea Initials (2010, nudes), Command (2010), Dover Old Fashion Alphabet (2010, silhouettes), Fancy Nouveau (2010, art nouveau caps), Floral Initials (2010), Flotner Anthropomorphic (2010), Flower Panels Outline (2010), Flower Panels (2010), Flower Vines (2010), Flowery Alphabet (2010), Framed Alphabet (2010), Frankfurt Stempel-Series 52 (2011), Frankfurt Stempel-Series 55 (2011), Garden Nouveau Initials (2010: great art nouveau initials), Genteliza Hand (2011), Gothic Metal Initials (2008), Goudy Initials (2008), Haas'sche 1925 (2010), Humanistic Alphabet 107 (2011, uncial), Humanistic Alphabet 109 Swash (2011), Humanistic Alphabet 110 (2011), In Bloom Alpha (2010), Iniciales Greco (2010, after Richard Gans, 1922), Initialen Feder Grotesk (2010, after Jakob Erbar's 1908-1910 typeface at Ludwig & Mayer), Lichte Jonisch (2008), Light Me Up (2010), Madeleine (2010), Nelma (2011), New Music (2010), Rankin-Initialen (2010: Celtic), Rosart Initials (2010), Sacon Initials (2010: birds, beasts and flowers by Jacques Sacon, Lyon, 1519), Schmale Jonisch (2008), Schriftgiesserei Series 56 (2013: after D. Stempel, 1915), Victorine Embellished (2010).
Dieter Steffmann's Homepage
FontShop was the name of Dieter Steffmann's foundry in Kreuztal, Germany (not to be confused with the FontShop foundry and font vendor). He made about 600 self-proclaimed "old-fashioned" fonts, and among these many Fraktur fonts. His site became too expensive to run, and is now hosted by Typoasis. Alternate URL. Current list of fonts. See also here. New stuff. Fontspace link. A nice essay about Fraktur fonts accompanies the fonts. News. As Dieter puts it: I am not a designer but I add missing letters to public domain fonts in order to get a complete character set and I hint the fonts and create new weigths (shadow, inline etc.) His Christbaumkugeln font, and how it was made. The font families:
Author of Frederic Goudy (Masters of American Design) (1990, Harry N. Abrams Publishers, New York). Synopsis copied from an anonymous source: First edition. A great new biography of this famous type designer. Well illustrated, including many examples of his designs and a complete showing of all types he designed. Goudy (1865-1947) was an American innovator in typeface design and manufacture, creator of more than 100 faces, many still popular today. In this first major critical study--the second volume in a projected biographical series on major figures of 20th-century American design---New York Times Book Review editor Bruckner presents a lively and informative survey of Goudy's varied careers as author, type designer, and businessman (founder of the Village Press, an influential private printing press). The author analyzes in detail many of Goudy's typefaces and airs conflicting opinions regarding his contributions as a designer. Numerous, well-chosen illustrations attest to Goudy's design skills. Recommended for large graphic design collections. [Google] [More] ⦿
Quoting from the introduction of Frederic Goudy (Masters of American Design) (1990, D.J.R. Bruckner for Harry N. Abrams Publishers, New York).
During the last twenty-five years of his life, F. W. Goudv was a famous man. He was a popular speaker who traveled across the country and the Atlantic, year after year giving talks to students, businessmen, clubs---almost anyone who would listen. His books on lettering and the alphabet had wide influence. His home became a place of pilgrimage for his followers. He was talked about and interviewed on network radio: a Hollywood studio made a film about him and his work: he was a regular presence in newspapers and magazines---not just those addressed to people in printing, publishing, and advertising but in Sunday supplements, national news magazines, even The New Yorker and Popular Mechanics. He never made much money but he did have fame. Forty vears after his death even people in the world of print know little about him except that his name is attached to many typefaces. And there are strange misapprehensions about him, the oddest being that he was a formidably serious presence. That would have amused Goudy. He was a great raconteur with a large repertory of funny stories, and he enjoyed jokes on himself. He was keenly aware of how different he was from most of his colleagues in design, and he knew very well how to use his eccentricity to his advantage. He was a thoroughly democratic man typical of the generation of the Middle West after the Civil War and in his long battle for order and clarity in the printed word he carried the fight down to printers, compositors. mechanics, and the general public in a way few of his contemporaries did. It is that aspect of his personality, in fact, that drew criticism of him during his life and that continues to inspire derogatory remarks about him now. He was certainly overpraised by his admirers while he was alive, but he has been belittled by opponents with a harshness that is hard to understand and impossible to justify.
Among those who remember him---by now all are people who came to know him only after he was famous---some of the old attitudes persist. Joseph Blumenthal, the printer, who has written a valuable history of printed books, says "He was a great self-promoter and he was a lot of fun to be with. But he was not the great printer or typographer, and I do not think he was even the greatest American designer of type. You would not put him with Daniel Berkeley Updike in printing or Bruce Rogers in typography. And I think Rogers designed the best American type, Centaur." But Blumenthal has also pointed out that Goudy was the one person in the world of printing who had a great reputation outside that world. Horace Hart, one time president of the Lanston Monotype Company, says that "Goudy was surely the great American type designer and one who has few equals anywhere, ever. I don't know how many types he made and I am not sure that matters. He designed eight or ten or even a dozen that are classics, who else in the history of type has done that?"
Herbert Johnson of the Rochester Institute of Technology (R.I.T.), whose knowledge of Goudy's work is unequaled, says, "Goudy was just too democratic for those Eastern guys who were already setting themselves up as an establishment in this business when Goudy came along. He had too much fun for them." And Alexander Lawson. also of R.I.T., thinks "Goudy's strength was the strength of his personality. He understood where the people of the country were moving, deep down some place, and he made his campaign for ideas a personal one. He achieved a lot because people responded to him personally. That is also the source of the criticism. Goudy was a very strong individual." Dr. Robert Leslie, the heart and soul of the Typophiles organization in New York longer than anyone could remember (he was only about twenty years younger than Goudy yet lived until 1987), thought Goudy's strengths and weaknesses were both exaggerated but said, "He inspired printers and compositors and a lot of people no one paid much attention to, and he gave them some dignity. He deserves honor for that, as much as for his types. He loved to be honored, too. Why not? He deserves that."
Goudy was an actor who made his start at an age when serious people in professions ought to be already established. He offended the snobbish among his peers by seeking the reward they would never accept---applause. But he used his popularity to change the perceptions of his audience and make it more discriminating. His zeal for good design was infectious, if subversive. One of the legacies of John Ruskin and William Morris, who in the nineteenth century had started the movement that gave rise to the whole modern notion of design, was the idea that good design was the possession of the few who know, and from them it should be passed down to the masses. By the time Goudy began designing, it was thought the standards could come only from dedicated scholars and were to be seen in the best work of private presses or a few university presses. Goudy was about as theoretical as the metal he worked in. But he understood the crowd and wanted the crowd to know. He did not pretend to talk much about what he never tried to do. But he loved to talk about craftsmanship and its standards, and his tradiing was extraordinarily effective. Instinctively he was a cowboy, and he thought every person had a right to make his own mark. His talks and his writing were the old populist cry of the American heartland, and he tended to treat the great masters of type design of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries as honored and intelligent colleagues, not as unapproachable figures in a pantheon. He ran his own press, the Village Press, for more than thirty-five years and his own foundry for fifteen. He designed scores of types for the two largest foundries in the country as well as for his own. He wrote books and pamphlets about type and design and founded a journal of type design that is of great historical importance in the history of American design. And, as Herbert Johnson said, he had a lot of fun doing it all.
Bruckner himself likes Goudy Modern, Goudy Newstyle, and Italian Old Style, and writes I think the type that brings together most characteristics of Goudy types the best and has the most distinctive appearance is Deepdene. It is not as exciting or singular as some others, but it is essential Goudy. Every part of its production was done by his hands. [Google] [More] ⦿
DTP Types Ltd was launched in 1989 by Malcolm Wooden (b. London, 1956) from Crawley, West Sussex, England. Wooden worked at Monotype for over 20 years just before that. Malcolm Wooden joined Dalton Maag early 2008 to work on font engineering and production. DTP Types does/did custom font work, and sells hundreds of retail fonts.
In the Headline Font Collection (50 fonts), we find reworked and extended designs (Apollo, New Bodoni (1996-2002), Camile, Engravers, and so forth), as well as fresh typefaces (Hellene handwriting, Finalia Condensed, Birac, Delargo Black, Delargo DT Rounded (comic book family), Dawn Calligraphy).
In the Elite Typeface Library, there are type 1 and truetype typefaces for Western and East-European languages. For example, Elisar DT (1996, see also Elisar DT Infant) is a humanist sans family made by Malcolm and Lisa Wooden. Fuller Sans DT (1996) is a grotesk family by Malcolm Wooden. Greek and Cyrillic included. Other typefaces: Garamond 96, Pen Tip (Tekton-like).
Fonts distributed by ITF and MyFonts.com: Berstrom DT, Beverley Sans DT (2007, comic book style face), Birac DT, Century Schoolbook DT, Convex DT, Delargo DTInformal, Delargo DT Infant, Engravers DT (1990), Finalia DT Condensed, Garamond DT, Garamond Nine Six DT, Goudy Old Style DT, Graphicus DT (1992, a 24-style geometric sans family), Kabel DTCondensed, Leiden DT, Macarena DT, Modus DT (2007), New Bodoni DT (1992), Newhouse DT (1992, a large neo-grotesque family), Office Script DT (1994, copperplate script), Pelham DT (1992), Pen Tip DT, Pen Tip DT Infant, Pretorian DT (a revival of an old Edwardian font by P.M. Shanks done by Ron Carpenter and Malcolm Wooden in 1992; for a free version, see Vivian by Dieter Steffman), Solaire DT, Triest DT, Vigor DT (2000---a slab serif family).
Discussion: Something I don't get is that Vecta DT (2006) is based on Vecta (2005, Wilton Foundry)---same name, same sans family, what gives? Duet DT (2006, a calligraphic script) is by Robbie de Villiers of Wilton, based on his own Duet (2004). MyFonts page. The typophiles reserve harsh judgment: I recognize these designs by their original names. Slightly manipulating Times Roman, Optima, Icone, Franklin Gothic, Sabon, Tekton, does not make them new or original. Many of the designs are identical to the originals they're derived from (Carl Crossgrove), The DTP Types outfit sells the usual rip-off fonts under new and old names (e.g. Century Schoolbook DT, Engravers DT, Goudy Old Style DT, Kabel DT, etc.) (Uli Stiehl).
In 2008, DTP announced a new newspaper and magazine text family, Arbesco DT (PDF), based on a 1980s photolettering family (see also here), and a simple 24-style architectural sans family called Sentico Sans DT (elliptical). They also published the marker family Pen Tip DT Lefty in 2008.
In 2009, the calligraphic Trissino DT was published: it was named after Gian Giorgio Trissino (1478-1550) the Italian Renaissance humanist, poet, dramatist, diplomat and grammarian who was the first to explicitly distinguish I and J as seperate letter sounds.
Online font site run by Sean Cavanaugh (b. Cape May, NJ, 1962) out of Camano Island, WA. This used to be called Title Wave Studios. In the archives, find essays on writing style, rules of typography, and a comparison by Thomas Phinney (program manager of Latin Fonts at Adobe) of T1 and TTF. The Fontsite 500 CD (30 USD) offers 500 classical fonts with the original names, plus a few names I have not seen before, such as Bergamo (=Bembo by Francesco Griffo), Chantilly (=Gill Sans), Gareth (=Galliard), Palladio (=Palatino, Savoy (=Sabon), URWLatino, Unitus, Toxica, Publicity, Plakette, Pericles, Opus (=Optima), Melville, Function, Flanders, Cori Sans, Binner. Uli Stiehl provides proof that many of the fonts at FontSite are rip-offs (identical to) of fonts in Martin Kotulla's collection. Free fonts: Bergamo, CartoGothic (1996-2009), CombiNumerals. At MyFonts, the CombiNumerals Pro and CombiSymbols dingbat families are available since 2010. The site has a number of fonts with the acronym FS in the name, so I guess these are relatively original (but I won't swear on it): Allegro FS, Beton FS, Bodoni Display FS (+ Bold, Demibold), Bodoni No 2 FS (+ Ultra, Bodoni Recut FS (+Bold, Demibold), and so forth. His 500 Font CD has these fonts:
A caps only typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1911. D.J.R. Bruckner: This elegant capital face was based on inscriptions Goudy had made rubbings from on Trajan's column and the Arch of Titus in Rome in 1910. It was a favorite of Sir Francis Meynell and Bruce Rogers, among others.
Mac McGrew: Forum or Forum Title was designed by Frederic W. Goudy in 1911, originally intended for headings in a book to be set in Kennerley. The letters are based on rubbings Goudy had made during a visit to Rome the previous year; some of these were on the Arch of Titus in the Roman Forum, hence the name. This is a font of capitals only, as lowercase letters were not in existence for several hundred years after Roman times, but they reflect inscriptional lettering at its classic best. Also see Kennerley, Beacon.
For a digital versions see LTC Forum Title (Lanston Type Company), Forum Titling (Pat Hickson for Red Rooster Collection), OL Forum Titling (Dennis Ortiz-Lopez), Quay (1985, David Quay), or Goudy Forum Pro (2009, Tom Ricker for Ascender). [Google] [More] ⦿
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1932. D.J.R. Bruckner: Goudy had recut the Aries face first made in 1926, intending to "use it for my own printing rather than to offer it for general sale," but he was persuaded to sell it to Edwin Grabhorn, who suggested the new name.
Mac McGrew: Franciscan is the redesigned and recut Aries typeface of Frederic W. Goudy, renamed in 1932 by Edwin Grabhorn, an eminent San Francisco printer, who used it for several distinctive and award-winning books. Monotype made mats from the types cast by Goudy for private use of the California printer calling the design Goudy Franciscan.
Advertising artist (b. 1894, Joseph, Missouri) influenced by Oswald Cooper and Frederic Goudy, with whom he collaborated. He worked first as a lettering artist in New York and then as a free-lancer in Chicago. Designer at American Typefounders of the condensed and stocky slab serif typeface Contact (1944: see the TS Colonel family by TypeShop for a digital version) and the calligraphic script font Grayda (1939, ATF; +Initials). Grayda was digitized, expanded and modernized by Rebecca Alaccari as Genesis (2007). McGrew writes:
A list of various digital typefaces that are based on Frederic Goudy's designs. The digital revivals include these fonts: Berkeley Oldstyle (Adobe), Goudy Old Style (Bitstream), LTC Goudy Oldstyle (Lanston Type Company), Copperplate (URW++), Copperplate Gothic (Linotype), LTC Pabst Oldstyle (Lanston Type Company), Goudy Handtooled (Monotype ), Goudy Old Style (Monotype ), LTC Goudy Ornate (Lanston Type Company), Italian Old Style (Monotype ), Copperplate Gothic (Adobe), Goudy Ornate MT (Monotype ), LTC Record Title (Lanston Type Company), LTC Goudy Text (Lanston Type Company), LTC Goudy Initials (Lanston Type Company), LTC Remington Typewriter (Lanston Type Company), WTC Goudy Swash (URW++), LTC Kennerley (Lanston Type Company), LTC Deepdene (Lanston Type Company), Goudy Modern MT (Adobe), Hadriano (Monotype ), Hadriano (Adobe), LTC Californian (Lanston Type Company), LTC Goudy Open (Lanston Type Company), Goudy Text (Monotype ), Goudy Text (Adobe), LTC Goudy Handtooled (Lanston Type Company), Cloister Initials (GroupType), Hadriano (Linotype), LTC Camelot (Lanston Type Company), LTC Village No 2 (Lanston Type Company), LTC Powell (Lanston Type Company), LTC Forum Title (Lanston Type Company), Copperplate EF (Elsner+Flake), Goudy Handtooled EF (Elsner+Flake), Goudy Sorts (Monotype ), ITC Berkeley Oldstyle (ITC), Goudy Trajan Pro (CastleType), Village (Font Bureau), Copperplate Gothic (Bitstream), Goudy Modern MT (Monotype ), Copperplate Gothic Hand (Wiescher Design), Goudy Heavyface (Bitstream), Goudy Forum Pro (Ascender), LTC Goudy Sans (Lanston Type Company), Tickety Boo NF (Nicks Fonts), Friar Pro (Ascender), Franciscan Caps NF (Nicks Fonts), Scripps College Old Style (Monotype ), Bertham Pro (Ascender), LTC Goudy Extras (Lanston Type Company), LTC Hadriano (Lanston Type Company), Goudy Stout CT (CastleType), National Oldstyle NF (Nicks Fonts), ITC Goudy Sans (ITC), Goudy Handtooled (Linotype), LTC Italian Old Style (Lanston Type Company), Monotype Goudy (Monotype ), Goudy Catalogue (Linotype), Goudy Catalogue (Bitstream), Goudy 38 (Red Rooster Collection), LTC Kaatskill (Lanston Type Company), Monotype Goudy Catalogue (Monotype ), LTC Garamont (Lanston Type Company), Goudy Catalogue EF (Elsner+Flake), Californian FB (Font Bureau), Goudy Handtooled (Bitstream), Kennerley BQ (Berthold), Deepdene BQ (Berthold). [Google] [More] ⦿
Frederic W. Goudy
One of the great type designers of the twentieth century, 1865-1947. Born in Bloomington, IL, he made over 125 typefaces. He founded the Village Press with Will H. Ransom at Park Ridge, IL, in 1903. From 1904 until 1906, it was in Hingham, MA, and from 1906-1913 at 225 Fourth Avenue, New York City, where a fire destroyed everything except the matrices on January 10, 1908. From 1913 until 1923, it was located in Forest Hill Gardens, Long Island, and from 1923 until his death in 1947 at Deepdene, in Marlborough-on-Hudson, NY. He was an art consultant for Lanston Monotype from 1920-1940.
His life's work and his ideas on typography can be found in his great book, Typologia, Studies in Type Design \& Type Making (1940, University of California Press, Berkeley), but his views are already present in Elements of Lettering (1922, The Village Press, Forest Hill Gardens, New York). His own work is summarized, shown and explained in his last book, A Half-Century of Type Design and Typography 1895-1945, Volume One (1946, The Typophiles, New York). See also Frederic Goudy by D.J.R. Bruckner for Harry N. Abrams Publishers, New York.
In 1936, Frederic Goudy received a certificate of excellence that was handlettered in blackletter and immediately stated, Anyone who would letterspace blackletter would steal sheep. He also wrote: All the old fellows stole our best ideas, and Someday I'll design a typeface without a K in it, and then let's see the bastards misspell my name.
His 116 fonts include
Several foundries specialize in Goudy's types. These include P22/Lanston, which has an almost complete digital collection, Ascender Monotype, and Castle Type, which offers Goudy Trajan (2003), Goudy Text, Goudy Stout and Goudy Lombardy. WTC Goudy was digitized ca. 1986 by WTC.
Links: Bio by Nicolas Fabian. Alternate URL. Andrew R. Boone's article on Goudy in Popular Science, 1942. Goudy's typefaces listed by Paulo W. Obituary, May 13, 1947, New York Times, Time Magazine, November 6. 1933, Amy Duncan's thesis at BSU entitled "Howdy Goudy: Frederic W. Goudy and the Private Press in the Midwest", A 2009 lecture on Goudy by Steve Matteson (TypeCon 2009, Atlanta), Melbert B. Cary Jr. collection of Goudyana. Wikipedia: List of typefaces designed by Frederic Goudy. Linotype link. FontShop link. [Google] [MyFonts] [More] ⦿
Frederic William Goudy
Frederic William Goudy
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1937. D.J.R. Bruckner: Goudy's comment was that he designed this type for his own amusement. He said he based the capitals on the "square capitals" of the fourth century, and the "rustic hands" of medieval scribes. The lower case derived from uncials of the fourth, fifth, sixth, and eighth centuries and from types designed by Victor Hammer and Rudolf Koch.
Hersh Jacob's partial list of 20th century Garamond/Jean Jannon typefaces (to which I added Porchez's family):
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1921 for Monotype. D.J.R. Bruckner: Perhaps too much has been written about this type ever since it first appeared. Stanley Morison, who had persuaded the English Monotype Company to produce its own version of Claude Garamond's type, and disliked Goudy's terribly, wrote Updike that he assumed Goudy had simply reproduced the letters found at the end of F. A. Duprat's "Histoire de l'Imprimerie Imperiale de France". In fact, they came from the four-volume edition of Claudin's "Histoire de l'Imprimerie en France au XV et XVI Siècle", so Morison's guess was close enough. Goudy's supporters at the time caused considerable irritation in the world of printers by writing extravagant appraisals of the face, which, they claimed, showed all kinds of interesting Goudyesque variations on the Garamond.
Frederic Goudy said that Its final form as drawn by me was not the result of inspiration or genius on my part, but was merely the result of an attempt to reproduce as nearly as possible the form and spirit of the "Garamond" letter. I made no attempt to eliminate the mannerisms or deficiencies of his famous type, realizing that they came not by intention, but rather through the punch-cutter's handling, to his lack of tools of precision and his crude materials....
Mac McGrew: When Frederic W. Goudy joined Monotype as art advisor-in 1920, he persuaded the company to cut its own version of the types attributed to Claude Garamond, rather than copying the foundry face. The result was named Garamont, also at Goudy's suggestion, to preserve the distinction between the different renderings. Both spellings of the name had been used in Garamond's lifetime. A comparison of ATF Garamond and Monotype Garamont, especially in the small sizes, demonstrates opposing views of two outstanding type designers, although the two typefaces are very similar in many ways. In most typefaces, the proportionate width increases as the size decreases, to overcome optical illusions and maintain legibility. Benton carried this idea beyond usual practice; his 6-point Garamond is a little more than one third the width of 24-point. But Goudy believed in strict proportions; his 6-point Garamont is only very slightly more than one fourth (26 percent) the width of 24-point; thus in 6- and 8-point sizes Garamont seems smaller than Garamond. This, incidentally, is what makes it impossible to combine Garamont with Garamond Bold for typesetting in one operation. Note also the characters EF JL in Garamont, which are closer to Benton's original Garamond designs than to Cleland's revision. Garamont has the short J in display sizes, but a long one in keyboard sizes. In the Garamont specimens, the last group of characters, both roman and italic, was obtained from a different source and is proofed much more heavily; actually the weight is uniform with the rest of the font. [Google] [More] ⦿
Gary S. Dykes made 21 free public domain truetype fonts for Roman, Greek, Hebrew, Syriac (2002), Coptic, Ugaritic, Sabaean, Aramaic, including a beautiful Greek Minuscule font: Aram44, BLDGrk.ttf (2000), Coptic44 (2000, for all Sahidic and Bohairic typography), DISP_44 (2002), G100XTRA (2002), Greek44 (1997-2002), GARYS (2002, a blackletter font), GoudyHundred (2001, based on Stephen Moye's version of Goudy's Bertham), Goudy_B (2002), Goudy_IT_BD (2002), Goudy_It (2000), Greek44s (2002, has some Byzantine glyphs), HEB44a (2003), HEB44b, HEB44c, HEB44d, MINU44a (2003), MINU44b (2003), My_XTRA (2002), SABAEN44 (2002), Syriac44 (2001, for Estrangelo), Ugar_44 (2001). Some of the fonts are under the label "Fraktur Fonts". [Google] [More] ⦿
British printer and typographer (born 1860 in Upton-on-Severn, died 1942 in Worcestershire). From 1921 until his retirement in 1938, he was "printing adviser" to Linotype&Machinery Ltd in Britain. He was director of typography for the British Printer, and reached the acme of his career as Printer to the King and Queen of Belgium. All his typefaces except Venezia are Linotype typefaces. His typographic work includes these typefaces:
Globe Gothic is a typeface that came to ATF via Central Type Foundry's Quentell. Its career path is described by Mac McGrew: Globe Gothic is a refinement of Taylor Gothic, designed about 1897 by ATF at the suggestion of Charles H. Taylor of the Boston Globe, and used extensively by that paper. But Taylor Gothic has mostly the same lowercase as Quentell, though with hairlines heavied a bit. ATF's Central Type Foundry branch in St. Louis claims to have originated Quentell (q.v.) in 1895 or earlier. The conversion to Taylor Gothic was designed by Joseph W. Phinney, while the redesign as Globe Gothic in about 1900 is credited to Morris Benton. It is a serifless, thick-and-thin face, distinguished by the high crossbar on E, F, and H. The angular end on the stems of V, W, and most lowercase letters.
But there is a slight controversy as to whom designed Globe Gothic Bold, Benton, or Goudy, or others/ McGrew: Globe Gothic Condensed, Extra Condensed, and Extended were designed by Benton about 1900. Globe Gothic Bold and its italic are also credited to Benton, in 1907 and 1908 respectively. But Frederic W. Goudy, in the book on his typefaces, says, "This type (Globe Gothic Bold), drawn at the suggestion of Joseph Phinney, followed in the main certain points which he wished brought out. It never had much vogue and is the least satisfactory (to me) of all my types." This is puzzling, as the bold departs somewhat from the style of the lighter weights, but is not at all characteristic of Goudy's work-nor of Benton's, for that matter. Studley of Inland Type Foundry was similar. Compare Ryerson Condensed, Radiant, Matthews, Pontiac, World Gothic.
In the digital era, we find Globe Gothic MN by Mecanorma and a more extensive family at Lanston Monotype called LTC Globe Gothic (2005). Colin M. Ford also created a digital typeface called Globe Gothic. [Google] [More] ⦿
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1905. D.J.R. Bruckner: Draw II for American Type Founders at the suggestion of Joseph Phinney, the manager of its Boston branch, this was "the least satisfactory (to me) of all my types." Goudy said. There are other Globe Gothics in A.T.F. catalogues with which this should not be confused---if it matters.
A typeface pair designed by Frederic Goudy in 1932. D.J.R. Bruckner: Goethe was drawn for a specimen Goudy sent, at request of the organizing committee, to the Goethe Centenary Exhibition in Leipzig. "In the main," he said, it was "a lighter version, with slight changes and refinements, of Goudy Modern." Walter Tracy of English Monotype has found this face reminiscent of the late eighteenth-centurv Binny and Ronaldson type used by Daniel Berkeley Updike in "Printing Types: Their History, Form and Use." His question is apt. About Goethe Italic: The companion type to Goethe. It was used in the Limited Editions Club's Frankenstein, where its eminent qualities as a book face are apparent.
Mac McGrew: Goethe is essentially a lighter version of Goudy Modern, with slight changes and refinements. Frederic W. Goudy, the designer, says, "It was drawn and cut specially to print a specimen I contributed to the Goethe Centenary Exhibition held in Leipzig in 1932." The italic was cut the following year "for use in the Limited Editions Club edition of Frankenstein, for which I had cut the 12- and 14-point sizes of the roman especially." Goethe has been called "a blending of modern and old style characteristics which produces a distinctively new result." [Google] [More] ⦿
Goudy Antique typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1919. D.J.R. Bruckner: The date (1919) marks the beginning of the designs, which were first shown at the American Institute of Graphic Arts printing show in 1921. The matrices, the first Goudy cut himself, were finally engraved in 1926.
Mac McGrew gives different dates: Goudy Antique was designed by Goudy in 1919, but except for a few characters it was not cut until 1930, when three sizes were completed. Goudy says, "My intention was to design a letter which would displace the monoto- nous Bookman,. of the same color or weight, the individual letters of my Antique show a greater variety in their forms." Also see Goudy Lanston.
Mac McGrew tells the story of Goudy Lanston: Goudy Lanston is the ultimate and best-known name for a typeface with a confusing set of earlier names. When Frederic Goudy designed it in 1912 for a private book project, he called it Goudy Old Style, and cut it in 16-point only. When the book project fell through, he offered the type for sale through his own Village Letter Foundery. Three years later, when he drew a new typeface for ATF, that company requested permission to use the name for this new face, so Goudy renamed his older typeface Goudy Antique. A dozen years later, Lanston Monotype arranged to put this typeface on their machine, but asked permission to call it Goudy Lanston, in honor of Tolbert Lanston, inventor of the machine. In announcing this typeface in 1912, Goudy said, "It is a sturdy letter free from affectation or caprice. ...Mr. Goudy believes that in this new letter he has rediscovered a principle in spacing individual letters used by letter founders before the 16th century, but not since, a principle to which the harmonious quality of a page of Jenson is largely due. Each letter stands on solid serifs of unusual shape which are so planned as to make each letter form conterminous with the type body, while permitting sufficient white space to set each letter off from its neighbor without destroying the unity of the word formed by its separate characters, thus permitting close spacing and avoiding looseness of composition." Caslon and Company of London acquired English rights to the face, but, in Goudy's words, "ruined the typeface (in my estimation) by putting it on standard line, and shortening the descenders to fit; also adding insult to injury by calling it 'Ratdolt.' It does not resemble Ratdolt's famous letter in any particular. The Caslons cut matrices and sent them to this countryman act contrary to customary ethics, since they owned English rights only---giving Hart, Schaffner&Marx the 'exclusive' right to the face. To this I protested, but took no other action. ..." In the widespread search for specimens for this book, a typeface which is surely this "exclusive" casting turned up in the cases of an Iowa private press operator, Rick von Holdt. He had acquired the type from a San Francisco typographer who knew nothing of its background. The typographer had shown it in his specimen book as Foster, although the cases were labeled Moore. It has the pin-mark of BB&S, but appears to match specimens of Ratdolt as shown by Stephenson Blake, successors to Caslon and Company. It has the shortened descenders which Goudy disliked, and a number of other little departures from his design. But surprisingly there is also a matching italic, likewise pinmarked BB&S. A line in a 1948 magazine refers to such a face---undoubtedly this one---as having been designed by Richard N. McArthur, advertising manager of that foundry at the time of that design. A footnote: That original book project in 1912 came from Robert Hewitt of Ardsley, New York, who had commissioned Frederic Trevor Hill to write a book about Abraham Lincoln and had asked Goudy to design a new type for it. Hewitt died before the book was set in type, and Goudy, who had not been paid, named the face Goudy Old Style and put it on the market.
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1932. Goudy proclaimed Why I made it, I cant imagine Goudy Bold Face has no relationship to Goudy Bold, issued by American Type Founders, for which Goudy had no responsibility. [Google] [More] ⦿
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1916. Goudy said that it was his own interpretation of early Roman cursive writing. It was drawn at the suggestion of Clarence Marder (then of Marder, Luse and Company). According to Mac McGrew, Goudy Cursive was designed by Goudy in 1916, on the suggestion that his Goudy Italic might have more utility if he added some characters to give it a still greater appearance of freedom and informality and something of the quality of hand lettering. Digital versions: Opti Goudy Cursive (Castcraft). [Google] [More] ⦿
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1927. The drawings were lost in the 1939 fire. The design was inspired by handwriting on an envelope addressed to Goudy by a correspondent in Holland. [Google] [More] ⦿
A typeface family designed by Frederic Goudy in 1925. Mac McGrew: Goudy Heavyface and Italic were designed by Goudy in 1925 in response to a strong request by Monotype for a distinctive typeface on the order of the very popular foundry Cooper Black. Such typefaces had little appeal for Goudy, and he always felt that Monotype was disappointed in his efforts, but the result is more informal than other similar types, and has had considerable popularity. Note the extra set of figures and the unusual number of tied characters and ornaments in the font. Goudy Heavyface Open is a variation produced by Monotype in 1926, probably designed by Sol Hess, who designed Goudy Heavyface Condensed in 1927. Compare Cooper Black, Ludlow Black, Pabst Extra Bold.
Digital versions: Goudy Heavyface (Bitstream), Goudy Heavyface (Adobe), Goudy Heavyface (URW++), Goudy Heavyface (Tilde), Goudy Heavyface SB (Scangraphic Digital Type Collection), Goudy Heavyface SH (Scangraphic Digital Type Collection), LTC Goudy Heavyface (Lanston Type Company).
Lookalikes include Tomate (Re-Type), and its precursor, Cooper Black (1921, Oswald Cooper). In fact, Oswald Cooper was quite upset when he discovered the similarities between Goudy Heavy Face and his own Cooper Black. In that genre of round-and-fat, Cooper Black is, in my view, superior and certainly more vintage and daring, than Goudy Heavy Face. [Google] [More] ⦿
The first of these types designed by Frederic Goudy was Goudy Open (1918), which Goudy says was suggested by the caption of a French engraving. MacMcGrew: The letter forms have a nodern feeling, something the designer had not attempted before, but without the formal rigidity of modern types such as Bodoni. Serifs are slightly bracketed and curves are more generous, suggestive of more traditional forms. After the Open roman was produced, Goudy experimented with filling in the white line; the effect pleased him, so he ordered the cutting of a solid face from the same patterns. The result is Goudy Modern. Both of these typefaces were designed in 1918, matrices were cut by Robert Wiebking, and type was cast by Goudy's Village Letter Foundery. Both typefaces were copied by Monotype in 1924. Goudy Modern Italic was designed the following year to accompany the roman face; in this case the solid typeface was made first. Goudy Open Italic was also made in 1919; it is identical to the Modern Italic except for the white line. In these italics, cap C and S have the lowercase form, with ball shapes instead of serifs. In the specimens, only the Modern Italic is not quite complete. Note the redesigned J and Q of 60-point Goudy Open; the 60- and 72-point sizes have caps only, practically full body size-no lowercase or figures. Also see Goethe.
D.J.R. Bruckner on the French engraving that inspired Goudy for Goudy Open: Goudy said the face was suggested by the caption on a French engraving used as a frontispiece to Alfred Pollard's "Fine Books". Walter Tracy has shrewdly suggested that the inspiration for going to such a source was the success of the Cochin type, issued bv Lanston Monotype in 1916, adapted from the Cochin issued in Paris in 1912 by Deberny and Peignot, based on lettering in eighteenth-century French engravings. He also points out that there are only seventeen lower case letters and four capitals in the inscription in the Pollard book, so the rest of the Goudy face must have been his own.
Goudy Old Style is a typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1915. Goudy Old Style Italic followed in 1916. Inspired by the Froben capitals believed to have been cut by Peter Schoeffer the Younger, son of Gutenberg's apprentice, this design is neither strictly a Venetian nor an Aldine. Bitstream: The archaic approach and lack of the Aldine model lead us to place the face in the Venetian group. The design owes more to Goudy than to Schoeffer. Mac McGrew: Goudy Oldstyle was Goudy's 25th design, but his first for ATF, drawn in 1915. He based it on a few letters of classic form which he had copied from a portrait painting, although later he was never able to identify the exact source. He says, "The face, as finally produced, was, I felt, almost as great an innovation in type as my Kennerley. ...I am almost satisfied that the design is a good one, marred only by the short descenders which I allowed the American Type Founders to inveigle me into giving p, q, g, j, and y---though only under protest." Monotype offers alternate long descenders for small sizes of its 1930 adaptation of this face, but these were probably not designed by Goudy himself. The typeface is distinguished by its slightly concave serifs, longer on one side than the other, and its diamond-shaped dots on i,j, and punctuation marks. ATF also provides a set of Greek caps, perhaps not designed by Goudy.
Goudy Oldstyle Italic, issued in 1918, was a problem for the designer, who had previously attempted only two italic designs. In studying classic typefaces, he found that some of the best italics had little or no slope, but were distin- guished in other qualities. A slight inclination became standard in most of Goudy's italics. He says, "Taking the Aldine italic [developed by Aldus Manutius in 1500 from Italian cursive handwriting] as a starting point for my new font I began my work, and succeeded in producing an original letter which. believe, constituted the first distinctive italic in modern times."
Goudy Cursive was designed by Goudy in 1916, on the suggestion that his Goudy Italic might have more utility if he added some characters to give it a still greater appearance of freedom and informality and something of the quality of hand lettering.
Goudy Title was made by ATF by enlarging Goudy's small capitals to a height almost that of the type body, thereby increasing the weight of the letters. Goudy says, "To permit a larger typeface without kern, the 'Q' was redesigned at the foundry to a form which irritates me mightily." ATF credits this adaptation to Morris Benton, in 1918.
Goudy Bold and its italic were designed by Benton in 1916 and 1919 respectively, as heavier companions to Goudy Oldstyle. They are probably the most popular and widely used members of the family. When these bold typefaces were put on Monotype in 1928, Sol Hess added a series of cursive capitals and terminals to the italic, comparable to Goudy Cursive. About 1940, Goudy Bold was modified by ATF to eliminate its few kerns; [...] a few letters were redesigned, while j was repositioned on the body. These are similar to the characters required by the matrices of Intertype and Ludlow.
Goudy Catalogue and its italic were added by Benton in 1919 and 1921 as a medium weight of the same design. They are 15 percent heavier than the Oldstyle,just about the same as Goudy Title.
In 1922, Goudy Handtooled and its italic were designed. This pair of typefaces, like Goudy Bold and Italic except for a white line in the heavy strokes, has been credited to Charles H. Becker by some authorities, and to Morris Benton and Wadsworth A. Parker by others. Again, Sol Hess added a set of cursive capitals and terminals to the Monotype version. In 1927 Benton further expanded the family with the addition of Goudy Extrabold and Italic. Ludlow simply calls its copies of Goudy Oldstyle and Goudy Bold its Number 11 series, cut in 1924.
Digital versions: Goudy Old Style (Bitstream), Goudy Old Style (Monotype ), Goudy Old Style SH (Scangraphic Digital Type Collection), Goudy Old Style SB (Scangraphic Digital Type Collection), Goudy Old Style (Adobe: individual weights are just called Goudy, Goudy Bold, etc.), Goudy Old Style (URW++), Goudy Old Style (Tilde), Goudy Old Style DT (1992, DTP Types), Goudy Old Style (Linotype), Gascogne Serial (Softmaker), Goudy Old Style (Softmaker), Goudy Old Style Two (Softmaker), Goudy Old Style Osf (Softmaker), Venetian 521 (Bitstream), Goudy Old Style (Corel), Goudy Old Style 14-point (2009, Barry Schwartz), LTC Goudy Oldstyle (Lanston Type Company). [Google] [More] ⦿
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1914. D.J.R. Bruckner: The date is for completion of the original drawings. Louis Orr of the Bartlett Press had asked for a new type. Goudv took his drawings to London to be east by Caslon, but, because there were war rumors that summer and Caslon could not be sure of the future supplies of materials, it refused to make the type. Goudy then returned his fee to Orr. Later Barnhart Brothers and Spindler in Chicago cut trial matrices, which Goudy did not like. Finally, "when I was engraving matrices myself, I revamped the design, renaming the face Goudy Roman." [Google] [More] ⦿
A fat poster typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1939, about which Goudy wrote, In a moment of typographic weakness, I attempted to produce a black letter that would interest those advertisers who like the bizarre in their print. He was too modest, as the typeface almost started its own genre.
A textura blackletter typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1928. D.J.R. Bruckner: Ultimately, Goudy said, this black face was based on the Gutenberg forty-two-line Bible, via letters he had made for lines in Typographica No. 5 and Elements of Lettering. "My drawings show a trait on the lower-case b, h, k, l, which properly belong only to the l. The trait is a little pointed projection on the left side of the straight stem of the l at the height of the lower-case middles and (I think) was used to differentiate the l from the figure one (1). In my ignorance I put a trait on the other straight ascending stems where it was not needed, a lapse I never expect to live down, although no one, as yet, has called me for it---praise be.
Mac McGrew: Goudy Text or Goudy Black was designed and cut by Goudy in 1928. Its design began with the style of letter in Gutenberg's 42-line Bible, the first printed book, but evolved into a freely rendered Gothic letter (in the old sense), composite in form from various sources. Monotype sought permission to copy the face, and to change the name to Goudy Text, as it is now generally known. Goudy's Lombardic Capitals (q. v.) are designed and cast for use as alternates with this face. The shaded version was added by Monotype. Compare Cloister Black, Engravers Old English.
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1942. D.J.R. Bruckner: This t>"pe was made at the request of Lanston Monotype. It may strike sensibilities other than only mine as strange for the company to ask him to design a face that would be issued after his death, but that was the case, and that is how Lanston advertised it when it finally appeared after Goudy died. Presumably its name refers to the fact that Lanston had issued twenty-nine previous Goudy faces.
P22 reports this story about the foundry's theft of a design by Goudy: In 1900 Frederick Goudy was commissioned by W.W. Denslow to letter his edition of Mother Goose stories for the McClure, Phillips Co. of New York. (Denslow was the Illustrator of the original Wizard of Oz and also an occasional Roycroft illustrator.) The lettering that Goudy designed featured short ascenders and descenders, as well as a tall x-height. Shortly thereafter the Inland type foundry of St. Louis released a typeface that was a direct copy of Goudy's lettering. Goudy seemed to be more offended that the font was named "Hearst" after the notorious newspaper mogul, than by the fact that they copied his designs. As Goudy had put it: "To my surprise, a little later on, the Inland Type foundry of St. Louis, without consultation with me, brought out a new type copied--not inspired--from my Denslow lettering, and added insult to injury by naming it "Hearst." Goudy's reaction was to create his own type typeface for release. The result of Goudy's attempt to outdo a copy of his design evolved into the Pabst type face. Created for the Pabst Brewing Company, this type design has some similarities to Hearst, but is clearly its own unique face. The ascenders are much taller than Hearst and the x-height is reduced. The distressed edging of the letters and the caps bear a similarity, but clearly these are two distinct typefaces. Five years later in 1907, Goudy's "Powell" typeface was created for the Mandel Brother department store in Chicago. This "Powell" typeface bears a closer similarity to "Hearst."
List of Goudy's typefaces, with dates, compiled by Paulo W.
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1916. D.J.R. Bruckner: The design was done for American Type Founders, for a type to be used where "a touch of quaintness" was wanted. "I was pleased with it at the time of its making." Goudy said, "for I felt it represented a liveliness of handling not hitherto expressed in type... but that in itself was not enough to make it a good type."
Mac McGrew: Goudytype was drawn for ATF in 1916 by Frederic W. Goudy, but not released by ATF until 1928. It is an original, lively design, slightly suggestive of his Hadriano, designed a little later. The swash capitals are unusual in a roman face. Although cut and marketed in a full range of sizes, it never achieved great use.
Known to his peers as GGL. German type designer, born in Frankfurt-an-der-Oder in 1921, d. 2008. He fought in World War II and lost his leg in a battle in France. Starting in 1941, Lange studied as apprentice of Georg Belwe at the Academy of Graphic and Book Arts in Leipzig. After graduation in 1945, until 1949, he was assistant of Professor Walter Tiemann, while also practicing painting and graphic design independently. In 1949, he continued his studies with Professors Hans Ullmann and Paul Strecker at the Hochschule für Bildende Künste in West Berlin. From 1950 onwards, he worked at Berthold AG in Berlin, where he designed his first type, Arena in 1951. In 1955, he became Reader in Typography at the Meisterschule für Graphik, Druck und Werbung in West Berlin. One of his many students was Manfred Klein. He also was Advisor in Visual Communications and Reader at the U5 Academy of Graphic Design and Art Direction Munich, and Instructor at the School of Applied Art in Vienna. H. Berthold AG's artistic director from 1961 to 1990, Lange was responsible for the creation and meticulous production of many of Berthold's typefaces. According to Dieter Hofrichter, his motto was 8 point is the moment of truth (when proofing typefaces). In 1989 he received the Frederic W. Goudy Award from the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT). Recipient of the year 2000 TDC medal. After ten years of retirement from his position as Berthold AG's artistic director, Lange resumed his design activities in 2000 at Bertholdtypes (now Berthold Direct Inc) in Chicago. Bio at ATypI.
Lange's own designs include his revivals of many classical typefaces. Here is a list, all Berthold typefaces:
Yvonne Schwemer-Scheddin writes a day after his death: Dear type friends, yesterday morning, the 2nd of December 2008, Günter Gerhard Lange died, 87 years old. We lost an upright, steadfast fighter for quality in type design. Not only Berthold's artistic director, but a friend and objective adviser to many who needed personal help or an evaluation in type design. GGL was Berthold. For Berthold GGL "enhanced" many type designs of other well known type designers. His valued critizism was a great help, because it came from a positively tuned man. GGL transferred the lead heritage and its classical type typefaces into photocomposition and into the digital format on a high aesthetic and historically authentic level - as for instance Garamond or Van Dijk. Akzidenz-Grotesk is not thinkable without GGL. Bodoni Old Face one of the best contemporary text typefaces. With his sans serif Imago you can be different and yet classical. And the Americans should be pleased with the revival of Deepdene, which he also turned into a well working textface with a distinct character. But perhaps most important of all, he relentlessly encouraged the young, teaching and talking up to almost the end. Thus opening fences, eyes and hearts to art, architecture, literature and for the values of studies and love for the correct details without which the whole would not function. He was a rare communicator, because he lived his convictions and values. He became an example, a light of orientation. We lost a passionate type lover and expert---an authentic man. An era has come irreversible to its end.
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy. Mac McGrew: While visiting the Louvre in Paris, Frederic W. Goudy was impressed by an inscription in marble from the first or second century A.D., and made a rubbing of the letters P, E, and R. Several years later, in 1918, he drew a set of capitals to harmonize with those three letters. The name "Hadriano" was part of the original inscription, and this became the name of Goudy's type, for which matrices were cut by Robert Wiebking. In 1930 Monotype asked him to add a lowercase. Goudy says, "I did not want to attempt a lowercase for a purely inscriptional letter, but the foundries say printers ask for lowercase regardless of the esthetics, and I allowed myself to be persuaded. I made what I thought was a good companion for the capitals, but the type looked entirely too much like Kennerley Bold. I cut one size only and turned the type over to the Monotype. I do not think anything was ever done with it---praise be!" Apparently nothing was done with that lowercase, but in 1932 Monotype issued Hadriano with the actual Kennerley Bold lowercase, which is not quite the same. The capitals alone are quite distinctive; with lowercase the typeface is much less impressive. About 1932 Sol Hess at Monotype tried the experiment of cutting a white line through each of the caps of the design, making Hadriano Stone Cut. Goudy says, "A proof of the changed letters pleased me so much that immediately gave permission to issue matrices of the characters."
Digital versions: Hadriano (Monotype ; between 1977 and 1981, Compugraphic added new weights and regularized the 1930 Monotype version of Hadriano somewhat), Hadriano (Adobe), Hadriano (Linotype), LTC Hadriano (Lanston Type Company). [Google] [More] ⦿
Hoefler (was: Hoefler&Frere-Jones, and Hoefler Type Foundry)
Born in 1970 in New York, Jonathan Hoefler ran the Hoefler Type Foundry (or: HTF) in New York. It employed Tobias Frere-Jones, Josh Darden, and Jesse Ragan. In 2004, it was renamed Hoefler&Frere-Jones, or HFJ for the cognoscenti. However, a legal problem between Jonathan and Tobias led to a corporate divorce in 2014---the company is renamed again The Hoefler Type Foundry.
HTF carefully designed and complete families include HTF-Didot (1991, in 42 weights/variations, originally designed for Harper's Bazaar; based on the grosse sans pareille no. 206 of Molé le jeune), the antiqua text typeface HTF Hoefler Text (27 fonts made in 1991-1992, distributed with many Apple products), Hoefler Text Ornaments (distributed with Apple products), Saracen, Ziggurat, Leviathan, Historical-EnglishTextura, Historical-FellType, Historical-GreatPrimerUncials, Historical-StAugustin, HTF Hoefler Titling, Gestalt-HTF, Fetish-HTF (blackletter modernized, 1995), Ehmcke-HTF, Champion-HTF, Acropolis-HTF, Requiem, Knockout, all in the period 1998-2000. The Knockout collection was designed to celebrate the beauty and diversity of nineteenth century sans serif wood types.
In 2003, they published Retina (which was originally designed for the stock listings in the Wall Street Journal), Gotham, and Shades (in Cyclone, Topaz, Giant and Knox weights). The Geometer Screen Fonts are free Mac fonts.
In 2004, they produced an amazing 58-weight sans serif family, Whitney (by Tobias Frere-Jones), designed for use in infographics. Whitney's sales blurb: While American gothics such as News Gothic (1908) have long been a mainstay of editorial settings, and European humanists such as Frutiger (1975) have excelled in signage applications, Whitney bridges this divide in a single design. Its compact forms and broad x-height use space efficiently, and its ample counters and open shapes make it clear under any circumstances.
Hoefler received Bukvaraz 2001 awards for HTF Guggenheim, HTF Knockout, HTF Mercury (1997, no relationship with Goudy's Mercury of 1936) and HTF Requiem. In the 1996 Morisawa Awards competition, Hoefler received a bronze prize for Ideal Sans (a slightly flared humanist sans family).
In 2011, HFJ writes it up beautifully: Typefaces are born from the struggle between rules and results. Squeezing a square about 1% helps it look more like a square; to appear the same height as a square, a circle must be measurably taller. The two strokes in an X aren't the same thickness, nor are their parallel edges actually parallel; the vertical stems of a lowercase alphabet are thinner than those of its capitals; the ascender on a d isn't the same length as the descender on a p, and so on. For the rational mind, type design can be a maddening game of drawing things differently in order to make them appear the same. Twenty-one years ago, we began tinkering with a sans serif alphabet to see just how far these optical illusions could be pushed. How asymmetrical could a letter O become, before the imbalance was noticeable? Could a serious sans serif, designed with high-minded intentions, be drawn without including a single straight line? This alphabet slowly marinated for a decade and a half, benefitting from periodic additions and improvements, until in 2006, Pentagram's Abbott Miller proposed a project for the Art Institute of Chicago that resonated with these very ideas. As a part of Miller's new identity for the museum, we revisited the design, and renovated it to help it better serve as the cornerstone of a larger family of fonts. Since then we've developed the project continuously, finding new opportunities to further refine its ideas, and extend its usefulness through new weights, new styles, and new features. Today, H&FJ is delighted to introduce Ideal Sans, this new font family in 48 styles. Ideal Sans is a meditation on the handmade, combining different characteristics of many different writing tools and techniques, in order to achieve a warm, organic, and hand-crafted feeling.
At ATypI in 2002, he received the Charles Peignot award. Time.com provides previews of fonts made for Esquire, Lever House, eCompany Now, The Guggenheim Museum, The New York Times, and the Whitney Museum. He has worked on custom fonts for The New York Times Magazine, Times Mirror, Esquire and McGraw-Hill (1995, free download). Hoefler has made many more custom fonts, but he asked me to remove the names of these fonts from my pages.
In 2006, HFJ published the Numbers family, 15 fonts with nothing but numbers from various sources: Bayside (based on a set of house numbers produced around 1928 by H. W. Knight & Son of Seneca Falls, New York), Claimcheck, Delancey, Depot, Deuce, Dividend, Greenback, Indicia, Premium, Prospekt, Redbird, Revenue, Strasse, Trafalgar, Valuta. They also made a 30-style art deco-inspired geometric sans family called Verlag in 2006 based on six typefaces originally designed for the Guggenheim.
In 2007, HFJ published the "blended Scotch" newspaper serif text family Chronicle, which led to Chronicle ScreenSmart in 2015. Still in 2007, we find the gorgeous 30-style semi-Bauhaus sans family Verlag about which HFJ writes: From the rationalist geometric designs of the Bauhaus school, such as Futura (1927) and Erbar (1929), Verlag gets its crispness and its meticulous planning. Verlag's fairminded quality is rooted in the newsier sans serifs designed for linecasting machines, such as Ludlow Tempo and Intertype Vogue (both 1930), both staples of the Midwestern newsroom for much of the century. But unlike any of its forbears, Verlag includes a comprehensive and complete range of styles: five weights, each in three different widths, each including the often-neglected companion italic.
In 2008, they released Archer, a humanist slab serif originally designed for Martha Stewart Living. It has a great range of features, including a classy hairline style. However, I see trouble down the road with the name Archer which has been used previously by several other foundries such as SignDNA, Arts&Letters and Silver Graphics. Some say that Archer is just Stymie with some ball terminals. Nevertheless, it became a grand hit, and as been used by wes Anderson for The Budapest Hotel, and in Wells Fargo branding. David Earls on Archer: with its judicious yet brave use of ball terminals, and blending geometry with sexy cursive forms, all brought together with the kind of historical and intellectual rigour you fully expect from this particular foundry, Archer succeeds where others falter. Poster featuring Archer by Courtney McNary (2013).
Sentinel (2009) is HFJ's take on a Clarendon. Yet again, I can't understand why they picked a name already taken by many foundries such as Graphx Edge Fonts, alus, Comicraft, Dieter Steffmann, not to speak of a foundry called Sentinel Type. And they repeated that daredevil naming of fonts with Tungsten (2009), which has been around---as a font name---since 2005 at Sparklefonts. Their sales pitch: That rarest of species, Tungsten is a compact and sporty sans serif that's disarming instead of pushy - not just loud, but persuasive. Douglas Wilson compares Tungsten with Alternate Gothic No. 3 (Morris Fuller Benton).
Naming fonts is Hoefler's weakness. In 2010, they again took an existing name, Vitesse, for their newest font family. The typophiles react to the slab family with praise: I think they're chasing Cyrus Highsmith, Dispatch and Christian Schwartz, Popular on this one. Doing a pretty good job of it too! [...] Looks to me like the love-child of Eurostile and City. To continue the trend, they published Forza in 2010, a sans family, not to be confused with the 2007 font Forza by Michel Luther at Die Gestalten--surely, there must be a way to choose original names. St. Augustin Civilité: St. Augustin Civilité is a digitization of Robert Granjon's extraordinary type of 1562, now in the collection of the Enschedé type foundry, Haarlem. This typeface is reproduced in Civilité Types by Harry Carter and H. D. L. Vervliet (Oxford Bibliographical Society, by the Oxford University Press, 1966.) As figures and punctuation were lacking in the original, these have been borrowed from two other Granjon types, the Courante and Bastarde of 1567. (The remainder of the character set has been invented.)
In 2012, they published the wide sans typeface family Idlewild.
HFJ also sells a package of various number fonts. This includes the following: Bayside (after ornamental house numbers), Claimcheck (inspired by ticket stubs), Delancey (from tenement doorways), Depot (modeled on vintage railcars), Deuce (based on playing cards), Dividend (from an antique check writer), Greenback (based on U. S. currency), Indicia (inspired by rubber stamps), Premium (after vintage gas pumps), Prospekt (based on Soviet house numbers), Redbird (inspired by New York subways), Revenue (from cash register receipts), Strasse (after European enamel signs), Trafalgar (inspired by British monuments), Valuta (after Hungarian banknotes).
Typefaces from 2013 include Landmark (Regular, Inline, Shadow and Dimensional), a collection of architectural caps (which started out as a custom typeface for Lever House in New York).
Typefaces from 2014 include the exquisite mapmaker and newsprint didone font family Surveyor (in Fine, Display and Text subfamilies).
In 2015, Jonathan Hoefler and Andy Clymer cooperated on the decorative copperplate engraved emulation typeface Obsidian. Various kinds of 3d illumination in Obsidian were obtained by an algorithmic process. Not to be confused with about ten other fonts called Obsidian--for example, we have Obsidian (pre 2003, Silver Graphics), Obsidian (2014, Steffi Strick), Obsidian (2012, Krzysztof Stryjewski), Obsidian Deco (2013, Yautja), Obsidian (2005, Spaklefonts), and Obsidian Chunks (pre 2002, Jeni Pleskow).
Continuing in their tradition of naming fonts after commercial trademarked fonts made by others, Hoefler published Nitro (and Turbo) in 2016. AF Nitro was made by Sylvia Janssen at the very popular Die Gestalten Studio in Germany, in 2001. It will be fun to watch that battle between giants. Not to mention that lesser known players also made commercial fonts Nitro more than a decade earlier---these include Jack Wills at Sign DNA and Markus Schroeppel (in 2004). This does not diminish the quality of Hoefler's output, but here is a simple suggestion to Hoefler: please use my search engine to look for existing font names. Hoefler writes: We designed Nitro for Pentagram's Michael Bierut, as part of a new identity for the New York Jets football team. Originally named Jets Bold, Nitro is rooted in the styles of lettering used by the team throughout its fifty-year history: even as its logotype evolved, it consistently used heavy, slanting forms to imply force and movement. and ends with corporate babble: Nitro embodies this indomitable spirit in the context of a fresh, contemporary design.
In 2016, he published Chronicle Hairline. In Wired Magazine, Margaret Rhodes writes that it is for men who wear dress shoes without socks. Chronicle Hairline is a didone that breaks the didone rules. It is rounder, asymmetric (as in the mouth of the C), and as Hoefler puts it, more musical. As of 2016, the Chronicle typeface family consists of the display styles Chronicle Hairline, Chronicle Display (+Condensed, +Compressed), and Chronicle Deck (+Condensed), and the 60-style Chronicle Text family, which comes in G1, G2, G3 and G4 subfamilies.
In 2017, Hoefler published Ringside and Ringside ScreenSmart, a sans superfamily designed for text. He also designed the multidimensional Inkwell that year, and writes: Inkwell is provided in a range of styles with which readers already have clear associations: a bookish Serif and a cleanly printed Sans, a conversational Script, a ceremonial Blackletter, a fancy Tuscan for decoration, and a stately Open for titles. Each style is offered in six weights, from a technical pen Thin to a graffiti marker Black. Inkwell is a name used as far back as 1992 by Sam wang, and additional older fonts called Inkwell exist by Dan Solo, Philip Cronerud and MXB Foundry.
German company that sells 9999 fonts on a CD for 229 USD. One can download 20 fonts for free, as a teaser. The company is run by Martin Kotulla, owner of Softmaker, who also made the MegaFont CD. Many (most?) fonts are licensed from URW and come with a performance guarantee. Font catalog. Most fonts cover all European languages. Font catalog. Direct download of that catalog. Font name equivalences. The list: Aargau, Abott Old Style, Accent, Accolade, Adelon (lapidary), AdLib, Advertisers Gothic, Aldebaran, Alfredo, Allstar, Alternate Gothic, Alte Schwabacher, American Text, Ancona, Ancona Condensed, Ancona Extended, Ancona Narrow, Antigone, Antigone Compact, Antigone Nord, Antigone Condensed, Antiqua, Artistic, Avignon, Avignon Condensed, Avignon PS, Ballad Script, Ballantines (a broad-nib script), Balloon, Barbedor, Barbedor Osf, Baskerville, Baskerville Nova, Baskerville Old Face, Bay Script, Belfast Serial (a remake of Forsberg's Berling), Belfort, Bellboy, Benjamin [based on ITC Benguiat; identical to Softmaker's B693 Roman], Benjamin Condensed, Benjamin Gothic [free here; this comic book style typeface is based on ITC Benguiat Sans (1979-1980) and is similar to B691 Sans from Softmaker)], Benson, Bergamo, Bergamo Osf, Bernhard Condensed, Bernhard Fashion, Bestseller, Bilbao, Birmingham, Bluff, Boa Script, Bodoni, Bodoni Display, Bodoni No. 2, Bodoni Recut, Bodoni Recut Condensed, Bodoni Standard, Bonita, Book PS, Boston, Boulder, Bravo, Bristol, Broadway, Broadway Engraved, Brush Script, Bryce, Calgary, Calgary Osf, Cambridge, Cambridge Serial, Canossa, Canyon, Carlisle, Casablanca, Casad, Caslon, Caslon Antique, Caslon Osf, Caslon Elegant, Casual, Cathedral Open, Centrum, Century Old Style, Century Expanded, Century PS, Century Schoolbook, Chandler, Chantilly, Chantilly Condensed, Chantilly Extra Condensed, Chantilly Display, Chantilly Serial, Chatelaine, Cheltenham, Cheltenham Condensed, Cheltenham Old Style, Cheltenham Extra Condensed, Cimarron, Clarendon, Clarendon Serial, Clearface, Clearface Serial, Cleargothic, ClearGothic Serial, Colonel, Comix, Commercial Script, Compressed, Computer, Concept, Concept Condensed, Congress, Cooper Black, Copperplate Gothic, Copperplate Condensed, Cornered, Courier PS, Curacao, Curzon, Deco B691, Deco Black, Deco C720, Deco C790, Deco F761, Delano, Delaware, Denver, Derringer, Diamante, Digital, Durango, Disciple, Egyptian Wide, Egyptienne Standard, Elegant Script (revival of the 1972 Berthold formal calligraphic typeface Englische Schreibschrift), Elmore, Ennis, Entebbe, Estelle, Ewok, Expressa, Falcon, Farnham, Fette Engschrift, Fette Mittelschrift, Flagstaff, Flipper, Florence Script, Fraktur, Franklin Gothic, Franklin Gothic Condensed, Franklin Gothic Condensed Osf, Franklin Original, Frascati, Fremont, Front Page, Fuego, Function, Function Condensed, Function Display, Function Script, Gainsborough, Gandalf, SoftMaker Garamond, SoftMaker Garamond Condensed, SoftMaker Garamond No. 7, Garamond Elegant [based on Letraset Garamond], Garamond Nova, Garamond Nova Condensed, Garamond Original, Garamond Standard, German Garamond"> [based on TypoArt Garamond], Giulio, Glasgow Serial [based on Georg Salden's Polo, 1972-1976], Glendale Stencil, Gotisch, Goudita, Goudy Catalogue, Goudy Handtooled, Goudy Old Style, Goudy Heavyface, Granada, Grenoble, Grotesk, Handmade Script, Harlem Nights, Helium, Henderson, Hobo, Hoboken, Hobson, Honeymoon, Horsham, Hudson, Huntington, Iceberg, Illinois, Imperial Standard, Inverserif, Isonorm, Istria, Italian Garamond [based on Simoncini Garamond], Japanette, Jessica, Joseph Brush, Jugendstil, Kaleidoscope, Karin, Kingston, Koblenz, Kremlin Script, Leamington, Letter Gothic, Lingwood, Litera, Livorno, Lyon, Macao, Madeira, Malaga, Marriage, Marseille, Marseille Serial, Maurice, Medoc, Melbourne, Melville, Mercedes, Metaphor, Mexico, Micro, MicroSquare, MicroStencil, Moab, Mobil Graphics, Montreal, Napoli, Neutral Grotesk, Nevada, Newcastle, Nicolas [after Lanstpn's Nicolas Cochin], OCR-A, OCR-B, Oklahoma, Old Blackletter, OnStage, Opus, Organ Grinder, Orkney, Ornitons, Osborne, Otis, Palazzo, Palladio, Palmer, Pamplona, Park Avenue, Pasadena, Pedro, Pelota, Peoria, Persistent, Persistent Condensed, Persistent Osf, Philadelphia, Pizzicato [based on Letraset's Plaza], Plakette, Pollock, Prescott, Prestige, Quadrat, Raleigh, Roman PS,, Salmon, Sans, Sans Condensed, Sans Diagonal, Sans Extended, Sans Outline, Sans PS, Sans PS Condensed, Savoy, Savoy Osf, Saxony, Scott, Seagull, Sebastian [based on ITC Serif Gothic], Sigvar [based on ATF's Baker Signet], Soledad, Square Serif, Stafford" [based on Rockwell MT], Stafford Serial, Sterling, Stratford, Stymie, Sunset [a version of ITC Souvenir], Sunset Serial, Sydney Serial, Tabasco, Tampa, Tampico, Tioga Script, Toledo [based on Trooper VGC], Typewriter, Typewriter Osf, Typewriter Condensed, Unic, VAG Rounded, Velo, Veracruz, Verona, Violin Script, Winona, Worcester. [Google] [More] ⦿
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1924. Mac McGrew: Italian Old Style was designed by Frederic W. Goudy for Lanston Monotype in 1924. It is based on early Venetian types of the latter part of the fifteenth century. Bruce Rogers, in a handsome booklet introducing the face, says it "reminds me most strongly and admirably of Ratdolt's fine Roman." However, Goudy says this was not the source. Goudy also says he persuaded Monotype to cut this original rendition rather than copy ATF's Cloister Oldstyle, which was quite popular then, and which was based on similar sources. This typeface is a little more delicate and individual than Cloister, and is larger in relation to the body size, but makes a very distinctive and impressive page. Compare Centaur. Italian Old Style Wide was drawn by Sol Hess, also in 1924. It is slightly heavier and substantially wider than Goudy's design.
Typefaces like Goudy's Italian Old Style. The most direct digital revivals are Italian Old Style (Monotype ), LTC Italian Old Style (2007-2001,
Belgian designer of the free dingbat font Botarosa (1999-2000). Louette lived in Chaumont-Gistoux, where he was affiliated with Roseraie communale de Terre Franche. He now resides in Louvain-La-Neuve.
In 2014, he set out to improve on Georges Auriol's art nouveau type, Auriol, and created Blobby Georg Gras, which is based on Auriol's original idea---a predecessor of Auriol---that was used, e.g., in J.K. Huysmans's 1903 novel A Rebours. This typeface is more rounded, warmer and stencilized---a real charmer. This typeface in finished form was called George A Rebours (2015). Other Auriol revivals include French Light 2 Regular (2014), French Light 4 Regular (2015), French Elongated Bold (2014), French Elongated 4 Bold (2015), George Labeur Corps 10 (2015) and Georges Labeur Corps 8 (2015).
Other typefaces by him include Cabotine Sans Asymetrique 2 et 3 Medium (2015), Cabotine en Stress (2014) and Cabotine en Plastoc (2014). Particularly sweet is Geranium (2015-2017), his take on Venetians, influenced by typefaces such as Centaur and Hightower Text---it is rounded like liquid drops, subtly curvaceous as if Goudy himself held his pen, yet very Venetian. Not surprisingly, he then set his eyes on a revival of Goudy Village (2016). [Google] [More] ⦿
Jim Rimmer (b. Vancouver, 1934, d. 2010) was one of the great contemporary type designers whose creations had a lot of flair, individuality, and charm. Based in New Westminster (near Vancouver, BC), Jim Rimmer was also an illustrator. Obituary in the Globe and Mail, dated April 27, 2010.
He designed Albertan (Albertan No.977, Albertan No.978 Bold) and Cloister (2000; a roman type family originally done by Morris Fuller Benton) in the Lanston collection. He also designed typefaces like Juliana Oldstyle (1984), Nephi Mediaeval (1986), Kaatskill (a 1929 typeface by Goudy, revived and optimized for Lanston in type one format; the Kaatskill Italic was done by Rimmer based on Goudy's Deepdene), RTF Isabelle (Roman and Italic; 2006. A pair of delicate serif typefaces based on typefaces by Elizabeth Friedlander) and Fellowship (1986).
ATypI link. Jim began work as a letterpress compositor in 1950. He entered the field of graphic design in 1963, working as a designer lettering artist and illustrator, and freelanced in this capacity from 1972 to 1999 in the same capacity. In 1960, he began collecting letterpress printing and typefounding equipment, and operated a private press and foundry (Pie Tree Press&Type Foundry). FontShop link.
His metal typefaces at Pie Tree Press include:
In 1970, Jim made his first film type, Totemic. This sturdy text type was revived in 2015 by Canada Type as Totemic, and contains as an extra a et of stackable totems.
Jim has designed and produced a collection of digital types, and over the past 20 years has designed and cut six metal types. He recently completed a Monotype Large Comp type named Hannibal Oldstyle, is currently cutting 14 point matrices for Cartier Roman, and is making drawings for the cutting of a 14 point Western and Eastern Cree. Samples and discussion of his Cree typeface.
Jim in action in 2003. According to Gerald Giampa from Lanston, Jim is the most talented type designer alive in 2003. About his typefaces, I quote McGrew: Fellowship was designed and cut by Jim Rimmer in Vancouver in 1986, and cast by him for private use. He says, "The design is the result of the feeling of joviality and 'fellowship' I experienced at the meeting (American Typecasting Fellowship in Washington, D.C.). The design was not so much drawn as it was written. The letters were written quickly in a calligraphic manner with an edged pencil and then enlarged and inked to make a dry transfer sheet. As in my two previous designs (see Juliana Oldstyle and Nephi Mediaeval), Fellowship was cut not in steel, but in type metal, and then electroplated to make castable matrices." Juliana Oldstyle was designed and cut in 1984, as a private type. He says, "It represents my first attempt at cutting a metal type. I drew my letters completely freehand, hoping to capture a punchcut look. My artwork was then reduced and made into a dry transfer sheet, which I rubbed onto type-high typemetal blanks. I then cut the letters and electroformed copper matrices." Nephi Mediaeval was designed and cut in 1986, for private use. He says it "was inspired by the Subiaco type of the Ashendene Press and by its inspiration, the type of Sweynheym and Pannartz. My design breaks away from those types slightly in form and is softer in general feeling. In time I will cut other sizes."
In 2012, Rimmer Type Foundry was acquired by Canada Type. The press release: Canada Type, a font development studio based in Toronto, has acquired the Rimmer Type Foundry (RTF) from P22 Type Foundry, Inc. The RTF library contains the complete body of work of Canadian design icon Jim Rimmer (1934-2010), who was an enormous influence on Canadian type design and private press printing, and the subject of Richard Kegler's documentary, Making Faces: Metal Type in the 21st Century. The RTF library contains many popular font families, such as Albertan, Amethyst, Credo, Dokument and Stern, as well as quite a few analog designs that were never produced in digital. Now that Rimmer's work has been repatriated, it will be remastered and expanded by Canada Type, then re-released to the public, starting in the fall of 2012. Jim's analog work will also be produced digitally and available to the public alongside his remastered and expanded work. Once Jim's designs are re-released, part of their sales will be donated to fund the Canada Type Scholarship, an award given annually to design students in Canada. This will be done in coordination with the Society of Graphic Designers of Canada (GDC), the national professional association that awarded Jim Rimmer with the prestigious GDC Fellowship in 2007.
Jim Rimmer digitized Elizabeth (+Italic). From 2006 until 2012, the Rimmer Type Foundry collection was offered by P22. It included:
Jim Rimmer passed away early on January 8, 2010. His friend Richard Kegler (P22) wrote this obituary the next day: Jim was a multi-talented type designer, graphic artist, bookbinder, printer, letterer, technician and a most generous teacher. He was never glory-seeking and turned down most speaking engagements offered to him, not out of vanity or indifference, but rather thinking that he was not worthy of being given a spotlight. Jim offered free typecasting instruction to anyone who asked and came to visit him in his studio in New Westminster BC. He took as much time as needed and was generous to a fault. Anyone who took him up on this open invitation can attest to the intense and elegant chaos of his studio and work habits. I was fortunate enough to know Jim but for only a few years. What started as a business arrangement grew into a mutual respect and ongoing correspondence that I can only describe as life changing for me. His kindness and generosity were exceptional and his diplomacy even when given the opportunity to speak ill of anyone else was measured and kind. Jim's dedication to the craft of type design and related arts was beyond most if not all contemporaries. After his "retirement" from his professional life as a graphic artist and illustrator, he tirelessly worked on type designs for book projects where all aspects of his skills were applied. His book "Leaves from the Pie Tree" (I encouraged him to change the title from his original plan to call it "Droppings from the Pie Tree"...a truly self-effacing Jim Rimmerism) is the best single tome that summarizes his life and work. He designed the bookıs typeface in Ikarus (as he had with the 200+ other type design he created), cut the matrices and cast the type, wrote the text using an autobiographical introduction and continued to explain the process he used to cut pantographic matrices for his metal typefaces. The multi colored lino cut illustrations, book design, individual tipped in sheets and attention to press work and binding would be impressive for one specialist to complete on each component. The fact that Jim did all of this himself is awe inspiring. A trade edition of this book has been printed by Gaspereau press but does not hint at the grandeur of the beautiful book that is Pie Tree. Jim's follow up of his edition of Mark Twain's Tom Sawyer (set in his Hannibal Oldstyle font designed for and fitted onto on a monotype composition caster) was recently completed and is equally if not more imposing as a fine press book, but with a sympathetic humor and humanity that would knock the stuffing of any other fine press attempt at the same material. Almost two years ago I visited Jim for a week and filmed footage for a documentary on his cutting of the Stern typeface. For various reasons the finishing of the film has been delayed. I truly regret that Jim could not see the finished version. With the film and his Pie Tree book, Jim generously conveys information on making metal type that has otherwise been largely lost and previously limited to a now defunct protective guild system. It was his wish that the information and craft be kept alive. Jim's last email to me was in classic Jim form hinting at his tireless dedication to his work: details of a new type family for a new book. He was one of the great ones. He will be missed.
Sumner Stone: Jim's insights into Goudy's typefaces in particular, and his devotion to doing everything in his own shop made me think he was perhaps Fred's reincarnation, but it took me awhile to realize this due to the self-deprecating personality you so accurately describe. His passing is truly a great loss to our craft.
Rod McDonald: I would like to relate a telephone conversation I had with Jim last month because I believe it shows his incredible spirit, and wonderful sense of humor. My wife and I visited Jim in November and were delighted to hear that his doctors had pronounced him cancer free. He looked good, just a little tired, but that was to be expected after his recent radiation treatment. Of course he was also anxious to get back to work. Less than two weeks later I received an email from him informing me that they had discovered that the cancer had spread to his lungs and, not only was it inoperable, he now only had six months to live. This sudden turn of affairs was devastating for me and I called him, hoping I think, to hear that it wasn't as bad as it sounded. He said it was bad and apparently nothing could be done. However he felt he would outlive the six months and in fact we even talked of getting together in the fall. The conversation then turned to his latest type family and when I gently asked him how long he thought it it would take to complete he simply said "I've got lots of time, after all I'm only going to be dying during the last fifteen minutes". I knew Jim for thirty-five years and will miss him more than his work, and that's saying a great deal.
In 2012, Canada Type, which had purchased Rimmer's designs started publishing some of Jim's lesser known designs. These include Cotillion Pro (2012, a very graceful typeface with high ascenders), Fellowship (2013, calligraphic), Poster Paint (2012, a take on Goudy Stout), Zigarre Script and Zigarre Rough (2012, brush scripts that were actually drawn with a marker), and Alexander Quill (2012, a calligraphic monastic typeface).
In 2013, Canada Type remastered several of Rimmer's typefaces, including in particular Isabelle Pro: Isabelle is the closest thing to a metal type revival Jim Rimmer ever did. The original metal typeface was designed and cut in late 1930s Germany, but its propspects were cut short by the arrival of the war. This was one of Jim's favourite typefaces, most likely because of the refined art deco elements that reminded him of his youthful enthusiasm about everything press-related, and the face's intricately thought balance between calligraphy and typography. Not to mention one of the most beautiful italics ever made. Lancelot Pro (2013) is a calligraphic all caps typeface based on Rimmer's digital original from 1999.
Pictures: Jim Rimmer casts 48pt ATypI keepsake (by John Hudson), Remembering Jim Rimmer (Facebook group), In his studio, a picture taken by the Globe and Mail. Another pic. Making Faces (trailer) (movie by Richard Kegler).
Born in 1854, died in 1913. Boston-based book printer who is usually credited with the design of Cushing in 1896. McGrew writes: Cushing is a group of typefaces rather than a family, for some members have little in common with each other, and were not intended to work together. Some accounts credit the design of these typefaces to Josiah Stearns Cushing, who in the late nineteenth century was president of the Norwood Press Company in Norwood, Massachusetts. Cushing was one of the most prominent printers of the day, but it seems more likely that he merely spelled out what he wanted in typefaces for his particular purposes, and that they were executed by others.
Cushing and Cushing Italic were cut about 1897 by ATF. They are con- ventional roman and italic in basic design, but are almost completely uniform in weight of stroke throughout, with small oldstyle serifs, They were intended to provide a letter particularly adapted for book work, to print clearly and readably, and to reproduce well by electrotyping. A few years later they were shown as Lining Cushing No.2 and Italic, the added words probably indicating that some adjustment had necessarily been made to adapt them to the new standard alignment. BB&S had a copy of this roman under the name of Custer. in 1925 it was reissued as Bookman Lightface, in the same sizes. Compare Cardinal, Hunnewell. Frederic W. Goudy, the eminent type designer, includes Cushing Italic in his list of typefaces. In the book of his type designs, he says, "While in Hingham, Clarence Marder had me draw for him an italic to accompany the Cushing Roman already produced. ...Whether the italic shown in the specimen of today is the one I drew I cannot be sure. ..." It isn't; he went to Hingham in 1904; this Cushing Italic had been shown in 1898 or earlier.
Cushing Oldstyle (later known as Lining Cushing Oldstyle No.2) was cut in the mid-1890s by ATF, and copied by Monotype in 1901. It is a sturdy, compact face, with a large x-height. In small sizes it is medium weight; from 18-point up it is a little heavier. The large, bracketed serifs and general style are similar to the early lonics, Dorics, and Clarendons. A copy of this typeface was made by Keystone under the name of Richelieu (named for Cardinal Richelieu), Linotype had it as Title No.1, and BB&S had a very similar face, Custer Bold, which in 1925 was renamed Bookman Bold.
Lining Cushing Oldstyle Italic was cut about 1906 by ATF. It was cut for Monotype in 1910; the Monotype roman follows the original, being a little heavier in larger sizes, but the italic is wider than the original and uniform throughout, as patterns for the modified composition sizes were apparently used for display sizes as well.
Cushing Monotone was cut about 1899, a refinement of an earlier typeface of the same name. It is generally a lighter version of Cushing Oldstyle, but not as light as Cushing [No. 2]. It is neat but undistinguished for either text or display, somewhat similar to Bookman but lighter. Uniline was a similar typeface shown later by Linotype. Also compare Cardinal.
Cushing Antique was designed by Morris Benton for ATF in 1902, but not cut until 1905. An ATF announcement said of it, "Entirely redrawn and cut from new patterns. Conforms to approved outlines for antique typeface but modified to meet present-day requirements. Unquestionably the most complete and accurate series of antique made." It was copied by Ludlow in 1927. An italic was planned by ATF but not completed.
Kennerley is a typeface family designed by Frederic Goudy in 1911 (Kennerley Old Style, Kennerley Open Capitals), 1918 (Kennerley Old Style Italic) and 1924 (Kennerley Bold and Bold Italic).
Mac McGrew on Kennerley Old Style: Like many types designed by Frederic W. Goudy, Kennerley was executed in response to a particular need. In 1911, Mitchell Kennerley, a New York publisher, asked Goudy to design a book, The Door in the Wall, by H. G. Wells. Goudy had some trial pages set in Caston Oldstyle-Goudy refers to it as Caston Old Face, but a reproduced example is the looser Caston Oldstyle. If Goudy or Kennerley had used the tighter English version of Caslon, perhaps this typeface would not have been designed. But as the effect did not satisfy Goudy, he obtained the publisher's permission to design and cut a new typeface which he would later cast and attempt to sell to "discriminating printers" to recoup at least part of the expense of producing it. Kennerley, named for the publisher, has much less contrast and angularity than Caslon, and sets very compactly, giving a solid appearance to a page. It far exceeded Goudy's expectations for popularity, and he gradually added other sizes for his own sales. In 1920 he sold reproduction rights in this country to Lanston Monotype. Meanwhile, in 1915 Goudy had drawn a companion italic (it was shown in that year, although Goudy later gave the date as 1918). [...] Sol Hess provided Kennerley Open Capitals for Lanston in 1925 by opening each letter with a white line. In 1924 Goudy designed bold and bold italic for Kennerley, at the request of Monotype. Goudy was never enthusiastic about bold typefaces, but says, "I think I kept the Kennerley character in my bold rendition as well as could have been done." The lowercase of this typeface was later used with Hadriano capitals. Intertype adapted Kennerley to its machine in 1923, first announcing it under the same name. A little later this name was changed to Kenntonian.
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1914. Mac McGrew: Klaxon was designed by Frederic W. Goudy in 1914 as a private type for the manufacturers of the Klaxon Auto Warning Signal, an accessory auto horn in the days when this item was not standard equipment. The type is suggestive of Kennerley, but slightly heavier, with some little quirks of design that make it more successful for its intended use as a publicity type rather than for book work. Matrices, which were cut by Robert Wiebking, were lost in Goudy's fire of 1939. [Google] [More] ⦿
Lanston Type Co
The Lanston Type Co was based in PEI, Canada, moved in 2002 to Vancouver, and moved later that year to Espoo, Finland. In 2004, Lanston was sold to P22. It has classic and wonderful offerings such as Albertan, Bodoni, Caslon, Deepdene (Frederic Goudy, 1929-1934; see D690 Roman on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD, or URW Deepdene, or Barry Schwartz's Linden Hill (a free font)), Goudy Oldstyle, Jacobean Initials, Kennerly, Kaatskill, Water Garden and Jefferson Gothic. Owned by Gerald Giampa (b. 1950, d. Vancouver, 2009), who wrote me this: Frederic Goudy worked for us for 29 years. We manufactured Monotype casters and keyboards. The English sister company sold casters to England and the Commonwealth and we sold to the Americas and wherever else practical. Tolbert Lanston, our founder, was the inventor of Monotype. We still sell matrices and were punching them until several years ago. Soon we expect to have the equipment moved and operational once again. We are placing it into America's largest printing museum which is in Andover close to Boston. However there is a possibility that it will end up in Hull Québec. Our previous type director was Jim Rimmer of Vancouver, noted type designer. He designs, cuts and cast type in lead. Our typeface Albertan was designed by Jim and is very successful. John Hudson and Ross Mills of Tiro were directly inspired by our facilities in Vancouver. I encouraged them towards type design. The beautiful Bodoni 26 (unicase) can be bought at FontShop. Atlantic 35 (1909-1935) is a modern family first used by the Atlantic Monthly in 1909.
The fonts: Albertan No. 977, Albertan Bold No. 978, Albertan Title No. 980,&Inline No. 979, Bodoni No. 175, Bodoni Bold No. 2175, Bodoni 26 (a Lanston unicase based on an interpretation by Sol Hess), No. 175, Caslon Old Style No. 337, Caslon Bold No's 637,&537, Deepdene No. 315, Figures Square No. 132, Flash No. 373, Fleurons C, Fleurons Granjon Folio, Fleurons Folio One, Forum No. 274, Francis No. 982, Garamont No. 248, Globe Gothic No's 240,&239,&230, Goudy Initials No. 296, Goudy Old Style No. 394, Goudy Thirty No. 392, Goudy Village (#2) No. 410, Hadriano Stone-Cut No. 409, Hadriano Title No. 309, Jacobean Initials, Jefferson Gothic No. 227, Jenson Old Style No. 508, Kaatskill No. 976, Kaufmann (Lanston Swing Bold) No. 217, Kennerley Old Style No. 268, Metropolitan No. 369, Obelisk No. 2577, Pabst Old Style No. 45, Pabst Old Style Open, Spire No. 377, 20th Century No. 605, Vine Leaves C, Vine Leaves Folio One, Vine Leaves Folio Two, Water Garden Ornaments. P22 writes this about Lanston: In the late 1800s, Tolbert Lanston licensed his technology to an English sister company and became a major international force. Lanston grew rapidly with America's pre-eminent type designer, Frederic Goudy, holding the position of art director from 1920-1947. The Philadelphia-based Lanston Monotype eventually parted ways with its English counterpart. English Monotype became simply known as Monotype from that time forth. Lanston was acquired by American Type Founders in 1969. After a series of other owners, the company found its way to master printer Gerald Giampa, who moved it to Prince Edward Island in 1988. During its time of transition, Lanston continued supplying the American market for monotype casters until January 21, 2000, when the hot-metal component of Lanston was tragically destroyed by a tidal wave. Giampa was one of the earliest developers of PostScript fonts. After the loss, he focused on digitization to an even greater extent. Under his stewardship, Lanston's classic typefaces were digitized in a style that was true to the sources, which are the brass and lead patterns from which the metal type was made. The past few years have seen Giampa and Lanston travel from Canada to Finland, and back again. Now, Lanston has completed another journey back to the United States to come under the care of a new steward: P22. Giampa is answering the call of the sea. He has traded his type founder's hat for that of a ship's captain to sail the northern Pacific coast. During his shore leaves, Giampa will act as typographic consultant to Lanston-P22. The P22 Lanston collection (2005-2006) was designed wih the help of people such as Paul Hunt and Colin Kahn. It includes these typefaces:
The most famous Canadian type designer (1932-1983). Usherwood studied at the Beckenham School of Art, and practiced as a lettering artist in the commercial art field for 15 years. Typesettra was created in 1968, and had more than four type designers in the early eighties. In 1977, Typsettra began designing original typefaces for Berthold, Letraset and ITC. Usherwood's typefaces:
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1925. Mac McGrew: Marlborough was designed in 1925 by Frederic W. Goudy for a printer who lost interest before it was completed. As matrices for the 16-point size had been cut by Robert Wiebking, Goudy cast a few fonts, but was not pleased with the results. Revisions were drawn, but were not completed before his I. workshop was destroyed by fire in 1939. In 1942 the design was sold to Monotype, but there is no evidence that they did anything with it. The name is from the town in New York where Goudy lived and worked. In fact, Goudy died in 1947 in Marlborough-on-Hudson, NY. [Google] [More] ⦿
Lisa Wade is a type designer who did a version of Goudy Medieval and of Harquil.
Mike graduated from Ohio State University with a degree in philosophy. Prolific Columbus, OH-based designer (b. Columbus, OH) whose fonts are mainly available through Scriptorium. Many of his fonts were influenced by roman inscriptional or Trajan types. These include Caesario (1993, a Trajan column font based on Goudy's drawings from 1936), Minerva (1993), Falconis and Vespasiano. Other typefaces with ancient origins include DeBellis, Pomponianus, Praitor, Jerash (1993, with Nalle), Macteris Uncial (1993), Antioch (1993), and Corbei Uncial.
He prepared a set of fonts based on a medieval Latin British manuscript (Pontifica, 1999) and another one called Orlock, based on the lettering in a poster for the German German expressionist silent film Nosferatu. Pontifica was redesigned in 2009 based on the source manuscripts from the Papal Archive. He writes: Pontifica is an example of protogothic calligraphy, a style developed at the monestery of St. Gall in the 12th century to replace Carolingian minuscule with a more efficient and compact system of lettering. Ultimately it became the progenitor of the gothic lettering styles of the late Medieval period.
Old metal era blackletter typefaces at Monotype: Armin-Fraktur (1904), Helen-Fraktur (Robert Haas), Halbfett Kasseler Fraktur, Wittenberger Fraktur (or Mars-Fraktur) (1904), Würzburger Fraktur. Their digital blackletter typefaces include LucidaBlackLetter, ClementeRotunda, CresciRotunda, Gothique, OldEnglish, Old English Text, Rudolph, Wedding Text, Engravers Old English, Goudy Text.
In 2004, Monotype Imaging Inc was created when TA Associates bought Agfa-Monotype from Agfa. Its headquarters are in Woburn, MA. Agfa had bought the previous incarnation of Monotype in 1998. Before that, Agfa, a well-known photographic film, chemicals and paper manufacturer and Bayer subsidiary, entered the typography scene in 1982 by acquiring an interest in Compugraphic Corporation, the American phototypesetter company. From the press release: Based in Wilmington, MA, with regional offices in the U.K., Chicago, Redwood City, Calif., Japan and China, Monotype Imaging provides fonts and font technologies to graphic professionals, software developers and manufacturers of printers and display devices. Formerly Agfa Monotype Corp., the company also provides print drivers and color imaging technologies to OEMs (original equipment manufacturers). Monotype Imaging is home to the Monotype typeface library, a collection that includes widely used designs such as the Arial, Times New Roman and Gill Sans typeface families (now in OpenType in 21 weights). Monotype Imaging offers fonts and industry-standard solutions for most of the world's written languages. Information about Monotype Imaging and its products can be found on the company's web sites at www.monotypeimaging.com, www.fonts.com, www.monotypefonts.com, www.customfonts.com, www.fontwise.com, www.itcfonts.com and www.faces.co.uk. [...] Robert M. Givens remains as president and chief executive officer of the company. [...] Senior vice presidents Doug Shaw and John Seguin of Monotype Imaging have been named to its board of directors along with Givens and Johnston. Jonathan Meeks, a principal at TA Associates, has also joined the board. Dave McCarthy remains as vice president and general manager of Printer Imaging, and Al Ristow continues as vice president of engineering. The senior management team of Monotype Imaging also includes Jeff Burk, vice president of finance, Geoff Greve, vice president of type development, John McCallum, managing director of Monotype Imaging Ltd., David DeWitt, general manager of the U.S. consumer division, and Pattie Money, director of human resources.
In 2006, Monotype Imaging acquires Linotype, one of the last truly dedicated and honest large type companies. In 2007, Doug Shaw succeeds Robert M. Givens as president and chief executive officer. In 2010, Monotype acquires Ascender. In 2011, Monotype buys Berthold Types, Bitstream and MyFonts.
Prolific American type designer (b. 1872, Milwaukee, d. 1948, Morristown, NJ), who published over 200 alphabets at ATF. He managed the ATF type design program from 1892 until 1937. Son of Linn Boyd Benton. MyFonts page on him. Nicholas Fabian's page. Linotype's page. Klingspor page. Unos tipos duros page. His fonts include:
Typefaces alphabetic order:
View Morris Fuller Benton's typefaces. A longer list. A listing of various digital versions of News Gothic. More News Gothic-like typefaces. Even more News Gothic-like typefaces. [Google] [MyFonts] [More] ⦿
National Old Style and Nabisco
Two Goudy fonts, from 1916 and 1921, respectively. Goudy wrote about them, as reported in A Half-Century of Type Design and Typography: 1895-1945, Typophiles Chap Books XIV, 1946 at pages 99 and 110:
Mac McGrew: National Oldstyle was designed by Frederic W. Goudy for ATF in 1916. It is based on lettering he had done about fifteen years earlier for National Biscuit Company, hence the name. It was moderately popular for a while for publication and advertising display work, and for titles for silent motion pictures. Compare Nabisco.
Mac McGrew on Nabisco: Nabisco was designed by Frederic W. Goudy in 1921 as a private type for National Biscuit Company, based on hand-lettering of the company name he had done about twenty years earlier. As he had in the meantime drawn National Oldstyle (q.v.) for ATF, based on the same lettering, this typeface is consciously different although retaining the same general characteristics. Several sizes were cut by Robert Wiebking. The baking company was pleased. and used it frequently for several years.
Born in Belleville, IL, in 1858. He died in 1940. Typefounder, author, artist, editor and printer, all in one. Involved at some point with the Inland Type foundry and the Central Type Foundry. His typefaces:
Nick Curtis: Typefaces from 2007
Typefaces made by Nick Curtis from 2007, not listed elsewhere on these pages: Dundee Castle NF (based on lettering by Harvey Hopkins Dunn, 1930), Sheik Of Araby NF (2007), Aethelred NF (a unicase typeface, with alternate characters in several of the lowercase positions, is patterned after Mosaik, designed by Martin Kausche for Schriftgiesserei Stempel in 1954; Sultan (2005, Canada Type) is also based on Mosaik). Cerulean NF (a sans based on Lining Gothic No. 71 (BBS and ATF, 1907)), Rimshot NF (script), Jaunty Gent NF (based on the upright connected script Forelle, aka Rheingold Kräftig, by Erich Mollowitz in 1936-1937 for the Hamburg foundry of J. D. Tennert&Sohn), Baby Cakes NF (a bubblegum face based on a 1974 release by Karlgeorg Hoefer at the Ludwig&Mayer foundry called Big Band), Amper Sans NF (after Hobby, a script designed in 1956 by Werner Rebhuhn for Schriftgießerei Genzsch&Heyse), Wacky Duck NF (2007), By George Titling NF (inspired by silent movie lettering), Dinky Rink NF (partially based on Steile Futura), Fuller Brush NF (a bouncy signage script from The New Lone Pine ABC of Showcard and Ticketwriting by Australian author C. Milnes), Tiddly Winks NF (2007), Iraan (a stars and stripes typeface based on the ATF typeface Rodeo), Haut Relief (a 3d typeface based on a 1960s typeface called Sculpture), Fiddle Sticks (based on West Banjo (Dave West, 1960s)), Djibouti (an African theme font modeled after African Queen (Dave West, 1960s), Wacky Duck NF (2007), Turing Car NF (2007, a monospaced typeface based on a lineprinter font from the 1960s, the Unisys 0776), Route 66 NF (based on the typefaces used on U.S. Highway signs from the 1930s to the 1950s), Anna Nicole NF (2007, based on the upright semiscript Mirabelle (1926, Wagner&Schmidt); Nick Curtis: Round, firm and fully-packed, it is sure to get attention anywhere it is used.), Keynote Speaker NF (an awkward blocky typeface patterned after Bloomsbury (1920s, P. M. Shanks&Sons)), Twitty Bird NF (2007, an architectural drawing font based on Dan X. Solo's Conway), Balder Dash NF (the caps are based on Breda-Gotisch (1928, H. Berthold AG) and the lowercase on Goudy Text)), Outer Loop NF (2007), Tutti Paffuti NF (after Stymie Black Flair by Dave West for Photolettering), Weedy Beasties NF (after a variation of Seymour Chwast's Blimp), Bully Pulpit NF (2007), Keepon Truckin NF (a 3d typeface based on Milton Glaser's Baby Fat). In the 1970s, Vincent Pacella made a Photolettering Egyptian headline typeface called Blackjack, which was digitized in 2007 by Nick Curtis as Flap Jacks NF. ITC Jeepers and Woodley Park (based on Naudin) won awards at the TDC2 Type Directors Club's Type Design Competition 2002. Artone (Seymour Chwast, 1968) was revived as Loose Caboose NF (2007). Edwin Sisty's upright curly semiscript Belcanto (1970s, Photolettering) was revived in 2007 by Nick Curtis as Glissando NF. F.W. Kleukens' Kleukens Antiqua (1910) was digitized by Nick as Kleukens Antiqua NF (2007). Holo Fernes NF (2007) is based on Christian Heinrich Kleukens' Judith Type (1923), a hookish hell-inspired face. Pudgy Puss (2007) is an ultra-fat modern display type based on Fat Face (Herb Lubalin, Tom Carnase). Omaha Bazoo (2007) is patterned after Viola Flare, issued by Franklin Photolettering in the 1970s. Lateral Incised NF (2007) is an engraved old style typeface originally released in 1929 as Gravure by the London foundry of C. W. Shortt. Tall Scrawl NF (2007) is an original Curtis hand-printed font. Alfred Riedel's Domino (Ludwig&Mayer, 1954) was revived as Idle Fancy NF (2007). Boxcar Willie NF (2007) is a quaint curly face. [Google] [MyFonts] [More] ⦿
Nick Curtis: Typefaces from 2008
Typefaces made by Nick Curtis from 2008, not listed elsewhere on these pages: Dave West's Nickelodeon was revived by Curtis as Lily Hilo NF (2008). Funky Rundkopf NF (2008) is an adaptation of an LED simulation font of Ray Larabie, called Dignity of Labour. Daffadowndilly NF (2007-2008) is based on art work by Alf Becker from the 1940s. Babes In Toyland NF (2008) has some of the Rennie Mackintosh charm and is based on "Sheet music for Babes in Toyland, USA, 1903". Anagram Shadow NF (2008) is based on handlettering from a 1928 poster for a steamship line by renowned British artist Austin Cooper. Kandinsky NF (2008) is based on shapes found on Kandinsky's painting Succession (1935). An experimental typeface by Jeremy Pettis, illustrating the concept of kangaroo, inspired Pal Joey NF (2008). One of René Knip's experiments, a unicase typeface with an Arab feel, was digitized by Nick Curtis as Turban Hey NF (2008). Calamity Jane (2008) is a stylish Edwardian script based on a 1930s logotype for the Theatre Moderne in Paris. Orion Radio NF (2008) is a 1930s style display typeface on an African theme. Quinceanera NF (2008) is a a new take on an old dry-transfer standard from the 70s named Barrio. Jobber Wacky NF (2008) is a bouncy handlettering font based on designs of Alan Denney found on greeting cards in the 1950s and 1960s. Franciscan Caps (2008) is based on a 1932 typeface by Frederic Goudy called Franciscan. Morning Glory (2008) is a simple display typeface that goes back to the Cleveland Type Foundry, 1893. Tickety Boo (2008) is a take on Goudy Fancy (or: Goudy Black Elongated Swash). Yo Quiero Taquitos uses letters taken from Rotalución Decorativa (Barcelona, 1940s), Disco 79 (2008, multiline), Eclectic Crumpany (2008, multiline monocase neon or paperclip typeface based on The Electric Company TV Show), Fire Down Below (2008, block gothic), Joufflou NF (2008, very fat), Bala Cynwyd NF (2001) is an Arts&Crafts style poster typeface inspired by lettering of Dard Hunter. Csiszarz Latein NF (2008) recreates an old typeface (ca. 1910) of J.V. Csiszarz. Owah Tagu Siam NF (2008) is a faux Thai font. Langoustine Rouge NF (2008) is based on Dan Solo's Sorbonne. Cecil Wade again provided inspiration for Bloc Party NF (2008). My Little Eye NF (2008) is an elegant piano key font. Roundabout NF (2008) is rounded octagonal. Neubank NF (2008) is Nick Curtis's take on Bank Gothic. Warp Three NF (2008) is a Bank Gothic-style family with an uppercase as in Agency Gothic (1932-1933, Morris Fuller Benton) and a lowercase from Square Gothic (1888, James Conner). [Google] [MyFonts] [More] ⦿
Influential designer and type designer, motivated by beautiful advertising type (b. Mountgilead, Ohio, 1879, d. Chicago, 1940). Picture. He was angry at Goudy for his Goudy Heavyface (1925), which resembles Cooper Black a bit too much (check this 2002 video). MyFonts link. Cooper died of cancer. His typefaces include:
P22 Type Foundry
Richard Kegler's fun Buffalo-based foundry, which he founded in 1995 together with his wife, Carima El-Behairy. Currently, on staff, we find type designers James Grieshaber and Christina Torre. In 2004, it acquired Lanston Type. P22 has some great unusual, often artsy, fonts.
The fonts are: Industrial Design (an industrial look font based on letters drawn by Joseph Sinel in the 1920s---this font is free!), LTC Jefferson Gothic Obliquie (2005, free), Sinel (free), P22Snowflakes (2003, free), Acropolis Now (1995, a Greek simulation typeface done with Michael Want), P22 Albers (1995; based on alphabets of Josef Albers made between 1920 and 1933 in the Bauhaus mold), Arts and Crafts (based on lettering of Dard Hunter, early 1900s, as it appeared in Roycroft books), Ambient, Aries (2004, based on Goudy's Aries), Arts and Crafts ornaments, Atomica, Bagaglio, Bauhaus (Bauhaus fonts based on the lettering of Herbert Bayer), Bifur (2004, Richard Kegler, after the 1929 original by Cassandre), Blackout, P22 Brass Script Pro (2009, Richard Kegler; based on an incomplete script fond in a booklet from Dornemann&Co. of Magdeburg Germany, ca. 1910 entitled Messingschriften für Handvergoldung; for years, P22 and MyFonts claimed that Michael Clark codesigned this, but Michael does not want any credit, as he did only about 20 letters), Cage (based on handwriting and sketches of the American experimental composer John Cage), P22 Casual Script (2011, Richard Kegler, a digitization of letters by sign painter B. Boley, shown in Sign of the Times Magazine), Cezanne (Paul Cezanne's handwriting, and some imagery; made for the Philadelphia Museum of Art), Child's Play, Child's Play Animals, Child's Play Blocks, Constructivist (Soviet style lettering emulating the work of Rodchenko and Popova), Constructivist extras, Czech Modernist (based on the design work of Czech artist Vojtech Preissig in the 20s and 30s), Daddy-o (Daddy-o Beatsville was done in 1998 with Peter Reiling), Daddy-o junkie, Da Vinci, Destijl (1995, after the Dutch DeStijl movement, 1917-1931, with Piet Mondrian inspired dingbats; weights include Extras, P22 Monet Impressionist (1999), Regular and Tall), Dinosaur, Eaglefeather, Escher (based on the lettering and artwork of M.C. Escher), FLLWExhibition, FLLW Terracotta, Folk Art (based on the work of German settlers in Pennsylvania), Il futurismo (after Italian Futurism, 1908-1943), Woodtype (two Tuscan fonts and two dingbats, 2004), P22 Woodcut (1996, Richard Kegler: based on the lettering carved out in wood by German expressionists such as Heckel and Kirchner), , Garamouche (2004, +P22 Garamouche Ornaments; all codesigned with James Grieshaber), GD&T, Hieroglyphic, P22 Infestia (1995), Insectile, Kane, Kells (1996, a totally Celtic family, based on the Book of Kells, 9th century; the P22 Kells Round was designed with David Setlik), Koch Signs (astrological, Christian, medieval and runic iconography from Rudolf Koch's The Book of Signs), P22 Koch Nueland (2000), Larkin (2005, Richard Kegler, 1900-style semi-blackletter), London Underground (Edward Johnston's 1916 typeface, produced in an exclusive arrangement with the London Transport Museum; digitized by Kegler in 1997, and extended to 21 styles in 2007 by him as P22 Underground Pro, which includes Cyrillic and Greek and hairline weights), Pan-Am, Parrish, Platten (Richard Kegler; revised in 2008 by Colin Kahn as P22 Platten Neu; based on lettering found in German fountain pen practice books from the 1920s), Preissig, Prehistoric Pals, Petroglyphs, Rodin / Michelangelo, Stanyan Eros (2003, Richard Kegler), Stanyan Autumn (2004, based on a casual hand lettering text created by Anthony Goldschmidt for the deluxe 1969 edition of the book "...and autumn came" by Rod McKuen; typeface by Richard Kegler), Vienna, Vienna Round, Vincent (based on the work of Vincent Van Gogh), Way out West. Now also Art Nouveau Bistro, Art Nouveau Cafe and the beautiful ornamental font Art Nouveau Extras (all three by Christina Torre, 2001), the handwriting family Hopper (Edward, Josephine, Sketches, based on the handwriting styles of quintessential American artist Edward Hopper and his wife, Josephine Nivison Hopper, and was produced in conjunction with the Whitney Museum of American Art), Basala (by Hajime Kawakami), Cusp (by James Grieshaber), P22 Dearest (calligraphic, by Christina Torre), Dwiggins (by Richard Kegler), Dyrynk Roman and Italic (2004, Richard Kegler, after work by Czech book artist Karel Dyrynk), Gothic Gothic (by James Grieshaber), La Danse (by Gábor Kóthay;), Mucha (by Christina Torre), Preissig Lino (by Richard Kegler), P22Typewriter (2001, Richard Kegler, a distressed typewriter font), the William Morris set (Morris Troy, Morris Golden, Morris Ornaments, based up the type used by William Morris in his Kelmscott Press; 2002), Art Deco Extras (2002, Richard Kegler, James Grieshaber and Carima El Behairy), Art Deco Display, the Benjamin Franklin revival font Franklin's Caslon (2006), Dada (2006) and the Art Nouveau font Salon (bu Christina Torre).
In 2006, Kegler added Declaration, a font set consisting of a script (after the 1776 declaration of independence), a blackletter, and 56 signatures. Many of the fonts were designed or co-designed by Richard Kegler. International House of Fonts subpage. Lanston subpage (offerings as of 2005: Bodoni Bold, Deepdene, Flash, Fleurons Granjon, Fleurons Garamont, Garamont, Goudy Thirty, Jacobean Initials, Pabst, Spire).
In-house fonts made in 2008 include Circled Caps, the Yule family (Regular, Klein Regular, Light Flurries, Heavy, Klein heavy, Heavy Snow, Inline; all have Neuland influences). Kegler / P22 created a 25-set P22 Civilité family in 2009 based on a 1908 publication from Enshedé, the 1978 English translation by Harry Carter, and a 1926 specimen also from Enshedé.
At ATypI 2004 in Prague, Richard spoke about Vojtech Preissig. Speaker at ATypI 2010 in Dublin, where he presented Making Faces: Metal Type in the 21st Century about which he writes: This film has the dual aim of documenting the almost-lost skill of creating metal fonts and of capturing the personality and work process of the late Canadian graphic artist Jim Rimmer (1931-2010). P22 type foundry commissioned Mr. Rimmer to create a new type design (Stern) that became the first-ever simultaneous release of a digital font and hand-set metal font in 2008. At ATypI 2011 in Reykjavik, he showed Making Faces.
Typefaces from 2014: LTC Archive Ornaments (Richard Kegler and Miranda Roth).
McGrew writes: Pabst Old Style or Pabst Roman is an early design by Frederic W. Goudy. Lettering he had done for advertisements of Pabst Brewing Company attracted the attention of the advertising manager of a Chicago department store, who asked Goudy to design a typeface based on that lettering. Drawings were delivered and paid for, but owing to the cost of engraving matrices and producing type, the project was abandoned at that point. Later an arrangement was made with ATF, whereby several sizes were cut, with the department store having exclusive use of it for a limited time, after which it became the property of the foundry and was offered for general sale. It was named, however, for Col. Fred Pabst of the brewing company. In a popular style of the day, Pabst retains a hand-lettered feeling through slight irregularities in the edges of lines, carefully preserved in the metal. [...] Pabst was designed in 1902, and the following year ATF commissioned Goudy to draw an italic to accompany it. Matrices for both designs were cut by Robert Wiebking for the foundry, Goudy's first business contact with the man who was to cut many of his types over the next two decades. Caps of the Monotype copy of Pabst Oldstyle, released in 1912, are a little narrower than the foundry original. Pabst Old Style Condensed is a modification by Linotype; it is very similar to the proportions of the Monotype copy of the regular face. Compare Avil, Powell. He continues: Pabst Extra Bold is not related to Pabst Oldstyle. This family was designed for Linotype in 1928, and the condensed version in 1931, by C. H. Griffith, as an interpretation of the extra bold letter typified by Cooper Black. There is considerable resemblance, but in this typeface the tops and bottoms of serifs are flat instead of rounded. Also compare Ludlow Black. [Google] [More] ⦿
Paul D. Hunt
Peter Bain surveys the era of photo-typography. His introduction: In the 20th century photo-typography fully displaced a 500-year-old tradition of metal type, only to be superseded itself shortly thereafter. Yet most appraisals of type technology and histories of proprietary typefounding still favor type for text instead of eye-catching display. One characteristic feature of 20th century typography was the great effort devoted to ephemera and advertising. This survey is a local view of a half-century, concentrating on display type in New York City. Since New Yorkers have been said to believe they are at the center of the planet, it is fascinating to find a time when it could appear nearly so, typographically. He goes on to explain why and how New york became the typographic center of the globe: The city in the first half of the 20th century was an established communications center for a burgeoning national market. There is ample evidence of local interest in unique letterforms. Sometime Queens-borough resident and typeface designer Frederic Goudy received a commission from retailer Saks Fifth Avenue. The successful New York illustrator and letterer Fred G. Cooper had his distinctive forms included in the same publications that featured an unrelated Windy City designer, Oswald Cooper. Architect H. Van Buren Magonigle and industrial designer Walter Dorwin Teague had both skillfully rendered capitals for print, while their Manhattan offices pursued projects in three dimensions. One of the more curious examples of this fluency in letterforms was a 1943 booklet issued by the Brooklyn-based Higgins Ink Co. The largest portion was a portfolio of thirty-two script alphabets and fictitious signatures by Charles Bluemlein, each accompanied by a handwriting experts interpretation of the admittedly invented specimens. The requirements of publicity and publishing helped drive the demand for handlettering. By 1955, one knowledgeable estimate placed over 300 professional lettering artists working in New York at both comprehensive (layout) and finished levels. It was in a landscape of album covers and bookjackets, magazine and newspaper advertising, trademarks and slogans, store signatures and letterheads, billboards and signs (created by sign artists, not usually graphic designers) that display phototype was emerging in sharp focus. This may have been the peak of market demand for lettering. [Google] [More] ⦿
Type and graphic designer from Joseph City, AZ. His first degree was from Brigham Young University. He was a type designer at P22/Lanston from 2004-2007. In 2008, he obtained an MA in typeface design from the University of Reading where he designed the typefaces Grandia and Grandhara (Indic). In January 2009, he joined Adobe just after Thomas Phinney left. He lives in San Jose, CA. His talk at ATypI 2014 in Barcelona was entitled The history of non-Latin typeface development at Adobe.
He created Howard (2006, a digitization of Benton's Sterling), P22 Allyson (2006, based on Hazel Script by BB&S; a winner at Paratype K2009), the P22 FLWW Midway font family (2006: Midway One, Two and Ornaments; based on the lettering found on the Midway Gardens working drawings of Frank Lloyd Wright---tall-legged and casual), Kilkenny (2005, P22), a Victorian-style font based on the metal types named Nymphic and Nymphic Caps which were designed by Hermann Ihlenburg in 1889. This typeface has almost 1000 glyphs and comes in OpenType format. It includes Cyrillic characters. Check the studies here and here. For another revival of Nymphic Caps, see Secesja by Barmee.
Hunt also digitized Goudy's Village (2005). Village was originally designed by Fredric Goudy in 1903 for Kuppenheimer & Company for advertising use, but it was decided it would be too expensive to cast. It was later adopted as the house face for Goudy's and Will Ransom's Village Press. The matrices were cut and the type cast by Wiebking. The design was influenced by William Morris's Golden Type. This Venetian typeface was digitized by David Berlow (1994, FontBureau) and by Paul D. Hunt (2005). Hunt's version was eventually released in 2016 by P22/Lanston as LTC Village.
He revived Hazel Script (BB&S), which he renamed Allyson (2005).
Still in 2005, he created a digital version of Sol Hess' Hess Monoblack called LTC Hess Monoblack.
In 2006, he published a nice set of connected calligraphic script fonts, P22 Zaner. Bodoni 175 (2006, P22/Lanston) is a revival of Sol Hess' rendition of Bodoni. He was working on Junius (2006), a revival/adaptation of Menhart Antiqua. Frnklin's Caslon, or P22 Franklin Caslon, was designed in 2006 by Richard Kegler and Paul Hunt in collaboration with the Philadelphia Museum of Art. This slightly eroded font set includes faithfully reproduced letterforms digitized directly from images of impressions made by Benjamin Franklin and his printing office circa 1750. It comes with a set of ornaments.
In 2007, he used Goudy's 1924 typeface Italian Old Style in the development at P22/Lanston of LTC Italian Old Style. That typeface was remastered and extended to cover several languages by James Grieshaber in 2011.
In 2014, Paul Hunt finished work on the wood type revival font HWT Bulletin Script Two (P22 & Hamilton Wood Type). This backslanted psychedelic typeface can be traced back to the wood type manufacturers Heber-Wells (Bulletin Condensed, No. 5167), Morgans and Wilcox (Bulletin Script No. 2, No. 3184), Empire Wood Type (1870: Bulletin Script), Keystone Type Foundry (1899: Bulletin Script), Hamilton (117), and Wm. H. Page & Co (No. 111 through No. 113).
Free fonts at Google Web Fonts: Source Sans Pro (2012; Source Sans Pro for the TeX crowd), Source Code Pro (2012, a companion monospaced sans set by Paul D. Hunt and Teo Tuominen). Source Serif Pro, its Fournier-style relative, was developed at Adobe by Frank Grießhammer. They can also be downloaded from CTAN and Open Font Library.
Fun creations at FontStruct in 2008-2009: Possibly (a stencil loosely based on the Mission Impossible series logo), Probably (same as Possibly but not stenciled), Med Splode, Arcade Fever, negativistic_small, New Alpha_1line, New Alpha_4line, New Alpha_bit, New Alpha_dot [dot matrix font], New Azbuka [after Wim Crouwel's New Alphabet from 1967], positivistic, slabstruct_1, slabstruct_too, structurosa_1, structurosa_bold, structurosa_bold_too, structurosa_caps, structurosa_faux_bold, structurosa_leaf, structurosa_script, structurosa_soft, structurosa_tape, structurosa_too, structurosa_two, Slabstruct Too Soft, Structurosa Clean Soft, Structurosa Script Clean, Structurosa Clean, Structurosa Clean Too, Structurosa Clean Leaf, Structurosa Boxy, Stucturosa Script Heavy.
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1903. D.J.R. Bruckner writes: Mr. Powell was Goudy's first Kennerley, obviously. Five years after he had been midwife and more to the Pabst, he moved to the Mandel Brothers department store in Chicago and commissioned this type
Mac McGrew: Shortly after the successful introduction of Pabst Oldstyle, the department store advertising manager who had commissioned that type---a Mr. Powell---left that store and became ad manager of another large store. Again he approached Frederic W. Goudy to design a type for him, similar to Pabst but necessarily somewhat different. The result this time was named Powell. Caps are much like those of Pabst, but the lowercase, instead of being very small with long ascenders as in that face, is larger with more normal ascenders. Powell was cut by Keystone Type Foundry and released in 1903. Compare Pabst, Hearst. The foundry later designed a companion italic, ignoring Goudy's suggestion that he do so. Powell Italic was advertised in June 1908 as the first "non-kerning" italic, in which no characters overhang the rectangular type body. Favorable reception to this idea encouraged the foundry to cut several other non-kerning series.
Southfield, MI-based company founded in 1991 by John Colletti. The 150-strong collection of their fonts was created in 1992, a few years after the Bitstream/Corel collection. Their web page stated: Founded in 1991 as a digital type foundry and developer of leading font management software tools for Windows, QualiType Software has been a pioneer in Windows font management technology with their FontHandler software and the patented QualiType Font Sentry system for Automatic Font Management. In 2000, the company entered into an agreement with Extensis Group at CreativePro.com, which grants Extensis the exclusive rights to market and develop future versions of QualiType FontHandler. This was a de facto takeover.
In 2009, Colletti agreed to let me host the collection for free download. The Qualitype font package from 1992 was rejuvenated in 2009 and repackaged with OpenType versions.
For those interested in lists and encyclopedic information: the font names are QTAbbie, QTAgateType-Bold, QTAgateType-Italic, QTAgateType, QTAncientOlive-Bold, QTAncientOlive, QTAntiquePost, QTArabian, QTArnieB, QTArtiston, QTAtchen, QTAvanti-Italic, QTAvanti, QTBasker-Bold, QTBasker-Italic, QTBasker, QTBeckman, QTBengal-Bold, QTBengal, QTBlackForest, QTBlimpo, QTBodini-Bold, QTBodini-Italic, QTBodini, QTBodiniPoster-Italic, QTBodiniPoster, QTBookmann-Bold, QTBookmann-BoldItalic, QTBookmann-Italic, QTBookmann, QTBoulevard, QTBrushStroke, QTCaligulatype, QTCanaithtype, QTCascadetype, QTCaslan-Bold, QTCaslan-BoldItalic, QTCaslan-Italic, QTCaslan, QTCaslanOpen, QTCasual, QTChanceryType-Bold, QTChanceryType-Italic, QTChanceryType, QTChicagoland, QTClaytablet, QTCloisteredMonk, QTCoronation, QTDeuce, QTDingBits, QTDoghaus, QTDoghausHeavy, QTDoghausLight, QTDublinIrish, QTEraType-Bold, QTEraType, QTEurotype-Bold, QTEurotype, QTFloraline-Bold, QTFloraline, QTFlorencia, QTFraktur, QTFrank, QTFrankHeavy, QTFrizQuad-Bold, QTFrizQuad, QTFuture-Italic, QTFuture, QTFuturePoster, QTGaromand-Bold, QTGaromand-BoldItalic, QTGaromand-Italic, QTGaromand, QTGhoulFace, QTGraphLite, QTGraveure-Bold, QTGraveure, QTGreece, QTHandwriting, QTHeidelbergType, QTHelvet-Black, QTHelvet-BoldOutline, QTHelvetCnd-Black, QTHelvetCnd-Light, QTHelvetCnd, QTHoboken, QTHowardType, QTHowardTypeFat, QTImpromptu, QTJupiter, QTKooper-Italic, QTKooper, QTKorrin-Italic, QTKorrin, QTKung-Fu, QTLautrecType, QTLetterGoth-Bold, QTLetterGoth-BoldItalic, QTLetterGoth-Italic, QTLetterGoth, QTLinoscroll, QTLinostroke, QTLondonScroll, QTMagicMarker, QTMerryScript, QTMilitary, QTOKCorral-Cnd, QTOKCorral-Ext, QTOKCorral, QTOldGoudy-Bold, QTOldGoudy-Italic, QTOldGoudy, QTOptimum-Bold, QTOptimum-BoldItalic, QTOptimum-Italic, QTOptimum, QTPalatine-Bold, QTPalatine-Italic, QTPalatine, QTPandora, QTParisFrance, QTPeignoir-Lite, QTPeignoir, QTPiltdown, QTPristine-Bold, QTPristine-BoldItalic, QTPristine-Italic, QTPristine, QTRobotic2000, QTSanDiego, QTSchoolCentury-Bold, QTSchoolCentury-BoldItalic, QTSchoolCentury-Italic, QTSchoolCentury, QTSlogantype, QTSnowCaps, QTStoryTimeCaps, QTTechtone-Bold, QTTechtone-BoldItalic, QTTechtone-Italic, QTTechtone, QTTheatre, QTTimeOutline, QTTumbleweed, QTUSA-Uncial, QTVagaRound-Bold, QTVagaRound, QTWeise-Bold, QTWeise-Italic, QTWeise, QTWestEnd. [Google] [More] ⦿
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1932. D.J.R. Bruckner writes: Named for the editor of The American Mercury, who was looking for a new face for the magazine's heads. Goudy drew the letters for the magazine's consideration, but the design was rejected. The drawings perished in the 1939 fire. [Google] [More] ⦿
American designer, artist and publisher, b. Milan, IL, 1876, d. Batavia, IL, 1966. McGrew writes: Seymour is a private press type, designed by Ralph Fletcher Seymour for his Alderbrink Press in Chicago. In a 1945 book, the designer says, "With Goudy's help and Wiebking's matrice cutting and fitting machines I got my first typeface of type designed, cut, and finally cast and my first book printed from the type." The book he referred to was dated 1902. The type seems never to have been named-it could have been Seymour for the designer or Alderbrink for the press. [Google] [More] ⦿
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1927. MacMcGrew: Record Title was designed in 1927 by Frederic W. Goudy as a private ype for The Architectural Record magazine, commissioned by Charles De Vinne, art director of the magazine and grandson of Theodore L. De Vinne. Goudy based his work on a treatise on classic letter design printed at Parma by Damianus Moyllus in 1480, but soon found that the geometrical proportions advocated by that work had to be modified considerably for good appearance as type. But Goudy considered this one of the most satisfactory commissions of his career. The magazine used the type for several years, until the popularity of sans serifs displaced such classic roman letters.
Red Rooster Typefoundry
Red Rooster is a Cedars, PA-based foundry run by Steve Jackaman (b. 1954, Greenwich, London). Steve started out at London's Face Photosetting. Red Rooster was founded in Philadelphia in 1990 and has about 500 fonts, mostly complete text families in the classical mould, revivals of Ludlow and other foundries, and revivals of fonts by Canadian designer Les Usherwood from the phototypesetting era. Families of fonts:
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1929. Mac McGrew about Goudy Remington Italic Typewriter: This is one of the more unusual typefaces designed by Frederic W. Goudy, which he undertook at the request of the president of the Remington company, about 1929. As standard typewriters allot the same horizontal space for each character, letters which are normally wide or narrow must be squeezed or stretched to minimize the appearance of uneven spacing. Goudy did this by giving the letters a slight italic effect, which allowed him to lengthen the serifs of narrow letters and shorten those of wide characters. In his thorough way, Goudy made patterns, cut matrices, and cast enough type to set a trial paragraph. Monotype later copied the design as produced by Remington.
Argentinian designer Ramiro Espinoza (b. Santa Fe, 1969) dabbled in fonts at his gorgeous (but now defunct) Jazz Futurezone site. His current company is Re-type, where he heads a group of designers including Yomar Augusto, Leo Beukeboom and Ricardo Rousselot. Ramiro graduated from Universidad del Litoral (Santa Fe), and from the Type and Media's KABK (Den Haag) in 2004. He taught typography at the Universidad Nacional del Litoral, Universidad de Buenos Aires and the Escola d'Art i Superior de Disseny in Valencia, Spain. At FontShop International, he was in a team that converted more than 50 font families to OpenType. He freelances occasionally for David Quay's studio. He joined Type Network in 2017. He is currently located in Amsterdam. His typefaces:
Richard Beatty (Colorado) made beautiful fonts, often revivals and interpretations of old typefaces and calligraphic designs, around 1990-1993 under the name "Richard Beatty Designs". In all, he created over 500 designs, but most were only for private or corporate use. His favorite designer and influence is Frederic Goudy. Typefaces:
Designer, sculptor and type designer, b. 1895. His type designs include:
Born in Schwelm, Germany, 1870, Robert Wiebking emigrated to the United States in 1881 with his father Hermann Wiebking, and became an apprentice engraver in Chicago. After another apprenticeship in 1884, with C.H. Hanson in Chicago, he became an independent professional matrix engraver in 1892 in that city for several American and English founders and for Ludlow, who cut many of Goudy's types, as well as types for Bruce Rogers and Robert H. Middleton. In 1894 Robert Wiebking and Henry H. Hardinge (also from Chicago) built the first successful machine for engraving type matrices. In 1896, they became partners and set up Wiebking, Hardinge & Co in 1901, manufacturing matrices for type foundries. This led them to set up the Advance Type Foundry in Chicago. He died in 1927 in Chicago.
Designer of these typefaces:
Born outside Pince Albert, Saskatchewan, Rod McDonald is perhaps the greatest Canadian type designer ever. First based in Toronto and later in Lake Echo, Nova Scotia, he designed the great Cartier Book family in 2000 based on the work of Carl Dair, who had started Cartier in the sixties, but died in 1968 with his Cartier unfinished. He won an award at the TDC2 2003 competition for his text family Laurentian---a typeface commissioned by Macleans magazine as part of a design project to refresh the 96-year-old publication. McDonald began as a lettering artist in the 1960s, and was a freelance type designer for most of his life, contributing custom creations to Mclean's Magazine, General Motors and Toronto Life magazine. He runs Smashing Type, and Rod McDonald Typographic Design, and he used to run Stylus Lettering&Typography Inc, 131 Bogert St, North York, ON. He was professor of typography at the Ontario College of Art, Toronto, ON, and also taught at NSCAD University in Halifax.
The Stylus fonts included Bodoni Open Condensed (Rod McDonald, 1993), Fanfare Recu (Louis Oppenheim, 1927, revival by Rod McDonald, 1993; reworked in 2012 by Canada Type as Louis), Goudy Globe Gothic (revival by Rod McDonald, 1993), Loyalist Condensed (Rod McDonald, 1993), Regency Gothic (Rod McDonald, 1992). He designed ITC Handel Gothic at ITC. In 2004, he designed Smart Sans, a bold, compressed, sans serif design in three weights, suited for setting headlines and display copy) as a tribute to the late Sam Smart, a Canadian type designer (d. 1998) who helped establish the first Type Directors Club in Toronto.
In 2007, he became a Design Fellow for Monotype Imaging where he creates new and revived typefaces.
In 2006, he created Slate (an 18-style sans family) and Egyptian Slate (in 2008), both at Monotype. Slate was used in the Blackberry. In 2011, Slate was reissued and given a second life, but now as Gibson, with the help of Patrick Griffin and Kevin King at Canada Type. The Gibson typeface family sells for less than one style of Monotype's Slate. For other digital brothers of Egyptian Slate, we refer to Rockwell, Stafford Serial (Softmaker), Rambault (Softmaker), Roctus (URW), Slate (Bitstream) and Geometric Slabserif 712 (Bitstream).
Rod McDonald created the 14-style Classic Grotesque (2011, Linotype) which is based on the older German grotesks, Ideal Grotesk and Venus (1907), and is related to the Monotype Grotesques, ca. 1926 that gave rise to Arial. In 2016, Monotype published the vastly expanded 54-style Classic Grotesque. Metronews Canada tells the story of Classic Grotesque. At a TDC meeting in New York, Patrick Griffin said: One thing he's not saying, because this guy doesn't like to toot his own horn: it's the biggest thing to ever be released by a Canadian. It's the largest and the longest, just in terms of how much time it took. It's the biggest thing to ever come out of Canada in terms of type design.
In 2013, Rod McDonald launched Goluska, named to honor the late Canadian typographer Glenn Goluska, whose letterpress collection was acquired by Gaspereau Press in 2012.
Author of A Glossary of Typographic Terms (2013).
Keynote speaker at ATypI 2017 Montreal. Youtube video of that talk entitled "Type Night In Canada".
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1934. Mac McGrew: Saks Goudy and Italic were designed and cut by Frederic W. Goudy in 1934 as private types for the Saks Fifth Avenue department store in New York. Although having the classic proportions of most of this designer's romans and italics, these typefaces achieve distinction through many small details, such as the tapered strokes of K, R, V, W, etc. As the small caps were quite small in relation to the regular caps, Goudy used their patterns to cut caps of full height, thus producing a bold face. No record has been found of the sizes produced.
Author (b. Cape May, USA, 1962) of Digital Type Design Guide (Hayden Books, ISBN 1-56830-190-1, 1995), which for 45 US dollars comes with a CD with 220 useful PostScript and TrueType fonts (not designed by Sean though). A second 260-font CD for 30USD. He runs The Fontsite, where you can download free versions of CombiNumerals 4.0 (circled numbers), ATF Antique (ATF Antique was first released by the Barnhardt Bros.&Spindler type foundry in 1842. It was designed for sign cutting, and saw much use throughout the latter 19th century. Its popularity led to its re-introduction by ATF in 1905 under the name Antique 1. It is the precursor to the typefaces Bookman and Rockwell.), Goudy Sans, US Flag Font, Mini 7 and Mini 7 Tight (pixel fonts). Earlier, there were also Dynamo and Rosie. Commercial typefaces of his include the CombiSymbols family. Free fonts at FontSite: Bergamo, CartoGothic, CombiNumerals. [Google] [MyFonts] [More] ⦿
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1912. Mac McGrew: Sherman was designed in 1912 by Frederic W. Goudy as a plate type for Frederick Sherman, a publisher and fine printer. Since Sherman already had an earlier type drawn by Goudy, the designer felt that a new type for him should be decidedly different. While the drawings were pleasing, the type as cut in 14-point was a disappointment to Goudy. Due to his inexperience, he says, he had believed that close fitting was essential to a typeface, and in this design he went to extremes. However, a quantity of the type was cast and shipped to Sherman. This was dumped after Sherman's death. Later a special casting was made by ATF for Syracuse University, where this specimen was obtained.
In 2017, Pentagram and Chester Jenkins of Village type revived Sherman for Syracuse University after that university's Special Books curator William T. La Moy discovery of Sherman in the university's archives. For the occasion they made a completely new typeface, Sherman Sans, as a companion for Sherman Serif. [Google] [More] ⦿
American typographer and type designer, b. 1886, Philadelphia, d. 1953. He was a man with class and style, who influenced many through his work. He managed the Lanston library from early in the 20th century (he joined Lanston in 1902) until the second World War. He created many of its typefaces himself, and commissioned many from Frederic W. Goudy. His typefaces (LTC stands for Lanston Type Company):
Digital descendants of Sol Hess: LTC Hess Monoblack (Lanston Type Company), Hess Old Style (Red Rooster Collection), Hess Gothic Round NF (Nicks Fonts), Twentieth Century (Monotype ), LTC Squareface (Lanston Type Company), Broadway Engraved SH (Scangraphic Digital Type Collection), Bruce Old Style (Bitstream), LTC Jefferson Gothic (Lanston Type Company), LTC Spire (Lanston Type Company), LTC Swing Bold (Lanston Type Company), LTC Artscript (Lanston Type Company), LTC Twentieth Century (Lanston Type Company), LTC Tourist Gothic (Lanston Type Company), Renard Moderne NF (Nicks Fonts), Goudy Heavyface (Bitstream), Broadway (Monotype ), LTC Broadway (Lanston Type Company), Broadway (Linotype), LTC Hadriano (Lanston Type Company), Cochin (Linotype), LTC Bodoni 175 (Lanston Type Company), Stymie (Bitstream), Engravers Oldstyle 205 (Bitstream), LTC Bodoni 26 (Lanston Type Company), LTC Obelysk Grotesk (Lanston Type Company), Century Gothic (Monotype ), Spire (GroupType), Havel (T4), Alternate Gothic Pro Antique (Elsner+Flake).
In 1936, Frederic Goudy received a certificate of excellence that was handlettered in blackletter and immediately stated, Anyone who would letterspace blackletter would steal sheep, and this hurt the calligrapher's feelings. Goudy's statement has been misquoted for many years as Anyone who would letterspace lowercase would steal sheep. [Google] [More] ⦿
Designer from Providence, RI, who made these free typefaces:
Author of Fontographer: Type by Design (MIS Press, 1995), a book set in Livingston, a font Moye designed himself. Moye was saddened by the demise of Fontographer at the hands of Macromedia, and elated by its resurrection at FontLab in 2005. He also wrote Tex TypeSpec [free PDF at CTAN].
Rochester Institute of Technology's School of Printing graduate who lived in California and in Holland, MI, and now resides in Louisville, Colorado. He was a disciple of Chuck Bigelow and Kris Holmes. MyFonts page on him. In 1990, he started work at Monotype in Palo Alto to create the Windows truetype core fonts Arial, Times New Roman and Courier New. He stayed with Monotype and then Agfa/Monotype until 2003 (when he was probably fired, but that is only an unreliable guess), directing type development from the design office in Palo Alto, CA. Bio at Agfa/Monotype. He has directed branding projects such as Agilent Technology's corporate sans serif and Microsoft's corporate font family 'Segoe'. At the same time, he was involved in producing bitmaps and outline fonts for cell phones and TV set top environments. He has worked extensively designing Greek, Cyrllic, Thai, Hebrew and Arabic alphabets to satisfy the requirements of customers such as IBM, Microsoft, Nokia, Sun and Sybase. In 2004, he co-founded Ascender Corporation in Northbrook, IL, where he remained Type Design Director until Ascender was bought by Monotype, where he now heads the type design team (12 people in all, as of 2013).
Stone Type Foundry
The Stone Type Foundry in Guinda (ex-Rumsey and ex-Palo Alto), CA, is Sumner Stone's outfit, which he founded in 1990. Born in Venice, Florida in 1945, Sumner Stone is a major designer, and creator of the Stone family. He studied calligraphy with Lloyd Reynolds at Reed College in Portland, Oregon, and then went to work for Hallmark cards as a lettering artist. In 1979, he became type director at Autologic , and in 1984, he became the Director of Typography at Adobe Systems (until 1989). His typefaces:
At ATypI 2007 in Brighton, he spoke about The foundation of the humanist sans serif. As of 2008, his entire collection can be licensed for 20 computers in an educational lab for just 300 dollars. Scripps College pages. CV at Agfa. Bio at Linotype. Page at Emodigi. His lecture in 2007 on W.A. Dwiggins. PDF file of his work. Signature. 2012 Newyear's card. Interview by MyFonts in 2014. FontShop link. Klingspor link.
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1929. D.J.R. Bruckner: This was made for Goudy's own convenience when he was designing a booklet for the Strathmore Paper Company about their "0ld Strathmore" paper. He drew an entire alphabet of capitals, but cut only fourteen letters before he abandoned it. [Google] [More] ⦿
Headline and revival type by this Toronto-based company (Stylus), run by Rod McDonald. Fonts include Bodoni Open Condensed (Rod McDonald, 1993), Fanfare Recu (Louis Oppenheim, 1927, revival by Rod McDonald, 1993; Canada Type made Louis in 2012), Goudy Globe Gothic (revival by Rod McDonald, 1993), Loyalist Condensed (Rod McDonald, 1993), Regency Gothic (Rod McDonald, 1992). [Google] [More] ⦿
Dan Barthell's Phoenix, AZ-based foundry, was founded in 1988. It produced about 400 fonts that some call revivals and others call rip-offs. It was merged into Precision Type Foundry in 1993. Its fonts can now be bought via URW or Ascender, two unscrupulous companies that have no problem asking money for font collections with a doubtful "past".
Stuart Sandler (The Font Diner) explains: Dan Barthel was the owner of The Font Company out of Phoenix, AZ and now lives in Ft Myers, FL . . . I have his phone number if you wanted to REALLY get all the inside scoop . . . Generally speaking, he was among the first groups along with a handful of young employees he trained to scan and digitize fonts from filmstrips and did a number of conversions for Harry Brodjian of Alphatype typefaces in the late 1980s. Among those included were Parade and Contemporary Brush Bold which were eventually licensed by Robert Norton for Microsoft . . . I'm certain they used the Ikarus system to make their digitizations . . . The Font Company eventually went on to digitize a good amount of typefaces and nearly all of them were distributed by the Precision Type Company until it closed its doors in the mid-2000s . . . Get your hands on one of those catalogs to see the entire library they released . . . At some point in the 1990s Dan decided to close up shop and tossed all the assets digital or otherwise and start over in another business but walked away from the font business all together regardless . . .
The fonts: Abbey, Accolade, Adelon (patterned after Albertus MT), Adroit, Advertisers, Aggie, Amanda, Amber, American, Annual, Apache, April, Art Gothie, Artcraft, Ashley, Atrax, Avalon, Avon, Baker Signet, Ballantines, Balloon, Balzac, Baucher Gothic (a headline, tall and geometric typeface designed by URW Studio in 1995 according to some sources---unclear where it originated), Bauer Topic, Beacon, Beale, Bee, Benjamin, Bernhard, Bible, Bluejack, Boa Script, Brittany, Bulmer, California Grotesk, Cartel, Cartoon, Casablanca, FC Caslon, Century Expand, Charter Oak, Chevalier, Chinat, Cloister, Contemporary Brush, Continental, Cooper Old Style, Corporate, Corvinus Skyline, Craw Modern, Criterion, Danmark, FC Deepdene, Diamante, Didoni, Digital, Din 16, Disco, Egizio, Elaine, Erbar, Expressa, Fanfare, Firmin Didot, Florentine, Frency, Gatsby, Geshexport, Glamour, Glasgow, Globe, Gorden, Harem, FC Heldustry, Helenic, Helium, Helserif, FC Highway Gothic, Hildago, Hobo, Holly Script, Howland, Hudson, Huxley Vertical, Impact, Introspect, Inverserif, Japanette, Jay Gothic, Kelles, Kennerley, Kenneth, Koloss, Largo, Leasterix, Legothic, Lightline Gothic, Lucida Type, Marcato, Martin Gothic, Martinique, Mr Big, Napoli, Nashville, Newport Land, Novel Gothic, Neuland, Ondine, Organ Grinder, Ornitons Heavy, Paladin, Pandora Black, Parade, Pasadena, Pekin, Permanent Headline, Philly Sport, Pinnochio, Plakat, Polonaise, Precis, Pretoria, Promoter, Publicity, Quratz, Quint, Racer, Radiant, Regency, Reiner, Rochester, Roger, Rolling Stone, Roman Shaded, Roman Stylus, Roman Solid, Ronda, Roundest, San Serif, Scenario, Sevilla, Shotgun, Siegfried, Souvenir Gothic, Spire, Stanza, Stark, Thor, Ticonderoga, Timbre, Toledo, Torino, Umbra, Veracruz, Viant, Viking Gothic, Village, Vixon, Woodcut, Wordsworth, Yorkshire, Zanzibar and Zola. Other fonts: AGBuch, AGrotesk, Accent-Normal, Aggie-Normal, AlternateGothic, AmericanGothic, AntiqueOlive, Apache, BAVGarde, BOSGoudy, BakerSignet, Bauer Topic (1999-2002), BernhardModern, BrodyNormal, CaslonC224, CaslonC37, CaslonC637, Centaur, CenturyExpanded, Cochin, DisneyPrint, ECBGill, Exquisit, Flash, Folio, GaramondM, Grotesk, IceAge, ImpactCondensed, Imprint, Jenson, Latin, Laudatio, Lynton, MagicSymbols, MBrighton, Michelangelo (a roman caps typeface based on Hermann Zapf's Michelangelo from 1950), NewportLand, NovelGothic, Nueland, Panache, QuaySans, RealtyExecutives, Roman, SpiritCraw, Univers, Venus. In 2009, the elegant transitional---almost modern--- high-legged typefaces Roman Solid and Roman Stylus (outlines) are shown as part of the URW++ collection.
Ascender sells these fonts: Accent, Amber, Amber Italic, Amelia, American Text, American Uncial Regular, April, Artcraft Pro, Avon, Balloon Bold, Balzac, Baucher Gothic, Bernhard Gothic Light, BoaScript, Cartoon, Chinat, Contemporary Brush, Cowgirl, Devinne, Digital, N 16, Erbar, Expressa, Fanfare, Florentine, Geshexport, Glasgow ExtraBold, Handel Gothic, Hastings, Hobo, Hobo Bold, Holly Script, Hudson, Koloss, LeAsterix, Nashville, Novel Gothic, Nueland, Nueland Inline, Opportunity, Pasadena Family, Philly Sport, Pretoria, Quartz, Reiner, Resonance, Souvenir Gothic, Stanza, Thor, Ticonderoga, Umbra, Viant, Woodcut, Zanzibar, Zola. [Google] [More] ⦿
Also called Graphion's Online Type Museum, or earlier, Graphion, a site by Michael sanbon that disappeared in 1999. Subsections:
Frederic Goudy's foundry based in New York [2 East 29th Street] published a delightful little specimen book, A Novel Type Foundry (1914), which is about type in general, and presents Village Press borders, florets and ornaments, as well as type designs by Frederic Goudy such as Kennerley and Forum Title. [Google] [More] ⦿
American type designer, born in Rochester in 1966, who has worked for various foundries including Monotype. He graduated from the Rochester Institute of Technology. He lives in Madison, WI, and is currently employed by Monotype, after a short period at Ascender. He co-designed a revival of W.A. Dwiggins' beautiful Eldorado family, Amanda (1996), Hamilton, the Western font Buffalo Gal (1992-1994, TTGX variations font done while he was at Apple). He worked at Monotype from 1994 onwards, where he hinted Carter's Georgia, Tahoma, Nina and Verdana fonts, for example, commissioned by Microsoft. While employed by Apple Computer, Tom oversaw the development of the first TrueType fonts to ship with Apples System 7. He worked on a freelance basis for Font Bureau for the last 12 years. He has worked on custom font solutions for companies such as Adobe Systems, Apple Computer, Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Lexmark, Lotus, Microsoft and Nokia. His custom fonts include a revival of Bodoni to serve Lexmark as their new corporate typeface. His experience with non-Latin scripts is broad, having designed fonts for the Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew, Thai, Thaana and Cherokee scripts. Tom also played a key role in the development of fonts for Agfa Monotype's proprietary stroke font format. In his own words, However I did the bulk of the drawing for Siegel's Graphite, and I did about 1/2 of the Tekton MultipleMaster (with Jill Pichotta and Tobias Frere-Jones on the other half of the masters) while in Palo Alto. In 2004, he co-founded Ascender Corporation, where he published
Type designer Thomas Paul Carnase was born in The Bronx, New York City in 1939. He graduated from New York City Community College in 1959. Carnase started making fonts in the photolettering era, and lived through the transition to digital. In the 1960s, he opens the studio Bonder & Carnase Inc. From 1969 until 1979, he is vice-president and partner of the agency Lubalin, Smith, Carnase Inc. In 1979, he founds the Carnase Computer Typography studio. In 1980, Carnase becomes co-founder and president of the World Typeface Center Inc., an independent type design agency. He manages the in-house magazine Ligature published by the World Typeface Center from 1982 to 1987. Besides type design, Carnase has designed graphics for packaging, exhibitions, corporate identities and logos for numerous clients, including ABC, CBS, Coca-Cola, CondéNast Publications, Doubleday Publishing and NBC. He has held teaching positions at the University of Cincinnati in Ohio, the Pratt Institute in New York, the Herron School of Art in Indiana, the Parson's School of Design in New York, the Cleveland Institute of Art in Ohio, the University of Monterrey in Mexico, and the Rochester Institute of Technology in New York, among others. His fonts include:
New York-based type designer at ITC, 1917-1988. Tony Stan did a version of Jean Jannon's Garamond (ITC Garamond, 1977). Other typefaces: ITC American Typewriter (1974, with Joel Kaden), ITC Garamond (1977), ITC Cheltenham (1975-1978), ITC Cheltenham Handtooled (with Ed Benguiat), ITC Century (1975-1979; see Modern Century by SoftMaker), ITC Berkeley Old Style (1983, a Venetian typeface; after Frederic Goudy), Pasquale, Ap-Ap.
About ITC Garamond, Andreas Seidel writes: That one is a modern recreation that in my view breathes much of the 1970s feel and is generally considered the least historical "Garamond". The high x-height does not improve readability, as you will have to adjust the line-spacing accordingly. The Garamond wiki is equally negative about ITC Garamond. Happy (2005, Canada Type, Patrick Griffin) is the digital version of one the most whimsical takes on typewriters ever made, an early 1970s Tony Stan film type called Ap-Ap. Some of the original characters were replaced with more fitting ones, but the original ones are still accessible as alternates within the font. We also made italics and bolds to make you Happy-er (quote by Canada Type).
The 1975 revival of Cheltenham by Goodhue (1896) and later by Morris Fuller Benton, resulted in a Cheltenham with increased x-height. Not everyone was pleased with that.
Digital versions of ITC Berkeley Oldstyle besides that of ITC include University Oldstyle (SoftMaker), Californian (Font Bureau), B695 Roman (SoftMaker) and Venetian 519 (Bitstream).
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1930. D.J.R. Bruckner: The face derives from an inscription at the base of Trajan's Column in Rome, which Goudy had seen twenty years earlier. He had made some letters based on it for the Limited Editions Club Rip Van Winkle. Later he was asked to design a capital font for a list of subscribers to the building of the Community House in Forest Hills Gardens, and he made the Trajan.
Mac McGrew: Trajan Title was designed by Frederic W. Goudy in 1930 to fulfill a commission to print a list of subscribers to the building of the community house in his old home town of Forest Hills Gardens, Long Island. The previous year, Goudy had lettered the principal line on the title page of a limited edition of Rip Van Winkle, for which he had designed the typeface Kaatskill (q. v.). Now he completed that alphabet, feeling that it would be ideal for this purpose. Goudy calls this one of his favorite designs, and it is indeed an impressive inscriptional style of letter. It is based on letters inscribed at the base of the Trajan Column at Rome, erected about 114 A.D., but not copied slavishly. He cut several sizes, and states that it has been widely used. English and Continental rights were sold to the English Monotype Company.
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1930. Mac McGrew: Truesdell and Italic were designed and cut by Frederic W. Goudy in 1930-1931, for setting a prefatory note he had written to an article to appear in "The Colophon." The article itself was set in Goudy's Mediaeval. Truesdell was his mother's maiden name.
Typography site maintained by Jean-Christophe Loubet Del Bayle. Has sub-pages on Bertham, Bookman, Chelthenham, Clarendon, Copperplate Gothic, Garamond, Garamond ITC, Garamond No3, Goudy Mediaeval, Goudy Old Style, Goudy Sans, Granjon, Optima, Sabon, Stempel, Collection Claude Garamond, Collection Frederic Goudy. [Google] [More] ⦿
Typography for Lawyers
Great pages about typography and the choice of fonts for law documents. Written by type designer and civil litigation attorney, Matthew Butterick. Eloquent and convincing, these pages are good reading for any typographer. Summarizing his advice:
The full title of this book is "Typologia, Studies in Type Design \& Type Making" (1940, University of California Press, Berkeley). At the TypeArt Reference Library, you can find 5 chapters of it. This is Frederic Goudy's magnum opus, his life's work, giving his vision on many typographic things. It contains the story of the proprietary typeface University (of California) Old Style. It even has a big section on the history of legibility. [Google] [More] ⦿
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1925. D.J.R. Bruckner: This face was made at the request of the London designer and typographer George W. Jones, to accompany his Venezia Roman. Stanley Morison said Goudy's face was based entirely on a French italic font cut by Claude Garamond around 1535. Goudy insisted, however, that he had made the design with reference only to Jones' roman. Mac McGrew: Venezia Italic (quite unlike Venezia) was designed by Frederic W. Goudy in 1925 to accompany a typeface which George W. Jones, a well-known English printer and designer, had drawn for the English Linotype Company. It is somewhat similar to Cloister, but with stronger serifs. [Google] [More] ⦿
Village is a Venetian typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1903. Mac McGrew writes about its genesis: Village was designed by Frederic W. Goudy in 1903 on commission from Kuppenheimer&Company, a clothing store, as a private typeface for their advertising. Drawings were approved and paid for, but no type was produced for this account. Later in that year, Goudy and Will Ransom established a printing business which they called the Village Press. This type design was cast to become the private design of this press, and used as such or several years, while the business was in Park Ridge, Illinois. Though used on the classic Jenson type, this typeface has a number of novel details. The matrices were later purchased by Frederick Sherman, a publisher and fine printer, who used the typeface for printing the monumental Catalog of Dutch Paintings of the Metropolitan Museum. Miraculously, the mats survived and were recently used by Theo Rehak of The Dale Guild to cast new fonts, the source of the specimen shown here. For years Goudy wanted something to replace his Village type-not to duplicate it, but to have something for similar uses. In 1932 he designed and cut another type which he called Village No.2, and a year or two later cut an accompanying italic. These are more mature designs, without the unique details of the original design, and have been used for a number of fine booklets. Monotype obtained reproduction rights to these later typefaces, and produced them for machine composition in two sizes. [Google] [More] ⦿
Village Text or New Village Text is a typeface designed in 1938 by Frederic Goudy. Mac McGrew writes: This typeface by Frederic W. Goudy is really a hybrid, combining the capitals of Tory Text with the lowercase of Deepdene Text. When the Grabhorn Press in San Francisco ordered a large amount of Deepdene Text for a proposed book about Caxton, England's first printer, Goudy was not satisfied that this was the best choice for the subject. After quite a bit of study, he hit upon the idea of substituting the Tory Text capitals. Grabhorn approved a proof of this combination. Earlier, Goudy had applied the name Village Text to his redesign and cutting of Aries, but Grabhorn renamed it Franciscan when they used that face for an award-winning book. This left the name available for the later face. [Google] [More] ⦿
American lettering artist and type designer from New York. Creator of ITC Cushing (1982) and ITC Pacella (1987). MyFonts.com hints that he may have died. According to Linotype, ITC Cushing has a long history. The font was originally designed by J. Stearns Cushing, a Boston-based book printer, and famous American type designer Frederic Goudy expanded it to include an italic weight. Under a special license from the American Type Founders, Vincent Pacella modified the design for ITC and added some additional weights. ITC Cushing is slightly condensed with large, bracketed serifs. Pacella changed the capital letters to better complement the lower case and replaced the sloping serifs of the italics to linear type serifs to produce ITC Cushing. ITC Pacella was fashioned in the tradition of Century Schoolbook, Corona and Nimrod. Both fonts are included in the Linotype library.
In the 1970s, he made a Photolettering Egyptian headline typeface called Blackjack, which was digitized in 2007 by Nick Curtis as Flap Jacks NF.
His Pacella Vega Extended 10 (Photolettering, 1960s) was digitized by Nick Curtis as Palo Pinto NF (2010).
MyFonts also credits Pacella with AT Stratford Bold, a thick slab serif.
His PhotoLettering fonts Pacella Barrel and Pacella Colossus inspired Nick Curtis to create the beautiful ultra fat western slab serif Earmark NF (2009).
The Western poster font Pioneer was revived by Nick Curtis as Trailblazer NF (2010).
Bingham (done for PLINC) led Nick Curtis to design the angular octagonal typeface Binghamton NF (2010).
Vermont-based author (b. 1897) of Goudy, Master of Letters (Black Cat Press, Chicago, 1938; published in 1939; see also here), about the life of Frederic Goudy (1865-1947). The book has quite a bit of historic detail such as a vivid description of the fire that destroyed Goudy's workplace at Deepdene. But there are virtually no type specimens or typographic images. [Google] [More] ⦿
Printer, typefounder, and head of the ATF specimen department (1864-1938). Designer of the caps font Modernistic (1927, ATF, which is in the spirit of Gallia), Gallia (1927, art deco headline face), Graybar Book, Lexington, Stymie Compressed, Stymie Compressed Inline Title, Bookman (+Italic) and Goudy Handtooled (+Italic). MyFonts lists him as Wadsworth Packer.
Nick Curtis made Metro Retro Redux NF (2001), an art deco font, based on Modernistic. Gallia has seen many revivals including Galleria (Corel) and Gambler (Softmaker).
Gert Wiescher was born in Braunsbach am Kocher, Germany, in 1944. Based in München, Gerd Wiescher designed many classy and classic Bodoni families, as well as New Yorker Type (1985). All of his typefaces are carefully fine-tuned and balanced. Wiescher founded first Munich Type and then Wiescher Design and Autographis. He is known as a hard, fast and prolific worker. His exquisite typefaces can be bought at MyFonts. Catalog of his bestselling typefaces. Interview in 2008. Wikipedia page. Creative Market link. List of typefaces:
Author of many books, including Zeitschriften & Broschüren (Systhema-Verlag, München, 1990), Schriftdesign (Systhema-Verlag, München, 1991), and Blitzkurs Typografie (Systhema-Verlag, München, 1992).
The following text was excerpted from his wikipedia page: At 14 years of age, Wiescher went to Paris to study fine art. He financed his stay by doing portraits on the Place du Tertre on Montmartre. In the sixties Wiescher studied graphic design at the Berlin Academy of Fine Arts. (Since November 2001, Berlin University of the Arts.) He financed his studies by sidewalk painting and drawing portraits. While doing sidewalk paintings, he met the typeface designer Erik Spiekermann, who inspired his love of this branch of design. After two years he quit his studies, and went to Barcelona where he worked at the offices of Harnden & Bombelli, for whom he designed the OECD-Pavilion of the 1970 Osaka World Expo. In 1972 he moved on to Johannesburg working as an art director at Grey and Young advertising . In 1975, he returned to Germany, working first for DFS+R-Dorland, and then for the "Herrwerth & Partner" ad agency. At Herrworth, he was involved in introducing IKEA into the German market. In 1977 he became a creative partner in the Lauenstein & Partner ad agency, creating mainly campaigns for large German retail chains. In 1982 he started his own design office, creating work for editors (Markt & Technik, Systhema and Langen-Müller-Herbig), computer companies (House of Computers, FileNet) and he worked for Apple Computers designing their publications (Apple-Age and Apple-LIVE).
American designer, letterer, author and type designer (1878-1955) who was associated with ATF. In Chicago, he and Frederic Goudy started the private Village Press in 1903, which was a popular meeting place for typophiles, including Cooper and Dwiggins. Bio by Eason&Rookledge.
Martinsville, Ohio-born illustrator, calligrapher, typographer, book designer, author, type designer and puppeteer, 1880-1956 (Hingham, MA). Pic (1955). All his typefaces were designed for the Mergenthaler Linotype Company, where he worked for 27 years. He also was Acting Director of the Harvard University Press, 1917-1918. In 1919, he founded the Society of Calligraphers, Boston, and was in fact an accomplished calligrapher, who drew many ornaments and designed many jackets. Dwiggins studied lettering under Goudy in Chicago while a student at Frank Holme's School of Illustration. When Goudy moved to Hingham, Dwiggins followed and was to work there for the rest of his life. As a puppeteer, he often used the pseudonym Dr. Hermann Puterschein. Bio by Nicholas Fabian. Flickr picture group for Dwiggins. Among his writings, I cite
Matt Desmond created Dwiggins Deco in 2009 and writes: This typeface was originally designed in 1930 by W.A. Dwiggins as the cover for the book "American Alphabets" by Paul Hollister. Only the 26 letters of the alphabet were included on the cover, so the rest of the numbers, punctuation, symbols, and accented characters have been crafted in a matching [art deco] style. A free version called Dwiggins Initials KK was designed in 2012 by John Wollring.
William Caxton, the first English printer, was born in the Weald of Kent, in 1420, 1421 or 1422. In 1438, he became apprenticed to Robert Large, a leading textile merchant who became the mayor of London the following year. After Large's death in 1441, Caxton moved to Bruges, and built a successful textile business. By 1463 he became acting governor of the Merchant Adventurers in the Low Countries. Caxton was hired as an advisor to Charles the Bold's new duchess, the former Princess Margaret of York, sister of Edward IV. It was at the request of the duchess Margaret that he resumed his abandoned translation of a popular French romance, The Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye from the French of Raoul le Fèvre. After spending a year in Cologne learning the art of printing, Caxton returned to Bruges and set up a printing press, where he published his translation of The Recuyell, the first printed book in the English language, around 1474. His next publication, The Game and Play of Chess Moralised (1476), was a translation of the first major European work on chess, and was the first printed book in English to make extensive use of woodcuts.
In 1476, he returned to England and set up a printing shop at Westminster at the sign of the Red Pale. Here, Caxton published such major works as Troilus and Creseide, Morte d'Arthur, The History of Reynart the Foxe, and The Canterbury Tales. Over the course of 14 years, he printed more than 70 books.
The typefaces used by Caxton were all varieties of blackletter or gothic type. His earlier works were set in an early form of French lettre bâtarde. By 1490, he had acquired a more round and open typeface, a textura originally used by the Parisian printer Antoine Verard and later favored by Caxton's successor, Wynkyn de Worde.
He died in 1491 in Westminster. Many fonts were named after Caxton, such as the Lombardic-styled Caxton Initials (1905, Frederic Goudy, ATF, revived by Alter Littera in 2012), and the ITC Caxton Roman family.
New York company founded by Tom Carnase before the digital era started. Its typefaces include most prominently, WTC Our Bodoni (1990, Massimo Vignelli) and Goudy WTC. WTC Veritas was designed by Ron Arnholm for WTC. WTC Cursivium was designed in 1986 by Jelle Bosma. David Weinz designed WTC Neufont (1987). Tom Carnase designed or had a hand in WTC Carnase Text, WTC Favrile (1985), WTC Goudy (sold by URW++), WTC Our Bodoni (with Massimo Vignelli), WTC Our Futura, and WTC 145.