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100 Beste Schriften aller Zeiten
German FontShop-sponsored site listing the hundred best fonts of all times, compiled by a jury in 2007. There is a lot of good information about each of the fonts mentioned. PDF file compiled by the jury: Stephen Coles, Jan Middendorp, Veronika Elsner, Roger Black, Ralf Herrmann, Claudia Guminski (FontShop) and Bernard Schmidt-Friderichs. Visualization of the list. The list:
Follow-up in English.
- (1) Helvetica
- Akzidenz Grotesk
- Gill Sans
- (11) Optima
- Franklin Gothic
- Interstate (1993, Tobias Frere-Jones)
- (21) Matrix
- OCR A und B
- Avant Garde
- Letter Gothic
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- (61) Blur
- Bell Centennial
- News Gothic
- Bernhard Modern
- (71) Nobel
- Industria, Insignia, Arcadia
- Bickham Script
- Bank Gothic
- Corporate ASE
- House Gothic 23
- (81) Caecilia
- Mrs Eaves
- Instant Types
- Zapf Renaissance
- (91) Filosofia
- Quay Sans
Credit for some images below: Danielle West. [Google]
A. Pat Hickson
Britsh designer for ITF, most of whose fonts were mainly published by Red Rooster. After 2017, she started contributing to her husband's foundry, London Type. List (all ITF/Red Rooster unless otherwise specified):
MyFonts link. FontShop link. Klingspor link. [Google]
- Alghera Pro (1996): hand-printed, based on a handwritten Portuguese wine label design.
- Alys (1995): Calligraphic.
- Appleyard (1992): based on an old Monotype design, Prumyslava.
- Badger (1992): comic book style. In 2010, this was Steve Jackaman and Ashley Muir as Badger Pro.
- Basset, Basset Five, Basset Four, Basset One, Basset Six, Basset Three (1997): headline family.
- Bellini (1992): a garalde typeface based on Progreso (1923, Richard Gans Foundry). See Veer, where the font is sold as "Bellini". Linotype sells Greco (DsgnHaus, 1996) which according to some typophiles really is Progreso.
- Byron (1992, by Paul and Pat Hickson): a calligraphic font originally cut in the 1980s for QBF based on a design in Printing Types of the World (1931, Pitmans). Later redone in digial form as LDN Piccadilly (2019) at London Type.
- Coliseum (1992, ITF), co-designed with Julie Hopwood. Steve Jackaman completely redesigned, redrew, and improved the Coliseum family in 2017 and called it Coliseum Pro. That redesign also produced the sister typefaces Clydesdale and Torpedo.
- Dundee, Dundee Condensed (1993), inspired by the various headlines used in children's comic books in England, published by D.C. Thompson of Dundee, Scotland.
- Erasmus (1992): based on a design of Sjoerd Hendrik de Roos, 1923, Amsterdam Foundry.
- Forum Titling (1994): based on the Frederick Goudy design first shown in 1912, which was produced as a foundry typeface by Lanston Monotype in 1924.
- Gilmore Fahrenheit and Gilmore Sans (1992): ugly typefaces based on Eric Gill designs.
- Grove Script (1992).
- Javelin (1994): a connected fifties diner typeface in the style of Continental Railway Magneto Bold, Parkway Hotel, Permanent Waves, and Raceway.
- ITC Mona Lisa (ITC, 1992, and Elsner&Flake, 1991), ITC Mona Lisa Recut (ITC, 1991): an interpretation of a 1930 tall modern type by Albert Auspurg for Ludwig&Mayer.
- Rivoli Initials. Based on the William T. Sniffin design for ATF, circa 1928.
- Roller, Roller Shadow (1997): based on Iberica by Carlos Winkow for Fundicion Nacional, ca. 1942.
- Sinclair Script (1992).
- Stirling (1992).
- Venezuela (2000, Red Rooster) is a decorative Mexican simulation font based on the typeface Vesta by Albert Auspurg, circa 1926.
- Heseltine (2014) was designed by Paul & Pat Hickson in Text & Titling weights. The Heseltine typeface family was originally produced as a gift from Haymarket Media Group to Lord Heseltine for his 75th birthday.
- London Belgravia (2019, by Paul and Pat Hickson). An art deco sans.
- With Paul Hickson, she designed the floriated initial caps font LDN Garamond Initials (2020), which accompanies Paul's LDN Garamond (2020), which is a faithful revival of Claude Garamond's typeface.
A Survey of Free Math Fonts for TeX and LaTeX
[Stephen G. Hartke]
Article by Stephen Hartke from Urbana, IL, written in 2006. He surveys free math fonts for TeX and LaTeX, with examples, instructions for using LaTeX packages for changing fonts, and links to sources for the fonts and packages. PDF version of the paper. Hartke is a Professor of Mathematics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
He finished a font family called Aurulent Sans and Aurulent Sans Mono (2007), and released the free monospaced font Verily Serif Mono (2006, based on Vera Serif, with same dimensions as Vera Sans Mono). Fontsy link. Alternate URL. Yet another URL. Twentyfour examples of text face/math typeface are showcased. Some are quite disappointing. Here are the better ones (with some text quoted from Hartke's article):
- Computer Modern (by Don Knuth), still my favorite. Type 1 versions of Computer Modern from Blue Sky Research and Y&Y, Inc. have been made freely available by the American Mathematical Society (AMS). Basil K. Malyshev has also released a free Type 1 version of Computer Modern, the BaKoMa fonts. Computer Modern has been extended to include more characters, particularly for non-English European languages. These fonts include European Computer Modern by Jörg Knappen and Norbert Schwarz (METAFONT only), Tt2001 by Peter Szabó (converted into Type 1 format from METAFONT sources using textrace), CM-Super by Vladimir Volovich (also converted using textrace); and Latin Modern by Bogusaw Jackowski and Janusz M. Nowacki (extended from the Blue Sky AMS fonts using MetaType1).
- Concrete text with Euler math, or Concrete text with Concrete math. The Concrete font was created by Knuth for his book Concrete Mathematics. Hermann Zapf was commissioned by the AMS to create the math font Euler for use in Concrete Mathematics. Type 1 versions of Concrete in T1 encoding are available in the CM-Super collection, and Type 1 versions of Euler are available in the Blue Sky collection from the AMS and in the BaKoMa collection. The eulervm package by Walter Schmidt implements virtual fonts for Euler that are more efficient to use with LaTeX. Ulrik Vieth created the Concrete Math fonts to match the Concrete text fonts; the only early free versions are implemented in METAFONT. The ccfonts package by Walter Schmidt changes the text font to Concrete and changes the math font to the Concrete Math fonts if eulervm is not loaded. Note that Concrete Text has no bold, but the Computer Modern Bold does just fine for that. However, in 2022, Daniel Flipo developed a free OpenType font based on Vieth's Metafont, also called Concrete Math.
- Antykwa Poltawskiego text and Computer Modern Math. J. M. Nowacki created the font Antykwa Poltawskiego using the MetaType1 system based on a typeface by Polish typographer Adam Poltawski.
- Antykwa Toruńska text and math. Antykwa Toruńska was created by J. M. Nowacki using the MetaType1 system based on a typeface by the Polish typographer Zygfryd Gardzielewski. The package anttor has complete math support in both TeX and LaTeX.
- Kerkis text and math. Kerkis was created by Antonis Tsolomitis by extending URW Bookman L to include Greek and additional Latin characters. The resulting fonts are stand-alone and can be used by applications outside of TeX. A font of math symbols is included, but not used by the LaTeX package. The package kmath uses txfonts for math symbols and uppercase Greek letters.
- New Century Schoolbook with Millennial math. New Century Schoolbook with Fourier math. The Millennial math font by Stephen Hartke contains Greek letters and other letter-like mathematical symbols. A set of virtual fonts is provided that uses New Century Schoolbook for Latin letters in math, Millennial for Greek and other letter-like symbols, and txfonts and Computer Modern for all other symbols, including binary operators, relations, and large symbols. This font is still in development, but will hopefully be released in 2006. The fouriernc package of Michael Zedler uses New Century Schoolbook for text and Latin letters in mathematics, and the Greek and symbol fonts from the Fourier-GUTenberg package for the remaining mathematical symbols.
- Palatino and pxfonts, Pazo, or mathpple for math symbols. Young Ryu created the pxfonts collection, which contains Greek and other letter-like symbols, as well as a complete set of geometric symbols, including the AMS symbols. Diego Puga created the Pazo math fonts, which include the Greek letters and other letter-like symbols in a style that matches Palatino. The LaTeX package mathpazo (now part of PSNFSS) uses Palatino for Latin letters, Pazo for Greek and other letter-like symbols, and Computer Modern for geometric symbols. The LaTeX package mathpple (also part of PSNFSS) uses Palatino for Latin letters and slanted Euler for Greek and other symbols. Since Hermann Zapf designed both Palatino and Euler, the designs mesh well. An alternate use of Euler is using the eulervm package. Ralf Stubner added small caps and old-style figures to URW Palladio L in the FPL package, and Walter Schmidt extended these fonts in the FPL Neu package.
- Utopia and Fourier or Math Design. Utopia was donated by Adobe for use with X Windows. Michel Bovani created Fourier-GUTenberg as an accompaniment to Utopia and is very complete, containing both Greek letters and standard and AMS symbols. The Math Design fonts for Utopia of Paul Pichaureau are also very complete, including Greek letters and AMS symbols.
- Charter and Math Design. Or URW Garamond and Math Design. Charter was donated by Bitstream for use with X Windows. The Math Design fonts for Charter created by Paul Pichaureau are very complete, including Greek letters, symbols from Computer Modern, and the AMS symbols. Charis SIL might be an alternate source for Greek letters that match Charter more closely. Another possibility for a math font is to use the Euler fonts with the charter and eulervm packages. URW Garamond No. 8 is available under the Aladdin Free Public License as part of the GhostPCL project. The Math Design fonts for URW Garamond created by Paul Pichaureau are very complete, including Greek letters, symbols from Computer Modern, and the AMS symbols.
- Times or Omega Serif, and txfonts, Belleek, mathptmx, or mbtimes. Young Ryu created the txfonts collection, which contains Greek and other letter-like symbols, as well as a complete set of geometric symbols, including the AMS symbols. The txfonts package also includes a very nice typewriter font, txtt. Belleek was created by Richard Kinch and is a drop-in replacement for the commercial fonts required by the mathtime package (now part of PSNFSS). The LaTeX package mathptmx (also part of PSNFSS) uses Times for Latin letters and Symbol for Greek and other symbols. Michel Bovani created the mbtimes package by using Omega Serif for text and Latin and Greek letters in mathematics. mbtimes also includes symbol fonts and a set of calligraphic letters. Omega Serif is the primary font for Omega, a 16-bit extension of TeX by John Plaice and Yannis Haralambous. The STIX fonts project is a collaboration of several academic publishers to create a set of Times-compatible fonts containing every possible glyph needed for mathematical and technical publishing. These fonts are still in development, with a scheduled release in the middle of 2006. Note: When Adobe introduced Postscript in 1984, they defined 35 core fonts (in 10 typefaces) that must be present in all Postscript interpreters. In 1996, URW++ released a replacement set for the core fonts under the GNU General Public License. The URW++ fonts were primarily released for use with Ghostscript, a free Postscript interpreter. For example, Times is Nimbus Roman No. 9 L, Palatino is URW Palladio L, New Century Schoolbook is Century Schoolbook L and Symbol is Standard Symbols L.
Klingspor link. Dafont link. Abstract Fonts link. [Google]
Aad van Dommelen
The Abrams Legacy Collection was established to preserve and promote the legacy of renowned type designer and lettering artist, George Abrams (d. 2001). It is headquartered in New York City. The digital typefaces are managed and executed by Charles Nix. There are two type families, Augereau (a garalde in 13 styles) and Abrams Venetian (a Venetian in 6 styles).
Abrams Venetian was designed in 1989 based on Nicolas Jenson's renaissance letterforms, but was not available until ten years later.
Augereau was designed and released by George Abrams in 1997. [Google]
Robert Slimbach designed this typeface family from 1989 until 2001. Poster by Melaine Top and Pannequin Blandine. Poster by Dayne Petera. [Google]
Adobe Systems Inc
The company that changed typesetting by the introduction of PostScript and type 1 fonts. Adobe Systems, based in San Jose, California, was started by John Warnock and Chuck Geschke in 1982. In 1999 it became a billion dollar company. The success of the PostScript graphics programming language, a printing industry standard since the mid-1980s, explains its early success. The company grew thanks to other popular products such as Adobe Illustrator and Photoshop, and thanks to the introduction of the PDF format for document. Sumner Stone was the Director of Typography from 1984 to 1991. He initiated Adobe's design program, where classic fonts (including Garamond and Caslon) were revived by type designers such as Robert Slimbach, Carol Twombly, and others. New type designs such as Minion and Myriad saw the light. The Adobe type design group was later headed by David Lemon, with the help of Thomas Phinney. Other gems in the Adobe arsenal include the PostScript Type 3 format, which permit designers to use programming tools (loops and calculations) to show typefaces. This font format was dropped after a decade (although one can still use it in PostScript programs) because ATM, Adobe's Type Manager for screens, cannot ghandle them. The Multiple Master format, which allows an infinite number of fonts to be interpolated between a set of master designs was also promising. It too was dropped in 1999 after about a decade.
Adobe Fonts at Type Network.
Catalog of Adobe fonts in order of popularity. Catalog of fonts in alphabetical order [large web page warning]. See also here. [Google]
Born in 1960 in Niigata, Japan. Studied at the Musashino Art University in Tokyo. He also studied calligraphy at the London College of Printing. He became a freelance designer in 1997. Akira Kobayashi, who was based in Tokyo prior to his move to the Franfurt area, is an accomplished type designer who has created numerous typefaces for Sha-Ken, Dainippon Screen (where he made the kanji font Hiragino Mincho), TypeBank (from 1993-1997), ITC and Linotype, where he is Type Director since 2001. Interview. His numerous awards include the Type Directors Club awards in 1998 (ITC Woodland), 1999 (the art deco styled ITC Silvermoon, and ITC Japanese Garden), and 2000 (FF Clifford), the 1999 Kyrillitsa award for ITC Japanese Garden, the 3rd International Digital Type Design Contest by Linotype Library (for the informal and quirky 4-style Linotype Conrad (1999): Linotype states that Kobayashi took his inspiration from a print typeface of the 15th century created by two German printers named Konrad Sweynheim and Arnold Pannartz), and the 5th Morisawa International Typeface Competition (in which he received an Honourable Mention for his typeface Socia Oldstyle). CV at bukvaraz. Interview in 2006. His typefaces:
At ATypI 2008 in St. Petersburg, he ran a Linotype student type design workshop.
- Helvetica Neue eText Pro (2013).
- Dainippon Screen: the kanji font Hiragino Mincho.
- ITC: ITC Scarborough (1998), ITC Luna, ITC Silvermoon, ITC Japanese Garden, ITC Seven Treasures (1998), ITC Magnifico Daytime and Nighttime (1999), ITC Vineyard (1999), ITC Woodland Demi (1997).
- Adobe: Calcite Pro (sans-serif italic at Adobe, in OpenType format).
- Linotype: Akko Sans and Akko Rounded (2011; Akko Rounded is situated between DIN, Isonorm and Cooper Black, while Akko Sans is an elliptical organic sans related to both DIN and Neue Helvetica), Akko Condensed (2015), Akko Pro Condensed (2015), Akko Pan-European (2015), Eurostile Next (2008, after Aldo Novarese's original), Eurostile Candy and Eurostile Unicase, Cosmiqua (2007, a lively didone serif family based on 19th century English advertising types, and in particular Miller&Richard's Caledonian Italic), Metro Office (2006, a severe sans after a family of Dwiggins from the 20s), Neuzeit Office (2006, modeled after the original sans serif family Neuzeit S, which was produced by D. Stempel AG and the Linotypes design studio in 1966. Neuzeit S itself was a redesign of D. Stempel AG's DIN Neuzeit, created by Wilhelm Pischner between 1928 and 1939), DIN Next (2009, based on the classic DIN 1451), Times Europa Office (2006, modeled after the original serif family produced by Walter Tracy and the Linotypes design studio in 1974. A redesign of the classic Times New Roman typeface, Times Europa was created as its replacement for the Times of London newspaper. In contrast to Times New Roman, Times Europa has sturdier characters and more open counter spaces, which help maintain readability in rougher printing conditions. Times Europa drastically improved on the legibility of the bold and italic styles of Times New Roman.), Trump Mediaeval Office (2006), Linotype Conrad (1999), Optima Nova (2002, a new version of Optima that includes 40 weights, half of them italic), Linotype Avenir Next (2003, 48 weights developed with its original creator, Adrian Frutiger, and to be used also by the city of Amsterdam from 2003 onwards), Avenir Next Rounded (2012, in conjunction with Sandra Winter), Avenir Next Paneuropean (2021: 56 styles), Zapfino Extra, Palatino Sans and Palation Sans Informal (2006, with Hermann Zapf; won an award at TDC2 2007). Frutiger Serif (2008) is based on Frutiger's Meridien and the Frutiger (sans) family. Diotima Classic (2008, with Gudrun Zapf von Hesse) revives Gudrun's Diotima from 1951. In 2008-2009, Akira Kobayashi and Tom Grace unified and extended Trade Gothic to Trade Gothic Next (17 styles). Neue Frutiger (2009, with Adrian Frutiger) has twice as many weights as the orifinal Frutiger family. Later in 2009, the extensive DIN Next Pro, co-designed with Sandra Winter, saw the light. I assume that this was mainly done so as to meet the competition of FontShop's FF DIN (by Albert-Jan Pool).
- Fontshop: Acanthus (2000, large Fontfont family), FF Clifford (gorgeous text face!). In 2009, he and Hermann Zapf cooperated on Virtuosa Classic, a calligraphic script that updates and revives Zapf's own 1952-1953 creation, Virtuosa.
- Typebox: TX Lithium (2001, The Typebox).
- Oddities: Skid Row (1990), Socia Oldstyle.
- Suntory corporate types (2003-2005), developed with the help of Matthew Carter and Linotype from Linotype originals: Suntory Syntax, Suntory Sabon, Suntory Gothic, Suntory Mincho.
- In 2014, Akira Kobayashi, Sandra Winter and Tom Grace joined forces to publish DIN Next Slab at Linotype.
- Alexey Chekulaev and Akira Kobayashi (Monotype) won a Granshan 2014 award for the Cyrillic typeface SST.
- In 2016, Akira Kobayashi and Sandra Winter co-designed Applied Sans (32 styles) at Monotype. It is in the tradition of vintage sans typeface such as Venus and Ideal Grotesk and competes with Rod McDonald's splendid Classic Grotesque (2011-2016)..
- Member of a type design team at Monotype that created the Tazugane Gothic typeface in 2017. Designed by Akira Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Yamada and Ryota Doi of the Monotype Studio, the Tazugane Gothic typeface offers ten weights and was developed to complement Neue Frutiger. It is the first original Japanese typeface in Monotype's history. Followed in 2018 by the more restrained Tazugane Info. Variable fonts published in 2022: Tazugane Gothic Variable, Tazugane Info Variable.
- SST (2017). A set of fonts for Latin, Cyrillic, Thai, Vietnamese, Arabic and Japanese.
- DIN Next Stencil (2017). Developed together with Sabina Chipara.
- DIN Next Decorative (mostly textured styles such as Rust, Slab Rust, Stencil Rust and Shadow).
- Univers Next Cyrillic and Univers Next Paneuropean, both released in 2020, extending Adrian Frutiger's Univers.
- Shorai Sans (2022) and Shorai Sans Variable (2022). A 10-style Latin / Japanese sans by Akira Kobayashi, Monotype Studio and Ryota Doi, designed as a companion typeface to Avenir Next.
Speaker at ATypI 2012 in Hong Kong: Rounded sans in Japan.
View Akiro Kobayashi's typefaces.
Klingspor link. FontShop link. Eurostile Next review. Linotype link. Monotype link. MyFonts interview in 2017. [Google]
[Large Unicode fonts]
German type designer, typographer, calligrapher, author and educator, b. Stuttgart (1918), d. 1995. He was art director at the Dresden type foundry VEB Typoart from 1964 until 1977. He founded and led the Institut für Buchgestaltung at the Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst at Leipzig from 1956 until 1978. Obituary by Harald Suess. Page at Klingspor. MyFonts page. Catalog of Albert Kapr's typefaces
He designed these typefaces:
- Faust-Antiqua (1958-1959), or just Faust. This right-footed serif typeface suffers from the ugly duck syndrom. Nevertheless, it inspired Nick Curtis to design Kaprice NF (2010). In 1993, Steve Jackaman revived it as Faust RR.
- Leipzig (with Otto Erler in 1963). A font with large x-height.
- Leipziger-Antiqua (1959). Revived by Tim Ahrens in 2004 as JAF Lapture. It was also digitized--close to the original and under the original name--by Ralph Unger at URW in 2005. And it was shamelessly digitized by Linotype and sold as Hawkhurst without mentioning the Leipziger Antiqua source, in fact claiming that Hawkhurst is an original.
- Calendon-Antiqua (1965).
- Prillwitz-Antiqua (1971, Typoart, with Werner Schulze).
- Magna Kyrillisch (1975).
- Circa 1975, he created Garamond Cyrillic at Typoart.
A specialist of blackletter, he was passionate about Gotische Bastarda.
Author of these books:
- Fraktur: Form und Geschichte der gebrochenen Schriften (1993, H. Schmidt, Mainz).
- F.H.Ernst Schneidler Schriftentwerfer, Lehrer, Kalligraph (SchumacherGebler a.o., München, 2002). Co-authors: Max Caflisch, Albert Kapr, Antonia Weiss and Hans Peter Willberg.
- The Art of Lettering; The history, anatomy, and aesthetics of the roman letterforms (München, K.G. Saur, 1983, original edition in German by VEB Verlag: Dresden, 1971).
- Schriftkunst. Geschichte, Anatomie und Schönheit der lateinischenn Buchstaben (Dresden, 1971).
- Schrift- und Buchkunst (VEB Fachbuchverlag, Leipzig, 1982).
Italian typographer, type designer and printer (b. Bergamo, 1898; d. Alpignano, 1968) who created the garalde typeface Tallone for his own private press in Alpignano in 1949-1952. He was in Milan and then Paris, to finally move his printing business to Alpignano after the war. Jack W. Stauffacher wrote about him in Homage to Alberto Tallone, 1898-1960 in volume 6.1 of Visible Language, 1972. Tallone also designed the tall and slender Garalde typeface Tallone Max Factor in 1959 (or was it 1956 as reported by Mac McGrew?) for use by the cosmetics company.
Jean Loize also wrote on Tallone in 1951: i, ii, iii, iv, v, vi. A letter of Bianca Tallone, dated 1982.
Samples of the Tallone typeface (1951): I, II, III, IV, V. Photograph. Klingspor link. [Google]
Late 15-th century Venetian scholar and printer, b. 1449, Bassiano, d. 1515, Venice. He founded the Aldine Press in 1495. His typefaces were all designed and cut by the brilliant Francesco Griffo, a punchcutter who created the first roman type cut from study of classical Roman capitals. Bembo, Cloister Italic and Poliphilus [aka Aldus Manutius' Roman] can be traced back to him. Example of his Italian Antiqua, 1499.
Kevin Steele explains in 1996: Some sources cite the publication of Cardinal Bembo's De Aetna as 1493 or 1495. And in fact, the design continued to evolve until the 1499 publishing of the spectacular Hypnerotomachia Poliphili. Let's not split hairs. Let's celebrate 500 years of Bembo! In the mid fifteenth century printing quickly spread to Italy from Germany, and by the 1470's Venice had became the center of the printing industry, home to over 100 printing companies. Pioneers such as Erhard Ratdolt and Nicolas Jenson had already begun working on adapting the roman alphabet for metal type by the time Aldus Manutius established his press in 1494, with the intention of publishing all the Greek classics. Aldus Manutius (1450-1515) was a printer, entrepreneur, a great ego, and publisher of over 1200 titles. Among the many contributions of Aldus was the popularization of small, portable books. His expensive beautiful books were far from today's paperbacks, mind you. One of the many great talents working for Aldus was Francesco Griffo, a gifted type designer. Griffo created many innovative type designs that are still admired for their beauty and readability. Their collaboration broke up over a copyright dispute, primarily over the ownership of the cursive type typeface that Griffo developed under the direction of Aldus. Although Aldus even had a papal decree to protect this style of alphabet, it was as difficult then as it is now to protect a typeface design. The alphabet was widely copied, and the style is known as italic, after its country of origin.
Digital typefaces derived from his work: 1501 Manutius (2001) by Klaus-Peter Schäffel.
Selection of fonts based on Manutius's work. [Google]
Alexandre Saumier Demers
[Coppers & Brasses]
[Double Alex Team]
Alphabet Innovations International -- TypeSpectra (Was: MM2000)
Born in Dallas in 1923, and retired in Florida, Phil Martin had an exciting life, which started as a bombardier in WWII, and went on as a piano bar singer, publisher, cartoonist, comedian and typographer. He died in October 2005.
Phil established Alphabet Innovations International in 1969 and TypeSpectra in 1974, and designed most of his 400 typefaces (read: film fonts for use in the VGC Photo Typositor) there: Agenda (1976), Americana (1972), Arthur (1970, by Roc Mitchell), Aurora Snug (1969), Avalon (1972), Baskerville (1969), Beacon (1987), Bluejack (1974), Borealis (1970, by Roc Mitchell), Britannic (1973), Bulletin (1971), Celebration (1969, by Roc Mitchell), Century S (1975), Cheltenham (1971), Clearface (1973), Cloister (1975), Corporate (1971, by Roc Mitchell), Corporate Image (1971, by Roc Mitchell), Courier B EF (2004, originally done at Scangraphic), Didoni (1969, a knock-off of Pistilli Roman with swashes added), Dimensia and Dimensia Light (1971, by Roc Mitchell), Dominance (1971), Egyptian (1970), Eightball (1971, some report this incorrectly as a VGC face, which has a different typeface also called Eightball: it was digitized by FontBank as Egbert. Alphabet Innovations' Eightball had other versions called Cueball and Highball, and all three were designed by George Thomas who licensed them to AI), Fat Chance (Rolling Stone) (1971), Fotura Biform (1969), Franklin (1981), Garamond (1975), Globe (1975), Goudy (1969), Harem (1969, aka Margit; digitized and revived in 2006 by Patrick Griffin and Rebecca Alaccari as Johnny), Helserif (1976---I thought this was created by Ed Kelton; anyway, this typeface is just Helvetica with slabs), Helvetica (1969), Introspect (1971, revived in 2012 by SoftMaker as Looking Glass, and by Castcraft as OPTI Looking Glass), Jolly Roger (1970, digitized in 2003 by Steve Jackaman at Red Rooster; Martin says that Jolly Roger and Introspect are his two most original designs), Journal (1987), Kabell (1971), Kabello (1970), King Arthur [+Light, Outline] with Guinevere Alternates (1971, by Roc Mitchell), Legothic (1973), Martinique (1970), Mountie (1970), News (1975), Palateno (1969), Pandora (1969), Pazazzma (1980), Perpetua (1969), Plantin (1973), Polonaise (1977; digital version by Claude Pelletier in 2010, called Chopin Script), Primus Malleable (1972), Quaff (1977), Quixotic (1970), Report (1971), Romana (1972), Scenario (1974), Sledge Hammer (1971), Son of Windsor (1970), Stanza (1971, by Roc Mitchell; this angular typeface was later published by URW), Stark (1970), Supercooper (1970), Swath (1979), Threadgil (1972), Thrust (1971), Timbre (1970), Times (1970), Times Text (1973), Trump (1973), Tuck Roman (1981), Viant (1977), Vixen (1970), Weiss (1973), Wordsworth (1973).
In 1974, he set up TypeSpectra, and created these type families: Adroit (1981), Albert (1974), Analog (1976), Bagatelle (1979), Cartel (1975), Caslon (1979), Criterion (1982), DeVille (1974), Embargo (1975), Heldustry (1978, designed for the video news at the fledgling ABC-Westinghouse 24-hour cable news network in 1978; incorrectly attributed by many to Martin's ex-employee Ed Kelton: download here), Innsbruck (1975: revived in 2018 by Olexa Volochay as Tyrol), Limelight (1977), Oliver (1981), Opulent [Light and Bold] (1975, by George Brian, an amployee at Alphabet Innovations), Quint (1984), Sequel (1979), Spectral (1974), Welby (1982).
His fonts can be bought at MyFonts.com and at Precisiontype. He warns visitors not to mess with his intellectual property rights, but I wonder how he can have escaped the ire of Linotype by using the name Helvetica. In any case, the fonts were originally made for use on photo display devices and phototypesetters. Some are now available in digital format.
Near the end of his life, Phil's web presence was called MM2000 (dead link).
Check his comments on his own typefaces. URW sells these typefaces: URW Adroit, URW Agenda, URW Avernus (after Martin's design from 1972), URW Baskerville AI, URW Beacon, URW Bluejack, URW Cartel, URW Cloister, URW Corporate, URW Criterion, URW Didoni, URW Fat Face, URW Globe, URW Goudy AI, URW Heldustry, URW Helserif, URW Introspect, URW Legothic, URW Martin Gothic, URW Martinique, URW Pandora, URW Polonaise, URW Quint, URW Scenario, URW Souvenir Gothic, Souvenir Gothic Antique (the Souvenit Gothic family was designed by George Brian, an employee of Alphabet Innovations at the time: it was AI's first text family), URW Stanza, URW Stark, URW Timbre, URW Viant, URW Wordsworth.
Interview. Bye Bye Blackbird performed by Phil Martin in Largo, Florida.
The final message on his last web page, posted posthumously read: MARTIN, PHIL, 82, of Largo, died Tuesday (Oct. 4, 2005) at Largo Medical Center. He was born in Dallas and came here after retiring as a writer, singer-songwriter, commercial artist, and comedian. As a high school student, he worked as an assistant artist on the nationally syndicated Ella Cinders, and at 18 wrote and drew Swing Sisson, the Battling Band Leader, for Feature Comics. He was an Army Air Forces veteran of World War II, where he served as a bombardier in Lintz, Austria. On his 28th mission shelling the yards in Lintz, his B-24 was hit and he was listed as missing in action until the war in Europe ended. He was a comedian on The Early Birds Show on WFAA in Dallas. As a commercial artist, he founded two multinational corporations to market typeface designs and is credited for designing 4 percent of all typefaces now used. He also wrote columns and articles for typographic publications. Locally, he sang original lyrics to old pop standards in area piano bars, and in 1999 produced 59 issues of the Web book Millennium Memorandum, changing the title to MM2000 when he issued the first edition of the new Millennium on Jan. 3, 2000. Survivors include his wife, Ann Jones Martin; and a cousin, Lorrie Hankins, Casper, Wyo. National Cremation Society, Largo.
Phil Martin's digital typefaces.
FontShop link. Klingspor link. [Google]
French type designer (b. 1977) currently based in Paris, who created Cargoth (2001), a hybrid of Carolingian and Gothic. Other typefaces by her include Pelleport in 2004 and Trente-trois in 2006. She is involved now in type design and corporate identity projects at Porchez Typofonderie. As a student at ENSAD, she co-designed the Garamond typeface Recréation (2000). Typofonderie link. [Google]
Or Garamond 3. Garamond 3 is published by Adobe and Linotype. The Linotype version of Garamond from 1936 is based on the American Type Founders design by Morris Fuller Benton and Thomas Maitland Cleland, who based their work, in turn, on seventeenth-century copies of Claude Garamond's types by Jean Jannon. The Bitstream version is called American Garamond. [Google]
American Type Founders Collection (or: TypoBrand LLC; or: ATF Type)
Mark van Bronkhorst set up TypoBrand LLC in Berkeley, CA. As part of TypoBrand, he published several typefaces that are modern digital reinterpretations of typefaces at American Type Founders by famous type designers such Morris Fuller Benton. The collection is published by TypoBrand LLC under the names ATF Type or American Type Founders Collection. Codesigners include Igino Marini and Ben Kiel. TypoBrand writes: Reinterpreted and carefully crafted, the ATF Collection offers more weights and widths, expanded character sets, and robust typographic features in type designs beautifully suited to modern use and media. From the printed page to the screen, the new ATF Collection brings a tradition of typographic richness to the digital era. Their typefaces:
- ATF Alternate Gothic (2015, Mark van Bronkhorst, Alan Dague-Greene, David Sudweeks, Igino Marini, & Ben Kiel). ATF Alternate Gothic is a new, significant digital expansion to 40 fonts of Morris Fuller Benton's classic 1903 design.
- ATF Brush (2015). In five weights, this classic brush face is based on ATF Brush by Robert E. Smith, American Type Founders, 1942.
- ATF Garamond (2015, Mark van Bronkhorst, Igino Marini, & Ben Kiel). An 18-style family based on the Garamond designed between 1918 and 1923 by Morris Fuller Benton and Thomas M. Cleland. ATF Garamond was first released in roman and italic styles around 1918, drawn by Morris Fuller Benton, head of the American Type Founders design department. In 1922, Thomas M. Cleland designed a set of companion swash italics and ornaments. Bold and bold italic variants were released in 1920 and 1923, respectively.
- ATF Headline Gothic (2015, Mark van Bronkhorst, Igino Marini, & Ben Kiel). A newspaper font originally designed by Morris Fuller Benton in 1936. Sharp and round contours are provided.
- ATF Livermore Script). By Mark van Bronkhorst, Igino Marini, and Ben Kiel.
- ATF Poster Gothic (2015, Mark van Bronkhorst, Luis Batlle, Igino Marini, & Ben Kiel). Based on a design by Morris Fuller Benton, 1934. Thirty fonts in all!
- ATF Railroad Gothic (2016, Mark van Bronkhorst, Luis Batlle, Igino Marini, & Ben Kiel). The designers write: First introduced by the American Type Founders Company in 1906, Railroad Gothic was the quintessential typographic expression of turn-of-the-century industrial spirit---bold and brash in tone, and a little rough around the edges. A favorite for the plain speak of big headlines, Railroad Gothic quickly gained popularity among printers. Its condensed but robust forms were likely a source of inspiration for later families of industrial sans serifs. The ATF original was extended with four new weights.
- ATF Wedding Gothic (2015, Mark van Bronkhorst, Luis Batlle, Igino Marini, & Ben Kiel). An 18-font engravers gothic based on an original from ca. 1901.
- ATF Franklin Gothic (2019, Mark van Bronkhorst, Igino Marini, & Ben Kiel). A broad and multi-weight interpretation of Morris Fuller Benton's classic from 1905, Franklin Gothic, which only had bolder weights. For the lighter styles, the designers were inspired by Benton's Monotone Gothic.
Type Network link. [Google]
Graphic designer in Santo Tirso (Porto), Portugal. In 2011, he created the hairline sans typeface Wayne Thin, the counterless fat slab face Rotula, and the fat round Wayne Black. He also made Virtude (2011, a Garamond revival). In 2012, he added Urbe (3d face).
Typefaces from 2013 include the grid-based modular typeface family Kamo, which comes with Kamo Stencil.
Home page. [Google]
Angus R. Shamal
[ARS Type (was ARS Design)]
Author of "Le maître de Garamond" (Editions Stock, 2002), a beautiful book on the life and death of Antoine Augereau, who was Claude Garamond's teacher and mentor. Anne Cuneo was born in 1936 in Italy and lives in Zürich. Comment by Guy Schockaert: Le 24 décembre 1534, place Maubert, accusé d'hérésie, Antoine Augereau est pendu, son corps et ses mains brûlées. Homme de lettres, érudit, théologien, Antoine Augereau était un grand imprimeur, éditeur et graveur de caractères typographiques. Il modela ceux dont nous nous servons encore aujourd'hui, et avec Clément Marot, inventa l'usage des accents et de la cédille. La publication du Miroir de l'âme de Marguerite de Navarre lui coûtera la vie. La Sorbonne, gardienne jalouse d'une orthodoxie figée, désapprouve la pensée de la soeur de François Ier, mais ne peut la condamner. Antoine Augereau paiera pour elle. Racontée par le plus célèbre de ses disciples, l'histoire passionnante et émouvante d'un humaniste prêt à mourir pour défendre ses idées. UN livre à lire absolument et à offrir. [Google]
French type designer and punchcutter, ca. 1490-1534, and teacher of Claude Garamond in Paris. He was one of the first French to engrave roman letters, when other French printers were mostly using blackletter. He began to work for Robert Estienne, one the first Parisian printers to use this type. Influential in creating a French typographical look, he was hanged for printing a poem without permission. George Abrams' rendering of Garamond, called Augereau [digitized by Charles Nix], is a wonderful text family! Klingspor link. [Google]
Designer at Graphic bureau Az-Zet of the Cyrillic/Latin font AZGaramondC (1990-1995). Anton published Dikovina and DikovinaBildchen at Type Market in Moscow in 1995. [Google]
Antonio Zatta e Figli
Venice-based foundry headed by Antonio Zatta, 1757-1797. Their work can be found in Caratteri e vignette, o sieno, Fregi della nuova fonderia di Antonio Zatta e Figli tipografi, calcografi, e libraj veneti (A. Zatta, Venezia, 1793). That book shows elegant garalde families listed by size as Testin, Garamoncin, Garamoncino, Garamon, Filosofia, Silvietto, Silvio, and Test d'Aldo. For further typefaces, see Saggio dei caratteri, segni celesti, di matematica, algebra, numeri tagliati, ed altro / della nuova fonderia di Antonio Zatta q:m Giacomo tipografo, calcografo, e librajo veneto. N.\2070 III (1799). [Google]
In reply to If you only had ten type families to use in your designs for the next 20 years or so, what would they be?, Apostrophe replied in 2000:
- 1 - Galliard (Carter&Cone)
- 2 - Augereau (George Abrams' Garamond)
- 3 - Futura (Linotype)
- 4 - Franklin Gothic (Elsner&Flake's version)
- 5 - Plantin (Monotype)
- 6 - Palatino (Linotype)
- 7 - Mantinia (Carter&Cone)
- 8 - Univers (Linotype)
- 9 - Zapfino (Linotype)
- 10 - Officina Sans (ITC)
Alternate URL. The history of all fonts used and produced by Cupertino, CA-based Apple. A brief summary of this:
- Corporate fonts and brand identity
- Motter Tektura (designed by Othmar Motter of Voralberger Graphic in 1975): before the first Macintosh, Apple used Motter Tektura to accompany the Apple logo. "According to the logo designer, Rob Janoff, the typeface was selected for its playful qualities and techno look, in line with Apple's mission statement of making high-technology accessible to anyone."
- Apple Garamond, the new corporate font used when the Macintosh was introduced in 1984. ITC Garamond (Tony Stan, 1977) was condensed to 80% of its normal width by Bitstream, who also adjusted and hinted it. Apple Garamond was used in most of Apple's marketing. The Wikipedia comment: "Many typographers consider ITC Garamond in general, and Apple Garamond in particular, to be poorly designed typefaces. A common viewpoint is that the algorithmic scaling distorted the typeface."
- Myriad Pro: starting in 2002, Apple began using Myriad Pro Semibold (a sans serif face) in its marketing, gradually replacing Apple Garamond. MyriadPro and MyriadApple can be downloaded here.
- Gill Sans Regular: used in the marketing of the Newton PDA.
- Fonts of the original Macintosh All but one of these bitmap fonts were due to Susan Kare. The fonts were originally named after stops along the Paoli, Pennsylvania commuter train line: Overbrook, Merion, Ardmore, and Rosemont. Later, under pressure from Steve Jobs, names of world cities were chosen. A number of different variants of each font were algorithmically generated on-the-fly from the standard fonts. Bold, italic, outlined, underlined and shaded variations were the most common.
- Cairo: a bitmap dingbat font, most famous for the dogcow at the 'z' character position.
- Chicago (sans-serif): the default Macintosh system font in System 17.6.
- Geneva (sans-serif): designed for small point sizes and prevalent in all versions of the Mac user interface.
- London (blackletter): an Old English-style font.
- Los Angeles (script): a thin font that emulated handwriting.
- Monaco (sans-serif, monospaced): a fixed-width font well-suited for 912 pt use.
- New York (serif): a Times Roman-inspired font family. Freely avaliable from Apple.
- San Francisco: a ransom note face.
- Venice (script): a calligraphic font designed by Bill Atkinson.
- Fonts in Mac OS X
- Lucida Grande: the primary system font in Mac OS X (all versions). Lucida Grande looks like Lucida Sans, but has more glyphs. It covers Roman, Cyrillic, Hebrew, Arabic, Thai and Greek. Many of its 2800+ glyphs were added by Michael Everson to the original collection.
- Mac OS X ships with a number of high-quality typefaces, for a number of different scripts, licensed from several sources.
- LastResort (designed by Michael Everson of Evertype): used by the system to display reference glyphs in the event that real glyphs needed to display a given character are not found in any other available font. Wikipedia states: "The glyphs are square with rounded corners with a bold outline. In the left and right sides of the outline, the Unicode range that the character belongs to is given using hexadecimal digits. Top and bottom are used for one or two descriptions of the Unicode block name. A symbol representative of the block is centered inside the square. By Everson's design, the typeface used for the text cut-outs in the outline is Chicago, otherwise not included with Mac OS X. The LastResort font has been part of Mac OS since version 8.5, but the limited success of ATSUI on the classic Mac OS means that only users of Mac OS X are regularly exposed to it."
- Apple Symbols (2003-2006): a 4000+-glyph dingbat font that complements the symbols from Lucida Grande, inttroduced first in Mac OS X 10.3 ("Panther").
- Zapfino (a calligraphic typeface designed by and named after renowned typeface designer Hermann Zapf for Linotype, based on an example he first drew in 1944): Zapfino utilizes the most advanced typographic features of the truetype format, and is partially included in OS X as a technology demo for ligatures and character substitutions.
- Mac OS X Snow Leopard comes with four new fonts in 2009: Chalkduster (emulating chalk on a blackboard), Menlo (a monospaced family based on Bitstream's Vera Sans Mono that replaces Monaco for applications such as Terminal and code editors; see also Deja Vu Sans Serif Mono), Heiti SC and TC and Hiragino Sans GB.
- Fonts used in other devices
- Espy Sans: designed in 1993 by Apple's Human Interface Group designed the typeface Espy Sans specifically for on-screen use. It was first used for the Newton OS GUI and later integrated into Apple's eWorld online service.
- eWorld Tight: a bitmap font used for headlines in Apple's eWorld. The metrics of eWorld Tight were based on Helvetica Ultra Compressed.
- Chicago (see above): bitmap typeface used in Apple's iPod music player since 2001.
The Apple Design team won two awards at 25 TDC in 2022, pne for SF Arabic (a contemporary interpretation of the Naskh style with a rational and flexible design; this extension of San Francisco serves as the Arabic system font on Apple platforms. Like San Francisco, SF Arabic features nine weights and variable optical sizes that automatically adjust spacing and contrast based on the point size of text. The typeface features an extensive repertoire that covers numerous vocalization, tone and poetic marks, extended vowel signs, honorifics and Quranic annotations. SF Arabic provides support across the following languages: Arabic, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Sorani, Mazanderani, Northern Luri, Pashto, Persian, Rohingiya, Sindhi, Urdu, and Uyghur) and SF Symbols 3 (over 600 new symbols including representations of devices, game controllers, health, communication, objects, and tools; it prides greater control over how color is applied to symbols, and has a variable font srtyle as well). [Google]
Slovenian foundry which specializes in old typefaces found in old prints, books and samples. Typefaces are reproduced as they appeared in print. In order to preserve the original feel of typefaces, no additional characters were added to originals therefore most of fonts consist just of basic character set. Upper case letters, lower case letters, numerals and basic punctuation. It was set up in 2000 by Matevz Medja. Engraving style typefaces: Kludsky (2006), Garfield (2005), Copperplate Head (2005), Western Iron (2005), Cider (2005), French Shaded (2005), Tilt (2005). The blackletter typefaces: School Text (2005), Harlem Title (2005), Copperplate Text (2005), Black Title (2005), Chased Black (2005), Tinted (2005), Steeler (2005), Blackcap (2005). Calligraphic typefaces: Petite Script (2005), Autograph Script (2005), French Script (2005), Penman Script (2005), Magnolia Script (2005), Roundface Script (2005), Roundhand Script (2005). Other typefaces: American Shadow (2005), Lightface Extended (2005), Grotesque Shaded (2005), Gothic Ornate (2005), Antique Extra Condensed (2005), Antique Extended (2005), Ironlace (2005), Atlantique (2005), Mann (2005), Old Style Condensed (2005), Ribbon (2005), Salisbury Script (2005), Black Title Text (2005, blackletter), German Text (2005, blackletter), Archive Hands (2006, pointing fingers), Archive Woodchild (2006). Distressed typefaces: Archive Tale (2006), Archive Egipt Compressed (2006). In 2011, he published the Archive Garamond family, which is closer to the unpolished originals. The 2010 catalog has three parts:
- The Archive 40: Archive Western Iron, Archive American Shadow, Archive Antiqua Extra Cond, Archive Antique Extended, Archive Atlantique (avant garde sans), Archive Autograph Script, Archive Black Title Text, Archive Black Title, Archive Blackcap, Archive Chased Black, Archive Cider (engraved; a vintage money font), Archive Copperplate Head, Archive Copperplate Text, Archive Egipt Compressed, Archive French Script, Archive French Shaded, Archive Garfield (2005), Archive German Text, Archive Gothic Ornate, Archive Grotesque Shaded, Archive Harlem Title, Archive Ironlace, Archive Kludsky, Archive Lightface Extended, Archive Magno Script, Archive Modern II Open, Archive Modern II, Archive Old Style Condensed, Archive Penman Script, Archive Petite Script, Archive Ribbon, Archive Roundface Script, Archive Roundhand Script, Archive Salisbury Script, Archive School Text, Archive Steeler, Archive Tale, Archive Tilt, Archive Tinted.
- Archive Americana: Archive American Shadow, Archive Steeler, Archive Tilt, Archive Grotesque Shaded, Archive Black Title (blackletter), Archive Mann (an industrial 3d typeface), Archive Autograph Script, Archive Tinted, Archive Harlem Title (blackletter).
- Archive Western: Archive Egipt Compressed, Archive French Shaded, Archive Western Iron, Archive Antique Extended, Archive Copperplate Head, Archive Ribbon, Archive Gothic Ornate, Archive Oldstyle Condensed, Archive Lightface Extended, Archive Ironlace.
Creative Market link.
View Archive Type / Matevz Medja's typefaces. [Google]
Arief Setyo Wahyudi
Arkandis Digital Foundry
French foundry, est. 2007, which published many extensive free sans and sans serif families by Hirwen Harendal, who supports Open Source projects. The purpose of ADF is to provide a large number of high quality fonts (174 fonts as of the end of August 2007). Harendal has help from Clea F. Rees, most notably on the TeX part and the extensive Venturis family.
- Accanthis (2009: an alternative for Galliard or Horley Oldstyle).
- AlbertisADF (from URW-A028), Albertis Titling.
- Ameris ADF (from URW n33012t).
- ArrosADF (from URW n021003L).
- AurelisADF (2009, almost art nouveau).
- Baskervald ADF (7 years of work according to Harendal: an alternative for New Baskerville).
- BerenisADF (2008, a didone family), BerenisNo2 (2008).
- BirkenADF (from URW-n033014t).
- ColonnadeADF (from URW-n033014t).
- EditorialisADF (from URW-n033014t).
- Electrum (like Eurostile and URW City).
- FenelrisADF (sans).
- FrontonADF Titling (from URW-n033014t).
- GaramondeADF (from URW-g043004t), GaramondNo8ADF (from URW g043024t).
- Gillius ADF and Gillius ADFN (from Vera Sans, an alternative for Gill Sans MT).
- HelvetisADF (from URW U001).
- Ikarius (2008, semi-serif; inspired by Hypatia Sans), IkariusNo2 (2008), Ikarius-Serie (2009).
- Irianis (2008; IrianisADFMath (2009) was made for the TeX math community).
- Keypad (2010). a dingbat face.
- LibrisADF (sans, patterned after Lydian).
- MekanusADF (2009, typewriter style).
- Mint Spirit (2012) and Mint Spirit No. 2 (2012). An original minimalist sans design. The truetype version is Mintysis (2012).
- NeoGothisADF (2009).
- OldaniaADF (2009, art nouveau).
- OrnementsADF (2009).
- PalladioADFStyle (a Palatino derived from URW g043023t).
- RomandeADF (with hints of Caslon, Times and Tiffany; CTAN download).
- Solothurn (2011). A family developed for Scribus, a free text preparation package that competes with Adobe's InDesign.
- SwitzeraADF (derived from Vera).
- SymbolADF (2008, bullets and arrows).
- Teknis: under development.
- TribunADF (2009, like Times New Roman).
- Universalis ADF (2008-2009, a take on Futura). Open Font Library link.
- VenturisADF, VenturisOldADF, VenturisTitlingADF and VenturisSansADF (2007: alternatives for Utopia).
- Verana Sans and Serif (from Bitstream Vera Sans and Serif).
Kernest link. [Google]
ARS Type (was ARS Design)
[Angus R. Shamal]
ARS Type is an Amsterdam-based foundry with some commercial fonts by Angus R. Shamal. Shamal had earlier published fonts with T-26 and Plazm. Fonts can be bought via Fontshop.
The fonts: AudioVisual1, Code, Kamp, Kamp Serif, Retro City, OCRU, Toycube, Mortal, Maquette (1999-2000), Angelring, ARS Bembo, Contrast, Dandy, EcologyModern, Hartu (handwriting), Temper, ARS Novelty (2011, a free hybrid style face), ARS Polythene (pixel font family), Misanthry, Syntax (OsF format sans serif), CensorSans (1994), CensorSerif (1994), Credit (1995), Epilogue.pfa (1995), Exert (T-26), Humain-Graphica (1995), Humain-Synthetica (1995), Platrica (1994), Roscent (1995), ARSFortune (2000, futuristic), ARS Region (2002, Bauhaus sans), District (experimental), Descendiaan (1998), Zero Rate (futuristic), Tegel (1998, stencil, kitchen tile), Twenty (octagonal, techno), Trio (dot matrix fonts), Maquette (1999), Region, Product (2007, sans typefaces), Mr Archi, Prime (display), Deviata (unicase face), Forum I-AR (after Forum I, a 1948 font by Georg Trump), Freie Initialen-AR (2007, after a 1928 set of caps for Stempel Garamond), Fry's Ornamented (2007; a revival of Ornamented No. 2 which was cut by Richard Austin for Dr. Edmund Fry in 1796), Graphique-AR (2007; a shaded typeface based on a 1946 design by Eidenbenz for Haas), Gravur-AR (2007; a digital version of a type designed by Georg Trump and issued as Trump-Gravur by Weber in 1960), Initiales Grecques (after a Firmin Didot design, ca. 1800), Lutetia Open (2007; based on Jan Van Krimpen's Lutetia), Old Face Open (2007; a digitization of Fry's Shaded, an open all caps Baskerville cut by Isaac Moore for Fry, ca. 1788), Open Capitals (2007, after Jan Van Krimpen's 1928 typeface for Enschedé called Open Kapitalen), Romulus Capitals (2007; after the caps series by Jan Van Krimpen, 1931), Romulus Open (2007; after the Open series by Jan Van Krimpen, 1936), Rosart 811 (2007; open caps after Enschedé no. 811 by Rosart), Zentenar Initialen (2007; based on blackletter initials of F.H.E. Schneidler, ca. 1937).
Fontshop link. Designer link at FontShop. [Google]
Artifex offers free versions of 80 fonts from URW. Included are Walter Schmidt's URW Garamond No 8. Henry Stiles made ArtLinePrinter for Artifex in 2003. Also included are Walter Schmidt's URW LetterGothic (made available for free by URW). The type 1 versions of URW Arial are called A030 (2000), and can also be found here. Alternate URL. Yet another URL. The list of fonts (truetype and type 1) is: A028-Ext, A028-Med (slightly flared), A030-Bol, A030-BolIta, A030-Ita, A030-Reg, AntiqueOlive-Bol, AntiqueOlive-Ita, AntiqueOlive-Reg, ArtLinePrinter, CenturySchL-Bold, CenturySchL-BoldItal, CenturySchL-Ital, CenturySchL-Roma, ClarendonURW-BolCon, Coronet, Dingbats, GaramondNo8-Ita, GaramondNo8-Med, GaramondNo8-MedIta, GaramondNo8-Reg, LetterGothic-Bol, LetterGothic-BolIta, LetterGothic-Ita, LetterGothic-Reg, Mauritius-Reg, NimbusMonL-Bold, NimbusMonL-BoldObli, NimbusMonL-Regu, NimbusMonL-ReguObli, NimbusMono-Bol, NimbusMono-BolIta, NimbusMono-Ita, NimbusMono-Reg, NimbusRomNo9L-Medi, NimbusRomNo9L-MediItal, NimbusRomNo9L-Regu, NimbusRomNo9L-ReguItal, NimbusRomanNo4-Bol, NimbusRomanNo4-BolIta, NimbusRomanNo4-Lig, NimbusRomanNo4-LigIta, NimbusRomanNo9-Ita, NimbusRomanNo9-Med, NimbusRomanNo9-MedIta, NimbusRomanNo9-Reg, NimbusSanL-Bold, NimbusSanL-BoldCond, NimbusSanL-BoldCondItal, NimbusSanL-BoldItal, NimbusSanL-Regu, NimbusSanL-ReguCond, NimbusSanL-ReguCondItal, NimbusSanL-ReguItal, StandardSymL, U001-Bol, U001-BolIta, U001-Ita, U001-Reg, U001Con-Bol, U001Con-BolIta, U001Con-Ita, U001Con-Reg, URWBookmanL-DemiBold, URWBookmanL-DemiBoldItal, URWBookmanL-Ligh, URWBookmanL-LighItal, URWChanceryL-MediItal, URWClassico-Bol, URWClassico-BolIta, URWClassico-Ita, URWClassico-Reg, URWGothicL-Book, URWGothicL-BookObli, URWGothicL-Demi, URWGothicL-DemiObli, URWPalladioL-Bold, URWPalladioL-BoldItal, URWPalladioL-Ital, URWPalladioL-Roma. [Google]
ARTypes is based in Chicago, and is run by Ari Rafaeli. List of their typefaces categorized by revival type:
- Hermann Eidenbenz: Graphique (1946) now called Graphique AR, a shadow face.
- Jan van Krimpen (Enschedé) revivals: Romulus Kapitalen (1931), Romulus Open (1936), Curwen Initials (Van Krimpen did these in 1925 for The Curwen Press at Plaistow, London), and Open Kapitalen (1928).
- Jacques-François Rosart: Rosart811, a decorative initial typeface that is a digital version of the 2-line great primer letters cut by J. F. Rosart for Izaak&Johannes Enschedé in 1759 (Enschedé no. 811).
- Stephenson Blake revivals: Borders, Parisian Ronde.
- Rudolf Koch (Klingspor) revivals: Holla, Koch-Antiqua-Kursiv Zierbuchstaben, Maximilian-Antiqua, Neuland 24pt.
- Bernard Naudin (Deberny&Peignot) revival: Le Champlevé.
- W. F. Kemper (Ludwig&Mayer) revival: Colonia. P.H. Raedisch: Lutetia Open (2007) is based on the 48-pt Lutetia capitals engraved by P. H. Raedisch under the direction of Jan van Krimpen for Enschedé in 1928.
- Richard Austin: Fry's Ornamented (2007) is a revival of Ornamented No. 2 which was cut by Richard Austin for Dr. Edmund Fry in 1796. Stephenson, Blake&Co. acquired the type in 1905, and in 1948 they issued fonts in 30-pt (the size of the original design), 36-, 48- and 60-pt.
- Max Caflisch (Bauer) revival: Columna.
- Elisabeth Friedlaender (Bauer) revivals: Elisabeth-Antiqua, Elisabeth-Kursiv (and swash letters). Linotype Friedlaender borders.
- Herbert Thannhaeuser (Typoart) revival: Erler-Versalien.
- O. Menhart (Grafotechna) revivals: Manuscript Grazhdanka (cyrillic), Figural, Figural Italic (and swash letters). Also, Grafotechna ornaments (maybe not by Menhart).
- Hiero Rhode (Johannes Wagner) revival: Hiero-Rhode-Antiqua (2007).
- F. H. E. Schneidler (Bauer) revival: Legende.
- Herbert Post revival: Post-Antiqua swash letters.
- Georg Trump (Weber) revivals: Trump swash letters, Trump-Gravur (called Gravur AR now). The outline caps typeface Forum I-AR is derived from the Forum I type designed by Georg Trump (1948, C. E. Weber). Signum AR-A and Signum AR-B (2011) are based on Trump's Signum (1955, C.E. Weber). Palomba AR (2011) is based on Trump's angular calligraphic typeface Palomba (1954-1955, C.E. Weber). Amati AR (2011) is based on a Georg Trump design from 1953.
- Hermann Zapf revival: Stempel astrological signs.
- F.H. Ernst Schneidler: Zentenar Initialen is based on the initials designed by Prof. F. H. E. Schneidler, ca. 1937, for his Zentenar-Fraktur types.
- Isaac Moore: Old Face Open (Fry's Shaded) is a decorative Baskerville which was probably cut by Isaac Moore for Fry ca. 1788. A revival was issued in eight sizes by Stephenson Blake in 1928.
- Border units and ornaments: Amsterdam Apollo borders, Gracia dashes, Primula ornaments, Bauer Bernhard Curves, Weiß-Schmuck, Curwen Press Flowers, Klingspor Cocktail-Schmuck, Nebiolo fregi di contorno, Attika borders, English (swelled) rules, Künstler-Linien, an-Schmuck, Primavera-Schmuck.
- Freie Initialen are derived from initials made for the Stempel Garamond series. The type was issued in 1928 in three sizes (36, 48, and 60 pt); the AR version follows the 60-pt design.
- Initiales Grecques, based on Firmin Didot's design, ca. 1800.
- Emil A. Neukomm revivals: Bravo AR (2007; originally 1945).
- Ernst Bentele revivals: Bentele-Unziale (2007).
- Joseph Gillé: Initiales ombrées (2007) is based on Gillé's original all caps typeface from 1828.
- Maria-Ballé-Initials (2007), after an original font from Bauersche Giesserei.
- Raffia Initials (1952, Henk Krijger): revived by ARTypes in 2008 as Raffia.
- Ornaments 1 AR (2010): from designs from 18th and 19th century typefounders that were ancestors of the Stephenson Blake foundry.
- Ornaments 2 AR (2010): Ornaments 2 contains designs for the Fanfare Press by Berthold Wolpe (1939) and for the Kynoch Press by Tirzah Garwood (ca. 1927).
- Ornaments 3 AR (2010): based on designs by Bernard Naudin for Deberny et Peignot, c. 1924; and ornaments based on designs by Oldrich Menhart, Karel Svolinsky and Jaroslav Slab for the state printing office of Czechoslovakia and Grafotechna.
- Ornaments 4 AR (2010): based on the Amsterdam Apollo and Gracia ornaments and the Amsterdam Crous-Vidal dashes (designed by Crous-Vidal).
- Ornaments 5 AR (2010): based on the Amsterdam Primula ornaments designed by Imre Reiner, 1949.
- Ornaments 6 AR (2010): based on designs for the Curwen Press by Edward Bawden and Percy Smith.
- Yü Bing-nan revival: Freundschafts-Antiqua AR (2010). Freundschafts-Antiqua (which was also called Chinesische Antiqua) was designed in 1962 by the Chinese calligrapher Yü Bing-nan when he was a student at the Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst at Leipzig in 1960.
- Sans Serif Inline (2011). Based on the 36-point design of the Amsterdam Nobel Inline capitals (1931).
- Hildegard Korger revivals: Typoskript AR (2010) is based on a metal type which was produced in 1968 by VEB Typoart, Dresden, from a design of the German calligrapher and lettering artist Hildegard Korger.
- Hans Kühne revival: Kuehne-Antiqua AR (2010) revives a Basque typeface by Hans Kühne.
- The Troyer AR ornaments (2010) are based on the first series of ornaments designed for American Type Founders by Johannes Troyer in 1953.
- The Happy Christmas font (2011) is a snowflake font that is based on designs by Amsterdam and Haas, c. 1950. December Ornaments (2011) contains the 36 Amsterdam designs which were originally issued in 24 and 36 point.
- Walter Diethelm: Diethelm AR (2011) revives Walter Diethelm's Diethelm Antiqua (1948-1951, Haas).
- Walter Brudi revivals: Pan AR (2010, based on a 1957 font by Brudi).
- Hermecito (2013) is a 46-style type system based on an angular serif. It covers Cyrillic, Latin, Greek and several other scripts. Besides being eminently readable, it also has extensive coverage of mathematical and phonetic symbols. Renzo (2013) is along the same lines but with sharpened serifs.
- Spiral (2014) is a revival of a typeface called Spiral designed by Joseph Blumenthal and cut bu Louis Hoell in 1930. In 1936, Monotype reissued that type as Emerson 320.
- Custom typefaces include Fabrizio (2016), a classical serif typeface family for Hebrew, Latin, Cyrillic and Greek, with hints of Garamond and Caslon. Ari writes that Fabrizio made its first appearance in Saggi di Letteratura Italiana: Da Dante per Pirandello a Orazio Costa, by Lucilla Bonavita, printed at Pisa in March 2016 by Fabrizio Serra Editore for whom the type was specially designed.
View the typefaces made by Ari Rafaeli / ARTypes. [Google]
Association for Insight Meditation (or: Aimwell)
Bhikkhu Pesala, a Buddhist monk based in London, designs free fonts. His original we page was called Aimwell (Association for Insight Meditation). On that site dedicated to Pali fonts, there was a file with Bhikkhu Pesala's free fonts. Most of Pesala's fonts have well over 1000 glyphs, cover Latin, Vietnamese and Greek, and have an enormous set of symbols including chess symbols and astrological signs.
The present list of fonts, with some older ones removed:
- Acariya (2016): a Garamond style typeface derived from Guru, but with suboptimal kerning.
- Akkhara (2006). Derived from Gentium.
- Balava (2014): a revival of Baskerville derived from Libre Baskerville.
- Cankama (2009). A Gothic, Black Letter script.
- Carita (2006). An all caps roman.
- Garava (2006). Designed for body text. It has a generous x-height and economical copy-fit. The family includes Extra-Bold and Extra-Bold Italic styles besides the usual four. Typeface Sample
- Guru (2008). A condensed Garamond style typeface designed for economy of copyfit in Buddhist publications. 100 pages of text set in the Pali typeface would be about 94 pages if set in Garava, or 92 pages if set in Guru.
- Hari (2016): a hand-writing script derived from Allura by Robert E. Leuschke, released under the SIL license.
- Hattha (2007). A felt marker pen typeface.
- Jivita (2012): an original sans typeface for body text.
- Kabala (2009). A sans serif typeface designed for display text or headings. Kabel?
- Lekhana (2008). Pesala's version of Zapf Chancery.
- Mahakampa (2016): a hand-writing script derived from Great Vibes by Robert E. Leuschke.
- Mandala (2007). A geometric sans designed for decorative body text or headings. Has chess symbols.
- Nacca (2016): a hand-writing script derived from Dancing Script by Pablo Impallari.
- Odana (2006). A calligraphic almost blackletter brush font suitable for titles, or short texts where a less formal appearance is wanted.
- Open Sans (2016): a sans font suitable for body text. Includes diacritics for Pali and Sanskrit.
- Pali: Pesala's version of Hermann Zapf's Palatino.
- Sukhumala (2014): derived from Sort Mills Goudy.
- Talapanna (2007). Pesala's version of Goudy Bertham, with decorative gothic capitals and extra ligatures in the Private Use Area.
- Veluvana (2006). A heavy brush style. The Greek glyphs are from Guru. Small Caps are greater than x-height.
- Verajja (2006). A Pali word meaning "variety of kingdoms or provinces." It is derived from Bitstream Vera.
- Verajja Serif.
- Yolanda (2008). Calligraphic.
ATF 1923 Catalog: Garamond Series
Showcasing the best pages in the Garamond Series in the ATF 1923 Catalog. [Google]
Aurèle Sack (b. 1977) is a globetrotting Swiss graphic designer specialized in type and editorial design. He focuses mainly on projects within the cultural field. After graduating from ECAL in 2004 (with a sans typeface called AS Gold) Sack worked in Zürich and New York. He currently lives and works in Lausanne, Switzerland. He has been teaching type and editorial design at ECAL since 2010. He has won the Swiss Design Awards three times; in 2006, 2010 and 2014.
Codesigner in 2006 with Maxime Buechi of a corporate type for NORM called Rhodesia . In 2009, he made AS Garamond in collaboration with Jonas Voegeli, Zürich for Das Magazine. In 2008, Fleurie (typewriter face) was published. Around 2006, he created Omega Bold (a sans, done with Norm in Zürich; now called Omega CT), AS Turquoise, AS Yellow (a didone), Gallery, and LL Purple (Regular, Italic; a serif typeface published at Lineto and co-designed with Norm).
Initiated as a collaborative type design project by Zurich-based designers Urs Lehni and Lex Trüb, LL Brown (2011, Lineto) has been drawn and developed by Aurèle Sack in the geometric style of Edward Johnston's Johnston (1915) and Arno Drescher's Super Grotesk (1930). LL Brown is being re-launched in 2019 with additional weights, additional non-Latin scripts, and additional Narrow and Condensed cuts.
Finally, Sack published LL Grey (2004-2016) at Lineto.
Lineto link. [Google]
Israeli designer Habib Khoury (born in Fassouta, Upper Galilee, 1967) is presently Executive Creative Director of Avant Design Communications, which specializes in trilingual typography and communications. The type division, AvanType, offers commercial Latin, Arabic and Hebrew typefaces. He holds a Masters degree from Central Saint Martins College in London. Habib spent several years in Haifa, London, and New York, and is now based in Cathedral City, CA.
His Hebrew designs: Casablanca, Derby, Falafil, Girnata, Rituals, Talona. His Latin fonts include Adorey, Alluremda, Granada, Merkory and Stocky. He won an award at Bukvaraz 2001 for Maqsaf. At TDC2 2003, he won a Certificate of Excellence in Type Design for Falafil.
His Arabic typefaces include Chiaka, Ghirnata (1996), Sinan (1992), Alwadi (1996), Onwan (1998), Shallal Ultra Light (1995), Saljook (1997), Barhoom (1995), Alkhoury (1997), Sayaf, Maqsaf and Qasab (1998).
He won an award at TDC2 2006 for Hogariet (2005, a Hebrew face) and at TDC2 2008 for Al Rajhi (an Arabic text family). [Google]
Babylon Schrift Kontor
Commercial German foundry, est. 2000 by Klaus Bartels (1948-2005). BSK also has on board Wolfgang Talke, Bernd Pillich, and the type experts René Kerfante and Frank Sax. It specializes in major text families, mostly based on fonts from the Berthold collection. Bartels was previously responsible for the digitization of that collection at Berthold, so this is a natural progression. Some amount of renaming of the typefaces seems to have been necessary. Partial list: Adlon Sans BSK, Adlon Serif BSK, Admira BSK, Albion Script BSK, Albion Script 2 BSK, Alte Schwabacher BSK, Ancora BSK, Atlantica BSK, Avenue BSK, Babylon Schreibschrift BSK, Baskerville BSK, Baskerville Text BSK, Bodoni BSK, Bodoni Expert BSK, Bodoni Condensed BSK, Bodoni Text BSK, Bodoni Text Expert BSK, Carissa BSK, Caslon Text BSK, Centra BSK, Champion BSK, Cogita BSK, Elega BSK, Fabiana BSK, Fonica BSK, Francesa BSK, Garamond BSK, Garamond Expert BSK, Herold Reklameschrift BSK, KG privata BSK, KG privata II BSK, KG vera BSK, KG vera II BSK, Lettura BSK, Mirage BSK, Mirage Expert BSK, Mirage New BSK, Pintura BSK, Signal BSK, Standard-Grotesk BSK, Standard-Grotesk Condensed BSK, Standard-Grotesk Extended BSK, Standard-Grotesk Classic BSK, Standard-Grotesk Next BSK, SG Next Condensed BSK, SG Next Extended BSK, SG Next Rounded BSK, SG Next Stencil BSK, SG School BSK, SG School 2 BSK, Story BSK, Supersonic BSK, T & T Form BSK, T & T Form Condensed BSK, T & T Form Ey BSK, Tomos-Antiqua BSK, Tomos-Mediaeval BSK, Trump Tower BSK, Unger Fraktur BSK, Walbaum BSK, Walbaum Expert BSK, Walbaum Fraktur BSK, Walbaum Text BSK. I have no idea what happened after Bartels' death--the page disappeared! [Google]
Baramond is a version of the classic Garamond typeface. It is based on Garamond Antiqua and is designed by Jon Wheal. Free. [Google]
Metal type foundry in Northlake, IL and/or Bensenville, IL, still operational in 2007. Also called F&S Type Founders Inc., it was located at 237 S. Evergreen, Bensenville, IL 60106. Some of its types are listed here, but none appear to be original designs. Barco Type Founders [Specimen Book].
Images of some metal typefaces in the Barco collection: AmericanGaramondNo648, AshleyCrawford.png, Binney No. 21, Bon Aire, BulmerRomanNo462, Cameo, CheltenhamWideNo164, CloisterBlackNo95, Comique, ComstockNo202, EleganteNoS106, FigaroNo536, Glamour Medium, Greco Bold, Hauser Script, Hess Neo Bold No. 363, Homewood, Lydian Roman, Matura Scriptorial Caps, Modernistic No. 297, Orplid, Prisma, Punch, Sans Serif Light No. 329, Samson, Scotch Roman No. 36, Spire No. 377, Stymie Medium No. 290, Tangoe, Thello Inline No. 2481, Thello No. 246, TwentiethCenturyUltraboldExtend, Typewriter Type No. 17L. [Google]
Barmoor Foundry showcases handcrafted and script fonts created by Californian illustrator Tracy Sabin. Typefaces from 2016: Lechlade (inspired by the handwriting of the great British pen and ink artists Edward Lear, John Tenniel, E. H. Shepard and Edward Ardizzone), Antibes.
Typefaces from 2017: Barmoor (inspired by Garamond), Nobbin (a quirky children's book font used in the book Nothing To Do).
Typefaces from 2018: P22 Muschamp Pro (P22: midway between a beatnik type and a curly vampire script).
Typefaces from 2019: P22 Schneeberger (a curly and playful handcrafted typeface family). Sabingrafik link.
Typefaces from 2021: P22 Torrone (an art deco script).
P22 link. [Google]
A collection of fonts from Bayer Corp (1995): AlbertusExtraBoldW1, AlbertusMediumW1, AntiqueOliveW1, AntiqueOliveW1Bold, AntiqueOliveW1Italic, AvantGardeBook, AvantGardeBookOblique, AvantGardeDemi, AvantGardeDemiOblique, Bookman, BookmanDemi, BookmanDemiItalic, BookmanItalic, CGOmegaW1, CGOmegaW1Bold, CGOmegaW1BoldItalic, CGOmegaW1Italic, CGTimesW1, CGTimesW1Bold, CGTimesW1BoldItalic, CGTimesW1Italic, CenturySchlbkBold, CenturySchlbkBoldItalic, CenturySchlbkItalic, CenturySchlbkRoman, ClarendonCondensedW1Bold, CoronetW1Italic, GaramondW1Antiqua, GaramondW1Halbfett, GaramondW1Kursiv, GaramondW1KursivHalbfett, Helvetica-Narrow, Helvetica-NarrowBold, Helvetica-NarrowBoldItalic, Helvetica-NarrowItalic, Helvetica, HelveticaBlack, HelveticaBlackOblique, HelveticaBold, HelveticaBoldItalic, HelveticaItalic, HelveticaLight, HelveticaLightOblique, LetterGothicW1, LetterGothicW1Bold, LetterGothicW1Italic, MarigoldW1, PalatinoBold, PalatinoBoldItalic, PalatinoItalic, PalatinoRoman, UniversCondensedW1Bold, UniversCondensedW1BoldItalic, UniversCondensedW1Medium, UniversCondensedW1MediumItalic, UniversW1Bold, UniversW1BoldItalic, UniversW1Medium, UniversW1MediumItalic, ZapfChanceryMediumItalic, ZapfDingbats. See also here. Further fonts are here. Bayer's Courier families for Greek, East-European, Cyrillic, Turkish and Latin. Type 1 collection. All these fonts are in fact part of an old Lexmark printer package. [Google]
Historical typeface, loosely related to Garamond but with sharper serifs. The original is by Venetian Francesco Griffo (1495), created for use in printing De Aetna by Cardinal Pietro Bembo. The cursive is attributed to Giovanantonio Tagliente (1524). Stanley Morison made a metal version at Monotype in 1929.
Ulrich Stiehl says: Bembo recuts sold today by Monotype, Adobe, and Linotype, have short ascenders (b, d, f, k, l) so that the spirit of freedom expressed by this Renaissance typeface gets lost. We offer here a few type specimens of former recuts of the Bembo which was used for the first time in the Latin book "De Aetna" written by "Petrus Bembus" (= Pietro Bembo). You can find gifs in this link of the following: Bembo, hand-composition foundry type (Germany, 1963), Monotype hot-metal composition Bembo (England, 1973), Monotype composition Bembo (Germany, year unknown), Berthold photocomposition Bembo with long ascenders (Germany, 1985), Bembo-Antiqua Series 270 Monotype in all type sizes from 4 pt to 72 pt (Germany, 1966).
For digital versions, see Monotype Bembo. Bembo Book was released by Monotype in 2005. Bitstream's Aldine 401 is a Bembo look-alike. Other digital typefaces include fbb (2014, a free font by Michael Sharpe on the CTAN site), Bemtus (URW), Bamberg Serial (SoftMaker) and Bergamo (SoftMaker).
Mac McGrew writes: Bembo was cut in 1929 by the English Monotype corporation under the direction of Stanley Morison, and shortly thereafter by Lanston Monotype in America. It derives from the first roman type used by Aldus Manutius in the dialogue De Aetna, by Pietro Bembo, printed in Venice in 1495. Punches were cut by Francesco Griffo of Bologna, the designer responsible four years later for the first italic types. This typeface is probably the most popular and successful of the numerous typefaces revived by Morison as typographic adviser to the English company. Morison attributed its success to the fact that "it was inspired not by writing but by engraving; not script but sculpture." The italic is adapted from a 1524 typeface of Giovanni Taglienti, and has a natural grace of its own. English Monotype also made Bembo Bold and Bembo Bold Italic.
Poster by Arturo Gil. Poster by Agustina Fernandez (2013). [Google]
Graduate of the type design program at the University of Reading, who joined House Industries (Wilmington, DE) in 2006 to work as a typeface designer, director, and developer. He also worked with Ken Botnick at emdash. He runs Typefounding, a typeface design and production studio in St. Louis, Missouri. He teaches at Washington University in St. Louis and the Type@Cooper certificate program at Cooper Union, and has taught at the Maryland Institute College of Art and the University of Delaware. He is a partner at XYZ Type with Jesse Ragan.
He designed Katje and Cimarron (2005, University of Reading, a serif family with support for Latin and Greek). Speaker at ATypI 2006 in Lisbon on Python scripts for FontLab and RoboFab. Image.
In 2011, Vincent Pacella, Ben Kiel and Adam Cruz created the fat slab serif face Goliath, based on Film No. 6206 in the PhotoLettering archive. West Barnum Ultra, designed by Dave West and digitized by Ben Kiel&Adam Cruz in 2011, was film no. 5494 in the original Photo-Lettering archive.
At House Industries, he redesigned the iconic Rea Irvin lettering for The New Yorker in September 2013. The typefaces are named New Yorker Irvin and New Yorker Neutraface. In 2012 at House Industries he revived the Photo Lettering Inc font Worthe Numerals, which pushed fat didone to its limits.
Still at House Industries, Christian Schwartz, Mitja Miklavcic and Ben Kiel co-developed Yorklyn Stencil.
Cortado Script (2014) was designed by Jesse Ragan and Ben Kiel. It was inspired by Swedish illustrator's Cecilia Carlstedt's hand-painted lettering. It follows one year after a similar signage script typeface, Carlstedt Script (2013), also co-designed by Jesse Ragan and Ben Kiel---it was a custom signage typeface for Aldo Shoes.
In 2015, Mark van Bronkhorst set up TypoBrand LLC in Berkeley, CA. As part of TypoBrand, he published several typefaces that are modern digital reinterpretations of ATF typefaces. The collection is published by TypoBrand LLC under the names ATF Type or American Type Founders Collection. Ben Kiel co-designed, sometimes with others, classics such as ATF Alternate Gothic (2015), ATF Brush (2015), ATF Egyptian Antique (an expansion of Schraubstadter's Rockwell Antique by Mark van Bronkhorst, Igino Marini, and Ben Kiel), ATF Railroad Gothic (2016), ATF Garamond (2015), ATF Headline Gothic (2015), ATF Livermore Script (by Mark van Bronkhorst, Igino Marini, and Ben Kiel), ATF Poster Gothic (2015) and ATF Wedding Gothic (2015).
At XYZ Type, Ben Kiel co-designed Cortado Script in 2013 with Jesse Ragan and designed the sans typeface Grep (2017).
In 2019, Ben Kiel participated in the development of ATF Franklin Gothic (Mark van Bronkhorst, Igino Marini, and Ben Kiel). A broad and multi-weight interpretation of Morris Fuller Benton's classic from 1905, Franklin Gothic, which only had bolder weights. For the lighter styles, the designers were inspired by Benton's Monotone Gothic.
Girard Sky (2019) is based on Alexander Girard's original typeface for his redesign of Braniff Airways. Working with the original drawings for the photoset typeface found in the Girard archive, the design was revived as part of the Alexander Girard collection. Followed by Girard Slab (2019).
Typefaces from 2020: Ballast (Future Fonts: a condensed slab serif). [Google]
PC-Mac compatible true type fonts primarily intended for the transliteration of Akkadian and Sumerian cuneiform texts. Bendt Alster's page. The fonts made by him from Monotype fonts include the BaBo family (BookmanOldStyle), the BaCesPsB family (CenturySchoolbook), the BaTak family (TimesAkkad), BaGarUni (Garamond Unicode). His BATimesAkkad (2000) is also here. [Google]
Best fonts of 2005 (Jan-Jun): Typographica
The Golden Globe Awards of type design, nominated by regulars at Stephen Coles' Typographica, a selection from the ground up. I feel these are the true winners---unlike all those awards for which one has to apply, pay a fee and be subject to the scrutiny of a "selection committee". Masterfully brought to you by Stephen Coles---bravo! As Stephen himself notes this year (2005), there are three trends: (1) Gone are the days when large commercial outfits put out the bulk of serious type. Nine of the 14 top selections come from one-man studios. Meanwhile, several of the big boys (ITC, Linotype, Monotype, URW) are absent. (2) Nearly every featured font is available in OpenType, and many exclusively so. (3) Xavier Dupré: the Cambodia-based Frenchman is perhaps todays most productive single source of creative type design, rivaled only by Christian Schwartz. Drumrolls:
Honorable mentions: FF Absara Sans (Xavier Dupré), Amor (František Storm), Arrival (Keith Tam), Avebury Black and Open (Jim Parkinson), Ayres Royal (Gert Wiescher), Bembo Book (Robin Nicholas), Bluemlein Scripts (Alejandro Paul), Botanika (Tomáš Brousil), Cabazon (Jim Parkinson), Chocolate (Angel Koziupa and Alejandro Paul), Crank8 (Greg Lindy & Henk Elenga), Deutsche Bahn [PDF] (Christian Schwartz and Erik Spiekermann), Dynasty (Rian Hughes), Fedra Sans Display (Peter Bilak), Flama (Mário Feliciano), Galicia (Rian Hughes), Gill Sans Pro (Monotype), Groovin' (Jason Walcott), Handsome Pro (Nick Shinn), Happy Hour (Jason Walcott), Incognito (Gábor Kóthay), Kaffeesatz (Jan Gerner), Kingfisher (Jeremy Tankard), Lapture (Tim Ahrens), Mashine (Tim Ahrens), Mercury Display & Text (Jonathan Hoefler & Tobias Frere-Jones), Miserichordia (Rian Hughes), Modesto Text (Jim Parkinson), Morice (Stephen Banham), Nerva (Dino dos Santos), Nicholas (Nick Shinn), Ogravan (Tomáš Brousil), Paperback (John Downer), Propane (David Buck), Radiogram (Rian Hughes), Rough Riders and Redux (Michael Hagemann), Sculptura (Jason Castle), ITC Stone Humanist Sans (Sumner Stone), Soap (Ray Larabie), Sovereign (Nick Cooke), Tamarillo (Jason Walcott), Tourette (Jonathan Barnbrook), Wanderer (Michael Hagemann). [Google]
- Lisboa (Ricardo Santos): Hrant Papazian writes: Lisboa harbors the sagacity to merely vie for — and thereby achieve — a simple Iberian warmth, something especially difficult in a sans. In the severely over-crowded field of humanist sans-serifs, Lisboa distinguishes itself through completeness (including expert characters and two numeral styles) and technical sophistication (as in its trapping), but mostly by providing two subtly varied cuts: one that helps exhibit the design's particular character; and another that eschews detail for maximal clarity in small sizes.
- Freight (Joshua Darden). Dyana Weissman: While we move out of the era of the antiseptic sans-serifs, Freight offers refreshing anomalies that warm up the design.[...] This family is insane. Not only because of the 100 styles, but also because of its charming little quirks.
- Ministry Script (Alejandro Paul). Paul Hunt comments: How do you convey sexiness with type? Use a sultry script face. The only thing more typographically titillating might be a set of canoodling ligatures.
- Garamond Premier Pro (Robert Slimbach).
- Deréon (Jean-François Porchez). Chris Rugen writes: When I see Déreon, I see a Whitman and Dalliance mix (two of my favorites) creating something unique. Like Whitman, Deréon gets its body from the Scotch Didone Caledonia.
- Proxima Nova (Mark Simonson). Kyle Hildebrant: It nestles neatly in a place between the geometric, grotesque, and gothic. Its generous x-height, thoughtfully balanced color, and expert typographic features (small caps, text figures, lining figures, etc.) position it as a prime candidate for extended textual setting.
- Zingha (Xavier Dupré, Font Bureau). Norbert Florendo comments: Reviewing Zingha is as delightful as discovering several long lost cases of unreleased ATF hot metal typefaces.
- Vista Sans (Xavier Dupré). Stephen Coles: With its friendly quirks, Vista Sans is a lot like Tarzana — another Emigre font — but succeeds everywhere Tarzana fails. The more distinctive glyphs feel harmonious with the rest of the font, never jarring. Gentle swashes and a large x-height make for a friendly sans that would work just right in so many settings.
- Cézanne Pro (James Grieshaber).
- FF Maiola (Veronika Burian). Dan Reynolds drools: Just when you thought your collection's text categories were set, Veronika Burian burst the stable doors open, reviving the Czech genre and its warm idiosyncrasies. A “warm” typeface? FF Maiola solves this puzzle using discrete play of irregularity and multiple angles, hearkening back to Menhart and Preissig's approaches.
- Maple (Eric Olson). Mark Simonson: Other type designers have mined the 19th century English grotesque, but Eric Olson gives it an energetic crispness which makes earlier attempts seem a bit stuffy. Maple captures the exuberant quirkiness of the grots without slavishly imitating them.
- Garda (Mario Feliciano). William Berkson notes: With great elegance and style—and alternative characters and ligatures—the set offers superb alternatives to Trajan, Optima, and Futura for titling.
- Litteratra (Karsten Lücke). Yippie! Keep it up, Karsten! Joshua Lurie-Terrell: It's a sort of roman amalgam of textura and Schwabacher, channeling the expressionist spirit of Vojtech Preissig. [...] It's an entire historical movement.
- Relato (Eduardo Manso). My compatriot Yves Peters: Emtype Relato combines Dutch purposefulness with Latin sensuality. Its serifs are constructed following a clever principle, and the typefaces look simply gorgeous.
[Association for Insight Meditation (or: Aimwell)]
[ITC Garamond opinion]
Type foundry in Paris, est. 2016 by Jérémie Hornus, who is the design lead. Type designers associated with Black Foundry include Alisa Nowak and Ilya Naumoff. They initially bought the font collection of FontYou. Typefaces not included in the original FontYou collection:
Creative Market link for Black Foundry. [Google]
- Angus (2018). A multiplexed rounded sans typeface family by Elliott Amblard that includes a variable font.
- In 2018, Elliott Amblard and Jérémie Hornus co-designed the information design humanist sans typeface family Drive. It is accompanied by the more typewriter-styles families Drive Mono and Drive Prop, and published by Black Foundry. The fiorms in Drive Mono and Prop are great, but all fonts in Drive are too widely spaced (as are several other fonts in the Black Foundry collection).
- Clother (Jeremie Hornus, Julie Soudanne, Ilya Naumoff, 2017). This geometric sans workhorse covers also Cyrillic, Hebrew and Arabic.
- Vesterbro (Jeremie Hornus, Alisa Nowak, Ilya Naumoff, 2017). High-contrast Latin / Cyrillic typeface with a Viking feel that won an award at Granshan 2017.
- Jeremie Hornus, Gregori Vincens, Yoann Minet, and Roxane Gataud (and possibly Riccardo Olocco) designed the free Google web font Atma for Latin (in comic book style) and Bengali. Github link.
- In 2016, Google Fonts published the free Latin / Bengali signage font Galada (2015). It is based on Pablo Impallari's Lobster (for Latin). The Bengali was developed as a studio collaboration by Jeremie Hornus, Yoann Minet, and Juan Bruce at Black Foundry.
- In 2016, Franck Jalleau designed the monospace sans typeface family Aubusson. Initially designed as a custom typeface by Franck Jalleau for the Cité internationale de la tapisserie d'Aubusson, the monowidth proportions are linked to pattern and tiles arrangements used in tapestry. The retail version of Aubusson offers four weights with matching italics. It was published by Black Foundry.
- Drive (2016). A corporate sans serif family.
- Dragon (2016). A clean sans typeface.
- Galien (2019). By the Black Foundry team, a mix with didone elements in the roman and garalde features in the italic. There is also a variable font with a weight axis.
- A custom sans font family for DS Automobiles (2019).
- Finder is a multiscript typeface developed in 2020 at Black Foundry by Jérémie Hornus, Gaëtan Baehr, Changchun Ye and Zhang Miao. This neutral sans is intended for interface design, and covers Arabic, Cyrillic, Greek, Hangul, Hebrew, Japanese, Latin, Simplified Chinese, Thai and Traditional Chinese.
- Screen Sans (2020). A 14-style sans by Jérémie Hornus and Ilya Naumoff published by Indian Type Foundry.
- Alpine Script: a variable font with four axes including boldness, humanity, and irregularity, made for the identity of the French (Renault) Alpine sports cars.
- Maif (2020). A sans family for the corporate identity of the Mutuelle d'Assurance Automobile des Instituteurs de France.
- In 2017, Jérémie Hornus, Théo Guillard, Morgane Pambrun, Alisa Nowak and Joachim Vu co-designed Bespoke Sans, Bespoke Serif and Bespoke Slab at Fontstore / Fontshare. In 2020, Bespoke Stencil was added.
- Egitto (2020). A huge Egyptian (slab serif) family together with a handy variable font. By Jérémie Hornus and Solenn Bordeau.
- Rowton (2021) is a humanist sans in black, regular and hairline weights, named after Arthur Eric Rowton Gill. It is accompanied by two stencil styles.
- NouvelR (2021). A corporate geometric sans typeface for Renault covering Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, Hebrew, Arabic and Korean. Characterized by a totally square lower case r. All terminal angles are 28 degrees, to align with the angle in Renault's logo.
- Enedis (2022). A commissioned sans.
Blaze Type Foundry (was: Adèle Type Foundry)
Lyon, France-based designer founded first Adèle Type Foundry and in 2018 renamed it Blaze Type Foundry. Creator of these typefaces:
- In 2021, Tim Vanhille, Léon Hugues and Matthieu Salvaggio co-designed the blackletter font Emeritus at Blaze Type.
- Area (2020). Area is a variable typeface family of 88 grotesque fonts. Interestingly, all styles have an inktrapped version.
- Inferi (2019). Inspired by garaldes.
- Oroban (2018). A high-contrast text typeface in six styles, Oroban Masuria & Italic, Oroban Hermonthica & Italic and Oroban Elegans & Italic. The name is unrelated to Hungary's despot, Orban.
- AT Apoc (2017-2018), short for AT Apocalypse. A text typeface that exhibits angst in the face of a bellicose American crackpot. In 2020, varialble and Cyrillic options were added.
- AT Surt (2017). A 54-style Scandinavian sans typeface family, expanded in 2018. In Normal, Expanded and Extended widths.
- Scriptures Memoriam (2017). A didone.
- Scriptures Keops (2017). A didone with angular modifications inspired by blackletter type.
- Arges (2017). A very condensed American headline sans, updated in 2019.
- Osmose (2017). A "neoclassical grotesk". He writes that all of his licenses have been sold. Huh?
- AT Global (2017). A sans.
- Vuit Grotesk (2016). Not part of the Adele collection.
- S1 (2013). A sans typeface designed during his studies at L'École européenne supérieure d'art de Bretagne (2012-2014). Not part of the Adele collection.
- AT Inexpugnable. A free font that was promised for 2017.
- AT Goliath. A free font that was promised for 2017.
Behance link. I Love Typography link. Cargocollective link. Type Network link. [Google]
[T4 Typography AB]
Bolt Cutter Design (or: Mahoney Fine Arts)
Creators in 2008 of a series of detailed free fonts: Eutemia (connected calligraphic script), Deborah Extra Ornaments, Prozac Buzz (grungy and neurotic), Phat Grunge Bold, Metal Macabre (scary), Kremlin-Advisor-Display-Kaps-Bold, Kremlin-Samovar-Extra-Bold, Kremlin-Samovar, KremlinAlexander-Bold, KremlinBolshevik-Bold, KremlinDuma-Bold, KremlinEmpire, KremlinGeorgianI3D, KremlinGrandDuke, KremlinKiev, KremlinOrthodoxChurch, KremlinStarets (all Cyrillic simulation typefaces), Deborah Fancy Dress (saloon font), Deborah (1880s style).
Full list, at the end of 2008: AngstRidden (angst-ridden handwriting, dated 2002 under the label Mahoney Fine Arts), Bolt-Cutter-Light, Bolt-Cutter-Nasty, Bolt-Cutter, CSAR-Italic, CSARVESTMENT (illuminated caps), Bloody Irish Bastard or Congeal (2001), Deborah (Western), DeborahCondensed, DeborahExtrasOrnaments, DeborahFancyDress, Dominatrix, EutemiaI-Italic, EutemiaII-BoldItalic, EutemiaIII-BoldItalic, EutemiaOrnaments, GeneticEngine, GideonPlexus, KREMLINMINISTRY-DemiBoldItalic, Kremlin-Advisor-Display-Kaps-Bold, Kremlin-Samovar-Extra-Bold, Kremlin-Samovar, Kremlin-Soviet-Italic, Kremlin-Tsaritsa-Italic, Kremlin, KremlinAdviser, KremlinAlexander-Bold, KremlinBolshevik-Bold, KremlinComrade, KremlinCzar, KremlinDuma-Bold, KremlinEmperor-Bold, KremlinEmpire, KremlinGeorgianI3D, KremlinGrandDuke, KremlinImperial, KremlinKiev, KremlinKommisar, KremlinKourier-II, KremlinKourierII-Bold, KremlinMenshevik-Bold, KremlinMenshevik-BoldItalic, KremlinMinister-Black, KremlinMinister-Bold, KremlinMinister, KremlinMinisterBlack3D-Bold, KremlinOrthodoxChurch, KremlinPravda-Italic, KremlinPravda, KremlinPremier, KremlinStarets, KremlinSynod, MarquisDeSade, MarquisDeSadeAlternates, MarquisDeSadeOrnaments, Kremlin Chairman, Metal-Macabre, NewSymbolFont, ODINS-SPEAR-HOLLOW (2002, runes), ODINS-SPEAR (runic), OurSacredRights-Bold, PhatGrunge-Bold, Precious (calligraphic), StarmanCrusader, TEK-HED-AGGRESIVE (the TEK (techno) series is from 2003), tEK-HED-ANGRY, TEK-HED-BOLIMIC, TEK-HED-LAZY, TekHedRegular, ThorsHammerCarved (2008, chiseled look), csar, csarparadedress. Fonts from 2009: Vlad tepes II (creepy).
Fonts from 2010: Sarcophagus.
Fonts from 2012: Baris Cerin (a bastardized Garamond caps face).
Fonts from 2013: Precious (connected formal script).
Fontspace link. Open Font Library link for Tyler Schnitzlein. [Google]
Borutta (or: Duce Type)
Borutta (or Duce Type) is the creative studio of über-talented Warsaw-based designer Mateusz Machalski (b. 1989), a graduate of Wydziale Grafiki ASP in 2014, and of Warsaw Academy of Fine Arts. His oeuvre is simply irresistible, charming and a worthy representative of the Polish poster style---witness Alergia (2016), Magiel Pro (2017) and Madiso (2017).
He is the creator of the blackletter-inspired typeface Raus (2012), which also could pass for a Cyrillic simulation font. It was possibly made with Pawel Wypych. He also made Kebab (2012, a fat caps face), Duce (2012, art deco: withdrawn from MyFonts after Charles Borges complained that it was a rip-off of his own Gloria), Fikus (2012), Woodie (2012, a condensed rough wood type face), Polon (2012), Aurora (2012, a German expressionist poster face), Musli (monoline connected script), HWDP (2012, poster font), Wieczorek Script (2012, hand-printed), Hamlet (2012, a sword and dagger typeface, renamed to Prince), Caryca (2012, Cyrillic simulation, done with Pawel Wypych), Bezerro (2012, poster face), Bitmach (2012, pixel face), Meat Script (2012, a caps only market signage brush script), Krac (2012, a tall poster font), Hermes (2012: Ten Dollar Fonts), Berg (2012, a roughened blackletter face), Buldog (2012), Dudu (2012, tall condensed face).
In 2012, Polish designer Wojciech Freudenreich and Mateusz Machalski combined forces to design the techno typeface SYN, which is based on an earlier De Stijl-genre alphabet by Freudenreich. In 2020, they released the free typeface family SYN Nova, which includes additional styles and a variable font.
Machalski likes old wood types, which inspired him in 2012 to publish a wood type collection of weathered display typefaces: Condom, Hype, Whore, Banger, Buka. Elo (2012) and Duce (2012) are fat weathered wood types.
Typefaces made in 2013: Wood Type Collection 2 (which includes Brie, Kaszti, Mader, Modi, Rena, Roast, Ursus), Zigfrid (headline face), Salute (letterpress style), Benito (a letterpress or geometric wood typeface), Bojo (heavy wood style poster face), Picadilly (heavily inktrapped open counter sans family), GIT (a manly headline sans), Lito (an eroded poster typeface), Haine (vernacular caps), Aneba (an organic sans family, renewed in 2016 as Aneba Neue), Vitali (sans), Korpo Serif (slab serif), Korpo Sans (elliptical family; +Greek, +Cyrillic).
Typefaces from 2014: Adagio Slab, Adagio Serif, Adagio Sans (a superfamily not to be confused with the 2006 typeface Adagio Pro by Profonts), Adagio Sans Script, Adagio Serif Script, Adagio Slab Script, Tupperware Pro. Tupper Pro (42 styles) was designed by Mateus Machalski and the RR Donnelley team.
Typefaces from 2015: Tupper Serif (again with RR Donnelley: a custom superfamily for pairing Latin, Cyrillic, Hebrew an Greek; for Tupperware), Vitali Neue, Legato Serif, Corpo Serif, Corpo Sans, Zigfrid, Picadilly (a great ink-trapped sans typeface family with an erect g).
Typefaces from 2016: Nocturne (just like Magiel, this free typeface was designed as part of the Warsaw Types project: this wedge serif text typeface is inspired by the lettering on stone tablets commemorating the victims of World War II, and prewar Jewish shop signage), Favela (an experimental, geometric sans, for headline and fashion magazine use), Gangrena (a weathered typeface system co-designed with Ania Wielunska), Migrena Grotesque (earlier named Enigma Grotesque but probably in view of a clash with the name Enigma used by Jeremy Tankard changed to the appropriately named Migrena Grotesque), Alergia Grotesk (a take on the classical geometric grotesque style, in 60 weights, for Latin, Greek and Cyrillic), Alergia Remix (a hipster / hacker / Futura take on Alergia Grotesque).
Typefaces from 2017: Nocturne Serif, Massimo (copperplate semi-serif influenced by New York; originally called Madison, they were frced to change the name to Massimo), Magiel Pro (a geometric display family influenced by Polish banners from the Russian occupatuon era, 1945-1989; it has a charming Black and a hairline, and covers Cyrillic too).
A particularly intriguing project in 2017 was Bona, which set out to revive and extend Andrzej Heidrich's old typeface Bona. Mateusz Machalski contacted him for advice on the revival project. The resulting typeface families were published by and are available from Capitalics. The centerpiece is the warm and wonderful text typeface Bona Nova. It is supplemented by the extreme contrast typeface family Bona Title and the inline typeface family Bona Sforza. Participants in the project also include Leszek Bielski, Ania Wielunska and Michal Jarocinski. Google Fonts link for Bona Nova. Github link for Bona Nova.
Typefaces from 2018: Bilbao (an innovative blend of sans, slab and mono genres in 18 styles), Cukier (a logo font family inspired by the vernacular typography from Zanzibar).
In 2018, Mateusz Machalski, Borys Kosmynka and Przemek Hoffer co-designed the six-style antiqua typeface family Brygada 1918, which is based on a font designed by Adam Poltawski in 1918. Free download from the Polish president's site. The digitization was made possible after Janusz Tryzno acquired the fonts from Poltawski's estate. The official presentation of the font took place in the Polish Presidential Palace, in presence of the (right wing, ultra-conservative, nationalist, law and order) President of Poland, Andrzej Duda. Calling it a national typeface, the president assured the designers that he would use Brygada 1918 in his office. It will be used for diplomas and various other official forms. In 2021, with Anna Wielunska added to the list of authors, it was added as a variable font covering Latin, Greek and Cyrillic to Google Fonts. Github link.
Typefaces from 2019: Gaultier (a sans family that is based on the styles of Claude Garamond, Robert Granjon and Eric Gill---a serifless Garamond and Gill Sans hybrid; includes a fine hairline weight), Aioli (a commissioned type system), Promo (a rounded sans family), Sigmund (the main style is inspired by the Polish road signage typeface designed in 1975 by Marek Sigmund: With the increase of weight, Sigmund turns into a geometric display in the spirit of vernacular typography from the signs of Polish streets; followed in 2022 by Sigmund Pro (15 styles)), Podium Sharp (based on Dudu, this 234-style family is a hybrid between different old Polish modular and geometric woodtypes such as Rex, Blok and Bacarat; note that 234=2x9x13, so fonts are numbered in Univers style from 1,1 (ultra-compressed hairline) to 9,13 (ultra expanded heavy)), Harpagan (an experiment in reverse and unusual stresses).
Typefaces from 2020: Tyskie (a custom sans for Tyskie Magazine), Habibi Display (an ultra-fat display typeface inspired by bold Arabic headline typefaces), Podium Soft, Afronaut (an experimental Africa-themed font). In 2020, the team at Capitalics in Warsaw, namely Mateusz Machalski, Borys Kosmynka and Ania Wielunska, revived Adam Poltawski's Antykwa Poltawskiego (1928-1931) as Poltawski Nowy.
Typefaces from 2021: Alfabet (a 20-style Swiss-inspired sans with narrow connectors, with support for Latin (+Vietnamese), Greek and Cyrillic scripts, including Ukrainian, Bulgarian and Serbian forms), Change Serif (a 10-style Robert Granjon-genre garalde designed as a part of Mateusz Machalski's PhD project, carried out in 2015-2021; the main goal was to create a typeface allowing for the typesetting of complex humanistic texts, containing many historical letterforms; each font contains 4000 glyphs and covers Latin, Cyrillic and Greek), Engram (a soft geometric sans family in 22 styles; close to his own earlier font, Enigma, 2016).
Typefaces from 2022: Yalla (inspired by Arabic headline type).
Home page. Behance link. Personal Behance link. Behance link for Duce Type. Another link. Fontsquirrel link. [Google]
Garamond Corpvs (2017) is a typographical set of posters created by Swedish illustrator and typographer Björn Johansson (Stockholm) as an in-depth pseudo-scientific research about the shapes of the Latin letters. The project is based on Geoffroy Tory's book Champ Fleury from 1529. Behance link. [Google]
Bund für Liturgie und Gregorianik
[Holger Peter Sandhofe]
The defunct site www.nocturnale.de had commercial music fonts by Holger Peter Sandhofe (1972-2005) from Bonn:
- Hufnagelnotation, Quadratnotation and Medicaeanotation: medieval notations for Gregorian chants.
- HPS Antiphonale, Solesmes, and HPS Vatikan-Initialen (from the 15th century): decorative iniial caps fonts.
- HPS Garamond: a medieval text font family in Normal, Kursiv, Fett and Fett-Kursiv.
Greek commercial foundry specializing in Greek fonts, founded in 1995 by Yiannis Kouroudis (b. 1962) and Panagiotes (Panos) Haratzopoulos (b. 1967). Regulars include Y. Kouroudis, T. Katsoulidis, D. Arvanitis, H. Charalambous and A. Bakas. Some fonts are Greek extensions of the major Western fonts (such as the fonts from Emigre, Berthold Types, FontShop, Commercial Type, Font Bureau, House Industries).
Original fonts include CF2 Allegro, CF2 Ancient Symposium, CF2 Anteus, CF2 Baby, CF2 Bac, CF2 Bar, CF2 Big, CF2 Bizzare, CF2 BlastGothic, CF2 Bloco, CF2 Compacta Greek, CF2 Criton, CF2 Daphne, CF2 Darkroom, CF2 Deconstruction, CF2 Demo, CF2 Derrida, CF2 DiscoVolante, CF2 DogEatDog, CF Dromon (2014-2015: a revival of the Greek traffic signage font that in turn was initially designed and adopted by the Ministry of Public Works in 1974 based on an adaptation of the British model designed by Jock Kinneir and Margaret Calvert in the 1960s), CF2 Eteocles, CF2 Fat, CF2 Garamond Greek, CF2 Holly, CF2 HotMetal, CF2 Initials, CF Klak (designed by Vassilis Georgiou, Yiannis Karlopoulos and Panos Haratzopoulos, based on Greek movie posters from the 40s, 50s and 60s), CF2 KouroudisGraffiti, CF2 KouroudisSelect, CF2 Leda, CF2 Leftism, CF2 Liar, CF2 Marker, CF2 Matrix, CF2 Milk, CF2 Nervoso, CF2 Newspaper, CF2 Note, CF2 Painter, CF2 Poster, CF Salamis (designed by Vassilis Georgiou, Yiannis Karlopoulos and Panos Haratzopoulos), CF2 Sans, CF2 Semplice, CF2 Smooth, CF2 Sophia, CF2 Stamp, CF2 Stencil, CF2 Stonepen, CF2 Suprematica, CF2 Twins, CF2 Type, CF2 Undo, CF2 Urania, CF2 Venus, CF2 Vivace, CF2 X-Ray, Rotis Semi, Perpetua Hellenic, Serif Hellenic, Bolt Hellenic, Conduit Hellenic, Franklin Gothic Hellenic, Gill Sans Hellenic, Goudy Hellenic, Kabel Hellenic, Legacy Sans Hellenic, Meta FF Greek, Officina Hellenic, Perpetua Hellenic, Rotis Hellenic and Stone Sans Hellenic.
The designers include Demetres Arbanites (b. 1948), Yiannis Karlopoulos (b. 1967), Takis Katsoulides (designer of the Byzantian typeface Genesis Polytonic), Yiannis Kouroudis (b. 1962), Paris Koutsikos (b. 1967), Aggelos Mitakas (b. 1954), Vladimir Radibratovic (b. 1962, educated in Belgrade), Konstantinos Spaliaras (b. 1971), Blases Foteinos (b. 1968), Ektor Haralamitous (b. 1945), Panagiotes (Panos) Haratzopoulos (b. 1967).
Haratzopoulos and Bilak (Typotheque) made Fedra Serif Greek (2003). Their news page is handy.
New releases in 2005: Autokratorika, DIN Greek, Fedra Sans, Fedra Serif A Greek, Fedra Serif B Greek, Joanna Hellenic, Meta FF Greek, Perpetua Hellenic, Rotis Sans Hellenic, Rotis Serif/SemiSerif Hellenic, Zine FF Sans Display Greek, Zine FF Serif Display Greek.
Panos Haratzopoulos is the main contributor to Cannibal. Designer of Greek versions of FontFont fonts (e.g., Instant Types Greek, Isonorm Greek, and Meta 1 Greek), House Industries (Chalet Greek and Neutraface Condensed Greek in 2010, Neutra in 2007), Garagefonts (Freight Display and Big, in 2007), Typetrust (Kari in 2007), Monotype (Davison American Greek in 2007-2008), Commercial Type (2011, Stag Greek and Stag Sans Greek), Lineto (2011, Gravur Condensed), Font Bureau (Sloop Greek in 2008, Heroun Sans in 2007 [for Men's Health Magazine], Griffith Gothic (in 2005), Berthold Types (in 2005-2006: Block, Bodoni Old Face, Akzidenz-Grotesk, Formata and Imago), Typotheque (in 2003: Fedra Serif Greek, done with Peter Bilak), Emigre (Template Gothic, 2003, Keedy (2003), Cholla (2003), Arbitrary (2003) and Mason (2003)).
Custom fonts include Dimokratia (2010, for the Dimokratia daily), Wunderman Pencil (2011, for Wunderman AE), FF Unit Slab Greek (2009, by Panos for the Metro newspaper), Le Corbusier Greek (2009, based on a Nico Schweizer font, for Homme Magazine), Farnham Greek (by Panos for Eleftheros Typos based on FB Farnham by Christian Schwarz). Panos made three versions of Gotham Greek between 2004 and 2007 for different newspapers, Macedonia, Eleftheros and Domino. Panos and Yiannis Karlopoulos did custom work for Maxim Magazine in 2005, producing Proteus Project (originally a HFJ font) and Griffith Gothic Greek. Irene Vlachou and Panos created Amplitude and Franklin Antiqua Greek for AutoBild in 2007, and Esquire and Crank Greek for Esquire in 2004.
Corporate fonts include a Greek version of Neoritmo (Claudio Piccinini) for the titles of the Benaki Museum's new website, Yamaha Hellas (a Greek version of Yamaha Koolhoven, 2001), Ballisage Greek (2007, Irene Vlachou, for Leroy Merlin), Tartine Script Greek (2005, by panos for Uphill/Nestea), Urania Sato (2007, based on CF Urania), FNAC Greek (2008, based on the FNAC chain font by Olivier Nineuil originally done in 2005).
The font Gill Sans Hellenic (2000) was chosen for the corporate identity of the Olympic Games of Athens in 2004. The Greek version was designed by Hector Charalambous and was art directed by Panayiotis Haratzopoulos after permission for hellenization was given by Monotype. The font is available from Greek Digital Types.
In 2013, John Karlopoulos, Vassilis Georgiou, and Panos Haratzopoulos co-designed the signage typeface CF Majestic (2013).
In 2014, Cannibal published Genesis. In 2015, they added the Greek script font Red Script. In 2016, Vassilis Georgiou, Yiannis Karlopoulos and Panos Haratzopoulos co-designed the calligraphic script typeface CF Ariston and the connected script typeface CF Astir. In 2017, Vassilis Georgiou, Yiannis Karlopoulos and Panos Haratzopoulos co-designed the Greek brush script typeface CF Splendid (with two substyles, Serano and Special).
In 2021, Haratzopoulos released CF Modern Grotesk at Fonts.Gr. This almost monolinear sans attempts to be neutral in the Helvetica and Univers genre. It include variable fonts.
Alternate URL. FontShop link. Klingspor link. Behance link. [Google]
Renowned Canadian type and graphic designer (b. Welland, Ontario, 1912, d. 1967 from a heart attack on a flight between New York and Toronto). He ran the Eveleigh-Dair Studio from 1947-1951 in Montreal with partner Henry Eveleigh. He worked mainly as a freelance designer, was department store art director and even typographic director for the National Film Board of Canada (1945). Dair lectured on typography at the Ontario College of Art between 1959 and 1962, and taught for a couple of years at the Jamaica School of Arts and Crafts. In 1956 and 1957 he received an RSC fellowship to study type design and manufacture in the Netherlands. During this period he had the opportunity to study metal type and hand-punching at Enschedé Foundry in Haarlem, where he created a silent film called Gravers and Files documenting one of the last great punchcutters, P. H. Rädisch. There is a beautiful modern version of the movie with voiceover by Matthew Carter.
He created Canada's first roman typeface, Cartier (1967, MonoLino Typesetting Company Limited) for Canada's centennial. Cartier was unfinished when he died. Rod McDonald finished it, to become a working and much larger typeface family called Cartier Book in 2000. Cartier has a sequel: Raleigh (Ingrama, 1977), co-designed by Robert Norton, David Anderson and Adrian Williams is sold by Bitstream, Adobe, Linotype, Paratype, and URW++. It is characterized by a bloated belly N. Raleigh was produced in 1977 by Robert Norton, and was based on Carl Dair's Cartier typeface. It was renamed Raleigh after Dair's death. Adrian Williams added three weights for a display series, and Robert Norton designed the text version. Several typefaces were influenced by Cartier. These include Ludwig Ubele's award-winning FF Tundra (2011). For a full revival, including both a facsimile and an interpretation, see Nick Shinn's Dair (2017).
Author of Design with Type (1952, revised and expanded in 1967 and republished by the University of Toronto Press (First Edition) in 2000). He also wrote several wonderful short treatises on various topics in type design. John Berry discusses Dair's seven different kinds of contrast, size, weight, form, structure, texture, color and direction.
FontShop link. Klingspor link. [Google]
Designer of the free font "Greek Garamond". The page also archives some fonts by others, such as Academiury-ITV, CopticNormal, CopticNormal_II, Cyrillic-Regular, Greek-garamond-1.1, Greek-garamond, Greek, Linear-B, Masis, Ultima-Runes----ALL-CAPS, gothic-1. [Google]
Graduate of the ECV in Paris who lives in Barcelona. In 2016, she designed the garalde typeface Jannon CC, which is inspired by the XVIIth century Rabelais Jannon. Behance link. [Google]
[Christian "Cinga" Thalmann]
Catharsis is located in Leiden, The Netherlands. Before that, Christian Thalmann's page Cinga.ch was run out of Switzerland, when he was a student at ETH Zürich. Thalmann is an astrophysicist by training.
Catharsis had free typefaces such as the great Arabic simulation typeface Catharsis Bedouin (2004), CatharsisCircular, CatharsisRequiem (a unicase pair), CatharsisRequiemBold, CatharsisCargo, Cirnaja Bookhand and Cirnaja Calligraphy (made for his artificial language, Obrenje), Catharsis Macchiato (2005), CatharsisEspresso (2005).
At Catharsis, the commercial foundry, he published Octant in 2013: Octant is an original steampunk display typeface drawing inspiration from Victorian-age steel and brass engineering, as well as from blackletter typography. Gryffensee (2013, in styles called Eins, Zwei and Drei) is designed to be the Futura of blackletter, combining the time-honored gravity and relentlessness of the Gothic script with the clean, contemporary freshness of the geometric sans. It also covers Cyrillic.
Backstein (2013), baked brick, took its inspiration from the broken antiqua lettering in Berlin's old subway stations.
Volantene Script (2013) is a (free) uncial display typeface inspired by the penmanship of Lady Talisa Maegyr-Stark as seen on HBO's Game of Thrones. Numina (2013, Glamour and Glory substyles) is an extensive condensed fashion-oriented typeface family related to Skyline and Corvinus.
Maestrale (2013) adds calligraphic and flamboyant extenders to a decorative text typeface for a dramatic effect. Choose between Maestrale Manual (swashy) and Manuale Text.
Blumenkind (2013) is inspired by an instance of metal-strip lettering found on the Bürgermeister Kornmesser Siedlung residential building complex in Berlin from the 1960s.
Brilliance (2013) is a glamorous contemporary display blackletter combining the rich tapestry of Textura with a hint of the airy lightness of Spencerian script. Let's say that it is a light-hearted Textura.
In 2015, he made the free 45-style classic serif typeface family Cormorant, which includes several unicase fonts. This typeface started out in 2014 as Paramond, a light, contrasted, space-taking Garalde with impossibly tiny counters and long extenders. Links to the Google Font directory: Cormorant, Cormorant Garamond, Cormorant Infant, Cormorant SC, Cormorant Unicase, Cormorant+UprightCormorant Upright. See also CTAN.
In 2016, he created the humanist geometric sans typeface family Quinoa for Latin, Cyrillic, Greek and Hebrew.
Typefaces from 2017: Tesserae (kitchen tile style), Traction. Traction was originally conceived and designed by Christian Thalmann. Chiara Mattersdorfer and Miriam Suranyi expanded, completed and produced the font family. This typeface sports signature serifs, soft edges and a fluid, organic design.
In 2018, Christian started work on a blackletter-themed stencil typeface, first called Komik Ohne (the German for Comic Sans) and later named Kuschelfraktur (2019).
Between 2016 and 2019, he developed Eau de Garamond---a sans distilled from the essence of Garamond---, which was later renamed Ysabeau. Github link. In 2020, we find another fork, Isabella Sans.
Overbold (2019) is described by him as follows: Overbold is an unapologetic display typeface inspired by an illustration in Eric Gill's Essay on Typography (p.51), in which he demonstrates how not to make letters. In particular, he shows that increasing the weight of the downstroke in a serif A without structural adjustments yields an absurd, overbold result. I found the letter so charming that I decided to blatantly disregard Gill's wisdom and draw an entire overbold typeface. Here is the result. I'm not sorry.
1001 fonts link. Yet another URL. Fontspace link. Behance link. Klingspor link. Dafont link. Open Font Library link. Github link. [Google]
Charles Hedrick on fonts for laser printers
Charles Hedrick explains on abf: "Bembo is a wonderful font when properly printed. Possibly if you're setting a book it would be a good choice. But for a laser printer it's too light. A better alternative is Bitstream Aldine 401, which is based on the same originals but slightly darker. However the Bitstream version doesn't have small caps or text figures, which you really want. I would be inclined to use a Garamond or perhaps Minion instead. I believe Minion was intended specifically as a replacement for TNR. Of course if you really want flair, Galliard would be a possibility, but I think it's too contrasty for use with a laser printer. In print it's a bit better. My personal favorite is Simoncini Garamond (in the Scangraphic version, because it has SC/OSF). It's light, but it is sufficiently even that this isn't a problem. However it's got too much "character" for most of what I do. At the moment I'm using DTL Documenta as my standard. It's straightforward, good-looking, robust enough for laser printing, and very expensive." [Google]
Chauncey H. Griffith
Kentucky-based type designer and printer, 1879-1956. He was a Linotype salesman who directed the growth of the Linotype library from 1915 to 1948, and improved the look of the world's newspapers. He worked to establish Linotype as the composing machine of choice in America. He continued as a consultant to Linotype well into his retirement.
Claus Eggers Sorensen writes: In 1922 Chauncey H. Griffith was promoted to Vice President of Typographic Development at Mergenthaler Linotype. He immediately started the development of new typefaces to replace the prevailing modern style typefaces. The issue troubling the moderns was their high contrast design. Especially the hairline parts of the cast lines could break of while printing, and counters could clog with ink and pulp. Faster printing meant transferring the cast lines with the stereotype process to a letterpress cylinder for high-speed rotary printing on endless rolls of paper stock. C. H. Griffith's new approach was to engineer new typefaces to the printing method. That meant drawing inspiration from the Egyptienne style as seen in the Clarendon typeface, with its very sturdy lower contrast design, and Theodore Low De Vinne and Linn Boyd Benton's Century Roman, which possessed elegance and legibility. The first product of these efforts was Ionic No. 5. It was an instant success, within eighteen months it was used by more than 3000 newspapers all over the world. C. H. Griffith and Mergenthaler Linotype continued to refine the design in subsequent iterations: Excelsior (1931), Paragon (1935), Opticon (1935), Corona (1941). These became known as the Legibility group. Ionic No. 5, Excelsior and Paragon form the Linotype Legibility Group.
He designed or co-designed the following fonts, all at Mergenthaler:
- Baskerville (1939, Linotype).
- Bell Gothic (1937-1938). Now available at Bitstream. Font Bureau has its own version, Griffith Gothic (1997-2000, by Tobias Frere-Jones): Of all his work, Chauncey Griffith claimed one type, Bell Gothic, as his own design. Griffith Gothic is a revival of the 1937 Mergenthaler original, redrawn as the house sans for Fast Company. Tobias Frere-Jones drew a six weight series from light and bold, removing linecaster adjustments and retaining the pre-emptive thinning of joints as a salient feature. Mac McGrew: Bell Gothic was developed in 1937 by C. H. Griffith of Mergenthaler Linotype, primarily for use in the New York City telephone directory, but quickly became standard for telephone books nationwide. The aim was to eliminate roman types with objectionably thin serifs and hairlines. Furlong and Market Gothic were specialized adaptations of this typeface for newspaper work, the former with special figures and other characters for setting racetrack results, the latter in 1941 with other special characters for stock market details. The basic Bell Gothic was also cut by Intertype in 1939. Compare No. 11 and No. 12, shown under Numbered Faces, previously used for directory work. Imitations include OPTI Benet (Castcraft). Poster by Jaime Schweitzer. View digital versions of Bell Gothic.
- Bookman (1936, after the 1960 original by Alexander Phemister at Kingsley ATF).
- Corona (1941), a narrow newspaper typeface with large x-height. Corona was designed to meet the rigorous requirements of high-speed printing, and is still the chosen type of many American daily newspapers. Mac McGrew: Corona was drawn and cut by Linotype under the direction of C. H. Griffith in 1941. It is a member of the "Legibility Group" of faces designed for easy reading under newspaper conditions of stereotyping and high-speed printing with inks that could be trapped in close quarters. Royal on Intertype is a 1960 copy of Corona. Digital revivals include C795 Roman (Softmaker), News 705 BT (Bitstream).
- Elegant Garamond (Bitstream). This Granjon design was made by Chauncey H. Griffith based on models by George William Jones, and before that, Robert Granjon.
- The didone-style newspaper typeface Excelsior (1931, Linotype). At Bitstream, this is News 702. URW calls it Excius, and SoftMaker's version is Exemplary. Mac McGrew: Excelsior was cut for Linotype in 1931 under the direction of C. H. Griffith. It is a plain type, but designed for the utmost readability, with only slight variation from thick to thin, and careful fitting that makes the characters flow into easily recognizable words. Long or short descenders are available in certain sizes. Like a number of Linotype typeface intended primarily for newspaper work, Excelsior is available in closely graded sizes, including odd and some half-point multiples.
- Granjon (1928-1930, with George William Jones at Linotype). MyFonts: Claude Garamond's late Texte (16 point) roman was the model used by George W. Jones when he designed this typeface for Linotype&Machinery in 1928. To avoid confusion with the Garamond romans based on Jannon's seventeenth century work, L&M called the typeface Granjon, after the designer of the italic used as a model, thus creating confusion with the typefaces based on Granjon's romans, Plantin and Galliard. Granjon is a little less crisp in cut than either Sabon, Stempel Gararmond or Berthold Garamond, but makes a magnificent and most readable text face, as shown in Reader's Digest since its founding. Mac McGrew: Granjon was designed for Linotype in 1928 by George W. Jones, distinguished English printer, to meet his own exacting requirements for fine book and publication work. It is derived from classic Garamond sources, but with refinements made possible by modern methods of punch cutting. In fact, one critic has called it "the purest form of Garamond." It is named for Robert Granjon, mid-sixteenth-century punch cutter noted in particular for his italics, from which the present Granjon Italic was derived. Granjon Bold, by C. H. Griffith, was added in 1931. Lanston Monotype acquired reproduction rights to the typeface from Mergenthaler.
- Ionic No. 5 (Linotype, 1925). Mac McGrew: Ionic is a general name for a style of typeface which is closely related to the Clarendons (q.v.). Plain, sturdy designs with strong serifs and little contrast, the Ionics were popular in the latter part of the nineteenth century. Although many founders offered them, they were generally gone by early in this century. A few received a new lease on life when they were copied by Monotype, Linotype, or Intertype. Two new Ionics appeared in this century. Ionic No.5 was designed by C. H. Griffith in 1926 for Linotype, as a newspaper text face. It features a large lowercase with short ascenders and descenders, with no fine lines or serifs to break down in stereotyping, and no small openings to fill up with ink. This is one of a few typefaces made in many closely graded sizes: 5-, 51/2-, 6-, 61/2-, 63/4-, 7-, 71/2-, 8-, 9-, 10-, and 12-point. Intertype's Windsor, developed in 1959, is comparable. Ionic Condensed was designed by Griffith in 1927, also for Linotype. It is a refinement of traditional designs, intended for newspaper head- ings, and has most of the general characteristics of the text face. Ionic Extra Condensed is essentially the same, a little narrower and without lowercase, also for newspaper headlines.
- Janson (1932). Mac McGrew: Janson is adapted from types often attributed to Anton Janson, seventeenth-century Dutch letter founder, although researchers have shown that the originals were cut by Nicolas Kis, a Hungarian punchcutter and printer. The Linotype version was done in 1932 under the direction of C. H. Griffith, based on the 14-point size of about 1660. The Monotype version was adapted by Sol Hess in 1936, in collaboration with Bruce Rogers. Both versions are sharp and clear cut, and rather compact. They bear some resemblance to the types of William Caslon, which were based on later, similar Dutch types.
- Memphis (1929): the prototypical Egyptian of Rudolf Wolf. Mac McGrew: Memphis is the Linotype copy of the popular German square-serif typeface known as Memphis or Girder, designed by Rudolf Weiss about 1929, which did much to revive interest in this old style. Memphis Light and Bold were introduced by Linotype in 1933, Italics and Unique Caps in 1934, Medium in 1935, and other variations up to 1938. The Extra Bold versions were designed by C. H. Griffith. Alternate characters are available in some versions to more nearly approximate the appearance of Stymie or Beton (q.v.). The Lining versions are comparable to small caps in the regular versions, being propor- tionately wider and heavier than caps, and have no lowercase; there are several sizes each in 6- and 12-point, permitting various cap-and-small-cap combinations, in the manner of Copperplate Gothic. Also see Ward; compare Cairo, Karnak. Digital versions are everywhere. The Bitstream version is Geometric Slabserif 703.
- Linotype Monticello was designed by Griffith in 1946. Its design is based on James Ronaldson's Roman No.1 and Oxford Typefaces from American Type Founders and was revised by Matthew Carter while he was working at Linotype between 1965-1981. Mac McGrew: Monticello is a Linotype recreation of America's first great typeface, Binny&Ronaldson's Roman No.1, cut about 1796 by Archibald Binny in Philadelphia. His was the first permanent American type foundry. After about 30 years, the Binny typeface fell into disuse. The matrices survived, though, and a few fonts were cast about 1892 and the typeface was renamed Oxford (q. v.). In 1943 Princeton University Press announced plans for publishing a 52-volume edition of The Papers of Thomas Jefferson. As President, Jefferson had personally written to friends in France, introducing a Binny&Ronald- son representative who was seeking a source of antimony to replenish the shortage which threatened the young typefounding industry in this country. Jefferson also referred in this letter to the importance of type to civilization and freedom. In addition, the popularity of this typeface coincided with the most prominent years of Jefferson's life. Therefore Linotype suggested that a recutting of the typeface would be most appropriate for the Jefferson books, and the publisher heartily agreed. C. H. Griffith, Linotype typographic consultant, made a detailed study of Binny's type and redrew it in 1946 for the requirements of Linotype composition and modern printing conditions. It is a vigorous transitional face, somewhat similar to Baskerville but slightly heavier and a little crisper.
- Opticon (1935, Linotype). Mac McGrew: Opticon was designed in 1935 by C. H. Griffith for Linotype. It is a member of what that supplier calls its Legibility Group of typefaces designed primarily for newspaper use. It is essentially the same as Excelsior, but with stems and thick lines weighted slightly, for printing on hard-surfaced paper.
- Paragon (1935, Linotype). Mac McGrew: Paragon was designed by C. H. Griffith for Linotype in 1935. It is a member of that company's Legibility Group of typefaces, planned primarily for sharp and clean printing under the difficult inking and printing conditions of newspaper production, but also useful and popular for other periodical work. This typeface is lighter and airier than most such typefaces; otherwise it is much the same style. Compare Excelsior, Ionic, Opticon, Textype.
- Poster Bodoni (1920). Digital versions of Poster Bodoni or a textured ornamental version of it include Poster Bodoni (Bitstream), Modern 721 (Bitstream), OPTI Poster Bodoni Compressed (Castcraft), Bodoni Poster (Softmaker), Bodnoff (Corel), Poster Bodoni (Tilde), Poster Bodoni WGL4 (Bitstream), Saphir (Linotype), Bodoni Poster (Linotype), Bodoni poster (Adobe; same as the Linotype version), and Bodoni Ornamental (FontMesa).
- Ryerson Condensed was designed by C. H. Griffith in 1940 for Linotype, as a modernization of Globe Gothic Condensed.
- Textype (1929, Linotype). Mac McGrew: Textype was designed in 1929 by C. H. Griffith for Linotype. Although intended as a newspaper face, Textype with its smaller x-height and longer ascenders than most newspaper typefaces also became popular for magazines and other publications, as well as for a certain amount of advertising and general printing. There is an 18-point size in roman with italic, also a bold and bold italic. The 18-point size and the bold italic are both rare in newspaper typefaces. Compare Excelsior, Ionic, Rex, etc.
- Non-Latin typefaces: Porson and Metro Greek; thirteen Arabic designs adaptable for use throughout the Moslem world; Hebrews; the Indian scripts devanagari, Gujarati, and Bengali; Sinhalese for use in Ceylon, Tamil, and Syriac.
Klingspor link. Linotype link. FontShop link. Font Bureau link. Pic. [Google]
Choice of Garamond
A comparison (in Japanese) between Stempel Garamond, Garamond 3 (Monotype), ITC Garamond, Adobe Garamond and Sabon. [Google]
Choice of Garamond
Apostrophe has this to say about the choice of one of the many Garamonds.
- Stempel Garamond: the mainstream closest you will find to the original. Not much variety there though: 8 fonts at Lino/Adobe, include bold, italic, bold italic, OsF across the board, and roman small caps, but that's about it.
- Adobe Garamond: a lot of variety there, but while the main weights were based on Garamond's punches, the italics were based on Granjon's work (so they're not true Garamond).
- Monotype's Garamond: great fonts there. Based on Jannon's work, mind you, not Garamond's. Very nice expert sets and swashes.
- ITC Garamond: also based on Jannon's stuff, but I don't recommend it at all. It's umm, say, quirky in many respects. Adobe has a multiple master version of it too.
- Berthold Garamond: good set with some variety, but also based on Jannon's copies of Garamond's types.
- Granjon: just 6 fonts at Lino/Adobe, based on Granjon's work, which is very similar to Garamond (those two were contemporaries, if I remember correctly).
- Sabon: 8 fonts, romans based on original Garamond, italics based on Granjon's work.
- Garamond 3: 8 fonts at Lino/Adobe, based on Jannon's work (as copied by Benton at ATF, I think). Not much variety there.
- Simoncini Garamond: authentic enough, but no variety at all. A bit lighter than the rest too. 3 fonts at Lino/Adobe.
- 1530 Garamond, by Ross Mills at Tiro: this one is certainly based on Garamond's work, but the design turned out to be good for only display, and really bad for text (the c and e are too closed for 14 and under, for instance).
- And of course, my favourite of all digital Garamonds is called Augereau (named after Claude Garamond's teacher). It is the most authentic digitization I have ever seen of Garamond's work, and it's full of variety. 28 weights of sheer beauty. Unfortunately, it is too expensive to buy and available for purchase only from George Abrahms himself (the guy who digitized it), who happens to now be a very old man in upstate New York.
Choice of Garamond (2)
Thierry Bouche replies to Apostrophe's list above.
- Sabon claims to be very close to some punches that ended up in Germany for some reason (beware, the digital version keeped all stupid design distortions imposed by the linotype technology, its italic should be avoided but the roman is pretty nice). Imho, the most faithful to the punches in Plantin museum at Antwerp is Adobe Garamond -- the spacing was tightened, though).
- Stempel Garamond: The weight is somehow too heavy, the f too short, it's less curly than Garamont's fonts, it is also limited by linotype low typographic abilities...
- Adobe Garamond: yes, and they fit rather well, though the lower contrast of the italics modify the colour if you use it too extensively.
- Monotype's Garamond: Sure, but soooo light (goes back to this period where monotype used to do the digital versions after the punches, not taking into account the ink spread in the actual print process)
- ITC Garamond: it's a funny display font, accidentally called a garamond...
- Berthold Garamond: I like that one. Less grace than Adobe's, but really efficient for long texts readings. Rather bold in contrast to the others listed here. I don't believe the Jannon heritage, it's quite close to Sabon, the italics don't have the baroque aspects of Jannon's (very wide x, different slopes between letters, caps almost verticals...)
- Granjon: Someone quite knowledgeable said here that Granjon was some interpolation between Garamond and Caslon: it has more a transitional contrast and weight, and wider width than legacy garamonds. I think the italic is quite near to Granjon's, but the roman is a recent invention.
- 1530 Garamond: Agreed, this one is perfect baroque music flyers or theater posters, not much for text.
Choice of Garamond (3)
Choices of Garamond families include
Charles Hedrick from Rutgers University writes: "At least half of the fonts called Garamond (including ITC Garamond) are based on work by Jean Jannon. He lived about a century after Garamond. His work was improperly identified early in the 20th Cent. Even though people know better now, people continue selling Jannon's fonts under the name Garamond. The most common versions are probably MT Garamond (which is the version of Garamond included with many Microsoft products) and Simoncini Garamond. In contrast to these, which are intended as fairly accurate versions, ITC Garamond is highly modified. I don't think it is intended to be a revival. I believe it was intended for display. However I think it looks rather nice as a text font in the O'Reilly books. Authenticity isn't everything." [Google]
- Adobe Garamond (1989, Robert Slimbach)
- Amsterdam Garamont or ATF Garamond (1917, Thomas Maitland Cleland and Morris Fuller Benton). Check Garamont Amsterdam from Elsner&Flake or Scangraphic. For the digital era, we have ATF Garamond (2015, Mark van Bronkhorst, Igino Marini, & Ben Kiel), an 18-style family based on the Garamond designed between 1918 and 1923 by Morris Fuller Benton and Thomas M. Cleland at ATF.
- Berthold Garamond (1972, Günter Gerhard Lange)
- FontBureau Garamond Light (1929 Ludlow: Douglas Crawford McMurtrie and Robert Hunter Middleton; 1992 Font Bureau: Jill Pichotta)
- ITC Garamond (1975-77, Tony Stan)
- Monotype Garamond (1922) or Garamond No 3 (1925, Monotype staff)
- Simoncini Garamond (1958-61, F. Simoncini and W. Bilz)
- Stempel Garamond (1924-1925, Stempel staff; the Bitstream version is Aldine 430)
Choice of Garamond (4)
Robundo Publishing (Tokyo) shows various Garamond types side by side. [Google]
Choice of Garamond (5)
Susanna Wong Herndon discusses the right fonts for the job. Bitstream alone offers these Garamond typefaces, renaming them to make things more "interesting": [Google]
Choice of Garamond (6)
Linotype's offerings of Garamond, with all Linotype comments:
- Stempel Garamond (D. Stempel AG, 1925): The famous Stempel Garamond interpretation of the 1920s remains true to the Original Garamond font with its typical Old Face characteristics. The bold italic was a modern addition at the end of the 1920s and the small caps provided an alternative to the standard capital letters. Since its appearance, Stempel Garamond has been one of the most frequently used text fonts. Stempel Garamond is available in four weights with Small Caps, Old Style Figures and Euro symbol.
- Adobe Garamond (Robert Slimbach, 1989): This relatively new interpretation of Garamond, designed by Robert Slimbach, is based on the Original Garamond as a typical Old Face style. However, this font has been expanded to include small caps, expert fonts, and calligraphic caps which were typical of the 15th and 16th centuries. Adobe Garamond is available in six weights with Small Caps, Old Style Figures and Euro symbol.
- ITC Garamond (Tony Stan, 1977): The ITC Garamond went through so many changes that it has only a few characteristics tying it to the Original Garamond. Designer Tony Stan applied a completely new concept in composing the lower case letters of all cuts with a larger x-height. This improved legibility and gave ITC Garamond the popularity it enjoys, especially in advertisements and manuals and handbooks. ITC Garamond is available in eight weights plus eight condensed weights and with Euro symbol.
- ITC Garamond Handtooled (Edward Benguiat, 1993): A handtooled version of the black and black italic for packaging, book jackets and poster design.
- Simoncini Garamond (Francesco Simoncini, 1961): Simoncini Garamond was designed by Francesco Simoncini to be true to the original.
- Garamond #3 (Morris F. Benton, 1936): Morris F. Benton's Garamond appeared in 1936 and is based on the forms of Jean Jannon, which already displayed characteristics of the transitional style. Garamond #3 is available in four weights with Euro symbol.
- Garamond No 5: Garamond No 5 is another interpretation of the Garamond with narrow letters. It is only available in roman, italic and bold.
- Garamond Classico (Franco Luin, 1993): Garamond Classico is based on the forms of Jean Jannon, which already displayed characteristics of the Transitional style.
- Sabon (Jan Tschichold, 1967): Sabon is a revised version of Garamond, designed by Jan Tschichold. Sabon was similar produced for three foundrys: D.Stempel AG, Linotype and Monotype. Classic, elegant, and extremely legible, the font Sabon is one of the most beautiful Garamond variations. The font Sabon is particularly good for text and headlines in: books / text, magazines, advertisements, documentation / business reports, corporate design, multimedia, correspondence.
Christian "Cinga" Thalmann
Born in Saint-Avertin, near Tours, in 1514, died in Antwerp in 1589. He left France in 1555 and settled and worked in Antwerp, where he published many books that drew attention because of their beautiful typography. He often used types by Claude Garamond and Robert Granjon. He was the main catholic publisher of the counter-reformation, but he also published material for the protestants. One of his main achievements was the Biblia polyglotta (1569-1573), the eight-volume polyglot Bible in Aramaic, Greek, Hebrew, Latin, and Syrica, with text in parallel columns. For two years, from 1583-1585, he was the official typographer at the newly erected University of Leiden. After his death in 1589, his son, Jan Moretus (1543-1610), carried on his work. Successors after that include Jean Moretus II, and Balthasar Moretus I, II III and IV. Plantin's press, Officina Plantiniana, survives in its entirety as the Plantin-Moretus Museum, sold to the City of Antwerp in 1876. This collection of 16th century typefaces (punches, matrices, the works) is a unique historical treasure.
The Plantin typeface was created in the 1570s. The modern day version at Bitstream is called Aldine 721.
Plantin-Moretus Museum in Antwerp. Britannica entry. Biography. The Golden Compasses The History of the House of Plantin-Moretus (Leon Voet, 1969, 1972) is freely downloadable. Books on Christoffel Plantijn (in Dutch). [Google]
Oslo-based Norwegian who was born in Cheltenham, UK, in 1966. Haanes teaches calligraphy, lettering and typography, and is a freelance calligrapher, book designer and typographer. He designed many alphabets, which are mostly calligraphic, but he has also drawn some old Roman lettering and blackletter alphabets. His blog (in Norwegian) has interesting typographic threads, such as this educational comparison between Antiqua typefaces like Brioso, Adobe Jenson, Bembo, Adobe Garamond, ITC New Baskerville and Linotype Didot. This thread looks at sans typefaces. He designed a calligraphic alphabet specifically for Cappelen Damm in 2008, which was digitized by Sumner Stone as Litterat. [Google]
CL fonts is a package that contains GaramondLatin, a professionally produced typeface (by Rubicon Computer Labs Inc, 1998) that provides macrons, brevia, apices/stress marks, common inscriptional characters, characters for printing scanned poetry, and a few medieval and religious symbols. Free, sponsored by the CAES, the Classical Association of the Empire State. On this page, you can also download the Anaxiphorminx font (1998): Dr. Ilja Pfeijffer of the University of Leiden has created a metrical font for scholars and advanced students of Greek and Latin. Anaxiphorminx is a metrical font designed for advanced work in Greek and Latin metrics. It was created on the Macintosh by Dr. I.L. Pfeijffer of the University of Leiden. Page by David Perry. [Google]
Ottawa-based designer of a garmond poster in 2017. [Google]
Text of an essay by Allan Haley for U&LC vol. 12, no. 2, 1986. [Google]
One of the fathers of typography.
111 Garamond typefaces are sold by Linotype alone, including the Stempel, Adobe, EF, #3, IC and BE families. Shown is Garamond BE Bold OsF, 1975, by Guenther Gerhard Lange. Other implementations include Garamont Amsterdam by Scangraphic, and the URW Garamond family (1983).
- 1480: Born in Paris.
- 1510: trains as a punch cutter with Simon de Colines in Paris.
- 1520: trains with Geoffroy Tory.
- 1530: Garamond's first type is used in an edition of the book "Paraphrasis in Elegantiarum Libros Laurentii Vallae" by Erasmus. It is based on Aldus Manutius' type De Aetna, cut in 1455.
- 1540: King Francis I commissions Garamond to cut a Greek type. Garamond's ensuing Grec du Roi is used by Robert Estienne in three sizes exclusively for the printing of Greek books.
- 1545 onwards: Garamond also works as a publisher, first with Pierre Gaultier and later with Jean Barbe. The first book he published is "Pia et Religiosa Meditatio" by David Chambellan. The books are set using typefaces designed by Garamond.
- 1561: Dies in Paris.
- After Garamond's death, Christophe Plantin from Antwerp, the Le Bé type foundry and the Frankfurt foundry Egenolff-Bermer acquire a large proportion of Garamond's original punches and matrices.
- Garamond (or: Garamont) typefaces used nowadays should in many cases be attributed to Jean Jannon (1580-1635).
Klingspor link. FontShop link. Linotype link. Bio by Nicholas Fabian.
Portrait. Another portrait. [Google]
Claudia de Almeida
Claudia grew up in the south of Brazil and moved to the USA to attend college. She has BFA in Graphic Design from the School of Visual Arts in New York City where she has also taught. Claudia worked for nearly 10 years as a designer and Art Director in New York before moving to San Francisco in 2013 to serve as Design Director at WIRED. She has worked for The New York Times, T: The New York Times Style Magazine, Blender, More Magazine, New York Magazine, Domino Special Editions, Gourmet Special Editions and Men's Health. In 2012, Claudia redesigned Real Simple Magazine, marking the beginning of her design studio with WIRED pal Margaret Swart.
She created some remarkable ornamental caps, such as Dessert Rose, and a dollar sign. At Type Paris in 2015, she designed Iño, a humanist typeface influenced by Garamond. Type Paris link. [Google]
This company existed as Compugraphic and Agfa Compugraphic from 1960-1995. The timeline:
- Founded in 1960 in Brookline, MA, by Bill Garth and Ellis Hanson (Chief Engineer of Photon, Inc). The intention was to apply computer technology to typesetting. The company would go on to influence the world of photocomposing with its low cost typesetters.
- In 1963, the company relocates to Reading, MA, and introduces its Linasec I and II, the first general typesetting computers.
- In 1967, the company relocates to Wilmingon, MA, forms a Type Group and an engineering department, and releases its first typeface, Bodoni.
- In 1968, Compugraphic introduces the phototypesetters CG 2961 and CG 4961. In 1969, the 7200 Headliner machine (the first keyboard-operated machine to set headlines and display type) was added, followed, in 1970, by the Area Composition Machine (ACM) 9000, in 1971 by the CompuWriter machines, in 1973 by the VideoSetter I and II, in 1974 by Unified Compuser and ExecuWriter, in 1975 by UniScan and UniSetter, and in 1977 by the EditWriter 7500, the Mini-Disk Terminal, and the Mini-Disk Reader..
- The first typeface exclusively developed by Compugraphic, is released, Holland Seminar. It was created by Hollis Holland in 1973.
- 1974: The purchase of T. J. Lyons Press, gives Compugraphic the rights to nearly 2,500 old and antique typefaces.
- In 1981 Agfa bought 51% of Compugraphic, increased that to 80% in 1983 and finally they merged outright in 1989. The new company name is Agfa Corporation.
- In the late eighties, they proposed the scalable format FAIS as an alternative for type 1 and truetype. This format did not survive long.
- In 1992 Miles, Inc (Pittsburgh, PA) bought Agfa/CG. In 1995 Miles changed name to Bayer Corporation. Agfa is the imaging division of this comnpany.
- Finally, in 1999 Agfa (after acquiring Monotype in '97) became independent of Bayer. They now own the ITC catalog (and, by virtue of that, the former Esselte/Letraset font catalog too) as well as the others they picked up through the years.
MyFonts sells Garth Graphic (Compugraphic, and now Agfa/Monotype, by Constance Blanchard and Renee le Winter, based on earlier sketches of John Matt, 1979) and Phenix American (Agfa-Monotype), and named in honor of Bill Garth. Noteworthy is the 1988 catalog "The TypeBook".
Images of some typefaces: CG Garamond (now Monotype; see also Garamond Antiqua and Garamond Kursiv), CG Times (now Monotype).
Timeline at the Monotype Imaging site.
Compugraphic collection of fonts (with CG in the name). [Google]
Type founder who succeeded Jacques Sabon in 1580. He was the son-in-law of Christian Egenolff and his successor at the Egenolff print office. His catalog of type specimens is dated 1592. The "Berner specimen" of 1592 formed the basis of the free Google Web Font family EB Garamond (or: Egelnoff-Berner Garamond) developed by Georg Duffner. In 1626, his foundry passed into the hands of Johann Luther. At the time, he was the main type supplier for Germany, the Scandinavian countries and the Netherlands. [Google]
Coppers & Brasses
[Alexandre Saumier Demers]
Quebec-based type type foundry Coppers & Brasses was set up in 2011 by Alexandre Saumier Demers and Étienne Aubert Bonn in the plateau area of Montreal. Both graduated from the graphic and type design program at UQAM in Montreal and went on do the Type and Media program at KABK in The Hague, The Netherlands.
Creators of these typefaces in 2012: Martha (monospaced slabby grotesque done by both founders), Sardine (fat signage typeface by Bonn), Freitt (blackletter typeface by Bonn). Nicole (2012) is an elegant basic sans typeface by Olivier Mercier-Chan Kane.
In 2013, Etienne graduated from the Type & Media program at KABK in Den Haag. In 2014, Alexandre in turn graduated from the Type & Media program at KABK. For his graduation, Alexandre developed the didone typeface family Lewis. He writes: Lewis is a typeface designed for mathematical typesetting, specifically for the TeX typesetting system. It consists of 3 text styles (Roman, Bold, Italic) and 3 math styles (Math Italic, Greek, Blackboard) for use as variables. The text Italic relates to the Roman while the Math Italic stand out with its cursive construction. Likewise, the Greek differentiate easily from Latin characters. The Blackboard inlines are adapted for text sizes with their wide and open cut. Lewis features many size variants and extending shapes, ideal in displayed equations.
The list of their retail and custom fonts:
- Guillon (2016). Manufactured for Studio Feed.
- GSM Grotesque (2016). A custom typeface by Coppers and Brasses and Studio Feed, for GSM Project.
- Caserne (2015). A custom stencil typeface designed with Samuel Larocque for the Montreal-based studio Caserne.
- CCM Grotesk (2015, Latin and Cyrillic). A custom typeface for Canadian sporting goods brand CCM, with a textured version. The Cyrillic was overseen by Russian type designer Maria Doreuli.
- VLNL Wurst (2015, VetteLetters). This wurst-themed typefaces comes in three styles, Brat, Blut and Bier Wurst. The interesting aspect of this font is that Demers developed a special Wurst Schreiber software for drawing segments as sausages in RoboFont.
- Double (2015, Alexandre Saumier Demers and Étienne Aubert Bonn). A retail typeface family from condensed to wide with wedge serifs, a copperplate feel, and slight flaring. Ideal for display work.
- Canal (2015, Étienne Aubert Bonn). A fantastic retail sans typeface family: Canal is a typeface family inspired by the blue collar, hard working people that were the late 19th and early 20th centuries labor force of the new continent. It is a sturdy workhorse with a wink of humanism.
- Martha (2014, Alexandre Saumier Demers and Étienne Aubert Bonn). A retail typeface family with curvy typewriter influences, some monospaced styles and a grotesque to boot.
- Klaus (2014, Étienne Aubert Bonn). Developed for personal web and paper work.
- Théorie (2014, Alexandre Saumier Demers and Étienne Aubert Bonn). A techno stencil typeface commissioned by UQAM's Bureau de Design for the Bâtisseurs of the science faculty award.
- Lewis (2014, Alexandre Saumier Demers). A font system for typesetting mathematics in TeX, developed at KABK.
- Alphonse (2014, Alexandre Saumier Demers). An elegant garalde custom text typeface.
- Nurraq (2013, Étienne Aubert Bonn). Developed as a school project at KABK, Nurraq is a multi-script typeface system that matches a Latin serif text typeface with a Canadian aboriginal syllabics character set for the Inuktitut language.
- Compass (2013, Étienne Aubert Bonn). A revival based on the early drawings of Monotype Plantin series 110 by Frank Hinman Pierpont and Fritz Stelzer.
- MLS Soccer (2012). A handcrafted custom typeface by Alexandre Saumier Demers and Étienne Aubert Bonn, commissioned by Sid Lee.
- Radio Canada (2017). A custom corporate humanist sans typeface for the French TV network in Quebec, co-designed by Charls Daoud and Alexandre Saumier-Demers of Coppers and Brasses. Google Fonts link. Github link.
- Mortier (2021): A typeface inspired by old hand-painted advertisements on brick walls---many of which still exist as ghost signs in cities across the world. This unique style of lettering was influenced by precomputer techniques wherein sign painters would use the brick wall on which they were painting as a reference for laying out their text.
Alexandre spends most of his time since 2016 working on variable font projects for The Type Network (ex-Font Font Bureau). Home page of Alexandre Saumier Demers. Behance link for Coppers and Brasses. [Google]
Foundry, est. ca. 2009 in Johannesburg, South Africa, by Jan Erasmus. Jan currently resides in Johannesburg and taught font design for 10 years at University of Johannesburg and Stellenbosch University. His professional activities include typography, websites, brochure design, packaging, branding and type design. He also designed custom fonts for corporations of which Menyaka (for the FIFA world cup soccer 2010) and Nando's fast foods (1999; done together with Cross Colours) are the most noted.
Jan's debut display font family was Thornface (1997, a beautiful medieval font). He then released Transition, Lalibela (2009, didone), Pixeluxe and Azania (Tuscan, Western). Other fonts include Sade (a relative of Garamond), Export Unicase (1999, stencil), Mzansi (2007, an African look font), Shaftciti (2008, military stencil), Pixeluxe (2010), Giramundo (2010), Transition (2006), Ethereum (2015, a Cyrillic emulation typeface). [Google]
Cyreal is a type foundry with expertise in both Latin and Cyrillic scripts. Its founders are lecturers at the British Higher School of Art and Design in Moscow. They are
- Gayaneh Bagdasaryan. Gayaneh began working as a type designer in ParaType in 1996. She has done cyrillization work at ParaType, Typotheque, Linotype, Bitstream, The Font Bureau, ITC, Berthold and Emigre. Her typeface Red Klin received a TDC2 2000 Award. Her New Letter Gothic won an Award for Excellence in Type Design at the Kyrillitsa 99 International Type Design competition in Moscow, 1999. Gayaneh graduated from the Print Design Department of Moscow State University of Printing Arts (2000), and Ryazan College of Art (1992). Designer in 1999 at Paratype of LetterGothic Baltic, LetterGothic Central European, LetterGothic Cyrillic Asian, LetterGothic Cyrillic International, LetterGothic Cyrillic Old Russian, LetterGothic Multi Lingual, LetterGothic Turkish, LetterGothic Western. She made the Cyrillic version of Licko's Base Nine and Base Twelve families (2003) and of Albert Boton's ITC Eras (called PT ITC Eras). Klin Black (2004, Paratype, decorative caps in the style of Russian fine art ca. 1900) is an original: Red Klin (2005) is inspired by Russian fine art from the beginning of the 20th century---lettering by Sergey Chekhonin (1878-1936), graphic design by El Lissitzky (1890-1941) and the Suprematism painting. Sketch design of the font (under the name Klin) was awarded a TDC2 2000 diploma. Finally, she designed ParaType New Letter Gothic (1999) and ParaType Original Garamond (2000).
- Alexei Vanyashin. Type designer with expertise in Cyrillics. Winner at the Granshan 2010 International Type Design competition with Florian (Second place in the Cyrillic Text Typeface category). He completed the Type&Typography Master Level course in 2010, and studied typography at the Stroganov University of Arts and Industry.
Fontspace link. FontShop link. Klingspor link. Bagdasaryan Gayaneh. [Google]
- Cyrillizations: Akzidenz-Grotesk Condensed, AG Book, Apack (Pisa), Base Nine, Charlie, Fedra Sans, Fedra Serif, Filosofia, Greta, Griffith Gothic, Eras (ITC), Lobster (free, 2011, after Pablo Impallari's Lobster), Neuland, Original Garamond, Renault.
- Armenian: Newton Armenian, Pragmatica Armenian, Haykakan Kar.
- Custom: GEO Text, GEO Display.
- Retail: New Letter Gothic, Red Klin, Schmale, Florian.
- Free at Fontsquirrel: Artifika (2011), Brawler (2011), Rationale (done with Olexa Volochay and Vladimir Pavlikov).
- Free fonts at Google Font Directory: Jacques Francois and Jacques Francois Shadow (2012, co-designed with Manvel Shmavonyan, they are revivals of the Enschedé no. 811 type specimen (ca. 1760) by Jacques François Rosart (1714-1774), made for Enschedé Printing House), Artifika (2011, by Yulya Zhdanova and Ivan Petrov), Aubrey (2011, art nouveau by Gayaneh Bagdasaryan), Vidaloka (2011, a didone done by Alexei Vanyashin and Olga Karpushina), Lora (2011, a contemporary serif by Olga Karpushina), Federant (2011, by Olexa Volochay: this revives the Reklameschrift typeface Feder Antiqua by Otto Ludwig Nägele (1911)), Federo (2011, high-contrast sans by Olexa Volochay based on J. Erbar's 1909 font Feder Grotesk), Podkova (2011, slab serif), Wire One (2011, monoline sans by Alexei Vanyashin and Gayaneh Bagdasaryan).
D. Stempel (or: Stempel Studio)
Frankfurt-based type foundry started in 1895 by David Stempel. Took over Roos&June in 1915. Gained a majority share in Klingspor Bros in 1917. Takes over Leipzig's Heinrich Hoffmeister foundry in 1918 and Leipzig's W. Drugulin foundry in 1919. Gains shareholding in the Haas'sche type foundry in 1927, and Benjamin Krebs in 1933. It becomes owner of Klingspor in 1956. In 1985 D. Stempel's type division was taken over by Linotype, and became Linotype's type department. Stempel's history, 1895-1955. Designers and fonts:
- J. F. G. Binder: Binder Style (1959).
- J. Boehland: Balzac (1951).
- H. Bohn: Mondial (1936).
- Walter Brudi: Orbis (1953), Pan (1954).
- W. Buhe: Buhe Fraktur (1915).
- W. Chappell: Trajanus (1939).
- J. Christiansen: Christiansen Schrift (1909).
- F. Heinrichsen: Gotenburg (1935-1937).
- K. Hoefer: Prima (1957), Zebra (1965).
- H. Hoffmeister: Amts Antiqua (1909), Stempel Fraktur (1914).
- Holzhausen: Holzhausen Antiqua (1916).
- M. Jacoby-Boy: Bravour (1912).
- M. Kausche: Mosaik (1954).
- F. W. Kleukens: Gotische Antiqua (1914), Helga Antiqua (1913), Ingeborg Antiqua (1910), Kleukens Fraktur (1911), Omega (1926), Radio Latein (1923, display didone).
- R. Koch: Anzeigenschrift Deutsch (1923).
- H. König: Heinz-König-Setzmaschinen-Fraktur (1913).
- E. Meyer: Tannenberg (1933-1935).
- Hans Eduard Meier: Syntax (1968).
- H. Möhring: Elan (1928), Elegant Grotesk (1928).
- C. Wilhelm Pischiner: Neuzeit Grotesk (1929).
- H. Pauser: Petra (1954).
- I. Reiner: Bazar (1956), Mustang (1956).
- P. Renner: Renner Antiqua (1939).
- H. Rhode: Humboldt Fraktur (1938).
- F. K. Sallwey: Present (1974).
- A. M. Schildbach: Montan (1954).
- F. Schweimanns: Diana (1909), Propaganda (1901), Graziella (1905), Korso (1913).
- W. Schwerdtner: Metropolis (1928), Mundus Antiqua (1929), Standard Latein (1929).
- J. Tschichold: Sabon (1967).
- M. Wilke: Diskus (1938), Gladiola (1936), Konzept (1968).
- Friedrich Hermann Wobst: Globus (1932).
- Rudolf Wolf: Memphis (1930).
- Hermann Zapf: Gilgengart, Kompakt (1954), Melior (1952), Michelangelo (1950, roman caps), Optima (1958), Palatino (1950), Saphir (Linotype, 1953), Sistina (1951), Virtuosa (1952, revived in 2009 as Virtuosa Classic at Linotype with the help of Akira Kobayashi).
- G. Zapf-von Hesse: Diotima Antiqua (1952), Smaragd (1953).
- Staff: Büxenstein Antiqua (1912: revival by Gerhard Helzel), GerhardHelzel-BuxensteinFraktur-after-DStempel-1912.png">Büxenstein-Fraktur (1912: revival by Gerhard Helzel), AltSchwabacher, Europe, Eurostile, Forma, Garamond, Künstlerschreibschrift (1902), Univers, and the typewriter types Deberny, Haas and Olive.
Specimen book of 1920.
View the Stempel typeface library. [Google]
Bergamo, Italy-based designer of Dalila Garamond (2015), a hybrid of Garamond and Bodoni/Didot targeted for use in fashion mags. Dalila Garamond was a student project. [Google]
Daniel Benjamin Miller
Daniel Benjamin Miller (b. 2000, New York) is an undergraduate student in philosophy at McGill University. His type design work:
- BMucicFont (2020). Based on the Steinberg Media music fonts for LilyPond music software.
- Salieri (2020). A revival of Jan Tschichold's Sabon (1964-1967).
- GFS Heraklit. This started out from Zapf's Heraklit Greek (1954). A digital revival was first done by George Matthiopoulos. Later improvements by Antonis Tsolomitis and in 2020 by Daniel Benjamin Miller.
- NX Baskerville Bold Italic (2020). An addition to Libre Baskerville (2012, Rodrigo Fuenzalida and Pablo Impallari).
- He added OpenType support and made some minor adjustments to ET Bembo (2002, Dmitry Krasny / Deka Design), releasing the result as XETBook (2019). In 2020, that font family was extended by Michael Sharpe as ETbb.
- In 2019, he started working on Regis, an original face inspired by the work of Pierre-Simon Fournier and Monotype 178 Barbou.
- RW Garamond (2019) is a freeware Garamond font in OpenType format. RW stands for Rudolf Wolf, the designer who created Stempel's version of Garamond from the Egenolff-Berner specimen. RW Garamond is a modified version of URW Garamond No. 8. and GaramondX, with changes being made to support OpenType (better vertical metrics, added diacritics, better kerning, more mathematical symbols, Greek for mathematics, character variants). Copyrights: 2000, URW++; 2005, Ralf Stubner; 2009, Gaël Varoquaux; 2012-2017, Michael Sharpe; 2019, Daniel Benjamin Miller.
- Domitian (2019). Based on URW's Palladio which in turn is based on Hermann Zapf's Palatino. Domitian is a project to develop a full-featured, free and open-source implementation of Palatino design. "Domitian" refers to the builder of the Flavian Palace, which is located on the Palatine Hill. Miller added true small caps and old style figures to URW's Palladio. The metrics have been adjusted to more closely match Adobe Palatino, and hinting has been improved.
- Garamond Libre (2019). Based on Unicode Fonts for Ancient Scripts (George Douros, 2017). CTAN link. Miller writes: Garamond Libre is a free and open-source old-style font family. It is a "true Garamond," i.e., it is based on the designs of 16th-century French engraver Claude Garamond. The roman design is Garamond's; the italics are from a design by Robert Granjon. The upright Greek font is after a design by Firmin Didot; the "italic" Greek font is after a design by Alexander Wilson. The font family includes support for Latin, Greek (monotonic and polytonic) and Cyrillic scripts, as well as small capitals, old-style figures, superior and inferior figures, historical ligatures, Byzantine musical symbols, the IPA and swash capitals. Miller added a bold italic.
- The STEP fonts (2019), free at CTAN and Github, created to be metrically compatible with Adobe's digitization of Linotype Times. STEP is based on the STIX and XITS fonts, and includes support for OpenType mathematical typesetting, usable with LuaTeX, XeTeX and Microsoft Office. It contains an original STEP Greek (2020) in Elzevir style.
- Courier Ten (2020). This is Courier 10 Pitch BT, made available by Bitstream, offered here in OpenType format as well as Type 1 for use with LaTeX. Package maintained by Daniel Benjamin Miller starting in 2020.
- MLModern (2021). He explains: MLModern is a text and math font family with (LA)TEX support, based on the design of Donald Knuth's Computer Modern and the Latin Modern project [note: 2003-2009, by B. Jackowski and J. M. Nowacki]. Some find the default vector version of Computer Modern used by default in most TEX distributions to be spindly, sometimes making it hard to read on screen as well as on paper; this is in contrast with the older bitmap versions of Computer Modern. MLModern provides a sturdy rendition of the Computer Modern design. [...] A script by Chuanren Wu was used to blacken the fonts before manual adjustment.
Miller is a supporter of free and open-source fonts, as well as free and open-source software. He uses FontForge for design, and releases all his work under free licenses: I really just want people to be able to use my designs, improve them and share them. First, on a pragmatic level, I know that my work will be imperfect, and I'd like others to be able to use their judgment to make adjustments (which I hope they'll also release under a free license). Second, I think that too much material (and not just fonts) is behind barriers of restricted access and artificial scarcity. This kind of thing---useful tools and information---wants to be free, so let it out for everybody to use.
Github link. [Google]
Wil, Switzerland-based creator of a nice type poster of Jan Tschichold. [Google]
Daniel Taupin (1936-2003) held a degree of the ESPCI school and was a doctor in physics. He was a researcher in a solid-state physics lab at Orsay University (Physique des Solides, University Paris-Sud). Obituary. Another obituary with details of his mountain climbing career and death in the mountains. He published ttfmf2t1, a free C program, to clean up the output of Oleg Motygin's ttf2mf program that converts ttf files installed (!!) in Windows to metafont format. Metafont sources for Garamond, Times, Arial, Book Antiqua and Bookman Oldstyle are also at this site. He also codeveloped OpusTeX and Musixtex (for music notation) with Andreas Egler and Ross Mitchell. He published Les polices TTF converties en Metafont and MusiXTeX: L'écriture de la musique polyphonique ou instrumentale avec TEX. Designer of the metafont fraktur font families CM Fraktur and DM Fraktur. CM Fraktur, or cmfrak, is based on Yannis Haralambous' font yfrak (1990). [Google]
British font service company located in London. They have barcodes, a handwriting and signature font service, and sell all famous font families. As an example, from 1992 until 1994, they made Garamond-No-100-Bold, Garamond-No-100-Italic, Garamond-No-100, Garamond-No-49-Bold-Italic, Garamond-No-49-Bold, Garamond-No-49-Italic, Garamond-No-49. One source claims that this Garamond family was made by Compugraphic and that Datascan merely changed the name in the font information field. Maybe that is the way its collection grew so mysteriously and quickly to thousands of fonts. And here is the beauty: each font is priced at 320 US dollars for a single user. There are 30,000 fonts listed. Their collection, on paper, can be had for 9.6 million US dollars. For five users, cost doubles. [Google]
David Berlow (b. Boston, 1955) entered the type industry in 1978 as a letter designer for the Mergenthaler, Linotype, Stempel, and Haas typefoundries. He joined the newly formed digital type supplier, Bitstream, Inc. in 1982. After Berlow left Bitstream in 1989, he founded The Font Bureau, Inc. with Roger Black. Font Bureau has developed more than 300 new and revised type designs for The Chicago Tribune, The Wall Street Journal, Entertainment Weekly, Newsweek, Esquire, Rolling Stone, Hewlett Packard and others, with OEM work for Apple Computer Inc. and Microsoft Corporation. The Font Bureau Retail Library consists mostly of original designs and now includes over 1,000 typefaces. In a video made for Mike Parker's TDC medal in 2011, Mike Parker says that David Berlow is the most talented type designer he ever met. David lives in Martha's Vineyard.
At ATypI 2004 in Prague, David spoke about Daily types. At ATypI 2009 in Mexico City, he spoke on The heart of my letter, (and the online version). Since that time he has been very active and vocal on the issue of high quality web fonts. Speaker at ATypI 2011 in Reykjavik and at ATypI 2014 in Barcelona.
David Berlow Type Specimens (free pdf). Another type specimen booklet. Interview by A List Apart in 2009. Speaker at ATypI 2010 in Dublin. FontShop link. www.typovideo.de/david-berlow. David Berlow on web fonts. Interview by The Boston Globe. His typefaces:
- Agency FB (1995). After Morris Fuller Benton's squarish typeface from 1932-1933 for American Typefounders.
- Amstelvar (2017). A variable (or parametric) font at Font Bureau. Contributors include David Berlow, Santiago Orozco, Alexandre Saumier Demers, and David Jonathan Ross. Open Font Library link, where one can download the font. Github link.
- Apres (2008, a sans with 40 styles). David Berlow and staff drew Apres as part of a series designed originally for the Palm Pre smart phone, for use both on the device and in print marketing. Simple, open letterforms and generous proportions provide a clear, comfortable, and inviting experience for navigation and readability.
- Belizio (1987-1988), a beautiful Clarendon-style slab serif modeled after the 1958 original slab serif by Aldo Novarese called Egizio Corsiva Nero. Claudio Piccinini would have liked Font Bureau to acknowledge Aldo Novarese's Egizio as the source of this family.
- Belucian (1990, by David Berlow and Kelly Ehrgott Milligan. Several weights exist, including Demi and Ultra.
- Berlin Sans (1997).
- Bureau Grotesque (1989). This 27-style family is now called Bureau Grot. Font Bureau's blurb: The current family was first developed by David Berlow in 1989 from original specimens of the grotesques released by Stephenson Blake in Sheffield. These met with immediate success at the Tribune Companies and Newsweek, who had commissioned custom versions at the behest of Roger Black. Further weights were designed by Berlow for the launches of Entertainment Weekly and the Madrid daily El Sol, bringing the total to twelve styles by 1993. Jill Pichotta, Christian Schwartz, and Richard Lipton expanded the styles further, at which point the family name was shortened to Bureau Grot.. Note: there is a custom version called M&C Saatchi Grotesque with truetype data created by dtpTypes in 1998.
- Custer RE (2014), a typeface for small on screen use. The Font Bureau blurb: In 2009, a book from 1897 in the library of the University of Wisconsin caught David Berlowâ€™s attention. It was set in a clear text face---a predecessor of Bookman---cast by the Western Type Foundry who called it Custer. Upon noting how well the typeface worked in point sizes of 6 and 7 points, Berlow developed it into a member of the Reading Edge series specifically designed for small text onscreen. Custer RE is a broad and approachable typeface drawn large on the body with a tall x-height to maximize its apparent size when set very small. The minimal stroke contrast and the hefty serifs let it stay exceptionally clear down to a font-size of 9px. Font Bureau.
- Decovar (2017). A variable font. Github link, where one can freely download the font family. See also Open Font Library.
- Desdemona (1992). An art nouveau face.
- Eagle (1889-1994). This art deco typeface Font Bureau Eagle was started in 1989 for Publish. David Berlow designed a lowercase, finished the character set, and in 1990 added Eagle Book for setting text. In 1994, Jonathan Corum added Eagle Light and Eagle Black to form a full series.
- Esperanto (1995).
- ITC Franklin Gothic (1991). In 2008, David Berlow added Condensed, Compressed and Extra Compressed widths to Vic Caruso's 1979 ITC Franklin interpretation (which had Light, Medium, Bold and Black), and Font Bureau sells a complete ITC Franklin now. In 2010, Berlow completed his definitive revision of ITC Franklin, a single new series of six weights in four widths for a total of 48 styles. Typeface review at Typographica.
- Giza (an Egyptian family.
- Hitech (1995).
- Juliana Text (2009), a rebirth of Sem Hartz's Juliana (1958, Linotype), a popular narrow legible paperback text face.
- Kis FB (2007): a revival of old style types by Nicholas Kis from ca. 1700.
- Letras Oldtsyle (1998). Letras Oldstyle was commissioned by Letras Libres, the reigning literary magazine published by Enrique Krauze in Mexico City. This garalde series was inspired by the earliest typefaces cut in the Americas in the early 1600s by printer Henrico Martinez. Proofs survive in the Biblioteca Nacional. Letras Oldstyle stands as the first typeface ever cut in the Americas, the root of American type design.
- Meyer Two (1994). Based on a 1926 type by L.B. Meyer.
- Millenium BT Bold Extended (1989, Bitstream). Also known by insiders as Starfleet Bold Extended, this font was used on federation starship hull markings until episode ten. MyFonts link.
- Moderno FB (1995): an exhibitionist didone in 32 styles, for Esquire Gentleman. In 1996 Berlow cut new styles with Richard Lipton for El Norte. In 1997, Roger Black ordered new weights for Tages Anzeiger. It grew further when the Baltimore Sun, with FB Ionic as text, was redesigned. The whole series was then revised for Louise Vincent, Montreal Gazette, with further styles added in 2005 for La Stampa. [It is my favorite type family at Font Bureau.]
- Momentum (2018). An in house variable font family for use on the Type Network web site.
- Nature (1995).
- Numskill (1990).
- Old Modern.
- Online Gothic (1995).
- Phaistos (1990-1991). A flared angular design done with Just van Rossum, and inspired by Rudolf Koch's Locarno.
- Poynter Agate.
- Reforma: Based on Giza.
- Rhode (1997).
- Roboto Flex (2017). A large free variable typeface family by David Berlow on commission for Google; based on Christian Robertson's original Roboto. Google Fonts link. Github link. Google redits Font Bureau, David Berlow, Santiago Orozco, Irene Vlachou, Ilya Ruderman, Yury Ostromentsky and Mikhail Strukov.
- Scotch Roman (1993).
- Skia (1993, Apple). A Greek simulation sans, in the style of Twombly's Lithos, co-designed with Matthew Carter for Apple's QuickDraw GX project.
- Titling Gothic FB (2005): Berlow spent 10 years developing FB Titling Gothic in seven weights of seven widths each for use as display and headline romans. It was inspired by the popular ATF Railroad Gothic and grew out of Berlow's own Rhode.
- Throhand: a classic family based on metal type found at the Plantin Moretus Museum in Antwerp.
- Truth FB (1995).
- Vonness (2007): a newspaper sans family. Font Bureau: Vonness was designed by David Berlow working closely with Neville Brody on corporate redesign for Jim Von Ehre at Macromedia. Core weights are loosely based on Bauersche Giesserei's Venus, 1907-1910. Berlow expanded the ideas behind the series to 56 fonts.
- Yurnacular (1992, part of FUSE 4).
- Zenobia (1995).
View David Berlow's typefaces. Another catalog of David Berlow's fonts. Speaker at ATypI 2018 in Antwerp. [Google]
Rockland, MD-based designer of Scratch Garamond (2007, grunge). [Google]
Type designer from Santiago, Chile, who created the neo-humanist sans typeface family Hartwell (2017, W Foundry). Hartwell comes in 18 weights from thin to heavy and features matching italics.
In 2018, he designed Armin Grotesk (W Foundry: it pays homage to Armin Hoffmann, one of the prominent designers in the Swiss genre).
In 2019, he released Friends at W Foundry, a 14-style modern sans characterized by a gaspipe lower case f.
Typefaces from 2020: Moncler (+Variable; a 22-style all caps modernist font family), Armin Soft.
Typefaces from 2021: Cassius (a 10 style garalde family with two additional variable fonts; it is characterized by the lower case a and s which appear to be vomiting).
Typefaces from 2022: Neue Magnus (an 11-style neo-grotesk at Without Foundry). [Google]
David Thometz's top 10 favorite text typefaces
- Hightower (Font Bureau: Tobias Frere-Jones, 1994-1996, based on Nicolas Jenson) and Cloister Old Style (Font Company/URW++; Nicolas Jenson; Morris Fuller Benton, 1897): "Nicolas Jenson's model is, in many typophiles' judgement, simply the best roman ever designed. Morris Fuller Benton's Cloister Old Style is by far my favorite of all the attempts to revive Jenson. ITC's Legacy Serif is too sterile, Adobe Jenson Pro lacks the same charm, and Monotype's Centaur is just a bit too spindly. Monotype's Italian Oldstyle and Jim Parkinson's Parkinson are good, but diverged a bit too much from the original form. Cloister Old Style has enough meat on its bones to print well at small sizes, but its forms are intriguing enough to keep it interesting at larger sizes. The Font Company/URW++ cut is the best that I've found, although its outlines are on the klunky side. Tobias Frere-Jones' Hightower is another font based on the same form. I haven't had it long enough to judge it completely fairly, but so far it has satisfied my expectations. It is slightly more sterile than Cloister, but not such that it completely loses its charm, and its outlines are better that any cutting of Cloister that I've yet come across. "
- Cheltenham Old Style (Bitstream; Hannibal Ingalls Kimball, Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue, Morris Fuller Benton, 1896-1911; 1990): "Demand the original design, as Bitstream's version has followed, and burn all copies of ITC's bastardization. Cheltenham Old Style is absolutely not for everyday use. Still, for those occasions when it is appropriate, it's a font you can kick off your shoes by the fire to read."
- Stempel Garamond (Stempel/Linotype AG; Claude Garamond, c.1480-1561; 1924): "This is a truly beautiful text font, and the only "Garamond" in which both the roman and the italic are based on Claude Garamond's work, and not Jean Jannon's."
- Mrs Eaves (Emigre; Zuzana Licko, 1996): Emigre's version of Baskerville isn't particularly true to Baskerville's design, but Zuzana Licko's alterations result in a fresh, new typeface that is well-suited to the realities of today's digital printing demands. The italic is especially beautiful, and the range of ligatures is (with a few exceptions) a bonus.
- FF Scala and FF Scala Sans (FontShop; Martin Majoor, 1990).
- HTF Didot (Hoefler Type Foundry; Firmin Didot, c.1784; Jonathan Hoefler, c.1992?) and Didot LH (Linotype AG; Firmin Didot, c.1784; Adrian Frutiger, 1992): "Didot is currently my favorite of the didone fonts, and both of these versions are good, each having different strengths. Still, Berthold Bodoni Old Face, Berthold Bodoni Antiqua, Bauer Bodoni and Berthold Walbaum slip into my top tier from time to time."
- Perpetua (Linotype AG; Eric Gill, c. 1925-1930; 1959; 1991): Strangely, Perpetua's flowing grace and stately structure is often too beautiful to be used for certain texts, which is why I don't use it even as often as I'd like.
- Serapion (Storm Type Foundry; Frantisek Storm, 2001): Serapion is klunky and untamed, but filled with a beautiful energy. William Berkson says in 2012: Well, I don't think Serapion is a good text face, because it's color is too uneven. You can get variety by doing uneven color, easily. To get variety while also getting even color to me is the challenge. Storm is a good designer, but to me this one is not a success. Large it's ugly as well, if you ask me. To me it's visually incoherent.
- Plantin (Agfa-Monotype; Frank Hinman Pierpont, ?): The original is much better than its descendant, Times New Roman.
- Bookman/Old Style (Ludlow, 1925; Merganthaler-Linotype, 1936; Agfa-Monotype ?): AGFA-Monotype has the best version that I've found; Bitstream's is okay. Avoid ITC's parody.
Japanese foundry with excellent web pages on early 20-th century type design. Shin Oka, or Shinya Okabe (b. 1976, based in Himeji) created various revival fonts in or just before 2009, many connected in some way to Tom Carnase and the phototype era. He specializes in 1970s and 1980s typefaces, often with open counters and high contrast. His fonts:
Additionally, they identified the fonts on many covers and albums from the 1960s and 1970s. Further revivals of photolettering era fonts:
- Bentley (2010). This is the same as Avant Garde Gothic.
- Bernhard Neo DF (2010).
- Caslon223 DF (after ITC/LSC Caslon 223 by Tom Carnase). Other Caslons include Caslon Headlione DF (2010) and Caslon Swash DF (2010).
- Didot DF (2008).
- Garamond DF (2010).
- Grouch DF (after ITC Grouch by Tom Carnase and Ronne Bonder)
- Lubalin Graph DF (after ITC Luabalin graph by Herb Lubalin, Ed Benguiat, Joe Sundwall, and Tony DiSpigna)
- Busorama DF (after ITC Busorama by Herb Lubalin and Tom Carnase)
- L&C Hairline DF (after L&C Hairline by Herb Lubalin and Tom Carnase)
They are working on Permanent Massiv (after a 1962 Ludwig&Mayer font by Karlgeorg Hoefer---comparable to Impact or Compacta in its massiveness and masculinity), Michel, Didoni, Tiffany, Ginger Snap, Patriot, Motter Ombra, Pistilli Roman, Benguiat Caslon (a large size display Caslon by Ed Benguiat at PhotoLettering; digitized at House Industries by Christian Schwartz and Bas Smidt), and Via Face Don.
- Baby Teeth (2009): after the art deco typeface of Milton Glaser, 1968, PhotoLettering.
- CBS Didot (2009): after the original by Freeman Craw, 1970s.
- Indigo (2009): after a font by Albert Hollenstein, 1970s.
- Pacella Collegiate (2009): after Vincent Pacella's typeface at PhotoLettering.
- Penny Bee (2009): a Peignot lookalike.
- Tiffany Heavy With Swash (2011). A swashy Didot display face. This type was used by Quentin Tarantino's movie Jackie Brown in 1997. Tiffany Heavy (Ed Benguiat, Photolettering) is basically identical to Benguiat Caslon Swash (1960s) and to Foxy Brown (1974). Similar typefaces include LSC Book with Swash by Herb Lubalin and Tom Carnase (ca. 1970).
- Wexford (2009): after the typeface of Richard A. Schlatter, VGC, 1972.
In 2020, Shin Oka released the caslon-sinspired Ivy Ivy, the piano key version of a fat Bodoni, the fashionable Gara Gara, the 1970s font Bern Bern, Super Bodo Bodo, the art deco / Bauhaus typeface Sophi Sophi, the art deco typeface Fifty Four, the fashion mag typeface Rache Rache, the Peignotian sans typeface Mid Mid Sun Sun, and the display didone Fau Fau. [Google]
An in-house Garamond at Deberny&Peignot whose creation was supervised by Georges and Charles Peignot from 1912 until 1914. It was also called Le Garamont. Based on the originals of Jean Jannon held at the Imprimerie Nartionale, it was finished in 1926 by Henri Parmentier at Deberny & Peignot, and is now sometimes referred to as Garimond with a d. Reference: Wikipedia. [Google]
Gerda Delbanco's German foundry in Ahlhorn, specializing in blackletter fonts. Great web presentation, and gorgeous glyphs. The company is owned by Gerda Delbanco, but it is not clear if she designed some or all of the typefaces. Some fonts were designed by Gerhard Helzel, and others by Christian Spremberg. This is one of the best sources of blackletter fonts in the world. Names of the fonts, which are nearly all historical revivals of the great blackletter fonts: Alte Schwabacher, Andreas Schrift, Breitkopf Fraktur, Caslon Gotisch, Claudius (1998, after Rudolf Koch, 1934-1937), Deutsche Kursive, Deutsche Werkschrift (+halbfett), Deutsche Zierschrift, Eckmann Schrift, Eisenacher Fraktur (1994, by Christian Spremberg), Ehmcke Schwabacher, Fette Gotisch, Fichte Fraktur, Frühling (after Rudolf Koch's original from 1917) [sample 1, sample 2, sample 3], DS-Garalang, DS-Garamond, DS Gotenbrg, Hermersdorf, Humboldt Fraktur (after a typeface by H. Rhode), Kleist Fraktur (1996, after the Walter Tiemann original from 1927-1928), Wilhelm Klingspor Schrift, Koch Fraktur, Rudolf Koch Kurrent (after the original school alphabet by Koch, done in 1935), Kurrent (a connected writing font based on examples from J.B. Henning, ca. 1817), Lincoln Gotisch, DS Maximilian Gotisch, DS Maximilian Zierbuchstaben, Normal Fraktur (this is a nameless typeface in the group of Biedermeier-Fraktur typefaces which also includes Schelter's Schulfraktur; also known elsewhere as Armin-Fraktur, Bürenstein-Fraktur, Mars-Fraktur and Pressa-Fraktur), Offenbacher Schwabacher (1996, after the 1899 font by Gustav Ruprecht at Rudhardsche), Old English, Peter Jessen Schrift (1997, after the original from 1924-1929 by Rudolf Koch), Post Fraktur, DS Ratdolt Rotunda, DS Salzmann Fraktur, DS Schmuck, Strassburg, DS Suetterlin, Tannenberg (after a 1933 Stempel typeface by Emil Meyer), DS Thannhaeuser Fraktur, DS Unger Fraktur (1999), DS Walbaum Fraktur, DS Wallau (1996, after Rudolf Koch, 1924-1936), Wartburg Fraktur, DS Weiss Gotisch, DS Wilhelm Klingspor Schrift, Wohe Kursive and Zentenar Fraktur (1997 (after F.H.E. Schneidler's original from 1937).
Some of the copyright notices refer to the Bund für deutsche Sprache und Schrift, and others to PrimaFont, and this may explain some of the foundry's history. 1994 catalog. Part of the 1999 catalog. Part of the 2002 catalog. [Google]
Prolific NY-based designer (born in East Los Angeles) who specializes in faithful revivals of old masters and logotype, in Latin and Hebrew. He made over 500 fonts including. He is also a translator and illuminator of Biblical period Hebrew and Aramaic. His clients include The Vatican (Pope John Paul II's Holocaust commemerative CD) and Hadassah, the Women's Zionist Organization of America. His specialties are translations worded in the language and style of the period in which the Biblical text was composed. His translation and enumeration of kabbalistic writings, otherwise known as Hebrew Mysticism and numerology, demonstrate the mathematical base of Biblical miracles.
MyFonts wrote this analysis of his work: Dennis Ortiz-Lopez is a hugely talented New York type designer. lettering artist&typographer, with around 600 typefaces to his credit. Typographic quality in the magazine market doesn't get much better than Rolling Stone magazine---well, guess who was their typographer (as well as InStyle, Sports Illustrated, People, etc.). Dennis made a successful transition to the digital era around 1989, keeping up his prodigious output. Dennis is also known by his Hebrew name, Siynn bar-Diyonn. Dennis follows the footsteps of great American type designers such as Morris Fuller Benton and Herb Lubalin. And he likes contrasts, too: his typefaces are very narrow or very wide, very thin or very fat. If you love Franklin Gothic but always felt like it's not fat and wide enough. try [Google]
Diego Aravena Silo
[Without Foundry (or W Foundry; was: Diego Aravena)]
Digital Type Company (or: DTC)
[Fritz Renzo Heinze]
German foundry in Hamburg, cofounded by Volker Schnebel and Fritz Renzo Heinze, where they produced about 450 fonts under the DTC label. MyFonts lists the main designer as Fritz Renzo Heinze. Typefaces include DTC Rough Variants, DTC Garamond Variants, DTC Funky Variants, DTC Frankli Gothic Variants, DTC Van Dijk Variants, DTC Brody Variants, DTC Plaza Variants, DTC Dirty Varinats. Each group has between 50 and 100 typefaces. The fonts are marketed by URW++. For example, URW sells DTC FunWorks1, a collection of 450 fonts in all formats. Catalog of DTC's typefaces. [Google]
Digital typefaces based on Jannon
Some links for digital typefaces based on Jannon: ITC Garamond (ITC), ITC Garamond (Adobe), Garamond 3 (Linotype), Archive Garamond (Archive Type), Simoncini Garamond (Linotype), Garamond Classico (Linotype), Garamond 3 (Adobe), Jannon Pro (Storm), ITC Garamond Handtooled (Adobe), Aragon Condensed (Canada Type), American Garamond (Bitstream), 1689 GLC Garamond Pro (GLC), Opal (Linotype), Aragon (Canada Type), Jannon Sans (Storm), Italian Garamond (Bitstream), Garamond FB (Font Bureau), Vendome (URW++), Sarabande (Three Islands Press), Garamond Ludlow (Red Rooster Collection), Amsterdamer Garamont (URW++), Amsterdamer Garamont Pro (Softmaker), Simoncini Garamond (Adobe), Garamont Amsterdam SH (Scangraphic Digital Type Collection), Garamont Amsterdam SB (Scangraphic Digital Type Collection), LTC Garamont (Lanston Type Company), Vendome SH (Scangraphic Digital Type Collection), Garamond Simoncini SH (Scangraphic Digital Type Collection), OL Garamond (Dennis Ortiz-Lopez), Garamond No. 4 (URW++), Vendome (Linotype), Garamond Simoncini EF (Elsner+Flake), Garamont Amsterdam BQ (Berthold), Vendome (Image Club), Garamont Amsterdam EF (Elsner+Flake), Vendome EF (Elsner+Flake), Vendome SB (Scangraphic Digital Type Collection), Garamond Simoncini SB (Scangraphic Digital Type Collection), Claude Sans (Letraset), Garamond No. 5 EF (Elsner+Flake), Garamond No 9 (URW++). [Google]
Double Alex Team
Cyrillic type outfit, whose fonts were mostly designed by Alexey Chekulaev in the mid 1990s as extensions of Latin fonts. Double Alex stands for Alexey Gunin and Alexey Chekulaev. The list of fonts, all in Cyrillic and many in Latin as well:
Alexei Chekulayev is the Russian designer of Rubrica (1996, Double Alex Font Studio), Angelica (1996, Double Alex Font Studio), Acsioma (1996, Double Alex Font Studio) and Alliance (1995, Double Alex Font Studio, a Cyrillic version of Goudy's Berkeley Oldstyle). He worked on these Linotype families: Univers, Sabon, Wiesbaden Swing, Stencil (1997, after the 1937 original by Gerry Powell), San Marco, and Linotype Bariton (1997: a great poster typeface in the Zeitgeist of the 1930s).
- Decorative: Angelica (1996), Apostol, Arabskij (1993, Arabic simulation typeface based on an artwork of designer Oleg Snarsky), ArtScript, Blagovest (a series of Old Slavonic types), BorjomiDecor, CalipsoCyrillic, CalligraphRuss, Camerton, CooperDAT, CoventryCyr, Demosfen, Drops, E2, E4, Electronica, ElectronicaS, Eskiz, 1, Eskiz, 2, FavoritTraf, Finist, Hitman, Inicial, Italiansky, Jokey, Josephine, KeyFont, Kisty, Manuscript, Mistica, Mobul, Nelma, Ottisk, Petrovsky, PresentDAT, Radius, Repriza, SansDecor, Strob, SuvenirRus, TabloFont, Triline, Verbena, Vodevile.
- Sans serif: Acsioma (1996), AcsiomaNext, Apical (1995, based on Agfa Aurora; Apical Bold is identical to Bitstream's Aurora Bold Condensed; for another version, see Castcraft's OPTI-Aurora Grotesk No. 9), Bastion, BastionKontrast (1992; co-designed with Alexey Gunin, and based on Helvetica), Blits, Block A, Block B, Bloknot, CyberCyr, Ecyr, Eurofont, Favorit, Favorit, Condensed, Freestyle, Kekur, Mania, MetRonom, Normalize, Orenburg, PaperGothic, Pinta, Plastica, Positiv, Pravda, Priamoj, PriamojProp, Regina, Rostislav, Rotonda, Rubrica, Sistemnyj, TornadoCyr.
- Serif: Adamant, Alliance (1995, based on Berkeley Old Style by Frederic W. Goudy, 1938), APCCourier, APCGaramond, BaskervilleDAT, Bodoni Cyrillic (1970), Borjomi, ClassicRuss, Coliseum, Diet Didot (2006, published by Paratype in 2014 as DietDidot), Egypetskij, Grand, Grenader, Ideal, Jargon, Laguna, Latinskij, Legenda, Madrigal, Metropol, Shakula (1996, a heavy slab serif by Alexey Chekulaev, based on Monotype's Rockwell), Surpriz (1993, by Alexey Chekulaev, based on ITC Souvenir by Benguiat), Talisman, Vacansia.
- Special: Interfont, Plumb.
In 2014, he designed these typefaces at Paratype: Suvenir Rus (inspired by (psychedelic) artwork of Grigory Klikushin; the original at Double Alex is from 1994), Demosfen (Greek simulation font). Still in 2014, Chekulaev and Akira Kobayashi (Monotype) won a Granshan 2014 award for the Cyrillic typeface SST.
Typefaces from 2021: Ice Cream (a supermarket font), Altruiste (a ten-style decorative slab serif), Postulat (a 16-style geometric slab serif).
Linotype link. Klingspor link. Another MyFonts link. Paratype link.
View Alexey Chekulayev's typefaces. [Google]
Douglas Crawford McMurtrie
American designer (1888-1944) credited with these typefaces:
- UltraModern (1928, Ludlow; with Aaron Borad and Leslie Sprunger). This sans has slightly concave strokes. Spiece Graphics (Jim Spiece) created Ultramodern Classic SG (1996), based on the 1928 design of McMurtrie. At MyFonts, one can buy a Red Rooster version of Ultra Modern digitized by Steve Jackaman.
- McMurtrie Title (Conde Nast Press): shaded capitals with thin flat serifs. The typeface is based on Rosart.
- A version of Garamond (1929, Ludlow), designed with Robert Hunter Middleton. There is also a Font Bureau version of Garamond, FB Garamond (Text, Display), digitized in 1992 by Jill Pichotta, based on the original design in 1929 at Ludlow by McMurtrie and Robert Hunter Middleton.
DTP Types Limited
DTP Types Ltd was launched in 1989 by Malcolm Wooden (b. London, 1956) from Crawley, West Sussex, England. Wooden worked at Monotype for over 20 years just before that. Malcolm Wooden joined Dalton Maag early 2008 to work on font engineering and production. DTP Types does/did custom font work, and sells hundreds of retail fonts.
In the Headline Font Collection (50 fonts), we find reworked and extended designs (Apollo, New Bodoni (1996-2002), Camile, Engravers, and so forth), as well as fresh typefaces (Hellene handwriting, Finalia Condensed, Birac, Delargo Black, Delargo DT Rounded (comic book family), Dawn Calligraphy).
In the Elite Typeface Library, there are type 1 and truetype typefaces for Western and East-European languages. For example, Elisar DT (1996, see also Elisar DT Infant) is a humanist sans family made by Malcolm and Lisa Wooden. Fuller Sans DT (1996) is a grotesk family by Malcolm Wooden. Greek and Cyrillic included. Other typefaces: Garamond 96, Pen Tip (Tekton-like).
Fonts distributed by ITF and MyFonts.com: Berstrom DT, Beverley Sans DT (2007, comic book style face), Birac DT, Century Schoolbook DT, Convex DT, Delargo DTInformal, Delargo DT Infant, Engravers DT (1990), Finalia DT Condensed, Garamond DT, Garamond Nine Six DT, Goudy Old Style DT, Graphicus DT (1992, a 24-style geometric sans family), Kabel DTCondensed, Leiden DT (1992: after Dick Dooijes's Lectura), Macarena DT, Modus DT (2007), New Bodoni DT (1992), Newhouse DT (1992, a large neo-grotesque family), Office Script DT (1994, copperplate script), Pelham DT (1992), Pen Tip DT, Pen Tip DT Infant, Pretorian DT (a revival of an old Edwardian font by P.M. Shanks done by Ron Carpenter and Malcolm Wooden in 1992; for a free version, see Vivian by Dieter Steffman), Solaire DT, Triest DT, Vigor DT (2000---a slab serif family).
Discussion: Something I don't get is that Vecta DT (2006) is based on Vecta (2005, Wilton Foundry)---same name, same sans family, what gives? Duet DT (2006, a calligraphic script) is by Robbie de Villiers of Wilton, based on his own Duet (2004). MyFonts page. The typophiles reserve harsh judgment: I recognize these designs by their original names. Slightly manipulating Times Roman, Optima, Icone, Franklin Gothic, Sabon, Tekton, does not make them new or original. Many of the designs are identical to the originals they're derived from (Carl Crossgrove), The DTP Types outfit sells the usual rip-off fonts under new and old names (e.g. Century Schoolbook DT, Engravers DT, Goudy Old Style DT, Kabel DT, etc.) (Uli Stiehl). Typefaces from 2007: Rustikalis DT (after a phototype by VGC from the 1960s), Appeal DT (a revival of the Victorian typeface Apollo designed ca. 1900 by Aktiengesellschaft für Schriftgiesserei und Maschinenbau), Fatbrush DT, Kardanal DT, Pamela DT (semi-blackletter).
In 2008, DTP announced a new newspaper and magazine text family, Arbesco DT (PDF), based on a 1980s photolettering family (see also here), and a simple 24-style architectural sans family called Sentico Sans DT (elliptical). They also published the marker family Pen Tip DT Lefty in 2008.
In 2009, the calligraphic Trissino DT was published: it was named after Gian Giorgio Trissino (1478-1550) the Italian Renaissance humanist, poet, dramatist, diplomat and grammarian who was the first to explicitly distinguish I and J as seperate letter sounds.
In 2020, he released Hastrico DT (a 13-style grotesque family), Hastrico DT Condensed.
View the DTP Types typeface library. [Google]
Born in New York in 1927, Ed grew up in Brooklyn. He died in 2020. Ed was once a very prominent jazz percussionist playing in several big bands with Stan Kenton and Woody Herman, among others. He has created a large number of typefaces between 1970 and 1995. About his career, he once said: I'm really a musician, a jazz percussionist. One day I went to the musician's union to pay dues and I saw all these old people who were playing bar mitzvahs and Greek weddings. It occurred to me that one day that's going to be me, so I decided to become an illustrator. He designed more than 400 typefaces for PhotoLettering. He played a critical role in establishing The International Typeface Corporation (or ITC) in the late '60s and early '70s. Founded in 1971 by designers Herb Lubalin, Aaron Burns, and Ed Ronthaler, ITC was formed to market type to the industry. Lubalin and Burns contacted Benguiat, whose first ITC project was working on Souvenir. Ed became a partner with Lubalin in the development of U&lc, ITC's famous magazine, and the creation of new typefaces such as Tiffany, Benguiat, Benguiat Gothic, Korinna, Panache, Modern No. 216, Bookman, Caslon No. 225, Barcelona, Avant Garde Condensed, and many more. With Herb Lubalin, Ed eventually became vice-president of ITC until its sale to Esselte Ltd.
Ed Benguiat taught at SVA in New York for more than fifty years.
Ed is a popular keynote speaker at major type meetings, including, e.g., at TypeCon 2011, where he entertained the crowd with quotes such as I do not think of type as something that should be readable. It should be beautiful. Screw readable. His typefaces---those from PhotoLettering excepted:
- ITC Avant Garde Gothic (1971-1977, with Andre Gurtler, Tom Carnase, Christian Mengelt, and Erich Gschwind).
- ITC Modern No. 216 (1982: a didone text family). The Softmaker versions are called M791 Modern and Montpellier. Ed writes: It's a revival of the classic British Modern design. I tried to capture the dignity and grace of the original designs, but not make it look stuffy. Moderns were often numbered to distinguish different versions. 216 East 45th street was where I worked when I drew the ITC Modern No. 216 font.
- Modern No. 20, after the Stephenson Blake original from 1905. [Image by Kristen Cleghorn]
- ITC Barcelona (1981). Ed writes: I was one of the design consultants for the 1992 Olympics in Barcelona, Spain. What could be more appropriate then to design a typeface for the event? The design of the ITC Barcelona font family, with its soft triangular serifs set the mood for the soft-spoken Catalan people.
- ITC Bauhaus (1974-1975). ITC Bauhaus was co-designed with Victor Caruso. The Softmaker versions are called R790 Sans and Dessau. The Infinitype version is Dessau. The Bitstream version is Geometric 752.
- ITC Benguiat (1977) and ITC Benguiat Gothic (1977-1979). This eponymous comic book (or art nouveau style) typeface family appeared in the 1980s on the covers of Stephen King novels and Choose Your Own Adventure books, in the copyright notice at the beginning of all Paramount Pictures' VHS tapes and in title sequences for Quentin Tarantino's films, the Next Generation series of Star Trek films in the mid-to-late '90s, and the recent Netflix series Stranger Things. It was revived as Benjamin and Benjamin Gothic on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD (2002). Softmaker also has fonts called B693 Roman and B691 Sans that are identical. Benguiat Pro ITC was published in 2008.
- Benguiat Roman (1960s).
- PL Bernhardt (Photo-Lettering, 1970), modeled after a 1930-1931 design by Lucian Bernhard.
- ITC Bookman (1975). See B791 Roman on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD (2002).
- Calendar (1960s).
- ITC Caslon 224 (1983). In 1960, he added Benguiat Caslon Swash, and in 1970, Caslon 223 followed. See C790 Roman on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD (2002), and Caslon CP (2012, Claude Pelletier). Christian Schwartz and Bas Smidt at House Industries digitized Benguiat Caslon.
- ITC Century Handtooled (1993).
- ITC Cheltenham Handtooled (1993).
- ITC Edwardian Script (1994).
- ITC Garamond Handtooled.
- ITC Korinna (1974): after a 1904 typeface called Korinna by Berthold. Michael Brady thinks it is very close to the Berthold original.
- Laurent (1960s).
- Lubalin Graph (1974, ITC). By Herb Lubalin, Ed Benguiat, Joe Sundwall, and Tony DiSpigna.
- ITC Panache (1987-1988). Ed writes: I put my heart, soul, sweat and tears into the design of the ITC Panache font family. I was striving to create an easy to read, legible typeface. I know in my heart that I accomplished what I set out to do. Not only is it easy to read, it's also sophisticated.
- Scorpio (1960s).
- ITC Souvenir. Kent Lew: Benguiat revived Benton's Souvenir for ITC in the '70s and that was well-received for a while. On the other hand, look what happened after that. Souvenir in the ATF 1923 catalog looks really nice, IMO. Souvenir in the '70s seems cliché now. Souvenir these days would be downright dorky. Souvenir was done by Benguiat in 1967 at PhotoLettering. Morris Fuller Benton's original model was from 1914. It was described by Simon Loxley as follows: Souvenir is a typeface that is intractably rooted in style to a particular era, although one a half-century after its creation. It is a quintessential late 1960s and 1970s typeface, informal, with full rounded character shapes and rounded serifs, a laid-back Cheltenham. The Bitstream version of ITC Souvenir was called Sovran.
- ITC Tiffany (1974), a fashion mag typeface family. Adobe says that it is a blend of Ronaldson, released in 1884 by the MacKellar Smiths&Jordan foundry, and Caxton, released in 1904 by American Type Founders.
- PL Torino (1960, Photo-Lettering), a blackboard bold didone-inspired typeface.
- In 2004, House Industries released five typefaces based on the lettering of Ed Benguiat: Ed Interlock (1400 ligatures---based on Ed's Interlock, Photolettering, 1960s), Ed Roman (animated bounce), Ed Script, Ed Gothic and Bengbats.
- He did logotypes for many companies, including Esquire, New York Times, Playboy, Reader's Digesn, Sports Illustrated, Look, Estée Lauder, AT&T, A&E, Planet of the Apes, Super Fly.
- Lesser known Photolettering typefaces include Benguiat Bounce, Benguiat Boutique, Benguiat Bravado, Benguiat Brush, Benguiat Buffalo (+Ornaments: a western wood type font), Benguiat Century, Benguiat Cinema, Benguiat Congressional, Benguiat Cooper Black, Benguiat Cracle, Benguiat Crisp, Benguiat Debbie, (Benguiat) Montage (a fat face didone revived in 2018 at House Industries by Jess Collins and Mitja Miklavic), Benguiat Roman. Scorpio, Laurent and Charisma, all done in the 1960s, are psychedelic types. In 2021, Donald Roos digitized Plinc Buffalo for House Industries.
Links: Linotype, CV by Elisa Halperin. Daylight Fonts link (in Japanese). Catalog by Daylight, part I, part II.
Pics harvested from the web: Portrait With Ilene Strivzer at ATypI 1999. One more with Strivzer. With Jill Bell at ATypI 1999. In action. At TypeCon 2011 with Matthew Carter and Alejandro Paul. At the same meeting with Carole Wahler and with Roger Black.
FontShop link. Klingspor link.
View Ed Benguiat's typefaces. Ed Benguiat's fonts. [Google]
Edward Everett Bartlett
Printer and typographic director at Linotype, 1863-1942. He refined many typefaces, and designed the Benedictine series, Elzevir No.3, Garamond (+Italic), Garamond Bold (+Italic). [Google]
A Garamond custom-designed for Italian publisher Einaudi. The closest digitally available typeface is Simoncini Garamond (see, e.g., the Elsner & Flake version). The original Simoncini Garamond by Francesco Simoncini and Wilhelm Bilz dates back to 1961---its design is owned by either Linotype or Neufville, and there is some conlict in the matter. PDF at Einaudi's site. [Google]
Graphic designer in London. At TypeParis 2017, she designed the Baskerville / Garamond hybrid Basgar. [Google]
Emerson Nunes Eller is a Brazilian graphic designer based in Lisbon, Portugal. He has a Masters from UEMG in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, in 2014, and his thesis there was entitled Letras do cotidiano: a tipografia vernacular na cidade de Belo Horizonte. It led to the (caps only, Tuscan, Victorian) vernacular typeface Sucata. He holds a PhD in Communication Design from the University of Lisbon. In 2019, he graduated from the Expert Class type design at the Plantin Institute of Typography, Antwerp.
In 2017, he designed the innovative hybrid (sans / serif) typeface Sagarana.
Typefaces from 2021: Itacolomi. He explains: Itacolomi is a result of an extensive investigation into Scottish style types produced in Brazil around 1820. A possible connection between Brazil and Scotland. In short, it preserves the qualities of the famous 19th-century Scotch Roman types while adding a personal approach with unique features from the early Brazilian models.
In 2019, supervised by Frank E. Blokland at the Plantin Institute of Typography, he developed the (garlde) Glossa type family.
In 2021, he released the slab serif Perva, which is accompanied by Perva Reverse (a Western font) and Perva Black (an old English blackletter). [Google]
Founded by Ben Bauermeister and Clyde McQueen in 1990, former employees of Aldus. Based in Seattle, it created for Hewlett-Packard FontSmart (a product that gives users 110 fonts and a font-management technology for HP's LaserJet 5L, 5P and 5Si printers in an innovative and compressed format). It also made FontWorks (a truetype font generation engine for Windows), Infinifont (a parametric font generation system), and PANOSE (a fonty classification system). On December 21, 1995, HP bought the company and that was the end of it. The in-house type designer was Karl Leuthold. They produced about 340 "clones" of the major typeface styles, including Albertus, AntiqueOlive, Arial, AugustaEC, BistroEC, BodoniEC, BookAntiqua, BookmanEC, BookmanOldStyle, CGOmega, CGTimes, CafeEC, CenturyGothic, CenturySchoolbook, Clarendon, CourierEC, EtnaEC, GaramondEC, GeneraEC, GillSans, Goudy-Old-Style-EW, GraphosEC, InformaEC, LetterGothic, LetterSansEC, MentorEC, MetrostyleEC, ModalEC, NewTributeEC, OperinaEC, Ozzie, SchoolbookEC, StationEC, StriderEC, StylusEC, TerasEC, TerasMonospaceEC, Univers, VillageOldstyleEC, WilmingtonEC. MyFonts link. [Google]
German type foundry in Hamburg established in 1986 by Veronika Elsner and Günther Flake. They offer original fonts as well as improved versions of classical fonts. There are many non-Latin fonts as well. In-house designers include Jessica Hoppe (Carpediem), Verena Gerlach (Aranea), Petra Beisse (Petras Script), Uwe Melichar, Manuela Frahm (Fritz Dittert), Ralf Borowiak, Lisa von Paczkowski, and Achaz Reuss.
Additions in 2005 include the dingbat typefaces Beautilities EF Alpha, Ornamental Rules EF, Diavolo Rules EF, Squares EF (Alpha, Beta and Gamma), Topographicals EF Alpha, Typoflorals EF Alpha, Typographicals EF Alpha, Typomix EF Alpha, Typosigns EF Alpha, Typospecs EF Alpha and Beta (which have several fists), Typostuff EF Alpha, Diavolo EF, Schablone EF, Gigant EF, Maloni EF, OCRA EF, EF Unovis (a 16-weight family inspired by Quadrat).
In the hand-printed category, let us mention Filzerhand.
Their blackletter collection includes some bastardas (Alte Schwabacher, Lucida Blackletter), some frakturs (Fraktur, Fette Fraktur EF, Justus Fraktur, NeueLutherscheFraktur, Walbaum-Fraktur), some rotundas (Weiss-Rundgotisch), and some texturas (Gotisch, Old English).
Commissioned fonts include Castrol Sans (2007).
Selected additional typefaces: Garamond Rough Pro (2018), Bluset Now Mono (2018), Newspoint (2017, based on Morris Fuller Benton's News Gothic), Meier Kapitalis (2013, a lapidary typeface based on a 1994 sketch by Hans Eduard Meier in his book Die Schriftentwicklung), Gillies Gothic EF (after William S. Gillies's 1935 original), EF Medieva, Bank Sans Caps EF, Metropolitain (1985) (after a 1905 art nouveau typeface by Fonderie Berthier).
Fonts4ever link (2008). Listing at Fontworks. Future events schedule. New fonts.
List of their fonts.
Catalog of their typefaces [large web page warning]. See also here. [Google]
Russian type and graphic designer. She worked for VNII Polygraphmash as a type designer. Later, she worked as a type designer for ParaGraph. Her oeuvre includes
- Tip Times (with Gennady Baryshnikov).
- TextBook (1987). Italic and Latin sets added to the 1958 Polygraphmash typeface of Yelena Tzaregorodtseva.
- TextBook New (2007-2008, Isabella Chaeva, ParaType) is based on Bukvarnaya (TextBook) photocomposing version designed in 1987 by Emma Zakharova. The initial Bukvarnaya for metal composition was created at Polygraphmash in 1958 by Elena Tsaregorodtseva specifically for first level school textbooks.
- Mysl. Designed at the Polygraphmash type design bureau in 1986 by Isay Slutsker, Svetlana Yermolaeva and Emma Zakharova. It was based on the Polytizdatkaya type family (1966 Vera Chiminova), which in turn was inspired by the typefaces of Garamond. The family was initially developed for Mysl Publishers, Moscow, for text matter. Available now as ParaType Mysl in both Latin and Cyrillic versions, and also sold by URW. MyslNarrow (1992-1996, Intermicro, with Svetlana Yermolayeva and Isay Slutsker).
- PT ITC Flora (1993). Co-designed with Vladimir Yefimov. She did the Cyrillization.
FontShop link. [Google]
Run by Evgenia Sokolinskaia at the University of Hamburg, this page offers four phonetic truetype fonts of the EAE Garamond family made by Thomas Rave in 2000: EAE-GaramondBolditalic, EAE-GaramondBold, EAE-GaramondItalic, EAE-GaramondRegular. [Google]
This is a gallery and a discussion of the fonts created by the students at ENSAD since 1997. A partial list with the original (now defunct) links:
This is a successor of the Collectif ENSAD, which was energized by Jennifer Ward, Maria Körkel, Dorothée Billard, Isabelle Maugin, Anne-Mari Ahonen, Natalia Suarez, Yolanda Gil and Juliette Poirot. [Google]
- Bitmap (2003): a pixel typeface by Isabelle Guizard, Vladimir Mavounia Kouka, Grégoire Pierre, Gaëlle Richard.
- Caffeine (2003): an experimental typeface by Benjamin Raimbault, Eric Bricka, Stéphane Elbaz.
- Zinzolin (2003), a stencil typeface by Brieuc Dupont, Zai Jia Huang, William Hessel, and Cyrille de Jenken.
- Cooker Black (2004): a take on Cooper Black, by Isabelle Guizard, Adrien Portehaut, Grégoire Pierre, Zai Jia Huang, Brieuc Dupont, Odile Delaporte, Boris Petrovitch-Njegosh, Vladimir Mavounia Kouka, William Hessel, Eric Bricka, Stéphane Elbaz, Gaëlle Richard
- Bertrand (2003): A typeface by Grégory Bantzé, Étienne Chaillou, Vincent Défossé, Anne Denastas, Marielle Durand, Alicia Garcia Garcia, Anja Linke and Gabriel Pistre, based on work at the Fonderie bertrand in the late 19th century.
- Rosart (2002): A font by Aiko Oshima, Vincent Ciccone, Franck Kauffman and Delphine Cordier, based on lettering by the famous 18-th century Belgian typographer.
- Scripte (2002): By Sarah Fouquet, based on her own handwriting.
- Cargoth (2001): By Amélie Boutry.
- Jannet (2001): By Sandrine Auvray, Julia Cochonet, Sarah Fouquet, Boris Igelman, Jérôme Vogel, Yu Sou Yeon, based on Jannet's garalde revivals, ca. 1860.
- Recréation (2000): A Garamond typeface recreated by Amélié Boutry, Germain Caminade, Laurence Cordellier, Boroka Gergely, Paule Palacios Dalens, Gilles Vacheret.
- Poinçons (1999): Based on a Fournier font, implemented at ENSAD by Caroline Laguerre, Virginie Aiguillon, Maureen Valfort, Johanne Blain, Pierre Schnebelen, Cédric Murac, Alexandre Le Saulnier de Saint Jouan, Laurent Mészaros, Thibault Laurent.
- Métis (1998): By Anne-Mari Ahonen, Dorothé Billard, Yolanda Gil, Maria Körkel, Isabelle Maugin, Juliette Poirot, Jennifer Ward.
German type designer (born in Quedlinburg, near Leipzig, 1957), who made the extensive DTL Fleischmann family (1992) at the Dutch Type Library. The font is named after Johann Michael Fleischmann (1701-1768), a German punchcutter who lived and died in Amsterdam. From 1983 until 1991 Erhard Kaiser worked at TypeDesign for Typoart, Dresden and since 1993 has been with DutchTypeLibrary/URW++. Still at DTL, he made the sans serif DTLProkyon family in 2002 around a curvy "4". This family gets raves from many typographers. Among possible imitations, we cite Dalton Maag's Ubuntu. For Typoart he designed Caslon Gotisch, Kleopatra, Quadro, Weiß-Antiqua and B embo Antiqua. Since 1998 he teaches at the Muthesius Hochschule in Kiel. In 2005, he created DTL Antares, a strangely proportioned serif to accompany DTL Prokyon. Some weights published in 2008 are called Evonik Antares and some Evonik Prokyon.
Kis Antiqua Now TB Pro and (2008, Erhard Kaiser for Elsner & Flake) are based on earlier Elsner & Flake versions of Kis Antiqua published by them in 2006, which, in turn, go back to Hildegard Korger's Kis Antiqua at Typoart, 1986-1988, and ultimately to a Jansonian Garamond by Miklos Totfalusi Kis in 1686.
Klingspor link. Bio at ATypI. [Google]
Eric de Berranger
French designer (b. 1973) whose early fonts could be bought from 2Rebels in Montreal, and at La Fonderie. These are now available via FontHaus. Some creations at 2Rebels: Malcom Light and Malcom Light Expert, Coeval (1998), Coeval Expert (1998), Garaline (1998), Garaline Expert (1998), Hector 1, Hector 2, Helwissa, Jandoni (great didone titling face!), Malcom (1999), Malcom Expert, Troiminut (1998, perhaps created in under three minutes).
He also made typefaces at ITC. These include ITC Octone (1998, a great flared lapidary typeface family), ITC Octone Expert (1998), ITC Berranger Hand and ITC Oldbook.
Typefaces at Agfa / Monotype / Linotype include the Mosquito family (Agfa, 2001; Mosquito Formal appeared in 2003), Maxime (garalde family), and Koala. Other typefaces include Yesselair (1998, La Fonderie), Hamely, Klory, Kolinear (2009, angular), Merlin, Collos (hexagonal), Pack Trash (another name for Yesselair?), NLE2B210, EricMainDroite, June (an elegant garalde / antiqua /Venetian crossbreed).
With Stéphane Gambini, he started La Fonderie. He does visual identity stuff for companies in France, most notably, the logo and logo font for Renault (2004).
In 2005, he revived a 1972 didone of Hollenstein Studio as Natalie (no sales or downloads).
In 2006, he created a 6-weight legible sans family for the STIP (Brussels transport society) called Brusseline.
In 2007, he created the bold gothic headline typeface LFP Bold for the Ligue de Football Professionnel. In 2008, he published the stunning connected script Hermès Scripte used by the fragrance company by that name, and Martini (for the aperitif brand).
Klingspor link. FontShop link.
View Eric de Berranger's retail typefaces. [Google]
British stone carver, wood engraver, essayist and type designer Arthur Eric Rowton Gill was born in Brighton, England in 1882. He died in 1940. He was a student of Johnston and worked for some time for the Golden Cockerell Press in London. He became one of the most influential English type designers of the 20th century.
The text book Eric Gill (Fiona McCarthy, Faber and Faber Ltd) describes his life. Publishers Weekly writes: An English artist-craftsman in the tradition of William Morris, Eric Gill (1882-1940) exemplifies the search for a lifestyle to heal the split between work and leisure, art and industry. He is remembered today for his fine engravings and stone carvings, his legendary typefaces and book designs for the Golden Cockerel Press. Yet there was another side to the man, downplayed by previous biographers: a fervent convert to Catholicism and leader of three Catholic arts-and-crafts communes, Gill had a hyperactive libido which extended to incest with his sisters and daughters, as well as numerous extramarital affairs, according to British writer MacCarthy. He rationalized his penile acrobatics by inventing a bizarre pseudoreligious theory. In MacCarthy's candid portrait, Gill, who preserved the outward image of a devout father-figure, was neither saint nor humbug, but a highly sexed creative artist trapped by his Victorian concept of masculinity. This charismatic firebrand was a renegade Fabian socialist, a bohemian friend of Augustus John and Bertrand Russell. His adventurous life, as re-created in this beautifully written, absorbing biography, is disturbingly relevant to our time. A follow-up article by McCarthy in The Guardian, 2006.
Canicopulus Script (1989, Barry Deck) is a font named to remember one of Eric Gill's favorite extracurricular activities.
Author of An Essay on Typography (1931, revised in 1936). For a French edition, see Eric Gill Un Essai sur la Typographie (Boris Donné and Patricia Menay, Ypsilon Editeur, 2011). Gill once said: There are now about as many different varieties of letters as there are different kinds of fools.
His typefaces include
- Gill Sans (1927). Revivals include Bitstream's Humanist 521 and its Cyrillic extension Paratype's Humanist 521. An obscure style called Gill Sans Shadow 338 (1929, Monotype) was digitized by Toto in 2011 as K22 EricGillShadow. Image of Gill Sans by Katharina Felski. Image of Gill Sans's g by John Bakhan (Seoul). Image of Gill Sans by Tori Estes. Over at Infinitype and SoftMaker, the typeface sells under the name Chantilly or Chantilly Serial. Niteesh Yadav, a graphic designer in New Delhi, created a great PDF file on the topic of Gill Sans. For a major digital update and revival, see Gill Sans Nova (George Ryan, 2015, Monotype). It extends Gill Sans MT from 18 to 43 fonts. Several new display fonts are available, including a suite of six inline weights, shadowed outline fonts that were never digitized and Gill Sans Nova Deco that was previously withdrawn from the Monotype library. And it covers Greek and Cyrillic.
- Golden Cockerell Roman (1929), forv the Golden Cockerel Press. Berry, Johnson and Jaspert write: Designed by Eric Gill, a rounder form of his Perpetua. It has the modest capitals, horizontal serifs and slight differentiation of colour of Gill's other romans. The M is somewhat splayed. The g has a rather large bowl. The t is very short. The italic, cut only for the 14 pt. size, is a sloped roman except for the a and with it are used the roman capitals, as in the case of Joanna.
- Perpetua (Monotype, 1928-1929). This is the prototypical lapidary typeface. The Bitstream version is called Lapidary 333. The SoftMaker versions are called P700 and persistent. See also here. Images of Perpetua: i, ii, iii, iv, v, vi, vii, viii, ix, x, xi.
- Solus (1929)
- Cunard (1934; sold to L. E. Deval, Elkin Matthews Limited, and listed as Jubilee (1952) by Stephenson Blake)
- Joanna (1930): a slab serif based on work by Granjon. Monotype's metal typeface Joanna dates from 1958. Berry, Johnson and Jaspert write: Designed by Eric Gill for Hague & Gill in 1930. A light roman with small horizontal serifs and little differentiation of colour. The type is remarkable for the smallness of the capitals, which do not reach the height of the ascenders, themselves not tall. The bowl of the g is rather large. The italic is the roman inclined except for a and g. The inclination is very slight. There are no specially cut capitals, but the modest roman capitals are used. This was the practice of Aldus, the first printer to use italic. Eric Gill's Essay on Typography, 1931 is printed in Joanna. In 2015, Monotype set out to remaster, expand and revitalize Eric Gill's body of work, with more weights, more characters and more languages to meet a wide range of design requirements. As part of that, it published a revival / extension in 2015 by Ben Jones, Joanna Nova. This 18-font series covers Greek and Cyrillic. There is an excursion into the sans world based on Joanna by Terrance Weinzierl, also in 2015, Joanna Sans Nova (2015, Monotype: 16 fonts).
- Aries (1932): see the 1995 revival at FontHaus by Dave Farey.
- Floriated Capitals (1932).
- Bunyan (1934). See also Bunyan Pro (2016, Patrick Griffin and Bill Troop).
- Pilgrim (1934), originally designed for a book published by the Limited Edition Club of New York. This serene typeface with incised features was re-cut by Walter Tracy for Linotype in 1950. For digital versions, see Pilgrim (Linotype, based on a cut by Walter Tracy), Palermo Serial (1999, Softmaker), Bunyan Pro (2016, Patrick Griffin and Bill Troop), and perhaps OPTI Porque (Castcraft).
- Kayo (1936). In 1980, it was redone by Esselte (and Monotype?). In digital form, we have Gill Kayo Condensed by ITC.
- Corporate typefaces such as this one for W.H. Smith&Sons (1903-1907). Revivals or derived typefaces include Gill Facia (1996, Monotype) and Dear Sir Madam (2011, Radim Pesko).
- Gill (ca. 1932): While Gill was living in Israel, he designed a Hebrew alphabet which he cut into walls. After Gill's death in 1940, the carvings were used by Moshe Spizer to design the Gill typeface, which was then cut by Alphonso Ioso. The typeface Gill, however, never caught on.
Klingspor link. FontShop link. Linotype link. [Google]
Ericsson Roman and Sans
The house fonts of Ericsson, based on Garamond No.3 and Neue Helvetica. [Google]
Jos Buivenga (exljbris; b. Assen, 1965) is the Arnhem-based Dutch artist who designed some of the most popular fonts of 2010-2011. MyFonts interview in 2009. Speaker at ATypI 2010 in Dublin. His oeuvre:
- Anivers (2007). The regular weight is free.
- Calluna (2009). A garalde in 8 styles, one of which is free but the others are not---see Fontsquirrel. Calluna Sans (2010).
- The sans family Delicious (1994-1996). A free face. See also here. He is working on this and DeliciousX.
- Diavlo (2007). A free sharp-edged sans opentype face.
- Fertigo (2006) and Fertigo Pro (2008). A lively organic display text type.
- Fontin (2007: a free miniserifed family).
- His masterpiece from 2010 is the Geotica family, which runs the gamut of art deco styles and includes inline blackboard bold styles.
- Museo (2008, a 5-style slab serif), Museo Sans (2008; 2 free and 8 non-free styles), Museo Sans Rounded (2011), Museo Slab (2009). In 2012, he added Museo Sans Condensed and Museo Cyrillic. Museo Sans Display received five new weights from Hairline to Extra Black in 2014. In 2021, he added Museo Slab Rounded (12 styles). From about 2009 until 2014, the Museo family was one of the best-selling typefaces in the world.
- In 2010, Martin Majoor and Jos Buivenga started work on Questa Sans (a typeface with a special y) as part of their Questa project. Questa is a squarish Didot-like font that Jos originally had planned in one display style only. It turned out to be a perfect basis to apply upon Martin's type design philosophy about the form principle of serif and sans. Questa was finished in 2014 and now includes Questa Sans, Questa Serif, Questa Slab and Questa Grande. Fontsquirrel link.
- Tallys (2008). A serif with tall ascenders.
- Tenso (2013). A lively humanist sans family. Tenso Regular is free. Followed in 2022 by Tenso Slab.
Special Museo posters have been created, such as by Jasmine Lockwood (2012), Laurellie Pacussich (2013) and Larisa Mamanova (2012).
In 2021, he released Antona (a 16-style geometric sans).
Klingspor link. Old personal home page. Abstract Fonts link.
View Jos Buivenga's typefaces. Adobe link. [Google]
George Abrams (b. 1919 or 1920, Brooklyn, d. 2001, Manhasset, NY) is the designer of the gorgeous font families Augereau, Abrams Caslon and Venetian, at Expert Alphabets in Great Neck, NY. Abrams taught lettering and typeface design at the Parsons School of Design, the New School for Social Research and at the Columbia University Teachers College. He had over 50 years of Madison Avenue experience designing ads, logos, typography and lettering for Fortune 500 companies and more. His early typefaces were photo types published by Headliners in New York City. He died on June 7, 2001 at age 81.
About Augereau: This is the only digitized typeface by George Abrams [in fact, the digitization is due to Charles Nix, for George Abrams]. Its 28 weights include over 2,000 sorts including expert, OsF,&alts. Augereau is named for Antoine Augereau, who was a typographer who had a few claims to fame - one was that he was Claude Garamonds teacher, and two was that he was sentenced to death for heresy in 1544. Heresy for a typographer in 1544 meant that he printed something that the king or the Pope didn't like and died for it.
I would like to thank Poul Steen Larsen for clarifying the history of Abrams' Venetian: The Abrams Venetian was donated to Mr. Poul Kristensen of Herning (in Jutland), then Printer to the Royal Court (which he has ceased to be in 1995). You are right about the font being today locked to Poul Kristensen' old Linotron, from which not even Linotype experts brought in to unlock it, could get it out for conversion into an up-to-date digital font. So the font will disappear from the type arena when Kristensens Linotron one day breaks down. You can trust me, for I was the one who established the contact between George and Mr. Kristensen back in 1986. The font was first used in 1989 in a book by Martin Lowry, British renaissance historian, with the title Venetian Printing. George Abrams' chalk drawings of the entire alphabet in regular and italic were scanned, more precisely vectorised on-screen and downloaded in Denmark by the Kristensens and therefore, in one sense, could be called the first Danish complete font. A sample of the first use of Abrams' Venetian. A second sample from "Venetian Printing". Abrams Venetian was digitized at some point by Jorgen Kristensen for Poul Kristensen Grafisk Virksomhed Printer.
Apostrophe wrote this about Abrams Caslon: This was actually reviewed by Caflish and, if I remember correctly, Mark vonBronkhorst, so there are at least 3 or 4 copies of it out there, other than the Abrams' estate original data. Sumner Stone once said that this is the best Caslon he has ever seen. At least he has seen it; I haven't.
The typefaces by Abrams (Abrams Venetian and Augereau) are preserved in the New York City-based Abrams Legacy Collection (see also here).
Klingspor link. [Google]
Fabrica / Basel Roman
The roman pre-Garamond font used by Jacob Herbst (a.k.a. Oporinus) to publish Andreas Vesalius's On the Fabric of the Human Body [De humani corporis fabrica] in Basel in 1543. It has strong affinities with the type used by Swiss printer Johann Froben in Basel in 1526. Stanley Morrsion wrote in 1924 about this typeface: Johannes Froben (1460-1527) was Erasmus's host in Basel for several years and published a number of his books. Updike describes this Roman as "massive and monumental." However, Updike describes the 1543 Fabrica as "a volume not at all of the Froben order, but reminiscent rather of Plantin or some Italian printer. Its noble old style type and delicate italic, delightful initial letters and the careful anatomical engravings . . . make up a remarkable volume." Warren Chappell added in 1970: Johann Froben, the printer, had as his scholar-editor Erasmus, and as his illustrator-decorator the young Hans Holbein. Froben was one of the most renowned publisher of humanist literature, and in the pre-Tory days managed to exert significant influence on European printing, including that of Paris and Lyons... Among the important books printed in Basel was Froben's own New Testament in Greek, with a Latin translation by Erasmus. It appeared in 1516. From the printing office of Michael Isengrim, also of Basel, a large botanical work by Leonhard Fuchs was issued in 1543...An outstanding work on anatomy was brought out by Oporinus in 1568. The author was Andreas Vesalius and the Title De Humani Corporiu Fabrica."
Metal font revivals include one by Charles Whittingham of the Chiswick Press called Basle roman. It was cut by William Howard of Great Queen Street, London, soon after the middle of the 19th century. A.F. Johnson writes in 1934: his type was much too exotic to appeal to printers in general, but its antique flavour attracted William Morris. In 1889 he had his prose romance, A Tale of the House of the Wolfigs, set in Basle roman. In another romance, The Roots of the Mountains, 1890 (the book actually appeared in 1889), Morris used the type again, but had a different e cut, one with the bar nearly, but not quite, horizontal.
For digital revivals, one should look at P22 Basel by P22, developed bewteen 2008 and 2015, with various type designers, including Colin Kahn and Paul Hunt, contributing to the final set of fonts. The old in-house version of P22 Basel was called P22 Fabrika. [Google]
Fake (faux) versus true Garamond
The typophiles bring up the issue of fake versus true Garamonds, but not one of them gives a precise definition. The fake Garamonds are supposedly based on Jean Jannon's roman, sometimes known as the caractère de l'université:. Here is their list with minor editorial corrections and additions:
Their list of true Garamonds:
- Adobe Garamond (Robert Slimbach, Adobe, 1989).
- Berthold Garamond (Günter Gerhard Lange, Berthold 1972). Clones of Berthold Garamond include URW Garamond (URW).
- Garamond Premier (Robert Slimbach, Adobe, 2005).
- Sabon (Jan Tschichold, Stempel/Linotype/Monotype 1967). Clones of Sabon include Sabon (Ascender, now Monotype) and Classical Garamond (Bitstream, now Monotype).
- Sabon Next (Jean-François Porchez, Linotype, 2002).
- Stempel Garamond (Stempel, 1925). Clones of Stempel Garamond include Original Garamond (Bitstream) and CG Garamond (Compugraphic, Agfa Compugraphic, now Monotype).
Foundry founded in 1985. The company expanded in 1988 with the aquisition of Shapes Unlimited, adding a more diversified selection of fonts to their collection. The library is made up largely of fonts licenced from Agfa and ITC. Famous Fonts typefaces include Futura II, CG Garamond No 3, CG Garamond No 49, Microstyle, Heldustry, Nimbus, CG Omega, Oracle II, CG Palacio, CG Plantin, Paladium, CG Times, CG Trade, CG Triumvirate and CG Univers. I am not sure that they still exist. [Google]
Fanny Hamelin has a DMA in Type Design Ecole Estienne in Paris, class of 2016, and a DSAA in type design from Estienne, class of 2018. After working for a few months for Black Foundry, she took up type design positions at Typofonderie and design studio Baldinger Vu Huu.
Designer of Savon (2020: a Garamond) and the textured reverse stress display typeface Giana (2020), an all caps design that mixes typographic and kaleidoscopic ornaments in bold and display styles.
In 2021, she released the Scotch roman typeface Selva and an accompanying script at Colophon. Home page. [Google]
During her studies in Beirut, Lebanon, Fatima Nasser created the beautifully textured Ornamental Garamond (2015). [Google]
A free Bembo-like font family based on Cardo, created for the TeX community, with mathematical typesetting one of the primary goals. The package is maintained by Michael Sharpe. It was updated in 2014 by Sharpe, but he credits the early font development to David J. Perry, 2002-2010. CTAN link. [Google]
Flanker (or: Studio di Lena)
[Leonardo Di Lena]
Flanker, or Studio Di Lena, is the foundry of Italian type designer Leonardo Di Lena (b. 1975, Rome). Initially, it offered fresh free designs of classics. In 2012, it went commercial. Their fonts:
- Bodoni Flnk.
- CNR lineare: athletic lettering.
- Didot Flnk.
- Doppio Senso: inspired by the 1992 traffic signal typeface in Italy, Transport D.
- Elettra (2013). A transitional typeface with extra long serifs and several didone traits. For display work.
- Flanker: classical roman face.
- Flanker Garaldus (2012). Based on a 1956 font by Aldo Novarese.
- Griffo Flnk: A multistyle family after typefaces like Bembo.
- Imperator: a classical roman face.
- Italian Typewriter (2012). A family of monospaced typewriter typefaces based on Italian typewriters of the thirties and forties.
- Lello: another classical roman face.
- Magnificat (2011): after Friedrich Peter's ornamental font from 1975. Free download at Dafont.
- Marantz: fat art deco face, after the logo of the sound system company.
- Marlboro Flnk: ultra condensed and tall.
- Poliphili (2017). This is a serious attempt at a revival of the elegant typeface used in Hypnerotomachia Poliphili (1499, publ. Aldus Manutius) that was cut by Francesco da Bologna. That roman font in turn was a revised version of the type used in 1496 for Pietro Bembo's De Aetna.
- Flanker Ruano (2013). Based on a chancery typeface by Raffaelo Bertieri (1926).
- Selene (2013). A monoline sans. Followed by Selene Book (2021: a 14-style geometric sans with art deco influences in some styles).
- Semplicità (2014-2015): a remake of the art deco sans by Butti and Novarese in 1930.
- Shock to the system: an original in the cyberpunk style.
- Sony: after the Sony logo letters.
- Flanker Tanagra (2022). Leonardo writes about this condensed vintage serif: In order to give new imput to the art of typeface design in Italy, Nebiolo Company held, in March 1910, an artistic competition for a new alphabet conception, so the best-ranked design would be transformed into a real new typeface. 42 competitors participated and, although the first prize was not technically awarded, "Ancora" resulted as the best typeface, created by the designer-typographer Natale Varetti of Turin. Nonetheless, the new alphabet was transformed into a full-fledged metal typeface in 1924, renamed "Tanagra" in honor of the Greek city in the center of Boeotia.
- There's nothing money can't buy: a sans.
- Titano: an original art deco sans family.
- Total Eclipse: futuristic.
- Traiano: Trajan column style.
- Travertino: a sans workhorse family.
The outfit was known as JFDooM Flanker's Fonts, between 2001 and 2004. The fonts then were slightly different. They included BodoniFlnk, BodoniFlnkCor, BodoniFlnkCorGrass, BodoniFlnkGas, CNRLineare, DidotFlnk, DidotFlnkCorsivo, DidotFlnkCorsivoGrassetto, DidotFlnkGrassetto, Emblema-della-Repubblica-Italiana, Frantisek, GaramondFlnkNormale, GaramondFlnkCorsivo, GaramondFlnkCorsivoGrassetto, GaramondFlnkGrassetto, GriffoFlnkCorsivo, GriffoFlnkCorsivoGrassetto, GriffoFlnkGrassetto, GriffoFlnknormale, Lellocorsivobold, Lellocorsivo, Lello, MarlboroFlnk, Magnificat, There's-nothing-money-can't-buy, Poker, ShocktothesystemCorsivo, ShocktothesystemVuoto, Sony, Bjork-Isobel, Imperator, Traiano, Rdclub. Most fonts have Greek and Cyrillic letters as well.
View Leonardo Di Lena's typefaces. [Google]
Fonderie Peignot et Fils
French foundry established and run by Georges Peignot and his son Charles. In 1923 it merged with Girard Et Cie to become Fonderie Deberny&Peignot. Their collection includes Nicolas Cochin (1912) and typefaces by:
They also published the Garalde typeface Ancien, Série 16 (19050 [digitized as Seizieme Pro in 2013 by Coen Hofmann], the didone typeface Gras Vibert [for a digital version of this, see Vibertus (2007, Lars Törnqvist)], and Sphinx (1925) [which was revived by Steve Jackaman as Sphinx RR, and by Douglas Olena as FFD Sphinx (1995)].
- G. Auriol: Auriol (1903).
- G.+C. Peignot: Garamont (1912-1928).
- A. Giraldon: Giraldon (1900).
- Eugène Grasset: Grasset (1898).
Many specimen books were published by them. For their vignettes, see Spécimen de vignettes typographiques (Paris, Rue Visconti, 17, près le Palais des Beaux-Arts, faubourg Saint-Germain. ). Early work is shown in Les créations de la fonderie typographique Deberny et cie depuis 1878 (1889) and in Les nouvelles creations de la fonderie typographique Deberny&cie (1895). Fancy type is shown in Les caractères d'affiches. Extrait du Livret typographique (Paris, 1905). Older fleurons are in Nouvelle série des fleurons de la fonderie de Laurent et Deberny (ca. 1844). Peignot foundry genealogy.
MyFonts hit list for typefaces by Peignot or in the style of Peignot's typefaces. Compare Peignotian typefaces. [Google]
Fonderie Typographique Française
Type foundry in Paris, founded in 1921 by the merger of the firms of Chaix, Marcou, Durey, Huart and Saling. There were several catalogs of their typefaces such as Fonderie Typographique Française Catalogue Général (ca 1925, 798 pages). This site shows many samples from this foundry. The typefaces shown include Amadis (blackletter), Apollo, Ascot, Atlas (1933, an art deco typeface by K.H. Schaefer), Bizerte (art deco), Blanches Saint Germain (pearly caps), Caravelle (1957, the French name of Folio, a Helvetica-like typeface by Konrad Bauer and Walter Baum), Clipper (1951, by Louis Ferrand), Deauville (a charmer that conjures up Les Vacences de Monsieur Hulot), Décor (pixelized and with mosaic effects), Ecriture parisienne (ronde), Editor (1937, Henri Chaix), Estienne, Excelsior FTF (art nouveau), Flash (1953, Enric Crous-Vidal), Garamond FTF, Hélios (a shaded titling face), Ile de France (by Enric Crous-Vidal), Marocaines FTF (revived in 2019 by mario Feliciano as Mazagan), Moscovites, Muriel (1950, a script typeface by Joan Trochut-Blanchard), Normandy, Paris (1953, Enric Crous-Vidal), Pittoresques FTF (1924, Japanese style art nouveau: revival of Pittoresques penchées by Yanick Blancho in 2015 as Koëlh), Psitt (1954, by René Ponot), Ramsès (a tall-legged Egyptian), Stylo (1935, connected script), Swing (art deco), Vulcain (art deco). Apollo is FTF's reply to Renner's Futura. [Google]
Font Folio 10
Under the title "Font Folio 10: Pay More For Less", Bill Troop laments Adobe's 2499 USD Font Folio 10 release in 2003. Bill starts this way: "According to the press release for Adobe's Font Folio "Open Type Edition", the new edition can be obtained as an upgrade for existing owners of Font Folio 8 or 9, for merely $2,499. What does this upgrade offer? Multi-platform and multi-lingual functionality, as well as wonderful tricks such as expanded glyph sets and optical weights. So far, so good." He then lists the four problems with this release.
Bill goes on to say: "Years ago I wrote on the OT list at length about the evils of digital signatures in fonts. It is simply a new copy protection ploy, and as everyone has known since the mid-1980s, copy protection = no sales. Supporters argue that the primary purpose of dig sigs is to help customers by allowing them to validate the "integrity" of fonts. Indeed? Vive l'Open Type!" [Google]
- Problem No. 1 is the non-standardized feature set of OT fonts. Only a very small number of the included fonts offer expanded glyph sets and optical weights. The user expecting to find Bauer Bodoni or Garamond No. 3 with additional ligature support will be disappointed. Non standard charactersets constitute a recipe for customer confusion.
- Problem No. 2 is that the entire Berthold library has been removed since FF 9.
- Problem No. 3 is no multiple masters, which Adobe just stopped selling.
- Problem No. 4 is that at the core of this "upgrade" transaction between Adobe and its existing Font Folio licensees lies another devaluing of the product already owned by customers. As an owner of Font Folio 8, Adobe offers to charge me $2,499 for a font license that is more restrictive than what I already have. Now only the Adobe "originals" ship with an editable embedding license, while all the Agfa, ITC, Linotype and Monotype fonts have new licensing which permits just read-only embedding. And this is now technologically enforceable. I can't help but wonder about the reaction of major advertising agencies and service bureaus when they find out that they have the privilege of paying for their font licensing to be more restrictive. I think they will keep on using Type 1.
Swedish foundry (est. 1991 by Johan Ström) offering the old style humanist typeface family Indigo Antiqua (2003, designed by book and type designer Johan Ström (b. 1936, Sweden), and digitization by Jonas Böttiger and Törbjörn Olsson). The type designer claims inspiration from Guillaume le Bé (France), Miklós Kis's Janson, Christoffel van Dijck (van Dijck) and Peter Valpergen (Fell). Indigo Antiqua at Elsner & Flake (2006). In 2021, he released Indigo Antiqua 2, which was influenced by Francesco Griffo, without, however being a revival of Bembo (1496). [Google]
Fontleech discussion on piracy
A lively discussion on font piracy at Fontleech. If you read only one article in this long exchange, please check out "St. Claude of Garamond". [Google]
Online font site run by Sean Cavanaugh (b. Cape May, NJ, 1962) out of Camano Island, WA. This used to be called Title Wave Studios. Since 1996, Sean Cavanaugh is the head of FontSite. In the archives, one can/could find essays on writing style, rules of typography, and a comparison by Thomas Phinney (program manager of Latin Fonts at Adobe) of T1 and TTF. The Fontsite 500 CD (30 USD) offers 500 classical fonts with the original names, plus a few names I have not seen before, such as Bergamo (=Bembo by Francesco Griffo), Chantilly (=Gill Sans), Gareth (=Galliard), Noveo sans (=Neuzeit Grotesk), Palladio (=Palatino), Savoy (=Sabon), URWLatino, Unitus, Toxica, Publicity, Plakette, Pericles, Opus (=Optima), Melville, Function, Flanders, Cori Sans, Binner. Uli Stiehl provides proof that many of the fonts at FontSite are rip-offs (identical to) of fonts in Martin Kotulla's (SoftMaker) collection. This is perhaps best explained that Sean Cavanaugh's last real job was director of typography for SoftMaker, Inc., where he oversaw the development and release of SoftMaker's definiType typeface library and associated products [blurb taken from Digital Type Design Guide: The Page Designer's Guide to Working With Type, published in 1995 by Hayden Books].
Free fonts: Bergamo, CartoGothic (1996-2009), CombiNumerals. At MyFonts, the CombiNumerals Pro and CombiSymbols dingbat families are available since 2010. The site has a number of fonts with the acronym FS in the name, so I guess these are relatively original (but I won't swear on it): Allegro FS, Beton FS, Bodoni Display FS (+ Bold, Demibold), Bodoni No 2 FS (+ Ultra, Bodoni Recut FS (+Bold, Demibold), and so forth. His 500 Font CD has these fonts:
Some more fonts: Alperton, Anaconda, Arizona, Bamboo, Bellhop, Bellows Book, Bernhard Modern FS (2011), Boehland (a revival of Johannes Boehland's Balzac, 1951), Le Havre. MyFonts link. Fontspace link. His art deco fonts, as always without "source" and confusing Victorian, art nouveau, and psychedelica with art deco, include Rimini, Arnold Boecklin, Eldamar, Erbar Deco, Rangpur, Pinocchio, Azucar Gothic, Boyle, Busorama FS, Winona, Abbott Old Style, Almeria (after Richard Isbell's Americana) and Adria Deco, Bernhard Modern FS (2011). FontSpring link. [Google]
- Garalde, Venetian: Bergamo, Bergamo Expert, Bergamo SC&OsF, Caslon, Caslon Expert, Gareth, Garamond, Garamond Expert, Garamond SC&OsF, Garamond Condensed, Garamond Modern, URW Palladio, URW Palladio Expert, Savoy, Savoy Expert, Savoy Small Caps&OsF, Vendôme.
- Slab Serif: Clarendon, Glytus, Typewriter, Typewriter Condensed.
- Script: Commercial Script, Deanna Script, Deanna Swash Caps, Hudson, Legend, Mistral, Park Avenue, Phyllis, Phyllis Swash Caps, Vivaldi.
- Uncial: American Uncial, Rosslaire.
- Blackletter: Fette Fraktur, Fette Gotisch, Olde English.
- Borders and symbols: Celtic Borders, Deanna Borders, Deanna Flowers, Picto, Sean's Symbols.
- Transitional: URW Antiqua, Baskerville, Baskerville Expert, New Baskerville.
- Didone, modern: Bodoni, Bodoni Expert, Bodoni Small Caps&OsF, Modern 216, Walbaum.
- Sans serif: Chantilly, Franklin Gothic, Franklin Gothic Condensed, Franklin Gothic Cnd. SC&OsF, Function, Function Small Caps&OsF, Function Condensed, Goudy Sans, Opus, Opus Small Caps&OsF, Syntax, Letter Gothic.
- Decorative: Ad Lib, Algerian, Arnold Boecklin, Binner, Caslon Antique, Chromatic, Copperplate Gothic, Davida, Delphian Open Titling, Function Display, Glaser Stencil, Goudy Handtooled, Handel Gothic, Hobo, Honeymoon, Horndon, Mercedes, Mona Lisa, OCR-A&OCR-B, Plakette, Reflex, Salut, Stop, Toxica, VAG Rounded.
Swiss designer (b. 1955) located at Lake Geneva. Recipient of the 2012 Jan Tschichold prize. He is Head of the Master in Art Direction at ECAL/University of Art & Design Lausanne. His typefaces:
- The gorgeous revival family Didot Elder (published at Optimo, 2004), which is based on work by Pierre Didot from 1819.
- The stylish typewriter family CEO (2005, Optimo).
- At B&P Foundry, the serif family LaPolice BP (2007-2008).
- The Theinhardt family (2009, Optimo), which was named after the (generally accepted) designer of the first sans. It covers Latin, Greek and Cyrillic. An update was issed in 2018.
- At B&P Swiss Typefaces, he published New Fournier (2011) based on the typography of Pierre-Simon Fournier. It comes in 24 styles.
- Genath (2011, Optimo). Erik Spiekermann twitters: Best Caslon alternative yet. The typeface is based on a baroque type from the Genath foundry in Basel, and is based on a specimen from 1720 that is most likely Johann Wilhelm Haas's first design in Basel.
- Clarendon Graphic (2015, Optimo). Comprehensive, perfect, all-encompassing, a new standard for Clarendon. It has 26 styles including some stencil cuts.
- Plain (2014), Apax (2016) and Rand (2019), a trilogy of grotesque typefaces. Rappo writes: As Plain investigated the rational simplicity of modernism and Apax re-evaluated the visual grammar of constructivism, Rand explores the shapes that brought a certain spirit and warmth to the rigidity of modern design---emerging notably from The New York School. While some glyphs like the a inherit the clarity of Swiss rationalism, other glyphs borrow from design icons such as the from the Westinghouse logo by Paul Rand. Rand also features a nice Rand Mono subfamily.
- Practice (2016). A typeface family for magazines.
- JJannon (2019). A revival of Jean Jannon's type from 1641. This 16-style family is crisp and sharp-edged.
Swiss Type Design link. Pointypo piece on him. [Google]
French type designer, calligrapher, and stonecutter, b. 1962. Franck Jalleau studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts de Toulouse and at the Atelier national de Création typographique (ANCT), where he subsequently worked as an instructor until 1990. A type designer, he works primarily in the publishing field and on French administrative documents (the General Tax Code, passports, identity cards, car registration documents, etc.). Since 1990, for the Imprimerie Nationale, he oversees the adaptation of the typographic holdings for digital typesetting. For this effort, the Imprimerie's Garamond was one of the first typefaces he rehabilitated, along with the grecs du Roi. Currently, Franck Jalleau teaches at Ecole Estienne in Paris.
Franck designed several typefaces for Agfa, Editions Magnard, city of Brive-la-Galliarde, for the NGO ATD Fourth World Movement, etc. In 1987, he engraved the Movement's message in stone, which was installed first at the Place de Trocadéro in Paris, and then at the United Nations in New York, the European Parliament in Strasbourg, the Basilica of St. John Lateran and in Reims Cathedral. Franck Jalleau won the Prix des Graphistes in 1988 and has received several international awards, including the Morisawa Award (Japan) in 1987 and 1996. He has taught type design at the École Estienne since 1991, and he offers training courses in character design in art schools both in France (Toulouse, Caen, Amiens) and abroad. His typefaces:
Linkedin link. Fascinating interview (in French). FontShop link. Production Type link. [Google]
- As an OEM for the Imprimerie, he designed some fantastic fonts between 1990 and 1998, including Arin (1986; Morisawa award 1987), Garamont (1995), Grandjean (1997), Jalleau (1996), Perrin (1997), Roma (1996), Scripto (Morisawa award 1996), Virgile (1995, Agfa) and Oxalis (1996, Agfa).
- Francesco (1998) is based on the letters of Francesco Griffo. Perfectly executed, it is a Venetian renaissance revival face---although first designed in 1998, it was published only in 2010 at BAT Foundry, which Franck helped co-found. It also covers Greek and Cyrillic. Interestngly, it features random counter shapes to give that 15th century look. Among Francesco's historical sources is the famous Hypnerotomachia Poliphili printed in 1499 by Aldus Manutius. Subsequently, Francesco was republished by Production Type.
- In 2002, he created Le Brive, commissioned by senator and mayor Bernard Murat of Brive-la-Gaillarde.
- In 2005, he digitized the Grec du Roi based on original characters and ligatures by Claude Garamond for François 1er, 1544-1550.
- In 2009, he created Le Maghrébin based on material in the Imprimerie Nationale. The original from 1846 and 1850 was cut by Marcellin Legrand. This version of Arabic is also called western, or African (africain), and features many ligatures.
- In 2016, he designed the monospace sans typeface family Aubusson. Initially designed as a custom typeface by Franck Jalleau for the Cité internationale de la tapisserie d'Aubusson, the monowidth proportions are linked to pattern and tiles arrangements used in tapestry. The retail version of Aubusson offers four weights with matching italics. It was published by Black Foundry.
Fritz Renzo Heinze
[Digital Type Company (or: DTC)]
Stefan Lundhem started Fyrisfonts. He is the designer of Garajannon (Garamond family), Spartacus (a Roman, CODEX-like lettering font), Beckhem Gothic, Fournament, Primus, Fyris Fraction, Fyris Fraktur, Krabat, Heltime (mix of Times and Helvetica), Terminator, Bessie (2001, multiline art deco typeface modeled after Marcia Loeb's 1972 alphabet, Rainbow), Billie (2001, art deco titling, modeled after Marcia Loeb's 1972 alphabet, Zig Zag), Jämför abc, Miami Blues and Miami Vice (beautiful, now called Bessie and Billie, respectively). The pages in Swedish contain an in-depth study of Jenson and Adobe Jenson MM, Caslon, Cloister Old Style, Fraktur, Garamond, Minion MM, MultipleMaster fonts, Myriad MM, OpenType, Poynter, RailwayType, Newspaper type, Web fonts, Web typography, and screen typography. [Google]
Stephen Moye's testimony in 2001 on Galliard: I have used many typefaces -- Weidemann (what was I thinking? except that it was originally called "Biblia" and was designed for an German edition of the Bible), Charter, Goudy Oldstyle, Nofret, etc. -- in an attempt to find something suitable. I have finally settled on Matthew Carter's "Galliard" as just about perfect. It is extremely legible, even at small sizes. We print the Old Testament, Psalm, Epistle and New Testament lessons in our bulletin and use Galliard at 8 or 9 point -- I can't remember which -- and it positively sparkles. At the same time, although it has great presence, it does not call attention to itself and serves as a perfect conduit for the text of the service. At display sizes it is a particular treat.
Stephen Moye is Technical Coordinator, Brown University Graphic Services, and the author of the "bible" on font editing and Fontographer. [Google]
Ganlo R. Ithsm
[Ludwig M. Souzen]
A list compiled by Ludwig M. Souzen, a typographer and printer in Bertem, Belgium:
- I.1 Claude Garamond (italics: Robert Granjon)
- II.1.A ORIGINAL
- II.1.B REVIVALS
- II.1.B.a Deberny&Peignot Garamond (George&Charles Peignot, 1912-28)
- II.1.B.b Nebiolo Garaldus (Aldo Novarese, 1957)
- II.1.B.c Linotype Granjon LT Std (George W. Jones, 1928-31; Linotype)
- II.1.B.d Linotype Estienne (George W. Jones, 1930)
- II.1.B.e Stempel Garamond (D. Stempel AG, 1925)
- II.1.B.f Berthold Garamond
- II.1.B.g Garamond 3 LT Std (Linotype)
- II.1.B.h ITC Garamond Std Lt (Tony Stan, 1976)
- II.1.B.i Adobe Garamond Pro
- II.1.B.j Simoncini Garamond Std. [A clone is Italian Garamond by Infinitype / Softmaker]
- II.1.B.k 1503 Garamond (Ross Mills, 1994; Tiro Typeworks)
- II.1.B.l Amsterdammer Garamont (URW++)
- II.1.B.m URW Garamond
- II.1.B.n Augereau (George Abrams, 1989)
- II.1.B.o Envoy (Tim Rolands, 2001)
- II.1.B.p Adobe Garamond Premier Pro (Robert Slimbach)
- II.1.C INTERPRETATIONS
- II.1.C.a Sabon (Sabon-Antiqua) (Jan Tschichold, 1964/7; Stempel, Linotype, Monotype)
- II.1.C.b Sabon Next (Porchez)
Compare many digital versions of Garamond based upon showings of the lower case alphabet. [Google]
Wiki page on Garamond, a group of old style serif typefaces that can be traced back to Claude Garamond (1480-1561) and Jean Jannon. Easy to recognize by the small-eyed e, the genuflexing italic h, the small-bowled a and the tall ascenders with downwards sloping serifs, this letter style came to prominence in the 1540s. Garamond was commissioned to create a Greek typeface for the French king François I, to be used in a series of books by Robert Estienne. The French court later adopted Garamond's roman types for their printing. The typeface was widely used in France and Western Europe. Garamond based much of the design of his lowercase on the handwriting of Angelo Vergecio, librarian to François I. The italics of most contemporary versions are based on the italics of Garamond's assistant Robert Grandjon. The only complete set of the original Garamond dies and matrices can be found at the Plantin-Moretus Museum in Antwerpen, Belgium. [Google]
Typophile discusses the choice of Garamond. Opinions differ on the main implementations: Stempel Garamond, Adobe Garamond, the new Garamond from Adobe promised in 2003, Sabon Next, Berthold Garamond, 1530, ATF Garamond (metal), Valdonega Jannon, Valdonega Garamond, Jannon Text Moderne, Monotype Garamond, Sabon, and Augereau. Optical scaling is lauded in the metal typefaces of ATF and in the Valdonega implementations. [Google]
Hersh Jacob's partial list of 20th century Garamond/Jean Jannon typefaces (to which I added Porchez's family):
- Deberny&Peignot Garamond (1912-1928), Supervised by Georges and Charles Peignot.
- ATF Garamond (1917), designed by M.F. Benton and T.M. Cleland
- Monotype Garamond (1924), designed by F.W. Goudy
- Stempel Garamond (1924)
- Ludlow Garamond (1930), designed by R.Hunter Middleton
- Mergenthaler Linotype Garamond 3 (1936), based on the designs of M.F. Benton and T.M. Cleland
- Simoncini Garamond (1958-1961), designed by F. Simoncini and W. Bilz
- Grafotechna Garamond (1959), designed by Stanislav Marso
- Berthold Garamond (1972-1975), designed by Gunter Gerhard Lange
- ITC Garamond (1976-1977), designed by Tony Stan
- Adobe Garamond (1989), designed by Robert Slimbach
- 1530 Garamond (1993-1994), designed by Wm Ross Mills
- Granjon (1928-1931), designed by George W. Jones
- Nebiolo's Garaldus (1956), designed by Aldo Novarese
- Sabon (1964), designed by Jan Tschichold
- Garnet (1992)
- Linotype Sabon Next (2002), designed by Jean-François Porchez
Garamond: Gabor compares
Peter Gabor compares various digital versions of Garamond. [Google]
In 2019, Yuansheng Zhao and Xiangdong Zeng posted Garamond Math at CTAN. This unfinished projects extends EB Garamond (Octavio Pardo) and EB Garamond (Georg Mayr-Duffner). The mathematical symbols are imported from other fonts or made from scratch. The early versions have serious kerning problems though. [Google]
Garamond or Garamont (Berry, Johnson and Jaspert)
Berry, Johnson and Jaspert list the various metal versions of Garamond available in 1962. The text below is verbatim from their book.
Claude Garamond (1480-1561) based his type on designs by Aldus Manutius, and first specimens are found in books printed in Paris around 1532. Many of the present day versions of this type are based on the Typi Academiae of Jean Jannon cut in Sedan around 1615. There are the following basic models:
- Deberny & Peignot, 1912-1928. This design, supervised by Georges and later Charles Peignot---not copied by any other foundry or matrix manufacturer---is based on the original types in the Imprimerie Nationale.
- American Typefounders, 1917, designed by M.F. Benton and T.M. Cleland after the original Jannon types. From this source the versions of the Amsterdam Typefoundry, Linotype Garamond No. 3 (1936) and Intertype have been derived.
- Lanston Monotype, 1921, designed by F.W. Goudy after Jannon. This version was also adopted by The Monotype Corporation and has not been copied by others. The Monotype Corporation's version follows Jannon in the roman and Granjon in the italic.
- Stempel, 1924. This design is based on the Egenolff-Berner sheet, but the characters have been regularised. The design is available on Linotypes.
- Mergenthaler Linotype, 1925, issued an adaptation by Joseph Hill. This was also based on the Egenolff-Berner sheet, but considerably bolder and less closely setting than the other Linotype version. This design is no longer available.
- Nebiolo's Garaldus, 1956, designed by Aldo Novarese, is another re-cutting and is shown separately.
- Simoncini in Italy---and later in co-operation with Ludwig & Meyer, have also issued a Garamond in 1958-1961, which is shown here. It was designed by F. Simoncini and W. Bilz.
- Grafotechna introduced a Garamond in 1959, designed by Stanislav Marso.
- There are also a number of other adaptations of the American Typefounders' design (based on Jannon). The Ludlow version designed by R. Hunter Middleton in 1930, the Berling version designed by Henri Alm partly based on Granjon designs; and the Typoart version.
A 2013 Garamond poster by Paul Amore (Macomb, MI). [Google]
Imagine a Garamond with a topping of powerlines. [Google]
Garamond Premier Pro
Robert Slimbach worked on this family between 1992 and 2004, yet Adobe gives it away for free, bundled in their CS2 (Creative Suite 2) package. It has 32 weights and all names have the prefix GaramondPremPro (BdItalic, ItSubh, Bold, LtDisp, Italic, LtItDisp, Medium, Med, MediumIt, MedCapt, Regular, MedDisp, SbIt, MedIt, Semibold, MedItCapt, Bd, MedItDisp, BdCapt, MedItSubh, BdDisp, MedSubh, BdIt, Smbd, BdItCapt, SmbdCapt, BdItDisp, SmbdDisp, BdItSubh, SmbdIt, BdSubh, SmbdItCapt, Capt, SmbdItDisp, Disp, SmbdItSubh, It, SmbdSubh, ItCapt, Subh, ItDisp), and covers many scripts. The typophiles are particularly impressed with the coverage of Greek, and many like the comprehensive and balanced style. Ulrich Stiehl points out some minor flaws:
- Several letters, e.g., the "Registered" sign, are too small and are completely illegible in ordinary text sizes such as Adobe Originals 12p.
- The Medium-Bold (Med) and Semi-Bold (Smbd) styles do not work properly with Microsoft Word due to faulty internal font style naming. [Note: maybe some of this was intentional.]
- Using all styles or all characters of "Garamond Premier Pro" in a document makes PostScript drivers crash. Adobe admits in the "Release Notes" of this font: "In our testing, we found that a PostScript Level 2 device with 32 MB of RAM could handle only 3 different fonts from the Garamond Premier family on one page."
A Garamond published by SoftMaker in 2011. [Google]
Garamont and Garamont Italic
A typeface designed by Frederic Goudy in 1921 for Monotype. D.J.R. Bruckner: Perhaps too much has been written about this type ever since it first appeared. Stanley Morison, who had persuaded the English Monotype Company to produce its own version of Claude Garamond's type, and disliked Goudy's terribly, wrote Updike that he assumed Goudy had simply reproduced the letters found at the end of F. A. Duprat's "Histoire de l'Imprimerie Imperiale de France". In fact, they came from the four-volume edition of Claudin's "Histoire de l'Imprimerie en France au XV et XVI Siècle", so Morison's guess was close enough. Goudy's supporters at the time caused considerable irritation in the world of printers by writing extravagant appraisals of the face, which, they claimed, showed all kinds of interesting Goudyesque variations on the Garamond.
Frederic Goudy said that Its final form as drawn by me was not the result of inspiration or genius on my part, but was merely the result of an attempt to reproduce as nearly as possible the form and spirit of the "Garamond" letter. I made no attempt to eliminate the mannerisms or deficiencies of his famous type, realizing that they came not by intention, but rather through the punch-cutter's handling, to his lack of tools of precision and his crude materials....
Digital versions: LTC Garamont (Lanston Type Company).
Mac McGrew: When Frederic W. Goudy joined Monotype as art advisor-in 1920, he persuaded the company to cut its own version of the types attributed to Claude Garamond, rather than copying the foundry face. The result was named Garamont, also at Goudy's suggestion, to preserve the distinction between the different renderings. Both spellings of the name had been used in Garamond's lifetime. A comparison of ATF Garamond and Monotype Garamont, especially in the small sizes, demonstrates opposing views of two outstanding type designers, although the two typefaces are very similar in many ways. In most typefaces, the proportionate width increases as the size decreases, to overcome optical illusions and maintain legibility. Benton carried this idea beyond usual practice; his 6-point Garamond is a little more than one third the width of 24-point. But Goudy believed in strict proportions; his 6-point Garamont is only very slightly more than one fourth (26 percent) the width of 24-point; thus in 6- and 8-point sizes Garamont seems smaller than Garamond. This, incidentally, is what makes it impossible to combine Garamont with Garamond Bold for typesetting in one operation. Note also the characters EF JL in Garamont, which are closer to Benton's original Garamond designs than to Cleland's revision. Garamont has the short J in display sizes, but a long one in keyboard sizes. In the Garamont specimens, the last group of characters, both roman and italic, was obtained from a different source and is proofed much more heavily; actually the weight is uniform with the rest of the font. [Google]
Seattle-based type designer (b. 1951, Spokane, WA) who founded LetterPerfect Fonts in 1986. He designed many wonderful typefaces, and specializes in particular in classical roman (renaissance, Trajan) typefaces. Creator of a revival of Free Roman, designed by Ross George, or the fun handwriting font Bermuda LP (1996), the wonderful wonderful wonderful Spumoni (1990, possibly based on a Speedball example; similar to Art Department JNL made in 2011 by Jeff Levine), the original jungle family Kolo (with Paul Shaw, 1996; an Adobe face), the OldClaude family (with Paul Shaw, 1993, 1997, also at Adobe; named after Claude Garamond), ChevalierLP (great caps!), DidotLP (1995, now at Adobe), Longhand (handwriting, 1998), Spring (clean script, 1990), DeStijl (1990), Hardwood (1990), Hadrian Bold (1990), Koch (1990), Longhand (1998), Roslyn (1990), Silhouette (1990), Tomboy (1990), Visage (1990), Wendy (1990, 1997, also at Adobe), Uppsala (with Paul Shaw, 1998), Manito (1990), Florens, Pontif (a Trajan font done with Paul Shaw, 1996), Cresci (with Paul Shaw, 1996), Catacomb, Philocalus, Sabina, Stockholm (1998, with Paul Shaw), Göteborg, Kryptic, Binney, Pietra (with Paul Shaw, 1996), Donatello (with Paul Shaw, 1997), Ghiberti (with Paul Shaw, 1997), Beata (with Paul Shaw, 1997). All of these fonts are available at LetterPerfect. He has made others too, such as Creme (1990), InkjetNine, InkjetSeven (1992, for ReadersDigestInkjetFonts). Unclear if he also made NYCaslon in 1990 for Monotype. At Letterperfect, Kathy Schinhofen, Garrett Boge and Myron McVay together designed the whimsical curly connected script family Jackalope LP (2011).
After a fontmaking hiatus, he released these fonts in 2020:
- Boge Text.
- Bramante LP. An original all caps Trajan-style display font modeled after a fifteenth-century inscription in the church of Santa Cecilia in Trastevere, Rome. The name is a tribute to the pre-eminent Renaissance architect Donato Bramante, whose Tempietto (1502, San Pietro in Montorio) marked the beginning of the High Renaissance in Rome.
FontShop link. Bestselling typefaces at MyFonts. Klingspor link.
View Garrett Boge's typefaces. [Google]
Austrian designer who is trying hard to give the free software world an excellent qualitatively competitive free Garamond family. At Google Web Fonts, we find his EB Garamond family (2011), which covers Latin and Cyriilic. It is named after Egelnoff and Berner.
He explains: The source for the letterforms is a scan of a specimen known as the Berner specimen, which, composed in 1592 by Conrad Berner, son-in-law of Christian Egenolff and his successor at the Egenolff print office, shows Garamont's roman and Granjon's italic fonts at different sizes. Hence the name of this project: Egenolff-Berner Garamond. Also planned are polytonic Greek, IPA and ornaments.
In 2017, Octavio Pardo entered the EB Garamond project. The fonts can now be downloaded from Github. For Valentine's Day, a certain Bryn replaced the o and the tittles by hearts, and called the font Better EB Garamond (2017).
Designer of the free font OMW Ayembedt (2013): Ayembedt is a font aiming to recreate the symbolic typeface called Daedric, found in the Elder Scrolls video game series, most notably in The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind.
Klingspor link. Open Font Library link. CTAN download of EB Garamond. Google Plus link. Duffner's Github link. [Google]
[Unicode Fonts for Ancient Scripts]
British typefounder based in Oxford. His typefaces include Guillaume (2015): Guillaume is a small family of text fonts with its roots in the French sixteenth century. The roman is based on the types of Guillaume Le Bé (c. 1525-1598), and the italic on those of Claude Garamont (Garamond) (d. 1561). The italic is especially attractive.
In 2016, he designed Analogia, which is a digital interpretation of types used in the mid eighteenth century in books printed at Leuven, Belgium, by Martin van Overbeke.
In 2018, he published the text typeface Cunaeus and explains: Cunaeus is intended primarily for use in running text. It brings together the types of two renowned sixteenth-century punchcutters: the roman is an interpretation of a pica font cut [in 1551] by Ameet Tavernier (ca. 1522-1570), and the italic that of a pica font [from 1565] of Robert Granjon (1513-1589/90). Granjon's italics have inspired a number of revivals in the past, but usually of his more slanted styles; the present digitization features the lesser slant of his so-called droit style typical of the mid 1560s.
At the end of 2018, he designed Whittington, a revival of a congenial modern typeface of the mid nineteenth century, unassuming and businesslike with an even colour that reads comfortably over long stretches. It is intended primarily for use in running text.
In 2019, he released Miklos, which is based on the "mediaen" roman and italic cut by Miklos Kis in Amsterdam ca. 1680. [Google]
George William Jones
British printer and typographer (born 1860 in Upton-on-Severn, died 1942 in Worcestershire). From 1921 until his retirement in 1938, he was "printing adviser" to Linotype&Machinery Ltd in Britain. He was director of typography for the British Printer, and reached the acme of his career as Printer to the King and Queen of Belgium. All his typefaces except Venezia are Linotype typefaces. His typographic work includes these typefaces:
Adobe write-up. Bio by Lawrence Wallis. Klingspor link.
- About 1913, when at the press "At the Sign of the Dolphin" located in Gough Square off Fleet Street, he developed Venezia, a new typeface exclusive to his press. He retained Edward Prince to cut the punches and based his design on a Jenson precedent found in Caesar's "Commentaries" printed around 1470. Jones had the matching italic designed by Frederic Goudy. He sold the punches and matrices to Stephenson Blake in 1927. MacMcGrew: Venezia was produced by Keystone Type Foundry and first shown in 1899. It appears to have been inspired by the same models as Jenson Oldstyle, but features more generously bracketed serifs and a generally more pleasing appearance. Except for the unusual link between the bowls of the g, it is very agreeable. For a later modification of this design, see Laureate.
- Granjon Old Face, first shown in the British trade press of December 1924. He based this on books produced by the Parisian printers Jacques Dupuys in 1554 and Jean Poupy in 1582 (according to Lawrence Wallis). Its roman is a true Garamond. Linotype states that it was based on the typeface sample of the Frankfurt font foundry Egenolff from the year 1592, with the romans by Claude Garamond and the italics by Robert Granjon. Linotype's Granjon gets a date of 1928, and is attributed jointly to George W. Jones and Chauncey H. Griffith. Image of Linotype Granjon. Berry, Johnson and Jaspert write: [Mergenthaler Linotype; Linotype (London) 1928-1931] Designed for Linotype under the supervision of George W. Jones. Although named after another French type designer, Robert Granjon, this roman is the best reproduction of the Garamond type we have. It was based on a sixteenth century Paris book printed in a roman which appears under the name Garamond on a specimen sheet of the Egenolff-Berner foundry at Frankfurt, 1592. The capitals are tall in comparison with Bembo, but sufficiently narrow and light to prevent their being too conspicuous. The middle strokes of the M are slightly overhanging, the bowl of the P is not closed, the R ends in a foot serif on the line. The lower-case Garamond g with a small bowl is well reproduced. The italic is less distinguished than the true old-face italics. The A is rather like CASLON. There is a straight shanked h and a number of swash capitals. The large bowl of the g differentiates this design from the Garamond, so-called, italics.
- Estienne (1928-1929, Linotype London and Mergenthaler Linotype). Berry, Johnson and Jaspert write: Another Garamond design due to G.W. Jones, named after the famous family of Paris printers. This roman differs from Granjon in the greater height of the ascenders and length of the descenders. It is also lighter in colour. Other distinguishing marks are, the R which tapers off and descends below the line, and the g with a larger bowl. The italic has less inclination than the Granjon. The Q has a tail after the Goudy model. In the lower case the serifs on the tops of ascenders are inclined; the curve of the bowl of the p continues beyond the main stroke. The Haas Estienne is an entirely different design. Mac McGrew: Estienne is a distinguished book typeface designed by George W. Jones, the eminent English printer, and released by Linotype in 1930. It is related to Garamond but more delicate, with longer ascenders and descenders. The roman makes a distinctive and very attractive appearance in text, but the italic is rather loosely fitted, necessitated by fitting the long ascenders and descenders to straight matrices. It is named for a distinguished sixteenth- century French printing family. Compare Granjon, Garamond.
- Drawings for Linotype Baskerville are dated 1930 and the first public showing occurred in The London Mercury of November 1931. Jones wanted this to be a true revival, as close to the original as possible. Also, see ITC New Baskerville.
- (Linotype) Georgian (1931-1932) goes back to 18th century type by Alexander Wilson in Scotland. It was probably never digitized. Berry, Johnson and Jaspert relate it to Stephenson Blake font, and write about it: A transitional roman dating from c. 1790, perhaps from the Fry Foundry, but its early history is obscure. The serif formation and differentiation of colour are approaching the modern face. The capitals, in larger sizes, are rather heavy. Descenders are short. The g has a curled ear. The italic supplied with Georgian seems to be an earlier design, a Fry copy of Caslon's italic. Cf. the slope of the A, the swash J and T. Linotype Georgian is similar to the Stephenson Blake design, but there are a number of small differences, e.g., the serif on the lower arc of the C and the straight serifs on the arms of the E.
- Early on in his career, he designed a number of decorative caps alphabets, including the art nouveau style Grange and Dorothy.
View typefaces designed by George William Jones. [Google]
Diplom Engineer and painter from Hamburg who designed or digitized over 210 Fraktur fonts. He is heavily involved in the Bund für Deutsche Schrift und Sprache. Helzel is the designer at Delbanco-Frakturschriften of DS-DtWerkschrift (1997), DS-Fruehling (1996), DS-MaximilianGotisch (1994), DS-MaximilianTitel (1994), DS-Post-Fraktur (1997). He has hand-digitized over 200 Fraktur fonts, including
- BreitkopfInitialen (2000). Breitkopf Fraktur was made in the 18th century.
- ElementSchmalfett (1998). Element is a modern Textura by Max Bittrof (1933, Bauersche Giesserei).
- Fichte Fraktur, after M. Tiemann, 1934.
- GotenburgA and GotenburgB (1998-2000). Gotenburg was originally designed by Friedrich Heinrichsen (1935-37, Stempel AG).
- HamburgerDruckschriftFett (1996). Hamburger Druckschrift is due to Friedrich Bauer (1904, Genzsch&Heyse). According to "Blackletter: Type and National Identity", Hamburger Druckschrift "is an accomplished entry in this category of hybrid typefaces made before the 1st World War. They work within the black-letter tradition while borrowing lighter weight, softer curves and more open proportions from roman. Bauer maintained the structure of broken script, but subdued any flourishes. The width of his letters are generally wider than in traditional frakturs and, as in Jugendstil hybrids, some lowercase letterforms are modernized." It has been used as headliner for "Hamburger Nachrichten" which was stopped by the Nazis in 1939. Today's "Hamburger Abendblatt", the daily Hamburg Times, is still using it as headliner.
- Humboldt Fraktur (2000, gross and klein). Humboldt Fraktur was made originally by Hiero Rhode (1938, Stempel AG).
- KochFrakturSchmaleHalbfette (2000). This font is due to Rudolf Koch (1910-1921, Gebr. Klingspor), and was originally named Deutsche Schrift. Digitized in 1998.
- Mainzer Fraktur. After an original in 1901 by Carl Albert Fahrenwaldt.
- Mars Fraktur (1995, free family).
- RatdoltRotunda (1998). Named after Erhard Ratdolt (1443-1528), typesetter. Designed by Wolfgang Hendlmeier in 1989. Available at Delbanco. Tannenber (after E. Meyer, 1934).
- Weber Fraktur.
- WieynckGotischLicht (2001). A font by by Heinrich Wieynck (1926, Schriftguss Dresden), inspired by William Morris' work.
Helzel also offers a free "Frakturconverter" program for Windows which transforms Antiqua fonts into Fraktur fonts.
List of his fonts as of 2009: (Anker-)Schul-Fraktur, Accidenz-Gotisch, Akzidenz-Gotisch, Aldine, Albion-Gotisch, Alt-Fraktur, Alt-Gotisch (Bradley), Alt-Deutsch (after Ferdinand Theinhardt, 1851), Alte Münchner Fraktur (after a 1850 typeface by Gustav Lorenz), Alte deutsche Schreibschrift, Alte Schwabacher, Amts-Fraktur (after Heinrich Wilhelm Hoffmeister), Andreae Fraktur, Andreas-Schrift, Angelsächsisch, Angelsächsisch, Verzierte, Antike Gotisch, Aramäische Quadratschrift, Astra, Bastard, Bernhard-Fraktur, Bismarck-Gotisch, Breite deutsche Anzeigenschrift, Breite Kanzlei, Breitkopf-Fraktur, Britannia (Alt-Gotisch), Büxenstein-Antiqua, Büxenstein-Fraktur (after a house style at D. Stempel, 1912), Canzlei, Caxton, Caxton-Type, Claudius, Courante Gotisch, Danziger Fraktur (after A. W. Kafemann), Derby, Deutsche Reichsschrift (after a 1910 typeface by Wilhelm Woellmer), Deutsche Schrägschrift, Deutsche Schreibschrift (Bismarck-Zeit and Goethe-Zeit: school fonts), Deutsche Schrift, Deutsche Werkschrift, Deutsche Zierschrift, Deutsch-Gotisch, Deutschland, Dresdner Amts-Fraktur, Eckmann-Schrift, Einfache Kanzlei, Elegant, Element, Enge Gotisch (2008, after an 1880 font by Bauersche Giesserei), Enge moderne Kanzlei, Enge König-Type, Enge Kanzlei, Englische Antiqua, Faust-Fraktur, Fette Gotisch, Fette Schwabacher, Fichte-Fraktur, Fractur, Französische Antiqua, Frühling-Fraktur (1997, after Koch's original from 1917), Garamond-Antiqua, Genzsch-Antiqua, Germanen-Fraktur (this is the same as Stempel's Normannia from 1905), Germanisch, Goethe-Fraktur (after Wilheml Woelmmer), Gotenburg, Graeca, Gronau-Gotisch (after Heinrich Ehlert, 1850), Gursch-Fraktur, Gutenberg-Fraktur, Gutenberg-Bibelschrift, Gutenberg-Gotisch, Haenel-Antiqua, Halbfette Aldine, Halbfette Kanzlei, Halbfette Normalfraktur, Halbfette Schwabacher-Flinsch, Halbfette Wallau, Hamburger Druckschrift, Hamburger Fraktur, Hamburger Schwabacher, Hammonia-Gotisch, Hansa-Fraktur, Hansa-Gotisch (after a Genzsch & Heyse original), Hebräisch, Hellenistische Antiqua "Graeca", Hölderlin (after Eugen Weiss, 1937), Holländische Gotisch, Hoyer-Fraktur, Humboldt-Fraktur, Hupp-Fraktur, Ideal-Fraktur, Jean-Paul-Fraktur, Jubiläumsfraktur, Kaiser-Gotisch, Kanzlei, Karl-May-Fehsenfeld-Fraktur, (after a 1870 font used in the Karl-May books) Karl-May-Radebeul (after a 1890 font used in the Karl-May books), Kirchengotisch, Moderne, Kleist-Fraktur, Kleukens-Fraktur, Koch-Antiqua, Koch-Fraktur, König-Fraktur G14, König-Type, Kühne-Gotisch, Kühne-Schrift, Kurante Gotisch, Kurmark, Lichte National, Liebing-Type, Liturgisch (after Otto Hupp, 1906), Logos, Ludlow-Wartburg-Fraktur (after Ludlow, ca. 1920), Magere Wallau, Mainzer Fraktur, Manuskript-Gotisch, Mars-Fraktur, Maximilian-Gotisch, Mediaeval-Gotisch, Leipziger Altfraktur (after a 1912 typeface by Carl Kloberg), Midoline (after Jean Midolle's typeface from 1840 at Julius Klinkhardt), Moderne Kanzlei, Moderne Kirchen-Gotisch (based on an original from ca. 1880), Mönchs-Gotisch, Morris-Gotisch (Uncial-Gotisch, Unzial-Gotisch, after Emil Gursch), Münster-Gotisch, Neu-Gotisch klein, Neudeutsch(-Hupp), Neue (moderne) Fraktur, Neue Schwabacher, Nordisch-Antiqua, Normal-Fraktur (1999, after the font by Gustav Schelter, 1835), Normannia-Fraktur, Nürnberg, Offenbach, Post-Fraktur, Psalter-Gotisch, Ratdolt-Rotunda, Reklame-Fraktur halbfett, Renaissance-Fraktur, Renaissance-Kanzlei, Renata (after a Schwabacher of the Bauersche Giesserei, 1914), Richard-Wagner-Fraktur, Romeo Fraktur (2009, after a Stempel font from 1910), Rundgotisch, Russisch-Römisch, Salzmann-Fraktur, Schmale Accidenz-Gotisch, Schmale Haas-Gotisch, Schmale halbfette Fraktur, Schmale halbfette Gotisch, Schneidler-Schwabacher, Schraffierte Gotisch "Stella", Schreibschrift, Schul-Fraktur, Schwabacher, Schwabacher Mager Gross (after Albert Anklam, 1876), Sonderdruck-Antiqua (2008, after a 1913 typeface by Deberny and Peignot), Stahl (2007, after a 1937 typeface by Hans Kühne), Stahl Kursiv (2009, after Hans Kühne), Stella, Stempel-Fraktur, Straßburg (a blackletter based on fter H type by H. Berthold, 1926), Tannenberg, Thannhaeuser-Fraktur, Tiemann-Fraktur, Tiemann-Gotisch, Tiemann-Mediaeval, Unger-Fraktur, Verzierte Angelsächsisch, Verzierte Musirte Gotisch, Victoria-Gotisch (Viktoria-Gotisch), Wallau, Wartburg-Fraktur, Weber-Fraktur, Weiß-Fraktur, Werkschrift Germanisch, Wieynck-Gotisch, Wilhelm-Klingspor-Gotisch, Wohe-Kursive (after Wolgang Hendlmeier, 1988), Wohe Textura (2009, after Wolfgang Hendlmeier), Zeitungs-Fraktur, Zeitungs-Schwabacher (halbfette Neue Zeitungs-Schwabacher, to be more precise---based on a 1900 typeface by Pustet), Zentenar-Buchschrift.
Catalog from 1996. Article in 1995 by him on Normal Fraktur. Another catalog, in pieces: I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII. Antiqua catalog.
Three free blackletter fonts. [Google]
German Garamond is a SoftMaker typeface designed after Typoart Garamond by Herbert Thannhaeuser. Another digital version is Garamond No. 4 by URW. [Google]
Ghostscript fonts (URW)
The URW GhostScript font collection, version 1.41 (2005), truetype: A028-Ext, A028-Med [A028 is a free version of Albertus], A030-Bol, A030-BolIta, A030-Ita, A030-Reg, AntiqueOlive-Bol, AntiqueOlive-Ita, AntiqueOlive-Reg, ArtLinePrinter, CenturySchL-Bold, CenturySchL-BoldItal, CenturySchL-Ital, CenturySchL-Roma, ClarendonURW-BolCon, Coronet, Dingbats, GaramondNo8-Ita, GaramondNo8-Med (2000), GaramondNo8-MedIta, GaramondNo8-Reg, LetterGothic-Bol, LetterGothic-BolIta, LetterGothic-Ita, LetterGothic-Reg, Mauritius-Reg, NimbusMonL-Bold, NimbusMonL-BoldObli, NimbusMonL-Regu, NimbusMonL-ReguObli, NimbusMono-Bol, NimbusMono-BolIta, NimbusMono-Ita, NimbusMono-Reg, NimbusRomNo9L-Medi, NimbusRomNo9L-MediItal, NimbusRomNo9L-Regu, NimbusRomNo9L-ReguItal, NimbusRomanNo4-Bol, NimbusRomanNo4-BolIta, NimbusRomanNo4-Lig, NimbusRomanNo4-LigIta, NimbusRomanNo9-Ita, NimbusRomanNo9-Med, NimbusRomanNo9-MedIta, NimbusRomanNo9-Reg, NimbusSanL-Bold, NimbusSanL-BoldCond, NimbusSanL-BoldCondItal, NimbusSanL-BoldItal, NimbusSanL-Regu, NimbusSanL-ReguCond, NimbusSanL-ReguCondItal, NimbusSanL-ReguItal, StandardSymL, U001-Bol, U001-BolIta, U001-Ita, U001-Reg, U001Con-Bol, U001Con-BolIta, U001Con-Ita, U001Con-Reg, URWBookmanL-DemiBold, URWBookmanL-DemiBoldItal, URWBookmanL-Ligh, URWBookmanL-LighItal, URWChanceryL-MediItal, URWClassico-Bol, URWClassico-BolIta, URWClassico-Ita, URWClassico-Reg, URWGothicL-Book, URWGothicL-BookObli, URWGothicL-Demi, URWGothicL-DemiObli, URWPalladioL-Bold, URWPalladioL-BoldItal, URWPalladioL-Ital, URWPalladioL-Roma. All fonts were made in 1999-2000. Alternate URL. [Google]
Gigofonts is a Ljubljana-based foundry run by Matevz Medja (b. 1966, Kranj). He set up design studio Medja & Karlson in 1990 and Gigodesign in 2000. He founded Gigofonts and Archive Type typefoundries.
Matevz designed Compressor (1997, T-26), Gf Blackmail (2004, ransom note font), Gf Patetica (2004, an elegant renaissance serif with tall ascenders), Gf Scribbles (2005, hand-printed family), Gf Script No 2 (2005), Gf Script No 4, Gf Script No4 Scratch (2004, based on Penman Script), Gf Script No. 5 (2005), Gf SelfcensorShit (2004, T-26, and later at Gigofonts, now simply called Gf Selfcensor---a unicase family), Gf Spacetrash (2004), Gf Special (2005, 22 funky disco fonts, many of which are piano key typefaces), Semafor (1997, dot matrix, at T-26 since 2002), Gf H2O (2005, a humanist sans family done with Mitja Miklavčič).
MyFonts link. Creative Market link. Linotype link. Identifont link. Klingspor link.
View Matevz Medja's typefaces. [Google]
Gilles Le Corre
[GLC --- Gilles Le Corre]
GLC --- Gilles Le Corre
[Gilles Le Corre]
French painter born in Nantes in 1950, who lives in Talmont St Hilaire. His fonts include 2010 Cancellaresca Recens (inspired by a chancery type of Francisco Lucas from the late 16th century), 2009 Handymade (comic book style), 2009 Lollipop (chancery style), 2009 GLC Plantin, 2009 Primitive (2009, a rough-edged roman script), 2008 Script 2 (2008), GLC Ornaments One (2008) and 2008 Xmas Fantasy (2008: blackletter). In 2008, he started GLC -- Gilles Le Corre and became commercial. Creative Market link. He is best known for his historic revivals:
Creative Market link. Fontspring link. [Google]
- 161 Vergilius (2010)
- 750 Latin Uncial (2010): inspired by the Latin script used in European monasteries from circa 5th to 8th, before the Carolingian style took over. The uppercases were mainly inspired by a 700's manuscript from Fécamp's abbey in France.
- 799 Insular (2010): inspired by the so-called insular style of Latin script that was used in Celtic monasteries from about 600 until 820.
- 825 Karolus (2009), and 825 Lettrines Karolus (2009).
- 1066 Hastings (2009).
- 1350 Primitive Russian (2012) was inspired by a Russian Cyrillic hand of Russkaja Pravda. It has rough-edged Latin charaters and many old Russian glyphs.
- 1420 Gothic Script (2008).
- 1431 Humane Niccoli (2010), after writings of Florence-based calligrapher Niccolo Niccoli (1364-1437).
- 1456 Gutenberg (2008, based on a scan of an old text). Followed by 1456 Gutenberg B42 Pro, which was based on the so called B42 character set used for the two Gutenberg Latin Bibles (42 and 36 lines).
- 1462 Bamberg (2008).
- 1467 Pannartz Latin (2009): inspired by the edition De Civitate Dei (by Sanctus Augustinus) printed in 1467 in Subiaco by Konrad Sweynheym and Arnold Pannartz, who was the punchcutter.
- 1470 Sorbonne (2010) was inspired by the first French cast font, for the Sorbonne University printing shop. The characters were drawn by Jean Heynlin, rector of the university based on examples by Pannartz. It is likely that the cutter was Adolf Rusch.
- 1470 Jenson-SemiBold (2008).
- 1475 BastardeManual (2008, inspired by the type called Bastarde Flamande, a book entitled Histoire Romaine (by Titus Livius), translated in French by Pierre Bersuire ca. 1475, was the main source for drawing the lower case characters).
- 1479 Caxton Initials (2009): inspired by the two blackletter fonts used by the famous William Caxton in Westminster (UK) in the late 1400s.
- 1483 Rotunda Lyon (2010): inspired by a Venetian rotunda found in a 1483 book called Eneide printed in Lyon by Barthélémy Buatier (from Lyon) and Guillaume Le Roy (from Liège, Belgium).
- 1484 Bastarda Loudeac (2008).
- 1470 Jenson Latin (2009), inspired by the pure Jenson set of fonts used in Venice to print De preparatio evangelica in 1470.
- 1491 Cancellarasca Normal and Formata (2009): inspired by the very well known humanist script called Cancellaresca. This variant, Formata, was used by many calligraphers in the late 1400s, especially by Tagliente, whose work was mainly used for this font.
- 1492 Quadrata (2008).
- 1495 Lombardes (2008): a redrawn set of Lombardic types, which were used in Lyon by printers such as Mathias Huss, Martin Havard or Jean Real, from the end of 14OOs to the middle of 1500s.
- 1495 Bastarde Lyon (2008, based on the font used in the "Conte de Griseldis" by Petrarque).
- 1499 Alde Manuce Pro (2010): inspired by the roman font used by Aldus Manutius in Venice (1499) to print Hypnerotomachia Poliphili, the well-known book attributed to Francesco Colonna. Francesco Griffo was the punchcutter. The Italic style, carved by Francesco Colonna, illustrates the so-called Aldine style.
- 1509 Leyden (2008; a Lombardic typeface inspired by the type used in Leyden by Jan Seversz to print Breviores elegantioresque epistolae).
- 1510 Nancy (2008, decorated initial letters was inspired by those used in 1510 in Nancy (France, Lorraine) for printing of Recueil ou croniques des hystoires des royaulmes d'Austrasie ou France orientale[...] by Symphorien Champion; unknown printer).
- 1512 Initials.
- 1514 Paris Verand (based on initial caps that Barthélémy Verand employed for the printing of Triumphus translatez de langage Tuscan en François.
- 1522 Vicentino (2011). Based on Ludovico Vicentino Arrighi's 1522 typeface published in La Operina.
- GLC 1523 Holbein (2010, after Hans Holbein's Alphabet of Death.
- GLC 1525 Durer Initials (2010). Sample R.
- 1529 Champ Fleury Pro and 1529 Champ Fleury Initials (2010): based on Geofroy Tory's original drawings and text face.
- 1532 Bastarde Lyon (2008, based on work by an anonymous printer in Lyon (France) to print the French popular novel Les Grandes et inestimables Chroniques du grand et enorme geant Gargantua).
- 1533 GLC Augereau Pro: inspired by one of Antoine Augereau's three roman typefaces: the Gros Romain size, used in 1533 to print Le miroir de l'&aciorc;me..., a poetic compilation by Marguerite de Navarre, sister of the French king François I.
- 1534 Fraktur (2009; inspired by the early Fraktur style font used circa 1530 by Jacob Otther, printer in Strasbourg (Alsace-France) for German language printed books).
- 1536 Civilité manual (2011). Based on a handwritten copy of Brief story of the second journey in Canada (1535) by French explorer Jacques Cartier.
- 1538 Schwabacher (2008, based on a font used by Georg Rhan in Wittemberg (Germany) to print Des Babsts Hercules [...], a German pamphlet against roman catholicism written by Johannes Kymeus).
- 1540 Mercator Script was inspired by an alphabet of Gerardus Mercator, who is known for his maps as well as his Literarum Latinarum, quas Italicas cursoriasque vocant, scribendarum ratio (1540).
- 1543 Humane Petreius (2012) was inspired by the typeface used in Nuremberg by Johannes Petreius for De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium, the well-known mathematical and astronomical essay by Nicolas Copernicus.
- 1543 German Deluxe (2009): a Schwabacher inspired by the sets of fonts used in 1543 by Michael Isengrin, printer in Basel, to print New Kreüterbuch, which is a book with numerous nice pictures, the masterpiece of Leonhart Fuchs, father of the modern botany.
- 1543 HumaneJenson-Bold (2008, after the typeface used in Vesalius' 1543 book De humani corporis fabrica).
- 1543 HumaneJenson-Normal (2008, same source).
- 1545 Faucheur (2011) is a rough garalde typeface that was inspired by the set of fonts used in Paris by Ponce Rosset, aka Faucheur, to print the story of the second travel to Canada by Jacques Cartier, first edition, printed in 1545.
- 1546 Poliphile (2009), inspired by the French edition of Hypnerotomachie de Poliphile ("The Strife of Love in a Dream") attributed to Francesco Colonna, 1467, and printed in 1546 in Paris by Jacques Kerver.
- 1550 Arabesques (2008, caps).
- 1557 Civilité Granjon (2010).
- 1557 Italique (2008, based on Italic type used by Jean de Tournes in Lyon to print La métamorphose d'Ovide figurée).
- 1565 Renaissance (2010), inspired by French renaissance decorated letters.
- 1565 Venetian Normal (2008, initial decorated letters that are entirely original, but were inspired by Italian renaissance engraver Vespasiano Amphiareo's patterns published in Venice ca. 1568).
- 1584 Rinceau (2008, a set of initial letters is an entirely original creation, inspired by French renaissance patterns used by Bordeaux printers circa 1580-1590).
- 1584 Pragmatica Lima (2011). Based on fonts used in 1584 by Antonio Ricardo to produce the first publication ever printed in Southern America.
- 1585 Flowery (2009): inspired by French renaissance decorated letters.
- 1589 Humane Bordeaux (2008, inspired by the Garamond fonts used by S. Millanges (imprimeur ordinaire du Roy) in Bordeaux ca. 1580-1590. The alphabets were used to reprint L'instruction des curés by Jean Gerson).
- 1590 Humane Warszawa is a rough-edged garalde typeface inspired by a font carved circa 1590 for a Polish editor.
- 1592 GLC Garamond (2008, inspired by the pure Garamond set of fonts used by Egenolff and Berner, German printers in Frankfurt, at the end of sixteen century. Considered the best and most complete set at the time. The italic style is Granjon's).
- 1610 Cancellaresca (2008, inspired by the Cancellaresca moderna type of 1610 by Francesco Periccioli who published it in Sienna).
- 1613 Basilius (2012) was based on the hand-drawn types used by Basilius Besler (Germany) for the carved plates of his botanical manual Hortus eystettensis.
- GLC 1619 Expédiée (2015). A grungy Civilté.
- 1621 GLC Pilgrims (2010).
- 1634 René Descartes (2009), based upon his handwriting in a letter to Mersenne.
- 1638 Civilité Manual (2010). Inspired by a French solicitor's document dated 1638.
- GLC 1648 Chancellerie (2011). Inspired by the hand-written 1648 Munster peace treaty signed by roi Louis XIV and Kaiser Ferdinand II.
- 1651 Alchemy (2010): a compilation created from a Garamond set in use in Paris circa 1651.
- GLC 1669 Elzevir (2011) was inspired by the font typefaces used in Amsterdam by Daniel Elzevir to print Tractatus de corde, the study of earth anatomy by Richard Lower, in 1669. The punchcutter was Kristoffel Van Dijk.
- GLC 1672 Isaac Newton (2012) is based on the hand of Isaac Newton.
- GLC Morden Map (2011). Based on an engraved typeface used on a pack of playing cards published by Sir Robert Morden in 1676.
- 1682 Writhed Hand: very irregular handwriting.
- 1689 GLC Garamond Pro (2010): inspired by Garamond fonts used in an edition of Remarques critiques sur les oeuvres d'Horace by DAEP, published in Paris by Deny Thierry and seprately by Claude Barbin.
- 1689 Almanach (2009): inspired by the eroded and tired fonts used by printers from the sixteenth century to the early years of twentieth for cheap or fleeting works, like almanacs, adverts, gazettes or popular novels.
- 1695 Captain Flynt.
- 16th Arabesques (2008, an exquisite ornamental caps scanfont).
- 1715 Jonathan Swift (2011). An example of the hand of Irish poet and novelist Jonathan Swift (1667-1745). It is a typical exemple of the British quill pen handwriting from about 1650-1720.
- GLC 1726 Real Espanola (2012). Based on the set of typefaces used by Francisco Del Hierro to print the first Spanish language Dictionary from the Spanish Royal Academy (Real Academia Española, Dictionario de Autoridades) in 1726. These transitional styles are said to have been the first set of official typefaces in Spain.
- 1741 Financiere (2009): inspired by the Fournier's font Financière. While it appears handwritten, it was in fact carved in 1741 by Pierre Simon Fournier le jeune and published in his Manuel Typographique in Paris (1764-1766).
- 1742 Frenchcivilite (2008).
- 1751 GLC Copperplate (2009), a 6-style family about which Gilles says: This family was inspired by an engraved plate from Diderot&Dalembert's Encyclopedia (1751), illustrating the chapter devoted to letter engraving techniques. The plate bears two engravers names: "Aubin" (may be one of the four St Aubin brothers?) and "Benard" (whose name is present below all plates of the Encyclopedia printed in Geneva). It seems to be a transitional type, but different from Fournier or Grandjean.
- 1756 Dutch (2011).
- 1776 Independence (inspired mainly from the font used by John Dunlap in the night of 1776 July 4th in Philadelphia to print the first 200 sheets of the Congress' Declaration of Independence establishing the United States of America).
- 1781 La Fayette (2010): a formal bâtarde coulée script with caitals inspired by Fournier (1781).
- 1785 GLC Baskerville (2011). Le Corre explains: The Baskerville's full collection was bought by the French editor and author Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais who used it to print---in Switzerland---for the first time the complete work of Voltaire (best known as the Kehl edition, by the "Imprimerie de la société littéraire typographique"). We have used this edition, with exemplaries from 1785, to reconstruct this genuine historical two styles.
- 1786 GLC Fournier (2010), based on several books printed in Paris just before the Didot era set in. The Titling characters are based on hymns printed by Nicolas Chapart.
- 1790 Royal Printing (2009): inspired by various variants of Romain du Roy.
- 1791 Constitution (2011).
- 1792 La Marseillaise (2011). Based on the original manuscript of the French revolutionary song La Marseillaise which later became the French national hymn---it was composed in one night (April 25, 1792) by captain Rouget de Lisle.
- 1805 Austerlitz Script Light: a typical French handwriting style from that period, named after one of the few battles that Napoleon actually won.
- 1805 Jaeck Map (2011). Inspired by the engraved characters of a German map, edited in Berlin at the end of 1700s. The engraver was Carl Jaeck or Jaek (1763-1808).
- 1809 Homer (2011), a grungy typeface named after the "homer" message pigeons.
- 1815 Waterloo (2008): a handwriting typeface originating in Napoleon's government. Why do I feel that GLC is nostalgic for the era of Napoleon? Their own present dwarf-version of Napoleon is not exactly a huge success.
- 1820 Modern (2009) was inspired by a didone font used in Rennes by Cousin-Danelle, printers, for a Brittany travel guide.
- 1822 GLC Caslon (2010): inspired by a Caslon set used by an unknown Flemish printer from Bruges, in the beginning of 1800s, a little before the revival of the Caslon style in the 1840s.
- 1845 Mistress (2009): calligraphic script.
- 1848 Barricades Italic, a quill pen italic.
- 1859 Solferino (2009).
- 1863 Gettysburg (2008; inspired by a lot of autographs, notes and drafts, written by President Abraham Lincoln, mainly the Gettysburg address).
- 1864 GLC Monogram Initials (2011) was inspired by a French portfolio containing about two hundred examples of Chiffres---deux lettres, created for engravers and jewelers in Paris in 1864, and drawn by French engraver C. Demengeot.
- 1871 Victor Hugo (2011). Based on manuscripts from the final part of the life of Victor Hugo (1802-1885).
- 1871 Whitman Script (2008) and 1871 Dreamer Script (2008): inspired by manuscripts by American poet Walt Whitman. See also 1871 Dreamer 2 Pro (2012).
- 1880 Kurrentschrift (2010): German handwriting, based on late medieval cursive. It is also known as "Alte Deutsche schrift" ("Old German script"). This was taught in German schools until 1941.
- 1883 Fraktur (2009): inspired by fonts used by J. H. Geiger, printer in Lahr, Germany.
- 1885 Germinal: based on notes and drafts written by Émile Zola (1840-1902).
- GLC 1886 Romantic Initials (2012).
- 1890 Registers Script (2008): inspired by the French "ronde".
- 1890 Notice (2009): a fat didone family.
- 1902 Loïe Fuller (art nouveau face).
- 1906 Fantasio (2010): inspired by the hatched one used for the inner title and many headlines by the popular French satirical magazine Fantasio (1906-1948).
- 1906 French News: a weathered Clarendon-like family based on the fonts used by Le Petit Journal, a French newspaper that ran from 1863 until 1937.
- 1906 Fantasio Auriol (2010), inspired by the set of well known Auriol fonts used by the French popular satirical magazine Fantasio (1906-1948).
- 1906 Titrage (2009): a didone headline typeface from the same newspaper.
- Underwood 1913 (2007, an old typewriter font, whose commercial version is Typewriter 1913), and 1913 Typewriter Carbon (2008).
- 1920 French Script Pro (2010).
- 1920 My Toy Print Set, 1925 My Toy Print Deluxe Pro (2010): inspired by rubbert stamp toy print boxes called Le petoit imprimeur.
- 1968 GLC Graffiti (2009).
- 1917 Stencil (2009; with rough outlines).
- 2010 Dance of Death (2010): based on Hans Holbein's Alphabet of Death.
- 2009 Primitive (2016).
- 2009 GLC Plantin Pro (2016).
- 2010 Pipo Classic: a grungy typewriter slab serif family.
- 2010 Cancellaresca Recens (2016).
- 2011 Slimtype (2011, +Italic) and 2011 Slimtype Sans (2011): an old typewriter typeface.
Graphic bureau Az-Zet
Russian foundry that published Cyrillic/Latin fonts from these designers:
- Anton Bisiajew: AZGaramondC (1990-1995).
- Serge Agronsky: AZGaramondExtraBoldC (1990-1995), ParagonNordC (1990-1995).
- Leonid Silkin: HighWayC (1990-1995), PoligonC (1990-1995).
- A. Andreev: NewsPaperC (1990-1995).
- K. Tchouvashew: AZLatinWideC (1990-1995).
Greek Font Society
The Greek Font Society was founded in 1992 by the late Michael S. Macrakis (1924-2001) as a Non-Profit Organization with the expressed aim of contributing to the research of Greek typography. The Society was founded initially by the Kostopoulos Foundation, with further support provided by the Greek Ministry of Culture, the Leventis Foundation, Regis College-USA, the Maliotis Foundation and the Girondelis Foundation. From 2004 until 2006, the Board of Directors consists of M.V. Sakellariou (President). L. Macrakis (Vice-President), D.G. Portolos (Secretary), L.G. Savidis (Treasurer), G.E. Agouridis, A.G. Drimiotis, and A. Giakoumakis. GFSs type design programme began through the collaboration of painter-engraver Takis Katsoulidis with type designer George D. Matthiopoulos. Since then, GFS has designed a growing list of Greek polytonic (fully-accented) fonts which include various historical revivals and new designs with respect to typographic tradition. In addition, GFS was commissioned to design fonts for the Athens Academy, The Athens Archeological Society, the Institute of Speech amongst others. Furthermore, GFS organised an International Conference, Greek Letters: from Tablets to Pixels at the Institute Français dAthènes in 1995, and has been active in the publication of works on Typography. For this aim GFS edited and designed the proceedings of the Conference: Michael S. Macrakis (edit), Greek Letters: from Tablets to Pixels, Oak Knoll Press, Newcastle-Delaware, 1996. The artistic collaborators include George D. Matthiopoulos, Michail Semoglou and Natasha Raissaki. Finally, they are making some high quality free fonts, such as:
- GFS Didot (1994, a didone designed by Takis Katsoulidis and digitized by George Matthiopoulos; a matching Latin alphabet is based on Hermann Zapf's Palatino). Open Font Library link.
- GFS Bodoni (1992-1993): a didone designed by Takis Katsoulidis and digitized by George Matthiopoulos. See also GFS Bodoni Classic (Greek only).
- GFS Olga (1995, a serif designed and digitized by George Matthiopoulos, based on the historical Porson Greek type (1803)).
- GFS Callierges Greek, based on the types of Zacharias Callierges (15th century), digitized by George Matthiopoulos.
- GFS Porson Greek, digitized by George Matthiopoulos in 1995. This is based on the types of Richard Porson of the 18th century.
- GFS Artemisia (2001), by painter-engraver Takis Katsoulidis and digitized by George D. Matthiopoulos. Open Font Library link.
- GFS Complutensian Greek, digitized by George Matthiopoulos and Antonis Tsolomitis. This was based on the types of Arnaldo Guillen de Brocar (16th century). Now called GFS Complutum (2007).
- GFS Neohellenic (1993-2000, Takis Katsoulidis and George D. Matthiopoulos). They explain: In 1927, Victor Scholderer (British Museum Library curator), on behalf of the Society for the Promotion of Greek Studies, got involved in choosing and consulting the design and production of a Greek type called New Hellenic cut by the Lanston Monotype Corporation. He chose the revival of a round, and almost monoline type which had first appeared in 1492 in the edition of Macrobius, ascribable to the printing shop of Giovanni Rosso (Joannes Rubeus) in Venice. New Hellenic was the only successful typeface in Great Britain after the introduction of Porson Greek well over a century before. The type, since to 1930s, was also well received in Greece, albeit with a different design for Ksi and Omega. GFS digitized the typeface (1993-1994) funded by the Athens Archeological Society with the addition of a new set of epigraphical symbols. Later (2000) more weights were added (italic, bold and bold italic) as well as a Latin version. A further extension, GFSNeohellenicMath, was published in 2018: The font GFSNeohellenicMath was commissioned to the Greek Font Society (GFS) by the Graduate Studies program "Studies in Mathematics" of the Department of Mathematics of the University of the Aegean, located on the Samos island, Greece. The design copyright belongs to the main designer of GFS, George Matthiopoulos. The OpenType Math Table embedded in the font was developed by the Mathematics Professor Antonis Tsolomitis. The font is released under the latest OFL license, and it is available from the GFS site at http://www.greekfontsociety-gfs.gr. The font is an almost Sans Serif font and one of its main uses is for presentations, an area where (we believe) a commercial grade sans math font was not available up to now.
- GFS Elpis (2006, Natasha Raissaki), an original design which tries very hard to match the Greek and Latin parts of its alphabet.
- GFSSolomos (2006) by George D. Matthiopoulos.
- GFS Theokritos, a redesign by George D. Matthiopoulos of a font created by Yannis Kefallinos (1894-1958) in the 1950s. Free at Open Font Library.
- GFS Baskerville (2007) by Antonis Tsolomitis.
- GFS Gazis (2007, George Matthiopoulos), about which they write: During the whole of the 18th century the old tradition of using Greek types designed to conform to the Byzantine cursive hand with many ligatures and abbreviations - as it was originated by Aldus Manutius in Venice and consolidated by Claude Garamont (Grecs du Roy) - was still much in practice, although clearly on the wane. GFS Gazis is a typical German example of this practice as it appeared at the end of that era in the 1790s. Its name pays tribute to Anthimos Gazis (1758-1828), one of the most prolific Greek thinkers of the period, who was responsible for writing, translating and editing numerous books, including the editorship of the important Greek periodical (Litterary Hermes) in Wien.
- These majuscule typefaces were made by George Matthiopoulos in 2006 and 2007: GFS Ambrosia, GFS Eustace, GFS Fleischman-Regular, GFS Garaldus, GFS Jackson-Regular, GFS Nicefore. He writes: GFS Ambrosia has the main characteristics of the majuscule forms of the early Christian tradition while GFS Nicefore is a typical byzantine sample of the 5th-7th century period. GFS Jackson is an edition of the font cut, in 1788, by Joseph Jackson on commission by the Cambridge University in preparation of the edition of the Beza codex containing the New Testament from the 5th-6th century. Theodore Beza was the erudite scholar from Geneva who had given the codex as a gift to the University in 1581. GFS Eustace is a typical example of byzantine woodcut initials used in many similar forms in Italy for Greek editions of the Bible, Prayers and other theological literature from the 15th to 19th centuries. GFS Fleischman, on the contrary, is based on a typeface cut by Johann Michael Fleishman, typecutter of the Dutch Enschedé foundry in the baroque style that prevailed in the mid-18th century.
Günter Gerhard Lange
Known to his peers as GGL. German type designer, born in Frankfurt-an-der-Oder in 1921, d. 2008. He fought in World War II and lost his leg in a battle in France. Starting in 1941, Lange studied as apprentice of Georg Belwe at the Academy of Graphic and Book Arts in Leipzig. After graduation in 1945, until 1949, he was assistant of Professor Walter Tiemann, while also practicing painting and graphic design independently. In 1949, he continued his studies with Professors Hans Ullmann and Paul Strecker at the Hochschule für Bildende Künste in West Berlin. From 1950 onwards, he worked at Berthold AG in Berlin, where he designed his first type, Arena in 1951. In 1955, he became Reader in Typography at the Meisterschule für Graphik, Druck und Werbung in West Berlin. One of his many students was Manfred Klein. He also was Advisor in Visual Communications and Reader at the U5 Academy of Graphic Design and Art Direction Munich, and Instructor at the School of Applied Art in Vienna. H. Berthold AG's artistic director from 1961 to 1990, Lange was responsible for the creation and meticulous production of many of Berthold's typefaces. According to Dieter Hofrichter, his motto was 8 point is the moment of truth (when proofing typefaces). In 1989 he received the Frederic W. Goudy Award from the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT). Recipient of the year 2000 TDC medal. After ten years of retirement from his position as Berthold AG's artistic director, Lange resumed his design activities in 2000 at Bertholdtypes (now Berthold Direct Inc) in Chicago. Bio at ATypI.
Lange's own designs include his revivals of many classical typefaces. Here is a list, all Berthold typefaces:
- Akzidenz Grotesk AG Book (1969-1972; see Atkins on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD, 2002), AG Book Stencil Pro, AG Old Face (1984), AG Schoolbook.
- Arena (1951-1959): a condensed stocky roman. Now called Arena New.
- Berthold Baskerville (1961). Berthold Baskerville Book appeared in 1980.
- Berthold Bodoni Old Face (1983; see Giambattista on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD, 2002).
- Bodoni Antiqua (1935).
- Boulevard (Berthold, 1955). Imitated by Opticast (Brandenburg), Greenstreet (Koepenick), Lanston (Francis No.982) and in Regency. Boulevard was revived digitally by P22 as LTC Francis in 2018.
- Caslon Buch (1977).
- Champion (1957, a paint brush typeface revived in 2010 by Ray Larabie as Gloss).
- Concorde (1969; see C791 Roman on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD, 2002, CJ by Itek, Chinchilla by Scangraphic, Transport by Varityper, Contus by URW, Dutch 809 by Bitstream, and Concept by SoftMaker), Concorde Nova.
- Deepdene (1982-1983), a revival of Frederick Goudy's Deepdene of 1927-1934.
- Derby (1952-1953). This script typeface was digitally revived by Gerhard Helzel, and in 2019 by Ralph M. Unger as Turnier.
- El Greco (1964).
- Franklin Antiqua (1976; see F820 Roman on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD, 2002).
- Berthold Garamond (1972).
- Imago (1982).
- Publica. This Peignotian sans typeface was the source of inspiration for Ralph M. Unger's Bravura Pro (2013).
- Berthold Script (1977; see B690 Script on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD, 2002).
- Solemnis (1952-1953, refreshed in 2003; a hybrid uncial remade by Harold Lohner in 2000).
- Walbaum Buch (1975) and Walbaum Standard (1976).
- Whittingham (with Dieter Hofrichter, 2000).
Yvonne Schwemer-Scheddin writes a day after his death: Dear type friends, yesterday morning, the 2nd of December 2008, Günter Gerhard Lange died, 87 years old. We lost an upright, steadfast fighter for quality in type design. Not only Berthold's artistic director, but a friend and objective adviser to many who needed personal help or an evaluation in type design. GGL was Berthold. For Berthold GGL "enhanced" many type designs of other well known type designers. His valued critizism was a great help, because it came from a positively tuned man. GGL transferred the lead heritage and its classical type typefaces into photocomposition and into the digital format on a high aesthetic and historically authentic level - as for instance Garamond or Van Dijk. Akzidenz-Grotesk is not thinkable without GGL. Bodoni Old Face one of the best contemporary text typefaces. With his sans serif Imago you can be different and yet classical. And the Americans should be pleased with the revival of Deepdene, which he also turned into a well working textface with a distinct character. But perhaps most important of all, he relentlessly encouraged the young, teaching and talking up to almost the end. Thus opening fences, eyes and hearts to art, architecture, literature and for the values of studies and love for the correct details without which the whole would not function. He was a rare communicator, because he lived his convictions and values. He became an example, a light of orientation. We lost a passionate type lover and expert---an authentic man. An era has come irreversible to its end.
Credit for some images below: Danielle West. [Google]
The Hallmark Cards company was founded by J.C. Hall. Fonts with the letters HMK in their names are produced by Hallmark, the well-known postcard company in Kansas City, MO. These include early fonts such as Hog-Bold---HMK, Hog-Book---HMK, Jot-Medium---HMK, Marita-Medium---HMK, Marita-Script---HMK, Trots-Light---HMK, Trots-Medium---HMK and later (1997-1999) fonts such as BaaBookHmk, BernhardFashionHmk, BethsCuteHmk, BixAntiqueScriptHmk, BoogieWoogieHmk, ChrisHmk, CluffHmk, DesertDogHmk, FrancineHmk, FultoonHmk (by Nancy Fulton), GeeohHmk, HavixHmk (by Doug Havach), JanieHmk, Jewels, LamboHmk, McBooHmk (by Megan Walsh), NotnorvalHmk, OkrienHmk, OttumHmk (1997, downloadable here, PegsannaHMK (by Peg CarlsonHoffman), SandyTextHmk, SlashHmk, SplintHmk, StarbabeHmk (by Lisa Rogers), SuccotashHmk, SuccotashHmkBlack, TwizotHmk (by Bud Braman and John Dawbarn), WallowHmk.
In 2008, careful hackers found these fonts in the flash files of Hallmark and posted them on alt.binaries.fonts: AngelinaHMK, AnnouncementRomanHMK, CoronaSansHMK, CrownRomanHMK, DuneHMK (2008), InkberryCondensedBoldHMK, KarasHMK, KingsHatBoldHMK, MizquitoHMK, PatriciaHMK, PoobyrdHMK, ZincHMK-Regular. One hacker points out that AnnouncementRomanHMK is a rework of Castcraft's AnnouncementRoman, adding the Euro, so Hallmark seems to have its hands in the cookie jar, unless there is an intestinal link to Castcraft (but I am not aware of any).
In 2010, some people extracted fonts from Hallmark e-cards with these names: BetaCrownRomanBFA, BetaMars, BluesOnePKA, DoverA1, EdPS-Script, EvereadyOnePKA, GriegoOnePKA, InkberryCondensedBoldA1, KingsHatSansTextBoldPKA-Regular, KingsHatSansTextBoldPKA, KreamyPKA, Minion-HMK, PSOneBoldPKA, PahtooieOneSolidPKA, PahtooieTwoSolidPKA, PeanutsA1-Regular, QubitTwoBoldPKA, SlashKA, StoryBookPKA.
In 2010, Ascender started selling the Hallmark fonts. The first set includes Bix Antique Script HMK, Cluff HMK, Forget Me Not HMK, Fultoon HMK, Geeoh HMK, Hasty HMK, Havix HMK, Jewels HMK, Kat Tail HMK, McBoo HMK, Okrien HMK, Ottum HMK, Starbabe HMK, Succotash HMK and Wallow HMK. The second set, published in 2011, has BoogieWoogie HMK, Calcium HMK (2010, skeletal font), Gweet HMK, Karrot HMK, Pan HMK, Slash HMK, Splint HMK, Tuf Medium HMK (2011), Twizot HMK (1999). But then Ascender was gobbled up by Monotype, so who knows what will happen?
In 2012, we find a file with 107 free fonts on the Hallmark site as a support file for Hallmark Card Studio 2012. That collection: AliceFrancesHmk, BaaBookHmk, BaaBookHmkBold, BernhardFasD, BernhardFashionHmk, BernhardMordern, BethsCuteHmk, BethsCuteHmkBold, BixAntiqueScriptHmk (2009, a copperplate script), BixAntiqueScriptHmkBold, BoogieWoogieHmk, BoogieWoogieHmkBold, CallieHmk, CandyBuzzBTN, CandyBuzzBTNBold, CapriHMK, CarmineTango, CaslonAntT, CaslonNo540SwaD-Ital, ChrisHmk, ChrisHmkBold, CluffHmk, CluffHmkBold, CopperplateT-Bold, CopperplateT-Ligh, CopperplateT-Medi, DesertDogHmk (2008), DomCasualBT-Regular, DomCasualD-Regu, ForgetMeNotHMK, FrancineHmk, FrancineHmkBold, FultoonHmk (2010, a great painter's script), FuturaBT-Medium, Garamond, GaramondBold, GaramondBoldItalic, GaramondItalic, GeeohHmk (2009), GeeohHmkBold, GilliesGotD-Ligh, GrilledCheeseBTNCn, GweetHmk, GweetHmkBold, HankBT-Roman, HastyHMK (2006), HavixHmk (1998, calligraphic), HavixHmkBold, Humanist531BT-RomanA, JanieHmk (2008), JanieHmkBold, JewelsHmk (2008), KatTailBoldHMK, KatTailHMK (2009), LamboHmk, LamboHmkBold, LiorahBT-Regular, MaritaTextBookHMK, MaritaTextMediumHMK, McBooHmk (2009), MelanieBT-Roman, MissyBT-Roman, NimbusRomD-Regu, NimbusRomdBold, NimbusRomdItalic, NimbusSanT-Regu, NimbusSanT-ReguCond, NimbusSanTConBold, NokieBrushBoldHMK, NokieBrushHMK (2009), NotnorvalHmk, NotnorvalHmkBold, OkrienHmk (1999, camp site script), OkrienHmkBold, OttumHmk (2010, formal connected script), OttumHmkBold, PamHMK (2009), ParkAveD, PegsannaHMK, RegisterSansBTN, RegisterSansBTNBold, RyanBT-Heavy, SandyTextHmk (1997, formal script), SandyTextHmkBold, Shannon-Book, ShannonExtraBold, SlashHmk, SlashHmkBold, SplintHmk (2008), SplintHmkBold, StarbabeHmk (2009), StarbabeHmkBold, SuccotashHmk (1999, technical memo script), SuccotashHmkBlack, SuccotashHmkBold, Symphony, SymphonyBlack, TwizotHmk (1999), URWAlcuinT-Regu, URWImperialT-Regu, WackyActionBTN, WackyActionBTNBold, WallowHmk (1999), WallowHmkBold, WritetyperHmk, YearbookSolid.
Hallmark's SMC animations font download site has the free fonts Hmk Handjive, Handshake, Handlebar, Handstand, Handspring, Handsome, all made in 2010.
Additional fonts not mentioned above include Butch HMK (2008), Amberger Sans One, Angelina, Announcement Roman HMK, Constanze Mono One Med, Corona Sans, Crocka Doodle One, Crown Roman (regular, italic), Drummer Man, Dune, Inkberry Cond Bold, Karas, Kings Hat (bold, italic), Mizdemeanor One, Mizfit, Mizquito, Patricia Medium, Poobyrd, Zinc.
As of the early 2010's, Hallmark had two full-time font designers in its department, Terry Lee and Josh Scruggs, and could still count on Myron McVay, who officially retired from Hallmark a few years ago and died in 2013. The type department was headed by Rick Cusick. More recently, Hallmark started to work exclusively on proprietary font designs, including fonts for various Hallmark subsidiaries. By 2016, Rick Cusick and Terry Lee also retired, leaving Hallmark with just two full-time designers: Josh Scruggs and Lila Symons.
To read about type design at Hallmark, consult What Our Lettering Needs The Contribution of Hermann Zapf to Calligraphy & Type Design at Hallmark Cards by Rick Cusick. [Google]
Hans van Maanen
Dutch science journalist who has published extensively in the Volkskrant. He is also into fine arts and illustration, and has even designed a few fonts. MyFonts page. Klingspor link.
- His first production was Lexington and Lexington Handtooled (2006, a revival and major expansion of a 1926 Ludwig Wagner Schriftgiesserei typeface called Titanic. A typical art deco signage typeface which can be bought at Canada Type, and is characterized by its rabbit-eared k, l, b, d and h).
- He also digitized and expanded Aurora Grotesk (1912, Johannes Wagner foundry) and called it Annonce (2006, Canada Type).
- As explained by Canada Type: The story of Serena is a unique one among revivals. Serena was neither a metal typeface nor a film one. In fact it never went anywhere beyond Stefan Schlesinger's 1940-41 initial sketches (which he called Saranna). A year later, while working with Dick Dooijes on the Rondo typeface, Schlesinger was sent to a concentration camp where he died, along with any material prospects for the gorgeous letters he'd drawn. The only sketches left of Schlesinger's Saranna work are found in the archives of the Drukkerij Trio (the owner of which was Schlesinger's brother-in-law). The sketches were done in pencil and ink over pencil on four sheets of paper. And now Hans van Maanen revives Schlesinger's spirit as closely as the drawings permit. Hans Van Maanen thus digitized Serena (2007, Canada Type).
- Dutch Mediaeval (2007, 9 styles) is a text family based on Hollandse Mediaeval, the 1912 Sjoerd Hendrik De Roos classic. Followed in 2013 by Dutch Mediaeval Book ST (done together with Patrick Griffin), which was engineered specifically for science writing.
- Freco (2006, Canada Type): an art deco font.
- Circulaire (2009, Canada Type) is a set of initial caps designed by Sjoerd Hendrik de Roos in 1926.
- Adams (2008, Canada Type) is a revival and major expansion of Dolf Overbeek's Studio typeface and Flambard, its bold counterpart, originally published by the Amsterdam Type Foundry in 1946 and 1954, respectively.
- Lotto: A brush typeface originally designed by expert ad artist Herbert Thannhaeuser for East German foundry Typoart in 1955. Revived by Van Maanen at Canada Type in 2009.
- Diploma (2009, Canada Type) is a revival of Diplomat, a metal type made by the in-house team of Ludwig&Mayer and first published in 1964.
- Roos (2009): A 10-style revival and extension of Sjoerd Hendrik de Roos's De Roos Romein (1948), created in cooperation with Patrick Griffin at Canada Type.
- Archie (2010): a heavy techno sans banner face, done at Canada Type as a revival of work by Martin Meijer.
- Agent (2010, Canada Type) is another revival of work by Martin Meijer.
- Aragon (2010, Canada Type): Advertised as a workhorse Dutch Garamond family. Includes an open style called Aragon Initials.
- Naga (+Naga Outline, 2011, Canada Type) is Hans van Maanen's original creation of art deco shapes intersected with intricate mazes of what could be Celtic or Mesoamerican knotwork art.
- Zilvertype (2012). A 590-glyph typeface revival published by Canada Type: Right on the heels of the tremendous popularity wave that made Hollandse Mediaeval the most used Dutch typeface during the Great War years, Sjoerd H. de Roos was asked to design a 15 point type for De Zilverdistel, Jean-François van Royen's publishing company. So between 1914 and 1916, de Roos and van Royen collaborated on the typeface eventually known as Zilvertype, and which both parties viewed as an improved version of Hollandse Mediaeveal. Like Hollandse Mediaeval, Zilvertype was based on the Jenson model, but it is simpler, with more traditional metrics, and lighter and more classic in colour. Followed in 2014 by the expanded Zilvertype Pro.
- Minuet (2007) revives Schlesinger's Rondo.
- Grippo (2012). A layered font in six styles, with a general art deco look.
- Gaulois (2012). Based on Scribe (1937, Marcel Jacno), an art deco era signage and advertising script.
- Wilke Kursiv (2013) is based on Martin Wilke's Wilke Kursiv from 1932.
- Aragon ST (2013, with Patrick Griffin). Related to Garamond, this family was designed for science writing, thanks to the incorporation of SciType. SciType is a flexible combination of oft-ignored letterforms and innovative OpenType programming that can be incoporated into existing text fonts in order for them to function seamlessly when including common science formulas and equations in regular text.
- In 2015, Hans cooperated with Patrick Griffin on the sturdy small text typeface Leo.
- Basilio (2017). a revival and expansion of the italienne typeface Hidalgo (1939, Stefan Schlesinger for Lettergieterij Amsterdam).
- Der Mond (2018). A stick font.
- Pala (2018). A condensed semi-bold sans typeface that is based on the tyopes seen on posters by activists.
- Monostad (2019).
- Litige (2019). A bold titling sans.
- Salden (2019, by Hans van Maanen and Patrick Griffin). A grand effort to collect the lettering of Dutch book and book cover designer Helmut Salden in a series of typefaces.
- Boerenzij (2019). A stencil type commissioned by Wapke Feenstra for an exposition in Rotterdam.
- Mmomo (2019).
- Artist in Space (2019). A commissioned typeface.
- Normandia (2021, by Patrick Griffin and Hans van Maanen). A digital revival of the fatface typeface Normandia by Alessandro Butti at Nebiolo (1946-1949).
[That That Creative (or: Utah Type Foundry)]
Greek type and graphic designer, b. 1945, Nicosia (Cyprus), who studied at Doxiadis School of Art. He is active in type design since the mid-eighties and has designed fonts for various companies, among them Linotype. He teaches at Vakalo school of Art and Design, and is one of the three Course Leaders at the Graphic Design department. He collaborates with Cannibal Fonts since 1997.
At Cannibal, he published Blast Gothic CF, Derrida CF Book, Garamond CF, and Hot Metal CF. Co-designer at Linotype of a version of the Sabon family (1986). [Google]
Hendrik D.L. Vervliet
Prolific Belgian type expert (b. 1923, Antwerp; d. 2020) who graduated in philology from the University of Leuven. He became adjunct director of the Museum Plantin-Moretus in Antwerp and was on the board of governors of the Plantin Instituut voor Typografie, which he helped renovate after the second worrld war together with Albert J.M. Pelckmans. Vervliet became librarian and lecturer at the University of Antwerp, and professor at the University of Amsterdam. Obituary that uses a text by Ludo Simons at the Plantin Instituut voor Typografie. Considered as the world's top expert on 15th and 16th century typography, Vervliet leaves a wealth of books on type from the renaissance era, and book history in general. Author of
- Sixteenth-Century Printing Types of the Low Countries. With a Foreword by Harry Carter, Amsterdam: M. Hertzberger, 1968. This book has 267 facsimile-illustrations depicting 147 typespecimens. It was translated from the Dutch manuscript by Harry Carter.
- Civilité Types (with Harry Carter, 1966, Oxford, University Press), for The Oxford Bibliographical Society).
- Cyrillic & oriental typography in Rome at the end of the sixteenth century: an inquiry into the later work of Robert Granjon (1578-90) (1981, Berkeley Poltroon Press, 55+3 pages).
- The Palaeotypography of the French Renaissance Selected Papers on Sixteenth-Century Typefaces (Library of the Written Word, 2008, and Leiden: Koninklijke Brill NV, 2008). This is a 565-page 2-volume oeuvre about which the publisher writes: This collection of thirteen essays examines sixteenth-century type design in France. Typefaces developed during this period were to influence decisively the typography of the centuries which followed, and they continue to influence a great many contemporary typefaces. The papers' common goal is to establish the paternity of the typefaces described and critically to appraise their attributions, many of which have previously been inadequately ascribed. Such an approach will be of interest to type historians and type designers seeking better-documented attributions, and to historians, philologists, and bibliographers, whose study of historical imprints will benefit from more accurate type descriptions. The papers and illustrations focus on the most important letter-cutters of the French Renaissance, including Simon de Colines, Robert Estienne, Claude Garamont, Robert Granjon, Pierre Haultin, and also include a number of minor masters of the period.
- French Renaissance Printing Types: A Conspectus (New Castle, Delaware, and London: Oak Knoll Press, The Bibliographical Society, and The Printing Historical Society 2010). This conspectus aims at surveying exhaustively and regardless of aesthetics, all Roman, Italic, Greek, Hebrew, and Arabic typefaces made in France during the sixteenth century. Such a survey will be of interest to historians, bibliographers, and philologists wishing to identify the types used in the imprints they are investigating, as well as to type historians or type designers wishing to base their attributions on documentary evidence. The conspectus consists of introductory chapters on the sources available, the evolution of sixteenth-century type-casting and letter-engraving, biographical notices of 17 punchcutters (both famous ones, such as Colines, Garamont, Granjon, and lesser known ones, such as Vatel, Gryphius, or Du Boys) and the methodology used. The main part of the book consists of the facsimiles of 409 typefaces (216 Romans, 88 Italics, 61 Greeks, 41 Hebrews, 2 Arabics, and one phonetic) each with a short identifying notice, describing their letter family, size, punchcutter (or eponym), their first appearance in books or type-specimens, the surviving materials such as punches or matrices, and finally (for about two-thirds of them), the recent literature. Every typeface has been illustrated, several with multiple examples of their use.
- Vine Leaf Ornaments in Renaissance Typography: a survey (2012, New Castle, Delaware: Oak Knoll Press and HES & DE GRAAF Publishers). Oak Knoll writes about this 416-page book: This new survey deals with the birth and early history of the typographical ornament commonly known as a vine leaf or Aldine leaf. Starting in 1505, the introduction sketches the fleurons beginnings in handwritten form onwards to printed epigraphical handbooks. These small ornaments originated as type-cast sorts in the first decade of the sixteenth century in Augsburg and Basle at presses that attended to the interests of a humanist reading public. From the 1520s onwards, the design evolved into an all-purpose decorative motif fitting for any publication. Venice and Paris designers, such as Garamont and Granjon, cut new designs that can still be found in most digital fonts today. The main part of this book is a comprehensive catalogue of all sixteenth-century type-cast vine leaf designs. It provides a descriptive notice of each fleuron, irrespective of its aesthetic merit or country of origin.
- Robert Granjon, letter-cutter, 1513-1590: An oeuvre-catalogue (New Castle, Delaware: Oak Knoll Press, 2018, 200 pages).
- Granjon's Flowers Am Enquiry into Granjon's, Giolito's, and De Tournes' Ornaments, 1542-1586 (New Castle, Delaware: Oak Knoll Press, 2016, 248 pages). The contents include a chronology of Granjon's ornaments (1544-1586), ornaments used by Gabriele Giolito in Venice (1542-1550), and flowers and ornaments used by de Tournes in Lyons (1544-1577). Appendices include illustrated lists of ornaments by size, width, and date.
- Post-incunabula en hun uitgevers in de Lage Landen: een bloemlezing gebaseerd op Wouter Nijhoff's L'art typographique. Post-incunabula and their publishers in the Low Countries: a selection based on Wouter Nijhoff's L'art typographique (Den Haag-Boston-London: Martinus Nijhoff, 1978, 205 pages).
- Gutenberg of Diderot? De typografie als factor in de wereldgeschiedenis (Deventer: Van Loghum Slaterus, 1977, 33 pages). This is the speech he gave when he became professor of book history at the University of Amsterdam on May 16, 1977.
- Liber librorum : 5000 jaar boekkunst (by Hendrik D. L. Vervliet, Fernand Baudin and Herman Liebaers, Brussel: Uitgeverij Arcade, 1972). The French translation: Liber librorum: cinq mille ans d'art du livre., Bruxelles: Arcade, 1972. Engelse vertaling: The book through five thousand years London-New York: Phaidon, 1972. Duitse vertaling: Liber librorum: 5000 Jahre Buchkunst, Genève: Weber, 1973.
- Reproductions of Christopher Plantin's Index sive specimen characterum 1567 & Folio specimen of c. 1567, together with the Le Bé-Moretus Specimen, c. 1599 (by Hendrik D. L. Vervliet ans Harry Carter, London: Bodley Head, 1972).
- The type specimen of the Vatican Press 1628. A facsimile with an introduction and notes by H.D.L. Vervliet (by Andrea Brogiotti and Hendrik D. L. Vervliet, Amsterdam: Menno Hertzberger, 1967).
- Orientaliste [1882-1967] Specimen (by Hendrik D. L. Vervliet and René Draguet, Leuven: Drukkerij Orientaliste, 1967, 64 pages).
- Danfrie Reconsidered. Philippe Danfrié's (d. 1606) Civilité Types, in: The Library, vol 21:1, pp. 3-45, 2020.
Wikipedia link. [Google]
Type designer and cutter who worked for Georges Peignot. Between 1914 and 1926, Parmentier developed a Garamond family for Peignot's foundry. That family was rediscovered by Matthieu Cortat (Nonpareille) and revived by Cortat in 2013 as Henry. Cortat writes: Henry is a personal reinterpretation of the Garamond cut for the Deberny & Peignot type foundry between 1914 and 1926 by Henri Parmentier, under the management of Georges Peignot, who owned the foundry. Their purpose was to recreate the gracefulness of Claude Garamont's type typeface while allowing for the development of modern paper making, with its wood pulp paper, as opposed to 16th century rag paper. This elegant and smooth text family has its own mind: Henry is based on the text sizes (9 to 14) of the Garamond Peignot. It is a light and fluid Garald, rather skinny and narrow, with a slender grace. There is an art nouveau spirit in its z leaning on the left, its serpentine a and J, the roundish lower bowl of its t, the wide tail of its Q. [Google]
Designer born in 1898 in Berlin, who died in 1963 in Kleinmachnow. He worked in various Berlin graphics bureaus. He was artistic consultant at Max Krause and for many printing shops. From 1933 until 1940, he was artistic consultant at Schelter&Giesecke in Leipzig. From 1951 on, he was artistic director at VEB Typoart in Leipzig. Bio at BfdS. Bio at Linotype. Bio at Klingspor. MyFonts link. A brief biography by Gertrud Thannhaeuser in Die deutsche Schrift, volume 1095, 1992: A, B, C, D.
FontShop link. Klingspor link.
- At D. Stempel AG: Adastra (1928), Schwung Adastra (1931). Adastra was revived in 1995 by Douglas Olena / Keystrokes and by Neil Summerour in 2011 as Rhythm.
- At Typoart: Kurier (1939, a brush typeface digitized by Canada Type's Rebecca Alaccari as Puma (2004) and by Peter Wiegel in 2015 as CAT Kurier), Typoart Didot Antiqua, Kursive and Halbfett (1958), Erler Versalien (1953, Typoart: digital versions include Erler Titling (2015, Ralph M. Unger), Missale Incana (2004, Andreas Seidel) and Erler Versalien (2006, Ari Rafaeli)), Typoart Garamond (see Garamond No. 4 by URW) and Garamond No. 5 by Elsner&Flake) and Typoart Garamond Kursiv (1955), Lotto (1955, brush script, revived as Lotto in 2009 by Hans Van Maanen, Canada Type), Liberta Antiqua (1957; revived by Ralph M. Unger as Trybuna in 2013, and by Elsner & Flake as Liberta TA in 2017), Kursive, Antiqua Halbfett and Antiqua extrafett (1956), Liberta Antiqua schmalhalbfett (1959), Liberta Antiqua schmalfett (1960), Magna, Magna Kursiv and Magna Halbfett (1968; see Magna EF by Elsner&Flake, dated 1962 by them), Meister Antiqua (1952, digitized and extended by Ralph M. Unger in 2011 as Meister Antiqua; images: i, ii, iii), Meister Kursiv (1952), Meister Antiqua halbfett (1952), Technotyp schmalhalbfett (1960).
- At Schriftguss: Gravira (1935; a stylish multilinear typeface revived as Gravira in 2021 by Ralph M. Unger), Großdeutsch (1935), Hermann Gotisch (1934; revived in 2002 by Dieter Steffmann and in 2015 by Ralph M. Unger as Staufer Gotisch), Kornett (1939), Parcival Antiqua (1930, or is it 1926?; revived in 2016 by Ralph M. Unger as Parcival Antiqua), Parcival Kursiv (1930), Parcival Antiqua fett (1932), Technotyp and Technotyp halbfett (1948), Technotyp Kursiv, Technotyp fett and Technotyp extrafett (1949), Technotyp schmalfett (1951), Thannhaeuser Fraktur and Thannhaeuser Fraktur halbfett (1927-1939, Schelter&Giesecke; Delbanco has a digital version called DS Thannhaeuser Fraktur; Thannhaeuser Fraktur (2013, Ralph M.Unger) is a redesign of Typoart's Thannhaeuser Fraktur)), Thannhaeuser Fraktur schmallfett (1939) and Werbedeutsch (1933). The Lindenthal brothers revived Thannhaeuser Fraktur (Mager, magere Zierversalien, Schmalfett and Halbfett). Delbanco revived these ca. 2001. See also Werbedeutsch by Dieter Steffmann (2002).
- At Schriftguss AG: Thannhaeuser Schrift (1929), Thannhaeuser Schrift Kursiv (1933), Thannhaeuser Schrift halbfett (1934). The slab serif family Technotyp was revived in its entirety by Coen Hofmann at URW++ in 2011 under the same name.
- Other typefaces: Buick schmalfett. This was digitally revived by Nick Curtis in 2014 as Strassenmeister NF.
View Herbert Thannhaeuser's typefaces. [Google]
Prolific master calligrapher and type designer, born in Nuremberg in 1918. Most of his life, he lived in Darmstadt, where he died in 2015. He is best known for Palatino, Optima, Melior, Zapf Dingbats, Zapfino, and ITC Zapf Chancery. He created alphabets for metal types, photocomposition and digital systems.
He studied typography from 1938 until 1941 in Paul Koch's workshop in Frankfurt. From 1946 until 1956, he was type director at D. Stempel AG type foundry, Frankfurt. In 1951 he married Gudrun von Hesse. From 1956 until 1973, he was consultant for Mergenthaler Linotype Company, Brooklyn and Frankfurt. From 1977 until 1987, he was vice president of Design Processing, Inc., New York (which he founded with his friends Aaron Burns and Herb Lubalin), and professor of Typographic Computer Programs, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, New York. Students at RIT included Kris Holmes and Charles Bigelow, who together created the Lucida type family. Other prominent students include calligrapher/font designer Julian Waters and book designer Jerry Kelly. From 1987 until 1991, he was chairman of Zapf, Burns&Company, New York. He retired in Darmstadt, Germany, but consulted on many font projects until a few years before his death. In the 1990s, Zapf developed the hz program for kerning and typesetting. It was acquired by Adobe who used ideas from it in InDesign.
- 1969 Frederic W. Goudy Award, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, New York.
- 1973 Gutenberg Prize, City of Mainz.
- 1975 Gold Medal, Museo Bodoniano, Parma.
- 1985 Honorary Royal Designer for Industry, Royal Society of Arts, London.
- 1987 Robert Hunter Middleton Award, Chicago.
- 1994 Euro Design Award, Oostende.
- 1996 Wadim Lazursky Award, Academy of Graphic Arts, Moscow.
- 1999 Type Directors Club award for Zapfino (1998), New York.
- 2010 Bundesverdienstkreuz 1. Klasse.
Some publications by Hermann Zapf: Feder und Stichel (1949, Trajanus Presse, Frankfurt) About Alphabets (1960) Manuale Typographicum (1954 and 1968). Only 1000 copies were printed of the original. Typographic Variations (1964), or Typografische Variationen (1963, Stempel), of which only 500 copies were printed. Orbis Typographicus (1980) Hermann Zapf and His Design Philosophy (Chicago, 1987) ABC-XYZapf (London, 1989) Poetry through Typography (New York, 1993) August Rosenberger (Rochester, NY, 1996). Alphabet Stories (RIT Cary Graphic Arts Press, Rochester, 2008). Review by Hans Hagen and Taco Hoekwater. My collaboration with Don Knuth and my font design work [just an article], TUGboat 22:1/2 (2001), 26-30. Local download.
List of his typefaces:
- Alahram Arabisch.
- Arno (Hallmark).
- Aldus Buchschrift (Linotype, 1954): Italic, Roman. Digital version by Adobe.
- Alkor Notebook.
- Attika Greek.
- Artemis Greek.
- Aurelia (1985, Hell).
- AT&T Garamond.
- Book (ITC New York). Samples: Book Demi, Book Demi Italic, Book Heavy, Book Heavy Italic, Book Medium Italic. The Zapf Book, Chancery and International fonts are under the name Zabriskie on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD, 2002.
- Brush Borders.
- Comenius Antiqua (1976, Berthold; see C792 Roman on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD, 2002).
- Crown Roman and Crown Italic (Hallmark).
- Chancery (officially called ITC Zapf Chancery): Bold, Demi, Italic, Light, Liht Italic, Mediu Italic, Roman.
- Civilité (Duensing). Mac McGrew on the Zapf Civilité: Zapf Civilite is perhaps the latest typeface to be cut as metal type, having been announced in January 1985, although the designer, Hermann Zapf, had made sketches for such a typeface as early as 1940, with further sketches in 1971. But matrices were not cut until 1983 and 1984. The cutting was done by Paul Hayden Duensing in Kalamazoo, Michigan. The first Civilité typeface was cut by Robert Granjon in 1557, based on a popular French handwriting style of the time. Other interpretations have been made from time to time, notably the Civilité (q.v.) designed by Morris Benton in 1922 for ATF. The new Zapf design has the same general character but with a more informal and contemporary feeling. A smooth flow between weights of strokes replaces the stark contrast of thick-and-thin in older interpretations. There are several ligatures, and alternate versions of a number of characters, including several terminals. Only the 24-point Didot size is cut or planned.
- Charlemagne (Hallmark).
- Digiset Vario (1982, Hell): a signage face.
- Edison (Hell), Edison Cyrillic. Scans: Bold Condensed, Book, Semibold Italic, Semibold, Book Italic.
- Euler (American Mathematical Society). Zapf was also consultant for Don Knuth on his Computer Modern fonts. In 1983, Zapf, Knuth and graduate students in Knuth's and Charles Bigelow's Digital Typography program at Stanford University including students Dan Mills, Carol Twombly, David Siegel, and Knuth's computer science Ph.D. students Scott Kim and John Hobby, completed the calligraphic typeface family AMS Euler for the American Mathematical Society (+Fraktur, Math Symbols, +script). Taco Hoekwater, Hans Hagen, and Khaled Hosny set out to create an OpenType MATH-enabled font Neo-Euler (2009-2010), by combining the existing Euler math fonts with new glyphs from Hermann Zapf (designed in the period 2005-2008). The result is here. The Euler digital font production was eventually finished by Siegel as his M.S. thesis project in 1985.
- Firenze (Hallmark).
- Festliche Ziffern (transl: party numbers).
- Frederika Greek.
- Gilgengart Fraktur (1938, D. Stempel). Some put the dates as 1940-1949. It was released by Stempel in 1952. Revivals include RMU Gilgengart (2020, Ralph M. Unger), and Gilgengart by Gerhard Henzel.
- Heraklit Greek (1954). A digital revival was first done by George Matthiopoulos, GFS Heraklit. Later improvements followed by Antonis Tsolomitis and finally in 2020 by Daniel Benjamin Miller.
- Hunt Roman (1961-1962, Pittsburgh). A display typeface exclusively designed for the Hunt Botanical Library (Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation since 1971), situated on campus of Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, to accompany their text typeface Spectrum. Review by Ferdinand Ulrich.
- International (ITC, 1977). Samples: Demi, Demi Italic, Heavy, Heavy Italic, Light, Light Italic, Medium, Medium Italic.
- Janson (Linotype).
- Jeannette Script (Hallmark).
- Kompakt (1954, D. Stempel).
- Kalenderzeichen (transl: calendar symbols).
- Kuenstler Linien (transl: artistic lines).
- Linotype Mergenthaler.
- Melior (1952, D. Stempel; see Melmac on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD, 2002). Samples: Bold, Bold Italic, Italic, Roman.
- Michelangelo (1950, D. Stempel, a roman caps face; a digital version exists at Berthold and at The Font Company).
- Marconi (1975-1976, Hell; now also available at Elsner&Flake and Linotype; according to Gerard Unger, this was the first digital type ever designed---the original 1973 design was intended for Hell's Digiset system; Marconi is a highly readable text face).
- Medici Script (1971).
- Musica (Musiknoten, transl: music symbols; C.E. Roder, Leipzig).
- Magnus Sans-serif (Linotype, 1960).
- Missouri (Hallmark).
- Noris Script (1976; a digital version exists at Linotype).
- Optima (1955-1958, D. Stempel--Optima was originally called Neu Antiqua), Optima Greek, Optima Nova (2002, with Akira Kobayashi at Linotype, a new version of Optima that includes 40 weights, half of them italic). Samples: Poster by Latice Washington, Optima, Demibold Italic, Black, Bold, Bold Italic, Demibold, Extra Black, Italic, Medium, Medium Italic, Regular, Italic. Digital clones: Zapf Humanist 601 by Bitstream, O801 Flare on the SoftMaker MegaFont XXL CD (2002), Opus by Softmaker, Columbia Serial by Softmaker, Mg Open Cosmetica, Ottawa by Corel, October by Scangraphic, CG Omega by Agfa compugraphic, Chelmsford by URW, Classico by URW and Optus by URW.
- Orion (1974).
- Palatino (1948, D. Stempel; the original font can still be found as Palazzo on Softmaker's XXL CD, 2002), Palatino Nova (2005, Linotype), Palatino Sans (2006, Linotype, with Akira Kobayashi), Palatino Greek, Palatino Cyrillic. Palatino was designed in conjunction with August Rosenberger, In 2013, Linotype released Palatino eText which has a larger x-height and wider spacing. Palatino samples: black, black italic, bold, bold italic, italic, medium, roman, light, light italic. Poster by M. Tuna Kahya (2012). Poster by Elena Shkarupa. Poster by Wayne YMH (2012). Zapf was particularly upset about the Palatino clone, Monotype Book Antiqua. Consequently, in 1993, Zapf resigned from ATypI over what he viewed as its hypocritical attitude toward unauthorized copying by prominent ATypI members.
- Phidias Greek.
- Primavera Schmuck.
- Pan Nigerian.
- Quartz (Zerox Corporation Rochester, NY).
- Renaissance Antiqua (1985, Scangraphic). Samples: Regular, Bold, Book, Light Italic, Swashed Book Italic, Swash Italic.
- Saphir (1953, D. Stempel, see now at Linotype).
- Sistina (1951, D. Stempel).
- Scriptura, Stratford (Hallmark).
- Sequoya (for the Cherokee Indians), ca. 1970. This was cut by Walter Hamady and is a Walbaum derivative.
- Linotype Trajanus Cyrillic (1957).
- Textura (Hallmark).
- URW Grotesk (1985, 59 styles), URW Antiqua, URW Palladio (1990).
- Hallmark Uncial (Hallmark).
- Virtuosa Script (1952, D. Stempel). Zapf's first script face. Revived in 2009 as Virtuosa Classic in cooperation with Akira Kobayashi.
- Venture Script (Linotype, 1966; FontShop says 1969).
- Winchester (Hallmark).
- World Book Modern.
- ITC Zapf Dingbats [see this poster by Jessica Rauch], Zapf Essentials (2002, 372 characters in six fonts: Communication, Arrows (One and Two), Markers, Ornaments, Office, based on drawings of Zapf in 1977 for Zapf Dingbats).
- Zapfino (Linotype, 1998, winner of the 1999 Type Directors Club award), released on the occasion of his 80th birthday. This is a set of digital calligraphic fonts. Zapfino Four, Zapfino Three, Zapfino Two, Zapfino One, ligatures, Zapfino Ornaments (with plenty of fists). Poster by Nayla Masood (2013).
Books and references about him include:
- Hermann Zapf: A Life in Letters (2016, Julian Waters).
- What Our Lettering Needs: The Contribution of Hermann Zapf to Calligraphy & Type Design at Hallmark Cards (2011, Rick Cusick, RIT Cary Graphic Arts Press, Rochester).
- Hermann Zapf and the World He Designed: A Biography (2019, Jerry Kelly, The Grolier Club, New York).
- Laudatio for Professor Hermann Zapf (Frank Mittelbach). TUGboat 22:1/2 (2001), 24-26. Local download.
- Book review: Hermann Zapf and the World He Designed: A Biography, by Jerry Kelly (Barbara Beeton). TUGboat, Volume 40 (2019), No. 3.
Pictures of Hermann Zapf: with Lefty, with Rick Cusick, in 2003, with Frank Jonen, with Jill Bell, with Linnea Lundquist and Marsha Brady, with Rick Cusick, with Rick Cusick, with Stauffacher, a toast, with Werner Schneider and Henk Gianotten, with Chris Steinhour, at his 60th birthday party. Pictures of his 80th birthday party at Linotype [dead link].
Linotype link. Klingspor link. [Google]
Christopher Burke (b. 1967) is a British type designer, typeface designer and type historian. He worked at Monotype Typography in the UK, before studying for a PhD in Typography&Graphic Communication at the University of Reading, England, where he planned and directed the MA in typeface design from 1996 until 2001.
Hibernia Type is run by Christopher Burke. The oeuvre of Burke contains typefaces that blend in the background---legible, book types, magazine types that want to go unnoticed:
- The text typeface FF Celeste (FontFont, 1994-1995) and FF Celeste Sans (1994-2004).
- His humanist sans serif text typeface Pragma ND (1992-1995) is available from Neufville.
- In 2002, he finished the angular text typeface FF Parable.
Author of Gerard Unger Life in Letters (2021, De Buitenkant) and Paul Renner: The Art of Typography, Hyphen Press, 1999 (U&LC review). His essay Jan Tschichold&Sabon, written in the specimen book Linotype Sabon Next (Linotype, 2002), is is a must for anyone wishing to understand Tschichold. In 2013, Christopher Burke, Eric Kindel and Sue Walker co-edited the wonderfully informative book Isotype Design and Contexts 1925-1971 (Hyphen Press), which includes a full discussion of Otto Neurath's work.
FontFont bio. FontShop link. MyFonts listing. Chris lived (still lives?) in Barcelona.
View Christopher Burke's typefaces. [Google]
Calligrapher (b. 1935, Reichenberg, d. 2018) and professor of calligraphy and writing at HGB Leipzig (Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst Leipzig) since 1968. Her typefaces:
Author of Handbook of Type and Lettering (1992, Design Press, or Lund Humphries), a translation of The Sixth Edition of Schrift und Schreiben (Fachbuchverlag GmbH Leipzig, 1971), which has been lauded as the best books ever on type and typography. [Google]
[Arkandis Digital Foundry]
Dieter Hofrichter (b. Mannheim, Germany), established Hoftype in 2010 in München. He attended the Rödel Art School where studied typography and calligraphy under Herbert Post, and applied and decorative arts under Charles Crodel. Later he studied graphic design at the Academy of Fine Arts in Nürnberg under Professor Karl Hans Walter. After his studies, Hofrichter worked for several years as a graphic designer. In 1980, he started designing typefaces for himself in his own studio. He approached G.G. Lange of the Berthold foundry in 1988, and started work in 1989 as a type developer and assistant to Lange at Berthold without realizing that Berthold's owner, Hunt, had studied under Idi Amin Dada. Hofrichter has worked closely with Lange to develop new typeface designs and improve classic designs. In 2010, he set up his own foundry, Hoftype.
There are certain designers whose style attracts me---almost any type designed by them agrees with my taste. I just know that they are perfectly seasoned and delightfully oiled. Dieter Hofrichter's work falls in that category. I also like classical music, but not all classical music. Beethoven is just about right. Hofrichter's type work is classical, trustworthy and very balanced.
Klingspor link. Fontsquirrel link. Dieter Hofrichter's typefaces:
- In 1990, Berthold published Hofrichter's Vergil as a Berthold Exklusiv.
- In 2000, Berthold released a joint effort of Lange and Hofrichter, a Scotch type named Whittingham.
- In 2001, he released the newly enhanced Akzidenz-Grotesk (Berthold).
- Futura Serie BQ (2000, Berthold). This is a new version of the well-known geometric sans serif typeface design by Paul Renner and the Bauer type foundry.
- Bodoni New Face (Berthold).
- Gerstner Next (2007, Berthold). This typeface is based on Karl Gerstner's Gerstner Original BQ of 1987.
- His first commercial typeface at Hoftype is the Impara Sans family in ten styles (2010). Images:i, ii, iii, iv.
- The medium-contrast slightly flared sans family Epoca (2010, Hoftype), and the 12-style sister family Epoca Classic (2012).
- The text family Argos (2011, Hoftype).
- Erato (2011, Hoftype) is a beautiful garalde family.
- Cala (2011, Hoftype) is a modernized renaissance/garalde family.
- Corda (2011, Hoftype) is a scriptish serif family.
- Cassia (2011, Hoftype) is a subdued Egyptian family.
- Sonus (2011, Hoftype) is a humanist sans family.
- Sina (2012), which is sure to win awards, is an elegant, pleasant and readable type family characterized by relatively tall ascenders and imperceptible flaring. Sina Nova (2012) is a slimmer version.
- Foro (2012) is a 16-style slab serif family. A softer rounder version is called Foro Rounded (2013). In 2014, Foro Sans was added---it too comes in 16 monoline styles.
- Ashbury (2012) is a text family that has elements of Caslon and Baskerville.
- Sixta (2012) is an eight-style sans family.
- Hofrichter writes about the roundish serif text family Civita (2012): Civita is a new "Modern Type" with a high stroke contrast, distinct formal features, and a strong personality. It has a fluid ductus but nonetheless a solid structure.
- Carat (2012). In 2015, the nearly identical typeface Mangan was published---I am befuddled.... Mangan Nova (2015) is the semi-condensed version of Mangan.
- Capita (2013). A rounded slab serif designed for warmness and easy reading.
- Quant (2013) is a very elegant contrasted text family, possibly more appropriate for display than for long texts. Quant Text (2013) is the optimized 8-style text version of the Quant family. It comes with a slightly greater width, stronger hairlines and stronger serifs which stabilizes it for small text.
- Qubo (2013) is a 14-style sans family with contrast in the joins.
- Equip (2013) is a versatle geometric sans that comes with 16 styles. See also Equip Slab (2013), Equip Condensed (2013) and Equip Extended (2013).
- Pesaro (2014) was inspired by early prints from Venice like Jensen and Manutius. It is a warm legible text family with Hofrichter-style flaring in strategic places. This beautiful typeface is not be confused with a 2001 typeface by Joachim Müller-Lancé that is also called Pesaro.
- Campan (2014). A semilinear typeface with hook-serifs and tall x-height.
- Orgon (2014) jumps right to the head of the pack In the rounded organic sans world. This neutral, uncomplicated and unpretentious sans wows, especially in the heavier weights. It is accompanied by Orgon Slab (2014). In 2020, he added the elliptical square-cut Orgon Plan.
- Cargan (2014). Advertized as a gentle versatile slab serif typeface family.
- Carnas (2015) is a rounded elliptical sans family with simple forms and huge counters.
- Danton (2015). A sturdy typeface family for maazines in Hofrichter's patented Gehry style---no ninety degree angles, avoid monoline, ban symmetry.
- Halifax. A new interpretation of classic English Sans types such as Gill and Johnston in 16 styles.
- Calanda (2015). A sturdy slab serif family in 16 styles.
- Carnac (2015). A sharp version of the minimalist monoline sans typeface family Carnas that features crisper edges.
- Marbach (2016). An angular serifed text typeface that combines classical and modern elements.
- Taxon (2016). A 12-style contemporary sans related to Optima and Imago.
- Carrara (2016). A humanist text typeface family chjaracterized with blunted but poiunty serifs.
- The Economist (2016). A custom type.
- Croma Sans (2017). A 16-style workhorse / advertising sans.
- Urania (2017). In the style of the early sans serif typefaces, in particular Ferdinand Theinhardt's types.
- Cardillac (2018). A didone.
- Shandon Slab (2018).
- Candide (2018). A neoclassical typeface for use in magazines and newspapers, characterized by pointy terminals. Followed in 2019 by Candide Condensed.
- Tangent (2019).
- Askan (2019). An 18-style text typeface. Followed by Askan Slim (2019).
- Trada Sans (2020). A sans family in the neighborhood of Univers and Helvetica. Followed by Trada Serif (2020).
- Empira (2020). a 20-style transitional typeface family with sharp, almost pointy, edges.
- Capricho (2021). A transitional text family with slight flaring and tall ascenders and descenders.
- Galvani (2021). An 18-style geometric sans.
- Contane (2021) and Contane Text (2021: 20 styles). A sharp-edged headline or display serif. Followed in 2022 by Contane Condensed and Contane Text Cnd.
- Madigan (2022). An 18-style text typeface with some didone features.
Interview by Dan Reynolds for MyFonts.
View Dieter Hofrichter's typefaces. [Google]
Holger Peter Sandhofe
[Bund für Liturgie und Gregorianik]
HS Fonts (was: HermesSoft Type Library)
Company and font vendor run by Ivan Neytchev from Plovdiv, Bulgaria, which was founded in 1989. The fonts are designed by a team of Bulgarian type designers who used to work for Monotype in the 1980s. Makers of high quality (expensive) Cyrillic, Western, Greek, Central European, and Baltic typefaces, plus multiple master fonts.
Discussion of some typefaces: Universum MM: Free demo of a limited character set of the new Universum multiple master font, developed by HermesSoft. They also made the sans serif font Grotesk MM.
Note: Most fonts were made in 2004 and 2005. Some can be found now on standard font archives, such as Helen BG (a Helvetica clone by Vassil Nikolov).
The font list: Bell House Bg, Brilliant Bg (a very nice didone; closest to Berthgold or URW Bodoni), Egyptian Bg, Erika Bg, Fresco Bg, Grotesk Bg, Helen2 Bg, Helen Bg (2004), Hermes Bg, Helen Pro, HS Compact Bg (close to Nimbus Sans Cond Black by URW++), HS Garamond Bg, KK3045 Bg, M06 Bg, Platinum Bg, Renault Bg, School Bg, Tempora Bg, Universum Bg, Viol Bg.
In 2020, they started selling fonts via MyFonts. The fonts there include KK3045 Pro by Kuncho Kunev. [Google]
[Juan José Lopez]
Huy Fonts is a foundry in Madrid run by Juan José Lopez. In 2016, he designed the great poster typeface Black Pack, which is inspired by the odd bold plastic shops signs from the 60s and 70s.
With Inés Atienza, Juanjo designed the multilayered and/or chromatic circus font family Show (2014). Influenced by chromatic letterpress types, it is based on a type family called Concave, a Victorian type launched in 1884 by the foundry Marder, Luse & Co. Inés Atienza and Juanjo López are members of the Familia Plomez association, a small printshop based in Madrid that devote their efforts to promote everything about letterpress printing, calligraphy, and lettering.
Lopez made Choriza and Choriza Sans (2013: sausage-inspired type), Adoquin (2013), the informal sketchified family Bodoniez (2011), Chiripa (2011, hand-printed), Hands Up (2011, various hands, including "thumbs up", "a OK", "the finger", and fists), Paquita Pro (2011, informal lettering; this children's book font was remodeled in 2016 as Paquita Next), Ultramarina (2011, a quaint face based on wood type headline examples), and Pichi (2011).
Designer of the Scotch modern typeface Schotis Text (2017), the cartoon font family Xunga (2017) and the angular text typeface family Pliego.
Earlier, Lopez was a T-shirt designer, who also used the name Juanjo Lopez. Old page of Juanjez Nikis.
At Dafont, one could download the headline handwriting font Paquita (2006), a predecessor of Paquita Pro. See alo Fontstore / Fontshare's Paquito (2017).
In 2021, he released the 70-strong thick-and-thin poster sans typeface Rotulo, which was inspired by Jano's Spanish movie posters. Later in 2021, he designed Graveur (he writes: Graveur is a Renaissance style text face based in the work of the French punchcutter Robert Granjon (1513-1589). Working on original artifacts kept in Museum Plantin-Moretus in Antwerp, observation of his punches, matrices and printed materials resulted in a extense type family that tries to capture the overall style of Granjon rather than simply being a slavish copy of a particular source. Started as my project at Expert Class in Type Design in Antwerp, Graveur has grown to become a typeface with four optical sizes and seven weights, plus italics and an ornaments font. It also has variable font).
Klingspor link. Home page. I Love Typography link. Behance link.
View Juanjo Lopez's typefaces. [Google]
Igino Marini (b. 1964) is an Italian civil engineer based in Osimo. He teaches mathematics for design at ISIA Urbino, and runs iKern, a service for autospacing and autokerning digital typefaces based on a mathematical model and programs that he developed since 2002. He made revivals of the Fell types from 2000-2006: IM_FELL_Double_Pica_Italic, IM_FELL_Double_Pica_Roman, IM_FELL_Double_Pica_Roman_SC, IM_FELL_English_Italic, IM_FELL_English_Roman, IM_FELL_English_Roman_SC, IM_FELL_French_Canon_Italic, IM_FELL_French_Canon_Roman, IM_FELL_French_Canon_Roman_SC, IM_FELL_FLOWERS_1, IM_FELL_FLOWERS_2, IM_FELL_Great_Primer_Italic, IM_FELL_Great_Primer_Roman, IM_FELL_Great_Primer_Roman_SC, IM_FELL_DW_Pica_Italic, IM_FELL_DW_Pica_Roman, IM_FELL_DW_Pica_Roman_SC, IM_FELL_THREE_LINE_PICA. This is a striking historically important collection:
- English Roman, Italic&Small Caps probably cut by Christoffel van Dijck. The Italic was probably cut by Robert Granjon. Acquisition in 1672.
- Three line pica (for 41pt size) by Peter de Walpergen. Acquisition in 1686.
- French canon (for 33pt size) by Peter de Walpergen. Acquisition in 1686.
- Double pica (for 17pt size) by Peter de Walpergen. Acquisition in 1684.
- Great primer (for 14pt size) by Peter de Walpergen. Acquisition in 1684 (Roman&Small Caps) and 1687 (Italic).
- De Walpergen pica (for 10.5pt size) by Peter de Walpergen. Acquisition in 1692.
- Fell flowers bought by Fell in 1672 from Holland. Cut by Robert Granjon and others. To be used at 25 or 17,5 points.
Google Directory link where one can download IM Fell DW Pica SC, IM Fell French Canon, IM Fell English SC, IM Fell Great Primer SC, IM Fell Double Pica, IM Fell French Canon SC, IM Fell Great Primer, IM Fell English, IM Fell Double Pica SC, IM Fell DW Pica.
In 2015, Mark van Bronkhorst set up TypoBrand LLC in Berkeley, CA. As part of TypoBrand, he published several typefaces that are modern digital reinterpretations of ATF typefaces. The collection is published by TypoBrand LLC under the names ATF Type or American Type Founders Collection. Igino Marini co-designed, sometimes with others, classics such as ATF Alternate Gothic (2015), ATF Brush (2015), ATF Egyptian Antique (an expansion of Schraubstadter's Rockwell Antique by Mark van Bronkhorst, Igino Marini, and Ben Kiel), ATF Garamond (2015), ATF Headline Gothic (2015), ATF Livermore Script (by Mark van Bronkhorst, Igino Marini, and Ben Kiel), ATF Poster Gothic (2015) and ATF Wedding Gothic (2015), ATF Railroad Gothic (2016).
In 2019, Marini participated in the development of ATF Franklin Gothic (Mark van Bronkhorst, Igino Marini, and Ben Kiel). A broad and multi-weight interpretation of Morris Fuller Benton's classic from 1905, Franklin Gothic, which only had bolder weights. For the lighter styles, the designers were inspired by Benton's Monotone Gothic.
Klingspor link. Dafont link. Abstract Fonts link. [Google]
German company that sells 9999 fonts on a CD for 229 USD. In 2017, Infinitype 4 has 7444 fonts for 299 USD. One can download 20 fonts for free, as a teaser. The company is run by Martin Kotulla, owner of Softmaker, who also made the MegaFont CD. Many (most?) fonts are licensed from URW and come with a performance guarantee. Font catalog. Most fonts cover all European languages. Font catalog. Direct download of that catalog. Font name equivalences. The list: Aargau, Abott Old Style, Accent, Accolade, Adelon (lapidary), AdLib, Advertisers Gothic, Aldebaran, Alfredo, Allstar, Alternate Gothic, Alte Schwabacher, American Text, Ancona, Ancona Condensed, Ancona Extended, Ancona Narrow, Antigone, Antigone Compact, Antigone Nord, Antigone Condensed, Antiqua, Artistic, Avignon, Avignon Condensed, Avignon PS, Ballad Script, Ballantines (a broad-nib script), Balloon, Barbedor, Barbedor Osf, Baskerville, Baskerville Nova, Baskerville Old Face, Bay Script, Belfast Serial (a remake of Forsberg's Berling), Belfort, Bellboy, Benjamin [based on ITC Benguiat; identical to Softmaker's B693 Roman], Benjamin Condensed, Benjamin Gothic [free here; this comic book style typeface is based on ITC Benguiat Sans (1979-1980) and is similar to B691 Sans from Softmaker)], Benson, Bergamo, Bergamo Osf, Bernhard Condensed, Bernhard Fashion, Bestseller, Bilbao, Birmingham, Bluff, Boa Script, Bodoni, Bodoni Display, Bodoni No. 2, Bodoni Recut, Bodoni Recut Condensed, Bodoni Standard, Bonita, Book PS, Boston, Boulder, Bravo, Bristol, Broadway, Broadway Engraved, Brush Script, Bryce, Calgary, Calgary Osf, Cambridge, Cambridge Serial, Canossa, Canyon, Carlisle, Casablanca, Casad, Caslon, Caslon Antique, Caslon Osf, Caslon Elegant, Casual, Cathedral Open, Centrum, Century Old Style, Century Expanded, Century PS, Century Schoolbook, Chandler, Chantilly, Chantilly Condensed, Chantilly Extra Condensed, Chantilly Display, Chantilly Serial, Chatelaine, Cheltenham, Cheltenham Condensed, Cheltenham Old Style, Cheltenham Extra Condensed, Cimarron, Clarendon, Clarendon Serial, Clearface, Clearface Serial, Cleargothic, ClearGothic Serial, Colonel, Comix, Commercial Script, Compressed, Computer, Concept, Concept Condensed, Congress, Cooper Black, Copperplate Gothic, Copperplate Condensed, Cornered, Courier PS, Curacao, Curzon, Deco B691, Deco Black, Deco C720, Deco C790, Deco F761, Delano, Delaware, Denver, Derringer, Diamante, Digital, Durango, Disciple, Egyptian Wide, Egyptienne Standard, Elegant Script (revival of the 1972 Berthold formal calligraphic typeface Englische Schreibschrift), Elmore, Ennis, Entebbe, Estelle, Ewok, Expressa, Falcon, Farnham, Fette Engschrift, Fette Mittelschrift, Flagstaff, Flipper, Florence Script, Fraktur, Franklin Gothic, Franklin Gothic Condensed, Franklin Gothic Condensed Osf, Franklin Original, Frascati, Fremont, Front Page, Fuego, Function, Function Condensed, Function Display, Function Script, Gainsborough, Gandalf, SoftMaker Garamond, SoftMaker Garamond Condensed, SoftMaker Garamond No. 7, Garamond Elegant [based on Letraset Garamond], Garamond Nova, Garamond Nova Condensed, Garamond Original, Garamond Standard, German Garamond"> [based on TypoArt Garamond], Giulio, Glasgow Serial [based on Georg Salden's Polo, 1972-1976], Glendale Stencil, Gotisch, Goudita, Goudy Catalogue, Goudy Handtooled, Goudy Old Style, Goudy Heavyface, Granada, Grenoble, Grotesk, Handmade Script, Harlem Nights, Helium, Henderson, Hobo, Hoboken, Hobson, Honeymoon, Horsham, Hudson, Huntington, Iceberg, Illinois, Imperial Standard, Inverserif, Isonorm, Istria, Italian Garamond [based on Simoncini Garamond], Japanette, Jessica, Joseph Brush, Jugendstil, Kaleidoscope, Karin, Kingston, Koblenz, Kremlin Script, Leamington, Letter Gothic, Lingwood, Litera, Livorno, Lyon, Macao, Madeira, Malaga, Marriage, Marseille, Marseille Serial, Maurice, Medoc, Melbourne, Melville, Mercedes, Metaphor, Mexico, Micro, MicroSquare, MicroStencil, Moab, Mobil Graphics, Montreal, Napoli, Neutral Grotesk, Nevada, Newcastle, Nicolas [after Lanstpn's Nicolas Cochin], OCR-A, OCR-B, Oklahoma, Old Blackletter, OnStage, Opus, Organ Grinder, Orkney, Ornitons, Osborne, Otis, Palazzo, Palladio, Palmer, Pamplona, Park Avenue, Pasadena, Pedro, Pelota, Peoria, Persistent, Persistent Condensed, Persistent Osf, Philadelphia, Pizzicato [based on Letraset's Plaza], Plakette, Pollock, Prescott, Prestige, Quadrat, Raleigh, Roman PS, Salmon, Sans, Sans Condensed, Sans Diagonal, Sans Extended, Sans Outline, Sans PS, Sans PS Condensed, Savoy, Savoy Osf, Saxony, Scott, Seagull, Sebastian [based on ITC Serif Gothic], Sigvar [based on ATF's Baker Signet], Soledad, Square Serif, Stafford" [based on Rockwell MT], Stafford Serial, Sterling, Stratford, Stymie, Sunset [a version of ITC Souvenir], Sunset Serial, Sydney Serial, Tabasco, Tampa, Tampico, Tioga Script, Toledo [based on Trooper VGC], Typewriter, Typewriter Osf, Typewriter Condensed, Unic, VAG Rounded, Velo, Veracruz, Verona, Violin Script, Winona, Worcester. [Google]
ITC Garamond opinion
MyFonts recalls the history of ITC Garamond: Years ago Apple had used ITC Garamond (Tony Stan, 1977) and algorithmically condensed it 80% for their corporate typeface. (It is presumed that the existing ITC Garamond Condensed, at 64%, was too narrow.) Apple decided at some point to create a true outline to improve the appearance. A three-way agreement was made between Apple, ITC and Bitstream to develop this 80% width version. (Note that at this time ITC licensed only the outline artwork, no digital data, so each foundry effectively had their own cut of ITC fonts.) Bitstream used its cut of ITC Garamond, condensed it 80% and adjusted shapes, hairlines, weights, etc. Chuck Rowe then hinted the TrueTypes using RoyalT, incorporating diagonal hinting and deltas as well, all to Apple's satisfaction. The fonts delivered to Apple were known as Apple Garamond. Bitstream was allowed to sell the typefaces (six in all) by the name of ITC Garamond Narrow, which can be found in any of its older catalogues. As of January 2001, Bitstream is no longer licensed to sell ITC fonts including the ITC Garamond Narrow. According to Jim Lyles, these Narrow outlines were never given to ITC. For all intents and purposes, therefore, ITC Garamond Narrow no longer exists and the condensed styles provide the nearest alternative. Linotype offers ITC Garamond Book Condensed as part of its ITC Garamond family.
Porchez stresses that ITC Garamond copies Jannon, and is not a Garamond. He claims that it seems to be modeled after Monotype Garamond (which is a Jannon, too). In the same article, Hrant Papazian calls ITC Garamond the "insidious town charlatan" and goes on: There are many depths to which one can disdain ITC Garamond. Some people only mind that it was called a Garamond, since its spirit is so distorted from the original. But that's too forgiving. You would want to go deeper and hate what it does to French culture: according to some people (like Mandel), a small x-height [note: ITC Garamond has a big x-height] is a requirement of being a French font, and Garamond is the Frenchest of them all. And you might go deeper, into functionality, and hate the fact that it combines such gaudy proportions with features only fitting in a serious text face. [Google]
ITC Garamond opinion
Bill Troop's opinion on Tony Stan's ITC Garamond: It's a great typeface. And by the way, all you Garamond snobs -- what makes you think anything else is an authentic revival? Granjon, long 'historically' considered the most faithful revival, is probably the least: in its designer's own words, it's half Caslon. Stempel? A Garamond without an overhanging f is not a Garamond, and though the individual characters are often pretty, it is detestable in mass. Monotype? The best in many respects, but it's Jannon, not Garamond. Adobe? A marvellous, regularized typeface for classy menus, but hardly reminiscent of the genius that came from Garamond's own hand. No. 3? Again, not authentic, but terribly useful, especially in magazine work. No, no, there are very few good Garamonds. I look at ITC Garamond this way: it's not a Garamond revival. It's an attempt to create a contemporary typeface of tremendous legibility that contains as much of the beauty of Garamond's letterforms as is consistent with those goals. The major problem is that the book weight is too light. That can theoretically be solved by using the Adobe multiple master version. ..... Ultimately, the main point of a printing type is to save money on paper, isn't it? Well, ITC Garamond does that more attractively than most, I think. Now excuse me while I adjust my bulletproof shield. [Google]
Croatian graphic designer in Zagreb who made a great Adobe Garamond Pro poster in 2010. [Google]
Belgian designer of the free dingbat font Botarosa (1999-2000). Louette lived in Chaumont-Gistoux, where he was affiliated with Roseraie communale de Terre Franche. He now resides in Louvain-La-Neuve and will soon move to Liège. His typefaces:
- In 2014, he set out to improve on Georges Auriol's art nouveau type, Auriol, and created Blobby Georg Gras, which is based on Auriol's original idea---a predecessor of Auriol---that was used, e.g., in J.K. Huysmans's 1903 novel A Rebours. This typeface is more rounded, warmer and stencilized---a real charmer. In the end, the typeface was renamed George A Rebours (2015). Other Auriol revivals include French Light 2 Regular (2014), French Light 4 Regular (2015), French Elongated Bold (2014), French Elongated 4 Bold (2015), George Labeur Corps 10 (2015) and Georges Labeur Corps 8 (2015).
- Cabotine Sans Asymetrique 2 et 3 Medium (2015), Cabotine en Stress (2014) and Cabotine en Plastoc (2014).
- Geranium (2015-2017) is Louette's take on Venetians, influenced by typefaces such as Centaur and Hightower Text---it is rounded like liquid drops, subtly curvaceous as if Goudy himself held his pen, yet very Venetian. Not surprisingly, he then set his eyes on a revival of Goudy Village (2016), which led to Village 1903 (2019).
- In 2018, he designed the Jensonian typeface family Uccello.
- In 2020, he added a garalde typeface, Gustine, which was inspired by 16th century punchcutter Pierre Haultin's Augustine.
- Hilfea is a tall text family designed in 2021. It revisits Francesco Griffo's Bembo.
[HS Fonts (was: HermesSoft Type Library)]
Jacques de Sanlecque the elder
Jakob or Jacques Sabon (b. Lyon, 1535, d. Frankfurt am Main, ca. 1580-1590) was a typefounder who worked at the Egenolff Foundry in Frankfurt in 1555, and briefly at the Plantin Foundry in Antwerp in 1563. After Garamond's death, Plantin and Sabon both shared in his heritage. Sabon's widow married Konrad Berner in Frankfurt.
Jan Tschichold named his garalde typeface after him in 1964. Jan Tschichold's Sabon is named after Jakob Sabon. Jan Tschichold also penned the book Leben und Bedeutung des Schriftschneiders Jakob Sabon (1967, Frankfurt am Main).
Linotype writes about Tschichold's Sabon: In the early 1960s, the German masterprinters' association requested that a new typeface be designed and produced in identical form on both Linotype and Monotype machines so that text and technical composition would match. Walter Cunz at Stempel responded by commissioning Jan Tschichold to design the most faithful version of Claude Garamond's serene and classical roman yet to be cut. The boldface and particularly the italic are limited by the twin requirements of Linotype and Monotype hot metal machines. Bitstream's Cursive is a return to the form of one of Garamond's late italics, recently identified. Punches and matrices for the romans survive at the Plantin-Moretus Museum. [Google]
[James Todd (or: JTD Type)]
James Todd (or: JTD Type)
Chicago, IL, and/or Fredonia, NY, and/or Philadelphia, PA-based designer, who runs James Todd Design.
Creator of the text family Garvis (2012), which was inspired by didones and the Dutch Fleischmann types.
In 2013, he designed the wood type revival family HWT Unit Gothic for Hamilton Wood Type Foundry. The Unit Gothic series was released by Hamilton Manufacturing Co. in 1907, and comprises a flexible range of widths from compressed to very wide.
In 2015, he published the contemporary didone optically corrected typeface family Essonnes [MyFonts link].
In 2016, James Todd designed the 6-style sans typeface family Cresta and his garalde take on the (normally didone) fat faces, Gastromond.
In 2017, he co-designed Biwa and Biwa Display, a grotesk typeface family, with Ian Lynam.
Typefaces from 2018: Chapman (a large Scotch roman typeface family with lots of pizzazz), Stack.
Typefaces from 2019: Elfreth (an informal blackletter), Glot (a 10-style flared terminal sans family by James Todd and Ian Lynam; see also Glot Round from 2020).
In 2021, he was part of a big effort by P22 to revive and extend Johnston's Underground to P22 Underground Pro [13 styles: Richard Kegler (1997), Paul D. Hunt (2007), Dave Farey (2021), James Todd (2021) and Patrick Griffin (2021) contributed at various stages].
In 2021, he released Cambium---a text family based on roman inscriptional lettering in which special attention was paid to trhe lowercase---at Future Fonts.
YTypefaces from 2022: Oculi.
Behance link. Dribble link. Old Fontspring link. Old URL. Future Fonts link. [Google]
Born in Leipzig (1902), died in Locarno, Switzerland (1974). Influential German type designer whose typefaces include these:
Links about him: Textism site. Nicolas Fabian's page on him. Links to his work. Bio at Linotype. Wikipedia site. Publications include:
- Sabon (1964-1967, for Stempel). The most famous digital version of Sabon is Linotype's Sabon Next. See also Sabon eText Pro (2013, Linotype) and Salieri (2020, a free font by Daniel Benjamin Miller).
- Transit and Transito (1931). Transito has been remade by Nick Curtis in 2009 as Waddem Choo NF, and by Paulo Heitlinger in 2008 as Transito.
- Zeus (1931). Pleks Zeus (2008) is a revival of Zeus by Hans Munk.
- Saskia (1931, Schelter&Giesecke). Revived by Ralph M. Unger in 2016 as Saskia Pro.
- Uher Standard Grotesque.
- Between 1926 and 1929, he designed a "universal alphabet" to help with non-phonetic spellings in the German language. For example, he devised new characters to replace "ch" and "sch". Long vowels were indicated by a macron below them. The alphabet was presented in one typeface, which was sans-serif and without capital letters. Leicht und schnell konstruierbare Schrift (1930) is a Bauhaus-style geometric revived in 2008 by Sebastian Nagel as Iwan Reschniev. See also Architype Tschichold by The Foundry.
- Die neue Typographie (Berlin, 1928). Quote from this book: Type production has gone mad, with its senseless outpouring of new types. Only in degenerate times can personality (opposed to the nameless masses) become the aim of human development,
- Typographische Gestaltung (Basel 1935).
- Geschichte der Schrift in Bildern (Basel 1941).
- Schriftkunde, Schreibübungen und Skizzieren (Basel 1942, Berlin 1952).
- Schatzkammern der Schreibkunst (Basel 1946).
- Meisterbuch der Schrift (Ravensburg 1953).
- Erfreuliche Drucksachen durch gute Typographie (Ravensburg 1960).
- Willkürfreie Maßverhältnisse der Buchseite und des Satzspiegels (Basel 1962).
- Ausgewählte Aufsätze über Fragen der Gestalt des Buches und der Typography (Basel 1975).
- Jan Tschichold, Leben und Werk (Dresden 1977).
- Jan Tschichold. Schriften 1925-1974 (Berlin 1991).
- Recommended is this short essay entitled Consistent Correlation Between Book Page and Type Area.
- The book jan Tschichold. Vormveranderingen van het &-teken. In een hedendaagse context (Amsterdam, De Buitenkant, 1993) has contributions by Petr van Blokland, Peter Borgman, Bram de Does, Dick Dooijes, Paul Groenendaal, Martin Majoor, Karina Meister, Gerrit Noordzij, Helmut Salden and Gerard Unger.
[Typoart GmbH (or: VEB Typoart)]
French type designer and punchcutter, 1580-1658, born in Switzerland, who worked at the Estienne printing atelier in Paris before escaping to Sedan, to avoid persecution for his Protestant beliefs. He then worked as a printer for the Calvinist Academy where he began to cut his own letters. In 1641, he received a commission from the Imprimerie Royale from which Caractères de l'UniversitĂé originated. Until the middle of the 20th century, his letters were misattributed to Claude Garamond. Many of today's Garamond style typefaces are in fact due to Jannon, as first pointed out by Beatrice Warde.
Frantisek Storm writes this: The engraver Jean Jannon ranks among the significant representatives of French typography of the first half of the 17th century. He was born in 1580, apparently in Switzerland. He trained as punch-cutter in Paris. From 1610 he worked in the printing office of the Calvinist Academy in Sedan, where he was awarded the title "Imprimeur de son Excellence et de l'Academie Sédanoise". He began working on his own alphabet in 1615, so that he would not have to order type for his printing office from Paris, Holland and Germany, which at that time was rather difficult. The other reason was that not only the existing type typefaces, but also the respective punches were rapidly wearing out. Their restoration was extremely painstaking, not to mention the fact that the result would have been just a poor shadow of the original elegance. Thus a new type typeface came into existence, standing on a traditional basis, but with a life-giving sparkle from its creator. In 1621 Jannon published a Roman type typeface and italics, derived from the shapes of Garamond's type typefaces. As late as the start of the 20th century Jannon's type typeface was mistakenly called Garamond, because it looked like that type typeface at first sight. Jannon's Early Baroque Roman type face, however, differs from Garamond in contrast and in having grander forms. Jannon's italics rank among the most successful italics of all time. They are brilliantly cut and elegant.
Author of Epreuve de caractĂ¨res nouvellement taillez A Sedan par Iean [Jannon] imprimeur de l'Académie (1621). In 1927, Paul Beaujon (Beatrix Warde) published a facsimile entitled The 1621 Specimen of Jean Jannon, Paris & Sedan, designer & engraver (London).
The headline of this page is set in New G8 (2012, Michael Sharpe), which in turn is a digital descendant of URW Garamond No. 8. For a recent digital revival, see JJannon (2019, François Rappo).
Commercial digital typefaces based in Jannon. [Google]
French type historian. Author of Claude Garamont: graveur et fondeur de lettres: étude historique (1914, imp. Maurice Ollière et Cie, Paris). [Google]
[Typofonderie (was: Porchez Typofonderie)]
Jan Thor developed Unicode versions of Garamond in 2001. His family, called jGaramond, covers Basic Latins, Latin-1 Supplement, Latin Extended - A, Latin Extended - B, Latin Extended Additional, Mathematical Operators, Letterlike Symbols, Currency Symbols, Arrows, Number Forms, IPA Extensions, Spacing Modifier Letters, Combining Diacritical Marks, Greek, Greek Extended. Bold, Italic and Regular weights only. See also here. [Google]
Jill Pichotta began working for Font Bureau as an apprentice with David Berlow in 1991, honing her skills on projects for Rolling Stone, Esquire, Condé Nast Traveller, The New York Times and Apple Computer. She has managed the production of retail releases for independent designers since 1993, and has contributed several typefaces at Font Bureau. In 2016, Jill Pichotta became Principal Product Manager for Type Network, overseeing type development and quality for the company's global alliance of foundry partners. Jill Pichotta's typefaces:
- Gangly (1996-1998). Codesigned with Joe Polevy.
- HipHop (informal printing, 1993).
- RomeoSkinnyCondensed (1991). One of the thinnest fonts on earth.
- Rats (with Jean Evans, 1997).
- FB Garamond Text and Display (1992-2000). Modeled after Ludlow's Garamond done in 1929 by Douglas Crawford McMurtrie and Robert Hunter Middleton.
- Californian FB Text and Display (1994-1999). Done in cooperation with David Berlow and Richard Lipton.
- A redesign of Matthew Carter's Postoni (1997), called Stilson (2009, with Richard Lipton and Dyana Weissman): Since 1997, The Washington Post's iconic headlines have been distinguished by their own sturdy, concise variation on Bodoni, designed by Matthew Carter. For the 2009 redesign, Richard Lipton, Jill Pichotta, and Dyana Weissman expanded the family with more refined Display & Condensed styles for use in larger sizes. Originally called Postoni, the fonts were renamed in honor of The Post's founder, Stilson Hutchins.
- Caslon FB (1992, Font Bureau) comes with this text: Our familiar Caslon Bold headletters were invented around the turn of the twentieth century in the United States and were only loosely based on William Caslons romans. The best of the Caslon Bolds originated at the Keystone Type Foundry of Philadelphia, whose Caslon Bold Condensed appeared about 1905, probably drawn by R.F. Burfeind. Jill Pichotta revised his Bold Condensed&drew the Bold Extra Condensed.
FontShop link. [Google]
Jim Rimmer (b. Vancouver, 1934, d. 2010) was one of the great contemporary type designers whose creations had a lot of flair, individuality, and charm. Based in New Westminster (near Vancouver, BC), Jim Rimmer was also an illustrator. Obituary in the Globe and Mail, dated April 27, 2010.
He designed Albertan (Albertan No.977, Albertan No.978 Bold) and Cloister (2000; a roman type family originally done by Morris Fuller Benton) in the Lanston collection. He also designed typefaces like Juliana Oldstyle (1984), Nephi Mediaeval (1986), Kaatskill (1988; a 1929 typeface by Goudy, revived and optimized for Lanston in type one format; the Kaatskill Italic was done by Rimmer based on Goudy's Deepdene), RTF Isabelle (Roman and Italic; 2006. A pair of delicate serif typefaces based on typefaces by Elizabeth Friedlander) and Fellowship (1986).
ATypI link. Jim began work as a letterpress compositor in 1950. He entered the field of graphic design in 1963, working as a designer lettering artist and illustrator, and freelanced in this capacity from 1972 to 1999 in the same capacity. In 1960, he began collecting letterpress printing and typefounding equipment, and operated a private press and foundry (Pie Tree Press&Type Foundry). FontShop link.
His metal typefaces at Pie Tree Press include:
- Juliana Oldstyle (1981; McGrew says 1984): It represents my first attempt at cutting a metal type. I drew my letters completely freehand, hoping to capture a punchcut look. My artwork was then reduced and made into a dry transfer sheet, which I rubbed onto type-high typemetal blanks. I then cut the letters and electroformed copper matrices.
- Nephi Mediaeval (1983, for private use; McGrew gives the date 1986): It was inspired by the Subiaco type of the Ashendene Press and by its inspiration, the type of Sweynheym and Pannartz. My design breaks away from those types slightly in form and is softer in general feeling. In time I will cut other sizes.
- Fellowship (1984; McGrew says 1986). Designed and cut by Jim Rimmer, and cast by him for private use: The design is the result of the feeling of joviality and 'fellowship' I experienced at the meeting (American Typecasting Fellowship in Washington, D.C.). The design was not so much drawn as it was written. The letters were written quickly in a calligraphic manner with an edged pencil and then enlarged and inked to make a dry transfer sheet. As in my two previous designs (see Juliana Oldstyle and Nephi Mediaeval), Fellowship was cut not in steel, but in type metal, and then electroplated to make castable matrices.
- Albertan 16pt, 1985
- Garamont [not entirely sure that this was done in metal]
- Cartier Roman 14pt, 2004
- Cree Syllabic 14pt, 2006
- Duensing Titling 12, 14, 18, 24, 36, 48&60pt, 2004-07. Duensing in use.
- Hannibal Oldstyle 18pt, 2003
- Quill 14pt, 2006
- Stern 16pt, 2008. This was his last completed typeface.
In 1970, Jim made his first film type, Totemic. This sturdy text type was revived in 2015 by Canada Type as Totemic, and contains as an extra a et of stackable totems.
Jim has designed and produced a collection of digital types, and over the past 20 years has designed and cut six metal types. He recently completed a Monotype Large Comp type named Hannibal Oldstyle, is currently cutting 14 point matrices for Cartier Roman, and is making drawings for the cutting of a 14 point Western and Eastern Cree. Samples and discussion of his Cree typeface.
Jim in action in 2003. According to Gerald Giampa from Lanston, Jim is the most talented type designer alive in 2003. About his typefaces, I quote McGrew: Fellowship was designed and cut by Jim Rimmer in Vancouver in 1986, and cast by him for private use. He says, "The design is the result of the feeling of joviality and 'fellowship' I experienced at the meeting (American Typecasting Fellowship in Washington, D.C.). The design was not so much drawn as it was written. The letters were written quickly in a calligraphic manner with an edged pencil and then enlarged and inked to make a dry transfer sheet. As in my two previous designs (see Juliana Oldstyle and Nephi Mediaeval), Fellowship was cut not in steel, but in type metal, and then electroplated to make castable matrices." Juliana Oldstyle was designed and cut in 1984, as a private type. He says, "It represents my first attempt at cutting a metal type. I drew my letters completely freehand, hoping to capture a punchcut look. My artwork was then reduced and made into a dry transfer sheet, which I rubbed onto type-high typemetal blanks. I then cut the letters and electroformed copper matrices." Nephi Mediaeval was designed and cut in 1986, for private use. He says it "was inspired by the Subiaco type of the Ashendene Press and by its inspiration, the type of Sweynheym and Pannartz. My design breaks away from those types slightly in form and is softer in general feeling. In time I will cut other sizes."
In 2012, Rimmer Type Foundry was acquired by Canada Type. The press release: Canada Type, a font development studio based in Toronto, has acquired the Rimmer Type Foundry (RTF) from P22 Type Foundry, Inc. The RTF library contains the complete body of work of Canadian design icon Jim Rimmer (1934-2010), who was an enormous influence on Canadian type design and private press printing, and the subject of Richard Kegler's documentary, Making Faces: Metal Type in the 21st Century. The RTF library contains many popular font families, such as Albertan, Amethyst, Credo, Dokument and Stern, as well as quite a few analog designs that were never produced in digital. Now that Rimmer's work has been repatriated, it will be remastered and expanded by Canada Type, then re-released to the public, starting in the fall of 2012. Jim's analog work will also be produced digitally and available to the public alongside his remastered and expanded work. Once Jim's designs are re-released, part of their sales will be donated to fund the Canada Type Scholarship, an award given annually to design students in Canada. This will be done in coordination with the Society of Graphic Designers of Canada (GDC), the national professional association that awarded Jim Rimmer with the prestigious GDC Fellowship in 2007.
Jim Rimmer digitized Elizabeth (+Italic). From 2006 until 2012, the Rimmer Type Foundry collection was offered by P22. It included:
- RTF Albertan: A great text family developed between 1982 and 2005. In 2013, it as remastered by Canada Type and reissued as Albertan Pro, calling it a first post-Baskerville-post-Joanna typeface.
- RTF Alexander Quill: An artsy fartsy (in the good sense) and slightly 1920s Czech type family.
- RTF Amethyst: A tall ascender serif family.
- RTF Cadmus: A stone slab or Greek simulation face. P22 writes: Rimmer's re-working of a design done by Robert Foster, a hand lettering artist. Foster's type, named Pericles, is a style that he used for a time in lettering magazines and advertising headings. The design is based closely on early inscriptional Greek, but is less formal than the sans types of Foster's time. Cadmus keeps the proportions of Pericles but is overall less quirky than the Foster design. This was further expanded by Canada Type as Cadmus Pro (2016).
- RTF Cotillion (1999): A tall ascendered Koch inspired sans family. Looks quite like Bernhard Modern.
- RTF Credo: A six-weight sans family.
- RTF Dokument: An extensive sans family: Dokument was my attempt to make a Sans Grotesque in the general weight of News Gothic (for the Dokument regular) but took nothing from News Gothic. I used some of the basic forms of my Credo series, but made many on-screen changes and broke away entirely from Credo on the range of weights. My plan was to make a typeface that will fill the requirements of financial document setting; things like annual reports and other such pieces of design. It is my hope that the large family of weights and variants will suit Dokument to this kind of work. This family was created in 2005 and published in 2006. A reworking by Patrick Griffin at Canada Type eventually led to Dokument Pro (2014).
- RTF Elizabeth: An elegant tall ascender typeface about which Rimmer writes: Elizabeth Roman and its companion Italic were designed as a pair by Elizabeth Friedlander, and cut and cast for decades by the historic Bauer foundry of Germany.
- RTF Fellowship: A standard script.
- RTF Lancelot Titling: A roman titling typeface with Koch-like influences.
- RTF Lapis: A calligraphic serif, inspired by Rudolf Koch.
- RTF Posh Initials: A formal script.
- RTF Poster Paint: A fat irregular poster font inspired by Goudy Stout.
- RTF Zigarre Script: A bouncy brush script with rough outlines.
- RTF Canadian Syllabics (2007): This font was developed as a metal typeface by Jim Rimmer for a special project and is now available in digital form. Containing over 700 glyphs in OpenType format, this font covers most Canadian Aboriginal Languages. RTF Canadian Syllabics is a more calligraphic version of the syllabary developed by Reverend James Evans for the languages of the native tribes of the Canadian provinces in the early 1800s. Jim Rimmer originally designed the characters for the Eastern and Western dialect Cree to be cut as a metal font. The digital version then grew to include all the characters of the Canadian Syllabics Unicode block.
- Nephi Mediaeval (2007), a type heavily reflective of the semi roman of Sweynheim and Pannartz (in Jim's words).
- Stern (2008, RTF) was simultaneously released both digitally and in metal. Named after the late printer Christopher Stern (WA), it is an upright italic intended for poetry. Colin Kahn (P22) has expanded the Pro digital version (originally designed by Jim Rimmer) for a variety of options. The set features Stern Aldine (Small x-height Caps with standard lower case), Regular, Tall Caps (with standard lc)&Small Caps with x-height caps in place of lc). Youtube. David Earls writes: I've heard people say that letterpress gives warmth, but I prefer to think of it as giving humanity. That the types interaction on a page is so dependent on the punch cutter, the caster, the compositor, the printer, the humidity, the papermaker and inkmaker gives it a humanity, not a warmth, and decries the demise of letterpress. In 2013, Canada Type remastered Stern as Stern Pro---this typeface now covers Greek, and is loaded with Opentype features.
- RTF Loxley (2010): The style of Loxley is based on early Roman typefaces, such as the "Subiaco" type of the late 1400s that was also inspirational to Frederick Goudy for his "Franciscan", "Aries" and "Goudy Thirty" type typefaces. Loxley displays some of Jim's particular left handed calligraphy and is in a similar style to his "Fellowship" and "Alexander Quill" typefaces, both of which were made in metal and digital formats. In 2013, Canada Type published a remastered and expanded version simply called Loxley.
Jim Rimmer passed away early on January 8, 2010. His friend Richard Kegler (P22) wrote this obituary the next day: Jim was a multi-talented type designer, graphic artist, bookbinder, printer, letterer, technician and a most generous teacher. He was never glory-seeking and turned down most speaking engagements offered to him, not out of vanity or indifference, but rather thinking that he was not worthy of being given a spotlight. Jim offered free typecasting instruction to anyone who asked and came to visit him in his studio in New Westminster BC. He took as much time as needed and was generous to a fault. Anyone who took him up on this open invitation can attest to the intense and elegant chaos of his studio and work habits. I was fortunate enough to know Jim but for only a few years. What started as a business arrangement grew into a mutual respect and ongoing correspondence that I can only describe as life changing for me. His kindness and generosity were exceptional and his diplomacy even when given the opportunity to speak ill of anyone else was measured and kind. Jim's dedication to the craft of type design and related arts was beyond most if not all contemporaries. After his "retirement" from his professional life as a graphic artist and illustrator, he tirelessly worked on type designs for book projects where all aspects of his skills were applied. His book "Leaves from the Pie Tree" (I encouraged him to change the title from his original plan to call it "Droppings from the Pie Tree"...a truly self-effacing Jim Rimmerism) is the best single tome that summarizes his life and work. He designed the bookąs typeface in Ikarus (as he had with the 200+ other type design he created), cut the matrices and cast the type, wrote the text using an autobiographical introduction and continued to explain the process he used to cut pantographic matrices for his metal typefaces. The multi-colored lino cut illustrations, book design, individual tipped in sheets and attention to press work and binding would be impressive for one specialist to complete on each component. The fact that Jim did all of this himself is awe inspiring. A trade edition of this book has been printed by Gaspereau press but does not hint at the grandeur of the beautiful book that is Pie Tree. Jim's follow up of his edition of Mark Twain's Tom Sawyer (set in his Hannibal Oldstyle font designed for and fitted onto on a monotype composition caster) was recently completed and is equally if not more imposing as a fine press book, but with a sympathetic humor and humanity that would knock the stuffing of any other fine press attempt at the same material. Almost two years ago I visited Jim for a week and filmed footage for a documentary on his cutting of the Stern typeface. For various reasons the finishing of the film has been delayed. I truly regret that Jim could not see the finished version. With the film and his Pie Tree book, Jim generously conveys information on making metal type that has otherwise been largely lost and previously limited to a now defunct protective guild system. It was his wish that the information and craft be kept alive. Jim's last email to me was in classic Jim form hinting at his tireless dedication to his work: details of a new type family for a new book. He was one of the great ones. He will be missed.
Sumner Stone: Jim's insights into Goudy's typefaces in particular, and his devotion to doing everything in his own shop made me think he was perhaps Fred's reincarnation, but it took me awhile to realize this due to the self-deprecating personality you so accurately describe. His passing is truly a great loss to our craft.
Rod McDonald: I would like to relate a telephone conversation I had with Jim last month because I believe it shows his incredible spirit, and wonderful sense of humor. My wife and I visited Jim in November and were delighted to hear that his doctors had pronounced him cancer free. He looked good, just a little tired, but that was to be expected after his recent radiation treatment. Of course he was also anxious to get back to work. Less than two weeks later I received an email from him informing me that they had discovered that the cancer had spread to his lungs and, not only was it inoperable, he now only had six months to live. This sudden turn of affairs was devastating for me and I called him, hoping I think, to hear that it wasn't as bad as it sounded. He said it was bad and apparently nothing could be done. However he felt he would outlive the six months and in fact we even talked of getting together in the fall. The conversation then turned to his latest type family and when I gently asked him how long he thought it it would take to complete he simply said "I've got lots of time, after all I'm only going to be dying during the last fifteen minutes". I knew Jim for thirty-five years and will miss him more than his work, and that's saying a great deal.
In 2012, Canada Type, which had purchased Rimmer's designs started publishing some of Jim's lesser known designs. These include Cotillion Pro (2012, a very graceful typeface with high ascenders), Fellowship (2013, calligraphic), Poster Paint (2012, a take on Goudy Stout), Zigarre Script and Zigarre Rough (2012, brush scripts that were actually drawn with a marker), and Alexander Quill (2012, a calligraphic monastic typeface).
In 2013, Canada Type remastered several of Rimmer's typefaces, including in particular Isabelle Pro: Isabelle is the closest thing to a metal type revival Jim Rimmer ever did. The original metal typeface was designed and cut in late 1930s Germany, but its propspects were cut short by the arrival of the war. This was one of Jim's favourite typefaces, most likely because of the refined art deco elements that reminded him of his youthful enthusiasm about everything press-related, and the face's intricately thought balance between calligraphy and typography. Not to mention one of the most beautiful italics ever made. Lancelot Pro (2013) is a calligraphic all caps typeface based on Rimmer's digital original from 1999.
Pictures: Jim Rimmer casts 48pt ATypI keepsake (by John Hudson), Remembering Jim Rimmer (Facebook group), In his studio, a picture taken by the Globe and Mail. Another pic. Making Faces (trailer) (movie by Richard Kegler).
Klingspor link. ContentDM collection. Jim Rimmer at the Fine Press Book Association. Rimmer Type Foundry link.
View all typefaces by Jim Rimmer. An alphabetical listing of Jim Rimmer's typefaces. Catalog of Jim Rimmer's typefaces. [Google]
Type designer who worked at Adobe from 1989-2002 and for Monotype from 2003 until today. His typefaces in chronological order:
- 1974 to 1989: As a freelance, he assisted Jim Parkinson in the Cochin, and Kennerley revivals, an old Perspective metal type design, and Rolling Stone alphabet additional weights Elephant, Italics and Condensed, done in pen and ink. For several ad agencies, he designed the Franzia winery logo, and many other logos for packaging and advertisementsi and was mainly a lettering a logo artist.
- 1985: He produced font designs for DHL Express and SFO International Airport at Primo Angeli Inc.
- 1986 to 1989: He produced various font families like Garamond, Goudy, Eras, American Typewriter, Futura and Stymie at SlideTek using a B-Spline vector graphic system.
- 1989 to 2002: He produced fonts at Adobe Systems in Redwood City, CA. There, he designed Tekton Bold, Mythos (1993: a mythical figure caps face done together with Min Wang), Tekton GX (with David Siegel), Waters Titling word ligatures. He designed and produced the Romaji Latin characters of Heisei Maru Gothic W4 and W8, Adobe Sans and Adobe Serif. He did font production work on ITC Garamond, ITC Cheltenham, Albertus, Castellar. He helped expand Adobe Originals to Pro character sets in Jenson Pro, Minion Pro, Kepler, Sanvito Pro, Cronos, and Calcite Pro. He played an important role in the production of Multiple Master fonts.
- 2003 to present: He produced fonts at Monotype Imaging:
- For Microsoft, he designed the family of five weights of Segoe based on Segoe Regular.
- He directed design production and programmed OpenType features for Segoe Script and Segoe Print.
- He designed Wasco Sans a font for the gaming and flight simulator groups at Microsoft.
- He designed AT&T Sphere Gothic Sans fonts.
- He designed a new slab serif family for Gatorade.
- He directed a new design for General Electric called GE Sans.
- He designed and directed production of various non-Latin scripts for Monotype for Armenian, Ethiopic, Khmer, Thai, Arabic, Hebrew and African language scripts including Tifinagh, N'Ko and Bamum.
- He designed the original geometric sans font family Harmonia Sans (2011), which is a blend of contemporary geometric sans serif lettershapes and classic calligraphic proportions. Jim Wasco was aided by George Ryan in the production of the typeface family. He said: I wanted to create a simple and legible typeface by pulling the best aspects of classic geometric sans designs, such as Futura and ITC Avant Garde Gothic.
- He directed a language expansion project for Edward Johnston's London Transport fonts, adding Cyrillic and Greek.
- He designed a script typeface based on Ed Benguiat's calligraphy for the ITC logo in 1970 called Elegy (2010-2011). Elegy has 1546 glyphs, and was awarded at TDC2 2011.
- He designed nine new weights for the Neue Aachen font family (2012) expanding it to 18 fonts including Italic.
- He designed swash caps and directed Morris Freestyle.
- He designed ITC Avant Garde Pro ligatures for the new OpenType version.
- He designed Baskerville Cyrillic and Greek for E reader fonts (2012).
- Daytona (2015) is a sans family that grew out of a desire to provide improved fonts for use in televised sporting events.
- Elicit Script (2018, by Laura Worthington and Jim Wasco). A hybrid (casual and formal) scrpt typeface based on pointed pen Spencerian Script handwriting.
Linotype link. Linotype interview. FontShop link. Pic. His talk at ATypI 2014 in Barcelona was entitled OpenType features for Script Typefaces. Linotype link. Klingspor link. [Google]
JLH Fonts (or: jhnri4) is the American creator of Making a list checking it twice (2012), Judges (2012, grungy), Janitor (2012), Remix (2012), Arrows (2012), Chalk Line Outline (2012), Pretzel (2012, art nouveau titling face), At Sign (2012), Portmanteau (2012), Seattle Avenue (2012), Sunflower Harvest (2012), Double Strike (2012: a hand-drawn blackboard bold typeface family), Sierra Nevada Road (2012), The Radical Sign (2012), The Jewish Bitmap (2012), The Inequality Grapher (2012), Thin Pencil Handwriting (2012), Marker Scribbles (2012), Grunge Handwriting (2012), Tally Mark (2012, prison wall counting), Gold Plated (2012), Overhaul (2012), Apex Lake (2012, ornamental caps), Halogen (2012, in the style of Comic Sans), Signs For Advertising (2012), and Hand Drawn Shapes (2012).
Typefaces from 2013: Vengeance (calligraphic), Calligraserif, Heavy Equipment (sans caps), ViaFont (art deco sans based on the Viacom logo), Bromine (a typeface that started out in iFontmaker), Topeka, Printed Circuit Board (based on the Hewlett-Packard logo), Fondue, Northampton, World Tour (ransom note font), Aquifer (an antiqued Garamond), Floppy Disk.
Typefaces from 2014: Scratched Letters, Airbrush, Broken Glass (glaz krak font), Byzantine Empire, Office Junk (ransom note font).
Dafont link. Old Fontspace link. Blogspot link. Google Plus link. Fontspace link. [Google]
Jochen Haertel, working for Schömann, Büro für Gestaltung, made this series of custom fonts from 1995 until 1997 for Malteser: Malteser-GaramondFett, Malteser-GaramondFettKursiv, Malteser-GaramondKursiv, Malteser-GaramondStandard, Malteser-Syntax. [Google]
Johann Froben [in Latin: Johannes Frobenius] (circa 1460-1527) was a famous printer and publisher in Basel, Switzerland. Froben established a printing house in that city about 1491, and this soon attained a European reputation for accuracy and taste. Froben was friends with Erasmus, who lived in his house when in Basel, and had his own works printed by him from 1514 onwards. Froben employed Hans Holbein the Younger to illustrate his texts. He passed his printing business on to his son Hieronymus, and grandson Ambrosius Frobenius.
Digital typefaces directly influenced by the Frobens include Froben Antiqua (2015, Ueli Kaufamnn at the University of Reading), and P22 Basel by P22, developed bewteen 2008 and 2015, with various type designers, including Colin Kahn and Paul Hunt, contributing to the final set of fonts. P22 Basel Roman (2020) is claimed by Richard Kegler, who refers to a garalde font used by Johannes Herbst (a.k.a. Ioannes Oporinus) in 1543 to publish Andreas Vesalius' On the Fabric of the Human Body (De humani corporis fabrica) in Basel. [Google]
[Fabrica / Basel Roman]
John D. Boardley
[Old Style typefaces]
Juan José Lopez
[Babylon Schrift Kontor]
KLIM (or: Klim Type Foundry)
KLIM is a type and graphic design studio run by Wellington, New Zealand-based designer Kris Sowersby, now affiliated with Village. Interview. Behance link. Klingspor link. Views on engineered geometry. His creations:
- Feijoa (2007, a serif family for text, Village).
- National (2007, a sans serif family, Village). This type family won an award at TDC2 2008. Duncan Forbes: National is slightly mannered, which becomes more apparent in the heavier weights yet it still remains simple, subtle and serious. [...] It has a human charm that gives such warmth and learned beauty to text.
- FF Meta Serif (2007, Serif counterpart of FF Meta, with Erik Spiekermann and Christian Schwartz).
- Galaxie Copernicus (2009) is a large x-height serif family done at Village in cooperation with Chester Jenkins. It was inspired (from very far) by Plantin's types. Another outgrowth of Plantin is Tiempos (2018), in Fine, Headline and Text subfamilies, which has both Times New Roman and Copernicus Galaxie as its parents.
- Domaine Text and Display, in 48 styles (2013). Wedge serif on a didone skeleton. The Domaine Sans Display and Domaine Sans Fine subfamilies are exquisite fashion mag typefaces.
- Founders Grotesk (2010). Roughly based on Miller&Richard Grotesque (No. 4, No. 7, No. 3), from a 1912 Miller&Richard specimen book. The proportions are just right---I will place my bets on this one for several best of 2010 award lists. The Condensed and X-Condensed are from 2011, and Founders Grotesk Text was published in 2013. Founders Grotesk Mono followed in 2014.
- Metric (2011). A sans family with hints of art deco in the heavier weights. It is paired with Calibre (2011). Sowersby writes: Metric&Calibre are a pair of typefaces that share a fundamental geometry yet differ in the finish of key letterforms. Metric is a geometric humanist, sired by West Berlin street signs. Calibre is a geometric neo-grotesque, inspired by the rationality of Aldo Novarese's seldom seen Recta. They were conceived as a pair but function independently of each other. In a clever twist, Metric offers vertical stroke endings and Calibre horizontal ones in a selected number of glyphs.
- Tiempos Text and Tiempos Headline (2010). Named for Times New Roman, this type has influences from the Egyptian Galaxie Copernicus, which is based on Plantin, as well as from Times New Roman.
- FF Unit Slab (2007, with Erik Spiekermann and Christian Schwartz).
- Newzald (2007), an economical text serif based on rough lettering found in New Zealand. Review of Newzald at Typographica.
- Pitch (2011). A typewriter face.
- Hardys (2008), an elegant serif typeface custom designed for Australia's Constellation Wines. Hardys won an award at TDC2 2009. Hardys reviewed at Typographica.
- Serrano (2008): a sans family designed for the Bank of New Zealand. It will be available for licensing starting in October 2013. In addition, it won an award at TDC2 2009.
- Eliza (2003).
- NZ Rugby Chisel (2006, The All Blacks Typeface).
- Hokotohu (2007, a typeface for the Moriori).
- Victoria Sans and Serif (2007, custom typefaces for Victoria University).
- Methven Flow.
- Rewards (2006). A serif family designed with Chester Jenkins for American Express.
- Financier (2014). A corporate typeface done for Financial Times.
- The blackletter pixel font Pixel Fraktur (2002).
- The pixel script font Nobody came to class (2003).
- Pixel uncial (2003).
- Luca Titling (2003, an ancient roman titling typeface based on inscriptions from 1590).
- Mono, Mono Pre (2003).
- Kilbernie Sans (2003), Kilbirnie Serif (2004).
- Klim Sans (2004).
- A Slabb (2004, a slab serif), Slabb (nice slab version of Klim Sans).
- Karv (2005, alternative for Trajan), Karv Sans.
- National Condensed and National Compressed (2007).
- Aperture (2007), a sans for small sizes.
- Valencia (2007), a warm didone.
- Salamanca (2005).
- Sevilo (2005).
- Zinc (2005).
- Elegantia (2005, based on Polyphilus).
- Karbon, Karbon Serif (2006: raves from the typophiles!). Karbon is an open, geometric sans serif with a contemporary spartan finish. It is an exploration of Paul Renner's reductionist Futura concept channelled through the proportions of Eric Gill's eponymous sans, with a slight nod towards Jan Tschichold's Uhertype sans-serif. Includes seven weights in roman and italic.
- The Italian (negative stress) typeface Maelstrom (2018). Review by Bethany Heck.
- In 2015, the custom octagonal typeface Pure Pakati was developed at Whybin TBWA Auckland for Tourism New Zealand. Its design team comprised Philip Kelly (design director), Karl Wixon (Maori design consultant), Kris Sowersby (type designer) and Rangi Kipa (Maori carver). Pure Pakati blends the traditions of wood type with the traditional indigenous carving style of Aotearoa (New Zealand) in a hand-carved and digital fonts. It won an Nga Aho Award from the Designers Institute of New Zealand and Nga Aho Inc in 2015.
- Domaine Sans (2014, with Dave Foster) won an award in the TDC 2015 Type Design competition.
- Stern Metric (2011).
- The monospaced / typewriter typeface family Pitch Sans (2018).
- Geograph (2017-2018) was designed by Kris Sowersby and engineered by Noe Blanco. Panos Haratzopoulos designed Greek versions. The Geograph fonts are currently licensed for the exclusive use of National Geographic. It is a comprehensive replacement of several typefaces that National Geographic had been using such as Verlag and Neue Haas Grotesk. Free download.
- Heldane (Text, Display) (2018), designed by Kris Sowersby and engineered by Noe Blanco: Heldane is a contemporary serif family inspired by the renaissance works of Hendrik van den Keere, Claude Garamont, Robert Granjon and Simon de Colines. Rather than emulating a specific font, Heldane amalgamates the best details from these sources into a cohesive whole. The classical typographic foundations of Heldane are refined with rigorous digital drawing. I consider Heldane a third generation garalde typeface drawn from secondary sources. The first generation are 16th century works from the likes of Van den Keere, Garamont, Granjon and De Colines. The second generation are 20th century conscious metal revivals. By conscious, I mean the concerted effort to revive a specific style, whether the source was accurate---like Stempel Garamond; or not---like American Type Foundry Garamond No.3. The third generation are those made since 1955, after the re-discovery of the Plantin-Moretus archives and subsequent scholarship. These are types like Sabon, Galliard, Adobe Garamond and Renard. The designers of these faces skilfully exploit modern scholarship, disambiguation of punchcutters, and trace accurate lines to their primary sources. Heldane won an award at the Type Directors Club's Type Design Competition 2019.
- The Future Mono (2018). A superb take on Futura, which Kris describes as follows: Imagine if Paul Renner moved to Japan and Kyota Sugimoto asked him to adapt Futura to a typewriter. A mono version of Futura thanks to a great plastic surgeon. the Future Mono v0.2 was released at Future Fonts in 2020.
- Soehne or Söhne (2019). Superlatives fail me. This complete sans family in Normal, Mono, Schmal, and Breit subfamilies is described by Sowersby as follows: Söhne is the memory of Akzidenz-Grotesk framed through the reality of Helvetica. It captures the analogue materiality of Standard Medium used in Unimark's legendary wayfinding system for the NYC Subway.. Engineered by Noe Blanco, and with help from Dave Foster and Tim Kelleher.
- Signifier (2019). A digital remake of the Fell types. Sowersby calls his own attempt brutalist. The outcome is sharp-edged and very much 21st century stuff.
- Manuka (2019-2021, by Dave Foster and Noe Blanco). Award winner at 25 TDC in 2022. Compressed typefaces for large sizes. Described by Klim Type: With deviant details pilfered from Teutonic timber type, Manuka grafts a contemporary antipodean aesthetic onto 19th century German root-stock. Tight spacing, closed apertures and sharp joins make a compelling texture, like sunlight sparkling through a forest canopy.
- Untitled Sans and Untitled Serif (2020). Klim writes that they are quotidian typefaces: Untitled Sans is a plain, neogrotesk sans validated by the ideas of Jasper Morrison and Naoto Fukasawa's Super Normal project. Untitled Serif is drawn from the old-style genre of typefaces: the post-Caslon, pre-Times workhorses offered by almost every metal type foundry of the time. Untitled Sans and Untitled Serif are related neither by skeleton nor a traditional aesthetic connection, but by concept only.
- Epicene Text & Display (2021, by Dave Foster and Noe Blanco). Award winner at 25 TDC in 2022. These are baroque typeface families inspired by the work of 18th century masters J-F. Rosart and J.M. Fleischmann. AIGA describes the result as a baroque typeface celebrating ornamental idiosyncracy.
In 2020, he started writing the text The Art of Letters. [Google]
Kostic Type Foundry
Nikola Kostic is a graphic design graduate from the Faculty of Applied Arts (Belgrade), 2003. He works as graphic and type designer in Belgrade, Serbia. Together with his father, type designer Zoran Kostic, he set up Kostic Type Foundry in 2010. His first commercial font there is the Old Slavonic simulation face Taurunum (2011). He also made the Battlefin text family (2011), the organic Pagewalker (2011), and the slab family Battleslab (2011).
Typefaces from 2012: Kostic Serif (2012) is a classical transitional family co-designed by Nikola and Zoran. Argumentum is a balanced and stylish display face. Breakers is a sans typeface family that covers all weights, from Thin to Ultra. Its companion is Breakers Slab.
Typefaces from 2013: Bicyclette (a wonderful sans family, from Thin to Black, with small x-height, wide spacing, and gentle understated rounding).
Typefaces from 2014: Taurunum Ferrum (an octagonal iron and steel style typeface), Chiavettieri (a robust text typeface that won an award at Modern Cyrillic 2014), Briller (a gorgeous extra-wide display sans typeface in six weights).
Typefaces from 2016: Mongoose (a great condensed sans serif made for posters, headlines and logotypes).
Typefaces from 2017: Altivo (a wiorkhorse sans family with wide proportions, generous x-height, loose spacing, ink traps, large apertures and low stroke contrast, ideal for information design).
Typefaces from 2018: Rizado Script (a great copperplate calligraphic script that coording to Kostic epitomizes la dolce vita: it won an award at the Type Directors Club's Type Design Competition 2019), Monotalic, Roc Grotesk (a sans serif grotesk inspired by American wood types).
Typefaces from 2020: Allotrope (a 100-strong technical sans family ranging from Compressed to Wide).
Klingspor link. Behance link. Behance link. Fontspring link.
View the Kostic Foundry typeface library. [Google]
[KLIM (or: Klim Type Foundry)]
La Fonderie is a new French group of young typographers that may be consulted on all matters typographic. Based in Paris, and led by typographers Stéphane Gambini and Eric de Berranger. All fonts are by de Berranger. Another URL, and yet another URL.
Font list: ITC Berranger Hand, Collos, Garaline, Hamely, Hector, Helwissa, Jandoni (a nice Bodoni titling face), June (a Garamond/Jenson like serif family), Koala, Malcom, Maxime, Mosquito, Nle2b210 (old typewriter font by de Berranger and Nicolas Leduc, 1997), ITC Octone, Oldbook, PackTrash or Ysselair (old typewriter/dymo font inspired by FF Dynamo, 1998), Troiminut. [Google]
Graduate of the DSAA program at Ecole Estienne in Paris. In 2018, he co-designed Savon Italic with fellow Estienne student Leo Guibert. It was released at E162. Other typefaces at E162 include the brush script Strike (2016), and the text typeface Garamond Grotesk (2017). [Google]
Large Unicode fonts
Alan Wood lists and discusses the main free Unicode fonts. As of 2010, these include:
Suppliers of commercial Unicode fonts: [Google]
- AbRomanSerif (3805 glyphs, Language Geek).
- Alphabetum (5444 glyphs, by Juan José Marcos). For classical and mediaeval Latin, classical Greek, Coptic, Old and Middle English, and Sanskrit, but also includes characters for most Latin-based European languages and Esperanto.
- Andika Basic (838 glyphs, SIL).
- Andron Scriptor Web (1600 glyphs, Medieval Unicode Fiont Initiative).
- Arev Sans (2851 glyphs, arev Fonts): based on Bitstream Vera Sans.
- Arial (3381 glyphs, Microsoft).
- Arial Unicode MS (50377 glyphs, Microsoft). Supplied with Microsoft Office 2002 (XP) and Microsoft Office 2003.
- Berling Antiqua (842 glyphs).
- Caslon (3551 glyphs, George Williams).
- Charis SIL (4661 glyphs, SIL).
- Chrysanthi Unicode (4383 glyphs) .
- CN-Arial (3069 glyphs, Chan-Nguyen).
- CN-Times (2866 glyphs, Chan-Nguyen).
- Code2000 (63546 glyphs, James Kass).
- Courier New (3151 glyphs). Supplied with Microsoft Windows Vista.
- DejaVu Sans (5466 glyphs). Based on Bitstream Vera Sans.
- DejaVu Sans Condensed (5466 glyphs).
- DejaVu Sans Mono (3169 glyphs). Based on Bitstream Vera Sans Mono.
- DejaVu Serif (3064 glyphs). Based on Bitstream Vera Serif.
- DejaVu Serif Condensed (3064 glyphs).
- Dialekt Uni (1400 glyphs). Mainly for phoentics.
- Doulos SIL (4661 glyphs, SIL).
- e-PhonTranslit UNI (684 glyphs). Supplied withthe Indolipi package.
- EversonMono (6396 glyphs, Michael Everson).
- Fixedsys Excelsior 3.01 (5993 glyphs).
- Free Idg Serif (6256 glyphs).
- Free Monospaced (2560 glyphs).
- Free Sans (3999 glyphs).
- Free Serif (7971 glyphs).
- Frutiger Linotype (840 glyphs, Linotype). Supplied with Microsoft Reader.
- Gandhari Unicode (2265 glyphs, Andrew Glass). Designed for romanisation of Sanskrit and Gandhari.
- Garava (1319 glyphs, Michael Best).
- Gentium (1699 glyphs, Victor Gaultney, SIL).
- GentiumAlt (1699 glyphs, Victor Gaultney, SIL).
- Hindsight Unicode (2894 glyphs, Darren Rigby).
- jGaramond (1849 glyphs).
- Junicode (3096 glyphs, Peter S. Baker). Intended for mediaevalists.
- Kliment Std (2849 glyphs, Kodeks).
- Kurdish AllAlphabets (694 glyphs, Ernst Tremel). Intended for Kurdish.
- LeedsUni (2976 glyphs, Alec McAllister).
- Legendum (1151 glyphs).
- Linux Biolinum O (2418 glyphs, Libertine Open Fonts Project).
- Linux Libertine O (2432 glyphs, Libertine Open Fonts Project).
- Lucida Bright (1402 glyphs). Supplied with Java Runtime 1.4.2.
- Lucida Grande (2826 glyphs). Supplied with Apple - Safari 3 Public Beta.
- Lucida Sans (Java) (2929 glyphs). Supplied with Java Runtime 1.4.2.
- Lucida Sans (Star Office) (2094 glyphs). Supplied with Sunâ€™s StarOffice 5.2 for Windows.
- Lucida Sans Typewriter (Java) (1376 glyphs). Supplied with Java Runtime 1.4.2.
- Lucida Sans Typewriter (Star Office) (1142 glyphs). Supplied with Sun's StarOffice 5.2 for Windows.
- Lucida Sans Unicode (1779 glyphs). Supplied with Microsoft Windows Vista
- Marin (3566 glyphs).
- MD King KhammuRabi (1296 glyphs, Michael Davodian). Mainly for Assyrian, Aramaic, Caldean, Soryoyo, Ashoraya.
- Microsoft Sans Serif (1997) (3053 glyphs, Microsoft). Supplied with Windows Vista. Version 1.41 (2301 characters, 2257 glyphs) was supplied with Windows XP SP2. Version 1.02 (1090 glyphs) was supplied with Microsoft Windows 2000 and Windows XP.
- Minion Pro (1663 glyphs, Adobe). Supplied with Adobe Reader 7.
- Monospace (2862 glyphs, George Williams).
- MPH 2B Damase (2895 glyphs, Mark Williamson).
- MS Reference Sans Serif (1193 glyphs). Supplied with Microsoft Encarta.
- MS Reference Serif (1135 glyphs). Supplied with Microsoft Encarta.
- Myriad Pro (834 glyphs, Adobe). Supplied with Adobe Reader 7.
- Quivira (7742 glyphs, Alexander Lange).
- Reader Sans (1291 glyphs).
- RomanCyrillic Std (3450 glyphs, Kodeks). Also known as CampusRoman Std.
- Roman Unicode (3923 glyphs).
- Rupakara (394 glyphs, Michael Everson).
- Summersby (1010 glyphs).
- Tahoma (3301 glyphs, Microsoft). Supplied with Microsoft Windows Vista.
- Thryomanes (1472 glyphs, Herman Miller). Mainly for old Greek.
- Times New Roman (3380 glyphs). Supplied with Microsoft Windows Vista. Version 2.82 (1170 characters) was supplied with Windows 2000 and Windows XP.
- TITUS Cyberbit Basic (10044 glyphs).
- Verajja (1264 glyphs, Michael Best).
- Verdana (911 glyphs, Microsoft). Supplied with Microsoft Windows Vista. Version 2.35 (680 characters) was supplied with Windows 2000 and Windows XP.
Latinotype was founded in 2007 by Felipe Soto and Miguel Hernández, and is based in Concepción, Chile. Catalog of their typefaces. Latinotype now also includes the work of Daniel and Enrique Hernandez, Luciano Vergara and Joaquín Contreras. Their typefaces:
- Stgotic Textura and Pintana (Daniel Hernandez) are pixel font award winners at Tipos Latinos 2008.
- Patagon (2011, Latinotype) is a rounded wood-inspired poster typeface done with Daniel Hernandez and Luciano Vergara.
- Selaive (2011, Paula Nazal) is a geometric monoline sans with an extreme hairline weight, Selaive Light.
- Sanchez (2011) is a large slab serif family. The Regular weight is free at Fontsquirrel.
- In 2011, he cofounded Los Andes Type, and published the fat round typeface Fatta (2011) there.
- Mija (2011). Inspired by vernacular signs.
- The Google Web Font Ceviche One (2011). This is an angular yet curvy extra black expressionist sans serif type.
- Sail (2012). A didone script.
- Sofia (2012). An upright script, free at Fontsquirrel.
- Tikal Sans (2012).
- Lolita (2012, Miguel Hernandez). A playful rounded sans family.
- Chela One (2012). A bold condensed brush script, free at Google Web Fonts.
- Arquitecta (2014, by Daniel Hernandez ad Miguel Hernandez). A 1930s sans with small x-height, great readability and an odd g, promoted as an alternative for Futura, Kabel or Avant Garde. It was followed later in 2014 by Arquitecta Office and Arquitecta Standar.
- Via Sans (2014, Daniel Peralta). A wayfinding typeface family inspired by Steile Futura and DIN 1451.
- In 2014, he co-designed Uomo with Tania Chacana at Latinotype. Uomo is a contemporary typographic system that explores the geometric sans style and Italian art deco in combinations of four widths and three weights.
- In 2014, Daniel and Miguel Hernandez co-designed Texta, a geometric sans for all.
- In 2015, the Latinotype team developed the 60-style semiserif typeface family Corporative [Corporative was developed by Javier Quintana and Cesar Araya, under the supervision of Luciano Vergara, and Daniel Hernandez], the 64-font family Corporative Sans, the 64-style Corporative Soft [Corporative Soft was developed by Javier Quintana, Eli Hernandez and Rodrigo Fuenzalida, under the supervision of Luciano Vergara and Daniel Hernandez], the 32- style Corporative Sans Round Condensed (dated 2016; developed by Elizabeth Hernandez and Rodrigo Fuenzalida, under the supervision of Luciano Vergara and Daniel Hernandez], and the 28-style headline wood-inspired Titular.
- Revista (2015, Paula Nazal Selaive, Marcelo Quiroz and Daniel Hernandez, at Latinotype) is a typographic system that brings together all the features to undertake any fashion magazine-oriented project. It has Revista Script (connected style), Revista Stencil, Revista Dingbats, Revista Inline and the didone Revista all caps set of typefaces. Revista won an award at Tipos Latinos 2016.
- Lota Grotesque (2017).
- Inter Sans (2017). An information design sans. In 2021, they released Inter, which was advertized as a sans Rockwell.
- Letteria Pro (2021). A script/sans/slab font trio by the Latinotype team.
- Rebrand (2021). A 33-style Latin sans in Text and Display versions.
- Osbourne (2021). A 20-font wedge serif that revives Keystone Type Foundry's Salem.
View the Latinotype typeface library. View Miguel Hernandez's typefaces. Fontsquirrel link. [Google]
Lazydogs Type foundry
Lazydogs Type foundry is a German foundry located in München (and before that, Augsburg), est. 2005, by Oliver Linke, Robert Strauch and Kai Büschl. Strauch left in 2014. They do custom and retail type work. Oliver Linke (b. 1971, Odenwald, Germany) studied graphic design at the University of Applied Sciences Augsburg, Germany and the University of Missouri, Kansas City (19931-1998). He continued his studies in art history, art education and philosophy (2000-2005) at the University of Augsburg. He teaches type design and typography at the Designschule München (and before that, at the Blocherer Schule) and Augsburg. By 2017, Lazydogs was run by just two of its founders, Oliver Linke and Kai Büschl.
Lazydogs published some commercial typefaces, such as Fabiol (2005, a garalde by Robert Strauch), a winner at the TDC 2005 type competition. Oliver Linke created the Lazydogs Finn family (2006, a gorgeous delicate sans).
At ATypI 2007 in Brighton, he spoke about Masterpieces of Johann Neudörffer the Elder (1497-1563). In 2007, Oliver Linke and Christine Sauer published Zierlich schreiben Der Schreibmeister Johann Neudörffer der Ältere und seine Nachfolger in Nürnberg (Beiträge zur Geschichte und Kultur der Stadt Nürnberg 25, Typographische Gesellschaft München / Stadtbibliothek Nürnberg).
Other typefaces: Pandera (2008, Robert Strauch), Vela (2010, a text typeface), North (2008, Trine Rask), Alena (2012-2017, Roland Stieger).
Typefaces from 2013: Streets of London (a complete lapidary font family out of a capital alphabet designed by the British stone cutter and type designer David Kindersley (1915-1995), a former apprentice of Eric Gill).
Typefaces from 2018: the didone families LD Moderne Antiqua (+Fat) and LD Moderne Slab by Kai Büschl.
Typefaces from 2019: LD Grotesk (Regular, Condensed, Wide), LD Fabiol Pro.
Typefaces from 2020: LD Elsnac (a roman typeface family), LD Genzsch Antiqua (by Michael Wörgötter: a revival of Genzsch Antiqua (or Nordische Antiqua)).
Typefaces from 2021: LinkeHand Pro. [Google]
[Rubicon Computer Labs Inc.]
[Mohammed M. Khatib]
Or Mohd Khatib. Amman, Jordan-based designer of the sans typeface family Sahar Sans (2019).
In 2021, he released Juzif (a 10-style rounded condensed sans) and Quilty (a 14-style garalde family). [Google]
Leonardo Di Lena
[Flanker (or: Studio di Lena)]
The Letraset Garamond saw several digital revivals, including Garamond Elegant (SoftMaker), and Garamond No. 5 (URW++, and Elsner and Flake). [Google]
Formed in 1956, the company started by doing transfer sheet lettering. Since 1964, Colin Brignall has been involved in Letraset as its design director. In the late seventies, they set up TSI, a digital type group, which lasted until 1983. Then, as Esselte Letraset, they produced new fonts, such as the Fontek library of display fonts. Letraset type designers included Martin Wait, Philip Kelly, Michael Gills, and Friedrich Peter. Esselte went on to acquire ITC, and the font libraries were merged to some extent. Nowadays, the collection is often marketed together with the ITC fonts. Esselte sold ITC to Agfa-Monotype, along with certain rights to Letraset fonts. On June 1, 2001, Esselte sold Letraset to directors Martin Gibbs and Mike Travers who were both former managers within Esselte Letraset. The new company is called Letraset Limited. It intends to continue to develop and market new fonts under the Fontek brand name. Colin Brignall continued to be involved with the new company in a consultant capacity [until his death]. It is presently based in Ashford, UK.
MyFonts page, where one can buy over 360 typefaces.
In 2009, Ascender started selling the Letraset fonts. But a couple of years later, Ascender too was bought by Monotype Imaging, so it is believed that Monotype now owns all designs.
Examples of its typefaces: Optex Letraset (1970), Bergell, Carlton (1983, after Ehmcke Antiqua, 1909), Slipstream, Stripes (1973), Letraset Garamond [the scan is of a clone by Infinitype called Garamond Elegant].
View the Letraset typeface collection. [Google]
[no image fonts]
Linotype Library GmbH
Large type German foundry Linotype controlling over 4000 fonts. The company was located in Bad Homburg since 1998. It was acquired by Monotype Imaging in 2006, after more than a decade under the helm of Bruno Steinert. Linotype wrote about itself in 2008: Linotype GmbH, based in Bad Homburg, Germany and a wholly owned subsidiary of Monotype Imaging Inc., looks back onto a history of more than 120 years. Building on its strong heritage, Linotype develops state-of-the-art font technology and offers more than 9,000 original typefaces, covering the whole typographic spectrum from antique to modern, from east to west, and from classical to experimental. All typefaces (in PostScript(tm) and TrueType(tm) format as well as more than 7,000 fonts in OpenType(tm)) are now also available for instant download at www.linotype.com. In addition to supplying digital fonts, Linotype also offers comprehensive and individual consultation and support services for font applications in worldwide (corporate) communication. It publishes frivolous/experimental font collections under the name Taketype (1 through 4 now), and regularly publishes reworked classic and original text type families such as Compatil, Vialog, Satero, Linotype Sabon, Linotype Frutiger, Linotype Optima, and Linotype Univers. Its designers. A time line:
- 1886: Ottmar Mergenthaler invented the Linotype machine.
- 1890: Mergenthaler establishes the Mergenthaler Linotype Company in Brooklyn, USA.
- 1895: The D. Stempel foundry was born.
- 1915: D. Stempel takes over the type foundry Roos&Junge, Offenbach (established in 1886).
- 1917: D. Stempel acquires a majority share of the type foundry Klingspor Bros., Offenbach.
- 1918: D. Stempel takes over the type foundry Heinrich Hoffmeister, Leipzig (established in 1898).
- 1919: D. Stempel acquires the type division of W. Drugulin, Leipzig (established in 1800) and a share of the type foundry Brötz&Glock, Frankfurt (established in 1892).
- 1927: D. Stempel acquires a shareholding in the Haas'sche type foundry in Basel/Münchenstein (established in 1790).
- 1933: D. Stempel acquires a shareholding in the type foundry Benjamin Krebs (Successors), Frankfurt (established in 1816).
- 1956: D. Stempel AG acquires full ownership of the type foundry Klingspor Bros., Offenbach (established in 1906).
- 1963: Linotype takes over the type foundry Genzsch + Heyse, Hamburg (established 1833).
- 1970: Stempel takes over part of the type collection of C.E. Weber (Stuttgart, est. 1927).
- 1972: The Haas'sche type foundry in Basel/Münchenstein takes over the type foundry Deberny&Peignot, Paris.
- 1978: The Haas'sche type foundry takes over Fonderie Olive, Marseille (established in 1836).
- 1985: Linotype takes over of the type division of D. Stempel AG.
- 1989: Linotype takes over the Haas'sche type foundry (established in 1790).
- 1990: Linotype AG merges with Hell GmbH to become Linotype-Hell AG.
- 2006: Acquired by Monotype Imaging.
MyFonts link for Linotype Design Studio.
Catalog of the typefaces in Linotype's library [large web page].
View Linotype's library of typefaces in alphabetical order. [Google]
Lo-ol Type foundry
Talented type and graphic designer based in Morgin and/or Grand-Lancy, Switzerland. After obtaining a BFA from the Academy of Art University of San Francisco, he started a Masters in the TypeMedia program at KABK in Den Haag, graduating in 2015. After the KABK, he started working from Geneva on editorial identity, branding, editorial, graphic and type design. His spouse, Noheul Lee, is also a type designer. Loris's typefaces:
- Animax (2016). A lineale geometric consisting of text and display.
- Aragon (2014). A transitional serif for display.
- Arancia (2016). A lineale geometric consisting of text and display.
- Bachus (2016). A heavy brush script.
- Brienz (2019).
- Chablaix (2015). A neo-textura.
- Civilitate (2016-2018). A blackletter with roots in Robert Granjon's Civilité..
- Cozette (2016). A didone.
- Fanny (2014). An exquisite display family.
- Fournier (2014). A revival.
- Gloubi (2019). A psychedelic font.
- Groo (2013). A lineale neo-grotesk for text and display.
- Kartel (2014). A lineale neo-grotesk for text.
- Katchka (2014). An all caps typeface for Latin and Cyrillic.
- Lemanic (2015). His graduation typeface at KABK. This large transitional text typeface family Lemanic is accompanied by a decorative blackletter typeface. Loris writes: The different weights and styles are made for magazine or newspaper environements. The entire family is constructed in order to decrease the usage of images next to the text. The shapes of the book weights and its inspiration are taken from the fluidity and the rhythm of the work of Fournier and certain shapes of the Romain du Roi.
- McQueen Superfamily (2020). A 20-style sans family in Display and Grotesque subfamilies by Loris Olivier, Noheul Lee and Katja Schimmel, realeased by Fontwerk.
- Medley (2015). A transitional serif for display.
- Merle (2016). A slab serif.
- Milwaukee (2014). A text typeface, + Stencil Bold.
- Misc (2013). A serif, sans and script trio.
- Moritz (2015). A slab serif.
- Orniere (2016). A lineale humanist sans, slightly flared and lapidary, for text and display.
- Phantom (2016). A transitional monospace serif (text and display).
- Phily (2015). A lineale geometric consisting of headline and display.
- Rouka (2015). A lineale neo-grotesk stencil typeface.
- Saudade (2013). A transitional serif in text and display versions.
- Scarpelli (2012). An étude in ball terminals.
- Soprana (2014). A transitional serif in text and display versions.
- Susanfe (2016). A sans typeface.
- Tuilots (2014). A gorgeous calligraphic text typeface.
- Tweelo (2014). A garalde.
- Volpe (2015). A transitional serif for display.
- Wicht (2016). A humanist serif.
Home page. Future Fonts link. Fontwerk link. [Google]
[Lo-ol Type foundry]
[Robert Hunter Middleton]
Foundry in Chicago run by Robert Hunter Middleton. Myfonts.com writes that its type library was largely derivative, with some original scripts. After Middleton's death, and Ludlow's demise, most of the typefaces from the Ludlow library were licensed exclusively to International TypeFounders, Inc., (ITF) and are part of the Red Rooster collection. Fonts by Middleton at Ludlow include Bodoni Campanile, Bodoni (see Bodoni D Black by URW, and Bodoni Campanile Pro (2017) by Steve Jackaman), Coronet, Mandate, Lafayette (now sold by Font Bureau), Tempo (see Tempo by Monotype), and Umbra (now sold by Bitstream and Monotype).
Ludlow house typefaces revived by Steve Jackaman include Caslon RR Extra Condensed, Chamfer Gothic (the original being from ca. 1898), and Gothic Medium Condensed.
A renewed Ludlow was established in 2001 and is run from the UK. Current (2002) catalog: Admiral Script (Robert H. Middleton's formal script, 1953: see the digital revival by Ralph Unger in 2005), Adrian VGC (2003), Annonce Grotesque (Wagner&Schmidt, 1914), Delphian Open Title (Robert H. Middleton), Flair (connected writing, 40-50s style), Franklin Gothic ExCnd Title, Founders Garamond (based on the Berner type specimen of 1592), Lotther Text (blackletter based on an alphabet of Melchior Lotther, 1535), Ludlow Ornaments (2001), Ludlow Stygian (art deco, which inspired Nick Curtis' 2009 font Kharon Ultra NF), Maxim (Peter Schneidler, hand-printed font from 1955), Orplid (Hans Bohn), Samson (Robert H. Middleton), Speedball Roman, Ludlow Stencil (1937, Robert H. Middleton; a digital revival includes Jeff Levine's Favorite Stencil JNL (2015)), Tempo MedCond (Robert H. Middleton), Theda Bara (great titling type), Vulcan Shaded (based on the design of the Richard Gans Foundry in Madrid), Karnak Black (Egyptian slab serif originally designed by Robert Hunter Middleton in 1930), Oriana (blackletter font based on a design of the Imprimerie Nationale, Paris), Ludlow Square Gothic (revival/modernization of a 1920s font by Robert Wiebking for Ludlow), The Hardy Arcade (like Umbra), Ogre, Vulcan Bold (a display font inspired by a 1925 design of the Richard Gans Foundry, Madrid), Walbaum. Crestwood (2006, Ascender) is an updated version of an elegant semi-formal script typeface originally released by the Ludlow Type Foundry in 1937.
References: Ludlow Typefaces A Supplement, November 1933, Ludlow Typefaces Typefaces Recently Produced, April 1936, Ludlow Typefaces [Edition D] (between 1940 and 1956).
View a list of digital typefaces derived from the metal typefaces at Ludlow.
Ludlow Foundry: List of some digital fonts. [Google]
The Ludlow Garamond was designed by Robert Hunter Middleton for Ludlow in 1929 and 1930. A digital revival called Garamond RR was designed by Steve Jackaman at Red Rooster in 1999. [Google]
A type specimen book of the Ludlow Typograph Company (2032 Clybourn Avenue, Chicago), published between 1940 and 1958. The list of typefaces shown: Artcraft, Bodoni (Bold, Black), Bodoni Campanile, Bodoni Modern, Bookman, Cameo, Caslon, Caslon Old Face Heavy, Caslon Heavy Italic, Century, Chamfer Gothic, Cheltenham Oldstyle, Cheltenham Cursive, Cheltenham Wide, Commerce Gothic, Condensed Gothic, Coronet, Clearface Bold, Cushing Antique, Delphian Open Title, Eden, Eleven, Engravers Bold, Eusebius, Extra Condensed, Franklin Gothic, Fraktur No. 16, Garamond, Gothic Bold Condensed Title, Gothic Extra Condensed, Greenwich, Hauser Script, Headline Gothic, Hebrew Modern, Karnak, Lafayette Extra Condensed, Laureate, Lining Litho, Lining Plate Gothic, Ludlow Black, Mandate, Mayfair Cursive, Medium Condensed Gothic, Number 11, Old English, Plantin, Powell, Radiant, Record Gothic, Samson, Square Gothic, Stellar, Stencil, Stygian Black, Tempo, True-Cut Caslon, Ultra-Modern, Umbra, Underwood Bold, Victoria Italic. [Google]
Ludwig M. Souzen
Big German foundry active in the first half of the 20th century. It was absorbed by Neufville in 1984, which will make its typefaces available in digital form. Type designers and typefaces:
- House typefaces: Allemannia Fraktur (1908, or: Alemannia Fraktur; a digital revival in 2018 by Mew Varissara Ophaswongse), Allright (1936), Altenburger Gotisch (1928), Aristokrat Zierbuchstaben (1911: digital revival by Dieter Steffmann in 2002), Bastard Mediaeval, Beatrice (1931), Chic, Cochin (1922), Commerciale, Die Mode (1914-1915), Diplomat (1964, see the digital version Diploma by Hans van Maanen, 2009), Excelsior (1914, script face), Firmin Didot (1929), Hallo (1956), Kombinette (1932), Kupferplatte (1950), Largo (1939), Magnet (1951), Manolo (art nouveau: revival in 2019 by Ralph Unger as RMU Manolo), Nelson (1902, art nouveau), Wren, Samson Script, Luminous, Behrens. Kudos Kaps NF (2006, Nick Curtis) is a set of five nice ornamental caps and associated alphabet and border sets, including a Lombardic set, and an engraved set--they are based on typefaces from the Ludwig&Mayer library.
- Albert Christoph Auspurg: Rasse (1924), Mona Lisa (1930), Brigitte (1935), Krimhilde (1934)
- Hans Bohn: Allegro (1936-1937)
- Jakob Erbar: Erbar-Grotesk (1922-1930), Lucina, Lumina, Lux, Phosphor, Koloss (1923), Candida (1936, a mediocre didone family), Feder Grotesk (1910), Fette Feder Grotesk, Erbar
- Hace Frey: Charleston (1967, Alphonse Mucha-style display face)
- G. Germroth: Germroth-Deutsch (1935, blackletter)
- Erhard Grundeis: Achtung (1932)
- Karlgeorg Hoefer: Stereo (1968), Permanent (1962), Headline (1964), Elegance (1968), Big Band (1974)
- Walter Höhnisch: Tempo (1930), Werbeschrift Deutsch (1933), National (Fraktur, 1933-1934), Schräge National (1937), Skizze (1935, a script face), Stop (1939), Antiqua die Schlanke (1938-1939), Express (1952), Candida Italic (1937), Slender (1939)
- Heinrich Jost: Aeterna (or Jost Mediaeval, 1927)
- Walter Ferdinand Kemper: Colonia (1938-1939, a humanist sans)
- Wilhelm Krause: Professor-Krause-Fraktur (1930, blackletter)
- Paul Eduard Lautenbach: Prägefest (1926)
- Richard Ludwig: Augenheil (1908)
- Helmut Matheis: Charme (1957-1958, calligraphic), Slogan (1959, connected script), Primadonna (1956, a formal script), Matheis Mobil (1960), Compliment (1965, an angular vertical script)
- Joshua Reichert: Reichert-Gotisch (1930s).
- Imre Reiner: Contact (Deberny&Peignot, 1952; Ludwig&Mayer, 1968 (according to Jaspert), and 1963 according to others), Corvinus (ca. 1932), Stradivarius (1945)
- Lorenz Reinhard Spitzenpfeil: Welt-Fraktur (1910), Werk-Fraktur (1918)
- Alfred Riedel: Domino (1954: a fat face)
- Georg Schiller: Lyrisch (1907)
- Arthur Schulze: Werbekraft (1926)
- Ilse Schüle: Rhapsodie (1949-1951, bastarda)
- Johannes Schweitzer: Dominante (1959)
- Francesco Simoncini: Aster (or Aster Simoncini, 1958), Life (1965), Armstrong (1970), Simoncini Garamond (1961)
- K. Sommer: Dynamo (1930)
- Hans Wagner: Altenburger Gotisch (1928, Fraktur font), Welt (1931, slab serif), Wolfram (1930, a heavy upright italic).
- Eugen Weiss: Hoelderlin (1937-1938, blackletter)
Luzi Gantenbein (Luzi Type, Bern, Switzerland) is a type designer, b. 1988, Fläsch, Switzerland. He created the vernacular all caps wall paint typeface Valparíso (2010, Volcano). At the Hochschule der Künste Bern, he designed the angular family Rijeka (2011, Volcano), the Avenir/Futura-genre typefamily Buenos Aires (2011), and the multilayer family Lisboa (2011).
Luzi made the sans typeface Cadiz in 2013. Cadiz Italic was finished in 2014. Livorno (2013) is a sturdy round-serifed text typeface.
In 2014, she created the masculine wedge serif typeface Beirut.
In 2015 she finished the titling sans typeface Faro which has two sub-versions, Lucky and Sad. She also published Faro (a typeface that by virtue of stroke curvature emulates sadness or hapiness), Messina Modern, Messina Sans (+Mono), and Messina Serif.
Typefaces from 2016: Assembly (a symbol archive for the globalized world), Lynstone (sans), Nantes (transitional text typeface), Koper (a rough woodcut typeface with polygonal outlines that were inspired by Vojtech Preissig).
Typefaces from 2018: Recife (an editorial typeface inspired by Times and Plantin).
Typefaces from 2019: Spezia (sans).
Typefaces from 2021: Portonovo (a Garamond / Caslon style font based on the typeface used in the Martyrologium Romanum; a book printed by the Plantin Press in 1690), Termoli (a Scotch roman inspired by Linn Boyd Benton's Century Roman).
Klingspor link. Behance link. Home page. Behance link for Luzi Type. Fontdeck link. Volcano Type link. [Google]
Mac McGrew on Garamond
This text is from Mac McGrew's American Metal Typefaces of the Twentieth Century:
Claude Garamond was a distinguished sixteenth-century type designer and founder, the first person to establish typefounding as a business separate from printing. Fonts known as caracteres de l'Universite and ascribed to Garamond are preserved in the Imprimerie Nationale in Paris. These were the inspiration for the Garamond typeface designed by Morris Benton for ATF and Garamont designed by Frederic W. Goudy for Monotype.
Several years after they were released, Beatrice Warde, writing under the pseudonym of Paul Beaujon, established that the source types were actually the work of Jean Jannon, a master printer in Paris in the early seventeenth century. But this disclosure did nothing to diminish the popularity of the elegant types named for Garamond.
Benton started work on his design in 1917, and it was released two years later, with Italic. Garamond Bold was added in 1920 and Bold Italic in 1923; they have achieved great popularity and wide use, and for many years were a basic choice for advertising display.
In 1922 Thomas M. Cleland designed a set of swash letters and other auxiliary characters for the Garamond series. He also redesigned several characters in the fonts. In the specimen here, redesigned characters are shown in the alphabets, while EFJLU, shown separately, are Benton's original designs. Garamond Bold had similar characters. About 1930 Garamond Italic and Bold Italic were modified slightly for casting on angle body, and for a time were offered both ways. The separate J and fin the Italic specimen show the most obvious modifications for angle body, which had no ligatures, swash, or other extra characters.
Garamond Open was designed by Benton for ATF in 1931. Aside from a short J and non-kerning f, it follows the revised style of Garamond. Intertype introduced a copy of Garamond in 1926, shown first under the name Garatonian; a short time later the Garamond name was applied and has remained. Edward E. Bartlett of Linotype went back to original Garamond specimens for a different and more authentic version of the face, introduced in 1929 with bold and italics; although these were handsome typefaces they never achieved the popularity of the ATF design.
Later Linotype adapted the Benton design as its Garamond No.3 series. ("Garamond No.2" is said to have been applied to a few fonts of German Linotype Garamond brought to the United States.)
Monotype issued Goudy's Garamont in 1921, although Monotype had an agreement that permitted reproduction of ATF typefaces. No boldface was designed for Garamont, so Mono copied ATF's Garamond Bold and Italic, which were mechanically incompatible with Goudy's design for keyboard typesetting. But popularity of the Benton design was such that Monotype copied it in 1938 under the name American Garamond, in composition sizes. This left Garamond and Garamond Italic almost the only important later ATF typefaces not copied by Monotype in display sizes.
One of the most delicate and distinctive versions of Garamond, with bold and italics, was designed by R. Hunter Middleton for Ludlow in 1929, based on authentic original sources. It also has a number of swash and terminal characters. In the specimens here, both light and bold italic swash letters are out of sequence---in each case, the letter preceding G is J, not F. Also see Garamont; Granjon. [Google]
Mac McGrew on Garamont
This text is from Mac McGrew's American Metal Typefaces of the Twentieth Century:
When Frederic W. Goudy joined Monotype as art advisor in 1920, he persuaded the company to cut its own version of the types attributed to Claude Garamond, rather than copying the foundry face. The result was named Garamont, also at Goudy's suggestion, to preserve the distinction between the different renderings. Both spellings of the name had been used in Garamond's lifetime.
A comparison of ATF Garamond and Monotype Garamont, especially in the small sizes, demonstrates opposing views of two outstanding type designers, although the two typefaces are very similar in many ways. In most typefaces, the proportionate width increases as the size decreases, to overcome optical illu- sions and maintain legibility.
Benton carried this idea beyond usual practice; his 6-point Garamond is a little more than one third the width of 24-point. But Goudy believed in strict proportions; his 6-point Garamont is only very slightly more than one fourth (26 percent) the width of 24-point; thus in 6- and 8-point sizes Garamont seems smaller than Garamond. This, incidentally, is what makes it impossible to combine Garamont with Garamond Bold for typesetting in one operation. Note also the characters EFJL in Garamont, which are closer to Benton's original Garamond designs than to Cleland's revision. Garamont has the short J in display sizes, but a long one in keyboard sizes. In the Garamont specimens, the last group of characters, both roman and italic, was obtained from a different source and is proofed much more heavily; actually the weight is uniform with the rest of the font. [Google]
Maître Constantin is responsible, according to research carried out by Stan Knight and published in Historical Types (From Gutenberg to Ashendene) (Oak Knoll Press, 2012) for the original Garamond types. I quote a passage written by Alastair Johnston in his review of that book:
Fortunately we have James Mosley, who teaches at Reading, Charlottesville (Virginia) & London Universities, formerly the Librarian of Saint Bride's in London, as a guiding light in the search for typographic truth. Mosley has been blogging about such matters since 2006. His "typefoundry" blog has been a great resource for Knight, particularly in the untangling of Jannon versus Garamond, the actual spelling of Garamont's name, and other details.
Many documents have appeared to further the historical discussion, from the series of Type Specimen Facsimiles (under the editorship of John Dreyfus from 1963 onward), to the exemplary EnschedĂ© (1993) & Plantin-Moretus (2004) facsimiles edited by John Lane. Some of the older facsimile works could be revisited with the new approach heralded by Knight, for example the 1592 Egenolff-Berner specimen sheet which was reproduced in 1920 by Gustav Mori in collotype. That sheet was the first specimen broadside to clearly identify Garamond and Granjon as cutters of their types and, as it was printed from newly cast type, was the best possible source for modern interpretations: Adobe Garamond by Robert Slimbach (among others) was drawn from it.
But for most of the twentieth century Garamond revivals (and there have been roughly a zillion of them) were based on the wrong type: a poor imitation cut by Jean Jannon in the French province of Sedan in the 1620s. This typographic Lady Gaga, a tragi-comic homage to classic typefaces, should have been left in the dustbin of history but accidentally gained an important place in the story of type development, so Knight has included it. Also included is a text debunking many of the myths about Jannon and Garamond (thanks to Mosley's research). One of the most fanciful stories has Cardinal Richelieu's troops looting Jannon's types to bring them back to the Imprimerie nationale in Paris. This yarn was first spun by Beatrice Warde in 1926 and picked up by Warren Chappell in his Short History of the Printed Word. As late as 1999 Canadian poet Robert Bringhurst was embroidering the fable in his edition of Chappell's book (p. 148), saying that after Richelieu’s armies seized Jannon’s type they felt bad about it so they reimbursed him for them!
As technology improves it greatly assists us in seeing what we are looking at (though collotype mentioned above is hard to beat). Up to now many books on type have used small illustrations of large pages shrunk down, printed from line blocks. In the end you cannot see any details. So the next step is to do more books of this kind that show, as closely as possible, the impression and the texture of the paper, and more specialized books. Knight's previous book was Historical Scripts (also from Oak Knoll) with a similar hyper-visual approach to the history of calligraphy.
Hendrik Vervliet's recent three volumes on the Paleotypography of the French Renaissance have illustrations from Xerox copies and photostats. Vervliet's images (many composites to show full character sets) were painstakingly assembled over decades and often Xerox was the only service available. It would be a useful task for someone to give the blow-up treatment (shot in high resolution with raking light to show the impression, as well as the paper surface) to his studies (now that we have the key data assembled), and then move into the following centuries.
Nevertheless Vervliet's work is the major contribution to the field in the last half century. So it's great to see late-breaking news from the sixteenth century when Knight reproduces a page of revolutionary new type from Henri Estienne (previously attributed to Garamond [see top illustration]) and, thanks to Vervliet, we now have to acknowledge the shadowy MaĂ®tre Constantin for this massive step-forward in the Aldine style which revolutionized roman letterforms across Europe. [Google]
[DTP Types Limited]
Marath Salychow (b. 1980) is the Moscow-based designer of the free typefaces Alhueia (2001, for Greek) and Akademie Alte (2016, for Latin and Cyrillic; based on a Berthold original from 1910).
In 2017, he designed the free typeface Literaturnaya, which is modeled after Anatoly Schtschukin's Literaturnaya (1936). He also made the free didone typeface Chekhovskoy that year, after the Elizavetinskaya typeface (1904, Lehmann foundry, Saint Petersburg).
Typefaces from 2018: Elisabethische (after Jelisawethinskaja, 1904, Lehmann Foundry), MGA (a great Latin / Cyrillic Garamond), Akademitscheskaya (a revival of the Akademitscheskaya Berthold Garnitur from 1910).
Typefaces from 2019: Kornilow. A free didone-Baskerville hybrid for Latin and Cyrillic, named after White Army general Lawr Georgijewitsch Kornilow.
Open Font Library link. [Google]
Chiavenna and/or Milano, Italy-based designer of Rodili Garamond (2014) and Roxi (2015, designed for logos and ads). [Google]
Graphic designer from Chicago, who has made some nice typographical posters like Garamond Botanicals (2009). [Google]
Graduate of the University of Reading in 2011 who lives in France. Creator of the garalde face Cassiope (2011), his graduation typeface. Delsuc writes: Cassiope is a small and delicate bookface. It is mainly intended to set the dialogues of plays. Thus, a key element of Cassiope's feel comes in the rather small size of the letterforms, so as to get some delicacy when set in 10-11 point. Yet the counters remain open and the serifs quite robust to ensure legibility in small sizes. There are Latin and Greek styles. [Google]
Washington, DC-based designer of Organimond (2015), a decorative textured caps typeface with the proportions of Adobe Garamond Pro, created during his studies at Corcoran College Art + Design. [Google]
Mark van Bronkhorst
Polish designer. At Typeclinic 12th International Type Design Workshop and the 13th Typeclinic in Slovenia in 2016, she created the crisp garalde children's book text typeface Round Trip. [Google]
Designer of GHGaramondNormal in 1998. [Google]
[SoftMaker Software GmBH (or: freefont.de)]
[Borutta (or: Duce Type)]
Math Design fonts
Free type 1 math fonts to match various other typefaces. Included are mdbch (for Charter), mdput (for Adobe's Utopia) and mdugm (for URW's Garamond). Designed in 2005 by Paul Pichaureau.
Another download site. [Google]
Matteo Federico Bologna
[Mucca Design (or: Mucca Typo)]
Matthew Carter (born in London in 1937, and son of Harry Carter) is one of today's most influential type designers. He trained as a punchcutter at Enschedé in 1956. In 1963 he was hired by Crosfield, a firm that pioneered the new technology of photo-typesetting, to lead their typographic program. He worked for Mergenthaler Linotype (1965-1981), and co-founded Bitstream Inc. with Mike Parker in 1981, adapting many fonts to digital technology. In January 1992, he founded Carter&Cone with Cherie Cone, and often collaborated with Font Bureau. In 1995, he won the Gold Prize at the annual Tokyo Type Directors Club competition for Sophia. In 1997, he received the TDC Medal for significant contributions to the life, art, and craft of typography. In 2010, he received a MacArthur grant. He lives in Cambridge, MA.
John Berry on Carter's art (2002). Apostrophe comments on Berry's article. Interview. His fonts:
- The Microsoft screen fonts Verdana (1996), Georgia (1996), Georgia Greek, Georgia Cyrillic, Nina and the humanist sans typeface Tahoma (1994). Georgia (in roman and italic only) is a screen version of Miller, Carter's Scotch design. Nina was designed to address the requirements on smaller screens such as phones, and was used in Windows Mobile smartphones before Microsoft switched to Segoe. The Greek and Cyrillic versions of Nina were developed by François Villebrod. Georgia Pro (2010, Ascender) was developed from Georgia with the help of Steve Matteson. For Verdana Pro (2010, Ascender), Carter was assisted by David Berlow and David Jonathan Ross.
- Apple's Skia (1993), a sans serif designed with David Berlow for Apple's QuickDraw GX technology, now called AAT. [Carter's Skia and Twombly's Lithos are genetically related.]
- Monticello (2003), based on Linotype's Monticello (1950), which in turn goes back to Binny&Ronaldson's Monticello from 1797, a typeface commissioned by Princeton University Press for the Papers of Thomas Jefferson. It is in the Scotch roman style.
- Miller (1997, Font Bureau), an extremely balanced family co-designed by Carter, Tobias Frere-Jones and Cyrus Highsmith. Carter explains: Miller is a Scotch Roman, a style that had its beginnings in the foundries of Alexander Wilson In Glasgow and William Miller in Edinburgh between about 1810 and 1820. It is considered that the punchcutter Richard Austin was responsible for the types of both Scottish foundries. Miller is a revival of the style, but is not based on any historical model. Now, there is also a 16-weight newspaper version, Miller Daily (2002), and an 8-weight Miller Headline (2002). This was followed by News Miller, a typeface designed for the Guardian. Note: Georgia (1996) is a screen version of Miller, and Monticello (2002) is a later modification. A comparison of these typefaces.
- Alisal (1995, +Bold).
- ITC Galliard (1978), a recreation of Robert Granjon's garalde letters. This typeface was originally conceived in 1965. Bringhurst recommends a Carter and Cone version of this font, called Galliard CC: it has old style figures and small caps. Further versions include Aldine 701 (Bitstream), Matthew (Softmaker), ITC Galliard Etext (2013, Carl Crossgrove, Linotype), and Gareth (Softmaker).
- The ITC Charter family (1987 for Bitstream and known as Bitstream Charter; licensed to ITC in 1993; see the Elsner&Flake version of ITC Charter). An upgraded commercial version was released by Bitstream in 2004 under the name Charter BT Pro.
- Vincent (1999), a font commissioned for use in Newsweek. It is named after Vincent Figgins, an English foundry owner and punch cutter who lived in the late 18th century.
- Walker (1994), designed for The Walker Art Center.
- Ionic Number One (1999, Carter&Cone).
- Mantinia (1993, Font Bureau), based on inscriptional forms, both painted and engraved, by the Italian renaissance artist Andrea Mantegna.
- Big Caslon (1994, Font Bureau), a display typeface based on the largest romans from William Caslon's foundry.
- Big Figgins (1992) and Big Figgins Open (1998, based on the decorative didone types shown in the specimens of Vincent Figgins of 1815 and 1817). Big Figgins was called Elephant and Elephant Italic in Microsoft's Truetype Fontpack 2.
- Sammy Roman (1996), loosely based on the 17th century romans of Jean Jannon. A beautiful typeface designed to accompany kanji and kana typefaces produced by Dynalab in Taiwan.
- Sophia (1993, Font Bureau), a mix with Greek, uncial and classical Roman influences.
- Shelley Script (1972), a family of formal scripts, split into Andante, Volante and Allegro. It is based on intricate English scripts of the 18th and 19th centuries attributed to George Shelley.
- Cochin (1977, at Linotype). MyFonts writes: In 1913 Georges Peignot produced a typeface based on Nicolas Cochin's eighteenth century engravings. In 1977, Matthew Carter expanded this historic form into a three part series.
- Bell Centennial (Linotype-Mergenthaler, 1975-1978), a legible heavily ink-trapped family designed by Matthew Carter as a replacement of Bell Gothic at Mergenthaler. There are also digital Linotype and Bitstream versions. AT&T commissioned the font to replace their previous typeface choice Bell Gothic for their 100th Anniversary.
- Cascade Script (1965-1966, Linotype, now also known as Freehand 471 BT in the Bitstream collection). Paratype's extension of Freehand 471 to Cyrillic is by Oleg Karpinsky (2011).
- New Century Schoolbook was designed from 1979-1981 in the New York Lettering office of Merganthaler Linotype based on Morris Fuller Benton's Century Schoolbook from 1915-1923. It was the second face, after New Baskerville, that was digitized and expanded using Ikarus (digital technology). The Bitstream version [Century Schoolbook] is a virtually exact copy, only being moved from a 54 unit to a 2000 or so unit design.
- Auriol (Linotype), an art nouveau family (including Auriol Flowers 1 and 2 and Auriol Vignette Sylvie) based on the lettering of the painter and designer Georges Auriol. MyFonts explains: Auriol and Auriol Flowers were designed by Georges Auriol, born Jean Georges Huyot, in the early 20th century. Auriol was a French graphic artist whose work exemplified the art nouveau style of Paris in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In 1900, Georges Peignot asked Auriol to design fonts for Peignot&Sons. The resulting Auriol font was the basis for the lettering used by Hector Guimard for the entrance signs to the Paris Metro. It was re-released by Deberny&Peignot in 1979 with a new bold face, designed by Matthew Carter. These decorative fonts with a brush stroke look are well-suited to display settings. The Peignot drawing office insisted on a more normal appearance in the boldface, calling it Robur. Matthew Carter has returned to Auriol's original design for the whole series.
- Helvetica Greek (Linotype).
- Helvetica Compressed (Linotype, 1974, with Hans-Jörg Hunziker).
- Wilson Greek (1995), compatible with Miller Text, and based on a type cut by Alexander Wilson for the Glasgow Homer of 1756. See here.
- Olympian (1970, Linotype), designed for newspaper use. This is Dutch 811 in the Bitstream collection. The custom typeface Milne (Carter&Cone) done for the Philadelphia Inquirer is based on Olympian.
- Gando, a French "ronde" typeface based on the work of Nicholas Gando (mid 1700s), and designed for photo-typesetting at Mergenthaler by Carter and Hans-Jörg Hunziker in 1970. Very similar to Bitstream's Typo Upright.
- Fenway (1998-1999, Carter&Cone), commissioned by Sports Illustrated to replace Times Roman.
- Snell Roundhand (1965-1966): a connected cursive script based on the 18th-century round hand scripts from English writing masters such as Charles Snell. Early in the digital era, Matthew published this in the Bitstream collection as Roundhand BT. A Cyrillic version by Isabella Chaeva and Vladimir Yefimov was released by ParaType in 2013.
- Auriga (1970). (Wallis dates this in 1965 at Linotype.)
- CRT Gothic (1974).
- Video (1977).
- V&A Titling (1981).
- Deface (in the FUSE 18 collection).
- Madrid (2001), done for the Spanish newspaper El País.
- Milne, done for the Philadelphia Inquirer (a revised version of Olympian). Not available.
- Durham, a sans serif family for US News&World Report.
- Century 725 (Bitstream, for the Boston Globe: after a design by Heinrich Hoffmeister).
- For Microsoft: Georgia, Verdana, Tahoma (1994), Nina.
- Freehand 471 (Bitstream). A chunky slightly angular script.
- New Baskerville. [Matthew Carter says that this is wrongly attributed to him. It was directed by John Quaranta.]
- Postoni [or Post-Bodoni], for the Washington Post, which is still using it. See here.
- Le Bé, a Hebrew typeface that was used in the Pennyroyal Caxton Bible.
- Rocky (2008, Font Bureau, with Richard Lipton), for the Herald in Scotland.
- Time Caledonia.
- Wiredbaum, for WIRED.
- Wrigley (for Sports Illustrated). Matthew Carter designed Roster in the 1990s, and it was adopted as a display face for Sports Illustrated under the name Wrigley. Jesse Ragan was instrumental in later expanding the family from its original seven styles to the current 60. In 2015, Carter & Cone and Font Bureau released an expanded 60-style family of this typeface under the new name Roster.
- Benton Bold Condensed (for Time Magazine).
- Foreman Light (for the Philadelphia Inquirer).
- Newsbaum (for the New York Daily News).
- Carter Latin: Matthew was commissioned in 2003 to create a new design to be cut in wood type by the Hamilton Wood Type&Printing Museum in Two Rivers, WI. He came up with an all-caps, chunky, Latin-serif design.
- Times Cheltenham (2003), which replaces in 2003 a series of headline typefaces including Latin Extra Condensed, News Gothic, and Bookman Antique.
- The Yale Typeface (2004), inspired by the late fifteenth-century Venetian typeface that first appeared in Pietro Bembo's De Aetna, published by Aldus Manutius. This extensive family is freely available to members of Yale University.
- DTL Flamande (2004, Dutch Type Library), based on a textura by Hendrik van den Keere. Since 2018, available from URW++. Additions to DTL Flamande by Lukas Schneider.
- Meiryo UI, Meiryo UI Bold, Meiryo UI Bold Italic, Meiryo UI Italic (2004). Meiryo is a modern sans serif Japanese typeface developed by Microsoft to offer an optimal on screen reading experience and exceptional quality in print, as part of the Cleartype project. The Japanese letterforms are generously open and well-proportioned; legible and clear at smaller sizes, and dynamic at larger display sizes. The beauty of Meiryo is that it sets text lines in Japanese with Roman seamlessly and harmoniously. Meiryo was designed by a team including C&G Inc., Eiichi Kono, Matthew Carter and Thomas Rickner. It won a 2007 type design prize from the Tokyo Type Directors.
- Suntory corporate types (2003-2005), developed with the help of Akira Kobayashi and Linotype from Linotype originals: Suntory Syntax, Suntory Sabon, Suntory Gothic, Suntory Mincho.
- Rocky (2008, Font Bureau): A 40-style high contrast roman family that is difficult to classify (and a bit awkward). Developed with Richard Lipton.
- Carter Sans (2010, ITC), based on epigraphic letters used in inscriptions. Created for the identity of the Art Directors Club 2010 class of its Hall of Fame, one the laureates in the 2010 Hall of Fame. Codesigned by Dan Reynolds, this chiseled typeface is loosely based on Albertus.
- In 1997, he designed Postoni for the The Washington Post's headlines, a sturdy Bodoni.
- MS Sitka (2013). A typeface with six optical sizes that are chosen on the fly if an appropriate application is present. Developed at Microsoft with the help of John Hudson (Tiro Typeworks) and Kevin Larson (who carried out extensive legibility tests). German link. Typophile link. Sitka won an award at Modern Cyrillic 2014.
- Van Lanen Wood Type (Hamilton Wood Type, 2002-2013). Carter started work on the wood type in 2002, but technical accuracy issues postponed the implementation. Digital versions were finally done in 2013 by P22's Hamilton Wood Type.
- Big Moore (2014, Font Bureau): A 1766 specimen by Isaac Moore, former manager of Joseph Fry's foundry in Bristol, England, shows many types inspired by John Baskerville. But a century later, standardization had foisted inept lining figures and shortened descenders upon these designs. Matthew Carter remedies the tragedy with Big Moore. Oldstyle figures, full-length descenders, and historic swashes are restored to this regal serif in two styles. Big Moore won an award in the TDC 2015 Type Design competition.
- Role (2019, Sans, Slab, Serif, Soft). A superfamily published at Morisawa and Fontelier. Matthew Carter, Shotaro Nakano, and Kunihiko Okano co-designed Role Serif at Morisawa.
Speaker at ATypI 2013 in Amsterdam. Speaker at ATypI 2019 in Tokyo on the topic of Expressing Vocal Tones through Typography.
Linotype link. FontShop link. Favorite quote: Watching me work is like watching a refrigerator make ice. Another quote: A typeface is a beautiful collection of letters, not a collection of beautiful letters.
View Matthew Carter's typefaces. Matthew Carter's fonts. The typefaces made by Matthew Carter. See also here. Wikipedia page. Klingspor link. [Google]
[Nonpareille (was: Chastellun.net)]
[Blaze Type Foundry (was: Adèle Type Foundry)]
[Maurice Ollière et cie]
Maurice Ollière et cie
French foundry located at 25 rue Julie in Paris. Their work can be found in Extrait du spécimen des caractères de la fonderie typographique de Maurice Ollière&cie, successeurs de Lespinasse&Ollière (Paris, 25, rue Julie, 25, Paris [1901?]) [This small booklet has no full character sets], and Spécimen: gravures&vignettes, filets&sujets (Paris : Gravure&fonderie typographiques de Maurice Ollière&Cie, 252 pages).
The company designed Garamond Ollière in 1914, a typeface that was at the basis of Garalda designed in 2016 by Xavier Dupré at TypeTogether. Garamond Olliere was developed for and used in the printing of Jean Paillard's book on Garamond, Claude Garamont: graveur et fondeur de lettres: étude historique (1914). [Google]
Dutch graphic designer, who graduated in 2008 from the AKV St Joost in Breda, The Netherlands, and is now at the Plantin Genootschap in Antwerp. At St. Joost he wrote an interesting thesis (in Dutch) on type revivals. Alternate URL. An excerpt from his thesis on Garamond revivals: i, ii, iii, iv, v, vi, vii, viii. [Google]
MGI Software used to sell some fonts. In 1997, they released renamed/reworked fonts such as Antigoni, Aucoin, Bedini (like Bodoni), Eurostar (like Eurostile), Gourmand (like Garamond), MGIArchon, MetroNouveau, Palladius (like Palatino), Peinaud (like Peignot), Schindler [see also here and here], Vianta (a formal script face). Alternate URL. Eurostar can be found here. These are all rip-offs: Gourmand is Garamond, Eurostar is Eurostile, Palladius is Palatino, and so on. In January 2002, MGI Software was acquired by California-based Roxio Inc. MGI Software is famous as a leading global provider of digital photo and video editing software. I could not find the fonts at Roxio, so I propose that someone start offering the fonts for free. If Roxio does not react within a reasonable period, then it's too late, and all those (low quality) goodies can be traded and exchanged without any fear of reprisals. Update on my remark from 2003: Microsoft now offers Schindler for download, how about that? Fontica link. [Google]
Michael Bierut: I hate ITC Garamond
Michael Bierut's emotional destruction of Tony Stan's 1975 face, ITC Garamond. Excerpts: The most distinctive element of the typeface is its enormous lower-case x-height. In theory this improves its legibilty, but only in the same way that dog poop's creamy consistency in theory should make it more edible. [...] ITC Garamond enjoyed its apotheosis when it was adapted as the official corporate typeface of Apple Computer in 1984; adding insult to injury, the font was condensed horizontally 80%. Associated with Apple's brilliant packaging and advertising for the next 20 years, the resulting mutation became a part of the global landscape, seeming no less impregnable and unchanging as the Soviet empire. And then, just like global communism, it just went away, replaced overnight with a sleek customized version of Myriad. [...] I've come to realize that I don't hate it for any rational reason; I hate it like I hate fingernails on a blackboard. I hate it because I hate it. [Google]
[URW Garamond No. 8]
Frank Hainze (Emeryville, CA) used to sell typefaces such as Adorable, Artisan, Celebrity, Crescent, Duchess, Elegance, Formal, Heather, Imperial, ImperialBold, ImperialBoldItalic, ImperialItalic, Legend, MajesticBold, MasonBook, MasonBookOblique, MasonDemi, MasonDemiOblique, Opera, Salsa, Samurai, Victorian (blackletter, 1994), Wedding.
No longer in business. The fonts are still out there, however. For example, check Samurai here.
Ulrich Stiehl documents all forged fonts on the PrintMaster CD and reports that the quality is remarkably good. Examples: Advantage = ITC Avant Garde Gothic, Architect = Adobe Tekton, Editor = ITC American Typewriter, Enchanted = ITC Korinna, Fantasy = ITC Tiffany, Gallery = ITC Galliard, Geneva = Linotype Helvetica, Gourmand = ITC Garamond, Imperial = ITC New Baskerville, Manuscript = Linotype Palatino, Mason = ITC Lubalin Graph, Mirage = ITC Benguiat, Optimum = Linotype Optima, Tiempo = Monotype Times. [Google]
Minion was developed at Adobe between 1990 and 1997 by Robert Slimbach. It won many awards. This classical text typeface featured 32 styles by 2021. Opinions on Minion from various experts:
- Paul Neubauer: I guess that what you see a lot of will depend greatly on the field. I see comparatively little Minion (other than what I do myself, that is:-). I use Minion in an academic journal that I do the prepress work for and find it extremely well suited for that purpose. Elegant is one of the last adjectives I would apply to Minion, however. It's highly utilitarian, sets very economically, clean, clear, unobtrusive, contemporary without being trendy, but certainly not elegant. Agaramond is much closer to being elegant, but I do see a lot more of it than Minion. A lot is going to depend on the sorts of projects that you have in mind. Faces like Bulmer or Minion are sufficiently condensed that you cannot sensibly use them in longish lines, as in letters or reports with a single column on letter size or A4 paper. They go well in multiple columns. For letters and single column reports, something like Janson Text or Utopia works much better. For literature, I'd be much more tempted to go with Adobe Jenson Pro or Bembo of the more "humanist" typefaces or Baskerville or Bulmer in the "transitional" line. "Modern" typefaces like Didot or Bodoni are good for horror stories, but I'd stay away from them for anything of a "warmer" nature.
- Thierry Bouche: Well, since Bringhurst used Minion, it is almost the default font for many typography related books&brochures. It is also somwhat overused by Adobe, being its corporate design. Moreover, a growing part of magazines and newspapers switch to Minion, here in France, when they go for a new layout. the probable explanation for this is that it is as economical as Times, but adds a touch of class and distinction. Another one could be that it's almost free, being bundled with so many Adobe software. The italic is not as nice, though: a bit pedantic with its pseudo-calligraphic shape, and relatively hard to read.
Minion and Garamond
Gus Winterbottom argues that Granjon (or, if you wish, its renamed clone, Elegant Garamond by Bitstream) is very close to Minion, so those who can't afford Minion have another option. [Google]
It is well-known that typophiles do not like ITC Garamond. They are also not fans of Adobe Garamond. But when the two get mixed in one book, they blow all their renaissance fuses. Excerpts from some posts. MB is Matthew Butterick and CL is Chris Lozos.
MB: I was examining a paperback copy of the book "The No-Asshole Rule" in the airport. I was curious how you get a whole book out of a title that seems fairly self-explanatory. The text was set in ITC Garamond, which would be bad enough on its own, but the italic used in the text was not ITC Garamond italic, but rather Adobe Garamond italic. At that point, the book lost all credibility, because despite the title, it was clear that an asshole had been allowed to handle the typography. No-Asshole Rule: flagrantly violated. [...] To combine ITC Garamond and Adobe Garamond like this requires a willful act of perversity and disharmony. It would be easier to just use ITC Garamond italic. But here, the book designer expended time and labor to produce something even uglier.
CL: You are assuming some actual thought went into that decision. My guess is that 4th edition paperbacks that end up in airports are done "by computer" meaning humans are forbidden from taking part in the process because they require an hourly rate and health insurance. My guess is that Adobe Garamond Italic came earliest on the font menu so was selected. No one cares what poor schleps who can only buy books in airports have to suffer. After all, they are about to get crammed into a tincan with bad air and poor service where they will not only contract some dreaded disease but be late for their meeting anyway. ;-) That surely is a job coveted only by assholes. [Google]
Modern Typography is a dot com web presence organized by the London-based type designer and graphic designer, Paul Barnes (b. 1970), typophile extraordinaire. It is promised to have plenty of material for the typophile. In the 1990s, Paul Barnes worked for Roger Black in New York where he was involved in redesigns of Newsweek, US and British Esquire and Foreign Affairs. During this time he art-directed Esquire Gentleman and U&lc. He later returned to America to be art director of the music magazine Spin. Since 1995 he has lived and worked in London. He has formed a long term collaboration with Peter Saville, which has resulted in such diverse work as identities for Givenchy and numerous music based projects, such as Gay Dad, New Order, Joy Division and Electronic. Barnes has also been an advisor and consultant on numerous publications, notably The Sunday Times Magazine, The Guardian and The Observer Newspapers, GQ, Wallpaper, Harper's Bazaar and Frieze. Following the redesign of The Guardian, as part of the team headed by Mark Porter, Barnes was awarded the Black Pencil from the D&AD. They were also nominated for the Design Museum Designer of the Year. In September 2006, with Schwartz he was named one of the 40 most influential designers under 40 in Wallpaper. He cofounded Commercial Type with Christian Schwartz. Author of Swiss Typography: The typography of Karl Gerstner and Rudolf Hostettler (Modern Typography, 2000).
- The (free) font Pagan Poetry (2001), done for one of the sleeves on Björk's albums. The font was made for Show Studio (see also here and here).
- Codesigner with Christian Schwartz in 2005 of the 200-font family Guardian Egyptian for The Guardian, about which he spoke at ATypI 2006 in Lisbon.
- In 2007, he worked with Peter Saville on the Kate Moss brand. As a font, he suggested a variation on Brodovitch Albro, a typeface by Alexey Brodovitch, the famous art director of Harper's Bazaar from 1934-58. The Creative Review reactions to this typeface are a bit negative though.
- In 2003, he created Austin, a high-contrast modern typeface. Now available at Schwartzco and at Commercial Type, Christian Schwartz writes: When hired to design a new headline typeface for Harper's&Queen, Britain's version of Harper's Bazaar, Paul thought to flick back through the pages of its 60's precursor, the über cool Queen. The high contrast serif headlines were lovely, but a little too expected in a contemporary fashion magazine. Some time poring through specimens in St Bride's Printing Library inspired the perfect twist: rather than taking our cues from Didot or Bodoni, we would start with [Richard] Austin's first creation, turn up the contrast, tighten the spacing and make a fresh new look that would look bold and beautiful in the constantly changing world of fashion. The end result is Richard Austin meets Tony Stan, British Modern as seen through the lens of late 1970s New York. iThe Cyrillic version was designed in 2009 and 2016 by Ilya Ruderman (CTSM Fonts).
- Dala Floda (1997-now) is based on gravestone inscriptions, and was turned in 2010 into a logotype stencil family at Commercial Type. As a stencil family, it is praised by the typophile community. Realted is the semi-stencil typeface family Dala Moa.
- Publico was designed from 2003-2006 with Christian Schwartz, Ross Milne and Kai Bernau. Originally called Stockholm and then Hacienda, and finally Publico for a Portuguese newspaper by that name. Publico Text Mono (Christian schwartz and Paul Barnes) was commissioned in 2012 for Bloomberg Businessweek. Greg Gadzowicz added the italics, which are optically corrected obliques, in keeping with the un-designed aesthetic, in 2014.
- Brunel (1995-now): an English modern, this is an anthology of the late eighteenth and nineteenth century English foundries. It was drawn from original source material, most notably the Caslon foundry and the work of John Isaac Drury).
- Marian (2012) is a type experiment based on Garamond, consisting of 19 hairline styles with names referring to dates between 1554 and 1812. Commercial Type writes: Marian is a series of faithful revivals of some of the classics from the typographic canon: Austin, Baskerville, Bodoni, Fournier, Fleischman, Garamont, Granjon, Kis and van den Keere. The twist is that they have all been rendered as a hairline of near uniform weight, revealing the basic structure at the heart of the letterforms. Together they represent a concept: to recreate the past both for and in the present. [...] Faithful to the originals, Marian comes with small capitals in all nine roman styles, with lining and non-lining figures, with swash capitals (1554, 1740, 1800&1820), alternate and terminal characters (1554&1571). And like the hidden track so beloved of the concept album, Marian is completed by a Blackletter based on the work of Henrik van den Keere.
- His classics series, mostly influenced by old Britsh type foundries, includes Figgins Sans (original 1832), Besley Grotesque, Caslon Antique, Fann Street Clarendon, Caslon Italian, Blanchard, Thorowgood Sans, Antique No. 6, Antique No. 3, and Ornamented (original c. 1850 at Caslon, Barnes use a Steven Shanks interpretation).
- VF Didot (2013) is a custom Didot by Paul Barnes and Christian Schwartz for Vanity Fair, as requested by its design director, Chris Dixon. Based on work of Molé Le Jeune, a punchcutter used by the Didot family in the early part of the 19th century, VFDidot has 7 optical sizes and up to 5 weights in each size, plus small caps and even a stencil style.
Early in 2014, Christian Schwartz, Paul Barnes and Miguel Reyes joined forces to create the manly didone typeface family Caponi, which is based on the early work of Bodoni, who was at that time greatly influenced by the roccoco style of Pierre Simon Fournier. It is named after Amid Capeci, who commissioned it in 2010 for his twentieth anniversary revamp of Entertainment Weekly. Caponi comes in Display, Slab and Text subfamilies.
In 2014, Dave Foster and Paul Barnes (Commercial Type) designed Marr Sans. They write: The influence of Scotland in typefounding belies the nation's small size. Marr Sans, a characterful grotesque design, was inspired by a typeface from the 1870s found in the work of James Marr & Co. in Edinburgh, successors to Alexander Wilson & Sons. From a few lines in three sizes, and only one weight, Paul Barnes and Dave Foster have expanded the family from Thin to Bold, plus an Ultra Black weight, a wider companion to the six lighter weights. While Graphik and Atlas represent the greater homogenity of twentieth century sans serifs, Marr, like Druk, revels in the individuality of the nineteenth century, and is like an eccentric British uncle to Morris Fuller Benton's Franklin and News Gothics.
- Le Jeune (2016, Greg Gazdowicz, Christian Schwartz and Paul Barnes): a crisp high-contrast fashion mag didone typeface family in Poster, Deck, Text and Hairline sub-styles, with stencils drawn by Gazdowicz. This large typeface family comes in four optical sizes, and was originally developed for Chris Dixon's refresh of Vanity Fair.
- Marian Text (2014-2016) is a grand collection of ultra thin typefaces designed at Commercial Type by Miguel Reyes, Sandra Carrera, and Paul Barnes. Marian Text 1554 depicts the old style of Garamond & Granjon; John Baskerville's transitional form becomes Marian Text 1757; the modern of Bodoni, with swash capitals and all, becomes Marian Text 1800, and the early Moderns of the Scottish foundries of Alexander Wilson & Son of Glasgow, and William Miller of Edinburgh, become Marian Text 1812. And like the original, a black letter: Marian Text Black, referencing the forms of Hendrik van den Keere.
- Gabriello (2015) is a soccer shirt font designed by Paul Barnes and Miguel Reyes: Inspired by brush lettering, Gabriello was commissioned by Puma. First used by their sponsored teams at the 2010 Africa Cup of Nations, it was later used at that year's World Cup, held in South Africa. It was used on the kits worn by Algeria, Cameroon, Cote d'Ivoire, and Ghana.
- Sanomat (2013-2017). This custom typeface by Paul Barnes was originally commissioned by Sami Valtere in 2013 for his acclaimed redesign of Helsinging Sanomat in Finland. Sanomat is now available for retail via Commercial Type in two subfamilies, Sanomat (serif) and Sanomat Sans.
- Chiswick (2017), a series of three typefaces families based on vernacular forms found in the British Isles from the eighteenth century.
- Darby Sans, Darby Sans Poster, Darby Serif, done together with Dan Milne, and published in 2014 and 2019 at Commercial Type, respectively.
- The Commercial Classics series from 2019:
- Brunel (Paul Barnes): Elegant and hardworking, Brunel is the Anglo variant of the high contrast Modern style. Based on designs that were cut first for Elizabeth Caslon at the end of the eighteenth century, we have expanded them to encompass a range of weights and sizes: from a roman to an emphatic black and from a text to a hairline for the largest sizes.
- Caslon Doric (Paul Barnes): The sans was the natural progression of nineteenth-century innovations. From the pioneering faces of Caslon and Figgins in the second and third decades, they quickly became a phenomenon across Europe and the United States, but it was only in the second half of the century that the British foundries would embrace lowercase forms and make faces that could be used in multiple sizes. Caslon Doric is the synthesis of these styles, from narrow to wide and from thin to heavy.
- Caslon Italian (Paul Barnes, Tim Ripper, Christian Schwartz): Perhaps the strangest and ultimate example of experimentation in letterforms during the early nineteenth century was the Italian. Introduced by Caslon in 1821, it reverses the fat face stress---thins becomes thicks and thicks become thins---turning typographic norms on their heads. This new version extends the forms into new territory: a lowercase, an italic, and another one of the more unusual ideas of the time, the reverse italic or Contra.
- Isambard (Paul Barnes and Miguel Reyes): The boldest moderns were given the name fat face and they pushed the serif letterform to its extremes. With exaggerated features of high contrast and inflated ball terminals, the fat face was the most radical example of putting as much ink on a page to make the greatest impact at the time. These over-the-top forms make the style not only emphatic, but also joyful with bulbous swash capitals and a wonderfully characterful italic.
- Caslon Antique (Paul Barnes and Tim Ripper): The slab serif or Egyptian form is one of the best letters for adding a drop shadow to. Its robust nature and heaviness support the additional weight of a prominent shading. First appearing in the 1820s, the style was pioneered and almost exclusively shown by the Caslon foundry, who introduced a wide range of sizes and, eventually, a lowercase.
- Caslon Sans Serif Shaded (Jesse Vega and Paul Barnes): The addition of graphic effects to typefaces was one of the most popular fashions of the nineteenth century, with the most common being the shaded form. Fashionable throughout this period, they largely disappeared from the typographic landscape, but their simple graphic qualities offer much potential today.
- Rapha (2018, Serif, Sans). A bespoke typeface at Commercial Type for the cycling clothing company.
- In 2019, Commercial Type released Caslon Ionic by Paul Barnes and Greg Gazdowicz. They write: Bolder and more robust than the modern, yet lighter and more refined than the Egyptian, the Ionic with its bracketed serif was another innovation of the nineteenth century. Lesser known than Thorowgood's Clarendon, Caslon's Ionic No. 2 is a superb example of the form and greatly influenced the newspaper fonts of the next century. With additional weights and a matching Egyptian companion, Antique No. 6, it is a masterpiece of type designed to be robust and legible. Antique No. 6 was designed by Paul Barnes in 2019.
- In 2019, Commercial Type released the Thorowgood Grotesque collection by Paul Barnes and Greg Gazdowicz. It is accompanied by the subfamilies Thorowgood Grotesque Dimensional (beveled) and Thorowgood Grotesque Open (based on Thorowgood's Seven-Line Grotesque Open), and the related condensed headline typeface Thorowgood Egyptian.
The crew in 2012 includes Paul Barnes (Principal), Christian Schwartz (Principal), Vincent Chan (type designer), Berton Hasebe (type designer, who worked at Commercial type from 2008 until 2013) and Mark Record (font technician). Miguel Reyes joined in 2013. Hrvoje Zivcic helps with font production.
View Christian Schwartz's typefaces.
His St Bride Type Foundry. Dafont link. Klingspor link. [Google]
Mohammed M. Khatib
Monotype ESQ Fonts
Monotype's ESQ fonts (enhanced screen quality) are designed for TVs and monitors. A list of their fonts: Albertus, Albany, Andalé LineDraw, Andalé M Sans, Andalé Mono, Andalé Mono bold, Andalé Mono CP437, Andalé Mono CP737, Andalé Mono CP850, Andalé Mono CP852, Andalé Mono CP855, Andalé Mono WGL, Andalé Sans, Andalé Sans bold, Andy, Andy bold, Apollo, Apollo italic, Apollo semi bold, Arial, Arial black, Arial black italic, Arial black Latin 1/2/5, Arial black WGL, Arial bold, Arial bold italic, Arial bold italic Latin 1/2/5, Arial bold italic WGL, Arial bold Latin 1/2/5, Arial bold WGL, Arial CE, Arial CE bold, Arial CE bold italic, Arial CE italic, Arial italic, Arial italic Latin 1/2/5, Arial italic WGL, Arial Latin 1/2/5, Arial Monospaced, Arial Monospaced bold, Arial Monospaced bold oblique, Arial Monospaced oblique, Arial Narrow bold italic Latin 1/2/5, Arial Narrow bold Latin 1/2/5, Arial Narrow italic Latin 1/2/5, Arial Narrow Latin 1/2/5, Arial Rounded, Arial Rounded bold, Arial Tur, Arial Tur bold, Arial Tur bold italic, Arial Tur italic, Arial WGL, Monotype Baskerville, Monotype Baskerville bold, Monotype Baskerville bold italic, Monotype Baskerville bold italic Latin 1/2/5, Monotype Baskerville bold Latin 1/2/5, Monotype Baskerville italic, Monotype Baskerville italic Latin 1/2/5, Monotype Baskerville Latin 1/2/5, Bell, Bell bold, Bell bold italic, Bell italic, Bembo, Bembo bold, Bembo bold italic, Bembo italic, Monotype Bernard condensed, Binner Gothic, Blueprint Web, Blueprint Web bold, Monotype Bodoni book, Monotype Bodoni book italic, Book Antiqua bold italic Latin 1/2/5, Book Antiqua bold Latin 1/2/5, Book Antiqua CE, Book Antiqua CE bold, Book Antiqua CE bold italic, Book Antiqua CE italic, Book Antiqua italic Latin 1/2/5, Book Antiqua Latin 1/2/5, Bookman Old Style, Bookman Old Style bold, Bookman Old Style bold italic, Bookman Old Style bold italic Latin 1/2/5, Bookman Old Style bold Latin 1/2/5, Bookman Old Style italic, Bookman Old Style italic Latin 1/2/5, Bookman Old Style Latin 1/2/5, Buffalo Gal, Century Gothic bold italic Latin 1/2/5, Century Gothic bold Latin 1/2/5, Century Gothic italic Latin 1/2/5, Century Gothic Latin 1/2/5, Century Schoolbook, Century Schoolbook bold, Century Schoolbook bold italic, Century Schoolbook bold italic Latin 1/2/5, Century Schoolbook bold italic WGL, Century Schoolbook bold Latin 1/2/5, Century Schoolbook bold WGL, Century Schoolbook CE, Century Schoolbook CE bold, Century Schoolbook CE bold italic, Century Schoolbook CE italic, Century Schoolbook italic, Century Schoolbook italic Latin 1/2/5, Century Schoolbook italic WGL, Century Schoolbook Latin 1/2/5, Century Schoolbook WGL, Monotype Clarendon, Monotype Corsiva Latin 1/2/5, Courier CE, Courier CE bold, Courier CE bold italic, Courier CE italic, Courier LD, Courier LD bold, Courier LD bold italic, Courier LD italic, Courier New bold italic Latin 1/2/5, Courier New bold italic WGL, Courier New bold Latin 1/2/5, Courier New bold WGL, Courier New CP437, Courier New CP437 Bold, Courier New CP737, Courier New CP737 Bold, Courier New CP850, Courier New CP850 Bold, Courier New CP852, Courier New CP852 Bold, Courier New CP855, Courier New CP855 Bold, Courier New italic Latin 1/2/5, Courier New italic WGL, Courier New Latin 1/2/5, Courier New WGL, Courier Tur, Courier Tur bold, Courier Tur bold italic, Courier Tur italic, Creepy, Creepy Latin 1/2/5, Cumberland, Curlz, Cyrillic: Arial, Cyrillic: Arial bold, Cyrillic: Arial bold inclined, Cyrillic: Arial inclined, Cyrillic: Courier, Cyrillic: Courier bold, Cyrillic: Courier bold inclined, Cyrillic: Courier inclined, Cyrillic: Times Bold A, Cyrillic: Times Bold inclined A, Cyrillic: Times New Roman A, Cyrillic: Times New Roman inclined A, EraserDust, EraserDust Latin 1/2/5, Facade Condensed, Felix Titling, Footlight, Footlight light, Monotype Franklin Gothic extra condensed, Monotype French Script, Forte, Monotype Garamond, Monotype Garamond bold, Monotype Garamond bold italic, Monotype Garamond bold italic Latin 1/2/5, Monotype Garamond bold Latin 1/2/5, Monotype Garamond bold WGL, Monotype Garamond italic 156, Monotype Garamond italic 156 WGL, Monotype Garamond italic Latin 1/2/5, Monotype Garamond Latin 1/2/5, Monotype Garamond WGL, Gill Alt One bold italic Latin 1/2/5, Gill Alt One bold italic WGL, Gill Alt One bold Latin 1/2/5, Gill Alt One bold WGL, Gill Alt One italic Latin 1/2/5, Gill Alt One italic WGL, Gill Alt One Latin 1/2/5, Gill Alt One WGL, Gill Sans, Gill Sans ALT1, Gill Sans bold, Gill Sans bold ALT1, Gill Sans bold condensed, Gill Sans bold extra condensed, Gill Sans bold italic, Gill Sans bold italic ALT1, Gill Sans bold italic Latin 1/2/5, Gill Sans bold italic WGL, Gill Sans bold Latin 1/2/5, Gill Sans bold WGL, Gill Sans condensed, Gill Sans condensed bold Latin 1/2/5, Gill Sans condensed Latin 1/2/5, Gill Sans extra bold, Gill Sans extra bold Latin 1/2/5, Gill Sans extra condensed bold Latin 1/2/5, Gill Sans italic, Gill Sans italic ALT1, Gill Sans italic Latin 1/2/5, Gill Sans italic WGL, Gill Sans Latin 1/2/5, Gill Sans light, Gill Sans light ALT1, Gill Sans light italic, Gill Sans light italic ALT1, Gill Sans shadow, Gill Sans Shadow Latin 1/2/5, Gill Sans ultra bold, Gill Sans ultra bold condensed, Gill Sans ultra bold condensed Latin 1/2/5, Gill Sans ultra bold Latin 1/2/5, Gill Sans WGL, Ginko, Ginko Latin 1/2/5, Gloucester bold, Gloucester bold condensed, Gloucester bold extended, Gloucester Old Style, Glowworm, Glowworm Latin 1/2/5, Haettenschweiler, Haettenschweiler Latin 1/2/5, Haettenschweiler WGL, Impact, Impact Latin 1/2/5, Impact WGL, Imprint Shadow, Kidprint, Kidprint Latin 1/2/5, Monotype Letter Gothic, Monotype Letter Gothic bold, Monotype Letter Gothic bold oblique, Monotype Letter Gothic Latin 1/2/5, Monotype Letter Gothic LineDraw, Monotype Letter Gothic LineDraw bold, Monotype Letter Gothic oblique, Monotype Letter Gothic WGL, Letter Gothic CP437, Letter Gothic CP437 Bold, Letter Gothic CP737, Letter Gothic CP737 Bold, Letter Gothic CP850, Letter Gothic CP850 Bold, Letter Gothic CP852, Letter Gothic CP852 Bold, Letter Gothic CP855, Letter Gothic CP855 Bold, Monotype Lydian, MICR, Monotype News Gothic, Monotype News Gothic bold, Monotype News Gothic bold condensed, Monotype News Gothic bold italic, Monotype News Gothic bold italic Latin 1/2/5, Monotype News Gothic bold italic WGL, Monotype News Gothic bold Latin 1/2/5, Monotype News Gothic bold WGL, Monotype News Gothic CE, Monotype News Gothic CE bold, Monotype News Gothic CE bold italic, Monotype News Gothic CE italic, Monotype News Gothic condensed, Monotype News Gothic Cyr, Monotype News Gothic Cyr bold, Monotype News Gothic Cyr bold inclined, Monotype News Gothic Cyr inclined, Monotype News Gothic Gre, Monotype News Gothic Gre bold, Monotype News Gothic Gre bold inclined, Monotype News Gothic Gre inclined, Monotype News Gothic italic, Monotype News Gothic italic Latin 1/2/5, Monotype News Gothic italic WGL, Monotype News Gothic Latin 1/2/5, Monotype News Gothic WGL, Nimrod, Nimrod bold, Nimrod bold italic, Nimrod italic, Monotype Old English Text, Monotype Onyx, Ocean Sans bold, Ocean Sans book, OCR-A, OCR-B, Pepita, Perpetua, Perpetua bold, Perpetua bold italic, Perpetua italic, Plantin, Plantin bold, Plantin bold EXPERT, Plantin bold italic, Plantin bold italic EXPERT, Plantin EXPERT, Plantin italic, Plantin italic EXPERT, Rockwell, Rockwell bold, Rockwell bold condensed, Rockwell bold italic, Rockwell condensed, Rockwell italic, Rockwell light, Rockwell light italic, Sabon, Sabon italic, Sabon semi bold, Sabon semi bold italic, Sassoon Infant Pro, Sassoon Infant Bold, Sassoon Sans, Sassoon Sans Bold, Monotype Script bold, Monotype Sorts, Swing bold, Theatre Antoine, Theatre Antoine Latin 1/2/5, Thorndale, Times New Roman bold F, Times New Roman bold italic F, Times New Roman bold italic Latin 1/2/5, Times New Roman bold italic WGL, Times New Roman bold Latin 1/2/5, Times New Roman bold WGL, Times New Roman CE, Times New Roman CE bold, Times New Roman CE bold italic, Times New Roman CE italic, Times New Roman F, Times New Roman italic F, Times New Roman italic Latin 1/2/5, Times New Roman italic WGL, Times New Roman Latin 1/2/5, Times New Roman Tur, Times New Roman Tur bold, Times New Roman Tur bold italic, Times New Roman Tur italic, Times New Roman WGL, Twentieth Century bold, Twentieth Century bold condensed, Twentieth Century bold italic, Twentieth Century bold italic Latin 1/2/5, Twentieth Century bold Latin 1/2/5, Twentieth Century condensed bold Latin 1/2/5, Twentieth Century condensed medium Latin 1/2/5, Twentieth Century medium, Twentieth Century medium condensed, Twentieth Century medium italic, Twentieth Century medium italic Latin 1/2/5, Twentieth Century medium Latin 1/2/5, Twentieth Century ultra bold, Twentieth Century ultra bold Latin 1/2/5. [Google]
Monotype Garamond was designed by Frederic Goudy from 1922 until 1924. It is based on roman types cut by Jean Jannon in 1615, who followed the designs of Claude Garamond near the end of the 16th century. Garamond's types were in turn based on those used by Aldus Manutius in 1495 and cut by Francesco Griffo. The Monotype Garamond Italic fonts are based on types cut in France circa 1557 by Robert Granjon. [Google]
Morris Fuller Benton
Prolific American type designer (b. 1872, Milwaukee, d. 1948, Morristown, NJ), who published over 200 alphabets at ATF. He managed the ATF type design program from 1892 until 1937. Son of Linn Boyd Benton. MyFonts page on him. Nicholas Fabian's page. Linotype's page. Klingspor page. Unos tipos duros page. His fonts include:
Linotype link. FontShop link. Picture.
- 1897: Cloister Old Style (ATF). [Stephenson Blake purchased this from ATF and called it Kensington Old Style, 1919] [Cloister (2005, P22/Lanston) is based on Jim Rimmer's digitization of Benton's Cloister.]
- 1898: Roycroft. Mac McGrew on Roycroft: Roycroft was one of the most popular of a number of rugged typefaces used around the turn of the century, when printing with an antique appearance was in vogue. It was inspired by lettering used by the Saturday Evening Post. then a popular weekly magazine, and has been credited to Lewis Buddy, a former Post artist and letterer, but ATF says it was designed "partly" by Morris Benton, about 1898. Gerry Powell, director of typographic design for ATF in the 1940s, says, "Roycroft was first known as Buddy, changed when it was adopted by Elbert Hubbard for the Roycroft Press." Henry L. Bullen, ATF librarian and historian, says, "The first font of type to be made from matrices directly engraved on the Benton machine was 24-point Roycroft. October 4, 1900." While the machine was originally designed in 1884 to cut punches rather than matrices, it is doubtful that no fonts of mats were cut before 1900. Roycroft is also said to be the first typeface for which the large size of 120-point was engraved in type metal, with matrices made by electrotyping. Many typefaces of the day had a number of alternate characters. For this face. ATF gave specific instructions for their intended use: "M with the short vertex, in words the letters of which are open; R with the long tail, as a final letter in all-cap words; the wide h, m, and n, as a final letter only; t with the swash tail, as a final letter but not too frequently; u with the descending stroke, in words having no descending letters; ct ligature, wherever possible; the long s and its combinations, in antique work." Roycroft Open was cut in 1902, probably from the same patterns as the parent face. Roycroft Tinted is a very unusual face, in which the typeface is engraved with the equivalent of a halftone screen of about 25 percent tone value, with a black shadow on the right side; this typeface was cut by the Dickinson Type Foundry branch of ATF in Boston, and includes the same special characters as Roycroft. Compare Post Oldstyle.
- 1900: Century Expanded (1900: poster by Heather Leonhardt). This was a complete redraw of Century Roman which was designed in 1894 by his father, Linn Boyd Benton, for Theodore Low DeVinne, the publisher of Century Magazine. Digitizations by Elsner&Flake, Bitstream and URW.
- 1901: Linotext (aka WedddingText).
- 1901-1910: Engravers.
- 1901: Wedding Text (some put this in 1907), Old English Text, Engravers' Old English (a blackletter font remade by Bitstream). Wedding Text has been copied so often it is sickening: Wedding Regular and Headline (HiH, 2007), Dan X. Solo's version, Comtesse, Elite Kanzlei (1905, Stempel), Meta, Lipsia, QHS Nadejda (QHS Soft), Blackletter 681, Marriage (Softmaker), Wedding Text TL (by Tomas Liubinas).
- 1902: Typoscript.
- 1902-1912: Franklin Gothic. Digital versions exist by Bitstream, Elsner&Flake (in a version called ATF Franklin Gothic), Red Rooster (called Franklin Gothic Pro, 2011), Linotype, and ITC (ITC Franklin Gothic). Discussion by Harvey Spears. Mac McGrew: Franklin Gothic might well be called the patriarch of modern American gothics. Designed in 1902 by Morris Fuller Benton, it was one of the first important modernizations of traditional nineteenth-century typefaces by that designer, after he was assigned the task of unifying and improving the varied assortment of designs inherited by ATF from its twenty-three predecessor companies. Franklin Gothic (named for Benjamin Franklin) not only became a family in its own right, but also lent its characteristics to Lightline Gothic. Monotone Gothic, and News Gothic (q.v.). All of these typefaces bear more resem- blance to each other than do the typefaces within some other single families. Franklin Gothic is characterized by a slight degree of thick-and-thin contrast; by the double-loop g which has become a typically American design in gothic typefaces; by the diagonal ends of curved strokes (except in Extra Condensed); and by the oddity of the upper end of C and c being heavier than the lower end. The principal specimen here is Monotype, but the basic font is virtually an exact copy of the ATF typeface in display sizes, except that Monotype has added f- ligatures and diphthongs. Franklin Gothic Condensed and Extra Condensed were also designed by Benton, in 1906; Italic by the same designer in 1910; and Condensed Shaded in 1912 as part of the "gray typography" series. Although Benton started a wide version along with the others, it was abandoned; the present Franklin Gothic Wide was drawn by Bud (John L.) Renshaw about 1952. Franklin Gothic Condensed Italic was added by Whedon Davis in 1967. Monotype composition sizes of Franklin Gothic have been greatly modi- fied to fit a standard arrangement; 12-point is shown in the specimen-notice the narrow figures and certain other poorly reproportioned characters. The 4- and 5-point sizes have a single-loop g. Gothic No. 16 on Linotype and Inter- type is essentially the same as Franklin Gothic up to 14-point; in larger sizes it is modified and more nearly like Franklin Gothic Condensed. However. some fonts of this typeface on Lino have Gagtu redrawn similar to Spartan Black. with the usual characters available as alternates; 14-point is shown. Western Type Foundry and later BB&S used the name Gothic No.1 for their copy of Franklin Gothic, while Laclede had another similar Gothic No. 1 (q.v.). On Ludlow, this design was originally known as Square Gothic Heavy with a distinctive R and t as shown separately after the Monotype diphthongs; when the name was changed to Franklin Gothic in 1928, it was redrawn, closer to Franklin Gothic but still a bit top-heavy; the unique R was retained in standard fonts but an alternate version like that of ATF was made available separately; also a U with equal arms, a single-loop g, and a figure 1 without foot serifs. Ludlow Franklin Gothic Italic, partially shown on the third line of the specimen, is slanted much more than other versions, to fit the standard 17 -degree italic matrices of that machine. Modern Gothic Condensed and Italic (q.v.) are often though not properly called Franklin Gothic Condensed and Italic, especially by Monotype users. Also see Streamline Block.
- 1903: Alternate Gothic (ATF). See Alternate Gothic Pro Antique (Elsner&Flake), Alternate Gothic No2 (Bitstream), Alpin Gothic (by Team77), League Gothic (2009-2011, The League of Movable Type), and Alternate Gothic No1, No2 and No3 (see the URW version). Mac McGrew: Alternate Gothic was designed in 1903 by Morris F. Benton for ATF with the thought of providing several alternate widths of one design to fit various layout problems. Otherwise it is a plain, basic American gothic with no unusual features, but represents a more careful drawing of its nineteenth-century predecessors. The Monotype copies in display sizes are essentially the same as the foundry originals, with the addition of f-ligatures. The thirteen alternate round capitals shown in the first line of Alternate Gothic No.1 were designed by Sol Hess in 1927 for Monotype, hence the "Modernized" name; with these letters the design is sometimes referred to as Excelsior Gothic. Monotype keyboard sizes, as adapted by Hess about 1911, are considera- bly modified to fit a standard arrangement; caps are not as condensed as in the original foundry design. In 6-point, series 51 and 77 are both the same width, character for character, but some letters differ a bit in design. Note that these two narrower widths are simply called Alternate Gothic on Monotype, while the wider version is Alternate Gothic Condensed! Alternate Gothic Italic, drawn about 1946 by Sol Hess for Monotype matches No.2, but may be used with other widths as well. Condensed Gothic on Ludlow, is essentially a match for Alternate Gothic No.1, but has a somewhat different set of variant characters, as shown in the third line. There is also Condensed Gothic Outline on Ludlow, introduced about 1953, essentially an outline version of Alternate Gothic No.2. On Linotype and Intertype there is Gothic Condensed No.2 which is very similar to Alternate Gothic No. 1 in the largest sizes only, but with even narrower lowercase and figures. Also compare Trade Gothic Bold and Trade Gothic Bold Condensed. For a free version of Alternate Gothic No. 1, see League Gothic (2009-2011, The League of Movable Type).
- 1904: Bold Antique, Whitin Black [see OPTI Bold Antique for a modern digitization], Cheltenham (digitizations by Bitstream and Font Bureau, 1992), Cloister Black (blackletter font, see the Bitstream version: it is possible that the typeface as designed by Joseph W. Phinney).
- 1905: Linoscript (1905). Originally at ATF it was named "Typo Upright". Clearface, about which McGrew writes: Clearface was designed by Morris Benton with his father, Linn Boyd Benton, as advisor. The bold was designed first, in 1905, and cut the following year. The other weights and italics were produced through 1911. As the name implies, the series was intended to show unusual legibility, which it certainly achieved. The precision of cutting and casting for which ATF is noted produced a very neat and handsome series, which had considerable popularity. Clearface Heavy Italic has less inclination than the lighter weights, and is non-kerning, a detail which helped make it popular for newspaper use; the specimen shown here is from a very worn font. Some of the typefaces have been copied by the matrix makers. But the typeface Monotype calls Clearface and Italic is the weight called Bold by other sources. Monotype also includes Clearface Italic No. 289, a copy of the lighter weight. Revival and expansion by Victor Caruso for ITC called ITC Clearface, 1978. Also, American Extra Condensed, an octagonal mechanical typeface revived in 2011 by Nick Curtis as Uncle Sam Slim NF.
- 1906: Commercial Script (versions exist at Linotype, URW, Bitstream (called English 144), SoftMaker (2012), and Elsner&Flake), Miele Gothic, Norwood Roman.
- 1907: Lincoln Gotisch, named after Abraham Lincoln. This found found its way from ATF to Schriftguss, Trennert und Sohn, and Ludwig Wagner. Digital revivals include Delbanco's DS Lincoln-Gotisch. Compare with Comtesses, Lipsia, Elite Kanzlei, Lithographia and Wedding Text.
- 1908: News Gothic, Century Oldstyle (digital versions by Bitstream, Elsner&Flake, and URW), Clearface Gothic (1907-1910: digital revivals include Clear Gothic Serial (ca. 1994, SoftMaker) and Cleargothic Pro (2012, SoftMaker). McGrew: Clearface Gothic was designed by Morris Benton for ATF in 1908, and cut in 1910. It is a neat, clean gothic, somewhat thick and thin, which incorporates some of the mannerisms of the Clearface (roman) series. However, it can hardly be considered a part of that family. There is only one weight, and fonts contain only the minimum number of characters.
- 1909-1911: Rugged Roman. McGrew: Rugged Roman was designed for ATF by Morris F. Benton in 1909-11. It was patented in 1915, but the earliest showing seems to have appeared in 1917. It is a rugged face, as the name says, of the sort that was popular early in the century, but appears to have no relation to other typefaces having the name "Rugged." It somewhat resembles Roycroft, but is lighter. But to add to the uncertainty, fonts contained a number of ligatures of the kind which were more common in the early 1900s, in addition to the usual f-ligatures.
- 1910: Cloister Open Face, Hobo (1910, strongly influenced by the Art Nouveau movement; Hobo Light followed in 1915), ATF Bodoni (Bitstream's version is just called Bodoni, and Adobe's version is called Bodoni Book or Bodoni Poster or Bodoni Bold Condensed, while Elsner&Flake call theirs Bodoni No Two EF Ultra; Font Bureau's version has just two weights called BodoniFB-Bold Condensed and Compressed). McGrew writes about Hobo: Hobo is unusual in two respects---it is drawn with virtually no straight lines, and it has no descenders and thus is very large for the point size. It was designed by Morris F. Benton and issued by ATF in 1910. One story says that it was drawn in the early 1900s and sent to the foundry without a name, which was not unusual, but that further work on it was continually pushed aside, until it became known as "that old hobo" because it hung around so long without results. More time elapsed before it was patented in 1915. The working name was Adface. Hobo was also cut by Intertype in three sizes. Light Hobo was also drawn by Benton, and released by ATF in 1915. It is included in one list of Monotype typefaces, but its series number is shown elsewhere for another Monotype face, and no other evidence has been found that Monotype actually issued it.
- 1911-1913: Venetian, Cromwell. Mac McGrew: Cromwell is a rather playful typeface, designed by Morris Benton in 1913 but not released by ATF until three years later. It uses the same capitals as Cloister (q.v.) and has the same small x-height with long ascenders and descenders, but otherwise is quite different, with much less formality. Notice the alternate characters and the double letters including overhanging f's.. Cromwell was digitized by Nick Curtis in 2010 as Cromwell NF. Mac McGrew on Venetian: Venetian and Italic were designed by Morris F. Benton for ATF about 1911, with Venetian Bold following about two years later. They are rather reserved transitional typefaces, almost modern, instead of classic designs of Venetian origin as the name implies. The result is closer to Bodoni than to Cloister. The working title was Cheltenham No.2, but the relationship to that family is not apparent. It is carefully and neatly done, but never achieved widespread use. Compare Benton, a later typeface by the same designer, which has similar characteristics but more grace and charm.
- 1914: Adscript, Souvenir, Garamond (with T.M. Cleveland).
- 1916: Announcement, Light Old Style, Goudy Bold. Mac McGrew writes: Announcement Roman and Announcement Italic were designed by Morris F. Benton in 1916, adapted from steel or copperplate engravings, but not completed and released until 1918. These delicate typefaces have had some popularity for announcements, social stationery, and a limited amount of advertising work, but are a little too fancy for extensive use. Oddly, some of the plain caps shown in the specimens, both roman and italic, do not seem to appear in any ATF specimens. Foundry records show that a 48-point size of the roman was cut in 1927, but no other listing or showing of it has been found. In fact, sizes over 24-point were discontinued after a few years, and all sizes were discontinued in 1954.. Digitizations: Announcement Roman was revived by Nick Curtis in 2009 and called Society Page NF. Rebecca Alaccari at Canada Type revived it as Odette in 2004. See also Castcraft's OPTI Announcement Roman.
- 1916-1917: Invitation. For a digital revival, see Sil Vous Plait (2009, Nick Curtis).
- 1917: Freehand.
- 1917-1919: Sterling. Digitizations include Howard (2006, Paul D. Hunt), Argentina NF (2009, Nick Curtis), and Argentina Cursive NF.
- 1918: Century Schoolbook (1918-1921). (See ITC Century (Tony Stan, 1975-1979), or the Century FB-Bold Condensed weight by Greg Thompson at Font Bureau, 1992. For Century Schoolbook specifically, there are versions by Elsner&Flake, Bitstream and URW. Bitstream has a monospaced version.) URW Century Schoolbook L is free, and its major extension, TeXGyre Schola (2007) is also free.
- 1920: Canterbury. Mac McGrew: Canterbury is a novelty typeface designed by Morris F. Benton for ATF in 1920, when trials were cut, but not completed for production until 1926. It features a very small x-height, with long ascenders and descenders; monotone weight with minute serifs; and a number of swash capitals. It is primarily suitable for personal stationery and announcements. Compare Camelot Oldstyle. Digital versions were done by Nick Curtis in his Londonderry Air NF (2002-2004), and Red Rooster in the series Canterbury, Canterbury OldStyle, and Canterbury Sans.
- 1922: Civilité. Mac McGrew on the ATF Civilité: Civilite in its modern adaptation was designed by Morris Benton in 1922 and cut by ATF in 1923-24. The original version was cut by Robert Granjon in 1557 to imitate the semi-formal writing then in vogue, and is believed to be the first cursive design cut in type. It became popular for the printing of poetry and for books of instruction for children, where the type itself could serve as a perfect model of handwriting. The first of these books was titled La Civilite puerile, printed at Antwerp in 1559. The books were so popular that the design came to be known as "civility" type. Other interpretations of the letter have been made, including Cursive Script, cut in the nineteenth century in 18-point only from French sources by ATF predecessors and by Hansen, but Benton's seems more attractive and legible to modern eyes. The French pronunciation of ci-vil'i-tay is indicated by the accented e, which was used only in ATF's earliest showings. The many alternate characters were included in fonts as originally sold; later they were sold separately and finally discontinued, although the basic font was still listed in recent ATF literature. Also see ZapfCivilite. Compare Freehand, Motto, Verona.
- 1924: Schoolbook Oldstyle.
- 1926-1927: Typo Roman.
- 1927: Chic (American Typefounders; doubly shaded capitals and figures), Gravure, Greeting Monotone, Goudy Extra Bold. The art deco typeface Chic was revived by Nick Curtis as Odalisque NF (2008) and Odalisque Stencil NF (2010).
- 1928: Parisian, Bulmer (revival of William Martin's typeface from 1792 for the printer William Bulmer; digital forms by Monotype, Adobe, Linotype, and Bitstream), Broadway (1928-1929, see two styles offered by Elsner&Flake, Linotype, Bitstream, and 11 weights by URW), Goudy Catalogue, Modernique, Novel Gothic (ATF, designed with Charles H. Becker), Dynamic. Novel Gothic has seen many digital revivals, most notably Telenovela NF (2011, Nick Curtis), Naked Power (Chikako Larabie) and Novel Gothic SG (Jim Spiece). Images of Bulmer: i, ii, iii, iv, v, vi, vii, viii, ix, x, xi, xii.
- 1929: Louvaine. McGrew: Louvaine series was designed by Morris F. Benton for ATF in 1928. It is an adaptation of Bodoni (the working title was Modern Bodoni), and many of the characters are identical. Only g and y are basically different; otherwise the distinction is in the more abrupt transition from thick to thin strokes in this series. In this respect, Ultra Bodoni has more affinity to Louvaine than to the other Bodoni weights. The three weights of Louvaine correspond to Bodoni Book, Regular, and Bold. This series did not last long enough to appear in the 1934 ATF specimen book, the next complete one after its introduction. Compare Tippecanoe.
- 1930: Benton, Engravers Text, Bank Gothic (see Bitstream's version), Garamond-3 (with Thomas Maitland Cleland), Paramount (some have this as being from 1928: see Eva Paramount SG by Jim Spiece). McGrew: Paramount was designed by Morris Benton in 1930 for ATF. It is basically a heavier companion to Rivoli (q. v.), which in turn is based on Eve, an importation from Germany, but is heavier than Eve Bold. It is an informal typeface with a crisp, pen-drawn appearance. Lowercase is small, with long ascenders and short descenders. Vertical strokes taper, being wider at the top. It was popular for a time as an advertising and announcement type.
- 1931: Thermotype, Stymie (with Sol Hess and Gerry Powell). Stymie Obelisk is a condensed Egyptian headline face---the latter was revived by Nick Curtis as Kenotaph NF (2011).
- 1932: Raleigh Gothic Condensed (the digital version by Nick Curtis is Highpoint Gothic NF (2011)), American Text (blackletter). Mac McGrew: Raleigh Gothic Condensed was designed by Morris F. Benton for ATF in 1932. It is a prim, narrow, medium weight gothic face, with normally round characters being squared except for short arcs on the outside of corners. The alternate characters AKMNS give an even greater vertical appearance than usual. At first, this typeface was promoted with Raleigh Cursive as a stylish companion face, although there is no apparent relationship other than the name. Compare Phenix, Alternate Gothic, Agency Gothic.
- 1933: American Backslant, Ultra Bodoni (a great Bodoni headline face; see Bodoni FB (1992, Font Bureau's Richard Lipton). About Agency Gothic, McGrath writes: Agency Gothic is a squarish, narrow, monotone gothic without lower- case, designed by Morris F. Benton in 1932. It has an alternate A and M which further emphasize the vertical lines. Sizes under 36-point were added in 1935. Agency Gothic Open was drawn by Benton in 1932 and introduced in 1934; it follows the same style in outline with shadow, and probably has been more popular than its solid companion. Triangle Type Foundry, a Chicago concern that manufactured matrices, copied this typeface as Slim Open, adding some smaller sizes. ATF's working titles for these typefaces, before release, were Tempo, later Utility Gothic and Utility Open. Compare Raleigh Gothic Condensed, Poster Gothic, Bank Gothic. Digital versions include Warp Three NF (2008, Nick Curtis), which borrows its lowercase from Square Gothic (1888, James Conner's Sons), FB Agency (1995, David Berlow at FontBureau), Agency Gothic (by Dan Solo) and OPTI Agency Gothic (by Castcraft).
- 1934: Shadow, Tower (heavy geometric slab serif), Whitehall. Font Bureau's Elizabeth Cory Holzman made the Constructa family in 1994 based on Tower. Digital versions include Warp Three NF (2008, Nick Curtis), which borrows its lowercase from Square Gothic (1888, James Conner's Sons), FB Agency Gothic (1995, David Berlow at FontBureau) and Agency Gothic by Castle Type. Eagle Bold followed in 1934. McGrew: Eagle Bold is a by-product of the depression of the 1930s. The National Recovery Administration of 1933 had as its emblem a blue eagle with the prominent initials NRA, lettered in a distinctive gothic style. Morris Benton took these letters as the basis for a font of type, released later that year by ATF, to tie in with the emblem, which businesses throughout the country displayed prominently in advertising, stationery, and signs; naturally it was named for the eagle. Compare Novel Gothic. USA Resolute NF (2009, Nick Curtis) is based on Eagle Bold.
- 1935: Phenix. This condensed artsy sans was revived in 2011 at Red Rooster by Steve Jackaman and Ashley Muir as Phoenix Pro.
- 1936: Headline Gothic. For a digital version, see ATF Headline Gothic (2015, Mark van Bronkhorst, Igino Marini, & Ben Kiel at American Type Founders Collection).
- 1937: Empire. This ultra-condensed all caps skyline typeface was digitally remade and modernized by Santiago Orozco as Dorsa (2011). Jeff Levine reinterpreted it in 2017 as Front Row JNL. Bitstream also has a digital revival.
Typefaces alphabetic order:
- Agency Gothic (+Open
- Alternate Gothic No.1 (+No.2, +No.3)
- American Backslant
- American Caslon&Italic
- American Text
- Announcement Roman&Italic (1916). For digital revivals or influences, see Friendly (2012, Neil Summerour), Odette (2004, Canada Type) and Society Page NF (2009, Nick Curtis).
- Antique Shaded
- Bank Gothic Light (+Medium, +Bold, +Light Condensed, +Medium Condensed, +Bold Condensed). For digital versions, see Bank Gothic AS Regular and Condensed (2008, Michael Doret).
- Baskerville Italic
- Benton (Whitehall)&Italic
- Bodoni&Italic (+Book&Italic, +Bold&Italic, +Bold Shaded, +Bold Open)
- Bold Antique (+Condensed)
- Broadway (+Condensed). The prototyical art deco typeface (1928-1929).
- Bulfinch Oldstyle (1903).
- Card Bodoni (+Bold). 1912-1916.
- Card Litho (+Light Litho)
- Card Mercantile
- Card Roman
- Century Expanded&Italic
- Century Bold&Italic (+Bold Condensed, +Bold Extended)
- Century Oldstyle&Italic (+Bold&Italic, +Bold Condensed)
- Century Catalogue&Italic
- Century Schoolbook&Italic (+Bold)
- Cheltenham Oldstyle&Italic (+Condensed, +Wide)
- Cheltenham Medium&Italic (+Medium Condensed, +Medium Expanded, +Bold&Italic, +Bold Condensed&Italic, +Bold Extra Condensed&Title, +Bold Extended, +Extrabold, +Bold Outline, +Bold Shaded&Italic, +Extrabold Shaded, +Inline, +Inline Extra Condensed, +Inline Extended)
- Clearface&Italic (1907, +Bold&Italic, +Heavy&Italic)
- Clearface Gothic: a flared version of Clearface.
- Cloister Black
- Cloister Oldstyle&Italic (+Lightface&Italic, +Bold&Italic, +Bold Condensed, +Cursive, +Cursive Handtooled, +Title&Bold Title)
- Commercial Script
- Copperplate Gothic Shaded
- Cushing Antique (1902).
- Della Robbia Light
- Dynamic Medium
- Eagle Bold
- Empire (1937). A skyline typeface.
- Engravers Bodoni
- Engravers Old English (+Bold)
- Engravers Bold
- Engravers Shaded
- Engravers Text
- Franklin Gothic&Italic (+Condensed, +Extra Condensed, +Condensed Shaded)
- Freehand (1917). Mac McGrew: Freehand, a typeface based on pen-lettering, was designed for ATF by Morris Benton in 1917. The working title before release was Quill. Derived from Old English, it is an interesting novelty, and has had quite a bit of use. Compare Civilite, Motto, Verona.
- Garamond&Italic (+Bold&Italic, +Open)
- Globe Gothic (+Condensed, +Extra Condensed, +Extended, +Bold&Italic)
- Goudy Bold&Italic (+Catalogue&Italic, +Extrabold&Italic, +Handtooled&Italic, +Title)
- Greeting Monotone
- Headline Gothic
- Hobo&Light Hobo (1910). For digital versions, see Informal 707 (Bitstream), Hobbit (SF), Homeward Bound (Corel), Hobo No2 (2012, SoftMaker), Bogo (2016, Harold Lohner), and Hobo (Bitstream).
- Invitation (+Shaded)
- Light Oldstyle
- Lightline Gothic&Title (1908). For a revival, see Benton Gothic Thin NF (2014, Nick Curtis).
- Lithograph Shaded (1914, with W.F. Capitain).
- Louvaine Light&Italic (+Medium&Italic, +Bold&Italic)
- Miehle Extra Condensed&Title
- Monotone Gothic&Title
- Motto (1915). Mac McGrew: Motto is a calligraphic typeface designed by Morris F. Benton for ATF in 1915. It is similar to the same designer's Freehand, drawn a couple of years later, but has plainer capitals, heavier thin strokes, and shorter descenders. But letters combine into legible words with a pleasant, hand-lettered appearance. Also compare Humanistic, Verona. For a digital version, see Motto by Juan Kafka.
- News Gothic (+Condensed, +Extra Condensed&Title)
- Norwood Roman
- Novel Gothic
- Packard (+Bold)
- Pen Print Open
- Piranesi Italic (+Italic Plain Caps, +Bold&Italic, +Bold Italic Plain Caps)
- Poster Gothic (1934).
- Raleigh Gothic Condensed (1934).
- Rockwell Antique
- Rugged Roman
- Schoolbook Oldstyle
- Souvenir (1914). Revived in 1977 by Ed Benguiat as ITC Souvenir, but a total failure as a type design. Simon Garfield: Souvenir was the Comic Sans of its era, which was the 1970s before punk. It was the typeface of friendly advertising, and it did indeed appear on Bee Gees albums, not to mention the pages of Farrah Fawcett-era Playboy. Mark Batty from International Typeface Corporation (ITC) on one of his best-selling fonts: A terrible typeface. A sort of Saturday Night Fever typeface wearing tight white flared pants. Garfield also retrieved this quote by type scholar Frank Romano in the early 1990s: Real men don't set Souvenir. Digital revivals also include Sunset Serial by Softmaker, and ITC Souvenir Mono by Ned Bunnel.
- Stymie Light&Italic (+Medium&Italic, +Bold&Italic, +Black&Italic)
- Tower Condensed (1934). Revived by Photo-Lettering Inc as PL Tower.
- Typo Roman&Shaded
- Typo Script and Typo Script&Extended (1902)
- Typo Shaded
- Typo Slope
- Typo Upright&Bold
- Ultra Bodoni&Italic (+Condensed, +Extra Condensed)
- Venetian&Italic (+Bold)
- Wedding Text&Shaded
View Morris Fuller Benton's typefaces. A longer list. A listing of various digital versions of News Gothic. More News Gothic-like typefaces. Even more News Gothic-like typefaces. [Google]
Mucca Design (or: Mucca Typo)
[Matteo Federico Bologna]
Born in Milan in 1965, Matteo Federico Bologna emigrated to the United States, where he founded Mucca Design in 1999, a company involved in logos, type, and corporate identity. He teaches font design at the Parsons School of Design in New York.
His typefaces include Food Mucca, Hair Updown, Littoria, Filo Mucca, Mirra Mucca (gorgeous lettering), Mongo Mucca, Rigid Mucca, Rubens Mucca, Vox Mucca, Egizio Mucca, Latina Mucca, Joung Mucca and Pravda (cyrillic simulation font). Free fonts: Geo Mucca, Fax Mucca, Melt Mucca, Updown Mucca, Pepina Mucca (curly lettering). Mucca Design custom-designed Balazs, Decora, Moranda Serif and Grotesque, One Atlantic (a slabbed Garamond done by Joshua Darden), Faux Cyrillic (done for Manhattan's Pravda restaurant), Victoria's Secret Logotype. At iFontMaker, he did ItalianoAMano, and ItalianoAManoPieno.
In 2015, he created the industrial squarish vernacular typeface NoExit. Originally designed for the Chicago Athletic Association Hotel, its inspiration was an old sign that said STAIRWAY found the hotel's old building.
In 2017, Mucca Design (via Schriftlabor) created the custom typeface Sephora (Sans, Serif). [Google]
Turkish creator of the readable hand-printed typeface McMuratti (2011) and the squarish typeface McAlberto (2011). He also made the upright connected school script typeface McLeonardo (2011), McLeona (2012), the cratchy hand-printed McVincenzo (2011) and the spiky typeface McAlbertina (2011).
In 2012, he made a tall-ascendered version of Garamond, called Garamond Tall. In 2016, he designed Dolomites Extra and Redhead.
All his typefaces are free.
Home page. Dafont link. [Google]
[Mark van Bronkhorst]
MvB Design (later called MVB Fonts) is Mark van Bronkhorst's company in Albany, CA, est. 1991 in San Francisco. It was also known as Markanna Studios Inc. Its fonts were first distributed by FontHaus, then by MyFonts, and most recently by Type Network.
In the list below, unless explicitly mentioned, Mark van Bronkhorst is the designer: GryphiusMVB (2003), MVB Solano Gothic (2007-2009, six Bank Gothic lookalikes done for the city of Albany, CA), MVB Celestia Antiqua One and Two (1993-1996, a rustic font family in the Caslon Antique genre; it contains zodiac signs), MVB Greymantle (1993, Kanna Aoki), MvB Magnesium (1992-2003, Adobe: a hefty, contrasted, all-caps sans serif with angled terminals that pays homage to American sign lettering), Magnolia MvB (1997), Airedale (1992), BovinePoster or MVB Bovine (1993), DickAndJane (1994), MildewRoman (1994), QuercusRegular (1993), PFAnimals (1993), PFCommerceCommunication (1992), PFFoodDrink (1992), PFHolidaysCelebrations (1992), PFHouseholdItems (1993), PFTransportTravel (1992), QuercusHard (1993), MVB Emmascript (1996, Kanna Aoki), MVB Café Mimi (1996-2003, Kanna Aoki), MVB Pedestria (2002, a sans family by Akemi Aoki), MVB Pedestria Pict (2002, dingbats by Akemi Aoki), MVB Verdigris (2003-2011, a garalde close to Sabon), MVB Fantabular and MVB Fantabular Sans (2002, Akemi Aoki, monospaced, typewriter-style), MVB Grenadine One and Two (2003, sans families by Akemi Aoki), MVB Peccadillo (2002, by Holly Goldsmith and Alan Greene), MVB BossaNova (Holly Goldsmith, 1997), BatmanForever1 (1994, Maseeh Rafani/Warner Bros and Mark van Bronkhorst), Breakdown (1996), HornyDave (1995, based on illustrations of Georgia Panagiotopoulos), HypnoclipsLogoFont (1997), Ovidius (1993), Subterfuge (1995), ZedGothicMvB (1996), HotsyTotsy, MVB Sirenne Six, MVB Sirenne Text, MVB Sirenne Display (2002, display serif family by by MvB and Alan Greene), Veriris Pro Text (2003-2011).
MVB Sacre Bleu (2007) is an award-winning handwriting typeface about which Joshua Lurie-Terrell writes: Sacre Bleu is the most flexible and accessible informal script of 2007, and rivals some of the best typefaces in this vein from the past decade. He compares it with Christian Robertson's Dear Sarah, Dave Farey's Lettres Eclatees, Letterror's Salmiak and Nick Cooke's Olicana, another very successful face.
In 2008, Mark set up Sweet Fonts, where he and Linnea Lundquist designed Sweet Upright Script (2008), and Mark published the quintuple line blackboard board family Sweet Titling No. 22 (2010), Sweet Square (2011---in the style of Bank Gothic), Sweet Sans Pro (2011, a sans family from Hairline, Sweet Gothic to Heavy. He says: The family is based on antique engraver's lettering templates called masterplates. Professional stationers use a pantograph to manually transfer letters from these masterplates to a piece of copper or steel that is then etched to serve as a plate or die. This demanding technique is rare today given that most engravers now use a photographic process to make plates, where just about any font will do. But the lettering styles engravers popularized during the first half of the twentieth century---especially the engraver's sans---are still quite familiar and appealing. It is in the style of Burin Sans and Sackers Gothic. And Embarcadero MVB (2010, a near-grotesque superfamily).
In 2012, van Bronkhorst released MvB Mascot (a signage script).
In 2013, MVB published the utilitarian sans family MVB Solitaire.
For Whole Foods Market, he created the corporate typefaces Grace's Hand and Molly Text in 2014.
In 2015, Mark van Bronkhorst set up TypoBrand LLC in Berkeley, CA. As part of TypoBrand, he published several typefaces that are modern digital reinterpretations of ATF typefaces. The collection is published by TypoBrand LLC under the names ATF Type or American Type Founders Collection. At ATF Type foundry, they co-designed, sometimes with others, classics such as ATF Alternate Gothic (2015), ATF Brush (2015), ATF Egyptian Antique (an expansion of Schraubstadter's Rockwell Antique by Mark van Bronkhorst, Igino Marini, and Ben Kiel), ATF Garamond (2015), ATF Headline Gothic (2015), ATF Livermore Script (by Mark van Bronkhorst, Igino Marini, and Ben Kiel), ATF Poster Gothic (2015), ATF Railroad Gothic (2016), and ATF Wedding Gothic (2015).
In 2017, he designed the plastic template font family MVB Diazo.
Type Network link. Linotype link. FontShop link. Alternate URL. Klingspor link.
View Mark van Bronkhorst's typefaces. [Google]
MyFonts: Garalde or Garamond typefaces
Large web page with all garalde or Garamond-style typefaces at MyFonts. Subpage with the most relevant fonts in this category. Additional pages with Garamond style fonts and fonts named Garamond. Digital typefaces that are related to Garamond. [Google]
MyFonts hit list for Garamond. [Google]
MyFonts selection for Granjon, the man and the typefaces he inspired. [Google]
A selection of digital typefaces that are called Sabon or are related to Jan Tschichold's Sabon (1966). [Google]
Fritz Klinke, NA Graphics, in Silverton, CO, sells new foundry type cast from original ATF matrices and cast on the original equipment. It is working on the 10 through 16 point versions of ATF Garamond 459, and the companion italic, Garamond 460, and intends to recast Bullfinch. Other typefaces of theirs include Bulmer, Goudy Oldstyle, Munder Venezian, Murray Hill Bold. Klinke owns the entire ATF Bulmer collection, as well as Engravers Roman, which originated with Barnhart Brothers&Spindler. [Google]
Swiss type foundry set up by Ian Party in Lausanne in 2020, with a focus on variable font technology. All newglyph typefaces are variable fonts with three axes of variation: weight, width and contrast. Their initial typefaces in 2020:
- Atacama. A 90-style garalde.
- Antarctica. A 132-style neo-grotesque. In 2021, 132 italics were added.
- Amazonia. A 90-style neo-classic didone.
- Alaska. A 110-style geometric sans. In 2021, 110 italics were added.
- Alpaga. A variable sans font family with two axes, boldness and width.
- Armada. A display sans.
Additions in 2021:
- Azteca. A didone-inspired typeface with graffiti influences.
- Angela. An ultra-condensed display font to be used for large lettering.
- Baikal. A grotesk Swiss sans serif with italics, 132 fonts in total.
- Ian Party (founder, CEO, design director).
- Daniela Retana (founder, custom fonts director).
- Dennis Moya Razafimandimby (founder, creative director).
- David Massara (graphic and type designer).
[Kostic Type Foundry]
no image fonts
Free fonts by Hungarian type and graphic designer Levi Halmos [or: Levente Halmos], made between 1997 and 2001: AlienGhost2, Aliens, Anabolic Spheroid (2001, revived but alas commercialized by Roger S. Nelsson in 2009 as Anabolic Spheroid Pro), Aztec, Baby Universe (2000), Bateman, Bedlam Remix (2001), Bitsumishi (Bitsumishi Pro (2009) appeared at CheapPro Fonts; Bitsumishi Pro v2 followed in 2012), Butch, Byblostie, CHELIVES, Caddy (1996), CelticGaramond, CelticGaramondthe2nd, Chemistry, Coolthreepixels, Crystal Clear, Danube (techno, geometric), DataTransfer, Dredwerkz, ElephantMan, Escape Pod Normal, FUTURE, Faceplant, Finchley (1998), FreakShow, Gagarin (2001, a Cyrillic simulation and constructivist family), GraveDirt, Guevara, Haiku, Helldorado (2001, Western), Hibernate (2000), Iamsimplified, Indochine (2002, oriental letter simulation), IronLeague (2002, a Jonathan Barnbrook style face), Ivanbats, Ivanhoe, KabosGyula, Kalocsai Flowers Pi (2001), Kenzo, KingKikapu, Kozmonauta (2000), Kozmonauta2, Krizia Uomo (1995, art deco; later renamed Krizi Amo Pro in 2011, probably under pressure from Uomo), Leonardo (1996, a constructed face), Lefferts Corner (2001), LicenzPlate, Lousitania (2001, square-serifed), MagyarSerif, MarshGas, MathmosOriginal, Mutter (a stitch font), Niobium [Niobium Pro (2010, with Roger S. Nelsson) is used for signage and wayfinding in the new Mbombela Stadium built for the FIFA World Cup 2010], Nordic (2001; the Pro version appeared in 2010), Nushto (2000), Olympus (Greek simulation face), Peex (dot matrix family), Phatguy, PiratesGold (made commercial in the CheapProFonts collection of Roger S. Nelsson in 2009), Poison Berries (2000), PresidenteTequila (2000), RakettaFromMars (2001, fifties style futurism), Rammstein, RammsteinRemix (2001, constructivist), RedheadGoddess (2000), RedwildoderRotwild, Resurrection, Runningshoe, Sarkozi Line Patterns Pi (2001), Scully (scanbats), ScumoftheEarth (2000), Shazbot, Slither (1998), SmartSexy, SmartandSexy, Snake Venom (2000, Mexican simulation face), SpaceWorm (2000, futuristic), Sporty, Stonebridge, Subatonik, Sulphur (2000, a typeface influenced by gothic cathedrals), Tank Junior (2001), TerraX, Thrust (2000, Star Trek face), TickyFont, Treasure Island (2001, rounded with a semi-Greek look), TrustThisOne, TwoGunJohann (2000), TypeKnight (2001, with hairline serifs), VicePresidente (2001, Mexican simulation face), VoodooDolls, Voodoo Spirits (2001, wiggly hand), WeepingItalic, WhoulNormal, Zombieball.
Myfonts link. Roger S. Nelsson (Cheapprofonts) and Halmos extended Danube and Celtic Garamond in 2009 as Danube Pro and Celtic Garamond Pro, respectively. Fontspace link. Font Squirrel link. Dafont link.
View Levi Halmos's commercial typefaces. [Google]
Nonpareille (was: Chastellun.net)
Matthieu Cortat was born in Délémont (Switzerland) in 1982, and became a French citizen later. After a degree in graphic design in 2005, at the University of Art&Design Lausanne (Ecal), he obtained a Masters at the Atelier National de Recherche Typographie in Nancy (France). Cortat heads the Master Type design program at the École d'art de Lausanne (ECAL). He lives in Lyon where he is advisor to the collections of the museum of Printing and Graphic communication. He created the French typographical corpus, which brings together the typefaces in France between 1850 and today. He set up Nonpareille. Most of his typefaces can be bought at 205 Corp.
- Bentham (transitional).
- Bonesana (2009, Gestalten, an elegant text family straight out of the 18th century).
- Brett (2004). A rounded pixel face.
- Chastelmail (a modification of ITC Officina).
- Goupil (2008, by Regis Tosetti).
- Ecstrat (2009, ornamental 18th century type in the style of Fournier or Rosart).
- Fairplay (transitional newspaper face).
- Glovis (2007, a monospaced typewriter typeface with ball terminals; with Régis Tosetti).
- Stockmar (2007, Optimo: a 12-style baroque family inspired by by Johann Rudolf Genath II (1679-1740)).
- Stuart Pro and Stuart Standard (Nonpareille, 2008). These almost Venetian low-contrast text type families come in 18 styles each, and have three optical choices for the ranges below 8pt, 8-12 pt and above 12pt.
- Louize (2013). This is a contemporary revival of the Augustaux designed by Louis Perrin between 1846 and 1855. It mixes roman square capitals with a set of transitional / old style / incised lower case. In 2021, he added Louize Display Condensed. He explians: In 1846, Lyonnese printer, Louis Perrin commissioned founder Francisque Rey to cut a series of capitals inspired by monumental roman inscriptions. They have been used to compose "Les Inscriptions antiques de Lyon", a book by Alphonse de Boissieu. In 1855, the typeface was completed by a series of lowercase, some coming from the printshop of Rey, others designed by Perrin himself. His Augustaux, one of the first revivals in the history of typography, became rapidly successful, launching the Renouveau Elzévirien" movement. With the Louize Family, Matthieu Cortat provides a contemporary reinterpretation of the Augustaux. It retains a wise and serene tone, a clear grey of text, the soft roundness of the curves. Louize is discreet, calm, harmonious.
- Chrysaora (2013). An all caps art deco typeface family based on the engraved letters on the Palais de la Porte Dorée in Paris.
- Ebnor (2013). A digital version of the Écriture Bâton Normalisée (standardized sans serif) presented by M. Brun in a self-published booklet of 1959. The shape of letters respects the standard E-04-105 of the French Association for Standardization (AFNOR) which sets norms for industry, engineering and architecture. All letters are monolined and warmly rounded.
- Svafa (2013). This is a rune simulation typeface that revives lettering designed by Eugène Grasset in 1893, on a poster for Richard Wagner's opera, Valkyrie.
- Petit Serif (2013): Petit Serif is a caps typeface with copperplate endings, described as an interpretation (with Latin, Greek and Cyrillic versions) based on the lettering done at 55 Broadway, S.W.1, London, by Percy J. Delf Smith. It is a sans serif presenting the classic proportions of the Roman Square Capitals, yet it does show tiny serifs due to the use of a brush.
- Mecano Sans and Mecano Serif (2013). A revival of a condensed geometric Nebiolo family.
- Henry (2013). They write: Henry is a personal reinterpretation of the Garamond cut for the Deberny & Peignot type foundry between 1914 and 1926 by Henri Parmentier, under the management of Georges Peignot, who owned the foundry. Their purpose was to recreate the gracefulness of Claude Garamont's type typeface while allowing for the development of modern paper making, with its wood pulp paper, as opposed to 16th century rag paper. This elegant and smooth text family has its own mind: Henry is based on the text sizes (9 to 14) of the Garamond Peignot. It is a light and fluid Garald, rather skinny and narrow, with a slender grace. There is an art nouveau spirit in its z leaning on the left, its serpentine a and J, the roundish lower bowl of its t, the wide tail of its Q.
- Hans (2013). A dark Koch-style textura blackletter.
- Battling (2013). This is quite an interesting sans family, in the geometric style of 1930s Europe. The original rough model was a typeface family called Universelles by the Dutreix foundry in Limoges, first produced in the 1930s. The heavier weights are characterized by small cactus spurs. Apparently, Universelles is a renamed version of Hans Moehring's Elegant Grotesk (1928-1929).
- Anacharsis (2012). An experimental geometric sans family.
- Basetica Pro (2013). Even though only offered in two styles, the announcement says that Basetica aims to be the Helvetica for 2013.
- Helvetius (2016). A reinterpretation of a Fournier-style font used in a 1178 edition of De L'Homme by French philosopher Claude-Adrien Helvetius.
- Cosimo (2017, Bureau 205). A humanist sans.
- Yorick (2018). Yorick is based on a monospace typewriter font (model 3402U) found in the Campionario caratteri e fregi tipografici of the Nebiolo type foundry, dated 1920, but the font might probably be older. The source is a slab serif form very common in typewriter fonts (Pica, according to Olivetti naming system) with a little touch of classical flavour from the Imperial style (i.e. with thick and thin contrasts).
- Molitor (2019, 205TF). A great art deco-inspired sans typeface that looks great even for text on a screen.
- Muoto (2021), a variable sans serif font designed by Matthieu Cortat, Anthony Franklin and Sander Vermeulen (Base Design). They write: Muoto is the synthesis of a sensitive and human approach to modernist design. This font combines full curves and solid stems, showing that functionalism can actually be warm and softly effective. With its robust structure and subdued proportions, it evokes organic forms dear to Finnish architect Alvar Aalto, who in 1957 wrote: "We should work for simple, good, undecorated things, but things which are in harmony with the human being and organically suited to the little man in the street".
Speaker at ATypI 2017 Montreal.
View Matthieu Cortat's typefaces. View Nonpareille's font library. [Google]
The house font of the company Océ, based on Adobe Garamond. [Google]
Or Octavio Pardo Virto. Born in Pamplona, Spain, Octavio got his first degree in Fine Arts at the University of Barcelona. After several years working for various design studios and advertising agencies, he moved to UK where he graduated from the MA in Type Design at the University of Reading in 2010. After collaborating with the Typofonderie in Paris for several months, Octavio went back to Pamplona. His typefaces:
- Ibarra Real (2007), done with the help of José María Ribagorda. Ribagorda writes: IbarraReal is a public-domain font of Ibero-American character, created in 2005 as a revival of the types cast by Jeronimo Gil for the Royal Spanish Academy's edition of Don Quixote, printed in Madrid by Joaquin Ibarra in 1780.. The vignettes were designed by Manuel lvarez Junco, Andreu Balius, Didac Ballester, Paco Bascuñan, José María Cerezo, Alberto Corazón, Oyer Corazón, Pablo Cosgaya, Rubén Fontana, Javier García del Olmo, José Gil Nogués, Pepe Gimeno, Fernando Gutiérrez, Juan Martínez, Laura Messeguer, Juan Antonio Moreno, Juan Nava, Miguel Ochando, Josep Patau, Alejandro Paul, Marc Salinas, Emilio Torné, Alex Trochut or Roberto Turégano. Free download here. Github link.
- Blackwood (2011). An ornamental all-caps typeface that takes its inspiration from a mixture of the woodcuts of the early 18th century and fat typefaces of today's magazines.
- Cabriole (2011). A text typeface done for his thesis at Reading. It is a very Latin typeface, with round contours and a lot of pizzazz---as if it came straight out of old Iberian textbooks..
- Terabyte (2011). A monoline corporate typeface in current development for Aspa Company.
- Sutturah. A fat signage face, published by Rosetta Type, and awarded by TDC 2012. The Cyrillic was developed with the help of Sergei Egorov.
- In 2013, he contributed to the Cyrillic of Adelle (2009, Type Together), a typeface first developed by Veronika Burian, Jose Scaglione and Alexandra Korolkova.
- In 2016, he created an experimental, almost hipster, typeface, and finished a custom typeface, NRK Ethica Slab, for Norway's main media group.
- For the logo and credits of Fashion Film directed by Human Produce, he designed Myth (2016).
- With Elena Ramirez, he created Cubit (2016), a custom monospaced typeface for a Chicago-based interior design Studio.
- Gupter is a condensed serif font for Latin and Devanagari. Its design is inspired by conventional fonts like Times New Roman. The ufo files included in the Github repository are synchronized so they will allow the user to create intermediate instances if required. The Devanagari designed by Modular Infotech, Pune, India, in 2000. Free at Google Fonts.
- EB Garamond (2017). EB Garamond was started in 2011 by Georg Duffner (Austria) as a Google Web font for Latin and Cyrillic. It is named after Egelnoff and Berner. Duffner explains: The source for the letterforms is a scan of a specimen known as the Berner specimen, which, composed in 1592 by Conrad Berner, son-in-law of Christian Egenolff and his successor at the Egenolff print office, shows Garamont's roman and Granjon's italic fonts at different sizes. Hence the name of this project: Egenolff-Berner Garamond. In 2017, Octavio Pardo entered the EB Garamond project. Rhe fonts can now be downloaded from Github. A variable version of EB Garamond is planned.
Github link. [Google]
Francesco Simoncini (d. 1967) founded Officine Simoncini foundry in Bologna. The typefaces originating from that foundry:
- The garalde family for book and newspaper work called Aster (1958). Aster Simoncini is also at Ludwig&Mayer (1958). See also URW++ Aster (by Ralph M. Unger), Austin (SoftMaker) and Dutch 823 (Bitstream).
- New Aster (1958). New Aster was made in 1982 by Mergenthaler, Linotype, Stempel.
- Armstrong (1970).
- Delia (1962) was specially developed for small print in classified ads. Berry, Johnson and Jaspert write: An unusual newspaper type for small advertisements, almost sans serif in style, but with expanding feet. The characters avoid parallel lines, there is variation of stress, normally straight lines are slightly curved, and especially in the lower case there are gaps between the strokes in the individual characters. All this is designed to prevent any filling in in printing on newsprint.
- Life (originally Ludwig&Mayer, 1965, done with W. Bilz), available from Elsner & Flake, Scangraphic, Linotype, Bitstream (first at Dutch 806, later as Life), Softmaker (as Lyon and L730 Roman), URW++ (URW++). There was also Fredonia by Varityper.
- Simoncini Garamond (1958-1961). Done with Wilhelm Bilz, it is now available at Linotype, Adobe, Scangraphic and elsewhere under that name. The Scangraphic version is called Garamond Simoncini SB. The Elsner&Flake version is Garamond Simoncini EF. The Bitstream version is called Garamond Italian, Italian Garamond, and Aldine 525. A very related typeface is Garamont Amstrerdam EF (2004, Elsner & Flake). See also Garamond No. 9 by URW++.
FontShop link. Klingspor link.
MyFonts catalog. Digital typefaces based on Simoncini's fonts. [Google]
Old Style typefaces
[John D. Boardley]
A useful introduction to old style (or garalde) types by John D. Boardley. The types can be recognized by the horizontal crossbar on the "e", and more contrast between thick and thin (compared to humanist typefaces). The serifs have wedges, and the letterforms are smooth and refined. They were in vogue for almost 200 years, starting with Bembo in 1495 (Aldus Manutius and Francesco Griffo) and Francesco Griffo's first italic type in 1501. The French caught on 40 years later, and the Garamond-style typefaces saw the light ca. 1540, thanks to Claude Garamond and Robert Granjon. Christoffel van Dijck and Mikós Kis were doing garaldes in the Dutch region ca. 1600 (see styles like Ehrhardt). Finally, Caslon (William Caslon, ca. 1725) is also classified as a garalde. Old style digital typefaces include Berling, Calisto, Goudy Old Style, Granjon, Janson, Palatino, Perpetua, Plantin, Sabon and Weiss. [Google]
[Lazydogs Type foundry]
Hector Gatti, aka Pocho Gatt, is an Argentinian who runs Gatti Studio and Omnibus Type, and who co-designed the sans typeface Patagonia (1994) with Pablo Cosgaya. Omnibus (est. 2011) is a coop that focuses on web typography and high quality web fonts. All typefaces can be found at the Google Font Directory. All designers are from Argentina and Mexico. Their typeface library:
Another URL. Google Plus link. Fontspace link. Fontsquirrel link. Behance link. Klingspor link. Open Font Library link.
Catalog of typefaces. [Google]
Fonts designed by talented Swedish designer Franko Luin (born in Trieste, Italy in 1941, to Slovenian parents). Luin immigrated to Sweden in 1961. After studying at the Grafiska Institutet during the 1960s, Franko Luin spent two decades as a print designer for Ericsson before becoming independent. In the 1990s he was involved in multimedia and typeface design. In 1996, he founded his own typographic studio, Omnibus Typografi. At some point, he led a course in Web Typography at the Berghs School of Communication in Stockholm. Franko Luin passed away on September 15, 2005, in Tyresö, Sweden. Autobiography. Obituary by Dan Reynolds. Linotype pages on Luin.
His typefaces, all at Linotype:
View Franko Luin's typefaces. [Google]
P22 Type Foundry
Richard Kegler's fun Buffalo-based foundry, which he founded in 1995 together with his wife, Carima El-Behairy. Currently, on staff, we find type designers James Grieshaber and Christina Torre. In 2004, it acquired Lanston Type. P22 has some great unusual, often artsy, fonts.
The fonts are: Industrial Design (an industrial look font based on letters drawn by Joseph Sinel in the 1920s---this font is free!), LTC Jefferson Gothic Obliquie (2005, free), Sinel (free), P22Snowflakes (free in 2003 and P22 Snowflakes (retail) in 2020, finishedd by Richard Kegler and Terry Wüdenbachs), Acropolis Now (1995, a Greek simulation typeface done with Michael Want), P22 Albers (1995; based on alphabets of Josef Albers made between 1920 and 1933 in the Bauhaus mold), Arts and Crafts (based on lettering of Dard Hunter, early 1900s, as it appeared in Roycroft books), Ambient, Aries (2004, based on Goudy's Aries), Arts and Crafts ornaments, Atomica, Bagaglio (Flat, 3D; in the style of Il Futurismo), P22 Basel Roman (2020, Richard Kegler: an update of a 2015 typeface, P22 Basel, based on a garalde font used by Johannes Herbst (aka Ioannes Oporinus) in 1543 to publish Andreas Vesalius' On the Fabric of the Human Body (De humani corporis fabrica) in Basel), Bauhaus (Bauhaus fonts based on the lettering of Herbert Bayer), Bifur (2004, Richard Kegler, after the 1929 original by Cassandre), Blackout, P22 Brass Script Pro (2009, Richard Kegler; based on an incomplete script fond in a booklet from Dornemann&Co. of Magdeburg Germany, ca. 1910 entitled Messingschriften für Handvergoldung; for years, P22 and MyFonts claimed that Michael Clark co-designed this, but Michael does not want any credit, as he did only about 20 letters), Cage (based on handwriting and sketches of the American experimental composer John Cage), P22 Casual Script (2011, Richard Kegler, a digitization of letters by sign painter B. Boley, shown in Sign of the Times Magazine), Cezanne (Paul Cezanne's handwriting, and some imagery; made for the Philadelphia Museum of Art), Child's Play, Child's Play Animals, Child's Play Blocks, Constructivist (Soviet style lettering emulating the work of Rodchenko and Popova), Constructivist extras, Czech Modernist (based on the design work of Czech artist Vojtech Preissig in the 20s and 30s), Daddy-o (Daddy-o Beatsville was done in 1998 with Peter Reiling), Daddy-o junkie, Da Vinci, Destijl (1995, after the Dutch DeStijl movement, 1917-1931, with Piet Mondrian inspired dingbats; weights include Extras, P22 Monet Impressionist (1999), Regular and Tall), Dinosaur, Eaglefeather, Escher (based on the lettering and artwork of M.C. Escher), P22 FLW Exhibition, P22 FLW Terracotta, Folk Art (based on the work of German settlers in Pennsylvania), Il futurismo (after Italian Futurism, 1908-1943), Woodtype (two Tuscan fonts and two dingbats, 2004), P22 Woodcut (1996, Richard Kegler: based on the lettering carved out in wood by German expressionists such as Heckel and Kirchner), Garamouche (2004, +P22 Garamouche Ornaments; all co-designed with James Grieshaber), GD&T, Hieroglyphic, P22 Infestia (1995), Insectile, Kane, Kells (1996, a totally Celtic family, based on the Book of Kells, 9th century; the P22 Kells Round was designed with David Setlik), Koch Signs (astrological, Christian, medieval and runic iconography from Rudolf Koch's The Book of Signs), P22 Koch Nueland (2000), Larkin (2005, Richard Kegler, 1900-style semi-blackletter), London Underground (Edward Johnston's 1916 typeface, produced in an exclusive arrangement with the London Transport Museum; digitized by Kegler in 1997, and extended to 21 styles in 2007 by Paul D. Hunt as P22 Underground Pro, which includes Cyrillic and Greek and hairline weights), Pan-Am, Parrish, Platten (Richard Kegler; revised in 2008 by Colin Kahn as P22 Platten Neu; based on lettering found in German fountain pen practice books from the 1920s), P22 Preissig (and P22 Preissig Calligraphic, 2019), Prehistoric Pals, Petroglyphs, Rodin / Michelangelo, Stanyan Eros (2003, Richard Kegler), Stanyan Autumn (2004, based on a casual hand lettering text created by Anthony Goldschmidt for the deluxe 1969 edition of the book "...and autumn came" by Rod McKuen; typeface by Richard Kegler), Vienna, Vienna Round, Vincent (based on the work of Vincent Van Gogh), Way out West. Now also Art Nouveau Bistro, Art Nouveau Cafe and the beautiful ornamental font Art Nouveau Extras (all three by Christina Torre, 2001), the handwriting family Hopper (Edward, Josephine, Sketches, based on the handwriting styles of quintessential American artist Edward Hopper and his wife, Josephine Nivison Hopper, and was produced in conjunction with the Whitney Museum of American Art), Basala (by Hajime Kawakami), Cusp (by James Grieshaber), P22 Dearest (calligraphic, by Christina Torre and Miranda Roth), Dwiggins (by Richard Kegler), Dyrynk Roman and Italic (2004, Richard Kegler, after work by Czech book artist Karel Dyrynk), Gothic Gothic (by James Grieshaber), La Danse (by Gábor Kóthay;), Mucha (by Christina Torre), Preissig Lino (by Richard Kegler), P22Typewriter (2001, Richard Kegler, a distressed typewriter font), the William Morris set (Morris Troy, Morris Golden, Morris Ornaments, based up the type used by William Morris in his Kelmscott Press; 2002), Art Deco Extras (2002, Richard Kegler, James Grieshaber and Carima El Behairy), Art Deco Display, the Benjamin Franklin revival font Franklin's Caslon (2006), Dada (2006) and the Art Nouveau font Salon (bu Christina Torre).
In 2006, Kegler added Declaration, a font set consisting of a script (after the 1776 declaration of independence), a blackletter, and 56 signatures. Many of the fonts were designed or co-designed by Richard Kegler. International House of Fonts subpage. Lanston subpage (offerings as of 2005: Bodoni Bold, Deepdene, Flash, Fleurons Granjon, Fleurons Garamont, Garamont, Goudy Thirty, Jacobean Initials, Pabst, Spire).
Bio and photo.
In-house fonts made in 2008 include Circled Caps, the Yule family (Regular, Klein Regular, Light Flurries, Heavy, Klein heavy, Heavy Snow, Inline; all have Neuland influences). Kegler / P22 created a 25-set P22 Civilité family in 2009 based on a 1908 publication from Enshedé, the 1978 English translation by Harry Carter, and a 1926 specimen also from Enshedé.
P22 Declaration (Script, Signatures, Blackletter, 2009) is based on the lettering used in the 1776 Declaration of Independence.
At ATypI 2004 in Prague, Richard spoke about Vojtech Preissig. Speaker at ATypI 2010 in Dublin, where he presented Making Faces: Metal Type in the 21st Century about which he writes: This film has the dual aim of documenting the almost-lost skill of creating metal fonts and of capturing the personality and work process of the late Canadian graphic artist Jim Rimmer (1931-2010). P22 type foundry commissioned Mr. Rimmer to create a new type design (Stern) that became the first-ever simultaneous release of a digital font and hand-set metal font in 2008. At ATypI 2011 in Reykjavik, he showed Making Faces.
Typefaces from 2014: LTC Archive Ornaments (Richard Kegler and Miranda Roth).
Typefaces from 2020: Showcard Script (by Terry Wüdenbachs, based on an original of Beaufont at the Hamilton Wood Type Museum, custom designed by the Morgan Sign Machine Company of Chicago).
Typefaces from 2021: P22 Glaser Houdini (a layerable family, after Glaser's Houdini from 1964), P22 Glaser Babyteeth. Kegler writes: In 2019, P22 Type Foundry met with Milton Glaser (1929-2020) to initiate the official digital series of typefaces designed by Glaser in the 1960s and 70s. P22 Glaser Babyteeth is the first family released in the series. Milton Glaser's inspiration for his Babyteeth typeface came from a hand painted advertisement for a tailor he saw in Mexico City. He was inspired by that E drawn as only someone unfimilar with the alphabet could have concieved. So he set about inventing a completelly ledgible alphabet consistant with this model. P22 Glaser Babyteeth was based on original drawings and phototype proofs from the Milton Glaser Studios archives. Over the years there have been many typefaces that borrowed heavily from the Glaser designs, but these are the only official Babyteeth fonts approved by Milton Glaser Studio and the Estate of Milton Glaser. The solid and open versions are designed to overlap for two-color font effects and can even be mixed and matched for multi layer chromatic treatments. In 2021, he published the 3d art deco shadow font P22 Glaser Kitchen which is based on Big Kitchen (1976).
View Richard Kegler's typefaces. View the IHOF / P22 typeface library. [Google]
London, UK, and Athens and Kifissia, Greece-based type foundry started in 2001 by Panos Vassiliou. It specializes in fine multilingual (usually Latin, Greek and Cyrillic) typeface families. He is a graduate of the University of Toronto, Canada with a major in Applied Science and Engineering. Following his University of Toronto graduation, he studied Graphic Communications at Ryerson University. Panos Vassiliou has conducted numerous seminars for Canadian companies such as Bank of Nova Scotia, Royal Bank and Sony Canada. He graduated from the University of Toronto/Canada, where he studied Applied Science and Engineering. He has been Creative Director for the Canadian design firm AdHaus, former Publisher of the monthly magazine DNA (Greece) and Secretary-General for the Hellenic Canadian Congress (Ontario, Canada). He has been designing typefaces since 1993, including commercial fonts as well as commissions from Vodafone, Nestlé, Ikea and National Geographic. He started Parachute in 2001 setting the base for a typeface library that reflected the works of some of the best contemporary Greek designers, as well as creatives around the world obsessed with type. Apart from its commercial line of typefaces, Parachute offers bespoke branding services for corporate typefaces and lettering. Customers include Bank of America, the European Commission, UEFA, Samsung, IKEA, Interbrand, National Geographic, Financial Times, National Bank of Greece, Alpha Bank and many others.
Myfonts link. Behance link.
Other type designers at Parachute include Kanella Arapoglou, Alexandros Papalexis, Dimitris Foussekis, Aggeliki Skandalelli, Helen Gabara, Babis Touglis, Vangelis Karageorgos, George Toumbalis, Eva Karapidaki, Charis Tsevis, Pavlos Levendellis, Panos Vassiliou, and George Lygas.
At Granshan 2010, Vassiliou won Second Prize in the Greek text typeface category for PF Encore Sans POro, and First and Second Prizes in the display typeface category for PF Regal Pro and PF Champion Script Pro, respectively. Typefaces:
- PFAgora Pro: Agora Sans, AgoraSerif, AgoraSlab.
- PF Archive Pro (2004). He received a design award for his typeface Archive at the E AWARDS 2004. It has special typographic features and multilingual support for all European languages including Greek and Cyrillic.
- Bague Universal and Bague Sans (2014). A geometric grotesk that dares to be different. Accompanied by Bague Slab Pro (2014), PF Bague Inline Pro (2014), and PF Bague Round Pro (2014).
- Beau Sans (2011). Inspired by Bernhard Gothic.
- A custom didone font for Greece's Benaki Museum (2020-2021).
- PF Benchmark Pro (2014).
- Bodoni Script (2009).
- PF Brummell (2016). A sans characterized by sharp angled terminals and a diamond dot on the i.
- Bulletin Sans (2000-2005)
- Centro (Centro Sans, Centro Serif, Centro Slab) a typeface originally developed for the redesign of the Financial Times Deutschland. PF Centro Pro family (Sans, Serif, Slab, a trillion styles) won an European Design Award in May 2008 in Stockholm and at Paratype K2009. It was completed by PF Centro Serif Compressed, PF Centro Sans Condensed and PF Centro Sans Compressed in 2015. In 2016, he published PF Centro Slab Press.
- PFChampion Script Pro (2004-2008). A much lauded connected calligraphic script that is based on a calligraphic script by Joseph Champion, 1709-1765. Winner at Paratype K2009 and Granshan 2010. Images: i, ii iii, iv, v. The 4245-glyph family comprises Cyrillic, Latin and Greek subfamilies.
- Cosmonut (sic) (2002). A retro futuristoc typeface made by Dimitris Foussekis.
- PF Das Grotesk Pro (2014). Panos writes: Das Grotesk was inspired by earlier nineteenth-century grotesques, but it is much more related to American gothic designs such as those by M.F. Benton.
- DaVinciScript (2001-2006). A Treefrog-style script typeface by Vassiliou and Dimitris Foussekis.
- PF Dekka (2014). This solid elliptical sans family was influenced by Monaco's outline version called MPW. It includes PF Dekka Mono.
- PF DIN (2010): PF DIN Display (2002-2005), PF DIN Mono, PF DIN Serif (2016; this great serif version of DIN---a first---contains a wealth of goodies: just look at the great weather icons; it won an award at Granshan 2016), PF DIN Stencil Pro (2010), PF DIN Stencil, PF DIN Stencil B (2016), PF DIN Text Pro, PF DIN Text Condensed, PF DIN Text Compressed, PF DIN Text Arabic, and PF DIN Text Universal. With Latin, Cyrillic and Greek coverage, each font has about 1300 glyphs. The designs go back to the lettering of the Prussian railways around 1900. In 2013, PF Din Text Pro was published. In 2021, the three-axis (weight, width, italic) variable type system PF DIN Max saw the light.
- Eco Park. A 3d outline face.
- PF Encore Sans (2009). A rich and versatile sans family supporting Greek, Latin and Cyrillic.
- PF Fuel Pro
- PF Fusion Sans (1996-2006)
- PF Garamond Classic.
- PF Goudy Intials and PF Goudy Ornaments. A winner at Paratype K2009.
- PF Grand Gothik (2019). A large grotesque typeface family with three subfamilies and a variable font option. He writes: Grand Gothik is a postmodern, multiscript, multifaceted and variable type system which shines at its heavier extended versions with its hip, expressive, almost brutal energy. Grand Gothik's design space includes 3 axes for weight, width and one for italics. It is available as a variable font or as five separate opentype families---compressed, condensed, normal, wide and extended. Each family comes with 9 weights spanning from Extra Thin to Black plus italics.
- PF Handbook (2005-2007, sans family)
- HellenicaSerif. Chiseled look, Greek simulation face.
- PF Highway Sans (2001-2015). Highway Sans Pro is based on the standard typefaces used for highway signs and other byways open to public travel in the United States. These standards were established by the US Federal Highway Administration in 1966 following several studies which were conducted at the California Department of Transportation in the 1940s. It covers Latin, Greek and Cyrillic.
- House Square. A Bank Gothic lookalike.
- PF Isotext (2005). Meant for technical documentation, it is modeled after Isonorm.
- Kids, KidsStuff
- Lindemann and PF Lindemann Sans (2012).
- PF Marlet (2019). A sharp-edged humanist sans family fit for fashion mags: Marlet Titling, Marlet Finesse, Marlet Swash, Marlet Display, Marlet Text. PF Marlet, collected three awards one after the other, a year after appearing on Luc's best-of-2019 list. First, the coveted TDC Certificate of Typographic Excellence 2020 (at 23RDC), followed by another one from European Design Awards, a third distinction from Tokyo TDC and a fourth crown, Red Dot Award 2020, all in 2020.
- Mechanica A and B, 2002-2006. Octagonal families.
- PF Mellon (2019). A modernist variable grotesque influenced by nineteenth and early twentieth century condensed sans serif typefaces such as Stephenson Blake's Grotesque No.77 and ATF's Alternate Gothic.
- PF Monumenta (2002-2006). A majestic lapidary roman family.
- Online (One, Two and Three). Pixelish family.
- PF Ornamental Treasures (2008). Byzantine ornaments and borders.
- PF Pixelscript
- Psychedelia (2003, Dimitris Foussekis). A psychedelic typeface.
- Regal Pro and Regal Finesse Pro: Award-winning high fashion display didone families, 2010-2012, originally designed for the Grazia magazine. Awards include Red Dot Awrd 2012, Communication Arts Annual Competition 2012, Creative Review Type Annual 2011, European Design awards 2011, EBGE awards 2011, Granshan Awards 2010. See also PF Regal Swash and PF Regal Stencil.
- PF Reminder Pro (2003). A hand-printed typeface.
- PF Spekk (2020). A simple versatile geometric sans for Latin, Greek and Cyrillic.
- PF Square Sans Pro, PF Square Sans Condensed Pro (2013).
- PF Stamps (2002-2006). A grungy stencil typeface by Panos Vassiliou and George Lygas.
- PF Synch Pro (2006). An industrial strength slab-serif typeface.
- PF UEFA Super Cup (2013).
- PF Uniform
- PF Venue (2017). Semi art deco, and free-spirited, a great poster typeface family.
- PF Wonderbats (2003). Funky and strange animals.
- Wonderland (2006). By Dimitris Foussekis.
Their type blog is called Upscale typography.
Catalog. View all typefaces designed by Parachute.
Klingspor link. MyFonts interview. [Google]
The main digital type foundry in Russia. ParaType was established as a font department of ParaGraph International in 1989 in Moscow, Russia. At that time in the Soviet Union, all typeface development was concentrated in a state research institute, Polygraphmash. It had the most complete collection of Cyrillic typefaces, which included revivals of Cyrillic typefaces developed by the Berthold and Lehmann type foundries established at the end of 19th century in St. Petersburg, and artwork from Vadim Lazurski, Galina Bannikova, Nikolay Kudryashov and other masters of type and graphic design of Soviet time. ParaType became the first privately-owned type foundry in many years. A license agreement with Polygraphmash allows ParaType to manufacture and distribute their typefaces. Most of Polygraphmash staff designers soon moved to ParaType. In the beginning of 1998, ParaType was separated from the parent company and inherited typefaces and font software from ParaGraph. The company was directed by Emil Yakupov until February 2014. After Yakupov's death, Irina Petrova took over the reins.
Products include FastFont, a simple TrueType builder, ParaNoise, a builder for PostScript fonts with random contours, FontLab, a universal font editor and ScanFont, a font editor with scanning module. Random, customized fonts. Multilingual fonts including, Latin, Cyrillic, Arabic, Greek, Georgian and Hebrew fonts for Macintosh and Windows.
Catalog. Designers. Alternate URL.
Famous typefaces by Paratype include Academy, Pragmatica, Newton, Courier, Futura, Petersburg, Jakob, Kuenstler 480, ITC Studio Script, ITC Zapf Chancery, Amore CTT (2004, Fridman), Karolla, Inform, Hafiz (Arabic), Kolheti (Georgian), Benzion (Hebrew).
The PT Sans (Open Font Library link), PT Serif and PT Mono families (2009-2012) are free. PT stands for Public Type. Another download site. PT Sans, for example, consists of PTSans-Bold, PTSans-BoldItalic, PTSans-Caption, PTSans-CaptionBold, PTSans-Italic, PTSans-Narrow, PTSans-NarrowBold, PTSans-Regular.
Other free ParaType fonts include Courier Cyrillic, Pushkin (2005, handwriting font), and a complete font set for Cyrillic.
Type designers include Vladimir Yefimov, Tagir Safayev, Lyubov Kuznetsova, Manvel Schmavonyan and Alexander Tarbeev. They give this description of the 370+ library: The Russian constructivist and avant garde movements of the early 20th century inspired many ParaType typefaces, including Rodchenko, Quadrat Grotesk, Ariergard, Unovis, Tauern, Dublon and Stroganov. The ParaType library also includes many excellent book and newspaper typefaces such as Octava, Lazurski, Bannikova, Neva or Petersburg. On the other hand, if you need a pretty typeface to knock your clients dead, meet the ParaType girls: Tatiana, Betina, Hortensia, Irina, Liana, Nataliscript, Nina, Olga and Vesna (also check Zhikharev who is not a girl but still very pretty). ParaType also excels in adding Cyrillic characters to existing Latin typefaces -- if your company is ever going to do business with Eastern Europe, you should make them part of your corporate identity! ParaType created CE and Cyrillic versions of popular typefaces licensed from other foundries, including Bell Gothic, Caslon, English 157, Futura, Original Garamond, Gothic 725, Humanist 531, Kis, Raleigh, and Zapf Elliptical 711.
Finally, ParaType offers a handwriting font service out of its office in Saratoga, CA: 120 dollars a shot.
View the ParaType typeface library. Another view of the ParaType typeface collection. [Google]
British designer who was first associated with Red Rooster, and who co-founded London Type in 2017. Designer of these typefaces, mainly done at Red Rooster:
Byron (1992, by Paul and Pat Hickson): a calligraphic font originally cut in the 1980s for QBF based on a design in Printing Types of the World (1931, Pitmans). Later redone in digial form as LDN Piccadilly (2019) at London Type. FontShop link. Klingspor link.
- LDN Merton Sans (2019, London Type) started out as a design by Paul Hickson's wife Pat, a typeface from the 1970's called Modern Lightline. This was based on an old ATF design called Lightline Gothic published by Face Photosetting.
- Wade Sans Light (1990, Latraset/ITC). A slightly flared sans with tall ascenders and small eyes.
- At Red Rooster Type foundry, he co-designed Argus (1992) and Beckenham (1993) with Les Usherwood.
- He revived a 1919 Keystone Type foundry design, Poor Richard, at Red Rooster. See this poster by Alessandra Magrini.
- Pat and Paul Hickson redesigned the Granby family, exclusively at Atomic Type.
- Eric Gill's Jubilee, created specially for the Silver Jubilee Wedding Anniversary announcement of George VI and Queen Mary, was revived at Red Rooster by Hickson as Jubilee.
- Keyboard revives a 1951 design. It is a condensed modern face.
- Basuto (2000) revives an original Stephenson Blake design, circa 1927.
- In 1994, he revived Rivoli Initials at Red Rooster, an original typeface by William T. Sniffin (1928, ATF).
- In 1997, he created Messe Grotesk. This is a fat poster typeface based on the Albert Auspurg design, circa 1921-1927.
- Leighton. Based on Lectura, a design by Dick Dooijes, Amsterdam Foundry, circa 1966.
- Venezuela RR (a Mexican-look face). Based on the typeface Vesta by Albert Auspurg, circa 1926.
- Honduras (a Mexican-look family). Based on the typeface called either Albert or Select by Albert Auspurg, circa 1936, Amsterdam Foundry. Paul also designed the alternates not available on the original design.
- Inverness. Based on posters from the 1930s.
- Equestrienne, originally designed by Les Usherwood, and digitally engineered by Paul Hickson. Les never released this completed typeface before his untimely death in 1983.
- Claremont, also originally designed by Les Usherwood, and digitally engineered by Paul Hickson. Les never released this typeface before his death in 1983.
- Lesmore, also originally designed by Les Usherwood, and digitally engineered by Paul Hickson. Les never released this typeface before his death in 1983.
- Stanhope, also originally designed by Les Usherwood, and digitally engineered by Paul Hickson. Based on a turn-of-the-century typeface of the same name. The foundry is believed to be Soldans&Payvers, circa 1904. London Belgravia (2019, by Paul and Pat Hickson). An art deco sans.
- London Clarendon Poster (2019).
- London Whitechapel (2019). An industrial strength bold headline sans.
- London Bloomsbury Old Style (2019). Called post-impressionist.
- LDN Garamond (2020). A faithful one-style (roman only) revival of Claude Garamond's typeface. Floriated initial caps (LDN Garamond Initials) by Paul and Pat Hickson.
View Paul Hickson's typefaces. [Google]
[Math Design fonts]
[Peter Gabor: A comparison of five Garamonds]
Peter Gabor: A comparison of five Garamonds
A comparison of Garamonds by Peter Gabor dating from 2006. [Google]
[Alphabet Innovations International -- TypeSpectra (Was: MM2000)]
Art director in Paris who created a stitching typeface out of Garamond and called it Garaline (2013). [Google]
French engraver and punchcutter who worked with Paulo Manucius from 1588 on, and who was commissioned to create a typeface for the Vatican. He cooperated with Granjon. Although he cut roman and Greek types, he was mmainly known for his music types---for example, he started using musical notes with parts of lines attached to make a second impression unnecessary.
Mark van Bronkhorst writes about his MVB Verdigris font: MVB Verdigris is a Garalde text typeface for the digital age. Inspired by the work of 16th-century punchcutters Robert Granjon (roman) and Pierre Haultin (italic), Verdigris celebrates tradition but is not beholden to it.
Fred Smeijers designed a (private, unreleased, non-revival) typeface, Haultin (2003-2017), based on one of Haultin's types. The second edition of his book Counterpunch (2011) was set in it. That garalde typeface was finally released by Smeijers at Type By: Haultin (2003-2017). Fred writes: Pierre Haultin was a contemporary punchcutter of the well known Claude Garamond and the lesser known Robert Granjon. In the earlier years of their careers, each of them practised for a while in Paris. All three of them were, probably, ambitious young men, descending from families that held a foot in printing and publishing or fine metal work and jewelry. Claude Garamond is the best known, of all three of them, due to his good connections. After all he was commissioned the cut the Greque du Roi. Somehow having connections with the royal court does pay off even centuries later. Robert Granjon comes next, but perhaps Granjon is still overshadowed by a fourth but younger very well known Parisian punchcutter Guillaume le Bé. Robert Granjon had the biggest output of all four, but second is Pierre Haultin. Haultin is however rather unknown, but he is a punchcutter to reckon with. A man with a clear goal and probably the one who fits our image of the early punchcutter best. A person who has a deeper understanding of most of the processes with in the printing trade. Somebody who could cut type, or woodcut illustrations who would make casting moulds and justify matrices. He could not be fooled when it came down to the quality of presswork, who could oversee, and plan the casting of type as well as judging the overall quality of it and, at the same time, having a sense and ambition for publishing. In short, a person not only very familiar but also trained in the all the important stages of printing, and the reach of it. Haultin is a fervent believer in the calvinistic branch of Christian religion. His aim is to help in spreading the only right and holy word, and printing is a good aid in that. For a big part Haultin is cutting type in order to reach a higher goal. In some way he is a true propagandist and in his cutting he is therefore rather pragmatic. It should be readable and efficient concerning space. So Haultin strives for a efficient typography which makes the printing of small, cheap and compact handheld bibles a reality. Concerning true typographic material there is unfortunately little left, except for some matrices of rather small-sized type, either greek or roman, and a few italics. Some of these were still in use well into the early 19th century. In looking at Haultin's original work, we depend mainly on printed material. And from that material, Smeijers distilled what he would call his interpretation of a Haultin-ic roman and italic.
Finally, in 2020, Ivan Louette embarked on a revival of one of Pierre Haultin's Augustine, and named his new font Gustine. [Google]
During her graphic design studies, Rahma Hutami (Jakarta, Indonesia) created Adobe Garamond Corpus Experimental (2017). Behance link. [Google]
Ralph Michael Unger
[RMU (Ralph Michael Unger Typedesign)]
Raslani Abdou Ousseni
Aka Shaashimov. French creator of the free font Tribal Garamond (2010), and the grungy typefaces Raslens Szayel Abedossen (2011), Raslens Shaa Abedossen (2011), Shamsini (2011).
Home page. FontM link. [Google]
He states that his name is also Raslens Shaa Abedossen. Whatever. Creator (b. 1987) of Tribal Garamond (2010), Raslens Abedossen (2009: outlined, shaded hand-printed face), Raslani-Shaashimov (2009, splattered paint font), RaslaniKavaliarKaiser (2009, blood dripping paint font), Raslani und so weiter (2008, grunge), Raslani Ames Brisées (2008), RaslaniDestroyedSouls (2008), RaslaniMessenger (2008), Raslani American Letters (2008, hand-drawn athletic letters), Raslani Kaplash (2008), Raslani Tribal (2008), RaslaniAncientScript (2007), RaslaniUndaground-Bold (2007), RaslanihOoH (2007), Raslani the Pharaoh (2007, brush hand), Raslani-Hip-Hop (2007), Raslani-Horrorz (2007), Raslani-Melissa (2007). Home page. Another page. He lives in Tampon on Ile Reunion. [Google]
Red Rooster Type foundry
Red Rooster is a Cedars, PA-based foundry run by Steve Jackaman (b. 1954, Greenwich, London). Steve started out at London's Face Photosetting. Red Rooster was founded in Philadelphia in 1990 and has about 500 fonts, mostly complete text families in the classical mould, revivals of Ludlow and other foundries, and revivals of fonts by Canadian designer Les Usherwood from the phototypesetting era. Families of fonts:
FontShop link. MyFonts link.
- Alexon (1993, by Les Usherwood), Alghera Pro (1996, Pat Hickson), Alphabet Soup (2007, a delicatessen signage typeface based on an 80s font he did while at Typographic House in Boston), Alys (calligraphic), Appleyard (1992, A. Pat Hickson), Aquarius (2007, based on a VGC font by that name), Argus (1992, Les Usherwood and Paul Hickson)
- Badger, Bannock Brae Gothic, Banque Gothique, Barnsley Gothic (2017, a copperplate relate to Steelplate Gothic), Bassuto, Beckenham (1992, Les Usherwood and Paul Hickson), Bellini (an Egyptian family), BlockGothic (1996, Steve Jackaman at the Rabbit Reproductions Type foundry), Bodoni Black Condensed (after R.H. Middleton, 1930), Bodoni Campanile Pro (1998 and 2017, after R.H. Middleton, 1930), Byron
- Cameo, Canterbury, Canterbury Old Style (1992, by Ray Vatter and Steve Jackaman after a 1920 original by Morris Fuller Benton at ATF), Canterbury Old Style Pro (2017, a remastering by Steve Jackaman), Canterbury Sans (a tall-ascender sans family based on the 1920-1926 design by Morris Fuller Benton for ATF), Casablanca (1997, avant-garde typeface based on Carlos Winkow's Electra), Caslon Extra Condensed (based on a Ludlow face), TCCentury (1996, Les Usherwood and Steve Jackaman at the Rabbit Reproductions Type foundry), Century New Style, Chamfer Gothic (after a condensed Ludlow typeface, ca. 1898), Chase, Chelsea (1993, Les Usherwood and Steve Jackaman), Claremont, Coliseum (1992, by A. Pat Hickson and Julie Hopwood for ITF). Steve Jackaman completely redesigned, redrew, and improved the Coliseum family in 2017 and called it Coliseum Pro. That redesign also produced the sister typefaces Clydesdale and Torpedo), Commander (1994, Steve Jackaman), Consort (1994, Steve Jackaman), ConranScript, Creighton (2009, a sans family), Coronet (after a 1937 typeface by R.H. Middleton).
- Dominus, Dundee (1993, A. Pat Hickson), Dungeon (based loosely on a VGC design by Dick Jensen, Serpentine, 1972).
- El Paso (2011, a Western/Mexican simulaton typeface based on El Paso from the Face Photosetting collection), Elston, Equestrienne, Erasmus, EuropaGrotesque, Extension
- Faust (1993: based on a 1958 typeface by Albert Kapr), Flexion Pro (2007, by Hal Taylor and John Langdon), Florentine Cursive (after a 1956 script by R.H. Middleton), ForumTitling, Franklin Gothic Pro (2011, with Ashley Muir), French Fries (2017, handcrafted), Frenchy.
- Garamond RR Light (after a 1929 typeface by R.H. Middleton), Gargoyle RR (Based on an Adrian Williams design, circa 1976 and Brook Type in 1903 designed by Lucien Pissarro for his private press, Eragny Press), GilmoreFahrenheit, GilmoreSansExtBolExtCondTitl, Gothic Extension, Gothic Medium Condensed (after a 1939 Ludlow typeface), GoudyY38, Grand Canyon (2002, a condensed slab serif family based on wood type). GroveScript
- Hancock Pro (2017), Hauser Script (after a 1934 Ludlow font by Georg Hauser), Helium (1994, a mini slab serif face), Hess Old Style (1993, a revival of the garalde typeface Hess Old Style by Sol Hess for Lanston, 1920-1923), Honduras
- Inverness, Iron Maiden RR
- Jardine, Javelin, Jolly Roger (2003, a digitization of a 1970 font by Phil Martin), Jubilee
- Keyboard, Kingsley, Kingsrow
- Leighton, Lesmore, Los Alamos (2007, a condensed sans companion of Grand Canyon), Lodestone Pro (2017; based on Marvin (1970) by Face Photosetting).
- Madrid (based on Nacional, a 1941 typeface by Carlos Winkow), Maximo, Mechanic Gothic DST, Megaphone, Motorcross (2008, after an art deco font from 1930 by Ludwig&Mayer)
- PallMall, Phoenix Pro (2011: after Morris Fuller Benton's condensed typeface Phenix American, 1935), Phosphate (based on Phosphor by J. Erbar, 1922-1930; contains a nice Inline; Phosphate Pro Solid and Inline was done with Ashley Muir in 2010), Pipeline, Poor Richard, Portobello (loosely based on Aldo Novarese's Pontecorvo)
- Radiant RR (after a 1938 typeface by R.H. Middleton), Railroad Gothic Pro (2017: an American caps-only grotesque based on a Ludlow original, ca. 1900), Raleigh, RRRaleighGothic, Razor Bill (based on the original typeface from Face, London, circa 1972), Ribbit, RivoliInitials
- Rocklidge Pro (2011, with Ashley Muir). Based on Jana (Richard D. Juenger, VGC, 1965).
- Roman Tyres (1997).
- SaintLouis, Salzburg, Schiller Antiqua (based on Nacional's Hispalis), Sandbox (2017, after a typeface from the Robert D. DeLittle Foundry, ca. 1888), Schindler, Secret Service Typewriter (2002, based on a 1905 proof of an early Remington typewriter font from the Keystone Type Foundry), Shinn, Shortwave Gothic, Silverado, Sinclair, Sphinx (1992, Steve Jackaman, based on a 1925 design by Deberny&Peignot), Stanhope, Steelplate Gothic Pro (1993 and 2017: a copperplate gothic based on Robert Wiebking's original, ca. 1918), Stirling, Superba Pro (1992 and 2017, after Hass's Superba, 1928-1930), Sycamore
- TCAdminister (1994, Les Usherwood and Steve Jackaman), Tempo, Thingbat, TitanicCondensed, Triple Condensed Gothic (a movie credit font)
- Ultraduck, Ultra Modern RR (after a 1928 art deco typeface by Douglas McMurtrie).
- Venezuela (2000, Mexican simulation face, based on Albert Auspurg's Vesta from 1926, created by Pat Hickson), Veronese
- Waverly, Willard Sniffin Script (2007, based on Willard Sniffin's 1930s ATF brush script called Keynote)
- Yeoman Gothic
- Xctasy Sans (2002, an avant-garde family influenced by the 1960s typeface Design Fineline)
Text listing of their typefaces. Alphabetic catalog of the Red Rooster typeface library [large web page warning]. [Google]
New York City-based publishers of these books: [Google]
Review of ITC Galliard
Matthew Carter's ITC Galliard is reviewed by Tim Rolands. [Google]
Ricardo Rodrigues dos Santos
[P22 Type Foundry]
RMU (Ralph Michael Unger Typedesign)
[Ralph Michael Unger]
Ralph M. Unger (b. 1953, Thuringia, East Germany) says this about himself at MyFonts: Typesetter from the composing stick via Linotype setting machines to the Mac. Jobs in various Thuringian printeries. Barred further education by Communist authorities due to political reasons. Imprisoned in East Germany. Since 1988 in the state of Baden-Wuerttemberg, former West Germany. Jobs in several newspaper printing houses as advertisement compositor. Own office since 1995, in Aalen, Baden-Wuerttemberg. He lives in Schwaebisch Gmuend, and was a freelance type designer for Profonts and URW++, where he contributed frequently to their libraries between 2002 and 2009. In 2009, he founded RMU. MyFonts link. I split his contributions into two groups, the URW / Profonts group, and the RMU group. The prefix FontForum refers to a subseries of URW++ fonts. Unless specifically mentioned, all the following fonts are at URW++ and/or Profonts:
The list of RMU fonts:
- FontForum Admiral Script (2005): revival of Middleton's Admiral script from 1953.
- Amitié (2009): a garalde family.
- Arabella Pro (2006): after the script by Arnold Drescher from 1936, published at Joh. Wagner.
- Fontforum Atrament (2006): architectural lettering. Do not confuse with a Suitcase Type Foundry font from 2003 by the same name.
- Atze (2010): a comic book family.
- Behrensschrift D (2007): after the jugendstil typeface Behrens Schrift, 1902, by Peter Behrens.
- FontForum Bernhard Script (2005): after Bernhard Script from the 1920s.
- Bradley (2005): blackletter, after the original by William H. Bradley.
- Breite Kanzlei (2007).
- Breitkopf Fraktur (2003): after the original by Johann Gottlob Immanuel Breitkopf, done in 1793.
- Brocken (2011) is a signage typeface inspired by a design of Volker Küster (1960s).
- Profonts Bureau (2010, Profonts): a minimalist rounded sans family.
- FontForum Calypso (2005): a revival of Roger Excoffon's Calypso (1958).
- Card Pro (2006): a decorative display based on Ella Cursief (1916, Sjoerd Hendrik de Roos, Lettergieterij Amsterdam).
- Chaweng (2006, Profonts): an oriental all caps simulation face.
- Civilite URW (2005).
- Compliment (2004, casual script). Based on a 1965 script by Helmu Matheis for Ludwig & Mayer.
- Cranach (2007): a blackletter typeface modeled after Kuenstler Gotisch from the Krebs Foundry.
- Dominante (2007): a serif family based on Johannes Schweitzer's font by that name, 1959.
- Dominique (2010, profonts): an informal typeface.
- FontForum URW Ecsetiras (2005): revival of Ecsetirás (Zoltan Nagy, 1967, a brush face).
- Edda Pro (2008). An art nouveau typeface that revives a Heinrich Heinz Keune typeface from 1900.
- Energia Pro (2008, Profonts): connected monowidth script, based on Arno Drescher's Energos from 1932.
- Estro (2003, Western lettering). Seems close to Nebiolo's Estro from the 60s.
- Eurobrush Pro (2007, Profonts): handwriting.
- EuroSans (2008).
- Euroscript Pro (2006, Profonts): school script typeface based on his own handwriting.
- Flashes (2007): a revival of Crous-Vidal's Flash, 1953.
- Fox (2007): a brush script based on W. Rebhuhn's original from the 1950s.
- Gamundia (2010): a calligraphic copperplate script inspired by Excoffon's Diane.
- Ganz Grobe Gotisch (2006): a fat blackletter modeled after the original by F.H.E. Schneidler.
- Gmuender Elan Pro (2011) is a 1950s style script face.
- Gradl Nr 1 (2008): based on hand-drawn art nouveau upper case characters by M. J. Gradl, ca. 1900.
- Graphique Pro (2008): shaded caps face, based on Graphique, which was originally created by Swiss designer Hermann Eidenbenz in 1945, and issued as hot metal font by Haas'sche Schriftgießerei. See also New Graphique Pro (2011).
- Handel Slab (2009): a 6-style extension of Trogram's 1980 typeface Handel Gothic.
- Hanseat (2010): a grotesque family done at Profonts. It was heavily inspired by Germany's official DIN 1451 Engschrift.
- Iova Nova (2007): based on Jowa Script, designed by J. Wagner in 1967.
- Profonts>Impression (2008): art deco.
- Jessen Schrift (2004): after the Rudolf Koch blackletter typeface by that name.
- FontForum URW Konzept Pro (2005): revival of Konzept (1968, Martin Wilke's handprinting face).
- Legende (2002): a script typeface based on the original typeface of Friedrich Hermann Ernst Schneidler (1937).
- Leipziger Antiqua. The original Leipziger Antiqua by Alfred Kapr at Typoart dates from 1971 until 1973. The digital version of Leipziger Antiqua was developed by Ralph M. Unger in 2005.
- Manuskript Antiqua (2005): after Oldrich Meinhart's Manuskript Antiqua.
- The Maszynysta family of heavy industrial sans typefaces (2010) have a textured style (Struktura), a Shadow, and a plain Roman.
- Maxim (2003, Profonts): The heavy brush typeface Maxim was originally designed by Peter Schneidler in 1956 for the Bauer foundry.
- New Bayreuth (2008): after Friedrich Hermann Ernst Schneidler's Bayreuth from 1932.
- Old Borders and Lines (2010). A free font.
- Ornella (2008): Jugendstil.
- Peter Schlemihl (2008, Profonts): a revival of a blackletter by Walter Tiemann.
- Pedell (2009): a casual script.
- Polo (2002): a brush face modeled after Carl Rudolph Pohl's Polo (1960).
- In 2012, Ivana Koudelkova co-designed the grungy headline typeface Retroactive Pro with Ralph M. Unger at Profonts.
- Fontforum Rhapsody (2006): a revival of Ilse Schüle's rotunda face.
- Roberta (2003): art nouveau typeface after obert Trogman's typeface for FotoStar.
- FontForum Signs and Symbols (2006).
- Splendor (2009): a revival of a brush script typeface by Wilhelm Berg, Schriftguss, 1930. See also Splendor Pro (2014).
- Sportowy (2009): an outline face.
- Stanford (2011). A sports lettering face.
- Stiletto (2006): a medieval script.
- Fontforum Stripes (2007): a multistripe op art display typeface based on a Letraset font from 1973 by the same name.
- Fontforum Thalia (2006): retro font.
- Tintoretto (2006): shadow display face based on an origonal by Schelter & Giesecke.
- Tip Top Pro (2008): a Julius Klinkhardt art nouveau typeface revival.
- FontForum Unciala (2005): a revival of Oldrich Menhart's typeface Unciala (1953, Grafotechna).
- Unger Chancery (2005).
- Unger Script (2003): based on H. Matheis' Slogan typeface designed for Ludwig&Mayer in 1957.
- Veltro (2007): after a 1931 original by G. da Milano at Nebiolo.
- Profonts Woodpecker (2008).
- Affiche (2017). A revival of Helios Reklameschrift of the Klinkhardt foundry.
- Aldo Manuzio (2017). After a house typeface from 1897 by Schelter&Giesecke.
- Amati Pro (2010): after Georg Trump's condensed didone face, Amati, 1951.
- Antiqua Florenz (2021). A revival and extension of Paul Zimmermann's Antiqua Florenz (1960, Ludwig & Mayer), which is based on Venetian romans.
- Avus Pro (2012). A sans family that extends Gert Wunderlich's Maxima (1970).
- Baroque Pearl (2016). A pearly typeface that revives Peter A. Demeter's Fournier Geperlt (1922, Schriftguss).
- Behrens Kursiv (2013). After a 1906 original by Peter Behrens.
- RMU Belvedere (2020). A revival of Heinrich Wieynck's art nouveau / fin-de-siècle typeface Belvedere (1906, Bauer).
- RMU Bison (2020). A revival of Julius Kirn's brush script Bison (1935-1938, C.E. Weber).
- Bernhard Blackletter (2016). After Lucian Bernhard's extrafette Bernhard Fraktur (1921).
- Bernhard Cursive Extra Bold (2010).
- Borghese (2015). An art nouveau font after a Schelter & Giesecke original from 1904.
- Borgis Pro (2012). A Clarendon-style text family.
- Boulette (2015, a fat creamy script).
- RMU Bowery (2019) A revival of Old Bowery (1933, ATF)).
- Bravura Pro (2013). After G.G. Lange's Publica.
- Bricklayers (2012). An original fat slab display face.
- Brillant (2009): art nouveau and ultra heavy.
- Butti (2011). A script family paterned after Fluidum (1951, Alessandro Butti, Nebiolo).
- Cable Condensed (2014). Based on Koch's Kabel.
- Caesar Pro (2011). A flared sans typeface after Caesar Schrift (1913, Georg Schiller, C.F. Rühl).
- Capitol Pro (2012). An art deco typeface based on Capitol (Karl Hermann Schaefer for Schriftguss, 1931).
- Carina Pro (2017). A calligraphic script typeface based on Rautendelein (1929, Schriftguss).
- Carla Pro (2013). A broad-nibbed script modeled after Ballantines Script (Elsner & Flake, 1974; see also Ballantines Serial by SoftMaker).
- Carlsbad (2018). A couple of art nouveau typefaces based on originals from 1895 by H. Berhold called Regina Cursiv and Hansa Cursiv.
- Caslon Gotisch (2009): after the original by William Caslon from 1763.
- Celebration (2009): blackletter.
- Circensis (2016). A Western circus font based on a concept of Fritz Richter.
- Claudius (2010): after a 1937 blackletter font at Klingspor.
- Constanze Pro (2012). A light cursive typeface based on Constanze (1954, Joachim Romann, Klingspor).
- Contact Pro (2010): after Contact, a 1963 font by Helmut Matheis.
- Dante Alighieri (2018). Based on a Schelter & Giesecke original.
- Daphnis (2016). A revival of Daphnis (1929, Walter Tiemann).
- Deutschmeister (2017). A textura blackletter typeface after Deutschmeister by Berthold Wolpe for Ludwig Wagner in 1934. (Some dispute that Wolpe made this font.)
- Diamant Pro (2012). A transitional serif face.
- Emilia (2016). Based on Weiss Antiqua (1928) by Emil Rudolf Weiss.
- Neue Echo (2016). Based on Echo for Schriftguss.
- Elbflorenz (2020). A revival of Albert Auspurg's display typeface Miami (1934, Schriftguss).
- Emilia Gotisch (2016). After Weiss Gotisch (1936) by Emil Rudolf Weiss.
- Emilia Fraktur (2021). A revival of Emil Rudolf Weiss's Weiss Fraktur (1913).
- Erler Titling (2015). After Erler Versalien (1953, Herbert Thannhaeuser for Typoart).
- Eurotech Pro (2011): a slabby techno family.
- Faulkner Pro (2011): a connected heavy signage script based on Alan Meeks's Kestrel.
- Fette Kanzlei (2019).
- Fette Unger Fraktur (2010).
- Fichte Fraktur (2020). After Walter Tiemann's Fichte Fraktur (1934).
- Fontanesi RMU. An ornamental caps typeface that revives Aldo Novarese's Fontanesi (2018).
- Forelle Pro (2010): after the original Forelle script typeface by Erich Mollowitz, 1936.
- Frankenberg Pro (2012). An antique script face.
- Gabor Pro (2014). A connected copperplate script.
- Gaby Pro (2017). A revival of Hans Möhring's script typeface Gabriele (1938 or 1947, C.E. Weber).
- Garamond Antiqua Pro (2015).
- RMU Gilgengart (2020). A revival of Hermann Zapf's Fraktur font Gilgengart (1938).
- Gillray Pro (2015). A copperplate script after Hogarth Script (by Harald Bröder for Typoart).
- RMU Gloria (2019). After Gloria (1898, Emil Gursch).
- RMU Gong (2020). Based on Arno Drescher's Super Grotesk Schmalfett first released in 1933 at Schriftguss.
- Gmuender Gravur (2011). A 3d shadow face. Gmuender Antiqua Pro (2015) is influenced by the metal font Imprimatur (1952-1955, Konrad F. Bauer and Walter Baum).